Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Hello Andrea,
    In Germany there is the worry that the grid could be overloaded when should a massive amount of e-cars be charged, while there are discussions about the proposal from Elon Musk to build a bif e-car factory near berlin: do you think the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent SSM will help?
    Ulrich

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A. Kranz:
    If we succeed to make a permanent SSM (electric), which means that the ratio electricity generated/electricity consumed has a zero at the denominator, the issue is over.
    We are at work.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  3. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Language is a strange subject, for instance Frank Ackland asked would you be willing to invite some reliable third parties to witness it in action and report their findings?. Your reply “Of course”. Buck asked, given the importance of s.s.m would you consider the Wall Street Journal etc. etc. as examples of reliable third parties worthy of an invitation?. Andrea, although your answer, is correct, I do not think that Buck or many academics will fully understand the message contained within your answer regarding a specialist or specialists rather than that of a witness. Regards Eric Ashworth

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Find here a boat ready for the Ecat: google “Outboard-Deep Blue 25 RL Torqeedo”
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers,
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    the comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    you have previously shared your view on the pivotal nature of permanent SSM, and the evolution from just the Ecat SK to including the Ecat SK Leonardo as offered products/services.

    Now, you indicate to Frank Acland your willingness to invite and demonstrate the Ecat SK Leonardo in action to reliable third parties if SSM is achieved and you are satisfied with the reliability of device.

    Given the importance of permanent SSM, would you consider The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The International Herald Tribune as examples of reliable third parties worthy of an invitation?

    Sincerely and Respectfully,

    Buck

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    There will be a specialist that will take care of this aspect.
    Thank you for your suggeston,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Conscience

    Dear Andrea,

    Why are you so hell-bent on secrecy and not wanting to open up your science to the world?

    Your technology could be saving the world yesterday instead of tomorrow.

    Is that why you really work hard and long hours, because you feel guilty for this?

    Because you know, if you opened up your research and technology to the rest of the world, it would spread like wildfire fire. Other experts would optimise it and port it to other industries much quicker than you could ever by yourself with your team.

    If you open the technology to the world, you become an immortal hero, and then you become ultra rich any way. And the quicker your technology diffuses, the longer you can enjoy it grow throughout your lifetime.

    You could work 5am to 1am every day, but you will never be as fast as a whole scientific, engineering and business community.

    Your answer to my last question was “because it is not ready”. But you keep seeking perfection, and every time that you achieve it, you then move the goal posts to seek a different perfection. Your pattern is now clear. And I am sure that after you figure out the Leonardo, you will come up with the next thing you want to perfect.

    Why don’t you open up your research and technology now?

    Regards,
    Conscience

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Conscience:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Adrian Harmeson

    Dr Rossi:
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has gone viral: 1200 readings only in the last days !
    Adrian

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Harmeson:
    I thank with all my heart the Professors and the researchers that dedicate their time to read about the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Svein Henrik

    Steven N. Karels
    An ordinary electric car, today, has a battery of 55kWh. This gives a mileage of 400 km. At an average speed of 80km/h, the battery will be empty after 5 hours. This gives an average energy consumption of 11kWh/h. With a Sterling engine or other, given energy from a E-Cat, that delivers 12kWh or a little more to the electric engine, you after 5 hours of driving, will still have a full battery.
    The battery size, therefore may be reduced to 1/10th of today’s need. The battery should only provide acceleration periods and be able to absorb braking energy. This car will also be so much lighter that its energy consumption is reduced.
    This car also allows you to connect it to your home and supply it with energy, when the car is not on the road. When the car is in use, your home gets energy from the grid. There, possibly, your neighbor’s car is connected, so he can supply your house and vice versa. Similar condition otherwise in the energy use, you probably see yourself.

    Yours, Svein Henrik

  15. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If SSM is achieved and you are satisfied with the reliability of device, would you be willing to invite some reliable third parties to witness it in action and report their findings?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    I am uncertain of your reasoning. Using eCat technology to generate heat and then electricity (through the Carnot cycle) will have no effect on the reduction of demand for battery materials. If adopted widely, it will likely increase the demand as electricity rates/costs drop. Electrical energy will still need to be stored (in batteries) for transportation purposes as a Carnot cycle-based transportation engine is less desirable than a high efficiency direct electricity variant because of the heat dissipation requirements. Please clarify your reasoning.

  18. Svein Henrik

    Steven N. Charles
      Through the production of electricity through the Carnot cycle, E-Cat will significantly reduce the need for batteries. This will prevent the global shortage of cobalt, lithium and nickel from occurring.
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you can achieve a very high SSM and a high efficiency energy conversion to electricity, the applications are many:

    a. aviation
    b. land vehicles (cars and trucks)
    c. marine propulsion
    d. space propulsion and providing energy

    all without dangerous radiation or by products.

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Correct.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  22. Sam

    Chuck Davis and Andrea Rossi

    I had the same problem but
    needed a break from JONP.
    All good now.

    Regards
    Sam

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Very well.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  24. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    If you will do ssm e cat sk, there will be no need for grid! ust a battery for the start.
    All energy companies distributing energy by the grid will non be happy. Be careful Andrea.
    Calabrian regards
    domenico canino

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for your concern and attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you are selling the current technology, then you cannot reasonably be accused by Conscience of “refusing to let it out”. If the eCat SK Leonardo variant should never work, will you suddenly abandon the current product? I would think not.

    If you can achieve infinite SSM and directly produce electricity, that will be an amazing deed. But should you fail in that one product, the potential of the current product to change mankind for the better will not be diminished.

    The major environmental advantage I see for the eCat SK Leonardo is reduced thermal pollution by the elimination in the Carnot cycle in generating electricity. Are there other advantages to the eCat SK Leonardo that we are not aware of? If so, please educate us.

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you still taking orders for your older eCat systems – reference Conscience’s comment? If so, then you have placed your product in the “stream of commerce”. If not, can you explain why?

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We still are taking orders for the heat, but Conscience , I suppose, was referring to the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are very busy in your lab and not sick, because it is not of you to miss an entire day in the blog of the JoNP !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck davis

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your concern, but as far as I know today this blog has regularly published comments from the Readers !
    Maybe your server had some malfunction for some time today ? Did some other reader have difficulties ?
    Please let me know, because I had no feeling about malfunctions from our side.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Claretha Kellow

    Dear Dr Rossi
    A troll has written that many of the Prof and researchers that have recommended your paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    are not physicists, but biologists etc. It seems to me that this idiot forgot that your paper has so far more than 230 recommendations, among which at least half of them work in matters related and the others are anyway engaged in scientific matters, and we talk of hundreds of researchers and Professors, while in any scientific magazine the peer reviewers are normally one, sometimes two !
    As you said, the mother of the imbeciles is always pregnant.
    All the best,
    Claretha

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Claretha Kellow:
    I do not listen rock and troll. No time for it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Conscience

    Dear Mr Rossi.

    Your technology, if real, would start saving countless lives as soon as it is deployed.
    Pollution kills millions.
    Wars fought over energy resources kill millions too.
    And climate change has only just started its killing spree.
    You are a man of God. God would want you to give your invention to the world today before tomorrow so the world can use it, reproduce it and make it better.
    It’s extremely pretentious to think that only you and your small team are capable of making it better.

    1. What are you asking God and man in exchange for this? Because you would definitely get all the glory. And also all the money.

    2. Yet you refuse to let it out. Why?

    Regards,

    Conscience

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Conscience:
    Because it is not ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Anomymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You said the temperature of the QuarkX reaches 2700 Celsius degrees: at this temperature you should have big problems for the heat conduction along the conductors, am I correct?

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Anomymous:
    Much less than the ITER and without any fund from the taxpayers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Ron

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understood from your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    that you take advantage of the current that is added from the plasma to the current initially used to innext the arc.
    Cheers
    Ron

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    How much costed to you the R&D you are making to get the permanent SSM ?

  41. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Here I go again but only because I have read your reply to Karl-Henrik Malmqvist Nov. 12th. I am not surprised at what you have done but I can assure you, you are making a huge mistake that should you pursue in this present activity, will result in disaster. I have no reason to derail your objective. I too am an independent researcher with an accepted embodied technology referred to as one before its time.

    The difficulties I have encountered are many due to what I have discovered as an active force with its sole purpose to suppress the understanding of energy. I am know writing direct onto your JONP because twice, information intended for the JONP has been removed from my computer. Frustrating but I realize it is because I have something that they do not want me to share. This is why your JONP is of such value in its philosophy regarding democracy that allows for uncensored published information. What you and myself are involved in is a game that every planet has to play and win, if it wants to break through the final frontier in physics, referred by me as the holy grail of physics.

    This for you and myself is an extremely serious subject with huge ramifications. What I suggest you do is say to yourself, if you were in another persons position who wanted to keep a secret (there again maybe nobody wants to) what would you do? i.e. how would you go about to ensure it remained a well kept secret. It’s really quite simple, think about the environment you would be operating within. The present environment operates within a peer reviewing protocol process so as to control and promote emerging ideas within research communities. Independent researchers are not peer reviewed. Basically we are considered renegades/wild cards and pose a serious problem, so what else would you do?. I would start a useless program such as ITER, funded of course by a money pit called the tax payer. This would fool most people but not everyone but what about the independent researcher. Well if you think of the money spent on the ITER project, all that you would need to spend so as to slow down the independent researcher would be the equivalent of thirty pieces of silver.

    What you have Andrea is what you set out to do and you have succeeded. I realize the importance of the SSM but why destroy that which is almost perfect?. I strongly advise you not to go down a blind alley. My Unifying Field Oscillation (UFO) aircraft requires energy but not that of oil – coal – gas or conventional nuclear power but that which you have developed so as to be independent when the independence is required. When I first stumbled upon your web site and technology I knew immediately that this was the energy required but before this I knew Pi=4 because it’s relevant to the 4th Aspect being that which connects Alpha energy to Omega energy i.e. the process you are seeking to obtain the SSM and the independence it will provide. I am not an academic and this I believe is why I know, what I know. I intend to keep the communication but should it fail it will not be because of me but by outside interference.

    It must also be realized that before a person does something he must first have a good idea of why he is doing it, especially when it is novel. In other words he must be able to understand the principle and the reason behind the principle so as not to waste time and money chasing effects rather than the understanding of the causes. In other words, if the principle could be explained and it made perfect sense would you pursue observed effects and speculate as to their causes.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which Country are you working in during this period of R&D related to the Ecat SK Leonardo to reach the permanent SSM?

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    USA
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  45. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    It would be rather pointless to reveal their address, because I can’t dance.

    Nevertheless, their rejection is a bit of an insult.
    If they don’t want to be addressed, let them dance around the clock!

    Sooner or later, artificial neural networks will unravel all the tricks of the ballerinas, and entire ballet operas and concerts can be written for them.

    In the meantime, take care of your own neural network.

    To be honest, I am really surprised that you are now starting a new generation. Let us hope that the SSM and the electricity production will be fine soon. What are the proportions that you expect between electricity and heat in percentages? Roughly.

    Very kind regards,
    Koen

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    He,he,he…I passed it on to the ballerinas. They are sorry you felt insulted, but I said you are right: I know the feeling.
    The proportion between electricity and heat: let me reserve this for when we will be ready, presently I am not even roughly to answer.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  47. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea
    In response to your answer: without dreams you could not be where you are today,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    True.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    The southern half of the city has been on the internet. I had a break lasting more than 12 hours. (No TV, no phone, no web)
    I ask the following question: Does the Industrial E-Cat continue to work in the event of a web outage or is it shut down?
    I wish you every success in your quest for the autonomous E-Cat
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo,
    If the Ecat works in a concern wherein is important the continuity in case of black out, it is important to have a back-up. By the way: the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent SSM should not need external power sources ( if we will be successful with what we are doing ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Prof12

    I understood it well.

    And it is quite erroreous.

    For example….

    “the quantum vacuum fluctuations predicted by
    the Heisenberg uncertainty principle”

    Since when does the UCP predict vacuum fluctoations ???

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Prof12:
    Clearly, you are not a Prof of Physics, as put in evidence from the stupidity you just wrote, and I have not the time to educate you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Anonymous

    @Prof12,
    If you read carefully the paper of Dr Rossi,you will see that it treats the Coulombian forces in inr introduction and in par 1,2,3, while in the par 4 it is obviously implied. Your answer gives evidence that you either did not study the paper or you are not able to read it.
    Regards,
    Prof

  54. Prof12

    I told You, I read and interpreted it.

    It really makes not much sense.

    Why Do You think, I did not read it?

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Prof12:
    Because you have understood nothing and, if it is true that you are a physicist, you clearly did not study my paper.
    If you really studied it and understood nothing, I am sorry, but there is nothing I can do for you.
    All I had to say about the Coulombian force related to my effect is written in the paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Angstrom

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Do you ever sleep?
    So much things to do in so much small time!
    With love,
    Angstrom

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Angstrom:
    From midnight to 6 A.M. I sleep.Fortunately I am regular: at midnight I fall asleep because tired and at 6 AM I wake up because of the anxiety of results.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Sven B

    @Prof
    I am curious about the latest statistics of the publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    What are now the four figures and how does each of them compare with all other publications?
    Kind regards
    Sven B

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    As of today, my paper on Researchgate reached 31837 full readings and 230 recommendations from Prof and researchers of the whole world.
    It is the most read and recommended paper of nuclear physics published in the last years. Note: the scientists that recommended the paper have published their recommendations, which makes of a recommendation a peer reviewing. This success was absolutely not expected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Prof12

    Hi, Andrea.

    You answered this:

    I read it, studied it and compared it to the regular theories about fusion and still cannot get Your connection.
    BTW, I am a physicist, so when I read documents, it mostly implies, that I study them and reflect.

    It is somewhat misleading, that You recommend to read 1-4.
    Whereas the coloumb chapter is at the end of chapter 3 ongoing.
    And if Your effect is not of nuclear nature, then messing with the coloumb barrier is, at least for me, not necessary and also this “balancing” is not possible with the techniques mentioned in Your paper.

    So, please be kind and go into detail about, why your effect shall be connected to the coloumb barrier….

    THX in advance

    Best regards

    Pavel

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Prof12:
    Sorry, I confirm what I already answered. If you are a physicist, obviously you did not even read my paper, now that I am reading this answer of yours.
    Never mind,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi and Team,

    Now we are very curious again. What did you discover? That two or more ballerinas can perform choreographic arts or juggling tricks together that are not possible for a single ballerina?

    In time we will be allowed to know for sure?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes.
    We asked ballerinas if we can give you their address, but they said “no, it is confidential”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with your progress!
    Just a few questions:
    1. Are you now aiming for generating mainly electricity with the E-cat Leonardo?
    2. Do you believe that you will accomplish SSM this month (November)?
    3. Now it seems that your theory and tests come more and more and more together and assuming your view on how it works is right: Do you think that our existing knowledge of elementary particles in the sense of how they are are built up, come into existence and interact, will need to change?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- We are aiming at what we are not able to do. This is R&D stays for
    2- I do not know, it is not impossible, but it is difficult
    3- I am not able to answer this question, but I think our experiments give evidence to the theoretical work of scientists that do not follow the mass, for example Hestenes ( see his references on my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Frederick Somerville

    Dear Andrea,
    Has your focus shifted from generation of heat>generation of heat + electricity to generation of electricity + less or no heat ?
    Regards,
    Frederick Somerville

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Frederick Somerville:
    Now our focus is on production of electricity, but we are not abandoning the production of heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your comments, it sounds like an exciting day today at the lab. Have you achieved permanent self-sustain yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet, but today we made another important step forward.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I am excited to see your progress toward the Ecat and can’t wait to power my house with itin California.
    Also: imagine to power this kind of stuff with the Ecat:
    http://www.yahoo.com/news/jetpack-aviation-raises-2m-build-143846308.html
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your kind attention for our work, but I think the Flying Cat is just a dream…but…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Hermes Atar Trismegistus

    Do soundwaves any effect on the plasma we watched on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com ? Good luck for the Electric Ecat !
    Hermes Atar Trismegistus

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Soundwaves can affect some kinds of plasma. Not ours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Prof12

    Hi, Andrea.

    You asked:

    Andrea Rossi
    November 12, 2019 at 11:47 AM
    Prof12:
    Did you study it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    Now I studied it.

    And I do not see, why You still refer to a coloumb barrier transition, if You admitted, that it is not fusion.

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Prof12:
    I do not think you studied it. At the most you read it.
    It is well explained why it is important that the Coulombian forces are balanced and the reason is not nuclear fusion.
    Par 1,2,3,4. More than this, I cannot say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Ronald Kinsler

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1 Are you always measuring the radiations emitted from the Ecat SK Leonardo ?
    2 Results?

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald Kinsler:
    1- Always
    2- Never happened that ionizing radiations have been emitted by any E-Cat
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Aleida Wollner

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still selling heat?

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Aleida Wollner:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Harry Hartvigsen

    You still think will be able to introduce the Ecat SK Leonardo within this year ?

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Harry Hartvigsen:
    Still hoping.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your concern: thanks to God, my health sustains perfectly my job. Looking for working together,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Regarding blockchain for your business model
    I am not a professional so really cannot give a good advise for why it would be a huge step forward for your business model, except for the advise to consult a top nudge blockchain consultant who can explain the advantages much better then I will ever be able to do. I believe in regarding to data collection, smart contracts, efficiency, and security it will be of a great benefit.

    https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/blockchain.asp
    https://lisk.io/what-is-blockchain
    https://www.smartdatacollective.com/top-advantages-blockchain-for-businesses/
    https://www.cmswire.com/information-management/why-enterprises-are-looking-to-blockchain-for-better-data-privacy/

    sometimes to find a big cheese just follow a mouse….but maybe I am just smelling something that’s not there

    I am sorry I cannot be more specific.

    Kind regards and success to you and your team

    Arjen

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for your suggestions and the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Good luck in your quest for electricity from SSM — but why go for the most difficult goal right away? Heat is very important and a vast market.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because since something better remains to be done, it’s like you did nothing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Enea Romagnoli

    Caro Andrea,
    io sono sicuro che tu non hai mai buttato via anni di lavoro e che neanche un minuto di tempo né un pezzetto di metallo è stato da te speso o sprecato invano.
    Non è la prima volta che modifichi la tua strategia nell’affrontare il fenomeno LENR, come quando sei uscito dall’ospedale dopo l’operazione all’ernia e hai dato vita a “Ballerina”, una fantastica creatura!
    Ora la tua nuova strategia è affrontare il fenomeno LRPI, quello che hai messo in evidenza con la tua avveniristica pubblicazione.
    Io, anzi noi tutti, siamo vicini a te che stai affrontando questo ultimo passo, verso il più avvincente dei traguardi!
    Enea

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that you have never thrown away years of work and that not even a minute of time or a piece of metal was spent by you or wasted in vain.
    It is not the first time that you change your strategy in dealing with the LENR phenomenon, like when you left the hospital after the hernia operation and you gave birth to “Ballerina”, a fantastic creature!
    Now your new strategy is to face the LRPI phenomenon, the one you highlighted with your futuristic publication http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I, indeed all of us, are close to you that you are facing this last step, towards the most fascinating finish line!
    Enea

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your trust in our work.
    I see what I can do to merit it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    There is one aspect of usable energy supply that no one seems to be talking about. That is that the supply of fossil fuels no matter how large will be eventually depleted and in fact since its use is growing, perhaps sooner than expected. So, the debate about its effect on global warming may be immaterial. Nature has a tendency to move slowly so IMHO this probably will happen before any catastrophic events can occur. As fossil fuels become less available, devices such as yours will by necessity be developed into usable substitutes.
    Future regards,

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    “First step, second step”. You must have accomplished SSM and now in ‘second step’ – “electricity, electricity, electricity”. If so, congratulations on the epoch achievement!
    Brokeeper

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    You cannot even imagine the work that is going on here today. We are very excited and working like beasts.
    Thank you for your sustain, always,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!
    We are happy to know about the breakthrough successes in the theory and engineering of your fantastic source of energy. Only one request – be more attentive to your health, your over-stressed work should not negatively affect your health – it is too important for all of us!

  95. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    In order to achieve electrical production, are you just adding special components or are you also redesigning the Ballerina to get easier electrical extraction?

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    We redisigned the Ballerina you saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    . We threw away years of work, made an internal revolution, but it was necessary to arrive where we have to arrive. Courage has been necessary, because we decided not to sit down and enjoy the remarkable results obtained making heat, but I think we are very close and getting closer by the day to our objective. Spent much money, wasted much materials, but it was necessary to make epoche’ on what had been done to arrive where we have to arrive. The pulse has been generated by our theoretical evolution or, better, revolution initiated with
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, The connection between your E-Cat achieving a self sustain mode and cancer is that both of these problems are directly connected to embodied energy. Your E-Cat has solid elements and hydrogen. Cancer is a soft cell becoming solid. It is overrunning a cellular cycle and becoming dense. This subject is to do with atomic structure. Your E-Cat has to get the energy out of embodied substance i.e. conversion/transition. Question how do you stop a cell from densifying i.e. running further than it should. If you can cure cancer or put the E-Cat into a self sustain mode you will realize the connection by the method. However, I do not profess to know everything so maybe there are many methods to overcome this related problem regarding energy/density. As an added piece of information I do not think the problems I sometimes have posting, certain information, on your site has anything to do with the JONP as I have encountered many problems before and no doubt will continue with regards specific information, that certain individuals consider not to be shared. I am use to it. Computers when deemed necessary can be like open books and able to be peer revued. This is nothing to dwell on as I am aware you are extremely busy and wish you all the best being an independent researcher. Regards Eric Ashworth

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At the moment, are you working towards a SSM E-Cat with the primary goal of generating heat, or the primary goal of generating electricity?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Electricity, electricity, electricity. I am working on it with the Team. Today a very good day, important discovery.
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    See following link

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blockchain

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Now I understand, thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Prof12

    Mr. Andrea.

    Since You stated, that Your effect is neither fission nor fusion, how can Your scientific paper explain this ?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Prof12:
    Did you study it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Now you and your team are still in the preparation for a world wide launch of your products.

    Did you study the enormous advantages of blockchain technology? For multiple uses security, control, data
    (not to be confused with cryptocurrency as this can but certainly does not have to be a part of it)

    and if you studied it, do you think this will be of a great advantage for the business model and if not why not?

    Kind regards

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    I did not study it and, honestly, I do not know about it.
    Can you be more precise about how can it be useful to the Ecat ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, You asked me to rephrase my question. I have tried twice but unsuccessfully. On my computer your site says Not Secure and I lose the information intended. So I am now typing direct. To be very brief, from my own experience academic institutions do not like independent researchers who fund their own projects and use their intuitive intelligence to solve important issues. This I have experienced first hand myself. The cancer cell has been described as, and I think it was said by Gaston Naessens who described it as like a spring running backwards but it could equally be described as a cell running too far forwards i.e. doing what its designed to do or like a marathon runner in a race whereby the finishing tape has become damaged or none existent and he likewise does what he is good at. The immune system is the regulator in the cycle of the cell. Camphor has been known for eons to be a ‘cure all’ but nobody seems to know how it works and it does work in certain cases of cancer. When you demonstrate your E-Cat SK in a self sustain mode you will be required to replenish the charge and the cancer researchers will know that what you have i.e. your technology is what they need.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. When my wifes breast cancer was cured by 714 the cancer specialist asked her where she had learned her black magic. I am not promoting 714X I have nothing to do with it but the subject of energy is a hot potato.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I am not able to follow this insight of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    As you answered that you are working also on reaching to yield an electric gain of 80-90%, besides the heat, I suppose you already reached the SSM.
    If you will reach a permanent SSM with electric gain (low entropy energy gain) you will make the most disruptive invention ever. This is close to the matter-antimatter of the science fictions.
    Kind Regards,
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your attention to our work: whay you say is a derivate from
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering November 12th issue:
    Energy utilities must do more to hire veterans anf give them the tools to succeed.
    Rod Walton

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your comment, that allows me to remind that today in the USA is the “Veterans Day”: honour to all who served to defend the values of their Country, in many cases with the extreme sacrifice. Had not the USA intervene in the second world war, today Europe would not be a free community of Countries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. eernie1

    By the way,
    I did not escape the clutches of the army since they drafted me for the next conflict, the Korean war, and I spent the next two years eating C rations.
    Nostalgic regards.

  115. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I would like to add these points. Nuclear fission probably saved my life since I was about to be drafted into the army and would have participated in the invasion of Japan. Casualties of this conflict were estimated to be in the millions. Value to me and other participants, incalculable. Competition with standard energy suppliers decreased the cost of energy to users throughout the world. Value of this incalculable.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Following your latest updates on this blog here is my interpretation
    of the 100+ last years of R&D in the area of nuclear energy extraction.

    Theoretically available energy:
    – presented 1905 by Einstein as E=mc2

    Practical processes with significant efficiency:

    Fission process:
    – first uncontrolled release: 1945
    – first controlled release: a few years later

    Fusion process:
    – first uncontrolled release: 1954
    – first controlled release: still works in progress

    Ecat-SK process:
    – first controlled release: 2018
    – Holy Grail of controlled release: Dec 2019

    Did I get things right?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    If we will succeed, yes.
    I’d add another point, though:
    – investment paid so far by the taxpayer for “classic noclear energy, fusion and fission combined: around 30 billion $, plus the damages caused by accidents like Chernobyl, Three Miles island, etc ( uncalculable )
    investments from the taxpayers for the work of my Team: zero
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Steven NJ. Karels:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the primary issue(s) you are experiencing with achieving SSM one of:

    1. Electronic control;
    2. Fuel combination (e.g., an additive to stabilize the SSM);
    3. thermal runaway; and/or
    4. something else?

  121. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Would you say that the understanding and cure for cancer is directly related to the understanding of energy?, which you’re technology will be able to explain. In other words, would you share knowledge with outside academic researchers who would benefit from your understanding. Of course, I understand, that they would have to approach you because of protocol but the question is would you be willing to share such information?.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Sorry, I do not understand what you mean: can you rephrase ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Sam

    For anyone interested in the EBR 1
    here are links to Ray Haroldsen
    Videos an Engineer that worked there.

    https://youtu.be/tNwX81SEJTU

    https://youtu.be/39cTW1AjxbA

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is a car with an internal combustion engine somewhat analogous to what you are trying to do with the E-Cat SK Leonardo?

    The car needs a battery to start it up, then once the engine is running part of the power produced from the car charges the battery (via the alternator), and the battery runs all the electronics in the car. To operate, the car engine requires a fuel source, as does the E-Cat (although in tiny amounts).

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Szymon Blachuta

    How do you start up the ssm process of the Ecat SK Leonardo:
    a- by net supply
    b- by accumulator/battery
    c- by condensator
    Waiting for good news,
    Szymon Blachuta

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    The simmplest solution is by battery where there is no grid ( for example in cars ) or grid. Any sourse can be adaptable, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a video about
    Walter Zinn and his team that
    where the first to make Electricity
    from Nuclear power.

    https://youtu.be/KncekYvqyWs

    Regards
    Sam

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thanks for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Neil Bockenstedt

    I watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Superb!
    Cheers
    Neil

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Neil Bockenstedt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Angstrom

    Dear Maestro Rossi:
    You was born with a brilliant mind- but remember: “Roma uno die condita non est”
    Angstrom

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Angstrom:
    I agree. ( He,he,he )
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  135. H.P.

    Dr Rossi,
    Did I understand correctly that you are making the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent ssm, which means that it makes heat and electricity, being the electricity in quantity enough to supply to the Ecat itself the electric energy necessary to work, plus perhaps also more electricity than the amount necessary for the self sustaining mode?
    If so, if you will succeed the world will not be the same.
    Good luck,
    Humberto

  136. Andrea Rossi

    H.P.:
    Yes, that is what we are fighting for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Rodolfo

    Are you using also the 3D technology in the R&D related to the Ecat SK Leonardo? Maybe to make some component not in commerce?
    Rodolfo

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Rodolfo:
    Yes, we are.
    We made a component that didn’t exist before, designed by us and that is crucial for the Ecat SK Leonardo to obtain the permanent ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find commentds published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Raf

    Ready as always, since 2009.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Raf:
    Thank you for your patience !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    I repeat my queswtion I put you in past: do you think the Ecat SK Leonardo will be able sooner or later to yield 80-90% of its energy in electric energy gain ?
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    We are working to reach also that. We are working with all the force that God gives us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Marco

    Dear Andrea:
    I have noticed that the number readings of your paper published on Researchgate and of the views of the video of the presentation of the Ecat SK are in the same order of magnitude, in fact:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has obtained as of today 31198 full readings, and counting, while
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    has obtained more than 38000 views as of today and counting
    Probably the reason of the unbelievable success of the paper, by far the most read nuclear physics paper in the world of the last years, stays in the coherence between theory and experimental results.
    Do you agree?
    All the best,
    Marco

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A few years ago you ran a “destructive test” on an eCat. Since your underlying technology/implementation has evolved, will you or have you done a similar “destructive test”?

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Stuart

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    European Union has issued a line of funds for the R&D in the field of energy obtained by nickel-hydrogen interactions: this is an important recognition of your work: when you first in the world made your Italian patent in 2008, in Europe the sole reaction had been a big laugh. Now they have understood the importance of your work.
    Probably in the next 10-20 years they will fund the R&D on what you are doing now…

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Stuart:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently seeing extended periods of SSM with the E-Cat SK Leonardo?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Mario

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you update about the work on the permanent SSM ?
    You still optimist about the possibility to cpomplete the work by December ?
    Thanks,
    Mario

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    We are continuing our job on it and my optimism is increasing; the next 2 weeks will be crucial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Follower

    Watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I discovered that you have pulses in the graph of the oscilloscope.
    Can you give more information about this particular ?

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Follower:
    sorry, I cannot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    For your technology is the principle of indetermination of Heisenberg as fundamental as it appears in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an article
    proving Albert Einstein
    Theory and making him
    famous.

    https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/math/a29677190/einstein-eclipse-anniversary/

    Regards
    Sam

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Wilfred

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How much is in percentage during these days your personal engagement in the Ecat SK leonardo project?
    Good luck,
    Wilfred

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfred:
    100%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Eric Ashworth

    IObservable, I know how you are thinking but Andrea did not contradict, he answered in the only way possible with regards the questions put forward. The answers were different but not contradictory because of the subject. As I have stated before, unless a person has sufficient information, language becomes confusing and physics is without doubt a confusing subject whereby answers can easily be misinterpreted. There is no need for Andrea to confuse a person because there is no need to confuse that which is confusing i.e. there is nothing to hide and therefore nothing gained by providing what appears to be a contradictory answer to a highly technical subject. When the E-Cat SK is able to enter a self sustained mode, which we all know is possible from an atomic researchers perspective, it will be a little understood/novel technique with far reaching consequences for the whole of mankind.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  163. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Andrea,
    Why the mainstream science is still resistive toward your effect?
    JPR

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    “Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts” ( Richard Feynman, Nobel laureate in Physics ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Chuck Davis

    @Prof,
    Thank you Prof for your comment to IObservable.
    He, most likely, is a troll.
    I am sure Dr Rossi does not want to waste time responding to trolls; I think he probably never sleeps after long hours in the lab, not to mention the stress while thrashed by his wife on the tennis court! (LOL)
    Chuck Davis

  166. Roberto

    Dear Andrea
    Do you know that
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is among the most hit videos in your scientific field ?
    All the best,
    Roberto

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. S.

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the Clifford algebra useful to your theoretical research of models able to explain your effect?
    Has it been useful in the writing of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Cheers
    S.

  170. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    Yes. In particular, its elegant models give a unitarian vision of the different vectors interacting on integrated planes. It facilitates the inventing function.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Prof

    Iobservable,
    You did not understand what Andrea Rossi wrote. You did not understand what Eric Ashworth wrote either. Dr Rossi never has been contradictory and his answers are perfectly contingent with his honesty about the enormous difficulties he has to confront to make something that will change the world if successful. He always said he is optimist, but not certain of the success and this is not a contradiction, this is intellectual honesty as well as also Eric Ashworth said repeatedly.
    I think the reasons of your writing can be alternatively two: either you are not enough intelligent to understand, or you are a troll that is trying to poison this blog. I give 50% of probability to either of these possibilities: do you like these numbers, or are they too contradictory for your mindset ?
    I do not understand why Dr Rossi does not spam your provocations.
    All the best,
    Prof

  172. IObservable

    @ Yrka:

    Do You see ? Once he gave numbers, suddenly he cannot.
    This means, again, that his answers are contradictory.
    Like Eric A. already discovered.

  173. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You answered IObservable: “The chances that we will be able to introduce Ecat SK Leonardo this year with a 1-month tolerance are 50.1%.”
    I remembered a joke. The girl was asked the question
    – What is the likelihood that you will meet a living dinosaur in the city?
    He smiled:
    – Fifty fifty, either meeting or not meeting.
    This is a joke, we hope and believe in you and your team.

    But still, what is the likelihood that Ecat SK Leonardo after the positive completion of the tests (even if it takes a few more months) will go into mass production?
    Good luck to you and the team!

    Yuri Isaev Engineer Tyumen, Russia

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    We work for that. Cannot give numbers, though.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  175. Robert Kabbes

    Dear Andrea,

    To append to Martyn Aubrey question using the quote within his comment question: “You said that hopefully the Ecat will provide sufficient electricity to power the control system”.

    Is it your hope the ECat SK Leonardo will soon provide not only sufficient electrical power to the control system for SSM but also include enough direct electrical power to provide domestic needs or is this required domestic electrical power another phase of R&D after SSM control quest?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Kabbes:
    First step, second step.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think that at your next presentation, whenever it happens, your partners will identify themselves and comment on their involvement with the E-Cat and Leonardo Corp.?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not know, this issue does not depend on me, but it is not excluded.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. arjen

    Regarding Internet access for the SK Leonardo.

    When choosing to develop only a working SK with internet access, please also maybe consider a solution in between.
    A fully functioning SK with offline option that only needs to be temporary online for control and updating purposes. example by using a external wifi signal(mobile phone) or even bluetooth.

    kind regards Arjen

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It’s so exciting that you and your team may soon reach your goal of permanent ssm. Looking ahead to when you sell your first unit will you still be able to protect the process after the unit is out of your control?
    Thank you and your team for for the devotion and hard work to reach your goal.

    Bernie Morrissey

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. IObservable

    Dear Andrea…

    This “at the end of the year” is the same statement, which You made last year.

    How likely is the chance now, that You present a product and accept final orders ?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    Last year I made that statement related to the SK, that has been actually presented on January 31st 2019.
    Please see
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and on January 14 has been published on Researchgate the theoretical paper related to it: please read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    The probabilities that we will be able to present the Ecat SK Leonardo within this year, with a tolerance of 1 month, are 50.1 % .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of November 5 2019:
    ” Don’t be a jerk ” and other words of wisdom for people in the power industry.
    Rod Walton

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for your update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    It would be excellent if you are able to present the Ecat SK Leonardo before the end of this year. I am greatly looking forward to seeing your latest developments.

    You said that hopefully the Ecat will provide sufficient electricity to power the control system, but I have a question if you are able to answer.

    Will the control unit still be connected to the internet to receive the control signal, or do you plan to make the unit totally independent?

    Supportive Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    This will depend on our future commercial strategy.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “I am very hopeful for the next 2-3 weeks. We are working like dogs.”

    Even my dog needs a treat periodically (daily in her case). Don’t forget to treat your employees (and yourself) to a treat.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…thank you for reminding me, especially from my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Dear Dr Rossi
    Are you looking at selling or leasing Ecats to the public or are you going to sell energy. I still presume that the Ecat is mainly producing heat or do they now produce electricity directly. Thank you for your effects over these many years

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    So far we sell only thermal energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Romano Tognetto

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Me gusta proponer un articulo sobre el Ecat en “Juventud Tecnica”.
    El nichel, del qual Cuba es rica, podria volverse muy precioso.
    Muchisimas gracias por su sugerencia: la tomaremos en cuenta.
    Saludos,
    Romano Tognetto

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Romano Tognetto:
    I do not think the Ecat diffusion will change that much nickel’s quotations, because we use small amoumnt respect the usual and because our charges are completely recyclable.
    Possibly there will be speculations, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. P

    Hello A. Rossi
    If I have understood your answers correctly in this blog a launch of ECAT SK Leonardo could be imminent, which would be fantastic. I hope you going to have the support of some professional presenter this time. Mats Lewan could be a good choice? The presentation in Stockholm was professional but when ECAT SK was launched I was disappointed.
    I wish you and your team great success in the coming weeks.
    Best Regards
    P

  196. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    Thank you for your attention to our work !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I just read this article and thought you might also find it interesting:

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-04/moth-poulsen-s-energy-trapping-molecule-could-solve-solar-storage

    Looking forward to seeing the outcome of your current testing.

    Beat Regards.

    Stephen

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I like your reply to Frank Ackland. Regards Eric Ashworth

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    When you will have succeeded with the E-Cat SK Leonardo SSM, it is always possible to improve the technique and make the E-cat SSM+ with better electrical conversion, giving higher electrical power output. And then E-cat SSM++ with higher reliability and easier manufacturing and so on.
    But Henry Ford made 15 million Fords Model T before he started to manufacture the improved car, the Ford Model A.

    I hope your E-Cat SK Leonardo SSM will be your Model T, ready for mass production for industrial applications in 2020.
    Then it is always possible with yearly product revisions, improvements and updates.

    I also recommend you to make a modular design of the E-Cat SSM Industrial, for easy replacement of each submodule with standardised high quality connections.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    You are right.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    By following you on the blog I see that R & D is progressing well and that we will have the privilege of seeing the E-Cat Leonardo work soon?
    1-Do you think you can do a web demonstration this year?
    2-Do you plan in 2020 to replace the current industrial E-Cat with Leonardo E-Cat?
    All my encouragement and support for your entire team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Within the end of November we will complete the extremely important series of tests on course and the answers will probably be more precise.
    Thank you for yuour continue kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is your recent success connected with the testing of new apparatus that is working as hoped?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    I am very hopeful for the next 2-3 weeks. We are working like dogs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Frederick Somerville

    Dr Rossi,
    You already have a high COP and with a Sterling engine you could close the circle.
    Why are you losing more time with the quest for a permanent SSM ?
    Frederick Somerville

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Frederick Somerville:
    Because a permanent SSM made directly from the plasma of the Ecat is universal.
    About the Sterling engines: I got many offers, but no one has been convincing for efficiency, reliability and costs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a video link to
    the inventor of the Photo
    Copier Chester Carlson.

    https://youtu.be/1Vn1lOeMLI4

    Regards
    Sam

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. James C Yates

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does the Leonardo Corporation employ a sales staff?

    One of the largest “energy hogs” in the USA (and in Dade County, Florida) is the cement manufacturing industry. Cement production is a thermal energy intensive process, which requires heating solid particles up to 1450°C and cooling it down. You would not even be required to venture beyond your own county, to greatly accelerate your sales.
    Best regards,
    James C Yates

  212. Andrea Rossi

    James C Yates:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, There is no link regarding this issue, if there was I would provide it. As I have informed in previous posts and to that of many private people who have asked similar questions to my information. My reply has always been and
    still is, ‘how does information get into a book’? i.e. where does it come from. What I have discovered is, some information is very easy to publish whereas some is impossible without self publishing due to censorship and this is where your blog is of irrefutable value with regards free speech regarding subjects considered highly specialized by the establishment. I too have been on a learning experience in more than one way. One of which being the difficulty encountered by bureaucracy, a necessary establishment to govern human evolution in a controlled environment.

    Fortunately there comes a time when the shackles have to be loosened and here I am referring to the internet with its associated problems of information overload i.e. sorting that which is intelligent from that which is pure garbage. As an example we all know that pi = 3.14159. This mathematical constant, I believe, is of Greek origin. Used by masons to work out floor tiles etc. and it works very well but I can inform readers of the JONP that when pi is used to work out energy it equals 4 not 3.14159. and this can be proved mathematically when you apply it to a systemic system. The boomerang travels on a circumference i.e. from alpha to omega with its trinity of energy, being positive, neutral and negative. These potentials are actually time dimensions and this is where the final frontier in physics comes to the forefront. The radius can be represented by a Capital G. The diameter by a capital D. and the circumference by O. Pile them on top of one another and spin the symbol on its axis to create a circle containing a cross or pie containing four pieces. Is this pure garbage or the truth?. Is there such a thing as a secret that has been deliberately withheld for necessary reasons and is it still being covered up?. I do not want to join the conspiracy theory regime, I have no time for such nonsense. A person can speculate all he wants but without sufficient information you cannot make a correct decision. Maybe to put the E-Cat into self sustain mode you do not need to know that pi = 4. because I am aware that we each have our own unique methods of approach to solving any problem but maybe you do.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Prof

    @Brett Tharrington,
    The statistics of the publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    are continuing to get stunning and more stunning.
    This publication has reached today 30036 full readings, and counting.
    All the publications of Andrea Rossi on Researchgate (there are 6 of them in total) have reached as of today 33264 full readings, 1310 Recommendations, 436.4 index of research interest, 15 citations, and counting all of them.
    These numbers are a remarkable evidence of the attention of the scientific world on the work of Andrea Rossi.
    Prof

  216. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    once you have reached the SSM what will happen, you will do just a press release or you will do a demonstration or you will present a working product or something else.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    We will present a working product.
    Similar to the one shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    with the difference that it will be able to power itself in permanent ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Regarding my question today 2/11 -19 06:40
    I mean that you have placed an E-catSK with a customer, who buys the heat-energy cheaper than the customer earlier have payed. Is this working as you haved planned?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Thank you for the rephrasing.
    The answer is: yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am pleased to read that your quest to SSM is progressing in the right direction.
    As with all people, following your struggle, we can just assume where you encounter problems, because NDA prohibits you telling us details. However, being an electrical engineer my thoughts tend to assume electrical issues may trouble you.
    Combining these with your theoretical work, where you mention ‘dense electron aggregates’ and having read in Ken Schoulders work that mentions EVO’s (Exotic Vacuum Objects, which may be the same as these dense electron aggregates) and their ability to travel though metals, I think maybe these EVO’s maybe in the cause of the problems that trouble you. So I think EVO’s travel through the wires to your semiconductor electronics and destroy it.
    Ken Schoulders also gave a remedy for this: layers of conductors and insulators stop EVO’s.
    Translated to your situation: Feed the plasma via capacitors. For that you need to have high frequency AC. Use high frequency, high voltage capacitors and maybe, if these capacitors are destroyed, more than one in series.
    Obviously this is a very speculative advice, not really knowing what the problem(s) is(are). I probably could have advised you to play tennis with your wife just as good, which may be as effective (I.e. no remedy to the problem), but many of us just want you to succeed. This advice is free of charge.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your insight, and for the suggestions, apart the unconsolable situation of my tennis record playing with my wife. There is no remedy to that. About the Ecat SK Leonardo I am more optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Also, just a small point as I do not wish to distract from the important subject of nuclear physics but Australian aboriginals sometimes decorate their returning boomerangs with snakes in the shape of a wave, filled with dots like particles. Also crop circles to me look similar to aboriginal art. This I find interesting and I thought maybe yourself and readers of the JONP would also.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Why don’t you send here some link about this issue ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for your clarifications.

    Are the major problems remaining to be solved, before you cross the “finish line” related to:

    1. Control of the “Ballerina”?
    2. the energy conversion efficiency in directly generating electricity?
    3. Energy dissipation issues?
    4. component reliability issues?
    5. manufacturing issues?

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    mainly 2 and 4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    He,he,he…of course “cigar” in this case is figurative! As a former marathonete I am not a smoker. As you know, “no cigar” is an expression used in the research environment to mean “no celebration”, since expensive cigars are usually smoked to celebrate something, something like it happens with champagne.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Is the outsourcing of E-catSK working as good as you hoped?

    2. Here in Sweden I (76 year old) am waiting for the home-E-cat still
    one winter. My little house (80 m2) need electricity-heating for
    about 2.500 USD/year. Do you think that I can buy one about 6KW E-
    cat during 2020?

    3. Can´t you persuade any customer just to mention on your blog that
    E-catSK works for them, since it still seems unbelievable?

    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund,
    1- I do not understand what you mean with “outsourcing” in this context: please rephrase to allow a precise answer
    2- We are working for that, but I cannot talk of dates yet. Surely the progress during these very days has been substantial.
    3- same as in 2
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I can see that many people are now asking more specific questions regarding this final frontier in physics. I would like to make a statement that maybe both yourself and Prof will get a chuckle out of.

    Unlike Prof I did not buy the book “Maxwell – Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor” Unified Field, Elementary Particles and Nuclear Interactions. You reference Chapter 1. page 19 and see page 15. M = 0 (wey equation) solution a spinnor field etc. etc. ending the velocity of an electron at any time equals the velocity of light. Anyway, to cut a long story short, I was in Australia in 1985 and had very little to do, other than get into my pet subject, being the atom and its composition. Energy as I have previously stated is directly related to geometry and maths. Thereby M = 0 of a spinnor field. I was fortunate enough one day to watch an Australian aboriginal throw his returning boomerang (not at the velocity of light) which I would refer to as a spinnor of a field. I do get a laugh out of this quite often, when thinking back but as you know, you can by using simple geometry and maths work out the technical aspects of the field of a returning boomerang. I think Mr Occam would agree.

    The puzzle for me as time progressed was how did the Australian aboriginal ancestors develop such a remarkable piece of equipment. The boomerang does not only demonstrate aerodynamics but a far more important aspect of physics connected to that of the final frontier. At least for me it did. Of course we all have our own peculiar method of approach to solve any problem. I am not being sarcastic but very serious to a serious subject.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. I look forward with anticipation to your much deserved final victory.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Brett Tharrington

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Going to
    http://www.researchgate.net
    and searching “Andrea Rossi”
    I noticed that also all the other publications of you on Researchgate ( there are 6 of them ) had a good success of readings and recommendations !
    Cheers
    Brett

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Brett Tharrington:
    Thank you for your attention !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for the update.

    As for the Cigar, you don’t actually have to smoke it.

    You can show it in a picture.

    But, from health considerations, you probably wouldn’t want to smoke it .

    We want you to stay in the self sustaining mode.

    Healthy regards,

    Joseph Fine

  235. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    My interpretation of the current situation is that, you, your team, partners, and likely technical / legal / scientific advisers (all under NDA’s), are investigating a new and novel energy production system, based on your development of a new understanding of basic nuclear interactions.

    If the SSM (Self Sustaining Mode) technology addition to the E-Cat can be engineered to be robust and reliant to the point of being publicly demonstrated, this will provide proof in addition to the main E-Cat charge technology proof for the new understanding of the underlying nuclear interactions.

    If confirmed, this new understanding may lead to all involved being party to multiple patents for new devices and technologies, ground-breaking scientific papers and additional products to develop.

    It would be understandable that all the parties involved would like time to confirm the definite existence of the new understanding and have proof that can stand up to scrutiny of what will be a hostile sceptical scientific establishment, to have time to be the first to explore the new territories being opened up, to tie up the benefits, file the patents, to write the papers, to have time to prepare and jointly agree on the logistics of how to move forward.

    So understandably you are likely in the middle of a very complex situation, one where possibly not everything is under your control, a situation where you will have to agree with your partners the timing of when and how you go public.

    I wish you well on your enterprise going forward, you are likely in the middle of a very complex time consuming stressfull situation, but please take time to look after your health.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    You are right.
    Thank you for your empathy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the ‘enormous step forward’ been enough to get you to the finish line, or if not can you at least see the cigar from here?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I honestly think we are very close to the finish line. maybe a matter of weeks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In answer to my somewhat detailed question regarding SSM you answered with a brief “No”.
    1. Can you clarify further?
    2. If so, when in the permanent SSM mode, is the “ballerina” running without control?
    3. When in the permanent SSM mode, does your control unit consume any power?
    4. When in the permanent SSM mode, can you actively change the ballerina output energy?
    5. Is your immediate goal to produce direct-to-electrical output (no conversion to electricity by light or heat)?

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- see below
    2- no
    3- yes, but it is supplied directly drom the Ecat itself
    4- yes
    5- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I agree, the answers you refer to are not contradictory but they are different and from what I understand the difference is the correct answer to both of the posted questions. One being to an unavailable time line and the other being that of confidentiality. This I understand as being due to the nature of the subject being the final frontier in physics, referred to by Prof Oct 31st.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your intelligent insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Mitchell Caprio

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is going on your R&D for the Ecat SK Leonardo to obtain permanent self sustaining mode ? Any news ?

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Mitchell Caprio:
    Enormous step forward yesterday and today.
    We are going on faster now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Raissa

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    a gold mine of information, together with
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Waiting for the Ecat SK Leonardo!
    Raissa

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Raissa:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted on JONP “I want the permanent SSM”

    I assume this is a continuous state of eCat reaction without an initiation signal.

    From your previous public demonstrations, it appears you use three different signal types:

    a. A sensor signal (perhaps triangular waveforms, positive and negative going) that sense the condition of the eCat “ballerina”;
    b. A continuation signal that corrects or adjusts the ongoing eCat “ballerina”; and
    c. A initiation signal that creates the eCat “ballerina”.

    Is this consistent with your meaning?

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Prof

    I too bought the book “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”: which is the most important page of it related to the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Prof

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Chapter 1 “Maxwell Equations and Occam’s Razor”, page 19:
    “The new formulation of the Maxwell’s equations expressed by 1.3.27 [ see pag. 15 ] is quite similar to the Dirac-Hestenes equation for m = 0 ( Weyl equation ). In all cases the solution is a spinor field. A spinor is a mathematical object that in space-time algebra is simply a multivector of even grade components.
    The motion of a massless charge that moves at the speed of light can be described using a composition of a rotation in the Lambda x-Lambda y plane followed by a scaled hyperbolic rotation in the Lambda z-Lambda t plane and can be encoded in the real Clifford 3,1 algebra with a single spinor.
    At this point the Authors are encouraged by an interesting sentence of P.A.M. Dirac. In fact, in his Nobel lecture held in 1933, Dirac proposed an electron model in which a charge moves at the speed of light:
    ” It is found that an electron which seems to us to be moving slowly, must actually have a very high frequency oscillatory motion of small amplitude superposed on the regular motion which appears to us. As a result of this oscillatory motion, the velocity of an electron at any time equals the velocity of light ”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. IObservable

    Eric Ashworth.

    I think like You.

  252. Ben

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you make use of the Clifford algebra for your calculations?

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    Yes, it helps to save time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Regarding your dialogue between Frank Acland and IObservables. Am I correct in understanding that all you seek is a method to put your E-Cat SK into a self sustain mode as I am confused by your different answers provided to both readers.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    It seems to me that both answers are not contradictory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. IObservable

    Dear Andrea,

    Your last comment is totally wrong.

    Either You do not want to tell us which problems You have, or You simply cannot, or there are none.

    Maybe You know the game “taboo”…. try it like this.

  257. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    Thank you for your opinion and for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Mina Montoya

    Dear Andrea
    Your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has mandatorily to be read while watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    to understand in full what is written there.
    I am not surprised it is among the most read nuclear physics papers published on Researchgate and the one that has received more recommendations from the scientists that read Researchgate and publish their papers on it.
    Cheers
    Mina

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Mina Montoya:
    I too think that what makes it interesting is the coherence between theoretical considerations and experimental work.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Basil Loken

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for suggesting us the book “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Ocam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” of Gorgio Vassallo et Al. (by Amazon).
    It is very useful, in particular the chapter 1 “Maxwell’s Equations and Occam’s Razor”.
    Very well done also the English translation of Jed Rothwell.
    All the best,
    Basil

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Basil Loken:
    I agree. That book is on my working desk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  263. Rob Reome

    Congratulations to Irina and Vitaly Uzikov for this very interesting technology.
    Rob

  264. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    After your quest to reach the permanent SSM, what will happen to the heat ?
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A. Kranz:
    Welcome back !
    The heat will be used by the Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Anonymous

    Hot Fusion vs Ecat: the Beast and the Beuty

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    He he he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    You often direct your readers to go to rossilivecat.oom to see all the posts made at Journal of Nuclear Physics (JoNP) in 1 place. Well, this may be of interest to those who come directly to rossilivecat who want to see the original post at JoNP.

    Did you know that on rossilivecat, the date/time stamp that is underlined in the comments is a direct link to the original comment on JoNP no matter what page it is on.

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. IObservable

    Dear Andrea,

    which restricted knowledge ? I am sure, You can tell us something not too technical, without violating and company-secrets, can’t You ?

  271. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    It is not possible to say nothing technical to explain technical issues without saying banalities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Kevin Evans

    Dr Rossi,
    Two questions:
    1- are the periods of SSM longer than they were a year ago?
    2- can you indicate the percentage of SSM time respect the total time?
    Thank you for your endeavor to complete this important discovery: I hope we will have a much needed Christmas gift,
    Kevin Evans

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Evans:
    1- yes
    2- d3epends on many factors, I want the permanent SSM, eseless to talk of transitory results.
    I really hope to give this gift.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Alan Folmsbee

    Hello Dr Rossi,
    I wrote a new paper on the nuclear structure of Chromium.
    The title is ” Antiferromagnetic Nucleus of Cr “, June 3 2019.
    This adds evidence to the theory of the static nucleus and confirms it is correct.
    Chromium is the sole element that is antiferromagnetic and his shape gives a plausible geometric reason for the antiferromagnetism.
    This paper defines the N and S poles of an atom.
    The sphere stacking uses a lattice called “face armored cubic”.
    Please publish this on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Alan Folmsbee

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Alan Folmsbee:
    Thank you for sending your paper to the JoNP.
    It has been passed on for peer reviewing.
    In the meantime the interested readers can email to you to have the PDF.
    This comment grants you the date of priority.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. IObservable

    Dear Andrea…

    regarding Your answer to Frank Acland: Which exact problems Do You face ?

  277. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    I cannot give this information, because it would contain restricted knowledge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Remi Andre’:
    Thank you for the link: it is about the Seebeck effect, thank you for the update about this technology, that I know very well. The problem of these alloys is the cost of the directional fusion. They work, but to go above the 5-10% of efficiency with a delta T of 100 Celsius degrees is very expensive and the efficiency does not pay for it. This has been my experience.
    I made a patent granted by the US Patent Office on this matter, owned by LTI, in the late nineties, but the following attempt of industrialization has been disappointing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Rémi André

    Dear M.Rossi
    Did you know about this new way of converting heat into electricity ?

    https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.138001

    Best regards
    Rémi André

  280. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Realistically, what do you think your % chances are of achieving SSM in 2019?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is impossible to answer, because our problems could be resolved in a week or in months: it is impossible to know. I still hope 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Enrico

    Dear Andrea,
    meanwhile looking for stable SSM condition, does your SK give substantial and useful electrical energy level ?
    All the best
    Enrico

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Enrico:
    We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    I’d like to share a link about an interesting energy storage technology :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nu9zLOBi0-E

    I don’t think it is something that will be required for the e-cat, because it will be able to provide a steady baseline power, but it is very interesting for renewables nonetheless.

    Cryogenic Regards 😉

    Xavier

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 29 2019:
    ACWA Power building 250 MW Solar PV in Ethiopia
    Rod Walton

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. Raphael

    Dr Rossi:
    If you will be abe to make the Ecat in permanent SSM the world will not be the same.

  290. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    We see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_particle_interactions
    shows the calculations made on the Ecat SK we watched on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Are these calculation still valid?

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    If we succeed to make the SSM, the COP will have zero at the denominator.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Raymend:
    I still hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Raymond

    Dr Rossi, still thinking the presentation can be made this year?

  295. Eric Ashworth

    @714X

    Dear Readers of JONP, Camphor C10H16O,
    Gaston Naessens 714X one such example of a brilliant independent researcher persecuted for his knowledge and frowned upon for his abilities because of him being a health professional. Used by many people and myself with great success. I do not wish to stray into medicine but the 714X formulae is related to chemical energy. The somatascope is related to wave energy, same as chemical only wave. That’s why I used it. Gaston was a biologist and I am guessing he did not know how the mechanism activated the cure. Carbon and Oxygen are anchors. Hydrogen together with the salts represent the magic to reverse the cellular densifying activity. The activity of 714X is related to the s.s.m. of the E-Cat. Camphor has absolutely nothing to do with it, 714X is cellular medical. The E-Cat is nuclear.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  296. Eric Ashworth

    Sam, The story of Alexander Von Humbolt is an example of a true scientist, brave, curious and unrelenting. Qualities that are sometimes frowned upon in our modern age.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  297. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting article
    on the Research Scientist
    Alexander von Humboldt.

    https://www.insidescience.org/news/bold-and-bewildering-curiosity-alexander-von-humboldt

    Regards
    Sam

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, this is interesting. E-Frog !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Britney

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How many are the probabilities that you will present the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent SSM within this year?
    Is it coherent with the theoretical system on
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Britney:
    1- 51%
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you made any significant progress on your quest towards SSM in recent days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, The information posted by Drew G I found entertaining with no substance. I do not believe it was posted to be malicious towards yourself as I was about to point out some relevant facts regarding the supposed revolutionary battery technology. The subject of free energy, is as you are aware comparable to a hot potato in the energy sector even though it falls within the realms of science and technology and therefore, the article had to be all fluff with no substance except that of asking for money for development.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  304. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    The information posted by Drew G. was a mockery. He intended to mock us all.
    It passed through the spamming robot because Drew G had been always accepted before. I spammed it when I read the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Jan W. Wiger

    Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    I’m learning about your invention and wondering when it will be available to all of us,
    Best Regards,
    Jan W. Wiger

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Jan W. Wiger:
    Good question. We are working very hard on it. Maybe sooner than expected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    I learnt that your publication
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has to be read together while also viewing
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    to be fully understood.
    It has been a monumental work, I do not know how many persons have understood it.
    All the best,
    Roberto

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article of interest: https://www.cnn.com/2019/07/22/investing/cement-climate-change/index.html Has Leonardo explored opportunities in the concrete industry?

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the information and for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Dear Andrea,
    Completely off-topic. Someone filmed me yesterday when I played the piano at Tartu Observatory during ESTCube workshop. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5vs8rwmKHoc
    regards, /pekka

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Bravo !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an article about
    Henry Ford and the V8 Engine
    and bringing it to Market.

    https://www.hagerty.com/articles-videos/articles/2018/10/22/henry-ford-produced-v-8-for-the-masses

    Regards
    Sam

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Interesting, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Jos

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    while studying the paper
    http://www.researchnet/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I made many discoveries, among which I discovered that the par. 4 is the most close to explain the gain. Do you agree?
    Jos

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Jos:
    Not completely. We think all the theories explained are integrated.
    Thanki you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Giuseppe

    Hello Andrea,
    is it correct to say that the permanent SSM is mandatory to spread the ECAT in the automotive market, including of course trucks, boats and so on.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. It has just occurred to me that I should have qualified my earlier comment about the analogy between an internal combustion engine and Andrea’s Ecat, when I had said:

    “October 23, 2019 at 5:52 PM

    ” …….. No one is claiming that an Ecat in SSM is a perpetual motion machine, any more than anyone imagines an internal combustion engine to be one.”

    I now realize I should have added a qualification to the following effect:

    “Unless, of course, the charge in the Ecat were to turn out to be not ‘fuel’ but ‘merely’ a catalyst, serving the purpose of accessing a previously unsuspected reserve of energy apparently located in a place beyond the detection capabilities of 20th century technology.”

    This possibility seems unlikely. But so does the already-demonstrated performance of the Ecat. But were this to be true then the Ecat could indeed, for all practical purposes, be regarded as a perpetual motion machine, depending on the size of the energy reserve involved.

    For example, were an Ecat in SSM determined to be deriving its energy from the quantum vaccuum, or some other equally esoteric source, then the reserve might as well be regarded as infinite: our universe is, after all, a rather large place.

    I am not arguing that this is likely. But the very slow exhaustion rate of the tiny charge in the Ecat provokes suspicions that the charge may not be acting as fuel.

    No doubt Andrea’s knowledge of nuclear physics, as demonstrated in his ResearchGate paper, and his experience with his Ecat experiments will, between them, enable him to rule out this possibility quickly.

    Rodney.

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    Being old, I remember a computer company that came out when personal computers started becoming popular (before Bill Gates). They had the majority of the personal computer market until they announced that they had a next generation personal computer that was going to be far superior to their present model. But it was not quite ready for market.

    Before they could get the next generation to market, their sales died up. No one wanted to buy their computer because the next generation was going to be so great. They went out of business before the next generation computer was ready for the market. “Grow like a weed, die like a weed”

    A word of caution.

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Intelligent meditation, but I will come out of the cage only when I will have the permanent SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. GiorgioIV

    What do you think will be the development of your work over the next six months? Make a reliable forecast. In mid-2020, at what point will it be?
    Thanks

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio IV:
    I do not have a cristal ball.
    The potential scenarios are many.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I fail to see the need for an infinite COP, i.e., a self-sustaining eCat reaction. Using the gasoline internal combustion analogy, the gasoline engine is not self-sustaining except that it diverts a small portion of its energy produced to run a generator (or equivalent in piston aircraft). The generator provides the electrical power to control the gasoline engine. Likewise, a small portion of the light energy (including UV) could be used to generate electricity via solar cells or the equivalent to sustain the eCat reaction. Unless the achieved direct electrical conversion exceeds the efficiency in Carnot based solutions (nominally around 40%), what is the point? Can you clarify the issue? Is the issue reliability, cost, efficiency, or something else?

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The issue is much more complicated and I cannot give these particulars.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Eric Ashworth

    Chuck Davis, Dan C, eernie1. I believe we are all on the same page but each of us have our own dialogue with regards our specialities but our page is the advancement of science and technology, so let’s, let go of old ideas. The E-Cat I believe will not use old technology to become self sustainable. The technology required will be that required for interplanetary communication and therefore, I believe, will be kept secret from the general public because it will be used to complete a necessary programme to exit from that which is old, into that which is new or it could be said ‘o dus’ it do that?. I believe it to be the final frontier in physics. Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. I am not saying it will not be used for clean energy but down the road it will be required to complete a programme.

  329. Dan C’s analogy comparing the Ecat SK Leonardo with an internal combustion engine is very helpful. No one is claiming that an Ecat in SSM is a perpetual motion machine, any more than anyone imagines an internal combustion engine to be one.

    The contrast between them is, of course, the difference in the quantity of retrievable energy per dollar spent between gasoline and the charge in Andrea’s Ecat.

    Rodney.

  330. Dan C

    Dear Andrea,

    Why we spend so much on Hot Fusion (ITER)
    In the 70’s the U.S. & Russia had SALT treaty. An agreement on how many additional new nukes each would add to their arsenals. Ultimately the 2 had about 50K various nuclear weapons each. This requires a vast number of nuclear physicists & engineers to build and maintain.

    In the 80’s, Reagan & Gorbachev brought about START (Strategic Arms reduction treaty). This lead to an agreement to reduce these arsenals by about 90%. This leaves a vast number of unneeded nuclear physicists & engineers unemployed with families to provide for. This was of great international concern as a portion of them may go to work building nuclear programs for other nations leading to nuclear proliferation. This was even discussed in the news media at the time.

    Mostly facts from news articles & a little conjecture. There was a lot of international closed door discussions with agreement that many or at least 1 major project or both was needed to keep these people busy. Greatly increasing funding for Hot Fusion filled the bill. For the 2 primary parties this just involved redirecting a portion of what was previously spent building and maintaining their arsenals. No additional funds required.

    That Hot Fusion was possible or not didn’t matter as long as it required decades of R&D. Thus the number of nuclear physicists and engineers could be reduced by natural attrition.(retired or died) Justification of these expenditures by politicians is that knowledge from the R&D may well apply to other fields of endeavor.

    Unfortunately, attrition only works if you reduce supply. Academia saw Hot Fusion as a great opportunity. Universities get a very healthy chunk of R&D grants to spend as they see fit(free money). The incentive is for them to produce more graduates in the field. Thus, keeping the endeavor of Hot Fusion going indefinitely is in their best financial interests.

    To the University’s money is all important.
    Well, what about education and knowledge???

    Uhh ahh, sure, ok, why not…

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Intelligent insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Anonymous

    Many persons are disappointed because after 10 years you still have not a product massively diffused in the world. Thousands of persons that 10 years ago trusted you now have changed idea.

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is their problem, not mine. My problem is not the appointment of thousands of persons, my problem is to make a perfect machine for billions of persons. I am working for this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You said you still lacked watts.
    I hope that you and your team will succeed in extracting these precious watts necessary to make your invention autonomous.
    Can you tell us how many watts are needed?
    All my best wishes for R & D success
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Sorry, I can only say that we are very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. eernie1

    Chuck Davis,
    I definitely would like to hear your side of the story. I might add that my experience with nuclear fission goes back to the 1950’s including direct contact with persons involved with the U of Chicago and Argonne national labs.
    Curious regards.

  337. Chuck Davis

    @Dan C.
    We are in agreement in respect to the perspective!
    If the SSM Ecat is successful, it will be a genesis for a new era.
    @Eernie1,
    Please don’t even get me started with the nuclear fission !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  338. Keturah Ulmen

    Dr Rossi,
    Watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that the photo of the spectrum in the 430-440 nm range has been copied in a patent application made after your publication from your competitors…did you authorize it?

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Keturah Ulmen:
    I did not authorize it and that patent application is obviously a fraud, probably made to bamboolize some investor. Clearly, the patent application is a copy and clearly its date is after the date of our publication that is the paper on Researchgate dated January 14th 2019, while the photo on http://www.ecatskdemo.com has been broadcasted in direct streaming on January 31st 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Ed Darakjian

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us if you still believe that the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo will be presented within this year ? We are approaching November…

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Ed Darakjian:
    I still believe that it is not impossible. We are getting closer by the day. We are continuing to buy new components and to make new inventions to get it. In Italy we say ” manca sempre 1 per fare 31 ” ( it takes always 1 to make 31 ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Andrea Rossi

    Cherly Schwartzbaugh:
    Yes, we found substantial evidence that our theory is probably correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  343. Heinz Souse

    Dear Andrea,
    in the German Ministry of Education and Research it was decided to set up a jump innovation agency in Leipzig.
    Would you be interested to make an address about the Ecat ?
    Best Regards,
    Heinz Souse

  344. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Souse:
    Thank you for the information. In this moment, though, I am totally dedicated to the R&D to make the Ecat SK leonaerdo in permanent SSM.
    In future, if they are interested, I will be delighted to be invited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. Joseph

    Dr Rossi:
    The BEM Conference of November 9-10 2019 in the Netherlands will present many scientists talking about the new energies: will you participate or attend?

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    I know about it. The Swedish scientific journalist Mats Lewan will present an interesting lecture, among other important scientists. I will not attend, because I am working 14 hour a day as an average on the Ecat SK leonardo with permanent ssm, but I will surely read the publications and also I wish good luck to the organization Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Are you sure now that permanent SSM with the SK Leonardo will work?

    2. Is your work now mainly involved in building the apparatus that will make permanent SSM possible?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  348. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- No
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Dan C

    @ Chuck Davis

    You said of SSM “I think that this is an achievement never reached in the history of mankind”

    It’s a matter of perspective. An internal combustion engine is an SSM system. The engine attached to a fuel source is initially started by applying electrical energy supplied by a battery. It continues to operate in SSM by producing its own electrical input(alternator) and will continue to do so until the fuel is exhausted or we turn it off.

    An E-cat reactor being an engine with self contained fuel is the same principle. Andrea ONLY needs to add a hardware device that serves a similar purpose as the alternator in an IC engine. Thus SSM will be achieved.

    Note that “ONLY” being a tall order.

    Regards
    Dan C.

  350. Cherly Swartzbaugh

    Dr Rossi:
    Strong congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Is the R&D on course to make the Ecat SK Leonardo able to prodice a permanent self sustained mode, without external energy sources, goiving confirmations or evidence of the integrated theories you presented in this exceptional paper (more than 30,000 readers, more than 200 recommendations).

  351. eernie1

    Dear Chuck Davis
    Nuclear fission is a developed self sustained process caused by reflected neutrons and controlled by limiting the number of neutrons involved in the process.
    Self sustained regards.

  352. Eric Ashworth

    Dear eernie1 I agree with everything you say but nuclear fission is old technology. I agree along with many other people it has many uses but it does have limitations and drawbacks. When Andrea puts his E-Cat into self sustain mode everybody will be surprised but none more so than those in academia. I would not be surprised that small nuclear fission reactors will still be around but not for producing industrial or household electricity but I believe, it will not happen overnight and who knows the technology may remain a secret for many years to come, even when it is being used. We live in very exciting times.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  353. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 22 2019:
    Missouri regulators approve Ameren plan for 1000-plus EV charging stations.
    Rod Walton

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Most bloggers are starting to think that you can reach the permanent SSM, but I think that this is an achievement never reached in the history of mankind and you could fail. Even so, I will remain always with you.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  356. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but I will do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does SSM success depend on

    1) Perfecting your theory
    2) Building some new apparatus/material
    3) More trial and error experimentation
    4) Getting more expert help
    5) Something else

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2
    Warm RegardsA.R.

  359. eernie1

    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I inadvertently used nuclear fusion instead of nuclear fission in my previous blog. Please forgive me.
    Regards

  360. eernie1

    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    At the risk of boring the readers of this site, I would like to present a few facts about fission energy devices. First, the reason spent fuel rods are not disposed of permanently(which can be done in a number of ways)is that they contain materials of high value. The reason they are stored and not refurbished at present is that it is cheaper to assemble and use new rods from available materials. When the required quantities of rods need to be increased, they will be refurbished. Second, the technology involved in using nuclear fusion as a source of energy is well known and able to be refined for use. Third, the products of used rods(radioactive isotopes) are used in medicine and detection devices in industry.
    There are other uses for these materials and if you are interested I will try to explain them in future blogs. Until then I remain,
    Your correspondent.

  361. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    when you say you are “very close to SSM” do you mean a few watts are still missing or some other reasons, like reliability, prevent you from smoking the sigar.

    Best Regards,

    Riccardo

  362. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Ehhh, very difficult to answer… couls say some Watts missing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  363. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It has been, what is it …3 months now? when you said that you were very, very, very close to SSM. Between that stage of development and the stage having reached SSM is very little space, maybe a micron?
    Still you have not smoked the cigar of victory. Does this mean that you did not make any progress since?
    Hope to hear from you how things go. Success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are very close to success. I cannot say more than this. We are working very hard, believe me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Willi Meinders

    @Dr Accornero:
    in your comment you bring the actual revolution to the point: independence from the grid System.
    Tey will resist, but I remember Prof Vladimir Vysottskii: “The Ghost is out of the bottle and can’t be put back on it”

  366. Eric Ashworth

    Dear eenie 1. Thank you for your information Oct 19th. With regards your infinite COP, “if the fuel could be made infinite in supply”. I presume you are referring to the elimination of the entire amount of fuel. My reply is, in a perfected system this would occur and yes, I believe it possible. I must inform you that I am an independent researcher that has been acknowledged in scientific circles that what I have developed is categorized as before its time by some and by others as a destructive technology i.e. it supersedes a present day technology. I know very little with regards present day understanding of nuclear energy because I have no interest in a technology that is impractical and flawed. I am not denying that your technology is not producing energy but at what costs, one being the unavoidable pollution of an incomplete process and the other of being able to enter a runaway reaction. Both well known and documented. I believe that when a person has limited information it is natural and commendable for that person to hold dear to his belief because that is what he believes. Your desire is such and I respect your opinion but it is based on a limited amount of understanding. I do not intend this as a ‘put-down’ but as a truism that could be proven tomorrow, next week or next year dependent upon the present day circumstances by which I mean an acceptance to first understand then put into practice and finally prove a concept which at the moment appears impossible.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  367. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Dan C, Thank you for the link regarding the ITER project for it has answered my original question. The research physicist has explained the real reason for ITER which I now realize and makes sense, is a research experiment to achieve a phenomena and not the development of a method to produce unlimited quantities of cheap clean energy. It is basically a very expensive toy or as I think a distraction to keep experts away from the real quest which is and maybe Andrea will not agree with this but LENRs/Cold Fusion/ Long Range Particle Interactions, the label is totally irrelevant, in self sustain mode. People do ask, is self sustain mode that important. I believe it is because to produce electricity requires energy and to use energy produced by any other method, other than Long Range Particle Interactions, inhibits the purpose of Andrea’s project.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  368. Prof. Neri Accornero

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the last exciting, but few, revelations on the E-Cat X, discussions on blogs seem to be geared mainly to the imagination of medium or high power stations, or even power stations “spread” on the street lamps; but I think the real innovation is the separation from the grid: antone can have electricity, light and heat independently on site.
    This is the great change that is coming.
    I am very happy to live this moment.
    Regards,
    Neri Accornero

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Prof Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your intelligent, as always, analysis. I agree with you in toto.
    We are very close to SSM, though, and I want it, dead or alive.
    Thank you for your continue attention to our work,
    Andrea Rossi

  370. Dear Andrea
    Politicians, economists and contractors, who cannot imagine a different future, continue to plan traditional, fossil or renewable energies. Now they do not talk about nuclear because the watchword is “green”, and they want to make people believe that cars, by the mere fact of being electric, they are. Nobody, however, talks about how batteries are built, recharged and disposed of. In Italy they have already filled almost all the mountains with a multitude of expensive wind towers, just because it was a big deal for someone…, certainly not for tax payers. The latest proposals, listen, are then to build huge photovoltaic systems in Sahara and transfer, necessarily with gigantic cables, the energy needed in Europe !! But can one be so stupid or in bad faith?
    Even now no one has noticed your extraordinary invention, not a nod in the media for a long time now, I can understand that you want to proceed quietly before definitely entering the market, which you will surely upset, but the years pass quickly and the world is thirsty for energy with all the international conflicts that ensue. Your responsibility unfortunately increases from month to month, now I don’t allow myself to solicit you too much and I certainly don’t want to intrude on your industrial programs but allow me a consideration: delay the marketing until your system shows a stability in the direct production of electricity for SSM it does not seem so decisive. Given the high COP of your system and the inevitable surplus of available thermal energy, even an inefficient Peltier panel could supply enough energy to recharge a commercial battery, if I remember the energy for SSM is really minimal.
    Excuse my outburst, but in addition to the epochal change you are about to propose, I would like to see your value publicly recognized and … the U-turn of all your detractors.
    Best regards Andrea.

  371. Dan C.

    The views of a research physicist, who worked on nuclear fusion experiments for 25 years at the Princeton Plasma Physics Lab in New Jersey

    https://thebulletin.org/2018/02/iter-is-a-showcase-for-the-drawbacks-of-fusion-energy/#

    Regards
    Dan C.

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for the link, with whom I agree. It is interesting that this analysis is made by a scientist that worked for decades at the highest levels of the ITER realization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Dear Dr Rossi
    I presume you have heard of the electric universe theory where gravity doesn’t play as import role in how the universe functions. I was curious if you subscribe to such theories yourself.

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I do not know it. I am curious to go to learn what they say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. eernie1

    Eric Ashworth,
    I forgot to mention that fission also has infinite cop if the fuel could be made infinite in supply. This requirement could be achieved using breeder reactors.
    My complaint is basically that the necessary development has been underfunded and delayed by various agencies. Despite this delay, a number of examples can be used to indicate that industry is catching up to reality. France uses fission to provide 75% of its energy requirements showing that 100% is within reach. China has put a program together that will supply a great deal of their energy requirements within a reasonable time frame. They will overtake the amount of energy now produced in the USA(the largest producer today). A number of countries have planned reactor construction plans that will provide the majority of their energy requirements. All plans include design modifications that will increase not only the efficiency but the longevity of the plants, and further research promises to increase these criteria.
    I believe that this effort will eventually provide almost all of the planets needs, thus negating the efforts of alternate devices except to fill the requirement not provided by fission.
    All the science needed to develop this technology is available and known by development engineers. The world is just in the past few years are awakening to its reality. Even the problem of disposing radioactive ash is being resolved.
    By the time other LENR devices become available to the public, they may only fill small and unique sectors of industry and public use needs.
    Hopeful regards.

  376. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Pekka Janhunen, I agree entirely with your observations. Money controls people and this I believe is its main purpose.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  377. Eric Ashworth

    Dear eenie 1, Thank you for your reply and I respect your answer. You say… Hot fusion is possible. I said nothing is impossible in nature (man being a part of nature). You say… The Hydrogen bomb uses hot fusion and our sun operates on this principle. I agree. Then you say society is willing to finance the possible development of usable devices. I say not society as a whole because society is made up of a mixed bag, some people understand nothing whereas at the other end of the spectrum some know everything or should I say almost. You say…. my question should be is the resources spent on its development justified given the difficulty involved with the task?. I say… I stand by what I said because I am aware of the Hydrogen bomb and our sun but both these two examples cannot be replicated to provide an abundant supply of clean cheap energy. One of them literally self destructs rendering it useless in this particular endeavour. The other requires a macro amount of space to sustain an abundant supply of free clean energy. Neither systems require magnetic fields provided by electro magnets. It’s not the impossibility of what they are trying to do, it’s their general approach to replicate that I find puzzling and the amount of finance thrown into such a futile venture.

    I will not argue with with your answer regarding the development of fission reactions as it is speculative and you could very well be correct as I believe you are inferring that by more extended research into fission reactions there could no doubt be a better understanding of this extremely important subject. You also said “my question would be how did society allow this to happen”?. My answer is, since when did society have any input into such important decisions. And yes I agree it is a sad situation but not one that I know cannot be overcome albeit an almost impossible task. I do believe we are both on the same page even though some people could argue otherwise.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

    P.S. I must add this extremely important comment. The JONP is without doubt the most important journal in the world because of no censorship. Censorship should be outlawed in any society. I believe it comes about by fear.

  378. Sean Arzo

    Dr Rossi:
    I noticed you never prticipte to meetings nd conferences loke ICCF etc: why?

  379. Edward Roskovensky

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will you export your technology also in Poland ?

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Edward Roskovensky:
    When we will be organized in Europe, yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say where in
    the USA that you are
    working?

    Regards
    Sam

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    In Florida and in California.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The ability for the E-Cat to provide its own clean stable power supply by means of SSM (Self Sustaining Mode) will potentially lead to more stability over the lifespan.

    The E-Cat controls will likely consist of electronics that are required to provide a very stable tight tolerance specific signal to the E-Cat charge for initiating nuclear change.

    Electronics generally require a clean power supply (and sometimes shielding), power supplies in an industrial environment can be prone to spikes, dropouts, harmonics and even outages, power supply anomalies (and electromagnetic interference) often originating from the start up, shut down and condition of nearby equipment and switchgear, this often leads to a requirement for power supply conditioning.

    Power supply conditioning can be relatively expensive, and may not be something you would want to include with E-Cat installations, so the ability of the E-Cat to provide its own stable supply power by means of SSM is worthwhile pursuing.

    What works in a laboratory may face additional challenges in an industrial environment.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  384. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Your analysis is intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. eernie1

    Eric Ashworth,
    Hot fusion is not impossible. The Hydrogen bomb uses hot fusion and our sun operates on this principal to provide us with continuous free energy. Because it is a known existing method of energy production, society is willing to finance the possible development of usable devices. Your question should be, is the resources spent on its development justified given the difficulty involved with the task? My answer is that if the same effort and moneys were spent on developing fission reactors from their beginning in the 1940″s we would now have an energy source that is self sustained, controllable, safe, able to make its own fuel, made in any size necessary, portable and maintainable with ordinary trained people. Today about 20% of the worlds energy is produced by fission devices including ships employing relatively small units. Compared with the number of deaths caused by the production of other energy methods, the small number of deaths directly attributed to fission devices if we do not include weapon casualties is miniscule in comparison. My question would be, how did society allow this to happen?
    Sad regards.

  386. Ville Kanninen

    Thank you for your answer.

    Yes, the patent application text looks just to be hot fusion. But their claimed device is astonishing small for a hot fusion reactor, which made me think maybe there would be something else going on = perhaps they got inspiration from your inventions.

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Ville Kanninen:
    From the description I read, there is nothing in common at all. It reminds me something very similar made by NASA, described also in this blog several weeks ago and another attempt to apply hot fusion to fighter jets, patented by Lockeed Martin, that too described several months ago in this blog. All of them unapplicable for two reasons:
    1- they will never work for the impossibility to insulate temperatures of millions of Kelvin with a stable magnetic field
    2- accepting by absurd that they could work, the screening of the radiations derived from the nuclear fusion in such devices would have a weight of hundreds of tonns.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Dear Andrea, Eric Ashworth:
    In my experience, often when money is poured into something, there are some indirect military-industrial interests behind it.
    For example, a space telescope is basically a spy satellite turned upside down, laser fusion is a testbed of conditions occurring in nuclear explosion, Jupiter Galileo probe was a demonstration that a warhead can survive the fireball of a nearby nuclear explosion. Etc etc.
    regards, /pekka

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As I recall (subject to my old memory), you indicated the experiment on your current eCat Electric technology should finish in the mid-Oct to end of October time period. Can you give us an update? Will the experiment completion date be slipped?

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am here, in the USA, working very hard on it.
    It is all I can say, with humble optimism.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here are three comments from
    ECat World blog about your present
    research.Can you comment on them?

    Omega Z

    My 2 cents worth.
    I can adjust the burner on my gas stove to put out 3kw of heat and it is stable and constant whether I’m heating water or just air. As long as there is gas flowing through the valve.
    Rossi can produce heat. But has to depend on a controller to keep it going and is probably problematic. He likely has what could be considered a constant fuel flow problem.
    My opinion is his current focus on SSM is to create a feedback that keeps the fuel flowing just as the gas valve does on a gas stove. Thus a constant stable reaction regardless how the heat is used.

    John Oman reply comment

    More complicated than that. From his previous demos, it seems he has to turn the excitation “on” and “off” (with the “on” period much shorter than the “off”) to prevent the reactor from destroying itself. So it is a balancing act of pushing it for maximum output vs. conservative/safe operation.

    Omega Z reply

    He has to turn the excitation “on” and “off” (with the “on” period much shorter than the “off”)
    And that may be the problem he’s dealing with. During passive heat loss everything is stable. When you start forcefully extracting heat from the reactor, the plasma temperature drops and the controller must continuously recalibrate on/off timing. Depending on the lag time between the reactor the controller and the amount of heat being extracted, there may be stability issues.
    With a 3kw gas burner and gas flow controlled by a gas valve, it will always produce a stable 3kw output.
    It may be Rossi is trying to create a feedback from the reactor/plasma that is self regulating without the need of the controller intervening. A 3kw reactor that always produces a stable 3kw output.

    Regards
    Sam

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Intelligent comments. I cannot give further information after what I have given in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Not so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your response to Ville Kennihen with regards Hot Fusion is as you know and I know impossible to achieve but people on the outside who believe in the advancement of science are continually fooled by their none understanding of the subject and consequently you keep getting asked on your blog about this impossible task. Now I have a question for yourself Andrea. If this Hot Fusion is impossible, which we know it is, why is so much money being wasted on it?. If you can answer this question and provide me with a good solid answer as to why, then just maybe I will change my opinion but I not holding my breath and it must be realized as you are aware that the top most brilliant minds in various countries upon the planet are working on this impossible dream but as you know and myself, nothing is impossible in nature. It merely requires the right approach and the technique. I await your reply with anticipation.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  395. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    The answer is contained in your question: because a lot of money is spent on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  396. IObservable

    Andrea Rossi
    October 16, 2019 at 6:02 AM
    IObservable:
    No, I do not remember. Can you resend here ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    You do not remember the guys who already ordered e-cats and EVEN are willing to donate/support You ?

  397. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    We received about 500 000 pre-orders. No, I do not remember them. They are all registered and when we will be able to sell the domestic apparatuses we will send to all the offers.
    About the comments of this blog: they are more than 40 000: no, I do not remember most of them, sorry.
    Since you have to remember only yours, I suppose for you it is easier to remember them and send here copy of them, so I can answer properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  398. R.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Best Blog i have ever seen in regard of new energies!

  399. Andrea Rossi

    R.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Ville Kanninen:
    Yes. Hot fusion. Same problems of the Tokamac. Impossible even to think that this device can stand temperatures of hunderd millions of degrees with the magnetic fields.Not to mention the absurdity of nuclear fusion reactions that do not generate radiations and, consequently, radioactive wastes and emissions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. IObservable

    Dear Mr. Rossi.
    Last time I told You, that I already signed up for a device some years ago. Do You remember our chat together in here ?

    Igor.

  402. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    No, I do not remember. Can you resend here ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Mariella

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and comparing it with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that the plasma in the reactor does not occupy all the volume of the reactor.
    Is that correct?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Mariella

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Mariella:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Eric Ashworth

    Dan C. I think I understand where you are coming from. To be humble is virtuous. A miracle is an unexplained phenomena. God creates the human baby, a women provides the vessel. The man instigates the process.

    I know exactly what you are saying but your wife lived it, you witnessed it. two very different perspectives. As you say waiting is the worst thing in life for you but maybe the actual experience of the event is more traumatic. A classic example of your experience is viewing the photographs from the top of Everest and castigating the climber on the wait and yes you are annoyed and I am sure you are not alone but the more difficult the challenge, the greater the reward and remember patience is a virtue. As I now realize, life is nothing other than a learning experience. All the best, Eric Ashworth.

  406. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I think there is a song you would enjoy because I do. It’s called Experiment by Kevin Kline sung by Cole Porter. I find it a good melody. Regards Eric Ashworth

  407. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I agree!
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  408. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    From time to time, you remind yourself to be humble. Maybe this will help.

    God created the world and all that is in it in 6 days and on the 7th he rested.

    How long have you been working on your miracle? Humble now.

    A miracle of life, a woman creates a human baby in 9 months. How long have you been working on your baby? Humbled yet.
    ————
    WAITING
    Before my son was born, my wife was in labor for 40 hours.

    Waiting is the worst thing in life. My wife has a different opinion.
    I Don’t get it. 😉

    Umm, I think she stretched that labor thing out just to be vindictive to make me suffer. During that 40 hours she called me every word imaginable and then some. Words I can’t even repeat. No. Seriously. I don’t even know what they mean let alone pronounce them. 😉

    I have conclusive evidence she was just being vindictive. Before my daughter was born, my wife was only in labor for 1 and a half hours. Do I need more proof than that? Observation is priceless when properly used. Am I right? 😏

    Humbling regards,
    Dan C.

    P.S.
    It’s a good thing you’re not a woman,
    Else I might think you were drawing this out just to be vindictive. 😉

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    That’s nothing compared to the labor of the guys that are making the hot fusion ! We must respect their tremendous situation…every 10 years they say that in the next 50 years they will have a COP>1, so think about their terrible suffering, every 10 years they have to be desperate and the culprit is of the taxpayers, like you, me, everybody, that every 10 years give them billions to force them to do a thing that they know perfectly it will never work. Think how bad are the taxpayers ! Think: one of the Eater’s chief engineers recently told during a supposedly science divulgative TV broadcasting that the hot nuclear fusion is very safe, because is made by hydrogen atoms that form helium atoms, both innocuous and non radioactive materials…..think how he has suffered, thinking that he, a veritable nuclear engineer, has been forced by the insistent taxpayers to pronounce one of the biggest stupidities ever pronounced through the whole human history. Not to mention the enthusiastic reaction of the “scientific” journalist that was interviewing him.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. Chuck Davis

    @Dieter Zoeller,
    I recommend that you buy a raincoat…please realize that Andrea is trying to accomplish a task that nobody elseon earth has been able to do. Think about scientists of America, Europe, Russia, China, Asia, Oceania that have been unsuccessful in this endeavor !
    Only Andrea is qualified to predict the outcome of his work, after all his dedication, investing all his money and his health to accomplish his work.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  411. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  412. Dieter Zoeller

    You are leaving your believers standing in the rain not answering how much time will be necessary for us to buy an Ecat.
    Dieter Zoeller

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Zoeller:
    I am sorry for this, but we are working at the maximum level we can.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Rob

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give an update about the ssm Ecat SK leonardo?

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Rob:
    Tomorrow will start a new cycle of tests after many corrections. I am still optimist to succeed within the end of this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. Rod Walton

    News on Power Engineering on October 15th 2019: New report: the industrial gas turbine marked to top $ 10.23 billions by 2026
    Rod Walton

  417. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Dear Andrea, and dear Xavier Pitz,
    Leonardo’s Gioconda was painted in Italy between 1503 and 1504.
    She was taken to France by Leonardo, sold or donated to the king of France who hosted him for the 2 years that preceded his death.
    From May 1517 to his death, 2 May 1519 he painted nothing.
    He had been hit from paralysis to the right but continued his studies of geometry assisted by students first of all Giovanni Melzi.
    Calorosissimi saluti.
    Gian

  419. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you see this book:
    Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions
    by Giorgio Vassallo. Andras Kovacs, Antonino Di Tommaso, Francewsco celani, Dawei Wang
    Appena pubblicato, disponibile si Amazon
    Prof

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, I already read it too.
    It is very interesting and there is much to learn.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea & Joseph,

    About Leonardo da Vinci & the model of the bridge Joseph mentioned…
    As you probably know, Leonardo da Vinci spent the last 3 years from his life in France at “Le château du Clos Lucé” in Amboise, where he died, 500 years ago in 1519.
    He was invited to retire there by the King François 1er who was a good friend of Leonardo.
    The King considered Leonardo as his father and was there, next to him, on Leonardo’s last day on May 2, 1519.

    2 years ago, I was lucky to visit this very inspiring place :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com

    At “Le Clos Lucé” a lot of his concepts / inventions have been transformed to scale 1 models, some others to lower scales, including a model of the bridge that Joseph mentioned :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com/file/image/aGFuZGxlcj1maWxsJndpZHRoPTE0MDA=/pont-de-la-corne-d-or.jpg

    You may be pleased to know that you can organize private events there :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com/en/pro-access/corporations

    So presenting your next edition of the E-Cat Leonardo, while standing on a smaller scale model of the Leonardo Bridge may not be a too far stretched idea…
    Of course if something like that would happen, do not forget to invite your Fine & french friends :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the interesting links and for the suggestion: I am taking advice of it. I know, Leonardo has worked in Francefor as long time: the “Gioconda” has been painted in France, commissioned by the King.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever come across and studied aerogels? It’s an incredible heat insulator.
    Here is a video about aerogels and how they’re made. A leading company in this space is Areogel Technologies in Boston.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeJ9q45PfD0

    Regards,
    Patrick

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. George

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the order of magnitude of your personal investments in the R&D for the Ecat SK Leonardo ?
    Is it worth it?
    G.

  426. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Millions.
    It is worth, considering the global importance of what we are doing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Is it tgheoretically possible to get 90% of the energy from the Ecat SK Leonardo in electricity?
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Very difficult,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    1- Does now the Ecat SK operate reliably?
    2- Can you tell us what will be volume and weight of a domestic 10 kW Ecat ?
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- we are making progress
    2- no, because we are not yet making it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Christa

    Dear Andrea:
    Thank you for the immense work you are doing for the planet.

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Christa:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Darci Wakayama

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered that the hypothesis described in the paragraphs 1,2,3,4 are perfectly compatible and not alternative.
    Do you agree?

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Darci Wakayama:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Arthur

    Dr Rossi,
    It seems that your invention of the Ecat able to work permanently in self sustaining mode comes in the best possible historic moment.
    Arthur

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Arthur:
    It appears so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. Anonymous

    When will end the R&D on the Ecat SK Leonardo ?

  439. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    When we will reach the permanent SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. IObservable

    What about capitalization ?

  441. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    This is not an issue we can deal with in this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Dieter Zoller

    When the Ecat SK will be offered to end users in Europe?

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Zoller:
    Soon enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!

    1. Has the manufacturing to the 40MW-customer slowed down or is more
    E-catSK still installed.

    2. How many times has the fuel-powder been replaced in the E-catSK
    22KW, which was installed 19th november 2018?

    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- They did not slow down
    2- none
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. IObservable

    Dear Mr. ROSSI, thanks a lot.

    Surely it depends, which device they have installes… but.
    Under which circumstances You determine, which e-cat You provide? Clearly You sell heat…
    Keynote here is, that all Your devices produce heat. Right ?
    Since this is the case, does any customer also already harevest energy?

    Development is currently ongoing… how about “without SSM” ?
    It could be a first start into a market, where You are the only one now.
    Can I, for example, contribute in any way to speed up the process?
    Keep Your head up, never give up and try to get Your cigar soon.

    Sincerely Yours

    Igor.

  447. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    Presently we sell heat and we do not have SSM.
    We are working to produce also electricity, to obtain the SSM and, eventually, sell also electricity.I appreciate your offer to help and take advice of it. Please send to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    a detailed description of your organization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. IObservable

    So you say that currently only companies get energy for sale.
    Which Ecats do you offer to those companies?

  449. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    It depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    He,he,he…nice!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  451. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an interesting article about a bridge that was never built, that could have been built, that may yet be built. – Designed by Leonardo DaVinci

    https://techxplore.com/news/2019-10-leonardo-da-vinci-bridge.html?fbclid=IwAR1T_Xl3cobhAq5R23Ygb_iN3UkuFYQMHXSoo5rxW7dgzKXF36GMw647WfM

    It might be interesting if you could present your next edition of the E-Cat Leonardo, while standing on a smaller scale model of the Leonardo Bridge.

    The world can’t wait another 500 years.

    Patient Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  452. IObservable

    Dear Mr. Rossim,

    what can You say to those ( me included ) persons, which are waiting for an offer since the time, when You was cooperating with IH ?

    Since then I still await Your offer…

    Switzerland is surely a country, where this domestic e-cats will fit perfectly in a relatively clean and unpolluted envorinment. With a lot of good earning hoseholds the potential is pretty good on that market.

    You should give it a try.

    But I am waiting and waiting and waiting… is there even a real chance to get an offer at all ?

  453. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    As soon as we will be ready with the domestic apparatus we will send a proposal to all the ones that, as you, did send a request.
    Presently we can supply only industrial plants, selling energy.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does an external power source to the E-Cat SK introduce problems that you think can be avoided by having pure SSM?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to an article about
    the oldest person to win a Noble
    Prize.

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/lithium-ion-battery-chemistry-nobel-prize

    Regards
    Sam

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    What I mean by “mirrors” is the following:

    We compare a classic, open fire where almost all energy is immediately and directly transported to the environment,
    with a stove or oven wherein the walls return the energy to the reacting chemicals, and in particular
    to the fuel that is made more reactive in this way.

    A differently composed spectrum may occur in an enclosed environment than in an optically open environment.

    By using reflection, you would, for example, send photons and other things with extra “pressure” to the reactive surfaces. This could be done selective with certain wavelengths.

    I just wondered if you were already using this, and if this would be useful.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Now it is clear what you mean.
    We do not use this system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Can you clarify the abbreviation “SSM” for SSM Ecat SK Leonardo?
    The general meaning is clear, but I did not find your interpretation in the blog archive, sorry if I missed this.

    Yuri Isaev
    engineer
    Tyumen Russia

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    SSM = Self Sustaining Mode. Our quest for the Ecat SK Leonardo is to succeed to make it work completely without any external power source of any kind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How short term is “short term” in terms of reaching the cigar? Days, weeks, months?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Eric Ashworth

    with regards that involving a higher dimension.

    Dear Andrea, With regards your project and the self sustain mode that is a requirement for the acceptance of your technology and I use the term acceptance with a specific understanding of the limitations imposed upon it which is due to a none involvement requirement because of your position and that of an overarching authority that by its position is unable to be involved. There is no such thing as new technology, only a search for that which has been found countless times before but this is the evolution of mankind which involves the grand plan with its necessary purpose. As I was made aware of, there is a structure to humanity in the shape of a pyramid. At the apex sits a person with three people beneath which dictates the format of the pyramid as it descends to its base. Above the pyramid sits the base of a higher pyramid and so on. This structure has a direct line of communication from the base to the apex and maintains order throughout the structure and between structure. If one of the two pyramids are flipped, top down from above you have a symbol with six points or an integrated unit. No doubt you are thinking, what has this to do with my E-Cat technology. Well, just as the pyramid can depict the structure of mankind it can depict the required knowledge of mankind being – creation, that which is created and its ultimate transitions i.e. 3-aspects. This knowledge will occupy the top three positions of our pyramid and requires a level of intelligence beneath that of the top position but from which many new discoveries will be borne as this knowledge filters its way down to the base of our pyramid in its various levels of acceptance/understanding. Consequently it is important to understand, not just the technology, but the environment within which the technology exists so as to make the necessary transition without creating chaos within the pyramid. This is a very basic introduction to a very complex situation involving people and situations that represents a necessary learning process at this particular time. Your quest for a self sustain mode is important and I hope I have shed some light on why it is necessary to be self sustaining with regards, of course, how humanity operates in necessary levels. Regards Eric Ashworth

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  466. Manfred Broghammer

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    when will the time come, how can I get the pre-ordered Ecat ?
    Manfred Broghammer

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred Broghammer:
    We conserve the pre-orders and when we will start the production of the household Ecat we will send an email to all with the offer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  469. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    the new Nobel laureates for Physics are James Pebbles, prof emeritus of the Princeton University, Didier Queloz and Michel Mayor, of the Geneva University, for their work in understanding how the universe has evolved from the Big bang and the discovery of the first known planet outside the solar system.

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    They merited it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. D.

    Dr Rossi,
    I share your consideration fo Entropy as evidence of the act of a superior mind.

  472. Andrea Rossi

    D.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Lorenzo Horgen

    Why you answered to KeithT that you don’t think will change the theoretical hypothesis of your paper on Researchgate “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions” ?

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Horgen:
    Because the experiments on course confirm what is written in that paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From physics papers that may or may not be applicable to your investigations, there is a great deal of discussion and theorizing, but only sparse undisputable experimental evidence to support.

    Do you think you will have enough new evidence from your E-Cats and experiments to narrow down possibilities, to then publish and in turn guide the direction of new questions to then pursue.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  476. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Now we are at the stage of the coherence between the experiment here
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    We’ll see what will happen in future. I do not think we will exit the system described in the links above.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within the theorized proton-electron aggregates described in your paper, is it a possibility, that a proton-electron structure can transition into a state, that when then coupled with a long range force, would allow it to pass the coulomb barrier of an adjacent proton-electron or multiple protons-electrons structure that is also within the aggregate, to then merge with a release of energy.

    Sorry for the probably unanswerable questions, but it’s in my nature to be permanently incurably curious, I’m an engineer, and this Looks like the beginning of complete new fields of multidisciplinary Engineering.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  478. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The balancing of the Coulomb barriers along our theoretical hypothesis is described in paragraohs 1 and 2 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I am not able to understand your model.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Bruce

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the R&D with the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo?

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Bruce:
    The work is proceeding very well and upon solid bases for a cigar in short term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 8th 2019: Cyberattacks on power utilities growing in numbers,complexity
    Rod Walton

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan and Paul laViolette:
    It is quite interesting what I found yesterday in te Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci, folio 1062 retro, Vol 19, about the superunity…obviously it was wrong, but still very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  484. eernie1

    Steven N. Karels
    I fully understand your reference to mirrors with respect to Andrea’s device. The first lasers(Ruby crystals) employed some sort of mirror to reflect and grow in intensity a primary laser beam which contained the energy frequency by stimulating the emission of photons from an inverted energy level contained in the laser material. Not only did this amplify the beam but kept the energy in a non divergent form. Hope this clarifies what you were trying to present.
    Resonance regards.

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    If this was it was meaning, I do not use mirrors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Do you and your team have time to install new E-catSK with 40MW-customer, manage the first delivered E-catSK and now even try to build an E-catSK that will work in SSM?
    Take care.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  488. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) play a role in your eCat technologies?

  489. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Dear Breakthrough Energy Movement and Andrea,
    I might add that I will also do a presentation at the Global IBEM Conference 2019, focusing on the opportunities with LENR technology as a new clean, cheap, and abundant energy source.
    https://globalbem.com/mats-lewan-2/
    Kind Regards,
    Mats

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    Welcome to this blog and thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    How many E-CatSK are now installed?
    1. >5
    2. >25
    3. >125

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Have any of the E-Cat charges produced on your automated production line completed their full lifespans yet.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  495. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Breakthrough Energy Movement

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I like to inform your readers about the
    Global IBEM Conference 2019, The Netherlands, Europe November 9 and 10.
    Paul LaViolette will present his lecture “Through the looking glass: our open system Universe and overunity galaxy”
    Breakthrough Energy Movement

  497. Andrea Rossi

    Breakthrough Energy Movement:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  498. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Steven N. Karels
    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I’m getting too slow.
    Andrea Rossi usually responds quickly and briefly to questions, but in such a way that he never discloses information. For example, deleting the question would be a clear answer. But in this case he was – again – too fast, and he reflected the question.

    Within the foreseeable future we hope to know whether mirrors or other reflectors or concentrators are being used. And if not, the processes you describe are also possibilities that can still be studied by the team around Andrea Rossi, in whose hands I prefer to see this technology developed. I may be an idiot or naive, but that is a consequence of other interactions and reflections of waves.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I am sorry, but, sincerely, I still did not understand your question. You are very welcome to rephrase it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Roberto

    Dear Andrea:
    A very interesting exhibition is on course in Milan dedicated to Nikola Tesla:
    https://www.mostratesla.it
    I think this can be of interest also for the readers,
    Best Regards,
    Roberto

  501. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  502. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Fabrizio, Not unlike many people you are puzzled over the E-Cat technology and the blatant disregard by academic research institutions, government organizations and the the media etc.. Your two sons, being skeptics, I presume are involved in academia and no doubt you yourself were or still are. This I agree is a puzzling situation especially with the present emphasis in the media and by politicians, of the need to address climate change due to the need to reduce pollution. These concerns on the one hand are justifiable and understandable but on the other hand it’s not such the catastrophe as deemed to be. It is blown out of proportion for a purpose and the none involvement aspect is with regards a development of a necessary independent nature, a requirement of human evolution, after which becomes an important understanding with regards. Eric Ashworth

  503. Sam

    Another interesting video
    about Niagara Falls.

    https://youtu.be/gIbJ5zoQxJw

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  505. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a video
    about Niagara Falls.

    https://youtu.be/uCiaCmODSO8

    Regards
    Sam

  506. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I found this tremendously interesting. It needs better translation from Russian. If this video is not a fake, it has tremendous potential for entrepreneurs. I do not see any signs of CGI work, bit it is difficult to tell for sure. It looks like a low cost device.

    Anti-gravity device by Alexey Chekurkov (7 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JeeaZlYonc

    YouTube home page of Alexey Chekurkov
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzZxKT3BzBZOVVy8_YzP6Yw

    Also see this brief video history of anti-gravity devices (28 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OrPdLNlIEA

    Christopher

  507. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would understand the “mirrors” question to be one regarding population inversion and resonance within the plasma and whether a laser output might be possible?

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This would be a kind of information I cannot answer about in positive or in negative way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    First of all I apologize for not responding for a long time. It is a bit difficult for me to see the same questions and answers repeated on this blog.

    Today, however, something came to my mind that I had not seen before, unless I did not pay attention:

    Most ballerinas use mirrors to visually control their movements.

    Do your ballerinas also use mirrors?

    Given the developments and evolution of your work, I get the impression that very few people really understand what effects are taking place in your device. It is gradually becoming an incomprehensible alien technology.

    I also have the same feeling as Fabrizio. I see a lot of young people who are either starting to panic or – which is much worse – rather let themselves sink into the distractions of the moment.

    Reflective Regards,
    Koen

  511. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I do not understand your question about the mirrors: can you specify what do you mean ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  512. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At present are you getting periods of SSM with the the E-Cat (even if not permanent), and if so, for how long?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have still many problems to resolve, but we are progressing. I continue to believe that we will reach the cigar within this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Chuck Davis

    @Fabrizio:
    I agree with your considerations:there are such hypocrites, claiming to be concerned about environment, while simultaneously making profits with fossil fuels.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  515. Dan C.

    @Fabrizio

    Until a new energy source is actually available, we have to continue using the old. That includes replenishing the old.
    Even when a new source is available, it will require energy from fossil sources to make it happen.

    One can’t focus all his resources on the transition so it will be a gradual process. We still require resources to provide all the other necessities of life during this period.

    Warm regards
    Dan C.

  516. Fabrizio

    Dear Andrea

    I think that the Rossi-Effect is true, and consequently all of the work you and your team are doing now is true. I think, not believe. I shaked your hand in October 2011 in Bologna, and sometime I meet Prof. Levi strolling with sons in the same city. I know the names of Focardi and Ferrari since 80’s.

    So, as you can guess, I wake every morning saying to myself and to you: “Please, Andrea, hurry up! We all need that!”. Also because I would like my sons to stop thinking of me being fool… :-)

    But the question is: if I know it’s true, mister Trump knows it is true. Mister Conte knows, and Mrs. Merkel and Macron and Johnson and so on know it is true. So, why build new nuclear plants? Why new oil explorations, huge investments in old technologies? Why ITER? And middle-east wars? I can, partially, understand solar or wind or tide. But the big money is going always there…

    The only thing I can imagine is: economy is a thin wire we are all hanging on, and it can’t stop even for a moment.

    No need for an answer. To publish this and give no answer at all would be a great answer.

    Fabrizio

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team. Here is the situation: if the work I am doing will reach, as I think and hope, the target of the permanent SSM, we will make a move that will unleash against the brakes a force proportional to the force that the Niagara Falls would unleash upon an umbrella.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. Roberta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have women in your team , with high responsibility roles?
    Thanks,
    Roberta

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. Jean Paul renoir

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Apart the importance of this publication under a theoretical point of view, what stunned me is not only the number of the full readings ( almost 30 000 ! ), but the 200 recommendations: all the persons that recommended your paper are professors that have put their face on the recommendation and among them there are many world class well known nuclear physicists and professors from universities of the whole world. This is a tremendous peer reviewing: probably your paper is the most peer reviewed scientific publication of the recent years, much more than CERN’s publications !
    Ad majora,
    JPR

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Prof

    I totally agree with your answer about the entropy !

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Anonymous

    @JPR:
    I checked what you said and it is true the paper of Andrea Rossi on researchgate has got as of now 29515 full readings and 200 recommendations, all signed by professors, researchers and physicists; all the publications of andrea combined collected 31575 full readings. Nobody has got the same results.
    Cheers

  526. Bepy

    Dear Andrea,
    I read in the book “Ecat The New Fire” of Vessela Nikolova that you are a man of Faith. I’d loke to ask you if you think that science could give a proof of the existence of a Superior Being.
    Thanks if you accept to answer,
    Bepy

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Bepy:
    Entropy is the proof of the existence of a Creator. The second Principle of Thermodynamic makes impossible that in a system a spontaneous and accidental combination of elementary particles ( which means infinite entropy ) can make up the rigorously working mechanisms of minerals, vegetables, animals and humans ( very low entropy ) of the same system. It is like to see a river proceeding spontaneously, without an external force, from the sea to the mountain where its source is.
    I defy anybody to give me a demonstration that entropy can run on the contrary respect the second principle of thermodynamic. To say that statistically a disordered system can spontaneously become ordered, just trying and retrying, is like to say that pouring ink from a barrel to a floor enough times, sooner or later you find the Bible written on the floor, just casually.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    Is your goal with the SSM project to extract enough electrical energy not only to feed the reaction itself but also to feed the control computer and some fans/pumps for the media to make the complete blue box run in SSM?
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In your paper there is described the possible formation of “proton-electron aggregates”, would the main source of the energy produced by the E-Cat SK then come from rearrangement of energy states within these structures.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  532. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    That is one of the component. We think that all the components described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    have to be integrated in the theoretical system of the Ecat
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. coryul18

    NASA has made a small nuclear reactor, based on nuclear fission, as big as a refrigerator, with a power of 10 kW. it has been made to supply energy in space missions, especially on the moon and Mars. Somebody says it could be also used on the Earth. What do you think ?

  534. Andrea Rossi

    coryul18:
    In the space could make sense. On the Earth no, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Greg Daigle

    Dr Rossi,
    In addition to the Ecat SK that supplies heat, an important application could be the DAC, Direct Air Capture, a technology to remove carbon dioxide, very energy intensive:
    https://www.carbonbrief.org/direct-co2-capture-machines-could-use-quarter-global-energy-in-2100
    Best regards
    Greg Daigle

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on your reply to Raphael Bongo, am I right in thinking that you working on using a capacitor for energy storage/charging purposes in the SK Leonardo?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sorry, but I cannot give information about the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, while you are working very hard to the reach infinite cop with the direct production of electric energy, I’m asking myself why you do not focus your efforts to go to the market with your actual “engine” that can run a car thousands of miles with a single gallon of fuel, instead than procrastinate the massive production waiting for a new motor that can run without fuel at all.
    The customers will save only few dollars switching from the actual to the future engine, while would save many adopting your actual e-cat.

    Infinite regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  540. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your suggestion, but we prefer to go to the path we have decided with the permanent SSM. In the meantime, obviously, we are proceeding with the activity described in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. Arleen Bastian

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you write of electrons that travel at the speed of light, but this seems to me a mistake: electrons cannot have the speed of life, because they are half spin.

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Arleen Bastian:
    As I already answered here, in my paper is well specified that obviously the electrons do not have the speed of light in their linear travel, but reach the speed of light across the zitterbewegung vibrations. Such behavior has been described by Dirac in his Nobel price lecture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You answered Frank Acland:
    “I think we do better than that.
    No batteries. ”
    Does this mean that you hope to start the Leonaedo E-Cat without any energy input or are you planning to install one capacitor?

    All my support to your entire team
    cordially
    Raffaele

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    If I understand well your response to Frank Acland, you should be able to power the load directly from the plasma, without the batteries, that are heavy, expensive and polluting: this is a remarkable progress that your Team has achieved.
    I am cheering for your success,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your attention to our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the active material within the E-Cat SK charge, is there any permanent isotopic change over the charge lifespan.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  548. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I still cannot answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    The more I observe the plasma on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and confront it with the content of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the more I am convinced that your Ecat SK is an apparatus of extreme importance not just for what it is and for what it is used by you, but also for the study of Physics. In its semplicity it is an Occam razor that could become a gold mine of new discoveries and information.
    All the best,
    Prof

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You have written that you intend to visit the Leonardo da Vinci exhibition. I inform you that due to the expected affluence, the visit will be possible only on reservation of a date and a time slot.
    Reservations are open since June 18th on https://www.ticketlouvre.fr/louvre/b2c/index.cfm/expovinci/eventCode/ExpoVinWeb
    I wish you a good visit
    Could the Rossi effect explain the magnetism of stars or even planets?
    All my support to your R & D, to you and all your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the information and for your kind sustain.
    About the Rossi effect: no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Why is it so important with a new ssm? You already had ssm in the
    1MW-plant for a long time and E-catSK has a high COP whitout current control.
    You can calmly take a late morning and light your cigar.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    One thing is an SSM with our Team in control 24/7 and with enormous problems, one thing is an SSM off the shelf. Besides, the 1 MW plant never had an SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you using a rechargeable battery to try and capture the electricity from the plasma, and also sustain the plasma?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think we are doing better than that.
    No batteries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Best of luck with your work these days! Do you know the path you need to take to get to the cigar, or are you still trying to understand how to get there?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think that we know the path to go there, but when you make unknown paths across unknown territories you can meet unexpected obstacles; notwithstanding this, I think we have the skills to confront such obstacles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it the ssm control,
    or the electricity production
    that is still to be resolved?

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    The two things are just two faces of the same coin. We need the electricity from the plasma to make the plasma production self sustained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Gunter Mayr

    Dr Rossi,
    After all the issues emerging from the oil-caused-wars and the global warming, it is the moment for you to allow a global diffusion of your invention, the most important after the fire.
    All the best,
    Gunter Mayr

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Gunter Mayr:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I see you are up extremely early this morning.
    I guess you were not kicked out of your bed by your dear lady, so maybe it is an important day today?
    Success, kind regards, Gerard

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    In these days we work night and day, without fixed time to sleep and eat. We sleep or eat when we have time. We must get the result at any cost, but we still are not there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    as you near the end of this special phase of testing of the Ecat SK Leanardo, it is my hope you and your team are happy with the results. Arguably, what more could be asked?

    my best,

    Buck

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    We are working very hard and I continue to be very optimist. Not cigar yet, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworh,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Lou Arouri

    Dr Rossi,
    can you tell us in which states of the USA are you working for the R&D of the Ecat SK Leonardo to turn the plasma we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and theorized in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    into energy to reach a permanent self sustaining mode (that would mean infinite COP) ?

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Lou Arouri:
    We are working with different parts of it in Florida and California.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, You say Oct 1st reply to Wendy. “I saw one of them saying in a prestigious scientific broadcast that the hot nuclear fusion is environmentally friendly because it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium, obviously not pollutant substances. As you are aware Andrea, as myself. One of them should have said that hot nuclear fusion will be environmentally friendly when it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium but and this is important. It should have also been stated, only when more money is inserted into the project and we understand how to nuclear fuse at the micro level will it be possible. In the meantime we will be needing more of the taxpayers money to fund this project that we think is possible. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. As you know Andrea what they are attempting is impossible but as you know and I am aware nothing is impossible.

  573. Rod Walton

    From Power Engineering issue of October 1 2019:
    UK’s Hinkley Point C nuclear project overbudget by 2-3 billion $
    Rod Walton

  574. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thjank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Erik Woodmancy

    Congratulations for your immense
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It reached 30000 full readings and hundreds of recommendation. It is probably the most read ever nuclear physics publication and hundreds of scientists put their names in the recommendations they made for your theoretical work.
    Great,
    Congratulations,
    Erik

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Erik Woodmancy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Wendy

    Dr Rossi,
    Now the guys of the ITER hot fusion are sayoing that their reactor will not emit neutrons and therefore it is safe.
    What do you think ?

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    I saw one of them saying in a prestigious scientific broadcast that the hot nuclear fusion is environmentally friendly because it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium, obviously not pollutant substances…
    Now you saw this…in the same wavelength… can you specify the source of this genial communication ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Anonymous

    Andrea,
    Your first presentation with permanent self sustaining mode, if any, will be with production of heat, but without any electric energy source from out of the Ecat ? If you will use batteries they would be recharged by the same Ecat, correct ?

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it would be correct.
    Warm Regards,

  582. Jen Pavliska

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you have cited David Hastenes more than all the other authors: does it mean that his work has a particular importance in your theoretical work?

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Jen Pavliska:
    David Hastenes importance for our theoretical work is well described in the references 1,4,6,7,8 of the paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publicton/330601553_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    . His geometric interpretation of the electron wave-function complex phase is important ( and perhaps revolutionary ) for the possibility of efficiently creating electrons condensates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Lars posted “If you succeed with the SSM without a need of external energy source, how will you proceed with that to the market?” and you responded Yes. Does this mean that you have achieved SSM without an external energy supply?

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No, It means that we will proceed to the market if we will have success with the R&D on course, that is very promising.
    How we will proceed will be defined if and when there will be the bases.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    If you succed with the ssm without a need of external energy source, how will you proceed with that to the market?

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Carleen Beloff

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update about your R&D for the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent ssm ?

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Carleen Beloff:
    We are here working also today. Things are going on in a very promising way and I continue to be optimist. Many corrections are made every day. We are working very hard, as you can see, also on Sundays.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Karl Poehlmann

    Dr Rossi,
    I think this lonk can be usefulabout higher temperature in metallic array substrates:
    https://scitechdaily.com/new-metamaterials-for-energy-harvesting-designed-by-machine-learning/
    Best Wishes,
    Karl Poehlmann

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Renato

    My heartfelt condolences to Nicos and to Stremmenos family.
    Christos has been an hero for his Country,
    unforgettable example of honesty for everybody.
    Ciao Christos, rest in peace.
    Renato

  593. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    I totally share your comment about Prof Christos Stremmenos.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. Andrea Rossi

    Vivi Bertin:
    Thank you for your kind comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Stremmenos un grande innovatore che ha affiancato Rossi quando molti erano scettici. Ho avuto la fortuna di conoscerlo di persona. Condoglianze alla famiglia.
    Casoweb
    Eu
    English: Stremmenos, a big innovators who sustained Rossi when many were scepticists. I had the opportunity to know him personally. Condolences to the family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today Nicos Stremmenos, son of Cristos Stremmenos, has informed me of the fact that his father has passed away today.
    I want to say that Cristos is one of the most honest, genial, sincere persons I ever met in my life.
    A hero of the Greek resistance, a great Professor of Physics of the University of Bologna, Ambassador of Grece in Rome, I had the honour to make with him many very important experiments, in collaboration with Prof Sergio Focardi, who was his Dean and also a friend of him.
    I am very sorry, I can’t deny my emotion in this moment.
    I present to his wonderful family my deepest condolences,
    Andrea Rossi

  597. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain more about what the ‘crucial point’ that you have reached is?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are very close to success, but not yet cigar,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  599. M

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the Ecat SK leonardo will be useful for desalination ?

  600. Andrea Rossi

    M:
    The energy made by the Ecat can be useful for everything that uses heat. In the case of the Ecat SK Leonardo, heat and/or electricity, depending on the output of the R&D in the making,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Ruben Heick

    Is still going well the experiment to produce directly electricity from the plasma?

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Ruben heick:
    Yes. We arrived at a crucial point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Garrett Fulmore

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think of today’s strike of the students in all the world to defend the environment?

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Garrett Fulmore:
    I am spiritually with them,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Vergilio Perrill, My Own thoughts. Regards vaping, In contrast to smoking, to be brief. Smoke contains huge particles in contrast to a vapour. Consequently a vapour will penetrate a barrier more readily than a particle of smoke that suffocates rather than penetrates. Not difficult to understand. My advice same as Andrea.. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  607. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Please provide a link to “Mechanical Spectroscopy Observation of LiAlH4 Decomposition”.
    Thank.
    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  608. Mario Marini

    Here is an interesting paper published on the blog of Vessela Nikolova:
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/condensed-plasmoids-theory-many-strange-phenomena

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I want to recommend the following publication:
    “Mechanical Spectroscopy Observation of LiAlH4 Decomposition”, on Journal of Alloys and Compounds, September 2019,
    by
    Giuseppe Levi, Enrico Gianfranco Campari, Ennio Bonetti, Loris Ferrari, of the Dept. of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Bologna, and Angelo Casagrande of the Dept. of Industrial Engineering of the University of Bologna.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Raphael

    Dear Andrea,
    The fact that you excluded from your effect any form of cold fusion does imply that you exclude as well nuclear interactions?

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    No, on the contrary, nuclear interactions are fundamental, as you can read on
    http://www.researchgate/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    wherein particles infolved are not only electrons,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  613. G.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give us a glimpse about how the R&D on the Ecat SK Leonardo is proceeding?
    You still think you will be able to present a permanent ssm of electricity generation directly from the “ballerina” we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    All the best,
    G.

  614. Andrea Rossi

    G.:
    We are working very wel and I am very optimistic ( Andrea, be humble )…pardon, and I hope in a positive result
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Dr Rossi: there is not only the pollution of the atmosphere, there is also the pollution od the lungs: https://youtu.be/trDyDWmx2c0 vaping is deadly

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Virgilio Perrill:
    I am not an expert, and I am not a smoker, but I think that the less anomalous things we inhale, except atmospheric air, the better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Is Researchgate a peer reviewed magazine ?

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Surely it is the most peer reviewed scientific publication in the world: all the other magazines are peer reviewed from 1 or maximum 2 scientists, while a publication on Researchgate is peer reviewed by thousands of scientists and when a scientist makes a recommendation, automatically he makes a positive peer reviewing; another big difference, is that when a scientist makes a recommendation of a publication he puts voluntarily his face on it, because he has to put his name in the recommendation, while in all the other magazines the peer reviewer remains anonymous, so if he – as many times happens- makes mistakes because does not have sufficient knowledge of the matter, his face is saved.
    See the comments of the New York Times about Researchgate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Fabrizio Andreoletti

    Buongiorno: vorrei complimentarmi per il lavoro del suo team e sottoporle questo video che ho trovato ultimamente:
    English: I want to send you this link that I discovered recently:
    https://youtu.be/o1_TRBL7aKw
    A proposito, l’immagine della ballerina di plasma in
    English: By the way I think the plasma ballerina in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    penso che sia l’OmKara della religione Indù, il Verbo, il Suono Primordiale.
    Come diceva PierLuigi Ighina: “Esiste un cuore pulsante all’ interno del sole che pulsa alla stessa pulsazione del nostro cuore”.
    English: is the OmKara of the Induist religion. Like saif PierLuigi ighina “Exists in the sun a pulsing heart that pulses at the same frequency of our heart”.
    Cordiali saluti,
    Fabrizio Andreoletti

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio Andreoletti:
    Thank you for the link and for your kind approach to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    This new trove in the field of the Seebeck effect could be of interest:
    https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/5/9/eaat9461.full.pdf
    Prof

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the link, but I know well the matter and I experienced that until you work upon prototypes in a laboratory, without costs limitations, this kind of alloys work perfectly, but when you have to industrialise the efficiency falls down. We’ll see. If they are rose, they will blossom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Anne Rindels

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    On your fantastic paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_e_Cat_SK_and_long_range_ particle_interactions
    I found the connections between your theoretical scheme and the Dirac equations: am I correct?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Anne

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Anne Rindels:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    As you correctly said, I prefer not to expose myself, because I risk to have problems in the university I am a teacher of making a sort of “outing” in your favour. I am deeply convinced you are marching toward a glemorous success, but I prefer to sustain you through a nickname.
    Prof

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Do not worry: you are not alone … most of our Readers are shielded by nicks. What counts is what is written, whatever the real name of the Reader might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. Rod Walton

    News on the issue of Power Engineering dated September 24th 2019:
    EPA ACEs out the Clean Power Act: impact and projections.
    Rod Walton

  628. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This a link to a Ruby Carat interview
    with Frank Acland of E-Cat World.

    https://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/

    Regards
    Sam

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shopachev:
    I cannot disclose which are the real names under the nicknames. Obviously, who uses a nick wants not to expose himself and I must respect this confidentiality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Viktor Shipachev

    Dr Rossi,
    Many are interested in the name, position and university of the professor under the nickname Prof
    Best regards
    Viktor Shipachev

  633. Christian Scholl

    Dear Andrea
    You are fond of Leonardo Da Vinci: the Louvre Museum devotes an exceptional retrospective from October 2 2019 through February 24 2020.
    Christian

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    Thank you for the information, I surely will go to visit it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    this is to thank you for your response on the 18th.

    If I understand your meaning, then you described truly remarkable improvements. I can only wonder whether and, if “yes”, when others including yourself drew parallels to how chlorophyll extracts energy from the aether, from the quantum of energy we call photons rather than your EVOs, doing so without damaging the relatively fragile mechanism of the molecule itself. Channeling the energy from photon receptors to specialized harvest points leading to the transformation of the photon into chemical bonds without burning out the molecule, without bringing about unhealthy epiphenomena.

    Certainly, it is vastly different to your Stable Long Range Particle Interactions, yet in a manner the same. And a process tested across ~2.3 billion years on earth.

    With these improvements, it is no wonder that you are very optimistic on launching the Ecat SK Leonardo by year’s end.

    My best,

    Buck/Mason

  636. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I publish your insight as I publish all of them, but, honestly, for me it is very difficult to understand what you say, especially about chlorophyll aether extraction.
    Maybe some Reader can understand what you say. I can’t.
    A.R.

  637. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is absolutely genial the way you found that the Casimir effect and the Van Der Waals force can have in your process, notwithstanding the obvious fact that their energy is very low, but, notwithstanding this, you discovered the particular situatons in which they can compensate the Coulombian forces.
    Very interesting also the analysis of the zitterbewegung effect of the electrons motion, wherein, as Dirac wrote in his Nobel prize lecture, electrons have vibration ( “tremors” ) at the speed of light even if, being Fermions, they move at a speed lower than c; it is remarkable that all these facts, connected with the Lorentz force and the neutral pico-metric aggregates, converge in the theoretical explication of your effect.
    This can also explain the unbelievable success of your paper, that even if very difficult to unferstand, is the most read of the 15 millions of publications on Researchgate after the appearence of your paper and the coherent video in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    All the best,
    Prof

  638. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the publication. You are right, it is rigorous and consequently to read it is necessary to have a solid background.
    I still have yet to receive a serious criticism, besides the usual stupidities bag coming from persons that do not have the necessary skill to read and understand what I wrote, like “…how can an electron, that is a Fermion, travel at the speed of light…”, or “…how can Van Der Waals force and Casimir force have a role in nuclear interactions with their so small entity…” as if I did not know that a Fermion cannot travel at the speed c and that Casimir and Van Der Waals forces, in standard situations, cannot determine long range particle interactions. These observations mean only one thing: who writes so did not read the paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    To understand the theoretical scheme it is also necessary to integrate the Aharonov- Bohm effect.

  639. Steven N. Karels

    Colin Watters,

    While both of you are correct, continued research and development can simultaneously take place with production. Consider the automobile industry as an example. Andrea is smart enough and has enough experience to “not bet the company” on a future, possibly better, product.

  640. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, Earlier you wrote “The best solution is always the next and the evolution will never stop…”. This can be a problem for a manufacturing company. At some point you have to pause, stop making changes, and actually make something. Regards Colin.

  641. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, The use of renewable energy in the UK means that Electric cars here emit half the CO2 of petrol and diesel cars after taking manufacturing into account. In other countries it might be even less.

    https://inews.co.uk/inews-lifestyle/cars/electric-cars-co2-emissions-half-that-of-petrol-and-diesel-494564

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Dirk Boon

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    A faithful follower from the first hour from the netherlands has two questions for you:
    1- can the Ecat be used for large scale hydrogen production ?
    2- Is the E-Cat SK Leonardo meant as a part of an electric car ?
    Best regards,
    Dirk Boon

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Dirk Boon:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team from the first hour !
    Answers:
    1- The Ecat supplies energy: it can be used for whatever production you need. So far only heat, I hope soon also electricity in ssm
    2- The Ecat SK Leonardo , if the R&D we are doing will succeed, could fuel a car in ssm.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  645. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    article about research on the Sun.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-09-plasma-sun-surface-sunspots-solar.html

    Regards
    Sam

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Willie Meinders:
    Not yet, but we are working on it very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Willi Meinders

    Dr Rossi,
    In your answer to Martin Aubrey on September 19th you cited an Ecat SK Leonardo that theoretically could fuel in ssm a car with direct production of electric energy.
    Do you have a time horizon for this?
    Willi Meinders

  649. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still optimst about the possibility to make the Ecat able to produce electric energy directly from the plasma ?

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Marcos

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the precious information contained in your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    combined with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    You have opened a Pandora crate.
    All the best,
    Marcos

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Marcos:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. Christian SCHOLL

    Hello Andrea
    Thank you for your great work.
    In the past comments you are planning 2 production units: one in USA and another in Sweden;
    Are you ready for mass production?

  655. Andrea Rossi

    Christian SCHOLL:
    We are working in that direction. We are not ready right now, but we are quite advanced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Brent

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think about the popular movement raised by Greta to protect the planet and of the chant “we do not have a second planet”?
    Good luck for your Ecat SK Leonardo,
    Cheers
    Brent

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Brent:
    Very useful to limit the expansion of polluting sources.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Sal Hilley

    Dr Rossi,
    the German icebreaker and research vessel Polarstern is leaving the Norwegian port of Tromso with scientists from 19 Countries to study the climate changes in the center of the Arctic. The mission will last one year: will be the Ecat SK Leonardo ready when their results will be published ?

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Sal Hilley:
    I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Carlo

    ENEA has obtained 250 million euro to develope the Tokamak to obtain electricity by the hot nuclear fusion within 20 years

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo:
    It has always been “in the next 20 years” starting from 70 years ago. It will remain so forever, because to stabilise the magnetic field they need is impossible. More impossible than my invention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This a thread from LENR Forum blog
    in honour of Norman Cook that
    you or others with that kind of
    of knowledge might be interested
    in joining.
    https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/6111-the-nuclear-structure-research-group/

    Regards
    Sam

  664. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  665. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    I had a free evening and I read the main publications about your work again, from the moment the test results were published in Lugano, in 2014. Then I began to read everything I could find about your work. And of course I looked through this blog, which I have been following almost every day since September 2015 (4 years!). I remembered all the main stages.
    – An attempt to organize the production of domestic installations at a factory in Sweden.
    – The fight for Sigma 5,
    – A tough year working with HI and litigation.
    – Great presentation in Stockholm and even better in 2019 on the Internet
    – and a triumphant article on researchgate.net (which, unfortunately, I did not understand).
    – The beginning of sales of heat to customers.
    And now fantastic, even against the backdrop of fantastic predecessors, Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Everyone is looking forward to your kitties in the market!
    Here is the evolution of the names of your Cats. Did I miss anything?
    1. E-Cat
    2. E-Cat X
    3. E-Cat QuarkX (QX)
    4. Hot Cat
    5. Ecat SK (“The SK would be my masterpiece, a real art ouvre.” Remember?)
    6. Ecat SK Leonardo
    Thank you, if you can briefly, in 2 – 3 words, comment on each name. In retrospect, you probably have an understanding and attitude towards each model.

    Good luck in work and tennis!

    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  666. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    The R&D on the Ecat has never ceased and coherently never ceased the evolution.
    The list you made is correct, albeit the Hot Cat has been developed before the QX.
    The best solution is always the next and the evolution will never stop, because every step creates the seed of the next one.
    Thank you for your permanent attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  667. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to Dr Parkhomov
    presentation by Bob Grenyer
    at ICCF 22.

    https://youtu.be/7p8Y26d5gk0

    Regards
    Sam

  668. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar”:
    Maybe you are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  669. "Jag bara undrar"

    My personal assessment for several years has been that the happy ending to the story of the cat would be in November, December 2019 or 1/1 2020 for various reasons.

    (I’ve asked you this question before about this time span)

    Would be fun if I got it right. My next assessment is that you will be in Stockholm in December 2019 or 2020.

    Best regards

    “Jag bara undrar”

  670. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted ” I am baffled about the fact that electric cars that use batteries charged with fossil fuels generated electricity are considered madia to make us free from fossil fuels.”

    When electric power generation is primarily based on wind, solar, nuclear and eCat technology, then electric cars will be “free” of carbon emissions. Consider the efficiency of the automobile engine, the efficiencies on the gasoline production process and compare it to the fossil fuel efficiency of the fossil fuel electric production plants and the electric transmission losses. I do not know which alternative approach produces less of a carbon footprint. If carbon emissions is a worthwhile goal — there is still debate in the scientific community — then eCat technology applied to electric grid power generation and/or eCat powered automobiles is a worthy effort.

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are right, but the matter of the fact is that now most of the electric ebergy is made by fossil fuels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Martn Aubrey:
    None of all. Just make electricity to fuel the electric engine, that will be the load where send the electric energy to.
    Yes, we are in contact with a primary manufacturer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Frank Acland that you are “optimist about launching the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent ssm this year”.

    Well done to yourself and your very hard working team.

    You also said to Aki that the Ecat SK Leonardo “should eliminate the autonomy issue” for cars.

    How do you see the future development for using the Ecat SK Leonardo for powering motor vehicles?

    Would the Ecat be best used to:
    1. Power a generator to provide electricity to drive an electric motor.

    2. Directly heat water to make steam to drive an engine to provide mechanical force, as done in the steam cars of the early 20th Century (e.g. the Stanley Steamer and the Doble steam car).

    3. Directly heat air, or another gas, to drive a hot air engine to provide mechanical force.

    4. Some other method. Please specify if you are able.

    Could you also please tell us if you have had any discussions with anyone in the transport industry about their ideas for using the Ecat to power vehicles?

    Thank You if you can answer these questions.

    Best Regards, and good luck for your work,
    Martyn Aubrey

  674. Stacey

    Glad I discovered this on google .

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Stacey:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. L.

    I have seen that in your profile on Researchgate has been published also a paper of Prof Sven Kullander and Prof Hanno Essen with a test made from them with the first prototype of the Ecat in 2011. Very interesting. It is obvious the enormous progress made by you in 8 years.
    Cheers
    Lorence

  678. Andrea Rossi

    L.:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Aki

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If your direct production of electricity from the plasma will succeed, do you think it will be useful also for cars ?

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Aki:
    If we will succeed, yes, because it should eliminate the autonomy issue. Besides, I am baffled about the fact that electric cars that use batteries charged with fossil fuels generated electricity are considered madia to make us free from fossil fuels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Prof

    I noticed that you have updated your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    with more precise reference to the continuity between your theoretical evolution and the atomic nucleus model of Norman Cook

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, it was necessary to be more precise about this link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  683. Buck

    Dear Andrea,
    Your exchange with Ruby on 9/12 came as a very pleasant surprise. A surprise arising from your clear statement that “these modifications derived not from experimental phases, but directly from theoretical considerations . . .”. I could only wonder “why?” and “how?”, especially as you are in the middle of a ~7-week R&D testing of the SK Leonardo.

    As a starting point, I thought to keep in mind how you focused upon integrating Husserl, with his method for distinguishing the “Natural Attitude” and “Phenomenological Attitude”, into the discipline of physics. This led me to a presumption: you were looking to nurture intuition, a phenomena for leaping beyond “knowing” to “understanding” as Richard Feynman would describe it.
    Link>> https://youtu.be/NM-zWTU7X-k

    A few weeks before you began this ~7-week R&D testing of the SK-Leonardo, you shared that you had assembled the “best possible Team in this matter in the whole world”. In addition, you and presumably your mysterious global partner are clear on the importance of attaining SSM as described in your exchanges here. As such, a possible way of triggering intuition is by infusing “ignorance”, not “stupidity”, in the guise of experts unfamiliar with the details of the Ecat plasma phenomenon, but experts in the physics at play in the Ecat. Right or wrong, these experts such as Oscar Gullstrom or experts from companies like ABB, would bring challenging questions, followed by clarifying questions. Experts who would be entirely comfortable at “jumping down” to the scale (femto- and picoseconds) of quantum level physics as described in your key paper. These questions would be a powerful driver in a collegial, professional, and friendly environment, pushing you to clarify the ideas presented in your paper “Long Range Particle Interaction”.

    If my intuition is pointing me in the right direction about these major modifications and with you holding SSM as the paramount goal of this ~7-week testing, then do these modifications make it
    • easier to attain/maintain a 5-6 Sigma SSM?
    • easier to increase the rated power of each Ecat SK and SK Leonardo?
    • easier to harvest electricity?
    • possible to extend the life of the “fuel”?
    • possible to see the “fuel” as a 100% efficient catalyst and no longer a “fuel”?
    • extend the life of the hardware encasing the plasma phenomenon?
    • possible to clarify on potential new fruitful control parameters?
    • possible to further refine the existing control parameters?

    Further, is it fair to say that, as these modifications “reinforced the theoretical bases”, then the “soup” of energies, forces, and conditions described in your paper are now being “mapped” or “sequenced” into relative priority or importance? Where the “soup” is now closer to being a manageable “framework” that has discrete “handles”?

    Finally, I like Einstein’s view on the difference between intuition and rationalization as paraphrased here: “The intuitive mind is a sacred gift. The rational mind is a faithful servant.” It seems entirely appropriate to share this quote given your rapid progress for unfolding this plasma phenomenon within these 7 weeks.

    As always, my best to you, your team, and your wife

    Sincerely and respectfully,

    Buck/Mason Ainsworth

    ps. Will you now call your updated paper “Stable Long Range Particle Interactions”? “SLRPI”?

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your insight.
    The answer to all your questions is Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karen’s:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  686. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the progress of your testing going these days?
    What do you think will be the end result of all the testing you are doing, and do you expect to demonstrate the E-Cat SK Leonardo in 2019?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are doing very well, I still am optimist about launching the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent ssm this year.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  688. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the revision to the theoretical understanding, has this:

    1. Improved the electrical generation conversion efficiency?
    2. Is there any impact on control stability?

  689. Carroll Sachar

    Dr Rossi
    Is there a preferential thread in the theoretical sources described in
    http://Www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks if you can answer
    Carroll

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Carroll Sachar:
    I think it is more probable an integration of all of them.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  691. Rod Walton

    US gas production more than match for rising generation demand
    Rod Walton

  692. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  693. Boris

    What do you think of the presentation of the last R&D made by Dr Alexander Parkomov at the ICCF in Assisi last week?

  694. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    Very interesting, as always with the work of Dr Parkomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  695. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have in past posts dealt with the interacting energies of the E Cat but there are some important aspects other than these issues, although these issues are most important. What you have on a micro scale is, it appears, a system that replicates the macro system. The macro system as previously described by myself in my post of ‘the mechanism’ that describes ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. Your E Cat relies upon ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. You load into the reactor static material/energy together with hydrogen ( a type of 5th dimension) and produce a mobile field of active energy. What you are doing is transitioning energy from one state to another in the presence of a gravitational field. In the macro system four apexes of the pyramids/triangles sit around a point of gravity, one pyramid represents a system, four pyramids represent a systemic system of the macro. Each pyramid contains four identifiable structures, one of course is fuzzy being at one end of the spectrum and one solid and defined at the other. The two between are coming from and going towards in an evolutionary procession from creation to eventual destruction that are themselves two states of absolute (what I have just described is one system of the macro. In the macro, four static positives of positivity surround the gravity). The emphasis of this activity is transition. Transition is something that all structures go through because of evolution and their progression towards the apex of their pyramid due to the pull of gravity. Thereby the positive solid size aspect of the structure must gain/transition i.e. compact become more defined so as to get into a higher dimension, otherwise there is insufficient room to get in. When something compacts it warms up and becomes more dense giving off its vapour that then surrounds the structure as a halo because the structure contains gravity. This activity is important to understand, especially when it involves human evolution and the transfiguring of the structure. What I am attempting to explain is to try and put this subject into a more meaningful understanding that will overcome a problematic issue that always arrises at specific times in evolution. Clean energy provides a brighter world. It’s the understanding behind the technology/methodology and all that goes with it that is of vital importance to the overall project and its success. It is the original catch 22 situation involving a demarcation zone between intelligence and consciousness or you could say two cubes of six dimensions each. What one must ask themselves is, is this subject empirical or is based on pure logic?. The answer is, it involves both because it involves a situation that requires the understanding of binary interactions. There are four levels of intelligence that are always present at any one time from that of a fuzzy degree to that of a more defined. The more defined is able to communicate internally and thereby externally with a similar vibration/resonance or we say ‘on the same wave length’. Why is it important to segregate groups into specific departments?. Because the project, required to obtain a clean environment involves an alternative purpose, that relates to a type of important missionary work aimed at producing a more conducive climate with regards climate change. Am I straying off the subject, no but I am aware that some people will think so. Therefore to recap, every unified field that demonstrates in a physical way and by physical means ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’ being fields of energy requires a source of energy to maintain its manufactured field. The source of this energy, dependent upon its purpose, will not only be clean but can be of a magnitude capable of producing structure/virtual particles that are capable of providing the static structure with a means of mobility outside of an atmosphere. Thereby this subject regarding energy has various levels of understanding and this is what makes the subject difficult to broadcast ‘willy nilly’ if you can understand that you do not ‘cast pearls before swine’ which is self evident when you understand the entire subject.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. C.V.

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you make calorimetric measurements as you did in the demo of thre Presentation of the Ecat QX on November 24 2017 in Stockholm also for the SK shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  699. Andrea Rossi

    C.V.:
    Yes, as you can see clearly in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in the last part of it.
    We also made same measurements using water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Giovanni

    Dear Andrea,
    At the ICCF of Assisi a strong tribute has been made to Prof Norman D. Cook memory.

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Prof Norman D. Cook strongly merited it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. C.T.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it correct to assume that the highest density of your IP about the Ecat SK Leonardo is in the control of the resonances?

  703. Andrea Rossi

    C.T.:
    Resonances are important. Prof Focardi and I have been aware from the beginning that resonances are a key of this effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. Anonymous

    This blog is fantastic, its 48000comments and their links are the encyclopedia of the anomalous energies

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you ! So, the time we dedicate to it is not wasted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Giuseppe

    Thank you for having published on
    http://www.ecatsk.com
    the test of the Ecat SK
    Best Regards,
    Giusy

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thanks to you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I found it most interesting the post by Frank Ackland Sept 11th. Apparently an anonymous reader of E Cat World required Frank to forward a question to yourself with regards the Safire Project (Sapphire). An interesting project that even they state can open doors within the scientific community. It seems that certain entities and people (in the scientific community) have utilized the negative resistance regime in their plasma discharges to produce anomalies and excess energy. The question being ‘does the E Cat SK utilize the negative resistance regime. I do not believe you do because your door is always open for comments and suggestions unlike other doors that are tightly shut. Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Bedy

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on Youtube “Ecat QX demo in Stockholm November 24 2017”.
    The QX was obviously much smaller than the SK, but that demo made at the IVA has been very precise and stunning, with a calorimetry absolutely rigorous.
    Very interesting also the lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom.
    All the best,
    Bedy

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    I aree with you. Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will Leonardo Corporation continue to sell heat also if it will be success for the direct production of electric power?

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. JPR

    Prof Christos Stremmenos:
    Thank you for your post.
    What do you think about Rossi’s statement that cold fusion does not exist and that his effect is due to nuclear interactions that have nothing to do with nuclear fusion?
    Best Regards,
    Jean Paul Renoir

  716. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad it sounds like E-Cat SK/Leonardo could become a reality not too far
    from now.
    If so, will you also combine it with a turbine to create the E-Cat SK/Leonardo-IP
    (Independent Power) a grid-independent generator for typical situations/locations
    lacking power.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  717. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B.:
    That is a hypothesis.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  718. Prof

    Your paper
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    continues its stunning viral diffusion: now it is the most read of the 15 millions publications on Researchgate. The revolutionary theoretical plant you put there, combined with the experimental setup also shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    has triggered a worldwide interest in all the continents.
    Ad majora!
    Prof

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. Jolie

    Dear Andrea,
    How is proceeding the effort to make directly electricity from the plasma and obtain a permanent ssm?
    All the best,
    J

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Jolie:
    We are still working very hard, and I am still very optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Flore

    Will the Ecat SK leonardo be able to produce electricity only enough to provide permanent ssm to the Ecat producing heat, or will it be able also to generate electricity for sale?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    F.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Flore:
    Premature to answer; probably initially it will give just permanent ssm to the Ecat, eventually increasing the electricity generation, but it is premature to say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    is the lecture that Carl Oscar Gullstrom made at the IVA of Stockholm at the presentation of the Ecat QX theoretically coherent with your paper on Researchgate ?

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, in particular in relation to the long distance interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    looks like a corpus of integrated theories that together explain the so called Rossi effect.
    Do you agree?

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the device you are experimenting with to extract electricity from the E-Cat SK charge, can this be used in reverse to induce the long running charge input electrical trigger signal, the cathode / anode connections being initially used to establish the start-up plasma then switched to allow the charge raw electrical output to be connected to a capacitor / battery / electrical conditioning system for a stabilised output.

    May or may not be worth looking at, but worth a mention.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  729. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It does not work that way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is very exiting to read that the the theory led to a new design of the E-cad SK Leonardo and it proved to work as the theory predicted. That means that your theory is maturing and your understanding of the E-cat process has significantly improved. Congratulations to you and your team!
    Just a few questions about this important step in progress, if I may:
    1. Did the dimensions of the Ecat SK change much due to the new design?
    2. Can you still operate the E-cat during a year without a refill?
    3. Has the COP changed, which was calculated to be 56 in your ResearchGate paper?
    4. Has SSM of the total assembly (reactor+controller) been accomplished?
    Thank you for keeping us up to date!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- enough
    2- yes
    3- premature
    4- that is the key point of our R&D
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you tink the Ecat will be useful for towns like Krakow, that has problems with air pollution?

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    That’s what the Ecat has been born for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to research on the size
    of a proton.

    https://www.quantamagazine.org/physicists-finally-nail-the-protons-size-and-hope-dies-20190911/

    Regards
    Sam

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. JPR

    Dear Andrea:
    I noticed that on http://www.Researchgate.net the paper ” On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat “, co-authored by Prof Norman Cook and you is the most read of your publications, with exception of the hit “ecat SK and long range particle interactions”, that is the most read paper of Researchgate ever.
    JPR

  737. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you for notice.
    The paper authored Norman D.Cook-Andrea Rossi is this:
    “On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the heat Production by the E-Cat”
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1504.01261
    published on April 10th 2015
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  738. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for your words in memory of Prof Norman Cook,
    Prof

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Yesterday at the ICCF conference in Assisi (Italy) we made a strong tribute to the memory of your friend and co-author Prof Norman Cook.
    I am sure this will be appreciated from you.
    All the best,
    Prof

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I am delighted to apprehend this, thank you very much for reporting.
    I am enormously indebted with Prof Norman Cook, and his model of the atomic nucleus remains to me the most important ever made.
    He will remain for ever in my heart.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. Ruby

    Any update about the R&D on course with the Ecat SK Leonardo?

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Yesterday we made an important step forward and substantial modifications have been made to the Ecat SK Leonardo. These modifications derived not from experimental phases, but directly from theoretical considerations and this fact not only improved the system, but reinforced the theoretical bases.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Eric Ashworth

    DearAnonymous Sept 8th. Is it wrong to make the hypothesis that the effect is born from the formation of antimatter. Andrea is correct but I would say first you must define antimatter to make a judgement. What you must consider is:- there are only two states of existence i.e. energy. Negative and positive being the states of matter. What other state can there be?. Not difficult to understand unless you ignore gravity i.e. a trinity of energy, positive size, negative volume being a cause and neutral the effect being a degree of at-one-ment/gravity i.e. in its various degrees with regards that of which produces the effect dependent upon the magnitude. The effect being a measurable degree of energy that relates to its source and the trigger of release.

  745. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A reader of E-Cat World has forwarded this question to me, for me to ask you:

    “SAFIRE, Brilliant Light Power, Alexander Chernetsky, Paulo Correa, and other inventors are alleged to have utilized the negative resistance regime in their plasma discharges to produce anomalies and excess energy. Does the E-Cat SK utilize the negative resistance regime?”

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I never answer in positive or in negative to issues related to to the plasma of the Ecat. All the available information has been given on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I can only say that everything you can make with a plasma I did in thousands of experiments.
    I am well aware of the work and the experiments of all our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I have some questions regarding the (since 19 nov 2018) outsourced 22 KW blue box.
    1. Is the thermostat controlling the outgoing watertempertur by the plasma turned off short periods or by reducing the plasmatemperatur after the customers needs?
    2. Has the pioneer problems that occured, been abled to correct in place, or has the whole blue box been taken back to the Miami-factory?

    Best wishes to that the serielmanufacturing can start soon.

    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- the control system functions are confidential
    2- on site
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I think that the technical problems you are encountering in the functioning of the E-Cat are not so important, and overall they are not the real cause that prevents their expansion.
    I suspect there are other and important external causes, independent of your will or technical problems, which force you to keep a so low profile.
    But I understand if you cannot explain better, perhaps I am only wrongly thinking about conspirations.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your insight: my situation is this: I cannot make errors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Recently you also confirmed that deliveries are still
    restricted waiting for some problems to be fully resolved.

    1. Am I right that you still only make installations within the USA?

    2.Can you give us a scheduling about deliveries out of the USA?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1- yes
    2- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Rossi effect student

    I read your theoretical paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and my question is: you introduce different threads of theoretical ideas, respectively in par 1,2,3,4. Do you think one of these threads will prevail or you think all of them canj be considered integrated factors of the Rossi effect?

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Rossi effect student:
    I am thinking that they all can be integrated in one theoretical system, with the zitterbewegung of the electrons as the common denominator.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I was wondering if you could ask
    one of your customers if they could
    be interviewed by Frank Acland
    of E-Cat World blog.

    Regards
    Sam

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    This does not depend on me. So far our Clients prefer not to be exposed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Rod Walton

    on Power Engineering issue of Sep-tember 10 2019:
    Sunshine State utilities prefer gas fired power for new capacity.
    Rod Walton

  758. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read the comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Chuck Davis

    I think this can be of interest for you and the readers:
    Google: Tesla’s battery researcher tests 1 million mile battery cell
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  761. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  762. Jeffrey

    Dr Rossi,
    I observed the graph of the oscilloscope on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Very interesting.
    I have a questin, if you can answer: did you ever notice a double oscillation graph at the same time from the same “ballerina”?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jeffrey

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Jeffrey:
    I can only confirm what is possible to watch in the video you cited and what is written on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is related to the experiment shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. Giovanni Speziale

    Thank you for this wonderful post, I am glad I detected this in internet.
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    united with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    are making history.
    Giovanni Speziale

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Speziale:
    Thank you for your attention to the hard work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  766. PlasmaFan

    Here is site with info on these structures.

    https://www.plasma-universe.com/double-layer/

  767. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it wrong to make the hypothesis that your effect is born from the formation of antimatter?

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is never wrong to make a hypothesis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Does the plasma ball within the E-Cat SK achieve the Langmuir Condition which is what seems to define a “strong” double layer rather than a “weak” double layer?

    2) Does the plasma ball within the E-Cat SK achieve a relativistic state?

    Here is a document you might find useful.

    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5ff3/56d747f501d678c4da0ba2d04e33d2d24913.pdf

    Thank you.

  771. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As a follow up to my previous post that refers to structure as energy, I will now explain how to embody the previously described macro unit of energy into a useful mechanism that specifically relates to a propulsion unit that relies upon unified fields of air. The mechanism relies upon a binary system of interaction with regards its structure and also that of which it structures i.e. air. There is no name at present for this particular mechanism when the propulsion unit is installed into that of an aircraft design and therefore I shall refer to the mechanism as a ‘Unifying Field Oscillator’. Note, aircraft because this particular description refers entirely to a propulsion system that operates within an atmosphere because it uses the atmosphere to form interacting structures that provide the propulsion. It is necessary to refer back to previous notes so as to maintain clarity and understanding. The mechanism is in two parts comprising of four mobile structures that interact as binary systems and that are mounted upon a plasm constructed of four static dimensions. The plasm is a geometric metal structure formed of four triangles, apex in, enclosed within a metallic circle that forms their base (Four triangles represent a square). Another metallic circle is embedded within the central position of the triangles i.e. between point and periphery (see previous post for correct understanding). This central circle divides the triangles into two compartments. The inner compartments of size dimensions are as apposed to that of the outer compartments being of volume dimensions or positives as apposed to negatives. Thereby four positives, four negatives and four triangles and two outer dimensions. The two outer dimensions one inner and one outer to that of the four triangles represent zones of force potentials. The positives and negatives within the triangles represent four neutrals i.e. one within each pyramid, each neutral is a gate i.e. in and out of the cube via the two major gates i.e. the negative force in and the the positive force out . The combined inner and the outer represent two loops i.e. circuits of flow that circumvent the cube and insulate the cube by their oscillating helical trajectories. Thereby four neutrals and two forces equals six dimensions i.e. one cube. Now we have to project this structure into a macro dimension from that of a micro dimension to provide information of an important understanding. Every cube being a unit of energy is comprised of six dimensions. The negative compartments, structure negative cubes. The positive compartments, structure positive cubes within the macro cube because the macro cube forms a unified field of four dimensions i.e. N.S.E.West of the structure. Each dimension is formed/comprised of minor cubes that within the macro cube eventually merge over a distance that equates as a period of time forming a neutral. Before the merge each potential is of a distinct curvature oscillating force that maintains identity with regards the two potentials i.e. the positive and the negative remain as isolated units within their respective compartments. Two curvature forces, one being the positive and one being the negative that upon merging create a linear force being a force of neutral unity that occurs slowly over a period of time until full unity. It’s the linear force that provides the propulsion of the mechanism. This aspect of understanding is physically demonstrated within the mechanism. What the two units do i.e. eight in total, is descend into a more positive zone on their helical trajectories i.e. eight in total that oscillate in eventual unison because the positive unit is in the lead position dictating the necessary path to achieve a unified field. What has to be understood is that it is geometry and maths that dictates the pattern of nature i.e. the evolutionary system from a fuzzy none understanding to a clearer vision. I will now explain the physical aspects with regards the ‘Unifying Field Oscillator’ of how it is built and why, being a reference to its pattern in the greater sphere of things. The static dimension being the plasm is formed of metallic plates. The plasm is designed specifically with regards the mobile units, these being propellers with a given pitch. The propellers should have a square pitch i.e. to climb/form a cube with one rotation. Each propeller is mounted at the central position within each triangle. Each propeller blade almost touch at the apex of their triangle and each blade is mounted at a 90 degree angle to each other so as to rotate in sync without propeller strike i.e. a 50% binary overlap. The plasm must accommodate the structure formed within each compartment of each triangle. The plasm thereby has an inner and outer depth to comply with the dimension of the inner compartment to that of the outer compartment. As an example a sixteen inch propeller i.e. two eight inch blades requires each triangle to be four inches depth at the apex, three inches depth at the central position and two inches at the outer base/circle. However because of the need to accommodate an outer static dimension of force, the plasm extends out beyond the outer circle. Thereby 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 0 inches depth of entire plasm. 4 – 3 – 2 – being triangle compartments 2 – 1 – 0 being outer chambers to amplify the inner oscillations of the inner flows. At the outer zero position a skirt is dropped down four inches to enclose the outer chamber/chambers. Above the outer chambers and beyond is the fuselage. What this propulsion system represents is a collapsed cube forming a disk with a positive negative flow surrounded by a static boundary layer to form an insulation from environmental objects in close proximity. There are two distinct flows to the mechanism, one inner ‘internal economy flow’ that circumvents from the positive force to the negative force passing by the outer chambers on the inner side. These flows are on oscillating helical trajectories and thereby contain gravity which provides a density of structure and that thereby provide the propellers with an added lift due to a greater density of air drawn towards the apexes of the triangles from the outer bases across the plane of the propellers. What these ‘economy flows’ do is knit the structure together i.e. they unify. The outer flows do the same i.e. knits the structure together but on greater loops. This method of propulsion provides an extremely powerful thrust that is completely silent because its fields are unified. How big could this type of thruster be made?. As big as a building, depends on its purpose. It obviously needs fuel to power the system but fuel that compliments the technology i.e. whether it be an aircraft or an interplanetary vehicle (to be explained) and this is why an advanced form of clean energy is an absolute must in the near future besides being beneficial to our planet as a whole at this present time.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

    In the greater scheme of things, the mechanism can be compared to containing ten planets. Each compartment contains a planet comprised of four sets that oscillates as a structure, the pivot upon which the propellers rotate represents an empty space of interacting energy i.e. sun. Consequently eight planets with one always coming in and one always going out, ten in total on a continuous never ending cycle with regards the major unit. N.S.E,W represent four seasons thereby ten.

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to the late
    Norman Cook talk at ICCF 21.

    https://youtu.be/yYzrBtU_Bis

    Regards
    Sam

  775. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link to the Professor Norman Cook’s talk at ICCF 21 !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You said the tennis article i sent
    did not help your tennis game.
    But this line in the article
    reminded me of you.

    She plays her best when she’s up against it, fearless. Her coach Sylvain Bruneau calls her a warrior and a “street fighter” — Andreescu relishes people doubting her.

    Regards
    Sam

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Well, thank you ! ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    This morning: 0-6

  778. Dr. Rossi,

    1) Are your clients with SK installations aware of each other?
    2) Do they communicate directly with each other to collaborate on improving their installations?

    A reveal of their use of your wonderful technology would be more powerful if done jointly.

    Cheers,
    Greg Daigle

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information and for the link !
    The model of the atomic nucleus of Prof Norman Cook remains the more convincing to me and is fit in the theoretical bases I proposed in my last paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I strongly suggest the reading of this new book of our great master, Prof Norman Cook.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, At the beginning of May (four months ago) you mentioned you were having problems with the first wave of reactors and that you consider you were still in the R&D phase, not production.

    Q1:Can you tell us if you have resolved these issues?
    Q2:Have you been able to start or restart production and shipping of your reactors?
    Q3: If you are shipping reactors, what is the current estimated delivery time?

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    1- we are improving
    2- in part
    3- it depends on the situations
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to the historic USA
    Woman’s open tennis final.

    https://www.cbc.ca/amp/1.5274905

    Regards
    Sam

  783. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your help, but it didn’t work: still 0-6
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  784. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and readers of JONP,

    The 3rd edition of “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” by Norman D. Cook can be ordered via the link
    below.

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/resources/norman-cook.html

    See also:

    https://www.infinite-energy.com/store/index.php?main_page=popup_image&pID=464&zenid=g1e818sbmnc5rtko3j7qod01a3&fbclid=IwAR0EojSxgso60jbUgw6W1rYUU5bnIhd0D9jozjmzqm5v5MRqoHzDF8ADQ7g

    I do not have the Table of Contents for this book and, unfortunately, Dr. Norman Cook passed away about 3 months ago. If there are any questions about the books’ contents, contact Infinite-Energy Magazine.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  785. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Steve_save_the_climate, With what I am saying will be said but you have to have patience so as to understand what I am saying. I appreciate your comment but this is not about me. It is information that I believe people need to be made aware of for consideration. It is important but only to certain individuals able to put together what I am saying so as to understand embodied concepts that are to follow and thereby arrive at a meaningful understanding at the various levels that are required i.e. with regards a persons acumen.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    you are tryng a difficult balance between electricity and heat production in a single e-cat.
    Isn’t better to use a cluster of two or more e-cats, the first tuned to get only elecricity, and with this electricity you can pilot the same e-cat (if it has a good efficiency) and also the second (or more tha two) e-cat to produce heat, or elecricity, depends on what you need?

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  789. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In percentage terms, at this time what do you think the probability is that you will be able to demonstrate an E-Cat operating with no external source of energy input in 2019?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  790. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Andrea, please be humble:
    50.1%
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Really Cheap, Really Clean Electricity From Boron- Renewable Energy World:

    Dear Readers, please read with strong attention: this communication is fraudolent. We do not have any “spin off” !!!
    We do not know who these guys are, we never licensed them to make any commercial or industrial or financial activity with our Intellectual Property and we never sold them anything, energy or products as they might be. The description of the use of boron to obtain our effect is ridiculous.
    We strongly encourage you to ignore any proposal they might make related to the Ecat in any form, because, I repeat, we do not even know who they are and whatever use will be made of our IP or trade mark for any commercial, industrial or financial purposes without our authorization is a fraud that will be prosecuted.
    Warm Regards
    Dr Andrea Rossi
    CEO of Leonardo Corporation

  792. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    With regards to how the reaction in the E-cat work and your recent insight that you believe the generated energy doesn’t come from mass to energy conversion:
    1. Do you still believe that the energy generated by the SK plasma is based on the same principles as of the first generation lower temperature ECats?
    Some other questions:
    2. When you do not succeed to make SSM work for the SK Leonardo, would that stop bringing the E-cat SK to the market as a heat energy source?
    3. There is a huge upcoming market for heat distribution to houses in the Netherlands. Would you be willing to supply centralized heating stations in domestic areas for that purpose?
    4. If ‘no’ for 3: What is the main reason?
    Thank you. Kind regards, Gerard

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- There has been a theoretical evolution that appears evident if you go through the publications of mine, now all published on Researchgate.
    2- No
    3- Yes
    4- N.A.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  794. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Thanks for correcting my error in the post from keV to MeV but unfortunately I suppose the remainder of that paragraph that I wrote about it being less than electron pair production is also not really correct.

    Best Regards
    Stephen.

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    If you want to correct your insight, please do.
    The JoNP does not respond of the insights of the Readers and publish their points of view as they are.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  796. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    I just found this interesting paper that could be relevant to both your work with Carl Oscar Gulström and to Holmlids work with dense Hydrogen decay. After starting to understand better the interesting concepts in your recent paper I thought it might be useful or relevant:

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037026931830580X

    I know you don’t discuss others work but there may be convergence in someways here.

    I suspect for you the resonances could be interesting and for Holmlid the decay paths which also include decays to neutral Kaon and pion pairs in some cases.

    The first two f0 type resonances are quite low energy 500 MeV and 980 MeV which is below typical nucleon resonances and even below those of electron positron pair generation.. I wonder when you talk about particle resonances in the e-cat if these are a candidate?

    Another point I’ve been wondering is if there analogies or lessons that can be learnt from the Chiral Bag model of the nucleon?

    I sometimes wonder if one was to use Wyttenbach’s (very interesting to me) SO(4) approach if different models and approaches at different scales can be resolved in a very elegant way. I guess time will tell.

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen,
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still optimist to start the presentastion of the permanent SSM Ecat SK leonardo, able to feed itself without external power sources ?

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am, but I could ve wrong.
    Tests and studies are progressing very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    there is a typo in yesterday’s exchange between you and I.

    The exchange with Pekka was on 9/2, not 9/4.

    My apologies for any confusion arising from this typo.

    Buck

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Never mind, correction made,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. Andrea Rossi

    Jose Geffken:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Jeff

    Dr Rossi:
    Is still Carl-Oscar Gullstrom part of your theoretical research team ?
    Jeff

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Of course yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Matt

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    1-Are you also continuing to replicate the processes published by your competitors ?
    2-You do them yourself ?
    3-Did you find some of them working enough to compete with your technology ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Matt

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Matt:
    1- yes
    2- no, with exception of the replications made of my process. I have experts that do it for us, we do not have time presently. I’d take personally care of items should they be really interesting
    3- not so far, but I know only the ones that have been published, I cannot know if there out is some “dark matter”…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Martin Himpe

    When will the Ecat for households enter the market ?
    Will it be at a reasonable price, affordable for all ?
    Martin Himpe

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Himpe:
    Surely it will, but I am not able to give a date so far.
    The price should be popular.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Willie

    dr Rossi,
    will the body of the Ecat SK Leonardo the same we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com?

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Willie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. eernie1

    Steven Karels,
    My experience with nuclear energy production goes back as far as 1954,when I was employed by a company called Inland Testing Corp. My first task was to chemically analyze fuel rods used in the swimming pool reactor at the U of Michigan to assure compliance with required Uranium content. At this company I was put in charge of the worlds largest Co60 testing facility where we tested the effects of gamma radiation on a variety of products. Among these products were hydraulic systems to be used on the proposed Aircorp nuclear bomber. After our gamma ray tests, we transported the systems to the reactor at the U of Michigan to test for possible neutron effects. This first view of a working reactor was an experience I will never forget.
    Here I was not 20 feet away from a working nuclear core submerged in 20 feet of water where I could see the fuel rods moving in and out as they adjusted the power output of the unit. Also viewable was the blue Cherenkov radiation. Our only protection was a radiation monitor worn by all personnel. The only fear stated by the university personnel was that their funding would not be adequate to continue their research for improving the operation and safety of nuclear devices.
    Their predictions were mostly optimistic for the development of this source as the main generator of world power needs if enough funding was available for research into the required operation and safety methods. Of course that never occurred and most efforts were impeded by regulations imposed by agencies created by the ignorance of people in power. The Navy ignoring many of the restrictions, developed perhaps the best usable device for their ships and showed that relatively small and safe units were possible. This fact was completely ignored by the power industry that relied on fossil fuel for their power. One personal coincidence that amuses me is that one of my college friends went on to become a naval captain in charge of a nuclear submarine.
    My point is that if we could have gotten around the ignorance and selfish interests of powerful groups, we would not be looking as intensely for another source of usable cheap power. Even now with enough effort nuclear power could supply all we need economically and safely. My 90 years of life has convinced me of this.

  814. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I deeply appreciate your meaningful exchange with Pekka Janhunen on 9/2.

    It paints a fuller picture if one recognizes the story of Bellerophon taming Pegasus, the white winged horse born of the blood of the beheaded Medusa and under the protection of Athena, goddess of war and wisdom.

    Are you happy with your progress with Pegasus?

    my best to you, your team, and your wife.

    Buck

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, I am.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I see from Rod Walton’s comment that nuclear power capacity continues to rise. A good carbon-free energy source if only the radioactive wastes was easier to deal with. Can you technology transmute or otherwise reduce the radioactive wastes?

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We made experiments related to this issue in 2011 also in collaboration with Prof Sergio Focardi, but they have been unsuccessful.A good work on this field has been made by Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikov ( see his article on the JoNP ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Saju Abraham

    Dr Andrea Rossi.
    the importance of your invention can be found also in this article on Times of India, the major newspaper of India:
    https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/seeing-the-invisible/solar-energy-badly-harms-the-environment-it-must-be-taxed-not-subsidised/

  819. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. Max Ponzi

    Dr Rossi
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most important paper I read in the last ten years.
    Thank you for sharing that mine of information.

  821. Andrea Rossi

    Max Ponzi:
    I thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. Nick

    Dr Rossi:
    Your answer to Max is very funny !
    Good joke to the trolls,
    Cheers
    Nick

  823. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering September 3 2019:
    Global nuclear energy capacity rises for the sixth straight year
    Rod Walton

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    video on the History of Physics.

    https://youtu.be/–gfU6Np9mk

    Regards
    Sam

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Andrea,
    What are the white and black horse commenting to each other these days? Just curious…
    regards, pekka

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Black Horse: we already got the electricity from the plasma!
    White Horse: maybe, but attention, we do not yet have a premanent reliable self sustaining mode…
    Black Horse: when a horse is as calm as you normally is buried
    White Horse: when a horse is as frenzy as you normally buries himself with a broken leg
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Can you suggest a recent publication of nuclear physics worth to be read ?

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, this:
    “Ultradense protium (P0) and Deuterium (D0) and their relation to ordinary Rydberg matter: a review ”
    by Leif Holmid and Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen, 2019 ( Physica Scripta 94-075005 ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Jim

    Dr Rossi,
    Your answer to Max: Ha,Ha,Ha,Ha !!!

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Jim:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Max

    Dr Rossi:
    Why don’t you answer to the idiots that write nonsense comments against you in what you have dubbed “the house organ forum”?
    Max

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Max:
    I do !
    Now and again I get some fun answering by a nickname to the trolls that they are damn right ! And to give evidence of the fact that they are right, I write tremendous stupidities, to see what they answer and if they understand my comment is a joke, but…they always bite it ! They always answer to my comment that I am right and Rossi is a moron or something. It’s very funny, our Team made a lot of laughters and also it is a paradigmatic example of their poor scientific background ( if any ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  836. Elizabeth9

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Did you “brave” the hurricane, or did you escape?

  837. Andrea Rossi

    Elizabeth9:
    I am here in Miami , making my work, but I didn’t brave anything, because the hurricane is not passing through the Miami area.People here is living their normal life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  838. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has unleashed an enormous wave of R&D ! That’s what ecplains the stunning, world record, number of full readings.
    Rupert

  839. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  840. Alfonso

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you safe from the hurricane Dorin ?
    Alfonso

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso:
    The hurricane Dorin eskewed the Miami area, we have not been hit from it.
    Thank you for your kind concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea

    I’m still here watching you. He he..

    I’m curious. Is the current test in process being conducted where the previous test was done where the necessary equipment was available.

    Warm regards to you and your team.

    Dan C.

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Steve_saves_the_climate

    @ Eric Ashworth

    WHAT are You trying to say and do ???

    @ Andrea: What Do You mean by “enough” ? Is there a limit at all ? If we want to save the world, there can be only one meaning to enough, and this means, literally EVERY person and company uses ONLY YOUR DEVICES.
    Since this is not the case, NEITHER “enough” devices can have been produces, NOR “enough” customers are equipped with them.

    So, how do You explain your “enough” ?

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Steve_saves_the_climate:
    With the fact that we are still in an R&D and pioneering phase.
    Our Client are not yet massive because our product is not yet mature for a massive distribution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I feel most fortunate to be able to use your JONP to inform readers of my understanding as I perceive structure from a none academic view point. I say this from personal experience, being that the first question people ask me when this subject is brought up, is when and which university did you go to, well I never went to one. The next question is where did the information come from. My reply has always been ‘from the same place all information comes from before it is put into a book. What I have become aware of is that it is the source of the information that appears to be of importance as much as the information itself when in the presence of or communication with certain people and therefore, for me this subject has been a learning curve in more than one way. Am I going to relay past personal experiences?. No, it will serve no purpose whatsoever and this is not the time or place. I simply take this opportunity to express my thoughts and activities with regards structure and related subjects I consider, important to the understanding. Understanding of what you may ask. The understanding of structure which represents a unit of energy. Can this understanding be put to good use?. My own thoughts are yes, otherwise I would not consider sharing this information.

    The only tools I have needed with regards theory is geometry and maths. There are only three symbols to a unit of energy :- square – circle – triangle or cube – sphere – pyramid. Basically two of the symbols are contradictory or you could say in competition. In the structural unit the cube represents the exterior which is the volume dimension i.e. the negative force of the exterior gravity from which structure comes into being. The pyramid represents the interior positive force of the interior gravity being the force of penetration that resides at the point, to be correct (not the central position, central position lies between point and periphery). The circle represents any position between the point and periphery being between the apex of the triangles and the square. Thereby the circle represents a value of a neutral, dependent upon its position between these two fixed potentials of force (the circle represents the mobile unit that travels over a distance from periphery to point in a given time and that has to transition in order to occupy each specific zone, each zone being a potential of neutrality. What you have is a structure comprised of three symbols two fixed being the positive and negative and one that represents any central position between the point and periphery i.e. a mobile dimension upon which a transitional neutral will travers from periphery to point. It is this varying neutral that experiences time as distance travelled between two locations. Negative location/beginning being of a volume dimension and positive location/end being of a size dimension. Both dimensions represent absolutes of the structure and both these dimensions operate within ‘what could be termed’ a none structured zone comprised of four paths of none structured material that forms helical trajectory loops of communication. This I do not believe is difficult to understand as a geometric pattern. What you have is a square containing four triangles and a circle containing a cross being the sides of the triangles which almost meet at the point position of the structure. Almost because it is empty being a value of gravity. This integral unit represents an overriding structure/plasm or the macro system comprised of systemic systems of independent life supporting structures within each pyramid.

    Now I am going to develop this pattern into a more meaningful unit which will help explain its purpose. Only one of the four pyramids/triangles applies to a system of evolution because you cannot occupy more than one pyramid with regards the systemic system of evolution within the plasm. This you should be able to understand.

    The structure can be viewed as a six sided cube with four side flats and two flats on either side that contains four pyramids and one sphere of an indeterminate size being a mobile dimension that navigates between periphery and point. The four flats are four gates of the four evolving neutrals. Within leading to the point via the centre comprised of six divisions within each pyramid (The top is no structure, the bottom is no structure, the first set of the base is fuzzy i.e. no structure. The path being binary is a helical trajectory comprised of none structure and of structure that requires four ninety degree turns i.e. orthogonal/perpendicular angles to navigate each division within/without each pyramid Thereby four gates, twenty four divisions, twenty four turns within each pyramid. Each four divisions represents a set between which is an interregnum/synapse and thereby the neutral that enters a set is considered the last being the last in line, the neutral that entered before is obviously the first being before the last and because there are six sets it can be realized that the last becomes first and the first becomes last as progression and development occurs within the cube i.e. from periphery to eventual point. This can be related to a negative, positive position or an age difference in development. Consequently, there has to be six positives and six negatives to a cube. Each 90 degree represents two potentials, thereby six flats/cube contain six negatives and six positives with the gravity value being the major positive that induces the penetrating factor i.e. not the major one that is at the point of the four pyramids but the minor one that is always at the centre of a pyramid upon the path of evolution (centre anywhere upon the path between the absolutes). The four neutrals between are of no consequence as they are only able to respond to that which appeals to them i.e. being of the negative potential or that of the positive potential. So what we have is one structure containing four zones/pyramids. Each zone contains time dimensions of a specific evolutionary system. Is it necessary to understand four zones?. Absolutely, if you wish to become technologically advanced. Is it necessary to become technologically advanced?. Absolutely because it is an absolute necessity when you understand the evolutionary pattern from creation to destruction. What this is referring to is planetary evolutions within the macro environment or micro cubes within the macro cube, which is the same as spheres within a sphere. This subject is about structure because structure represents energy. There are four divisions within each pyramid between two i.e. absolutes. The exterior division is unstructured, thereby three divisions/sets of structure within each pyramid, 3×4 thereby twelve gates because each set has a gate. Four pyramids North, South, East, West of the macro structure. Each gate is an entry into a dimension of density, think of a stone, thereby 12 stones, each of which has three densities, positive, neutral, negative of a structure being a charge which could be looked upon as solid, liquid, gas if referring to densities. To have a dimension of density requires a degree of gravity hence 3 gates to a pyramid not four and 12 gates all together. This is the macro unit of energy, Can it be projected into a mechanical construction that provides a unified field with a purpose?. Yes but not at the complex state of twelve stones when manipulating physical structure. i.e. not three in each pyramid but two which is all that is needed when manipulating air. Why two? because physical structure contains gravity of a size dimension whereas virtual particles contain gravity of a volume dimension. This subject is complex but not unable to be understood. My next information will be how to embody this understanding into a useful mechanical device. This will explain the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction as it cycles through two dimensions of its four pyramids.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    If you can say:
    1) How many companies are now customers for your commercialized E-Cat SK product?
    2) Are there any companies currently working with you and the E-Cat on a Research basis– e.g., new products, new capabilities, …?
    2b) If so, are there more than one?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  849. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- enough
    2- yes
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Rafael Regis

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you tell us how many Ecat SK have been manufactured so far?
    I follow the work of your Team with great interest!
    Best Regards,
    Rafael Regis

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    It is premature, for now, to give these statistics.
    I’d say: “…enough…”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. Allan Toki

    Dr Rossi,
    I appreciate the fact that you changed idea from LENR, or Cold Fusion to Long Range Particle Interactions: theories always change in function of experiments.
    Cheers
    Allan

  854. Andrea Rossi

    Allan Toki:
    That’s the Galilean method.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Gberra

    Dear Andrea,

    There’s an article in the “Journal of Aeronautic & aerospace engineering vol 8 iss 2 no 216 “ That describes work on using a magnetohydrodynamic power cycle to convert heat energy from plasma into electricity. Theoretically up to 99% efficiency is claimed. The article can be found at –

    https://brilliantlightpower.com/pdf/MHD_Paper_082719.pdf

    It may be of interest to you.

    All the best.
    Kind Regards
    Gab

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Gabriele

    Thank you for your monumental paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and for the corroborating video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I thing Long Range Particle Interactions is proper.
    All the best for your revolutionary work.
    Gabriele

  858. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriele:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 48 000 of this blog

  859. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    a new low energy plasma tech:
    https://tech.nikkeibp.co.jp/dm/atclen/news_en/15mk/120702539/
    maybe can help you,
    plasma regards

  860. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  861. LC

    In your opinion, it is more probable that one of the firms producing heat by your Ecat reveals it:
    A) by the end of this year
    B) by the end of next year
    C) never

  862. Andrea Rossi

    LC:
    B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  863. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    thank you for your compliment on the merits of my question yesterday.

    If your response is to say that my intuition is pointed in the correct direction, then I have a clearer understanding of why you hold SSM as such a worthy goal, a goal of relatively greater importance than extraction of electricity. If my intuition is again pointing in the correct direction, then your attainment of SSM to a 5-6 Sigma level based upon a fuller understanding of your (2-5-10?) control parameters suggests that the door is opened wider for bringing deeper clarity to your Long-Range Particle Interaction paper. This Alpha configuration acts as a control point.

    First, the door is opened for looking for new/additional control parameters capable of impacting your 5-6Sigma SSM. Further, intuition says that knowing and manipulating these (2-5-10?) control parameters, as well as any newly discovered factors, enables one to “map” the defined, and as yet possibly undefined energies/forces/conditions you described in your paper, weighing their relative importance to attaining/maintaining or improving the SSM mode. In addition, each control parameter may show a “greater alignment/affinity” for some of the energies/forces/conditions described in your paper, again helping to “map” the phenomena.

    If my understanding is fair, then I wish your and your “best team in the world” all the best. Your path seems intelligent . . . 😉

    Sincerely & respectfully,

    Buck

  864. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Intelligent insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  865. JPR

    I noticed that the readings of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    are continuing to raise ( stunning numbers, it’s a world record ) proportionally to the hits on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    This gives evidence of the fact that the importance of that paper is its coherence with the experiment, besides its theoretical value, that is very high.
    Good luck for your test toward the permanent ssm: what a revolution !
    JPR

  866. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I agree.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Roby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you detail how is progressing your test of the SK Leonardo to go full ssm ?

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Roby:
    We are working very well.
    We already are using the electricity produced directly from the plasma, but still not enough to get the absolute ssm. My schedule was and remains cigar within the end of September.
    We are spending all our resources on this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Buck

    Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing your impression of the current level of success for the extended testing. For me, a sigma of 2 is a great success. It suggests that you are about 2/3’s of the way towards “full control” of attaining & maintaining SSM, and/or possibly approaching somewhere near 69% of an expected limit.

    I am trying to understand your approach. Strictly guessing, is intuition pointing in the right direction where you/your team are aiming for attaining and maintaining SSM as a first step, say to a level of 5-6 Sigma. Then, once SSM control is mastered, the R&D manipulation of the control parameters will begin with the goal of increasing the extraction of electricity while staying within the “box” defined by the different (2 – 5 – 10?) SSM control parameters? And, of course, all the while assessing the suitability and durability of the hardware encasing the SK Leonardo plasma?

    Respectfully,

    Buck

    ps. Of course my best to you and your team

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Your insight is intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I trust you and your family will be safe when the hurricane comes. Will this affect your ongoing testing?

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    The tests will not be affected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the tests you are currently performing:

    1. Are you generating electricity directly from the E-Cat?
    2. If so, have you been able to charge a battery from the E-Cat yet?
    3. Can you run the E-Cat from a battery (not the grid) yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- premature
    3- should be
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    it gives me a great satisfaction knowing that you, with your limited means, have accomplished what no else in the planet has achievedwith unlimited funds and what you’re achieving is the greatest discovery ever !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Steve_saves_the_climate

    Hi again.

    Regarding the tests… Do You still measure using the sigma scale ?

    If so, where on that scale Do You consider the testresults since the start of the current tests ?

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Steve_saves_the_climate:
    Two.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    Thousands of years ago the Phoenician in the old town of Amrit used the Nou.ra,shams, an electro-plasma substance that appears like “liquid light”. to heal people and to make energy. Just for information…

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Wow!
    Can you supply the source of this information ?
    It looks historically inconsistent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andea
    From your reply to Karl-Henrik Malmkvist from August 2019 at 8:16 AM, it appears that the direct electricity production in SK Leonardo may be: far, far more than just making sure that enough electricity is generated to satisfy SSM.
    If you succeed here, E-Cat becomes not just one energy revolution, but two, through the same product.
    I hope you and your team succeed!
    Sincerely: Svein Henrik

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Svein henrik:
    Thank you.
    We are here working very, very hard to succeed.
    I am optimist, but no cigar yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. William Mathias

    Dear Andrea,

    Now it works, thanks. I believe that a very minor change to the references in the paper might have caused a momentary access problem for people not logged to ResearchGate.

    Best regards -WM

  887. Andrea Rossi

    William Mathias:
    OK
    Thank you for the intervention,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  888. Dear Andrea,
    Your Ecat can essentially be said to consist of 2 parts: A) a power supply and B) an energy generator.

    You are the best judge of the functioning of these two components.
    What satisfaction rating do you think it is NOW correct to assign to A) and B) on a scale of 1 to 10?

    For years I have been following your R&D work with great interest and today I am more than satisfied with the results achieved.
    God bless your efforts.

    Warm regards
    Gian

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    As a matter of fact, the Ecat SK Leonardo is conposed by hundreds of parts, due to the complexity of the control of the plasma and to many other factors. Globally, due to the good tests on course I am satisfies for the 80%, but one of my best collaborators repeats “Andrea, be humble”, so I am 51% satisfied.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. William Mathias

    Dear Andrea,

    Your paper on https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long-range_particle_interactions appears to be currently only available on a request basis.

    Best Regards -WM

  891. Andrea Rossi

    William Mathias:
    Not true.
    Just type the link you correctly wrote and you will read the paper. Just click on “Public File” under “Description and Figures”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    As the current Ecat is operated remotely by internet access , but the new development of a ECAT with SSM mode is planned to be off grid, do you also hope to have this new development to be operated independently of a internet connection?

    in my view this will be of a huge benefit for developing countries where no internet is available.

    take care of your health :)

    kind regards Arjen

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Now we are working to get the permanent ssm. If we will succeed, we will think to the consequent issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you give us an update about the tests on the E-cat Leonardo?
    Thanks.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are proceeding very well and I am optimist about what is going on, but a lot of work remains to be done.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering August 27 2019:
    The digital transformation of the power plantt: it’s a twin-twin situation
    Rod Walton

  897. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your reply to Lots Mileykowsky is a very good answer but it could also be said, who can understand has understood. This subject is highly technical and spectrums exist throughout nature, even with regards human development which provides for levels of varying intelligence/understanding. Anyway I thought I would put this forward even though it is not important to the technology. It is simply something that is unavoidable at this particular time but can if dwelt upon create a waste of time. Regards Eric Ashworth

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Maybe you are not wrong at all,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Yes I realize it that after reading it this time round it some have already that its information rich , it is that but it’s also a lot to digest and understand. I need to put a side my pre concepts and really think about what that information is conveying and what it really means..it’s a very good paper for those well versed in the fields and concepts it is covering. I can see that you have put great amount of work into i orb in in study, understanding and how to present iit deserves respect.

    Regarding the link to your paper in the initial response to me it says it’s to you paper but it actually it seems to go a different location on reseach gate than your paper

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  900. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Stephen

    Hello Andrea Rossi.

    I notice the link you included in your reply doesn’t go to the expected one although it’s interesting in its own way.

    That said your paper which I have the link to is definitely worth a re read as my understanding starts to improve.

    Always something new to learn with something like this.

    I’m now thinking of light cones in ways I never thought of them before.

    Thanks

    Stephen

  902. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    My paper responds to your questions, but it is difficult to read, you must read it carefully. A superficial reading of it is a loss of time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    In an earlier response to a question raised by Gerard you answered Yes to his question regarding the energy not being of nuclear and of e=mc2 origin. (I hope I got that right)

    I wonder if I can ask a question to clarify that point (I hope they are not too naive)?

    Is the amount of energy generated
    1) accountable by changes in the overall binding energy per nucleon in the nucleus?
    2) fully independent of the nucleus
    3) is the conservation of energy etc accountable at atomic mass level or by some external aspect within the over all system.

    On a separate point does all the generated energy pass through the resonance you mention or is that resonance an independent signature.

    I hope those questions weren’t too far off track 😉

    Best Regards good luck for success with the current testing .

    Stephen

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- I do not think so
    2- no, as explained on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330603654_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- the conservation energy is accountable for the system, as it has always to be
    4- I think the resonance is fundamental
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. Prof

    The difference between an Ecat that does not need any external power source and an Ecat that needs an external power source is obvious.

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    Maybe this is premature, but is your aim to control the electrical and thermal outputs of the E-CatSK Leonardo independently of each other or will there always be a fixed ratio? I mean if you manage get x Watt electrical power do you think it is possible to decrease the thermal output and maintain the electrical output? Maybe your coming tests will answer that question?
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Yes, we should be able to make this balancing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileykowsky:
    I think that who wants to understand has understood.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    one query wrote here by “Martin” about “why self-sustain is needed, if CoP=100” need slightly more sophisticated answer, than “do math”.

    “Martin” is probably Martin Tůma – an author of smearing articles about E-Cat in magazine VTM (Science and Technics for Youths).

    With Your eventual more precise answer, there is hope that youths in our country will have chance to read and know some real info about E-Cat.

  911. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    If you do update your paper,
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions , I believe it could also be improved if you explicitly mention the Coulomb Barrier and how it does or does not apply to your situation.

    I acknowledge that you address the issue implicitly through your references, but it would help to convey your theory if you address and reinforce the subject directly within your paper. And while the paper does talk about the Coulomb Force, it doesn’t talk about how “things” pass into and out of an atom’s nucleus and thus achieves nuclear transmutations.

    For many readers the coulomb barrier is the “900 lb gorilla” in the room: clarity is hampered when there’s the appearance of ignoring its presence.

    Just one person’s opinion based on his own experience reading (and re-reading) what is clearly a very important and fundamental paper.

    WaltC

  912. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your suggestion and your attention to our work.
    As a matter of fact, the issue of the Coulombian force is talked about in par 1, 2 and 3 as per its relation to my technology, that is not related to cold fusion. To understand my paper is necessary forget the concept of cold fusion. The mechanism is totally different from a cold fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Steven N. Karels, Thank you for your response to my posting. I understand what you are saying and agree with your suggestion of paragraphs which in future I shall keep in mind. However, I cannot emphasize enough that I am not out to persuade anyone that I am right with the information that I present. The information is put forward for consideration of a subject that is far reaching and wide ranging. I realize Andrea’s technology is at issue and his quest for a self sustaining mode is now his main objective. The way I present is no doubt novel and difficult to understand but this is the nature of the subject. Should a person wish to correct me I am available or should they ask a question, I will answer it, if I can, if not I shall explain why. At the end of the day i.e. to finalize I will put forward by description two mechanisms. One that provides a unified field of circulating air constructed by an understanding of geometry i.e. theory relating to structure. The other is a mechanism relating to structure but that of magnetic fields. Both mechanisms require an adequate source of power from clean energy. This subject is not to be argued about, it is simply take it or leave it for the time being because the future is inevitable. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  914. Clay

    Your publication on Researchgate is still by far the most read on Researchgate. It is impressive.
    Congratulations
    Clay

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Clay:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Brett:
    Probably yes, after the end of the tests on course. The paragraphs 3,4,5 in particular and the references. Many things are in the making.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Foster

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the SK Leonardo, if it will be born after the tests on course, have the same body shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Foster:
    Externally yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. Steven N. Karels

    Eric Ashworth,

    Thank you for posting that you think my previous post on eCat SSM operation was correct. However, I could not follow nor understand the remainder of your post. Some suggestions from what I learned in Law School.

    1. Break common ideas into paragraphs.
    2. Use a format such as IRAC — Issue, Rule, Analysis and Conclusion. It makes for a more coherent argument.

    You are free to post what you wish but, to be persuasive, your argument must be easily comprehended. Some thoughts.

  920. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea and Steven N. Karels,

    The question of systemic as opposed to system is with regards an overview of a situation which as you are aware of, is with regards parts of a greater whole. I mentioned this fact with regards entropy which is why you can’t get all the power out of the atom. Time with regards distance is the (could say problem) but it is not, due to the present situation being of a specific position. People unaware of the systemic nature of the system are unaware of the Absolutes of the system i.e. the system within which we live and have our being. Because this subject is nebulous I feel it necessary to approach it from the bottom up as opposed to half way. When a person solves a problem based upon his own reasoning and solves it, not by theoretical understanding but by an embodiment of the understanding. The understanding cannot be disputed with regards what is comprehended as true or false. it simply represents an embodied belief which is what every part of physical nature is comprised of. Embodiment only requires one aspect of the two aspects because we live in a binary system of entanglement i.e. interacting aspects. This single aspect is called gravity. The other aspect is what gravity has its effect on which provides effects due to gravity having its varying degrees of magnitude. Thereby effects produced as apposed to a single effect and consequently a systemic system of evolution as apposed to that of a system. This is with regards to material substance being structures within a spectrum, the spectrum being that of gravitational fields that dictates density which equates as a value of positivity or negativity of a structure (yes density). This understanding should be related to a volume and size relationship both within structure i.e. of the micro and the macro and between structures. Is gravity a manufactured aspect?. The mechanism behind gravity is annihilation of the values of potentials (not annihilation of a structure) thereby out of destruction of the potentials comes creation, first the gravity value, then its effect upon the outer structures/particles. A.J. Wheeler and Richard Feynman did provide a clue when they mentioned orthogonal/perpendicular planes with regards charge potentials. Thereby every structure must contain a value of gravity that is within a value of gravity. It is the outer value of gravity that is overcome by the inner gravity of the field within which the structure resides. The structure navigates a journey from creation to destruction within a gravitational spectrum over a distance involving time. As it navigates through the spectrum of its creator force, it undergoes transitions of its two dimensions i.e. an increase in its potentials. Obviously at one end of the spectrum is an absolute of volume and at the other an absolute of size. Maybe the dinosaurs were a natural stage in the evolution of an environment of a volume dimension. I believe that to enter the subject of energy without what I consider a basic understanding, a person can become hypnotized and spellbound by the myriad of permutations of these two basic interactions that create a structure that represents a value of energy. Every structure can be looked upon as a battery of electrical energy. As an analogy it appears that the study of energy with regards its particles can be likened to the studying of knitted objects produced by a woman without being aware of the raw material and the mechanisms. I have come to realize that fixed ideas are probably the most difficult tasks to overcome. As is well known the atom is a misnomer with regards its Greek meaning but does it matter?. Not one iota because things are what they are not what they are called. I do intend to continue with this method of presentation so that a pattern can become apparent because without joining the dots the subject is unable to be understood. Steven N. Karels, with regards your remarks your posting August 22nd at 7.21 am is direct and deals with the issues required to achieve a self sustaining eCat reactor but these issues involve a far greater understanding regarding planetary integration (Pi) but your posting is correct. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Brokeeper

    Hello Andrea,

    My compliments on your recent progression in the ECat SK Leonardo electric theory and developments.
    Suggestion: With the term ‘Long Range Interaction of Elementary Particle’ will result in an unpronounceable acronym ‘LRIEP’ or ‘LRIOEP’. Perhaps, if the words do not change its meaning, the term ‘Long-Range Exchange of Atomic Particles’ could deliver a more pronounceable ‘LEAP’ acronym and imply a monumental advancement of nuclear physics.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he…thank you for the suggestion!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    It is interesting to note that finally, the hot fusion and you, pursue the same goal: to get a self-sustained reaction.
    ITER will have to obtain the same reaction that occurs inside the sun: from a certain threshold of physical conditions, all plasma heating devices can be turned off, the reaction is maintained itself (obviously with neutrons production).
    First plasma planned by the end of 2025

    About your paper, how do you explain that a long-range interaction as you describe it has not yet been detected in labs?

    Regards,

    Michel

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    When you go in the wood looking for mushrooms you must know how they look like, otherwise you pass through thousand of them without seeing any.
    For example, if you think that mushrooms look like dollars or euro, you find dollars and euro, but when you cook them they have a bad taste.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Now you have come to the insight that Cold Fusion nor LENR are the cause of energy production in the E-Cat SK, I and many others wonder where the energy comes from.

    Does it mean that you believe the energy, generated in the E-Cat SK, is not from nuclear origin where ‘E=mc’ plays the main role?

    I really look forward to your answer.
    May your final tests confirm your ideas about the Rossi effect!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    In this very moment we are starting the final series of tests in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Martin

    Why is necessary SSM if you have COP > 50 or 100 ?
    Best Regards,
    Martin

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Martin:
    Do the maths.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    In a recent post, you used the word “sistemic”. I believe you want the word “systemic”.

    adjective: systemic

    1. relating to a system, especially as opposed to a particular part.
    “the disease is localized rather than systemic”

    2. Physiology denoting the part of the circulatory system concerned with the transportation of oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the body in general, especially as distinct from the pulmonary part concerned with the transportation of oxygen from and carbon dioxide to the lungs.

  931. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 corresponds to our context, mutatis mutandis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  932. Steve_saves_the_climate

    Thx. Mr. Rossi.

    Look, You really should update that paper.

    Because CNTRL-F did not even find the word “potential” in it.

    Therefore it is quite hard to get, what You are explaining in this blog while comparing it to the paper.

  933. Andrea Rossi

    Steve_saves_the_climate:
    The paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is not easy to read, but I can assure you that for persons that have the necessary bases to understand what I wrote, it is perfectly clear and coherent with what I said.
    Note that it never cites the definitions cold-fusion or LENR. This is not a case, this is a precise choice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  934. William Mathias

    Dear Andrea,

    For example the results of Dr. Alexander Parkhomov and colleagues, who consider them to be LENR (or Cold Nuclear Transmutations as these reactions are often named in the Russian circles).

    More generally speaking, I was curious knowing if your latest thinking of what happens inside your E-Cat reactors could be applicable to what LENR researchers believe to be observing, whether real or imagined.

    I hope this clarifies -WM

  935. Andrea Rossi

    William Mathias:
    I have a great respect for the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov.
    This does not change what I have said.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  936. Dear Andrea:

    The acronym ‘LENR’ is, of course, usually intended to be an abbreviation for the expression: ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions’. Of those four words, “low energy” is intended to signify simply a temperature far below millions of degrees; while the word “reactions” does not seem controversial; so, only the word “nuclear” seems to be up for discussion.

    So, it seems the Ecats would qualify as LENR if the reactions do indeed involve the nucleus. While the material in your recent Researchgate paper is far beyond my familiarity with physics, your use of the term “elementary particles” suggests the nucleus is involved.

    But perhaps you would like to make the point that your reaction is a very specific and different type of reaction in the nucleus. Different, that is, from any of the other reactions people have sometimes claimed to have achieved that involve the nucleus. Indeed your reaction appears to be an entirely novel phenomenon, never previously even imagined.

    Is this perhaps a realistic appraisal of the semantics?

    Rodney.

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    besides semantic interpretations, the issue is that what I am learning from experiments is totally strange to what is intended by Cold Fusion and LENR.
    We are seeing long range particle interactions. Our work and our most recent theoretical discoveries, after our experiments, have presently nothing in common with all has been done and is being done in the Cold Fusion-LENR community.
    That’s all and is a fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Today you clearly confirm that your effect is not at all related to LENR or Cold Fusion.
    Does that mean that the description of the Rossi effect at ecat.com has to be modified?

    2. If not as “LENR Energy”, how do you now prefer to name the energy released from Ecat SK
    plasma?
    Maybe “Clean Plasma Energy” as proposed at https://lenr-energy.info?

    Regards
    Sven B

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1- yes and we will
    2- The name of the energy is heat or electricity, it does not change, but obviously you mean the name of the processinvolved: I think Long Range Elementary Particle Interactions is more proper, but the problem is not semantic, it is sistemic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Fox

    Dear Rossi,
    you say you don’t have “currently” anything to do with LENR and that the current machines based on the exploitation of a plasma depend on the “potentials of the atom” as shown in the article on researchgate.net. But the many experiments inspired by F&P and the absorption of H on a metal, in particular the Lugano experiment have highlighted isotopic and elements transmutations beyond any doubt and therefore LERN exists and happens even if normally with a non-exceptional COP and probably with reliability problems.
    You are now on another plasma-based technology that gives better results. What we do not know is whether isotopic and of elements transmutations also occur in these plasmas.
    We would appreciate if you can clarify and specify it.

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    LENR is a so wide definition, that it is not a definition and it makes a lot of con-fusion. Since this term is commonly used to connotate “cold fusion”, I prefer to say we are out of it, also to be honest with the recent development of our R&D. Isotopic changes do not imply fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. William Mathias

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you nevertheless think that your work and theory can explain results in the LENR field?

    Best regards -WM

  943. Andrea Rossi

    William Mathias:
    Which results ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Steve_saves_the_climate

    Hello Mr. Rossi.

    You said finally, that You’ve got to the point, where You decided, that there is no fusion in Your device.

    In stead You assume, that it has to do with the atom’s potential.

    Can You explain in detail ?

    Best regards

    Steve

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Steve_saves_the_climate:
    I started to explainthe bases of the on-thre-making theory in my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    We are performing our last period of tests before the final definition of what we made. I hope in extremely important results. At that point we also will publish a more defined theoretical frame.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi,
    Wpuld you consider your effect a form of “cold fusion”?
    Giovanni

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    No. I arrived to think that cold fusion does not exist.
    At this point of our theoretical and technological development, after 20 years of hard work, we think that cold fusion does not exist. I am sorry, but I feel us lightyears far from the LENR community, to which we, actually, never belonged. My effect depends on atom’s potentials that have nothing to do with cold fusion or LENR. This, by the way, is clearly put in evidence in my paper here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_anf_long_range_particle_interactions.
    One thing I must admit, though: my work initiated inspired by the idea of cold fusion launched by F&P and my former works started from that theory, but after tens of thousands of experiments and twenty years of study I changed idea. Like Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached India, but eventually it has been discovered it was America.
    We reached important results and much more important we are close to reach with a technology that with cold fusion has nothing to do. As a matter of fact, we do not have any fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the E-Cat SK charge lifespan, for equipment out in the field, is it a case of monitoring the E-Cat energy output, then on signs of power dropping at say 10, 11, 12 or 13 months you send in someone to replace / exchange the unit, or can you confidently predict that in any time span within say 12 months plus or minus a month that a replacement can be fitted, so that the customer can choose to schedule in advance for a particular shutdown time window.

    Can you design an E-Cat charge to have a lifespan of say 18 months or 2 years, in future this may be advantageous for isolated equipment in remote parts of the world or for say satellites or space probes.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  949. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We change the charge every 12 months because that is the sage experimented way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give an update of the status of the tests on the Ecat SK Leonardo aimed to obtain a permanent ssm ?

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Tomorrow in our factory will be initiated the last series of tests that will end, supposedly, around the half of October, then we will know if the permanent ssm is possible or not. We are are going toward a very difficult and complex work, but the target is extremely important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some Thoughts on a Self-Sustaining eCat Reactor

    A fully self-sustaining eCat reactor is the “Holy Grail” for LENR technology. But there can be many flavors of such a device.

    By self-sustaining, we mean that other than initial power-up, the device will continue to operate without the application of external power as long as it is commanded to operate and does not “run out of fuel.”

    One variant of a self-sustaining eCat reactor might be one that produces enough electrical power, on the average, to power the reactor including any control unit necessary for safely operating the reactor. The productive energy output would primarily be thermal energy (heat), probably used to heat structures, perform industrial operations, etc. Likely issues here will be producing sufficient heat when commanded to run at less than full power output (e.g., running at ¼ power or an On/Off commanded scenario). Given a reasonably high effective Coefficient of Performance (COP), a reasonably high conversion efficiency of electrical energy production, and a suitable means of conversion of produced electrical energy and storage of that energy for later use by the eCat reactor, this concept is relatively straightforward.

    For example, if the COP is 50, the conversion efficiency is 10% of the thermal output and the efficiency to change the raw electrical power to stored energy in a battery is say, 90%, the eCat reactor should be able to self-sustain.

    A different variant is the eCat reactor used primarily for electricity production. As opposed to the thermal output eCat reactor, heating water to produce stream and turbines to generate electricity, this reactor generates the electricity directly, albeit it must convert such raw electricity to usable commercial electricity. Here, the electrical generation efficiency must be higher than commercial thermal-to-electricity efficiencies of around 40% to be competitive. In fact, the higher the electrical generation efficiency, the less waste heat that is generated by the reactor and must be handled in some manner. So to be practical, the electrical generation efficiency must likely be in the 50% or higher zone to be commercially viable.

    Self-sustaining operation is highly desirable, but high levels of efficiency will likely be challenging.

  953. Mariangela

    Caro Andrea,
    The COP you have shown either in the demo of November 24th 2017 in Stockholm
    google “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24 2017”
    or in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is stunning and they have been measured with calorimetric and spectrometric systems. Why then are you so much focused on the SSM ? What is the advantage of it ?
    Mariangela

  954. Andrea Rossi

    Mariangela:
    SSM, permanent SSM, is absolute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  955. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most read than the papers of 15 millions of publications in Researchgate: somebody says you paid somebody for this, because it is an unbelievable success, consudering the fact that LENR are the Cinderella of Physics…
    Comments?

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I told already:
    paid billions.
    Got financing from Woodford.
    In shares of I.H.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I know very little about the concept of thermodynamic principles but I am aware you use the word system being the problem of why people are unaware of the concept and its problem. What I believe you are saying is that the problem relates to the system. You use the word system whereas I would use the word systemic system, the same thing really but I do not wish to ‘nitpick’. Basically this problem with regards entropy is because of two absolute states, one being creation and one being destruction at the absolute i.e. the absolute plank length. Anything that happens between these two absolute states produces a degree of, being a degree of incompleteness. This is not a problem but a result of a none understanding of a system that by consequence appears as a problem. Could this be close to what you are inferring?. Just curious.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I just said what I said, I didn’t infer anything more.
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Lot Mileykowsky:
    It was just for experimental tasks, to observe the effect of a laser on the plasma in certain conditions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  960. Andrea Rossi

    A win Henrik:
    It is not a matter of believing, it is matter of manufacturing.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  961. Kurt

    Dr Rossi
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that the spectrum now and again changes substantially: where such changements come from?

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    From different focuses of the eye of the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  963. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    In your answer to S. N. Karels, August 19 at 9:48, you state that:

    1. The energy from Ecat does not generate any polluting emission or waste.
    2. The cost of the energy is 1/1000 per kWh, respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    3. You have earlier stated that: The materials used in the Ecat are not rear on the Earth.
    4. The Cells have an extremely tiny volume.
    5. The heat is delivered by an extremely high temperature.
    6. The Ecat probably will last one year in constant use and relatively longer in interrupted use.

    These overall conditions are what makes this invention unbelievable.
    Each of these six points are unbelievable by themselves, alone, in energy sources.
    Weather the “SSM” as a 7. point, will succeed or not, has a minor general importance when the COP already is as high as 58.
    Now the only missing prominence: is to prove the trait of necessary dependability.

    As all your followers, I wish you and your team success!
    Warm regards Svein Henrik.

  964. Lot Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    in scheme of E-Cat (with Leonardo seal) published pn http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/unveiling-physics-inside-e-cat/

    is illustrated a “laser” pointing into plasma.

    My query is: Is function of this laser only in measuring temperature inside plasma or is function of this laser some different?

    With Best Regards

  965. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    how do you protect the walls of the reactor of the Ecat SK from temperatures above their melting point?

  966. Rick Meisinger

    For your information: Presidential Memorandum on Launch of Spacecraft Containing Space Nuclear Systems. https://publicpool.kinja.com/subject-presidential-memorandum-on-launch-of-spacecraf-1837419175
    It sounds like your E-Cat powered jet engine technology may be just the right technology to keep the USA the leader in Space well into the future.

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Now we are focused more on our ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you still think that you will be able to make the presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode by the end of this year ?

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am still optimist,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  970. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Your answer to Speculate is perfect.
    All the best,
    Prof

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    The problem is that the concept of thermodynamic principles is much more difficult than it appears and most are not able to take in account the meaning of the word “system” and the consequent distinctions it demands at the different degrees of entropy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information. It is interesting, but still green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the E-Cat SK units currently with customers producing heat, are any of these customers running performance / reliability / stability acceptance tests with further orders dependant on results.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Joseph Fine

    Dr. Rossi,

    Proton Technologies along with the University of Calgary have developed a method of extracting Hydrogen from Oil Sands and bitumen. Their method involves injecting Oxygen or high temperature steam to increase the temperature of the oil sands/bitumen which then produces Hydrogen that is collected at the surface.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-scientists-hydrogen-gas-oil-bitumen.html

    http://proton.energy/acquisition-superb-test-oil-gas-facility-complete/

    http://proton.energy/hygenic-earth-energy/ (What they call: “HEE” )

    Instead of injecting Oxygen, E-Cat SK-Leonardo product(s) could provide high grade heat (~ 500 deg. C) to reduce the cost of producing Hydrogen. (I do not want to inject large quantities of O2 underground with Hydrogen present.)

    This method would use small amounts of Hydrogen to produce large amounts of Hydrogen.

    HEE HEE = (Hygenic Earth Energy)^2

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  976. Edmund Thatcher

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The plasma we cann see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com contains also protons, or only electrons?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Edmund

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Edmund Thatcher:
    We have also protons. Among other, we have a good evidence of a balance between protons and electrons having accelerated up to 200 000 V electrons in parallel with the plasma by a Van Der Graaf accelerator and not noticing deviations of the plasma axis toward or opposed to the ahis of the electrons generated by the Van Der Graaf.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Rod Walton

    Teresa Hansen gives the latest stories on conventional power generation, renewable energy and the smart grid
    Rod Walton

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Sam

    Dr Rossi:
    Congratulation for the important publication
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Its coherence with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    makes it the most important paper in the LENR sector of the last 20 years, as shown from the almost 30000 readres and the hundreds of recommendations your paper has been prized with.
    Ad majora,
    Sam

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    And you speak better Italian than I do – since I speak none. LOL. Have a good night.

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  984. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    per·ma·nent
    /ˈpərmənənt/
    adjective
    adjective: permanent
    1.
    lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely.

    As I have learned in Law School “Words Matter”

    When you say “permanent”, you suggest “forever”. Perhaps a better adjective would be “independent” or “self-sufficient”?

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Surely you speak English better than me!
    Maybe self-sufficient is more proper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Speculate

    Nice, but how does Your answer relate to my comment ?

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    It does.
    The first principle of thermodynamic is related to systems. In the Ecat System there is a charge. In an atom there is not only the energy that usually is exploited, there are many other sources, so that the FPT is respected.
    If you read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you can find a hint of which sources we are talking about in our system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Steven N. Karels

    Bunny Ridell,

    Nothing in this universe can have a permanent Self-Sustaining Mode (SSM). Fuel will be consumed and so the operation is limited in time. My car is in a “SSM” as long as it has gasoline in the fuel tank. When the gasoline is gone, the SSM ends. There is nothing magical about SSM. All commercial powerplants work until they run out of fuel.

    Regarding whether Andrea is lying, lying requires deceit, not just incorrect or speculative information. So unless Andrea is “conning us”, he would not be lying even if he does not achieve SSM.

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Obviously when we talk of permanent self sustaining mode in LENR we do not refer to a universal independence of source: we refer to independence from powers sources external to the Ecat ( electric or thermal or whatever else ), not from the intrinsic atomic structure of the system. Obviously we have a charge, that is descrived in my patent, and obviously we consume it.
    The charge does not generate any emission that could pollute the environment, the heat generated is for use, not for waste and the cost is 1/1000 per kWh respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Speculate

    If the device operates in SSM, You will have the entire physics society against You, because You then have overunity.

    I wonder, how You are trying to deal with that issue….

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    The thermodynamic principles refer to a system, not to part of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting lecture that
    might add to the knowledge you gained
    about the Universe on your trip to NY.

    https://youtu.be/hLp15co2D-A

    It took place at the Perimeter Institute
    in Waterloo Ontario Canada.
    My daughter graduated from the
    University of Waterloo.

    Regards
    Sam

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your contribution and congratulations to your daughter for her graduation!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Please correct me if I am wrong.
    I have carefully read your paper ‘E-cat SK and long range particle interactions’ and read in your conclusion that you must have seen signatures of electron clusters (or formation of ‘dense aggregates’) in the E-cat SK and found a theoretical explanation for that in that paper.
    However, that in itself does not explain how energy is generated in an Ecat. The paper is part of a framework to come to that, I believe. No doubt your theory has developed further. Are you already progressed so much that you think you are able to explain that as well?
    If so, when you you think to publish that part?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  995. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    When it will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  996. Bingo

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched your presentation of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm om November 24th 2017, its solid calorimetric measurement and the lecture of Carl oscar Gullstrom about theoretical considerations. Is there a continuation between the Ecat QX there shown with the new Ecat SK Leonardo with direct producton of electricity and is there a continuation between that theoretical assumption and your paper published on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks if you can answer

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Bingo:
    Yese, there is a continuation: the SK respect the QX has resolved the issue of the overheating , allowing higher power; the continuation between the publicaions can be seen in par 1 of the publication on Researchgate, wherein the paper Gulldstrom-Rossi is in Ref 14.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Bunny Ridell

    I think you will never make anything with a permanent ssm and that you are just lying.
    I wonder why.

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Bunny Ridell:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. kyle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching the correspontent parts on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I reached the convinction that you are going to make the permanently self sustaining Ecat and it will be a global revolution.
    Good luck,
    Kyle

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Kyle:
    I reached the hope, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Christos Stremmenos and Andrea,

      I have been studying the recently published article ‘Towards the exit from the middle ages’ by Ch. Stremmenos. Being a none academic I find this article extremely interesting and informative with regards the problem of why academia has a problem accepting LENR technology. This problem, I believe, rests entirely on the none understanding of energy and a refusal of not pursuing specific lines of investigation that could take away this so called mystery, LENRs. being one of them. The coulomb barrier and the methods to overcome it are not difficult to explain or even demonstrate (from my perspective). Firstly, what is the purpose of the barrier and can it be overcome?. Without the barrier there would be no identifying of an atomic structure i.e. no identity because atoms would merge together by unequal charge i.e. attraction resulting in annihilation (Einstein mentioned this phenomena but never put forward a theory) but fortunately the barrier allows for molecules to be produced while maintaining atomic identities within the structure. As I have mentioned many times I have designed a propulsion mechanism based upon interacting curvature forces that provide a linear force for the purpose of propulsion based upon what I believe to be the closest thing to a mechanical atom. I did encounter an annoying problem, resulting in the mechanism being attracted to any object in its close vicinity i.e. being entangled in the mechanisms outer surrounding force field. This problem was eventually overcome by amplifying the inner oscillations into the outer field providing an artificial coulomb barrier. When this was achieved the unit became individualized by a static boundary layer (static because because it vibrated rapidly) resulting in a technology that is able to demonstrate the ‘static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. Needless to say the mechanism and the theory able to be demonstrated and explained is currently banned as a technology deemed before its time. From what I believe there are two solutions to the overcoming of this barrier referred to as the coulomb barrier. One being to shrink the object that includes its outer field so as to minimize the wave oscillations on the outer field and thereby get the elements close enough together for entanglement to occur. The other method is to drive the outer field away by expansion i.e. high temperature so as to expose the inner nucleus by disintegration of its outer protective oscillating wave. The high temperature method, as we all know, can result in a runaway reaction that can result in dangerous high levels of nuclear radiation. The cold fusion method is obviously the safest way to go as you are gently coaxing the elements protective barriers together by reduction of the amplitude of the outer wave oscillations. Thereby cold as opposed to hot to overcome the barrier should be the preferred method. This, I believe, is not difficult to understand. To produce heat you need particles. To produce cold you need the opposite, no particles which involves a value of gravity of the quantum vacuum. J A Wheeler and Richard Feynman put forward a theory entitled ‘Absolute Theory’ involving interacting waves that, I believe, is able to explain material structure from neutrinos and the quantum vacuum. It can therefore be comprehended that the atom structure is formed by electrical energy. Neutrinos are not structures being single units of no potential. Also ‘Loop quantum gravity’ proposed by Carlo Rovelli is well documented and helps explain the conservation of energy within a steady state system being the Quantum vacuum. Randell Mills with his theory that states, that the hydrogen atom is able to enter into a lower ground state that involves degrees of shrinkage resulting in what he terms a hydrino makes perfect sense when you understand the mechanism behind the coulomb barrier. So from my perspective I say lets not dwell upon what is proposed as a none understanding of energy that presents an excuse for not accepting LENRs as a valid technology but lets focus on the reason for this denial of an understanding by the establishment to cover up a branch of science regarding energy with its unlimited possibilities and I do believe it is not just a financial issue but an issue of global proportions that involves an integration of human understanding at the highest level and as we know it takes one technology to open a door into another, curiosity is a healthy human activity. From what I understand the quest for enabling a LENR to enter a self sustain mode hinges on a sufficient quantity of highly charged electrical energy to be generated but I am no expert simply making an assumption. This I would consider as the holy grail in scientific research. Is it possible?. My own thoughts are yes but not using our presently known methods with regards conventional generator designs but a method based upon an understanding of volume and size values when applied to electrical charges. This I will put forward for consideration with regards the design of an integral ‘Super Neutral Generator’ a requirement I believe that is also required to produce the ‘Woodward Effect’ see Wikipedia. To design an interstellar craft requires a vehicle with two systems of propulsion and an onboard LEN reactor although I am well aware Andrea you are not interested in an Interstellar craft.
      Regards Eric Ashworth.
  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I think Prof Stremmenos will respond to you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1004. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    article about heat shields.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-shield-atoms-thick-electronic-devices.html

    Regards
    Sam

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Robert

    Dr Rossi,
    Again congratulations for your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most interesting and peer reviewed LENR publication 20 years since,
    Best Regards,
    Robert

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Alessandra

    Still hoping to complete successfully the R&D to make electricity by the plasma in measure enough to self sustain the Ecat by this year?

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandra:
    Still hoping.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. M.

    Dr Rossi,
    When and if you will introduce the Ecat permanently in ssm will you also explain the theory related to its process ?

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    M.:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1013. Gunther

    Dr Rossi,
    in http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that there are different temperatures in the plasma of the “ballerina”: can you tell us the min and max T ?

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Gunther:
    Min 2000 K, Max 24000 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. S.

    Can you explain what did you learn in particular visiting the planetarium of New York, as you wrote yesterday in your comment?

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    It is extremely interesting the explication and demo about the so called “Dark Universe” and the mechanism of the expansion of the universe, wherein the galaxies shift from each other not for their own movement, but as a consequence of the expansion of the universal space caused by the gravity from the so called dark matter that makes the 75% of the universal mass.
    The images are amazing and the text perfect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. Speculate

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    Are You at work again, after Ferragosto ?

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I had to look up to find out
    what Ferragosto is.
    This is a link for anyone
    else that is interested.

    https://www.thelocal.it/20190814/everything-you-need-to-know-about-ferragosto-assumption-august-15th-italy-national-public-holiday-

    Regards
    Sam

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Ferragosto ( August 15th ) celebrates for the Roman Catholic Church the Assumption of the Virgin in Heaven. Before the Christianism it was a pagan celebration of the Feriae Augusti ( from which derives the name “Ferragosto” ) in honor of the emperor Caesar Octavianus Augustus.
    For the Italians it marks also a period of rest from work for almost the totality of them. It is a tradition for Italians to exchange wishes of “Buon Ferragosto”. I assume everybody knows that “Buon” in Italian means “Good”. Today almost all the Italians are in vacation. I have taken three days of vacation during which I visited in New York, NY, the most beautiful planetarium of the world, where I learnt many things.
    Tomorrow back to work. Gotta make the Ecat SK permanently in SSM, and our Team will do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Rodrigo

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most important article about LENR of the last 20 years. This is my opinion.
    Rodrigo

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Rodrigo:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Kurt

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand that now your focus is on the permanent SSM, for obvious reasons: this will be history.
    All the rest is secondary and I totally agree with you.
    Kurt

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems like it is very difficult for you to directly extract electrical energy from the eCat in sufficient power to charge a battery for SSM. I don’t understand why a simpler photovoltaic approach would not be easier to implement. Is the underlying assumption that once you have SSM working using direct conversion, you can increase the efficiency of the direct conversion to the point that it exceeds conventional Carnot efficiency? If not, it would seem you are “chasing windmills” – a reference to a “fool’s errand”. Remember the Engineering saying “Better is the enemy of good enough.”

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    I prefer to follow another path because much more efficient and independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    While you are working very hard on the Leonardo E-cat, we do not hear anything of the real business of the Leonardo Corp: making/delivering heat for/to the customer. I am sure you would agree that that is more important than just making an E-cat with an infinite COP, but both may be addressed simultaneously. Just to give us a bit more insight on the progress of the heat deliveries, I have the following questions:
    1. We know you had problems are they all solved now?
    2. Are you delivering to more customers now?
    3. When do you expect that customers will publish details that they are happy with the delivered heat by the Leonardo Corp. and for a good price and some details about the COP?
    4. What is the highest temperature of the delivered heat up and until now?
    5. Is the level of the heat being supplied to all customers together already exceeding 10 MW?
    I hope you are willing and be able to give us a bit more insight in what is going on.
    I hope also you will reach your infinite COP this month, as well as that the heat delivery to customers will go through the roof this year. I wish you and your team much success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are improving
    2- yes
    3- does not depend on me
    4- same as in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    5- no
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Salvatore Boi

    My good Ferragosto to you Dr. Andrea Rossi and to your great team!!!

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you and Buon Ferragosto to all our Italian Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the research still proceeding on the ecat-power jet engine? Any progress you can reveal?

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels
    The jet engine is another research thread, albeit now all our power of fire is focused on the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1033. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering od August 13 2019:
    Gas fired combustor upgrades offer flexible partner to high renewables
    Rod Walton

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In June you mentioned a paper by Dr Donald Reed that you recommended for its ingenuity.

    Within this paper there is arguments put forward that the magnetic vector potential is not just a mathematical entity but has actual physical existence, that the electric scalar potential and magnetic vector potential can be influenced independently of each other, that past empirical findings of Aharonov-Bohm effect experiments and the Maxwell-Lodge effect as embodied in the recent Daibo patent demonstrate this.

    A search of the referenced and related papers indicates that some of these arguments have been in progress within physics for many years.

    On the basis that there is an actual physical existence for the magnetic vector potential, the paper goes on to describe theoretical implications based on a gauge-free interpretation of the potentials with possible major applications.

    Regarding the Maxwell-Lodge effect, have you seen any indication of this effect in your experiments.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Alex

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the work you are doing and for all the answers you give us in this blog.
    Cheers
    Alex

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Buck

    Xavier Pitz:

    thank you for resolving the confusion.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  1040. Jane

    Dr Rossi,
    If you really succeed to generate the electricity necessary to achieve the permanent self sustaining mode, your Ecat SK Leonardo will be the most important invention of the last two centuries. This makes it impossible, but if it is true…it is the most important thing of the world in the making.
    Jane

  1041. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1042. Alex Marcellino

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you working on the Ecat SK leonardo enterprise also during this week of “Ferragosto”?

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Alex Marcellino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your goal of an infinite COP E-Cat:

    1. Does the E-Cat SK Leonardo need a periodic input of electricity to maintain itself? Or, is the electricity required only at startup?
    2. Are you currently testing the E-Cat SK Leonardo with a battery, if so, does it work well?
    3. Have you been able to draw enough electricity from the E-Cat SK Leonardo to charge a battery yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- The E-Cat SK Leonardo should produce all the elrctricity menessary to operte without necessity of any external power source
    2- premature
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the Lugano test series,

    1. why did you use Lithium Aluminum Hydride instead of Lithium Hydride?
    2. Does the aluminum play a role in the reaction?

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please read my patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1048. Dear Andrea.
    I ask you the same questions I asked you a few months ago:
    1) On a scale of 1 to 10 what is your satisfaction?
    2) What do you consider to be the degree of satisfaction of your customers?
    3) Has your personal commitment to solving problems, which arise in installations that are inevitably still in their youth phase, decreased to more acceptable levels? In other words, what is the ratio between what necessarily remains of your sole competence and what can be done by another person in the team?
    What percentage between 10% and 90%?
    I sincerely hope the best for your health.
    With great affection and esteem
    Gian

    Google traslate aided test.Excuse my terrible English

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- 9
    2- enough
    3- 60%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Buck, Harvey,

    Here is a direct link to the post Andrea was referring to :
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=763&cpage=4#comment-1389746

    As the main blog article “Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena” is from November 2012, it doesn’t appear easily on http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com if you don’t know where to look for it, and its content doesn’t seems to be scanned by http://rossilivecat.com for content aggregation.

    @Andrea : No doubt that this will be a hard fight awaiting you and your team of warriors.
    But I think you all are fit and well equipped to fight it ( leave your tennis racket at home and use your other weapons 😉 )

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkomov work.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/10tPXOEGHfB95YQeOoePUftdByo7BVnvg/view

    Bob Greenyer gives a talk on it
    at this link.

    https://youtu.be/F0vRFy1OSYE

    Regards
    Sam

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1054. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    The question raised by Buck this morning is valid. I also cannot find the reference you cited for 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M on either the rossilivecat.com or JONP website. Is there possibly a technical issue?

    Best Regards,
    Harvey

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Just go to the post of the JoNP where the comment has been placed and check its comments.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1056. Neva

    Do you think that spectrometry is the sole way to measure temperatures above 3000 K ?

  1057. Andrea Rossi

    Neva:
    There is also the possibility of a calorimetric system based on the sublimation time of a known mass of metals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1058. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you already find the partners necessary for a fast development of the manufacturing and diffusion of the Ecat SK Leonardo, or you will continue to serve only energy either electric or thermal?

  1059. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We have already a stretegy, but it is premature to disclose it. For the time being we serve energy, don’t sell plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1060. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    please forgive my stumbling. But I can’t find a posting, your answer dated August 9, 2019 at 10:53pm. I have checked your JONP website, RossiLiveCat.com, and RossiLiveCat.com/All.html

    I only found one posting for August 9th and your response was at 6:55am.

    Is this evidence that I am looking in from a different universe? 😉

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  1061. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    It has been published on the post “Classical Interpretation of Relativistic Phenomena”, responding to a comment published in the same post.
    You can reach it more easily on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1062. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I read your exchange with Charlie Meath from this morning. You affirmed that testing “cited yesterday” would be done.

    I have looked back over the last few days worth of exchanges and find no such description. I apologize if I am an error about overlooking your description of the testing to be done.

    Could you bring clarity to what and when you will be testing the ECat SK.

    Thank you for your time.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  1063. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I was referring to my answer published on 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1064. Alba Ruddell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will your company go public ?
    Congratulations for the strong progress you made with your important paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Alba

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Alba Ruddell:
    Not before our Ecats will be well diffused and operating in the market. Our investors will have to be protected by a consolidated business. I will never put at risk the money of our investors. I hate the fraudsters that sell toilet paper disguised by “long shot tremendous opportunities”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Charlie Meath

    Will al the tests you cited yesterday be made in the USA?

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Meath:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Carlene Obery

    Dr Rossi,
    about
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is the spectrometry of the plasma different, depending on where the eye of the spectrometer is pointed?

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Carlene Obery:
    Yes: if we look at the global ball of plasma we see a maxwellian, if we focus on specific spots we see peaks to know the specific wavelength in that area.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    How will you spend your Summer holidays?

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Working with the Ecat SK Leonardo. Preparing the very important tests that will start on August 22 and will end at the beginning of October: after that phase we will know if the permanent SSM revolution will succeed or not. The work is hard and difficult, the matter very complex, but I am working with the best possible Team in this matter in the whole world.
    I am optimist, but this is a fight.
    A very hard fight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. Anonymous

    Michael Moore in his documentary just released says the same things you wrote yesterday about alternative energy: google
    New Michael Moore-backed doc tackles alternative energy

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Solarguy

    About the comment of Spencer Schebring: do you think that the windmills and solar panel can play a substantial role agaist the global warming issue?

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Solarguy:
    We must make a clear distinction between power and energy.
    Power is measured, among others, in Watts, energy is measured in Watthours.
    For example: when we say that a generator of energy has a power of 1 MW, this means that it can generate a maximum amount of energy of 1 million Watthours per hour, or
    1 x 10^6 Wh/h. A troll more imbecile than the others ( which is a remarkable achievement anyway ) corrected me time ago with dispregiative tone in a forum saying that the h of Wh at the numerator is eliminated together with the h at the denominator, so that remains only Watt: obviously this is a stupidity, because the h at the numerator is just a contraction of watthour, while the h at the denominator means “hour” and since watthour is a quantum of energy and hour is a quantum of time, to say that they eliminate each other is only a paradigmatic example of stupidity.
    Now, about windmills and solar panels: there is a big confusion when we read that such devices have already substituted so much percent of the demand of energy, because such statistics do not distinguish power from energy and normally the non experts think that , for example, a windmill with 1 MW of power can substitute 1 MW of power of a fossil fueled generator. Not true, because a fossil fueled generator with a power of 1 MW is able to generate always 1 MWh/h of energy, while a windmill can do the same only when there is a wind corresponding to that energy, which almost never happens. At the most the energy actually generated by a solar or wind power source is between 1 and 10% of its power. Should these sources not be funded by the taxpayer, nobody would invest in them. The business there is the funding, not the energy generation. In favour of the solar and wind power sources, though, there is the added value of the environmental issues, but also in relation of this calculation, albeit not easy, the poor efficiency of the real performance, could be discovered to be not as convenient as it appears to be if we make confusion between the concept of energy and the concept of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. Jazmine

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    a particular importance seems to be given to the Aharonov-Bohm effect.
    Can you explain in few and simple wordswhat is it?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Jazmine

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    Jazmine:
    It is a quantum mechanical phenomenon in which an electric charged particle is affected by an electromagnetic potential despite being confined in a region in which the magnetic field and the electric field are equal to zero. The underlying mechanism is the coupling of the electro-magnetic potential with the complex phase of a charged particle’s wave function: the Aharonov-Bohm effect derives from the interference generated by the phase shift of a particle that runs through a solenoid. Important in this context is the “zitterbewegung” effect, that is the vibration at the speed of light of a particle that moves forward at a slower speed, a phenomenon first observed by Dirac.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Spencer Schebring:
    It depends on where the electricity to charge the batteries comes from.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Spencer Scherbring

    Hi Andrea!
    Do you think that electric cars will contribute to limit the global warming issue?

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    Athur:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1083. Shannon Demarino

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still using the solder for the electronic circuits of the Ecat SK Leonardo ? Are you still at this level ?

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Shannon Demarino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Walt posted: “For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?”

    While I personally consider neutrinos an unlikely mechanism to affect LENR processes:

    1. Have you simultaneously tested two or more eCat devices operating in close proximity?
    2. Do they behave differently as compared when they are simultaneously operated at extended distances from each other?

    The cause of any effect may not be determinable but you should be certain that eCat reactor operations are independent from each other, or conversely, there is no “critical distance” when the operate in close proximity. Consider large thermal or electricity plants where there may be thousands of eCat reactors operating in relative close proximity.

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Gianni Celio

    Did you ever think that neutrinos could be the source of the excess of energy in a LENR process ?

  1088. Andrea Rossi

    Gianni Celio:
    I did think about this possibility, theoretically interesting due to their 1 eV supposed mass, but it is a very long shot. Anyway, the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1089. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I’m not asking for you to express an opinion on whether low energy neutrinos could be at the root of LENR, but hypothetically, if they were:

    1) couldn’t that be a testable theory?

    2) For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?

    Neutrinos are impacted by distance (r-squared), but they aren’t impacted by lead or Faraday cages, etc. If the neutrino theory were valid, then it might be possible to turn an operating LENR device into something like a low energy neutrino detector.

    Crazy thought– fun to think about since there’s currently no known way to detect LE neutrinos, but difficult, I have to think, to implement.

    WaltC

  1090. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Only experiments could answer, but I have no idea how such an experiment could be done. In few words, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1091. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding recovery of electricity from your E-Cat SK’s, you have indicated that you have identified a possible solution for extracting usable electricity, that you are heavily committing your time and resources to experiments towards this solution, if this solution you are evolving does not eventually reach the efficiency level you require, will you still pursue alternative options for direct / indirect recovery of electricity.

    A possible alternative would follow from the sequence of events.

    From previous indications, to drive activity in the E-Cat’s charge you inject an electrical trigger signal, this induces electron coherence in your active material, a coherent state then leads to particular nuclear activity, from this a pathway leads on to the eventual production of extreme ultraviolet emissions, heat and electricity within the E-Cat SK charge.

    In this overall sequence there is likely a small-time delay between input and output electrical events. Would it be possible to use rapid switching (mechanical or electrical), i.e. connect the charge for a period to initiate, then disconnect from the control electronics and connect to electronics / capacitors / batteries for a period to recover the produced electricity, then switch back to input again and repeat. Partially diverting the charge output electricity away from the control panel will also have the benefit of reduced cooling requirements.

    Likely that reality is not as simple as this, even if it was theoretically possible, I have no doubt it may be impracticable, incredibly difficult or not efficient enough for meaningful use, and that you may have already investigated this, but if not, just possibly worth a thought.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Dear Dott. Rossi according to your studies, at what point you are in explaining the lenr reaction on a scale of one to ten.
    Thank you for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff.

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio Cerrina:
    I prefer to suffocate my optimism and respect what always suggests to me one of the most important members of our Team: “Andrea, better be humble”. OK, I will be humble: 6.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Jorge

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you getting the electricity from the plasma inserting a copper wire in the reactor to carry out the electrons flow?

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    The way we are trying to get electricity directly from the plasma is one of the most complicated and sophisticated system I have ever dealt with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering August 6 2019:
    Ethos energy takes control of ExxonMobil cogeneration plant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to supply power and steam to the adjacent ExxonMobil refining and chemical complex
    Rod Walton

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated previously that in addition to the bulk of the energy output being extreme ultraviolet emissions, there is also heat traveling back through the connecting cabling to the control box, and that up until recently the E-Cat produces electricity but that it was not in a usable form and it was efficient / convenient to thermalize it in the control box.

    For the January 2019 test, how much heat was removed from the control box by the control box heat exchanger.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The problems you cite were exposed during the test of Stockholm on November 24 2017: google “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017”
    In the presentation of the Ecat SK here
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the problem has been resolved and all the energy was thermalized.
    Since then we started a cycle of R&D aimed to produce not only heat, but also electricity directly from the plasma.
    We are working very well on it and it is not impossible that before the end of this year we will have consistent results: we are looking for obtaining a permanent ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Natasha Satchwell

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    do you think that your technology could be useful to limit the radioactivity of nuclear wastes?

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Natasha Satchwell:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. Szymon Blachuta

    Mr Rossi,
    This could interest you:
    http://www.pnas.org/content/116/31/15356
    Best Regards,
    Szymon Blachuta

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. toussaint francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please will you indicate in your journal the number sk plant installed and the total power delivered ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. Raphael

    Dr Rossi,
    About the “electron capture”: you are right. It’s pure B.S.
    The electron capture surely has been observed, but, as you correctly said, only in case of radioactive isotopes with a number of protons that exceeds the capacity of neutrons to shield the Coulombian forces.
    Cheers
    Raphael

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, in the past did you have transmutations eating up your reactors?

    Kind regards

    Toussaint françois

  1111. Eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Why you consider impossible electron capture in LENR ?
    Eernie1

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Because either you are talking of radioactive isotopes with excess of protons ( which is not the case of LENR ), or you need 750 keV ( = 9375 billions of Celsius degrees ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. Eric Ashworth

    Sam, I find the link to Dr Parkhomov LENR theory extremely interesting and which I feel highlights the importance of the JONP with regards its ability to broadcast very important scientific information. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1114. JPR

    @Prof:
    I agree with you, the important success of Rossi’s publication on researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    comes from the synergy between the theoretical progress and the corroborating video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the expectation of the permanent self sustaining mode of the incoming Ecat SK Leonardo, that would be a veritable revolution.
    Jean Paul Renoir

  1115. Poker88

    @Prof,
    I agree with Prof: the dramatic success of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is probably due to the coherence between theory and experiment and to the trustful expecteation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode,that would be a revolution.

  1116. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is an update of the statistics of Andrea Rossi publication on Researchgate: these numbers are not just stunning, they are unbelievable. No one has ever reached these numbers in 6 months, few Professors of the highest level have reached these numbers in their entire professional life:
    Full Readings after 6 months: more than 30 000 (thirty thousands !!!) and counting. The average is 50 after years.
    Research Interest Index: 851.0 and counting. The average is 10 after years.
    Recommendations: 2599 and counting. The average is 10 after years and, by the way, this is some peer reviewing!
    Every comment is useless. The world is waiting trustfully for your Ecat SK able to power itself with part of the energy it makes, this is the sole thing that can explain these numbers.
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  1117. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkhomov
    LENR Theory read by Bob Greenyer.

    https://youtu.be/V5J3rJ1R1ho

    Regards
    Sam

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. Laura Aldama

    Dr Rossi,
    Greate article. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog. Im really impressed by your blog.

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    Laura Aldama:
    thank you for your attention to this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Marzia Cacciatori

    It appears to me that all the applications presented from your competition are derivated in toto or in part from your Ecat. Am I right?

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Marzia Cacciatori:
    The Ecat is something extremely more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Germana

    Dr Rossi,
    The correspondence between what we saw on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and what we read on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is convincing both for the Ecat SK and the theoretical hypothesis.
    Good luck for your R&D with the Ecat SK Leonardo
    Germana

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Germana:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Alec

    Do you think your Ecat SK Leonardo able to make energy without external power source will be able to obtain certification also for household appliances ?
    Regards!|
    Alec

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Alec:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Ken

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the Ecat SK Leonardo produce only the electric energy necessary to power itself, or will it generate also electric energy in excess for sale or other utilizations?

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    The first version we will introduce in the market ( if we will be successful with our R&D on course ) will generate only the electricity necessary to maintain a permanent self sustaining mode, without necessity of external power sources of any kind, in any moment, not even at the start. Eventually we will proceed to evolve toward an excess of electric energy production.
    We are very close to the first mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This article on Thomas Edison makes
    me think of you and your E-Cat
    inventions.

    https://www.stevenaitchison.co.uk/be-like-edison-dont-stop-when-it-looks-impossible/

    Regards
    Sam

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Great article. The important is to believe in our work. The Ecat SK Leonardo we are working upon is something extremely difficult and sophisticated and theoretically engaging, the work is very hard, but not for a single moment I thought we will fail. We will do it. Mark wrote in his Gospel: ” …when you pray for something, believe you already made it, and it will be granted…”. I am optimist, because I am a believer.
    Thank you, great link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Paul Roder

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    1. I had heard your customers were satisfied of your service: are they still satisfied?
    2. will you give evidence of them?
    3. I didn’d find listed on Linkedin any member of your team: this sounds strange
    4. do you have any member of your team that could corroborate the participation to your R&D?
    Paul Roder

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Roder:
    1. yes
    2. in due time, yes
    3. + 4. All the members of our Team signed an NDA that forbids them to give any information related to our work in any form.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Luca

    1- can you comment the experiments made recently by your competitors ?
    2- do you see some of your competitors close to the presentation of a working device ?
    3- you said you always try to replicate the systems published by your competitors: is there any that you replicated successfully ?

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    1- I never comment the work of our competitors
    2- not that I am aware of
    3- not so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Casey

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the R&D of the Ecat SK Leonardo? When do you think you could able to present it?

  1138. Andrea Rossi

    Casey:
    It is going on i a way that makes me very optimist.
    During the end of this month we’ll make e series of experiments that will give us a precise indication about where we are and where and when we go.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1139. Blue

    The publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    marked without any doubt a strong progress of your theoretical bases. Do you foresee for it an update if the R&D on the direct production of electricity will succeed ?

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Blue:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I just wanted to give a reminder. It was four years ago, to this very day, that you shared in two posts, first with Hugh DeVries then Frank Acland, about the advent of a new evolution for your evolving ECat. You called it Marie Curie.

    If I understand correctly, this was a dramatic improvement. Marie Curie opened the door to your plasma based reactors including the Quark, then the ECat SK, and now the ECat SK-Leonardo.
    You and your team have come a long way.

    My best to you, your team, and your wife.
    Buck

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, you are correct. All started from that prototype, dubbed “Marie Curie”, eventually evolved into the QX, presented in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017 and then in the SK, introduced in the market by the streaming in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Now, with the SK Leonardo we are arriving, but not yet arrived to the full ssm, by which the Ecat generates electricity to power at least itself, and I am very optimist. The long way has been came through also thanks to important progress under the theoretical point of view.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Juerg Breitenstein

    Mr Rossi,
    Will you tell us, when possible, what you are doing with your technology in Sweden, the home Country of Greta Thunberg ?
    All my blessing to your Team.
    Juerg Breitenstein

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Juerg Breitenstein:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Ted Szeredy

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think it is more important the demonstration I found googling “November 24 2017 Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration” or the demo made on January 31st 2019 here:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ted

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    Ted Szeredy:
    In Stockholm we presented a QX measured with calorimetry, while on January 31st 2019 we introduced the heat sale service and made a spectrometric measurement corroborated by a calorimetry. Honestly, we are proud of both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. Sharla Knezovich

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    it is very interesting your interpretation of the applicability to LENR od the Casimir Force, based on the Compton wavelength.

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Sharla Knezovich:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    if, after working very hard for moreless one year on direct electricity generation, you still did not reach continuous SSM (that requires a conversion efficiency of about 5%), it seems to me very difficult to reach direct conversion efficiencies of 50% or higher (at least in the short-mid terms), to not consider the adoption of existing electric generation devices such as Stirling engines or PV cells.

    I hope I am wrong, but a comment on your side on the above would be very appreciated.

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    I am convinced we are going toward the right direction, with better results than Sterling and PV adoption.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the second part of the paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos “Toward the exit from the Middle Age”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    It often happens that when you solve the problems of a new product other problems arise.

    1 – Have you solved all the problems you had at the beginning of the year with industrial boilers, or did other problems occur?

    2 – Is the deployment of boilers consistent with your business plan?

    All the best for Leonardo E-Cat R & D

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1153. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    This is not an easy job…as a matter of fact many deem it “impossible”…
    1- we are resolving all the problems
    2- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1154. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update us about the heat sales?
    I wish your Ecats will be diffused in the whole planet.
    Maybe the Readers can also be interested to this:
    http://www.algaeinternational.biz

  1155. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Keruah:
    Our service is improving and we are resolving all the problems that have been popped up during this pioneers phase.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team and good luck for your interesting research with the algae, surely an important sustainable asset from the planet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1156. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    you stated that the ECat do produce a magnetic field.
    1) Is it constant or variable?
    2) If it is variable, have you tried to extract energy and if this impair the ssm and/or the normal operation?
    3) If it is variable, do you extract electrical energy mainly or exclusively from this magnetic field?
    4) Since i suggested you some time ago to send RF pulses to the charge, is it acting as an energy amplifier, returning the rf pulse amplificated?

    Magnetic regards,
    Marco.

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- slightly variable ( see the Teslameter on http://www.ecatskdemo.com )
    2- too weak
    3- n.a.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. Hatchette

    The last paper on the JoNP has been published in April: when will be published the next?

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Hatchette:
    You are right, I solicited the peer reviewers, but they work for free…I cannot push.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Pierre Vickroy

    Dr Rossi:
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has been criticized because it supposes the electron runs at the speed of light, while it is impossible for a Fermion. What do you answer?
    Pierre

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Vickroy:
    Who says so either has not read the paper, or has not understood the core of it. To make it simple:the “zitterbewegung” effect is the vibration of the electron around the axis of its linear trajectory. It can vibrate ( or rotate ) at the speed of light in the vacuum, while it moves slower along its linear percourse from a point A to a point B. This is well explained in the paper and in the related references.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that you do not have the gift of being ubiquitous

    u·biq·ui·tous

    1. present, appearing, or found everywhere.
    “his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family”
    synonyms: omnipresent, ever-present, present everywhere, everywhere, all-over, all over the place, pervasive, all-pervasive, universal, worldwide, global;
    rife, prevalent, predominant, very common, popular, extensive, wide-ranging, far-reaching, inescapable
    “tracking stray dogs may soon be easier thanks to the ubiquitous microchip”

    I believe your loyal fans were asking that there be a single, public accessible place that loyal fans might attend. Perhaps a vacant classroom at a Miami university or a public hall.

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I understand. I see what I can do, obviously assuming success of the R&D, about which I am optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1165. Brittani Georgopoulos

    Hello, I enjoy reading through your post and strongly appreciated
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions. I like to write a little comment to support you.|

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Brittani Georgopoulos:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Giorgio

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi,
    About the sale of heat, I indiscreetly am curious to know if more and more companies are turning to your company for their heat needs.
    Thank you in advance for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I have a special request. You say it is possible to
    unveil the E-Cat SK Leonardo maybe yet this year. WOW that would be a great moment in history! I humbly ask that you consider presenting it where your loyal followers can be present during the presentation. I know that I would love to be there during such a great event.

    Thank you for your consideration.
    Bernie Morrissey

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Your request is analogous to many others around the world, but I do not have the gift to be ubiquitous. The sole way to be ubiquitous for a not so much gifted person like me will be with a direct streaming.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR and Steven Karels.
    It is worth remembering that the e-cat delivers high temperatures, which is much more useful than the low temperature used in thermo-electric conversion. E-cat heat is very low entropy.

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    It’s amazing following how this is developing. This could really be s game changer if it all works out.

    I’m not sure if this has been asked before but I wonder:

    A) if the thermal output ion the E-Cat SK Leonardo when producing its own electricity is the same or similar to that if the E-Cat SK?

    Even if less thermal power is produced but positive this self sustaining aspect makes it still substantially improved practically.

    B) If less out put power could you indicate a rough percentage?

    C) I wonder if there is s configuration trade off. I.e less over all thermal power for increased electrical power generation? Or if these processes are independent.

    I wish you and your team continued success with the development of the technology towards an optimum product.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A) It is proportionally less
    B) See A
    C) See A
    B) and C) must respect the thermodynamic principles
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Giuliano Bettini:
    It does generate a magnetic field.
    Warm Regards and strong wishes for your health recovery,
    A.R.

  1176. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 30 2019:
    gas and Diesel gen-sets powering fully islanded Mexican processing plant.
    Rod Walton

  1177. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1178. Giuliano Bettini

    Hi Andrea,
    If I can ask (and if someone hasn’t already asked)
    in the last self sustaining mode experiments, did you see if the device spontaneously generates a magnetic field around itself? Or does it generate no magnetic field?
    Best wishes
    Giuliano Bettini.

  1179. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You did not address the second question of my posting:

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard, thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?
    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I forgot to answer this question.
    The efficiency of these systems is not worth the heat they consume. They are usable, but not convenient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Considering your answer to Giuseppe: Do you expect that if the E-cat Leonardo can run without the need to connect to the grid, it will be easier to sell it also for domestic and mobile applications because there will be less governmental rules and guidelines in laws that applies?
    Thanks and all the wisdom to you and your team to accomplish your baby. Gerard McEk

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Maybe.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with the comment by Jody below — a demonstration of infinite COP/permanent ssm E-Cat with no external input power would be an irrefutable testament of the reality of the E-Cat.

    My question is, where and when do you plan to do this demonstration?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1184. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1185. Guido Galeotti

    Why don’t you publish your secrets for the sake of mankind ?

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Guido Galeotti:
    Because without an intellectual property nobody would have incentive to make investments
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    If the cost of an Ecat will not be prohibitive, an Ecat could be the back-up.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1188. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the electrical current produced by the E-Cat SK Leonardo a dc current or ac current.

    Thanks
    Bernie Morrissey

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    We can do both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Martyn Aubrey

    Hi Steven,

    Yes, you are probably right, but it is good to dream.

    Perhaps the answer would be to replace all internal combustion engines with steam engines driven directly from the heat output of the Ecats.

    You never know, we could be heading straight into the Age of “Steam Punk”.

    I’ll just have to buy a very long coat, a tall top-hat and a pair of brass-framed goggles!!

    Jules Verne Rocks!!

    Spiffing Regards
    Martyn

    P.S. I already own a very, very, small share in an Airship, which has actually flown test flights, but sadly also crashed twice.

    https://www.hybridairvehicles.com/

  1191. Steven N. Karels

    Martyn Aubrey,

    Good comments. However, it should be remembered that conversion efficiency must also be high enough. For example, it the eCat produces 60kW of electricity – enough to run a full size automobile – but generates 3 MW in doing so, the heat produced would cause cooling problems and this would be significant. So sufficient efficiency is an assumption. If the efficiency consideration was met, then the onboard battery would need to be of sufficient size to handle high power demands (accelerating, going up a hill) or driving to a repair shop if the eCat should fail. A good engineer would size the eCat electrical output to meet the AVERAGE car power requirements, plus a little reserve. This would minimize cooling requirements, and costs. Another assumption is that the eCat system would not cost more than the battery components it is replacing.

    If an eCat option added $10,000 to the sales price, it would have an impact on the option being ordered. Even assuming Andrea Rossi can make this technology commercially available, there are many considerations that will need to be addressed.

  1192. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Giuseppe that the Ecat SK Leonardo would be “completely independent from the grid”.

    1. Please can you confirm that once you have achieved “COP infinite”, that the Ecat will be a completely portable device capable of being moved to any geographic location to provide both heat and electricity?

    You will then be able to supply heat and power to anywhere on The Planet, or indeed away from it!

    Practical electric transport now becomes a realistic probability in our lifetimes with the Ecat as the primary energy source.

    Electric vehicles would become much lighter and cheaper to manufacture.

    There would be no need for large batteries to store the main electromotive power, only a standard small battery would be required to start the Ecat system and maybe to smooth the flow of power to the drive train.

    2. Can you please also tell us how the Ecat SK Leonardo compares in physical size to your existing 22kW Ecat SK which you are currently using to supply “Heat As A Service”?

    We are truly living in Wondrous Times, thanks to yourself and your great team!

    Amazed Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  1193. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- yes, but attention: infinite COP to supply heat is very close, about electricity generation i excess more time will be necessary.
    2- moreless the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1194. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Is your primary goal(s) for the E-Cat SK Leonardo (electricity producing eCat) to:

    a. Produce sufficient electricity to sustain the eCat reaction without external grid power being supplied?
    b. Produce electricity to provide electrical power to the grid?
    c. Use “excess” thermal power to provide thermal energy for other applications?

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?

    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  1195. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. and c. are very close, b should come eventually.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1196. Jody

    @Giuseppe & Alessandro Coppi,
    I think there is another reason about the importance for Dr Rossi of the permanent ssm: it will put a tombstone upon any scepticism about the measurements: whatever the energy output, the COP will be beyond any doubt infinite, with momentous historical consequences in the scientific and technological world.

  1197. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, with regard to the electric energy generation to allow a permanent ssm to the e cat, if it is true that the energy needed is very low, worth the big effort to obtain this goal?

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    COP infinite > COP x
    for any value of x.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    why is so important for you to reach a self sustaining mode if the energy to do it is so low. Infinite COP or almost infinite COP for me is the same. We have to consider also that laws obliges the connection to the grid, like photovoltaics in my home; so it will be redundant.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    It is important because it makes the Ecat completely independent from the grid, and in most of the world there are not laws that oblige to be connected to the grid to make heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Rafael Regis

    Dr Rossi:
    Is the electroc current to power the Ecat SK Leonardo the same as being thermalized in the Ecat SK we watched in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Tyhanks for what you are doing,
    Rafael Regis

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    No, there are two stages.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Nuccio

    Did I understand correctly that the next Ecat Leonardo will be a fluid heater that will also generate enough electricity to self sustain itself?

  1204. Andrea Rossi

    Nuccio:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1205. Asia

    Dear Andrea:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is very inspiring.
    All the best,
    Asia

  1206. Andrea Rossi

    Asia:
    Thank you for your attention
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1207. Jeff

    Dr Rossi
    Still optimist to be able to present a self sustaining Ecat this year?

  1208. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1209. Asia Bornemann

    Dr Rossi
    What is very fashinating in your paper on Researchgate is the correspondence of the theory to the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the correspondence between the spectral measurements and the colorimetric calculations made also in the demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2017

  1210. Trenton Lofrate

    Thanks for sharing with us the wonderful video of the plasma
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    What a beautiful “ballerina”!
    Regards
    T.L.

  1211. Andrea Rossi

    Trenton Lofrate:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1212. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us, at this time, whether the issues you are having with the eCat Electric is:

    1. Achieving desired efficiency?
    2. Intermittent results?
    3. Or both?
    4. Some other problem – if so, please describe.

  1213. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Premature to answer, but I can say that my optimism is growing.
    The problems are many and, obviously, confidential. I still hope to reach the permanent ssm by this year, wherein permanent ssm means no necessity of external power source for ever and, consequently, a COP with zero at the denominator, obvopusly referred to the external sources of electricity or heat, therefore not in violation of the thermodynamic principles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1214. Jean Jurasin

    This paper of Vitaly and Irina Uzikov is very interesting. Thanks for publishing.
    Jean

  1215. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Jurasin:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1216. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1217. Lanita Wilmoth

    Dr Rossi,
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is this text final, or you foresee updates?

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Lanita Wilmoth:
    Surely updates will be done soon, based on the experimentation on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1219. F. Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have been following your innovation saga since May 2012 and I sincerely hope your name will be the one that stays in History as the first to have introduced to the world an undoutedly proven and marketable LENR reactor.
    Best wishes
    FM

  1220. Andrea Rossi

    F.Maillard:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. As a matter of fact, we already have introduced in the market our products, selling energy: pease go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1221. Roberto Nelton

    What a magnificent demo in http://www.ecatskdemo.com !

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Nelton:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. E.M.

    Dr Rossi
    The video “November 24 2017 Ecat SK presentation in Stockholm” on youtube is still interesting indeed, because containd information that is not on http://www.ecatskdemo.com, in particular the calorimetric measure.

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    E.M.:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I want to congratulate you and your team on all the great progress you are making on the E-cat SK Leonardo. When you achieve your goals with the E-cat SK Leonardo do you think you will be able to shift more energy towards production and a little less research.

    THANK YOU,
    Bernie Morrissey

  1226. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1227. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1228. Dora

    I felt enchanted observing the plasma while watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Godspeed,
    Dora

  1229. Andrea Rossi

    Dora:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1230. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,
    in the past you told us you were able to reach good efficiencies with thermoelectric cells based on Seebek effect but only in the laboratory due to the precision required and therefore the high costs associated.
    Is this also the case with the E-CAT SK Leonardo or you identified a technology that can be easily scaled up to production level at a reasonable cost ?
    Thanks a lot for what you are doing.
    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  1231. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    The Ecat SK-Leonardo is designed to be easily industrialized. The big problem of the Seebeck Effect is the directional fusion of the semiconductors impossible to be performed with massive quantities and consequently very expensive ( I had to work for a month to make several grams to reach a 20% of efficiency and this made a kW of power cost thousands of dollars- the failure came when we tried to industrialize the directional fusion, at which point the efficiency lost an order of magnitude ), nothing to do with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1232. Greta

    Is it possible that the Ecat SK Leonardo with total self sustaining mode and, as a consequence of it, an infinite COP, will be ready within the current year ?

  1233. Andrea Rossi

    Greta:
    It is not impossible, albeit it is not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1234. B.A.

    Dr Rossi,
    about your paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Does the zitterbewegung of the electrons explain someway the electron capture ?

  1235. Andrea Rossi

    B.A.:
    Absolutely NOT !
    Electron capture needs 750 keV ( = 9375 billions of Celsius degrees – I repeat: ninethousand three hundred seventyfive billions of Celsius degrees. Compare: the temperature of the corona of the sun is between one million and 1.3 million Celsius degrees…. ). I hope this is enough to allow everybody to understand that “electron capture” in Low Energy Nuclear Reactions is a boffoonate, as elegantly as it might be presented by imbeciles. Note: “imbecile” is not an insult, it is a definition from ancient Latin language that means “without club” ( in Latin: “imbacula” ), a figurative way to describe somebody that lacks any tool necessary to fight, even a simple club.
    Electron capture happens only in radioactive isotopes that are characterized by an excess of protons, like, for example, the radioactive isotopes 7Be, 41Ca, 44Ti, 67Ga, 72Se etc.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1236. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are you satisfied with the
    E-Cat SK Leonardo Concerto
    Software?

    Regards
    Sam

  1237. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also today a step forward. We are one step closer to the success.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1238. eernie1

    Chuck Davis,
    Without the use of fossilized fuel the industrialized revolution would not have occurred and we would be still in the middle age of society. In my almost ninety years of existence on.this planet I have noted one aspect of the environment that has been consistent. That is,I did not notice any inconsistent variation in temperature.It is not more hot or cold than the normal swings that I was exposed to. This observation of course is strictly empirical but it is the only evidence for me that the dire consequences predicted for climate change will not ensue. In fact, during the 1970’s, predictions for a little ice age to occur within a few decades had been made by a number of environmentalists.
    I will not question anybody’s thoughts about climate change but l would caution against raising fears that would cost society funds that could be used to solve other human problems that are obvious and should be addressed.
    Senior regards.

  1239. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1240. Aisha Deist

    Dr Rossi:
    I understand the Ecat SK Leonardo has two stages: one to produce the electricity to fuel the Ecat SK and one to make heat with that electricity, so that the COP of this system will be infinite.
    Correct?

  1241. Andrea Rossi

    Aisha Deist:
    That is what I am convinced we will be able to do. But we did not yet succeed, albeit I ma optimist about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1242. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain more about why today you are more confident of achieving your goal of no-grid E-Cat energy production?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1243. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Based on experimental and theoretical progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1244. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your last remark (to Judy), seems to exhibit high confidence the SK-Leonardo may actually work as hoped for.
    Are you actually testing it already using electricity generated in the reactor now?
    I hope with you for great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1245. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are working very hard, but it is soon to answer your question. I am optimist, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1246. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    In my. opinion, if your device can produce what you claim (low cost portable heat and electricity your contribution to society will be much bigger than CO2 emission decrease. Decoupling from the grid and making these energy sources available to everyone in society is the most important aspect of your efforts. All other effects will be far behind in importance.
    Principle regards.

  1247. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    True. If we succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1248. Chuck Davis

    @Eernie1,
    I think also the vegetable and anumals of the former eons, now fossilized, contributed to the global warming we pay for today. Anyway, whatever we can do to help is useful.
    Chuck Davis

  1249. Judy

    Dr Rossi:
    I watched again the video on youtube of the November 24 2017 demo of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm: this too is a page of history.
    All the best,
    Judy

  1250. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    The QX is the father of the SK and the grandfather of the SK-Leonardo, that will be the first thing in the history to make energy without consuming energy from the grid or from any known energy source, obviously respecting the first principle of thermodynamic. Now, from today, I am convinced we are getting very close to it. We will get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1251. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    To the readers of your site who are concerned about climate change,I would suggest investigating why Greenland and its melting ice cap was called Greenland by the Vikings that discovered it. Change is natural and we survive.
    Ancient regards.

  1252. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Not to mention the Sahara that was similar to Amazonia. But, still, I think that mankind must give their contribution, limiting carbon dioxide emissions. The fact that if you shoot a man the bullet is the main cause of his problems does not mean you can kick his head as much as you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1253. F.G.