Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Ludwig

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Very interesting the Carl-Oscar part of lecture that is seeable in the video from 26’40” to 27’15”
    Congratulations for the successful demo of Stockolm.
    Cheers
    Ludwig

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Ludwig:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say in which specialties your new workers are working?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Electronic engineering, semiconductors, robotics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, My thoughts are that to try and explain the LENR process as a unique stand alone process that requires an understanding outside of known physics is a detriment to its acceptance within the academic establishment. Therefore, to project the LENR phenomena into the accepted world of physical phenomena will help clear many of its present day obstacles. This I believe can be done but only by the study of certain phenomenas outside of the LENR process. I will attempt to explain what I mean. My source of study is the Wikipedia web site but I am sure there are other places of equal value or more.

    There are two dimensions of existence. There is the dimensionless state being the ‘Time Crystal’ from which no energy can be extracted whereas the dimensional state is able to donate degrees of energy. By keeping these two dimensions in mind we are able to explore the many avenues regarding various phenomenas that originate as a direct result of the existence of these two states.

    For instance:- Fraunhoferlines – Dark lines in the Solar Spectrum (could be termed ‘Time Lines’) – Telluric currents Telluric corrections – Contaminates/corrections and there effect, being the producing of a vibration.

    Any substance that enters a ‘Time Crystal’ or a Fraunhoferline can be considered a contaminant and thereby subjected to a degree of force which can result in a very minute vibration/hum to that of a crackle or as in some instances a very loud bang. This phenomena depends upon the specific degree of intensity i.e. whether on the micro scale or the macro scale of existence.

    The current understanding with regards what is termed the ‘world hum’ is none existent because there is a lack of knowledge regarding the full understanding of these two distinct dimensions with regards how they can come into being both in nature and by artificial means and how they interact. I suspect the ‘world hum’ is caused by natural voids within the oceans. Islands and land masses create deep voids between them that contain a soft energy content/water. Obviously some people are susceptible to these vibrations whereas others are not. This is because it depends upon the density of the receptor. The Earth is an evolving entity that responds to the forces it encounters on its path of evolution.

    If we can investigate these phenomenas without just blindly accepting them as an occurrence, the LENR process could become recognized and accepted as just another avenue of a known cause. These two dimensions I believe are the foundations required in the understanding of physics and can I believe be represented using geometry and I am sure mathematics but it needs specialists willing to collaborate which of course requires finance. This could be something to consider but in the meantime I wish you all the best.

    Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. I am sure there are more phenomenas in existence that I am not aware of that could help unravel this LENR paradox.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Rodney Nicholson

    In response to Hugh Maguire’s December 13 at 3:06 AM: “…. This characteristic alone is basis enough for an attack from the academic camp, as it demonstrates nonconformity, an incorrigible act.”….

    The quote reminds me of one of my father’s school reports as a young boy. The teacher wrote: “This boy shows signs of independent thinking, which must be supressed at all costs.”

    For anyone not familiar with Ken Shoulders, your time will not be wasted by googling his name.

    Rodney.

  8. Ira

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the video of the Stockolm demonstration of the Ecat QX on http://www.ecat.com: fantastic.
    Congratulations
    Ira

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Ira:
    Thank you from me and from our great team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    There has been much discussion (here and on E-Cat World) about whether the RF signal across the QX is generated in the control unit box or originates within the QX itself.

    Is it possible that the frequency of the signal is dependent on, or is caused by, the distance between the two opposing faces of the nickel electrodes of the E-Cat QX, in much the same way that the frequency of a crystal oscillator is decided by the distance across the two faces of the slice of crystal?

    I hope that you are able to answer this (Please not publish this if it asks too much).

    Good luck for your path towards industrialisation into the New Year.

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    I am sorry, but I cannot answer to this in positive or in negative.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  12. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Since the demo in Stockholm, have you added new workers to your team?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    thank you for your clear answers and information, that directly and indirectly teach me how to think about these and other important issues.
    I believe that the kind of problems that you and your team have solved, are more complex than we can imagine. In fact some orders of magnitude more complicated.
    This also proves -to me- that this invention and this proceedings are a divine intervention. Salvation for the human race. At least for the forseeable time. Another chance.
    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Last year you gave the following dimensions for the E-Cat Quark cell:
    November 4, 2016 at 11:35 AM
    Wilson Ramos:
    length 2 cm
    Diam 0.6 cm
    Rating 20 W
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

    This week the QX cell is reported by you to be length 0.6 cm and diameter 0.08 cm.

    Are these cells constructed differently? What is the advantage in reducing the size of the QX cell? Would’t this make assembly very difficult?

    Best of luck with your industrialization process.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    Yes, the design had an evolution.
    The advantage is a higher energy density.
    For a robot the assembly is not particularly difficult. For a human, it takes a lot of more time and errors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. E. Volpe

    I amplify the question of Chuck Davis
    The E-Cat QX system formed by the reactor and the control system:
    1) emit electromagnetic noise?
    2) emits neutrons, gamma rays or other particles and radiation of any kind outside the thermal and light band?
    3) Is a sort of shielding necessary, particularly in power systems?
    Best wishes

  19. Andrea Rossi

    E.Volpe:
    1- no
    2- all the measurements made did not find the presence outside the Ecat of ionizing radiations above the background, within the margin of error of the instrumentation
    3- the heat exchangers are designed to be intrinsecally a shielding. You need a heat exchanger, whatever use of the heat you want to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Hugh Maguire

    Hello Dr. Rossi,
    A good friend recently sent me this. He things it’s important and I heartily agree. A thought on what it’s like to be a “scientific explorer”, from the late Ken Shoulders.

    “An Explorer is the human tip of an arrow-like probe into the future where no teachers have gone before. They say explorers are easily recognized as one rides along the frontier in a comfortable Calistoga wagon. Explorers are the ones beside the trail whose face is in the mud and have an arrow in the back. That illusion is not too far from the truth as they are frequently attacked while crossing treacherous territory all alone. For the scientific explorer, attacks most often come from the most benign looking sources—academic institutions. Explorers must be natural, self-motivated leaders and possibly those that cannot be taught, as they must learn new things for themselves instead of being taught. This characteristic alone is basis enough for an attack from the academic camp as it demonstrates nonconformity, an incorrigible act.”

    http://www.keelynet.com/shoulders/exploring.pdf

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh Maguire:
    Very nice. Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Dear Dr Rossi

    Thank you for the demo the other day it is always exciting to see the ecats out and about. Do you have commercial licensees in Australia?

    Thank you

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    We do not have licensees in Australia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Congratulations on your results – very well deserved. The new Hydrofusion web pages look very convincing. One small typo in the LENR Technology drop down is the omission of a number in ‘Heat, CHP, Power, Ships, Trains > kW/kg’
    regards
    Greg leonard

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    We updated our website, making it still better: thank you for noticing it.
    Thank you also for the errata corrige of the typo !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. arjen

    Dear Rossi

    Your role is mostly research and development, it always has, so my guess is, you will be mainly involved in RD also in the future?
    What is your role in the industrialization part of the ecat , in time %?
    A new or existing colleague is leading the industrialization operation? How many FTE are dedicated to this?

    kind regards
    Arjen

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    My role so far has not been only R&D. I directed the construction of the industrial 1 MW plant and the factories of Bondeno, Bologna, Ferrara, Miami. In my life I directed factories arriving to have more than 200 employees in Milan from 1972 through 2007, when I turned my job 100% to the LENR field of operation.
    Now my focus is 100% on the industrialization of the product, together with all the members of out Great team, along two main threads:
    1- upgrade the control system ( we already made importantant progress from Nov 24th 17 through today )
    2- make the production robotized lines
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Brian

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will you make other public demonstrations before the presentation of the Ecat QX?

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Brian:
    No.
    All our time now is dedicated exclusively to the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Today in Paris the world is deciding to go toward new energy sources ant to no more fund traditional sources. Are you ready?
    Dania

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Dania:
    Yes, we are. With the help of God, by the year 2018 we could enter massively the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Chuck Davis

    Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have an estimate how much noise is present while the Ecat is operating?
    I ask this because some applications like residential, military, recreational vehicles and airplanes would be satisfied with a quiet power source.
    Regards
    Chuck Davis

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The E-Cat does not emit acoustic waves, therefore the E-Cat does not raise the acoustic background where it operates.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  34. Adam Lepczak

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations on successful presentation and rapid advancement of the industrialization phase of your project. As you move forward do not disregard the idea of creating your own cryptocurrency that is based around the LENR reaction.
    Every action in our universe involves the exchange of the energy and as such the energy seems to be the only “real” currency of the universe. Creating a symbolic currency that is tied to your system is much better of an idea (and gives an easy to understand link and value) than current money (both crypto and paper). Why use dollar if your system could be tied to an actual energy value? For the first time ever? Versus Bitcoins, dollars, and euros that are printed out of thin air.

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Adam Lepczak:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Robert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you know that Nissan has replicated your effect and is oriented to apply your technology to heat the electric cars? By the way: is your IP patented also in Japan?
    Cheers,
    Robert

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    I know.
    Our patent has been granted also in Japan, and we are very proud of it.
    War Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    as it seems that the electrical power generated by the QX goes back to the control box where it is thermalized, the real total COP of the QX is much greater.

    The problem is, I think, to separate this generated electrical power from control box without disturbing the signal feeding the QX. Is it right?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Intelligent insight, but I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote: “We are working also on the measurement of the electricity directly produced in the reactor, but it is not easy. So far we just let it be thermalized.”

    1. Does this mean you have the ability to turn off or minimize the electricity produced in the reactor and somehow transform it to heat?

    2. Is the electricity produced directly by the QX problematic for you, if all you want is heat?

    3. Is the electricity produced directly by the QX responsible for the overheating of the control box?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- confidential in positive or in negative
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Eric Ashworth

    Daniel De Caluwe, As you are aware evolution moves forward, language will change but the immutable knowledge remains forever. Matter is controlled by force and force is that which is not matter. Spirit I believe is an admixture which provides a paradox for that which thinks and tries to discern in order to understand. The Master Koothumi does not mention ‘Time Crystals’ but understands the subject implicitly.
    To understand force is to understand the governor i.e. both the big chief and the little chiefs.
    P.S. This manuscript is news to me, thanks for broadcasting it.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  43. Dear Andrea,

    Yes, the big black hole story is interesting. There is a small anecdote related to it. MIT’s press release writes “…the black hole took shape just as the universe was undergoing a fundamental shift, from an opaque environment dominated by neutral hydrogen to one in which the first stars started to blink on.” ‘Opaqueness’ here refers to opaqueness in hydrogen Lyman alpha wavelength, not optical, but the press release does not mention this fact. Consequently, the story was wrongly publicised in some Finnish news outlet, which I corrected to them. In optical, the situation is the reverse because neutral hydrogen is transparent and ionised hydrogen scatters light to some extent.

    Concerning the topic, my colleague Peter Johansson published earlier this year a model that tries to explain such fast growth of black holes. See https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/uoh-nme031417.php . The key is that in the early universe, only molecular hydrogen was available to cool compressing gas clouds radiatively. If hydrogen molecules were split into atoms by radiation of another nearby galaxy, a large gas cloud can stay warm while undergoing gravitational collapse, and consequently it may collapse into a large black hole directly. If star formation manages to take place, collapse stops because a “star fluid” has no viscosity (the individual stars move in ballistic trajectories without friction with other stars or interstellar gas). Thus such mechanism can only work in the early universe where the universe did not contain heavier elements, and even then requires special conditions (existence of two nearby galaxies). Which suits in the picture because although they exist, the massive early black holes seem to be rare.

    regards, /pekka

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Very interesting, almost fascinating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your recent reply which prompted me to do some brief study on the Wikipedia web site regarding Systemic systems, Time Crystals and Symmetry regarding physics. As you stated you are seeking a mathematical formulae for the LENR process. In the Time Crystal section there is mention of Experiments October 2016 Christopher Monroe in which a formulae is provided and maybe this could help you in some way. In 2016 Mikhail Lukiu did more research and maybe both your information and theirs could shed some light on the LENR process. In the meantime I wish you and your colleagues well and successful with your technology.
    Best Regards Eric Ashworth

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, thank you for the fantastic developments you and your Team showed us in Stockholm.

    To Emilio “Fox” Volpe, I like to remember some years ago, when I asked Andrea more or less the same question, and he answered that, when the huge amount of work for the industrial product will be firmly on track, he will consider to write or co-write some memories, and surely (!!) he will tour the world with conferences and similar well deserved rock-star shows and hologram-televised appearances. I feel that all the material collected in these years should be preserved and organized to enter in science annals and “the social media supporters” too and also the orsobubu will have a role too in the history-telling of this epic fight.

    Situation is way worse in regard to the actual condition of Leonardo Corp. institutional landing page; I fear that not only the super-massive black hole ULAS J 1342+0928 is going back 690 million years in time, but also the dear old twin galaxies image as we remember it:

    https://web.archive.org/web/20160303165715/http://ecat.com/

    is fading and shrinking into the obscurity of the Dark Ages of the Universe where the revolutionary information is hidden:

    https://ecat.com/

  48. Andrea Rossi

    orsobubu:
    he,he,he…
    Well…if the waiting will remain permanent, at least something permanent happened in the History! You wouldn’t mind, I suppose.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  49. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    You know that I always respond as a friend, and admire your work and art.

    Yet some critical remarks that rage through my mind.

    I think that the operation of an Ecat-QX between 30% and 100% of its power is very interesting:
    It is your own words that once declared that this invention generated direct propulsion and direct electric current.
    I would like to see the oscilloscope on the Ecat-QX itself, keep a compass on it, and see the bottom plate with the test set up on four marbles on a flat surface.

    Finally, I do not know whether the temperature formulas of a black body can be applied to a nuclear reactor.

    Curious regards,
    Koen

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    We are working also on the measurement of the electricity directly produced in the reactor, but it is not easy. So far we just let it be thermalized. About the direct propulsion I suppose you mean jet engine: it is another pet project of us. But presently we are focusing on the massive industrialization of the product that is ready to go, which is the fluid heater.
    About ” temperature formulas of a black body “: do not exist specific formulas for the black body, exists the Boltzmann equation, that measures the thermal energy irradiated from a body independently from what it is. What changes for the different kinds of body is the Epsilon, which is the value of the emissivity that appears in the equation. A black body has Epsilon = 1 and this value does not depend from the nature of the source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    This question came up on E-Cat World and I thought I’d pass it along to you”

    “Would like to ask Dr Rossi if the control box in the demo of 60W cooling is suitable for the control of an array ( series / parallel) of QX of 1kW heat output?”

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I don’t follow this forum contineously, and I only visit it from time to time, but as I just read your post about the super-massive black hole in the early universe, I can give you a link (from the popular website ‘space.com’) with more explanation how it could happen:

    (It’s the mysterious dark matter that steers the cosmos, and that let them grow much quicker than previously thought. The mechanism is explained in the article below):

    2 Bizarre Ancient Galaxies Found in a Colossal Sea of Dark Matter (space.com):

    https://www.space.com/39008-bizarre-ancient-galaxies-in-dark-matter-sea.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20171207-sdc

    When the universe was in its infancy, the very first galaxies were tiny “dwarf galaxies” that clumped together to form the larger galaxies seen today. Known as hierarchical formation, this theory suggests that galaxies form in a step-by-step process as smaller galaxies are pulled together by their mutual gravitational attraction.

    But now, the recent discovery of two distant galaxies that are abnormally huge has led astronomers to rethink that theory because it suggests that those dwarf galaxies assembled into large galaxies a lot faster than previously thought.

    Astronomers at the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile were surprised to find that these gigantic galaxies existed when the universe was only 780 million years old, or about 5 percent of its current age of 13.8 billion years. Because the light from those galaxies takes about 13 billion years to reach Earth, astronomers observing those galaxies are looking back in time at how the galaxies appeared 13 billion years ago…

    … Around that same time in the ancient universe, dark matter — a mysterious, invisible form of matter that accounts for about a quarter of the universe’s mass — also began to form clumps. As gravity pulled together clumps of both visible matter and dark matter, galaxies were born inside “halos” of dark matter. In a way, dark matter acts as scaffolding for young galaxies as they form by providing the gravity needed to pull mass together.

    In this case, astronomers saw that both giant galaxies reside inside one even more enormous dark-matter halo. The researchers said that this is one of the largest examples of a dark-matter halo ever discovered…

    …”This discovery provides new details about the emergence of large galaxies and the role that dark matter plays in assembling the most massive structures in the universe.”…

    At het end of the article there’s also a beautiful video that shows/simulates how these galaxies quickly merge by the influence of massive dark matter. But sometimes, smaller galaxies are protected by dark matter, as is explained in this article ( https://www.space.com/6407-galaxies-protected-dark-matter.html ). And as long as we don’t understand it fully, dark matter and dark energy behave as an hidden hand that steers the cosmos, like if it’s a living entity… 😉

    See also:

    Galaxies Protected by Dark Matter :

    https://www.space.com/6407-galaxies-protected-dark-matter.html

    P.S. This phenomenem was predicted by the theosofical master Koothumi in 1881-82, where he wrote of ‘invisible matter’ as ‘invisible omnipresent omnipotent Proteus with its unceasing motion which is its life’ See:

    http://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/evol/ev-kh.htm

    …Then what do we believe in? Well, we believe in matter alone, in matter as visible nature and matter in its invisibility as the invisible omnipresent omnipotent Proteus with its unceasing motion which is its life, and which nature draws from herself since she is the great whole outside of which nothing can exist. For as [d’Holbach] truly asserts “motion is a manner of existence that flows necessarily out of the essence of matter; that matter moves by its own peculiar energies; that its motion is due to the force which is inherent in itself; that the variety of motion and the phenomena that result proceed from the diversity of the properties of the qualities and of the combinations which are originally found in the primitive matter” of which nature is the assemblage and of which your science knows less than one of our Tibetan Yak-drivers of Kant’s metaphysics….

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  55. kenko1

    I just posted the following on the E-catworld website about an hour or so ago. Thought I’d share it with you, and you might get a chuckle out of it.
    Yours,
    kenko1
    *****

    A quarky Christmas carole.
    Sung to the tune of “Santa Claus is coming to town.”

    Ya better not pout
    Ya better not cry
    Ya better listen up
    And I’m telling you why
    Cold fusion IS coming to town.

    It runs when you are sleeping,
    It runs when your awake.
    It runs for years on just one charge.
    It’s a quarx for goodness sake!

    Soooooooo…..(repeat chorus)

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    Soooooooo…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In an article published on Nature on December 6th ir reported a very important discovery made by the team of the astronomer Eduardo Banados of the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile: they discovered a super-massive black hole, dubbed ULAS J 1342+0928, 800 million times more massive than our sun. The importance of the discovery stays in the fact that it existed only 690 million years after the Big Bang, which means at the very dawn of the formation of the Universe. This timing does not fit with the supposed amount of matter that was ready at that time. This puts in crisis the existing knowledge about the matter. It appears that in the Dark Ages of the Universe revolutionary information is hidden.
    Fascinating, isn’t it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    To solve a problem, it typically helps a lot to understand precisely why it is happening before you can come up with a way to mitigate it.
    Do you currently understand exactly why your controller is generating so much heat?
    Best regards,
    Patrick

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Emilio Volpe;
    Thank you for the suggestion and Merry Christmas also to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea Rossi

  61. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    You are right. I have yesterday afternoon reviewed that video of the presentation. And between 02:26 and 02:28 where you formally discuss the point it is fully clear there.

    I would say the point regarding the size of the reaction zone was raised to Energy 2.0 as a question to try clarify this point due some misunderstanding about its size being in fractions mm being mentioned by other people elsewhere and being widely quoted as the actual size in the blogs. I’m sorry if that caused unintended confusion.

    I think you clarified the point here in response to that question perfectly. And it makes total sence now too.

    My overwhelming amazement about the E-Cat QX comes from how all these things fit together once they are correctly understood. Especially when some insight pice of the puzzle comes later which fits perfectly It’s remarkable.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Matt

    Could you please give some explanation for the fact that your Boltzmann calculation is for the surface area of one QX, but at the demo you said there were three of them inside?

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Matt:
    The calculation made by means of the spectrometer and the equations of Wien and Boltzmann that I described corresponds either to three QX at 30% circa of their potential rating, or one QX at his full rating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Raf

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the clear and correct explication of how to calculate a temperature by means of a spectrometer.
    Godspeed,
    Raf

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Raf:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Emilio Volpe

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You have repeatedly said that your IP is in good hands and this is a guarantee for the future of LENR.
    It would also be interesting to have a detailed history of all the work you have done including failed attempts, abandoned roads, interesting ideas and speculations but which not developed for the most varied reasons. In short, a laboratory diary, or a scientific biography that collects and transmits all the work and experience you have done.
    The field of LENR seems very varied and seems to have many different aspects and may have unexpected developments, perhaps for something that you could not investigate today and that perhaps in the future for someone else could be valuable.
    Best wishes for your work and a friendly Merry Christmas
    E. Fox

  68. Silent Majority

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We appreciate your intellectual honesty and your self-irony (Dr Jeckill…ha,ha,ha)

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  70. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    It seems to me that NASA is confirming you are right:
    NASA establishes that X-rays of between 65-200 keV trigger nuclear FUSION reactions – Patent published
    https://steemit.com/steemstem/@mfmp/nasa-establishes-that-x-rays-of-between-65-200-kev-trigger-nuclear-fusion-reactions-patent-published

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    thank you for sharing the Stockholm demonstration and “complimenti” for the result.
    I have some question:
    1- Can we assume that when we see the flash light every some of seconds is the only moment when the reactor is active and he rest of the time it is self sustained?
    2- Are the reactor dimensions you comunicated (0.08 x 0.6) the minimum possible to activate the system avoiding the melting of components?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    To be honest, I must report that this morning Frank Acland has told me that during the interview with him they put a question asking if the numbers I gave (0.08 x 0.6) were mm, but I understood cm, because the audio for me was very bad and I understood cm because for me it was obvious that we were talking of cm…I answered “yes” because I believed we were talking of cm and this has created the ambiguity.
    I understand.
    By the way, yesterday night when I wrote my comment I was very nervous and tired and my comment was full of errors and typos that I corrected this morning when I woke up and read it again: Dr Jeckill has corrected Mr Hyde.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Stephen

    Hi Andrea,

    Thanks very much for clearly clearing up the question about the Stefan Boltzmann equation.it completely makes sense now.

    To me that it is cm rather than mm fully reconciles the issue. Calorimetry always clearly and definitely showed 20W output. So the original discrepancy when we were thinking in mm was clearly missing something.

    The point about the size was hinted at very early in the presentation and returned to several times during it

    When talking about fractions of a cm and being amazed by how small that is it’s easy in conversation for one person to get confused between mm and fractions of a cm and fractions of a mm.

    I have made the same mistake myself.

    I have a suspicion that early in the conversation possibly even during the presentation that Andrea Rossi mentioned fractions of a cm then this got reinterpreted by someone in mm and then by someone else in fractions of a mm and this then got propagated. Andrea was acknowledging it was really small in his later response with out realizing people had changed cm for mm.

    I have a suspicion that early in the conversation possibly even during the presentation that Andrea Rossi mentioned fractions of a cm then this got reinterpreted by someone in mm and then by someone else in fractions of a mm and this then got propagated. Andrea was acknowledging it was really small in his later response with out realizing people had changed cm for mm.

    Anyway it’s fully explained now and makes total sense

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    BUT: it is very strange that an expert of the matter makes a mistake like this, because when I repeated by heart the Boltzmann equation during the demo of Stockholm, it is obvious that I spoke of cm, not mm, from the fact that in the Boltzmann equation I calculated Sigma with 10^-12, instead of 10^-8: it is a cm^2 that is equal to 1/10^4 m^2, not a mm^2 !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Luther

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for your precise explication about the Wien and Boltzmann equations. In the blogs guys who have no education in a matter can sell themselves as experts to persons that do not know the matter. The diffusion of false information is facilitated by this fact.
    Godspeed,
    Luther

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Luther:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information and for the links.
    Same best Wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Great 2018 to you and to all our Readers!
    A.R.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland ( second answer):
    I checked your link and read that a guy has written that, based on the surface of the reactor, he has “calculated” that by the equation of Boltzmann the energy emitted by a reactor is 0.4 W.
    I think your Readers merit a serious application of the rules of Physics and of Mathematics, to avoid to assume wrong scientific information.
    First of all, it is opportune to remember that the measurements at the IVA of Stockholm have been made by means of calorimetry, not by means of spectrometry and following Wien and Boltzmann equations.
    Nevertheless, it is interesting to compare the results obtained by calorimetry ( based on the delta T and the flow rate of water) vs the theoretical energy produced by the reactor using spectrometry and the equations of Wien and Boltzmann.
    Here are the numbers if we respect the rules of mathematic:
    The first step is to calculate the temperature of the plasma. Since do not exist thermocouples able to resist to temperatures above the melting point of platinum and rhodium, to measure the temperature of a plasma is necessary to measure the wavelength of the radiation from the plasma in microns; the measurements I made give a wavelength between 1 and 1.1 microns.
    Now we can use the equation of Wien
    T = 2900/lambda
    wherein
    T= temperature in K
    2900 = Wien constant
    lambda = wavelength in microns
    By substitution we have
    T= 2900/1.1 ( to be conservative we take the longest lambda )
    Therefore T= 2636 K
    Now that we have found the T, we can proceed to calculate the power using the equation of Boltzmann, whose definition is:
    W = Sigma x Epsilon x T^4 x A(in m^2)
    Wherein:
    Sigma = 5.67 x 10^-8 BUT ATTENTION: we will use 10^-12, because the Area will be calculated in cm^2, not in m^2 and 1 cm^2=10^-4 m^2
    Epsilon= emissivity: being plasma a black body the emissivity is = 1
    T^4= fourth power of the temperature of the surface in K = 4.8 x 10^13
    A= area of the surface of the plasma= 2rPiL= cm 0.08 x 3.14 x cm 0.6 = cm^2 0.15
    Now, we have all the data necessary to resolve the equation of Boltzmann per W:
    W = 5.67 x 10^-12 x 1 x 4.8 x 10^13 x 0.15
    Make the series of multiplications, apply the rules of the exponentials and find the result:
    W = 40.82
    This result is the theoretical thermal power of our plasma. As we have seen from the demo of Stockolm, the calorimetry has given a result that is about the 30% of the total power, because I was afraid of errors and kept the E-Cat QX at low profile.
    Besides, the spectrometry is an immediate measurement that gives the theoretical power, while the calorimetry is made on the actual production of heat through a heat exchanger whose efficiency obviously is not 100%. It is interesting, though, to note that the order of magnitude is reconciled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the time you took to speak with the Energy 2.0 Society today. There are some more questions that got posted on this page on E-Cat World here: http://e-catworld.com/2017/12/09/energy-2-0-society-to-hold-webcast-with-andrea-rossi-as-guest-december-9-2017/

    This question was sent to me, but I did not see this morning, but I thought I would post it here for your consideration:

    “If Rossi is hit by a bus is there currently some other group of people or a person that can bring the information to light or will it vanish with Rossi?”

    Thanks again!

    Frank Acland

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thanks to you and the team of Energy 2.0 Society for hosting me and thank you for the link.
    Answer: if I die the IP is in solid hands.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There are significant worldwide efforts toward replacing electric power generation based on steam turbines (Rankine Thermodynamic Cycle) with Natural Gas-fired Turbo-generators or Super-Critical Carbon Dioxide (S-CO2) based Turbo-generators (Brayton Thermodynamic Cycle).

    Natural Gas Turbines (essentially, Jet Engines that produce electricity) have high conversion efficiency (50-60%) and are replacing power plants currently using steam turbines heated by fossil fuels.

    http://www.powermag.com/market-challenged-ge-continues-to-improve-gas-turbine-efficiency/

    Nuclear reactors and Solar Thermal Plants (e.g SunShot Initiative) do not use fossil fuels but still need a working fluid.

    https://energy.gov/eere/solar/sunshot-initiative

    Heat Sources such as the E-CAT QX also need a working fluid to produce electricity.

    That working fluid, someday soon, may be compressed (Supercritical) Carbon Dioxide.

    Here are some links describing some recent work in Korea and the US in the S-CO2 area.

    http://waet.org/downloads/15/papers/17uk120103%5B1%5D.pdf

    http://online.acts2017.org/wp/pdf/P00317.pdf

    http://www.sco2symposium.com/www2/sco2/papers2016/Testing/049paper.pdf

    http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=2650551

    http://www.orc2017.com/uploads/File/Presentations/234.pdf (Includes fossil fuel heat sources)

    In the next several years, perhaps you and your team could work together with one of the SCO2 turbine developers to prototype a system in the 20 kWe -40 kWe range that would be operationally compatible with the QX.

    Best wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Healthy New Year,

    Joseph Fine

  84. Jean Bourguignon

    Dear Andrea,
    A naif question: when the temperature reaches 2,600 K all the metals of the charge melt, so Ni is no more in powder; but powder is necessary for the Ecat to operate. Am I right?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jean

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Bourguignon:
    Apparently you are right, your logic is true. But the technology is more complex than that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    We hope to be able within 2018 of start the massive industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Is it correct to say that your new partners have invested with the specific goal to make the industrialization?

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Pietro Bisignano

    Dear Mr. Rossi, have you ever think to develop a new crypto-money (like bitcoin or something similar) that could be grows following the development of your ecat…? The energy production given from any device could be logged using its blockchain and making its performances auto-self-certified (but even public)… The system could be useful to support the development of the ecat in a new, rapid and most unconditionated way. Your project could also resolve, totally or partially, the problem of the extremely high costs of the ‘mining activity’ that is typical of the crypto-money creation. Anyway, most of people, or better ‘all the people’, that follows your project can’t wait to put their hands on your device. What do you think about? Wish you all the best so your dream will come true (as soon as possible).

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro Bisignano:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Michelangelo De Meo

    Energy 2.0 Webcast with Andrea Rossi
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YSwrHNJEvo

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link: I just finished that interview organized by Ecatworld.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, how long do you estimate the time to build and delever the first industrial E-CAT QX plant?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  95. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Can you tell me if Carl-Oscar Gullstrom’s theory explains why your reactor has to be at a certain temperature? Does it explain why it doesn’t work at room temperature or colder? Thank you.

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    You do not need a theory to answer this: the E-Cat is a fluid heater, therefore it is the E-Cat that makes the heat, not the heat that makes the E-Cat.
    The E-Cat starts at any temperature, then it heats up everything it is in contact with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Is the time spent waiting for the certification of the old domestic version (10KW) is included in the domestic QX certification process, or do you have to completely start the certification process from the beginning ? Do you have a plan in order to accelerate the process for the domestic reactor?
    The fact is that the certification of the old domestic E-cat (10KW) has never been successful after 4 years, including the 1 year test of the 1MW industrial version.
    On the certification of the domestic version, perhaps i am wrong, but i do not believe you, i am sorry. You probably do not say everything to us for a reason I do not know.
    If we have to wait for new long-term tests for the industrial version of the QX, I’m afraid that the certification of the domestic version of the QX, the one we are interested in, does not happen for years, if it ever happens.

    Best regards,

    Michel

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    I respect your opinion. Also in this case, facts will speak. The domestic Ecat certification process is on course. I think until the industrial applications will have built up positive statistics we will not complete this process. All the experience of operations so far has been done upon prototypes attended to by our specialists every day: this opens the door of industrial applications attended by certified operators, but it is not sufficient for domestic applications, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Eve

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the successful demonstration at the Royal Academy of Engineering of Stockolm. I watched several times the video on http://www.ecat.com: I appreciated also the simplicity of the test and your humble way to explain what was going on. The result is shocking.
    Godspeed,
    Eve

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Eve:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Just to be clear on nomenclature–
    – Do you expect that it is the “reactor” that will be the replaceable unit when it comes time to refresh the charge (say, at the end of 1 year) or will it be a sub-component of the reactor (for instance, an assembly or cluster) that is replaced and recharged?

    – Or put another way, if your current goal for the reactor is $10/KWt, do you have a lesser goal for the recharge cost?

    thanks, WaltC

  102. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The recharge cost should be 1/10 of the cost of the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe marine propulsion will be the most likely Quark technology application for commercial use in transportation. Marine propulsion requires long duration operation with incentives to minimize fuel costs while taking advantage of higher operating speeds. Output powers of 100MW to 1,000MW may be needed for marine propulsion of large cargo ships. Imagine a cargo carrier that could maintain 30 knots without significantly increasing fuel operating costs. The same ship could transport 3 to 4 times the cargo in a single year, only needing to be refueled once per year. Thoughts?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your in depth reply regarding the possible mechanisms behind the LENR process and you links. I find your thoughts most interesting and as many people are aware you are dealing on a subject at the sub atomic level. I have limited knowledge with regards atomic physics but have you considered gravity a a constituent of the LENR process. We all know the effect of gravity but very little about its cause. I believe there are two types of gravity with regards its manufacture, there is the static standing form as found in a lattice created by the surrounding units of gravity and a mobile fleeting form produced by the breaking of molecular bonds/waves which creates a fleeting type of gravity due to the break in the waves that form the bond and which in turn, upon being broken produces a gap or a zone of gravity which then draws within that which is without which are the long and short wave makeup of the original molecular bond. These waves being drawn together into the gravity zone are first transformed into virtual particles of substance This transformation of wave into particle could be the result of the wave making itself neutral with regard the two exterior gravity masses that have broken apart, a particle can spin and by doing so remain neutral. The short wave transforms into a positive virtual particle, the long wave transforms into a long wave negative particle which upon there eventual contact neutralize that generates a repelling force that enables both virtual particles to escape from the gravity zone. These being soft virtual particles of artificial origin that create chaos in the surrounding area measurable by a degree heat. I suspect that once the virtual particles lose there gravity by imploding due to there ability to raise both temperature and pressure they transform back to there original wave format. If so, it could be said gravity is responsible for electrical phenomena, atomic phenomena, solar and LENR phenomena. It was your mention of virtual particles that got my attention. I believe all you need are two dissimilar charges to create a zone of gravity and thereby produce energy by a neutralizing of that which is brought together by the action of the produced gravity. My own thoughts are that wherever energy exists gravity is the key ingredient. Energy as is well known can be latent or kinetic. Energy requires a degree of disturbance to transform itself from latent to kinetic, thereby if gravity is produced kinetic energy must be manufactured. Just some of my own thoughts. Hope you get the maths to solidify the LENR theory.
    All the best Eric Ashworth

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight, but gravity is too weak a force to have any relevance in LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Alexander

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is your target price per kW of power, when you will reach a massive production in the future factory of the Ecats?

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander:
    For the reactors 10 $/kWt. For the plants, depends on the specific characteristics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Mike

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If we have understood correctly the industrial Ecats massively produced will possibly enter the market by 2018, while for the domestic more time will be necessary due to the authorizations, is this true?
    Mike

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Mike:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Michelangelo De Meo

    Letter to the Editor: Major advance in cold fusion touted as energy solution

    It is hard to overestimate the effect LENR will have on our civilization. First use will be supplying industrial heat. Probably 10 years to start getting vehicles powered by LENR. That will be everything: cars, trucks, trains and ships. Imagine being able to drive a car continuously for a year without refueling or 2.4 hours a day for 10 years. Robots will be fully mobile. Airplanes will take longer but Dr. Rossi is already looking at the possibility of LENR turbines. Don’t throw away your household furnace and water heater yet: it will take years to get UL approval.

    http://www.delcotimes.com/opinion/20171206/letter-to-the-editor-major-advance-in-cold-fusion-touted-as-energy-solution

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Luke

    Dear Andrea:
    Did you make the national phase of your European patent in all the 38 Countries of Europe, or you have selected only some of them? I know that the taxes combined of all the Countries are very high.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Luke

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Luke:
    Of course we have paid the taxes for the national phases in all the Countries listed in the allowance of the European Patent Office, with no exceptions. A hole would be very dangerous, because in most of Europe merchandise have free circulation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Sylvie

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still hoping to present the product within 2018?
    God bless you,
    Sylvie

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Sylvie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think of this invention? Can it be useful for the Ecat?
    The basic idea of ​​the EM Drive, on the other hand, is to convert electrical energy into a thrust, without propellant expulsion.
    the magnetic propulsion engine that could take humans to Mars in 70 days.

    http://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2016/11/13/news/fermi_tutti_il_motore_impossibile_funziona-151941253/?refresh_ce

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. E questa la conoscevi?
    ENGLISH:
    Did you read this?

    http://www.delcotimes.com/article/DC/20171206/NEWS/171209754

    L’Italia ti segue sempre con tutto il suo Cuore.

    Con Stima e simpatia.

    Che Dio ti Aiuti

    Gian

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for the link and for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a Documentary film
    I thought you might enjoy watching.

    https://youtu.be/Q2w_lNAW5zY

    Regards
    Sam

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, also our readers can enjoy this movie. Thanks also for the innuendo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Rodney Nicholson

    Dear Andrea:

    In case you have not noticed, it seems many messages posted at

    http://www.rossilivecat.com/

    seem to be missing when I access the site today.

    One on 5 December, than the next showing, only 17th November.

    Just to let you know.

    Rodney.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the information, that I pass on to our friends of http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    How much is the energy consumed by the E-Cat QX and for what is used the energy consumed by the control system that is not consumed by the E-Cat QX itself?

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Let’s take the numbers obtained during the Stockolm test.
    To produce 20 Wh/h the E-Cat QX consumed 0.16 x 3/7 = 0.07 Wh/h, operating at about the 30% of its continuous operation rating. This is the amount of energy that the control board supplied to the E-Cat QX. Actually, considering the integrals of the waves, the consume is considerably less, but this makes things complicated, so just forget the integrals.
    The control box produces also heat, the amount of which varies depending on many factors and this heat can be fully recovered for other uses, with a COP close to 1 ( it will be 1 minus the energy consumed by the E-Cat, circa). The by product obtained will be heated fluid, for example air or water, that can be used for other purposes not necessarily connected to the E-Cat. For example ( just one example among an endless series) : the E-Cat, with its COP, supplies energy to make electricity or steam, while the control box supplies heat to help a heating system or an air conditioned circuit.
    The energy by-produced by means of the control box, anyway, is destined to fade in time, because the engineering we are developing for the industrialization will reduce dramatically the heat dissipation of the components.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Nils Elkstrom

    Carl-Oscar Gullstrom:
    Very interesting your paper, I saw also the video of your presentation at the IVA of Stockolm. Very impressive the theoretical work you are doing with Dr Andrea Rossi. The answer that few hours ago Dr Rossi gave to Eric Ashworth has disclosed to us the important intuition at the base of your theoretical effort.
    Thank you for your collaboration with Dr Rossi, I think great things will come from it.
    All the best,
    Nils

  128. Enzo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi’
    Very important the heat recovery of the thermal energy generated by the control box with COP 1: this makes the power source energy cost nothing, while the COP of the Ecat QX is a stunning 500.
    Godspeed
    Enzo

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Enzo:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, With regards the mechanisms that activate the LENR process, do you believe that it can eventually be fully explained by the current understanding of atomic physics or will a better understanding be a necessary requirement. That is to say an aspect not yet recognized by mainstream academia. I believe that you know more than you are giving away, just curious.

    Best Regards, Eric Ashworth

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Good question.
    Please go to the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom ( video available also on http://www.ecat.com and paper published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics) and there is a crucial point of our theoretical work, where we write that when the temperature in a field raises the mass of a particle, waves are formed that correspond to virtual particles with the mass corresponding to that temperature. Such waves, at our temperatures, can have a mass of 1-2 eV and must be waves and antiwaves. When I suggested to Carl-Oscar this model, we decided to put it under the proof of mathematical calculations in the context of the mechanism of the spin polarizability; it could result to be wrong: it is borderline, but still inside the Standard Model if we consider that we are talking of virtual particles, that are not actual elementary particles, but resonances of waves with a lifespan in the order of 10^-18 to 10^-23 s. Their low mass could justify the absence of strong radiations, while the waves-antiwaves annihilation could explain the effect. It will be very difficult to proof, but we are studying on this. It is something that could reconcile the behavior of the E-Cat QX and I believe I am right, but I know that probably I am wrong. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,
    about customer service can you say something? I imagine that the device can not be replaced by the customers themselves.
    thanks and good job

    Gian luca

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    You are correct.
    We will organize the necessary assistance in all the areas wherein we will sell our products,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No, it is irrelevant to the COP of the E-Cat QX. The COP of the E-Cat QX is given by the ratio between the energy that enters the E-Cat QX and the energy that the same E-Cat QX generates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the very high COP of the E-Cat QX reactors, what is the reason you are working so hard on recovering heat from the control system, which I would assume would be somewhat insignificant compared to the heat produced by many E-Cats powered by the controller?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Because I hate to waste the warm air that exits from the control box. It is not a fundamental issue, but still there is energy to recover at COP 1, easy to be recovered, whatever the power of the plant and whatever the utilization, just preheating the fluid before it enters the reactors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please,when you will optimise the recovery of the energy consumed by the cooling system, do you think it will increase the COP of your E-CAT QX ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  139. JPR

    Can we have an update of your present activity and where is it on course?

  140. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    In these days we are in the USA doing work related to the control system, to miniaturize it and also I am making measurements related to the recovery of all the energy consumed by the cooling system.
    Both in the USA and in Sweden we are working on the industrialization issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The more I watch the video of the Stockolm demo, the more I consider the Ecat QX a masterpiece. By the way, the energy consumed by the control system to cool the component and the heat dissipation of the components is almost totally recoverable by means of a heat exchanger.
    Congratulations,
    Prof

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, the energy consumed by the control system is entirely recovered with a heat exchanger. We are measuring the thermal energy recovered by means of an air/air heat exchanger and we are recovering almost totally the energy consumed by the circuitry and the fans of the control system. Obviously the same energy can be recovered by an air/water heat exchanger, preheating the water at the inlet of the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting link and for your kindness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The science journal NATURE reports that lightning can trigger nuclear reactions and create isotopic changes in the atmosphere.

    https://www.nature.com/news/lightning-makes-new-isotopes-1.23033

    Teruaki Enoto, an astrophysicist at Kyoto University in Japan reports:

    “On 6 February, the detectors sensed an unusual event. A double lightning bolt just off the coast shot out an initial, one-millisecond spike of γ-rays, with relatively high energies of up to 10 megaelectronvolts. This was followed by a γ-ray afterglow of less than half a second. Then there was a telltale signal — γ-rays concentrated at 511 kiloelectronvolt ??s of energy, which lasted for about a minute. Physicists say this is the unmistakable signature of positrons annihilating in a puff of energy as they hit electrons in the surrounding matter.”

    You have not reported production of high energy gamma rays (10 MeV) in the E-Cat QX (or its previous generations).

    If lightning can produce isotopic changes or even electron-positron reactions in the atmosphere, it is even more remarkable that the E-Cat can do so on a much smaller scale. Of course, there is little if any Nickel or Lithium in the air.

    Besides the existing Trade Mark – “The New Fire”, what do you think of the terms “Bottled Lightning”, “Leonardo’s Lightning” or even “Rossi’s-Lightning”?

    Congratulations on your successful demonstration at the IVA on Friday, Nov 24th.

    I/(We) wish you and your team success in the build-up of the Industrialization phase.

    As you already know, ‘SUCCESS’ only comes before ‘WORK’ in the Dictionary.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  145. Thomas

    Dr Rossi,
    We are still shocked for what you have given evidence of in Stockolm. When will we be able to buy a domestic E-Cat QX?
    Thomas

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Whereas we are sure of the industrialization of the industrial E-Cat QX, for the domestic we still do not have a certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Celestina

    Dear Andrea:
    Congratulations for the convincing demo you made in Stockolm at the Royal Academy of Engineering.
    When the next demo?
    Cheers
    C.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Celestina:
    We will make no more demos. Now our work is totally focused to industrialization. The next “demo” will be the presentation of our product, after it will be available for massive sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. George Dvorak

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Some questions:
    1- how long is the charge of the QX enough for?
    2- how will be made the recharge?
    3- how much will it cost?
    Thanks,
    George Dvorak

  150. Andrea Rossi

    George Dvorak:
    1- from 6 to 12 months
    2- we will change the modules ( as it happens when you change batteries )
    3- a price irrelevant to the worth of the energy produced, to be determined
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Andrea:
    I think that to put many modules of the Ecat QX in parallel is better than making one big module.
    Cheers
    Adrian

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you explain better what did you mean saying that the Ecat industry will go public?

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The strategy is proceed to the industrialization process immediately, put in the market a product and, after its success, make an IPO for a worldwide rapid expansion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi dott. Rossi, the electronic engineer who gave you the interview on the e-cat in 2014, has moved into another dimension, so he used to say.

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/engineer-salvo-mandara-interviews-rossi/

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    I knew yesterday that Salvo Mandara’ is passed away after a long time with a bad ill. I remember his intelligent interview he made to me and I am very sorry. I send my deepest condolences to his family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on a very persuasive demonstration!
    With the advent of new interests from corporations, the launch of industrialization of the product and industrialization of the production, do you currently have plans for future facility expansion beyond the two plants?

    You have mentioned previously that once the E-Cats will be on the market, “very likely there will be made all the necessary financial operations to have an exponential diffusion of the product”. My thought is, once that happens competition for the E-Cat QX will be fierce vying for the obvious profit margin advantage and will stress production demand beyond the current two plants.
    Would doubling of the production output per year reasonably reflect its massive exponential distribution?
    Thank you and God bless.
    Brokeeper

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind expressions.
    The production, as well as the financial expansion, will follow the demand from the market. Surely local manufacturing concerns will be necessary, but iit is opportune not to put the cart ahead of the horses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you comment on the flashes of light coming from the reactor about once every 8 seconds? I noted that the time between flashes varied between a minimum of about 3 seconds to a maximum of 11 seconds.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you also in contact with military entities concerning the E-Cat?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Should it be so, I would be under NDA.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  163. Sailmenn

    How long can a QuarkX operate before a “refueling”?

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    We can guarantee an autonomy of one year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Jan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched today the video of the demo in Stockolm and I am shocked: the E-Cat, the clear simplicity of the measurements, the honesty of the use of the oscilloscope, the geniality of the dummies, the high profile of the attendants, all these factors have made your demo a masterpiece. I believe within one, two years the Ecat QX will be in the market.
    Excellent.
    Jan

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Jan:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Koen Vandewalle

    It would be nice if there were small factories and workshops around the world that build devices and applications with the technology.

    Instead of waiting, chatting and buying later, we could all work and be creative.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The first step is a massive production, the second will be a series of small and big derivations in specific fields that possibly will be developed by small, middle and big businesses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    Is there merit in this argument?
    http://e-catworld.com/2017/12/01/rossis-e-cat-and-big-oil-mason-ainsworth/

    Congratulations on Stockholm to you and your team

    Happy Holidays

    Buck

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Opinions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Considering the size and nominal power output of the Quark reactors, I suggest a 100 Quark unit could be of the dimensions of 50mm x 12mm diameter, cylindrical tube. Conceptually, this would consist of 4 grouping of 25 Quark reactors located along the longitudinal axis of the cylinder. Each 25 Quark grouping would be equal distance from the longitudinal axis of the cylinder near the outside and equally distributed, located just below the surface of the cylinder.

    A thermal modeling of such a unit, producing 2kW of thermal power, as a horizontal cylinder in air would result in a surface temperature of about 2,000 degC, assuming 100C ambient and convective and radiative transfer only.

    This roughly 2″ by 1/2″ cylinder would be relatively easy to handle, produce a reasonable amount of power and could allegedly be controlled by a single control unit.

    So, as an example, for a 1GW electrical power generating plant, assuming 50% Carnot efficiency, you would need 1 million of these cylinders to power the plant. Thoughts?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Erik

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us who will make the robotized lines of the E-Cat factory? Are you still working with ABB?
    Cheers
    Erik

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Erik:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Some more questions.

    You said that the temperature of the ecat was 2600K, I imagine derived by spectrometry, because few material and I think no termocouple resist at this temperature.
    Melting point of the nickel is about 1600C, but certainly below 2600K.
    So this is the temperature of a plasma.

    Plasma of what?
    How did you manage to not melt the reactor fuel?
    What is the maximum temperature that it reaches?
    How far is the discharge from the fuel?
    Have you tried to get a clean spectrum to infer the plasma material from the peaks emitted by the plasma?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Yes the T has been obtained by spectrometry.
    The max T it reaches is about 3,000 K.
    We try to obtain a clean spectrum, but it is very difficult. Obviously impossible in the situation we were in Stockolm, due to the light from the big screen.
    Sorry, I cannot give information to the other questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    congratulations for the great demo you did of your invention. The world is no more the same. I was waiting this moment for years and now that it’s happened it seems to me impossible that everything still go on the same way. I was expecting a great emphasis and a global media coverage. First pages in newspapers and TV news and things like that. But …. nothing! Mah?! We must be patient Andrea, the world don’t really understand the relevance of this event. Wasn’t there scientific reporters attending the demo in Stockholm ?
    Another technical question, you stated that the QuarkX was at 30% of its potential and it was reported a COP near 500. Does it means that the COP con be over 1500 when QuarkX operates at its full power ?

    God Bless you
    Marco Serra

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    We want not to have a great emphasis while the product is not on the shelves. Then we will apply the necessary force to the emphasis.
    Yes, the COP raises proportionally with the percentage of power.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Italo R. “That the power of the E-Cat is proportional to the number of modules. The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.”.

    ASSUMING THAT:
    1. The cross-sectional area of the electrical conductor from the control unit to the E-Cat QX cluster remains the same.

    2. The temperature difference between the QX reactors and the control unit actually remains the same (in the region of 2600 degrees C), even though more power is generated in the cluster.

    3. As you increase the number of QX elements in the cluster, you will also increase the size of the surface area of the heat exchanger between the QX reactors and the load,

    THEN:
    4. The ratio of the sizes of the two heat conducting surface areas, (Heat Exchanger:Control Unit Conductor X-section) becomes greater as you add more QX elements, more so as you add a very large number of elements.

    5. This has the effect that even though the level of heat in the control unit would remain the same, the proportion of heat travelling back to the control unit would decrease with respect to the total heat generated by the whole E-Cat QX system.

    6. However, if you do then manage to cool down the control unit, the temperature difference will also increase again and the flow of lost heat will increase proportionately. So, would it still be best to try to prevent the heat being lost from the E-Cat at source, or as you said, to utilize any lost heat usefully?

    7. Is this roughly how you see the situation?

    Thoughtful Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for you insight. I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Colin Watters

    Dr Mr Rossi,

    Just for information it takes about 3 years to design a new car and put it into production. Details here..

    https://www.quora.com/Automobile-Design-How-long-does-it-take-to-develop-a-car-design-from-scratch

    Timescales are much shorter in the electronics industry. For something as complicated as a DVD player or TV box it’s possible to go from prototype to automated production in under 1 year.

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    You must distinguish the specific situations if you want to make a serious analysis.
    One thing is to make a new car or a new electronic device in the context of an already well consolidated industry that already produces massively cars or electronic devices. A completely different situation is to make an industry to produce massively a new apparatus starting from zero. By the way, your information is very particular, because the CEO of one of the major car manufacturer of the world told me that to put on the road a new concept car it takes between 10 and 20 years ( from a consolidated car manufacturer ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your invitation to the IVA demonstration, sorry that I
    could not attend. The results are astonishing!
    Congratulations! Even more exciting, the industrialization that
    you now arrange, with an accelerated schedule. The choice of venue
    for the presentation was of an exceptionally high caliber, world
    class. The attendees were very respectful during the
    presentation, your best presentation ever (but we still love Sergio
    Focardi). The response to the IVA presentation you described as a
    reactor chamber is a delightful illustration.

    Your team rocks!

    Tom

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your very kind words.
    I have the feeling that the spirit of Sergio Focardi was there, together with Sven Kullander.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Hank Mills

    Dear Andrea,

    What you have achieved so far with the Quark seems phenomenally amazing: thank you for all the work you have put into the device! Moreover, I expect that the E-Cat QX has far more potential than mentioned in the presentation.

    Are you familiar with the phenomenon of EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) intensely studied by Ken R. Shoulders, a holder of many patents, a man who was once named scientist of the year, and is known as the “Father of Micro-electrons” for his earlier work?

    Ken Shoulders

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue61/chargeclusters.html

    http://www.keelynet.com/shoulders/pdfs.html

    Paper on Ectons

    https://hal.inria.fr/file/index/docid/255563/filename/ajp-jp4199707C407.pdf

    The same phenomenon he studied is also referred to by other names such as high density charged clusters, ectons (by several Russian teams), micro-ball lightning, condensed plasmoids, and a few others. Basically, they represent a well documented phenomenon in which electrons can overcome their mutual repulsion and cluster together in close proximity. They exist throughout nature and are at the heart of many different phenomena. A simple explanation of one method by which they can be produced is by a discharge between electrodes. The ultra high electrical gradients that occur at surface irregularities and protrusions on a cathode produce very high fields and current densities. A series of events take place, over a precariously short time-frame, that leads to a sudden temperature rise and a micro-explosion of the region of high field density. This releases not only a spray of particles but also a high density of electrons in a small volume. A portion of these electrons can cluster together, overcoming their repulsion, and form an EVO or “charged cluster.”

    These charged clusters can behave quite anomalously. For instance, they often pull in and encapsulate positive ions from the environment or particles from their creation. Ken R. Shoulders and others have been able to document that for no additional input kinetic energy beyond what would be required to accelerate the electron cluster, the “screened” or “shielded” interior heavy ion (such as a number of protons as one example) can be hurled onto a target anode at high speeds. Upon impacting the target, the transported heavy ion can possess millions of electron-volts: enough energy to produce nuclear events and transmutations. Ken Shoulders and other teams were able to document such transmutations. In addition, the passage of the EVO or charged cluster through metals can leave a path in which matter seems to be de-molecularized, as if the electron bonds holding the lattice together had been disrupted. SEM images of these boreholes and resulting slag are available on the net.

    There are two additional mechanisms I’ve came across that could allow these charged clusters to produce nuclear reactions.

    First, is that when these EVOs (which can assume different geometric configurations) orient themselves into torus shapes the electrical attract to pull exterior ions inwards can become intense, to the point that the pull can impart millions of electron volts to the tractored ions. Basically, these torus shaped EVOs could be considered atom grinders as new ions are smashed against those already present in the interior. The very nature of the EVO shields any hard radiation from escaping this electric “singularity” and the KE produced by the interior nuclear reactions is released upon impact on the anode.

    Secondly, is that an EVO (perhaps with a proton at the core) could take the place of an electron in the orbit of a typical atom, reduce the barriers that inhibit nuclear reactions, and trigger LENR.

    I expect that the Quark is producing EVOs via one of many mechanisms: including emission from the cathode during “ecton” explosions, in the plasma itself due to pumping with waveforms, or in the nickel cathode when a high loading of nickel results in the production of interior cracks/fissures in the lattice triggering fracto-emission. Moreover, the bombardment of the cathode by protons and other ions could not only produce the high loading ratios but also the physical impulses required to produce interior cracking. Basically, several of these mechanisms could work together, self re-inforcing each other, to produce the enormous COPs produced by the Quark.

    Then, again, there could very well be other phenomenon at play: there could be more than one energy producing phenomena. But if EVOs are at play, it could explain some issues and yield even more possibilities. For example, the abnormal heating of your power supply (requiring active cooling). Also, if EVOs are being continuously created and destroyed, I expect a great deal of “longitudinal” — rather than traditional transverse — impulses to be emitted from your reactor. Instead of being idealy received by a traditionally oriented antenna, a long antenna positioned coaxially to the vector of propagation would optimally receive them. Or, with an antenna similar to what Nikola Tesla utilized, a circular metal sphere may intercept them. After reception, the power could be rectified in a number of ways and added to the output total.

    My guess is that there’s more of this longitudinal impulse “power” being emitted (which travels through virtually all matter without producing a counter EMF via Lenz Law because of a lack of a magnetic component) than the heat you are able to produce. I expect these impulses may be most intense directly behind the electrodes where EVOs may be impacting, on either side of your reactor.

    Again, if you’re not familiar with EVOs (charged clusters, ectons, charged plasmoids, etc) then please let me know and I can provide you with a multitude of links and papers.

    Thank you and have a wonderful day.

    Hank

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Hank Mills:
    Thank you for your kind words and for the links to this phenomenon, that I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say what was the average power output of the reactor you did the 5 Sigma testing on? And for how long it ran in total?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    single module 20 W average, but we were alone and could repair any inconvenience: can you imagine the consequences should something go wrong in front of that audience?
    I did not sleep for the three nights since when I arrived in Stockolm on the 21st. Yesterday I came back to Miami, now the focus is exclusively on the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    You say the E-Cat QX worked at limited power during the Stockolm event at the IVA (20 W). What is its real power?
    Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Average 60 W, max for continuous operation 100 W
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.”

    Are you saying that for the same module power setting, increasing the number of modules from 3 to 100, the total power consumed (and dissipated or recovered) from the Control box will decrease?

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I am saying exactly what I said.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Julian

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Again about the Stockolm test at the IVA of Nov 24th:
    The fact that during the operation with the dummy with the 1 Ohm R instead of the Ecat the voltage of the circuit remained moreless the same indicates that the Ecat did not have resistance, therefore to measure the energy consumed by the Ecat finding the voltage across the 1 Ohm R also during the operation with the Ecat and eventually apply the Ohm equations is correct, because that is a way to measure indicated in all the manuals.
    Godspeed,
    Julian

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Julian:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. kenko

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    If you win the lawsuit, will it help bring any E-cat products to market any faster?

    Kenko

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko:
    I think that after the product will have been put in the market we will become a public company.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Enrique

    Dear Andrea
    The dummy with the resistance of 800 Ohms had the duty to give evidence that the power source was not one with fixed amperage, correct?

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique:
    Yes, also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Anderson:
    We are working on this with our specialists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you at a point in your Qx development where the optimum output of heated water parameters can be disclosed? If so are you defining them by the output of various size clusters of Qx’s or is the output consistent varying only in volume as more Qx’s are brought on line?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  201. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    We have arrived to that point, but I cannot disclose these data. By the way, it depends also from the specific applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Steven N. Karels,

    I think the energy dissipated by the control system will remain more or less the same, independent of the fact if only 3 E-Cats or up to 100 are controlled by it, so the net produced useful energy of the E-cats increases proportional to the number used, while the energy dissipated by the control system will remain more or less the same (not reduced I think). But, of course, this means that the ratio of dissipated energy by the control system per net energy produced, decreases when the number of E-cats increases.

    Kind Regards,

  203. Mattias Andersson

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems to me that a substantial amount of R&D involves the development of the controller unit. Do you anticipate that this will be an area that needs to be explored further within the scientific research community?

    Kind regards,
    Mattias

  204. kenko1

    Will there ever be a time when the little guys, like myself, will ever be able to invest with you in the development of your e-cat line of products?
    Yours,
    Kenko1

  205. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you wrote:

    “…The increase of power is proportional to the quantity of modules…”

    in the Stockholm demo the controller produced about 60 watts of heat to be dissipated for feeding 3 modules.
    But does it mean that feeding 100 modules, the power to be dissipated would be about 60/3 * 100 = 2000 watts?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    No. I said that the power of the E-Cat is proportional to the number of modules. The heat dissipated by the control system decreases. In a nutshell: increasing the number of modules the heat produced by the E-Cat increases proportionally, while the heat to be dissipated ( or recovered ) from the control box decreases substantially.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Remember that all the heat dissipated by the control box can be recovered with COP 1.

  207. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    As you move toward industrial applications of the Qx have you defined the optimum output, x volume of water at a given temperature or x volume of dry steam at a given pressure and temperature?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  208. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  209. Robert Dorr

    Andrea,

    You mention that you can control up to around 100 of your QX devices with the same controller that you used in the demonstration. If you were to drive that many devices would your power supply produce appreciably more heat or would it be roughly the same amount of heat as was produced driving the three QX ecats in the demo. I am very happy to hear that your demonstration has produced potential associations or partnerships that will accelerate the industrialization of your technology.I can only say, the sooner, the better. Congratulations!

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    The increase of power is proportional to the quantity of modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. John

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When the E-Cat QX will be industrialized, how much do you the COP will be affected by the consume of the control box?
    Cheers
    John

  212. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    The COP will not be affected by the control system by means of a heat recovery system. The recovery system can recover the heat dissipated by the circuitry. Without the heat recovery system not more that 10%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Claud of Silent Minority

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for sharing with us the domo of the E-Cat QX: priceless!
    Godspeed,
    Claud

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Claud of Silent Minority:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. J.U.

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If you will be able to put the product for sale in an industrialized feature within 2018, that will be another miracle.
    Godspeed,
    Jim

  216. Andrea Rossi

    J.U.:
    True, but we are working hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. JPR

    Aftermath update?
    JPR

  218. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Now we are focused on the robotized lines and on the miniaturization and design of the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The important agreement you speak of, was it a direct result of the demo you did in Stockholm, or did it come from some earlier contact?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It has been a direct result of the Stockolm event: it has been attended by very high level persons, either from the scientific and the industrial point: the IVA conference room acted just like a reactor containing strongly reactive elements…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    The COP of 550 you demonstrated at Stockholm with the E-Cat QX at 30% power was amazing!
    Do you anticipate running the commercial E-Cat QX units at greater than 30% power or will you limit their operation to 30% for safety reasons? Does the internal fuel last significantly longer if the E-Cat QX is run at 30% power versus 100% power?

    Looking forward to more good news from the Leonardo Corporation in 2018.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    During the test at the IVA I put the power at 30% to put the probability of breaks at zero point. The product will perform better, also because now we are focusing on the industrialization and this means also eliminate the overheating problem. We are working along two lines: 1- industrialization of the product, 2- industrialization of the production. These two processes normally are completed up to 10 years ( the CEO of a car industry told me up to 20 years), but we think it will take less than 2 years in our case. I hope one year, but it will be rude.
    The charge was standard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Giorgio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is the link to the Italian conference made in Italy just after the Stockolm event at the IVA:
    http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/laudio-della-conference-call-rossi/

  224. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you have written:

    “…From now on the focus will be on the industrialization.
    Probably today we reached a very important agreement toward it…”

    Is there any news you can share with us if possible?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Several days after the Stockholm demo we made a very important agreement, that will make faster the start of a massive industrial production. These few days have been momentous.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  226. Roberto M

    Rossi
    Dear Andrea,
    Whith this presentation you made the “New Fire” more closer to everbody. Congrats to you, your staff and to Mats Lewan for the great meeting management. Have a big future.
    May me ask some questions:
    a) are you working on international certification for the QX ?
    b) if yes, have you any idea how long does it take ?
    b) you mentioned now you are focused on industrialization, what is the first market you will approch ? Industrial or Consumer ?

    Many thanks in advace. I whish you big things.
    Yours sicerely
    Roberto

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto M.:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Answers:
    a- yes
    b- industrial: done; domestic: couple of years
    c- industrial
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Tamerlano

    Dear Andrea,

    how many ECAT-QX (maximum) is it possible to feed with the controller you used during the demo?

    5, 10, 100 ?

    Thx
    Tamerlano

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Tamerlano:
    With a controller used in the demo we can control at least 100 systems.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  230. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Congratulations, great demonstration and convincing measurement.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  232. Virginia W.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Now the IVA demonstration is past. Are you already working on the industrialization or you think you will make further public tests?
    Cheers
    Virginia

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Virginia W:
    We are working now exclusively on the industrialization of the E-Cat QX. No more public tests will be made before the launch of the product in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    congrats for the astonishing results presented on Nov 24th.

    A COP over 500 is really an achievement I couldn’t expect even if I am following your work since the beginnings !

    In order to solve the issue of the control system cooling did you consider (or think it is feasible) to use other means to ignite the plasma like a pulsed laser beam ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    We already are working toward all the issues connected with the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Virginia W.:
    Yes, we now are focused on the industrialization, which means factories and a product ready to be produced in million pieces ( miniaturization of the control box and other connected problems, robotization etc). No, we will not make further public demos of prototypes. The next presentation will be the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. W.Y

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I viewed all the videos of the event of Stockolm at the IVA. The demo is very convincing for the measurements. The use of the two resistances of 1 Ohm and 800 Ohms as dummies has been genial: did you invent this solution?
    W.Y.

  238. Andrea Rossi

    W.Y.:
    No, it has been proposed to me from Mats Lewan, and I accepted.
    Thank you for your attention to the demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear dr. Andrea Rossi,

    A self-critical attitude can be stimulating and can produce a high level of self-correction.
    But still I think that sometimes you really exaggerate. I would expect a bit more mildness from a scientist and entrepreneur with your track record.

    The negative reactions and the attacks in all possible ways, were also a form of respect: they see you as an avid opponent.

    Your presentation was a hit.

    Now it’s up to the radar technicians and the microprocessor experts.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Mistakes can be a patrimony, provided you accept to analyse them brutally against yourself to print the experience in the brain; I experienced that self frienship is more dangerous than an enemy.
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why the spectrometry did not work?
    Cheers,
    Jack

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    My fault. I did not consider that a giant screen would have spread too much light to allow the spectrometer focus on the eye of the E-Cat. I never experienced this situation and stupidly did not understand it by myself. The light from the big screen interfered with the optic line between the reactor and the optic fibers end.
    I had to bring with me some black cover to hide the light of the screen from the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,

    oltre ad averla vista in ottima forma e molto attento a tutto quanto succedeva intorno al “SUO” QX
    ho avuto l’impressione che in realtà ciò che Lei (Voi) sapete sul Qx sia già ben oltre a quello mostratoci
    nel video girato a Stoccolma. Quanto detto deriva anche dall’estrema sicurezza con cui l’ing. Fabiani si muoveva
    e commentava.
    Sono sicuro che presto ci saprà stupire con altre grosse novità.

    Grazie e buon lavoro.

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Yes, we operated with the E-Cat QX about at the 30% of its power.
    I was afraid.Sincerely.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Sifferkoll report
    E-Cat QX Demo in Stockholm Results = COP ~550

    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/andrea-rossi-e-cat-qx-demo-in-stockholm-cop-550/

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Silent Majority Member

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been moved to watch at you during the fantastic demo of Stockolm.
    Now we wait for your product.
    God bless you,
    SMM

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Member:
    From now on the focus will be on the industrialization.
    Probably today we reached a very important agreement toward it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am the CTO of an important company in the aerospace field. I am following your publications and tests since the Bologna event of January 2011 and I think the test at the IVA of Stockolm has been a masterpiece. The measurements made are all fully satisfactory to us and it is clear to me that you made a technological miracle. I am reading in the blogosphere many comments of amateurs lecturing about this and that without knowledge of the matter, but I can assure you that our experts I am talking with are extremely impressed, even shocked, by what they saw in the video, that we scrutinized second by second.
    We can help you to resolve the overheating of the control box easily.
    We will contact you next Monday, so you will know me. I cannot expose myself in a blog.
    Godspeed, Andrea and see you soon.

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to our work…waiting for your contact on Monday!
    You know that to contact me you can email
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the complete text of the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstroem that has been presented in Stockolm on November 24 in the IVA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is part of a comment from
    Thomas Kaminski on ECat World.

    It is clear that the controller is pretty fancy — however, over the years, I have seen large motor control racks be replaced by small devices as high voltage IGBT’s replaced older components. The efficiencies have also gone way up, reducing thermal cooling requirements. I suspect that the power electronics industry could help Rossi with the controller size and efficiency. He needs to find the right partner. He might try this consortium:

    https://wempec.wisc.edu/

    I have taken courses from them — excellent content in power electronics.

    Thought it might interest you.

    Regards
    Sam

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link and for your goodwill to give us suggestions. The more we know, the better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Vladimir

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What has impressed me more about the test made in the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering is the consumption of electricity actually supplied to the E-Cat. The dummies gave evidence that the E-Cat has a resistance more or less equal to the resistance of the copper- actually plasma is a very good conductor- therefore your measurement system is correct. You got a stunning COP of 500 or more.
    Fantastic.
    Infinite congratulations.

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Vladimir:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. DT

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am still shocked by the ratio between the energy produced by the E-Cat and the energy consumed. This invention of yours is probably the most important thing happened in the last 100 years.
    I hope we will see its development also in my Country.
    From Russia, with love,
    Dimitri Travchenko

  257. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Your Country is very important for everybody!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    What I gather from the Nov.24 presentation is, that there is still some R&D work to be done on the Hot Cat. Can you give a time estimate, even tentative, of when the E-Cat QX is finally going to be ready for mass production?

    Kindest regards,
    Obro

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Obro:
    I will do all my best to make it happen within 2018. I hope my optimism will become truth.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Chris Johnson

    Congratulations on a successful demonstration! In your presentation you mentioned that the controller has cooling problems. Have you thought about submersing the entire control system in 3M’s Novec cooling fluid? See https://www.3m.com/3M/en_US/novec-us/applications/immersion-cooling for more info and http://multimedia.3m.com/mws/media/65495O/3mtm-thermal-management-fluids.pdf for properties of the different coolants. The liquid coolants are high voltage compatible, with a 0.1″ gap breakdown of around 40Kv. There is a video of a PC motherboard running fully submersed in the liquid at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqptp3buRM0 .

    Chris Johnson

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Johnson:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the two videos of the complete demo of Stockolm and I think you made a very convincing test. It has been very convincing for the water flow, for the measurements of the temperatures and for the measurements of the electric energy consumed.
    I think you have made a masterpiece and all the experts I have spoken with agree with me.
    Congratulations.

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In our website are now available the 2 links to the integral transmission of the Stockolm event:
    https://ecat.com/news/ecat-qx-presentation-in-stockolm
    https://ecat.com/news/carl-oscar-gullstrom-working-with-theory-about-the-rossi-effect

  265. Dear Andrea,
    The standard way to create a short high-voltage pulse (to ignite a plasma arc) is to load a capacitor to the wanted high voltage and then discharge it. Loading of the capacitor can be done slowly so it can be done by a small high-voltage source (commercial manufacturers: Picoelectronics, EMCO, or use custom-made “charge pump” systems https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge_pump ). Another benefit is that the energy of the “shot” i.e. the energy of the capacitor, is precisely known (=0.5*C*V^2 where C=capacitance, V=voltage).
    regards, /pekka

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    That system, that obviously I know, is not useful to us. Our situation is more complex by orders of magnitude.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi, Many congratulations to yourself and your excellent team on reaching Sigma 5. You have worked extremely hard for a long time to achieve this landmark event. Now you can fully concentrate on preparing for your very important demo of the E-Cat QuarkX which we have all been waiting to see. Well Done Sir! Kind Regards, Martyn Aubrey.

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Q1- It was also so, eventually resolved
    Q2- We are working on the miniaturization and heat elimination of the control circuitry system. I am hiring specialists.
    Thank you for your attention to our work and for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I very much enjoyed following the reports of and watching your presentation of the E-Cat QX.

    As always with these things a lot of answers were answered and of course also new ones arise. But it’s definitely moving forward incredibly.

    As a bystander and observer in this story It’s amazing to think some years back I would have been amazed to see a basic large device Even produce COP 3. Whoever produced it. Even a cop of 1.001 would have made me smile from a scientific curiosity point of view. But now we are talking about devices that can produce COPs in the hundreds and thousands. and thes are tiny devices tat can be combined and scaled an all kinds of concievable ways. It’s astonishing. And easy to forget where we were in our hopes and expectation even a few years ago. And you talk about a Moores Law for LENR devices… My mind boggles where we wil be in a few years time.

    About the presentation may I ask you about the spectra measurements? If they are confidential at this time I understand.

    1. Was the spectra measurement of the 0.08mm * 6mm plasma in the reactor itself?
    2. Or was it from a Secondary plasma around the reactor.
    3. Or was it from a separate component in the device tharpt surrounded the reactor that radiated the heat.
    4. If 3 did the secondary component generated its own plasma in surrounding gas.

    5.Are the dimensions of the reactor given the dimensions of the plasma in the reactor gap.
    6. Or the whole device. (I suppose is correct)
    7. If 5 is correct can you give some dimensions of the whole device… Is this the same as those previously mentioned here and elsewhere before the presentation.

    A lot of questions, which I must apologise for. I don’t want to swamp you in questions.

    All the best with the way forward. I hope have fast progress with resolving the thermal control issues and miniturisation of the controller. I have the feeling it is remarkable in its own right and may have other intersting uses in power control and distribution for all kinds of reactive devices in the future… May be even how how power is distributed. who knows…

    Good luck to all the team… I was happy to see Fabiani taking part again… It’s a good team

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  270. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- yes
    5- yes
    7- confidential
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Damian

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the demo: clear, simple, evident. A genial masterpiece. In the audio I heard that you gave the pump and the board of the resistances connections to Mats Lewan, to allow him to check their integrity, with nothing hidden inside: did you actually donate pump and connectors board to Mats?
    Godspeed with the industrialization!
    Damian

  272. Andrea Rossi

    Damian:
    Yes, Mats Lewan has retrieved the water pump and the wooden board with the connectors for the 1 Ohm and 800 Ohms resistances at the end of the test and he can do with them whatever he wants, I do not need to have them back.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  273. Ing Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your readers can find here the publication of the acts of the 2016 conference on the condensed matter.
    JOURNAL OF CONDENSED
    MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE
    Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion
    Proceedings of the 20th International Conference
    on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Sendai,
    Japan, October 02–07, 2016
    VOLUME 24, October 2017

    ICCF 20 Conference 02–07 October 2016, Sendai, Japan

    http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedw.pdf

  274. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  275. Michelangelo De Meo

    Reflections on the Nov 24 E-Cat QX demo in Stockholm
    Mats Lewan
    http://animpossibleinvention.com/2017/11/26/reflections-on-the-nov-24-e-cat-qx-demo-in-stockholm/

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find hereunder the link to the reflections of the scientific journalist Mats Lewan related to the demo of Stockolm:
    https://animpossibleinvention.com

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew ( second answer ):
    You made me curious and now I had the time to watch with focused attention the part of the video you refer to. Please you too watch with attention the segment between 2h30′ and 2h32′: it is very interesting about your issue. Before I open the air window, that is on the side of the control box in front of me, Fabiani says to me absolutely nothing either before or during the action of opening the air window; after the action is finished and the box has been lowered in normal position, Fabiani says me to turn the switch, and at that point I go to the side of the box at my right, where the switch is, and make the switching action.
    Just to be clear and precise.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    It has been published on youtube the last part of the demo of Stockolm, with the theoretical presentation by Carl-Oscar Gullstrom: please go to
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ud6-KRbvKqE&feature=youtu.be

  279. andrew

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You said you opened an air Window to help air circulating, but Fabiani clearly tells you to push a Switch. It’s clear from the audio… Can you clarify?

  280. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    When Fabiani is saying me to turn the switch, he refers to the switch that turns off and on the power. We had to turn off/on the power when we passed from calorimetry to spectrometry, and when we passed from spectrometry to dummy 1 Ohm and when we passed from the dummy with 1 Ohm to the dummy with 800 Ohms. It is obvious that when we had to substitute the components of the circuit we had to turn the power off, make the substitution and, after that, turn the power on again. The switch is in the right side of the control box from my point of view, left side from the point of view of the public. The air window is in my side of the box. The window gives access to the circuitry.
    When I opened the air window, obviously, Fabiani said nothing, because in that moment I was not operating with any switch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. Andrew

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    There are so many people following your story, cheering for you, supporting you, praing for you, and yet the only thing you have given back in these last years are some ‘Rossi says’ that most of the time are followed by ‘someone says not ‘ . And I mean.. you don’t owe them anyhing, you are not supposed to satisfy the general public curiosity just in exchange of some sort of cybernetic support. But seriously, we are not talking about telenovelas curiosity, we are talking about people worried about the future of energy, the future of this planet, the future of their children, because hey, don’t try to give me the ‘all energy sources will be integrated’ joke, your tech. is kind of last hope.
    And I understand your worries about the competition, I understand the very long time needed to a such unconventional tech to be developed properly.
    But there are soooo many ways you could put an end to the skeptics chatters, that you could prove without any doubt that your tech does what ‘Rossi says’ . And yet you don’t do it.
    Once again it’s just Secret customers secret deals, secret results of reports..
    You are a good man I’m sure of that. Just think that it would cost you nothing to give something back to those that have been defending your name for this long time

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    When Fabiani is saying me to turn the switch, he refers to the switch that turns off and on the power. We had to turn off/on the power when we passed from calorimetry to spectrometry, and when we passed from spectrometry to dummy 1 Ohm and when we passed from the dummy with 1 Ohm to the dummy with 800 Ohms. It is obvious that when we had to substitute the components of the circuit we had to turn the power off, make the substitution and, after that, turn the power on again. The switch is in the right side of the control box from my point of view, left side from the point of view of the public. The air window is in my side of the box. The window gives access to the circuitry.
    When I opened the air window, obviously, Fabiani said nothing, because in that moment I was not operating with any switch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  283. SG

    Hello Andrea,

    One question about the cooling system: have you considered using Peltier cells?

    Thanks.

  284. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I seen this comment from E48 on ECat World
    Blog.
    Engineer48
    11 hours ago
    Just before Mats starts the tests with different resistor values, Rossi lifts the cover on the White control box and apparently switches a switch or two:

    E cat QX presentation 24 November 2017 — disq.us
    Which to this observer casts a big shadow over the validity of the tests Mats conducted.

    Apparently Mats did not see this occur as he was looking at the data from Hurley.

    As Rossi did not explain what he did nor why he did it, to me this killed any credibility on the input power claims.

    Could you comment on it?
    Enjoyed your QX demonstration.
    Regards
    Sam

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I checked what you say, it is between the time 2h 30′ and 2h 31′.
    I opened an air window to help the air circulation since when the E-Cat has been turned off the cooling system was disconnected. After 2 hours of work and after the operation of the spectrometer without cooling circulation in the heat exchanger I wanted to help the hot air out.
    This has nothing to do with the measurements we were making.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. George Hogan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the successful E-Cat QX demo! You have mentioned in the past possibly partnering with third party heat-based engines. Have you considered Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc.? They have developed an efficient heat-based engine that has won several awards from prominent science magazines and have contracts in the defense industry. They claim that their engine can use any heat source as fuel such as solar or syngas, and they have talked publicly of leveraging LENR in the past. http://m.marketwired.com/press-release/cyclone-power-technologies-delivers-engine-militarization-fsds-releases-2017-q1-worldwide-otc-pink-cypw-2229112.htm

    V/r
    George Hogan

  287. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Some questions:

    – Is the output of the “black box” supply floating ? (=not connected to Earth). Inputs of TBS1052B oscilloscope are not isolated, then probe’s ground makes the 1 Ohm resistor to be refered to the Earth.

    – Can we summarize the situation by saying that a roughly 10mW injected at the entrance raises progressively the temperature of the core to 2600 °C ?

    I take this opportunity to wish you a complete cure for your skin cancer, forza !

    Regards,

    Michel

  288. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your reply to my last post. I am not here to make your life difficult or to discredit you, but what you have said in your last response to me is not possible according to my calculations and e=mc2 therefore I believe you have made a mistake – either the e-cat Qx reactor is bigger eg 0.8mm x 6mm, or it can’t release 20W or it doesn’t last for 1 year. We don’t know the density of your reactor but we know that it contains nickel – 9 kg/L and liAlH4 – density 1 kg /L. For argument sake lets assume the whole reactor is Nickel and has a density of 9kg/L. The reactor you describe is 0.08mm diameter x 0.6 mm = 0.003mm cubed in volume, even if it was pure nickel at a density of 9kg / L,= a mass of 0.003x 9kg x 0.000001 L = 0.000000027 kg of mass using E=MC2 then 0.000000027kg x 300,000,000 x 300,000,000 ( c2 ) = 2,440,000,000 joules if converted entirely to energy. 20 W x 3600 seconds x 24 hours x 365 days = 630,720,000 joules. So if the reactor was pure nickel 630,720,000 / 2,440,000,000 = 25.8 % of the mass would need to be converted to energy to work as you describe !! I don’t believe this is possible and this figure would go up if we take into account that the reactor is not pure nickel and has LiAlH4 which has a much lower density and thus the reactors mass is actually less than the mass in the calculations. Sorry if I have made a mistake. All the best.

  289. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    compliments

    E-Cat QX Picture Posted in New Rossi-Gullstrom Paper (COP of 2000 reported with Calorimetry)

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/07/20/e-cat-qx-picture-posted-in-new-rossi-gullstrom-paper/

    Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force from σI=2 meson exchange potential
    Carl-Oscar Gullström, Andrea Rossi
    18 july 2017

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.05249.pdf

  290. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Michelangelo De Meo

    E cat QX presentation 24 November 2017
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz0Z94Ix-kc

  292. Hi Andrea, congratulations on your demo. You state the actual reactor component is minuscule- 0.08mm diameter x 0.6 mm. In the past you have said that each ecat QX can produce energy for 1 year before being exhausted. My previous understanding was the Ecat QX was approximately 1 mm diameter x 20mm. Are you still claiming that the Ecat QX 0.08mm x 0.6mm is able to realease energy for approximately 1 year ? All the best !

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Kerl-Hentik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestion. There will be no further demo. Our next public action will be the launch of the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congrats on a successful demo. However, I wish that you had demonstrated the same with the 800 Ohm resister in series with the eCat reactor. The demonstration could have proceeded with:
    a. The 800 Ohm resister shunted across it – resulting in the basic test configuration.
    b. Then the eCat reactor could be shunted across for the 0 Ohm test configuration.
    c. Then the shunt across the 800 Ohm resistor removed and the shunt across the eCat removed for the 800 Ohm test configuration.

    No change in waveform should have occurred. You would have made only one configuration change per step. No long dead time reconfiguring the experimental setup.

    It would have been nice to measure the total input power and to have demonstrated a 3 eCat, 5 eCat and 11 eCat reactor configurations. Once stable thermal output had been achieved, the additional time demonstrated little new information. With three different eCat reactor configurations, one could back out the effect of the power controller through linear regression techniques.

    The pump rate could have been adjusted to handle the different eCat configurations for a constant delta temperature.

    Also, if you had measured the temperature of the pump output, your would not have to disassemble the pump to show there was no heating within the pump. Demonstrations tend to be more meaningful when they go smoothly and with minimal required assumptions. Still, it was a successful demonstration. Good job.

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your opinion and for your attention to our demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea, With a view from a distance, I would dare to think that analog signal detection and integration might be enough. Lightning fast sampling is then no longer necessary.

    If you also have a group of different oscillators that you can send their power to the QX as required, you can only manage that link according to the integrals of the detectors via a computer. Then the computer has to process much less.

    In my profession I also see a draconian increase in computers and communication interfaces, for sometimes simple things that we used to solve with much less resources.

    If there is an electric surplus somewhere, you can always stock it.

    Nice presentation !

    Best Regards,
    Koen

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. I’m curious and worried that the press (and the media in general), even the specialized one, did not bring the news of the demonstration and the outstanding achievements! Is there a comunication problem? Thank you and best regards.

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Frankalde:
    We did not invite them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for the QX presentation yesterday. One thing you could do next time, without revealing any secrets, is to first feed the water from the pump into the control box and use if for cooling the components there, and then feed the water into the reactor. By using a third thermocouple to measure the water temperature right befor the reactor it is easy to add the delta T over the control box and delta T over the reactor.
    Then you can use a powermeter on the cable feeding the control box.
    Just google “CPU water cooler” to find components suitable to mount in the control box for water cooling.
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

  302. Sommer

    First of all:
    Congrats for Your big sucsess!
    And many Thanks for Your quick answer to my question.

    After the impressive demo many followers speculate about the source of the heat in the controls.

    Do You have a hint for us what the reason may be, after the possibiliy of heat traveling trouh the wires was excluded?

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Sommer:
    I am very sorry, but that would force me to explain confidential particulars.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I found all the answers to my questions in the new video (good quality) on Youtube.
    I understand the input current is not just DC as i thought, so an oscilloscope is effectively more suitable for observing high frequency components of the current across the 1 ohm shunt resistor.
    Without betraying a secret, can you simply explain how you went from COP x6 (old Ecat) to x488 for the QX ?

    Regards,

    Michel

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    1- to do what I have done
    2- it has been explained . What you saw is partial report. Please watch a more complete report (you tube ” Ecat Stockolm” or Ecatworld )
    3- we had an oscilloscope
    4- thank you for your encouragement to our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Rodney Nicholson

    Hi Andrea:

    I am hoping that, when the full video becomes available, a link to it will be provided on the blog right here.

    Second, from what I have seen of the presentation so far, it appears you have made another profound new discovery, which may be worth more to humanity than the Ecat. How did you grow all that new hair?!

    All the best,

    Rodney.

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    1- yes
    2- miracle (I had months ago cancer surgery to the head and have to wear a special wig designed to protect from radiations).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. I followed you with passion from the beginning but yesterday I had a great disappointment: no streaming video on any site; just a few slides! I would like to have a summary of the outcome of the demonstration especially on the COP achieved! I’m sorry to note how much represented but the wait was huge! Than you!

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Frankalde:
    I hope you found solace in the links that have been published with most part of the event, so far.
    Just go to Ecatworld and you will find 3 hours of the event. The final version of about 4 hours is on its way, as I have been informed about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Michelangelo De Meo

    E-Cat QX Presentation Thread #3 — Full Video of Event, Comments from Mats Lewan, Measurements By Eng. William Hurley

    http://ecatworld.org/e-cat-qx-presentation-thread-3-comments-from-mats-lewan/

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaints Francois:
    Thank you for your attention to the great work of my team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I just watch a video of the QX presentation on the “ecatworld” website, but the sound was very weak, so it was hard to understand what people said.

    Could you clarify some details:

    – What was the purpose of the presentation ?

    – On a slide, the QX input current is low enough to put a true RMS ammeter in series : why measuring voltage accross a 1 Ohm resistor to get the current ?

    – On the same slide, i see no RMS voltmeter at the QX inputs ?

    From what i understood, the COP is impressive, surely a great success for you and your team !

    Regards,

    Michel

  314. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Working hard: the one year test made in Doral has given me an enormous amount of information and I worked very hard with it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  315. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The video is very interesting. I do have one question about something you said on it:

    ” Because the real dimensions of the reactor are 0.08 mm of diameter, and 0.6 mm in length.”

    Surely it is not so small! Maybe you meant cm?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  316. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the links and for the information.
    Please send also here the link to the complete version when you will get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  317. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your feedback !
    I gave up yesterday evening because I wasn’t able to find a proper link on ecat.com & ecatworld.org.

    But today it is available :)
    I will surely watch it with great interest this afternoon.

    For those wondering what is the direct link to the YouTube video, here it is :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkj-7whwpUk

    It has been published on the YouTube “ECAT – Andrea Rossi’s Energy Catalyzer” channel which is reachable here :
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCrnQ0AeGQZAB8Q_MmcYeMlQ

    Regards,

    Xavier

  318. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the links, surely useful for our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  319. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For your readers’ information here is the link to the Youtube video of the presentation: https://www.youtube.com/embed/lkj-7whwpUk,

    It is also posted on E-Cat World here: http://ecatworld.org/e-cat-qx-presentation-thread-3-comments-from-mats-lewan/, along with the measurements taken by William Hurley, and an analysis of Mats Lewan.

    Mats stated on ECW that in this version of the video, the talk by Carl Oscar Gullstroem is not included, in order to speed up the time of processing. He said a new version of the video will be made which includes Gullstroem’s talk.

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  320. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is not wrong.
    All the rest of volume is room for heat exchange.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  321. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    Some more questions, regarding the test:
    1) The three ECats were in series, or in parallel?
    2) I assume that there are some metal electrodes that are in contact with the ECat, that is a small elongated conductor similar to a piece of hair. What material is (the electrodes)?
    3) How are positioned the electrode? I mean: if the ECat is a small cylinder of 0.6mm heigth and 0.08mm diameter, the electrodes are in contact with the bases?
    4) Is the ECat polarized or not? I mean: if you invert the polarity and so the current flow (starting from a cold ECat), it works the same? What if you let the current flow perpendicularly the cylinder axis or diagonally? In short, is the ECat anysotropic, so that it can be made a sphere? If it can be made in sphere or peeble shape, then you can throw a bunch of Ecat in a bowl and let the current flow between the two extremes, like if the ECats were a bunch of pellets in a wood stove or a bunch of peebles in a peeble nuclear plant… So probabily the delta V could be much higher than few millivolt and you can use a 10-20V/1A waveform generator for thousands of ECats!

    Regards,
    Marco

  322. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    You are right, but too complex to be accepted easily, so we preferred the more conservative way: it is just…enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  323. Jenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the generous demo you gave us from the predtigious Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences of Stockolm.
    I have been moved by your whisper at the end of the event, when all the attendants cheered you heartedly.
    You are inspiring.
    Now we all wait for your products.
    A big hug,
    Jenny

  324. Andrea Rossi

    Jenny:
    Thank you for your feeling: the final whisper came from the solace after several days of extreme tension.
    Notwithstanding the long period of tests and the 5 Sigma reached, I was afraid that something for some unforeseeable reason could go wrong. Between a success and a catastrophe there can be just a whisper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  325. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    At about 1:28:00 of the video, there is an extreme close-up of the reactor. When the relais is turned on, starting the 3 seconds pulse train, a flash can be seen near the electrode. You have put black tape to cover, but a small fraction of the light, quite white-bluish, as you said many time ago, can be seen…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  326. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Sorry, all your questions and considerations are related to confidential issues, either in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  327. Yuri

    Dear Andrea:
    Great! Great! What we saw from Stockolm is a gigaprogress of your science and technology. Fantastic the choice to use only liquid water with 20 Celsius degrees of delta T, with the water falling in a reservoir upon a scale. Now the calorimetry is undisputable.
    Bravo!
    Yuri

  328. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Thank you for youe attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  329. Enrique

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations to you and your team for the immense demo of Stockolm. I appreciated the genial application of a dummy of 1 Ohm and a dummy of 800 Ohms, to proof the obvious fact that the plasma is a conductor, since with the dummies instead of the Ecat we saw that the resistance of the copper was the same of the plasma, since with 1 Ohm the voltage was moreless the same, while with the 800 Ohm dummy we saw that the source was not an I-constant source. This was genial.
    Congratulations for the clarity of the measurements.
    And now…Godspeed to the industrialization !

  330. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  331. Sommer

    You have discussed before that the demo would be doable with batteries as the only sorce. Would such a configuration have the same need for massive cooling?

  332. Andrea Rossi

    Sommer:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    I see the problem for the control box: if the ECat has low resistance, it requires low voltage to have less than one ampere. This is very difficult to obtain with high efficiency from high voltage. The current is also pulsed, so a switching power supply must have a very high sample frequency, not feasible if Mats Lewans calculations of 100KHz is accurate. I think that the high heat of the control box is because it’s a linear circuit, an amplifier, that has awful efficiency if it must supply low voltage abd high current…

    You can put in series tens or hundreds of ECat-QX, like christmas bulbs, to increase the required voltage and use a more efficient power supply that must only provide pulsed voltage with a more reasonable value, in the order of 10-20 volts… This can be done with a normal linear circuit, morelike an audio amplifier, with efficiency of 30-40% depending on the pulse waveform.

    Also putting the ECats in series eliminates the 1 Ohm resistance and so also this loss of power…

    Regarsd,
    Marco.

  334. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    A quick note while watching your video.
    The peak current flowing through the ECat is 0.28A. The duty cycle of the driving current is 3/7. But the current is also pulsed, so the mean power is well below .28^2, that you are using for the fast power calculation at 36:00. You have at least the 3/7 factor. But also another factor given by the fact that the current is still pulsed in the 3/7 of the cycle. So the power is well below 0.08W (.28^2), probabily well below 0.035W (.08*3/7), with an output power of 15W and rising, with a COP of at least 400.
    Excuse me if later in the video you gave the precise numbers, but while watching the video i urged to write you some considerations…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  335. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for the demo, it was cool to be able to see the flash’s of the E-CAT QX

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  336. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady and ALL OUR READERS:
    The video of the event of yesterday is availabke on You Tube: just go to You Tube and dial
    ECAT STOCKOLM
    The integral paper of Carl Oscar Gullstrom will be available within days on this Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  337. Giuseppe Lipari

    Hi Andrea,
    I am proud you are Italian like me. I follow you from many years and I have read all your post on your blog and documents of discovery phase of your suit against IH. I wish you all the best for your amazing invention and I think that prof. Focardi would be proud of your astonishing succes. I hope this demo could not only help you to commercialize your invention, but also to obtain all the academic support you have not obtained, so far. Maybe we will have a new Italian nobel prize winner in the near future 😉

  338. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Lipari:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  339. Ecat Fan

    I thought there would be a (delayed) video streaming of the whole event on 12 Miami time??

    can’t find it anywhere.

  340. Andrea Rossi

    Ecat Fan:
    The official streaming of the event of November 24th, made at the Swedish Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences of Stockolm, will be put in the internet witin hours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. It has been already put on youtube by other sources, albeit in incomplete versions

  341. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you please post the link to the full video of the presentation. I seem to be struggling finding the actual video.

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  342. Koen Vandewalle

    Have fun Today!

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. C Calloway

    We dropped by to say Good Luck today with the LENR demo
    and looking forward to the presentation – Miami Time)

    Cheers!

  345. Andrea Rossi

    C Calloway:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Andrea,

    I wish you & your team the best for the demo in a few hours.

    I’m very exited to see the (live ?) video feed and to learn more about the QX !
    I have reserved my evening (Europe/France timezone) for this event.

    I hope you’ll have a large online audience.

    Fingers crossed :)

    Xavier

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    I have finished now to talk with the attendants in the aftermath of the event. The QX worked well as usual, even if I reduced the power down to the 30% od its possibiliteis, to have zero risk.
    The demo is online, you can find it on Ecat.com, Ecatworld, Youtube and others. The integral text of the theoretical presentation of Carl Oscar Gullstrom will be published the next week on the Journal Of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. is this no effect on the global warming?

  349. Henrik

    Good Morning.
    Best wishes for today.
    Looking forward to the streaming tonight.
    /Henrik

  350. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    There was a period a while ago where you said that you are powering the qx with dc battery. Is this still possible in the latest incarnation?
    Best regards and good luck for today.
    Patrick

  351. Colin Watters

    Which UL standard would a consumer water heater have to meet? Would it be UL1453?

  352. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Is everything ready for tomorrow?
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. michele

    Dear Andrea,

    all the best for tomorrow, I was just wondering about these points

    -why, given the importance of this event, no press release has been sent out? I can find no trace of the event of tomorrow on google news, I’m a little confused actual

    -will you provide the product at a lower cost to organizations helping people like the ones in porto rico suffering a blackout after a catastrophic event?

    thank you for your inspiration,
    Michele

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Michele:
    All this will be possible only when a massive production will have been launched.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. LilyLover

    Dear Andrea,
    Well wishes and good luck for tomorrow morning. Channeling my prayers for divine help for your success. May you rest well and look refreshing for the most important photo-op of the scientific history. Please include your wife in some of the photos, for history should know that great sacrifices by scientist-alone are not sufficient to advance the humanity.
    Sincerely,
    `LilyLover

  357. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    best wishes to you and your team for the demostration you are going to do tomorrow.
    Please, keep always Italy in your hart for your further decisions.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I should ask You one thing: Tomorrow, Do You can mention with one sentence one Czechoslovak: Martin Fleischmann

    Good Luck

    Very Thanks

    Best Regards Ivan Samec

    One thematic song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0TdGGpOpVE

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk;
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Much to be to be thankful for but specifically your inspired world changing work.
    Praying God will shine His blessings upon your presentation.
    Wish you, your wife and your team a very Happy Thanksgiving and a bright Friday!
    Brokeeper

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you very much for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    May you presentation of the eCat QX be very succesful tomorrow.
    I hope you will survive the numerous questions that will be asked.
    Happy Thanksgiving, although there is little time to celebratie that, I guess.
    Lots of success! Gerard

  365. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Thank you for answer. Your last argument is indisputable. I may change my question:
    1. Which year do you anticipate the first products containing massively produced E-Cat may be on the marked?
    2. Will the progress here be independent of a “general acceptance” tomorrow?
    Any way – Best luck for and your team at the presentation !!!
    Regards Svein Henrik

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    1- Impossible to answer now
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    As a comment to questions recently from WaltC concerning certification of “Hot Water Heaters”, I do have an “Air to Water Heat-Pump” as a complete unit outside my house.
    It supplies hot water both to space heating and consumption. This is an “industrial unit”, not intended or certified for domestic indoor use. The outside localization gives easy installation, easy access, security for water damage and other possible impacts and are space saving. Your certifications for industrial use are probably sufficient for this use.
    My heat-pump is now 10 years old and have a limited COP, when may I replace it with “The ecat hot-water-well”?
    Regards Svein Henrik

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for the information, but the certification issue is more complex and if you want to produce and distribute massively a domestic appliance you cannot pretend it is industrial, unless you are looking carefully for big troubles.
    Clearly you can use a product certified for industrial operation and nobody will forbid it to you, but should you have any accident because you use it improperly and get hurt, the manufacturer and the certificator have not liabilities. From the other side, I cannot sell E-Cat not massively produced for obvious reasons of reverse engineering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Happy Thanksgiving to you! What are your plans for this holiday?

    Wishing you all the best for the important presentation!

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Plans for these days? You kidding?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:Thank you for the wishes.
    Answers:
    1- It depends. It is a complex issue
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  372. James

    Hi Mr Rossi,

    I have one dream for your QX presentation, sort of like Apple did this earlier. After your safe successful presentation I want to see something like this: “This was our stable tree of work. And this, Ladies and Gents, is what we are working on to get this stable, too. Please enjoy the future!”

    And then you show the real power of the E-cat. Dont blow it, but let us see something more to dream of…

    Best regards,

    James

  373. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    Nice dream. Thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    – Hypothetically, if the two main domestic markets for the E-Cat were “Hot Water Heaters” and “Portable Space Heaters”, would there be one single domestic certification that applied to both applications, or would there be two– one for each application?

    – The process that I’ve encountered (as part of a team building phone systems) is that first you produce a “finished product” which you run through a series of in-house tests (vibration, mechanical shocks, electrostatic shocks, heat, cold, …) and then you have an outside testing agency test, recommend changes and certify it. Is that sort of process what you’d expect as well for the domestic E-Cat?

    – Best of Luck on Friday; I’m looking forward to it!

    Thanks, WaltC

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu!
    Welcome back!
    Thank you for your suggestion: useful in future; 2050? To celebrate my 100th birthday! I do not know what I will be doing exactly in the 2050th annus Domini, but surely it will be something related to the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. Andrea Rossi

    John Evans:
    Thanks to you and
    HAPPY THANKSGIVING DAY TO ALL OUR DEAR READERS OF THE USA !!!
    Andrea Rossi

  377. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:

    Good luck Friday and happy Thanksgiving.

    Thank You

    John C Evans

  378. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,

    The list of future buyers that had been created in the past years (way out) could be considered valid whatever the development times and the members who will be involved?

    Grazie

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, I am very much looking forward to watching the Friday experiment prepared by your fantastic team! I will wait for the connection together with my 8 years old nephew, so we are sending to you our best wishes!

    In addition to this, I know for sure you will obviously introduce the event with some sort of icebreaking joke. But, instead of your classic sort of “Look, I have a bad feeling about this, I was talking to Mats Lewan, he said they were going to tell a joke before I spoke but instead they just introduced me”, I have a better and more scenographic suggestion if you permit.

    You could present to the guests a nice coffee table with loads of cookies and lots of cups with 100-degree boiling tea (I don’t know why, but I noticed your followers do like cups of tea very much), heated from your QX, and another empty coffee table to the side, where you’ll explain they can see these other lot of cups filled instead with liquid nitrogen, in short a temperature gap analog to the difference between the hypothetical cop 5 of your showdown and the cop 0.023 obtained in almost 70 years by the best experiment so far carried out by thousands of people in the international quest for the hot fusion

    http://disq.us/p/1nvfby0

    Then you will tell the attendants that the table with tea and biscuits is there, at disposal of everyone and invite the guests to take advantage of it, because you paid it all and will not cost them a dime. The cups on the other coffee table, if they want, are very expensive instead, since they cost the American taxpayer at least 30 billion dollars to date. An abettor aider will get up and ask you but where are these cups, I cannot see them, are you kidding again with us! and you, exiting triumphally the scene with a big smile, exclaim: come on guys, they are not ready yet! maybe in 2050!

  381. Charlie Sutherland

    Fair enough! Just wondering if your reply is on account of my age or your device. :-)

    Dreaming here:

    Siemens has a 50lb electric aircraft motor good for 160hp. Batteries are heavy and only good for about an hr or so.

    My Cessna has a 6 cylinder Continental O300D. It puts out 145hp at 2400 rpm. It weighs 300lbs and topped off forty gallons of fuel (only enough for about four hours) is another 300 lbs. I can save another 60 some pounds by changing out the old avionics and replace them with a new GPS glass panel with all the sensors and instruments and radios needed for the plane as it is now powered.

    If your 300lb (guessing here) Ecat can run a 200lb Sterling at 2400 rpm and puts out between 125 – 160 hp at the prop, I can paint EXPERIMENTAL on the side of the plane to satisfy the FAA, then you, er, we just might have something. And it will run and run and run and run. I can add 30 lbs of full auto-pilot and avionics for a long long trip.

    Thanks for the dreams anyway…. All in fun,

    Charlie

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Nice dream.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. GIANNINO FERRO CASAGRANDE

    Forse la risposta a Gianluca è :” 12 AM ” !!! Sul sito : ” http://www.eca.ccom ” ??? Chiarisci caro Andrea . Giannino da Udin . E FORZA !!!
    English:
    is perhaps the answer to Gianluca 12 AM?

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Information abut the demo will be given during it.
    The streaming will be after noon Miami time.
    The language will be English.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When you say “industrialization” do you mean “product manufacturing factory setup” or something different. In fact you have already begun marketing by accepting pre-orders for the eagerly awaited “home unit”.

    Best of luck with your future industrialization plans.

    Best Regards and Happy Thanksgiving,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Industrialization means in our case capacity to produce massively.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    October 28 2011 : presentation of the 1MW reactor. Following this presentation a 1 year test, in collaboration with your US partnair.

    – Does this 1MW reactor became obsolet ?

    – Do you think a one year test with the Quark_QX is required before industrialization ?

    – For the présentation of friday, will you give some theoretical informations about the reaction that occurs inside the reactor?

    Regards,

    Michel

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    1- It is in evolution
    2- Maybe
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. GIANNINO FE3RRO ASAGRANDE

    Caro Andrea , dopo aver accertato , che la presentazione dei Tuoi meravigliosi E-CAT QX avverrà alle ore 12,00 (MIAMI ) ore 18,00 in Italia , Venerdì 24 novembre , , Ti chiedo gentilmente , dato che Tu qualche tempo fa , dicevi che lo streaming avverrà in RETE , in differita e che al momento della trasmissione avverrà pure la presentazione dello intero programma della reazione . Ti chiedo gentilmente se Ti è possibile rispondere :”
    a) Dopo quanto tempo avverrà la differita ? Minuti o ore ?
    b) Il presentatore parlerà solamente in inglese ?
    c) I tre E-CAT QX , ognuno di un millimetro per venti millimetri , saranno pure privati , in qualche periodo di tempo del collegamento alla griglia ? E funzionare cosi i autosostentamento ?
    d) Circa quanto tempo durerà la presentazione ?
    e) Si può sapere già anticipatamente se i tre E-CAT hanno pure un qualche tipo di scambiatore di calore ?
    Alette abbinate a qualche ventola ?
    Oppure immersi (gli E-CAT ) in un qualche liquido ?
    Grazie di tutto caro Andrea e F O R Z A !!!!!! Tuo … giannino di Udin :-))

  390. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, I’m completely confident that the demo will deliver amazing results, and I hope that this may finally be the beginning of marketing.
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Beginning of the marketing no, beginning of the process of industrializaton I think yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Luis Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    Estamos contigo!
    Luis

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro:
    muchas gracias!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. Luís Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    Como siempre contigo y deseandote lo mejor
    para el 24 próximo.
    Atentos saludos
    Luis

  395. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In an important and historic occasion demonstration, please do not forget to have a photographer take still photographs as well as video recording. They are important for new releases and historic purposes.

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    OK
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Charlie Sutherland

    Andrea,

    Glad to see I’m still on your list. We are looking to power up our new facilities with alternative energy, and you continue to be on our list as well.

    Did you ever get the information you needed on Sterling Engines? I’m 77 now, and I still have my old old Cessna in need of a good reliable engine for my Atlantic Crossing before I croak. :-)

    Charlie

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    If you will put the E-Cat to fly your plane, I will not fly with you in it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For your information, and the information of your readers. E-Cat World will be covering the upcoming E-Cat QX presentation at a new domain:
    http://www.ecatworld.org

    Wishing you the best of luck for this event!

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Perfect! Thank you for the link, surely useful also to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Ivan Idso

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    I might have missed it but how long will the test run? Good luck on the test!

    Ivan Idso

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso:
    Information about the demo will be given on November 24th around noon, Miami time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  404. DvH

    Hello Mr. Rossi

    i see there is some demo coming in the next days.
    What will the device show? Some ‘heat’ measured by some infra-red-device (remote thermometer)?
    Or will it produce steam ? Will the steam be made visible? Or will you just say ‘we have 105’C,
    so inside this pipe there *must* be steam’ and therefore the COP is…

    Greetings from cold Europe
    DvH

  405. Andrea Rossi

    DvH:
    You see there is some demo coming up in the next days? Really? Wow! That’s some mouthful!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I saw this article this morning.

    Perhaps you may be interested in an inexpensive Muon Detector.

    https://phys.org/news/2017-11-physicists-handheld-muon-detector.html

    It may be useful as well as important to use multiple detectors to measure Muon levels in the vicinity of the E-Cat QX.

    Even if few or zero Muons are detected, that would be reassuring to those concerned about possible high Muon levels.

    Best wishes for the Nov 24th Demo and Happy Thanksgiving,

    Joseph Fine

  407. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Gabriel Berra,

    I agree that the green turbine maybe is a better option to co-operate with the E-cat:

    Green Turbine 15kW:

    http://www.greenturbine.eu/GT15.html

    Green Turbine 1.5kW:

    http://www.greenturbine.eu/GT1.html

    Kind Regards,

  408. Gabriel Berra

    Hi Andrea. http://www.greenturbine.eu sell a 15 KW steam powered turbine that only weighs 9kg for about 16,000 euro. Lighter and cheaper than a sterling engine and I suspect of similar efficiency. Best of luck on Friday.

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thanks for the information and for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I feel prepared for the demo. Checking all the particulars, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Are you going to record your Nov.24th bitcast presentation and publish it on your web site, so that those that weren’t able to watch it live, can still see it?
    Kindest regards,
    Obro

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Obro:
    Yes, it will be streamed on the internet after 12 P.M. Miami Time on the same day ( Nov. 24th ) and eventually the link will be conserved on this blog and on http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. Gabriel Berra

    Hi Andrea, apparently Qalovis.com sell a 38 KW sterling generator. Good luck with Fridays test.

  414. Alfonso Troisi Lopez

    Hello Mr. Rossi,

    Congratulations to you for reaching 5 Sigma and in bocca al lupo for the presentation on friday.

    I’ve been following your progress through this blog and I hope soon you can see your golden baby at work in many places. Hopefully the home units will follow soon.

    I am curious to know about the factories where the e-cat QXs are going to be built.

    a. the factories are ready
    b. the robotized lines are under construction
    c. the robots are being built
    d. the robots are being ordered

    May God bless you, your crew and your family. Your gift to humanity is precious.

    Best Regards,

    Alfonso Troisi Lopez

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso Troisi Lopez:
    a- not yet
    b- not yet
    c- not yet
    d- confidential
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    i- thank you for your sustain
    ii- information about the link to the streaming will be given here and on http://www.ecat.com on the 24th around noon Miami time
    1- so far we got the certifications only for industrial applications
    2- we are making R&D for such applications
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. Mike

    Woah to your perseverance and to the courage that makes you sustain the stress and anxiety of this period, just before the demo of November 24th, surely a momentous milestone of your life.

  418. Andrea Rossi

    Mike:
    Thank you for your sympathy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Nereo Miconi,

    Some time ago on this blog, you asked about the possibility to produce hydrogen with the E-cat.

    Well, you can do that by electrolysis. If the heat energy of E-cat QuarkX is transformed to electrical energy (for big units probably by Carnot-cycle, using steam turbines coupled with electrical generators; and for small units probably by sterling engines coupled with electrical generators in small units), you can make hydrogen by electrolysis of water.

    In the past (more than ten years ago) “Hydrogensystems” (then a Belgian company, but also many years ago absorbed by the Canadian Company “Stuart Engineering”) selled small and completely stand-alone electrolysis units, producing hydrogen (H2) by electrolysis, out of water (H2O), that possibly could co-operate with wind turbines, so it also could co-operate with the E-cat if the heat energy of the E-cat is transformed to electrical energy (via Carnot for big units, or via Sterling engines for smaller units).

    With the E-cat, and especially with the E-cat QuarkX, everything is possible! 😉

    Kind Regards,

  420. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) Congratulations to you and your team for attaining sigma 5 with your Ecat-QuarkX!

    ii) Many thanks for organizing a demo (about the E-cat QuarkX) next friday. I hope to see it on lifestream.

    iii) Some time ago and because of your interest in it, there were a lot of messages about Sterling engines on this forum, and therefore this Question:

    1) Did you already get the necessary certification for the home-unit, and therefore your interest in the possible use of Sterling engines in it?

    2) Or do you also focus on the use of the E-cat in the automotive industry, because of the fact that an E-cat combined with a Sterling engine coupled to an electrical motor loading the battery of an electrical car is a better way to drive an electrical car without the need of very expensive batteries with very big capacity? (I agree, contineously loading a small battery is much better than using big batteries, so this is a very interesting future application of the E-cat, because present application of big batteries in electrical cars: is expensive; still doesn’t have a good actiradius; and still takes a lot of loading time).

    3) Or do you left the idea and only focus on producing heat at this moment?

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  421. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    I have two questions:
    1. As there may be several reports and written comments from attendees present at the demo and from others watching the streaming. May you encourage anyone to send their comment also to eCat.com?
    2. Regarding the demo, will the specifications shown in the website at ecat-technology be revised to match the specifications which applies to the eCat QX?
    My hopes are you may turn Black Friday to Bright Friday.
    Regards Svein Henrik

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    1- Sure: after the test, questions and comments can be sent also to eCat.com, as well as to this blog and the blogs of Mats Lewan and Frank Acland.
    2- Yes, in due time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. JPR

    Update in the aftermath of the 5 Sigma?

  424. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    This week will be dedicated to the preparation of the November 24th event, while the R&D follows up its course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Kurt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is going the prep for the test of Nov 24th?

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    We are preparing everything well.
    Now the focus is mainly on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi
    I hope the Nov 24 demonstration
    of the QX goes well for you.
    Regards
    Sam

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Obro

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Can you share with us what you intend to occupy yourself with in the immediate future after the November presentation?
    Regards,
    Obro

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Obro:
    The maximum focus will be on the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  431. Andrea Rossi

    After the test anybody will be able to interact with me on this blog.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  432. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will it be possible to interact directly with you or your team after the presentation?

    Regards,

    Michel

  433. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    To clarify your response to Dr. Joseph Fine — N number of eCat reactors will be all running at 30% of their maximum output value? So if N = 1, the overall thermal output would be 6W, while if N = 100, the overall thermal output would be 600W, assuming the rated maximum output power of a single reactor is 20W. Is my understanding correct?

  434. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    All I said is that the E-Cat QX will run at 30% of its power. Like when you drive your car, supposedly with a rating of 100 HP, at 30 HP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  435. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The press release put out yesterday has this part:

    “Andrea Rossi, in his search for a Fusion based clean energy source, can also confirm that Sigma 5 has been reached in preparation for the eCat QX.

    “The Leonardo Corporation has been monumental in developing LENR technology that can turn fusion into a reality, to manufacture a truly renewable energy source that far outperforms all other current options.”

    http://www.nasdaq.com/press-release/ecatcom-announces-live-video-demonstration-of-the-ecat-qx-november-24-2017-12-pm-est–live-video-20171116-01068

    In the past you have rejected the term cold fusion or fusion, but stated that the E-Cat is LENR. This press release talks of fusion, so have you changed your thinking on this subject?

    Thank you, and best of luck with the upcoming events!

    Frank Acland

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I did not make that release and I have no idea about who generated it.
    I stick to my position. Problem is that under a journalistic point of view LENR is ostic to digest, let alone Rossi effect.
    Just keep in mind that we did not make press releases and we are not going to do any of the sort before the test is done.
    Probably the journalist that wrote this article has taken information from this blog and elaborated it in a journalistic feature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    That’s SOME idea!!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With reference to Question 8 of my previous message, I meant that if you can control the COP, by adjusting temperature, pressure , power level etc., maybe you could set up the COP (Coefficient of performance) to be a significant number. For example, if the COP were 5.0, it could indicate Sigma 5; if the COP were 11.24, it would indicate the date 11/24 or the European version COP = 24.11. And even, if the COP were set up to be 12.25, it would be an early wish for a Merry Christmas.

    Anyway that was not an important question. More of a fun question.

    Significant regards,

    Joseph Fine

  439. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- the description will be given during the test
    2- it will work at 30% of its power
    3- see 1
    4- see 1
    5- the attendants will have to bring up their cups from home and put a name on them otherwise they will be stolen ( the cups, not the attendants ) and if they will want to wash the cups, they will receive the bills for the consumption of the water ( so much precious, after the global warming stuff ); if they think will get hungry, not even think they will find food, albeit we will allow them to put on the floor clean sheets to picnic on them the food from home.
    6- fingers crossed
    7- see 1
    8- I do not understand: can you rephrase?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. Costas Maimaris

    Dear Andreas,
    All the Best to You!
    Warm Regards
    Costas

  441. Andrea Rossi

    Costas Maimaris:
    Likewise to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I know you have been looking for jets to be driven by ECat QX. Today I heard Siemens is closing factories producing industrial gas turbines. This closing of factories is very costly, so I would assume that they may be interested to find a new task for turbines. Maybe they are interested in a test with the ECat QX?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you can answer,

    1) Next week, will you be demonstrating a single 20 W E-Cat QX module or a unit with 3 QX Modules?
    2) Will the unit be set to output at full power or nominal power, e.g. 5-10%?
    3) During the demo, do you expect there will be a time interval when the unit will be in Self Sustaining Mode?
    4) Do you plan to change the output temperature during the demo? (e.g. constant T, ramp up T, constant, ramp down, constant)
    5) Will you provide teacups for attendees (showing the E-Cat CAN produce hot tea), or will they have to bring their own cups?
    6) Congratulations in advance!!!!
    7) Will core temperature be recorded and shown? (e.g. 500 deg C, 800 deg C, etc.)
    8) Can you set the COP so it will be related to the date? For example, COP = 11.24, 112.4 or 1,124 ? Perhaps even 2,018?

    Looking forward to the demo,

    Joseph Fine

  445. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I read your very important announcement of the coming presentation on eCAT.com. In this announcement you speak of hydrogen-nickel systems, you use the words “lenr”, “cold fusion” and “fusion”. It seems, the eCatQX is a fusion machine. Is the result of the fusion process helium?

    As always, thank you for your answer and
    hot regards,

    E.H.

  446. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    No. Ionizing radiations are not emitted from the E-Cat, as multiple tests have given proof of, therefore
    I prefer to use the term “Effect”, or ” Rossi effect “, from my patent, until a solid theory will be defined. At the end of the demo we will propose ideas for the construction of a theory.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  447. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Totally focused on the preparation of the demo. We are at the count down: -7!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Dr. Rossi, Google:
    TESLA ELECTRIC TRUCK WIRED
    Click On:
    Elon Musk Reveals Tesla’s Electric Semitruck Wired

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    We are all looking forward to the public presentation in a few days. When you mentioned that there would be a Nobel prize winner in attendance, I was even more excited for you. Has more than one qualified nominator been invited to attend your presentation?

    Best Wishes to you,

    Tom

    ——–
    https://www.nobelprize.org/nomination/physics/index.html

    Qualified Nominators
    The right to submit proposals for the award of a Nobel Prize in Physics shall,
    by statute, be enjoyed by:

    1. Swedish and foreign members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences;
    2. Members of the Nobel Committee for Physics;
    3. Nobel Laureates in Physics;
    4. Tenured professors in the Physical sciences at the universities and
    institutes of technology of Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway,
    and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm;
    5. Holders of corresponding chairs in at least six universities or
    university colleges (normally, hundreds of universities) selected by the
    Academy of Sciences with a view to ensuring the appropriate distribution
    over the different countries and their seats of learning; and
    6. Other scientists from whom the Academy may see fit to invite proposals.

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Sorry, I cannot answer these questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Dr. Rossi, some people are wishing you, Good Luck, which is very kind of them.
    I am not going to wish you Good Luck.
    Because you are not going to need it.
    All the effort of You and your Brilliant Team is going to pay off, big time.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    On the contrary, I am deeply grateful to all the Readers that wish us Good Luck!
    Remember the commander of the Titanic who said “We do not need the help of God because this ship is unsinkable” ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,
    is someone from Russia invited to the presentation?
    Maybe Vitaly Uzikov, Irina Uzikova, Alexander Parkhomov?
    You announced the broadcast of the presentation on http: //www.ecat.com, this will cause a heated discussion, do not you plan to open a blog there?

    Good luck!
    Thank you.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russia, Tyumen

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    The names of the invited persons will not be made public. After the demo, every attendant will be free to disclose her/his attendance if she/he will do it.
    Questions to me about the demo after it will have been put in the internet can also be sent to this blog or to http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. JPR

    Update after reaching the 5 Sigma?

  457. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Now we are preparing everything for the demo of Nov 24th. Few days to go.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Drew Glista

    Dr. Rossi:

    Have any Nobel prize winners been invited to the 24 November demonstration of the ECAT Qx? If so, more than 1? I’m looking forward to this event after following developments since the Bologna University demonstration. Have a great Thanksgiving and a very successful demo.

    Drew G.

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Drew Glista:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Robert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Good luck for your momentous demo of the 24th.
    Robert

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  462. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Thank you for setting up your demonstration for us all to see. Should we expect the QuarkX to be run at less than maximum – to make an error free demo almost certain?
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  464. Andrea Rossi

    TO ALL THE PERSONS THAT HAVE BEEN INVITED TO ATTEND TO THE DEMO OF NOVEMBER 24TH:
    PLEASE BRING WITH YOU AN ID, BECAUSE THE SECURITY WILL CHECK THE NAMES OF THE LIST TO ALLOW TO ENTER.
    PLEASE BE IN THE PLACE AT 9.30 A.M.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea , leggendo la Tua risposta a Maryana mi par di capire , come d’altronde altre volte hai già spiegato , che il cop dell’ECAT – X è molto MOLTO elevato ! Ora Ti prego ; FAI UNO STRAPPO ; qual’é l’acceleratore per aumentare oppure diminuire le performance dell’E-CAT X ???
    Aumenti la pressione all’interno ??? Aumenti la temperatura sopra i 400 gradi ??? Modifichi la quantità di Hidrogeno ???
    Noi quando immetiamo piu Hidrogeno la reazione si ….. come dire ……..affievoliscie !!!!!!
    Lavori sempre con quantità intorno ad 1 grammo di combustibile ? O meno ??? Hai qualche volta timore che possa …..scoppiare …. ???
    Ti ringrazio per l’attenzione Giannino da Udin By by by ;-))

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    NO! The streaming will be after 12 P.M., Miami Time, which means after noon in Miami, Florida ( 12 A.M. would be midnight! ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. arjen

    Congrats with the sigma 5!

    I do not know if you realize that day sigma 5 was reached it was Saint Martins day 11 November.
    Children in the Netherlands go around the houses with a self made light!

    “Saint Martin of Tours was a Roman soldier who was baptised as an adult and became a monk. The most famous legend concerning him was that he had once cut his cloak in half to share with a beggar during a snowstorm, to save the latter from the cold. That night, he dreamt of Jesus, wearing the half-cloak and saying to the angels, “Here is Martin, the Roman soldier who is now baptised; he has clothed me.” [4] Saint Martin died on November 8, 397.”

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Very nice coincidence!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that many look forward to the E-cat QX presentation 11/24 after 12 o’clock Miami, Florida time.
    Can you give some impression of what will be revealed. I read you will tell about the status of the theory you are developing.
    1. Will you explain which reactions are taking place, how it is possible that the Coulomb barrier is overcome and why no radiation is measured?
    2. Will you explain which reaction(s) produce the heat/light/electricity?
    3. Will you reveal the minimum and maximum COP?
    4. Will you reveal details about the way the QX is being controlled (on/off or in some analogue way like: off- cool- warmer- warm- hot- very hot-)
    5. Will you explain how heat should be removed from the QX (with water, steam, air, inert gas, liquid metal; using natural flow, pumps, fans)
    6. Will you explain how a cluster can be controlled?
    7. Will you tell how far you are with your R&D in integrating the QX into an apparatus like a jet, hot air machine or whatever?
    8. Will you give an impression how you see the world adapting to the E-cat QX (industrial processes, room heating, automotive and aerospace) including a prognosis of its assumed development (quantities, integration in society)?
    9. Will you also reveal aspects of the QX that have never been mentioned?
    10. Will you reveal how the operational details of the QX (operational life, refill fuel or replace QuarkX -clusters, maintenance requirements, safety aspects etc. etc.)

    I know I ask a lot, but you know, we have been waiting so long for this and these questions are just some of the many more details where we have been waiting for.
    I hope the demonstration will be great. Good luck to you and your team
    Kind regards, Gerard

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The protocol will be explained at the beginning of the test.
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have understood that after noon of November 24th Miami, Florida time the video of the test will be online, correct?

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will attendees of the demo on Nov 24th be required to sign an NDA?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    With no answer to 1, does this mean you now have found a theoretical explanation how this heat occurs, and by this the heat may no longer be regarded as anomalous?
    Will such a theory be presented at the demo?
    Best regards Svein Henrik

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    We will present the status of our theoretical research. Much study remains to be done, though.

  477. Rodney Nicholson

    Regarding Gabriel Berra’s post:
    = = = = = = = = =
    Gabriel Berra
    November 11, 2017 at 5:04 PM

    Dear Andrea, Congratulations on sigma 5 ! For the industrialization phase I imagine starting with the production of the Ecat QX as a heater will be the first priority. There is a trillion dollar market for heat and steam. A greater proportion of the $8 trillion annual global energy market is used on heat than transport or electricity generation. 3/4 of this heat is from fossil fuels. Generation of electricity will be a natural evolution of the device but generating heat will be enough to validate your technology and to generate whatever income you and your partners are hoping to achieve. Others can then adapt your technology for electricity generation and transport. Once again – congratulations and good luck.
    – – – – –
    Andrea Rossi
    November 11, 2017 at 8:57 PM

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for your insight, that I share.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    = = = = = = = =

    And specifically with reference to: ” ……. generating heat will be enough to validate your technology and to generate whatever income you and your partners are hoping to achieve. …..” I would like to add that:

    Most importantly, it will provide the financial wherewithal needed to support the cost of the research and development efforts required to bring all the other applications speedily to reality. Which everyone on the planet, if they know about it, is looking forward to.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Charlie Sutherland

    Howdy,

    Congratulations on your upcoming demonstration. I couldn’t find your sign up sheet for the Home Cat, so I decided to start where I left off a Year or so ago.

    So, sign me up for one of your Home Cats. I probably am already on your list, but I would like to make sure.

    All the best,

    Charlie

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    You are already.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  481. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Heinrik:
    yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Do you mean 2-11 yes?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  483. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Congratulations for achieving Sigma 5. I am unsure what this compromise.
    Do it means that this super high security counts for:
    1. The observation of an anomalous heat is real?
    2. The COP of the heat is higher than 6?
    3. Or COP is higher than 50?
    4. The QX tested, will supply 20W continuously in a year?
    5. The QX do function totally at least in 8760 hours with an interrupted use?
    6. The QX will function in 10 years with 10% intermittent?
    7. A robotic production will be of the same quality or better?
    8. The possibility to control the units?
    9. No harmful radiation is present?
    10. No risk for run off or melt down?
    11. Or all the 10 above?
    I hope you may answer 11 and this is a result of all the different tests you have performed.
    Best wishes for the demo and a soon coming mass production as the world is full of “San Tommaso Apostolo”.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    2, 11
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. L.C.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Just to avoid misunderstandings, when you say “sigma 5”, you mean what is more commonly referred to as “5-sigma”?

    Thank you very much.

    L.C.

  486. Andrea Rossi

    L.C.:
    Yes. As a matter of fact, you find it written in both ways.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca and All Readers:
    The streaming of the demonstration of the E-Cat QX will start around noon (12 P.M.) of November 24th, Miami time.
    It will be available on
    http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  488. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno Andrea

    Where will can I see the test?
    Is it possible to have here the link?
    Thanks

  489. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, I’m afraid that because of the need to keep Quark X running secret, the result of the demo will remain in the end obscure and incomplete, and this will cause many doubts and criticisms to many observers.
    However, I am aware that this is not very important, because the main priority is to convince potential investors and partners. Am I wrong?
    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The test will be streamed in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Dennis Drumheller

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Congratulations to you and your team on reaching Sigma 5.

    August 8, 1908 after five years of improvements and refinements: Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at Le Mans, France — now the world believes.

    I wish you the very best on your demo.

    Regards,
    Dennis Drumheller

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Dennis Drumheller:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Mattias Andersson

    Dear Andrea,

    A tremendous victory reaching sigma 5 —
    a result of the perseverence of you and your team!

    I agree that this technology will probably meet some hostility — it’s a disruptive technology that will make a lot of impact on a global economic scale.

    Probably it’s a good idea to plan for any possible eventualities. There are some strong economic incentives to keep this new fire “in the dark”.

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Andersson:
    No dark if the product is enlightening.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. sebbie

    Dear Andrea,

    Congrats on Sigma 5, I am looking forward to the demo.

    Suggestion: Will you be using a powermeter to show input power? I think that would impress your visitors and viewers!

    Warm regards

  496. Andrea Rossi

    Sebbie:
    The protocol will be explained at the beginning of the test
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Is your present partner providing monetary or engineering assistance to your ongoing efforts of development? In other words ” Do they have skin in the project?”
    Cooperative regards.

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    This is an information I cannot give in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. Ray Clovis

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations to you and your team on your Sigma 5 coming out on debut for the E-Cat QX.
    Very impressive outcome for a very special machine .
    Good luck and I will be watching: the world will be waiting for a breath of fresh air.
    At last you can get some long over due recognition for your magnificent work.
    Regards,
    Ray Clovis

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Ray Clovis:
    Thank you: we are working very hard and your support is important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Brent Whipple

    Dear Andrea:
    Heartfelt congratulations to you and your Team for your genius and perseverance. Good fortune with the coming work.
    Very best regards,
    Brent Whipple

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Brent Whipple:
    Thank you for your kind support.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea,

    Congrads on 5 Sigma. Most products come to market without such development efforts. This should go a long way in making the acceptability of the product more commonplace. Plus, it is a testimony to the dedication and the integrity of not only you but your entire team.

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Our product will have to confront with strong hostility from some center of power, therefore we must be very careful. We are not going to introduce a new kind of trolley…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    To clarify your E-Cat QuarkX status. Is both research and development complete and the next step is to make a pre-production unit? Or is there more development work ahead?

    Wishing you the best of luck with your progress toward future products.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    R&D will never end, but at this point we are ready to go to the next step, that is the industrialization. The experience made during the one year test of the 1 MW plant combined with the evolution up to the E-Cat QX are a very strong background. Attention, I am not saying that the most is done: an enormous work is waiting for us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  507. Neri Accornero

    Congratulations Andrea I had no doubt about your success

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations on reaching sigma 5 such a great accomplishment. Bring on the robots and full speed ahead.
    Bernie

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Yes, nor it will be between me and the robots. I wonder if I will find some sceptic robot…just a curiosity.
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    Fantastic news on achieving your important goal of Sigma 5! Especially just at this important time just under two weeks from the demonstration of the E-Cat QX. When I think about the obstacles that were being thrown in your path this past year or so I see it as a huge achievement! It’s a demonstration of focus, self disaplin and courage that we can all learn from what ever we do in life.

    I suppose things can only move forward now after such an important measure. I’m very curious about the road ahead. I’m looking forward to the day we find out what new ideas this technology brings us its new applications and also what it teaches us about science. But first I hope to see your technology succeed and distributed the way you want and think you are taking the right path with this with the e-cat.

    Looks like we have some Fantastic times ahead to look forward to

    All the best to you and your team in the next phase of this important work.

    And all the best for the up coming presentation.

    Stephen

  512. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your moving support to all of our team.
    Now the focus is on the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea, Congratulations on sigma 5 ! For the industrialization phase I imagine starting with the production of the Ecat QX as a heater will be the first priority. There is a trillion dollar market for heat and steam. A greater proportion of the $8 trillion annual global energy market is used on heat than transport or electricity generation. 3/4 of this heat is from fossil fuels. Generation of electricity will be a natural evolution of the device but generating heat will be enough to validate your technology and to generate whatever income you and your partners are hoping to achieve. Others can then adapt your technology for electricity generation and transport. Once again – congratulations and good luck.

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for your insight, that I share.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Colin Watters

    Congratulations on achieving 5 Sigma. Will you be publishing a paper in support?

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Maybe in future, editing the confidential parts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Joseph Fine

    Koen Vandrwalle,

    Perhaps this book may be helpful to provide some inspiration and understanding.

    https://gizmodo.com/anyone-can-learn-particle-physics-with-this-new-childre-1793012864

    Joseph Fine

  518. Dr. Rossi, I agree with Tom about the Nobel.
    Except with the word ‘pehapes’
    In my opinion the Nobel is a sure thing.
    Your product is ‘only’ going to change the Energy World. It will be less expensive, and with ZERO emissions !
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale
    USA

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for yur kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    A huge achievement!
    Victory!
    My sincere congratulations!
    I am glad.
    I’m sure your success will further stir the scientific world.
    I’m waiting for the presentation, I hope that in 2018 production will start.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russia, Tyumen

  521. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on achieving Sigma 5 which has been an important goal for you over the last year.

    What does this mean for the commercialization of the E-Cat?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Means that our next efforts will go mainly to the industrialization phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations to you and your team on this world changing achievement! This will certainly accentuate the E-Cat QX portfolio of attributes at the presentation.

    If you are at liberty to answer, during the demonstration:
    1. Will there be representatives from any of the top Fortune 100 companies present?
    2. Will you also demonstrate its direct electrical capabilities?
    3. Because visual effects enhances ones impressions, will any work output be performed?
    (Boiling water or small heat engine driving a mechanical apparatus, a small generator
    for light, miniature hot air balloons hovering over unsuspected observers :), etc.)
    Thank you.
    God bless you and your team,
    Brokeeper

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- water heating
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. Luis Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    This is to let your readers know about the latest and very interesting interview at ECW by Mr. Frank Acland “Interview with Andrea Rossi on Current and Future Developments of the E-Cat
    Posted on July 22, 2017”.

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/07/22/interview-with-andrea-rossi-on-current-and-future-developments-of-the-e-cat/

    Best wishes
    Luis

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Congratulations on Sigma 5! What a fantastic day!

    Calls for an oldie: I Believe in the E-Cat!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mu_iwdjf1gI

  529. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    He,he…thanks, delighting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  530. Luís Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    Please accept my, and my family’s, congratulations, for you, your staff and partners having reached Sigma 5 as a milestone on your way to manufacturing the E-Cat QX. I look forward to hearing about new developments and success on the 24th.
    Best regards
    Luis

  531. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Joseph Fine,

    Thank you for the link with the extremely interesting insights.

    This puts me, as a responsible parent, in a bit of a dilemma:
    To the very extent in the education of young people, it is learned that matter and mass are somewhat unchangeable. Most courses of physics and chemistry are built up in this way, and these insights are embedded in the reasoning, laws and formulas.

    Later, when young people have studied a lot and those things are “limited” anchored in their memory, a group of elected higher talents must learn that all these laws apply only in normal, earthly circumstances, but that there is a lot of other features and interactions that are totally incompatible with all that we learned earlier.
    This even bothered the better educated people to accept nuclear energy as something positive. Interactions in atomic nuclei are in fact contrary to the image they have about the functioning of the natural forces.

    Now my question, inspired by the article you referred: I’m here with a young lady who has some time left in school, and whom I would like to give the right insights as a basis. Would there already exist works that use particle physics at the level of young children? To begin with, I have sketched sketches of quarks and down quarks and electrons, how to attract each other, and how to create remaining attraction fields that hold electrons like a kind of satellite or moon in a orbit around the core.
    She replied that she understood that, and could compare with the “blue side and the red side” of the magnets she used in school. The concept of remote exercise is thus already understandable for young children.
    Hence the idea to get started right away, and the interest in learning resources that might be suitable for younger people.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  532. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Good Luck and best wishes for complete success in your court case with IH. You have worked extremely hard to develop your E-Cat. You are in the right and you deserve to win.

    Martyn Aubrey

  533. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for youe sustain to the hard and neverending work of my team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  534. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea! Please accept my sincere congratulations on the successful completion of this stage! We are confident that the development of your revolutionary technology will expand as an avalanche!

  535. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for kind attention to our work!
    For the Readers: Vitaly Uzikov is a senior nuclear engineer working in the Russian nuclear concerns and Irina Uzikova, his daughter, is a nuclear engineer that follows the path of her father.
    Dr Irina Uzikova attended our test of November 2011 in Bologna, on behalf of the Science Academy of Moscow. In the internet there are photos of her with me inside the 1 MW prototype, after the end of the test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  536. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    At the october E-CAT QX presentation, will there be some guests invited ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  537. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No, because to be a product we must be able to produce it massively. It will not enter the market until we are competitive against the reverse engineering efforts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  538. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations for acheiving Sigma 5! do you consider that your E-CAT QX is now a product ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  539. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We reached Sigma 5.
    Now preparing for the demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    5 sigma — 99.9999% certainty, or more correctly a 0.00001% chance that you have made a faulty observation — is the threshold for an observation to be labeled a scientific discovery. CERN crossed the 5 sigma threshold in 2012.

    Welcome to the parlor of the big boys.
    After the “5”, it’ll be a fun ride.

    Perhaps even a nobel prize!
    https://home.cern/topics/higgs-boson

    Cheers to YOU & the TEAM!

    Tom

    https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/143497-cern-now-99-999999999-sure-it-has-found-the-higgs-boson

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Now the big hurdle: make an industrial product in strong economy scale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me be the first to congratulate you and your team with reaching Sigma 5 (tomorrow).
    So what happens now? Champain, a full week rest, tennis with your wife or will you be totally baffled? :)
    Anyway, wonderful that you made it and I hope it will be the sign to start the lage scale production of the E-cat QX.
    (This all assuming you reach Sigma 5).
    Kind regards, Gerard

  543. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Probably tomorrow we will make the touch down with Sigma 5. What will happen eventually? More work.
    Now we have to focus on the demo of November 24. Then focus to go toward the industrialization.
    Thank you for your attention for our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Andrea Rossi

    JPR,
    I think we are reaching Sigma 5 tomorrow.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  545. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  546. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Here’s The Settlement—Getting The License Back Was Rossi’s Top Priority

    In the settlement between Rossi and his US licensee IH, Rossi got the license back together with all E-Cat equipment and materials, while none of the parties will have to pay damages to the other. Getting the license back was his top priority all the time, Rossi explains in this interview.

    Documents:
    The document defining the terms of the settlement
    Rossi’s notes addressing the Expert Report by Rick Smith.
    Rossi’s notes regarding arguments raised by Joseph A. Murray.

    https://animpossibleinvention.com/2017/07/18/heres-the-settlement-getting-the-license-back-was-rossis-top-priority/

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Readers,

    What’s the Matter?

    The link below may help your understanding.

    http://nautil.us/issue/54/the-unspoken/physics-has-demoted-mass

    Massive regards,

    Joseph Fine

  549. Michelangelo De Meo

    Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated
    Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam

    Summary
    Exposure of highly deuterated materials to a low-energy (nom. 2 MeV) photon beam resulted in nuclear activity
    of both the parent metals of hafnium and erbium and a witness material (molybdenum) mixed with the reactants.
    Gamma spectral analysis of all deuterated materials, ErD2.8+C36D74+Mo and HfD2+C36D74+Mo, showed that nuclear
    processes had occurred as shown by unique gamma signatures. For the deuterated erbium specimens, posttest
    gamma spectra showed evidence of radioisotopes of erbium (163Er and 171Er) and of molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo)
    and by beta decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). For the deuterated hafnium specimens, posttest gamma spectra
    showed evidence of radioisotopes of hafnium (180mHf and 181Hf) and molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo), and by beta
    decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). In contrast, when either the hydrogenated or non-gas-loaded erbium or hafnium
    materials were exposed to the gamma flux, the gamma spectra revealed no new isotopes. Neutron activation
    materials showed evidence of thermal and epithermal neutrons. CR–39 solid-state nuclear track detectors showed
    evidence of fast neutrons with energies between 1.4 and 2.5 MeV and several instances of triple tracks, indicating
    >10 MeV neutrons. Further study is required to determine the mechanism causing the nuclear activity.

    https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20170002584.pdf

  550. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you especially invite people from industry whose technical integration is possible between E-Cat QX and their existing products?

    Are you going to negotiate technical exclusive information with NDA? Or is the world going to learn the most important techspecs?

    I can imagine that the press has no business with it.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    1- in part, yes
    2- to get technical exclusive information it is necessary much more than an NDA, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    I started the countdown to the beginning of the presentation of the E-Cat QX!!!

    1. Previously promised live broadcast on the network will not be?
    2. Will the recording be edited?
    3. Will it be possible first to find out the address of the resource where the record will be posted?
    4. Please specify if the representatives of the scientific press are also not invited?
    If not, very sorry.
    5. You previously wrote about the presentation in the US and Sweden. When will Sweden?
    6. When do you plan commercial production?
     – Months?
     – Year?
     – Years?

    Good luck on the presentation!
    If there is time, please respond in detail.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russia, Tyumen.

    “JPR:
    We are proceeding with a series of final tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.”

    So can you reach Sigma 5 before the presentation?
    I’m cooking shapan!

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- the broadcast will be made, but delayed, not direct
    2- no
    3- we will give information where and when to find the streaming asap
    4- some have been
    5- we will give this information soon
    6- as soon as possible
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Nereo Miconi

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations on your hard work that I follow enthusiastically since 2011.
    I am asking if you have calculated the opportunuty to associate the E-Cat technology to the production of Hydrogen.
    Good luck for the presentation of November,
    Best regards,
    Nereo Miconi

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Nereo Miconi:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    I did not think about this application in particular and I am not expert of Hydrogen production. In general, I can say that thermal energy made by the E-Cat technology is strongly competitive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    It is obvious that the attendances of this demo are carefully selected on basis of your purpose with the demo.
    A. What is your purpose for the demo?
    B. What is your expectations because of the demo?
    C. Do you in the next phase see cooperation with the attendances in R&D or production?
    Regards Svein Henrik

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    The purpose of the demo is to show an E-Cat QX in operation. The attendance will be worldwide, since the event will be streamed in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it true that the Lugano results have been replicated in the Uppsala university by means of a reactor reproducing the description of your patent?

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I did not have a publication of this, therefore I cannot speak about this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are proceeding with a series of final tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,

    Will you please confirm that you will achieve Sigma 5 results on or before the day of the presentation scheduled for November 24th and that you are on course for this result now …

    A: We will achieve Sigma 5 before the presentation.
    B: We are not required to achieve Sigma 5 before the presentation.
    C: Both A “&” B.

    We look forward to hearing that Sigma 5 will be achieved in just a few more days before the conference.
    Truly history in the making here.

    Thank you,

    Tom

  562. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  563. Jeff

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will be made public the list of attendants to the Demo of Nov 24?

  564. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Absolutely not.
    We must respect the privacy of all the attendants. Their name will be known only by me, of course, and by the security guards, that will allow the entrance only to the persons invited, checking their ID with the list of the persons that have been allowed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  565. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea. I suspect that the source of heat from your ecat QX is either in the form of alpha particles or electromagnetic radiation eg x rays. There are several companies that talk about the possibility of cheap/simple direct conversion of both these forms of radiation into electricity. For example proponents of aneutronuc fusion such as “focus fusion”, “tri alpha”, all the companies following from the work of the late Robert Bussard and his polywell fusion device, helion energy. Some of the main selling points of aneutronic fusion is safety ( no neutrons ) and the ease of direct energy conversion thus removing the need for expensive turbines etc. Similarly “unified gravity” who claim to have a small lenr based reactor with lithium and hydrogen also claim to be working on direct conversion of the alpha particles to electricity. My point is that once you have shown that your Ecat QX works as claimed then there seems to be technologies available to convert the products of the reaction directly to electricity. Good luck with the presentation 24/11

  566. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  567. Rodney Nicholson

    Dear Andrea:

    I was surprised to hear it has been decided not to invite representatives of at least a few of the main-stream media to your 24th November presentation. Presumably the presentation’s purpose is to reveal some of your most recent innovations to a wider audience. Many of your fans reading this blog have been surprised and disappointed, given the truly astonishing implications of your discoveries, that they are not being discussed in the news media on a daily basis. (For a start it would be nice to read some good news occasionally, interspersed within the regular torrent of bad news.)

    Is there a reason you do not seem to want to bring awareness of your progress to the entire world?

    Rodney Nicholson.

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    That will be proper when we will launch the product massively.
    Now it is premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    From your answer that you do not know if the main stream media will attend the demonstration I conclude you did invite them but that you did not yet received a message that they would come. Is my conclusion right?
    Nevertheless, when they come you still have to wait and see if something is published and, more exiting, if they do how they write about it.
    I hope that it will be a perfect presentation and that you do everything you can to satisfy the curiosity of the attendees. I wish you all the success and hope that you will be able to demonstrate the E-cat QX in the Netherlands as well in the near future.
    Kind regards, Gerard McEk

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I did not invite them.
    Thank you for your kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are in the homestretch.
    Still very well, today another important test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on your achievements so far.

    Is there a link available for viewing the demo online and in real time when the demo is in progress?

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    No, the streaming will be delayed several hours.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you have written that the demo attendees will not meet your new partner.
    I suppose then that there will be separate demos or visits for attendees and your partner. Is it correct?
    We can not wait for that date!
    Kind regards
    Italo R.

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Our Partner doesn’t need to see a demo: he already did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will the attendance of your demo be international?

  577. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, we’ll host Professors and professionals from North and South America, Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. kenko1

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Will refreshments be served at the demo? i.e. tea & biscuits. Or is it BYO?
    yours,
    kenko1

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Kenko1:
    He,he,he…well, it will be organized professionally also under this point of view. The level of the attendance is high.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. sebbie

    Dear Andrea

    Will the demo attendees meet your new partner?

    Warm Regards,

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Sebbie:
    Nope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.

    I do agree in your answer to Frank Aucland. As Sigma 5 seems to be the basis for the E-Cat/QuarkX to be presented as a useful product, the demo in the 24th seems more to be your first chance to make a presentation.

    Regards Svein Henrik

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Exactly! We will have many eventual chances to make demos around the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Neri B.

    Dear Andrea,
    i don’t know if already asked but will there be a live streaming online to attend the demo on air?
    Thank you

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Neri B.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Jack

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You published the date of the test (Nov 24th), but not the time.
    Cheers
    Jack

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    It will be published soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think the Nov 24th demo is the last chance for the E-Cat?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not see how a demo could be a “last chance”!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will any mainstream media be represented at the presentation?
    2. Will a projected commercial release date be announced at the presentation? It could
    validate your commitment to E-Cat QX industrialization.
    With a final presentation date now set anticipation is building – without an F8!
    Very Best Wishes,
    Brokeeper

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- I do not know
    2- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea
    Have you managed to connect a Stirling (or a steam engine) to the QuarkX already ? If yes how is gone the test ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  593. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    The R&D is on course. Every comment is premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Pal

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can we know AT least date and time of the presentation of the E-Cat QX?

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Pal:
    The date will be November 24th.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Lots of mathematical reconciliations necessary here…
    Thanks for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. So far, how much more reliable is the E-Cat QX compared to the E-Cat reactors used in the 1 MW plant you ran for the year-long test?
    2. When you say that after inspection you found that the 1 MW plant was “ready to die” do you mean the reactors, or other components of the plant?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  599. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- much, much more, but this is thanks to the 1MW E-Cat tested for one year
    2- the reactors and many parts of it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In case the subject gets discussed, Quarks can react with quarks. And produce a lot of energy.

    Although it will be difficult be to make use of this discovery, God and Nature have made it essentially

    impossible to make it dangerous. Except, of course, by God and Nature!

    Nevertheless, I understand why the scientists who discovered this phenomenon were and should have been concerned.

    See links below:

    Melting quarks:

    http://www.digitaljournal.com/tech-and-science/technology/breakthrough-in-nuclear-fusion-produced-by-melting-quarks/article/506878

    https://arxiv.org/abs/1708.02547

    Best regards,

    May the Quarkx be with you!

    Joseph Fine

  601. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Sigma 5 very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Will you be inviting representatives from the US Department of Energy and/or the US Department of Defense or their laboratories to your November demonstration of the E-CAT QX? Best of luck on the demonstration which will make the world aware of the next generation of clean energy production.

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  605. Alessandro Coppi

    So che questo è un momento particolarmente impegnativo, ma alla luce dei tuoi risultati, questa macchina che si dice sia stata inventata molti anni fa da Ettore Majorana, e sulla quale aleggia il mistero, oggi, non mi sembra così impossibile, cosa ne pensi?
    E’ spiegato anche a grandi linee il principio di funzionamento, potrebbero esserci punti in comune con l’e-cat?
    English:
    What do you think of this apparatus invented by Majorana: can it have points in common with the E-Cat?

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LdenIRHTl_k

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMqjV83ovy0

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_Dv9_3RTnA

    A presto
    Alessandro Coppi

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    From what I see, there is a laser that fires combustible materials. No points in common with the E-Cat, at least from what is shown. Anyway: at the time of Majorana the laser had not yet been invented, so this invention perhaps had a value at that time. I’m just guessing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. umbi

    Your E-CATS it’s like a Penelope’s shroud; Every time it finishes …. Our “PROCI” is ?

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Umbi:
    At the end Ulyxes and Telemacus resolved the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Alessandro Coppi

    If the e-cat will be spread, I forsee that the fire itself will be proibished within 50 years, because extremely harmful and dangerous for the enviroment.

    Burnt regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    He,he,he…No, luckily you are not right. Everything is dangerous, provided you make use of it in a dangerous way. Besides, I want to repeat that all the energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. robert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I appreciate your will to integrate the E-Cat with the existing energy sources. I think this is the most intelligent way to expand your technology in the context of our system.
    Cheers
    Bob

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Ivan Idso

    I disagree that the e-cat be used for extracting oil and gas more cheaply, which is then used to heat our buildings and fuel our cars. The e-cat instead would be more effectively used to directly power these and forgo the use of fossil fuels.

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Idso,
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Gabriel berra

    The Oil industry uses large amounts of steam to try to extract more oil from their oil wells. Similarly the tar sand industry in Canada uses massive amounts of hot water / steam to extract oil. This is a multi billion dollar industry that would love to use a cheaper source of steam / hot water. Maybe this would be an easier early use for the E-cat technology prior to developing electricity generators. All the best.

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    You are right and this is a form of integration in the system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. JPR

    Update? How has gone the yesterday’s important test?

  619. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Is gone well. I still am afraid to make mistakes, but start to feel safe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. Gabriel berra

    The results of the 1 year 1 MW test seem impressive ! I appreciate that you think the QX will me much better but with COP of about 80 it would appear that the original ECat set up was good enough to be attractive and marketable. All the best

  621. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    No, because to get that result I had to live 352 days inside it 16 hours per day, from 6 P.M. to 10 A.M of the following day, and two other persons, one engineer and one electrician, had to cover from 10 A.M. to 6 P.M., not to mention when I had to stay for 20 hours and the others of the Team had to reach me in the middle of the night for problems . It was a prototype, not a product, but the experience we made with it has generated the QX. We had strong problems and probably, from what we analyzed after the stop from all the components, it was close to die in short time after the end of the test. It was not ready to be a product, but it was a dam good prototype, by means of which an enormous experience has been made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  622. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    Did I read the conclusion of the 1MW 1-Year E-Cat Plant Operation Report correctly that with an output target of 6 COP the plant was measured at an average of 80 COP?

    “Daily Coefficient Of Performance (COP) factors ranging from 63 to 139 with an average of around COP 80 for the whole 350 day period.”

    If, “Yes”, this is an astounding result.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. DvH

    Hello Mr. Rossi
    since quite a while there are posts in your blog which ask about sigma 5 – now you say ‘almost there’.
    What exactly does sigma 5 mean in the context of Ecat ? Is it some reliability measure ? Or some performance ? Of what?
    Just want to be sure that you and the audience mean the same thing – exactly the same thing.
    Please explain
    Greetings
    DvH

  625. Andrea Rossi

    DvH:
    Reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Engineer48

    Dear Andrea,

    Good to see the 1MW 1 year ECat plant report is officially released:

    https://ecat.com/news/official-ecat-1mw-one-year-report-from-expert-responsible-for-validation

    Best regards,
    Engineer48

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer48:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Svein Henrik

    Steven N. Karels
    With an output of 20 kW from the Sterling engine you need approx. 60 kW from the E-Cat due to the low efficiency of the Carnot-cycle. This provides you with 40 kWh/h energy through hot “engine cooling water” for free, and your own electricity and gas consumption may be far lower than today.
    The electricity you provide to the grid will first deduct the metering of your own consumption and by this the cost of your own electricity. You may sure end up with no electricity or gas bill.
    The price you may charge for each kWh -day and night- locally supplied clean energy, may in many areas/countries be 5 cents or more.
    Whit an average of 10 kWh supplied every hour in a year, you may charge: 5 cent/kwh x 10 kW x 8.760 h = $ 4.380. With two cars in the household you may exceed the average supply to 15 kWh/h from each. This makes your total sales of electricity to $ 4.380 x 2 x 1,5 = $ 13.400 in addition to free energy supply to your own household.
    I wonder which price A. Rossi may charge for using his Quarks and IP?
    Regards Svein Henrik

  629. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    An interesting idea. While the Rossi powered automobile is parked, it charges its small battery (few kW-Hr) and then the excess is fed into the national power grid. Even if electricity reimbursement rate drops to 2 cents per kW-Hr, a continuously operating car could produce about $170 per year for its owner. And with no carbon footprint. So make the eCat equipped automobile a continuously operating power source — either operating the car or selling electricity on the grid. The income generated from the electricity production could pay for the annual eCat refueling costs. A constant output eCat is likely the optimal configuration for an eCat reactor. Assuming a 40kW eCat reactor would consist of 2,000 20W reactors, assuming 50% efficiency.

  630. Andrea Rossi

    JPR
    Great test today, very important. I think the Sigma 5 is now very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    your efforts reaching sigma 5 reminds me on Xenons Achilles reaching the turtle.

    Best wishes

    E.H.

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    He,he,he…But the Quantum Theory has resolved the paradox.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Svein Henrik

    To Steven N. Karels
    Thank you for a praising word. I apologies for the missing first link member on the E-Cat-Sterling-electric-drivetrain link, or Rossi-Sterling-electric-drivetrain that may be more correct.
    I do not see any cooling problems just tasks and possibilities.
    Now with your RSE-car in the garage you just connect it electrically to the grid and let the Rossi-Stirling-electric-drive be in function, and you may bill the grid Company for 20 kWh/h for the electricity delivery when connected. This happens automatically by your new 2-way power meter.
    For cooling you also need to use a twin water-hose-quick-coupling to the cooling water circuit in the engine. (To an additional heat exchanger in the car, solely for this purpose.)
    The cooling Water will supply your home with 40 kWh/h (Due to the negative efficiency of the Carnot cycle.) for free. This may heat your house and your consumption of hot water, melt ice in your yard if necessary, heat your greenhouse and keep your swimming pool at the desired temperature, all for free.
    Regards Svein Henrik

  634. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Today very important test, if good Sigma 5 almost reached.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    A good posting. One possible problem is the cooling of the Stirling Engine – eCat – batteries when parked after a long trip. Assuming a 20kW Stirling output level is needed for continuous driving at high speed, then the onboard batteries really only need to have enough capacity to handle the startup time/response time of the Stirling (and perhaps the eCat startup time), which other posts have mentioned as less than a couple of minutes.

    My 2015 Chevy Volt is known as being an electric car with gasoline backup. But when I drive from New Hampshire to Florida, it acts as a gasoline to electric car. The proposed Stirling implementation is really a Stirling car with battery back-up, powered by an eCat. While the car is parked, perhaps in the hot sun or in an enclosed area (garage), the eCat must be operating at its lowest output setting so the heat may be dissipated. Alternatively, the battery energy storage capacity may be increased sufficiently so the car can fully function over the period of the eCat startup combine with the Stirling startup times.

    Andrea Rossi – Assuming an eCat system capable of supporting a 20kW Stirling engine, what is the worst case startup time for the eCat from a cold start to full operation? 4 minutes?

    Assuming 2 minutes for the Stirling startup time and 4 minutes for the eCat suggests a required battery capacity of 2kW-Hr. Doubling it to handle lifetime degradation suggests a 4 kW-Hr battery is sufficient. If the stationary vehicle can nominally output 20 kW of electric power, then even a fully discharged 4 kW-Hr battery may be recharged in about 12 minutes, assuming it can accommodate that charging rate. So the car would need a means of removing the waste energy from up to 12 minutes of operation, by fans or heat capacity.

  636. Albert Ellul

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    November is here and another year of progress is coming to an end. Hopefully this month will be a milestone in more ways than one; sigma 5 will most probably be reached, and the live demo of the E-Cat QX will show the world your ‘new fire’ in action.

    My wish is to see a roll out of the E-Cat QX selling like hot cakes all around the world.

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Mine wish too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Svein Henrik

    To K-H Malmqvist and Readers.
    The problems you describe regarding the postponed response from a Stirling engine is not present in a Stirling-electric-drive-train. Such a solution is the most favorable way to use a Sterling engine in a vehicle. This will probably give the lowest weight and highest reliability to the vehicle.
    The Sterling engine doesn’t need to be larger than an average of the energy need in normal drive. Output of 20 kWh for a Tesla are enough. (As A.R. confirm the COP of the E-cat QX)
    The engine is charging the batteries continuously if they are lower than, may be 85-90% of fully loaded. The Stirling engine is running by a constant speed when charging.
    A response delay of 20 second or one minute, by a start now or then, are negligible according to power reserves in the batteries, good for ½ an hour normal drive without charging.

    Best regards Svein Henrik.

  639. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Fusion: Will Humanity Ever Harness Star Power?
    Today’s video, by the talented team at Kurzgesagt, explains how fusion works, what experiments are ongoing, and the pros and cons of pursuing fusion power generation.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZsaaturR6E

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-07-17/fusion-will-humanity-ever-harness-star-power

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dear r Rossi:
    Here they say you are right and your effect is real:
    Proceedings of the 17th Meeting of Japan CF Research Society JCF17
    March 19-20, 2017
    National Institute of Technology, Tokyo College
    Japan CF-Research Society
    Edited by Shinya Narita

    http://jcfrs.org/file/jcf17-proceedings.pdf

  642. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    More stuff about stirlings. If the working gas is hydrogen the efficiency will be higher than for helium. However hydrogen has a habit to escape into metal and that is not good for stirling cylinders (but essential for LENR).
    Thus, I think, most of the stirling designs use helium.

    However the manufacturer Inresol uses nitrogen as the working gas and dry lubrication. In case you need to refill the stirling, Inresol has made a nitrogen extractor that extracts nitrogen from the air (air consists of 78% nitrogen).

    My friend that worked for United Stirling in the 80’s said that there was a demand for cars of a max time of 20 sec from you pressed the start button until you could drive away. Due to this very fast heating and different temperature expansion coefficients of the pipes containing the gas and the metal of the cylinder wall, there was an endurance problem.

    Tip: When starting a stirling don’t apply full heat from the beginning.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  643. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You may be a little confused, reading the title of the article (at least I am):
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171030112247.htm
    But you may have interest in the article. I am not sure what influence deuterium may have on your E-cat QX.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De meo:
    Thank you for the information. By the way, our patent has been granted also in Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. 1) I live in Sweden with cold, snowy weather where most part of the electric bill goes to heating homes. Have you consider heating homes with your E-Cat QX?

    2) Could you please record your streaming demonstration and put it up on YouTube?
    so people who cannot see the demonstration live can view it later?

    3) Follow this link to see how many KW is needed to drive a car at a certain speed. Figure 7: http://www.solarjourneyusa.com/EVdistanceAnalysis5.php

    4) Good Luck with your demonstration!

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Hermesatar:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- thank you
    4- many thanks!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that the demo will include a configuration of 3 Ecat reactor units, each, I assume, have a nominal thermal output of 20W.

    1. Will you be monitoring the average input power going to the single controller unit?
    2. Can you command the Ecat ensemble to run at a different output level, say, 3x15W, 3x20W and 3x25W?
    3. Can you individually control each Ecat reactor (i.e., turn it off and on)?
    4. If so to #3, can you run with all three reactors active, two reactors active, 1 reactor active, and all reactors inactive?
    5. Will you be also measuring the fluid flow by periodically collecting and weighing it?

    If you can measure the total input power consumed as you vary reactor output, then it is reasonable to estimate the effective COP of each reactor without directly measuring the power input to a reactor. Thoughts?

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The description of the protocol will be explained at the beginning of the test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Michelangelo De Meo

    Hi, Dr Rossi:
    Another important replication of your patent.
    Leading the Japanese Gvt NEDO project on anomalous heat effect of nano-metal and hydrogen gas interaction
    Akito Takahashi Akira Kitamura

    Goal: To confirm non-chemical (namely nuclear origin-like) high energy-density heat genration by nano-metal and hydrogen gas inetraction at elevated temperature and to extend R&D program for new hydrogen energy devices.

    https://www.researchgate.net/project/Leading-the-Japanese-Gvt-NEDO-project-on-anomalous-heat-effect-of-nano-metal-and-hydrogen-gas-interaction

    Heat evolution from silica-supported nano-composite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gas

    Conference Paper · November 2017
    Akito Takahashi
    Technova Inc , Tokyo · Thermal Energy Technology Group
    Nuclear Physics, Accelerator Physics, Experimental Physics
    PhD

    Abstract
    Hydrogen isotope absorption characteristics of nanoparticles supported by silica, Pd/SiO2 (“PSf1”) and CuNi10/SiO2 (“CNS3”), have been examined. Large absorption energy (1.3±0.3 eV/Pd) with large apparent loading ratio (LM = 2.6) was observed in the initial phase of the D-PSf1#1 run with D2 at room temperature, which could be ascribed to reduction of PdO and hydrogen absorption by Pd nanoparticles. To reduce the NiO in the CNS3 sample, heating up to around 200 °C was necessary. The excess heat was observed in the elevated temperature phases of the runs with CNS3, while no excess heat was observed with PSf1. Taking also into account the experimental results obtained previously for other samples, we can conclude that the excess heat is observed only in the elevated temperature phases of the runs with binary nanocomposite samples, but not with single-element nanoparticles. In the H-CNS3#2 run, the excess heat amounts to 200 eV/Ni or more than 0.9 keV/H without detectable dose rate of hard radiations, which cannot be explained by any chemical process. Index Terms − Silica supported nanoparticles, Cu⋅Ni/SiO2, Pd/SiO2, hydrogen gas absorption, excess power, 200 eV/Ni, 0.9 keV/H.
    Discover the world’s research

    Heat evolution from silica-supported nano-composite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gas (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320741361_Heat_evolution_from_silica-supported_nano-composite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gas [accessed Nov 01 2017].
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320741361_Heat_evolution_from_silica-supported_nano-composite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gas

  651. Koen Vandewalle

    😂

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    To be honest, none of them has efficiency above the efficiency of the Carnot cycle, once we test them carefully, but the COP of the E-Cat X can make the difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    We are all awaiting the demonstration of the E-cat QX at the end of November.
    Can you perhaps reveal some details like:
    1. Is the preparation for the demonstration ready and tested?
    2. Are you going to demonstrate a cluster of QuarkX’s?
    3. How many QuarkX’s will the cluster contain?
    4. Roughly how many invitees will there be?
    5. When will you demonstrate it in Sweden?
    I wish you and your team a huge success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- 3
    4- 40
    5- the location of the demo will be disclosed several days before it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Koen Vandewalle

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist,

    Do you also have information about the efficiency of these engines?

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    While waiting for the E-CatQX heat demonstration, here is some stirling history.
    The modern Stirling Engine was developed by Philips in Holland during the 1950’s and 1960’s. The design was then bought and further developed by United Stirling in Sweden. The smaller stirling was put in an Opel (GM) test car and the bigger one in a Volvo Truck. A friend of mine used to work for United Stirling in the late 70’s early 80’s and has driven the Opel. I talked to him the other day and he remenbered that there was a small delay when hitting the throttle until you got the power, like a turbo lag.
    United Stirling ceased to exist and the small stirling design was sold to Solo Kleinmotoren in Germany. The big stirling was developed to a submarine engine by Kockums.

    Some years ago the swedish company Cleanergy bought back the small stirling design from Solo.

    A couple of former stirling developers at Kockums/SAAB Defence started the company Ripasso and got the license for the bigger Stirling for non military applications.

    Of course there are many other manufacturers for smaller stirlings as has been mentioned in the blog.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  658. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Erika

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I wish you the success you merit for the presentation of end November.
    We of the silent majority are crossing fingers for you!
    Godspeed,
    Erika

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Erika:
    Thank you from me and the Great Team that works with me,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Hi Andrea, near where I live in Australia there has been a 150 MW coal fired power station that has recently been shut down and further away a 2 GW coal fired power station shut down. Both these assetskoomi have all the boilers , turbines , transformers and all other infrastructure already in place yet are both close to worthless due to the view on coal here in Australia. My question is such – would the Ecat be able to be used to retro fit disused coal powered power plants ? If so wouldn’t these be 2 examples of being able to purchase potentially very valuable assets for next to nothing and 1) make a large profit selling electricity 2) end all speculation on your technology 3) provide a great service to the environment and local business prior to expanding internationally. Surely this situation is not unique to Australia. All the best
    L

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Yes, I know the issue.
    It is possible, but there are very high stakes to overcome to get the permissions.
    I am open, though.
    By the way: our patent has been granted also in Australia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Do We See even more Indications of Eric Walker being an Anti-LENR Astroturfing Professional?

    http://www.sifferkoll.se/sifferkoll/do-we-see-even-more-indications-of-eric-walker-being-an-anti-lenr-astroturfing-professional/

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you. Very interesting replication. By the way: our patent has been granted also in Russia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems that, over the past year, you’ve made a fair number of improvements in the area of E-Cat control. I realize your current plans are to build assemblies of small E-Cats (the Quark) to give you scaleability for very large systems, but I was wondering if there is anything in what you’ve learned during the past year that could be applied towards revisiting (from a controllability and COP point of view) larger E-Cat devices– for instance, 100W or 1KW devices?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  667. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    i was not aware of the Saab steam motor. I heard something about the Cyclone motor, but i never thought of them thoroughly…
    But now i see a good application for the Ecat QX for direct use in automotive industry…
    Just try to find a steam powered old Saab and substitute the burner with an Ecat QX…

    Regards, Marco.

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Important confirmation of the replication made in Russia by Dr Parkhomov and Dr Lebedev:

    NICKEL-HYDROGEN REACTORS: HEAT GENERATION, ISOTOPIC AND ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION OF FUEL
    Alexander G. Parkhomov, Sergey N. Zabavin, Timur R. Timerbulatov Experimental-design laboratory “K.I.T.” Moscow 121108, Russian Federation alexparh@mail.ru, sergeyzabavin@gmail.com, konfi1@konfi.ru Kirill A. Alabin, Stepan N. Andreev Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.gpi.ru Moscow 119991, Russian Federation alabin.kirill@gmail.com, naukagpi@yandex.ru, Alexander G. Sobolev Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.lebedev.ru Moscow 119991, Russian Federation asob09@gmail.com

    Abstract. At the interaction of hydrogen with a number of metals, including Nickel, are observed not only mechanical and chemical changes, but also such extraordinary phenomena as the anomalously large heat generation and the change in isotopic and elemental composition. An overview of experiments that explore these phenomena is presented. Also the results of analysis of the isotopic and elemental composition of the fuel and substances near the active zone of nickel-hydrogen reactors before and after work with the production of excess energy to 790 MJ are presented. Reliable changes in the isotopic composition of nickel and lithium are not detected. A significant increase in the concentration of impurities of a number of nuclides discovered, not only in fuel but also in structural elements adjacent to the active zones of reactors. Keywords: hydrogen, nickel, heat generation, isotopic composition, radiation UDC 53.043 Bibliography – 30 references Received 19.06.2017 RENSIT, 2017, 9(1):74-93 DOI: 10.17725/rensit.2017.09.074

    11. CONCLUSION Numerous experiments conducted in different laboratories, confirm the allocation in Nickel-hydrogen systems, thermal energy, many times exceeding the heat dissipation possible in chemical processes. The level of accumulated empirical knowledge in this area allows us to reflect on the transition from experimental models to a variety of practical applications, extremely efficient and environmentally friendly technologies. In the course of processes in nickel-hydrogen systems, the changes of the elemental and isotopic composition of matter are detected. This indicates that an anomalously high heat generation in these systems is probably related to transformations at the nuclear level. The fact that such transformations occur at very low nuclear standards, temperatures, and the lack of hard nuclear radiations and radioactivity, indicates the need to look for unusual approaches to explain the detected effects. The problem is that the explanation is not confined to finding ways of overcoming the Coulomb barrier to the close approach and merging of the nuclei [13]. The most mysterious is the absence (or very small intensity) of nuclear radiation in the process of cold transmutations and education only isotopes that do not exhibit radioactivity. 1. The isotopic and elemental composition of the substance in four nickel-hydrogen reactors of various designs with an excess energy output from 100 to 790 MJ has been analyzed. Not only the changes in fuel, but also the materials adjacent to the active zone have been investigated. In addition, the composition of the substance accumulating in the cavity of the reactor near the active zone has been studied. 2. There were no significant changes in the isotopic composition of nickel and lithium, except for the analysis of the fuel of the AP2 reactor at Uppsala University (Sweden). 3. A significant increase in the concentration of impurities of a number of nuclides has been detected not only in fuel, but also in structural elements adjacent to the active zones of the reactors. In addition to tungsten and rhenium, the appearance of which can be explained by migration from the heater coil, the content of boron increased greatly, as well as nuclides with atomic masses of 43-53, 64-83, 107-130, 198-208. 4. In the substance that was found in the cavity of the reactor near the active zone, in addition to tungsten, a lot of iron, sodium, potassium, nickel, silicon, calcium, scandium and a number of other elements accumulated.

    http://en.rensit.ru/vypuski/article/200/9(1)74-93e.pdf

  671. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Will any of your team/employees be present at the demonstration? It would be great to see some of their hard work recognised as well as your own.

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    I think you’re better off with an open flow of ambient air, possibly supplemented by vapor or steam to achieve better reception of the IR spectrum.

    The problem of cooling, combined with the simultaneous heating and cooling of one and the same mass of gases, makes it difficult, heavy and expensive to develop large powers with stirling machines.

    I think it’s best to start the heating only after the compression phase, which may even be cooled by atomizing cold water. During the compression phase I would isolate the heat source. Or make the heat exchanger as small as possible, and during the heated expansion I would make the surface as big as possible. Hence my previous suggestion to work with plungers that can be pushed very quickly into the medium to be heated, altered with cavities of the same volume.

    This will be a multi-million R & D project. Also to material properties and durability. I will not build a working prototype in my basement.

    I do not think there is any similarity already. We could only develop it with electrical heating elements, apart from the E-Cat QX. But a heavy electric, thermal engine, with a return of 30% seems to me a stupid invention.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  674. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    As your demonstration now are approaching and you have expressed interest in Stirling engines, why not invite two or three of the most interesting manufacturers to this event?
    The Sterling engines on the marked today are not designed for a vehicle marked. They are far too heavy. Engines for use in airplanes or for use in ship/powerplants, have a total different power/weight ratio.
    It may be possible to produce a Sterling engine for vehicle marked to ¼ of the weight of the units of today. The cost of the material may be significantly higher, but the production processes may not be more expensive. A higher price will quickly be saved through the operating expenses.
    The Sterling engine with a generator is, due to its low noise and very small vibrations, superb in combination with the possibilities of energy storage in batteries to suit all types of vehicles.
    Being on your presentation may surely be triggering of the creativity to a Sterling engine designer.
    If the room space is limited, why not extend the demonstration with a day 2, specially for OEM’s, also in other fields where you see possibilities?
    The OEM’s may then work in parallel with your work for the automated production of the QX and a far larger marked will then be ready for the “kittens” when born.
    All the best for an important event within the next 30 days! Regards: Svein Henrik.

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Sorry, but we are making an R&D on the Stirling engines that is too premature for what you say.
    The scope of the demo is to introduce the E-Cat QX as a heat maker, not to show particular applications that at the moment are not ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    After the demonstration, are you going to accept pre-orders just like you did years ago for the basic E-cat?
    Wondering regards.

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The pre-order list is always open. I repeat that a pre-order is free, does not bind who makes it in any way. He can cancel when he wants and he is free to refuse our offer when it will be made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Having followed your work since 2011, I have paid close attention to all the details. Today, I shall reveal to ALL the World the secret Ingredients of the QX fuel.

    Here goes:
    The secret Ingredients of the QX fuel are REDACTED, REDACTED and REDACTED. And further more, the element REDACTED is infused into the fuel to provide enhanced stability and performance. For further information, you can email me at REDACTED or call me on my direct line 1-xxx-xxx-xxxx.

    I’ve been assured that once posted on the internet that this information is forever for everyone to see. So what do you say to that Dr. Rossi?

    Warm regards,
    Dan C.

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    I have understood nothing. What the heck does mean your comment? In past I read better from you.
    I think the “secret ingredients” at the origin of your comment are not secret enough to disallow me to invite you to drink responsibly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, probably you have already read the following post on ECW:

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/10/29/engineering-and-marketing-issues-for-commercializing-the-e-cat-qx-michael-lammert/

    What do you think?

    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    To be taken in consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  683. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does third “decade” in November mean third week?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    “Decade” is 10 days: in this case means between the 20 and the 30 of November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Koen Vandewalle

    What I meant: can it be mounted on a plunger that is operated by a camshaft ?

  686. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No, I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  687. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    Could it be possible to install the E-Cat QX on a moving plunger subjected to accelerations of 1000G to 10000G and 2cm displacements?

    In any case, on a fast moving part in a machine.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are going very well and we are very close to the Sigma 5 level.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Kerl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    I agree in your answer to K. Wandewalle. October 28.
    I also believe a free piston Stirling engine may be the best solution for electricity production.
    It contains only one moveable part. It is hermetically sealed, as a refrigeration compressor.
    This may grant a sigma 5 solution for the total unit, and minimal need for maintenance.
    I suppose the most efficient, cheapest and most secure heat exchanger may be constructed as a bloc of metal with the necessary micro tubes for the gas and cylinders that matches the QX. The less material in the bloc, the better performance. There may be more than 20 separate ways to shape such a heat exchanger and to customize it to the QX and an efficient fabrication. These will function without need for steam or hot liquid for transition of the heat from the QX to the gas in the engine.

    Mankind’s need for electricity varies a lot. A Stirling engine may cover the need from less than 1 kW to the largest plants for aluminum production. The best price for electricity may be in the smaller part of the marked and for use in areas without a grid. Here is it probably vise to start the marketing.
    Vehicles are also a high price part of the marked. As pointed earlier, the average need of energy for driving a car is low.
    Fitted with a Stirling generator at 20 kW, and a battery of 10% of today’s size, will give a Tesla infinity mileage and heat or AC to the cabin. If the cars low point of gravity may be kept it may function equivalent to today’s models. Cars are not the most important marked, but probably the part that will give you most attention in a brief time.
    A question at the end: When will we be informed of the date of the presentation?
    Best regards Svein Henrik.

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Soon the date and location of the presentation will be announced.It will be made in the third decade of November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Joseph Fine

    higher

    Perhaps a small SCO2 (Super-critical Carbon Dioxide) engine may be a candidate. See “The Mighty Mite” article, below.

    http://www.supercritical.tech/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Mechanial-Engineering-SuperCritical-CO2-Overview-by-Steven-Wright.pdf

    Note: The typo “Mechanial” instead of Mechanical is actually the correct link address.

    On a larger scale, hundreds of Megawatts of electricity can and will be produced.

    But at a smaller scale, about 40-80 kW mechanical and/or electrical power could be produced.

    Miniaturizing a SCO2 engine to approx. 40+ kW should be possible. As usual, the Design Size, Weight and Power (SWAP) details

    have to be worked out. (” It’s only an Engineering problem. ” 😀 )

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  695. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea and blog readers,
    Steam engines are not relevant as E-cat engines for the present, but maybe in the future.
    In 1974 SAAB in Sweden made a 250 HP 9 cylinder steam engine prototype that could be fit in a car. http://www.saabhistory.com/2008/04/04/the-nine-cylinder-saab-steam-engine/
    If Leonardocorp just puts together an E-CatQX driven Stirling engine with a generator as a prototype, maybe the development of steam engines will start again in the future.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  696. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,
    Can you provide us with the precise dimensions, optimal surface temperature and heat conductivity, radiant power, and electrical connections of the E-Cat QX?
    Then we can search for realistic engines with more people.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle,
    It works the other way: once we have an engine, we adapt our assembly to it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. umbi

    Household E-CAT ? I think never ….

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Umbi:
    I have a different opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Speaking of Jay Leno’s cars, he has a nice video of his 1925 Doble Series E Steam Car– Lots of good high-pressure-steam discussion in the video: 850 degree (Fahrenheit, I assume) 1000 PSI steam, closed system, 3000 degree firebox, steam whistle (it has to have one of those!). Link:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACO-HXvrRz8

    Also, on the subject of steam cars, ExtremeTech has an article: “Are steam cars poised for an epic comeback?”:
    https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/148416-are-steam-cars-poised-for-an-epic-comeback

    Which also mentions current steam engine work being done by Cyclone Power Technologies in Pampano Beach, Florida.

    Florida seems to have all the fun these days!
    WaltC

  701. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Someone posted this video on ECW about the Chrysler Turbine car built in 1963. Jay Leno owns one of only 2 remaining. I thought you might be interested — an interesting car!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1347&v=b2A5ijU3Ivs

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland,
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. Branivoj

    Dear Dottore Rossi

    Can many of Ecat-QX be mounted in one plane to an IR panel?
    That will increase efficiency of a panel and since there is no moving part can be produced quicker and last longer then and is installed simpler then engine or plumbing requiring technology.
    If Ecat-QX is made transparent for light an additional layer of light controlling foil can be added similar to LCD screen to regulate light emission from 0 to 100%. Please consider this option.

    Best regards

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Branivoj:
    I will consider it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    the considerations of Karl-Henrik Malmqvist are very important and interesting.
    With standard heat sources, by combustion, you must necessarily put in fresh and cold air and put out warm exaust gases. THis is a waste, because this waste head does not flow through the stirling engine. ECat QX does not have this problem. If you isolate very well the heat pad of a stirling engine, in contact with an ECat, instead of wasting heat heating the fresh air getting in and wasting heat putting out the warm exaust gases, the only way for the heat to go out is through the stirling engine, thus producing electricity… This mean that an ecat driven stirling engine, if properly isolated, should have much more efficiency… With an ecat driven turbine you must follow the classical working of putting in hot fluid and wasting the heat with warm output gas…

    Think on it: just construct a very well insulated box in which the ecat and the hot side of the stirling engine are coupled and isolated. The heat can only flow through the stirling engine, producing electricity and then the waste heat that flow toward the cold side of the stirling engine can be used for other things, like industrial processes or ambient heating… But now all the heat produced by the ecat has flow through the stirling engine, and not just a portion, producing electricity… In a standard carnot cycle turbine or in a stirling engine with a standard heat source this is not possible: a portion of the heat is always wasted to heat the fresh inlet cold air and in the warm residual fumes…

    Regards, Marco

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestions after the comment of Karl-Henrik Malmqvist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Gavino

    Dott. Rossi, il problema delle automobili elettriche è che per ogni auto prodotta 6.000 dollari vanno in Cina per le batterie. Dato che non riusciamo ad avere costi concorrenziali per la produzione di batterie il tuo e-cat sarebbe la soluzione a tutto.
    Google translator:
    Dr. Rossi, the problem of electric cars is that for every car produced 6,000 dollars go to China for batteries. Since we do not have competitive costs for battery production your e-cat would be the solution to everything.

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Reading your blog, it seems you are moving in the direction of domestic heating and electricity production.
    I believe that REMEHA.NL would be an interesting partner. They make domestic heating and warm water boilers. The eVita boiler generates max. 25 kW of heat and additionally 1kW electrical power using a maintenance free Stirling motor/generator combination. I am not sure if you were able to interest them in a combination with a E-cat QX. If not, I would be willing to try for you.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    In an internal combustion engine about 30% of the energy in the fuel disappears with the hot exhausts.
    For an external combustion engine like the stirling the percentage of the heat disappearing with the exhaust should be of the same magnitude.

    However, with an E-CatQX driven stirling there is no exhaust and therefor no exhaust heat dissipation!
    Thus an E-CatQX driven stirling has a much higher efficiency than a stirling driven by natural gas!

    A natural gas driven turbine has a higher efficiency than a natural gas driven stirling.

    An E-CatQX driven turbine would have the same efficiency as a gas driven turbine with a lot of heat going out with the hot exhaust/air.

    Conclusion: An E-CatQX fueled stirling should have a higher efficiency than an E-CatQX fueled turbine!!

    For electricity production, go with the stirling. For a combined electricity/heat production you could still use a turbine if you take care of the energy in the hot “exhaust” air.

    Regarding cars, all car manufacturers are looking for electrification with batteries. What they want is a “range extender” (series hybrid) that is a compact engine-generator not bigger than an ordinary combustion engine that charges the batteries. The power of this engine-generator can be much smaller than an ordinary engine.

    The range extender in BMW i3 REx is 25 kW. Renault Kangoo has a version with a 5 kW fuel cell range extender. So there is a huge demand for this size of engine-generator sets.

    Electric cars in cold weather will have a much shorter range because a big percentage of the battery power is used for heating the air inside the car. Here is a big opportunity for a simple 5kW E-CatQX air heater. This product could be in every electrical car.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik, Sweden

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Calloway:
    Integration yes, tipping point I do not think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:

    Is your interest in coupling the Ecat-Qx with a Sterling Engine based on safety certification for the small or household market? Steam systems require certification, testing and periodic retesting of the pressure vessels I can’t imagine having one in every home. However an Ecat-Qx providing heat to the home for climate control and hot water coupled with a sterling engine and generator for electrical power contained in a cute little dog house out back is something we’ll all want.

    Good luck and thank you.

    John C Evans

  716. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    That is an interesting option, one we are working at.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The engine you want to build within a year, would it be for cars, trucks, trains, boats, planes, or something else (if so, what)?

    Thank you very much if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are thinking to an engine that could be duly adapted to all the cathegories you cited, like the gas engines universally diffused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    That link is not related to the LENR, but to the hot fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Engineer

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I suppose in a gas turbine the sole area where the E-Cat can be inserted is after the compressor, correct?

  722. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer:
    Yes, where are the burners.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  723. Jackie

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    has your quest for an engine coupled with the E-Cat inspired by a partner?

  724. Andrea Rossi

    Jackie:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  725. Lucio Martini

    It seems to me that you are abandoning the “Steam” option to adopt a Stirling engine.
    In theory, the Stirling cycle has the same performance as the Carnot cycle (in theory!).
    I think the solution is as good as possible if you think of running a generator.
    Warm regards.
    Lucio Martini

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Lucio Martini:
    We are making R&D on any possible application to make an engine, which does not mean we abandoned the Carnot cycle to make electric energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  727. Wen Koskie

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Interesting the photo of you at your desk with your favourite painting behind, published on
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/electromagnetic-electron-new-fire/
    What makes that painting your favourite?
    Godspeed,
    Wen

  728. Andrea Rossi

    Wen Koskie:
    1- it is very beautiful to look at
    2- I feel myself like that apparently frail sail that never sinks
    3- if you observe the waves, they pile up making a tsunami: virtual particles could make such resonances by waves raised by temperatures that reach the mass of the corresponding elementary particles and antiparticles that eventally annihilate. Intriguing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  729. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you invite also some Russian scientist to the presentation of the E-Cat QX?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  730. Jeffrey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you say which nationality will be of the third party expert that will make the measurements?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jeffrey

  731. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also during this rainy day in Miami the work is going on well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Brokeeper

    I won’t.

  733. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Your E-Cat should not exist.
    In fact: ‘Scientists Have Concluded That The Universe Shouldn’t Really Exist.’
    It’s all an illusion.
    http://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-concluded-that-the-universe-shouldn-t-really-exist
    Brokeeper

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Don’t tell our Partners! Pretend it’s a joke.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, you said:”…any reverse engineering will be not able to compete.”
    This condition Will be never reached, the market has enough room for many versions of this kind of product.
    It is possible instead, that your brand and technology Will be ahead from each other, and also this could make your sign the most important of the world.

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Also in this case it is necessary to start the wide diffusion with a strong economy scale, not to be buried from the beginning in all the fields of application.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. ryan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I agree with your restricted pioneers market until you are not ready for a massive production.
    Godspeed,
    Ryan

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Ryan:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Pietro F.

    Buongiorno Andrea,

    Il successo commerciale dell’impianto da 1MW non é arrivato, cosa Le fa pensare che l’EcatX lo avrà?
    e quando sarà ufficialmente messo sul mercato?
    The commercial success of the 1MW plant has not arrived, what makes you think that EcatX will have a commercial success?
    and when will it be officially put on the market?

    buon lavoro e grazie.

    Pietro F.

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    The success of our products is coherent with their commercialization phase, which is still very restricted. Wide commercialization ( in the sense defined by you) will be made when we will be able to make a massive production, to achieve an economy scale such that any reverse engineering will be not able to compete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Stanlee:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. Dear Andrea – you have mentioned using the seebeck effect which is only 5-8% efficient. Other generators mentioned are bulky, expensive and in the order of 25% efficient – eg the stirling engine. You have mentioned previously that 0-50% of the ecat QX ‘s energy can be produced in the form of light energy. “Brilliantlightpower” talk about using silicon photovoltaic cells at a light intensity of 300 x natural sunlight ( ie 300 Kw of light energy per 1 metre square of silicon solar cells). At a more conservative 100x Suns light intensity sunlight, ( 100 Kw / metre square), tge I internet suggests it’s possible to rely on passive cooling ( ceramic fins on back of cells ). Silicon cells convert at 20% efficiency = 10% overall efficiency if 50% of the ecat QX’s energy is on the form of light. I think This would be much cheaper and smaller than the heat engines you are looking at. Brilliant light power were originally planning to use newer multijunction photovoltaic cells that are 40% efficient at 3000x suns intensity but decided it would be easier to go with the more tried and proven silicon cell technology at lower intensity, with easier cooling, lower risk and lower cost. You may not be interested in going down the path of converting light energy from the ECat QX to electrical energy using photovoltaic cells but I thought I would at least mention it as a posdibilty considering you mentioned the seebeck effect. All the best Andrea !

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for the information, we’ll check on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I do agree with Aillas Troice in his suggestion, but to make a quick demo of QX producing electricity may be important. The Qnergy’s PCK-80 seems to me to be a perfect solution for this task. This will be a Sterlig-Rossi Energy Mashine.
    I will also again advocate for direct use of the heat: A stove directly heated by QX in the oven and in the hotplates. This will reduce the need in a home for a high installed electricity capacity. The different part of such a stove may only be used less than one hour each day on high effect, the QX may then last in the live-time of the device. A replacement of elements seems thereby unnecessary. LED-lights and electronic devises are easy to gratify. The PCK-80 will then easily fulfill the need in a home for electricity, heating rooms and all needs for hot and warm water.
    Regards Svein Henrik

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  746. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Yesterday you did’t reply on most of the comments on your blog. That’s very unusual so I am a bit worried, are you well?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    You were right!
    I discovered now several comments I did not answer to: I just missed them, too tired.
    I am responding right now, sorry,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Erik

    Dear Andrea,
    I second the suggestion of Uwe Doms. A Ecat QX powered device with the dimensions and functionality of the Remeha would easily integrate into many households in Europe by simply replacing the existing natural gas burner.
    Regards, Erik

  749. Andrea Rossi

    Erik:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  750. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    When I read the discussion about the 1 year usage of fuel, it make me curious. 1 year seems pretty trivial. Are you able to extend that time to 1.5, 2, 3 years or any duration?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your concern, but I answered to all the incoming comments!
    I have been late to answer because much work is going on, but I never miss a comment of our Readers!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I am very healthy.

  753. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My recommendation in the field of house installations would be the micro block power heating plant Remeha eVita from Germany. It is combined with a sterling engine and probably the best alternative to integrate the E-Cat-QX.

    https://www.remeha.de/produkte/produkte/evita

    All the best to you and your team
    Uwe Doms
    http://www.the-new-fire.com

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Uwe Doms:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Stanleee

    Signor Rossi,

    U should hook up with Jimmy Dyson(james.dyson@dyson.com).

    Your combined technologies would be fascinating, particularly on engine/generator front, using his simple drive train systems etc. He even requires 400mph.air for cleaning systems and we know your kitties can blow a lot of hot air!

    https://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/industry/dysons-electric-car-our-vision-what-it-will-be
    Regards Stanleee

  756. Aillas Troice

    @Fred
    No, I agree wholeheartedly that all sorts of ecat-powered engines are extremely important. I just don’t see why the world has to wait for Dr. Rossi and his small team to develop them. Once you have a power source, coupling it with an engine is a trivial engineering task. It’s just a matter of man-hours and R&D capital. Dr. Rossi has struck gold – that doesn’t mean he has to do the actual digging all by himself. Others can do the heavy lifting much more quickly and efficiently, while he can focus on the really complex stuff for which only he is qualified, i.e. the fundamentals of the Rossi process.

  757. Fred

    @Aillas Troice:
    You are forgetting that an engine fueled by the E-Cat is of paramount importance.
    Fred

  758. Aillas Troice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Please allow me to make a humble suggestion.

    The greatest value of your technology is the Rossi process itself, the actual means of generating energy by means of completely new physics. It is that process that you should get to market as soon as possible. But you seem to be devoting a great deal of time to trivial matters (like coupling the Rossi energy generator with an engine). These are mundane engineering tasks that will be done much more quickly and effectively by the international scientific/engineering community once you have licensed the Rossi process.

    What you are doing now is akin to having invented a magic chemical formula that cures all cancer – but instead if selling that formula to the highest bidder to get it to market as soon as possible (and start earning billions in license payments), you insist on building your own hospitals and making your own syringes (all with the very limited financial and engineering resources available to you) before patients can be treated with the magic formula.

    You have already done by far the most important bit of work. You have discovered and perfected the Rossi process. Now let others take it further, because surely millions of engineers working for the leading international companies (who are ready to spend hundreds of billions on the necessary R&D) will do a better job of it than you and the 20-30 staff you have at your disposal. In the meantime, you will be free to focus on perfecting the Rossi process, which is your most valuable area of expertise – instead of wasting your time on menial work (like looking for Stirling engine suppliers) that any student can do.

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Aillas Troice:
    It is not exactly as you say, but thank you for your insight and for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    – For the 1 year goal you have of testing engines for the E-Cat QX, is there a certain KW size range that you’re considering for testing with?
    – As a counter-consideration, will you also be experimenting with ThermoElectric Generators?
    – Is there any possibility that combining Direct Electric Output from an E-Cat QX plus ThermoElectric Generators might be competitive with heat engine generators that you’re considering?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  762. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We are considering also the Seebeck effect. Too soon to answer which solution is better so far. We must make experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. Sasa Visati

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Just google “microturbine cogeneration”.
    Regards,
    Praos

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Sasa Visati:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warn Regards,
    A.R.

  766. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here are some additional details on sCO2 development.

    https://energy.mit.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/2-5.-U-Wisc-SCT-MIT_slides_V4b-min.pdf

    http://supercritical.tech/

    Fine regards,

    Joseph Fine

  767. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and readers,

    In the link below is a brief summary of the advantages of using Supercritical CO2 cycle to produce mechanical/electrical power.

    Perhaps it can be both scaled up to produce electrical power and scaled down to provide mechanical energy in a small package.

    https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/07/supercritical-co2-technology-will-get-proven-then-scaled-over-next-10-15-years.html

    There is still a lot of work that needs to be done.

    Super regards,

    Joseph Fine

  768. Ken

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    So, you decided to couple the E-Cat with a Stirling engine?

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    I have decided that within one year I want an engine. We will test all the possibilities, also the Stirling engine and decide which one suits better the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Today a very important test, because we made an improvement. This will not affect the timing to complete the Sigma 5 path.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. willi

    Good luck for you and your team of course.
    Please allow the follwing questions on the upcoming demo:
    1.) Will a third party participate?
    2.) Will You be able to convince the skeptics, as far as you believe today?
    3.) Will it in your opinion change the LENR recognition in the media?
    4.) Is Magnus Holm still on board?

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Willi:
    1- yes
    2- I am an industrialist, not a phylosopher
    3- I do not know
    4- Yes, of course, as well as all the great Team of Hydrofusion
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. Anonymous, thanks for your Link.
    However, I think you should tell the Readers, they will need a few PhD’s under their belt to understand it.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  775. SCHOLL Christian

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Have you found a reliable 1Kw Stirling engine?
    If not, contact Sunpower.

    http://sunpowerinc.com/1kw-stirling-engine/

    Best regards,

    Christian

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Scholl Christian:
    We probably have found a good supplier.
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Fusion energy pushed back beyond 2050
    We will have to wait until the second half of the century for fusion reactors to start generating electricity, experts have announced.
    http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-40558758

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Well done everything on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  781. Zoe

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us from which geographycal areas will come the attendants of the presentation of the Ecat QX?
    Thanks,
    Zoe

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Zoe:
    USA, Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Arma

    Dear Andrea

    Only 10 days to November…
    Are you still solid on November as the date for your presentation? If yes, first half, second half?
    Have you already sent invitations to the expected attendees?

    My best regards

    Arma

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Arma:
    Yes, I confirm November.
    Not all the invitations have been made yet.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  785. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  786. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    So you think to put the E-Cat QX in the place of the burner in a gas turbine?

  787. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    That is one of the ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Sven-Erik

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you think about applying the Ecat QX to a gas turbine in place of the burner, or in combination with it?
    That could be a game changer in the transportation field.
    Godspeed,
    Sven-Erik

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Sven-Erik:
    We are working on that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Alessandro Coppi

    Why do not start from the basis?
    a simple steam engine, even if with a very low efficiency could be the right first step forward the electric energy generation.
    Are available steam engines by 10 KW to 100 , on youtube it is simple find them.

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We are evaluating all the possibilities. Steam engines can be a good solution for naval applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Gennady

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Brenmiller Energy http://www.bren-energy.com is not a power generation technology, but an energy storage solution. Working together with eCat may have interesting applications.

    One example comes to mind is to store some of the heat produced by eCat to run eCat, thus closing the loop or running multiple other eCats.

    But may be I am totally off base here.

    Regards,

    Gennady

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, can you tell us which are the issues (in this period of your R&D) for reaching a good compatibility between QX and a Stirling motor?

    Thank you for your time to reply.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The Stirling Engine theoretically would be a good partner, but we still have not been able to get the offer for a real product. There has been in the nineties a fantastic test made by NASA, but there has not been realized a real follow up. I am grateful to all our readers that have sent me many links related to this issue, but I still did not have a concrete response.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I like Qnergy … 10 units = 54000 watts electrical output … modular … up to 100kw? 500kw? I called the phone number on the web site, (801) 752-0100, and a representative answered the phone. I asked him if he was able to deliver 10 units of product for prompt deployment, and he said he was able to deliver from stock. I told him I would have you call him back.

    https://www.qnergy.com/snowbasin-resort-partners-with-qnergy-to-install-the-smartgen-remote-power-unit/

    “Snowbasin, UT – February 3, 2017 – Snowbasin Resort is proud to partner with Qnergy on the installation of Qnergy’s first pilot installation of its Remote-Power unit, the “Smart Gen.” This independent, uninterruptible electrical-power-supply producing unit continuously produces and supplies electricity to the facility’s grid as well as provides emergency power, utilizing Snowbasin’s expanding natural gas infrastructure. The unit converts the energy in natural gas into electricity.

    The SmartGen provides two electrical outlets of 120V AC 45A power for independent continuously 24/7, 365 days a year. It also serves as a backup, off –grid power supply in case the site loses grid power during any harsh storm.

    “At a 6,000ft elevation and with weather conditions way below freezing temperatures, Snowbasin Resort is a perfect location for the pilot of our SmartGen remote-power unit. The SmartGen will be able to experience real world conditions that match the expectation of many industries that need to rely on remote-power applications,” commented Dan Nadav Qnergy’s VP Sales & Marketing. “We are thankful for the opportunity to test our unique solution and look forward to enhance our relationship with the local E&P community with more pilots in the next 6 months.”

    Could this be an ally for you to court?

    Tom

    Phone: (801) 752-0100
    Qnergy
    Machining manufacturer in Ogden, Utah
    Address: 300 W 12th St, Ogden, UT 84404
    Phone: (801) 752-0100

    https://www.qnergy.com/

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    It is possible.
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    You once looked at the Green Turbine.
    It appears that their product has matured.
    A possible fit for the E-Cat QX?

    http://www.greenturbine.eu/

    http://www.greenturbine.eu/GT15.html

    Good luck with product search.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  799. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. Mattias Andersson

    The 25kW ThermoHeart engine by Cool Energy might be a suitable design (http://coolenergy.com).

  801. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Andersson:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Colin Watters

    Possible chinese source for sterling engines..

    http://www.microgen-engine.com

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we have a stable situation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Colin Watters

    Might be too small for you but i think a number of boiler/furnace manufacturers make small commercial and even domestic combined heat and power (CHP) units. These run on gas and provide hot water for heating/bathing plus a small amount of electricity. The electricity is produced using a Sterling engine.

    Examples..
    Commercial scale
    https://www.viessmann.co.uk/en/commerce/combined-heat-and-power-generation/chp-unit.html

    Residential scale
    https://www.viessmann.co.uk/en/residential-buildings/combined-heat-and-power-generation.html

    I think Baxi also have a residential scale unit.

    I don’t have any contacts with these companies but it seems to me they would be idea partners and would be great to see one of their standard CHP boilers converted to LENR.

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you for your link to Microgen,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Alva

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you find a seller of Stirling Engines?

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Alva:
    Not yet. Probably we have to change strategy and look for a different kind of engine to couple with the E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. R Feynman

    Dr Rossi,

    You Got Served, head up to Boca Raton Hotel and Club –
    Tennis courts are great! – 30 min from you in Miami.

    Take some time to recharge man.

    http://www.bocaresort.com/

  810. Andrea Rossi

    R Feynman:
    Good suggestion for people that wants to spend holidays in Miami.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    To round out a potential contact list, there’s also the “JTEC” device. It doesn’t sound like the “JTEC” is ready for prime-time yet, but if it were it would be an amazing match for the E-Cat. (And it’s an interesting science concept all by itself.)

    To use their words: “The JTEC is a Thermo-Electrochemical Convertor that converts heat directly into electricity.” And: “The Johnson Thermo-Electrochemical Convertor (JTEC) is an all solid-state device that operates on the Ericsson cycle.”

    The inventor is Lonnie Johnson & he seems like a sharp guy (he’s also the inventor of the “Super Soaker” which is where he got his early seed money).

    Food for future consideration perhaps…

    The link has a TED video, and other descriptive information.: http://johnsonems.com/our-technology/

    WaltC

  812. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We are looking for mature products. This one looks interesting but very green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very well also today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    maybe you want to try also Qnergy products.

    This is a link to their website:
    https://www.qnergy.com/oem/

    They are based in US and their products are fuel source agnostic.

    Good Luck,
    Riccardo

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I have contacted all the suggestions of our Readers.

  816. Arvid

    Stirling engines by Ripasso Energy under Kockums license https://ripassoenergy.com/en/products/

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Arvid:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. BH

    Dear Andrea,

    I think Ripasso Energy would be a good Stirling engine provider.
    The last decade they have refined and adapted the Kockums engine to suit electricity production.
    The solar to power efficiency of their units is 32%. They also have a product that combines solar power with an alternative heat source for power production 24/7.

    Their factory is located in southern Sweden so there might be some synergies with your future production plans.

    https://ripassoenergy.com/en/

    Keep up the good work!

  819. Andrea Rossi

    BH:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. Mattias Andersson

    Hi Andrea,

    With regards to Stirling engines, I think Ripasso Energy has licensed the technology of Kockums (https://ripassoenergy.com/).

    As far as I remember, their application is solar energy in e.g. Sahara, with big parabolas concentrating the light towards the engines.

  821. Andrea Rossi

    Mattias Andersson:
    Correct. I also contacted them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We will reach Sigma 5 by November, if we have no more bumps in the road.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Have you tried this link to SAAB Stirling Engines?

    http://saab.com/naval/Submarines-and-Warships/technologies/The-Stirling-Engine/

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. Samec

    This company claimed mass production of Stirling engines, although these are ideal for not-here-prefered home use 1kW range.
    For Your industrial use or demo there will need 50 devices in spherical positions:

    Design life 50.000 hours, efficiency 26%:
    http://www.microgen-engine.com/products/engines/

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Samec:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Buck

    Hello Andrea:

    regarding your interest in Stirling Engines, it sounds like you have hit several dead-ends. It is my hope is that you have had luck reaching out to Dean Kamen of Deka Research regarding their Beacon 10. Here are some good links to the Deka.

    Link>> http://www.dekaresearch.com/innovations/
    Link>> http://www.dekaresearch.com/contact-us/#1477590984977-c216091b-2cc2

    my best,

    Buck

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the information. We are contacting all the companies our readers are signaling to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Koen Vandewalle

    Perhaps they only possess intellectual property on a good stirling, and wait for a person who owns intellectual property on an energy source to drink coffee together. Best that we do not have to pay a license to Jesus Christ to give someone forgiveness.

    Ownership is the cement of the current tower of babel. Currently, the biggest stones are at the top, so everything starts to collapse.

    We must serve, not win.

    Having said that, a thermal engine that works optimally with the Ecat QX needs to be designed. Something with needles with heated diamonds pushed into a supercritical CO2 chamber. Varied with ice-cold diamonds.

    As long as there is no Ecat Qx on the market, it does not make sense to develop such a motor.

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Within one year I want to see an engine operated by the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Colin Watters

    I think Kockums in Sweden may make a 100HP Sterling engine.

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Tried to contact Kockums, didn’t have any answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Paul

    Might I suggest the below for a possible 50kW solution. They use the United Stirling 4-275 with heat from from a solar concentrator. I would think heat from an E-Cat would work as well.

    http://www.sbp.de/en/project/50-kw-dishstirling-system/

    another possible source: http://www.micropowers.com/en/generator_detail.aspx?cid=416&id=53

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    tried to contact them, no reply.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Albert Ellul

    About Stirling Biopower Inc:

    Their website is not responding but there’s an address and a telephone number:

    Corporate Information
    Address:
    275 Metter Dr
    Ann Arbor, MI 48103
    United States
    Phone: 1-734-995-1755

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    I called the phone you suggested, it’s non existent. Tried to contact them, no reply.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    to produce chips with ARM technology, as Qualcom does with foundry company, need fabs that costs some billion dollars each, so is very easy for them to knows who is doing what and how much.
    I think once the Ecat IP is public and everybody can buy one, thousand of small company around all the world will try to replicate and produce it and you will not have any control of the business.
    On my opinion your business model is the best one.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  839. Samec

    TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor) is in reality producing famous Qualcomm chips, which are based on ARM license. For years I promote ARM business model for Dr.Rossi/Leonardo and fast E-Cat saturation of markets.

    There are some funny hypothesis, for example: Some folks thinks, that when media will be informed about E-Cat and demo one year later, that big energy companies will not going bankrupt 3-8 years later, which of course is false hope. If media will informed at November demo, these companies will also go to bankrupt within 3-8 years and if media will informed X years later, these companies again will go bankrupt 3-8 years later.

    THere is only one difference, if media will informed later, damages from unfinished abandoned projects will few hundreds billion USD higher. For example in our country is 70% state owned equivalent of Vattenfall – Czech powerplat company CEZ a.s., these heavily bought every piece of abandoned “assets” from others and CEZ management fanatically want build new blocks of nuclear powerplant (cost 300 billion CZK). As this management is not informed, they have information assymetry against Vattenfall and they continued in buying every another abandoned energy assets. As state owned company – this is heavy pain for ordinary citizens. So I really “love” here approach with as much late delayed media attention about E-Cat. For a few billion more private profit there will hundreds billion more public and private damages (costs).

  840. Andrea Rossi

    Samec:
    Thank you for the information, but the Qualcomm model worked differently.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Geert

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Stirling engine: try to google “PCK 80 Stirling Engine”
    Cheers
    Geert Verhoeven

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Geert:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Raoul and Kurt have made interesting suggestions for you to make a business model similar to Qualcomm, which has many patents and makes much of its income licensing them to other manufacturers.

    It would seem advantages in licensing patents would be that the E-Cat technology could be diffused more rapidly across many industries, and you would not be required to build massive manufacturing facilities, if other companies would be responsible for producing products licensed from you.

    Disadvantages might be you spend more time in court dealing with legal issues and challenges which could come.

    However, Qualcomm is not just a licensing company, it also has a manufacturing side, making chips and other electrical components.

    Which track do you think makes most sense in your case, or maybe both could work?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think for a winner thoroughbred you need both stamina and speed in proper equilibrium.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Dear Dott.Rossi
    I would be happy if the E-cat Qx will work with the Tesla Turbine
    Mybe it’s a beautifull marriage from two big discoverys
    My best wishes for you and for the E-Cat.
    Giorgio

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I hope this finds you well and far a long the path towards the upcoming demonstration.

    With your revived interest in Stirling engines, an idea has floated . . . that you will present two distinct demonstrations of Rossi effect. The first is the basic irrefutable water calorimetric setup proving the essentials of the theory that LENR does have the capacity of a COP far greater than 1. The second would be with the ~50KW Stirling engine; a demonstration acting as a bridge from the theoretical proof of the 1st setup to an extremely practical demonstration of what the Rossi effect can do in an industrial setting.

    It is my hope that your plans reflect this idea . . . I believe you can see how it will effect the conclusions of those observing the demonstration. Strangely, I see it like the Lugano report’s ability to disarm the doubters. The two parts (energy input/output measurement and elemental/isotopic analysis) overwhelmed the possible scenarios of fakery.

    My best to you, your team, and your tennis instructor.

    Buck

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The demo of November will not be made by means of a Stirling Engine.
    The R&D for an application to engines ( not necessarily Stirling) has been due to other factors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    My tennis instructor ( my wife ) says I am hopeless.

  849. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is another interesting link to the Stirling engine:
    http://www.inresol.se/pdf/genious_data_sheet_stirling_engine.pdf
    Warm Regards,
    A.Ashfield

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Scott Harrison

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    This article on Fortune can be useful: google “Fortune Dean Kamen Stirling Engine”.
    Cheers
    Scott Harrison

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Scott Harrison:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. Kurt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I too think that the best business model for you should be the one of Qualcomm, earning the fees from your patents and licensing all the specialized companies of the specific sectors ( vehicles, electric production, heat production etc).
    This plan would speed up the applications.
    Godspeed,
    Kurt

  854. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know you have shown some interest in Stirling engines over the years, but I am wondering what makes the Stirling Engine a “hot” topic for you right now?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I deem this field extremely important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    In your reply to Rudy you said: “If any Stirling engine manufacturer has a 50 kW engine ready to be bought, this is the very right moment to contact me.”

    Having been following alternative power generation for more than a decade, your appeal reminded me of the FLEXGEN 43, a ready to go Stirling engine that is designed for an electrical power output ranging between 43 kW and 55 kW. Their website says:

    STIRLING BIOPOWER INC.
    PGL, FLAVEX has been authorized product distributor for the FLEXGEN 43 manufactured in Ann Arbor MI. this unique Stirling cycle grid power generator is capable to produce from 43 to 55 KW of prime power at 480Volt, 3 Phase, 60Hz, capable of using a wide variety of standard and non standard gaseous fuels as well as waste heat sources.

    With more than 30 years of research and development in the Stirling Engine field Stirling Biopower Inc. is pioneer in green power generators, for more information please visit:

    http://www.stirlingbiopower.com.

    I wish you the success you deserve following the many years of hard work and the sacrifices you made to come to this point of no return.

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Very good, again thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Drew G.

    Thus website has the 43KW Stirling Engine:

    http://www.stirlingsupercoolers.com/energy.asp

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Kochum’s Stirling engine is much more than a prototype: it is used to power a Swedish submarine: see
    http://saabgroup.com/sv/media/stories-listings/2015-02/the-secret-to-the-worlds-most-silent-submarine/
    The engine is a closed system that uses heat from liquid oxygen and Diesel oil, so that it can run under water without need of combustion air.
    The manufacturer states that it can use any heat source, so it is a perfect match for the E-Cat QX, I suppose.
    Warm Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Thank you for this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Albert Ellul

    Dear Ing. Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding your reply to ‘Patrick’: “No, means between the 25th of October and the 25th of November.” It looks like Christmas, the 25th of December, is coming early this year for us readers and supporters of your technological invention(s).

    I wish you success in your venture and the public demonstration of the Quark-X in action.

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you, this is very useful.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  866. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    If a group/crowd source raised sufficient funds would you be prepared to sell/lend a reactor to allow a suitable university to carry out a similar replication exercise?

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you very much for the information. This issue now is hot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Paul

    Dr. Rossi,

    I have been following your progress since your public demonstration will Dr. Sergio Focardi. Your progress has been amazing to watch.

    You stated earlier: “Today we are making substantial improvements to raise the power of the apparatus that will be presented in the demonstration.”

    1. Is this increase in power due to adding more QX reactors to the demonstration setup or due to a changes to the QX and its control system?
    2. If due to increase in the quantity of reactors, do you have a ballpark figure for what you are shooting for on the output power?

    May God speed you in your endeavor!

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Thank you very much for the information,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  870. Rodney Nicholson

    Regarding:

    Raoul
    October 14, 2017 at 7:55 AM

    “Dr Andrea Rossi:
    “It appears that your patent is very difficult to overcome for every competitor that wants to use analogous charges or system, in particular now, after it has been allowed practically in the whole world.
    “Have you thought to adopt a policy similar to the one of Qualcomm, that gets most of its billionaire income from the patent fees, much more than from the sales of their own products?”
    ==========
    I do not understand this. For any new invention if, in addition to royalties, production of the product can be significantly profitable, why would the inventor decide to leave to others the profits available from production and sale?

    Rodney Nicholson.

  871. C.

    @Raoul:
    Great suggestion!

  872. Raoul

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    It appears that your patent is very difficult to overcome for every competitor that wants to use analogous charges or system, in particular now, after it has been allowed practically in the whole world.
    Have you thought to adopt a policy similar to the one of Qualcomm, that gets most of its billionaire income from the patent fees, much more than from the sales of their own products?
    Congratulations,
    Raoul

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Raoul:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Rudy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is Stirling engine a possible solution to make an engine with the E-Cat?

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy:
    If any Stirling engine manufacturer has a 50 kW engine ready to be bought, this is the very right moment to contact me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I think we are close to be ready for a great presentation. On our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  877. eric ashworth

    @Supporter of Focardi’s Legacy:
    I presume you are somewhat stumped as to why LENR’s are refuted by the mainstream establishment. And I guess that you believe that if the LENR process was kept to a simple Nickel/ Hydrogen reaction then this process would have more chance of being accepted as a viable method of replacing conventional methods of generating heat. The sad facts are that any technology that is revolutionary i.e. not an old technology that has been simply tweaked is very, very difficult to introduce to the general public by public broadcasting due to the continual backlash from the established mainstream powers that be. Any technology/process that is labeled destructive or ‘before its time’ can be looked upon as a ‘hot potato’ and for those who investigate or even acknowledge such such a scientific breakthrough risk upsetting their peers and jeopardizing their careers. LENR’s I believe falls into the category of a ‘hot potato’. There are many people who are aware of this problem regarding the introduction of any groundbreaking technology but unfortunately there are more people who are totally unaware due to there none involvement in such matters. Joe Bob if he worked for a government run research establishment would find himself out of work if he went against his peers, proved LENR’s and proceeded to inform the general public
    E.A.

  878. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Are you going to distribute the E-Cats also in Spain?
    If yes: what do you think about the independence process of Catalonia?

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- yes
    2- I think that both parties are too intelligent not to find an agreement, probably based on a major fiscal autonomy for Catalonia.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Orietta

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is your focus for the utilization of the E-Cat QX also on the realization of an electric engine?
    Cheers
    Orietta

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Orietta:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are continuing to approach the success to reach Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Supporter of Focardi’s legacy:
    Thank you for your insight.
    For reasons that are obvious and that I explained many times, I have no more information to disclose after what I already disclosed, on the base of which experts of the art have replicated the patented effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Supporter of Focardi's Legacy

    Dear Andrea,

    (Here is a question I hope you can answer. First, I must setup the scenario with “Joe Bob” representing any ordinary researcher in the field.)

    Joe Bob reads the earliest papers of Focardi’s early work with just nickel and hydrogen in which excess heat was repeatedly produced up to a COP of around 3. This interests him because it was performed repeatedly and accomplished with no LiAlH4 and no extra elements added. So not only was it a more primitive setup than the early E-Cats (capable of infinite COP and huge excess heat due to added elements) but compared to the super advanced Quark utilizing plasma was not much more than a camp fire stove, figuratively speaking.

    He goes on to learn that in those systems, excess heat depended on the quantity and rate of hydrogen absorption and desorption — into and out of the nickel. The more anomalously fast and/or large the absorption or desorption the more vigorous the “excited state” of the fuel would be. He realizes that due to all the money and intellectual property involved, no party successfully replicating more advanced LENR systems utilizing LiAlH4 as a source of atomic hydrogen, reverse spillover catalysts, radio frequency generators, or other enhancements will share enough information for meticulous and serious replicators to produce results every single time. Although there have been and will continue to be occasional huge successes proving the absolute, hard reality of the effect, nothing will be proven to the world. Simply put: until billions of dollars are already in someone’s bank account, the more advanced forms of the technology will not be capable of being *easily* replicated by just any scientist, due to proprietary know how being withheld. Fair enough, Joe Bob figures. Inventors deserve reward for their hard labor.

    However, Joe Bob wonders if any replicator out there would be willing to share details, in a more concise and easily digestible format, about how to get the “cave man style” (compared to any E-Cat ever demonstrated) original Focardi system to produce excess heat. A specific set of details of how to process nickel (even wire or bulk nickel) to absorb and then desorb hydrogen to become “excited” could awaken the entire world to reality of the basic reality of nickel-hydrogen LENR.

    Ridicule, mocking, taunting, veiled threats of various kinds: those that have supported the reality of Focardi’s early work and the reality of the Rossi Effect have been subjected to incredibly cruel treatment over the last year or so. We’ve been shouted down on various sites for daring to claim that nickel-hydrogen reactions were a reality. The relentless demonization of us came from both the naysayers who dismiss all LENR and those that sought to erase Ni-H LENR from history — pushing palladium deuterium reactions as seemingly part of their agenda.

    The information to make basic Ni-H systems (no extra elements from the periodic table, no lithium hydrides, no RFGs, no plasma, no electrical current running through the fuel, no special high surface area powder) produce excess heat could refute these attempts at destroying a dedicated scientist’s hard earned legacy and excite the world about the tremendously evolved version that could change the world.

    Is there anyway you could provide advice about how to get plain hydrogen into plain nickel (even bulk) to produce the heat Focardi saw in his early experiments before he ever met you? Not a word about elements, not a phrase about lithium, not a hint at electromagnetic stimulation, not a sentence about electrical discharges: only the physical prep of bulk nickel and application of ordinary hydrogen from a tank to allow the humble COPs Focardi witnessed.

    Thank you regardless if you can provide any info or not.

  885. Gabriel Berra

    Dear Andrea,

    In regards to MHD generators – brilliantlightpower talk about using either photovoltaic cells or magnetohydrodynamic generators to convert the heat / light from their proposed 500kw generator. If interested I suggest going to brilliantlight power.com, there is a PDF link to a powerpoint presentation under “Society for Cable & Telecoms… Conference” towards the bottom of the home page. It may give you some ideas to explore for your e-cats. Anyway, I wish you all the best Andrea! I know you are extremely busy. Personally I think you try to do too much of the work yourself and would benefit form a team of helpers. I sincerely wish you well.

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your 1998 patent… I am not a patent expert, but maybe with these new materials, you can extend/renew it and use it to gain other money to invest into the ECat…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your system architecture choice for large scale systems is an important consideration. For instance, suppose you wanted to power a 1 GW electrical generation unit (such units do exist). Assuming a Carnot efficiency of 40% means a thermal generation capacity of 2.5 GW. Assuming you select 250kW as the output of a “area” collection of reactors, roughly 12,500+ reactors would be needed for a 250kW module. These 10,000+ “area” modules would be running in parallel to produce the 2.5GW of thermal power to generate the 1GW of electrical power.

    Now the interesting part. With a one year reactor lifetime, this means the average number of “area” modules which will require replacement for refueling is about 27 units per day. Since the initial start-up condition will be all fresh reactors, this means you need to be able to replace up to 54 units per day — run 6 months without “area” module change out and then a uniform replacement during a 6 month “maintenance” period — still being capable of maximum electrical plant power generation. This means, ideally, a replacement time of an “area” module of about 30 minutes, performed 24 hours per day. Such “exhausted” modules would then be shipped to your maintenance facility for refueling and clean-up.

    If you grouped the 250kW “area” units into 10 unit collections, thus capable of producing 2.5MW of thermal power as a subsystem, then the number of subsystems would be 1,000+. Such a subsystem could be brought down for refueling maintenance for a period of 5 hours to replace all of the “area” modules. 1,000+ subsystems would give you a 0.1% control by turning on or off a subsystem for adjustment of the overall plant output. 5 hours is likely a reasonable time period to cool down the system, replace the components with refueled components, perform system testing, make any adjustments and restart the subsystem unit.

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  891. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Hi Andrea,
    Have you ever considered magnetohydrodynamic generators as a way of converting the thermal energy your e-cats produce into electricity. If not it may be worth looking into it. There are plenty of power point presentations available via google on MHD generators to get you started ( if you are interested ). All the best Andrea !

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Berra:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    As a matter of fact, I did not try it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very interesting.
    I still hold a patent that the USPTO allowed me in the year 1998, in which I pumped lead in a chemical thermolytic reactor ( Google Rossi Dellorfano US Patent ) to turn carbonaceous wastes into fuel; at those times this invention would have been gold!
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  895. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I just saw that Georgia Tech researchers are experimenting with Ceramic pumps which can pump molten Tin at temperatures greater than 1400 Celsius (1673 Kelvin). Future developments in materials technology may produce parts with greater strength and that should be less brittle, have more wear resistance and, therefore, have longer operational lifetimes.

    Perhaps you may find a use for this type of pump.

    https://phys.org/news/2017-10-ceramic-molten-metal-degrees-celsius.html

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  896. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    If possible, can you tell us when operating at 30Wcm^-3 how long does the fuel last (eg time between refueling)? Thank you.

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    We do not sell reactors to make experiments or replications. All the replications have been made by scientists that have reproduced the apparatus described in my patent and made R&D with it, completely independent from us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, the reader “Anonymous” wrote here on October 2:

    “…The same person, that wants not to be identified because the report is secret being financed by a private entity that owns it, told me that the COP they reached makes certain the Effect beyond any possible doubt…”

    I know very well that you cannot add anything positive or negative, but we all hope that there will be soon a publication about that replication.

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I hope too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Myrl

    Dear Andrea:
    I imagine you are under pressure for the prep of the event of November: how is your health, after the issues you passed through the last year?
    God bless you for your work,
    M

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Myrl:
    I am very healthy.
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Darrin

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Still about the replication made by the Professors of Uppsala: you said you can’t comment before they publish a report, but do you know the results of their trial to replicate the results of Lugano by themselves in a laboratory of the University of Uppsala?
    Thank you if you can answer

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Darrin:
    Obviously I know the results, I have been informed about them by the Professors under NDA, but I cannot talk of them before they will publish a report, if ever, since they worked with the funding of a third party that wanted to know if the Rossi Effect exists beyond any doubt.
    For this reason, they reproduced the reactor in the laboratories of the Uppsala University and followed the instructions contained in my patent. They wanted to avoid the complications generated by the infrared temperature measurement and measured the energy produced by simple calorimetry, by means of a heat exchanger and with liquid water.
    I know the measurements have been very conservative, always considering only the lower values of the margin of error of the instrumentation.
    I think I can say all this, because obvious.
    I cannot absolutely add any further information. I will be able to comment the results only after such results will have been made public.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. Viking

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Very informed source told me that a team of professors of the University of Uppsala has replicated successfully in July 2017 the Lugano test of March 2014. Is that true?
    Godspeed,
    Viking

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Viking:
    I will be able to answer only after I will have read a report about this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Mick Neren

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Plasma has a temperature of at least 2,000 Celsius. During the demonstration you will make a calorimetric measurement of the energy, therefore the temperature that will be observed will not overcome 100 Celsius, if the water will not change phase. In the paper Gullstroem-Rossi you used a spectrometer to measure the temperature of plasma: will you use spectrometry also during the demonstration? It is important to be sure that the temperature is at least 2,000 Celsius, to be sure that there is plasma in the reactor, because if it is plasma it is obviously a good conductor of current.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Cheers
    Mick

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Mick Neren:
    The protocol of the demo will be disclosed just before the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. SMM

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You have repeatedly delayed the date of the presentation of the Ecat QX. This fact has disappointed many, but it suggests the reality of the existence of something important and serious, because to make a fake demo doesn’t require too much time and delays!
    Godspeed,
    Silent Majority Member

  910. Andrea Rossi

    SMM:
    We are just working to get the best possible from our endeavors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “the modularity allows a substitution per area”. Can you tell us:
    1. The (maximum) number of individual reactors in an “area” or the total thermal output per “area”?
    2. Within an “area”, is each reactor controlled individually by an “area” controller?
    3. Within an “area”, is each reactor monitored for health or performance?
    4. Within a deployed system, is there a theoretical limit to the number of “areas” that could be run in parallel (e.g. 2**16)?
    5. Within a deployed system, is each “area” controller monitored by the deployed system for individual reactor health?
    6. For a deployed system, can your company remotely monitor the deployed system for health and performance?

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- the number of reactors/area
    2- yes
    3- no, is checked the area
    4- no
    5- yes
    6- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are approaching Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  914. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you have an E-Cat plant consisting of thousands of E-Cat QX reactors, will each reactor need to be replaced every year, and if so, will they all have to replaced at the same time (requiring the shutdown of the plant)?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, the modularity allows a substitution per area, maintaining the full power in operation if the power is redundant in proportion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You have been very positive about the tests of the E-cat QX up and until Thursday. Can you confirm that the system has now succeded for the 5 sigma tests and is ready to conquer the world? Can we congratulate you and your team?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    As trivial as it might be, let it be 1 year, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you say anything on why the limitation of one year? For example, in uranium-based fission, there are by-products that “poison” the basic reaction. You, obviously, could add more active components to your reactor during refueling if depletion were the only issue. Is control of the fueled reactor a function of the amount of fuel within the reactor? Please clarify what you can.

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am sorry, but this issue is restricted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Andrea Rossi

    Joni Ikalainen:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  921. Joni Ikäläinen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    When you say there’s been interruptions during 3 years of testing (such as refueling a year ago), does it also mean there’s been modifications?

    Warm regards,
    J.I.

  922. Barry Chaiken

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Today the Secretary of the EPA Scott Pruitt has said that the Environmental Protection Agency is going to roll back the climate plan, to favour in particular the coal industry an their jobs.
    What is your opinion?
    Barry

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Barry Chaiken:
    As politically uncorrect as it might seem, I agree with him, because most of the other Countries were just cheating on this issue, pretending to change everything to change nothing and getting strong competitivity against the USA, while the United States had serious damages in terms of loss of jobs. Besides: coal can be used with respect for the environment, provided proper BACT are adopted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. C.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Again about the lifespan of the fuel in the E-Cat X: have you been able to give it a precise number?
    Cheers

  925. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    I’d say 1 year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the demo of the E-Cat QX you will use alse the spectrometry?

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Also,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Ned

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The theory you are studying about with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom is based on the standard model?
    Cheers,
    Ned

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Ned:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Well on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A previous post had mentioned 1100 days and you did correct it. My post had estimated 1200 days and did not correct it. 3 years contains about 1100 to 1200 days. That is where the 3 years came from.

    So, for the record, how long have the reactors been running without refueling?

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, but I did not say that it worked continuously for 3 years. There have been interruptions, the last refueling has been made one year ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are saying that the reactor(s) being tested have been running essentially continuously for over 3 years without refueling? If so, is the published one year refueling time just a Management position, only done to assure end-of-fuel does not occur?

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    From where did you get the number 3 years?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  935. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply to Toussaint Francois. Perhaps one of the things he missed is the throttle control functionality you seek … Not a question, just a thought.

    Peace be with you.
    Tom

    http://biblehub.com/philippians/4-7.htm

  936. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    I have just read your interview with Mats Lewan, now it is time for the lunch of the E-CAT QX rocket !!

    Exciting time ahead !!

    I wish you great sucess !!

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Your feeling is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Now that it’s so close to Sigma 5, perhaps it is a good time to re-play the Sigma-5 song.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fjmw9XyBO1U

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    He,he,he…very nice, thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for the clarification on the 5 Sigma testing.

    1. So the data sample is approximately 30 seconds in duration?
    2. You monitor and record the input power once every 30 seconds or more often?
    3. You monitor and record the output power once every 30 seconds or more often?
    4. Is/Are the output power measurement(s) based on a temperature change and flow rate measurements?
    5. Since the test is running longer than one year, have refueling been done? If so, how many?

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- 4: the algorythm is more complex, includes also your assumptions
    5- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  943. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I wish you a great success for your demonstration,I have the feeling that Sigma 5 will be announced before the demo.

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  944. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Has the invited persons already got the date for the demonstration?
    How many persons will be present at the demonstration?
    Will someone from Sweden be there?
    How will you show the demonstration to your fans?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- Not all
    2- 40
    3- Yes
    4- It will be in direct streaming
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  946. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Assuming you have been running the 5-Sigma test for the last 3+ years, and you will be achieving your test result in about 1,200 days of operation…. A 5 sigma test means one (or less) failures in 3,500,000 cycles. There are approximately 103.8 million seconds in 1,200 days. A test cycle should be around 30 seconds.

    1. Does your test essentially consist of turning on a reactor, achieving a stable output, and then turning off the reactor over an approximately 30 second period?
    2. If this essentially captures the repeated test sequence, what length of time, over the operating period, was the output stable?

    Even if this envisioned test methodology is not correct, the achievement of 5 sigma is exceptionally challenging – having the reactor containment environment not fail at eCat reactor temperatures over this test period (~3 years) is amazing.

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- no
    2- the “uninterrupted” operation has been subdivided in virtual segments
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Andrea Rossi

    Kristofer:
    Please drink responsibly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  951. The earth is FLAT! How come NASA has never once shown a REAL photo of earth from space instead of CGI images? How come you can look at a building a 100 miles away thru a telescope, even through it should be under the horizon since the earth is supposed to curve 8 inches per mile? Why did an international government treaty BAN civilian exploration of the North Pole or “Antarctica”? Why were all the great “scientists” of the past 500 years who promoted the concept of a round earth globe ALL Freemasons, including Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton? WAKE UP PEOPLE! The global elite, the Illuminati, are LYING TO YOU!!!

  952. Toussaint François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, during the November demo, will we see the light emitted by the E-Cat QX ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint François

  953. Oppy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    There is somebody that proposes Thorium recovered from radioactive wastes as a fuel useful to reduce the global warming.
    What is your opinion?
    Oppy

  954. Andrea Rossi

    Oppy:
    Thorium is a by-product of the Uranium decay. It is dangerous and, as all the actinoids, carcinogenic.
    To use Thorium as a fuel is very dangerous, let alone to consider it environmentally friendly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  955. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the E-Cat QX applicable also to electric engines?

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working hard on this issue and I think yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the number 39,000 of this blog.

  957. Tom Conover

    Good morning, Andrea!

    I hope that your work is going well. If the Quark you are testing does not fail by (A:October 27) will Sigma 5 be achieved? (B. If by November 27th?) (C. I just don’t know)

    We hold our breath in expectation and hope for your success.

    The Truth Is Out There,
    Tom

    What is truth?
    John 17:17 & John 18:33-38
    https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John%2017:17
    https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John%2018:33-38

    Please excuse our pestering you about this, but you have been working on Sigma 5 for 3 years now (1119 days), based on a brief review of JONP blog:
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=859&cpage=4#comment-998328

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your attention to our work and for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  959. upiva

    Il prof. Sergio Focardi era mio relatore alla tesi, e mi mostrò il suo laboratorio e i risultati dei suoi esperimenti.
    In seguito ci siamo rivisti per una conferenza a Bologna sul vostro lavoro, che ho sempre seguito con grandi speranze.
    Mi raccontò anche qualcosa sui vostri primi esperimenti.
    Qualcuno suggeriva di tenere il primo prototipo da 1MW per esporlo.
    Sarebbe anche bello avere i primi prototipi in assoluto, quelli che avete usato qui.
    Spero sempre di potere tra poco tempo scaldare la casa con l’ecat! Mi ero messo in lista appena uscì la lista.
    Perdonate se non traduco, ma ho poco tempo, dormo troppo poco, con la bimba piccola…
    Buon lavoro ancora, grazie per quello che fate!
    ENGLISH
    Prof sergio Focardi has been the one I made my PhD with in Physics and he had shown me your experiments. Since then I followed your work and also I made a pre-order for a domestic E-Cat, that I hope to be able to get sooner or later.
    It would have been great to conserve in Bologna your original prototypes…
    Thank you for your work,
    Umberto Piva

  960. Andrea Rossi

    UPiva:
    Great to hear from an alumnus of Prof. Sergio Focardi.
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    The original prototypes I worked with Prof Focardi in his laboratory of the University of Bologna ( Physics Department ) have been conserved.
    Your suggestion is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  961. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno Andrea,

    You said that: “the presentation will be made for sure in November 2017I”.
    Now is it possible to know the location (contest) of presentation?
    Thanks

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    On the homestretch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,
    I did a little math and, if my calculations are correct (and hopefully She continues to perfom very well), sigma 5 target should be achieved by October 23, my birthday !
    This would be the best present I could receive !
    Good Luck,
    Riccardo

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Moreless you are right.
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    I will do my best to honour your birthday.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Yves Motivier:
    The final goal is related to how many hours without failures.
    We are very close to the target, I’d say we are around 95%.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. Jean Yves Metivier

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your sigma 5 quest is interesting, but your answer to JPR is pointless.
    What is your final goal, is it related to how much cycles you do, how many days without failures, or how many Watts without interruptions?
    How far are you from the goal in percentage?
    The answers to these questions will give the Readers a feel of your progress.
    Keep it up!
    Jym

  968. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    On our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  969. Gaetano Cinque

    Salve Dr.Rossi,
    ma quando sarà la prima uscita del suo prototipo, scoperta che cambierà il mondo dell’energia e non solo.
    English:
    when will be made the presentation of the E-Cat QX?
    Saluti Gaetano Cinque

  970. Andrea Rossi

    Gaetano Cinque:
    The presentation will be made for sure in November 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  971. luca

    you wrote
    The business plan foresees the applications to make electricity too.
    dreams, best wishes
    https://www.pv-magazine.com/2017/10/04/saudi-arabias-300-mw-solar-tender-may-conclude-with-lowest-bid-ever/

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. Clovis Ray

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Will it be possible for you to reassemble the original 1 MW plant of the performance test, just to expose it in your headquarters, just for the history of the titanic work of your team in the USA?
    Cheers
    Clovis

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Clovis Ray:
    It is not impossible.
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Maggie

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You said that the 1 MW plant that worked for one year in the performance test in Doral, Florida, has been disassembled to analyze all the parts of it to study in the particulars all the problems emerged during one year of operation. Did you already obtain interesting data? Besides: will these data help also the E-Cat QX?
    Cheers
    M.

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Maggie:
    Yes, we collected more than 1,000 pages of data in all the particulars of all the components. Yes, the E-Cat QX has been born based on the same principles of the patent, therefore the data we are collecting are very precious. It is a mine of knowledge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still well on our way toward Sigma 5, very close now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Andrea Rossi

    R Feynmann:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Charlie

    I like this site very much, Its a rattling nice place to read and find information about LENR.

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Ekat

    Dr Rossi,

    Interesting for your readers:

    Low-energy nuclear reactions in crystal structures

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S1063779617050045

    Best

  982. Andrea Rossi

    Ekat:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  983. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently planning to build an electric power plant with your partner?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  984. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The business plan foresees the applications to make electricity too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Toussaint François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you able to tell the range of electric power produced by your future QX-plant necessary for the new partner ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint François

  987. Oscar

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    To them who ask you why you do not give away your technology I would say: ask Bill Gates why he did not give away his intellectual property.
    Cheers,
    Oscar

  988. Andrea Rossi

    Oscar:
    Point taken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  989. Reader

    Dear Anonymous,

    Will the report, when eventually published, include details on all processes and treatments of the nickel powder to allow for such a high COP? Hit and miss, finicky, challenging, enigmatic: making excess heat with nickel and a source of hydrogen (such as LiAlH4) is currently unrepeatable by the majority of replicators. Although a few highly credible respected scientists like Alexander Parkhomov and Songsheng Jiang have reported tremendous success (with rumors of positive results from other parties such as Nissan), there has yet to be an instructional guide published for serious parties interested in reproducing the effect to follow. Until such step by step details are provided, the series of successful replications that will be required for universal acceptance of the reality of the technology won’t happen.

    With enough time, effort, and determination, I’m confident any competent researcher can produce undeniable excess heat; unfortunately, individuals with the work ethic of Andrea Rossi are rarities. Most people want reasonably quick results and are unwilling to perform long series of tests. But to change the mindset of official science about the Rossi Effect, such a “cheat sheet” with the details of how to process the nickel powder, how to provide electromagnetic stimulation, and how to trigger the anomalous heat events will be needed.

    Sincerely,
    A Long Time Reader Of The JONP

  990. Andrea Rossi

    Reader:
    You addressed to “Anonymous” a comment that in fact would have been proper address to me.
    The answer is: your comment, in a nutshell, asks me if in the report I will give graciously for free our IP. The answer is, obviously, no. My patent, as you correctly say, has been replicated by experts of the art.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  991. Tom

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    During the demo of the E-Cat QX will you make use also of a dummy?
    Tom

  992. Andrea Rossi

    Tom:
    The description of the demo will be given just before it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  993. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    According with a person with sure knowledge of the facts, the Swedish team of Professors has replicated the experiment of Lugano. They built a reactor copying your patent and made the measurements with regular calorimetry with water in liquid state, instead of with the Boltzmann equation used in Lugano. The same person, that wants not to be identified because the report is secret being financed by a private entity that owns it, told me that the COP they reached makes certain the Effect beyond any possible doubt.
    Are you aware of this fact?

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Until a publication will have been made, I will be aware of nothing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today for us here is a great day with the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  996. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper ” Lemaitre’s Nebula or Primeval Atom? ” by Jacques Chauveheid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Colin Watters

    And a developer plans four subsidy free solar farms in the UK, a country not famous for sunny weather…

    https://www.treehugger.com/corporate-responsibility/uk-developer-plans-subsidy-free-solar-projects.html

    Soon only fossil fuels will still be subsidised.

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    One year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you hear about natural disasters (and live through them in Miami), do you ever think about how E-Cat technology could be used to help people affected by them? If so, how would you like to see E-Cats used in those situations?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1000. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Honestly, I think the E-Cat will not make any difference in those dramatic, but exceptional and short timed situations. The market offers any kind of back up generators of electricity and heat and the difference of efficiency is a very minor issue in those situations: I think nobody gives a damn if during or in the aftermath of a hurricane or an earthquake the electricity or the heat generated by a mobile apparatus costs less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1001. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will, during the demo of November, be also given any information about the progress as for what concerns the development of the theory behind the Rossi effect?
    Godspeed

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I think yes, also because in these days I am working with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom very thoroughly on it. He will attend the November presentation and after the test we will also talk of the theoretical developments, after our last paper published on Arxiv Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Dont know if you have seen this from Peter Gluck
    Ego Out Blog?

    Regards Sam

    Monday, September 25, 2017
    Kind request for an opened question

    My dear friends,

    I am old and very ill and I want to take some conclusions of my life.

    The most important question I know is if cold fusion has become a technology or not.

    Years ago in a phone conversation with Arthur C. Clark, who called me from Sri Lanka I have predicted that the cold fusion will be a useful source of energy that is a technology.
    Today I have no idea if I was right or not.

    It depends first on Andrea Rossi. If Andrea has indeed a working technology then I was right. If not then we have to wait. I don’t know who has the absolute correct answer. Please convey this to Andrea and I am waiting he should tell that to our mentor and friend, A.C. Clark, genius of the first rank, I told the truth or not. This is the most important question for me. Andrea and others can inform people and give any details and publish them in my blog Ego-out which is now administered by my blog associate Georgina and who takes care of my intellectual inheritance.

    I can see only with my left eye and I cannot read and cannot write. I am very sorry but my career has ended. Please help me. My daughter will inform me about the situation.

    Thank you,
    Peter

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this message from Peter Gluck.
    I am very sorry for what happened to his eyes and I strongly hope that he can have the possibility to improve his view. I strongly hope.
    As for what concerns the status of my technology, I gave and am giving all the possible information about our working technology here and in our website
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Peter has direct access to me and he does not need to send for me by anybody: he can contact me personally when he wants: I will be delighted to give him first hand news. I sent to him many emails in the last four months, also for personal communications.
    Please forward him my best wishes and my strong appreciation for his intellectual honesty.

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. Lars

    Dear Andrea,

    I think the new development with the E-cat producing electricity is very interesting.
    I understand it is easier to produce heat than electricity with the E-cat, but the potential with producing electricity is of cource mind blowing.
    A) Have you reached a point where it is meaningful to produce electricity?
    I remember you said you could produce small amounts of electricity directly from the E-cat before.
    B) Is producing electricity directly something you still try to achive?
    C) Is your new partner most interested in producing heat or electricity or both?

    Kind regards,

    Lars

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    A- premature
    B- yes
    C- both
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1007. Marco

    Dear Andrea, Dear all,

    the ECat QX can emit energy in three forms, as far as i understand: heat, electricity and light.

    Obviously electricity does not need conversion, apart (A/D)C/(A/D)C conversion.

    Heat requires the Carnot cycle.

    Light? Photovoltaic panel! This can be the third mean…

    Obviously current Carnot cycle has higher efficiency than current Photovoltaic (and as Andrea said in the past also better yield than the ECat QX itself when used to produce electricity), so the only reason i see to have all three form of energy, is that driving the ECat QX to emit a certain mix of energies is the best in terms of COP and/or stability, and it’s best not forcing the ECat to emit only heat or only light or only electricity…

    Am I right?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    It depends in the specific situations.
    Thanks for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. domenico canino

    dear Andrea Rossi.
    You said you are many years ahead your competitors in LENR.
    Why?
    1) Higher Cop
    2) You think to have reached a level of knowlegde in LENR, that allows you can understand and use in a reliable way this tech.

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    As a matter of fact, I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you still able to directly produce electricity from the current version of your reactor?

    If so, what are the variable ranges (percentages)?

    Same questions for the production of light.

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Premature to answer, but the QX version of the E-Cat majes efficient ststems inefficient with the former version.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    inversally prpportional to my tennis match.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1014. Ruth

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us the value of the power density you reached so far with the E-Cat QX?
    Cheers,
    Ruth

  1015. Andrea Rossi

    Ruth:
    Circa 30 Wcm^-3, without the heat exchangers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1016. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the kindness of your generous answers. You missed one though, is ABB your new partner?

    Just kidding,

    Tom
    http://biblehub.com/ecclesiastes/3-4.htm
    http://biblehub.com/matthew/7-7.htm

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I cannot give the name of our Partner, obviously in positive or in negative..
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. I attach you the link for a patent that has gone unnoticed but that looks like now, hopefully, it will become a clumsy fact!

    I am following you from the beginning and can not wait to attend the scheduled test/trial in a few weeks!

    So many cordial and affectionate wishes for your enterprise that will redeem mankind from energy slavery!

    Francesco Calderone
    Brescia (Italy), The September 30, 2017

    https://www.tomshw.it/pila-eterna-brevetto-italiano-88566

  1019. Andrea Rossi

    Frankalde:
    Interesting.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1020. Gil

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your story about the 7 ft bear is very profound: every subject of that supposed joke is a symbol. Correct?
    Gil

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Gil:
    There could be a hypertext.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    In your answer to Tom Conover, you mentioned ‘something new’. Could this involve the Brayton cycle?
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Not so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi

    I hope the presentation of the QX brings new hope to many people.

    About your last enlightening answer to Tom: Are you going to make that the E-Cat QX has to drive a crankshaft directly?

    Revolving Regards,

    Koen

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Monte

    Dr Rossi,

    Good news from Uncle Sam

    DOE proposes cost recovery for
    baseload generators in new FERC rule

    http://www.utilitydive.com/news/updated-doe-proposes-cost-recovery-for-baseload-generators-in-new-ferc-rul/506137/

    Base load power Generation- Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base_load

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Monte:
    Thak you for the information from the DOE.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Eric Verdiguel

    Hmm …I completely believe you.
    And I liked your story of the 7 foot grizzly!

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Verdiguel:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Tom Conover

    Hello Andrea,

    We live in the country, and we have a mamma bear that nests in our backyard on the river shoreline. Your anecdote was particularly interesting in that light. Your reply correlates with 2 kings 2:23-24, quoted below:

    As he was going along the way, some young boys came out from the city and began to jeer at him, and they kept saying to him: “Go up, you baldhead! Go up, you baldhead!” 24 Finally he turned around and looked at them and cursed them in the name of Jehovah. Then two she-bears came out of the forest and tore 42 of the children to pieces. 25 He kept going from there to Mount Carʹmel, and from there he returned to Sa·marʹi·a.

    https://www.jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/2-kings/2/

    So then, your reply was in context with the bible, but it’s nice to have proof from the scriptures.

    Question of the Day …
    Re: September 21 … “Yes. It has been great, but with necessity of some improvements.”

    Q1: Will the improvements be completed before the presentation?
    Q2: Are the improvements for 1) Manufacturing; 2) Functionality; 3) Sigma 5; 4) All of the above.
    Q3: Your partner expresses interest in making electricity. Will this be directly from the 1) QuarkX or using the 2) Carnot cycle?

    Looking forward very much to your upcoming presentation.

    Tom

    ps: I hope your partner is ABB, it would be exciting.

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- 4
    3- both plus something new
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1033. Elena

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you be available to make a lecture about your effect in a University of Milan, Italy?

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Elena:
    Not in this period, but it will be possible in future, sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When will you inform us about the date of the Ecat QX demo?

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Several days before it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Will the identity of your partner/s be revealed during the presentation?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are going on very well toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1040. Elia

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I want to make my Christmas holidays in Miami Beach: what is there the situation after the Irma hurricane?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Elia

  1041. Andrea Rossi

    Elia:
    Miami Beach has not been substantially damaged from Irma and the very powerful water pumping system of here has dried all the water in few hours. Miami at large has rapidly recovered from the damages: People here, as all the People of the USA, is very, very resilient. Miami Beach is already returned to 100% of its beauty and waits for you to make your vacations unforgettable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1042. Pietro F.

    Il raggiungimento di Sigma 5 significherà riproducibilità del fenomeno al 100%?
    Achieving Sigma 5 will mean 100% reproducibility of the phenomenon?

    Buon lavoro.

    Pietro F.

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    Yes, but also it is related to the reliability of the prototypes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Khalif Foeter:
    Thank you for your insight. I suppose it is addressed to the Author of “Introduction to Quantum Ring Theory”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems like you’re again losing some degree of control over your product, when you say “This issue does not depend on me.”
    Is this because of your new partner/s?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    RvD settled!
    All claims and counterclaims withdrawn. Jury dismissed. Agreement. Bravo!

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Michelangelo De Meo

    Pavia, Electronic Engineer Patents the ‘Eternal Pile’

    The battery lasts 15-20 years, but works to lengthen life. It can be used for the industry, but also for assisted pedaling bikes. Gianni Lisini, the inventor: “Pulmonary system without heavy metals”

    http://www.repubblica.it/tecnologia/2017/09/26/news/pila_eterna-176560826/

  1051. Khalif Foster

    HI, want to let ya know that gravity is impossible by mass that produces gravity itself, so the bigger mass, the bigger gravity that holds us; the smaller mass, the smaller gravity. But that means small and big mass does have gravity that holds small mass within a big mass. Each different position of mass is a battle if big to small, except the same level of two, so it cancels out gravity. But what about the middle of mass, the empty space, there is energy in empty space. So, it is same as magnet that produces gravity which it is a pressure field from Aether, so it can’t be all elements because within element there is a process like magnet with electricity, which both combine to density, well, magnet as energy as potential energy, and electricity as mass-energy, like current. Not all mass is a gravity that pulls or push unless it is enough magnet-density to produce the felt of energy which it is pushed or pull.

    So, Aether is low density, mass is high density, depends the density of mass, if high enough, then pressure from Aether outward from a high density of mass can’t be felt, unless it is a resonate, the closest to Aether, zero density or very low density.

    Like a feather is a density of solid, an air is a density of a gas, so solid is higher density than gas. Yet air can push and repel air, because that high density is very close to low density, and that low density is many in space that causes a push or pulls to higher density. Everywhere that meets specific place.

    So, the gravity that can’t hold the air because it is a low density of gravity from earth that pull gravity to holds us, so air should except gravity since it is weaker in further distance from a surface of the earth, that match law of science. Not opposite. So, there must be a dome that holds air that matches the high density of energy which can be felt, which if a magnet is big enough, we can feel the pressure, right. The movies and assume the real life of space that you feel is fake from NASA and do not match the reality of real science, which you provide better science than mainstream science, which they ignore and lie. If lie about science, so can lie about physical reality.

    So, it is not gravity, but pressure, but pressure can be felt outward at the macro level if it is a resonate, a low density that can go thru a tunnel to macro level to high density and still can be felt. So, it has to be closest or at exactly in balance that matches law of balance, or Newton’s law, the 3rd law for motion. I am sure ya think gravity is a mistake in your mind when you thought about it since not make sense? I got the idea from Flat Earth, so it expands science in my mind, so science expands in your mind that you create QRT that is better than mainstream QT. It is about density, heat means higher density as there is more current; cold means lower density as there is more potential, well, there is a ratio of potential and mass-energy. So, there are two things: low density to high density. So, not need gravity, it is just electricity and aether in a ratio and balance for everything.

    Plus Gravity does depend on mass that holds us, so if there is no big gravity, then we float up, so the low density can pull up higher density, which it is illogical since high density is stronger than low density. So, the magnet that produces gravity-like an energy that holds us, so it is on a side that is high density that pulls Aether from low density, as it travels as it is still a low density, without canceling out from high density that reduces Aether, like a current. A tunnel of low density with a side that is high density, the mass. It does match a ring, the center is empty, and the outer ring is a mass. I am sure inner edge of the ring to outer edge of the ring is important for energy and mass. I am sure everything in an atom is important for what makes an atom. So, I guess Aether can be felt if it is high density from a magnet, or can’t because low density will go thru high density. Ya can explain in a book if ya did for how pressure-energy that is invisible that can cause push and pull the mass that is visible. Since mass is higher density as we can see and weight, to invisible which has no weight and can’t be see-thru high degree microscope.

    So, can update so not include gravity, but pressure and they are looking for gravity like gravity is a mass, but the magnet that produces energy that pressures you, so it is not a mass, but aether. So, mainstream rejects Aether to the mass, for technology and everything.

    So, can ya explain on website what is different between centripetal acceleration and Helical trajectory that is an emission from an electron as photon. There is two dynamic motion, but both are different right, so Helical is expanding in vertical in series as it goes horizontal motion. So, it is a series of motion. Two motion, forward motion from a source that pushes, and Aether motion that pushes upward vertical, as Aether get higher in density so it pushes further in vertical at each series of horizontal motion. So, where Helical come from? Does it come from motion of source that is moving, so the forward motion from source will turn as a wave or there is an expand and contract of source so the mass narrow and expand. Can put a picture for centripetal acceleration, like ya did for Helical trajectory.

    I was thinking there is two source of helical motion that is if source is moving up and down, so forward motion from source move up and down as a wave. Or if source as static is contracting, then to starting diameter, so not expanding, so photons do create a wave. But I might be wrong because it is the wrong source, so can’t be an electron that contract to starting diameter, then contract again, so is there any source in an atom that does that?? Any source in an atom that can move up and down? It is just static, if there is motion, then the motion is union of all source within an atom, so they all move in a union, so there is no visual wave or anything, but horizontal, because it is smooth. Or curve if all source within atom moves in a curve.

    You mention anti-particle, but it is not anti, but aether particle since it is from Aether as energy that causes push and pulls that cause visual motion of mass to move. Mass particle vs. Aether particle. So, Anti is negative mass, from the aether, so not an imaginary number, but a negative real number. It would be better than imaginary as not real unless you are God that image can be caused to be real.

  1052. Udo

    Hi Mr Rossi,

    do you intend to inform the public (us) as soon as you have reached 5 Sigma? Or do you have a different strategy?

    Warm regards,

    Udo

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Udo:
    I will give information about when we will reach Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations to you following the outcome of the litigation which was sensibly resolved by an out of court agreement. I trust that you are satisfied with the outcome. I would be happy to know that you are happy.

    Take good care of your health and your Quark-X too.

    Forward to that day when we will all be able to purchase a Quark-X for our industrial, commercial and domestic needs.

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Steven N. Karels

    Hugh,

    A Christian does forgive his enemies but he is not called to be stupid. Not inviting your enemies to the demonstration is not a sign of lack of forgiveness, only a sign of wisdom. Why rub Andrea’s success in the face of those that opposed and ridiculed him. To seek such revenge would be truly non-Christian.

  1057. Davina

    Dr Rossi,

    Question please:

    Q: will the demonstration benefit the media interest in LENR?

    or will this demonstration be intended for the scientific
    community to draw its own conclusions, to be further
    discussed on internet boards to make determinations.

    Best Regards,

    Davina

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Davina:
    None of both.
    It is intended to realize my will to present the E-Cat QX working. I think it is interesting.
    Before her introduction in the market, better take these demos minimalistically. We will not be able to give any information useful to the competition before being ready to make a mass production, which means before we will be able to make pointless the competition.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Hugh Maguire

    Dear Readers:
    I asked Rossi by email why he does not pardon his enemies and invite them to the presentation of the E-Cat QX: I told him as a Christian he has the duty to pardon and maybe also to disclose confidential data so that his competitors could at last do something working.
    Here is what he answered:

    “An atheist was taking a walk through the woods. ‘What majestic trees!
    What powerful rivers! What beautiful animals: behold, all this from Evolution!’, he said to himself.

    As he was walking along side the river he heard a rustling in the bushes behind him. He
    turned to look, he saw a 7 foot grizzly charging towards him.

    He ran as fast as he could up the path. He looked over his shoulder and
    saw that the bear was closing in on him. He looked over his shoulder
    again and the bear was even closer. He tripped and fell on the ground. He rolled over
    to pick himself up but saw the bear right on him, reaching for him with
    his left paw and raising his right paw to strike him.

    At that instant the atheist cried out: ‘Oh My God!’

    Time stopped, the bear froze and the forest was silent.

    As a bright light shone upon the man, a voice came out of the sky: ‘You
    deny my existence for all of these years, teach others I don’t exist,
    and even credit creation to a cosmic accident. Do you expect me to help you out of this
    predicament? Am I to count you as a believer?’

    The atheist looked directly into the light, ‘It would be hypocritical of
    me to suddenly ask you to treat me as a Christian now, but perhaps you
    could make the BEAR a Christian?’

    ‘Very well’, said the voice. The light went out, and the forest resumed.

    He looked at the bear and the bear dropped his right paw, brought both
    paws together and bowed his head and spoke these words:

    ‘Lord, bless this food, which I am about to receive from thy bounty
    through Christ our Lord, Amen.’ “

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Hugh Maguire:
    That WAS confidential!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1062. Rodney Nicholson

    Hi Andrea:

    Are you planning to invite representatives from the major news media to the demonstration in October/November?

    Thank you.

    Rodney.

  1063. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    This issue does not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1064. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I would guess that the presentation doesn’t just depend on when you are ready, but on the schedules of the few select invited guests. Right?

    Warm regards.

    Dan C.

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Given that we are now within 30 to 60 days of the demonstration, may I assume that the procedures, methodologies and reporting parameters are well defined?
    2. When you say you will “give input power”, will this be averaged power? If so, over what period of time will you be averaging, milliseconds, seconds, hours?
    3. Will an oscope capture of the input power going to the controller be made available?
    4. Will data associated with the output power determination be made available — temperature change, mass flow rate. If so, over what resolution of time?
    5. Will calibration data of measurement devices be made available?

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The information about the test will be given just before the test itself.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, do you think that among the data you will give at the end of the presentation there will also be the values of input power, output power and COP?

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  1069. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We will give input energy, output energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Tucker:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1071. Tucker III

    Dr Rossi, 9/26

    Look forward to the November presentation, word is
    we all in for a very pleasant surprise.

    Very Best,

    Tucker

  1072. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With my over 45 years of experience in engineering and product development, it is not unusual to see a presentation slip to the right. If you complete the demonstration within this calendar year, you will have accomplished a major event. Best wishes. My advice – don’t present until you are 100% ready. You have one chance to make a good impression.

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Home stretch toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Does that mean that the presentation will span over the 31st of October and 1st of November? :)

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    No, means between the 25th of October and the 25th of November.
    We are going to release the exact date soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Between October and November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Does the E-Cat QX Presentation is still scheduled for October ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  1079. Catherine

    Dear Andrea,
    Any news about the replication of your effect made in Sweden?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Catherine

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Catherine:
    Not that I am aware of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Close to Sigma 5 now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Conception

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Please confirm once and forever that the presentation of the Ecat QX will be made not later than November 2017, with 100% of probabilities!
    Conception

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Conception:
    I confirm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I appreciate very much the equilibrium of this blog.
    It is a pleasure to read the comments.
    Godspeed

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Kindly allow me one more nugget.

    “Every coal fired generator in Australia was built, not just partially subsidised, entirely with taxpayer funds.

    When they were privatised, many were given state owned coal mines with contract prices way below market, effectively a further subsidy.

    Then there are the health costs.”

    From: http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-25/the-truth-about-soaring-power-prices/8979860

    When the forces of the market and technology combine, politics can’t stop them. You are about to achieve the same.

    Read the article if you can spare 5 minutes.

    Best regards

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Gustav

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am reading many comments in contrast with your opinion about the solar energy: did you change your idea? If not, why do you publish them?
    Regards,
    Gustav

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Gustav:
    I did not change my idea, but I would fight to allow the publication of ideas different from my ones ( courtesy of Oscar Wilde ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Janne

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you an ardent follower of solar technologies and energy technologies in general? Perhaps in that case you know that the cheapest ordinary power you can buy in the US today is natural gas at 5-6 cents per kWh, correct?

    Here are some recent solar prices from new installations/auctions around the world — some subsidized, others not:

    Gobi Desert: 1 GW solar plant, 6 c/kWh
    Palo Alto: 3.6 c/kWh with subsidies, 5.1 c/kWh with no subsidies
    India: Rewa Ultra Mega Solar, 4.5 c/kWh, no subsidies
    Mexico: Average bid 5.1 c/kWh, lowest bid 3.5 c/kWh by Enel (an Italian company), unsubsidized
    Chile: 5.1 c/kWh average bid, lowest bid 2.91 c/kWh (in August 2016, the cheapest unsubsidized contract for electricity of ANY SORT, EVER!)
    Then, in September 2016 Dubai had a 1.3 GW plant for 2.42 c/kWh; less than half the price of natural gas in the US; dramatically lower than natural gas in Middle East or Africa; four companies came out with bids of less than 3 cents per kWh!

    As you know, there are 1.3 billion people without electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, and the cheapest energy in the future will be in the sunny parts of the world. This will have major geopolitical ramifications, whether people choose to believe in or not.

    Best Regards,

    Janne

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Janne:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Sebastian

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the achievement of Sigma 5 and the presentation of the E-Cat QX in October or November 2017, which main target will have your further R&D?
    Sebastian

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian:
    With our Partner we will go for electricity production: I got a very good idea today for this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are pretty close to Sigma 5 now, but we have to improve minor issues out of the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Henrik

    As always, please spam if deemed inappropriate/H

    To all contributors of this blog: Thank you for keeping a civil and constructive tone in your comments on solar energy!
    B r, Henrik

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    This is a characteristic I try to maintain in this blog: to accept all the different points of view and opinions in a context of reciprocal respect. No reason to spam intelligent and honest opinions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much are the probabilities you will make the presentation of the Ecat QX before November 2017?

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Brett:
    The probabilities that we will present the E-Cat QX before the end of November 2017 are 100%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    I completely agree with you on keeping secret the data of your work.
    Best regards,
    Italo R.

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.,
    Thank you
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is your important test over ? if it is the case do you think that you have strengthened your industrial opportunities ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  1103. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    A close friend of mine is dying of cancer this month, at age 67. He quoted to me the verse found at Luke 12:20. His exact worlds were “I have more money than time.” I am worried about you. Is it better to give your work as a gift to the world, or to take it to the grave with you? Tesla took his work to the grave. Will you continue to wait, refine, R&D, and partner, until the day you die? They will burn your papers at your funeral, and toast their success.

    The wealthy rulers of this world have put a cork in the bottle of your genie, and thrown it out to sea.

    Can you explain to me why I am wrong to feel this way?

    Regrets,

    Tom

    https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi7vKmb_bvWAhXl64MKHXA1DLwQFggoMAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.biblegateway.com%2Fpassage%2F%3Fsearch%3DLuke%252012%3A20&usg=AFQjCNE_QIyHSIrGJQhKj_ylFgMNM0EfJA

  1104. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Because there is people ready to go on with my work after my ( eventual ) death. The whole in respect of an IP without which no serious company would invest. Anyway, with the help of God, I am pretty sure our industrial applications will be in the market well before my death !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Below find an email exchange with Frankie Fruge President of Cyclone Power asking if they are interested in mating their Cyclone engines with your E-Cat. She responded saying she contacted you and you did not respond. She apparently thinks it is a good idea. Is there a reason you do not want to pursue this obvious benefit for both companies?

    Dear Bernie,

    Yes it is and I have contacted them in the past as we are the only real game in town to use this. They have not responded. I told them to bring it here and we will run the Cyclone engine on it.

    People are more interested in advertising and getting money. We went down the wrong trail with the public company that has cost us 60% of all of our income and the rest on product, no advertising and no real money.

    I am in the process of trying to change that as we need those two things to get the product into production.

    Kindest regards,

    Frankie Fruge
    President/Director
    Cyclone Power Technologies, Inc.
    Frankie@Cyclonepower.com
    954-943-8721 – EXT. 104 – phone
    954-788-6565 – fax
    SKYPE: cyclone.power.technologies
    http://www.Cyclonepower.com
    http://www.uslandsteamrecord.com/

    From: Bernie Koppenhofer [mailto:bbck7@hotmail.com]
    Sent: Friday, September 22, 2017 2:25 AM
    To: Frankie Fruge
    Subject: LENR

    Hi Frankie: I am a stockholder, wondering if this source of heat is a possible partner for Cyclone?

    Bernie Koppenhofer
    3014 County Fair Lane
    Fort Collins, Co. 80528
    970-232-4102

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    In due time I contacted them, but I remember that they were in an R&D phase.
    I visited now, thanks to your comment, the website whose link you sent me, but my impression is still the same. Maybe I am wrong.
    If they have a proposal for something ready to test, we are curious to see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m very glad to hear that the test went well. What can you tell us about the very important thing that happened, and what this means for the future of the E-Cat?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    What happened is under NDA, its relevance for the future is substantial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea
    Waiting for the October ‘demonstration’ (do you have a date?) I was thinking on how can be a huge E-Cat based Power Plant.
    Lets imagine that you are ready for the industrialization and someone ask you for a 1GW Electrical output Plant; based on your actual knowledge how you imagine it will be structured.
    Will it be a huge concentration of Quarks that generates heat and 1-3 big turbines, or maybe an array of many 1MW plant, or something different.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I think to assemblies of 1 MW plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    That YouTube on using solar photovoltaics to pump water uphill into a large holding area and then using it as a hydroelectric plant to generate electricity – what a truly great idea. Substitute an eCat to continuously provide power to pump the water to a large area when the demand is low and they supplement the electrical power during the peak load times. You might ask your applications team to run an analysis to see if it makes economic sense. Probably not if you are in an area where land is expensive.

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    In the first release of information about the ECAT=Qx, you showed the optical emission from the device (in low resolution). In the upcoming October demonstration, will you demonstrate optical emission as well as making optical measurements of the spectra, wavelengths, output power, emission patterns etc. Good luck on the demonstration and future industrialization.

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.,
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1116. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Congratulations on offering E-Cat heat for sale. Will you let us know when the first contract is signed? Thanks.

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Only the industrial applications are for sale and the contracts are always under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1118. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Do take the time to update your knowledge about latest developments in the market.

    For another example see:

    Australia has the capacity to store up to 1,000 times more renewable energy than it could ever conceivably need, using pumped hydro, according to an analysis by researchers at the Australian National University (ANU). It can go from zero to full power in about one minute. Dr Stocks said.
    From: http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-21/pumped-hydro-renewable-energy-sites-australia-anu-research/8966530

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I keep my fingers crossed for the final sigma 5 tests. I hope that they will go as intended and that your E-cat QX is then finally qualified to pleasure the world with its heat.
    Just for my understanding: when you say it is ‘next week’, is that starting tomorrow or starting Monday the 25th of September?
    What type of tests do you intend to do?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The test is gone well and we had a very important thing. We made a strong step forward.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    This solar project in Dubai needs no subsidy to compete with gas. It uses PV and CSP and generates at night.

    http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/dubai-to-get-solar-power-day-and-night-without-subsidy-at-lower-cost-than-gas-fired-electricity-646350733.html

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Did your Quark weigh in as a champion today? We all hope that it did!

    Tom

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes. It has been great, but with necessity of some improvements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    The test of this week has been positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1127. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    You mentioned you are doing a “restricted” test next week. I thought access to all your testing was restricted (eg no public access until the October demo). What is different about this test? Is it a test for a potential customer?

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. Robert Dorr

    Andrea,

    I respect your opinions greatly, but you and others are very mistaken about the current cost of solar generation. The current cost of unsubsidized solar generation is between 35 and 55 dollars per MWh. Please see this article for further information regarding the current cost of just about all types of energy generation modalities.

    Please have a look at this article. “https://cleantechnica.com/2017/05/24/tucson-utility-inks-deal-solar-power-costs-less-3-cents-per-kilowatt-hour/”

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Steven N. Karels is correct in pointing that solar energy is totally dependent of a storage facility.
    The price of the storing devices must be added to cost of the sun collectors.
    Solar energy may be used as a supply to a coal fired plant, which is almost impossible to regulate as the sun shifts trough a day and even day/night. The sun-plant must then be able to cover the costs of the high idle charge of the coal-plant.
    A gas fired plant is far easier to regulate, but the cost of having such a plant ready without production must be covered by the solar plant since this is dependent of the gas fire for supply in nights and days with a low solar intensity, and not vice versa.
    How nuclear power plants functions in cooperation with solar plants is not a part of my knowledge.

    Solar energy functions best in cooperation with hydropower, as this is quick and easy to regulate and there are a “build in” function of power-storage in the dam. To save water in dry periods with lots of sunshine is a benefit for owners of a hydropower works. (A surpluss of solar energy may also be used to pump back water to the dam.)
    To calculate the actual price of solar energy is not an easy target.
    For a E-cat powered plant calculation will be far easier when the details of performance and the price of the E-cats are available and sigma 5 dependability is achieved.
    Regards:
    Svein Henrik

  1132. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1133. Parker Stone

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will be your presentation of the E-Cat QX broadcasted in all the world in streaming?
    Cheers,
    Parker

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Parker Stone:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    The worship of solar energy, windmills, and the irrational fear of carbon have become a religion and a powerful political force. Members of this new religion make false posts all over the Internet about how cheap solar and wind power are, yet they all still insist solar and wind must be mandated and subsidized. Obviously, if they were telling the truth about the low cost and efficiency of wind and solar projects, you would not have to force and bribe anyone to buy them. They have no respect for free markets and free choice.

    A great mental antidote to this new false religion is to watch “THE GLOBAL WARMING FAD – Paleoclimatologist Bob Carter: Climate Context As A Basis For Better Policy” on YouTube. The professor is truly brilliant and quite funny as well.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6XtIUx8bjeU

    Christopher Calder

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    I worked since when I was 20 years old to when I was 40 years old in the field of the BACT ( Best Available Control Technologies) to make sustainable the emissons from the combustion of polluting fuels, among which coal. As a consequence of this experience I assure you that, with proper technologies, coal can be burnt in a sustainable way. On the contrary, so far the gurus of the solar stuff have still to give evidence of the fact that the solar-religion-sustained apparatuses are able to compete in the field of energy production without the funding coming from the bills paid to the taxpayers.
    The MWh produced with thermoelectric generators fueled by coal supplied by BACT anti-pollution plants costs 35-50 $.
    The MWh produced with solar devices costs between 300 and 400 $ (the energy produced by solar apparatuses is a small fraction of their power, because the sun shines only a small portion of a day, as an average, on this planet) and the difference is paid by the taxpayer ( look carefully at your bills ).
    This is the fact and the hypocrisy that makes the halo around the solar myth is destroying jobs. I have nothing to earn to write this, but I can’t stand persons that try to destroy honest people only because the “destroyers” are not able to compete on a fair ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you very much for this consulting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The use of solar technology to generate electricity is viable as only a member of an integrated approach. Obviously, solar does not work at night. So energy storage during the daylight hours for later use to provide electricity during the evening hours would be required if solar were to be used for Baseload (continuous) purposes. Some techniques propose to use molten salts (heated by solar power during the day and tapped that heat during the evening) but there are many inefficiencies involved (turn solar electricity to heat tp warm the molten salts, cooling losses, then the Carnot cycle to generate steam and then to produce electricity). A solar-only approach is not compatible with our current electrical society.

    Ecat Technology (if it is real and can be economically implemented) suggests Baseload operation – 24 x 7 operation for a year, continuous output level power. The energy solution requires an integrated approach. Solar could drop to near $0 per MWhr and Solar would still be so limited.

    Australia is a great place to produce solar electricity — lots of unused land, desert, with an abundance of sunlight (insolation). They could become the solar electricity source for the world if there was a way to transport the electrical power to other places. But they are 1/2 a world away from the US and Europe. So their day time is our night time. If economical and environmentally safe electrical power transmission technologies were developed, then a world wide solar-based electrical system might be feasible. But, as of now, it is for sci-fi writers only to dream of. But there would be transmission losses and likely environmental impacts.

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes, the test is going very well.
    Thank you for the video,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    Very close to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1142. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    I hope that your important test is going well, and will be concluded by the the reach of Sigma 5.

    Please may I share you this video ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_0mMpfrsf8

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  1143. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The link below describes an additive manufacturing process for Aluminum Alloys developed by HRL (i.e. Hughes Research Labs).

    https://phys.org/news/2017-09-d-high-strength-aluminum-ages-old-welding.html

    The structures used by your projects may benefit from this development.

    Strong Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1144. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    With respect, may I recommend you review your knowledge about solar and government subsidy. This is now falling a lot and in fact the fossil fuel power generation industry is the one heavily subsidised.

    Best regards,
    Patrick

    Quote from http://www.solarcitizens.org.au/myths


    MYTH: Renewable energy can’t compete economically with burning coal for power.

    FACT: The fossil fuel industry is heavily subsidised.

    The energy market in Australia is not a level playing field. The fossil fuel-based electricity system we have today is built on government subsidies, and fossil fuels continue to enjoy government assistance. For example, the Tamberlin Inquiry in NSW revealed that the government-owned Cobbora coal mine sold coal to power stations ‘at cost price’ (roughly 30 per cent of the price paid by other generators on the open market), which meant that: ‘…State-owned generators and gentraders [had] access to coal at a lower price than would have been available to them had they had to source such coal through a tender process.’

    This amounts to a subsidy of around $4 billion over the life of the contracts, and it is just one example of where taxpayers are footing the bill.

    On top of that, fossil fuels have been subsidised by not having to pay for the greenhouse gases they produce, and for the other health and environmental impacts they cause.

    Analysis published in the American Economic Review calculated that the economic damage caused by air pollutants from coal burning (in terms of health impacts and local pollution) exceeds the value of the electricity produced.”

  1145. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1146. Italo R.

    New patent application about LENR. NASA is involved.

    The date of publication is September 14, 2017

    http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/2017.09.14-Published-Application-1663.0002PCT3.pdf

    Regards,
    Italo R.

  1147. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1148. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    You (Leonardcorp) are going to sell only finished products?
    I’m interested in the opportunity to buy a lot of Quark X, many control systems and make their heat exchangers for consumers.
    Do you need a certificate to sell me all these “Lego cubes”?
    Maybe I’ll make two power stations or two million home heaters.
    Are you going to sell houses, or materials for building houses?

    Thank you for your work.
    Bow to your patient wife.
    I’m waiting for the presentation in October.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen Russia

  1149. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1150. Simone Primanello

    Can you say the price per kWh of your solutions?
    Prices of solar plants dropped to 0.0299 $/kWh

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Simone Primanello:
    So far we have not produced electricity.
    Prices of solar are now 0.0299 $/kWh ? Great, send us a copy of a bill.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I reckon the test today will turn out very well.
    I also think there may be some important officials present.
    As your strategy is to sell heat until the very affordably QX are ready for the marked, I have two questions:
    1-When do you anticipate such a robotized production line are ready for mass production?
    2-Will OEMs in different industries be informed of the possibilities in the period before the mass production occurs?
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  1153. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Yes, the test has been very positive.
    1- We are working very hard to achieve this target , but I still am not able to say a term
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1154. JPR

    Update of this important day?

  1155. Andrea Rossi

    JPR,
    Great!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Proof:
    And who pays to fund the solar?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still well. Tomorrow will be very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1158. Josephina Micek

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In 18 years your US patent will expire: what will your company to defend your IP then?

  1159. Andrea Rossi

    Josephina Micek:
    We will prepare hundreds of patents for the updates and the manufacturing systems that will perpetuate our IP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1160. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Bloomberg weekly magazine has published that by 2030 solar energy will have totally displaced gas and oil.
    Comment?

  1161. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    With respect to your E-Cat jet engine experiments– it seems that there would be some commonality between jet engines (for aircraft) and microturbines (for a relatively compact form of power generation), do you think that your jet engine experiments could someday open the way towards generating electric power in that fashion?

    WaltC

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The use of turbines yto produce electricity is not new.
    It is a possible application.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- no
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the explanation about Sigma 5. Does Sigma 5 represent only an internal milestone for you, or is this goal important to some external entity?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    If I remember correctly, you said you had to solve 3 problems:
    – safety
    – reliability
    – controlability
    Have you solved these problems and if yes, have you solved these problems not only for single modules bur for a whole reactor?

    Thank you for your answer and good luck with your important experiment this week.

  1167. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    For the assemblies too.
    Thanks for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1168. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    I wish you great success in this important test. I hope, too, that next week we might hear more about your new partner and perhaps the jet engine project.
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  1169. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    About our new Partner there is no way that information is released for the time being, while about the jet engine we are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1170. John Smith

    Your updated website
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    A masterpiece!

  1171. Andrea Rossi

    John Smith:
    Yes, I think we made a good job. It just takes some patience, because it is complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1172. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can the E-Cat QX operate without entering/(put into) the self-sustaining mode (SSM)?

    2. What is the average/approximate duration of an SSM interval?

    3. What is the longest time that the E-Cat has been in SSM?
    a) less than 1 hour
    b) 1-2 hours
    c) 2-4 hours
    d) more than 4 hours

    Sustained regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1173. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know you have been seeking for 5 sigma for many months now, and I hope you are able to achieve this goal. It is clearly very important to you; however, I am still a bit unclear about what the significance of 5 sigma is — can you explain what the benefit will be to you if you finally reach the point of 5 sigma.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sigma 5 means high reliability, because the statistics of malfunctions caused by many issues make unlikely important shortcomings. Sigma 5 is a probabilistic formula normally used in science.
    Google “CERN Sigma 5”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very important week this week.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1176. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    I understand the QX has two terminals (One connected to the 1R resistor, the other connected to 0V). Can you tell me if the QX is polarised? Eg Does it matter which terminal is connected to the 1R and which to 0V? Thanks.

  1177. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1178. Firebirds

    Dr Rossi,

    Ophelia quote on ECW –

    “Rossi is doing the right thing selling the power.

    That should be required for anyone claiming to be able
    to produce energy from some new technology, sell the energy.
    Delivering energy below market cost is very convincing.”

  1179. Andrea Rossi

    Firebirds:
    Thank you for the citation. Ophelia is right, but obviously this solution, as the interlude between now and the massive production, is very disappointing for the parasites.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1180. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Looking forward to Sigma 5 with you and your team this week. Great news!

    Congratulations,

    Tom

  1181. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1182. Jeanne

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Best wishes for your test of this week, whatever it is. You are the one.
    God bless you,
    Jeanne

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Jeanne:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. Jerry

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw your answer to Isabell: very impressive the work you made for the protection of the intellectual property in parallel with the immense work you made with the E-Cat.
    I suppose you have many other patents pending, isn’t it true?
    Godspeed
    Jerry

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andea,
    Sorry that I continue asking about this further, but as an electrical engineer I find this highly intriguing. When you say that an electrical power plant with an E-cat QX is expected “much earlier” in operation than within 10 years, then plans must be quite developed.
    Can you expand a bit on that e.g.:
    1. Is the power level a: 0.1-1MW; b: 1-5 MW; c: >5 MW?
    2. Will it be in operation in a. 4 years?
    3. Is it based on a steam cycle or an other medium?
    Thanks!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I intend this week starting tomorrow.
    The test is restricted.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1188. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you know that in Japan Nissan (Volvo Group) has replicated your effect?

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I read their communication, but no report followed up.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1190. Udo J

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    you told us several times you want to use robots for manufacturing the Ecats.

    I am really not so sure if this is a good idea… 😉

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bAdqazixuRY&feature=youtu.be

    AUTOMATICA 4k – Robots Vs. Music – Nigel Stanford

    I hope you enjoy both the video and music!

    Best regards,

    Udo J

    I am not in any connection with Nigel Stanford

  1191. Andrea Rossi

    Udo J.:
    Fantastic!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1192. Isabell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us if and in which Countries your US Patent has been granted already?
    Thank you if you can aswer,
    Isabell

  1193. Andrea Rossi

    Isabell:
    After the USA, the same patent has been granted in the following Countries, so far:
    -All the 38 Countries of Europe
    – Canada
    – Mexico
    – Russia
    – Japan
    – Australia
    – South Africa
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1194. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can you project, and release, your estimate as to when you anticipate 5 sigma completion?

    2. Is 5 sigma completion a condition necessary before your new commercial Quark-X based industrial plants are delivered?

    3. Do you envision your 1 MW Industrial sites will be manned at the industrial site 24 hours per day by your personnel?

  1195. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- soon
    2- not necessarily
    3- several hours per week will be enough, with remote control 24/7
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Preparing for a fundamental closed doors test in the next week, after which Sigma 5 will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand you are not at mass production stage at this point. My question was to learn if you think technology is developed enough to build power plants (control, stability, durability, sufficient temperature, etc.), once you have sufficient production capability.

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The answer is “yes”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Nadira

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If a company orders today a 1 MW plant to Leonardo Corporation to make electricity, by when can it expect the delivery?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Nadira

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Nadira:
    Between 6 months and 1 year, depending on the specific conditions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Jimmy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I absolutely agree on your answer to Krista.
    Cheers,
    Jimmy

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.