Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

This page is generated once a day.

Back to the most recent entries.

Comments to Webmaster

  1. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    To my previous two questions, which I tried to formulate very carefully, not to violate confidentiality. After your kind answers “Yes”, I dare ask you – the “More the Better”?
    Our best wishes, success and all support
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Whether the pulse rate in plasma (frequency) and the speed of its change (the speed of achieving maximum and minimum, as well as the value of the pulse change range) influence on:
    1. the value of efficiency
    2. the share of electricity produced compared to heat.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    is there a coherence with a pulse repetition rate from the control unit

    and the tremor of the plasma we can see in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    let me see if I understand correctly
    I wish you all the success with this new development.
    Kind regards, Viktor

  6. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Sorry, I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within Holmlid et al.; Ultradense protium p(0) and deuterium D(0) and their relation to ordinary Rydberg matter: a review, 2019, there is description of using a low power laser to produce Coulomb explosions from H(0) clusters, the laser exciting or ejecting electrons, careful measurement of outputs revealing the nature of the H(0) structures involved.

    With removal of electrons from the electron cluster or by disruption of the electron clusters coherence by means of the laser, it is likely that any H(0) that is no longer phase locked then reverts back to an ordinary hydrogen atom.

    Maybe there is a Possibility that if this was done with a sufficient quantity of H(0) (proton-electron aggregates) the reconfiguration back to normal hydrogen may absorb more energy than input from the laser, the extra energy required being extracted from the surroundings with a rapid drop in temperature.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. The work of Prof. Holmid is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Electricity is often a flux of electrons.
    (But can also be a flux of ions in a plasma or liquid, or ‘holes’ in semiconductors).
    Just a question regarding the plasma of the SKL:
    Do you believe that:
    A. Both electrons and positrons are being produced in the plasma of the SKL or
    B. Just electrons or
    C. Neither electrons or positrons
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  10. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you work with your
    fellows in the USA seperately
    or in a group?
    Do they have working prototypes
    of the ECat-SKL to work with?

    Regards
    Sam

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I work with them both separately or in groups, depending on the situations.
    They have all the apparatuses necessary depending on their specific duty.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Dan Woodward

    From recent blog posts, I know that you are exploiting alternate regions of plasma positive/negative zones (as shown recently in the SAFIRE experiments). How do you physically
    probe those alternating bands ?

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    I am not working that way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 7th 2020:
    Utilities making big moves away from natural gas infrastructure assets,
    Rod Walton

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    I am reading that in Floida the situation is very bad, how are your fellows there ? Is this situation impeding the course of your work ?

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your concern: no, my fellows in the USA are well, we are working via Skype. Obviously the situation is not the best possible, but we are working through it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Jimmy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    is there a coherence between the zitterbewegung you described in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the tremor of the plasma we can see in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    ?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your answer to Burt is interesting, let me see if I understand correctly. I am using the analogy of a coalmine, into which mine shafts are tunneled, from which coal can be extracted.

    1. Can we consider the plasma to be a kind of ‘mine’ that has electricity within it that can be mined for practical purposes?

    2. Can we think of ‘independent lines’ within the plasma as mine shafts from which electricity can be extracted.

    3. If so, the more mineshafts you can have within the plasma, the greater the total amount of electricity that can be extracted?

    4. Is it therefore advantageous to have a larger total volume of plasma so that more mine shafts can fit?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- figuratively, yes
    2- as in 1
    3- yes
    4- this is a more complex issue. We are working through it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi nei laboratori dell’INFN LNF hanno realizzato dei mini acceleratori al plasma (pochi centimetri) molto interessanti.
    Cordiali saluti.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVpGBG6BqfU&list=PLRuUrPCVPFIoC3wg6bUqU6wMRifS7yJVV&index=12

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    For your enjoyment. Apparently, this documentary was only just released on June 20, 2020. I haven’t watched it yet, so I can’t attest to its quality. I hope it does David Bohm justice.

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

    Link>> https://youtu.be/XDpurdHKpb8

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you, very interesting. By the way, the Aharonov-Bohm effect is at the base of the theoretical system proposed in my paper on Researchgate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Burt

    Dr Rossi,
    Reading
    http://www.reaserchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and observing the plasma in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I understood that to get all the possible electricity you have to extract it from many parts of the plasma with independent lines: am I correct?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Burt

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Brice

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    1) Some years ago you were dreaming of cities illuminated by your reactors of that time. Is this still in your mind? Notwithstanding that the non-continuous spectrum of your plasma is very cool (UV-bluish), it can efficiently and easily be converted into regular visual light with the help of a quantum dot film which can be wrapped around the reactor (3M used to make them till a few years ago: link). Some manufacturers of the QDs are Samsung Electronics (S Korea), Nanosys (US), Nanoco Group (UK), NN-Labs (US), Ocean NanoTech (US), Quantum Materials (US), OSRAM Licht, Avantama, Navillum Nanotechnologies (US), Crystalplex Corporation (US), RANOVUS (Canada), Innolume, QUANTUM SOLUTIONS (Saudi Arabia), NanoPhotonica (US), UbiQD, Fraunhofer IAP, TCL (China), VIZIO (US), Hisense, and QD Lasers (Japan)… QDs are tiny semiconductor crystals (typically 1-10 nm, their size determines their colour), which work like phosphors in fluorescent lamps. This is not new because since almost a decade ago all television manufacturers were starting to apply their premium-TVs with this kind of technology (like LG NanoCell or Samsung QLED). They start from blue LEDs which light is for two-thirds converted to green and red by the QDs, making white light (RGB). Due to the tunable bandgaps of quantum dots you can chose any colour, even NIR. White from any colour temperature can be made by a mixture of different colours. The important advantage in QD-TVs is that they consume little power and provide very deep, intense colours (wide colour gamut). Even when you irradiate QDs with X-ray they can convert it into visual light, what can also be used as an X-ray detector. QDs can also convert light into electricity, but at only 20%. It might be a very convincing showcase for the feasibility of your technology by shining an intense white light during half a year… what do you think?

    2) Somewhere in the far future, do you think your technology can be scaled up in such a way that one day a hot-fusion reactor can be converted into a kind of SK- or SKL-reactor (throwing away the super magnets, lasers etc…)?

    I wish you and your team huge success with your future demo.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Interesting, thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Brice

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    This could be interesting to you: “University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have made it possible to remotely determine the temperature beneath the surface of certain materials using a new technique they call depth thermography. The method may be useful in applications where traditional temperature probes won’t work, like monitoring semiconductor performance or next-generation nuclear reactors.”.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    1- yes
    2- I think they are a too much different things, like to convert a dog into a whale or vice-versa.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Eric Ashworth

    Dear LilyLover,
    I do appreciate reading your posts. Your post July 4th regarding the monetary system, intelligence and productivity is thought provoking and relevant to todays society.

    Einstein said “God does not play Dice” and maybe he was not referring to your issues which I am sure he was not but that phrase is equally suited to your concerns and I agree gambling has nothing to do with productivity i.e a useful life spent but gamblers have neither the interest, the intelligence or the time to dwell upon a programme of productivity. I agree with what you say but is there a hidden message in your post that I am missing? with regards LENRs and its benefits to our progressively developing world.

    From my worldly experience money has two major uses. Finance is after all only a good idea. One use is to stimulate intelligence to improve the world we live in but at the other end of the stick it is used to suppress intelligent ideas from becoming mainstream. Here I am referring to those ideas that are judged to be before there time and consequently should an intelligent person in employment help solve a problem with a good idea the person can be given an ultimatum, he either forgets his idea or loses his job with a threat that he will never be employed in the industry that he chose as his profession. Yes life is a gamble for those employed but for the independent researcher for instance, he is a free agent as long as the information highway allows him to communicate.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  34. George

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/3306601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and in the related video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    there is clear evidence that the link in the last comment of Marco Serra has been inspired by your work !
    Cheers
    George

  35. Andrea Rossi

    George,
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Temple Ketzler

    Mr Rossi,
    I am deeply convinced that the Ecat SKL does not exist.
    Best Regards,
    T.K.

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Temple Ketzler:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What did you mean regarding
    picture of ECat-SKL

    A : I will decide,but not yet.
    B: I will post a picture,but not yet

    Regards
    Sam

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Marco Serra

    Caro Andrea,
    sono molto contento dei tuoi recenti progressi, però, come al solito, la tua reticenza nel fornire i dettagli mi disturba un po’. Qui c’è gente (come me) che ti segue da quasi 10 anni. Perchè ? Perchè siamo dei sognatori. Qualche dato in più sul miglioramento ottenuto o qualche foto ce la potresti dare eh. Però capisco anche che non ci sono solo sognatori qui che leggono e quindi valuta pure tu cosa è opportuno rivelare e cosa no. Sapremo aspettare.

    Ti scrivo per invitarti a guardare questo breve video in cui Lex Fridman (ricercatore e prof di deep learning al MIT) intervista suo padre Alexander Fridman (direttore del C. J. Nyheim Plasma Institute). La mia impressione, abbastanza netta, è che quest’uomo conosca bene il tuo lavoro e in maniera velata stia parlando di te.
    Vorrei sapere se condividi l’impressione che ho avuto io ? Sembra anche a te che quel “out of the box thinking person” sia un riferimento preciso a te ? Che lui conosca il tuo lavoro ?
    Ecco il link:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNCz-8QIWuI

    Che Dio ti benedica

    Marco Serra

    ENGLISH ——

    Dear Andrea
    I’m very happy for your recent achievement of increasing the energy density of your device. We are your long time substeiners and would always like to know more data or at least see some picture. Please disclose some of them to let us dream.
    I’ve seen a video on youtube where Alexander Fridman (Director, C. J. Nyheim Plasma Institute) is interviewed and in this short portion of the video, where he is talking about cold fusion, I had the neat impression that he knows your work and that he indeed is talking exactly of Andrea Rossi.
    Do you have the same feeling as mine ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    I am not able to answer your question, but the link is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. LilyLover

    In its purest form money is ‘delivered productivity’. The purest token for trading is ‘timesheet with billable hours times billing rate’, say in the form of Excel spreadsheet, biometric online accounting, fully connected DL / credit card, or simply a as phone app. Much like batteries storing energy to be retrieved later, storage of productivity accounting, for later trading is true money. Money not backed by productivity is a theft form the commons.

    If I turn in a charged battery at one AAutoZzone, and get a receipt, and fly to a different city, and deposit that receipt to receive an equivalently charged battery, that receipt acted as a retrieval mechanism but the charge in the battery and the battery itself are of real value. But, if the receipt is fabricated ten times over, and deposited to retrieve 10 charged batteries, or even 10 discharged batteries, it’s a theft from the commons because the fabricated receipts are not true tokens of ‘charged batteries’, and eventually when AAutoZzone goes bankrupt, the losses are borne by the public at large due to dilution of money supply necessary to “recover” the societal losses. Intelligence of receipt fabrication is a one time occurrence of intelligent effort of negative value to the society, as such unworthy of praise.

    Bitcoins — Intelligent efforts, however complex, or transparent, but of negative value to the World, are not to be lauded, but rather punished. ‘Mining new bitcoins, a futile activity, does not correspond to increased productivity or tangible deliverables to the society. In effect, it is merely a virtual form of currency fabrication.

    Tomorrow, say, money printing becomes legal for all companies, and then all companies can say ‘we are transparent in our money printing division, similar to federal reserve’, but, that does not take away from the fact that fabricated tokens dilute the value of previous real tokens. Or, fictitious accounting as timesheet fraud is theft of public monies, directly or indirectly.

    Do not be mesmerized by complexity or transparency of bitcoins. Money backed by real productivity is the real money. Money that grows by mathematical computations or sheep-counting or watching-paint-dry is NOT money. Those of you who have had this natural instinct against bitcoins, your parents and teachers did a good job raising you. Those of you who tried to profit from this bitcoin-bandwagon are inherently immoral people who will not hesitate to steal from the commons when no one is looking, or, if they won’t get caught; please change.

    People who visit this forum are the intuitive leaders and much above average thinkers, and yet amongst them, there is so much misinformation regarding bitcoins. It is our collective moral obligation to educate the rest. Hope this helped at least one person.

    Take care.

    `LilyLover

  44. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thankyou for your insight, but I do not think this is the right place to discuss that issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Sam

    Have you decided if your
    going to post a picture of
    the ECat-SKL?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, I know, I am on Skype every day with my fellows there. Also the flights bwtween Europe and USA are closed. We hope this damn virus will extinguish asap.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Beaches close in Miami.

    https://youtu.be/d2I2srMDxBk

    Regards
    Sam

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I will, but not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The only thing this plane needs now is an SKL! https://www.yahoo.com/news/first-certified-electric-plane-takes-174901784.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Fortunatlely for the time being it has plenty of alternatives,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi and some non-government currency enthusiasts,

    please allow me a short explanation of Bitcoin:

    In the 70s and 80s, world-famous economist Milton Friedman (who received the 1976 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences) promoted idea of “non-government private money creation”.

    However, Mr. Friedman missed one important word: “transparent (creation of money)”.

    Such transparent creation is important, because a lot of governments (exactly: central banks) are making fun of the people.

    They told to the Congress they will create and giveaway 700 Billion dollars (because some financial crisis amongst commercial banks) and in the end it is 14,000 Billion dollars giveaway.

    So transparency is important attribute.

    In 90s a number of cryptologists and IT inventors created non-government digital money (for example: Dr. Chaum created eCash/DigiCash, others created e-Gold etc.).

    These systems had one strategical flaw: These did not run on 1000 servers worldwide, they did not run on 1000 servers worldwide, so one day the government came, confiscated one server and it was over.

    Around year 2008 some anonymous person or small group of network specialists and cryptologists under pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto” invented and deployed a non-government TRANSPARENT digital currency, where some components of system are encrypted and HASHed. Whole network which is supervising and mirroring all transactions is spreaded (mirrored) worldwide on thousands of servers. So no one government may destroy this network. Shortly: Every server has complete list of all transactions, who is cheating, is kicked out of network.

    This non-government transparent cryptocurrency was named Bitcoin.

    Young enthusiasts who do not understand monetary history loves this very slow and low-performance Bitcoin.

    Real world performance is 2.7 TPS which mean Bitcoin is capable serviced one small town with 130,000 citizens, who 2 times per day pay for something. Young ignorant enthusiasts do not understand this detail. Bitcoin is also slow, one transaction need 1 hour for completion.

    Now exists a hundreds new cryptocurrency systems running on similar principles, but with performance over 4,000 TPS and transaction time 3-10 seconds, for example EOS, Stellar, Tron etc.

    Why companies around the world do not jump on this fantastic wagon?

    There is another flaw for companies viewpoint:

    Transparency of creation is good, but transparency of transactions is no-no for companies.

    Companies don’t want competitors to see who the company pays for for component deliveries.

    FIAT thinks it’s a secret and competitors must not know that FIAT is buying tires from Pirelli. With transparent transactions – publicly visible, it is possible to analyze who pays to whom, even as the accounts on the network are pseudonymous.

    Conclusion: Non-government currencies with transparent creation and transaction time 3 seconds are fantastic, but transparent transactions are indigestible for business sector.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for yur opinion. My opinion is that bitcoins are very dangerous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    about Bitcoin: You can start here:

    https://digitalik.net/btc/sf_model
    https://cointelegraph.com/news/bitcoin-minings-electricity-bill-is-it-worth-it?_ga=2.266820430.1176027323.1593429977-1440897620.1587639150

    But please do your own research, before you decide anything!

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Caveat investor !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    you could buy new or second hand Bitcoin mining devices and run them with electric power for free (SKL).
    I hope you are aware about Bitcoin mining. It is the way to “calculate” new Bitcoins.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I do not know what does mean “bitcoin mining” and I don’t even know exactly what bitcoins are.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    please have a look to the global electric power prices.
    Germany needs SKL most, please install one in my house next year!

    https://www.btc-echo.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/strompreise-2018-statista.png

    Further, if you charge me 25% to your win, instead of 25% to my win, I am sure I will be able to comepete with china in mining cryptos :-)

    Jokin aside, you should contemplate to found a mining pool to get your investmens back and ensure development in the long run.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for yhe link.
    About the “mining pool”: what do you mean ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    There are a couple of trolls that in several blogs made more than 30000 (thirty thousand) comments to say that your technology does not exist. They answer in real time to comments that sustain you, which gives evidence that they work full time on this job. Consequently, they are obviously paid. Now, my question is: how can be somebody so stupid not to understand that to disparage for years and full time your work gives evidence of the fact that they fear your work ? How could somebody make all that work spending so many time, if really should think your technology does not exist? The more they disparage you, the more they give evidence of the fact that they are brutally afraid your work to be real.
    How do you comment this rock and troll ?
    Cheers
    Prof

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    No comment.
    I don’t care the trolls, paid or differently intelligent as they might be. But you made a point to which I want to answer: one of our most important Clients told me that he had been convinced that we have something good in our hands from the disparaging against me; he said: ” If they really thought you have nothing , they would not waste their time for something that does not exist ”
    I have a suspect: to pay them is Andrea Rossi.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your comment. The subject is without doubt complicated when introduced. Your technology was criticized upon the premise that the Coulomb barrier could not be overcome. As you and I know there is no problem in overcoming the Coulomb Barrier when in a binary situation i.e. creating an EVO which is a gravity value. All you need is hydrogen to be drawn in and ejected out. This understanding can open up lots and lots of doors with regards structure i.e. cellular structure also. But it is still a secret and difficult to get all the information out with regards interested people fully understanding it. As you know perseverance overcomes all obstacles.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. I once again appreciate you JONP for allowing publication.

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight. The JoNP hosts all opinions, if politely proposed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    I found an interesting article on the Futurism newsletter.
    A scientist at the wuhan university claims he has developed a plasma driven thruster which runs only with electricity.

    https://futurism.com/scientist-jet-engine-electricity-thrust?mc_cid=8ed35e698f&mc_eid=85adc92991

    best regards
    Ulrich

  65. Anna

    About your team: are all your team- partners in the USA ?

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    No, very important members of the Team are not only in the USA, but also in Sweden, Italy and Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Ron

    Dr Rossi,
    I had to read 6 times your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    After the sixth reading I have understood in full the importance of it, with the discovery of an energy coming from the electrons’ entropy. Now I understand why it is the most read paper of nuclear physics of the last year.
    Thank you for this momentous publication.
    All the best,
    Ron

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Anonymous

    Can you tell us the names of your collaborators ?

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Our collaborators are all under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    it seems that the heating Ecat has an output greater than the Electric ECat. Some questions and considerations.

    1) Once you said (if i remember well) that the charge is the same. I assume that this means that at least the active charge chemicals are the same mass.
    2) If the electrical power is less than the heat power, this means that the charge should last proportionally longer… Because if not, this means that the efficiency in extracting energy from the charge of the electrical Ecat would be lower…
    3) So, have you compared charge duration also with respect to power output of the two ecats?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- confidential
    2- not true
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 30 2020:
    DOOSAN deploying first Korean-made gas turbine to CHP plant
    Rod Walton

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    When you bring in a new specialist
    to your team how do you explain and
    and how long does it take for them
    to understand your ECat-SKL technology?
    What reactions do you get from a new
    member of your team when they first
    learn of your technology?
    How confident is your team that
    you will be successful with the SKL?

    Regards
    Sam

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    All the members of our Team are enthusiast of what they are doing and we all believe that we will get the target. They are chosen also on the base of their reaction when I propose a collaboration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say what skill the
    seven team members you
    work closest with have?

    Regards
    Sam

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Electrinoc Engineering, Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Specialized Workers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Donald G Chandler

    Headline: “Physicists see surprisingly strong light, high heat from nanogaps between plasmonic electrodes”

    Do you think this might be related to The Rossi Effect?

    https://phys.org/news/2020-06-physicists-surprisingly-strong-high-nanogaps.html

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G Chandler:
    Thank you for the link. It is interesting. I am not able to answer, because the information is not sufficient to find links to my
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    theoretical system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From what has been published so far it would appear that the E-Cat SK has a higher power heat output than the electrical output of the SKL.

    Is it thought that the E-Cat SKL with its electrical output is likely to be more acceptable in efforts to promote the E-Cat technology to the general public than a more powerful E-Cat SK that is limited to producing only heat?

    For a public launch, the E-Cat SKL technology will likely be seen as having more utility, the ability to heat a house in a Swedish winter or cool an apartment in a Miami summer.

    All efforts and resources now directed to improving only the E-Cat SKL.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  82. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    1- yes
    2- I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What time is it where you
    are in Europe when you work
    with the team in the USA?
    How many do you actually work
    with doing the real Research in the USA?

    Regards
    Sam

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    During the morning of the USA we are in the early afternoon in Europe, so we have 8 hours to work together.
    7 persons are the ones I make the most important things with in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Caro Andrea,
    tutti coloro che ti seguono su queste pagine soffrono con te l’ansia dovuta al ritardo per la presentazione del SKL imposta dalla pandemia che stiamo subendo.
    Noi ci sentiamo umanamente stretti intorno a te.
    La situazione in Italia ed in Europa sono in costante, ma lento miglioramento, ma gli USA e la Svezia non consentono facili ottimismi.

    Abbiamo grandemente apprezzato il fatto che tu sia riuscito a lavorare lontano dal tuo team migliorando ulteriormente la prestazioni del tuo SKL.
    BRAVO!… Meriti le nostre congratulazioni.

    I sistemi SK privati della tua personale assistenza hanno avuto sufficiente supporto dal tuo team negli USA?

    Tu consideri ora l’SK tecnicamente obsoleto, o lo ritieni ancora tecnicamente valido e, apportati i recenti miglioramenti utilizzati sul SKL, pensi sia a proponibile per l’industrializzazione e la vendita?
    Calorosamente ti saluta
    Gian

    Dear Andrea,
    all those who follow you on these pages suffer with you the anxiety due to the delay for the presentation of the SKL imposed by the pandemic that we are suffering.
    We feel humanly close to you.
    The situation in Italy and Europe are constantly, but slowly improving, but the USA and Sweden do not allow easy optimisms.
    We greatly appreciated the fact that you managed to work away from your team, further improving the performance of your SKL.
    BRAVO! … You deserve our congratulations.

    Have the SK systems deprived of your personal assistance had sufficient support from your team in the USA?

    Do you now consider the SK technically obsolete, or do you still consider it technically valid and, having made the recent improvements used on the SKL, do you think it is available for industrialization and sale?
    Warm Regards,
    Gian

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your delighting empathy.
    The SK should become obsolete when the SKL will be available.
    I am working well with the US Team in the USA using Skype.
    We are making very important progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Andrea

  87. Eric Ashworth

    1.

    The Unifying of Gravity with Energy:

    This paper is about energy as understood from the perspective of understanding gravity. Gravity is energy and energy is gravity. There is nothing other except that which it constructs. This no doubt you could find difficult to believe but the statements to be made can be substantiated by geometry, maths and an embodied mechanical mechanism referred to as a ‘Bipolar Unifying Field Oscillator’ (B.U.F.O.) that is able to demonstrate the understanding in a practical way. To understand energy you need to understand the complete cycle that involves understanding the conservation of energy. This paper will not deal with the atomic structures as they are well understood as being involved with the permutations of the hydrogen atom i.e. complex mathematical formulae. What it will explain is hydrogen and its direct relationship to the basic format of gravity. In other words, the format of the hydrogen atom is a micro image of the Cosmos with regards its geometry, maths and states i.e. active and static. Also this paper will deal with the Exotic Vacuum Object (E.V.O.) and the part they play in the geometric manipulation of the hydrogen atom whereby the curvature forces transition to linear forces and the linear forces transition back to curvature forces. This two stage transition provides an understanding of the Conservation of Energy with regards potential energy and kinetic energy and has a direct involvement with the recent new source of energy obtained from Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (L.E.N.Rs) as that demonstrated by Andrea

    2.

    Rossi. Also it will in tandem explain how an Electro Magnetic drive (E.M. drive) generates propulsion in outer space for interplanetary commuting. These technologies when fully understood will open up new frontiers in the understanding of energy of which there is nothing other than and therefore this paper will be incomplete to those wishing full disclosure on every level i.e. I will make a statement without in-depth elaboration even though such statements can be elaborated upon because the subject can become too intense and overwhelming. Therefore this paper has had Occam’s Razor applied to it and can be considered to be in skeletal format but nevertheless informative.

    1 (a) The hydrogen atom is a single micro unit of gravity. Gravity is nothing other than one unit comprised of an integral volume containing an integral size. The base structure is that of a cubic neutral. Hydrogen represents a mobile unit of gravity with regards its mobile components. The hydrogen atom is a micro image of the overriding gravitational field within which the hydrogen atom exists. There is no single unit of gravity less than that of hydrogen and there is no single unit of gravity greater than that of one Cosmos. The macro unit of gravity is the static state i.e. the Cosmos. The micro unit of gravity is the mobile state. These two extremes represent ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. The hydrogen atom can never lose its two charges because it can never lose the value of its gravity. The hydrogen atom represents a cubic

    3.

    neutral of energy. The only activity a cubic neutral can do is contract or expand i.e. become a cubic neutral of a size dimension or that of a volume dimension. When a cubic neutral contracts it becomes a dimension of size and becomes a charge of positive gravity and when it expands it becomes a charge of negative gravity.

    Dark matter is negative gravity which is expanded hydrogen of a curvature force. The opposite to dark matter is Light matter being contracted hydrogen of a linear force. A cubic neutral of gravity i.e. hydrogen, transitions itself with regards position within its gravitational field and its proximity to either that of an EVO within the gravitational field or an artificial manufactured EVO. This transition of the cubic neutral of hydrogen from being of a curvature force to that of a linear force and back to its original curvature force provides for the conservation of energy.

    1 (b) Hydrogen represents curvature force energy i.e. potential energy at normal temperature and pressure (NTP). To transform it into linear force energy i.e. kinetic energy you have to compress it but the only way to compress hydrogen so as to achieve a substantial linear force is by using gravity. The greater the gravity value the more linear the cubic neutral will be and the more force will be achieved. Therefore to construct an EVO upon the geometry and maths of the hydrogen atom, maximum transitions from curvature forces to linear forces of the hydrogen atom can be achieved.

    4.

    Any hydrogen exterior to an EVO will be gravitated into the gravitational field of the EVO. When two hydrogen atoms of curvature forces are compressed together, the curves of their forces interact, transforming the curvature forces of the cubic neutrals into linear forces of identical potentials and as is well known like poles/potentials repel and unlike poles/potentials attract thereby the linear forces repel and there is only one direction these linear forces can go and that’s out of the EVO into the exterior environment as projectiles composed of linear force gravity. A cubit neutral of hydrogen when transformed into a linear force is able to penetrate solid matter comprised of hydrogen whereupon it expands due to becoming static, creating compression within the solid host that relates directly to a degree of heat created by a degree of atomic friction within the structure . The hydrogen cubic neutral dissipates out and resumes its original curvature force value of gravity. Consequently, the conservation of energy requires two transitions of one unit of gravity involving two gravitational fields separated by a space involving time and distance.

    1 (c) What exactly is the hydrogen atom composed of?. Basically two integral units, comprised of components. The two integral units are the proton and the electron and both are comprised of the same structural components but occupy two opposite positions. Thereby one is a size dimension, central position and one a volume dimension of a peripheral position and consequently one is the positive

    5.

    charge and one is the negative charge that constitutes one unit of gravity because gravity is one cubic neutral of energy. What are the two cubes that make gravity a cubic neutral?. Answer, two pivots. The two pivots, one of the proton and one of the electron are comprised of integral components. There are four components in each pivot. One static and three mobile. What is each component comprised of?. Answer gravity in its two states i.e. static and mobile. The mobile gravities are the quarks, the static gravity is the central position around which the quarks circumnavigate. What are quarks comprised of?. Four static linear gravity values. To visualize, one vertical is surrounded by four separate horizontals and the pivot of the quark is the collective force of the four static horizontals.

    The three quarks of the proton circumnavigate an inner gravity value of the proton on a helical trajectory involving four loops, each loop corresponds to the eight outer corners of the cube and the eight inner pole dimensions i.e. the four static linear dimensions of the pivot which is the inner pole of diametrical dimension of the inner cube. Each quark occupies in time and space three positions. Positive pole position, negative pole position and circumferential/radial being neutral. Each quark is transitioning because it’s the mobile energy of the loop that circumnavigates the proton cube four times, corresponding to the eight outer extremities.

    Three quarks of the electron circumnavigate the inner proton on a helical trajectory involving four loops, each loop

    6.

    correspond to the eight outer corners of the outer cube and the eight inner pole dimensions i.e. the four static linear dimensions of the pivot which is the outer pole of the volume dimension of the outer cube. Each quark occupies in time and space three positions. Positive pole of the positive position, negative pole of the negative position and circumferential radial being neutral. Each quark is transitioning because it is the mobile energy of the loop that circumnavigates the outer electrons gravity value. The two cubes synchronize to form one cubic neutral of gravity. Thereby the neutral cube of hydrogen is one stable unit of gravity with its four inner pivots and its four outer pivots.

    1 (d) The hydrogen atom can be considered of a mechanical activity that has been duplicated and labeled a ‘Bipolar Unifying Field Oscillator’ that has more than one practical use but was originally designed for propulsion purposes by structuring fluids into interacting structural densities involving two circuits. But when these dynamics are applied to electro magnetic dimensions they are able to construct an Exotic Vacuum Object (E.V.O.) that contains potentials of the EVO in mobile time dimensional frames i.e. active potential E.V.Os within the overriding Power E.V.O. (a time dimension phenomena). This structuring of electro gravitational forces will provide propulsion in the exterior spacial environment. Thereby what this technology allows for is one vehicle to be able to fly within the Earths atmosphere as an aircraft and outside of the Earths atmosphere as a space craft when fitted

    7.

    with an electro magnetic (EM) drive. This type of vehicle would require a super fuel to power the required mechanisms and fortunately Andrea Rossi has the required technology of his L.E.N.Rs that need the required EVO to maintain a sustained reaction so as to provide an almost limitless amount of electrical energy. EVOs can be constructed by using the electricity supplied by the grid but these EVOs are inferior for LENRs because they are only potentials of Power not a Power potential comprised of four mobile potentials.

    (e) To generate EVOs of a Power potential you have to adopt a systemic sequence of events based upon maths and geometry. To achieve an Absolute state (which is not advisable) you would need sixteen electric generators of a two pole D.C. design but to be practical and ere on the side of caution twelve is the recommended number i.e. only what could be termed twelve stones are required. Four for the negatives, eight for the neutrals and twelve for the positives. Therefore using maths and geometry:-

    Circumference divided by 3.14159 equals Time negative structure of a field i.e. the energy of a diameter.

    3.14159 equals the sum total of structure of a field in dimensions of four structural densities
    Energy of no structure equals the wave energy of volume.

    3.14159 equals the four neutrals within a field. Therefore, .85841 equals the none structure energy of the two static states or the expanded hydrogen of the proton and electron state i.e. the active mobile particles/Soma in wave formation of a cubic neutral.

    8.

    .85841 divided by 2 equals .429205 of diametrical proton force and .429205 of circumferential electron force. These figures therefore represent the two Absolute Time zones of energy. Being less than 1. i.e. .85841 the extra force required for the construction of the fourth energy structure of field identity must be external and of a higher order.
    429205 of proton size energy plus .429205 of electron volume energy plus .14159 of structuring force energy plus 1. negative structure plus 1. neutral structure plus 1. positive structure equals 4 as apposed to 3.14159.

    .429205 divide by .14159 equals 3.0313228 a threesome of energy i.e. negative, positive and neutral plus .0313228 of encapsulated force. And .85841 divide by .14159 equals 6.0626456 a sextet neutral of a field plus .0626456 of encapsulated force.

    Conclusion: .062645 not .0626456 being seven digits and not sextet or neutral i.e. 3. and 3. this being the subject in review, must represent an exterior influential force of .062646 magnitude more than the value of a sextet neutral field. Consequently, 1. neutral field of energy must be part of a greater structure that is 95.777795 times greater. And that a proton and electron must always be a part of a systemic system of a field. 95.777795 x .062645 = 5.9999999

    95.777795:- Mathematics describes energy because it originates
    from the understanding of energy.

    ______________Field Identity/ One Solar System_____________

    positive
    neutral
    _____negative______
    – 77 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95+
    Alpha >direction> Omega
    9.

    9 = completion. 5 = half. 7 = mobility/transmutation
    9 and 5 are interchangeable digits

    Completion refers to the completion of a field system of identity.
    10. refers to the whole systemic system of which the field system is a part. Therefore, 95.777795. 9 and 5 represent the sum total of the neutral i.e. neg. pos. potential with regards the transition.

    95.777795 divided by 6 equals 15.962965. 16 i.e. four energy fields in four states of neutrality. Therefore, 16 minus 15.962965 equals .037035. .037035 divide by 3 i.e. the negative, the neutral and the positive equals .012345. This figure represents the progressive state of systemic energy i.e. energy of structure spanning Time Zones/Synapses/interregnums.

    .012345
    Zero to 1. represents one quarter of a pivot being a transitioning mechanism. The pivot is static gravity into which curvature force energy transitions to a degree of a linear force. Zero to 1. represents 90 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 90 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 1. to 2. represents 180 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 180 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 2. to 3. represents 270 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 270 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 3. to 4. represents 360 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 360 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 4. to 5 represents an applied Absolute force of 450 degrees, thereby an Absolute force of a degree of fusion that is able to achieve fission by transmutation of the curvature force into that of a linear force of a cubic neutral of energy and thereby this 5th action creates the identity i.e. the power of a field charge.

    When four fields of a systemic nature are required sixteen D.C. electric generators of a basic two pole design are required to be coupled together in a continual systemic sequence of generating. The first 90 degree of generated current is fed into the second
    10.

    generator, the second 90 degree of the second generator increases the potential of the generated current, the third does the same and so to does the fourth. This represents a pivot of a negative power. As the sequence continues into the next four generators the pivot

    becomes a neutral power and as the sequence continues into the next four generators of twelve the pivot becomes a positive power. What the positive power represents is an EVO containing mobile potentials of the power. No need to use sixteen generators unless you want to use such equipment as a Electro Magnetic drive for interplanetary commuting.

    As I previously stated this paper is in skeletal format and requires investigation so as to validate or disprove the contents by conventional practical means. For people with a curious mind it should provide a much needed new angle of investigation and one in which new discoveries could be made in every avenue of research.

    Summary:

    The basis of this paper is two fold, one to put forward a theory that explains gravity as not just a force but a creator of creations that respond to its force. Geometry and maths are the abstractive understandings. There is no such thing as gravity i.e. a singularity but only gravities i.e. spaces of a space and spaces within spaces. Spaces within spaces bring about positivity and negativity. The basis of one unit of gravity requires four dimensions, each dimension is a neutral. Thereby one neutral cube equals one unit of gravity. One flat of the four i.e. of a cube equals a neutral. One loop equals a neutral of a 90 degree angle and four make the cube. (Field identity of one Solar system represents one neutral. Four of which equal one Galaxy but the macro system will not be dealt with here).

    Because each dimension of the cube has an inner and an outer. The 90 degree angle referred to is one dimension that reaches out and reaches in and to complete the dimension requires space and time.
    11.

    Thereby four spaces and eight time zones to one gravity value. This basic format is reflected throughout the energy unit being a charge. Let’s see if I can convey this!. A pivot of gravity is comprised of four linear gravity values. one vertical line is supported by four horizontals, each horizontal is a pivot and four horizontals are the
    constituents of the vertical. The static linear gravity is the neutrinos within the quark.

    Neutrino equals 1. linear gravity value. — 4. Neutrinos equal 1. Pivot of a gravity value. 1. Pivot equals 1. Quark. — 3. Quarks plus one central gravity value equal one Charge. — 2. Charges equal a Cubic Neutral of gravitational Energy. Gravitational energy of size dimension equals positivity (proton position). Gravitational energy of volume dimension equals negativity (electron position). The mobile quarks of the proton circumnavigate the inner gravity value. The mobile quarks of the electron circumnavigate the inner proton on a helical trajectory around the inner proton by completing four outer loops to that of the proton. These loops of the outer quarks construct the potentials of a cube i.e. four outer positives of the extremities of a cube, transitioning to four inner positives that transition to four inner negatives and transition out to four outer negatives completing the cubic dimensions. One of the four outer regions of the cube correspond to a value of the pole position and one of the four outer regions of the cube correspond to the value of the opposite pole. The neutral position of the poles is the gravity value of the cubic neutral i.e. central position of the cube within the proton. The two flats top and bottom surrounded by four flats equal the two poles thereby four plus two equal six i.e. a cubic neutral of energy/gravity. This information can be mechanically demonstrated by constructing a ‘bipolar unifying field oscillator’. This mechanism has many practical uses but because of planetary evolution within the Solar systemic system its major purpose is transportation between planets. What this type of propulsion system needs when incorporated into that of a transportation vehicle is the Electro
    12.
    Magnetic drive system (E.M. drive) which is a Power EVO containing potential EVOs as they transition within the Power. However, such a vehicle requires a fuel source and this is where Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENRs) are required to provide the fuel. The fuel being the hydrogen atom extracted from atomic substance that transitions from Curvature force energy into a Linear force energy and back to its Curvature force because it exists within the mobile curvature system being the Solar which exists within the Cosmos and which likewise exists within the two static Absolutes of the overriding system. Therefore it becomes obvious that these apparent separate subjects are of the same understanding with regards the understanding that energy is gravity and therefore to understand gravity is to understand energy

    To help explain this relationship between volume and size being negative and positive. I shall list the macro gravity to the micro gravity:-

    One Absolute overriding static state is a static cubic neutral that contains within it, between its central position and its outer periphery the Cosmos, within the cosmos are four Cosmic systems, within each Cosmic system are the galaxies, within each Galaxy are four Solar systems, within each solar system are four Sets, each Set is comprised of four planets transitioning along a Solar helical trajectory. Each planet is comprised of atomic substance. Atomic substance is comprised of the hydrogen atom that contains two charges one of a volume dimension and one of a size dimension, it is the image of the macro system constructed of gravity. *Something interesting to think about. The neutron in the nuclei of the atom. Could it be a mono pole magnet in space and time i.e. an image of the seat of gravity at the centre of a Galaxy where four Solar systems converge?. In other words an image of the Power, being a potential of. Both mono poles are the product of spin and position i.e. between four gravity values in a positive negative environment i.e. within a cubic neutral. The neutron of the atomic nucleus is a transformed proton because of
    13.

    position between four protons within a specific position of the nucleus. What the neutron does is prevent gravitational collapse of the nucleus by acting as a buffer agent. To do this the neutron spins in two directions at once creating eight negative poles out with spin and eight positive poles in with no spin i.e. when the spin ceases (This has and is able to be demonstrated). What a mono pole demonstrates is a time dimensional phenomena regarding the creation of a system and the destruction of the system. Centrifugal force is a huge subject in itself. When electricity is generated centrifugal force is present but when the gravity values cease so too does the centrifugal force because separation ceases. Is centrifugal force a component of the hydrogen atom?. Yes, it’s a component of the electron and proton.

    Another interesting observation with regards the B.U.F.O. Two flows of the same fluid medium can when in contact i.e. one vertical flow and one horizontal flow can cross paths without losing identity. Gravity is a conservational force. Every phenomena involving gravity is a huge subject that requires extensive investigation within all branches of physics.

    For Andrea Rossi to achieve a self sustaining L.E.N. Reaction he needs to generate a Power EVO. What the grid supplies is a potential unit of energy that can only produce a potential EVO. The L.E.N. Reactor has to power a turbine that achieves the necessary systemic system of generating as previously described. The turbine should be designed upon an integral set up to achieve maximum efficiency, unlike conventional turbines. Has this information got more applications than those mentioned?. Yes lots but this paper for obvious reasons has to finish but not without anticipated expectations.

    This paper was written by Eric Ashworth an independent researcher and inventor.
    B.U.F.O mechanism see: Propulsion Linearizing Mechanism Ashworth Eric.
    This technology is highly sensitive, very often I am unable to communicate
    See E Cat world.

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your contribution,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Does switching the ecat on and off cause some kind of degradation?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    did your improvement of the power density of the Ecat SKL derive from reflections on the theoretical system you exposed on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Given that you’re thinking of batteries for electric vehicles, does that mean the ecat can be switched on/off multiple times while not being connected to the grid?
    And is this how you plan to demonstrate it in your presentation?
    Best regards,
    Patrick

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    1- yes
    2- we’ll see
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Patrick

    Dear Andrea and readers,

    About battery parameters, the Tesla Power Wall, which is same technology as Tesla car batteries:

    Usable Capacity: 13.5 kWh
    Depth of Discharge: 100%
    Efficiency: 90% round-trip
    Power: 7kW peak / 5kW continuous

    Scalable: Up to 10 Powerwalls

    Operating Temperature: -4°F to 122°F / -20°C to 50°C

    Dimensions: L x W x D: 45.3″ x 29.6″ x 5.75″
    (1150 mm x 753 mm x 147 mm)

    Weight: 114 kg

    Installation: Floor or wall mounted, Indoor or outdoor

    Certification: North American and International Standards
    Grid code compliant

    From: https://www.tesla.com/en_AU/powerwall

    Regards
    Patrick

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Scientists gain more insight
    about the makeup of Sun.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01908-2

    Regards
    Sam

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For a comparison to batteries, on the LG Chem website, there is information regarding their lithium ion polymer pouch cell batteries, also there is a PDF (2018 so probably outdated) that gives power ratings, envelope dimensions and weights for the product line-up of modules, racks and even containers, the high energy container reference M48218P5B is an unmanned 40ft HC ISO container rated for 6.8 MWh, although it is on the heavy side at 60 ton.

    It is likely that for large assemblies of E-Cat’s, the same as for batteries, the infrastructure for packaging and linking them together will contribute heavily towards the weight, thereby influencing Wh/kg.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  101. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the information and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Dear Andrea,
    As the old saying goes, “A picture is worth more than a thousand words”.
    Would it be possible for you to display a working unit on a lab bench without an explanation of any of the parts or procedures?
    I think that many of your long time supporter would enjoy such a picture.
    Curious regards.

  103. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I see that your project has made huge progress and I am delighted. I hope that soon we will have the pleasure of seeing this magnificent device in a web presentation.

    I found that the car battery was produced by a Chinese firm “CATL”. It manufactures for its customers packs each containing 18 modules of 12 cells. The customer assembles these packs according to his needs. These batteries have a “BMS” control system that operates continuously to ensure proper operation and safety. There is therefore energy consumption even when the vehicle is parked.

    I have two questions.

    – For you: Does your control system have to work continuously or does it stop when the E-CAT is stopped?

    – For your support: Does anyone know the capacity of a single Li-ion cell? I did not find this information. On the web, we only give the mass capacity currently obtained on commercial batteries (250 Wh / Kg without packaging and BMS).

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- The Ecat consumes nothing when it is turned off.
    2- I too would like to have a precise information: there are around different figures .
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    Amazing and exciting news that you still find ways to improve the ecat SKL.

    I guess an inventors mind never rests and in lockdown that time is never wasted.

    May I ask if the improvement is

    1. the over all power density. Thermal and electric
    2. An improvement in the Electricsl power density only.
    3. Probably the same as 2 but an improvement in the electrical power generation efficiency

    Good luck with this I can see that any improvements in these has big impacts son the design and how it can be used.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1. Mainly electric, but in part also thermal
    2. no
    3. yes
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    your response of “both + double yes” is exciting news.

    Without your being too specific, does the following ragone plot present a reasonable scale for the SKL’s current performance? Has the SKL improved upon the 2014 E-Cat results?
    Link>> https://atom-ecology.russgeorge.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/E-Cat_ragone_301.png

    Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    1- no
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for good news from 26 june in response to Frank Acland (as always) that: “We are increasing the energy density: an invention of yesterday has opened a new path in this sense”.
    In this connection two questions
    1. Did you reach this result by concentrating energy in the center using some kind special mirrors or implement the other method?
    2. What will be with your quest when people try to guess the Ecat SKL parameters and they suddenly changed?
    Best regards, Aleksei

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    1- no
    2- the quest is still open and all the participants can change their numbers when they want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that a new invention makes it possible to increase the energy density of the SKL.
    1. Are you able to assemble a new Ecat SKL Like that at your location for testing?
    2. What factor of energy density increase do you believe Is possible?
    I wish you all the success with this new development.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. this is a question that demands facts, not words
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing the good news of increasing the energy density through a yesterday’s invention for the SKL. If you are able, is this invention better ascribed to deep-learning enhancements of the heuristic algorithm, the AI software, or due to a change in the hardware, or both?

    With this further enhancement of the SKL, do you project that the power density will be soon enhanced as well? Has your heuristic algorithm made it far easier to harvest what the increase in the energy density has made available?

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Both + double yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    do you have any new idea to shrink the SKL to the size of a smatphone battery?

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Just enough to say that theoretically it should not be impossible, but our focus now is not there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What aspect of your work is taking up most of your time and attention these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are increasing the energy density: an invention of yesterday has opened a new path in this sense. We are accumulating information continuing to use the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    the following is interesting and I share it as an FYI during these odd times.

    Given the logic of the following analysis, it doesn’t take too much effort to form a perspective of how the integration of an SKL into an electric vehicle will intensify the general conclusions offered.
    Link>> https://seekingalpha.com/article/4355640-tesla-v2g-technology-dramatically-increase-demand-and-sales-of-all-models

    My very best to you, your team, and your wife.

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for the information and for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    For my book I was researching for the Leonardo Company and landed on the Ecat.com, the official website of the Leonardo Company. I found that a lot of the information provided may be outdated with regards to your more recent revelations where you prompted that the SK/SKL is not nuclear. E.g. you still show on many locations LENR as the assumed energy source, which is clearly a nuclear source. The SKL is not mentioned at all.
    Can you tell:
    1. Is energy supplied with the original Ecat LENR based?
    2. What about the Ecat QX, SK and SKL, These are based on this newly found energy source that is described in your ResearchGate document. Is that energy source different from the original Ecat?
    3. Do you believe that all assumed LENR is in fact based on your newly proposed mechanisms in your ResearchGate document?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- the charge is the same
    2- No. What is changed is the theoretical system: by the way, in the website has been integrated the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Mike Phalennhas made a link to discuss your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Here is the link:
    https://therossieffect.org
    All the best,
    Prof

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The production of the skl will usher in so many revolutionary changes that it will become known as the “Rossi Era”, the genesis of our planet! The segment of RV campers for example will be a boon for all outdoor enthusiasts, hunters, fishermen, campers, and nomads in general! With an skl powered EVRV one will be able to live autonomously off grid with all the conveniences such as A/C, refrigerator, freezer, etc. There are atmospheric water generators available now that will provide a clean water supply. It will probably even affect home ownership. Many will choose a gypsy life in their EVRV to escape the drudgery of home ownership! Another possibility, is with the addition of a septic system and an atmospheric water generator one would be able to configure their homes for total off grid living!

    Exciting times,
    Chuck Davis

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    That is a dream; I share that dream, but a lot of work remains to be done. And we are doing that work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    some comments on SKL usage on cars:
    I do not believe that range would be the question. Cars with SKL source only will be air-conditioned 24/7 and communicate 24/7.
    Service for SKL will be done together with the general service, once a year.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Biogen Power

    Biogen Power on 2020 Conference taking place on September 22-23 in Copenhagen, Denmark

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Biogen Power:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. William R Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    I think what Gerard McEk is asking in his Q4 is if a constantly running SKL could go one year between refills, could an SKL powering an EV last 10 years between refills if the car only required it to be running 1/10 of the time? The underlying question is obviously can the SKL be efficiently stopped/started on demand based on driving needs and thus conserve fuel.

    Bill Conley

  134. Andrea Rossi

    William R. Conley:
    The answer should be yes, but has to be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Hiroji

    Dr Rossi-san
    Will the Ecat be distributed also in Japan ?
    Is it patented also in Japan ?

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Hiroji:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    When will you make public the certification of the Ecat SKL ?

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    When it will be for sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Although your answer to my last question (4.) is very positive, it is not clear. :)
    Let me rephrase: If I drive my E-Cat driven car in the future 2.4 hours per 24 hours on average, would the need to ‘refuel’ be once in the 10 years? (Assuming I could run the Ecat continuously for 1 year, without ‘refueling’)

    Assuming you could drive 200 km in 2.4 hours:
    This would mean that if somebody commutes 200 km/working-day he never needs to refuel in the 14 years.
    In total he would drive 730,000 km/456,000 miles), about the lifetime of a car. Good competitor for Tesla with a million mile battery, I would guess.
    Thanks, Gerard

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am not able to answer with precision to these questions, until we will have made specific experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Has a new date for 3rd party hands-on testing been agreed already?
    (I know Corona is still with us and expanding in countries like US, India and some South American countries, but in Europe, where you say you are, they are getting it slowly under control. Air traffic is starts up again.)
    2. Is there any chance that a demonstration of the E-cat SKL’s unparalleled performance will be done in an electric car driving thousands of miles without refueling?
    3. Are you in direct contact with (electric) car suppliers to negotiate the use of the E-Cat SKL?
    4. Is ‘refuel’ of the E-cat depending on the (intermittent) usage (if you use it 1/10 of the time, it could be 10 years) or just the time (say once a year)?
    Thank you for answering our questions and good luck with putting the E-Cat SKL on the market.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. not yet
    2. maybe
    3. confidential
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    You wrote to Steven Karels the following:
    “What is very interesting in the comment of Raffaele Bongo is the weight of the battery of his new electric car: 50 kWh/ 350 kg, which means 7 kg/kWh. This figure makes the Ecat SKL competitive also in terms of energy density. ”

    Competitive is surely an understatement! Or perhaps you meant something other than energy density: perhaps you meant power density. When it comes to energy density the Ecat SKL should trounce battery technology by three orders of magnitude.

    For instance Raffaele’s electric car battery has an energy density of 50kWh/350kg , which is about 143 watt hours / kg. (A laptop battery is about two times this I think. Laptops use about 50 watts and have batteries about 1kg. )

    But if the Ecat SKL apparatus weighs (say) 6kg and outputs a net of (say) 100 watts, and can go one year without needing a fuel wafer change,
    then that is an energy density of 100W * 24hrs * 365 / 6kg =~ 146,000 watt hours / kg.

    Energetic regards,
    Mark

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    It could be true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    You wrote to Steven yesterday: “The cost of refill will be lower, I think”.
    A car with 25 kW SKL installed and a battery of 1/10 part of the current size will, as the figures from Rafaele shows, work well.
    When the car is parked, it can be connected to the grid and deliver power to it, with a profit for the car owner.
    Through the use of cars, the SKL’s unique features are fully utilized and the existing energy network is at the same time exploited.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “I am not sure I understood: do you mean $ 600/kW installed?” in regards to an eCat SKL electrical charger mounted within an Electric Vehicle (EV). I assume it would be something like a current 12V automobile battery replacement. Once a year, a mechanic would exchange the old eCat SKL with a replacement eCat SKL. As with the battery, the old unit would be sent back for recycling.

    So my question is whether such a changeout could reasonably be accomplished for less than $600 – the equivalent electric charging cost from the previous posting. I assumed a 0.5 kW electrical output from the eCat SKL. At 80% electricity conversion efficiency, the envisioned eCat SKL would need to get rid of about 125W of thermal power. Probably not a problem if the automobile frame acted as the heat sink.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The cost for refill will be lower, I think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Steven thinks Raffaele’s wife car is a Tesla Model 3.
    With the specification he gave us, I better bet on a Peugeot e-208 :)

    The thing is I couldn’t get more information about its battery pack volume / form factor.
    And Tesla’s model 3 battery pack is probably a little bit more performant than the Peugeot e-208 one.

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    The progress you have made in creating the eCat technology and developing the eCat SKL would not have been possible without the contribution from a number of people. These include the lab team, the management team, the legal team and the financing team.

    Valuable information you have from creating and developing the technology is maintained as confidential with non-disclosure agreements. In these agreements, the parties promise to each other not to reveal certain information. These agreements help to protect the trade secrets created and developed through your joint efforts. In this way, the information represents some of Leonardo Corporations intellectual property; the other intellectual property being the patents.
    National laws protect interests in intellectual property through patent laws and trade secret laws. Because of these protections, investors may be willing to take the risk of financing creation and development of eCat technology. In return investors have the right to expect a return on their capital should the eCat technology prove successful in the marketplace. Investors may also expect an additional return on capital in reward for taking the risks associated of investing in unproven and new technologies.

    This framework has some potentially negative consequences for society-at-large, because patents overall contribute to inequality in income and wealth distribution. Economist Dean Baker has written extensively on this subject mostly in context of prescription drugs. https://www.cepr.net/patents-and-the-pandemic-again/ You may find his perspectives meaningful.

    Economist Fadhel Kaboub has been studying means and methods for the achieving prosperity in economies of developing countries. He has addressed the issue of patent rights created in countries with advanced economies in countries with developing economies. The Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity http://www.global-isp.org/ publishes papers and reports of their findings and conclusions.

    The e-Cat technology holds great potential for all humanity. Making the best of it may require consideration of some factors referenced in this post.
    My best wishes to you and your team.

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    I give you an example: the vaccine for the corona virus. There have been enormous investments on it because there are patents in the making that will guarantee to the investors huge profits. The vaccine is very important for humanity, but the engine that is propelling it is business. Without intellectual property the efforts to make a vaccine in short time would be without the necessary investments…like a general without army and power of fire. Beyond the nice words, the fact is that nobody puts his money without a perspective of profit. This is the reality we have to deal with.
    For the Ecat the reality is the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I do not have the exact measurements of the car battery and the dealer did not want to tell me.
    In addition to what I wrote earlier, I can add that it consists of two blocks located under the front and rear seats of the vehicle and that the total volume is 250 liters.

    I will try to see more about the characteristics of this battery.
    All my support to your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you very much for your collaboration.
    These numbers are gold because taken “in corpore viri”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe this is for a 54 kWh Model 3 Tesla battery – dimensions and weight.

    “Tesla has managed to pack the 4,416 cylinder cells (2170) in to four modules that weigh around 1054 lbs / 478 KGs combined. As we can see in the photo above Tesla Model 3 modules are in rectangular shape, the two modules on either side are 67.5 in (1715 mm) long and weight 191 lbs (86.6 kg) each and the two center modules are a bit longer and heavier i.e. 73 in (1854 mm) and 207 lbs (98.9 kg). All four modules are 11.5 in (292 mm) wide and 3.5 in (90 mm) thick.”

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the data !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 23 2020:
    EV charging stations for freight carriers every 50 miles and $850 M investment wouls create I-5 clean energy corridor
    Rod Walton

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I my spare time, I have been investigating residential solar panel power. In-grid systems work during sun-lit hours and have a micro-inverter between the solar panel or panels and the electrical power grid. The micro-inverter accepts the solar panel DC power and also reads the electric grid power, matches its phase, and outputs power back to the grid from the solar panels.

    I understand that the eCat SKL can output its electrical power as either DC or AC. Could an eCat SKL output, say 300W of DC power at about 30VDC continuously into a suitable micro-inverter for direct insertion of energy into the electrical grid (assumes local regulations would support this of course)?

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am not sure I understood: do you mean $ 600/kW installed ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea Rossi,

    Currently Tesla batteries cost about $120 per kW. An objective is to reduce price to under $80 per kW, at which point the manufacturing cost of an electric vehicle (EV) becomes less than that of an internal combustion engine (ICE) car.

    1. Do you believe that, in mass production, the eCat SKL can cost less than $80 per kWhr?

    Assuming a daily commute of 20 miles (40 miles round-trip), 300 W per mile, 5 working days per week, 50 working weeks per year and a price of $0.20 per kWhr equals 3,000 kWhr in electricity, $600 per year in electric costs and 10,000 miles of travel. A 500W electrical output eCat SKL operating continuously would generate about 4300 kWhr of energy.

    2. Do you think a yearly eCat SKL replacement of such a unit would cost less than $600 including labor costs?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I think this would be possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    If marketing to electric power companies why not emphasize the benefit of decentralizing the grid and installing SKLs closer to the customers? This way local problems would not affect large areas. Good locations could be at transformers on power poles or at substations. Small municipal owned systems would be especially interested since many small systems must buy all of their power.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Both systems can be integrated,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    My wife received her new car. It’s an electric 100 kW power. Its battery weighs 350 kg, occupies a volume of 0.25 M ^ 3 and has a capacity of 50 kWh.
    This car outperforms the thermal version with the exception of two points:
    It is much more expensive than the thermal version and its autonomy although announced at 350 km is in common practice only 290 km and even goes down to 210 km on the highway.

    Would it be possible in the near future (10 years) to replace the bulky and heavy battery with your E-Cat SKL in order to give such a car, a range of approximately 10 000 km?
    That would be wonderful

    All my support for your efforts to develop and have your invention certified

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Can you give me the dimensions of the battery of your car ?
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Giuseppe

    Xavier Pitz, thank you for your very explaining link.
    Regards, Giuseppe Censorio

    PS: my link embedded in the signature was an error caused by sistem when i published the comment not depending by me!

  168. Nicolai Hvass

    Clarification on 3:
    The time and effort involved in making a compact unit for home use which requires power up and power down constantly with variable demand seems complicated!? On the other hand a unit in a power plant where you could provide the baseline usage with one unit powered to 100% running 24 hours a day seems simpler. Furthermore – you will have competent personnel to monitor and maintain the unit as per your instructions.

    Questions:
    A – Wouldn’t a commercial unit running constantly be a much simpler product with huge impact and low R&D costs?
    B – It appears to me that you charge by the kWh created. Is it true that a unit as described above would maximize the profit (running at 100% 24 hours a day) ?

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Nicolai Hvass:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answers:
    A- not necessarily
    B- that is the strategy for the SK series, for the SKL we have different objectives
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, In response to your confirmation to providing ecats to the power companies let’s hope that they would be utilized in a distributed energy scenario to eliminate blackouts, fire danger and transmission losses. Perhaps the availability of home ecats will be a sufficient threat to cause the utilities to keep prices low!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Steven N. Karels

    Raffaele Bongo and Andrea Rossi,

    Interesting post. Should eCat SKL prove real and reliable, then it could obviously be used in electric cars. Generally, as I understand it, the eCat technology is best applied where a continuous energy generation is desired. In an electric car, the electricity demands vary on speed, terrain, and ancillary systems such as air conditioning. I would suggest that a smaller battery would still be required for high energy demand situations (e.g., climbing a mountain) while the eCat could be continuously generating charging power.

    If the eCat SKL ran continuously (24 hrs/day), then the output power could reasonably be limited to the driving energy per day consumed divided by 24 hours. For example, if your electric car with a 50 kWhr capacity typically would only consume 24 kWhr per day, then the eCat SKL need only supply the average of 1 kW of power.

    On longer trips, the driver would likely stop at an electric charging station while he/she takes a break from driving, eats, etc. Thoughts?

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    What is very interesting in the comment of Raffaele Bongo is the weight of the battery of his new electric car: 50 kWh/ 350 kg, which means 7 kg/kWh.
    This figure makes the Ecat SKL competitive also in terms of energy density. And the car of Raffaele is new, so it mounts the last generation of batteries.
    This information is useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Giuseppe Censorio, Andrea,

    About the link you (Giuseppe) posted but that was strangely fusion-ed with your signature :
    https://motori.corriere.it/motori/attualita/20_giugno_22/easa-certifica-primo-aereo-elettrico-europeo-aad44d5e-b470-11ea-b2e4-a57ed971b2a8.shtml

    This is another link to a very insightful YouTube video about the possibility of Electric Planes :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNvzZfsC13o

    The Pipistrel alpha electro which is featured in your article is also featured in the video that I linked at 7 minutes 47 seconds.

    The video that I linked concluded that electric planes are possible for small/light/small range airplanes (like the Pipistrel alpha electro) but are not possible for big/heavy/long range airliners (like an A320). It is also very well explained why this is so with detailed calculations.

    The main issue to make big/heavy/long range airliners possible is the energy density / specific energy of Li-Ion batteries.
    At 6 minutes 34 seconds, he assumes a specific energy for Li-Ion batteries of 278 Wh/kg. (this was state-of-the-art 2 years ago)
    Now, what will be really interesting is to plug-in the specific energy of the SKL into those equations and to see how much it will affect the outcome of the conclusion… :)

    By the way, I’m a sailplane pilot and flew many times in the non-electric version of a Pipistrel Sinus with a friend.
    Pipistrels are very nice flying machines :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    so…let’s hope to fly !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I read today’s comment by Nicolai Hvass with interest. I have a related question. Are you contemplating building E-Cat power plants that can feed electricity into the grid, similar to how today’s coal/gas/solar/nuclear power plants provide power to the grid?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    Things grow

    Regards, Giuseppe

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long:range_particle_interactions
    the long range interactions are intended to be the interactions of the Aharonov-Bohm effect ?

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Nicolai Hvass

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am an engineer (MSc) and alternative energy enthusiast but have applied my engineering skills in the civil side of our field.

    I have a couple of layman questions for you:
    1. Why not take the core of your invention – which is heat – and implement it into existing facilities of coal fired / steam electrical plants ?
    2. Why are you so focused on developing stand alone units – it seems to take a long time and only serve ancillary purposes?
    3. I think your “home unit” sounds great – but wouldn’t this only be necessary for a remote location? For example in all cities – infrastructure is already there – provide your giant ecat to the powerplant and the problem is solved for the entire city!?

    In Denmark for example they run superheated water to all major cities to heat the houses – provide your ecat in key locations and you are heating the entire city of Copenhagen !

    I completely understand if you are looking to make a lot of money – I just hope that you figure out a way to do it quickly so the environment can benefit sooner rather than later.
    It seems inefficient to build 1,000’s of small units running intermittently as opposed to 10’s of giant units running constantly…..
    When I saw the container unit – I thought it was a unit ready to be shipped to a remote location….I never imagined that it was to be a unit setup to complete with “the grid”?!!
    Again – I might be completely missing the boat here – perhaps I just don’t comprehend the mission!?

    Best regards, Nic

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Nicolai Hvass:
    1- because it is impossible
    2- because it is necessary to develope the reliability of the technology
    3- I do not understand what you mean
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Giovanni Serrazanetti

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    it is always full of inspiration remembering that many of primary knowledgers were not academical pysicists. Joule, who evidenced one of most important principles and dedicated Energy measure unit was not physical laureate and professionally a brewer, Marconi if I well remember was officially nor higher school diplomated because his family movements but proved his reason larger than that of Poincaré, Hertz, Righi, who were sustaining mathematically “exactly” the impossibility of long range EM waves transmission, Faraday was mathematically elementary and also considered an amateur for many years, not to mention Archimedes and other ancients, Galilei, Volta, who were necessarily aut-entities.
    As Feyerabend points out, science, and this word to be honest with its social semantics has slightly tired me, is a matter of knowledge but also of consensus.

    Hope to see as soon as possible a new Ecat presentation.

    Warm regards,

    Giovanni Serrazanetti

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Serrazanetti:
    Nice insight.
    Sometimes, also, scientific “big science” R&D is fundamentally a research of funds. Most of times it rejects aprioristically anything that could jeoparzize funds in the making or on course with destination things that are useful for nothing and everybody knows will never be useful for anything: this fact, apparently noxious to funding, is, on the contrary, appreciated, because a thing that is useful for nothing and will never be useful for nothing, is inntrinsecally a disclaimer: no liabilities will be born from things that will never be operating, and they will eternally ” ready to work ithin the next 50 years”, with the permanent sustain of the most celebtated magazines (for obvious reasons).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Today is Fathers Day in Canada.
    This article is about a Canadian
    inventor that talks about how his
    Father contributed to his successes.

    https://business.financialpost.com/technology/chasing-edison-meet-canadas-most-prolific-arguably-inventor-who-sees-ideas-everywhere

    Regards
    Sam

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting. My best wishes to all our Canadian Readers that are fathers !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    On this day of the climb, I brought out my crystal ball to determine the characteristics of the SKL without participating in the competition because of my travel difficulties. I hope I can follow your brilliant demonstration on the web.
    The SKL deserves the golden ratio (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894 … ..
    Electric power = (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894… ..kW
    Electrical efficiency = ((1 + √5) / 2) * 50 = 80.901699437494…. %
    Cube edge = (1 + √5) / 2) / 20 = 0, 0809016994374942…. M
    Weight = (1 + √5) / 2) / 2 = 0, 809016994374942…. Kg

    With this original numbers, the E-Cat will work flawlessly, without limits and adapt to all situations.
    Good day for you, your family and your great team.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are fighting for that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    if I would need only heat, would it not be best to use SKL with heat pump? It may would be three times more heat as with SK at the same power?!

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    The Ecat SKL should give its COP. It would be used in any system to which it will be applied. The system in itself will conserve its intrinsic efficiency, independently from the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Edouard Verbois

    Dr Rossi,
    A ton le droit d’utiliser l’appareil en France ?
    Edouard Verbois

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Edouard Verbois:
    The Ecat is not ready for sales yet, but when it will be it will surely be distributed also in all Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    KeitT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I would have thought that to get sufficient electrons surrounding a proton would require structure, say hydrogen atoms confined in lattice interstitials unable to migrate due to surrounding chains of confined hydrogen atoms and external pressure loading, electrons are thought to transfer from lattice atoms to surround the confined hydrogen, nearby lattice defects also attracting electrons to aid the build-up, an electric signal /electromagnetics is then added to this pre-existing condition, the hydrogen atoms would then be confined in a chain of interstitials but individually surrounded by the lattice atoms. Driving all the electrons in a lattice zone to be coherent may then encompass multiple hydrogen atoms in a chain, but is coherence of the chain a necessity, is alignment of chains with direction of electron flow / electromagnetics a requirement or can individual hydrogen atoms each with their individual surrounding shell of electrons be driven to become coherent and then each form a proton-electron aggregate.

    There is likely many things suspected but not proven, hopefully future papers will provide detail of the possible aggregate formation mechanism and energy release, until then curiosity drives me to read related papers looking for hints of what the bigger picture is going to look like.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  196. Frank Acland

    @Eric Ashworth, please send to ecatworld@gmail.com.

    Thank you!

    Frank

  197. Eric Ashworth

    @Frank Acland
    Dear Frank Ackland, The paper I have written for publication on the JONP. I would also like you to publish it on E Cat news. To what address would you like me to send it for possible publication. Regards Eric Ashworth

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    If you want, you can send it to
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, It has been several weeks since I contacted yourself with regards the presentation of a paper ‘The Unifying of Gravity with Energy’ for publication on your JONP. My main concern with the paper has been to keep it as simple as possible without elaborating on the many levels that the paper touches on. I therefore consider it a brief introduction to an extremely complex subject. My question is to what address in PDF format would you like me to send the paper. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  200. Chuck Davis

    @Frank Acland, I suspect that resistance to the ecat will be predominately from those countries with a strong presence of the oil mafia. Even now with clean, economical energy being available from the SK, countries around the globe continue to burn coal! I have emailed those countries to inform them of the ecat and have not even received a reply! But I think that those countries without an oil industry will welcome the ecat. There are no greater hypocrites than our own governments!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  201. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Can a coherent proton-electron aggregate form around a single proton?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    What do you mean exactly ? In which situation you insulate a single proton in a coherent system ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for the answer.
    That has to assume that the electric ecat has similar costs to the heat-only ecat, right?
    Regards
    Patrick

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If you only need heat, is it preferable to use SK or SKL?

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    SKL
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Christopher Diederichs

    Christopher Diederichs:
    I am not able yet to give information about the introduction of the Ecat in the market for sale, but when it will happen obviously it will be distributed in all Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Christopher Diederichs

    I want to ask when the Ecat will be commercially available and if it will be shipped also in Germany,
    Kind Regards,
    Christopher

  209. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    If my factory manufacturing process required mainly heat but also a bit of electricity, would I just use the SKL and convert electricity back to heat? Or would you recommend using just a heat ecat for the heat, and the electric ecat for the electricity?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I think it would be better to use the SKL and convert electricity into heat, because such a conversion has a COP close to 1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Frank Acland

    @Chuck Davis, you may be right. My experience over the last decade makes me think, however, it may not be as simple as that. There’s a lot of resistance to the E-Cat out there which could be hard to break through. I believe a strong presentation would help.

    Sincerely,

    Frank Acland

  212. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within your paper you have indicated that a coherent and dense electron cluster is required for the formation of a proton-electron aggregate.

    Once formed can a proton-electron aggregate exist on its own in the absence of the coherent electron cluster?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The very peculiar formation-creation of coherent dense electron clusters at low entropy may form, in presence of protons, compact neutral aggregates at a picometric scale, formed by a coherent chain of bosonic electrons with protons located in the center of the Zitterbewegung orbits: in this electron rich environment, the creation-annihilation of virtual particles can happen only in presence of coherent dense electron clusters for the process to proceed. This, at least, is the theoretical hypothesis of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. William R Conley

    Dr. Rossi,

    Like so many other things, the delay of hands-on testing of the eCat-SKL by the selected third-parties due to CV-19, must be as frustrating to you as I know it is to many of us watching this tremendous potential solution in idle mode.

    Even though Skype-based remote testing of the eCat-SKL is clearly insufficient, it occurs to me that it has been quite effective to a point and you must have increased your skill and facility with the Skype tool in the process. I’m left wondering why the test eCat-SKL reactors could not be provided to the third-party testers now and Skype used to communicate with them for test setups, protocol development, joint test monitoring etc. In this way, the hands-on testing could proceed without endangering anyone’s health and advance this important technology toward broad availability that much sooner.

    My best wishes on your continued progress with the eCat as well as your personal well being.

    Bill

  215. Andrea Rossi

    William R. Conley:
    Thank you for your empathy, but we are not in idle mode: every day we make a step forward.
    I need to attend the third parties tests, for obvious reasons.
    Same heartly wishes to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Chuck Davis

    @Frank Acland, I disagree with you regarding your comment on the presentation! I believe that the demand for the ecat will be so great that once Andrea is satisfied that its operation is ready for production buyers will be breaking down his door with orders! An appropriate guarantee of performance should be satisfactory!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  217. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    My opinion of collaboration and demonstration via Skype is that it is a very convenient tool for quick and inexpensive communication and collaboration, but in the case of demonstrating the E-Cat it cannot be enough.

    I think that even if you show a working E-Cat over Skype, along with live measurements of energy using your own instruments, the observers still cannot verify for themselves what you are showing them is real.

    With a new technology such as the E-Cat, businesses need to do due diligence before they can make business decisions about the E-Cat, and I think this will require hands-on access to the E-Cat, using their own instruments to verify the performance.

    I don’t think you can make a public presentation of the E-Cat until this is done, because for people to take the E-Cat seriously, there will need to be independent witnesses to verify the performance, who can then testify of what they have witnessed.

    What do you think?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Obviously I totally agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. William

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Returning to your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and its visual demonstration on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I observed that also the plasma has a “zitterbewegung”: can it be that it derives from the transfer of energy from the electrons in phase to the electrons with a higher degree of entropy ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Bill

  220. Andrea Rossi

    William:
    That is a hypothesis,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an article about Safety Standards
    for Prototype in the Province of B.C.
    in Canada.Is this similar to the Safety
    Standards you have to meet for the
    ECat SKL Prototype you are working on?

    https://www.technicalsafetybc.ca/news/use-prototypes-and-displaying-unapproved-equipment-bc

    Regards
    Sam

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting link: there is evidence of the fact that, whereas it is possible to work on prototypes without a certification, it is generally made a process of certification even starting from the prototypal stage. Normally corporations prefer to start the certification process from the prototype, to avoid the risk to produce apparatuses that will not be approved.
    About the requirements, they are basically the same in all the industrialized Countries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Rinus

    You said that you will probably give a presentation this year. Was not the original plan to give a presentation at the beginning of this year? I understand that the Corona virus is causing an unexpected delay, but are there other reasons why the delay seems to be almost a year or so?
    Keep up the good work.

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    As a matter of fact, I never promised the presentation by the beginning of this year, albeit it is true that the limitations put after March due to the corona virus have generated issues, like, for example, the impossibility to allow personal tests, so that we had to work through Skype, which is not bad, but obviously it is not enough.
    Nevertheless, we are working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Who do you think will win the presidential elections of November 20 in the USA ?

  226. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The People of the USA, whose majority will decide who will be the winner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Neri Bonfanti

    Dear Andrea,
    are you planning any ecat presentation to present the net electrical output?
    I remember you were planning one in Sweden before the covid pandemic.
    Thank you for your kind reply
    Neri Bonfanti

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Bonfanti:
    Yes, we surely will make a presentation, probably within this year, troubles permitting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it sure and consolidated the fact that you are extracting from the plasma of the Ecat SKL more electricity than the electricity necessary to make the same plasma ?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, that is sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. CC

    @John Weir:
    The answer of Dr Rossi is correct. I have experience of certifications.
    Cheers
    CC

  232. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I noticed that the “John Weir” you are answering to has a fake address, different from the address of the real John Weir, who has posted an intelligent comment on June 16th at 7.25 PM, to which I responded.
    This new “John Weir-with-a-fake-address-and-name is a troll, and is the usual well known paid troll that already has used as an impostor names of real Readers. Our robot usually spams all the comments and emails arriving from his source, probably has changed source. Never mind, just fun.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Jack

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us where are located the main potential Partners of Leonardo Corporation for the development of the Ecat SKL ?
    All the best,
    Jack Gardener

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    USA Europe and Asia
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. John Weir

    Dear Dr. Rossi.

    Thx for the quick reply.

    But this still does not fit.

    How can a prototype be certified, as You already stated 2 or 3 times ?
    Prototypes do not get certified at all.
    John Weir.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    John Weir:
    Obviously you do not know how certifications are made. The certifications are made also on prototypes, so far the eventual production will be coherent.
    The certification certificate reports the characteristics of the item that is certified, and how it has to me made to be safe, and obviously what is put under certification is better if it is a prototype, because it would be dangerous to initiate a production that eventually could be partially or totally wasted after the prescriptions of the certifier.
    Your phrase “prototypes do not get certified at all” is therefore groundless.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. John Weir

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    On more than one occasion, your response to questions concerning the E-CAT SKL contains the conditional phrase “if it will work.” Can you elaborate on what is meant by that since other replies indicate that it does work? What about it has yet to work that brings its practical application into question?
    Sincerely,
    John Weir

  238. Andrea Rossi

    John Weir:
    You must make a distinction between the fact that a prototype works well ( as it does, as many times I said ) in a laboratory and the fact that the same is ready and reliable for a massive distribution.
    The particulars to fix are many and they are like mushrooms: sometimes are born overnight in an unforeseeable way. But we are working hard and well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Energy Nature of Configurational Entropy”, by Dr Aleksei Savchenko.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Rod Walton

    On the Power Engineering issue of June 16 2020:
    Op-ed: Promising Outlook for Li-ion Battery Technology-Once Risks are Addressed
    Rod Walton

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Probably you know that yesterday has died for the Covid 19 in Milan, Italy, Prof Giulio Giorello, teacher of Pylosophy of Science in your Alma Mater, the Università degli Studi of Milan, Italy. Did you know him ?
    Prof

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes and I am very sorry.
    I knew him well, because during my course of doctorate in Theoretical Philosophy I had to sustain the exam of Filosofia della Scienza ( Phylosophy of Science ) with Prof Ludovico Geymonat, in the year 1973 and Prof a latere during the exam was Giulio Giorello, at those times the main assistant of Prof Geymonat. I followed the lessons of Giorello on the Relativity Theory, that in those years was the main focus of his research. He was extremely intelligent and succeeded in the tenure of Geymonat when the last retired.
    The passing away of Prof Giulio Giorello is a loss for the European cultural environment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you update us about how the R&D of the Ecat SKL is proceeding ?

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working very well and I am very optimist about the development of the Ecat SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Concerning your answer to K.B.
    If all the phenomenons described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    happen between cathode and anode, where is the core of the plasma, how can materials resist to the temperatures ?

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Sorry, tis information is confidential,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Belated birthday wishes.

    You might find this interesting:

    “Two prominent X-ray emission lines of highly charged iron have puzzled astrophysicists for decades: their measured and calculated brightness ratios always disagree. This hinders good determinations of plasma temperatures and densities. New, careful high-precision measurements, together with top-level calculations now exclude all hitherto proposed explanations for this discrepancy, and thus deepen the problem.”
    From: https://scitechdaily.com/physics-problem-deepens-astrophysicists-puzzled-for-decades-rule-out-all-proposed-explanations/

    Regards,
    Patrick

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for your kind wishes and for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. K.B.

    Dr Rossi,
    On
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    appears that the sole area where you can insert the wiring to convey electricity out of the plasma is just around the cathod and the anod, am I correct?
    Thank you if you can answer
    K.B.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    K.B.:
    What I can say is that it is between the cathod and the anod that all the phenomenons described in my paper happen inside the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Luoe Aries:
    1. no
    2. no
    3. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Now it’s the right one !
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  255. Lupe Aries

    Dr Rossi,
    1. Is the Ecat SKL disturbed by external vibrations?
    2. Is it sensible to gravity, I mean, if you turn it upside down, is its operation affected?
    3. Is it affected by difference of temperature of the environment around?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Lupe

  256. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You said you made thousands
    of measurements on every continent
    of the Earth.
    This is a video about measuring the
    Earth from ancient times.

    http://www.feedspot.com/?dadi=1#feed/fof_fo_r__f_4505496/article/6194360127?dd=4311523121134227

    Regards
    Sam

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Are you sure you sent the right link ? It is totally strange from what you say… Please send the right link.
    Warm Regrds,
    A.R.

  258. Dear Andrea,
    I must apologize for not making myself clear. What I was asking was when you were using various types of calorimeters such as a simple one consisting of a metal container into which the steam or liquid from one of your tests was injected, the temperature used to measure the energy content was somewhat dependent on the laboratory area temperature. I assume that this temperature was monitored to eliminate one source of error.
    In many of the attempts to achieve over unity results from the efforts of many other experimenters, the calorimeters used in measurements were sensitive to laboratory temps and therefor the temps recorded and used to determine the final energy values. There must be recorded data also indicating the outside climate temperatures. Perhaps they could be used to indicate climate temperature variations over long periods of time.
    Apologetic regards.

  259. Andrea Rossi

    from an average?
    You have no reason to apologize, anyway I did not note any differencein the room temperature worth to be noticed in relation to my measurements. Note that we measure high temperatures.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Dear Andrea,
    I am not asking out of curiosity. You have spent your scientific and experimental life measuring and recording, both internal and external precise test temperatures in various parts of the world. In these measurements and control have you noticed any change however small in the baseline values of your experiments? You must have enormous amounts of recorded data taken over years of work, probably as much as any other experimenter. Is there any way this data could be used to determine if the external environment has undergone any change in average temperature?
    The same question could be asked of any of the LENR researchers throughout the world who have conducted their tests during the last 30 years, all of whom must have lots of recorded data taken over long periods of time.
    Testing regards.

  261. Andrea Rossi

    From an average ?:
    I am sorry to disappoint you, but whereas it is true that in my life I made thousands and thousands of T measurements in all the continents of the Earth, my measurements have been always made inside energy systems, thermal energy or electric energy as it might be, with no reference at all with the external environmant, also because the systems I operate with are always thermally insulated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you use computer simulation
    in your research?

    https://youtu.be/gDsQAeEe89o

    Regards
    Sam

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, we do. Simulations are useful, but it is not rare that what works perfectly during the simulation does not work when applied to reality. More useful not to lose time to apply to reality systems that do not work during the simulations. In other words: a positive simulation is condition necessary, but not sufficient, to be sure a system can work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Marco Sorokin

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still sure that the Casimir effect and the Van Der Waals forces can have a function in the Ecat SKL process, as we read on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Sorokin:
    I think all the effects and forces cited in par 1,2,3,4 consitute a synergic system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Dear Andrea,
    I was asking you if in an area you resided for a long time such as the Miami area, you have noticed any change in climate. As an example, I have lived in the Chicago area for my 90 years and not noticed any change. My parents came from a small town in the Alps a few miles north of Trento which is only a short distance from the area you mentioned north of Milan. Our relatives still living there have not indicated that any drastic changes have taken place in their climate.
    Comfortable regards.

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    In Miami in the last 10 Years I didn’t notice any changement, but in all northern Italy in the last 60 years absolutely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Are the hands on testing on the ECat SKL already started?
    You told us that you are still working very hard.
    2. Can you tell us what type of work you are doing?
    Thank you and stay healthy.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- If you mean our hands on the Ecat SKL, yes, if you mean other hands, not yet.
    2- We are maintaining in operation different types of Ecat SKL, with different configurations, to improve the reliability and doing other operations that are confidential, but always with the target to improve the Ecat SKL. And I must say that we are doing very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi dia un’occhiata a questo interessante esperimento sulla risonanza coerente.
    Dal minuto 32 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJVMA0NwxJk

    Cordiali Saluti
    ENGLISH
    Dear Dr Rossi, take a look at this interesting experiment on coherent resonance

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Interesting, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Rocher

    Dr Rossi,
    on your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is possible to watch the Ecat SK and understand the theoretical bases of its operation.
    My question is: are there substantial differences between the Ecat SK and the Ecat SKL ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    all the best,
    Rocher

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Rocher:
    Yes: we invented how to extract electricity from the plasma of the Ecat SKL, while the Ecat SK generated only heat, even though, as you correctly understood, in the paper on Researchgate you gave the link of there are the same theoretical bases that are aimed to generate also electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Dear Andrea,
    in your answer to Heinz Sause you use the plural: “we are working”; so we learn that more people are working with you during these preliminary tests carried out via Skype.
    Responding to your customers’ requests to highlight different ways of operating the SKL, are you acting with the assistance of other collaborators present with you in Europe, or do you benefit from the assistance of your team members in the USA?
    a) In this period of forced stay outside Sweden, are you continuing the development of SKL with the intention of improving performance?
    b) Do you limit your work to obtain better system reliability?
    Have you achieved any improvement in performance and / or reliability during this period?
    I regret that the latest news reports that Sweden has not yet reached the peak of Co-Vit.
    Patience! … You will be able to make the best use of this delay.
    As always I still wish
    Warm Regards,
    Gian

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    I am working everyday in “remote contact” ( what an oxymoron !) with my collaborators in the USA and in Europe.
    a) yes
    b) yes and yes
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Dear Andrea,
    Along with claiming that he started the internet, Al Gore predicted in 2008 that in ten years the climate would be a disaster for humanity if we didn’t take drastic measures to stop global warming. Of course this did not happen even though we did not implement the measures he was sure would do it.
    I know that on my part, in the 90 years of my life, I have not noticed any changes in the average values associated with climate changes. Can I ask you if you have noticed any changes in overall climate values in your life span?
    Skeptical regards.

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Honestly, I am direct witness of the fact that the average temperatura has increased, so the global warming is true: for example, when I was a kid in the Parco di Monza, close to Milan and few inches above the sea level, during the Winter I could practice cross country ski, while years since it is impossible; this said, I agree with you about the false catastrophisms.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    Thank you for the information and the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Heinz Sause

    Hello Dr Rossi,
    I am worried to see that the times of your answers on this blog are at night.
    Do you really treat yourself to such a little sleep ?
    Yours
    Heinz Sause

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    In this period I do not have a precise time to sleep or to eat: I do it when I can. Corona or not, we are working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an ICCF 22
    presentation on orbits of Electrons.

    https://youtu.be/P8rCYBxqmj4

    Regards
    Sam

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Ron Stringer

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Mr Dalrymple is having a little joke with you: the ten years in question is the time within which the world must reduce carbon emissions enough to lower of 2 °C the temperature, to avoid a catastrophe, as written in a report released by the International Panel on Climate Change: bad boy Iggy Dalrymple !
    Ron Stringer

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Bob

    Dr Rossi:
    Is the dV important in the Ecat SKL ?

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Yes: it enhances the ZBV and the Aharonov-Bohm effect.
    See
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    The phrase ” we have ten years left ” refers to the time remaining before Al Gore’s patent expires on his invention of the internet.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Ohh, I had not understood that; thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue June 9 2020:
    “Open source software, collaboration could be strong paths to protecting US bulk power system”
    Rod Walton

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. Kay

    Climate researcher from Germany Mr. Schellnhuber: “We only have ten years left”
    The physicist introduced the concept of tipping elements or tipping points into climate research.

    I personally hope that he is wrong! I don’t see anyone in the world going without fossil fuels unless the ECAT is coming pretty quickly …

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    The phrase ” we have ten years left ” is obviously apodeictic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I have understood that you have received the safety certificates for the SKL. A few questions about that:
    1. Is that the result of testing during the last months?
    1a If so, then I congratulate you with this important milestone!
    2. Are these also suitable for domestic use and for use in 3rd party equipment?
    3. Does it mean that all testing is now finalized?
    3a. If not, what is still to be done?
    3b. If not, has a final finishing date been determined (assuming Corona permits)?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. no
    2. not yet for domestic use, 3rd party equipment depends on the final use
    3. no
    3a. confidential
    3b. not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the safety certification that you have obtained for industrial, or consumer products?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Industrial
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    Your sense of restraint is admirable. You truly are the master of suspense, bravo!
    Cheers,
    Mark U

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    He,he,he…thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    I was wondering: the testers and prospective clients who witness the Ecat SKL via Skype, have they seen aspects of the ‘closed loop’ operation that you achieved with the Ecat SKL back in November 2019? If not, are they at least aware of it? Given they are, they must be ‘chomping at the bit’ to see it in person when Covid-19 restrictions are lifted!
    After the restrictions are lifted and the tests have been performed on site by outside parties, you hopefully will have the Stockholm demonstration. Do you intend that the demonstration will include closed loop operation?
    Thank you!

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you publish the safety certifications?

  304. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The safety certifications of the Ecat SKL will be delivered only together with the apparatuses when the SKL will be for sale, as we did with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. roberto.ridolfi@libero.it

    @Sam
    I am a manager of a company that makes safety certifications now and again.
    A safety certification does not take care of a theory, it measures the factual parameters that can affect safety issues.
    All the best
    Roberto

  306. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I received an EMail from someone
    who has knowledge of safety certification
    and this is what they said.

    As of today, there is no approved industry standard that could be applied to a “virtual particle/zitterbewegung” reactor. Any standard would have to go through several ANSI/ASTM/IEEE/NEMA/UL/CSA/etc. committees to be drafted, reviewed, and approved. This alone would take 18 to 24 months.
    . I know, because I used to review nuclear safety standards. No “potential customer” of any kind could legally buy one of Rossi’s devices or operate it in any environment without a safety cert. For example, if anything went wrong, their insurers would refuse to pay any claim.

    Can you comment on this?

    Regards
    Sam

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I am afraid your “someone who has knowledge of safety certification” has a quite shaky knowledge of safety certifications, as well as of nuclear physics.
    The safety certification is based on precise measurements of specific parameters related to safety, like, for example, ionizing radiations, etc., not on theoretical hypothesis of Physics, right or uncorrect as they might be.
    Besides, the zitterbewegung is not a virtual particle, not to mention the fact that it is not a nuclear effect, because it involves electrons, not nuclea, as you can understand here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Should the things that are subject to “zitterbewegung” of electrons be not certifiable, then nothing in this world could be certified, because, as Dirac discovered, all electrons have the zitterbewegung and they are part of every product existing in the world.
    Last, but not least: we obtained the safety certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you think it might be beneficial to solicit help from industry of specialists in the area that is causing the reliability issue. If the reliability issue does not involve a proprietary part of the device, perhaps you could solicit assistance with the problem without divulging any of its proprietary features. Sometimes it just takes an extra set of eyes.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have there been any advantages
    living and working in the same
    building during C.V. outbreak?
    Any advantages communicating
    via Skype?

    Regards
    Sam

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No advantages, some hurdle to overcome to make a functional lab in-house, but we did all, exploiting all the advantages supplied by the Skype technology ( God bless the inventors of it ): I have many shortcomings, but one talent I surely have: wherever you put me, whatever the conditions, I never give up and adjust myself to the situation, whatever it is, to reach the target we need. Sooner or later as it might be possible. And the persons of our Team, women and men, black and white, are made of the same raw material.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Dewer Webster

    @Prof:
    I totally agree with you,
    Best

  314. John atkinson

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi
    When it is safe to travel and after your potential customers determine the e-cat meets their specs, what is your best guess the e-cat will hit the public and commercial markets. Will you be the builder or will the customers be the builder or a combination of both. God speed to you and your team.

  315. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    I hope the whole within this year. I hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In which part of this year are you hoping to make your public presentation?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I don’t know yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I have a followup question to your response to Edmond.

    Is the electron tremor better understood as a

    A. Shape shift of the electron

    B. A wave-like movement of the electron in its orbit

    C. Something else

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    C.
    It is described very intelligently in
    “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” Andrea Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang ( Amazon 2019, with the excellent English revision of the manuscript made by Jed Rothwell ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. Prof

    @Edmond:
    Dr Rossi is correct about the zitterbewegung effect and the speed of electrons: in his paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    he made a clear distinction between the speed of electrons, obviously lower than c and the zitterbewegung dV
    Prof

  321. Edmond

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I studied your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and also asked an opinion to an expert of the matter. He said your paper is a good one, but bears a mistake, because electrons cannot travel at the speed of light: what is your answer ?

  322. Andrea Rossi

    Edmond:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Answer: this observation has already been made by many, and I already answered, but it can be useful to repeat that it is obvious that the electron, being a Fermion, cannot travel at the speed of light. In fact, in my publication nowhere is written that the electron travels at the speed of light. What I wrote is that electrons, while travel at their speed in their system, that obviously is lower than the speed of light, it also has a “zitterbewegung” ( “tremor” in German language ) whose oscillations have the speed of light. Who reads carefully ( as boring as it might be ) my paper, as a prize for his patience, will get the comprehension of the importance of this behavior of the electron in the context of the theoretical system that I proposed. By the way, this fact of the zitterbewegung of electrons has been for the first time discovered by Dirac, and published in his Nobel lecture: see the reference in the References I published in the last page of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Who says that I wrote that the electrons travel at the speed of light, either he has not studied my paper, but just read it superficially, or has understood nothing of it, whatever his attention might be: the matter of the fact is that my paper, in essence, is founded on the fact that electrons cannot reach the speed of light, which is exactly the contrary of what your expert et Al. have wrongly understood.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  323. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You said manufacturing an ECat
    could be compared to making a TV.
    Here is a video on manufacturing cameras.

    https://youtu.be/1vgnPxG84Bk

    Regards
    Sam

  324. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, I think you got it. I think that is a good model.
    With more robotizations, though. For example, the soldering lines can be better if robotized, either for quality and production costs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  325. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Since many Covid-19 travel restrictions have been lifted, have any E-Cat SKL units been transferred to the independent test facilities for testing rather than just Skype interaction. As a follower from the Bologna University demonstration in 2011, I eagerly await the tests and demonstration. A belated Happy Birthday and welcome to the septuagenarian club. As we of polish decent say: Sto Lat!

  326. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    We are still under restrictions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 52000 of this blog

  327. MIKE PHALEN

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    Thank you for your answer. I realize the analogy I used in my question is not perfect. I’m trying to get a feel for the complexity of the E-cat manufacturing process. For example it is much easier to set up a production line to build coffee makers than it is to set up motorcycle production.

    By answering “none” do you mean that manufacturing the E-cat is more complex than manufacturing a motorcycle?

  328. Andrea Rossi

    MIKE PHALEN:
    No, it is a different thing. To make industrially an Ecat is more like to make a TV set.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  329. MIKE PHALEN

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    In regards to manufacturing E-cats. A certified E-cat manufacturer will:
    A1. Purchase a couple core components from Leonardo Corp. And build the rest of the E-cat from mostly off the shelf parts?
    A2. Something else

    The complexity of the E-cat manufacturing process is similar in scope to manufacturing a:

    B1. Basic retail coffee maker?

    B2. Basic bicycle?

    B3. Basic 4 cycle push lawn mower?

    B4. Basic 2 cylinder motorcycle?

  330. Andrea Rossi

    MIKE PHALEN:
    A2
    Bs: none
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. Jere

    Dear Andrea:
    1 Are you receiving threats ?
    2 Are you worried about them ?

  334. Andrea Rossi

    Jere:
    1 yes
    2 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  335. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Today the Italian newspaper “Corriere Della Sera”, which is the main daily newspaper of Italy and today features green pages to celebrate the day dedicated to sustainability and ecology, published in the full last page a spot of ENI, that advertises a technology to turn organic wastes into fuel: is it the technology you patented in 1978, with some modifications ?
    All the best,
    Roberto

  336. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Basically, yes, it is my patent of 1978 with added the esterification for the refining of the product. My patent has expired, so everybody can use it.
    Analogous plant has been made in Canada [ see “Ecat the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova (Amazon)]
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  337. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Adrea rossi
    May 31, 2020 at 11:08 AM
    Frank Acland:
    We are ready for that, provided a due agreement is done.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.
    How are things under this agreement
    Best wishes
    Victor

  338. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV
    We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Thank you also for the link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    I am curious about your thoughts on the following well done video discussing an apparent strategy of Tesla. What impacts, positive or negative, do you see if an assembly of SKLs were integrated into all future Tesla vehicles for the described strategy in this video? What are the foreseeable consequences, in your opinion, for the V2G strategy as it relates to your stated goal of “broad and rapid global deployment”?
    Link>> https://youtu.be/kzWDBt3-nS0

    My best to you, your team, and your tennis coach.

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Honestly, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Bit late, but happy birthday.
    May this year of your life be the year of The Breakthrough of you great invention: the ECat SKL!
    Now borders are opening and traveling is gradually permitted again, do you think that finalization of the ECat testing comes in sight?
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Answer: yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Best wishes for a happy and healthy birthday.

    Sorry I missed your birthday.

    I wanted to make up for my absence by sharing an interesting article.

    http://nautil.us/issue/86/energy/einsteins-lost-hypothesis?fbclid=IwAR1FIm1nr1PVxWet8oZFdtae4LOaDnC5YHWlOWlLgAhSlwSi7tKobzDJsnM

    You will probably understand more of the possibilities mentioned in this article than I do.

    But I thought it worthwhile to bring to you and your readers’ attention.

    Again, best wishes.

    Joseph Fine

  345. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    my best wishes to your birthday.
    I wish you a good health and a big success in the coming months.

    best regards
    Ulrich

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    I wish a very happy birthday, sorry for being late so may I share you a link that might interst you https://phys.org/news/2019-11-material-world-electricity.html?fbclid=IwAR2je-Kw5wc6Np-ZP8U9IoBBdBDi6i7SGfXWAl7qwN0DuMF_56lV3BWE9T4

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  348. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    Thank you for yoyr kind wishes.
    Thanks also for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    My best to you. Happy Birthday.

    Sincerely,
    Mason

  350. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  351. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    Happy birthday to a great scientist and experimenter. With all our hearts we want to wish you tireless forces and great enthusiasm, great achievements and great success, honor and respect, universal recognition of your great source of energy, vitality, sincere happiness and good health!

     With the warmest feelings

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you very much for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. Gianvico Pirazzini

    Alla presentazione si potra’ portare una torta … molto grande?
    Festeggeremo in ritardo ma sai la soddisfazione.
    Auguri
    Gianvico

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Thank you fot your kind wishes,
    Andrea

  355. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Mark U
    June 2, 2020 at 7:48 PM
    Dear Andrea,
    By now it should be the very early hours of the morning, on June 3rd.
    If I’m not mistaken, this is a very special day.
    I would like to wish you a joy filled birthday!
    Imagine, seventy years of adventure and progress!
    Thank you for your example of hard work, perseverance through ups and downs, and inspired thinking.
    You have been an example of “seek and you shall find ; knock and the door will be opened”.
    Thank you!
    Mark U
    PS I’ve read from an ancient book that an ancient people entered a certain promised land after seventy years of some rough adventures. :)

    Translate
    Andrea Rossi
    June 3, 2020 at 1:59 AM
    Mark U:
    I am delighted to receive your wishes !
    Thank you and
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Dear Andrea,
    Happy birthday.
    I pray for God’s blessing to come down on you,
    your family, your tireless work.
    We go through extremely difficult times;
    but you have the temper of the irreducible wrestler.
    Success rewards you for the good of humanity.
    Warm Regards
    Gian
    I JOIN FROM ALL SOUL TO THIS CONGRATULATION
    VICTOR

  356. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  357. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    How did you spend your birthday ?

  358. Caro Andrea,
    Buon compleanno.
    Prego perchè la benedizione di Dio scenda su di te,
    la tua famiglia, il tuo infaticabile operato.
    Attraversiamo tempi estremamente difficili;
    ma tu hai la tempra del lottatore irriducibile.
    Il successo ti premi per il bene dell’Umanità.
    Warm Regards

    Dear Andrea,
    Happy birthday.
    I pray for God’s blessing to come down on you,
    your family, your tireless work.
    We go through extremely difficult times;
    but you have the temper of the irreducible wrestler.
    Success rewards you for the good of humanity.
    Warm Regards
    Gian

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Salvatore Boi

    Porgo i miei personali migliori auguri di buon compleanno all’inventore della più rivoluzionaria invenzione di sempre, possa l’E-CAT SKL essere il migliore regalo per lo stesso Andrea Rossi e per tutta l’umanità per sempre.

    I extend my personal best wishes for a happy birthday to the inventor of the most revolutionary invention ever, may the E-CAT SKL be the best gift for Andrea Rossi himself and for all humanity forever.

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you very much for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Enea Romagnoli

    Carissimo Andrea
    Solo due parole.
    Tantissimi auguri!
    Enea (da Milano)

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your kind wishes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    By now it should be the very early hours of the morning, on June 3rd.
    If I’m not mistaken, this is a very special day.
    I would like to wish you a joy filled birthday!
    Imagine, seventy years of adventure and progress!
    Thank you for your example of hard work, perseverance through ups and downs, and inspired thinking.
    You have been an example of “seek and you shall find ; knock and the door will be opened”.
    Thank you!
    Mark U
    PS I’ve read from an ancient book that an ancient people entered a certain promised land after seventy years of some rough adventures. :)

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I am delighted to receive your wishes !
    Thank you and
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some “darker applications” that I fear.

    An eCat SKL powered autonomous nuclear-tipped smart torpedoes that cruise silently at great depths waiting for an attack order to destroy coastal cities. Undetectable until the command is given, silently approaches, then great speed to negate defenses. Unlimited range and endurance.

    I hope your wonderful invention is never mis-used.

  367. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The same service could be made by numerous series of other apparatuses, better than with the Ecat. I am pretty sure the military do not need the Ecat to delivery this kind of service. To restrain these kind of operations you need brain, not apparatuses. If a brain is sick, he does not need an Ecat to deliver his “dark” stuff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  368. Rod Walton

    on Power Engineering issue of June 2 2020:
    Bringing broadband option to 900 MHz spectrum may open door for safer, deeper utility communication networks.
    Rod Walton

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  370. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you continuing to test the Ecat SKL with your customers on Skype ?

  371. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  372. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Consider yet another application of the eCat SKL — Assume automatic vehicle testing of electric vehicle (EV) cars. Equip a Tesla Model 3 (or equivalent EV) with a 30kW eCat SKL and run it 23.5 hours per day, unmanned on a closed circuit course with an average speed of 125 mph. The 0.5 hour per day would be for a manned pit stop to change the tires and perform safety checks. This would result in about 2,900 miles per day and over 1 million miles in one year. This assumes your eCat SKL can run continuously for one year. No human driver means increased safety.

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Electric cars would be surely a match for the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stunning stats of your publication on Researchgate, just updated right now.
    I found them reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Look at the stunning numbers ( and counting! ) of the statistics:
    Full readings: 48017
    Recommendations: 2341
    Total research interest index: 691.3
    Citations: 20
    Congratulations
    Prof

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    In a previous one-year test, five-sigma was the standard for the E-Cat SK. I believe you have stated this same five-sigma has been carried over as the standard for the SKL. The aerospace industry (GE) had voluntarily adapted a six-sigma certification standard not only for its industrial efficiency but also for defective parts – with much relief for flying consumers.

    My questions are:

    You mentioned one of the applications not allowed now are ‘flying things’. Is this because the SKL has not reached the aerospace six-sigma standard for certification?

    If so or not, to reach this six-sigma requirement, could each individual unit consisting of several SKL modules within many parallel and redundant units for an aeronautic system, be a consideration to meet the six-sigma reliability requirements? In other words, if any one unit fails many more units would be available as backups for the few failing units to reach six-sigma reliability?

    What other reasons could you mention for not accepting ‘flying things’ as an application?

    With much respect
    Brokeeper

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    We are not requesting the certifications for aerospace applications because we have not the necessary know how to perform such applications so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I understand that you are overwhelmed with the huge task of bringing your planet saving technology to commercial reality and that it is best to focus on this all important feat! But if you will permit me, I would like to explore some possible methods to allow using the ecat for aeronautical applications. Without knowledge of the characteristics of the unreliability I am merely grasping at straws but one possible approach would be to have dual redundant ecats with an automatic transfer switch in case of unscheduled shutdown. Another would be to provide sufficient battery backup to maintain power while restarting the reactor. Or possibly the reliability problem isn’t related to unscheduled shutdown at all.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I know the feeling of your enthusiasm. Thank you for your suggestions. I hope sooner or later they will be made use of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SKL developed to a point where you would be happy to have a third party test it hands-on, when circumstances permit. Or does it need further development before reaching that moment?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  381. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are ready for that, provided a due agreement is done.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  382. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I found a solution for your covid-19 restricted tennis playing with your wife:
    https://en.as.com/en/2020/04/19/videos/1587317594_539735.html
    Good luck!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  383. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Ha,ha,ha !
    Thank you for the ingenuous suggestion !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  384. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I can understand that your priority doesn’t lay with aircraft propulsion right now.
    1. I assume that the main reason for that is the required high level of proven reliability. Is that right?
    2. If not, what is the reason?
    3. Recently you improved the reliability, are you still happy about this?
    4. Which application would you consider most favorable for the SKL?
    5. Do you actively approach the industry for using the SKL or do they come to you?
    6. Is the main reason that tests are being delayed, is because people that are required cannot come to you because of the lockdown?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    I hope you will have some time to Play tennis with your wife on Whit Sunday!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  385. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. n.a.
    3. yes
    4. electric energy generation, heat generation, mobility ( ground )
    5. both
    6. also
    7. Unfortunately this Whit Sunday is still under covid induced restrictions…the sole positive side ( looking for any ) is that I can’t lose !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Lucio

    Dear Andrea:
    1 How is going on the R&D with the Ecat SKL presently ?
    2 How is the situation of the Covid 19 in the location you are ?
    BR
    Lucio

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Lucio:
    1 positively
    2 still dangerous
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Alex

    Dr Rossi,
    While studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I found, navigating the related papers, this that I find very interesting:
    “Physicists measure short-lived radioactive molecules for the first time: an international team at CERN’s nuclear physics facility ISOLDE made the first ever laser-spectoscopy of a short lived molecule Radium Fluoride”
    Do you think this has any connection with your proposed theory ?

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Interesting. I do not think there are connections with my paper, but it is very interesting and an important achievement with the laser spectroscopy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. Dear Andrea,
    the aero NASA X-57 Maxwell may be one of the ideal “test beds”
    for the application of Ecat SKL in research on electric propulsion in aviation.
    Of course this will be possible when the times make it applicable.
    Warm Regards.
    Gian

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another application idea – electricity for mining. Mining operations require power for all sorts of reasons: drilling, ventilation, transport of personnel and materials, dewatering, etc. Currently, power lines are brought into the mine from distant locations where the electricity is generated. Electrical installation costs are high. Transmission losses are high. Why not an eCat SKL-based electricity source located within the mine?

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. Sorry for the curiosity.
    E-Catworld will be involved. What does this phrase mean
    Victor

  395. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    This means that we will invite E-Catworld to participate to the presentation, in a form to be defined in due time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  396. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Once you can deliver a reliable SKL, I will buy one to integrate into the Raptor Aircraft, http://raptor-aircraft.com/. Efficient electric aircraft motors are available and only need a reliable power source!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  397. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    When we will sell the Ecat SKL, we will deliver with it a manual with the list of applications that are not allowed: among them I swear that there will be any application of any flying thing. The Ecat SKL will be usable only for the applications for which it will be certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  398. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Can the E-Cat SKL charge and controller board cope with the following scenarios?

    A. Rapid disconnection due to break / cut in electrical interconnection(s), then connection repair with proper start-up of the electronics. Possible interrupt due to the repeated opening of casings / doors / panels / drawers then pulling out trays / boards having say wiring looms / connectors, fatiguing a connector / wire terminal or trapping wires with breakage.

    B. Rapid disconnection then rapid reconnection, during maintenance an E-Cat SKL module is shut down, then the technician reaches in and pulls out a live module by mistake, realises the error then immediately plugs it back in while the circuit is still live, (they all look the same).

    C. Hot swapping of the SKL module, no shut down sequence, electronics still on, just pull out an old module and plug in a new module, no start up sequence.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  399. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. With due engineering, these events are not exotic
    B. Same as in A
    C. Same as above
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  400. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In regards to your discounting eCat SKL for aviation, the use of electric powered aircraft is increasing. An example is a small aircraft (one under development in Australia) requires a 60kW continuous supply, 72 kW during take-offs. So a combination of an eCat SKL array with a battery might be sufficient. In the US. the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) has members who develop one of a kind aircraft and someone (conceivably) might marry an eCat SKL array with a battery to power a small aircraft.

    And then there are drones, which vary from very small to relatively large platforms with associated power needs. So the eCat SKL technology in the air might not be too far off in the future. Likely, someone will take your technology and use it in applications that you had not considered nor pursued.

    Thoughts?

  401. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions, but, so far, I am focused on ground utilizations; I take advice of what you say, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  402. Arjen

    Would not be too difficult to refitt with a ECATSKL
    Would make world wide coverage when flying it with an ECATSKL
    Would you conisder such a endaevor?

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/27/worlds-largest-all-electric-aircraft-set-for-first-flight#maincontent

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    It will take a long, long time before we could take in consideration this opportunity. For now we prefer stay well adherent to the ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  404. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    The most interesting question related to plasma physics is not about LENR, long range particle interactions, or point source energy. Plasma physics got them here. The biggest question now is “Why are they here?” I invite you to watch this fact and evidence based 5 minute video on YouTube. I guarantee you will find it hypnotic and entertaining at the very least. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obdcmY3Gclo

    Respectfully, Christopher Calder

  405. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Obviously this link has nothing to do with our work and the plasma we are dealing with. I publish it just for the curiosity, if any, of our Readers. I am totally convinced that there is no way that any living being can overcome a distance of lightyears: to reach a place at a distance of 1 lightyear you have to travel at the speed of light ( 300 000 km/second ) for one year…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Reputable economists predict that after the pandemic, the economy will grow from renewable energy sources
    That is, the economy will be green. Your technology is not only renewable, but also inexhaustible. Such sentiments, I think, will be very useful for spreading your technology.
    With great respect, I wish you and your team every success.
    Viktor

  407. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  408. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    After reviewing all comments on JoNP from the last 9 months I arrived
    to a new guess for the SKL data:
    Electric output power: 962 W
    Conversion factor: 99,01%
    Cube size: 101 mm/side
    Cube weight: 107 g

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for your data update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.,

  410. @ Tom Conover:

    “Regarding Frank’s inquiry, what is the possibility that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will never provide units that can be used in our homes?”

    I would be very interested to hear – from anyone – of any examples they are aware of in the past 100 years where a large company has been *proven* to have ‘buried’ some marvellous new invention in order to protect their own obselete products, and deprive us all of the new product for their own benefit.

    Perhaps there are examples. But if there are, I am not aware of them and, as of today, regard all such stories as ‘conspiracy theories’ not worth the time of day.

    That said, I am certainly very interested to hear about such cases if they really exist. But only where there is *evidence* of it. Not just internet stories making claims that, by their very nature, are unverifiable.

    Thank you to anyone who can provide one or more examples.

    Rodney.

  411. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your persistance in the development of the ecat product line. Regarding Frank’s inquiry, what is the possibility that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will never provide units that can be used in our homes?

    I suspect that your answer might be “That will be entirely up to the big companies to decide.”
    The poor will remain poor, and the rich will make billions of billions of dollars.

    The cost of our energy will actually increase!

    Sincerely,
    Tom

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I don’t think so.
    You are underevaluating us, something somebody did too in past. We’ll see, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments placed in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Ron

    Dr Rossi,
    Interesting post.
    Do you think the ecat SKL can really be a game changer in the papermill industries ?

  415. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    If it will work, I thnk it could be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  416. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am looking forward for your SKL presentation this year, I do hope that you will be well prepared to make this presentation

    Kind regards

    Toussaint François

  417. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    We will do our best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  418. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Sweden has, the last two weeks, the world’s highest covid-19 mortality in relation to the countrys population.
    Planning a presentation, in another country, may now be simpler, safer and give a faster result?
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  419. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Sweden is a great Country and I am sure also Sweden will go through the damn Covid 19 tunnel.
    About the mortality percentage: Sweden is also the Country that made the higher percentage of tampoons.
    The presentation will be made in Sweden, obviously when the situation will be normalized. I think that the Countries of Europe will exit the emergency together.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  420. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you started making plans yet for the public presentation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  421. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    E-Catworld will be involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  422. Antony

    Dear Andrea:
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is the plasma inside the Ecat SKL, that generates mainly electric energy, looking like we can see it in the video ?

  423. Andrea Rossi

    Antony:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  424. Leopold Leiber

    Dr Rossi,
    Are the tests in remote with the Ecat SKL still going on ?

  425. Andrea Rossi

    Leopold Leiber:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  426. M.G.

    Do you think you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL within this year ?
    Do you think you will put for sale the Ecat SKL for households wiyhin this year ?
    Cheers
    Monica

  427. Andrea Rossi

    M.G.:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  428. David

    @Usha Ells:
    The SR (strange radiations) discovered by Alexander Parkhomov are generated by power sources with at least 2000 Amperes, and this is an amperage that the Ecats will never reach.
    All the best,
    David

  429. On Power Engineering May 26 2020:
    Turbines Failure and the Grand Experiment in Resiliency from Covid 19
    Rod Walton

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  431. Ann

    This may interest the readers of the JoNP:
    on Renewable Energy World: “Unlocking new revenue and stabilizing electric grids with energy storage”

  432. Andrea Rossi

    Ann:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other posts published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Microwave driven thrusters for aircraft may be another perfect application for the ECat SKL in the future.
    It works with plasma made by a microwave generator in compressed air and is completely electricity driven. It’s efficiency equals the existing hydrocarbon fueled jet engines.
    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/5.0005814
    Kind regards, Gerard

  435. Usha Ells

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watched the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    wherein the experiment described on the paper of Researchgate is shown.
    I noticed that on the Ecat SK have been put a gieger to detect ionizing radiations and bubble columns to detect neutrons and we know you never found traces of ionizing radiations and of neutrons emitted from the Ecat. What about the strange radiations described by Dr Parkhomov ?

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Usha Ells:
    I respect the R&D of Dr Parkhomov. For safety reasons we are assuming that SR exist and we have adopted the 10 microns thick aluminum foil to make them disappear, confirmed or not as their reality might be with the replications on course. Just to avoid any risks. Anyway, we will never reach the amperage necessary for their formation from the plasma.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  437. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    is it possible that the discovery of the way to increase reliability of the E-Cat SKL could also be used to improve the E-Cat SK?
    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Possibly,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea, here are a few questions, if you don’t mind:

    1. When hands-on third party SKL testing will be possible, will it be with the prototypes you have made?

    2. Have you improved reliability in your prototypes in recent times?

    3. Are any well-known companies working with you at the moment?

    4. What are the possibilities that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will find ways to bury your technology, so it never sees the light of day?

    Many thanks and best regards,

    Frank Acland

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. yes
    4. Zero
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. Andrea Rossi

    Dear US Readers:
    We wish you all a Happy Memorial Day !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, It sounds like you have identified the cause of the lack of reliability. Are you making any progress to fix it?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. Have any E-Cat SKL charges failed on first startup?

    B. Have any E-Cat SKL charges failed during operation?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  445. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. Yes
    B. Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    today I have such a question:

    During Your future performance in Stockholm, will You tell the audience whether You will allow SKL production licenses to other:

    A) Only one licensed exclusive/monopolistic manufacturer for particular region?

    or

    B) More licensed manufacturers for every region?

    or

    C) There will none licensed manufacturers at all?

    Explanation: This policy is important because, thanks to its publication, about half of truck and tractor manufacturers will understand that they will not survive.

    I assume that one heavy truck will need about 1000 to 1500 SKL and not a single exclusive licensee has production capacity for production of 630 million SKL.

    Note: Yearly production of heavy trucks over 15t in EU is 420.000 units.

    Because no law will force an (local) exclusive producer to make a so-called “allocation”, so heavy truck manufacturer A will receive the required SKL and truck producer B will not receive any SKL.

    In this way, half of the manufacturers of cars, trucks, tractors, cement plants, etc. will go bankrupt. They become uncompetitive. It is important for the employees of these companies to know this.

    With Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    When we will put the Ecat for sale, it will be diffused wherever it will be requested. All the other considerations are premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Anonymous

    Hey, Mister:
    Does your Ecat know that the first principle of thermodynamic forbids that a system generates more energy than the amount it consumes ?

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Luckily, the Ecat is not aware of that.
    Warm Regards,
    Mister

  450. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    dear dr Rossi
    If skl is ready to test your partners/ customers and the tests give satisfactory results, can you recommend this class of skl for mass production?
    Viktor

  451. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    I think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Dan Woodward

    Please inform us of the status of the Heat Energy product that you announced about a year ago.
    1. How many such systems have been employed?
    2. Are they profitable for Leonardo Corp. at 80 % of customer’s previous costs?
    3. Why has there been no press about this wonderful capability?

    Dan Woodward (retired EE)

  453. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    1. I prefer to maintain this information confidential, so far
    2. yes
    3. because our Clients want so and we agree with them. We are in the pioneers phase of the marketing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  454. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your last reply to me, you confirm that SKL surface temperature
    varies from 40 to 60 Celsius.

    Are these variations
    1. due to the environment temperature?
    2. measured without special cooling?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Take a peek at the character of a young Swede.
    https://youtu.be/ekLqhXFuhaA

    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. I understand that the main problem to progress on the tests is the corona crisis and not the reliability issue, Is that true?
    2. Is the reliability issue related to the control of the process or the plasma or a used material?
    3. Is one of the possible clients that may integrate (multiple?) ECat(s) in a product, a company that will deliver the product to private persons?
    Thank you and may the lock-down soon be lifted!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. to the used materials
    3. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Chuck Davis

    @Svein H. Vormedal,
    Your example is exactly what is happening right now! Coal continues to be supported around the globe even as clean, economical energy is available from Andrea’s ecats. I have contacted the DOE to ensure that they are aware of this energy and they continue on the road of destruction in the use of coal! Make no mistake, the power of the coal industry mafia is strong and the words of claiming to fight global warming by the hypocritical government are empty words meant to impress the world! We can only hope that the publicity about the ecat certification will be sufficient to initiate change!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  461. Svein H. Vormedal

    To withhold an advance.
    Imagine if eCat SKL today had been a source of energy in full common use around the world and worked as Andrea expects.
    It would then be completely inconceivable to suggest that the world should refrain from using it to promote a more expensive and highly polluting technology because it could create more jobs.
    If SKL comes on the market, non of the world’s oil and gas-consuming machinery will transform itself into eCats. If energy can be supplied at low prices, this could create far more jobs than what high energy prices do. The transition, in itself, will give work to many.
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your insight; my opinion is that there will be in most fields a long transition/integration period, without traumatic losses.
    Take for example what happenedwith horses vs motor vehicles: it has taken more than forty years before a full system changement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  463. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    let me suggest to all the readers of this blog to read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    to really understand where you come from and why you are so resolute with the Ecat.
    All the best,
    Rudy

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the Client/Partner evaluations of the eCat SKL that are underway:

    1. What is the duration of such evaluations?
    2. When do you expect completion of at least preliminary results?
    3. Will the results be made available to the public?

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- depends on the agreements
    2- impossible to know until the covid 19 restrictions will be lifted. So far we are making only via Skype, which obviously is not sufficient
    3- no, we are under NDA. We will make public the performance data made with the certificators paid by us when we will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    a quick update about our quest:

    Partecipants are now more than 50!

    Moving to a more technical subject, I applied Stefan Boltzmann equation to a 85mm cube at a temperature of 328°K (55°C) and I got an emitted heat power of aroud 25 Watts.

    This leads, assuming a 80% efficiency, to an electrical E-Cat SKL power output of about 100 Watts.

    I understand you cannot answer in positive or negative but I would like to hear comments of the Readers on that.

    My best wishes to overcome all current issues and arrive soon to the product presentation.

    Riccardo

  468. Andrea Rossi

    RICK 57:
    Data recorded, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I read Your answer to the question “How do You test SKL?”.

    Nevertheless, I would ask You as follows: Did You perform a calorimetric test of SKL, e.g. by heating water using a resistance wire connected to SKL?

    With Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    We always make calorimetric tasts of the Ecats, as, for example, you can see on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Would you agree with the statement:

    1. The eCat SKL is not ready for massive production.
    2. The eCat SKL is ready for partner/client company evaluations.
    3. Such evaluations are currently underway.

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Delaying introduction of a new invention may sound like a nice idea but is fraught with danger for the very people who came up with the invention in the first place. It makes no sense to let your competitors catch up with you and, if they are just a little more efficient than you are (very low wage costs in China, as just one example), quickly put you out of business.

    It is essential to recoup all your research and development expenditures as quickly as possible, and use the cash flow resulting from early sales to finance expansion to satisfy demand, before your competitors do.

    I would strongly advise against slowing down introduction. It might be different if it was possible to expect that everyone would respect patent rights.

    But all that a patent gives the inventor is the right to sue those who violate it.

    And all a court judgment against those infringing your patent gives you, is the right to try to collect the judgement award. Try doing that with China.

    I have never heard it suggested in the case of any other invention that its introduction should be delayed. Every new, better invention makes it inconvenient for those producing the obselete products. No one ever suggested, for example, that digital photography introduction be slowed because people at Kodak would lose their jobs.

    Rodney.

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. Michael S.

    Dear Andrea,

    The ecat domestic unit with combined electric and heat production will be able to heat and cool houses, propulse cars & the industrial units will take care of industrial energy needs. All this with marginal CO2 production and kw/h cost.

    As the public acknowledgement and
    Market introduction of ecat approaches may I ask if you have considered with your partners a structurally phased roll out ?

    As you well know there are many countries that are very dependant on oil & gas revenues. The sudden break in income and bookvalue of their holdings will mean a major economic recession for these countries. Populations will risk mass unemployment, maybe famine and increased risk of radical behaviors and (civil) wars. This could even be the case in the US states where shalegas has become the main economy.

    In order to avoid the sudden breakdown of these energy production dependant economies maybe you and your team should sit down with independent economists and governement officials of non-energyproduction dependant countries and with a sens of globale responsability such as for instance Sweden, Germany and France, EU?, to discuss a official transition plan between ecat energy and legacy energy. This could be a ten year plan starting with the most polluting/CO2 producing/evident industrial applications (coal?) and gaz/oil electric production and then gradually switching to household cars maybe (eventhough ridding Cities of car fumes is certainly highly deriable rather short term).

    I dont know the order & timeframe but I am quite sure there is a sensible way to do this in a structured/planned & transparent way which would allow the Hydrocarbon producing countries/states to be able to organize a ordely transition of their economy. To turn around a Supertanker needs time and better have precise (time)map in order to be able to plan amortizations and investments – and you will need help. A planned transition instead of a revolution letting the marketforces apply blindly and ruthlessly could avoid a lot of pain to millions of people.

    Bonne suite in this challenging next chapter & kind Electric regards,

    Michael S.

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Michael S.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    We are not ready yet for a scheduling and modality of the roll out.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How can you be sure that the transition to E-Cat technology will be “integrated in a collaborative system?”

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am sure that I am sure of nothing, but I hope for best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Steven N. Karels
    Hopefully, the weight of an E-Cat SKL will be much lower than that proposed by Rossi supporters who are around 1 kg. 4000 SKL, that would give about 4ooo kg and we must add the weight of the vehicle. For on-board technology, the power / weight ratio is an important concept, the same goes for the power / volume ratio.

    Question to Dr. Rossi
    Can you tell us if the W / P and W / V ratios of the current E-Cat SKL are compatible with land, sea and air transport.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Albeit the use of a cristal ball makes dubious the fairness of your participation, because it is like to jump in a boxing rind with a gun, the love we have for our Readers overcomes the doubts and your data are accepted in the quest. Your data will be as well condidered to give you a chance to win, even platonically, the competition.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, An ETF is an exchange traded fund, an investment method similar to stocks and DTO is a double inverse fund that pays double the percentage that oil falls. If oil drops 10% then DTO will go up 20%! I believe that when you make your presentation, the floor will fall out from under the oil market and DTO will be a great way to benefit from it. Think of it as a way to get back some of the money that the oil mafia has gouged us for in the past!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for explaining, but I do not agree with you, because the transition will be integrated in a collaborative system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. WaltC

    Chuck Davis,
    I love discussions of things that might be good investments in a world transitioning to Rossi-effect devices, but betting on oil prices going lower might be a risky one.

    Right now oil is near the lowest price in decades. Oil is currently being pumped at a loss in some parts of the world. Demand is depressed because of the virus. Oil storage facilities are jam-packed. It’s possible (likely even) for oil production to drop faster than demand for oil drops– in which case the price of oil would increase. For historical example, the price of whale oil increased for many years after petroleum appeared on the scene (and while whale oil production plummeted).

    Whatever you do, be prepared for surprises. (I’m not pro or anti-oil, but I am anti-negative-surprises!)

    WaltC

  484. Chuck Davis

    @All the Readers,
    As soon as the SKL is certified, I recommend loading up on DTO, a double inverse oil ETF!
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Please excuse me for my ignorance, but can you explain your comment ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I expect some readers of this blog are using the famous Stefan-Boltzmann law
    to calculate a guess for the total power generated by E-Cat SKL.

    1. Do you think they take a reasonable approach?

    2. If YES, would you say that the blue cube can be regarded as an almost black body with an
    emission constant of around 0.9?

    3. You have recently confirmed that the surface of SKL is ‘lukewarm’ at maximum.
    Would this mean less than 40.5 degrees Celsius?
    https://mrlilholt.wordpress.com/food-science/what-temperature-is-lukewarm/

    Today we experience a first real change from the unusually cold spring we had in Sweden for many weeks and according to weather forecasts, the change is not only temporary.
    Quite soon we are also promised details of possible positive changes in our corona restrictions.

    4. Is a presentation in Stockholm, when restrictions would allow it, still hot in your plans?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1. the Stefan-Boltzmann law is given by the formula
    Q = Sigma x T^4
    and we used it to calculate the thermal energy generated by the former generations of the Ecat.
    See par. 5 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    The SKL generates mainly electric energy and we measure the electricity generated by the SKL using the Ohm’s equations.
    We still can use the Stefan-Boltzmann equation to measure the residual thermal energy, presently condidered a by product.
    2. the emissivity factor depends on the material of the surface.
    3. 40-60 °C
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  488. John Atkinson

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    I first want to thank you for your steadfast determination where others would have given up. My question is, are any of your clients exploring the use of the e-cat for maritime uses or remote electoral generation. Thank you for hard work and putting up with all of us.

  489. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    The answer is: not so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Hein Sause:
    Sweden, Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Heinz Sause

    Hello, dear Dr Rossi,
    Which European Country is showing more interest in your Ecat technology ?
    With kind regards,
    Heinz Sause

  492. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. I understand, that you are trying to implement your devices to the utmost
                                                                                                        caution But I think, that avoiding the big thistle still cannot be avoided. Be healthy and get ready for a big Noise. NDA will not save from information leakage

  493. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    As the E-Cat SKL is intended for electricity production with possible repeated on off use, is repeated start stop cyclic testing planned or in progress?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  495. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Repeated start-stop is one of the features of the Ecat SLK that we already completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Are any of your clients involved in manufacturing of domestic furnaces?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  497. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  498. Gavino Mamia

    Dr. Rossi
    In Italia c’è un nuovo decreto legge per sostenere la micromobilità nelle città affollate:
    http://www.mit.gov.it/comunicazione/news/sostenibilita-fino-500-euro-per-buono-mobilita
    Questo per diminuire lo smog e anche per limitare le persone nei mezzi pubblici (covid).
    Pensi che si potrà usare la tecnologia SKL nella micromobilità in futuro?
    Grazie e buon lavoro.
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS
    Will the Ecat SKL be useful to help in future micromobility ?

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 19th 2020:
    DOE announces $ 230 M to build advanced reactor demonstration project.
    Rod Walton

  501. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  502. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    during a period of 6 months after the introduction of the SKL, your marketing goal (Your desired condition) will be:

    A) Minimum number of industrial customers (1 to 5)?
    B) Medium number of industrial customers (6 to 20)?
    C) Maximum possible number of industrial customers, even if it would mean longer delivery waiting times (bigger backlog)?

    Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Start with A, then increase gradually could be the wiser way,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Anonymous

    Hello Dr Rossi,
    Are you continuing to make tests via Skype with clients and collaborators ?
    When do you think tests on site will begin ?

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  507. Rudolf

    Dr Rossi,
    During the last year you worked every day with the Ecat SKL:
    1- have you measured every day all the radiations emitted by the Ecat ?
    2- if yes, did you find any emission of ionizing radiations ?
    Rudolf

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    1- yes
    2- never, and it is obvious, after the theoretical considerations made on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    By the way, as you can see in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the instrumentation to detect radiations and neutrons are attached to the Ecats we test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Omnibus

    Dear Andrea:
    The website
    http://www.ecat.com
    is not working

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Omnibus:
    Yes, we had for several hours the website down for a technical problem that our specialist has resolved.
    Now the website is back !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When new technological devices appeared in human history, in the beginning they were never perfect.
    Some examples, the steam engine was dangerous, the boiler exploded.
    The Ford Mod.T car started with the crank and many people were injured. It also often failed and broken.
    The Wright brothers’ plane flew, but it was extremely dangerous, unstable, difficult to govern and prone to fall easily.
    Beyond these examples there would be a very long list of inventions which, born raw, were subsequently improved and became elements of development of human civilization.
    From the prototype phase to the industrial product phase thanks not to the inventor, but to subsequent developments by users.

    All these devices have some things in common:
    – contain a “divine spark”, an absolutely new and revolutionary fundamental idea.
    – were placed on the market even if they were not perfect,
    – have been subsequently developed and perfected by countless industries over time, with the contribution of continuous improvements to increase reliability, performance and operational safety.

    If the original inventors had instead decided to keep them secret in their laboratories to perfect them before putting them on the market, today we would not have had the current technological development, since there would have been a very strong delay.
    Human history would have been very different, poorer and more primitive.

    The E-Cat SK invented by Andrea Rossi has unique and extraordinary characteristics:
    – Electric power consumption 380 watts
    – Thermal output power of about 22 kW
    – The system has a COP of around 58, but the COP of the reactor alone is incredibly higher.

    From 19 November 2018 the E-Cat SK has been installed experimentally on a user’s system.
    As Dr. Rossi said, it has since worked with fairly good reliability and customer satisfaction.
    There have been some occasional (unspecified) malfunctions that prevent its constant use and which require occasional restoration interventions.
    Since then 18 months have passed but there has been no other significant news.

    My thought is that if the E-Cat SK had already been on the market a year and a half ago, today it would have already been perfected by countless industries, engineers and technicians for:
    – eliminate or reduce residual defects,
    – create countless real applications on a large amount of uses.
    – and with the experience gained from these improvements, the development of the E-Cat SKL would also have been much faster.
    – and Dr. Rossi would have already had the just and due world honors and recognitions. He would have been rightly recognized as the Father of the “Rossi Effect”, worthy of maximum Prizes.

    My simple question then is:

    Why is the E-Cat SK still secret?

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  512. Kevin

    Dr Rossi,
    About your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the speed of light related to the zitterbewegung of the electrons had been anticipated in the Nobel lecture of Paul Dirac: “Theory of electrons and positrons”.
    Cheers
    Kevin

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    I don’t know if it is too late, but only now I have finished my very elaborate calculations :-) and I would like to add my guess on SKL.
    Then my conclusion is that the rule of nine must be applied.
    My data are
    Dimensions: 9x9x9 cm.
    Total power produced: 9 kW.
    DC output: 90% of total power
    Weight: 900 grams.
    Regards, Giuseppe C e n s o r i o

    PS: as I informed you if I normally write my surname, the comment is spammed

  515. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Thank you, data recorded.
    No, it is not late, until we communicate the presentation.
    Warm Refards,
    A.R.

  516. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article of interest: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-52687448 June 3 is the planned date for reduced travel restrictions in Italy.

    I’m looking forward to the independent test results and the planned demonstration.

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. Sam

    This is a link to a product testing.
    Is this the type of testing you are doing?

    https://atslab.com/electrical-testing/electronic-product-testing/

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are these the searched
    Standards you are referring to?

    https://rs.ieee.org/technical-activities/ieee-standards-development.html

    Regards
    Sam

  521. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also,
    A.R.

  522. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your answer to me in previous questions have lead to quite a few of others asking you about details. I hope you do not regret that.
    I have some additional questions about that also:
    A. How would you value the reliability of the SKL if you did not need to take care of these ‘standards’ and ‘risks’ where you refer to in your answer to Sam?
    B. Are you getting help of your ‘customers’ in solving this reliability issue and to make the SKL rugged to undesired usage?
    Thanks again for replying on all our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A. I must analyse the real situations, not the ideal ones. In an ideal world I’d have no problems at all.
    B. Also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote this week, “We must shield the product against any possible risk that we can imagine”. There is risk in all aspects of business and life — how can you avoid all risk with an E-Cat SKL product launch?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To avoid all risks is impossible. We are trying to reduce the risks as much as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to have a E-Cat SKL cube with a control board integrated into the cube, with a Bluetooth connected hand control, the cube having just a DC electrical output.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson,

  527. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It would be not impossible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Congratulations to the inventor Mauro Mareddu.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you give reasons why
    total reliability of SKL is
    below 80 percent?

    Regards
    Sam

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Reliablity complexity are relative to the searched standards and the connected risks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    this article shows that it took 40 years for mainstream physics to begin to understand theoretically the super-conductors at high T:
    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/misterious-superconductor-wave-could-reveal-physics-materials
    Note: it says “could”, not “can”…
    Prof

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Dear Andrea,
    what, in your opinion, are the isolation conditions of an Ecat system so that its operation in SSM can be said to be scientifically verified beyond any reasonable doubt?

    You well know that the criticisms of your detractors have focused on this aspect of your previous public presentations.
    I think that if you can and want to answer my question exhaustively, you will remove arguments from your enemies.

    Gian

    Caro Andrea,
    quali, secondo te, sono le condizioni di isolamento di un sistema Ecat affinchè il suo funzionamento in SSM possa dirsi verificato scientificamente al di là di ogni ragionevole dubbio?

    Tu ben conosci che su questo aspetto delle tue precedenti presentazioni pubbliche si siano appuntate le critiche dei tuoi detrattori.
    Penso che se tu puoi e vuoi rispondere in maniera esauriente alla mia domanda toglierai argomenti ai tuoi nemici.

    Gian

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    The criticism of my detractors is the last of my problems.
    The way we will present our product will be shown at the presentation ( sorry for the tautology ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I am sure that your role in the development of mankind is comparable to that of Academician Sakharov (see Wikipedia)
    sorry for being too curious
    here are my questions:

    1. When will you name the date of the presentation a) in a month?
    b) after 3 months b) or even later?

    Sakharov’s collaborators recall Sakhrov’s astounding intuition, which failed him only once: he believed that hot fusion was promising.
    Your intuition has found a more reliable solution.
    I wish you and
    Your team continued success.
    To be healthy. hello to your spouse.
    Viкtor

  536. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1- I do not know yet
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mention that your E-Cat SKL still has issues with less than 80% reliability.
    When multiple SKLs are used in unison does the reliability improve, or do they like to sing in harmony?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    When we will sell them they will have 100% of reliability, independently from the assembly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, do you think that the COVID restrictions will be soon lifted, and that you can normaly proceed with the tests of the SKL?

    Kind Regards.

    Toussaint François

  540. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    I hope so, but what I know is what everybody is listening and reading in the news media.
    The situation seems to recover, the numbers are improving for good. Let’s hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am very happy to hear that SKL now works as expected except for some
    remaining reliability issues.
    Some questions:
    1. Is present total reliability still below 80% of expected?
    2. Occasional issues at the startup?
    3. Occasional issues at switch off?
    4. Occasional switch off during normal operation?
    5. Occasional switch off due to changing external conditions?
    I understand if you cannot answer at this moment.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1. yes
    2. no
    3. no
    4. no
    5. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for the previous answers.
    Sorry for being unclear regarding instability.
    With stability I meant the stability of the output while it is in operation.
    How do you value the output power/voltage/current change due to internal instability (not due to fluctuations in the load)?
    I would think the controller will compensate for fluctuations in the load.
    Keep on going!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    You have not to be sorry…sometimes I am late !
    Answer:
    Yes, the A.I does the job. So the answer would be “good”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Regarding the different properties of the SKL at this moment, can you give us some words like: Excellent, good, OK, can be improved, must be improved to these:
    a. COP
    b. Reliability
    c. Stability
    d. Ability to integrate
    e. Prospects for commercial application
    f. Fool proof: Resistance against wrong usage
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    a. excellent
    b. can be improved
    c. what do you mean exactly ? Stabiliy of what ?
    d. good
    e. good
    f. can be improved
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. Paul di Anno

    The new material you discovered, is in the ashes of the skl or it is used as a component of the skl ? Can you explain much more about this ? Best regards

  548. Andrea Rossi

    Paul di Anno:
    It is a component od the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  549. Ivan Samec

    Answer to Sam:

    Dear Sam,

    link to PressClub World: http://www.pressclub.world

    This is one of the very few news related websites which, in addition to general news, also publishes 2 highly suppressed topics:
    – E-Cat development
    – History of Khazaria Empire, mass conversion of its population and the grave consequences of its fall

    PressClub World is real Press Club – every journalist can be a member and publish here if he does not promote war crimes and crimes against humanity. Basically, everyone here can be a journalist.

    Note: In Germany, Austria and Czech Republic, promoting a war crimes and crimes against humanity is serious crime, so it is not permissible (for example) to praise the burning of women and children alive with white phosphorus in the Gaza Ghetto by one well-known regime.

    To Your last question:

    In PressClub World it is absolutely no problem to publish articles about E-Cat SKL.

  550. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, is the reliability situation common to both ecats or is it just the SKL?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Mainly the SKL, on which now we are focused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Sam

    Ivan Samec

    Is this link the organization
    you mention in your comment?

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Association_of_Press_Clubs

    If it is how would they get involved in
    getting the story out about the ECat-SKL.

    Regards
    Sam

  553. Rodney,
    Insurance is one problem, assurance is another and probably a bigger one. The average consumer has to be assured that the equipment will not present a hazard and will be more economical than what he has satisfactorily use for many years. If Andrea can demonstrate that his equipment works, I think it will take a lot of time to accumulate experiences with installed units before the general public will be assured of its worth. It took a while before the dependable and cheap horse was displaced.
    Hopeful regards.

  554. John C Evans

    Eernie1:

    I don’t foresee an issue with installing a properly certified power unit in a home. If it were to become an issue that could be easily overcome by installing a small powerhouse on your property to enclose the ecat and then connecting the power grid to powerhouse then powerhouse providing the mainline power to the home. A distance of 25 feet or so from the dwelling would probably be sufficient to satisfy an insurance company.

    Thanks

    JCE

  555. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    some suggestion on how to defend against unfair & destructive critics:

    Permanently working testing showroom, where prospective industrial customers can test E-Cat SKL in black box style tests.

    Showroom location may vary for security purposes. Armed guards of the 2 or better 3 different security companies are necessary. Every security company has its full perimeter. One has an outer perimeter, the other has an inner perimeter.

    Any prospective customer who shows a preliminary interest in ordering the X MegaWatt set of the E-Cat SKLs can test the E-Cat SKL there.

    There is no way to prevent CNN or other media from spreading fake news.

    For decades, these “news” entities were unable to understand the definition of term “ethnic cleansing”, which is published on the UN website.

    Thus, for 72 years, these “news” have been glorifying, praising and promoting a regime that has been carrying out ethnic cleansing against indigenous Semitic peoples for 72 years.

    There is no way to get these “news” to publish real world news.

    On the other hand, no one will prevent You from publishing real info and real parameters of the E-Cat SKL.

    And E-Catworld, and also PressClub World will stand by You, support You and spread information about E-Cat SKL further to the public.

    What parameters do prospective customers need to know:
    – continuous output power
    – native form of output is AC or DC
    – TBO i.e. “fuel” life
    – dimensions, weight incl. control box
    – price of the SKL incl. control box
    – cost of “fuel” change
    – delivery (production) time of (Your ideally sized) set of SKLs

    Rest is business as usual.

    I wish You great success.

    Best Regards Ivan Samec

  556. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  557. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you have a name
    For the material you
    Invented?

    Regards
    Sam

  558. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  559. Hi Eernie1:

    Thank you for that response. Am I correct in thinking that you are saying that if someone were to install a domestic EcatSKL to provide heat and electric power to their household, their annual house insurance premiums would rise so much that the additional cost would make the purchase of the Ecat unit economically non-viable, compared with other energy sources?

    That is an interesting point I had not considered. But the premiums would diminish in subsequent years assuming the units do not cause house fires or other insurable calamities. I can see that this might cause marketing problems in the early stages.

    Might you also be thinking that Andrea might consider selling the units with insurance included in the price – either capitalized one-time in the price of the unit, or in the price of the annual replacement fuel cartridge?

    Doing it this way might be an excellent way to get around the problem since, with the prospect that eventually there will be billions of these units in operation, one would think that any alert insurance company would be eager to get on board early on, with some long term arrangement with Andrea. With billions of units operating, even a small annual premium could be very lucrative for the insurance company in the long term, if the Ecat proves to be insurance-problem-free. Perhaps Andrea might do a deal where he ends up with a significant ownership in the insurance company as part of the deal?

    Calamity-free regards,

    Rodney.

  560. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How do you invent
    a new material?

    Regards
    Sam

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    We will be attacked hardly and our foes will find any possible way to destroy the reputation of the product. We must shield the product against any possible risk that we can imagine. I am making the attorney of the devil against the Ecat SKL.
    This is like to prepare a soldier to go in the line of fire without being killed. Our product will be welcome to many, but it will be shoot at by many others and this is a sure fact. I experienced in past something similar ( see http://www.ingandrearossi.com ). I want not to repeat that experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What are the main obstacles
    confronting you and your team
    to get the E-Cat-SKL to work
    properly?

    Regards
    Sam

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Studying the problem and the possible solutions, then experimenting the possible solutions.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  564. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another future application – replace diesel-electric trains with eCat powered all electric trains.

    Current diesel-electrics burn about 2.0 to 2.6 gallons of diesel per mile. Equivalent electric trains will consume only about 66 kW-Hr per mile.

    Assuming a 60 mph average speed means a fuel consumption rate of about 138 gallows of diesel per hour or about 4 MW electricity power generation. Assuming an 80% eCat SKL conversion efficiency requires a 5 MW capability. It is likely that short term battery storage of energy for dynamic breaking and for climbing hills would be needed.

    Advantages:
    Cheaper energy cost per mile
    less air pollution
    less maintenance cost (no diesel engine to maintain)

    Thoughts?

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This could be surely a possible application, if the Ecat SKL will work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Rodney,
    Perhaps I have not made my point clear. Andrea is not being evasive when asked to estimate the cost of a domestic unit. He has a lot of experience now in attempting to obtain the proper licenses to sell to the public. The insurances and assurances required to protect his future in that market are much harder to put in place than those required in the area of the business community which already possess extensive protection for all phases of their operations and can therefore explore his devices with the necessary protection.
    In the domestic market, insurance companies would be overly expensive until enough experience in installed devices would give them enough statistics to offer reasonable rates. How long this would take is a difficult question. I think the general public would also require this information before they replace their tried and true devices to a large extent.
    Perhaps the experience obtained in the business world would help him to introduce his devices to the general public.
    Marketing regards.

  567. Dear Andrea:

    Regarding eernie1’s 12th May comment about the cost of a domestic Ecat:

    I believe I recall you estimating several years ago that a domestic Ecat unit might cost about $500 to buy, and would need a new cartridge annually costing not more than $50 for plenty of heat.

    Of course a great deal has changed since then. Including that it now seems likely the unit will be able to provide electric power as well as heat, without needing an expensive unit for conversion of steam to electric power.

    1. Are you able to make a very approximate guess (with the qualification that it is subject to change at any time without notice!) of what the cost of a domestic EcatSKL might be when it eventually becomes available, for both the basic unit and the annual cost of a replacement charge? I am thinking that eernie1 will not have difficulty deciding to buy a new unit, even if it is more than $500, if the cost covers both heat and electric power.

    2. In addition, do you presently anticipate that a domestic unit would need to be controlled remotely over the internet? Presumably the user would be able to decide both the level of power output and the proportion of power that would be heat, with things set up so that excess power would be fed into the grid? This would, of course, further reduce eernie1’s cost. Perhaps with a large enough unit it would represent a net-zero cost to the purchaser? And the end result several years down the road might be that the power generating stations presently pumping power into the grid will become superflous when enough of your units have been disseminated across the country and integrated with all the other sources of energy?

    Thank you if you feel able to answer.

    Powerful regards,

    Rodney.

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    1- It is too soon to anticipate prices, but the COP of the Ecat SKL, if it will work, will make it absolutely competitive
    2- Domestic units will not be controlled remotely
    3- All the other issues are potentially good ideas, but premature to talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you invented some new material, not existing before, for the Ecat SKL ?
    Saju Abraham

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply to my recent question. You say that the E-Cat is made in the USA. When it is shipped to you, is it fully functional, or are there steps you need to take after you have received it, to make it operational?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  572. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Presently what we have here are prototypes, so there is always something to modify or test, until it is ready for the presentation. The R&D is still on course. I am still using the solder.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  573. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said you are in Europe at the moment. Are you able to assemble an E-Cat SKL from scratch, with materials available where you are, or must some items be shipped to you from elsewhere?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  574. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I need materials shipped from the USA. The Ecat is made in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Among the references you put in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    which are the two authors that influenced more your paper ?

  576. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yakir Aharonov, David Bohm David Hestenes, and Norman Cook.
    But also all the others are important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Dear Andrea,
    I have followed your program as well as many others in the science of LENR for the last 30 years The investigation of electron form and behavior has been a part of my scientific career in the fields of lasers, plasmas, and electronic devices among others. I enjoyed many hours of interesting investigation in my lifetime.
    However, your efforts in providing and installing a new form of cheap usable energy to humanity will be somewhat stymied by one factor now prevalent in the systems available today to humans around the globe. That factor is the availability of a relatively cheap and dependable supply of energy to a large portion of the worlds population.
    As an example, my experience in my lifetime, from the time of the great depression to the present time, with the use of energy has been one of dependability and affordability. Energy sources such as natural gas, electricity, and gasoline have been available from the grid for almost 100% of the time at a cost well within my means. This fact I think can also be related to a large part of the worlds population.
    The question then becomes, should one change his energy situation to one less stable in the beginning for the saving of a relatively small amount? If I were to change, I would probably insist on acquiring some sort of insurance the cost of which would perhaps eliminate the savings from your device.
    Your market would seem to be more appealing to the third world countries where you could implement a ground based system.
    I have enjoyed following your program and have enjoyed speculating about what those crazy little electrons are doing to produce excess energy by congregating into a denser environment. There is strength in numbers.
    Successful regards

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Wersall:
    Very nice and moving,
    Thanks from our Team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue May 12th 2020:
    Maintaining safe, reliable power generation with remote troubles control
    Rod Walton

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. Andrea,

    You have opened up a gate
    that may change our future fate
    tapping energies from sources high
    the development of man can fly
    come prosperity and peace and love
    all supported from above
    hope will once again prevail
    you provided us the grail
    no more wars for gas and oil
    saves the air and precious soil
    oceans will be cleaned anew
    rivers turned from brown to blue
    freshest water for the poor
    less diseases and much more
    tomorrow bright with clearer skies
    lifts depressing views and sighs
    a new era has been ushered in
    for life external and within
    da Vinci now will meet his peer
    Leonardo catalysers everywhere

    Thank you

    Peter W

  583. arjen

    Dear Rossi

    I read that a client will become the owner of the ECAT SKL, so you have decided not to lease the product to the client and decided not to sell the electricity it produces?

    First question 1, Please confirm you have decided not to sell electricity but to sell the product ECAT SKL regardless of how much in a lifetime of a SKL the amount of electricity it will produce?
    Second question 2a) As the industrial clients become the owner they can sell (the integrated ECAT SKL) in their final certified product to the end customer? or 2B) are you only selling to clients who use the ECAT SKL for themselves
    Or 2C) Is the business plan to also sell your product (when certified) directly from your company to the personal end customer (your readers)

    Third question Can you already give a very rough estimate what the cost will be for your basic product to the industrial clients?

    All the best to you and your team.

    Kind regards Arjen

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    We will make both, depending in the locations
    Answers:
    1- see above
    2a- b- c-: the three are possible and will depend on the specific situations
    3- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  585. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi A few more questions:
    1 Can you control your SKL devices over the Internet?
    2 If so, you can experiment with the devices (by agreement with the buyer) and collect a lot of valuable information about different SKL options via the Internet

  586. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1 yes
    2 could be
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  587. Willy Meinders

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you going to sell manufacturing and selling licences in all the world ?

  588. Andrea Rossi

    Willy Meinders:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Bob

    I agree with Anonymous that said you will never make the presentation of the ecat skl
    Bob

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Claire

    Dr Rossi,
    Your work, resiliency, blind eye with the disparaging, and achievements are an inspiration.
    I read all ypur papers and
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    with your story.
    Thank you for the models you are offering to all of us,
    My opinion about the data:
    dimensions cm 20 x 20 x 20
    power 1 kW
    All the best,
    Claire

  593. Andrea Rossi

    Claire:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. I am amazed at your success. but would like acceleration R @ D
    But first I want to clarify some questions:
    1 According to your agreement, should you send the unit to your customer?
    2 If yes. then can you send an apparatus not yet finalized and use it for R @ D, which can speed up R @ D?

  595. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1 yes
    2 when a Client will buy a product of us, he will become the owner of it and will make with it what he wants, respecting the instructions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    “There is not a “more important paragraph”: I think there is a syncretism between the effects described in the whole paper. The effect is not commanded by an emperor: it’s a republic.”

    Can you at least say that the various effects in the paper take place during the negative resistance regime of a plasma discharge in which a complex space charge configuration (AKA “Ball of Fire”) self organizes out of the chaos of the plasma? This much is obvious. Yet due to the fact you have yet to state this, a strange state of confusion lingers in the minds of many. By simply putting the operation of the system into a general non-specific (not giving away your specific formula or details) CONTEXT, you would tremendously help your long term supporters understand the bare bones of your magnificent invention.

  597. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    I cannot add further information to what I already wrote on my publications, at least so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Roland

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the paragraph more important in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    vs your theoretical system ?
    Where is more inportant to focus the attention?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Roland

  599. Andrea Rossi

    Roland:
    There is not a “more important paragraph”: I think there is a syncretism between the effects described in the whole paper. The effect is not commanded by an emperor: it’s a republic. All the integration of all the parts allows to understand what I am assuming, albeit it takes some patience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you think it may be possible that the spent portion of the fuel could somehow interfere with the continuous performance of the reaction?

    Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It is not possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    In January you gave grades
    to the ECat SK.

    You can synthetically – with grades from 1 to 10:
    1) Express your satisfaction with the services provided so far;
    2) Express your perception of users satisfaction?
    Can you provide a percentage of the ratio between regular operating time and the time required for stops due to assistance interventions carried out by you personally and by your team?

    Andrea Rossi
    January 13, 2020 at 3:19 AM
    Gian:
    1 7
    2 8
    3 70%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    Have any of the grades changed?

    Regards
    Sam

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Substantially, I’d not change the answers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I am very skeptical about the fact that you will make the presentation of the SKL this year. Too much obstacles fro corona virus and related restrictions, still without a precise scheduling of lockdowns easing.

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous,
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Prof

    Dear Andrea, the more I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions, the more I understand how profound it is.
    Do you think you will update it after the presentation of the Ecat SKL ?
    Prof

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I don’t think there will be a substantial update. So far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  608. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    ever since you shared the success story of attaining permanent SSM, the SKL as a source of electricity has dominated most discussions of the SKL, including how the ongoing “deep learning” optimizes the production of electricity towards the theoretical limits of the SLRPI phenomena. Yet, at times you highlight that the SKL may also be organized as the source of heat energy.

    It is my lay understanding that the conversion of electricity to heat is about 99-100% efficient when properly engineered. This leads me to my question.

    If, the conversion rate is essentially 100% efficient, then why optimize the SKL for the production of heat at all? Is there truth in the logic saying that the SKL, when set as a source of heat energy, produces more energy per unit of time than when it is optimized as a source of electricity? Am I missing something in this story?

    As always, my best to you and your team.
    Mason

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Basically you are right: since the conversion of electric energy into heat has a COP that equals almost 100%, the SKL would make obsolete the SK.
    But the SK is a working product, while the SKL is still a prototype on course of R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    can you tell us how is gone the Ecat SKL during these days?

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    I recall your excitement as the QuarkX was developed even while you were engaged in the Doral test. What made the QuarkX qualitatively different, it seemed to me, was the focus on plasma phenomena. This has continued into the Ecat SK and now Ecat SKL. Yet your previous Ecats like the HotCat worked, without seeming attention to plasma phenomena. So I have four questions which display my ignorance.
    1) In your opinion, was plasma in the vicinity of the (pre QuarkX) old Ecat fuel wafer critical for its operation?
    2) Is it fair to say with the Ecat SK/SKL that the plasma affects reactions in the solid fuel wafer, and the solid fuel wafer affects reactions in the plasma, in a feedback mechanism?
    3) Does the energy producing reaction(s) in the Ecat SKL occur in the fuel wafer or the plasma or both (perhaps increasingly so in the plasma of the SK and SKL)?
    4) Does the plasma somehow serve to offload thermal stresses from the fuel wafer?

    You may not be free to answer some of these, but in any case, thank you in advance!
    Mark

  613. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I am sorry, I cannot answer your questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Prof

    @Mike Phalen and Andrea Rossi:
    Mike Phalen: splendid idea !
    Andrea: will you answer if some questions will arrive here from the group of study of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Prof

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. CC

    @Frank Acland:
    Andrea has put a distinction between a product and a prototype: in section R&D he includes every activity before a specific product is for sale, and clearly the Ecat SKL is not yet for sale, therefore in the concept of Andrea it is a prototype. This does not forbid agreements related to prototypes still in the R&D phase.
    By the way: congrats for your excellent blog http://www.e-catworld.com , undisputably the best among the blogs that deal with the matter of LENR.
    CC

  617. Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I’ve decided to organize a recorded, round table Skype call with 4 or 5 of the 84,000 scientists who have read your paper on ResearchGate.org. I’m curious to know what all the excitement is about from the scientists’ perspective. 
    The subjects I’d like the scientists to discuss during the meeting are: 

       1. Their overall opinion of the paper
    2. The accuracy of the concepts and math in the paper
    3. An explanation of the paper in terms that can be understood by non-physicists

    To your readers: I am looking for highly qualified scientists who have an account on ResearchGate.org that have read and understand Dr. Rossi’s paper: E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions. More details and contact information are in this new video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-RZGsAyvxg.

    I have put a link to this new video at the beginning of my video: “Summary of Andrea Rossi’s E cat The Mother Of All Black Swan Events” at https://theRossiEffect.org. I've determined that approximately 25% of the viewers of the Black Swan video are scientists with accounts on ResearchGate.

    Good luck with the current tests, Mike

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Very well.
    I thank everybody that read my paper and I am honoured of this discussion you organized.
    Get fun !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain the current situation a little for us? You say you have signed many contracts, yet you say the E-Cat is still a prototype.

    Could clarify what’s going on?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I signed contracts and, yes, the Ecat SKL is still at a prototypal state, otherwise it would be already for sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Bedy

    Dr Rossi;
    Congratulations for the stunning numbers of readers, recommendations of your immense paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most read publication of nuclear physics of the last two years.
    Bedy

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    I am stunned too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Carlos

    @Christopher Calder:
    Very interesting link, thank you
    Carlos

  624. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Although I think I know the answer to this question in my heart, I want to ask it for the benefit of others and for reaffirmation of my beliefs.

    Q1. Are you doing your best to make sure that the E-Cat SKL will remain too unprofitable to reverse engineer?

    Other “mini”-questions:
    Q2. 10% to 15% profiteering is expectable at each level of supply chain. Are you taking any steps to make sure that Monopolies do not emerge that’ll escalate the Cat-Costs to 500% of material+manufacture+distribution+servicing costs?
    Q3. Are you taking reasonable efforts to make sure that the “good faith giant corporations” of the World with whom you are partnering with, will not have any opportunity to profit from assassinating you?
    Q4. I think I blindly fell in love with your personality the moment I learned about your World record in the juniores 24 hours of running. That was the first signal from you to you about your toughness. Including the success of SKL (I know you’ll be too modest and say that the success hasn’t happened yet, but hypothetically speaking, assuming SKL performs great), what are the other three proudest accomplishments of your life, as YOU see those?
    Q5. In your opinion, which three fields will show most resilience and early adoption of SKL, most successfully? — robotic automation, food production (desalination/vertical-farming), wireless (grid-free) World, rarification of population density (far-away living), etc.
    I hope and desire an answer in the form of your personal feeling disregarding my suggestions put forth in the question. Say, field 1, field 2, and field 3.

    Much obliged,

    Love, respect and well wishes.

    Sincerely,
    LilyLover

  625. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Q1. We are doing our best
    Q2. Yes
    Q3. I am in contact with good people
    Q4. The best accomplishments are those that I did not achieve yet
    Q5. Etc.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    “Microwave Air Plasma Thruster: Fossil Fuel-Free Jet Propulsion”
    https://scitechdaily.com/microwave-air-plasma-thruster-fossil-fuel-free-jet-propulsion/

    They claim they can now produce an efficient jet engine that requires only electrical input. Perhaps it could be a good match for your new device.

    Christopher

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Franco Gualtieri

    Dear Andrea,
    Did you see this video of Mike Phalen ?
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-RZGsAyvxg&feature=youtu.be
    Per aspera ad astra !
    Franco

  629. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Gualtieri:
    Thank you for the video,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Sven

    Dear Andrea,
    I think you and the readers of this blog will be very interested to read this important video of Zach Vorhies published on Youtube: it contains important information about E-Catworld: by the way, this video got almost 200 000 views in less than a month:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gs56eqTT9mc&feature=youtu.be
    Best,
    Sven

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Thank you for taking care of my name and thereby all your readers and yourself.
    Best regards: Svein H. Vormedal.

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    You are very welcome: it is my duty to defend our beloved Readers from the trolls. I think we fixed the problem.
    Anyway, everybody had understood that the comment of the impostor was not from you. We all thought he was an omonymous, which is not a fault per se, but your reaction pressed me to go through the issue, to defend you and others…and we found the idiot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Messaggio personale, se credi censura.

    Caro Andrea.
    per spostamenti da Stato a Stato,consiglio
    ci consultare il sito

    https://openupforbusiness.com/

    Forse può esserti utile.
    Sempre calorosi saluti ed auguri
    Gian

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. Silent Majority Guy

    @Raphael:
    I totally agree with you,
    SMG

  637. Svein H. Vormedal

    Chuck Davis
    The organization you mention does not know the significant difference between producing and storing energy. Other sides of this picture as the difference between power-needs and energy-needs, are even more unknown to them.
    The value of their insight here is zero. Selling knowledge of this field is then, just as dishonest as using someone else’s identity.
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  638. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Svein H. Vormedal:
    We have unmasked the impostor that has used your name to send a comment that I would define differently intelligent and that clearly was not yours.
    After your reaction, I too reacted and our specialist has made a search and discovered the real source of that comment, falsely signed with your name. He is not an omonimous of you, he is a troll that years since tries to disturb our work, with no avail at all.
    Anyway, from now on all the comments arriving from that source will be automatically eliminated by our robot. The same imbecile has tried to remake the same thing few days ago again with your name and also with other names of our Readers.
    I am not making public his real name, because, from my point of view, the imbeciles do not merit a name.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  639. Raphael

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Considering that the flights between Countries will be possible not before the end of the year and the difficulties of movements caused by the Covid 19, I suppose it will be a sort of a miracle if you will be able to present the Ecat SKL within this year. I also think it is not convenient for you to make the presentation before the tsunami of the corona virus will be gone for good.
    By the way : how are going on your tests with the SKL ?
    All the best,
    Raphael

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    We are doing the best we can, we’ll see how the restrictions will evolve. In the meantime, our tests are going well, but the tests made independently by others are still impossible. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Data taken from
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/3306o1653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    You reached the following record-smashing numbers:
    Full Readings: 47049
    Recommendations: 2203
    Citations: 20
    Total Research Interest index: 658.9
    Congratulations !
    Prof

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    A new method of manufacturing fertilizer has been developed using electricity instead of heat to produce ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen. Currently the heat method requires huge centralized fertilizer production. The electic method would allow poor farmers in remote locations to produce their own fertilizer IF they had access to affordable electric power. Maybe the E-Cat SKL could fill that void.
    https://phys.org/news/2020-02-green-ammonia-slash-farm-emissions.html
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is a comment from E-Cat World today:

    “Perhaps the SKL should licensed as a component and allow those who integrate it to clear their own issues, developing a wider set of methodologies for quality deployment. This would get many great design engineers into the mix.”

    What do you think of this approach?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is an intelligent approach.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Giovanni

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have listened the 3 hours of the demonstration of the Ecat QX made on November 24 2017 in Stockholm (just googling ” Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017) and noticed that the theoretical lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom too reports long range interactions: was that a link to the theoretical system you published eventually on Researchgate ? Did you make experiments also with Carl Oscar Gullstrom ? If yes, can you say where?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Giovanni

  648. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Yes, there is a link, and yes Carl Oscar Gullstrom, a physicist from the University of Uppsala, made with me experiments in my laboratory of Miami in 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Rudy

    Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    Reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that you take advantage of the phase changement of electrons,which can also be understood observing carefully the spectrometry and the plasma shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Josef

    Dr Rossi,
    As far as you know at this point of the R&D on the Ecat SKL, could it stay in the regular engine vane of a car, installing enough modules to reach at least 50 kW of power ?
    Josef

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Josef:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Henry Ford [Andrea Rossi] on his first mass produced product – “Any customer can have a car [E-Cat] painted any colour that he wants, so long as it is black [blue].”

    Henry Ford chose black paint because there were advantages in manufacture, it dried quicker.

    Maybe there is a colour and / or coating that is best for heat dissipation, even if the advantage is marginal, with large operational assemblies of E-Cat’s it may be worth it.

    Most regulations for placing products on the market require you to have a traceable identification, many companies use this as an opportunity for promotion of their product, hence the use of eye-catching logos and brand names even on components that are not normally seen.

    A. Is it possible each production E-Cat cube may have an E-Cat logo on it?

    B. Is it possible each production E-Cat cube may have a Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag and / or bar code for traceability?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  655. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. The Ecat prototype already has it. It is our registered trade mark that you can also see in the video of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    B. It is not impossible
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Dear Andrea,

    OK. It will go and fight.

    Warm Regards
    Gian

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Dear Andrea,
    a) Can you tell us if in the last 2 weeks new “customers” have booked to attend the validation tests?
    b) Are there any important names in world finance among all your potential “clients”?
    c) Are there any Italian companies among all your potential “customers”?
    Warm Regards

    Gian

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    a) also
    B) also
    c) no
    d) no
    e) please read my answer today to Frank Acland
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Dear Andrea,
    saying that Ecat SkL is not ready do you think:
    a) that although it is ready for the verification of its functioning even in the SSM function, it is not yet ready in its final version for marketing;
    b) has not yet reached the operating hours that guarantee you its reliability;
    c) a solution has yet to be found for the operation of many modules assembled together for thermal problems;
    d) a solution has yet to be found for the operation of many modules assembled together for electrical connection problems;
    e) other reasons.
    Can you tell us the reasons why you think the Ecat SKL is not ready?
    Warm Regards
    Gian

    Caro Andrea,
    dicendo che l’ Ecat SkL non è pronto ritieni:
    a) che pur essendo pronto per la verifica del suo funzionamento anche in funzione SSM non è ancora pronto nella sua versione finale per la commercializzazione;
    b) non ha ancora raggiunto le ore di funzionamento che ti garantiscono sulla sua affidabilità;
    c) deve ancora essere trovata una soluzione per il funzionamento di molti moduli assemblati insieme per i problemi termici;
    d) deve ancora essere trovata una soluzione per il funzionamento di molti moduli assemblati insieme per i problemi di collegamento elettrico;
    e) altri motivi.
    Puoi tu anticiparci i motivi per i quali ritieni l’Ecat SKL non pronto?
    Warm Regards
    Gian

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    a) no
    b) no
    c) no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    “Jet propulsion by microwave air plasma in the atmosphere” – https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/5.0005814
    Regards
    Patrick

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the “challenges” you still need to resolve with the E-Cat SKL mainly technical ones? Or other kinds?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Other kinds: the kinds that stay between a good and consolidated prototype ( or series of prototypes ) and an industrial product exposed to the risks a product like this can run through. Imagine a son that has to go to war fighting in the line of fire…and which kind of fire.
    But do not worry: it will go and fight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi and E-Cat fans,
    Important news on how to survive Covid-19. GrasssrootsHealth, of San Diego, has since 2009 been the premier reaearcher of vitamin D vs health. This organization has 1,000s of members worldwide that have their blood tested for vitamin D level, most testing every 6 months. When each blood test is submitted a lengthy health and lifestyle questionnaire is required. This data enables accurate research info. A few weeks back they reported that 212 of their members had become infected with Covid-19 and that the lowest quartile with less than 20 ng/ml blood level of vit D experienced 52% critically severe response from the disease vs only 2% critically severe response from patients with more than 30 ng/ml.

    This morning on Dr John Campbell’s Covid-19 youtube channel (UK) he revealed Indonesia’s recent findings that of 780 Covid-19 patients, those with blood level less than 20 ng/ml vit D had OVER 10 times the death rate as patients with more than 30 ng/ml. It only costs pennies per day to achieve this healthier status.
    Healthy Regards,
    Iggy

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you explain “The Ecat SKL is not ready yet” ?
    Do still exist some unsolved challanges ?
    Kind Regards,
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Yes, we have still challanges to be resolved before confronting the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated that the E-Cat SKL was repackaged from a large blue cube (November 30th 2019) into a smaller (March 18th 2020) blue cube shape (March 24th 2020).

    A. Is there a functional reason that it remains cube shape instead of changing to say cylindrical? (Say optimum heat sink shape).

    B. Is there a reason for the colour blue i.e. future colour branding, material or coating availability?

    With three blue boxes so far, I am starting to wonder if you only have a supply of blue paint.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  671. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. yes
    B. no: I just like blue
    C. ohh, thank you for reminding me: gotta go to Home Depot to buy some !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr Andrea:
    Did any of the aircraft manufacturing companies show interest in collaborating with you ?

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Some questions, please:
    1. What makes the E-cat SK still attractive to consider maintaining it usage together with the SKL?
    2. Is the Corona lock-down still a major issue in the progress of testing?
    3. Considering all possible contracts being considered right now. How large would the production of the SKL in KW per day electric output capacity: A. 10 kW/day; B. 100 kW/day; C.1 MW/day?
    4. Assuming the lock-down is lifted this week, when do you estimate a presentation can be done?
    I wish you al tot of success. Please stay healthy.
    Kind Regards, Gerard

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- The Ecat SKL is not ready yet
    2- Yes
    3- Premature
    4- Depends from many factors, impossible to answer
    Stay healthy you too!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link: a new utilization od the Seebeck effect,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this obituary, in memory of an important Japanese inventor,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering 5/5/20:
    Mortenson begins tower and turbine work in Oklahoma Engie’s King Plains wind farm
    Rod Walton

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Marcello

    Buondì,
    Perdonami se non scrivo in inglese, spero tu possa comunque rispondermi.
    Di recente hai dichiarato che hai già prodotto dai 5 ai 10 e-cat skl funzionanti e che su alcuni di questi e-cat sono in corso test con potenziali partner/clienti via skype.
    Immagino quindi che questi dispositivi abbiano già “una copertura” che ti permette di non rivelare nulla su ciò succede al loro interno ai tuoi potenziali clienti. (inoltre vedo che raccogli dati da parte degli utenti di questo forum anche sul volume del dispositivo, ulteriore indizio che la “cover” dei dispositivi è pronta).
    A questo punto la mia domanda è la seguente: perchè non hai ancora effettuato uno streaming live, o almeno pubblicato un video di questi dispositivi in funzione? Capisco che possa non rientrare nel tuo business plan, ma credo che neanche il rispondere su questo forum ci rientri. Non c’è rischio di spionaggio industriale, la tua disponibilità a interfacciarti con chi ti segue (anche da un decennio) l’hai sempre dimostrata, non capisco proprio quali altri motivazioni possano esserci.
    Grazie mille e buon lavoro
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS STREIGHT TO THE POINT:
    Why don’t you show in streaming the Ecat SKL in operation ?

  681. Andrea Rossi

    Marcello:
    Because we are not ready.
    The streaming will be done at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. P

    Dear Mr Rossi
    If ECAT SKL can be regulated to provide 100% thermal energy, isn’t ECAT SK a product that is not needed?
    Best wishes
    P

  683. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    Not do far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. William K. Sutton

    Dr Rossi:
    1- is it possible vary electrical/therml output of the Ecat SKL ?
    2- if yes, is it possible to regulate it to obtain 100% thermal energy ?
    William K. Sutton

  685. Andrea Rossi

    William K. Sutton:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Patrick

    Chuck Davis,
    About the secret stock, it’s Sila Nano. Which is not even public. See: https://www.stockgumshoe.com/reviews/profits-unlimited/investigating-mampillys-battery-breakthrough-of-the-21st-century-teaser-pitch/
    Regards
    Patrick

  687. Koen Vandewalle

    Estimates of the ECat SKL’s performance range from a good hundred Watt / dm³ to many kiloWatt / dm³.

    Perhaps it is relevant to point out a number of physical characteristics and limitations of devices with known capabilities.

    A 500 Watt halogen lamp, which mainly produces heat, fits in a housing that is cooled by natural convection. That housing is at least 4 dm³ in volume. So a good 125 Watt per liter, to be able to dissipate the heat via natural convection.

    A petrol engine of a very small car, with a mechanical power of 50 kilowatts, takes up a volume of about 30 dm³
    Since only 30% of the energy is delivered in mechanical movement, 70% is dissipated in heat. So a heat dissipation of about 120 kilowatts is required. Water cooling and significant airflow through the radiator and through the exhaust are required. With water cooling you can of course dissipate a lot of heat. Just think of nuclear reactors of more than 2 gigaWatt. It is therefore impossible to estimate the performance of the ECat SKL on the basis of water cooling.

    For comparison, a 1965 VW Beetle had an air-cooled 25-kilowatt petrol engine. This engine was estimated to have a volume of 36 dm³, and had cooling fins and a fan.
    Without too much calculations, we arrive at a 500 Watt heat dissipation per dm³ in forced air-cooled applications.

    So to steer us a little bit in the right direction, I would have liked to know if the ECat SKL is air cooled or water cooled, and in case of air cooling: whether forced cooling is needed or if it works with natural convection and radiation.

    Regards,

    Koen

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight.
    The cooling system can be by air or water, depending on the situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A few questions about SKL development, if you don’t mind:

    1. Why do you want to do a global presentation when you already have signed agreements with potential customers?

    2. Will the industrial customers be using the E-Cat SKL initially in consumer goods, or industrial goods?

    3. Will the industrial customers be given all the IP know-how to make their own E-Cats, or will Leonardo reserve some trade secrets?

    4. Can you say how many working E-Cat SKLs you have built so far: a) 1-5, b) 5-10, c)10-20, d) 20+

    Many thanks and kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- because the world is big
    2- both
    3- thi is confidential
    4- b)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Chuck Davis

    @Svein H Vormedal, I am familiar with this organization. They seek potentially disruptive developments and prepare reports to persuade investors to subscribe to their newsletter. I suspect that the product that they are describing is the ecat. Since Andrea has a complex in California and they probably mention the California facility rather than the Florida facility so that people would not make the connection as easily as if they had referred to the Florida facility. Even though the Leonardo Corp is not seeking public financing their report will identify other companies that will benefit from the product in which their readers can invest. My guess is that Tesla may be number one in the list. I see this as favorable for making ecat a household name because many will chase the carrot to learn who the mystery company is.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  692. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Sorry, I want to give you an answer, also if you referred to Svein H. Vormedal:
    I dissent from you, because the link you published refers to a new type of battery, which has nothing to do with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  693. Dear Andrea,
    thank you for your Cesarianically laconic answers, but full of content.
    I agree with your choices.
    Warm Regards
    Gian

  694. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  695. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Are you still in Europe?
    2. Have some/all of your global customers known about E-cat for at
    least eight years?
    3. You earlier said that you should try to get some E-catSK-customer
    to mention to us fans if it is operating. Are they still secret?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Dear Andrea,
    1- once the SKL verification phase has been closed, and one or more contracts have been signed with current “customers”, is the possibility of contracting others with new customers still open?
    2- Are the contract or several agreed agreements referring to geographical areas (different nations or groups of nations) or are they global (referring to the whole world)?
    3- Will part or parts of the SKL be produced and supplied only by Leonardo?
    Thank you for what you do and for the information that you deem appropriate to release.
    Gian

    Caro Andrea,
    chiusa la fase delle verifiche del SKL, e firmati uno o più contratti con gli attuali “clienti”, rimane aperta la possibilità di contrarne altri con nuovi clienti?
    Il contratto o i più contratti concordati sono riferiti ad aree geografiche (nazioni o gruppi di nazioni diverse) o sono Globali (riferiti all’intero Mondo)?
    Parte o parti del SKL verranno prodotte e fornite unicamente da Leonardo?
    Grazie per quanto fai e per le informazioni che ritieni opportuno rilasciarci.
    Gian

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- yes
    2- we did not grant global agreements
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    because there are about 40 engineering companies in our district (Ostrava, Czech Republic) and all of which would be ideal E-CAT manufacturers, I have this question for You:

    For example, if your (Leonardo Corp.) partner company does not have exclusivity for the whole world or for the Europe, do You allow the possibility of licensed E-CAT production by other possible manufacturers as well?

    If Your answer is Yes, I will ask the required conditions by e-mail.

    Note: I have been promoting Your E-CAT in our country for years, however, most directors of relevant companies (future customers and potential manufacturers) believe that E-CAT is sci-fi. It is probably a consequence of the local distorted media and academic environment.

    And one hint – Because you revealed that one of your partners is a Global (level) company, I have one hint for You:
    It will be much safer for You (from an epidemiological point of view), when You request a Business Jet from Your partner Global company for transportation to Stockholm for the E-CAT launch ceremony. All Global level companies have a few BizJet aircraft for their managers and important business partners. And You are undoubtedly an important business partner. With BizJet transportation You will not be crammed with the crowd in the main hall. BizJet passengers have their own VIP entrance, which is important in actual situation.

    Best Regards Ivan Samec, Czech Republic

  700. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    If a company is convinced our technology is sci-fi, contacts with them are a loss of time. If a company with the necessary power of fire contacts us ( which means there are not negative biases ) we are always delighted to listen their request and eventually analyze the possibility of an agreement.
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes, we need the restrictions lifted to allow tests conducted personally by the independent parties, that now can only participate by Skype, which, for obvious reasons, cannot be sufficient, and yes, I am firmly optimistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Toussaint François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    May I ask a few questions please, to finish the third party test of the SKL, restrictions due to the “COVID” need to be lifted?

    and are you optimistic to present the SKL this year?

    Kind Regards,

    Toussaint François

  704. Oppy

    Dr Rossi,
    how can the theoretical system proposed in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    be valid with elementary charged particles that are point like shaped ?
    Oppy

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Oppy:
    the electric field generated by a point-like charged particle should have an infinite energy, which obviously is impossible. Point-like charged particles cannot exist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    I assume that your main secret is contained in the control unit software
    Does this software contain a self-destruct function if someone tries to decrypt it

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Sorry, this information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We also want to participate in your search for E-cat SKL parameters:

    Effective power: 12 kW
    Thermal Power: 3 kW
    Electric power: 9 kW
    Size: 120x120x120 mm
    Weight: 1.7 kg
    Energy reproduction ratio: not less than 500
    Take care of yourself, dear Andrea !!!
    We wish you good health and success,

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your data, recorded.
    Take care of yourselves too and thank you, as always, for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    You will be anyway invited to attend to the presentation of the Ecat SKL: Irina because of her position in the Moscow Academy of Science and Vitaly for his position in the nuclear energy system of Russia.

  710. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    It may be safely to assume these prospective client/investors/testers require the same highest NDA security for manufacturing the E-Cats.

    In risk of being the slowest brick in the pile, I have these questions:
    1. Are these companies not just capable of but also will begin to manufacture the E-Cats for themselves and distribution throughout their regions?
    2. If so, was it also a safer consideration to scatter these many global companies because of their respective understanding of its region’s IP patent law’s and in a better position to monitor and enforce those laws?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1. yes
    2. also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Glad the independent testing is going well.
    Questions:
    1- Did you design the test method or did your clients?
    2- What is the defines a “Successful Test”?
    3- What is the agreed upon target as to when the independent testing will be complete?

    Having been through an independent testing process myself, I know these can be a very tense and emotionally demanding time for you.

    I wish you the best of good luck.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    1- the protocol has been agred upon in collaboration
    2- this has been defined in the protocol, that is under NDA
    3- same as above
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think the chances are that you will make actual deals with some of the people you are showing the E-Cat SKL to?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  715. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Several agreements already have been signed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Maureen

    Dr Rossi,
    How are you exercising in this quarantine period ?

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Maureen:
    I walk fast on my balcony back and forth for one hour every day, and I make gymnastic in house 15 minutes every day.
    While walking I think to the Ecat SKL, and skype with my Team, so time runs fast and it is not boring.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. J.S.

    Hello Dr Rossi !
    Studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the fact that the theory at the base of the Ecat SKL is not in the field of application of the second thermodynamic principle implies that the application point of it is the point zero energy.
    How fascinating the plasma sphere we can watch at on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Thanks for the profound information you gave us: the number of the readers of your paper is stunning and speaks for the importance of your theoretical contribution.
    All the best,
    J.S.

  720. Andrea Rossi

    J.S.:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Dear Andrea,
    Is among the numbers you received so far for the quest someone that is close or equal to the reality ?
    Cheers
    Nancy

  722. Andrea Rossi

    Nancy:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  723. Svein H. Vormedal

    Chuck Davis,
    The site you submit is probably written by the same person who recently tried to appear like me in this blog.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  724. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    (He,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  725. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that the first E-Cat SKL product will be an industrial one.

    1. Are any of your prospective industrial customers intending to use the SKL to generate electricity for their own operations?

    2. Are any of your prospective customers utilities who are hoping to use the E-Cat SKL to feed electricity to the grid?

    3. Are any of your prospective customers hoping to use the E-Cat SKL to power electric vehicles?

    Many thanks and best regards,

    Frank Acland

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  727. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. When will you be ready to start mass production?
    I wish you a successful implementation of the business plan

  728. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    As soon as possible. I prefer not to cite dates now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  729. David Haws

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With the remote testing ongoing and related steps being taken for the SKL, I am wondering what captures your immediate imagination and interest at this time. What continues to motivate you in your pursuits and do you continue to have grand thoughts about physics and the e-cat?

    Thank you for you attention and please stay safe.

  730. Andrea Rossi

    David Haws:
    To put this technology on the market in the most efficient way.
    You too stay safe,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Sue

    Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.Ecatskdemo.com
    show how to extract electricity from the plasma and explain the source of the energy gain.
    Thank you for these publications, not easy to understand, but great.
    Sue

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Sue:
    Thank you for yur attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea,
    I will use: Svein H. Vormedal as my shortname in the future.
    I am a energy engineer, and will act according to that.
    Regards: Svein Henrik Vormedal.

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you, advice taken from me and all the Readers. Anyway, it was well clear that the “other” Sven Henrik is not you: the email address was and remains different and the comments content is substantially different.
    Never mind,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. Svein Henrik

    Aha. Ok. THX.

    When is the presentation scheduled ?

  737. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    I am not able to answer, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  738. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    The email datede 30, april 2020 at 7:05 AM or 9:08 AM is not send by me!!!!!!!!!!
    The last I send was 29. at 5:00 AM
    Sombody is trying to fool us.!!!!!!
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    I see…maybe he is an omonimous. In fact, the email address is different. Never mind, we know he is not you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Derek

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know the French physicist Renè Louis Vallee and his synergetic theorie ?
    Best Regards,
    Derek

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Derek:
    Yes, Dr Renè Louis Vallèe was a decent person, but his theory is connected with the so called “electron capture”, that is completely groundless if referred to atoms that do not have an excess of protons, since the electron capture would demand about 750 keV equivalent to 9,375,000,000 K (nine billions threehundred seventyfive millions Kelvin).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  742. Svein Henrik

    Enough “data” which everybody in here posted
    about size, power, etc …

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    …but that has nothing to do with the production scheduling ! That is just a quest to give a prize tho them who will have approached closest to the real data that we will disclose at the presentation, the prize being to attend the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you give us an update on the progress of the ongoing testing?
    Is there any sight on when a presentation can be expected?
    We all hope it’s going well.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The testing is ongoing well, albeit in remote. We still do not know when the lockdowns will be lifted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  746. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.

    Do You have enough collected answers to start the production of the ecat ?

    Yours, Svein Henrik

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    What do you mean “enough collected answers” ?
    Can you specify ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi:

    My guess on the SKL:

    mass: 101 grams
    dimensions: 10.0cm x 10.1cm x 9.5cm
    Conversion efficiency: 87.6%
    Maximum total power output (electricity and heat): 123.4W

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the data, received.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    Good characterization for use of the SKL in electric vehicles. One change – The battery will not be fully charged – otherwise, if fully charged, regenerative braking will not occur. No place to store the regenerative braking produced energy. Only enough battery energy storage is required for short term needs. Maybe 80% charged maximum…

  752. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    It is interesting to know that your prospective client/investors/testers are many and scattered throughout the continents.

    You stated last November: to avoid bottlenecks, the SKL module has been designed using parts already off the shelf and are already manufactured in millions of pcs per year.

    1. Is this still true?
    2. Do these companies potentially have the capability to manufacture SKL modules?

    I wish to add, you have exemplarily arisen to the promise: “To whomever much is given, of him will much be required; and to whom much was entrusted, of him more will be asked.” Thank you for your faithfulness and dedicated love of mankind.
    Brokeeper

  753. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  754. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I guess skl size is 10x10x10 cm. Weight 100 grams.
    El-performance: 100 wh/h, energy-efficiency: 0.85.
    For use in an electric car, 200 of these will be sufficient with a battery that is only 1/10 of what is used by such today. This will make the car lighter than today’s cars.
    The battery provides the necessary short accelerations and absorbs braking energy.
    The car’s batteries will usually be top charged at all times.
    When the car is parked at the owner’s home, skl can suppy the home with electricity.
    There may also be a surplus to supply/sell online, so that when the car is in use, the home can fetch from the el-grid without this will incur costs.
    Yours, Svein Henrik.

  755. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you, data received. Nice suggestion too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  756. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Are the companies on multiple continents who are witnessing your Skype testing prospective customers, or prospective investors?

    2. Are these companies working together, or are they each dealing with you separately?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- both
    2- separately
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Dear Andrea,
    we all just have to wait for this critical period to pass.
    May you comfort the thought that we follow you with full confidence and gratitude.
    We pray that God will not let you miss His help and support.
    Warm Regards
    Gian

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you very much for your kindness and your sustain to our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. E.Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    a few weeks ago you said in an answer, that the temperature on the surface of an e-cat skl in operation is about room temperature or luke warm. is this realy right or did I get this wrong?

    Kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  761. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    It is right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  762. Steven N. Karels

    Raffaele Bongo.

    AR had stated about 100 grams for a 100W eCat SKL (some time ago). So 4,000 SKLs might have a mass of about 400 kilograms of about 880 pounds. However, in the hypothetical electric vehicle Le Mans racer, much of the battery could be replaced by the SKL so that no net increase in mass would occur. All theoretical for now.

  763. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Ref Tesla Roadster specs:

    https://www.tesla.com/roadster

    Tesla vehicles have faster initial acceleration compared to Internal Combustion Engines (ISE) cars. The rest is in the specs and the design. At some point the eCat SKL will either come out of R&D or die a slow death.

    I will continue to send you unusual (perhaps weird) applications for your consideration until you tell me to cease and desist.

    P.S.

    I passed the Massachusetts Law (UBE) examination. The next step to becoming a lawyer is passing the Character and Fitness review — which I should as I have lived a boring lifestyle.

    Steve

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    All your suggestions will be well accepted as precious and I will never tell you to cease and desist !
    Congratulations for your achievement at the Massachussets Law examination !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Small positive remark in these difficult times: Air pollution fell sharply in cities. This is a very good sign for our future with cars powered by an E-Cat SKL and houses without chimneys.
    Can you specify if you can accommodate several SKL reactors in the 10 cm cube side?
    Good health to you, your team and your supporters.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes, they are compatible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  767. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, It is exciting to learn that manufacturers are in the process of integrating the ecat into their products! In so doing they may be able to start production as soon as the ecat is certified! That is great news! One product that immediately comes to mind is a portable generator for things like yard work, camping, etc. It seems like the effort to create an ecat generator would take only about 10 ms! Ha, ha!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It is not that simple.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering April 28 2020 issue:
    National Security Requires revival of US Nuclear Energy, DOE Group Reports
    Rod Walton

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently doing the online/skype testing you describe with just one company, or are you doing it with multiple companies?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am doing the test via Skype with companies of America, Europe, Asia and Africa.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I recently watched the movie “Ford vs Ferrari” Intrigued by the engineering challenges of Le Mans, I googled the horsepower of Le Mans cars. It is 427 hp. This equates to 318 kW of power.

    Assume an 80% conversion efficiency of eCat SKL to electricity. So about 4,000 eCat SKLs (each producing 100W of total power) operating at 80% conversion efficiency would be needed. The movie indicated that brake heating (and subsequent failure) was a major issue. However, Tesla cars can use regenerative braking, but are supplemented with traditional braking.

    The 20% excess thermal heat generated would be about 80 kW. So a combination of a relatively small battery (needed to provide temporary extra power and also needed to store regenerative braking energy) might work. Plus Tesla’s low center of gravity would make turns more manageable. I understand Tesla’s smallest battery system is around 50 kW-hr of capacity. That would equate to about 10 minutes of driving – so it would be adequate for regenerative braking energy management plus occasional additional power demands.

    The Tesla Roadster has a specified maximum speed of over 250 mph and a range of 620 miles. Current maximum speed in Le Mans is about 205 mph, limited by car acceleration in the straights. Le Mans goes for 24 hours. So the required range for non-refueling would be about 5,000 miles. Not a problem for an eCat SKL with a fuel lifetime of about 6 months,

    If you joined with Tesla for this activity, then the only needed pit stops would be for tire and crew changes. You might have a winning combination. EV cars have faster response to power increase demands. Cooling 4,000 eCat SKLs at +100 mph air flow should not be a major design problem.

    Thoughts?

  774. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    There is one difference: the batteries Tesla is using are already in the market, the Ecat SKL is still in the R&D phase. For the rest, I am not sure all the numbers you cite are correct, for example 250 mph ( 400 km/h ) seems wrong to me, but maybe I am wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  775. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen and Dan Bad:
    I agree with you, and condirm to Dan Bad his data have been noted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    watching at the same time
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and I have a question: par 1,2,3,4 are still all valid, or you made a selection ?

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The theory is a syncretism of all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea Rossi and kind readers, this is a piece of music for you:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oq6OVnxf86k&feature=em-uploademail

    I wish that you feel happy for it.

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for this gift from the wonderful Sardegna.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. Stephen

    Hi Andrea and Dan Bad,

    I really liked Dan Bad’s design. I do t know if you noticed but I saw his contribution for the parameters for you and Rick 57 in the bottom right corner of the image. What a fantastic creative way to present it !

    I really admire people with this skill not just the drawing but also the practical engineering concept. And the clever way to present their input data. It’s really smart.

    Thanks Dan for this image of how things could be.

    Best regards

    Stephen

  781. Dan Bad

    Dear Andrea,
    By these times of Coronavirus, I allow myself to draw a picture of your E-Cat SKL.
    Many people wonder how your device looks.
    You said it would look like a cube and could connect as a group.
    Many of your followers are asking for photos and are impatient to see your product.
    With the link, you can see my drawing with my interpretation of your E-Cat SKL.

    https://photos.app.goo.gl/2c8FxfVWuT6rM6w8A

    Best regards,
    Dan Bad

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Bad:
    Congratulations, very beautiful interpretation. It is not applicable, for many reasons, but as a concept is very intelligent. You are a good designer indeed. Much better than me, I can swear.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, If I may be allowed to revise my power estimate,this is my new guess. Assuming the charge to be about half the weight of the ecat or 50 g then
    50 g x .1 kW/g = 5 kW total and 5 kW x .8 eff = 4 kw of electricity.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  784. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you, your data have been received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  786. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    As E-Cat devices appear to contain “Nuclear” activity when operating, I was always curious as to how the E-Cats could produce a stable constant energy output over periods of months up to a year, even assuming active feedback control. My thoughts on the self-limiting nature of the process relate to this.

    This dates back to a question I raised on November 19th 2018 regarding the mechanism of the constant progressive energy production.

    After the E-Cat SK demo there was indication that the activity was concentrated at the cathode end of the charge (if I remember correctly this was in an answer to someone), and the charge would have been recently produced so it would have had a low number of hours of use, and as you have likely had that charge or another E-Cat SK charge under observation for a year, I was wondering if the observed hot spot of activity within the plasma has gradually migrated from the starting point at the cathode end towards the anode end as “fuel” is used up.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. The answer is
    No.
    About the “nuclear activity”of the Ecat’s operation, please go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    where you will find that in the Ecat do not exist the nuclear activity you cite.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Gabriel Vanderveen

    Mr Rossi,
    Can you tell us the nationality of your Partner?

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Gabriel Vanderveen:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    My understanding is that in operation, an electronic signal is passed through the plasma within your E-Cat charge, the signal then induces activity in a locality with resulting production of an electron flow that is likely erratic and noisy, this produced electron flow will likely interfere with and disrupt the incoming signals organised structure from traveling past the locality, limiting energy production activity to only occur in the locality, through time as the available “fuel” in the locality is consumed activity will slowly migrate the position of the locality, consequently energy production is of a slow intrinsically progressive nature, it is self-limiting level stable controlled and safe over a long time period.

    As you have likely had an E-Cat SK running and under observation over the last year, within the plasma, has movement of the activity locus over time been observed?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  791. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I do not understand your question. Can you kindly rephrase ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi

    It’s hard to believe that politics do not affect the prospects for E-Cat entering the market, because it is a revolution in the energy sector.
    In my opinion, this is from a political point of view, now that the oil market is in the deepest crisis, the most convenient time to announce the E-Ket in full voice and play out the inevitable stress. Oilmen will not be much worse. Taking into account that the integration of the new technology will take years, the oil market will inevitably, but slowly recover, and will not fall into the pit in which it is already located.
    Don’t you think so?

    Good luck to you and your team!

    Yuri Isaev
    engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you for your opinion. I don’t bother about this issue, we proceed along our path.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you give any kind of
    a picture how the remote
    testing with the client is done.

    Regards
    Sam

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I make measurements directed by them with cameras that show all of them. They say “please do this”, I comply.
    Obviously this is just a provisional methodology that has to be eventually repeated directly by them when the Covid 19 restrictions will have been lifted.
    Anyway, it is useful, and very interesting, as provisional and incomplete as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I want to see if I am understanding correctly:

    You said the party you are currently doing testing with (remotely for now) is a client:
    1- who is paying for the the testing ?
    2- Is this client also a potential global partner (dependant on the results of the testing)?

    Many thanks and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- the clients
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you ever detected Helium-3 being produced from your e-cat reactions?

    Sincerely,
    George N

  799. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. I want to see how close I come :)
    Ecat SK-Leonardo:
    Power: 2.15 KW Power: Net power: 86% Cube side: 10x10x10 cm Weight: 1.28 kg
    All the best to our wonderful Andrea and his assistants. Let us others on the sidelines continue to prepare the world for a new age. Before and after Ecat. The world will be much better with Ecat technology. It is hard to imagine all the possibilities this technology can mean for the future.

    I would like to note that heat energy is not included in my calculation. Then the use of heat must be done outside the cube. Heat energy from a single or collected from a cluster Ecat SKL can be utilized by using other techniques, be it to heat or be converted to electricity. Costs and needs will determine what is right in each case.

    Best regards

  801. Andrea Rossi

    Torbjorn Johnsen:
    Data received.
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our Team.
    You are right: in this quest we are not consudering the thermal energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    Are those entities that are testing the e-cat SKL remotely with you still continuing their test in the these weeks? Or has that phase of the testing completed and they are waiting for the period after COVID 19 when they can be present when testing.

    It’s quit remarkable when you think about it. The e-cat has been in the horizon for many not directly in your team for a while now.

    But for these independent entities it’s already a clear and present reality that they have witnessed. They already have a good idea if it works or not. For them it is already here. That’s a big step in some ways it’s no longer just in the view of the creators it’s now seen by some other independent people just like us. I can’t help wondering what they must be thinking. But we will hear in time.

    It’s really a good opportunity to do dry runs and trial testing for more final testing and presentations later.

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Series of remote tests are on course.
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. Rick 57

    Dear All,

    weekly update about our quest:

    – Partecipants: #44

    Mean values excluding a few data really out of range:

    – Electrical Usable Output: 570 W
    – Conversion Efficiency: 77 %
    – Main Unit Volume: 771 cc
    – Main Unit Weight: 473 g

    Of course, actual data can be completely different so I invite Readers to not take them too much into consideration.

    Warm Regards,
    Riccardo

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Thank you for the update. Obviously I cannot confirm or deny that the data that you considered out of range might really be out of range. This is just an opinion of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    You made very well warning our Readers that UV can cause skin cancer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Koen Vandewalle

    For everyone: UVC works fantastically well for killing microorganisms.
    Here are the photos of a test setup I made a month ago, in which one sample was irradiated with UVC for one minute. Also photos of the lamp. I converted the box in which it was sent into a (light) lamp holder. An ordinary luminaire does not work because the power of the T-UVC is different from that of a TL: A standard ballast and starter for the same size of lamp do not work.

    Attention: THIS IS VERY DANGEROUS! THIS CAUSES SKIN CANCER AND CATARACT! Know and understand what you are doing!

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the SKL working also today ? How well ?

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Also today we are working and the SXL is doing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Prof

    Hi, Andrea:
    Is your perspective partner a global company ?

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Being an engineer, I have chosen to use the corona-delay as a good time to think of
    how E-Cat SKL could be integrated into different applications, both stationary and mobile.
    It is interesting to note that most of the input I need can already be found somewhere in your blog although the correct data from the quest is not yet presented.
    Of course, some data are still missing:
    I have not found any indication of the Module Volume Factor (MVF). E.g. if MVF=1.2 and you combine 10 modules you reach to a total volume of 1.2 x 10 x single SKL volume
    In all multimodule situations, MVF must be >1 due to the control unit/s, interconnections, the cooling arrangement, and also how you have to organize the reload of an SKL module. To achieve the most efficient handling of the SKL modules in the field I assume that a typical SKL application will consist of one or more factory prebuild power units each with x number of SKL modules.
    Another missing and quite interesting data for designers is the available range of DC voltage.

    Now to some related questions:
    Value of the MVF-factor when combining 100 modules?
    a) less than 1.3
    b) 1.3 – 1.5
    c) more than 1.5
    d) can 100 modules be combined to generate 12-24 V DC?
    e) can 100 modules be combined to generate 800 V DC?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  814. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    a) less than 1.3
    d) yes
    e) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  815. A follower

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you sure that the Ecat SKL will be massively distributed ?

  816. Andrea Rossi

    A follower:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Things appear to go slower than we (and maybe you also) expected with the tests. Is that all due to the corona doom?
    2. Regarding these tests; are you assisting the test by e.g. switching it on and off, or refueling it or helping them to install sensors or what have you?
    All the best, kind regards, Gerard

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- things are not going slower than expected
    2- tests can only be made by remote during this period
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  819. Claud

    Dear Andrea, I’m being really baffled for your anwers to them who ask for predictions on the availability of the e-cat on the shelf. You always talked about the “market proof” to demonstrate the effectiveness of your device. Recently you affirmed that the r&d phase is over but even yourself can’t suppose a forecast for the market phase of the e-cat. The sale of energy is somehow in progress but with very few info about and are limited to US industrial plants. If you keep on exploring new products and experiences the moment of delivering our booked e-cat may be delayed forever. Is’n it?

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    I never said the R&D phase is over.
    For all the rest, thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  821. Joya Del Sol

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When do you envision E-Cat technology will enter mainstream consciousness including mainstream media(akin to being a verb like Google – far from its early days being a R&D project). When will start affecting real lives and world energy markets? 3 years? 5 years? More?

    Regards,
    Joya Del Sol

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Joya Del Sol:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Giuseppe

    Cool.

    And when will You be able to deliver that domestic E-Cat?

    Regards

    Guiseppe

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I am not able to answer, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say the previous versions of the E-Cat are not in R&D:

    Does this mean that they are now obsolete because you are now only developing the E-Cat SKL?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, it means that now we are focused exclusively on the SKL for what concerns the R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Giuseppe

    Thanks a lot for Your quick reply.

    So, if the other E-Cats are not in R&D anymore, You surely can finally deliver the product which I ordered 3 years ago.

    Can’t You ? If not, why not ?

    Regards

    Guiseppe

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Because we now are not selling plants, but only energy to industries and we are not yet making domestic Ecats.
    Please go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and listen carefully the presentation we made for the Ecat SK and the service we offer, that is also advertised on
    http://www.e-catworld.com.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Giuseppe

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    You said, You are still in an R&D phase.

    What about the previous E-Cats ?
    Are they also in an R&D phase ?

    Regards

    Giuseppe

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande

    Caro Andrea leggo di rado , massimamente dopo 10 anni di appoggio incondizionato e dopo aver ordinato decine di E-CAT . Ora leggo la Tua risposta a FRANK ACLAND cosi concepita : ” SE E-CAT SKL FUNZIONERA’ ” Ma insomma oggidi’ nelle prove del tuo laboratorio , questi E-CAT funzionano o non funzionano ? Chiamami se ai bisogno di aiuto !!! giannino. di. Udin …..3397995245…….
    ENGLISH ( synopsis ):
    You answered to Frank Acland “…if the Ecat SKL will work”: so, please, explain: does it work or does it not ?

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande:
    I must be conservative, until the presentation day. I am very optimist, but we have not completed the R&D yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Using far UV light to kill coronavirus is currently being seriously discussed as a way to protect people in public places. For example here is a link to report on work at Columbia University in New York.

    https://news.columbia.edu/ultraviolet-technology-virus-covid-19-UV-light

    Special UV lamps are needed, which are powered by a normal electricity source. If the E-Cat SKL can produce reliable electricity, it could naturally help.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the information. yes, if the Ecat SKL will work, it will be a power source for anything, like any power source, independently from what is the load.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    if there had not been the COVID pandemic, the presentation of the SKL E-Cat would have already taken place?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Very difficult to answer: col sennò di poi…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Robert

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    when do You think,
    the monkey will jump in the water?
    Is the monkey infected?

    I am full of expectation.

    Robert Vienna

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Sorry, I do not understand the innuendo: can you kindly rephrase to allow this poor dummy that I am to understand exactly what you mean ?
    Thanks and
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. John.Dempsey

    Dear Andrea,
    today is the “Book Day”: which book, if any, would you suggest to the readers of tis blog ?
    B.R.
    John

  840. Andrea Rossi

    John Dempsey:
    Physics: “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor:Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”
    by Andras Kovacs, Giorgio Vassallo, Antonino Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang ( Amazon 2019 )
    Non Physics: Moby Dick ( Melville )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  841. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea Rossi,

    Another possible application for eCat SKL units.

    Replacement of streetlights in the USA.
    There are an estimated 50 million streetlights in the USA.

    Some are sodium based and they each consume about 100W of electricity. Newer ones are LED based and consume 50W or less. Larger LED streetlight arrays might approach 300W and provide greater area illumination, albeit fewer streetlights are required for the same area.

    Given operation of about 1/2 the time (i.e., nighttime only) results in about 4,400 operational hours per year.

    Assume streetlights only powered by a built-in eCat SKL. Assume an SKL generating about 100W with an operational lifetime of about 2 years. If cost-effective, up to four spare eCat SKLs could be enclosed within the same streetlight and sequentially activated as the previous SKL consumes its fuel resulting in a maintenance change of only once every 10 years.

    So assuming a 4,400 hr/year operation and 100W/streetlight, the saved electricity is about 440 kWhrs (based on older sodium streetlights). At $0.1/kWhr, this saves $44/year. So if the maintenance replacement time is 10 years (5 SKLs each with a 1 year continuous operation time but operating about 1/2 the time – only at nighttime), the savings of $440 might equal the cost of the SKL units, when the SKL production quantity is about 100 to 500 million units.

    The greater savings would be in not having to run power lines for new streetlight installations. But my analysis addressed retrofitting existing streetlights.

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Michael C

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply. Please allow me to clarify the question you answered. Realizing that modules can be connected, I was wondering if there is a theoretical limit to the power that could be generated regardless of module size. My question is really oriented towards large power demands such as jet aircraft or large ship engines. Would it be practical to ‘stack’ 1,000 modules if it were possible to develop modules that could develop 1000X the power of the current SKL?

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Michael C:
    Theoretically yes. Practically this possibility has to be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Since you have been in Skype communication with the independent testing agency, and have probably agreed on testing parameters, why not utilize a certified and insured delivery service (air, land or sea) to deliver one of your E-CAT SKLs to the test agency rather than waiting to deliver in person. I’m in my mid seventies with other medical issues so I’d hate to die of Covid-19 before your testing begins after patiently waiting 9 years. I’ll settle for any performance device dimensions and performance parameters so I won’t enter a guess. Also 222 nm Far UV-C illumination is the best solution to rid the world of pathogens. Continued success but time is passing so get on with the tests while quarantines are in effect.

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    I do not think that the Ecat is useful, because, independently from the Ecat, should the UV have been useful for this task, the specialist scientists would already have utilized them. I prefer not to mess in a field I am totally ignorant of. By the way: assuming the UV are useful ( and there is not evidence of it published anywhere, as I am aware if) there are many more specific sources of UV, specialized on thhe purpose. The Ecat SKL has been designed to make electric and thermal energy, not to make UVs.
    Watrm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Bubba

    Dr Rossi,
    Which max density of electric power do you think the Ecat SKL will be able to reach, even in future ?
    Bubba

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Bubba:
    Realistically I think we will reach 7 kW/liter, but it will take time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea,

    With the economy slowing down during these corona times, news reports show that oil prices have turned negative, in the US anyway. Elsewhere, people pay about $ 20 per barrel of 159 liters. These are prices from before 9/11. Prices for electricity are also currently negative in Europe. Shortly before, wholesale electricity prices had also fallen to € 16 per megawatt hour.

    It is still surprising how cheap energy still is. A number of countries that export fuel are already worried about their income.

    Is it not unfavorable to launch the E-Cat SKL on the market now?

    Best Regards,
    Koen

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Good point.
    It depends from the delta price.
    The corona virus issue will fade in few months, after that the situation will substantially return as before. Remain untouched the environmantal considerations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Stephen

    Thanks for posting my comment. I appreciate it was a bit on a tangent from the topic here. Hopefully it’s helpful to someone though. There are interesting Readers here.

  853. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    No problem,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  854. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there an update of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions prepared ready for launch on the day of the E-Cat SKL presentation?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  855. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Possibly we will make some update, but the core is already there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Franco Pirri

    To all the Readers of this blog,
    The quest on the characteristics of the eCat-SKL is a lot of fun. We will know the winner shortly before the presentation of the eCat-SKL, where we will also have the official eCat-SKL data sheet. Many people and companies will have product ideas that could profitably contain one or more eCats inside.
    In the electronics sector, many manufacturers, called Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), build their own product by incorporating an industrially available CPU, selling it with their own brand, also indicating the primary manufacturer. The most famous example is the ‘Intel Inside’ logo found on many electronic products.
    The logo is granted at the end of a collaboration process in which the primary manufacturer verifies the quality of the OEM production process and the purpose of the product sold to the end user.
    Often the primary manufacturer issues a System development Kit (SDK) to the OEM which helps him to prototype his system. In our case Andrea could supply the external container of the eCat, possibly accompanied by a power supply and a controller capable of supplying an energy equivalent to that of a real eCat. This ‘eCat simulator’ will be used by the OEM for the prototypes it will build in its own laboratory.

    I propose a quest for potential eCat OEMs.

    Candidate companies should send Andrea a two-part memorandum.
    The first part should be a detailed presentation of the final product that would like to exploit the eCat, with sufficient manufacturing details for a first comparison with all the others. Quantitative forecasts for the first two to three years of production should also be present.
    This part should not contain data that can directly identify the candidate and will be made immediately public.

    The second part should contain other technical details not intended for advertising and sufficient economic data to start a possible bilateral negotiation. In the negotiation, probably under NDA, quantities, eCat prices, economic advances and so on will be established. In this phase the OEM will be able to test its prototypes with a ‘real’ eCat in Andrea’s laboratory, possibly under NDA.
    The candidate will be able to receive the authorization to display the ‘eCat Inside’ trademark upon reaching a pre-established production level.
    The lack, or inadequacy, of this second part should invalidate participation in the competition.

    All of this would provide the following opportunities:
    – for OEMs, a simple and inexpensive way to approach a revolutionary product;
    – for Andrea, to speed up entry on the market by using external companies interested in the success of the eCat product;
    – for all of us followers, who will have many things to comment and the possibility of providing useful advice to Andrea and the OEMs

    I really think it can be very interesting!
    Franco Pirri

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    I know you are not thinking of space applications yet. But this post might be Interesting to you or to people you know.

    I was recently talking about turning disadvantages into advantages and turning a divide into a construction. And this post is a bit on that theme.

    I understand Tom Conover petty well in his last post here sometimes you see a connection and some instinct says to follow it up. I have no affiliation with MIT but I wonder if he or someone knows someone who can build the bridges connections with them. If needed.

    I’m not sure if it’s appropriate to bring up here but I had similar feeling about another company and product too.

    Have you ever heard of the company One Web?

    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/OneWeb_satellite_constellation

    I’m also not affiliated with them in anyway either but I have heard that the way they work and build satellites is very very impressive both in the satellite construction optimization itself and in bringing mass production techniques to this once bespoke technology. I have had for a while a very strong feeling that the e-cat SKL type device is a perfect match for that technology. And was thinking perhaps the OneWeb 2 one day would be powered by e-cats. It’s sad to see them go under.

    I recently heard the sad news though that they are currently going bankrupt and looking for potential buyers.

    https://www.spacedaily.com/m/reports/OneWeb_goes_bankrupt_999.html

    But maybe it’s not a coincidence I see this and there is an opportunity there that needs to be spoken. I’m aware in Sweden that there are several very high profile strong companies in the Telecoms sector several of the best in the world are based there in fact. I’m not sure that any of them have a satellite business though. I’m not going to ask you if you are affiliated with any of them or any company that works with them but if you “know people”. It might be something for them to consider. In the longer term (perhaps already) it might be an opportunity for E-Cat SKL too. It would certainly bring some advantages to the satellite. My feeling just thinks it might be an opportunity to turn a something disadvantaged, broken and divided into a construction that is even better than it was before.

    In other ways perhaps there are lessons to be learnt from one web that can be learnt and applied to the e-cat SKL. Manufacturing, construction technologies, Especially where tuning and testing large quantities are appropriate. The facilities could perhaps validate e-cat in diverse environments. The product a telecom net work might help facilitate some aspects of e-cat SKL operation around the world.

    Any way I think they build these in France and Florida somewhere. Perhaps after Cv-19 it would be worth visiting this f they take visitors. It could be interesting.

    About the M-cubes I wonder if MIT have considered using that technology for satellite debris capture, recovery and retrieval.

    Ok a long post a bit off topic but perhaps it’s interesting.

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    I do not know the matter, but maybe some of our Readers does.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, What is the weight of the charge in the ecat SKL?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This datum is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Robert

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I believe that the E-CatSKL has:
    Size: 101 x 101 x 101
    Output 802,19 W

    Best regards
    Robert Vienna

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Michael C

    Dear Andrea,

    Aside from the current Ecat SKL, is there any theoretical or practical maximum size or capacity limit to the SKL technology? i.e. could a single unit configuration conceivably be made with a capacity of 10 KW? 100 KW? 1,000 KW? etc.

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Michael C:
    I am not able to answer now, but the actual modules can be combined without theoretical limits,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Mike Shaw

    Dr Rossi,
    Today is Earth Day: the Ecat SKL could make this the Earth Year.
    All the best,
    Mike Shaw

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Shaw:
    Thank you for reminding us that today is the Earth Day !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Andrea, now in other way, eh, eh, eh:

    I think that E-cat SKL has:

    Efficiency: 89%
    Electric effective output: 15800 W (or 15.8 kW)
    Thermal residual effective output: 4200 W
    Size: 100x100x100 mm
    Weight: 0,340 kg (or 340 g)

    But I could bet that I’ll can’t win… in this “ordinary” mode.

    Great regards,

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you,
    Data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In the past year have E-Cat SK units been used for customer installations of 1.0 MW or greater?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  871. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Here is my guess:
    Size: 10x8x7 cm
    Weight: 0,64 kg
    Efficiency: 85%
    Electric effective output 850 W

    Warm Regards
    Sture Andreasson

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Thank you,
    Data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Peppe

    Dr Rossi,
    Dimensions 80 x 27 x 100 mm
    Weight 0.75 kg
    efficiency 88%
    power 870 W
    A big hug and all the best,
    Peppe

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Peppe:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of April 21 2020:
    Vogtle 3 and 4 nuclear expansion workforce reduced by 20% to Covid 19 impact
    Rod Walton

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. MIKE PHALEN

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    Here is a new and very interesting interview discussing the E-cat. Zach Vorhies, the person being interviewed, was the Google engineer that fixed the hack on E-catworld.com a few years ago. The hack had caused E-catworld.com to be removed from Google searches for a couple weeks.

    The Rossi discussion starts around minute 7:00.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gs56eqTT9mc&t=239s

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Beppe

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Size: 92 X 92 X 92 mm
    Weight: 0,500 kg
    Efficiency: 68%
    Electric effective output 700 W

    Best regards from Italy and … THANK YOU!!!!!!

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Beppe:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. OK. Here we go:

    Output = 104.88 W
    E-cat SKL unit weight = 1.0488 kg
    E-cat SKL unit volume = 1.0488 L
    Conversion efficiency = 82.65%
    XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
    Also:
    US$10.49 = Leonardo Corp’s incremental production cost per unit, robotically mass produced
    US$1.05 = incremental production cost of replacement charge, robotically mass produced

    May the luckiest man (or woman) win!

    Inestimable regards,

    Rodney.

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Do we need to hurry, to make a guess of the properties of the Ecat before the quest is closed? :)
    Kind regards, Gerard

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Not necessary for now,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Urban

    Dear Andrea,

    I believe that E-cat SKL has:
    Efficiency 76%
    Electric effective output 330 W
    Size: 100x60x60 mm
    Weight: 0,260 kg

    See you in Sweden!
    😉

    Best Regards

    Urban Fredell

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Urban:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    8 X 8 X 8 cm
    90 watts
    85% electrical efficiency

    Could you offer shape of real lego to fit in thinner locations?

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Wow ! Ecat a la carte !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Chuck Davis

    @Ron Andrea’s next trick will be to turn lead into gold!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not to mention walking on the water, multiplying fishes in the nets of fishers around, and turning water into wine during marriages and wine into water during rehabs ( the last being a brand new achievement ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    UV-C light is invisible and destroys all microbes and viruses yet is harmless to humans.
    Consider E-Cat powered UV-C devices in public places, above airline seats, c-packs, and nebulizers.
    Each restaurant table could have a table-UV-C lamp (with ventilator filter).
    https://youtu.be/2U4DAQ3kjRs
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you, data received.
    About your question: I prefer not to give hints, otherwise it becomes too easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the charge in the E-Cat SKL the same as the Charge in the E-Cat SK?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  895. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I am receiving emails reporting the data of Readers that want to participate to the quest of the Ecat SKL characteristics: I cannot accept data sent to my email, because this is a public quest and when we will nominate the winners, all the Readers must be able to check if their data are really the closest to the data we will disclose. I cannot say that the winner is somebody whose data nobody could see before, for obvious reasons of transparency.
    So please send your data here, to this blog.
    Instructions if you are not able to:
    1- go to http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    2- click “recent posts”
    3- click “United States Patent…”
    4- click “leave a replay”
    5- click “post comment”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Gavino Mamia

    Dott. Rossi hai visto come stanno tornando libere dallo smog le megalopoli del mondo?
    Per favore fai presto!
    Saluti e buon lavoro!

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your trust in our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. Ron

    OK, I’ll give this a go. I’ll use the magic of psychology! We’ll start with the assumption that things are unlikely to have gotten worse. If I recall, the E-Cat SKL figures were reported to be:
    Size: 10 x 10 x 10 cm
    Output Power: 100W
    Efficiency: 70 – 80%
    You have been working upon improvements. I ask myself, where would you most likely choose to work for improvements? Size? Not likely, at least not directly. It might change as a result of other improvements, but probably nothing major. Lets keep that the same.
    Output power? I doubt you will change that significantly. It’s a handy standard, and you’ve shown you can make just about any power level you want. So, let’s keep that the same, too.
    Efficiency? I think that is the most important aspect of this new device. I think that is where you are putting in your time. The existing numbers, 70 – 80% are already amazingly good. I’m going to guess that you have squeezed another 10% out of the process to convert your plasma into electricity. Since we started with a range, the new range is probably 80 – 90%. If we have to go with a particular point, I’ll take the midpoint of the new range – 85%.
    So, my prediction is:
    Size: 10 x 10 x 10cm
    Power: 100W
    Efficiency: 85%
    I find it difficult to believe you have made the miraculous more miraculous. You have created two miracles; heat from almost nothing, and direct conversion of plasma to electricity. So, have you got your next miracle in mind? Anti-gravity? Faster-than-light travel? You have created very high expectations!
    But don’t start on anything new right now, please.

  900. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    My next miracle in mind ? To beat my wife in a tennis match, when the corona virus restrictions will allow Wimbledon and me to restart the competitions.
    Thanks for your data quest, duly recorded.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Rick 57

    Dear All,

    weekly update about our quest:

    – Partecipants: #33
    – Electrical Usable Output: 100W-340KW
    – Conversion Efficiency: 50-93%
    – Main Unit Volume: 125-3375cc
    – Main Unit Weight: 93-2360g

    Hope this will help Readers to make a good choice.

    Maybe Andrea, without revealing too much, can you tell us if the actual values are within the above ranges ?

    Warm Regards,
    Riccardo

  902. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    There is a competition on course, I cannot comment the data. In due time I will publish the actual characteristics in the data sheet and we will see who are the winners.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    With help this is my entry.
    Dimensions: 730cm3 or 0.73 Litres
    Electrical power: 18kw
    Efficiency :80 percent
    Weight :100 grams

    Regards
    Sam

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. Tomas Read

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe that E-cat SKL has:
    Total effect 275 W
    Electric effective output 200 W
    Size: 80x80x80 mm
    Weight: 0,110 kg

    Best Regards

    Tomas Read

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Tomas Read:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Steven N. Karels sent a Laser Focus article describing the use of 222 nm Far UV-C light to eliminate bacteria and viruses in air, water, surfaces and on skin. The current emphasis is on medical solutions to eradicate the corona virus while ignoring a near term technology solution that can dramatically reduce pathogen caused diseases worldwide now and in the future.

    I’m attaching articles, technical paper websites and company videos describing the technology and results of testing to further substantiate these claims”

    https://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/news/20180212/can-uv-light-be-used-to-kill-airborne-flu-virus-#1

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-21058-w

    https://sterilray.com

    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_rKnY8CvisEACxnjA3GSTQ

    https://youtu.be/9aX71A9wDFk

    https://www.ushio.com/product/care222-mercury-free-far-uv-c-excimer/

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZn4-6Fh60k

    https://www.cuimc.columbia.edu/news/can-uv-light-fight-spread-influenza

    https://www.crr.columbia.edu/research/using-power-light-preventing-airborne-spread-coronavirus-and-influenza-virus

    Continued success and I eagerly await independent testing results and the following demonstration

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the links and thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The information discussed recently regarding streamlining mass production of e-cat modules is IMHO extremely relevant. To perhaps stimulate this thread within your JONP I am putting this information directly to your blog, if you so all. I am not affiliated in any way with the authors, originators, or organizations that published this information, however, I am very intrigued by it.

    http://news.mit.edu/2019/self-transforming-robot-blocks-jump-spin-flip-identify-each-other-1030

    Warm regards,
    Tom

  910. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes, it is very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the ideas and the link, these self-organizing robots are really interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  912. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Talking about LEGO. A while ago I sent a link about M-blocks mostly for fun bu I still find it it amazing. So here it is again for fun.
    M-Blocks 2.0: Self-assembling Modular Robots
    But there is a serious side to it too. I’m not sure you are ready for assemblies to self construct like this ;). But I wonder if instead of having LEGO dimples or other physical connectors like if you could make use of the electricity. Having a coil in each surface that could be activated as needed could perhaps allow them to connect electro magnetically. A kind of electromagnetic cement. If the electricity is almost free it might be worth considering. A coil could perhaps be used to inductively connect the cubes for power and logic transfer with out a physical electrical connection too.

    Then we could have different bricks than ecat-SKL bricks of the same format. These could be 1. spacers just containing coils for attachment and data transfer. 2. Bricks dedicated to thermal control where more heat transfer is needed. 3. Logic bricks. 4 power storage bricks. 5power control bricks to control accumulated power distribution logically and safely. Etc.

    This would really bring LEGO to engineering in a way.

    Perhaps in the future even mechanical construction could be impacted! Allowing building of construction frame works with small light and strong bricks bound by cheep electricity. Carbon maybe come a resource too valuable to burn.

    Thanks and Kind Regards

    Stephen

  913. George

    Mr Rossi,
    The USA is aiming to reach again the moon and install there plants to supply fuel mined onsite for arriving eventually on Mars. Do you think the Ecat SKL could be useful in this context?
    Thank you for the important information delivered by
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered it is better understandable if studied watching at the same time
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  914. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team; about moon and Mars, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. Raphael

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    a. One simple question: can you confirm that the Ecat SKL does generate more electric energy than the electric energy it consumes ?
    b. If yes, how can you explain the violation of the second principle of thermodynamics ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Raph

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    a. yes
    b. the second principle of thermodynamics is not applicable in this situation, as well as in other situations: I already cited in this blog the case of catalyzers applied to exhaust gas pipes of the cars: they yield a gain of energy, allowing chemical reactions happen at lower temperatures, but at the end of the reactions they remain intact, no mass decrease, no consume at all. Also in this case the second principle of thermodynamics is violated.
    If you read carefully
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you can understand better how this happens.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Remember also the Faslification Principle of Karl Popper

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the addendum to your former comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    I’m sure you’re well ahead of me on this– it would be noteworthy if your robotic helpers were powered by E-Cat SKLs while they were busy building new E-Cat SKLs. It fits the notion that the cook who samples their own cooking becomes the first to realize what needs to be improved.

    Have you any plans along those lines?

    Thanks, WaltC

  919. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Of course !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    The computational scientist Stephen Wolfram has published a paper offering an underlying theoretical framework to unify relativity and quantum mechanics. You, your colleagues and readers of this blog may find it interesting. https://writings.stephenwolfram.com/2020/04/finally-we-may-have-a-path-to-the-fundamental-theory-of-physics-and-its-beautiful/

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Possible Application:

    An eCat SKL coupled with a USHIO Care222 lamp mounted in the ceiling of hospitals, doctor offices, homes where bacteria and viruses in the air need to be neutralized.

    The Care222 is a excimer lamp producing radiation at 222nm (includes a narrow passband optical filter). A number of recent studies have shown effective bacteria and virus neutralization (they cannot reproduce) and the radiation is absorbed on the immediate surface of the skin and eyes without doing any damage to humans.

    The concept is a ceiling mounted unit with the eCat SKL running continuously without the need for building electrical power. The SKL provides the 30W to 100W of electrical power to the Care222 unit. I assume the SKL can be remotely controlled for on/off, etc. Some visual indication would be provided (a red or green LED) to show SKL powered output state and and another visible LED (Blue?) for UV lamp functioning.

    Unlike conventional UV lighting, this one can be continuously operated in the presence of humans. The others require everyone to leave the room when functioning.

    About 0.2mJ/cm2 of exposure is required to neutralize bacteria or viruses. The Care222 lamps are rated at 30W and higher. The room dimensions and distances will determine the required exposure times.

    Thoughts?

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Maybe it is a good suggestion, I will talk with an expert of the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does all 6 sides of the E-Cat SKL have capped receptacles to enable lego configuration?
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Not now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. I would guess that the tests have already been finalized and that you are now waiting for the reports, is that right?
    2. You obviously took all your stuff to Europe somewhere, where you are continuing your development. I assume it was brought by plane. Does it really take so little equipment to design, built and test the E-Cat SKL?
    You know, you play a role in my book (as I do). Due to the corona crisis I have more the time to write in it. It’s a kind of real time story. It is necessary that your bring the E-cat SKL on the market while I’m entering the last episodes in my book. It must be available on the market and will play a role in the grand finale then. If it isn’t there humanity will lose (in my book, and maybe also in real). So corona slow you down, but gives me wings. Let us see where it brings us.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- We have most of the equipment necessary to make the Ecats in the USA. Here I have only the instrumentation necessary to work on a prototype and make all the necessary measurements, but the production is there and from there I continue to receive what I need incliding new features.
    3- good luck for your book, I surely will buy a copy of it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that you are currently taking opportunity of the current time to improve the configuration of the device amongst other things.

    This is great the philosophy in these times try to aspire to is to always turn a disadvantage to to an advantage and look for ways to turn a division in to a construction. That way when things improve we can take maximum advantage of them.

    You also mentioned that we can think of the e-cat SKL units almost like like LEGO bricks that can be assembled in almost any physical configuration. If understand right they can also be assembled in any functional configuration for supply voltage and current needs.

    I while ago I was wondering if you could take advantage of the design in how these connections are made between the cubes. Normally I guess the design would be too advanced to consider but Perhaps in these times it’s worth considering.

    I’m wondering if using connectors with a particular arrangement if the parallel/serial connection could be achieved by a simple 90 degree or 180 degree rotation of the the cube. This way it should be quite simple to construct an assembly for any power usage and any voltage/current requirement. Perhaps 1 or two surfaces of the cube could have a different colour to easily identify the alignment. Or may be better a line on it that indicates clearly and intuitively the parallel or serial connection. Just a crazy idea.

    Kind Regards and Best wishes to you and your team for inspired thoughts in this period. And stay safe and healthy.

    Thanks

    Stephen

  929. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the idea !
    Thank you also for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  930. Salvatore Boi

    Andrea Rossi:
    So I’m now very happy for it. :-)

  931. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your delighting kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  932. Salvatore Boi

    Ecco la mia speranzosa supposizione alla scommessa:

    Peso = x (dove per x si intende l’esatto peso conosciuto da Andrea Rossi, il grande inventore).

    Dimensioni: m * n * o (dove per m, n e o si intendono perfettamente le dimensioni in larghezza, profondità e altezza ben note al Team di Andrea Rossi)

    Colore = y (dove per y si intende il colore scelto da Andrea Rossi o dal cliente finale)

    Potenza Massima Totale in uscita = z (dove per z si intende precisamente tale potenza conosciuta in maniera precisa da Rossi Andrea)

    Potenza termica residua= w (dove per w si intende un valore prossimo al 10% di z, ma ancora meglio considerare quello attualmente [al momento di vincere!] conosciuto da Rossi Andrea)

    Potenza elettrica prodotta = j (dove per j si intende z – w)

    Se “stranamente” non verrà accettata tale mia bizzarra supposizione, allora chiedo anche al gentile Rick 57 di voler porre, nella cella di mia pertinenza sulla sua cartella Excel, la formula che prenda per miei valori quelli delle celle di chi vincerà con onesto metodo classico, differente dal mio).

    Spero così di poter anche vincere, ma resto ben contento se ho fatto almeno fiorire un grande sorriso ad Andrea Rossi e lettori. ;-D

    Here is my hopeful guess at the bet:

    Weight = x (where x means the exact weight known by Andrea Rossi, the great inventor).

    Dimensions: m * n * o (where by m, n and o we mean the dimensions in width, depth and height well known to the Team of Andrea Rossi)

    Color = y (where y means the color chosen by Andrea Rossi or the end customer)

    Maximum Total Output Power = z (where z means precisely this power known precisely by Rossi Andrea)

    Residual thermal power = w (where w means a value close to 10% of z, but even better consider the one currently [at the time of winning!] known by Rossi Andrea)

    Electric power produced = j (where j is z – w)

    If “strangely” my bizarre supposition will not be accepted, then I also ask the kind Rick 57 to want to put, in the cell of my relevance on his Excel folder, the formula that takes for my values those of the cells of those who will win with honest classic method , different from mine).

    So I hope I can also win, but I’m happy if I made Andrea Rossi and readers at least give a big smile. ;-D

  933. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    He,he,he…
    You won the smile !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  934. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar”:
    Please rewrite your data in a more clear and complete way: as you wrote them now, it is not understandable what you mean.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What kinds of tasks are you doing these days in connection with the E-Cat SKL development?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Measurements aimed to obtain the highest possible efficiency combined with the maximum possible reliability. Designing and redesigning the assebly.
    Until we are in the period of grace of the R&D the modifications are fast and cheap, while when we will be in the phase of massive production , modifications will be very expensive. So we must now make all the possible tests and combinations, and compare the results. The corona virus period can be taken advantage of as a sort of an incubator of improvements: any negative event must be turned into a positive chance, which is what I always made in the not easy course of my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you expect that the certification currently in progress will permit manufacturers to build domestic products such as furnaces or will products be limited to industrial use only?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  938. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I am not yet able to answer. We are looking for a complete spectrum of applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. Jorg Larsen

    Dr Rossi,
    1- Do you already have signed agreements related to the Ecat SKL ?
    2- can you disclose in which Country or Countries ?
    Jorg

  940. Andrea Rossi

    Jorg Larsen:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  941. "Jag bara undrar"

    Dear Dr rossi

    My guess

    Cylindrical 21/70 and 27/91/148 mm

    output as a “normal” battery….

  942. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you still closed in house for the lock up due to the covid 19 in the “undisclosed place” you are now ? How can you work ?
    I am too forced in house and using part of the time reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I am not alone with this, as I can see from the number of readings that continues to grow up. I must say that after the first reading I understood nothing, but reading it again and again I am starting to appreciate how much it is important.
    All the best.
    CC

  943. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Yes, I am still staying in house, respecting the instructions of the Government of the Country I am living in presently.
    I am working very well, in a laboratory now very well supplied of anything I need, adjacent to my house and I am working perfectly in remote with all the components of our Team in the USA and in Europe. I don’t think the corona f…… virus has belated our job, in this sense we have been lucky, albeit, honestly, to keep me from working is not easy, not even for the corona f…… virus.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  945. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The reason for the recent post is that there is a slippery coating used in gun barrels called Nickel Boron – various tradenames apply. E.g., Miccrolloy™ Nickel Boron (NiB)

    The electron microscope images show a tubular structure that is very consistent and periodic.

    Natural hydrogen can fuse with boron in an aneutronic reaction. Proton – Boron-11: 1p + 11B → 3 4He + 8.7 MeV

    It might be something interesting to test in your idle moments (if such moments exist anymore – LOL).

  946. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  947. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered/tested natural hydrogen and boron as a fuel?

  948. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Hydrogen is part of the fuel, as well described in my patent. Boron is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  949. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated that the E-Cat SKL efficiency has improved, the original 20 to 30 % heat hopefully reduced by halve to say 10 to 15% (or better), based on the improvements seen in past months is it theoretically possible to develop a larger charge that would have a heat output no greater than the original E-Cat SKL but with double the electricity production?

    A development that led to a doubling of the E-Cat SKL electrical output could mean halve the quantity required for some installations, fewer components required to be manufactured or sourced for the same power output, alternatively for the same number of units produced you could sell to double the number of customers, penetrate faster into the market.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  950. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I do not think it is possible. Thank you for your insight, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Andreas Hollenschwandtner

    Hello, Andrea:
    I have been following your development for over 10 years and have wanted the “breakthrough” since day one.
    Many years ago I ordered 3 E-Cats: are these pre-orders still valid for the Ecat SKL ?
    Best Regards,
    Andreas Hollenschwandtner

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Andreas Hollenschwandtner:
    Thank you for the translation from German !
    Now I can understad well.
    Yes, all the pre-orders do not expire and will be valid also for the SKL version.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Rod

    Hi, Dr Rossi:
    does your team use simulation softwares to study he development of the control systems of the Ecat SKL ?

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think the Ecat SKL could be useful for electric cars ?

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I think so, if it will work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. anholli

    Hallo Andrea
    Lese/Verfolge deine Entwicklung schon über 10 Jahre und wünsch mir seit den ersten Tag den „Durchbruch“
    Hab vor Jahren drei E-Cats bestellt- noch Chancen auf diese bzw. auf den E-Cat SKL?
    Darf ich auch Werte für den SKL abgeben?
    6,3cmx5,8cmx6,3cm
    337 Watt nutzbare Energie
    77%Elektrizität
    18% Wärme
    16% Controller
    Lg Andreas

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Anholli:
    Thank you for your proposed data.
    Can you kindly rephrase your questions in English ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Andrea Rossi

    “Dr.R. Nicholson”:
    I suppose you are using the word “survey” improperly, because, actually, I am not making any survey. Can you rephrase correctly ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  961. Dr. R. Nicholson

    Dear Mr. Andrea.

    Why are You making this survey ?

    Regards

    Raymond.

  962. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    can here fan base and directors of numerous engineering companies hope that You publish at the presentation the likely price for installed power output of E-Cat SKL: US dollars per installed kiloWatt?

    Note: At least a very rough estimate.

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    yes, you can use the email address below my nickname.

    Let me now ask you a question related to the time frame you consider reasonable between the presentation and the first commercial E-Cat SKL shipping:

    a) less than 6 months
    b) between 6 and 18 months
    c) more than 18 months

    Thanks a lot,
    Riccardo

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    It is impossible to answer this question, because it depends from many factors. It will be made as soon as possible. My Team now and again accuses me to be too optimistic, so just let me be cautious. We are doing well, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    My guess would be:

    Weight 92-93 gram (depends on the color coating)
    Dimension: 5,5 cm/side(2,25 in)
    Max output: 20 kW
    Electricity Conversion max 93%

    B R Henrik

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    Thank you for your data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m already collecting the Readers data into an excel folder.

    When I will receive the actual figures it will be just a matter of a few days, to avoid any error and exchange preliminary results with you.

    For that purpose may I use the email address info@leonardocorp1996 ?

    Warm Regards,
    Riccardo

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Very well.
    Of course you can use that email address. I will use the email address that appears in your comments under your nickname, correct ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Iggy Dalrymple

    @Chuck Davis
    Why would E-Cat SKL installation at home electric meter be subject to transmission losses and increased blackouts? Like everyone I would prefer personal ownership of E-Cat but Dr Rossi haa repeatedly stated that for a few years E-Cat sales would be limited to the industrial market. I believe that selling to the retail electric power market would be the quickest way to deliver the technology close to the public. Otherwise the present energy establishment will try to bury E-Cat technology in obscure industrial applications.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  971. Patrick

    Dear Andrea, and Rick,

    Take my 3.2kw as total power, please.

    When does the quest close and how will the results be announced?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  972. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thanks, data received.
    The quest will be closed one month before the presentation and the results will be given soon after, just the time for Rick to check with the real data I will give him. The time Rick will need will depend on the amount of data to check. Maybe he can answer better to this point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  973. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of April 14 2020:
    EIA 2020 update: US gas fired generation growing while overall demand falling so far
    Rod Walton

  974. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  975. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope it is possible to change my guess of the E-cat SKL properties. I changed it because of your last answer to me.
    The revised properties are now:
    Size: 10x10x10 cm
    Total output power: 1000W
    Electrical usable output power: 900W
    Residual heat output power: 100W
    Consequently the ‘efficiency’ is 90%
    Power usage of the controller is peanuts.
    Can you give us some idea how the testing is progressing?
    Kind regards and all the best, Gerard

  976. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for yur new data, accepted.
    The testing is progressing very well,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  977. Hi Andrea,

    Are you able to keep up with regular physical exercise during these days? Do you have a place to exercise in your home?

  978. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Of course ! I use every day a spinner and make basic gym for at least 1 hour per day.
    I suggest everybody who mandatorily has to stay home to make the same, to preserve basic health.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  979. Gavino Mamia

    Il mondo attende anche un altro Dott. Rossi per salvarsi:
    https://www.repubblica.it/scienze/2020/04/13/news/coronavirus_-253854329/
    Saluti

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Rick57

    @ Gian

    The efficiency parameter measures the ability of the E-Cat SKL to generate usable electrical power from the total power it produces.

    This is interesting in order to compare the E-Cat SKL to other heat to electricity conversion systems like turbines, combustion generators, heat engines, a.s.o.

    The COP is a totally different concept (Energy Out / Energy In) and hopefully for all E-Cats is greater than one (infinite during SSM mode).

    Riccardo

  982. Chuck Davis

    @ Iggy Dairymple In your scenario we would still be burdened by transmission losses, potential blackouts as well as the inefficiencies of the municipality and cost of the power company and their frivolous retirement plans and bonuses! One of the greatest features of the ecat is to permit the elimination of all of these disadvantages by installing in in our home! In every energy statement that I receive is a threat of penalty for not paying on time! I have never missed a payment but that doesn’t soften the sound of the threat!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  983. Caro Andrea,
    non capisco i discorsi che vengono fatti sul rendimento del tuo SKL.
    Se i teams dei verificatori attestano il funzionamento in SSM del SKL per un periodo sufficientemente lungo ogni discorso sul rendimento è superfluo; il COP è uguale ad infinito perchè il denominatore è nullo.
    I Fisici Accademici dovranno spremere le loro meningi a lungo, ma partirà il successo del Leonardo SKL.
    Non c’e altro da dire. Se non ho capito nulla ti prego di dirmelo: cercherò di capire.
    Con stima ed affetto
    Gian

    Dear Andrea,
    I don’t understand the talk that is being made about the efficency of your SKL .
    If the teams of verifiers certify the functioning of the SKL in SSM for a sufficiently long period, any discussion on performance is superfluous; the COP is equal to infinity because the denominator is null.
    The Academic Physicists will have to squeeze their brains for a long time, but the success of the Leonardo SKL will start.
    There is nothing more to say.If I have not understood anything, please tell me: I will try to understand.
    With esteem and affection
    Gian

  984. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    This issue is open to the quest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  985. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Once in the industrial market would the regulations allow E-Cat sales &/or rentals to municipal (city) owned electric companies so that these cities could install E-Cat SKLs at their customers’ meters? The power might be cheap enough that the company would not even need to meter the power usage. The Leonardo Corporation could choose to rent their reactors to the power companies thereby protecting its intellectual property. Many cities are heavily dependent on income from their power companies. Cities could also rent E-Cats to be mounted on street-light poles to power the lamps. Marketing via this route would soften the disruption to the retail energy market (but would nuke the wholesale electrical energy market).
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  986. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  987. Steven N. Karels

    Gian,

    Efficiency is important to understand and to measure. Just because a system has no input does not mean that nothing is consumed. The eCat SKL consumes its fuel – albeit over a long period of time. My car’s internal combustion engine (ICE) runs without external input so long as it has fuel in its fuel tank. So with the eCat SKL – it should be able to run until it runs out of fuel – or some other limiting factor occurs.

    Efficiency is important when knowing how much waste heat is being produced, when electrical power is the desired product. A gas fired water heater is typically about 50% efficient – some heated air goes up the chimney and is not used to heat the water. An electric water heater is nearly 100% efficient – very little waste heat is lost. Efficiency is important in the design of larger systems so the waste heat can be either put to use or removed in a safe manner. I hope this clarifies your understanding of efficiency.

  988. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How stable and reliable is the operation of your E-Cat SKLs in this period?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The situation is very promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Rick 57

    @ Steven N. Karels

    I totally agree with you.

    The more meaningful way to define the efficiency of the E-Cat SKL is:

    usable electrical power output
    ———————————-
    total power generated by the E-Cat

    Have a nice day,

    Riccardo

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Some microprocessor chips have multiple cores, each core an individual processor, a circuit board can have multiple chips. Does the E-Cat SKL controller board have a single or multichannel output?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  993. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It could be either.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Dteven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. Dr Rossi,
    I am a friend of Dr Parkhomov, I met him in Russia many times, talking also of your effect.
    In this time of pandemia, I think this paper could be useful:
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/13410437_a_method_of_isothermal_gene_amplification
    This technology could be efficient in the fight over new pathogenes, like corona virus.
    By the way, Sars and Cov-19 bear the GAG sequence which was used in this paper.
    Best Regards,
    Fabrice David

  996. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrice David:
    Thank you for the link.
    I am passing it on to the experts of the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Marie

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Today Industrial Heat has published a patent application in the USA for a patent that is a copy of your description of the 1MW E-Cat. They say it works. But then, if it works to the point that they patent it, how can they say that they have not been able to replicate it ?
    Cheers,
    Marie

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Marie:
    Thank you for the attention you dedicate to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would suggest that the efficiency of an eCat SKL is defined as the useable electrical power produced divided by the total power produced in a complete system. For example, if the eCat SKL reactor produces 100W of total power (heat and electricity combined), consisting of 19 Watts produced as heat from the reactor, and 81 Watts of electrical power is generated by the reactor, but 1 Watt of electrical power is consumed by the Controller (and turned into heat), the system efficiency will be 80% or 0.8. The fact that an application may be able to use the heat generated is irrelevant to the efficiency. The application could as easily discard the generated heat or even view it as a nuisance (e.g., overheating the system).

  1000. Rick 57

    @ Patrick

    for the purpose of this game we calculate the efficiency as:

    P(electric) / [P(electric) + P(heat)]

    therefore assuming there is no power emitted from the E-Cat SKL in any other form.

    Please specify if the value you provided in your guess is the electric power output or the total power, including heat.

    Many Thanks,
    Riccardo

  1001. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    How do you calculate the efficiency?

    Here is my wild guess:

    Power: 3.2kW
    Efficiency: 78%
    Volume: 15cm x 10cm x 4cm
    Weight: 378g

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for your participation to the quest,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Tyrone Featherly

    Dear Andrea,

    I can guess with any confidence only the efficiency of the SKL. As you have said, more than once I think, the efficiency must be exactly 100% because the denominator is 0.

    Heat is not waste, heat is still energy and can always have value. 

    I am still so thankful for your commitment to your work, and that of your entire team. And I pray on this Easter Sunday that you maintain your good health and continued success in your endeavors. 

    Tyrone Featherly 

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Tyrone Featherly:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Even with automated manufacture of the E-Cat SKL charge and electrical interconnections to the control unit, there will be manufacturing tolerances, small differences in gap distance between cathode and anode, lengths of electrical interconnectors, minute differences in cross sectional area, conductivity, effectiveness of electronic screening, and circuit timing. The conductive path length and conductive volume (like a wave guide) of each E-Cat setup will be as electronically distinct and individual as fingerprints, I would think that part of the task for the AI software would be to adapt to the electronic differences of each individual setup, but my thoughts may be wrong.

    Previously you have described a controller board as being 5 cm x 7 cm x 1 cm and the weight as 80 grams.

    Can more than one E-Cat SKL charge be controlled by a control unit – single controller circuit board with its on-board AI software?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Eric Ashworth

    Dear LilyLover,
    Your suggestion April 10th I find extremely sensible. Absolutely correct: repeaters/delayed amplifiers, that is the way to go, as it has for eons i.e. quasi-identical starting positions. It is just a question of know how and why. And by the way as you are aware it is not in a text book yet or in a published paper. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1008. Rick 57

    @ Claud

    correct, the power range right now is: 100 – 340,000 W

    even though I wouldn’t be so optimistic like Peter…

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  1009. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    My guess is as follow:
    Weight: 100 grams
    Size: 90x90x90 mm
    Electricity effect: 150 W
    Heat effect: 50 W
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Thank you for your data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    First of all, I wish you and your team a happy Easter.
    Just a question popped into my mind.
    Does the E-cat SKL require a separate system to extract just the excess heat, like some additional water cooling system? Especially if you would combine multiple E-cats, you may some system to get rid of cumulated heat of all these E-Cats together.
    Do you have any Easter surprise for us?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The Ecat SKL can be supplied by a heat exchanger to recover also the residual heat.
    Happy Easter to you and Yours,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1013. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    When the world gets to know the E-cat it will already be very developted and use advanced technology. Imagagine their reaction. For most people it will come from nowhere
    I guess
    Power: 250 W
    Volume: 0.75 dm3
    Weight: 475 g
    Efficiency: 85 %

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Thank you for the data.
    I hope the Ecat SKL will be useful to the world, independently from any other consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Claud

    @ Rick 57

    In your recent comment you indicate the power range of the bets received in the interval “100 – 160,000 W”. You forgot the top estimate of “Peter” of 340,000 W. (April 9 at 5:42 AM)

  1016. Robert Dorr

    Dr. Rossi,

    Ok, I’ll play the game.

    Size: 150mm per side in a cubic form
    Weight: 450 grams
    Total Power: 500 Watts
    Conversion Efficiency: 81.5%
    Electrical Power Output: 407.5 Watts

    Stay safe and keep up the great work!!

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Thanks, data taken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    I will do with pleasure !

    Nice to see there will be 4 winners and not just one !

    Warm Regards and Good Luck to Everybody !

    Rick 57

  1019. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    OK
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1020. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Does the exterior surface of the ecat get so hot that it requires insulation from heat sensitive and inflammable materials.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The external walls are at room temperature or lukewarm at the most.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    As a non-engineer, non-physicist, I can only imagine the challenge you face on expanding the ratio of Controller:Cube. As a first thought, I imagine that with the “deep learning” HAL has grown and potentially tests the limits of the existing CPU of the controller. However, when I think of the Ahronov-Bohm effect, the distinction of how HAL might treat each Cube individually versus treating each cube as “equivalents” arises.

    Have you and your excellent team reached a level of mastery where the 4-dimensional shape of equivalent points of resonance been mapped? I use the following video as an gross simplification of my meaning of “equivalent points of resonance”. Or, am I simply showing my level of ignorance?
    Link>> https://youtu.be/wvJAgrUBF4w

    As always, I wish you all good health.

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Very interesting link ! Your comment is very intelligent.
    Same wishes to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1024. Rick 57

    Dear All,

    a few statistics about our quest for the ideal E-Cat SKL:

    Partecipants to date: #27

    Power Range: 100 – 16000 W
    Efficiency Range: 50 – 92 %
    Cube Side: 10 – 125 mm
    Weight: 95 – 2360 g

    Enjoy e Happy Easter @Home !
    Riccardo

  1025. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Very well, please continue to assist me with this quest. Keep you too record of the data, if you want, so that I will ask your help when I will have to choose which is the closest. We will have 4 winners: the best power, the best efficiency, the best dimensions ( based on the volume ) and the best weight.
    Again Happy Easter to all our Readers !
    A.R.

  1026. Rino

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think that the key of the direct generation of electricity is in par 2 of your paper on Researchgate.
    Godspeed
    Rino

  1027. Andrea Rossi

    Rino:
    Those particles travel close to the speed of light and at their speed you cannot use Galileian equations, you must use the Lorentz equations, to respect the Relativity theory: when the speed arrives to be close of the speed of light the space tends to contract along the axis of the direction of the partcle and time tends to become slower and slower…so the particles are “in time” to reach the sea level.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Have a Good Easter you and all our readers !
    Andrea Rossi

  1029. Claud

    In case Peter (April 9, 2020 at 5:42 AM) should be the winner of the contest, the energy demand for the entire world would be rapidly overcome…

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    We’ll see,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    My silly suggestion for controller for multiple modules —
    In the school days we used to have PE drills, standing and sitting. Smart kids would remember steps and could perform the drills with eyes closed. Yet, there was a drill demonstrator for kids that forget the steps. Mimicking the drill sergeant is easy for learning the first time or following without learning. I’m sure that you have the best support in the world but simply wanted to float this idea — can you have three AI-enabled controllers and seven or 97 mimickers (repeaters, delayed amplifiers) to control, say, 10 or 100 modules? The mimickers or the copy-catters, ‘COP-E-Cats’, will control the plasma by following the two best performers out of the three controllers. This will avoid the need for independently intelligent controllers. In the days of cheap computational power, there may not be much of cost savings by doing this, but thermodynamically, the decision making of controllers generates more heat than the ‘COP-E-Cat’ mimickers. This will help solve the coolness retention and optimization of AI’s responsibilities. For this to happen, I imagine that a very high degree of precision in manufacturing is required. But I think you’ve already achieved that or at least how to specify that. Creation of quasi-identical starting conditions, much like at the beginning of the F1 race will offer a realistic ability to mimic the leaders / “intelligent-controllers”.
    Just as gun barrels are geometrically conditioned to compensate for manufacturing defects of the barrels or the bullets, you could condition the initial standing plasma perfectly as you like by material modifications around the plasma cylinder.
    If all the misbehaving plasma (entropy) can be brought back on track by conductor of the orchestra, you only need one conductor as long as all the misbehavior is similar.
    My wheat could be your chaff; so, please take this with a grain of salt.

    Good Good Friday & Happy Easter!

    Sincerely,
    LilyLover

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  1033. LilyLover

    Entree 3: Guessing Game

    Electrical output: 5.2 kW
    Distribution: 92.5 % electricity, 7.5% heat, six months of performance @ 50% on/off
    Size: 10 cm X 10 cm X 10 cm
    Weight: 2.36 kg
    Color: Sky Blue, if requested
    Noise: < 45 dB
    Modules per car: 4 working + 1 contingency
    Modules per home: 2 operational + 2 backup

    (I really really wanted to quote 10kW from 10 cm^3 @ 90% electric, but I can’t be too wanton!)

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  1035. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Readers,
    Following my previous message let’s go further in analyzing the ECat SKL device in order to predict its design and parameters.
    As I mentioned before to my mind Andrea Rossy and his Team in novel ECat version probably could have applied some elements from Kenneth Shoulders or similar effects. Of course, only partly. Everybody knows the difference between effects, which hundreds or even thousands and working model like SKL, generating stable excess of heat and electricity.
    I guess most of Readers know the previous ECat versions as well as carefully studied Andrea Rossi sebsite blog and more or less possess scientific knowledge. Hence I propose all of you to join to the discussion if Andrea doesn’t mind it.
    To my opinion novel ECat version could have compose Shoulders effect produced plasma and thermal ECats, generated excess of heat. How to combine these approaches, optimize them and improve?
    As usual, when we try to recieve maximum energy from eather or Physical Vacuum, like in this case, we should create maximum power energy in one point, produce some kind of explosion, better in transient mode (at the same time total power and energy is not high). Therefore, input electric circuit should produce high voltage for stable plasma ball (or ballerina, I have to go back to the old name). The plasma thread should be of maximum length in order to increase transformation its energy by external winding for removing electricity. For this besides high difference of electric potentials, moremore electrical conducting environment (gaseous) for plasma should be used.
    Additional power should be created by by superficial energy in nanostructured nickel, maximum saturated with hydrogen. Of course, the more hydrogen pressure will be in the system, the better.
    Hydrogen circulation between the areas with normal and increased energy (transient mode) should be as often, as possible.
    In addition to enhance effects high frequency electromagnetic oscillations as well as magnetic field overlay to stabilize effects can be applied.
    We don,t know what scientific solutions implement Andrea with his Team in novel ECat version. I guess others, more perfect as he is going to invite us to his own presentation, rather than we invite him to our presentations. But we don’t have to be afraid of offering different approaches and solutions, even if wrong solutions. This is the only way advance forward. As they say, the road will settle the walking.
    If Andrea support this proposal, he can prepare one more invitation letter for those, who guessed his technical solutions formore than 20 percent. Welcome also novel approaches that can be a prototype of the next generation ECat version.
    It is not necessary to sit behind Andrea’s and his Team back at this difficult time. Especially their work results will use the whole world.
    I apologize for mistakes as I wrote from phone.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I agree.
    Thank you for your help to our beloved Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Donald G Chandler

    Elec out = 100W
    Eff = 72.5%
    Dim = 10x10x10 cm
    Mass = 800g

    And I’d like to order 1 Trillion units please. Can you provide a volume discount? 😀

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for the data.
    About your order, no problem: this is America, instead of 100 you will pay 99.99
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Here are my estimates for the Ecat SKL specifications:

    Dimensions: 75mm x 75mm x 75mm
    Electrical Power: 125w
    Efficiency: 86%
    Mass: 100g

    Even though you may have already designed a system to connect multiple Ecat cubes together, here is one suggestion for a power distribution bus configuration:

    1. A total of 9 Ecat cubes (or more cubes) could be plugged into sockets on a proposed power distribution circuit board.

    2. The power distribution circuit board would consist of a heavy-duty multi-level printed circuit board.

    3. Nine sockets would be mounted on top of the printed circuit board in a configuration that would provide close/optimum spacing of the 9 Ecat cubes.

    4. Each Ecat cube would have a plug installed in its base and would be plugged into a mating socket on the power distribution circuit board.

    5. The power distribution circuit board would be square, allowing for 9 Ecat cubes to be installed in a grid of 3 rows and 3 columns. Larger configurations of Ecat cubes might also be possible.

    6. This configuration would easily allow implementation of both series and parallel power output power connections to the Ecat cubes.

    7. The total output power of a 3 by 3 grid of Ecat cubes would be about 1,125 watts of electrical power in any series/parallel configuration, assuming each Ecat cube would produce 125 w.

    8. The dimensions of the power distribution circuit board might be about: 225mm wide x 225mm long x 300 mm high.

    9. The power distribution circuit board could also be used to supply input control signals to each Ecat cube through the plug mounted on its base.

    10. The use of a socket on the base of each Ecat cube would facilitate easy installation and/or replacement.

    Best Regards,
    Bill Hayes

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    Thank you for your data, received and recorded, and for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Dear Andrea,
    Here is my SKL guess:

    electric power out 674 W
    conversion efficiency 72%
    dimensions 90 x 86 x 104 mm
    weight 0.78 kg

    Best Regards

    Mats Heijkenskjold

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    Thank you for your data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Peter

    My guess:
    – Electrical Power Output: 340 kiloWatt
    – Conversion Efficiency: 65%
    – Dimensions: 75x75x75 mm
    – Unit weight 150 grams

    Can’t believe its been almost a decade of since I found your work! God Speed Rossi!

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Data received, thank you, also for your patience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Here is my guess for the Ecat SKL:

    Electrical power = 220W
    Conversion efficiency = 90% (I am optimistic!)
    Dimensions = 50.8mm x 50.8mm x 50.8mm (2 inch cube)
    Weight = 175g

    Each Ecat module would have a fixed socket on one side face, and a fixed plug on the opposite side face to allow connecting the units together in series to build up the voltage, as you have said, like Lego bricks. Multiple rows would then be combined in parallel to achieve the required power output.

    Wishing good health to yourself, and to all our fellow readers of the JoNP.
    We will overcome our present troubled times and come back even stronger.

    All the Best,
    Martyn Aubrey

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thanks, data received.
    Same wishes to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    During current circumstances you can not have any demonstration at internet. But, could you please tell us, what kind of instructions the third party has given to your lab? Which answer do they need for be satisfyed?
    Warm Regards
    Sture Andreasson

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Sorry, this is confidential, so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Richard

    Dr Rossi:
    Yoy still optimist about the Ecat SKL ?

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Richard:
    Absolutely,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. CC

    Prof:
    Note that the readings of the paper on Researchgate are about the same of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    This make me suppose that who read the paper has also watched the video, both published in January 2019

  1052. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the stats on Researchgate I found today consulting your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total Readings: 46 001 ( fortysix thousand one ) !
    Recommendations: 2 107
    Citations: 16
    Total Research Interest Index: 633.1
    …and counting !
    Congratulations for this excellent achievement: the world is looking at your work and I am not surprised.
    Prof

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You indicate to date, a single Controller is needed to control a single eCat SKL.

    1. Is the combined power consumption of the Controller and the eCat SKL less than the electrical output of the eCat SKL?
    2. Is the power consumption of the Controller less than the power consumption of a single eCat SKL?
    3. Is it your plan that a single Controller will be able to manage several eCat SKL units?

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. of course
    2. yes
    3. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Koen Vandewalle

    A prism, with a hexagon as base with the side measuring 50mm, and a height of 98mm.
    The electrical power is 245 watts, on a total generated power of 333 watts, or 73.57% efficiency.
    The units can be stacked vertically and laterally: vertically to couple the electrical power, and laterally to connect them mechanically. This configuration weighs 777 grams per unit. Forced cooling is not necessary because vertical stacking creates an upward airflow sufficient to cool the surface (four faces of the hexagonal prisms).
    Each unit initially costs € 57, but larger batteries cost slightly more per unit due to the more precise tolerances.
    Finally, the color is anodized aluminum.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you, data received.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Josef Vossler

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Has the Ecat SKL been made in the USA ?
    Josef

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Josef Vossler:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Gavino Mamia

    Salve!
    Un giorno mi dissi: immagina un cubo blu di 3×3 cm
    Ed ecco la mia stima:
    dimensions 3×3 cm
    weight 100 gramms
    efficiency 90%
    power 250W

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the eCat SKL, with regards to the controller of the eCat SKL:

    1. Does the mass specification (e.g., 100 grams) of the eCat SKL include the mass of the controller?
    2. Can the Controller simultaneously manage more than one eCat SKL?
    3. If so, what is the theoretical limit of the number of eCat SKLs one Controller can simultaneously manage?
    4. What is the maximum number of eCat SKLs you have simultaneously managed with a single Controller to date?
    5. What is the power consumption of a single Controller managing a single eCat SKL?
    6. Does the Controller’s power consumption increase when additional eCat SKLs are simultaneously managed by the Controller? if so, by how much per eCat SKL?

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. no, the weight of the controller , that is 80 grams, is not included in the quest
    2. not yet
    3. n.a.
    4. n.a.
    5. the data related to the Ecat SKL will be delivered at its presentation
    6. n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Dr. R. Nicholson

    Oh, I am very sorry to hear that.

    Was hoping the opposite.

    Best development in this direction.

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Dr R. Nicholson:
    I do not understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    here is my estimation,

    Power: 200 W
    Size: 100 mm x 100 mm x 25 mm
    Weight: 300 g
    Conversion efficiency: 85%

    best regards
    Ulrich

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your data, record taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    here is my estimation:
    Power: peanuts
    size: watermelon
    efficiency: bananas
    weight: 2 pees

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Here is my SKL guess:

    electric power out 347 W
    conversion efficiency 78%
    dimensions 120 x 110 x 100 mm
    weight 1.3 kg

    Best Regards
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    you have already received the data imagined by many Readers on the characteristics of Ecat SKL.
    I guess someone has given numbers too far from reality (in excess or in defect).
    But may I ask if anyone has approached some real values in some way?
    Anyway, here are my predictions:
    power 220 W.
    conversion efficiency 83%
    dimensions 90 x 100 x 110 mm
    weight 1.25 kg
    Sincerely
    Italo R.

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot answer, I only can say that all of them make sense.
    Received also your data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. What effect has the solitude enforced by coronavirus had on your work?
    2. Have you had success yet combining two SKLs to increase the overall power output?
    3. Has anyone apart from you built a working SKL without you being physically present with them?

    Thank you, and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 none, we are well organized interacting with internet
    2 yes
    3 not yet
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1077. Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande

    Potenza elettrica 100 Watt Efficienza di conversione del 50% , Dimensioni 100x100x100 , Peso in grammi 600 !!!

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande:
    Thank you, data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Lisa

    Dear Andrea:
    I totally agree with your answer to the differently intelligent troll “Buck”
    Lisa

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Lisa:
    He,he,he,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Henrik

    Dear Dr Rossi.
    (Off-topic) I came across this link: https://trailrunnermag.com/people/the-quarantine-backyard-ultra-was-the-race-we-deserve-during-the-coronavirus-pandemic.html describing a quite extrordinary event that might interest you.
    B R Henrik

  1082. Heinz Sause

    Hallo Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    here is my guess:
    power out 550 W
    conversion efficiency 80%
    dimensions 100 x 200 x 100 mm
    weight 1.5 kg
    “Finis Coronat Opus” ( The end crowns the work )
    Good luck and stay well,
    Yours Heinz Sause

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Sause:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you continue to do Skype collaboration with the third party testers? Or is that phase over?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am continuing to work on Skype with all,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea

    My guesses, and my email in case I get lucky jcerockwood@gmail.com

    – Electrical Power 145Watts
    – Conversion Efficiency in 87%
    – Cube dimensions in millimeters 120x120x120
    – Unit weight in grams (excluding the control unit) 1728grams

    Thanks

    John Evans

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    Thank you, data taken note of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.T.

  1088. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has there been any attempt as yet of connecting two or more E-Cat SKL’s to add their electrical outputs together?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We are doing it now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of April 7 2020:
    Complications from pandemic may force delay to VOGTE 3 and 4 nuclear expansion
    Rod Walton

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    About the quest on course, I recommend that you put a real email address in the comment containing the data you propose, because the invitation to the winner will be sent to the email address you put in the comment.
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Dr. R. Nicholson

    Good day Mr. Rossi

    Me and my affiliates are wondering, if You are healthy

    Best whishes

    Roger

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Dr R. Nicholson:
    I am perfectly healthy and I am working hard on the Ecat SKL.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the corona virus anomalies respect the normal flu viruses can be caused by the global warming and other environmental damages caused by human activity, as somebody is supposing ?

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing some of the history of your Ecat progression. I can understand that your first production of excess energy in March of 1999 in Manchester, New Hampshire was especially emotional. The first kiss is not forgotten, nor the details around the birth of one’s first child. Also, fittingly, March 1999 would have been the ten year anniversary of the announcement by Drs. Pons and Fleischmann.

    Thank you again for your perseverance and inspiration and perspiration in the quest for clean energy!
    Cheers from Canada

    My guess for the EcatSKL properties at the upcoming demo:

    Total power out: 175W
    Electrical conversion efficiency: 80%
    Electrical power out: 175W * .8 = 140W
    Dimension: Cube with side length of 8 cm
    Mass: 400 grams, including wafer charge.
    Colour: blue
    Electrical power in, when required: 10W.

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    Thank you for your sustain !
    Data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. Silent Majority Guy

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for being always working for us, whatever happened: hurricanes, virus, whatever.
    What you are doing is important for us all,
    Silent Majority Guy

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1101. Claud

    Hi Andrea, here are my prediction of the SKL features:
    output: 160 W
    conv. efficiency : 71%
    dimension :98 x 98 x 98 mm
    weight : 480 g.
    Good luck to you and to me :-)

  1102. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1103. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Several times you confirmed that you were
    preparing to use ABB robots in the manufacturing of E-Cat modules.
    1. Is this still the plan?
    2. If Yes, did you already test to make an E-Cat SKL module with the help of a robot?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  1104. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1 yes
    2 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1105. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Readers. Lets make a brief scientific analysis of ECat SKL cube. In comparison with well known previous thermal ECats versions (thanks Andrea later repeated in many countries), novel device produced also electricity. We don’t know much about its prototype ECat SK, only about its very small dimensions (like tube) and 100W produced electricity (if my memory doesn’t
    fail me). Therefore, Andrea Rossi with his team moved away from his standard scheme of obtaining energy with AlLiH -Ni powder fuel.
    Novel design can be implemented using Shoulders and others electromagnetic effects. This device is not need large sizes as the main part is the electrical contacts between which plasma is created and external winding for removing electricity. Plasma itself has low heat capacity in comparison with AlLiH Ni fuel and cooling system can be minimized. Moreover, generated photons can be focused by mirrows and send to solar battery for obtaining additional electricity.
    Of course, the excess of energy that partly transforms to electricity needs hydrogen in the system, saturated in Ni or in other way inside the system. Better to use nanostructured Ni as electrodes.
    All these parts should be inside sealed container to avoid hydrogen to escape.
    In general it is the main parts in the box since electric converter may be placed in the control block cigarette pack.
    As usual control system is one third of the main part (dimentions).
    Much electricity production needs more complicated cooling system, for example Rank tube, so the electricity power is not large (100_200W) as well as conversion efficiency ( not more than in electric power statioms) as it is thefirst step of developments.
    The cube or similar form is not heavy.
    That is all fot the first approximation.
    I believe my fantasy will give Rossi team a reason for humor
    In a few days I will give additional information on improving this design using my rich imagination. I hope I haven’t confused you all.
    Best regards and good luck.
    Aleksei

  1106. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I see that your work is going for the best despite the difficult period the world is going through and I hope to see your machine on the market as soon as possible.
    The Covi 19 plunged the price of a barrel of oil to around 22 $.
    With the competition from Ecat, do you think that oil is likely to remain at this level or even experience even lower levels?
    All my encouragement to the whole team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, it is not possible to insert more than one Ecat SKL in that volume.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SKL electrical output voltage determined by design, i.e. a specific voltage can be chosen, or is the output voltage determined by the function of the charge energy to electrical output extraction mechanism?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The voltage can be adjusted making it fit for the necessity of the Client
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    you said, that your team is still testing different configuations of the e-cat skl. Do you already have a configuration, which is “good enough” for commercialisation?

    Kind regards,

    E.Hergen

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a simple wish to you, your team, the team of the testing agency, as well as all the clients who have their own team members present:

    Stay well, be healthy.

    Respectfully,
    Mason

    ps. My guess:

    – Electrical Power Output: 1 kiloWatt
    – Conversion Efficiency: 85%
    – Dimensions: 90x90x90 mm
    – Unit weight (excluding the control unit): 95 grams

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Taken notice of your data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Since we are into speculation, I predict that the ecat will be certified by no later than June 01, 2020!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Do you have a cristall ball ? Is it for sale ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1116. Buck

    THx for the quick reply.

    Now it is clear, how You measure netto win.

    Your conclusions of Yur measurement are based on a very common effect, which is called “Dunning Kruger Effect”.

    You can read about it.

    Regards

    Buck

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    You did not understand my comments. I am talking of definition of Energy in general, not of measurements of the energy consumed and the energy generated by the Ecat ! The theoretical concept of the definition of Energy is one thing, the measurement of Wh consumed and generated by an apparatus are a totally different issue. You correctly cite the Dunning Kruger Effect, but your text gives evidence that such psychological effect is referred to you: the matter of the fact is that you really have not been able to understand what I wrote while, along the Dunning Kruger Effect, at the same time you are not able to recognize this and introject in others your different way to be intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1118. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Rick 57, dear Andrea,
    Thank you for opportunity to start a game (quest) especially it is very cold in Moscow country forest, where I am now living having escaped from the corona virus city carantine to feel free.
    Before starting the game some input data should be precised.
    1. First, are the ECat SKL parameters include controller (a pack of cigarettes) inserted inside or only separate arrangement?
    2. Second, ECat SKL announced in January is continiously improving. What version we are going to determine – January, current one or future will be shown at your presentation?.
    3. Third, we are all in unequal conditions as among the Readers are the members of Andrea Rossi team, Frank Acland, for example, knowing parameters of your device (may be). His questions were composed in such a way that Andrea could somehow inadvertently convey the necessary information to us.
    If he win he can make some kind of bisiness to sell to extra invitation (the first one he will recieve as a member of the team).
    In order not to freeze at my country dacha I will also take part in the competition (although I have already invitation- Andrea promised).
    4. To everybody. There are two approaches to the parameters of ECat SKL device. First one – to analyze information from Andrea Rossy blog, especially his answers to Frank Acland questions, taking into account a great sense of Andrea humour.
    The second approach scientific one – try to understand the principal of novel version. It is not dublicate the previous and I guess based on Shoulders and others electromagnetic effects with modifications using thermal Ecat expsriments. At least I will try to go this way and my decision will be in the next letter.
    I am sorry for possible grammar mistakes as I write from the phone.
    Best regards and good luck to everybody.
    Aleksei Savchenko

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko
    The winner of this quest will be invited to the presentation, but you already have been invited, as a Russian scientist I esteem. So I see you more as a support of our Readers that participate to this quest: maybe they can ask you suggestions or help: this would be suicy !
    Obviously you are more than free to send your data, but independently from them you will be anyway invited to attend the presentation.
    Second suggestion: even if you are in a less populated countryside, please do not lower the guard: stay home ! Use all the individual protection devices and follow all the direction of the Government, don’t brave this virus: it is extremely dangerous.
    Answers:
    1. the “cigarette pack” ( the control system ) is separated
    2.the Ecat SKL is still the same, we are just continuing to change configurations of the same object, same components: the confuguration is extremely important
    3. Ha,ha,ha !
    No, the members of our Team are not participating to the quest: you have my honour word: that would be very unfair to our beloved Readers ! Frank Acland is the director of the best blog of the LENR sector, but he is not and has never been a member of our Team, besides, all the information I gave and give him is immediately published on E-Catworld, so all the Readers of the JoNP have access to the same information, just reading http://www.e-catworld.com as most of them already do.
    I envy your dacha in the countryside of Moscow: you surely can make cross country skiing there, which is my passion
    4. Very well, as I suggested, you anticipated me and already are giving good suggestions to our Readers that make this competition.
    Enjoy Easter in your winter paradise !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the great work of your team:
    Happy Easter to you all from a long time follower,
    CC

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your wishes, and I send to you and to all our Readers my most sincere wishes to spend a Happy Easter 2020, notwithstanding the necessity to stay at home: I am sure you all will feel the Spirit of the Resurrection.
    Andrea Rossi

  1122. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You said your different ECats
    are all your sons.
    I think the ECat SKL is your
    Precious Daughter.

    https://www.jw.org/en/library/music-songs/original-songs/precious-daughter/

    Regards
    Sam

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,hee,he…right ! And thank you for the nice link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Ivan Samec

    Dear participants in guessing,

    my guess:

    – Electrical Power Output: 195 Watts
    – Conversion Efficiency: 84%
    – Dimensions: 80x80x70 mm
    – Unit weight (excluding the control unit): 97 gramms

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for your participation: data taken
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Stephen

    Dear Andrea. I really like reading these guesses the parameters of the Ecat SKL. You start at the beginning and read each one and by the end you can’t help smiling. Isn’t that something to treasure in these days.

    I’d be happy with almost any one of these. And if any of those is correct how amazing that will be!

    I can’t my self wager a guess. I like to guess how it could be sometimes to understand it’s potential. But in this I like to keep it in mind as a work if art as well as science and engineering that evolves and surprises us until the day it comes to view.

    However all these guesses give such hope and optimism in these days I love to read them. I really feel wonder and hope at what I see there.

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your delighting comment: we really need smiles in this difficult period of pandemy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Buck

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    You said, that Your reference of measuring energy is “amount of information per unit space time”.

    Do You reference both directions ( input and output ) with the same definition of energy ?

    Regards

    Buck

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Nils Fryklund

    Hello Andrea!
    Am I right when I think that E-catSK at a customer from 19 november 2018 is producing heat energy for about 200000 KW-hours on about one teaspoon of powder? Unbelievable!
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I can’t answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea, fellow guessers,

    This is what I have in mind :

    Module :
    ————————————————————-
    Volume : 5cm * 5cm * 5cm = 125cm³ / module
    Power : 1 kW / module –> 8 modules / dm³ –> 8 kW/dm³
    Weight : 100g / module –> 8 modules / dm³ –> 800g/dm³
    Ee/Et ratio : 90% / 10%

    Controller :
    ————————————————————-
    90mm / 60mm / 20mm, weight 50g (approx. like a raspberry pi)
    + 200g for enclosure & interfacing HW to the module(s)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thanks, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi,
    here are the SKL data: Electric power 0, efficiency 0%, cube or whatever size 0, weight 0, existence 0

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1136. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My guess for the SKL data:
    Electric power: 875 W
    Conversion factor: 84%
    Cube size: 125 mm/side
    Cube weight: 107 g

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B.:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, My numbers: Pe = 16 kW, Efficiency = 75%, Dimensions = 10 cm, Weight = 100 g

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    My numbers for E-Cat SKL parameters;

    Electrical Power: 500 W
    Conversion Efficiency: 88 %
    Cube Dimension: 60 mm a side
    Unit Weight: 100 g
    Colour: Blue

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you,
    data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1142. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Praying for your’s and your staff’s families good health through this awful pandemic.

    Since a December 15, 2015 response, it appears you have maintained a “higher economy scale” strategy with a snap-together heat/electrical output ports with a ‘LEGO’-type scheme.
    If so, has corrosion between the cube’s electrical connections over time proven to be a challenge?

    Assuming successful test results, will you have reached the final SKL version for public demonstration and initial production? Can you estimate how long that may be? Thank you.

    My SKL parameter guess:
    125 Watts
    87%
    5x5x5 cm per side
    100 grams

    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1143. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Corrosion should not be an issue
    I prefer not to set times so far.
    Data taken: thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1144. Manfred

    My estimate to the Ecat SKL:
    cube length 101.6 mm
    efficiency 81%
    power 508 W
    weight 780 g
    I wish you all the best: stay healthy and thanks for the recommendations to fight the corona virus.
    If the Ecat SKL will do well, after the corona virus tragedy the world will be twice best
    Greetings from Germany,
    Manfred

  1145. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred:
    Thanks for your participation to the quest,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1146. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I derived joy from adding wheels to a single Lego brick and calling it a toy. I also collaborated with friends to build 1/4th scale car. They make tall giraffes and small castles out of legos.
    Q1. Does your LEGO analogy hold up at a household level or at a commercial storefront level as well? (I’ll be happy with either answer!)
    Q2. Once the safety certifications are made, and when you are financially comfortable, perhaps the evening before commercial launch, will you donate a large, stand alone ‘minestrone soup pot’ that can daily cook the soup for about 100 people, without any external energy source, to the church of your choice? (I’d love for them to be able to say that this was the first fruit of Andrea‘s efforts that changed humanity to kindness.)
    Sincerely,
    — LilyLover

  1147. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your participation to the quest,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1148. Steven N. Karels

    Eric Ashworth,

    You posted “Drink Gin and Tonic with a slice of lemon and also Brandy. These drinks I believe helps to ward off the virus.” Since the virus is a respiratory one, I do not see how consuming alcohol will “ward off” the virus. It might make you temporarily feel better or to not care. But I doubt it has an anti-viral property. Better to maximize your immune system – by staying away from alcohol, cigarettes, etc.

  1149. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    How are the tests going? Are you happy about the progress?
    About the SKL details:
    Max electrical Power: 100 W
    85% of the total power generated by the SKL can effectively be used as electrical output power in SSM
    Cube sizes: 10x10x10 cm
    Weight: 800 grams
    Please stay healthy, Kind regards Gerard.

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The tests are proceeding well and I continue to be very optimist.
    Advise taken of your move for the quest. ( He,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Carlos from Argentina

    Dr Rossi,
    I have been contacted Argentina from a person that says has a licence from you and offers me shares of his company.
    Can you confirm that it is true ? I also sent you his address by email to info@leonardocorp1996
    Thanks for helping,
    Carlos

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Carlos from Argentina:
    THANK YOU FOR YOUR REQUEST OF HELP-
    ATTENTION, THIS IS AN ATTEMPT OF FRAUD !!!
    WE DO NOT HAVE ANY LICENCE ON COURSE IN ARGENTINA AND WE ARE NOT SELLING ANY KIND OF SHARES OR EQUITIES.
    WE PASSED THE ADDRESS YOU SENT ME TO OUR ATTORNEY FOR THE NECESSARY ACTION AGAINST THIS SUBJECT.
    YOU MADE WELL: ANYBODY THAT RECEIVES SIMILAR OFFERS OF SHARES, EQUITIES, OR ECATS MUST CONTACT IMMEDIATELY US HERE OR BY EMAIL TO INFO@LEONARDOCORP1996.COM AND WE WILL IMMEDIATELY CLEAR THE SITUATION. THIS IS THE SOLE WAY TO ALLOW FRAUDSTERS TO STEAL YOUR MONEY.
    DR ANDREA ROSSI, CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  1153. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    I propose to all the Readers a little game to have some fun in these days we have to STAY@HOME…

    Try to guess the main E-CAT SKL parameters, that is:

    – Electrical Power Output in Watts
    – Conversion Efficiency in % (Electrical Power / Total Power)
    – Cube dimensions in millimeters
    – Unit weight in grams (excluding the control unit)

    When the true numbers will be disclosed, everybody will be able to easily calculate his score as the sum of the absolute differences between his guess and the actual value for each of the above parameters (only one attempt is allowed per Reader).

    Of course, who gets the minimum score wins! Maybe, Andrea, you could invite him to the first public product demo…

    And now, my numbers:

    Electrical Power: 283 W
    Conversion Efficiency: 78 %
    Cube Dimension: 80 mm
    Unit Weight: 475 g

    Thanks a lot for your attention and good luck !

    Riccardo

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    OK, the game is on !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Eric Ashworth

    Readers of the JONP, with regards the Corona virus/ Covid-19 pandemic. Go to flue virus, study Type A, Type B and Type C. This virus is a Type A flue virus, same as Spanish flue and Hong Kong flue. This Corona virus is a Chinese Type A flue. Flue vaccines are of no value with a Type A. They have to be treated as a very contagious flue that affects the respiratory system as they have occurred in the past and will continue into the future. My suggestion is the same as that of a British medical doctor that contracted the virus which is isolate one self, eat chicken soup, take paracetamol and stay in bed. Myself even though I do not have the virus I wash my hands, use alcohol to sterilize my hands, Drink Gin and Tonic with a slice of lemon and also Brandy. These drinks I believe helps to ward off the virus. As of today I feel fine. Stay safe, don’t panic it will pass as it always does. Obviously the elderly and those with a compromised immune system must take every precaution possible. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I’d refrain from suggestions not coming from the specialists, that are the physitians expert of the matter and from the directions consequently imposed or suggested by the competent Authorities.
    STAY HOME !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Nonetheless, perhaps the most emotional moment has been in 1999 in Manchester, New Hampshire, where Leonardo Corp has been born in 1996, it was March and for the first time I measured an excess of energy in the very first prototype, a very small thing, with several Watts of power.”

    Can you describe the excess heat measurement methodology for that first experiment. Did you use nickel or palladium, deuterium gas or hydrogen gas? What temperatures did you reach?

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The structure of that prototype is contained in the patent of this post.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Assuming use of Faraday shielding and active cooling, is there any limitation on how close individual E-Cat SKL’s can be positioned in relation to each other?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m curious: which of your Ecat developments (hot Cat, QuarkX, EcatSK, EcatSKL ) have been the most gratifying to you, while you were working on them?
    Also, and if you are inclined, could you summarize in a few words what you have felt for each one of your Ecat iterations?

    You mentioned in a recent post about Thomas Florek’s music in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Personally I was quite delighted by the music and light humorous touch of the EcatSK video. Also, seeing the Ballerina was the highlight of the last demo for me. I look forward to your demonstration of the EcatSK Leonardo and hope your voice has recovered well.

    Cheers from Canada

    PS I am a new poster and up until today I have only read your blog at rossilivecat.com . Now that I see the posts here on journal-of-nuclear-physics.com , I notice that your answer to Kory earlier today appeared as “No” on rossilivecat.com, but “Yes” on journal-of-nuclear-physics.com !

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    All of them are my sons, but , as Ferrari used to say about his cars, “the best is always the next”. As a consequense of this consideration, the best is the SKL, albeit each of them has gratified our Team with a strong emotion. But now we are completely absorbed by the SKL, that I consider our masterpiece.
    Nonetheless, perhaps the most emotional moment has been in 1999 in Manchester, New Hampshire, where Leonardo Corp has been born in 1996, it was March and for the first time I measured an excess of energy in the very first prototype, a very small thing, with several Watts of power. That has been the beginning.
    About the dicotomy between the comment – answer to Kory, the answer is YES, the no was a typo that probably has been corrected later also on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Thank you for having posted !
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Kory:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1165. Adele

    Dr Rossi,
    How would you place in a scale between 0 and ten your trust in the Ecat SKL as of today, after all the experiments made so far ?

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Adele:
    9
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Grazie Andrea;
    non mi attendevo notizie migliori di queste.
    In un giorno di grande depressione mi sento molto più sollevato.
    Per consolare la tua Signora falla vincere con le carte da gioco (se trovi il tempo)…
    Grazie e ancora grazie. Ti consoli il pensiero che tanti ti sono, almeno spiritualmente,vicini.
    Nella depressione ascolto su youtube Vivaldi, Zipoli, Sammartini, … e Morricone.
    Consiglio : di Vivaldi il Credo dell’orchestra Armena,il Dixit Dominus del Ghislieri Consort di Pavia, di Zipoli L’elevazione.
    E poi c’è tanto jazz… Brinderemo in tempi migliori.
    Warm Regards.
    Gian

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind sustain and allow me to sustain you: WE WILL WIN !
    Just stay home with your family and respect rigorously the directions of your Government.
    About music: isn’t delighting the music of my friend Thomas Florek in the menu of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Dear Andrea,
    you are submitting your latest version of the Ecat system to the teams of third-party verifiers:
    an energy generator size 10x10x10 cm, connected to its power supply and control system the size of a pack of cigarettes.
    There are at least tree teams of verifiers:
    one of them paid by Leonardo,
    one in charge of official verification,
    one or more than one in charge of your possible customers.
    I assume that all teams are able to see and follow the entire instrumentation prepared by you to check all the parameters necessary for the validation of the test.
    1 Can they also continuously record the measured physical quantities?
    2 Can any stages in SSM be appreciated in size and duration?
    3 Have SSM phases already been achieved to date?
    Thank you if you can and want to respond to these requests of mine. Any answers will be a pleasant support in this sad period of forced isolation.
    4 Last but not least question: did you have the comfort of still letting yourself be gracefully beaten by your Lady in your tennis battles?
    Am I indiscreet if I ask you for the last score?
    Waiting for better times, my warmest greetings and best wishes
    Gian

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 due to corona virus, Wimbledon and Rossi vs Wife have been delayed , as well as the Olympic Games.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Sorry for the lack of clarity, I was thinking along the route of increasing the power level, not with respect to what places a limit on the output lifespan.

    Do any of the scenarios I list in the previous post limit the ability to increase the existing electrical output of an E-Cat SKL to a higher output level?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the clarification.
    Answer:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With respect to the COVID-19 pandemic, we know a few things:

    1. It is highly contagious – it passes within 6 feet by air; or by touching a virus laden object and then we touch our face.
    2. Of the people who become infected, about 80% do not require hospitalization
    3. Of the 20% that require hospitalization, about 5% will require ICU support
    4. Those that require ICU support, about 1/2 will survive to be later released
    5. This assumes adequate hospital resources are available, otherwise, mortality rates will increase.

    The adequate hospital resources depend on not too many patients being in the medical system at any one time. The “flattening the curve” is done to stretch out the number of patients requiring hospital care at any one time.

    This can be achieved by:
    a. increasing hospital capabilities (more doctors, nurses, equipment, beds, supplies. etc.)
    b. Decreasing the number of infected persons at any one time (stay at home, 6 feet separation, washing hands, etc.)
    c. Improving the uninfected person’s natural resistance (lose weight, stop consuming alcohol, stop smoking, better diet, sleep more, etc.) So even though they become infected, they do not require hospitalization.

    COVID-19 starts out with the infection of a previously uninfected person. It appears previously infected persons are immune to subsequent infections. So the use of social distancing and stay-at-home requirements attempt to reduce the number of new infections per unit of time.

    The hospital capacity is augmented by adding hospitals, beds, supporting equipment, personnel, and by keeping support personnel from becoming infected. But this is limited in its ability to increase quickly – only so many doctors and nurses, even assuming infinite building and supply capabilities.

    Still, 20% of those infected will require hospitalization – unless, an improvement in the average person’s immune system is accomplished. Say, only 18% of those infected will require hospitalization? Perhaps 2% more might be able to fight off the infection without hospitalization because of an improved immune system?

    As you are often fond of saying, “the solution requires an integrated approach”.

    Social rules, increased hospital capacity, and optimization of the immunity of uninfected persons. All three, in my opinion, need to be addressed to effectively combat the disease.

    Eventually, as more people become infected and therefore immune, and the supply of uninfected persons decreases, the COVID-19 virus will fade away. Hopefully, permanently – like SARS. Otherwise, it might mutate like the flu and begin again. Time will tell. Hopefully, a vaccination will become available and widely employed before a new season comes.

    So home remedies, as long as they are not harmful, could be tried, given that there is no medically available alternative at this time. A vaccine is months away. Some drugs may be available to treat those requiring hospitalization but they have not yet been tested for being both safe and effective. So, for now, all three methods should be applied. Stay home (isolate); optimize your immune system; and for each society to improve its hospital capacity to handle “peak loading”.

    In a “perfect world”, we would all self-isolate for 15 or 30 days, the virus would find no uninfected persons and it would die out. It cannot live for long outside a human host. But we do not live in such a world. Humans disobey and they make poor choices. Working together, we can all get through this.

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the electrical output of the E-Cat SKL currently limited by;

    A. The production of energy in the charge.

    B. As yet limited understanding of the science involved in the conversion of energy produced in the charge to electricity.

    C. The Science is known, but insufficient length of testing to provide statistically accurate empirical parameters for the control software or accurate redesign of the mechanism.

    D. The technology / tools available to manufacture the mechanism that converts the energy to electricity, i.e. machine manufacture vs. hand built.

    E. The shape or size of materials available on the market, to design the mechanism that converts the energy to electricity.

    F. Limitation of properties of available materials.

    G. Some combination of above.

    H. One or more other constraints.

    I think refining the items above to the most efficient state will provide many years of work for a large number of researchers.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    What do you mean with “limited electrical output” ? Limited respect what ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a simple wish to you, your team, the team of the testing agency, as well as all the clients who have their own team members present:

    Stay well, be healthy.

    Respectfully,
    Mason

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    We all strongly appreciate your wishes and wish you the same !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I read an online blog from a medical doctor about what can be done to optimize our immune system – and inexpensively

    Finnish saunas or Japanese baths. The sequence of hot and cold exposure (within limits) increases the body’s production of certain antibody cells.

    Sounds like a way to relax after a long day of eCat research?

    Reference: YouTube Coronavirus medcram Updates 46 & 47.

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Nobody knows now what can be useful and what is not to fight against this corona f…… virus: the sole things I am sure will work are:
    1- maintain at least 1.5 meters ( 5 ft ) from any other person when you are out of home
    2- wear a mask, eyeglasses, hat and gloves always when out of home
    3- stay home, unless you have authorizations for specific reasons, or when you need to buy foods or medicines
    About all the rest, I do not know, while we all are waiting for a vaccine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno a tutti.
    Se Ecat SKL potrà finalmente entrare in produzione, oltre a dare una mano
    all’ambiente, sarà di grande sollievo anche per l’economia mondiale distrutta da
    i lockdown dichiarati in queste settimane delle varie nazioni.
    Un Ecat SKL in ogni casa/capanna, sarà certamente il motore economico mondiale
    dei prossimi anni….
    MAI PERIODO E’ STATO PIU’ IDONEO PER ENTRARE SUL MERCATO MONDIALE.
    FORZA E CORAGGIO

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper in four parts
    “On the Unification of Forces”, by Rosemarie Ainslie
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. C.S.

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give us a definition of Energy coherent with the experiments you are making with the Ecat SKL during this period, after more than ten years of experience with the Ecats ?

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    C.S.:
    Energy = Density of Information in the Space-Time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    As we won’t learn about the specifications of the current E-Cat SKL before the demo, and as we all need inspiration / good news during this hard time, I’d like to share the following “LEGO-related” video :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-RtJOfFlZU

    This is a perfect example of what technology & ingenuity can achieve with small building blocks such as LEGOs.
    Also very interesting in this video, is how they managed to cluster 2.304 * from the small LEGO technics 2,8 W motors to obtain the cumulative 5.3 HPs necessary to power the 1.5 tons LEGO car to achieve the blistering speed of 19 km/h.

    Now, I was wondering, how much power would be generated by clustering 2.304 * E-Cat SKLs ?

    OK, I was just kidding :), we will all have to wait for the demo…

    Another question that you may answer :
    Compared to the E-Cat SK, does the E-Cat SKL requires any additional expensive materials/components which would make it only economically viable for electricity production at the grid level (almost always at full power), and make its prohibitive for on-demand electricity generation onboard vehicles (where heavy batteries will still be the norm for years to come) ?

    @All : be well, stay well,

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    1- also the data related to the power of the Ecat SKL module will be delivered during the presentation
    2- no, there are not
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1188. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Sweden chooses to keep business open as usual and trust in the judgement of its citizens in avoiding exposure.
    This may prove to be the wisest strategy, with the vulnerable practicing social isolation. But that strategy
    may put you at a higher risk so please be careful. https://youtu.be/DhUL3HkcaQ0
    Regards,
    Iggy

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I cannot say where I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    LeithT:
    The answer is complex and depends on the situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Dear Andrea,
    if you can tell us from which countries the verifiers for the preliminary tests must come, we could evaluate how long we will have to wait for the start of the official tests.
    I find it very positive that verifiers can already follow the operation of the Leonardo E-Cat SKL
    remotely.
    While regretting the delays, you seem optimistic and positive.
    Thanks for what you are doing, best and warm wishes
    Gian

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    They come from different parts of the world and it is impossible make any forecast about the corona virus times.
    Yes, I am optimistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How are the tests going?
    Are you thinking weeks or
    months to complete?

    Regards
    Sam

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Until the end of the corona virus issue I cannot know when the tests will be completed. Presently I am working alone.
    So, while the R&D proceeds well also using Skype, for the tests it is necessary a series of personal meetings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The question I would pose is whether a 1 hour demonstration of the eCat SKL (without any input power) is sufficient to show that a hidden Li Ion battery could not be the source of the observed power.

    Assumptions:
    1 eCat SKL: 100W total power output, mass = 100 grams, electrical efficiency of 80%, only electrical output is observed, observation time = 1 hour.
    (1 hour was assumed as that is the typical time (1 to 2 hours) in past demonstrations)

    Lithium Ion battery characteristics: (Lithium Ion battery assumed as the most promising candidate based on densities)
    Specific Power density: 200 – 330 W/kg
    Specific Energy density: 100 – 200 W-hr/kg

    Total Output of eCat SKL:
    Specific Power density: 1,000 W/kg (100W / 0.1kg)
    Specific Energy density: 1,000 W-hr/kg (100 W * 1 hour / 0.1 kg)

    Electrical Output of eCat SKL:
    Specific Power density: 800 W/kg (80% efficiency)
    Specific Energy density: 800 W-hr/kg (80% efficiency)

    Conclusion: Given the mass of the eCat SKL, the output power, and the 1 hour demonstration time, a Lithium Ion battery cannot supply the assumed observed power over a demonstration period of 1 hour or greater.

    Thoughts?

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your amalysis. The duration of the demo will be surely long enough to avoid misunderstandings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the E-Cat SKL evolved to the point that any produced heat can be handled passively or does it require active cooling?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1199. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand from
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that your theory starts from the concept of a syncretism between Van Der Waals, Casimir, Aharomov-Bohm effects and the Hestenes interpretation of the Maxwell equations.
    Quite interesting,
    Physicist

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue March 31 2020:
    Hydrogen-fired power promises carbon-free future, but requires huge investments: nearly 800 billions
    Rod Walton

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    At the airport luggage pick-up, a thought came to my mind. Just as the bags circulate on a conveyor belt, why not create a similar triangular conveyor belt system of E-Cat SKLs under the wings of the mega planes? Based on your recent development, I think that you are able to control the run-away reactions sufficiently to avoid catastrophic outcomes. So, if you could run the ECat at its hottest at the wingtip, and exhaust it fully, then rotate the next ECat in its place, it can be clipped off of wing-tip should it go critical, or could be parachuted down in a controlled manner, or infused with gel to shut-off the acceleration of reactions. If immobilizing in place is an option, no such rotation is necessary. Wings offer a large, high-mass-transport surface-area for easy cooling. Instead of six monthly refueling for most other applications, flight crews can replace the ECat cartridges after each flight just as easily as refueli