Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information, but, as it happened to me in the tear 1999, the Seebeck effect does high efficiencies until you are at lab level, but when you try to industrialize to make costs acceptable, the efficiency falls down. I wish this new invention will have a luckier destiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Anonymous

    Is the Ecat SK able to produce directly current without necessity of an energy converter, in a measure that is worth the while?

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, to produce electricity it is necessary to turn the thermal energy into electric energy by means of some apparatus or cycle. About the electricity that is formed in the plasma, we calculated that it is more efficient to thermalize it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some weeks ago you said that you would be testing a heat exchanger which you hoped would be close to 100 per cent efficient. What can you tell us about how the testing went?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The heat exchanging system we adopted is working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  6. Elisa

    In the direct streaming you will made for the presentation of the SK will it be possible to see an Ecat SK in operation?

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    You wrote in your blog some time ago that you are using air and water for your turbines.
    I guess that your partner is working with issues like optimizing such things.
    If they use the existing fuel pumps for the water, they will probably sooner or later get lubrication and/or corrosion problems in the pumps. Must be investigated separately.
    Always keep in mind to use the best material also for secondary processes around the SK like the heat transfer from air/steam to a secondary medium.
    A rule of thumb says that if the cost to solve a problem is $1 on the drawing board it will be $10 to try to fix it in production by modification and increases to $100 if the product has left produktion and you must take it back and rebuild it. If the product allready has been installed with a costumer the cost will rise to $1000 to fix the problem. The type of problem I mean is not to use stainless steel components.

    If your partner is a company for consumer products the mindset of the engineers is always to use as cheap components as possible.

    I wish you all the best with your health and the E-Cat development.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    The injection of water in a combustion room to upgrade the efficiency is a well known technology. Our system is based on a different configuration.
    I agree with you with your considerations about the thumb rules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Anonymous

    Is it continuing the series of tests with the Ecat SK?
    In which Country?

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The tests are continuing on daily base here in the USA where I am presently working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. F

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can the Ecat plants operate ourdoor, or must be installed indoor to work properly? If outdoor: are they designed to resist to hurricanes and flooding?
    F

  13. Andrea Rossi

    F:
    It is better if our plants operate indoor. To operate outdoor, if it is necessary in specific situations, we have to study the external protection on the base of the situation.
    I am not an expert of the matter, therefore in front of a problem like this we’d have to help ourselves with a certified engineer specialized in the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Sharlene

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized SK will be made only by internet streaming or also in a conference room like you made for the very convincing presentation of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on Nov 24 17?

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Sharlene:
    We are thinking about this issue.
    The Stockholm November 24th event had a scientific purpose, while this presentation will have only commercial purposes dedicated to a worldwide public.
    Probably we will make only an internet direct streaming with a public debate.
    This is where we are presently oriented, but ideas can change.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    1- I correctly understood that the E-Cat QX will be used in domestic installations, with the core temperature much lower than that of SK?
    2- QX and SK have serious differences in reactor design and control system or are they just different modifications?
    3- I understand that the main forces are busy preparing the industrialization of SK. Household reactors while “lie on the shelf”? Or are they still working on them?

    Thank you.
    I wish you a triumphant success!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- yes
    2- serious differences
    3- Household appliances are in the certifications limbo.
    Thank you for your kind wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Obscenely less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I hope that the industrialisation of the 40Mw SK plant is going well. One question please to better understand the paradigm shift, what is the volume of your fuel necessary for 1 year production compared to a classic 40 Mw gas turbine ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  21. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    If I understand correctly your customer will make electricity with the heat you sell him.
    Are you going to buy him some of his production to run your boiler?
    All my support for your team and all my wishes for success
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. keV

    Hi Andrea,

    I’m sure you have designed the security model of your remotely managed, on-site control systems well – and I’m certainly not asking for any details of that here :¬) But I think you should consider baking the security directly into the hardware, as this is something that may fit your specific security needs well. This is called “kernel to edge security” and will prevent the system from booting/running if any code change occurs. Looking at the new BlackBerry Spark Communications SDK might be a good starting point for ideas.

    Wishing you all the best for the launch of your pay for heat service,
    keV

  24. Andrea Rossi

    keV:
    Thank you for the suggestion, I passed it on to our Informatic Guy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m hoping that the earliest versions of the E-Cat are so fundamentally primitive and outdated compared to the SK that you would feel at liberty to talk openly about them without having to “keep your guard up” while describing aspects of them that years ago you would need to keep confidential – because at the time they were your state of the art masterpieces utilizing critical IP. You see, so far, since the opening of this blog, I would dare say that not once have you been able to have a discussion about a single version of the E-Cat without having to mentally “check” you’re words (please correct me if I’m wrong here) to make sure you do not divulge sensitive details. If it’s possible that the earliest low-temperature, powder based systems are now such an anachronism that you can document their evolution at total ease without such concerns, we may have our first true look into the inventive mind of Andrea Rossi.

    The full description of the historical “incident of the burnt finger”, the first slapped together nickel-hydrogen tests you performed, the source of the inspiration to test nickel of enhanced surface topography, the testing of various hydrogen sources (electrolysis vs. tanked hydrogen), the search through the literature for possible catalysts, the first person you communicated with after a test with a catalyst that worked, the first communication you had with Focardi, the test that transpired which totally failed beyond belief in some bizarre way you couldn’t have predicted (there must have been at least one), the next series of changes you made, the performance improvements, the first period of total self sustained heat production, the small cot in the corner of the laboratory that you must have occasionally fell asleep in after working through the night until the early morning hours, and the final combination of parameters that you chose before announcing the technology to the world: a flow of consciousness from your mind to the attendees of the presentation about that era of history that must be documented by no one except yourself.

    I hope that is an adequate description of what I mean by unfiltered. Maybe it’s not possible. However, if the SK represents the leap I think it does in my mind, there may be a grain of hope that this period of time can be documented from your perspective.

  26. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    The technology of 2010 is not archeology, it is the first step of an evolution that contains the seeds of what the Ecat is now.
    But the idea to make an excursus of the non confidential aspects is good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. P

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is there an opportunity for you to release the rights to your patents in the near future? (Probably you will earn big money quickly so that you and your family will be financially independent) Or are you stuck in a partnership with venture capital companies that want to earn more and more money?
    It would be a good deed for humanity to accelerate the reduction of oil, coal and gas and make sure that different spin effects are achieved around your technology. Such a decision could accelerate new technologies around your patents and speed up new technologies for vehicles, aircraft, ships and solutions to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
    I wish you all the best and look forward to the presentation in January.
    Kind Regards,
    P

  28. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Iggy Dalrymple

    God phoned Satan, “How’s it going down there?”
    Satan, “Thanks for asking, God. It’s going great. We now have an engineer and he has installed central air-conditioning and escalators. It’s much more comfortable here now.”
    God, “Somethings wrong! Engineers are not supposed to go to Hell. Send him back immediately.”
    Satan, “No way, the engineer has brought great improvements to Hell.”
    God, “This is an obvious clerical error. Send him back, or I will sue!”
    Satan, “Yeah right, God, and where do you expect to find a lawyer?”

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Ha, Ha, Ha !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Dear Andrea,
    Will the industrial experience that you will gain from the SK plant enable you to get a domestic license for the QX, or would you need industrial applications specifically for the QX in order to reach the domestic certification goal for it? If the latter, are such QX industrial applications being considered?
    regards, /pekka

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I think the statistics from the SK will help the household appliances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Rick Marley

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever you will do, be sure your enemies will find the way to disparage your work. Be prepared.
    All the best,
    Rick

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Marley:
    I don’t care the Rock and Trolls.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the answers.

    If you were to give such a presentation in honor of Focardi about the early systems you tested together, I think it would be extremely well received. Finally being able to hear you express how you dream, think, create, and then improve upon your ideas WITHOUT a filter in place would not only teach us more about the technology but you as a person. Such a presentation could be reference material that future generations go back and research when they investigate the genesis of the E-Cat technology.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    What do you mean exactly with “Without a filter”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) By the time of your presentation in January, will your partner have been given the opportunity to independently test an individual SK unit, and, furthermore, will they be allowed to report on such testing?

    2) Is the greater output of the SK predominantly due to an increase in the overall size of the reactor?

    3) After extended use, does erosion of the electrodes take place?

    4) Does your partner currently manufacture gas turbines?

    5) How long do you guess that an SK could operate on a single fuel charge?

    6) Have you performed any tests to determine the quantity of direct electrical output that an SK can produce? What were the results?

    7) At the presentation, since by that time the original powder based systems that you originally launched will be stone age dinosaurs compared to the SK, would you consider providing a short historical account of the trial and error process that led to their creation? I’m speaking of the pre-Lugano systems such as those Focardi tested. The talk could be a tribute to his legacy at the launching of far more enhanced systems. With all the excitement that will be present due to the SK, these early breakthrough systems shouldn’t be forgotten. They far exceeded every LENR device that came before them.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow
    1- They are allowed to do what they want and they obviously will be able to test the modules installed in their concern
    2- no
    3- no
    4- I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    5- 6-12 months
    6- no, we thermalize it
    7- I like this idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You replied Yes to Frank Acland’s questions 1) “Will Leonardo and the Partner work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines” and 2) “Will The first plant be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations”.
    If you can aswer, my questions are:
    a) will your Partner sell the electricity produced by this kind of plants to their clients ?
    b) if a), then Leonardo and your Partner can keep their own IP ?

    Longing for next January.
    Warm regards
    FM

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    a) I cannot answer
    b) yes, but this fact is independent from a)
    Warm Regards,

    A.R.

  41. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It has been interesting to read your comments lately regarding your plans for using a turbine with the E-Cat SK. I think I am beginning to understand the situation a little better, but I would like to see if I am thinking correctly.

    Are the following assumptions of mine correct – please correct me if I am wrong.

    1. You have developed the E-Cat SK to what you consider to be a point where it is stable enough to be used in a commercial industrial product.

    2. Your business/industrial partner agrees with you about 1.

    3. The E-Cat SK needs to be combined with a turbine in order to operate in a stable, effective manner.

    4. You personally are not an expert in turbines, but your partner is, and has the resources to develop a turbine that will work with the SK.

    5. Leonardo and the Partner will work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines.

    6. This plant will be built at your Partner’s existing facility.

    7. The first plant will be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations.

    8. Your presentation in January will be to announce to the world that you have a technology ready for industrialization, and you are ready to start working with prospective customers and making contracts.

    Many thanks, and best wishes for your work.

    Frank Acland

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. not necessarily
    4. yes
    5. yes
    6. yes
    7. yes
    8. probably
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It had been a long time since you tried to experiment with the turbines, looking for the right model without finding it. In the meantime, you were trying to perfect the E-Cat to make it more and more reliable and powerful.
    Now it seems that the latest SK product is the one that can finally realize the dreams of a lifetime and reap the rewards of so much work and effort.
    Now you have a winning combination: a powerful reactor that can supply a large amount of high temperature heat and an associated Company that is working with you to use this energy on a turbine they own. And this company, if it is what we are thinking in many (its name should start with “A”) has a long experience in turbines.
    And this is the right choice: let them do the job they are able to do.
    Surely great things will soon be born with this coupling.
    I look forward to following your presentation in January. It will be exciting.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your attention to our work, but , as I said, I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any hint about the name of our Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Barry

    Dear Andrea:
    Is the passive cooling system described in the paper of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova interesting for you, in the sense of utilizing it for applications to recover the heat from the Ecat SK? From what I understand, also in that case there is a high density of heat to deal with.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Barry

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Barry:
    Interesting question.
    I would like an answer from Dr Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova.
    I am considering the issue for our major installations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. EH

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How can be reconciled with the Standard Model the interactions between elementary particles at very short distances, that are strongly repulsive, and the interactions with an exchange of 2 or more pions and of mesons with mass higher than pions?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    EH:
    As far as I know, these are intaractions strongly phenomenological, but not derivable from the Standard Model.
    So far I am not able to say more.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the SK turbines:

    1. How many SK reactors are needed to drive each turbine?
    2. Are the turbines you are using off-the-shelf, or are they custom manufactured?
    3. Will there be significant noise from your plants with turbines running (dangerous levels of noise)?
    4. Will you be showing an E-Cat SK with the turbine at the January presentation?

    Thank you for answering our questions,

    Frank Acland

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- depends on the turbine power
    2- a mix
    3- that is a problem of acoustic insulation, not difficult to be resolved.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your reply that you deliver heat to turbines has started many discussions. In essence it comes down to these possible designs:
    A. You deliver steam to the turbine?
    B. You integrate the SK in the turbine and use air or another medium to drive the turbine?
    Both can be used in an open or closed cycle.
    Is the cycle:
    C. Open?
    D. Closed?
    E. Last question: did you already successfully test a turbine with the SK?
    Thanks for keeping us up to date with your very intriguing developments!
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A. we can supply water
    B. both versions are possible
    C. confidential
    D. confidential
    E. experiments are on course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Very speculative, but I think that the relativity can resolve the apparent paradox, since the time cannot reverse due to the fact that nothing can reach overcome the speed of light. This makes the “same time ” concept a nonsense. These paradoxxes are just speculative hypothesis without effect in the reality, loke the famous paradox of turtle that ” can never be reached from the fast-footed-Achilles ” of the famous paradox of the Greek phylosopher Zenone on the fifth century B.C.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your opinion and links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    After long time without having news from you and your work I have revisited your site. Aside of the new versions of E-Cat I am glad to know that you are in good health. That is the most important thing we can aspire to.
    Could you write an extensive article giving more clues about your recent progress? I mean, without disclosing undisclosable details but more explicit than the laconic yes/no responses.
    Greetings
    Alexvs

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Welcome back!
    My health, thanks to God, is OK: thank you for your care.
    What you are asking for will be done when we will introduce to the world our service and product in January in an internet streaming.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Rudolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After your very convincing and impeccable demonstration of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on November 24, which sense can have make another demo in january? Is it not a waste of time and money, since now you already have customers that are buying heat? Isn’t it better just some advertising?
    Cheers,
    Rudy

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    Thank you for your opinion. We will just show an Ecat SK module in operation, explain it and answer to the questions of the public during the internet streaming.
    I do not think it will be a loss of time, on the contrary it will be a generator of useful critics and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In an answer to Domenico Canino you recently wrote:

    Andrea Rossi
    September 12, 2018 at 8:40 AM

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    My answer: As I’m not good reading articles in Italian, I didn’t read the article of Milena Gabanelli, but I can say that some sixteen years ago, when the discussion about human influence (of human activities) in the present climate change was very hot, I participated in discussions about it, and therefore I studied very well ‘The Scientific Basis of Climate Change 2001 (IPCC)’, and could refute most of the arguments of so called ‘climate sceptics’. The scientific basis of the reports of the ipcc is very sound, and i agree with it. More precisely, where you refer to big climate changes (not caused by humans) in the past, many of them can be explained, but they all are slower than present climate change. Most ice ages and interglacial periods, especially those of the last 500.000 years, can be explained by the theory of the Serbian scientist Millutin Milankovitch, who calculated the change of incoming solar energy caused by changes of the parameters of earth’s orbit around the sun (precession, obliguity and eccentricity vary in time and with different periods). (See, for instance, this graph: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Milankovitch_Variations.png ) (the period of precession is about 22.OOO years, that of obliquity about 41.000 years, and that of eccentricity has components (probably by Fourier analysis) of 95.000 years, 125.000 years and 400.000 years, and this is a valid explanation of recent ice-ages and interglacial periods. A general and good readable summary of his work, you can find here: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Milankovitch ) So this explains why about every 100.000 years, there’s an ice age. And, of course, the continental drift also changes general climate on drifting continents, but of course at a much slower pace. But present climate change is much quicker, and most of it can be attributed to human activities. The work of the ipcc is very high level, and I agree with its conclusions.

    So we need your E-cat SK asap to counter it! (Lucky we are that its tests so far are positive, and I wish you all success with it!)

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  60. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Maybe this article could be of interest to you?

    https://www.livescience.com/63595-schrodinger-uncertainty-relation-temperature.html?utm_source=ls-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20180917-ls

    Bizarre Physics Phenomenon Suggests Objects Can Be Two Temperatures at Once

    (By Meredith Fore, Live Science Contributor | September 17, 2018 07:32am ET)

    The famous thought experiment known as Schrödinger’s cat implies that a cat in a box can be both dead and alive at the same time — a bizarre phenomenon that is a consequence of quantum mechanics.

    Now, physicists at the University of Exeter in England have found that a similar state of limbo may exist for temperatures: Objects can be two temperatures at the same time at the quantum level. This weird quantum paradox is the first completely new quantum uncertainty relation to be formulated in decades…

    …The new quantum uncertainty, which states that the more precisely you know temperature, the less you can say about energy, and vice versa, has big implications for nanoscience, which studies incredibly tiny objects smaller than a nanometer. This principle will change how scientists measure the temperature of extremely small things such as quantum dots, small semiconductors or single cells, the researchers said in the new study, which was published in June in the journal Nature Communications…

    And here is the Nature-article they refer to:

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04536-7

    Energy-temperature uncertainty relation in quantum thermodynamics

    (H. J. D. Miller & J. Anders)

    Nature Communicationsvolume 9, Article number: 2203 (2018)

    Abstract

    It is known that temperature estimates of macroscopic systems in equilibrium are most precise when their energy fluctuations are large. However, for nanoscale systems deviations from standard thermodynamics arise due to their interactions with the environment. Here we include such interactions and, using quantum estimation theory, derive a generalised thermodynamic uncertainty relation valid for classical and quantum systems at all coupling strengths. We show that the non-commutativity between the system’s state and its effective energy operator gives rise to quantum fluctuations that increase the temperature uncertainty. Surprisingly, these additional fluctuations are described by the average Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information. We demonstrate that the temperature’s signal-to-noise ratio is constrained by the heat capacity plus a dissipative term arising from the non-negligible interactions. These findings shed light on the interplay between classical and non-classical fluctuations in quantum thermodynamics and will inform the design of optimal nanoscale thermometers.

    Kind Regards,

    Daniel.

  61. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    You have been maintaining that you, initially, would only be selling heat and, assuming a customer wants to generate electricity, you
    would leave the design and fabrication of a turbine driven generator to your customer.

    Questions

    1. Have you changed direction and let your team become involved in the design and fabrication of such a turbo-generator.

    2. Is your business partner involved rather than your team?

    3. Have you found a customer willing to do the job them selves?

    A “gas turbine” refers to a turbine that compresses air, mixes air with fuel, continuously burns the fuel to heat the air, and expands the heated air through the turbine to create mechanical power. A gas turbine driven might be adapted to use E-Cats to heat the air instead of burning fuel, but it would no longer be a called a gas turbine. Gas turbines are open cycle because they must exhaust the products of combustion to the atmosphere. A turbine driven by E-Cat Heat would not necessarily have to be open cycle, it could use a gas other than air including steam. The key to high efficiency is heating the gas to a high temperature prior to expansion. The design of the heat exchange mechanism that transfers heat from the E-Cat to the gas is critical to achieving high efficiency.

    Questions

    4. In the short term, is the adaption of an existing gas turbine to E-cat heat under serious consideration.

    5. If so, would the gas expanded in the turbine still be air?

    6. Would the turbine still be open cycle?

    7. In your opinion, in the short term, would an overall efficiency of > 30 % be achievable?

    Warm Regards

    Dan Galburt

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- could be
    6- could be
    7- I suppose you mean the efficiency of the turbine: it will depend on the turbine. I am not an expert of the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Chris Olson

    Dr Rossi:
    Please put a secondary communication method in your Ecat plants: a client could cut off your remote control system and make the reverse engineering.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Olson:
    Thank you for your suggestion. The case has been analyzed, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea
    Are you concentrating on micro-grids?
    Warm Regards
    JJ

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J.:
    I am just focussing on making heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will your turbines be driven by
    1) steam
    2) hot air
    3) or other gases

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    The fluids utilized will be air and water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting about electricity generation, will the customer also be using heat for production purposes, i.e. your plants will be co-generation plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Dear Andrea:

    For clarification: may I ask whether the 40 megawatt unit customer and your industrial partner are the same organization? Thank you if this is something you feel able to answer.

    Rodney.

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The gas turbines you will be building to be used with the SK reactors, will they be used to generate electricity by the customer?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Jeff

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us if the supply of the 40 MW heat will be generated by means of multiple gas jet kind of turbines?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jeff

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Maurizio

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized Ecat will surely be made by streaming in the internet?

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Maurizio:
    Surely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    someone is wondering if your partner could be Boeing.
    That is for your works on jet engines using E-Cats.
    Confidential?
    Best regards,
    Italo R.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The name of our Partner will not be disclosed until our Partner will deem it opportune.
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any questions of the like.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Dear Dr Rossi

    Is your business plan just to sell heat to customers and owning the plants or will you eventually be selling plants to individual companies.

    Thank you

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    So far we just sell the heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will your industrial partner be using E-Cat heat for its own operations, or just helping you make E-Cats?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Will use the Ecats for his production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    The old adage is to always keep an “ACE” up your sleeve in negotiating with the opposition. I would have thought that your “SK” would have been that ACE. Now that you have decided to go forward with the SK as your lead product, do you have an additional “ACE” up your sleeve”
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    No!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Carlo Sarcone

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you have any client in Italy, or have you already scheduled the installation of a plant in Italy?

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Sarcone:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Steven N. Karels

    Dr. Joseph Fine,

    For those dimensions (D = 4cm and L = 40cm), assuming 10kW thermal output for a horizontal cylinder in air surrounded by a 100C environment would yield a surface temperature of 1,140C. Since the geometry was not exactly specified by AR, the surface temperature can vary but this estimate gives a representative temperature for consideration.

    The actual temperature will depend on these assumptions (and other) and will likely be much different in practice.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Alessandro Coppi

    W Leonardo is intended to distinguish the American Leonardo corp from the Italian Leonardo spa

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Nobody has ever confused these two companies in 24 years of our existence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Joseph Fine

    Stephen N. Karels:

    I do not know the dimensions of the 10 kW SK Module. If the Volume is 1/2 Liter or ~500 cc, for a cylinder that would be about 160 PI.

    Since the Ratio of Surface Area to Volume of a Cylinder scales as 2/R (or: 2*PI*RL / PI*(R^2)*L ), it would be ‘Easy’ to halve the radius and increase the length by a factor of 4. Then, for example, the Radius would be 2 cm, and length would be 40 cm. While the Volume remains the same, the surface area would be twice what it was when R = 4 and L = 10 cm. It is intuitive that the heat source should have as much surface area as possible.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  94. orsobubu

    > No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.

    Andrea, now I think you are exaggerating, I understand you are satisfied for the visibility of the name of the corporation, I understand you like biographical movies about great US industrialists, I understand you can think he is a sexy Hollywood actor, here too it is a matter of your tastes that I do not discuss, but thinking of Di Caprio as one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind … well, I am very puzzled about this

    Anyway, this last TIME cover inspired me on this:

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1C-MTk7-L-AOL6vAmjGbei7kpt28T9IaL/view?usp=sharing

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He he he
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  96. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear DT!

    I would like to give some explanations to the answer of Andrea Rossi to your question. Energy production as a rule assumes the transformation of thermal energy into electrical energy. But unfortunately, in fission reactors, despite the relatively low cost of energy production, this process is accompanied by the accumulation of radioactive products (waste) and the risks of accidents with severe environmental consequences. That’s why gradually nuclear power plants will be replaced by power plants that use the Rossi effect. However, in addition to power reactors, there are also experimental and research reactors whose purpose is to produce large neutron fluxes for experimentation and production of isotope products, used, for example, in medicine for diagnostics and treatment of diseases, non-destructive testing in engineering, and also in many other industries. In such reactors, heat is a by-product that interferes with the achievement of optimal parameters of such reactors, so it is desirable to remove heat as efficiently as possible from the core, most often without worrying about its useful use. This is because the thermal parameters of the active zones of such reactors (relatively low pressure and temperature) and the mode of operation (frequent start-up and shut-down) often make the use of heat unfavorable or impossible, therefore in research reactors one of the main tasks is efficiency and reliability removal of heat from the reactor core into the environment. The heat sink system described in the article is aimed at solving this particular problem.
    Since research reactors will be in demand even after replacing nuclear power plants with Rossi power plants, special attention should be paid to improving safety and non-susceptibility to external factors, for example, such as Blackout.

    Yours faithfully,
     Vitaly Uzikov

  97. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to inform your readers that the new updated version of the paper “Passive Cooling Systems for Research Reactors” of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova has been published few minutes ago on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  98. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Exactly: I was going right now to communicate this.
    Thank you for the notice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video
    about Leonardo da Vinci technology.

    https://youtu.be/uzPKEO-0y0k

    Regards
    Sam

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. DT

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think the technology reported in the paper of the Russian scientists Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova can be useful for your experimental reactors?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  102. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    I think it is possible, but, as you have seen, they are stidied mainly fpr nuclear fission reactors. By the way, the Authors will publish soon an updated version of their paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. W.B.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The article published on the Aftenpost whose link is in the News of ecat.com is very interesting. Do you share the whole content of it?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    W.B.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    the 40 MW plant will be delivered complete from the beginning, or in lots?
    JimR

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    In lots.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All my support for the industrialization of E-Cat SK.
    Do you continue SK experiments with gas turbines where do you devote the resources of your team only to the industrialization of the E-Cat 1 MW?
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The work on jet engines is in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    just one follow on question to the interesting questions of Frank Acland:

    Did your industrial partner participate in the final testing of the e-cat SK ? If yes, how was his reaction on the results (luke warm, satisfied, enthusiastic) ?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response about the partner. Can you say in what ways is your partner helping you:

    a) Providing expertise of persons with manufacturing experience?
    b) Providing building space in which you can build your E-Cats?
    c) Providing equipment with which to build the E-Cats?
    d) Providing other financial resources to support the industrialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have stated that your partner is mainly an industrial partner. Does this mean that they are helping you to prepare for the mass production of your E-Cat SK reactors?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.”

    The previous message stated that the reaction you must be utilizing is nuclear-based, not chemical-based. I posted nothing to suggest which elements you were involved nor did I suggest that there was ionizing radiation emitted.

    If you are able to demonstrate 6 months (or more) of continuous operation at 10kW output with essentially no or little input, then the mechanism must be nuclear for the stated mass of the reactor.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    In years of operation with the Ecats we neved has ionizing radiations out of the Ecat. Also, we never used radioactive materials.
    The theoretical R&D that we are doing concerning the theoretical bases of the effect are aimed to explain this. See the video of the Stockholm presentation of November 24th, in partucular the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Alessandro Coppi

    W. (western) Leonardo

    best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Meaning?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I never thought about it before your recent exchanges here.

    Is the name Leonardo inspired by a “lions passion” ? If so really great! I really like that.!

    It’s really appropriate.

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. JPR

    Dr Irina and Dr Vitaly Uzikov:
    very interesting paper.
    Do you think this cooling system could be applied to the Ecat plants?
    Jean Paul

  122. Kirk Rosberg

    @John Johnson:
    I too agree on the fact that the article of Aftenpost is very interesting.
    Cheers

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    On the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published today the paper ” Passive Cooling System for Research Reactors “, by Dr Vitaly A. Uzikov and Dr Irina V. Uzikova,
    Dr Uzikov is responsible of the maintainance of Russian nuclear power plants and his daughter, Dr Irina Uzikova, is a nuclear physicist of the Russian Academy of Science.
    I had the honor to meet them both on November 24th 2017 in Stockholm during the demonstration of the Ecat QX.

  124. orsobubu

    Ok ok, Pekka and Andrea, now I understand the choice better…

    BUT NOW LET’S LAUNCH A REFERENDUM ON THAT DAMNED LOGO!

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    not forgetting the LDC back up!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the company name, just a small remark. While there are many Leonardos among corporations as you say, I never heard of Albert Corporation or Enrico Corporation. Overall, using the first name of a famous scientist seems to be rare, among corporations. But Leonardo seems to be an exception, for some reason. Maybe just because his first name is rather rare.

    When I hear the name “Leonardo Corporation” (for the first time, let us pretend), I read it as saying that the owner of the company wants to tell, by his choice of the name, that the company puts strong emphasis on being inventive, perhaps even having a portfolio of different inventive products. So, in my opinion, while criticism is always possible concerning any name choice, the name that you have chosen seems to serve its purpose at least relatively well. Also, there is a point that if the company name would be very fancy and a product of a unsurpassed poetic talent, it might to some extent steal attention away from the actual product what the company is selling.
    regards, /pekka

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight about the choice of the name. As a matter of fact, the choice was inspired by the scientific innovation incorporated in the name “Leonardo”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. John Johnson

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have found on http://www.ecat.com in the section NEWS the article of Kristian Bjorkeng published on Aftenpost, one of the major Scandinavian newspapers: I think it is one of the most important articles written about of work since your first presentation of the Ecat in January 2011: do you agree?
    All the best,
    John

  129. Andrea Rossi

    John Johnson:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. orsobubu

    This is just a PERSONAL OPINION, probably very wrong: I do not really like the choice of Leonardo as the company name:

    1- it is going to be confused with Leonardo SPA, formerly Fimneccanica until 2016, an Italian global high-tech company and one of the key players in aerospace, defense and security. Headquartered in Rome, the company has 180 sites worldwide. It is the ninth largest defense contractor in the world.

    2- since Leonardo-Finmeccnica has a history of state control, the name may be associated with that of a public bandwagon, of which Italy has a sad experience (even if not in the case of Finmeccanica)

    3- about the beauty and pleasure of the name to hear (euphoniousness), in addition to the fact of being difficult to understand by a non-Italian, I’m sure it could be found a much more fascinating name, given the cutting edge production sector, like a great part of pharmaceutical companies did in the last decades.

    4- it’s a name that evokes images of long gray beards (like mine) instead of activities projected towards the future like yours; it is such a marxist, historicist, philosophic name, no too much sexy and marketable

    On the opposite side, also other LENRs competitors have not so good company names in my opinion.

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I respect your opinion, but the name of Leonardo has been chosen 22 years ago and surely I am not going to change it! By the way:
    1- nobody has ever confused us with another Leonardo company ( there are many )
    2- never happened such a confusion
    3- this is a matter of personal opinion. My opinion is different, but not necessarily the best one
    4- yes, but luckily it can be confused with Leonardo Di Caprio! ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I like your choice of Leonardo as a trade mark of your company. It commemorates one of the Italian biggest geniuses and you merit the luck it brought to your work.
    Cheers
    Giuseppe

  133. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If we assume 4 kg reactor mass, consistent with density of nickel, 10 kW output and operation for 6 months, or ~4,000 hours), We get a Power density of 2,500 W/kg and an Energy density of 1.1E+7 Wh/kg. Plotting on a Ragone graph indicates a nuclear-based fuel.

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations on the successful test of the SK and the decision to build more for commercial use.

    Can you answer these questions without breaking confidentiality?

    1.What is the fluid that will be used with heat exchangers in initial use?

    a. Air

    b. Some other gas

    c. Water

    d. Some other liquid

    e. Depends on the customer’s application.

    2. Is light produced by the SK?

    3. Is light is produced is it used in intended operations or is it a byproduct of the reaction without a present use?

    Thanks to you and your team for the information you generously provide in this blog.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our work.
    Answers:
    1- water
    2- yes
    3- it is thermalized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Esco

    Dr Rossi,
    Which color will be the body of the Ecat SK?

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Esco:
    Cyan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Christen:
    Thank you for the link to Nature: very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Christen

    This article may be of interest to you and your readers: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0502-7
    It talks about a new quantum state of matter.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    some questions about the control box:
    1) Is the SK control box still of the same size of the QX control box? What is the external size of the SK control box?
    2) What is the SK control box weight?
    3) You once said that a single control box could operate many QX’s. Is this still true for the SK? How many SK can drive a single control box?
    4) How many watts draws the control box in standby, SSM, and operating mode, with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?
    5) What is the percentage of time of drive/SSM with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1) No, it is bigger
    2) several kg
    3) 100
    4) confidential
    5) it is not fixed
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Assuming a horizontal 10cm x 4 cm cylinder inside a heat exchanger whose temperature is 100C and filled with air, the surface temperature would be about 1,735C.

    On your just completed testing, was the testing done inside of one or more heat exchangers or open to the room environment?

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot disclose our heat exchanging system.By the way, you are right: to exchange the heat in a so small dimension is a problem, but it is also an asset.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Dear Andrea,

    first of all thank you so much for working so hard to make the LENR dream every day more and more possible.
    I guess it’s not easy to continuously move your mind from the study of the Standard Theory to the management of a lawsuit, from the investigation of matter behavior to the definition of an effective commercial strategy (by the way, my best congratulations on having decided to sell steam). Nevertheless you keep progressing, showing a not usual attitude to look at the world as a whole. It is not by chance your company is called Leonardo….

    After saying that, I’d like to raise three questions concerning the control system:
    1) in COP calculation, do you include the energy used by the control system ?
    2) at logical stage, do your steam plants include as many control systems as reactors ? If so, is any kind of hierarchy/communication among control systems performed, to make them aware of each other ?
    3) from the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm video I see the control system signal is modulated. Would it be possible to observe some kind of Rossi’s effect (I mean a weaker effect proving a lower COP) if such a signal was continuous ?

    All the best,
    Massimo Matarazzo

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Massimo Matarazzo:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    I called the company “Leonardo” when I emigrated in the USA in the winter of 1996: when I arrived to Boston, MA, at the Science Museum there was an exhibition dedicated to Leonardo Da Vinci that I visited. I thought it was good omen, so I called my company Leonardo Corporation. To complete the good omen, the same day, during the night, I have gone to the astronomic observatory of the Museum, where they allowed to see the comet Halley.The name Leonardo brought good luck, and still brings, only it carries a problem: when I talk with call centers, to give the spelling of our name I say ” Leonardo, like in Leonardo Da Vinci “, but many times their answer is ” Like in what ? ” and I have to repeat ” Just like in Leonardo Di Caprio”, and that is immediately got.
    Answers:
    1) No
    2) No, one control system governs all the modules and its energy consume is not relevant
    3) I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. TH

    Suggestion to all: go to http://www.ecat.com, choose NEWS and watch the video of the Stockholm demonstration of the EcatQX. A masterpiece and very convincing.
    Best to all,
    Tawana

  149. Andrea Rossi

    TH:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- yes
    2- in the transitory of the shut down cycle, somewhere along the integral this point should be there, but a vending machine is more practic
    3- you mean…if nobody buys the Ecat we could survive selling T-shirts? This idea has not to be trashed, thanks!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for yoyr and your team’s work, that reminds be this movie:
    https://youtu.be/-58QDDBtNpM
    Quite enlightening!

  152. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the SK module volume is 1/2 Liter and its geometry is cylindrical, its dimensions might be: radius = 4 cm and length = 10 cm.

    Total Volume would then be 160*pi cubic centimeters or 503 cc. I chose these numbers so an SK module could be held in one hand (if the module was cooled down). It is remarkable that a module of this, or similar, size can operate nearly continuously for 12 months or longer. Or more correctly, the ensemble of modules would operate nearly continuously, with intervals while several modules could be in self-sustainment mode, standby or be temporarily shutdown (?).

    1) In the future, will you be able to replace one or more modules of an ensemble (e.g 100 modules = 1 MW), while the larger system is still operating?

    2) During your demo of the single SK module, can you lower the output temperature to make a batch of hot water for tea?
    3) At the Demo, would you or someone else be interested in selling T-shirts that say: ‘I drank a cup of tea heated by the E-Cat SK. ‘

    (Just a suggestion.)

    Best regards and wishes for continued health, productivity and success.

    As you know,

    “Success comes before Work only in the Dictionary!”

    Joseph Fine

  154. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So the new SK reactor is about 50cm x 50cm x 36cm?

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The reactor is 1/2 liter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Congratulations to your great success.

    You said you have already found the right partner. Is this only a financial partner (money giver), or will this partner be an industrialization partner, too?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Will be mainly an industrial Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    A hearty congratulations on your recent breakthrough with the SK reactor. It’s beginning to look like there is light at the end of the tunnel and it doesn’t appear to be a freight train.

    I am now retired but have had a life long interest in technical matters and a career involving business/logistics on large complex projects around the world. If you don’t mind a few questions:

    1. Assuming that the design of your factory automation systems has been on hold pending your decision on the QX vs SK reactors, are you still working with ABB on your automation systems? They have been a highly respected supplier on many of the projects I worked on.

    2. Since your reactors are apparently based on nuclear processes, is it likely that your heat plants might fall under the jurisdiction of the NRC?

    3. Its possibly too soon to ask this, but when you get to the point where you will begin delivering you systems to other countries, have you considered that there may be technology issues which might arise that could affect the export licensing or customs clearance processes?

    4. Assuming that your first few years heat production at multiple installations results in widespread confidence in the capabilities of the ECat, is it possible you will consider selling the systems?

    Godspeed to you and your team and thank you in advance for any answers you feel comfortable to provide.

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    1- yes
    2- as far as I know, no, because we do not treat radioactive materials and we do not emit ionizing radiations. In Florida we have been permitted to make our tests for these reasons.
    In Sweden we obtained analogous permission.
    3- So far we did nor meet such obstacles. If we will meet them in future, we will deal with them
    4- It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Congratulations for the positive test of the Ecat SK.
    A New World of heat energy is opening for all the industries.
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    Thank you for your continue sustain from Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Andrea:
    The most sincere congratulations on the siccessful test of the Ecat SK.
    May God give you good health to complete this roadmap, so important.
    With deep respect,
    Viktor Shipachev

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Frank

    I watched the very convincing video YouTube Ecat QX demo in Stockholm November 24 2017.
    Just one question: the reactor was inside the heat exchanger, while the white box with the logo of the Ecat contained only the electronics of the control system, correct?
    All the best
    Frank

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Aubrey:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the decision to go with the E-Cat SK for industrialization, and best wishes for success with this new project. Do you now have to find investors to raise funds for the industrialization process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We already found the right Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Gennady

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the successful eCat SK test. I am sure as a part of various test, you have data on the COP for SK. Would you share it with us?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    The COP is enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Many Congratulations to yourself and your excellent team on your successful tests of the Ecat SK.

    Your decision to use the Ecat SK for the industrial plant production is an extremely important milestone on your journey to bring the Ecat heat to the market.

    The coming months will still be hard work, but I have great confidence that you will achieve your goals.

    Supportive Regards,

    Martyn Aubrey

  172. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    The most sincere congratulations on the successful completion of an important stage in the development of your technology and the decision to start the production of E-Cat SK. You and your small team have a unique ability to perfect revolutionary technology with fantastic speed by historical standards. As an experienced entrepreneur, you have chosen the most difficult but most effective way of developing, improving and industrializing a revolutionary energy source based on your discovery – the Rossi Effect. In different countries a lot of people watch your fantastic work with great interest and attention and sincerely rejoice at your every success! And may God give you good health so that all the goals set by you have been achieved!

    With the deepest respect,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your sustain, that, coming from a high level of the Russian Nuclear Physics concern, I consider an honor for my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  174. Dear Dr Rossi
    Are the control circuit for the 10kw the same as the 1kw modules or do they need to be redesgined as well.

    Thank you

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The control system has been completely redesigned respect the demonstration made in Stockholm of the Ecat QX on November 24 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As you now standardize of the SK variant, have the reactor dimensions changed since your last public test? If they have changed, can you tell us the new dimensions?

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The dimension of the SK reactor are about twice the dimensions of the QX shown at the demo of November 24th in Stockholm. Find the video on “youtube Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration November 24 2017”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your comments below:

    1) Is it correct that you have decided to start E-Cat production with the SK reactor?
    2) If so, what will the power rating for each SK reactor?
    3) What is the next step in your plan towards commercialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- 10 kW
    3- industrialzation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with the positive test outcome, very encouraging!
    I am sure this means that the production of the >>1M units becomes a factor 10 or more easier. I hope these units behave well in the long, long future.
    Does it mean that also the production is now started up and you will be able to deliver the first unit in in January 2019?
    All the success for you and your team!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your encouragement.
    We will begin to deliver in 2019, surely not in January. By January we would start the production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on your successful SK test.
    It is a challenge to test new technology this late in the year prior to the start of production. But is sounds as if your efforts were work the risk.

    Best of luck with your industrial production process and your future unlimited domestic applications.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you very much for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success with this first 40 Mw plant, and there will be many more to come !
    Is there still an important test this august with the SK E-CAT ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    That means that we have chosen to make the industrial plants with the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us if you saw any positive or viable results with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the SK successful test and your decision to use it in production! This is not only great news for you and your team but for all those following you through this great journey.
    God Bless,
    Brokeeper

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    Maybe, but the SK has remarkable advantages. The QX has got the Sigma 5, though…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Would make sense to combine in industrial plants QX and SK Ecats?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  192. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for the successfull SK 10 Kw test, does this mean that you will now start to assemble the 40Mw plant ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  193. JL

    Dr Rossi,
    SK test completed?

  194. Andrea Rossi

    JL:
    We decided to use it yesterdy night.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Gino

    How is going the SK test?

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    Extremely well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you tested eCat technology with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. yes
    b. yes
    c. yes
    d. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the Sigma 5 testing with the QX have any relevance to the SK, or are they very different technologies?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is an affinity, therefore the Sigma 5 reaches with the Ecat QX helps the trust in the SK version.
    By the way: the test is very encouraging.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  201. James C Yates

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Your decision to sell “heat”, not the reactor, was a wise step.
    If you can perfect electrical output via E-Cat, and then
    sell electricity to the industrial market, then you will
    rule the world’s energy market. Not that that was your
    goal, but you have a good heart and then you could assert
    your goodness.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  202. Andrea Rossi

    James C. Yates:
    We are focused on making heat and heat can be surely useful to electric energy providers. I want to rule nothing, all I want is to make a useful work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered (or experimented with) the elements of Boron and Fluorine in LENR? It seems that they might function in an LENR environment with Nickel and Hydrogen. Reference the paper “Chemical Aspects of LENR” (2012) by Dr. Pike.

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. H.V.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you update about the test on course with the Ecat SK?

  206. Andrea Rossi

    H.V.:
    With pleasure, because we are going very well.
    Obviously I will take some risk, because we did not have the time for a Sigma 5, but maybe I will accept the risk and if something will go wrong I will take the responsibility. We’ll see. So far so good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is really E-catSK as reliable as E-catQX as you have tested a year according to zigma5?
    Is it possible to choose the E-cat type så easy to manufacture?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    That is why I am continuing to work on tests. Your concern is not groundless.
    Tomorrow will be a very important Saturday. Next week the decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Jean

    Dear A.R.,
    what do you think of all the theoretical papers produced so far to explain the LENR? Do you think there is some that could prevail among what has published so far?

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    All that has been published so far is either groundless ( like the story of the electron capture ) or weak.
    I doubt that it will not be possible to reach a global explication, more likely will be reached theoretical explications for specific effects.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the excellent demo I watched on youtube on the November 23 demo of the Ecat QX.
    Cheers
    Norma

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Wendy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you decide already if the presentation of the industrial production will start with the Ecat QX or the SK?

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    Probably next week we will take a decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your summary of the state of the SK testing so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far I am satisfied, I will have a clearer view my next tuesday. These next days will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Eric Ashworth

    Abe Vincent, I agree that without a widely accepted theory of how LENRs work and how it can be controlled posses a problem especially for insurance purposes and this is why I have emphasized the importance of the theory and using analogies to gain acceptance. LENRs is no different other than on the nuclear scale i.e. using an event horizon to store the energy, that’s to say unable to distribute energy at the time of creating a mass defect i.e. a compression which at the none nuclear level simply disperses the energy as heat into the environment because heat is an expansion. Heat is simply anything that expands. Anything that contracts creates cold. It is not difficult to understand unless you you want to make it difficult i.e create a huge complicated technology out of something that is something not difficult to understand unless you use a lot of complicated language i.e. see wikipedia its a prime example. Regards Eric Ashworth

  218. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your decision to provide heat instead of selling standalone eCat units is brilliant from legal aspects. Under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the standalone eCat system delivered to the customer would inherently include an implied warranty of merchantability and all the problems that the “goods” requirement under Article 2 entails. By selling a “service” of heat, you avoid all of the legal entanglements. A good decision by your corporate legal staff/management.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Abe Vincent

    Tom,

    If you design a product to meet UL from the outset then getting UL certification shouldnt significantly delay any product development. It’s typically weeks or months not years and you can do a lot in parallel with other things you need do for any mass produced product.

    In the case of LENR the issue will be proving it’s safe. That might be very difficult without a widely accepted theory of how it works and how it can be controlled.

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    The theoretical bases have nothing to do with the safety certifications.
    We obtained the safety certifications for the industrial plants.
    Thank you for your suggestion, but UL does not work only upon designs.
    We have specialists working on this issue. The same that obtained the certifications for the industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Willie Heather

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the magnificend video on youtube “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24”.
    Perfect measurements, very convincing.
    Willie

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Willie Heather:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Chuck Davis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does the Ecat have to be connected to the grid to operate?

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your first day of testing the SK module results!

    Warm regards,
    Tom

    PS: Might you be willing to consider UL testing for home safety parallel to industrial installations so you won’t have to wait even longer than you think is required?

    Perhaps you could consider sending a 1kw Unit to UL for safety testing and perhaps even announce the submission at the presentation?

    Big Money will never “authorize” home units. UL might though.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Your decision of only selling heat is the smartest you may take at this moment.
    By selling heat you are now presenting a possibility for all industries and activities that needs steam as energy carrier.
    This may cover 50% of the worlds energy consumption. By only buying heat and keeping their existing energy sources intact as a utility system, the customers takes a minimal risk.
    A lower energy price and the value of marketing their products as more environmentally friendly will benefit their business without any costly and risky investments.
    This will function as if I was offered to be transported by a nonpolluting car to my office every day to a price of 80% of my own gasoline cost, and I keept my car as a reserve.
    For yourself, the ultimate control over a new product with a new technology will also minimize the risk for catastrophically failures.
    When your product has proven a steady and trustworthy function, your biggest problem will be the queue of customers. Good luck with the important SK tests today!
    Regards Svein Henrik

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work. I agree with what you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How did the first day of SK testing go?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yesterday we made a very good job, with excellent output.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi

    In the fall of 2015, it seemed to us that soon we would see the domestic E-Kat. What a wave of hopes raised the real prospect of the appearance of E-Kat in every house!
    But now there is little hope left. You have concentrated all your efforts on industrial installations. In addition, you will agree that your current financial model (heat sales), interesting for industrial consumers, is not at all suitable for private customers.
    Is there any hope that in the next 2 to 3 years there will be 10 kW units on the market? Or is this a more distant prospect?

    Refusal from the primary, mass production of domestic installations is:
    – The influence of politicians?
    – The economy?
    – Bureaucratic difficulties (certification)?

    We are waiting for the start of sales, after the January presentation!
    I wish you every success and all the best.

    Your transferred fan.

    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    To get the certifications for household applications will be necessary a reliability history of industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Stephen

    Hello Andrea Rossi.

    I thought this article might be interesting to you. I found it very intriguing.

    https://www.sciencealert.com/planck-radiative-heat-transfer-fails-far-field-nanoscale-objects

    Good luck with your testing this week.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Jason Voyle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    More congratulations for the very convincing demonstration of the Ecat QX you made in Stockholm on November 24 2017. A masterpiece.
    Jason

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Jason Voyle:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  238. Trinidad

    “I don’t care the rock and trolls concert”:
    ha,ha,ha.
    You are right

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Trinidad:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. GB

    The Italian avatar-politician Giulio Andreotti was famous for being involved in politics from the end of the 40’ all the way to the late 90’. He was famous for his political longevity, his ability to remain untouched by the political thunderstorms that wiped out generations of his contemporary fellow MPs and – among other things – for his razor-sharp witticism. Personally I never liked him, but I admired his intelligence.
    One of his sentences (among the many) that everyone in Italy loved to quote is “It’s morally wrong to think ill all the time about people, but you very often turn out to be right”.

    I have followed your endeavor since the Bologna presentation, I have unreserved trust in the fact that you have found your effect and I have a great deal of personal esteem for you, your hard-working attitude and the well deserved vindication that you need to obtain.

    However, I wanted to point out that as soon as you will start selling heat, the voices of your opponents will not be silenced. There will still be (and there already is) someone that will state how ultimately hard evidences of the existence of your process are not present.

    So my question is: in order to tombstone the hyper-skeptics, will you allow 3rd parties to observe/certify the amount of energy (any kind) that will be introduced inside the reactor and the amount of heat that is generated as an output?

    If there is no fraud the delta is going to be in the order of magnitudes. This will silence once and for all all the many that still believe that you are a snake-oil dealer.

  241. Andrea Rossi

    GB:
    I don’t care the rock and troll concert.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Thank you Gberra for the information, Capricorn Energy is only a couple hours drive from my office.

  243. Gberra

    Good luck with your SK tests! On a different note I have stumbled onto a heat to electricity engine based on the “Barton engine” by a company capricornpower.com.au. Barton engines claim 30% -47% efficiency heat to electricity. Capricornpower has installed demonstration plants at crematoriums to convert waste heat ( 700 degrees and above ) to electricity. They also plan to sell 125kw demonstration plants in shipping containers – just add hot air. I know that you are focusing on selling heat initially. Best of luck !

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Miro

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    How are going the tests on course in your lab?

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Miro:
    Tomorrow will be crucial.
    Working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that yourr earlier tests with the SK were done at a specialized lab. Are you doing your current tests at that same lab?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Anthony

    Dr Rossi,
    where can I find the report of the presentation of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm ?
    Cheers
    Anthony

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony:
    you can choose between:
    1- go to http://www.ecat.com then choose “Press”, then choose the Stockholm complete video of the demo ( about 3 hours) or the resume ( about 6 minutes ), or the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom on the theoretical bases we are working upon ( about 1 hour )
    There you will find also the important article on Aftenpost, one of the major newspapers of Scandinavia
    2- google ” Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration November 24 2017
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Henadzi Filipenka:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an uplifting comment from one of your
    original followers that was posted on Ecat World.

    clovis ray
    7 days ago
    Hi, guys.i would say that the peanut gallery will not have a say about anything, Dr.Rossi is in control he will do what is best for his kitty.
    He is a very careful man,and we know nothing of the pressure he must be under from many unrealated problems.i say we get behind him and cheer after all what have we got to lose,
    I personally am having a great time,
    Go doctor Rossi go.
    You know last I heard only large units were to be built,and only the power would be for sale.
    This sounds like a custom fit . I would like to see units that you could retrofit into existing boilers just slide it right in and turn it on, and light up the whole world.

    Good luck with the SK test.
    Sam

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the citation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Ciera Laclaire

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched the convincing and precise demonstration of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on November 24. Sincerely: do you think the presentation you could make in January 2019 will be more important?

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Ciera Laclaire:
    The demo made in Stockholm on November 24 2017 of the Ecat QX is more important under a scientific point of view. In January we should make a commercial presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you sell “heat”:

    a. Do you measure the amount of heat generated by your equipment? If so, how? delta temperature and mass flow rate?
    b. What percentage of heat produced by your equipment may be used by the customer?
    c. Will the customer independently measure the heat provided?
    d. Is the measurement reported on a monthly time period?

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a- yes
    b- 100%
    c- the Customer can obviously make his measurements
    d- yes, with the bill
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Anonymous

    I think your strategy to sell heat is serious. Your clients will have nothing to risk, because they will pay only the energy the Ecats will produce and you will not risk the reverse engineering. Kudos!

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I agree.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    are you aware of competitors that could emerge in the next months with real working apparatuses?

  261. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    not that I am aware of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that on Monday you will start the testing of the SK reactor.

    1) How long will the test be?
    2) How many reactors are you testing?
    3) What will be required in order for you to make a decision in favor of the SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- 10 days
    2- two
    3- sorry, too complex to be explained. Too many parameters and confidential issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Ivan R. Guay

    Achat et distribution au Canada: important, nous avons clients,
    Yvan R. Guay, CEO

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan R. Guay:
    We will be ready probably starting from January. Please contact us here giving specifics:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Scientist

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The mass of quarks of the first generation are indicated in 3 MeV for the quark and antiquark up and 6 MeV for the quark and antiquark down. Do you think these data are reliable?

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    Hard to say, I think they are not. What is possible to measure experimentally are the masses of the barions and the hadrons and the different cross sections, but quarks cannot be singled out because they are confined ( see QCD, Quantum Chromo Dynamics ), it must be supposed that the mass of the quarks you cite is the mass of the quarks at the renormalization scale of the phase transition of the QCD. To make this it is necessary to make a lattice model and try to assign different masses to the quarks to find out those that most fit the experimental data, but the mass of the first generation quarks are too much below the QCD scale, therefore it is very much uncertain the result.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Are the tests you started testing reactor safety or is it an industrial integration test?
    All my support for his important tests for industrialization
    Sincerely and good luck

    Raffaele

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Industrial integration tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Rudolf C. Meiner

    What would be the approximate coordinates of the Ecats on a Ragone plot?
    Thanks in advance,
    Fusionrudy

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf C. Meiner:
    The coordinates are integrals , not numbers, depending on many dimensional considerations. What I can say is that both energy density and power density are higher than those of conventional systems based on the well known chemical reactions.
    In our publications we gave indication about this factor ( see http://www.ecat.com or google “Ragone Plot” ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Dim.T.

    Hi,
    Reading the US patent, there is no mentioning of cold fusion. Also, if 1 kwh is needed to provide 6 kwh, then the device has a lower performance factor compared to a modern air-conditioner!
    Obviously this is no innovation connected to cold-fusion, instead just a chemical reaction.

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Dim.T.:
    Please redo the math. If you are not able to, please get help. I do not have time to start from where you are.
    Just search on Wikipedia ” Thermodynamic Principles “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Jalisa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I too want to congratulate for the convincing test of the Ecat QX made in November 24 in Stockholm.
    Can you tell us the Countries the scientists who attended came from? How did they react to the measurements?
    Thank you,
    JC

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Jalisa:
    Sweden, USA, Canada, Germany, Italy, France, Russia, Australia. All of them expressed satisfaction for how the measurements have been made.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  276. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Proof (of life) in this context means real customers that are credible that publicly endorse your product without NDAs.

    Alternatively, safety certification for use in our homes.

    Public Referrals. Without NDAs. Sponcers. “OR” Safety Certification for home use.

    God knows I believe you, but my wife wonders why I do.

    Godspeed, my friend.

    Tom

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for clearing the definition.
    That will depend on the will of the Customers.
    Anyway remember that we sell heat, not plants, and only for industrial applications, so far.
    Our Clients will pay the heat they will consume. Risks are all upon us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Mitch

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When you will make, if you will make it, the introduction of the Ecat industrialized version will the public that will follow it in the internet streaming see exactly the same things that will see the attendants to the event?
    Cheers
    Mitch

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Mitch:
    Absolutely yesw and I will also be available on Skype for all that will need a personal contact for commercial issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Nicola

    Dear Andrea:
    Are there books about your Ecat?

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola:
    Yes: the main are
    1- ‘An impossible invention’, by Mats Lewan, find it in Amazon, published in English, Swedish and Italian
    2- ‘Ecat, the new fire’, by Vessela Nikolova, find it in Amazon, published in Italian ( paper version) and English (electronic version)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Anonymous

    I watched the almost 3 hours of the convincing and well measured test made in Stockholm on November 24 2017 of the Ecat (source Youtube).
    I noticed at the end the public applauded: were there also nuclear physics of the mainstream science?

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, from the highest international echelons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Earlier there was discussed SK models in in context of 10k, 100k, & even a (whisper of) a 1MW model.

    1) Is the 100k being tested this month?
    … (along with the 10k)

    2) Is anything larger than the 10k being tested in this month’s tests?

    For the Presentation to succeed you must have some proof of life. More than one customer – OR – a giganic singleton customer.

    Simply announcing the sale of heat will only create bad press, I fear.

    3) Do you agree you will need “proof of life” in this context?

    Your dedication to your product line is extrordinary and if you succeed where Tesla failed will result in a paradigm shift for the entire World.

    Thank you and your team for your dedication to this work.

    Tom

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- what do you mean exactly with “proof of life”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. orsobubu

    Rodney Nicholson,

    regarding your August 8, 2018 at 1:43 PM:

    “…The reality everywhere your system has been in place is so demonstrably stark, it is a mystery to me how you are unable to recognize the reason for it. It should be staring you in the face. And of course, in addition to the economic misery, the truly astonishing political oppression that always accompanies it, is often at least as appalling…”

    In past years, I gave several answers to these issues raised by other readers. I cannot abuse Andrea’s hospitality here ranting again about differences between communism and state capitalism, so if you want you can email me to postxngatDELETEMEhotmail.com

    ——-

    Andrea and Rodney, here an interesting case of application of blockchain and cryptocurrencies to (claimed) LENR technology and energy distribution:

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/08/30/estonian-company-claims-to-have-successfully-proved-titanium-deuterium-power-production-press-release/

    https://deneum.com/

  287. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  288. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it certain that in January you will introduce the sales of the Ecat?

  289. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, it is not. As a matter of fact, it is certain that we will not introduce the sales of the Ecat. Probably ( but not certainly, because we are still testing ) we will introduce the sales of the heat generated by means of the Ecats that we will install in the factories of our Customers. We are not going to sell apparatuses, we are hoping to go to sell heat. The Ecats will remain of our property and will be controlled remotely from our headquarter in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  290. Buy P.V.

    Mr Rossi,
    I think that the Ecat does not exist and that you are not going to sell anything but chatters.

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Buy P.V.:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Josè:
    In the factory there are the reactors open and in construction.
    Obviously no visits will be allowed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you mean that tomorrow (Aug 29th) the SK testing will start? If so, how long will it go on for?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will start tomorrow the preparation, it will start Monday and continue for several weeks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Steven

    @Amerigo Stevani @Andrea Rossi

    The article was an April’s fool prank, look at the date.

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Steven:
    He,he,he… I did not notice the date coincidence, actually it looked fool, but I did not dare to say so, just asked for the antidoping…
    Thank you for waking up us, after our being fooled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Jose

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will you allow visits to the factory where Ecats are made?

  298. Amerigo Stevani

    Just go to google with this:
    “Physics -astronomy.org- August 20 2018- Breaking: Researchers at CERN break ‘the speed of light’ ”
    Scientists said on Thursday they recorded particles travelling faster than light- a finding that could overturn one of Einstein’s fundamental laws of the universe.

  299. Andrea Rossi

    Amerigo Stevani:
    If true,this would simply mean that the whole Relativity is groundless. For once, let me act in the role of a constructivist sceptic. I think the neutrinos that run faster than light were doped: let’s see the results of the antidoping before allowing them the gold medal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When will you know when the SK 100 Kw will be a product?

    Do you think that the SK reactor will be able to scale up, 1Mw or more in the future ?

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you!
    From tomorrow it will be hard and very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you are aware I am interested in the theory behind LENRs and not an academic in nuclear physics but I do have some thoughts as a layman and I do not expect you to give out confidential information before you feel it necessary to do so. I also realize a lot of readers cannot understand the problem of acceptance of your technology with regards the establishment. As I understand it the reactor is sealed into which hydrogen gas is introduced from a container that eventually needs to be replaced. If this is the case then where does the gas go?. To me it seems obvious that the gas becomes plasma and plasma is composed of neutrinos i.e. no more thick condensed gas but neutrinos in a more rarefied state that takes up more space, creates a more compressed environment that creates heat and that neutrinos diffuse out of the reactor. When mass defect readjusts it gives out heat that is equivalent to the energy that created the defect. For me everything seems to work the same way whether it be a refrigerator a heat pump or a bicycle pump (temporary defects) The only difference with LENRs is that it is at the base principle being at the nuclear level and that is why mass defect i.e. a compressed state creates an electromagnetic field i.e. there is nowhere for that which has been squeezed out other than to become an exterior unabsorbed neutral field or a micro event horizon and which upon the defect within the hydrogen gas being released creates a quantity of heat. Hydrogen gas is a storage container of energy like everything in the material world but it is the release of its absolute energy state that makes LENRs so unique, safe and clean. Maybe LENRs being a stand alone phenomena requires a novel explanation outside of present day understanding of nuclear physics or maybe it can be put within. What I am saying is that the E-Cat is the experiment that proves a theory in line with current understanding but at the base atomic level, no need to compare or wrestle with known formulae that involve other phenomenas not connected with LENRs From what I understand its the mechanism that pulls the hydrogen apart i.e. the selected electromagnetic fields of the chosen elements and the low input current to line up i.e. enhance the integrated electromagnetic fields. Same as making a permanent magnet, the difference being two elements not one so as to achieve the required aggressive magnetic field. From my own experience no matter how you understand a phenomena and able to demonstrate the phenomena the ostriches will always put their heads in the sand and deny its existence. Therefore to demonstrate is important but just as important is to explain in easy to understand simple terms using analogies when able. I realize both you and your team are doing a magnificent job to get where you are and I see no reason for your ultimate success. I realize my comments are purely speculative with regards content but I have had the same arrogant problems of my own as many others also have with regards new technology. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. Andrea no need to respond to my comments unless I am completely out of line.

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Larisa Kristine

    Dear Andrea,
    Very interesting the article published on Aftenpost – the major newspaper of Norway- after the Stockholm convincing demonstration of the Ecat QX. For the readers: find it in the press section of http://www.ecat.com
    Larisa

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Larisa Kristine:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Erich

    Did you employ a professional designer to make the body of the Ecat?

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Erich:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I have probably misread my last question, which I am rephrasing.
    For a 100 KWH electricity consumption of a 1 MW E-Cat boiler, what is the part consumed by its control unit?
    A thousand excuses if the answer is confidential
    All my support for the whole team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The bigger the plant, the lower the ratio between energy consumed by the control system and the reactor. It is an integral, not a number.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Pierre

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After hundreds of Professors of Physics have witnessed and replicated LENR, how is possible the Rock and Trolls continue to say that LENR is bad science?

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre:
    Just competition to get funds. This is what trolls are paid for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Ada

    Dr Rossi,
    I like the video on Youtube with the November 24 demo in Stockholm of the Ecat QX

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. AF

    Will the 10 kW Ecat SK be the favorite module for higher power?

  315. Andrea Rossi

    AF:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Regarding the power consumption of the E-Cat 1 MW, can you tell us what percentage is consumed by the control system and by the reactor itself?
    All my support for your intense work.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Very low.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I hope to attend your demonstration in January 2019. As you know, I am in Law School. My end-of-the-year break is between December 21, 2018 and January 22, 2019. So if your demonstration can occur between those two dates, that would facilitate me be able to attend it. I am sure you have more important considerations but here is my input. I will understand if the demonstration falls outside of my scheduled times.

    Can you tell me whether the demonstration will be in Florida? During the aforementioned off-time, I will be in the Orlando, Florida area visiting my oldest son who lives there. If it is not in Florida, or you cannot give a specific State where it will be, can you state what part of the United States it will be in, e.g., Northeast, Southeast? If not the Northeast or Southeast, then I mostly likely will be unable to attend your demonstration.

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the presentation should be in that period.
    Date and location will be communicated to the attendants several days before the event, for security reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. Mohammad Edler

    Do you have contacts also with Islamic people for the service offered by your company?

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Mohammad Edler:
    Not yet, but not for my choice: simply, I have not been contacted yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Gerardo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which readings did you do during your holidays?
    Just curious.

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Gerardo:
    Physics manuals, to maintain on the fingertips the fundamentals, “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Norman Cook, read for the umpth time to dig for new ideas, “The Pelikan Brief” of John Grisham, a biography of Alexander the Great.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Elton Telles

    Hi, you have a very easy way to make us understand difficult concepts of Physics. You could make a great teacher.
    Maybe when you will retire?

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Elton Telles:
    I am not going to retire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that you have already carried out testing with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom.

    1) Have your theoretical ideas about what is happening with E-Cat been confirmed?
    2) Have you learned anything new from this testing, and if so, what can you share with us?
    3) Will testing with COG continue?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- the work is on course, we have to make more experiments
    2- we will make a publication if we will find results that have a dignity to be published.
    3- of course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  328. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video about a product.

    https://youtu.be/J5UdcjdXk88

    Regards
    Sam

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the SK testing you have mentioned will be taking place in Aug/Sep:

    1) Has the testing started?
    2) Have you personally making the reactors, or is this something other team members are doing?
    3) Are you personally going to be supervising SK testing or is this something other team members will be involved with.

    And on a different subject:

    4) Have you done any testing with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom yet on the theoretical aspects of the E-Cat?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- No, will start the next week
    2- All the team is involved
    3- I am supervising
    4- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you confirm in which Countries your patent has been granted and in which is it pending?
    JPR

  333. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Our patent has been granted in USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, all the Countries included in the European Patent Office convention, Russia, Japan, China, Australia, South Africa. All the Countries where we have applied for the granting of our patent have granted it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. Kuba

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The January presentation will be broadcasted in streaming, so that everybody will be able to assist?

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Kuba:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Dale Askvig

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to join the army of the persons that congratulate you for the convincing demo of Stockholm: I got the video on youtube “demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm Nov 24 2017”
    Dale

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Dale Askvig:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Urban Fredell

    Dr Rossi,
    I am following your work since the year 2011 and I can say you made a remarkable progress.
    Your demo in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017 has been well done and convincing.
    For this reasons let me formulate these questions:
    1- what is the reason of your presentation on January 2019?
    2- is it that you want to sting the Rock and Trolls?
    3- will be invited important companies also from Sweden?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    From Sweden with love
    Urban Fredell

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Urban Fredell:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Answers:
    1- give precise information to the market about our service
    2- he he he
    I don’t care the Rock and Trolls
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During your R & D on the QX you indicated, if I remember correctly, that the E-Cat would be able to produce heat around 0.01 $ the KW and electricity at about 0.03 $. the KW.
    Are these indications always news?
    If so, do these indications take into account the cost of power consumption required to operate the E-Cat?
    Thank you if you can answer
    I wish you great news of your upcoming tests
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    the numbers will have to be verified in the context of industrial operations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are your industrialization efforts completely self-financed or does it depend on others and/or future test results? It’s exciting to realize that E-Cat industrialization may finally be upon us. Good luck.

    Sincerely,
    Peter Metz

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    We have also Partners and Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Tamal

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I’ve been checking ecat.com, “Glossary” sub page and haven’t found an explanation of the term “resonance”.
    Does resonance take place in ECat’s LENR process, not in the electrical instruments of control unit (resonance is the fundamental in most such electrical circuits), but in the ECat’s reactor?
    Kind regards and good luck with the work,
    Tamal

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    In Nuclear Physics are defined as “Resonances” the virtual elementary particles, which are not actual particles, but waves raised during the interactions between stable particles. The life of virtual particles is normally in the order of 10^-23 seconds.
    The glossary of http://www.ecat.com does not contain theoretical terms.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. Chuck Davis

    How do you think will be taxated the heat made by the Ecats?
    Chuck Davis

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The taxes on the profits from heat sales will be the same taxes that have to be paid upon the sales of any other product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. Brad Olsen

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going your R&D with the Stirling engines?
    Brad Olsen

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Brad Olsen:
    We put a hold on it because in the market do not exist Stirling engines with due reliability at acceptable prices per kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you aware the majority of the general public do not like nuclear power plants because of there safety records and dangerous nuclear wastes that they produce. Most people do not know how these reactors produce heat, only those working in the industry need to know and do know. My question is, Do you believe that you need to explain how your technology produces heat or will you rely solely upon safety validation certificates to address any client concerns?. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Surely this is a point.
    Information will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some questions regarding the long-awaited E-Cat production, thank you if you can answer:

    1. Do you have the factory in your possession where the production will take place?
    2. Do you have the machinery (hardware and software) in your possession which will make the E-Cats?
    3. Do you have the employees selected who can staff the initial production line?
    4. Are you waiting for the results of the next round of SK testing before you start production?
    5. Will you begin by manufacturing in the USA?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1,2,3 in preparation
    4 yes
    5 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You said that the presentation in January 2019 is a presentation of the beginning of production.
    There is no doubt that demand for E-Cat will significantly exceed supply.
    Can you answer how much MW of capacity Leonardo plans to produce in 2019?
    And excuse me, I’m always interested in the prospects of home installations (10kW?), You plan in 2019. obtaining certificates for their production.
    Thank you.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    We will be able to produce all the plants to satisfy the request. About the certification of the domestic series, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. Chuck Davis

    Is there in your team a specialist designing an electric power plant?
    Best Regards
    Chuck Davis

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Now we re focused on our heat production.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  358. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still working with Carl Oscar Gullstrom for the theoretical issues? If yes, are you still convinced of your theory that the so called Rossi Effect is generated by resonances raised at the temperature of the reactor’s core?

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    yes and yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you need to accomplish before holding the public presentation of the industrialized E-Cat?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Complete the industrialization. We are not ready, yet. The meaning of the presentation is to say ” we started the industrial production”, which we are not yet doing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. CC

    Andrea:
    are the gluons differentiated or are they just uniform “glue balls”?

  363. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The gluons are differentiated in 8 types, of which 6 are couples that can bear colour and anticolour, like red and antiblue, 2 that are linear combinations of colour and anticolour forming the couples red-antired, blue-antiblue, green-antigreen. Obviously the “colors” are strong force quanta and have nothing to do with the spectrum of the light.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does your proposed 8 cubic meter SK steam unit include an internal steam condenser?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I do not give description of the SK structure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As we are close to the end of August, are you still on schedule for a presentation of the industrialized Ecat by January 2019?
    JPR

  367. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    So far I would say yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  368. Curious Guy

    Dear Andrea,
    Surely you have many suppliers of parts necessary to build the Ecats: can you tell us which Country your suppliers are mainly of?

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Curious Guy:
    Our Suppliers are mainly in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  370. Walt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been convinced by the demonstration you made in Stockholm on November 24th 2017 in Stockholm and the article written on Aftenpost, both found in the press section of http://www.ecat.com
    Now you made a strong progress with the industrialization, but the seed of this was evident in the Stockholm event.
    Godspeed,
    Walt

  371. Andrea Rossi

    Walt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  372. Hi all:

    I am aware of electric arc furnaces where coke is not used, but only if you are starting with steel scrap, so you do not need to convert iron ore to iron.

    When starting with iron ore, a blast furnace is used where (I just checked) the critical chemical reaction by which ore is converted to iron uses carbon monoxide. To make carbon monoxide you have to get the carbon from somewhere, and the standard way to do it is to get it from coke. So unless the Ecat can be used to make carbon monoxide, it seems doubtful that LENR could replace the coke in a blast furnace.

    The air (containing oxygen, to make carbon monoxide – CO) that is blown into the blast furnace is heated, and certainly there is no reason why the Ecat could not serve that purpose. But it still would not replace the coke. And the current method of heating this air is most likely already a pollution-free one, such as natural gas. But it doubtless varies according to what is most efficient in each location.

    This is not to say that it is impossible for some genius to discover an entirely new, economically viable and pollution-free way to convert iron ore to iron. But if there is such a method, presumably the authorities planning to lay off the 14,000 steel workers are not aware of it?

    Correction of any of the above is welcome.

    Rodney.

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    You seem determined to start deliveries with 1 MW plants.
    Couldn’t be more safe to start deliveries with smaller plants, like for example 10 or 100 kW, using 1 kW modules, until the SK series is consolidated?
    Anyway, whatever is decided, we wish you good luck.
    Jimr

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    If the SK will not be ready, we will be able to deliver the 1 MW plants by means of 1 kW modules as well.
    Thank you for the wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. > Not bad your Rock and Troll, but I’d like a more hard version, more angry against the trolls,

    Samuel, those puppets tend to avoid getting angry, they are kind of a bunch of hippies, really. They have their own website and they are always droning on about “love”.

    http://www.puppetpac.org

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    I agree, the Gospel encourages us to love our enemy, so I suppose we have to love our trolls as well. Let the triple step be slow.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain your decision to start the 40 MW plant gradually, before all 40 MW capacity is available?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is an agreement with the Client.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Samuel

    Thomas Florek:
    Not bad your Rock and Troll, but I’d like a more hard version, more angry against the trolls, kind of a Rolling Stones style. Be angry as you would be if somebody that does not know anything of music keeps criticizing your notes: you can do it!
    Cheers
    Samuel

  381. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    listen to Bruno,
    ILVA in Taranto can be retrofitted with your techology, that is better than all the others in this special place, because there is no pollution, and it can save people’s health and job. 14.000 workers risk to loose their job, because with coal process there is too much pollution. They have to choose if to work or to die. Help them if you can.
    Warm regards

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Your comment arrived right while I was writing the comment responding to Bruno commenting his discussion with Rodney Nicholson.
    For you is valid the same response. I never have been called from ILVA so I do not know the specific matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Bruno

    Dear Rodney Nicholson,
    I am not able to give you an answer, I am not an expert in steel production. I can only imagine that a controlled high temperature environment be the primary need of all the various production processes in a steel farm. So, a SK E-CAT could be very helpful, also in case a retrofitting of present production processes were mandatory for the pollution abatement in the site where the steelwork is located. As is the case of ILVA in Taranto, Italy, where the alternative should be the closure of the business and 14000 fired men.
    Warm regards.
    Bruno

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno:
    Allow me to say my opinion in the discussion between you and Mr Rodney Nicholson.
    I worked about 15 years ago for foundries of steel, because I used to produce an additive to increase the percentage of carbon in alloys of cast iron: for example, I supplied about 2 000 tonns of my additive to Teksid SPA of Saluggia, near Turin, Italy, the foundry of FIAT. You both are right: in fact, Rodney Nicholson is right for what concerns the ovens to make regular carbon steel, but you are right in the case of arc furnaces, wherein the Ecat technology could play a role. I ignore the production line of ILVA, where I never have been, so I do not know if you are right or not in this specific case. Foundries are not all the same and the steel making technologies, as well as the kind of ovens, additives etc, are very differentiated depending on which kind of steel is produced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. sam

    Another interesting video about heat.

    https://youtu.be/14r7f9khK70

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your two interesting links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Regarding:

    Bruno Angius
    June 11, 2018 at 12:00 PM

    Dear Andrea,
    I wonder if and when do you think it will be possible to replace the hot processes of the current steel factories (blast furnaces and converters), which are highly polluting for the environment, with the clean thermal energy of E-CAT SK supplied by Leonardo Corp.?
    Take care.
    BA

    = = = = = = = =

    For clarification, are you saying that a blast furnace only requires heat to do its job? I had been under the (probably mistaken) impression that chemical reactions are essential in blast furnaces which depend on the presence of the carbon in coke. But correction will be appreciated. Thank you.

    Rodney.

  388. Andrea Willsey

    Thomas Florek:
    Excellent Rock and Troll, ha,ha,ha
    Cheers
    Andrea Willsey

  389. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This an interesting video
    about heat.

    https://youtu.be/ZD_3_gsgsnk

    Regards
    Sam

  390. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So questions on your 40MW plant to be installed:

    1. What is the minimum time from a cold start-up to full output power?
    2. What is the time from full output power to a complete shutdown?
    3. What is the time during operation at 50% power output to achieve 100% power output?

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- the reactors are shut down in seconds, the thermal inertia takes proportional time to be exchanged up
    2- same as in 1 reversed
    3- depends on the thermal inertia of the heat exchanger
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Bruno Angius

    Dear Andrea,
    I wonder if and when do you think it will be possible to replace the hot processes of the current steel factories (blast furnaces and converters), which are highly polluting for the environment, with the clean thermal energy of E-CAT SK supplied by Leonardo Corp.?
    Take care.
    BA

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Angius:
    The Countries I cited are the ones we have the capacity to operate now. Surely we will extend our area of operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Lucien Gainsford:
    Yes, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. Antonio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will the 40 MW plant be started when all the power of 40 MW will be available, or gradually?
    Cheers
    Antonio

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Antonio:
    Gradually,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Lucien Gaisford

    Are you aware of the last generation of robots introduced in China?

  398. Bruno

    Dear Andrea,
    On the eight of august you mentioned almost all the main European nations where Leonardo will be able to sell termal energy and assist the customers. Is it there any particular reason for not including Italy ?
    Bruno Angius

  399. SMG and Andrea Rossi:

    > what about a song “Rock and Troll”?

    I happened to hear the puppets rehearsing something last night, they cooked up this song:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QYT20-fesok

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    He he he he
    This is good Rock and Troll indeed!
    Great Band
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    To ensure a delivery of 40 MW of constant heat to your customer would not it be interesting, both for you and for him, to install a higher power?
    So you could maintain without loss of power harmful to the operation of your customer.
    I wish you excellent results for your tests in progress
    All my support for your entire team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    You are right, the power must have a redundancy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea, Will your production reactors be FCC and UL certified? or won’t that be necessary if you aren’t actually selling them? As I recall UL approval requires the factory/production line to be approved as well. At least it did for electronic products.

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent,
    We have for the industrial production the certification of SGS and of Bureau Veritas.
    We do not have UL certification, that is not necessary for industrial plants.
    We will make the UL certification for the domestic Ecats in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Roy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I saw on http://www.ecat.com the video of the demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm: very convincing, perfect measurements.
    You turned a skeptic into a follower.
    All the best,
    Roy

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Roy:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, what is the size of the fuel charge of the SK 100 Kw and the duration of the fuel ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint François

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you for your kind wishes. Yes, an extremely important test will be made at the end of August through the first 10 days of September. After that, strategic decisions will have to be made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you already have all the necessary authorizations to install and operate the 40 MW plant?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  410. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Our Customer is dealing with this issue. We have the necessary safety certification already done and all our plant’s components are certified. Locally certified engineers are dealing with specific licenses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Dear Andrea,

    Whenever there is a high motivation of reaching some goal, there is a risk of overdoing. For example in the Mel Brooks movie “To be or not to be”, the main character is a professional actor who gets into a situation that he must enter local Gestapo office and credibly play a Nazi officer, for he and his companions to be saved (http://www.script-o-rama.com/movie_scripts/t/to-be-or-not-to-be-script.html):

    -Delighted to meet you.
    -What?
    -I’m rehearsing: “Delighted to meet you.”
    -You’re playing for our lives.
    -I’ll give my greatest performance.
    -Don’t. Just be good.

    Applied to the E-cat case: Don’t make the plant a magnificence, just make it good.

    Or (attributed to Voltaire): “Better is the enemy of good.”

    It sounds blunt and unfair, but it’s general advice whose rationale becomes clear after thinking about it.

    Good Regards, /pekka

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    “…don’t. Just be good…”
    He,he,he..thank you for the suggestion!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you making any sport during your vacations? Your health is important.
    Cheers
    CC

  414. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I can’t forget my past as a maratonete: in the morning I play tennis 1 hour with my wife, in the afternoon half hour of swim and 1 hour of slow jogging.
    Still fit for it, thanks to God.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the 40 MW E-Cat plant you have been talking about be the first one you will build?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. SMG

    Dear Andrea:
    The Rock and Troll band is very nervous. They are chiming around that your trove to sell heat, not plants is a trick to avoid third parties controls.
    Isn’t a customer a third party?
    Never mind!
    SMG (Silent Majority Guy)

  418. Andrea Rossi

    SMG:
    He,he,he…Thomas Florek: what about a song “Rock and Troll”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Have you determined a location for the January demonstration of the Industrialized E-CAT. As much advance notice as possible concerning the location, date and time would be greatly appreciated so that attendees can avail themselves of economy prices for air travel and hotel reservations. Continued progress and success.

    Drew G.

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Sorry, we will give this information only to the invited attendees, while to the public it will be communicated the day before the event.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  421. todd burkett

    Dear Andre
    You said you plan to price the energy at 80% of other energy sources
    Such as the price of gas? I assume whatever price is available at that location?
    And what about other new energy technologies that may compete directly for the same business such as brilliant light power ? if they bring something to market?
    The reason I ask is because it seems both your companies are a similar place as far as commercial availability , are you willing and prepared to compete with another energy source that is significantly cheaper than commonly available now ?

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Todd Burkett:
    Any source will be available ( I mean really available ) we will make 20% less.
    We have plenty of margin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. Robert Dorr

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As your current reactors require a certain amount of grid power for initiation and control of the reactors, who will pay for that power, you as the owner of the equipment or the customer?

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    Leonardo Corp will pay for the power consumed by the Ecat plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted ” Pure Art of technology and a window with the view of the sun of the future.”

    It sounds like a resonator cavity with a quartz window. The inside is likely polished aluminum because of its high reflectivity at hard UV wavelengths. The window is small in comparison to the rest of the reactor. The construction is not “boxy” but a beautiful, an elegant shape. Have we shared the same dream?

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Well, maybe!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Roberta

    Dear Andrea,
    Happy Ferragosto! I hope you are enjoying some day of holiday,
    Cheers
    Roberta

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Yes this week will be holiday.
    I wish a peaceful “Festa dell’Assunta” to our Italian Readers, albeit it cannot be “happy” after what happened in Genova yesterday.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Terrible, terrible, devastating. Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Aleksander

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will the 40 MW Ecat SK have the same conceptual structure of a gas turbine?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Aleksander

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksander:
    I would say so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have described an interesting pricing strategy. May I ask about a hypothetical example:

    A customer contracts with Leonardo to buy heat with a 5 year contract. They currently pay 100 for natural gas, and agree to pay 80 for E-Cat heat.

    Year 1-3: Natural gas is 100 in the marketplace, E-Cat heat is 80 (as agreed in the contract)
    Year 4: Natural gas is 120 in the marketplace, E-cat heat is ?
    Year 5: Natural gas is 90 in the marketplace, E-cat heat is ?

    Obviously this example is very simplified, thank you if you can answer.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Year 4 – 80% of 120
    Year 5 – 80% of 90
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea, Your 40MW reactor will certainly be an impressive sight. 4000 SK10 reactors squeezed into 8 cubic meters! The connecting pipework will have to be well insulated – if just 1% of the heat leaks you will have 400kW of waste heat to dispose of. Could get toasty in there.

  435. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    It will be a magnificence as I can see it inside my brain. Pure Art of technology and a window with the view of the sun of the future. My life has been also a series of failures and errors and resiliency, but if all the enormous work for which I spent my life will have as a result this plant, my life will have been worth to be spent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say that the cost of E-Cat heat will be “indexed with the variation of the market price”, do you mean:

    1. That it will always be 20 per cent less expensive than whatever the customer would normally use (e.g. natural gas)?
    2. That if the price of (for example) natural gas rises, the cost of E-Cat heat will also rise?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. P.E.

    Power Engineering, 08/10/2018: “UK Group pushes advantages of small nuclear reactors (SNRs)”

  439. Andrea Rossi

    P.E.:
    Interesting. I read the article, we are talking of nuclear fission plants, each rated 500 MW, that cost about 2.5 billion $ ( 5 million/MW ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. K7

    In some areas of the globe the internet connection is very weak, therefore your strategy of remote control from the headquarters of Leonardo Corporation would become shaky.

  441. Andrea Rossi

    K7:
    True. In fact we are not going to deliver our plants where there are not good connections. Anyway, sooner or later any connection faults, therefore our Clients must have a backup and our system will reinstate the Ecat remote control asap automatically.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Giusy

    Dr Andrea,
    Sorry, I am ignorant of Physics: reading what the consultant of IH said, which is that LENR violate the first principle of thermodynamic, I tink that they are wrong, because the formula of Einstein E=mc2 makes LENR respect the first principle of thermodynamic. Am I correct?
    Giusy

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Giusy:
    “We all are ignorant. What is true is that we do not ignore the same things” ( Albert Einstein ).
    About your consideration, it is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Robert Dorr

    Dear DR. Rossi,

    Herta Hoster asked you how much the customer would save using your reactors instead of the customers current system and you indicated roughly 20%. It was a bit unclear to me if you meant that they would save 20% or that they would spend 20% of what they are currently spending. So if the customer is spending $100 for there current system would they now be spending $20 with your new reactors or would they be spending $80 with your new reactors? Sorry if this is redundant I just want to have a clear picture of the savings your reactors will provide. I am very excited that you are getting so close to the introduction of your of new power system.

    Sincerely,

    Robert Dorr

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Dorr:
    If our Customers now are spending 100, with the Ecat plants they will spend 80 and the price will be indexed with the variation of the market price, to maintain the 20% of earning for the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding my COP question. It would be interesting to know at least a range for QX and SK10 40 MW unit. Is the unit made up of QXs will have COP above 50, 100, 150, 200… ? And the same question about 40 MW plant made up of SK 10 units.

    Kind regards

    Gennady

  447. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    I prefer not to give numbers before the plants are in operation.
    It will be enough to make it convenient for the Client and for us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  448. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Do you have an opportunity to tell us what is the total power that you hope to install during the year 2019?
    All my support to your entire team.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Premature to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Very useful, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  451. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You write that you are on track for a January presentation, which I very much look forward to. Does this mean:

    1. You expect to have production lines making E-Cats before the presentation?
    2. You expect to have at least one plant installed and working at a customer site before the presentation?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- maybe, but it is difficult
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Today I saw in the Drexel University Research magazine EXEL an article about new Boride compounds that are useful at high temperatures.

    https://exelmagazine.org/article/building-a-better-boride/

    Perhaps these may be interesting in your work.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  454. Mark

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the solar satellite that NASA has launched several days ago will give information useful also for LENR?
    Thank you,
    Mark

  455. Andrea Rossi

    Mark:
    Well, astronomy gives models and models generate ideas. So, my answer is yes, albeit indirectly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Rupert

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    has ever any “Rock and Troll” piece damaged your business?
    Cheers
    Rupert

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Never.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still on schedule to make the presentation of the industrialized products by January 2019?

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    What COP are you expecting for your 40 MW plant if you are using QX? And what COP would be if you are using SK 10 units?

    Regards,

    Gennady

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. Sam

    This is another interesting link to the Parker
    Solar Probe.

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/parker-solar-probe-launch-looming

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your two very interesting links to this remarkable achievement of NASA. I am very curious to see which secrets of the Sun this “spy” will report us!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Sam

    Good Morning Dr Rossi

    Did you watch the Solar Parker probe lift
    off this morning?

    https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1002057/nasa-launch-live-tv-solar-parker-probe-lift-off-sun-watch-video

    Regards
    Sam

  465. Abe Vincent

    Re 40MW plant… For comparison I believe the engines on a Boeing 777 can produce around 83MW each.

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    GE 90 is rated about 100 MW of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Judy

    This apparently normal patent, with “Fluid Heater” as a low profile title, in reality can be a global game changer.

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    Thanks for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Dom

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Can you tell us the price of the 40 MW plant?

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Dom:
    The Client will pay nothing for the plant, because it will remain of our property and the Client will pay only the heat. Should it be for sale its price would be 20 million $, but for the time being we are not going to sell.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Nicholas

    Will the 40 MW Ecat plant work 24/7?

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Nicholas:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Andrea Rossi

    Wolofgang Schubert:
    Maybe, with the gas turbines fueled by the Ecat SK. It is not impossible, albeit surely not in short term an not even in the middle term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Wolfgang Schubert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you hold it for possible that one day the comercial aircrafts can fly by LENR?
    With best wishes,
    Wolfgang Schubert
    (Electrician and Electric Technician)

  475. Jeff Jeffreys

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think the patent you got protects also the SK version of the Ecat?

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Jeffreys:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Regarding your 40 MW order, will the steam be used for
    (1) heating
    (2) to drive motors/turbines
    (3) both
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Supply heat to a production process.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. TK

    Dr Rossi,
    Has your patent been granted also in Japan?
    Thank you.

  480. Andrea Rossi

    TK:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the heat made by the 40 MW Ecat be used to make electric power?

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    No. The heat will be used for the industrial process of the Client.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Gavino Mamia

    Dott. Rossi, quante pale eoliche occorrono per produrre 40 MW di energia?
    Quanti mq di pannelli fotovoltaici occorrono per produrre 40 MW?
    Giusto per avere un confronto con le tecnologie green attuali…

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    I am not an expert of eolic and photovoltaic energy, but obviously the answer depends on two factors, that are not constants:
    1- the wind and solar energy statistically allowed in the specific site, that obviously are very different in different geographic sites
    2- the power of the wind and P.V. modules
    Without these data an answer is impossible.
    We can make an example: considering modules respectively of 1 MW for the eolic generators and of 1 kW/m^2 for the P.V. and considering a site that allows about the 10% of the power turned into energy, to make 40 MWh/h of energy you need 400 eolic generators or 400 000 P.V. modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The preparation of a LENR 40 MW plant in an industry that will use its heat is probably the most important thing that is happening in the world.
    May God help you in this miraculous enterprise.
    Prof

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    the huge 40 MW order is a new development. What does this mean for your planned presentation for january? The 40 MW reactor will not be ready until then. Will you delay your presentation until you have a ready and running reactor?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  488. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    The presentation in January will be done.
    It is independent from the status od the deliveries of the plant to our Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    firstly, please, allow me to express my deep support, I’m not on the business side of the story but rather on the naif one, and, led by poor ignorarance I take the occasion to ask you a question, I understand you have in your hands power density mastering comparable to the actual nuclear standard power plants, as for your claims few cubic meter space requirements are for 40MW gain. Have you considered proposing retrofitting uranium facilities ? Reactor Core a part, the istallation, electrical network and the market are already there, with or without internet connection; history teach sharing costs less than splitting, politics aside.
    My True Regards
    Giovanni Fois

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Fois:
    Theoretically that is thinkable about, but there are mountains to climb from the permissions point of view.
    For the moment the better way to go through is to be independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea,

    If the SK10 is a 10KW reactor you need 4000 of them to make a 40MW reactor. Sounds like it will be a challenge to fit 4000 reactors with heat exchangers in just 8 cubic meters (about 1/5th of a standard shipping container). Did you mean 80 cubic meters?

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    I confirm my numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your enemies are making Rock and Troll, but you are Beethoven.
    Godspeed,
    CC

  494. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  496. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    1- within this year
    2- I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. Dear Andrea,
    Just my opinion: if you end up building the 40 MW out of QX’s, there is no reason to be disappointed. The QX is a ready product in a certain market segment that only partly overlaps with the SK, and the QX needs usage statistics in order to make it ready for massive production. The 40 MW installation would give that. Ideally, both QX and SK need their own 40 MW thing, but since the QX is more ready than the SK, it makes sense to do it first for the QX, then for the SK.
    regards, /pekka

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the suggestion, that makes sense. It will be decided by end September.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Is the customer you are building the 40 MW E-Cat plant for in the United States?
    2. Is this the largest installation you currently have?
    3. Is this customer in the food processing industry (you have mentioned this previously).
    4. Are you on site at this customer’s facility to supervise the construction?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- the location of our Client is for now confidential. I can say the Client is one of the biggest entities of the world in its field, if not the biggest.
    2- this is the largest installation we will have to make for the time being
    3- I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    4- not yet, at the moment we are deciding which modules to use ( SK or QX series ), hoping they will be SK, and we are starting with a certified engineer of the State where the Client is the procedures for the authorizations, in collaboration with the Client. I will be in the Customer facility surely in September to define the details for the installation of the plant. Eventually the production of the modules will be started, at this point I definitely would say within the year 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give us the approx dimensions of a 40 MW plant?

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The reactors section: m 2 x 2 x 2
    Plus the control system on site.
    Obviously we are taking of thermal energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    A question of physics maybe stupid.
    When an electron changes its orbit, does it instantly with a Δt = 0? That’s what I understood.
    If so, would an electron in a particle accelerator move the same way point-to-point instantaneously so that its progression would be jerky?
    Would other particles like the photon do the same?
    Thank you for your answer certainly less stupid than my questions.
    I remember that I am not a physicist
    All my support for the development of the SK.
    Best regards.

    Raffaele

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    When an electron changes “orbit” (actually, it is not an orbit, but a quantic status, that determines where it is most probable the electron can be found) necessarily the T is increased if the electron goes to occupy a higher quantic status ( which means goes more far from the nucleus ) or the T is decreased if the electron probability field becomes nearest to the nucleus, so that the electron gets a lower quantic status. Therefore it is impossible that the quantic status of an electron changes without a delta T.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Anonymous

    @JPR
    the trolls are saying the trial Rossi VS Cherokee has given evidence of the fact that the Ecat does not work. Rossi does not comment, what can you say about this?

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Assuming we use the SK 10,
    Reactors plus heat exchanger 8 cubic meters, plus the control systems and the steam circuits.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  507. Herta Hoster

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much will save the client of the 40 MW plant you will deliver?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    H.H.

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Herta Hoster:
    About the 20% respwect what the Client is spending now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Teresa Kincaid

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you already have other plants to deliver, besides the 40 MW plant you cited yesterday in your comment?
    Godspeed,
    Teresa

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Teresa Kincaid:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. P.D.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    the 40 MW plant you have to deliver to sell heat is already in construction?
    If yes, will it be made by SK or QX?

  512. Andrea Rossi

    P.D.:
    We still have to decide if to make series of Ecat SK 10 ( which is most probable ) or of Ecat QX. The QX are ready, the SK not yet, we have to decide soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 43 000 of this blog

  513. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The countries you mention open for your business are all in Europe and North America. Is this where your employees will be available to work?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Italo Romano

    Dear Dr. Rossi, the lump sum payment may not be convenient for a customer.
    If, for example, the power used varies between 40 MW and 10 MW over time, he will still pay as if he were constantly receiving 40 MW. Even with the 30% discount on the cost of energy, he will pay a lot more.
    It would be better, I think, to measure the real energy supplied.
    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Italo Romano:
    We adopt the lump sum. Obviously our Clients must order an amount of heat they are sure to consume.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Dear Dr Rossi

    Does your heat exchanger have the ability to delivery pressured steam or do you still require a boiler setup. This would be for steam turbine setups.

    Thank you

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The heat exchaanger can deliver pressurized steam.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. Alessandro Coppi

    Is it far from truth that your customer of 40 Mw plant will pay 1000 usd per hour?

    Alessandro Coppi

  520. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Sorry, the price is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. ORSOBUBU: Regarding your August 7 2018 @5:25 AM: “ ….. produced by all humanity according to the abilities of everyone, and distribute it ….. to all humanity according to the needs of everyone. ”

    You have an astonishingly demoralizing philosophy! No matter how much an individual may, by virtue of his intelligence, motivation and sheer effort, contribute to a country’s living standards, you believe his reward should be no greater than that of anyone else: merely ‘what he needs’.

    And conversely, if an individual feels like contributing no more than ‘the very least he can get away with’, then his reward should be identical: merely ‘what he needs’. What school of ethics could possibly support this line of reasoning? And can you not see the overwhelming incentives this presents for idleness?

    So, in a system like the one you advocate, there are zero incentives for anyone to make any effort beyond the most minimal possible; zero incentive to study, to increase knowledge, qualifications and capabilities so as to become more productive; or to invent new products; or to improve existing products; or to find ways to do a very good job for customers, since no matter how much effort a person makes – huge or negligible – he will be rewarded identically. Or more accurately: a nebulous government bureaucrat will decree what you need, given the minimal quantity of income available to be distributed under such a system.

    This is of course the very reason for the grinding poverty in jurisdictions where this philosophy has been inflicted on those unfortunate enough to live there, and where, at borders, razor wire fences are usually erected with turrets at every corner, manned with machine guns, to prevent anyone from getting out to a much better life elsewhere.

    This philosophy fully explains, as noted, with a link documenting it, on a previous occasion, why fully qualified and practising medical doctors in Cuba are paid either $30 a month (if they have only one specialty) or $67 per month (if they have more than one). The reason for such mind-bogglingly abysmal incomes is that this is the best this kind of system can do for living standards. Or in the Ukraine, to take another example, where incomes (GDP per person in real terms, after adjustment for differences in price levels) are about 84% lower than in the more prosperous countries of western Europe*. Notably, the ukrainian population’s genetic background and their innate abilities are no different from those of the people of western Europe. All that is different is the system. In the more prosperous countries of Europe the annual expenditure merely on food is only a little less than the entire annual income in Ukraine!

    Where I live there are incentives to be more productive. People working in coffee shops here earn 28 times as much as cuban physicians with two specialties, and 60-fold more than those with just one specialty. I prefer to live here rather than in Cuba or Ukraine.

    Is it not clear that, anywhere there are such powerful deterrents to the application of effort, the modest improvements in living standards, such as they are, have almost all been derived from ‘borrowing’** techniques invented and developed by people living in places where extra effort is rewarded, very approximately, in proportion to tangible measures of how much they contribute?

    The reality everywhere your system has been in place is so demonstrably stark, it is a mystery to me how you are unable to recognize the reason for it. It should be staring you in the face. And of course, in addition to the economic misery, the truly astonishing political oppression that always accompanies it, is often at least as appalling.
    – – – – – – – – –
    But thank you for your links about BlockChain. To be clear, it is not my position that BlockChain will never have any uses. My purpose was merely to warn that the posts about it here, and elsewhere on the internet around the same time, while presenting themselves as trying to do people a favour with an investment opportunity, had more of the flavour of the stock promotions of the old days. It appeared likely that those who had gotten in on the ground floor and manipulated the price to very high levels, needed to find suckers to sell to before the inevitable collapse. As a factual matter, the first BlockChain posts here did coincide with the very top in the prices of the BlockChain stocks. The stock of BitCoin Services (BTSC), for example, is presently down 87% from its high of late 2017. But it was up about 1% yesterday. GBTC – another BlockChain stock – is down 74% from its high.

    *https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_per_capita

    ** Usually while avoiding payment of royalties, so these societies are dishonest as well as incompetent.

    Rodney.

  522. DvH

    Hello Mr. Rossi,
    some of the posts in the recent days refer to the delivery of heat to a customer, for which he is charged. How is that measured? By some calorimeter ? Or by indirectly measuring temperature and estimating the flow?
    You are aware that you’d need a calibrated approved calorimeter-device in most countries?
    greetings
    DvH

  523. Andrea Rossi

    DvH:
    It will be a forfait: for example, we are going to supply a system for a total power of 40 MW to a Customer and the Customer will pay 40 MWh/h, even if he will not use in part or in total this amount of energy. Obviously the Client will not pay the amount due for the quantity of energy we will not supply for malfunctions deriving from our responsibility ( errors of us, lack of our maintenance, breakages due to our fault et similia ). Therefore if, for example, we will have a blackout of 10 hours due to our errors, the Customer will not pay 400 MWh, that will be deducted from the bill at the end of the month.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Michael

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will be the module of the industrialized Ecat QX equal to the Ecat shown on the video of youtube “Presentation of the Ecat QX Stockholm November 24 2018”?

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Wladek:
    Initially e will be able to sell our service in the USA, Canada, Mexico, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, UK, France, Germany, Spain. These are the locations where we are already able to assist our Customers for the time being.
    Obviously we are looking for to cover all the Countries of the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Władek

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will you be able to sell your service also in Poland?

  528. Michaeł

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you have anything to say about the heavy comment of JPR in response to Anonymous and the other interesting comments eventually related to it?
    Michael

  529. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea, coincidentally, I read this old post:
    —————–
    Rodney Nicholson
    June 27, 2018 at 5:56 PM
    Hi all:

    Regular readers of this blog may recall that several months ago there were a few posts here seemingly attempting to promote investment in Bitcoin and other blockchain entities. In that regard the following chart may help place those discussions in perspective…
    ——————
    I participated in the discussion and also proposed to Andrea to be interested in blockchain technologies (certainly not to invest in cryptocurrencies). I still remain with the idea that – not today – but thanks to future developments there may be some contact between the technologies of production and distribution of energy in the grid and blockchains, as suggested in these links:

    http://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/en/article/blockchain-based-energy-future

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/andrewarnold/2018/04/16/how-blockchain-can-help-increase-the-security-of-smart-grids/#52918eab4894

    https://hackernoon.com/using-blockchain-technology-to-boost-cyber-security-19b6ef4e6898

    https://www.the-blockchain.com/2018/05/20/securing-sensitive-medical-data-with-blockchain-technology/

    http://www.dataversity.net/blockchain-can-used-secure-sensitive-data-storage/

    https://www.csoonline.com/article/3279006/blockchain/4-reasons-blockchain-could-improve-data-security.html

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelwolfson/2018/07/03/how-a-leading-cyber-security-company-uses-blockchain-technology-to-prevent-data-tampering/#7be7dd344529

    From what I understand, the utility would be in the economic accounting of the distributed energy, in the immutability of the generated databases, in the protection of sensitive data. Then, it is obvious that the issue of cryptocurrencies was obligatory, if they wanted to give a capitalist sense of remuneration and valorisation of work, and yet blockchain technology would find its ideal terrain in a post-capitalist economy, totally devoid of money, because it would be essential to ascertain and organize the work collectively produced by all humanity according to the abilities of everyone, and distribute it without the possibility of cheating to all humanity according to the needs of everyone.

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Ulrich Kranz

    Dr Rossi,
    while searching, I found an interesting page related to your development in the past:
    https://www.espryx.com/product/thermoelectric-generators/en/

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for the link. The efficiency, as you see, is low. I know vwey well the matter, I made a lot of work on it. When I realized very expensive Seebeck generators, with directional fusion that costed a hundred dollars per gram, I obtained 20% of efficiency, but when we tried to scale up things to reach acceptable costs, it has not been possible reach the same precision level of the directional fusion, so that the figure of merit has fallen down.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Just a thought, With regards the longevity of the Ecat performance. If you are using commercial grade hydrogen have you considered the purity of the hydrogen. Hydrogen purity wikipedia and catalyst poisoning Wikipedia does mention some downsides with regards commercial hydrogen. No doubt you are aware but thought I would bring it to your attention.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you for clarifying the eCat SK reactor with the dimensions of 25cm x 25cm by 18cm has a thermal output of 10kW.

    Using a standard model of a horizontal cylinder in natural convection air of 25cm in length by a diameter of 25cm, the 10kW thermal output suggests a skin temperature of about 710 degC.

    1. How do you transfer the reactor heat to the heat exchanger? Primarily by Conduction or by Radiation?
    2. What is the media to transfer the heat from the reactor to the heat exchanger? Oil, water, metal?

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, but, again, your numbers do not make sense and I cannot give the details of the 10 kW Ecat SK and the heat exchanging system we invented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    “Andrea Rossi
    August 6, 2018 at 9:13 AM
    Frank Acland:
    The Customers will pay the bills of the heat delivered at the end of every month: this means they have not to pay in advance the heat they are going to receive.”
    ~~~~~~~~~
    But subject to minimum purchase per time interval,for example, per month or varying according to season, but minimum purchase per contractual period. Or minimum cash payment, regardless of heat demanded.
    Correct?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    The details of the agreements are specific depending on the characteristic of the Client.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Vera

    @JPR,
    thank you for your comment answering to Anonymous: it was past due.
    Also in Italy we have same kind of trolls: one of the most vociferous is based on an energy provider whose coal fired thermoelectric plants have emissions among the most toxic of our Country.
    @Andrea Rossi: “Non ti curar di lor, ma guarda e passa”
    Vera

  540. CC

    @JPR:
    Thank you for your answer to Anonymous: now we know better these charlatans.
    CC

  541. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I like your answer to JPR. The only thing that counts is that you produce and install the Ecats.
    Godspeed,
    Jack, from the silent majority

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    I agree, that’s what we are doing,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. V.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I totally agree with your intelligent answer to JPR. The industrialization and the delivery of your plants to sell heat to your clients is destroying your enemies and their trolls; to avoid loss of time with those charlatans is mandatory.
    Godspeed,
    V.

  544. Andrea Rossi

    V.:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand from your answers that you are saying the eCtat SK has dimensions of 25 x 25 x 18 (cm) and can output 100kW of thermal power.

    1. When operating the device, are you using any forced flow convection?
    2. If yes to 1, what type of medium, water?
    3. Modeling the enclosure as a horizontal cylinder (25cm x 25cm) in natural convection shows a skin temperature of about 1,500C. Does your current reactor run at that temperature?

  546. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Wrong: I am saying that the Ecat SK with the same dimensions of the 20 W Ecat QX shown in Stockholm on Nov 24 is the 10 kW SK, not the 100 kW SK.
    Answers to the other points:
    1- where?
    2- see above: if you refer to the secondary circuit, we use water
    3- sorry, but this does not make sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  547. JPR

    Anonymous,
    the trial Rossi VS Cherokee has given evidence that Rossi was right! The trolls cite as evidence the papers produced by Cherokee/ Darden, forgetting to say that those papers are party papers made by the consultants of Cherokee, not neutral papers. To understand neutral facts, you have to read also the papers produced by Rossi and think about these facts, not words: Cherokee-Darden, on the base of their papers, asked the Court to make Rossi pay to Cherokee/ Darden 50 millioons, plus 11.5 millions of legal fees. Had only the 10% of the accusations you read on the papers produced by Cherokee Darden been true, Rossi could have been destroyed, but, on the contrary, if you read the settlement agreement, it recites that not only Rossi had to pay nothing to Cherokee/ Darden, but Cherokee/ Darden had to pay to Rossi 11.5 millions, already paid, plus give back to Rossi everything Rossi had given them in terms of IP, prototypes and engage themselves not to use in future any information Rossi/Leonardo Corp had delivered to them. Among such prototypes there were also the ones that Brillouin has integrally copied after the agreement they made with IH; just onserve all the prototypes of Brillouin before the agreement with IH- that were based on electrolysis- and the HT they made after the agreement with IH, that are the copycat of the Ecat presented from Rossi in Zurich in the year 2012, at the eve of the agreement Leonardo-Cherokee.
    Rossi is absolutely right not to mess with the trolls, but I am a retired engineer and have time to get some fun against those charlatans.
    JPR
    P.S.
    To add comics to clownesque: one of the consultants of Cherokee, Mr Eng Murray, partner of Mr Eng. Zoepfl in the consulting firm 3D Phoenix, located few miles from IH, in the papers so dear to the trolls wrote that LENR are impossible because violate the first thermodynamic principle. Now he has made a patent application related to the LENR. More comics: this application is related to the “invention” that corresponds to the invention of the hot water: the use of spectrometry as a component of a control system…Useless to say, the owner of this application is IH, in desperate research of papers to feed with their investors after the loss of the IP of Andrea Rossi.

  548. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you customers who are purchasing heat have to pay in advance for it, or will they be billed after they have made use of it?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The Customers will pay the bills of the heat delivered at the end of every month: this means they have not to pay in advance the heat they are going to receive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Ulrich Kranz

    You mentioned that the Ecat QX has the same dimensions of the 20 W QX shown in Stockholm: cm 25 x 25 x 18.
    Does the prototype of the Ecat SK you are making tests with now have the same dimensions?
    Ulrich

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You too have some trolls that spend almost full time their days, obviously paid by your enemies for some reason, disparaging you in many ways with blatantly false news.
    I noticed you do not react: why?
    JPR

  553. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I do not react because it is useless. They produce, as you correctly say, false news, we produce plants. I have better to do than read their trollades, let alone answer them.
    They cannot stop the diffusion of my plants and that is the sole reason of my life. About the disparaging of my character, people are not stupid and understand what the trolls are for. When a general is winning a war, the growls of the enemies do not change the facts in the battlefield. Facts overcome false news.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Victor

    Dear Andrea:
    You confirm that the 10 kW Ecat SK 10 has the same dimension of the 20 W Ecat QX we saw in Stockholm? It seems incredible.
    With high respect,
    Victor

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    It is still a prototype, but we are working well. Yesterday we got a very good result and, yes, if it will work it will be equal ( from outside ) to the 20 W Ecat QX we have shown in Stockholm on Nov 24th 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you currently controlling E-Cats via an internet connection from a remote location, and if so, how well is this method of control working?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are making tests and we are satisfied of them so far. Obviously the difficult part is not to make a remote control, as modulated as it might be, but to make it impossible to be hacked. We are being helped also by retired military specialists of the field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I think you mentioned that the e-cat QX had the more adjustable heating range. Would this mean that the QX would be more likely the eventual candidate for the domestic home heating and water heater?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Fox

    Dear Andrea
    Is the supply of heat by the Ecat constant or adaptable-mutable-variable by the customer? This implies a bidirectional communication between the installed Ecat and the control center. There are countries or even areas of a country (eg USA) where the Web works very badly with a high level of disturbances and frequent and long interruptions: In these countries or localities can the ECAT be installed?
    A warm greeting

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    I think we will be able to adapt our remote control technology to most of applications, not all, though. Obviously a backup is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Kuba

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If you will pass from 20 W to 10 000 W in the same box we saw in Stockholm in November 2017, this will be a miraculous achievement.
    Godspeed,
    Kuba

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Kuba:
    We are making an exceptionally hard work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Brent Whipple

    Dr Rossi,
    I suppose that jet engines fueled by the Ecat SK could be competitive with rocket engines to launch rockets.
    Did you consider this application?
    regards,
    Brent Whipple

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Brent Whipple:
    I am totally privy of any knowledge about rockets. Good sense tells me that the Ecat cannot reach the thrust necessary to send in orbit a rocket.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You said that Leonardo gave 20 000 $ in theoretical research. This budget seems very derisory compared to the challenge of this research and especially if new instruments are needed. Carlos can not even, with this budget, hire or buy some skills. He himself must be a volunteer in the case.
    My crystal ball tells me that there should be at least one more zero in this budget. Can you confirm the figure of 20 000 $ , and if so, can you explain how that work can do that with so little money.
    All my support for your team and especially today for Mr. Guilstron
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I do not know what to answer.
    With that budget Leonardo Corporation is making a very good experiment finalized to the theory of the R.E.
    We invent and make in our lab new instruments and this helps.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your reply. You wrote: “The Ecat SK 10 is equal.” Is it a typo, did you mean to write SK 100 ?
    regards, /pekka

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Ecat SK 10 is referred to the 10 kW prototype. By the way, while I am writing it is performing very well. It has the same dimensions and aspect of the 20 W prototype you can see here:
    YouTube Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    What are your real obstacle now? Time, Money, Business Strategy, Financial interest in old fossil energies delayng LENR?

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Don’t say ‘obstacles’, say ‘work to do’.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said to Frank Ackland that the ‘proposal campaign is successful’. Does that mean that you are actively approaching potential customers for selling Ecats, or are you proposing customers that contacted the Leonardo company how they can integrate the Ecat in their processes?
    Anyway, I hope it will be a booming business!
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    What we are proposing, as I said, is exclusively the installation of our Ecats in the factories of our Clients to sell the heat, controlling the plants in remote from our headquarter in Miami, wherever the plants might be in the world. We will maintain full property and control of the plant, while our Clients will save money paying our Joules much less that the normal market price. This will remain our policy for a long time, to maintain full control of our IP. We already have set up a remote control system that we deem almost impossible to be cracked.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    So far you have 10Kw and 100Kw ECat SK prototypes. This is a suggestion for the future, because you have not the certification for household installation yet, but current gas boilers in Italy, the ones that serve both household heating and instant tap water heating for shower and so on, have a range of power between 21Kw (the cheaper ones) to 25 and up to 30-35Kw i think. Could you produce a single SK module of such a power or one must use a 100Kw driven under the limit or worse 2-3 10kw modules? A single 21-25Kw SK module would be simpler to control, service and maintain, i think. The set-up times it’s not a problem if it’s below 20-30 seconds, because current boilers have a steel plate to exchange the heat between a primary closed loop circuit, directly in contact with the flame, that is used also for the closed loop for the household heating and the secondary circuit for sanitary water, so the setup time is in the 30s yet. I mean this: if the setup time is low, the ECat can be used like the current gas boilers available in italy (heat the water as it’s needed) and not like the old electric boiler that have a 2kw resistance and a 50-100lt buffer. Thoughts?

  575. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestion, surely useful when we will deal with the domestic applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  576. Dear Andrea,
    Are there separate SK models for 100 kW and 10 kW, or is there only one SK model which flexes from 10 to 100 kW?
    r:pekka

  577. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    There is the Ecat SK 10 and the SK 100. Just prototypes, so far, but at the end of August/ beginning of September we will have important results and we will decide.
    The Ecat SK 10 has the same dimensions and is equal externally to the 20 W prototype shown in Stockholm: it can be seen googling “youtube Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24 2017”
    The Ecat SK 10 is equal. This important development has been contingent with the new heat exchange system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. E. Hergen

    Mr. Rossi,

    can you use the newly invented heat exchange system for the e-cat qx , too?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  579. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    It can work also for the QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  580. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    About the word ‘nuclear’ in LENR. Since most people are unfamiliar with the idea of low energy nuclear reaction, and are familiar with risks associated with nuclear fission, how does Leonardo assure customers that your E-Cat technology is safe to use?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Presently we are proposing our heat supply service to industrial concern that understand well that our Ecat does not emit ionizing radiations.
    As a matter of fact, our proposal campaign, that is on course, seems to be successful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  582. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give an idea of the dimensions of the Ecat SK 10 kW could have?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    R.R.

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    The prototype we are working with now has the same dimensions of the one we have shown in Stockholm on November 24 2017: that one had 20 W of power, now in the same box we are testing the 10 kW Ecat SK. Many problems still to be resolved, though. The invention of the new heat exchange system has helped a lot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You may wish to consider developing a power plant for large and medium scale drones. The drone application world is rapidly expanding. But most are limited by the onboard fuel or the battery capacity. This causes frequent returns to be refueled/battery replacement and the drone then continues its mission.

    Imagine an eCat powered drone capable of flying for 6 months continuously or more. Improved efficiency as never having to depart from its mission to be refueled or to replace its batteries.

    Another application I have heard of is herd tracking in Canada for the oil companies. Currently it is done by manned aircraft taking pictures of the herds. I have heard they average 1 or 2 crew members killed per year because of weather (Controlled Flight Into Terrain). A long endurance drone would be less expensive and safer for human life.

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you are aware a part of the eCat process relies upon producing virtual particles (VPs). This current subject with regards VPs is I would say an emerging technology that will open up a whole new field in physics as people become more aware of how VPs can be produced and what they can achieve. VPs are formed when charges are distorted (the greater their distortion, the greater is their energy content) so as to enable them to transduce i.e. flip back to their original state with regards their original dimension and go beyond (hydrogen VPs provide a soft energy reaction). So here, I am referring to the Woodward effect a controversial science regarding a propellant-less propulsion, documented in Wikipedia and described as a mach effect thruster that is diagrammed as containing a capacitor and an inductor, these two objects are as capacitor negative and inductor positive. They are both identical objects being electrons that have gone through a series of simultaneous distortions to create a volume negative structure and a size positive structure. The diagram shows the positive inductor of size potential that does transduce to its neutral i.e. expand providing a forward push as the capacitor of volume negative potential simultaneously has to transduce also to its neutral potential i.e. contract providing a forward push by like repels like. However the system is not as simple as described because it requires a multiple step systemic system of interacting potentials to be produced within one time frame. This requires simple geometry with a delayed timing sequence of events to initiate an integrated single time frame within which multiple transitions take place as each VP potential has to transduce. The Woodward effect is within mainstream physics but Wikipedia lacks information although it does portray itself to be a comprehensive source of information i.e. everything up front, nothing hidden but couched in slanted terminology, no doubt they have their reasons.. Inertia is a part of the Woodward effect. All inertia is, is the distortion of a field at the atomic level due to an induced movement, the more dense the material the more there is to distort. This distortion is with regards the magnetic field of the atom. Semi/permanent distortions can be imprinted into hot metals when centrifuged to a cold state and exposed to light whereupon inertia becomes apparent. (boomerangs contain two unequal distortions when in motion). I have mentioned previously the linearizing propulsion mechanism (LPM) and this is where the Woodward effect slots into this technology. Low energy nuclear reactions also has its connection but it relies upon the hydrogen atom whereas the Woodward effect relies upon an electronic system of distorting electrons. To produce the Woodward effect you need a series of two pole DC generators so as to manufacture the required capacitors and inductors to achieve very powerful potentials. When electricity is generated it is generated from one element being the copper wire. You cannot have one element in two different states of its electron charge when within close proximity and thereby it has to undo its distortions in the form of energy release i.e. transductions, expansion of the positive and the contraction of its negative. This is done by almost forming a mass defect by attraction, that instantaneously transduce both potentials providing what is termed as the mach effect but the mach effect is not one single process. The LPM provides a minimum of eight curvature forces that interact to form four linear and four returning curvature forces which are x4 flux tubes from eight oscillating whirls. What it forms is loops of flow or a knot with a linear outflow i.e. a structure containing x8 spinning/oscillating whirls that transduce to x4 linear flows that becomes curvature on their eventual return i.e. on their event horizon. The Woodward effect does the same but with VP potentials i.e. inductors being the positive electrons and capacitors being the negative electrons. Dependent upon the purpose of the propulsion needed a specific number of generators are required to be connected so as to start in a delayed sequence. You can use four, eight or twelve but not sixteen as sixteen would give you the absolute planck number that would damage any structure in the immediate vicinity. Twelve would provide you with twelve positives and twelve negatives or twelve stones and twelve crystals dependent upon terminology. Thereby you would achieve 4 structures/charges at any one time comprised of x4 90 degree rotations of each generator These generators can be either built into the rotors of an LPM or in a linear format within the space vehicle. What is required, is that each generator is set so as to start in a 90 degree rotational sequence before the next generator is activated. On the 13th rotation the output represents 18 potentials pos. and 18 potentials neg.. 2 potentials = 1 neutral and 4 neutrals = 1 charge. Thereby -_/ 0_/0+/++ each transduce in 1 time frame between 1 potential thats gone to alpha and one thats not yet there i.e. at omega. Thereby 95777795. Once this sequence is established and complete the continuing rotations produce VPs that transduce through 4 transitions in space over a time within one frame between an anode and a cathode. Thereby 4 inductors and 4 capacitors that transduce providing the required push. The anode is situated beneath the cathode and from what I understand both the cathode and the anode have to be a hollow cylinder so as to distribute the heat. What this will visually provide is a red centre of the positive surrounded by a blue halo of the negative (should this set-up be run with a low cycle, I believe, it could be used for the electrolysis of water. Hydrogen from gas is less pure (see Wikipedia ‘electrolysis of water’). Also it is mentioned that extreme velocities create problems with regards human inertia and this is true. How is this overcome?. Well the LPM demonstrates how to achieve a static barrier layer so as to nullify a gravitational effect of a loss. In the LPM mechanism it generates eight oscillations and the same goes for the mach engine, it too generates oscillating transductions to achieve propulsion, in velocities that match the force of its propulsion. If you push and pull in rapid succession i.e. set up a vibration, nothing will move even if travelling over a distance, it will, with regards its atomic make-up appear to be standing still i.e. containing no inertia. The mach engine provides a vibrating thrust. I put this information forward because there is considerable interest in the Woodward effect as to whether it could be a genuine effect. I believe it to be genuine and realize that there is more to it than this information put forward. Also I must add that there is no practical use for such an engine by readers of Wikipedia and this is probably why Wikipedia does not provide extensive details of how it works. For people interested in this specialized subject I would recommend Wormhole Wikipedia and think of a wormhole as a minor ‘Empty Set’/flux tube that connects time dimensions. Also, I believe, you can only travel down and back up a flux tube from your own location, to go up a flux tube from your own location you are going positive and in theory your atomic dimensions would suffer damage. Something interesting to think about. Also have I mentioned neutrons as opposed to protons. the neutron is more dense than the proton because of its position of manufacture, what I think, is that the neutron is plasma of the north pole and the proton is the plasma of the south pole. Could it be that the neutron is masculine and the proton is feminine in a context of gender?. The north pole is situated more so on the event horizon of the overriding structure and flows with the inward force to the central ‘Empty Set’ whereas the south pole flows against the inward force towards the central ‘Empty Set’. What this could mean is more pressure from the North than the South resulting in the plasma taking a more central position and thereby producing neutrons and the south producing protons outermost and as I see it, without neutrons, nuclei of a nucleus could not exist (protons could be looked upon as providing cohesion at a distance and neutrons regulating to maintain distance providing stability). Maybe this is not relevant but just a thought. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. This information is for theoretical consideration only, not as a practical assignment.

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea, I will rephrase my question..

    Earlier you said you are recruiting people to set up and run your factory. Have you considered advertising these jobs on your forum?

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Will do in future.
    Good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    In France electricity is twice as expensive as gas.
    For a French manufacturer, will the E-Cat be more competitive than a gas boiler?
    All my support for your work and your team.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I think yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- what happened to the 1 MW plant of the 1 year test made for IH, after the settlement?
    2- why did you abandon its technology?
    3- do you think that your Ecats will be industrialized before the hot fusion plants like the ITER?
    4- are you going to make more public tests of the Ecat?
    Regards,
    CC

  593. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    1- we disassembled it in all its components to study all the problems for the evolution of the technology, from which the QX and the SK series have been born
    2- because it was not mature to be given to a Client for use, it needed our team on it 24/7, which makes no sense for a plant to be given to a Client. Enormous problem emerged, as well as solutions that allowed the new generation to be born.
    3- yes
    4- No. We are focused exclusively on the industrialization. The prototypes tests phase is over.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. Ulrich Kranz

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update us about the status of the R&D related to the Ecat SK 10?
    Thanks
    Ulrich Kranz

  595. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    We are working also on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    I am curious if you have read the paper by Stoyan Sarg (See: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299346794_Sarg-Ni-H-cold-fusion-cor} based upon his BSM-SG models of atomic nuclei in which he references the work of yourself and Dr. Focardi. If so, any comments?

    Drew G.

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea, Have you considered posting a list of positions that you are trying to fill here?

    Regards,

    Abe

  599. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Sorry, I do not understand your question: can you kindly rephrase it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Steven N. Karels

    So is the interest in the SK approach only one of higher power density? Same COP? Etc.?

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Gino

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the youtube video of the test of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on Nov 24th 2017.
    It has been perfect, undisputable the way the water flow has been measured, the way the oscilloscope has measured the energy consumed.
    Very convincing.
    All the best,
    Gino

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    Thanks for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Conceptually, could the eCat SK design that currently has a rating of 100kW thermal output be reduced in size say to 10kW or 1kW? My thoughts were for powering a small drone, using an eCat unit to go to thermo-to-electric conversion, with maybe 10% efficiency, one could fly the drone almost indefinitely.

    Is there any potential advantage in the SK compared to the QX design at lower output levels?

    One application I know of is mapping icebergs as they move into the Atlantic shipping lanes. A job currently done by manned aircraft at some risk to the crews. A very long duration, small drone, with suitable satellite uplink capabilities to send back imagery. would be a valuable asset.

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- so far the lower possible power of the SK is 10 kW
    2- QX is fit for all the lower levels
    Interesting the iceberg issue,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  606. Abe Vincent

    Dear Andrea, are you recruiting people yet to build and/or run your factory? Regards, Abe.

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  608. Faustino Stansell

    Which is the secondary output fluid that better fits the necessity to exchange heat with the highest efficiency with a so small primary source?

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Faustino Stansell:
    Steam.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Ruby

    Dear Andrea,
    When will you know if also the Ecat SK will be introduced at the presentation of the industrialized products?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ruby

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    In September we will make a series of very important experiments with the Ecat SK and at that point we will know if we have a product, or just a prototype to be worked upon again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. Mario

    Just to have an idea: how much did you spend for the theoretical work you are making related to the theoretical bases of the so called Rossi Effect?

  613. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    So far, combining consulting fees, instrumentation, invention and making of tools and instruments, experiments, Leonardo Corporation invested in this particular research about 20 000 $, obviously considering zero the cost of my personal work, that can be computed around several hundreds of hours in the last year, since when I had the intuition of the annihilation of virtual Fermions, wrong or correct as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Ignacio

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the whole 3 hours video on youtube ECAT QX STOCKHOLM DEMONSTRATION NOVEMBER 24 2017 and I am glad I did it: very convincing.
    Waiting for the industrial product,
    Godspeed
    Ignacio

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Ignacio:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you planning to share the results of your experimental work with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom with the public, or is this for Leonardo’s internal use only.

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will make a publication, if there will be substance with sufficient figure of merit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you can operate the eCat SK so that its output is primarily between 200 and 280 nanometers (UV-C), you could possibly use it for tasks like hospital room sterilization (with the patients and human operator removed). If it was on a robotic platform, it could be programmed to move through certain rooms, extinguishing the output while in occupied corridors and re-activating once within a closed room.

  619. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. Loretta Steinharter

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that probably in December the first industrialized Ecat will start their heat production. On the theoretical field, when do you think that your work with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom will achieve solid results? Can you also where the experimants will take place?
    Godspeed,
    Loretta

  621. Andrea Rossi

    Loretta Steinharter:
    We have to make important experiments with new instrumentation we are inventing to find evidence of the annihilation of virtual Fermions. I hope and think we will have the instrumentation ready by September/October and eventually we’ll make the job. Probably in Sweden.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  622. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    If you would succeed in getting a gas turbine running with Ecat SK’s:
    1. Is the main purpose to generate electricity with it?
    2. Would you combine them to generate both heat (for heating e.g. buildings) and electricity?
    3. Would you then also be willing to sell these as a complete units?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- electricity generation is surely one of its task
    2- co-generation and tri-generation are obvious conjugations
    3- sales are an obvious eventuality
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your reply to Noble Grabow you said you think that you will deliver your first E-Cat products to customers in December.

    1. About how many different customers will take delivery of your first batch of E-Cats?
    2. Will the first products delivered be E-Cat QX’s
    3. Are your first customers all in the USA?
    4. Have you finalized the manufacturing system for the first products?
    5. Does this mean you expect your production lines will be in operation by the end of November?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland
    5.

  625. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- Deals are on course, premature to answer
    2- So far the answer is yes
    3- No
    4- To be completed
    5- Yes
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. K

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the 1 MW plant you are going to deliver to sell heat have the same design we can see on http://www.leonardocorporation.com?

  627. Andrea Rossi

    K:
    Moreless, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Allen

    With thanks! Valuable information on this patent. Under the appearence of a simple heater there is a revolution announced.
    Godspeed,
    Allen

  629. Andrea Rossi

    Allen:
    Thank you for your attention!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Did you made any progress in adapting the gas turbine to the Ecat SK?
    Does the turbine also need to change for this adaptation, or is it just the SK?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Both of them need modifications. We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video of future telescopes.

    https://youtu.be/7x0RpGa_IXA

    Regards
    Sam

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link, a very interesting projection in the future of telescopes of NASA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Joey

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the 6 minutes video of the youtube presentation of the Ecat QX in Stockholm. It merits to be viral.
    Thank you, in 6 minutes there is condensed all the essential.

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Joey:
    Thank you. For the Readers: you can also find the link on http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. KJ

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If it is not possible to insulate the Up and Down Quarks, how has it been possible to calculate their mass, that are indicated, respectively, 3 MeV the Up and 6 MeV the Down Quarks?
    Thank you if you can answer

  637. Andrea Rossi

    KJ:
    Actually, Quarks are confined in the QCD system, therefore they cannot be separated to calculate their energy. Their mass has been derived from the mass of barions and hadrons and their different cross sections. The mass you cite has been obtained renormalizing the phase transition of the QCD. This method, though, is far from being considerable precise, due to the fact that the Quarks of first generation are below the normal scale of the QCD.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Jess Mason

    Have you decided if you will make or not a direct streaming of the operation of the Ecat at the presentation of your industrialized Ecats?

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Jess Mason:
    We are thinking about this issue, that is also a bit premature, albeit we received intelligent suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Gary Hunt

    Dr Rossi,
    Talking of Astronomy: did you google “NASA, the sound of the Sun”?
    By the way: fantastic and very convincing the video on youtube of your demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm.
    Best wishes for your next presentation of the industrialized Ecat,
    Gary

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Gary Hunt:
    Yes, I saw it: very interesting.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  642. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Is this what Dazzeled.

    https://youtu.be/PnQgx_qCtfY

    Sam

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, what really fascinated me is Mars, the way we saw it so close, so bright.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Same

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video about another inventor.

    https://youtu.be/dNG5JgRL3xM

    Regards
    Sam

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Same:
    Thank you for the link, interesting indeed; remaining in the Astronomy field: how beautiful yesterday night to observe the red Moon and a Mars so luminescent! It has been for me a very emotional hour.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You are correct that most anything can be used as a weapon. But a 100kW UV light generator brings “rayguns” closer to existence. You might consider packaging the reactor portion in a way to make it difficult for it to emit light for nefarious purposes. Something to consider in the manufacturing engineering design studies.

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    About the fact that ENI is utilizing your patent to turn organig wastes into fuel: is it true that in the eighties they paid you 300,000,000 of Italian lire (in real value equivaent to about 2 million Euro of today) to use your technology?
    Thank you if you don’t refrain to answer

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is correct. In fact they had the right to use my technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Noble Grabow

    Dr Rossi,
    When will you deliver the first Ecats to Clients?

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Noble Grabow:
    Within December, I think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Dear Dr Rossi

    I just watch a TED talk on CO2 removal from air. It seems a common theme in all commercial systems that are available is the high use of heat to remove the CO2 once captured, this is also the major cost of the system. It looks like the Ecat could help to bring down the cost of Carbon Capture. I still believe it is much better not to produce it in the first place but we might need to attack the problems at both ends. See below for the link

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY_lzonfE3I

    Thank you

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Thank you for the insight and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. Konstantin

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The video on youtube ” Ecat QX demonstration in Stockholm November 24 2017″ is very impressive and convincing, but I have a question: why in that case you have been able to use the Ecat in the conference room, while now you say that for the presentation you are going to make in January 2019 you cannot turn on the Ecat live in the conference room?
    Cheers
    K.

  655. Andrea Rossi

    Konstantin:
    because in Stockholm we presented a 20 W prototype, while the industrialized modules of the Ecat QX have a power of 1 kW, let alone the SK, whose power is higher by order of magnitude.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  656. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered that the eCat SK could be used as a weapon of war? Consider a 100kW eCat SK at the focus point of a large parabolic mirror forming a focused or collimated beam. It would do considerable damage at a distance or as an “eye popper” of “skin burner”. I would suggest you design in safeguards to prevent that possibility.

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Do you know that the hammers can be used to break heads of humans? We must do something to prevent this. Not to mention the fact that really worries me: spoons can be used to plug off eyes of enemies during combats. How can we allow free use of spoons? When I was a military in Italy the instructor taught us how to use even a spoon as an arm. Did you think about that?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with the successfull development of the very efficient heat exchanger.
    Just one question: Can this heat exchanger just be used for making steam or can you also use it for driving you gas turbine as well?
    Thanks.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    They are two different situations that need different ways to take advantage of the energy made by the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which do you think is the most promising way forward for the E-Cat SK: connecting with the gas turbine, or with your new heat exchanger to make steam?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. Enrico

    Dear Andrea:
    ENI is communicating that has invented the process to turn wastes into oil, but they just copied your patent allowed in 1978 !
    I became very nervous reading this ad of ENI:
    http://www.eniday.com/it/talks_it/energy-snack-rifiuti-energia/
    Thay blatantly copied you and now they say they invented it.
    Why don’t you react ? They would at least recognize your merit if they today can do this…they copy also your slogan of 1978: ” like the nature does, but in a faster way”…the big ENI so servile vs you to be forced to hide you behind their fig leaf.
    I hope in the coming years they will not copy also the Rossi Effect.
    Godspeed,
    Enrico Degrada

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Enrico:
    The fact that ENI is not making any reference to my patent is not fair, but still they have the right to copy my patent, because it has expired on 1998.
    Anyway, I am glad that my work of 40 years ago is still useful for something and for an important concern like ENI is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Anonymous

    Hi, Dr Rossi!
    Does your patent cover substantially also the Ecat QX and the Ecat SK?
    Have been made also new patent applications related to the SK and the QX?

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. B.M.

    My opinion is that it is not important if the video of the Ecat in operation will be made in direct or delayed streaming. I do not see which is the difference.
    Cheers
    B.M.

  667. Andrea Rossi

    B.M.:
    Under a substantial point of view there are no differences indeed, but there is a difference under the emotional point of view. Let’s see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Gastone

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read on the Enciclopedia Treccani, Appendix 2000, that the hot fusion ITER plant will be 45 meters high and 20 meters of diameter. What do you think?
    Gastone

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Gastone:
    I checked o the Traccani: yes, you are right, they show a dwawing in scale that brings to the dimensions you cite. This confirms what I already said, which is that to stabilize a magnetic field of that power and dimensions is more difficult than let a camel pass through a needle eye. This is simply a steal of the money of the taxpayer, without any possibility to generate something useful, apart the expensive secondary parts, completely useless, that have been done so far to show that they are producing something. By the way: that article on the Treccani has been written in 1997 and presents the Eater as an imminent arrival in the horizon of the energy sources.
    Note: I have been informed that most of the attacks against the LENR arrive from that area, most of the attacks against me arrive from journalists connected with that area, obviously terrorized from the perspective that we do something industrialized and working without a cent spent from the taxpayer.
    I read that they have just got 500 million Euros, obviously from the taxpayer: 50 millions will be spent to make useless parts, the balance …
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, This information is a suggestion with regards the complexity of the workings of the eCat. As you are aware there are basically two levels to everything i.e. providing information. When in the presence of physicists the talk and diagrams would be highly technical but when with your industrial clients the talk could be less technical because people tend to lose interest if they cannot follow although they should have their own technical people. Thereby with clients you could refer to the eCat process as providing ‘soft energy reactions’ anything to do with nuclear could be a detriment and the eCat does produce soft energy reactions being hydrogen. The other thing is people like to be able to understand something without confusion. The eCat operates with regards to two opposite reactions with regards the hydrogen cycle. One reaction creates the hydrogen from plasma to provide the hydrogen with energy similar to how a battery contains energy i.e. its storage capacity. The other reaction dismantles the hydrogen in incremental amounts in the form of VPs. What I think would make the explanation easy is two none technical schematic diagrams that you could overlay or separate to visualize how the conservation and release of energy takes place without being overly technical. In one, I would diagram a dipole magnet and enclose it in a circle, have the plasma enter at the poles (the Northern lights is plasma) and use red to track it to the centre, where it is structured into an energy storage system i.e. hydrogen and from where it diffuses outside of the circle but within Earths atmosphere. Draw another circle, use blue, the same size and put an apex of a cone at the centre and its base just outside of the circle. This is a flux tube i.e a magnetic mono pole within which the transitions of hydrogen take place. Hydrogen could be depicted as a four arm spiral of four mass defects of values positive, neutral, negative, electron or positive pos., neutral pos., neutral neg., negative, neg. as charge potentials. that represent compressed units of potential energy. The hydrogen is arrowed gravitating into the base of the cone. Divide the cone into four equal sections. Hydrogen is composed of four parts but even though each part is composed of four neutrinos I would imagine there is no need to mention unless asked. Use blue to track the hydrogen as it enters the base of the cone, one curve to the right upwards to the first division on the edge of the cone at this position the electron is compressed to a neutral neg. so it is repelled out of the mono pole whereupon it expands as a VP, of a potential. This activity is repeated three more times in rapid succession as the charges ascend the cone in a spiralling format. This results in the hydrogen atom turning itself inside out with regards the potential charges of size dimension becoming charges of volume dimension due to the exerted potentials of the electro magnetic fields that compose the flux tube and thereby as long as there is hydrogen fuel the flux tube will provide plenty of energy as a mono pole by transforming the size dimensions of charge into volume dimensions thereby blue should depict a halo from each level of the cone that descends and within ascending in spiral format a succession of red rings that become a solid dot at the apex position. This could help to explain the hydrogen/VP cycle in a visual context. The VPs. become plasma when within the Earths environment that could be depicted in groups of four neutrinos being a weak structure that clump at the poles of the dipole magnet, ready to be once again transformed into hydrogen structure. The actual process is a little bit more complicated if you take those 7777 as neutrinos but being schematic it should be kept simple i.e. dealing just with the charges. If you overlay the base of the cone onto the dipole magnet it can be visualized how the charges go in and how they come out to form a cycle with regards the conservation of energy and the mass defect will be observed where the two circles overlap. Of course this is the big picture of why the eCat is perfection even though the hydrogen is provided by a cylinder. The difficulty with physics is trying to explain something that is complicated in an easy to understand fashion so as not to confuse and thereby put people at ease. Obviously demonstrations up to the present have been with regards physicists but just recently, You Tube was mentioned with regards streaming but if the general public have not a clue what is being demonstrated with regards a genuine scientific process the demonstration could create, once again, doubt and confusion. Therefore if you keep it simple, yet accurate, people will have a good idea how it produces so much heat. From experience I would say you need two types of promotion. Also with regards plasma outside of the Earths environment I would consider as dark matter i.e. a substance upon which a propellant-less system would push to achieve propulsion. I thought I would put this information forward just as a suggestion but if you spam it, I am fine. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thanks for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At the presentation, if you have a direct live video link from the conference room to the location where the E-Cat plant is, could you demonstrate the remote control system (with the controller in the conference room)?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That would be fascinating.
    Let us see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. Tom Conover

    Quoted from Luca Meli’s post 2 hours ago …
    Thank you for submitting this simple solution to Rossi. I hope his team will place all the effort to show things going on at their labs in a way they deserve. I’m here if they need my knowledge about how to setup all needed aspects.

    (I have asked Luca to provide the setup information, it will not involve youtube problems. Tom)

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Please give Luca my contacts to see if we find a solution.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  676. Rea Maria

    dr Rossi,
    Will the presentation of the industrialized Ecat be in direct streaming?

  677. Andrea Rossi

    Rea Maria:
    I think that the streaming on youtube will be delayed several hours. I already verified if it is possible to make it direct, as suggested in the comment of Tom Conover, but it is difficult for many reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    the comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Adrian Ashfield

    Dr. Rossi,
    I would appreciate an update on the factory Is the building complete and have you started in stalling services or robots?

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Anything about the factory is confidential. All I can say is that we are on schedule to start the industrial production within this year or the beginning of the next.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Luca Meli was discussing tonight if could you possibly consider setting up your demonstration reactor at a remote (nearby) site and interacting with it through the cloud live from conference room you use? Live video could be streamed to the conference center without physical or legal risk to the conference room or any of the attendees.

    Luca also mentioned that during medical meetings they connect live from the operating room, and this method is used to allow medical professionals to view surgical procedures.

    I do not think you would need any special authorizations to simply play a live video in the conference room in this manner, and the presentations might end up being substantially more effective for all of us attending!

    Great work – astonishing progress! Thank you to your entire team, Andrea!

    Tom Conover

    Luca Meli Reference:
    https://e-catworld.com/2018/07/25/rossi-on-the-next-presentation-e-cat-plant-to-be-shown-operating-on-video/

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    This is a very intelligent idea.
    Thank you and Mr Luca Meli for the suggestion published on e-catworld.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  683. Delmy Maria

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you think the thrust from the Ecat SK could be useful to move trucks, cars etc?
    Thanks,
    Maria

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Delmy Maria:
    Theoretically, yes. In reality, it has to be proven.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The paper posted here by Ulrich Kranz provides some detailed descriptions of the E-Cat QX plant. For example in section 4 titled “The drive of the plant” he states:

    “The Ecat QX 1 MW is powered by electricity. At the full load of 1 MW, a power of 2 kW is required for the drive. About 67% of the time, the E-Cat QX will be in SSM (self sustained) mode. The E-Cat QX does not require a higher startup performance compared to normal operation. In „self sustained“ mode, the reactor continues to emit heat, although no more electrical energy is supplied.”

    Is this accurate information?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  686. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Mr Ulrich Kranz has written his paper upon free interpretation of comments of mine. I am not the reviewer of his paper and I cannot comment in positive or in negative what he wrote. I respond exclusively of what I wrote and what I did not write is confidential.This said, everybody is free to make interpretations and formulate ideas, right or wrong as those might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  687. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    The charge is in the order od tens of grams – the figure is confidential – and the duration is expected to be longer than 6 months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Ian Glen Walker

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I presume that the method you use to transfer energy into the Turbine is water injected via what would normally be the fuel injection ports of the turbine in order to create flash steam rapid expansion and thus thrust that turns the turbine.

    Would you be so kind as to tell us how much water you go through.

    What sort of form factor are we looking at. Could we be looking at distributed, power generation and district or street heating?

    I presume you will be selling the heated steam and subsequently condensed hot water as well as the electricity generated.

    How you are you currently condensing the steam after use.

    Kind Regards Ian Walker

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Glen Walker:
    Sorry, I forgot the rest of your questions:
    We are going to sell heat, for whatever industrial use it could be. Our heated fluid will be treated by our Customers the same way they are using and turning it for their purposes already.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Ian Glen Walker:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to your questions.
    The technology we use to exchange the heat will remain confidential for the time being.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Brandon

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Had you ever anything to do directly or indirectly with Sergio Marchionne?

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Brandon:
    He was the owner od SGS, the certification company that made the safety certification of the industrial Ecat, together with Bureau Veritas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Debbie

    Will the Ecats be put in operation at the presentation you will make of the industrial products?

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Debbie:
    No, it is impossible to get the authorization to light up a reactor in a conference room. We will show a video of it in operation and, of course, will show the product, like a “sleeping beauty”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. Amico

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Will the Ecat SK be fit only for a gas turbine-like reactor or will it be useful also for other purpeses, like to make heat?
    Thanks,
    Amico

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Amico:
    The Ecat SK will be a multipurpose heat making reactor, like the others, also thanks to this new heat exchanging system that is able to get out all the energy even from a very small source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. Rupert

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does your last answer mean you are already building the new heat exchanger for the Ecat SK?

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Yes, we are already making it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When do you test your new heat exchanger system for the SK?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In August.
    Warm Reagards,
    A.R.

  702. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The new heat exchanger you have invented to spoil the heat made by the Ecat SX will increase the energy density of the system Ecat+heat exchanger?

  703. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  704. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    maybe this work of Prof. Carbone is of some interest for you;
    https://phys.org/news/2018-07-ultrashort-electron-harvest-nuclear-energy.html
    cold regards (in Calabria it is very hot)

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Gberra

    Apparently at a temp of 3000 degrees C 50% of water molecules dissociate to hydrogen and oxygen. Maybe the SK can be used to generate hydrogen. The current global hydrogen market >$100 billion per year. Hydrogen can be fed to a fuel cell to generate electricity. I wish you and your team the best of luck Andrea !

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Thank you for your insight and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    It appears to me that http://www.rossilivecat.com is not updated as quickly (as it was in the past) at the moment. The last update was: ‘Updated: 2018-07-23 19:10:14’ Maybe a temperal problem or holiday period of the independent webmaster? Anyhow, I know of this website already long ago, and as a user I want to thank the owner/webmaster for his work.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you, please pass it on to the webmaster!
    Yes, his service id very useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am very glad to hear that the integration of the SK in the gas turbine is moving forward quickly. I hope you and your team will succeed.
    As an escape you might consider the following:
    It is thought that the QX and SK E-cats produce light wich may be largely XUV.
    According to Axil on ECW this UV light can efficiently dissociate water into H and HO.
    Have you ever considered/tried doing this?
    http://e-catworld.com/2018/07/23/problems-adapting-the-e-cat-to-a-gas-turbine/ See one of the latest comments of Axil.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I was actually thinking of Cherenkov radiation – electromagnetic radiation emitted by particles moving through a medium at speeds greater than that of light in the same medium. (Reference Wikipedia) While a particle will travel below the speed of light in a vacuum, when the particle is in a medium with an index of refraction greater than one, it can, momentarily, exceed the speed of light in that medium. The particle loses speed to come below the speed of light in the medium and gives off light energy. For a specific energy particle in a specific medium, there is a characteristic wavelength of the photon emission – thus the “blue” light in the water of a nuclear reactor.

    On the other hand, “bremmstrahlung” is electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, typically an electron by an atomic nucleus. The moving particle loses kinetic energy, which is converted into radiation, i.e. a photon, thus satisfying the law of conservation of energy. The term is also used to refer to the process of producing the radiation. Bremsstrahlung has a continuous spectrum, which becomes more intense and whose peak intensity shifts toward higher frequencies as the change of the energy of the decelerated particles increases. (Reference Wikipedia)

    My error in confusing the two in my previous posting.

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight, obviously if the “medium” is not the vacuum the situation is different. Surely in a non vacuum field the Cherenkov effect exists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. A. Goumy

    Steven N. Karels,

    When a charged particle travelling in a medium is exceeding the speed of light in that medium (which is smaller than its speed in vacuum), an electronic radiation is emitted, but it is not bremmstrahlung, but Cherenkov radiation (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherenkov_radiation)

  715. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    An industrial production of high-powered, high COP LENR plants would be very momentous indeed. When do you think the dream will be come a reality?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    If we maintain our scheduled path we will make the presentation of the industrialized product on the next January.
    We are already working on contracts to sell our heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I remember “bremmstrahlung” as emitted radiation when an energetic particle, typically an electron, is exceeding the speed of light in the medium. It is typically seen as the blue glow in nuclear reactor water. Are we talking about the same effect?

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Absolutely not. Besides, based on the Relativity Theory, it is impossible in any condition that any elementary particle, even Bosons, can go faster than c, let alone electrons, that are Fermions !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. Mary Kleftogiannis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have you resolved the problem of the heat exchange with a so high energy density as in the Ecat SK?
    All the best,
    Mary

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Kleftogiannis:
    Yes, we have invented a fantastic system, now to be tested. If it works, it gives close to 100% efficiency of exchange to produce steam.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In a previous message Koen Vandewalle wrote: ‘If someone had to invest in a new power plant today, but later on it would have to be converted to work with your technology, which power station would have to be built?
    It would be great if you could answer this.’

    You answered: ‘Can you rephrase in a more precise way?’

    If you and Koen allow me to interfere: He’s talking about electrical power plants, and i) given the fact of climate change and the need to reduce carbon emissions, and also given the fact that we need to replace old nuclear power plants (that at present deliver/cover the ‘base load’ of the electricity production), we need as much as possible renewable energy sources like wind and solar, that unfortunately have to be backed up when there’s no wind or sun, so his question is: what (electrical) power plants should we built, taken into account that your technology (E-cat SK and/or QX) will take over after some time? I think the best we can do is building gas powered plants, that take over the production of the renewable sources when there’s no wind or sun, but of whom the steam generator later is replaced by your heat delivering E-cat plants, so producing more sustainable and cheaper than now is the case.

    ii) At present and in Belgium, an important part of the peak load of the electricity production is also done/covered by gas turbines (old aviation motors) coupled with alternators, that can start very quickly to deliver peak demand electricity, but of course this is more expensive than base load production. But probably your E-cat SK in combination with an apropriate gas turbine coupled with an alternator could be a good replacement for the old gas turbine peak power plants?

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    The cases you write of are all interesting.
    In general, the Ecat can be integrated in a retrofitting system for other technologies, but this is an issue that has to be confronted case by case along its specifcities. The problems are complex and they are not only technological.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    While you have a team with a wide variety of expertise, what are you personally spending most of your time and attention on currently?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Directing the R&D of the SK and the preparation of the manufacturing system of the QX. Ten years ago it was thought that LENR were a trash of the history of science, today we are talking of starting an industrial productio: isn’t this momentous ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, This information could be a part of the eCat understanding, not all but a part.
    Flux tubes could be magnetic mono poles/skyrmions. This is because researchers claim that they produced artificial mono poles by creating skyrmions from magnetic fields. Thereby skyrmions between two planets, skyrmion within a hydrogen structure. Skyrmions originate from the neutral charges that track backwards to the electron and forward to the proton (neutral positions exist in specific locations between the base of a pyramid and its apex with regards a multiple part constructed structure i.e. hydrogen atom). This is what I have observed in the Linear Propulsion mechanism with regards the oscillating whirls within their designated area ( The mechanism unlike an atom has one strategic location only, being middle of pyramid). I referred to this flow as the economy flow, being a binding force between the whirls. Wikipedia mentions skyrmion together with a lot of related information. No mention of the hydrogen atom. From what I gather computer chips contain their information in a skyrmion. I would describe a skyrmion as a field connected to any point and the field can be absolutely massive or extremely tiny and dependent upon the material structure either solid or soft. The LP mechanism displays its massive skyrmion. The eCat I presume produces tiny fleeting skyrmions that represent transitions into VPs.

    Magnetic monopoles have been searched for in vain in the area of particle physics for a long time. In 1931, Paul Dirac postulated the existence of a fundamental particle to explain why electrons and protons carry electrical charges of the same size. This is surprising because the elements of the protons and electrons are completely different fundamental particles. Dirac, however, argued that the existence of a single magnetic monopole would be enough to explain that the charges of all fundamental particles have to be quantized, i.e. exactly an integer multiple of an elementary charge. This partial article is taken from ‘artificial magnetic mono poles discovery — Science Daily’ site. Makes for interesting reading. Also see ‘Knotted structures called skyrmions seem to mimic ball lightning’.

    The Linear Propulsion Mechanism produces skyrmions in exactly the same way that the research team produced skyrmions by magnetic fields. The LP mechanism uses air to form one whirl in each section of the frame i.e. 16 whirls. If you use a four section frame you get eight whirls that oscillate within their restricted areas of confinement. When these spinning vortices within there respective chambers meet beneath the frame, one portion spins back as a helical trajectory within the frame to recirculate as a flux tube/skyrmion. The other portion being of two curvature forces cancel one another out and exit the frame as propelling linearized flows that eventually track back i.e. a macro skyrmion. I mention this because I think magnetic mono poles have to exist but because they exist on only the macro and micro level in nature they are unable to be recognized as a mono pole on our level. The Linear Propulsion mechanism can be considered an artificial magnetic mono pole that contains eight mono poles and I believe that by using the mechanism as a tool, structure can be more fully understood with regards forces, flows, oscillations and interactive fields. I put this information forward because I am not a nuclear physicist studying the electron and proton but maybe someone who does will be able to carry the mono pole hypothesis to a conclusion or maybe someone qualified in ‘string theory’ is able to see a connection that will help explain eCat technology. In my last post I explained 1 became 1.5. thereby 4 became 6 and 6 became 8 and 8 became 12 and 12 became 16 and 16 became 24. Why did 6 become 8 not 9? because 6 equals a cubic neutral. 9 in energy does not exist. It’s an interregnum that settles 9 to 8 i.e. a cubic neutral with a flux tube of x1 that expands. That’s why water pipes burst when water becomes ice. It represents the expenditure of energy into a mass defect that defuses into the environment via the pipe. 8 = the neutral position between 16 i.e. 7777 – 7777 transitions. In the mechanism 7777 equals one oscillating whirl outer and one inner. The eCat ,I believe, works on a similar principal to produce multiple VPs. Regards Eric Ashworth

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Dan Galburt

    Dear Mr Ulrich Kranz:

    The posted paper is a marketing oriented analysis of using a 1 MW E-Cat Qx plant to heat steam for a real world industrial customer.

    Seems like a great application for the E-Cat QX. A single 1 MW plant would supply only a small fraction of the overall required power and be fully utilized thus minimizing cost per KWH. Assuming the overall cost of building and operating your initial E-Cat plants allow them to generate energy at less than 2 cent per KWH I would think trying one would be a no brainer for your customers.

    Questions

    1. Is 2KW value for required electrical power an average or peak value?

    2. Am I correct in assuming that the overall COP of the EC-Cat QX plant would be greater than 500?

    Achieving a COP of 500 in an installed industrial E-Cat plant would be an amazing achievement.

    I wish the best of luck

    Dan Galburt

  729. Jenny

    Dear Andrea :
    What is exacly the bremsstrahlung and has it anything to do with your effect?

  730. Andrea Rossi

    Jenny:
    The German word Bremsstrahlung is originated from “Bremsen” ( = to brake ) and “Strahlung” ( = radiation ). It is the electomagnetuc radiation caused when a particle is deflected by an atomic nucleus. For example, when an electron is deflected by an atomic nucleus it loses kinetic energy and this delta of energy is turned into vibrations in the adjacent electromagnetic field raising waves that correspond of quantistically defined photons, so that the sum of the energy quanta of the photons are equivalent to the kinetic energy lost, to conserve the energy.
    Surely in my effect there is also a bremmstrahlung component.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Gerard McEk

    Dear Mr. Kranz,
    I am a bit disappointed about your paper.
    Yes, I agree that the paper industry would be a suitable customer for an Ecat, but you dit not provide any tangible details of how much the cost saving would be.
    Obviously you need some details for this from the Leonardo Company of how much their steam would cost, but that has not been provided, unfortunately. That makes your paper not really worth while to read, because the heading of your paper promises more than you provide.
    Further I wonder if the Leonardo Comany agrees with your starting points like:
    – Is it right you need only a 2 kW power connection to drive a 1 MW E-cat QX steam plant?
    – Is it right that every 6-12 months you will have an outage of ‘several’ 2? days for QX reactor exchange? Are you assuming the full 1 MW power will be used continuously?
    I assume the cost for Ecat exchange is included in the cost of deliverd heat.
    – Is it right that contracts must be for 60 months? Or could it be more, or less and what happens if less or more heat is delivered?
    I believe that you should only publish such a paper when you can provide details, approved by the Leonardo Company, that support your assumption that it is more economical. Now it is just a guess.
    Regards, Gerard

  732. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for the publication of my paper about the steam distribution by the Ecat. By the way, I think it is also possible to combine the distribution of heat with the distribution of cold, for example with the utilizaton of a heat pumping system.
    Best Regards,
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the article ” Saving Steam Costs in Paper Producing Companies Using the Ecat”, by Ulrich W.A. Kranz ( Germany ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. Dear Andrea,

    On the concept of car-sized aerial vehicles, there is an interesting French project “Xplorair” (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xplorair and the links under “External links” section near the bottom) which uses something they call “thermoreactor jet engines”. Apparently those are some kind of pulsejet engines that are fed through valves by moderately compressed air, thus avoiding a normal turbine which is expensive. The plane lifts off and lands vertically, but it has no rotating blades and is thus safe to bystanders.

    That said, I do no know if their project is currently active, and I do not know how noisy their engines are (if they are noisy, it is a show-stopper for widespread use as a flying car). Anyway, their use of the Coanda effect seems a good idea.

    I have the opinion, anyway, that in the long run, maintaining the present dense road network is not sustainable (because needs asphalt, produces dust and must use salt in wintertime which slowly spoils the groundwater) and hence cars need to be replaced by something else, such as flying vehicles which need no roads and can access all places. I could be wrong, but that is what I think, presently. The E-cat could obviously play a role in such development, although some people seem to be optimistic that “going airborne” can already be done with conventional technologies likes batteries, fuel cells and combustion engines.

    Furthermore, I am rather sceptical about self-driving cars, because rules and situations on the road are complicated. On the contrary, self-flying aerial vehicles would be much simpler to implement from the software intelligence point of view, in my opinion. I have some trust on my opinion here because I am rather good at programming.

    regards, /pekka

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information and the link.
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the projected maximum equivalent temperature of the eCat SK series is on the order of 10,000K, would not a direct conversion of output energy to electricity by “solar” cells be possible?

    Of course, the classical approach of using the thermal power to “boil” a medium and then drive a turbine is possible but a direct conversion to electricity by solar cells seems so much more reliable — no moving parts. The turbine approach is around 40% efficient (approaching 50%).

    Perhaps the best solution would be to use the “optical output” of the eCat SK to drive solar cells (with an efficiency around 20 – 40%) and then use the “waste heat” to drive the conventional turbine approach. Thoughts?

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion and yes, that is an option.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you give us an update of the progress? Are you still on track?
    Just a technical question: Does the emitted licht of the QX/SK change of colour (frequency) when the power is limited, or does it just reduce the intensity (amplitude)?
    Thanks, and be the light with you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- Yes, we are still on track.
    2- This information is confidential.
    Thank you for your kind wish,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you have E-Cat QX plants delivered to customers and working before the planned public presentation is held?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  742. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In construction yes, in operation I do not thnk, at least so far, but I am not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Brokeeper

    Everything is relative. (hehe)

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    That’s exacly what I mean, he he he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Given the enormous variability of the waves and resonances that occur, Do you already have a good numerical model of the process ? Or are the QX and the SK still originated from intuition (the 3D model in the heads of you and your team )?

    If someone had to invest in a new power plant today, but later on it would have to be converted to work with your technology, which power station would have to be built?
    It would be great if you could answer this.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    1- our theoretical bases are improving, I think
    2- can you rephrase in a more precise way?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I try to be brief. The connection that I see between your eCat and the Linear Propulsion mechanism is with regards the hydrogen and the activity of structure. With regards your eCat it’s the destruction of hydrogen and the resultant heat. Hydrogen, unlike how the mechanism structures, is structured at the central ‘Empty Set’ within the Earth by producing mass defect with regards plasma. The mechanism structures air, using mass defect instigated by rotating propellers, set above a geometric frame. These structures, I believe, possess a dynamic geometrical relationship whether produced within the LP mechanism using air or within the Earth using plasma. The LP mechanism uses its structure to produce a vertical lift by a linearized expansion within its already existing field of structure i.e. outside atmosphere and an increase in its internal density. The hydrogen structure within your eCat uses the hydrogen to produce expansion into VPs that produce compression within an existing fully loaded field and that consequently produces heat and as you are aware compression creates heat, expansion absorbs heat but that which contains mass defect also contains an electromagnetic field that relates to the energy that was required to create the defect. Thereby upon hydrogens eventual expansion into VPs it creates heat by compressing the outer environmental substance. The Woodward effect operates on the same dynamics but does not require hydrogen. To explain the geometry of a structure with regards the process to structure and the process to restructure explains the cycle of energy with regards its conservation i.e. maths. To fully structure, the units used must transition from past positions into future positions of more positivity so as to achieve the Absolute mass defect for a specific location/ density and in doing so create the relating VPs. Hydrogen does the same as it enters more positive locations within a flux tube. When the confinement of the units become absolute the mass defect is fully fused and the units repel i.e. like repels like as unlike attract. Thereby to create, requires three distinct phases when in a cycle of rebirth to death and this requires four distinct zones. The zone that begins, the zone that completes i.e. that which contains the perfect structure and the zone that ends the process but there has to be a fourth zone in order to connect and complete the cycle so as to repeat the entire process and this is the fine structure. Regarding hydrogen, zone one plasma in, ‘Empty Set’ central Earth, zone two hydrogen outer atmosphere, zone three flux tube/electromagnetic field interaction VPs, zone four central ‘Empty Set’ Earth, plasma back. To do this requires the fine structure to transition from future positions into past positions and it is this zone that is the all important fourth zone and the one that is neither here nor there and consequently gives mathematicians a good puzzle when working out a cubic neutral with its fine structure field. This fourth relates to the fine structure constant which is a tricky number due to the 1 becoming 1.5. There is a good question as to where does the energy to create mass defect come from?. With regards the hydrogen atom, the energy is the attractive force of gravity of the central ‘Empty Set’ of Earth but how does the central ‘Empty Set’ remain empty?. Simple, the Earth rotates upon its axis, centrifugal force is a directional outward force from centre to periphery. If a sphere rotates in two directions simultaneously the ‘Empty Set’ increases in its gravitational inwards pull. This is able to be demonstrated and actually was approximately 35 years ago. Any rotation that incurs a nutation increases the ‘Empty Set’ of that which rotates. The LP mechanism works the same way only it uses propellers to induce the required force. The propellers when rotated form a pyramid with regards air flow, above is the most negative i.e. alpha ‘Empty Set’, below is a frame to provide density of air by constructing four flux tubes, apex inward, that circulate the frame as mass defects and beneath the frame is the omega ‘Empty Set’ out of which flows linearized air, only to return to the alpha gate above the propellers by circumnavigating the entire fuselage. This I hope explains a little about structure from my understanding. The difference between the hydrogen cycle and the LP mechanism is that the mechanism represents the creating process only to achieve a propelling force whereas in the eCat the hydrogen is introduced as a fully formed structure to be destroyed within a flux tube to extract its energy from its mass defect. Therefore, no need to mention the Earth which in my last lengthy post included this information so as to include its complete cycle by maths.

    [Just as a matter of interest. Could the Earth be considered as a clay pot with a density, as the pot evolves it gains more density i.e. becomes more positive/perfect, so too does its negative outer field and also its hydrogen within with its specific degree of mass defect. It seems almost as if there is a potter trying to improve upon a perfect pot but is never satisfied so he breaks his creation and starts again but if the pot is perfect, it means the potter is a perfectionist, driven by a purpose and I think this is why progression is a driven natural aspect of evolution].

    Anyway I am dealing with hydrogen and its conversion into VPs to produce energy. The Earth has its electromagnetic field and is one structure within a ‘Set’ of four. Consequently its electromagnetic field interacts with the more positive electromagnetic field above i.e. the planet in a more positive position. Between two structures that contain gravity there is always an ‘Empty Set’ being midway in the interacting electromagnetic fields and therefore an omega gate at the apex being a division within a ‘Set’ and at the base is the negative planet corresponding to the alpha gate unlike the LP mechanism and this originates from negative planet Earth. Thereby any hydrogen from planet Earth that gets within the gravitational force of the omega gate is gravitated in (hydrogen contains gravity) whereupon it becomes more confined and produces VPs as it ultimately self destructs when at absolute. This activity projects heat/light into a fully loaded field or onto a planet dependent of circumstances due to the produced VPs and that then produce plasma. [This could be a consideration. When VPs are formed there is a tremendous expansion at the apex close to the substances that forms the field. In theory a positive pressure upon nano substance could induce a very slight change, over a period of time, it’s like pushing the atomic parts forward into a more positive position at its central ‘End Set’, could be an unavoidable side effect]. What is plasma?, plasma I believe, is a substance of four neutrinos. Each neutrino is a unit of one but as plasma it takes up a half space more being out of structure as it tracks a geometric path, so four 1.5s being neutrinos = 6 i.e. cubic neutral of a charge and one charge = quark and four charges = x 1 structure being the proton plus electron i.e. 16 charges but plasma = 24 i.e. 16 x 1.5 when expanded into its negative plasma state i.e. neutral cube (6 x 4). Once plasma is formed, there is only one place for it to go i.e. back to planet Earth where the 6 become four due to mass defect. There is a connection here to dark matter with regards neutrinos and densities. The eCat I presume provides the necessary interactions. This technology can be considered as a door that has barely been opened and therefore what an exciting future. Also could it be that the eCat demonstrates ‘the conservation of energy’ with regards a complete cycle?. and could this be correct?. 16 x 4 = 64 + 32 i.e. 1 becomes 1.5 =96. 32 equals force of x 4 ‘Sets’ being 4 structures which = x 4 fine structures i.e. expanded structure so divide 32 by 4 = 8 being the outer most extremities of any structured cube. Thereby 4 becomes 6, 6 becomes eight, 8 becomes12, 12 becomes 16 and 16 becomes 24. Every structure even hydrogen contains a positive, neutral and a negative aspect together with its electron plasma state. The maths:- Plasma 7777 goes from four to 6, negative 7777 goes from 6 to 8, 8 neutral 7777 goes from 8 to 12, positive 7777 goes from 12 to 16 and 16 of field energy = 24. 7 = transition. Hope this helps to explain. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    The day of the presentation of your industrialized Ecat will be a historic date.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We are working like beasts to achieve the date within January 2019 and presently the odds are high for the QX, hopeful for the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    It is becoming evident the E-Cat is much rarer in this universe than previously thought:
    http://flip.it/-BG3UW
    My belief in ET is diminishing. Help me. Maybe I should repeatedly clap my hands and say “I do believe in ET, I do believe in ET…”
    Brokeeper

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Maybe this mantra can help: ” The Universe is expanding, but my backyard never a square inch more (damn)”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The specific licenses and authorizations you speak of — with a technology as new and revolutionary as the E-Cat, how difficult is it to obtain them?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Being the industrial Ecat already certified it is not difficult. There is a procedure to go through with the help of an engineer certified by the State, related to the connections etc. Obviously all the components must be certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Glen Pastorin

    When you will deliver your plants to sell the heat, who will have to make the authorizations?

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Glen Pastorin:
    We have to get a specific licence, the Customer has to get the authorization to the installation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you know that the Youtube videos of your demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on Nov 24 are going viral?

  758. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Glad to read this!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. AS

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How would you make a synthesis in five words of your attempt of theory of the so called Rossi Effect?

  760. Andrea Rossi

    AS:
    -1 Annihilation of -2 Resonances at -3 Low -4 eV -5 Temperature.
    Attention: 4 means fourth substantive, not 4 eV
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Andrea Rossi

    Romeo & Juliet:
    Well, as a matter of fact the distinction is not that clear also to me.
    I think that we could try to say that Astrophysics is the part of Physics that investigates the Universe and the bodies in it by means of the technologies typical of the experimantal Physics, while Astronomy studies the nature and the physical evolution of the bodies in the Universe and of the Universe as a global system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  762. Romeo & Juliet

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you know what is the difference between Astronomy and Astrophysics? I don’t see any substantial difference.
    Cheers,
    R&J

  763. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Continued success with the ECAT developments. You may find this presentation on XUV diamond photodetectors of value depending on the spectrum of your reactors:
    https://slideplayer.com/slide/4888226/

    Drew G.

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the link and the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read that also in nuclear physics magic events are taken seriously: in the most accepted model of the atomic nucleus there are “magic numbers” that allow the nucleus exist: is that correct?
    Magic regards,
    Rupert

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Magicians or magic things have nothing to do with Nuclear Physics. Who told you so is an imbecile.
    To understand well the thematic of the nuclear models and the so called “magic numbers” ( that have nothing of magic, this is a conventional terminology for the numbers of nucleons that manifest a more probable tendency to reach a more stable configuration, so that if the nucleus has few nucleons more than the “magic number” it should be more probable that the nucleus tends to break up in a decay process, to reach the magic number ) I think the best book is “Atomic Nucleus” authored by Prof. Norman D. Cook, published by Springer in 2008 and sold also by Amazon and “Models of the Atomic Nucleus”, Springer 2010- that is the second edition with important updates- I know by heart these books.
    The concept of a model that resembles an onion, wherein every layer completes the number of nucleons that have max stability, is the so called “Shell Model”, along which nucleons behave in analogy to the electrons around the nucleus, where there are saturation strata ( the different quantic stata of the electrons around the nucleus ). To make it shorter, the octet reached with the last orbital of the noble gases is analogous in a certain way to what in the nucleus is considered a magic number: obviously, as a gas is not noble because is an Earl or a Prince, also a stratum of the nucleus is not magic because emits rabbits: noble and magic are just conventional definitions that have nothing to do with the normal semantic.
    This Shell Model has been thought about because explains some behaviors of the nucleons inside the nucleus, while the former model, the so called “Liquid Drop Model”, that compares the decay of a nucleus to a piece of drop that breaks out when the drop gets enough vibration, can explain the fission ( like a drop that splits in two or more drops) but not the intimate behavior of nucleons inside the nucleus.
    Which one is right? None. So the Orthodox Standard Model Huggers Fraternity have invented the “Collective Model”, thinking that unifying the Drop Model with the Shell Model you fix it all. Like to say that unifying a blind with a deaf you fix the whole. But it is not so. Why? Read the books of Norman Cook and forget the magicians.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  767. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I hope that your work will serve humanity by providing cheap energy accessible to people, including the poorest. The development of technologies for military purposes have always led to humanitarian tragedies and led to the misery of the peoples.
    Let us hope that your work serves only to reconcile peoples and not to divide them.
    That’s why I support you.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Conversion or adaptation of eCat technology into weapons applications is inevitable. Look at the example of Nobel. His invention was used in warfare. He became rich and later funded the ongoing Nobel prizes. Perhaps an “Andrea Rossi” similar program of international prizes? Too early to “count your chickens before they hatch”.

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are focused on civil applications.
    I share your last amswer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you envision the SK being able to be retrofitted into the combustion chamber of already existing gas turbines, or wouldn’t it be better to design new kind of SK-optimized gas turbines ?
    I’m also not an engineer, and this maybe total nonsense, but as there is no real combustion taking place, the combustion chamber maybe skipped altogether ?
    The challenge will then be to transfer the heat from the SK somewhere else in the airflow. Maybe through the stators blades ? Would this make sense ?

    Best Regards,

    Xavier

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    This is the core of the problem. It is premature to be able to answer. I can say that the power of fire of the Partner we are dealing with to resolve the problem is very high in the whole world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Joseph Fine,
    The proposed SK powered torpedo might need an external boost to get it up to ram-jet velocity.

    Surely, you don’t believe that unilateral disarmament will promote world peace?
    After all, rumor has it that Russia already has a far superior torpedo.
    Regards,
    Iggy

  774. Joseph Fine

    Iggy Dalrymple,

    Your proposal to use the E-Cat SK to propel weapons may or may not be feasible. But you should consider the possibility that you may someday be on the ship being pursued for days or weeks by such a device.

    Weaponization may be good to obtain funds from various governments. From a business standpoint, it is much better to have more customers for your products because it satisfies their needs than to move weapons around that threaten to destroy many or all of the world’s customers. For what?

    It is a short term gain followed by a descent to mutual destruction. If we avoid World War 3, we won’t have to build up a stockpile of Sticks and Stones for whoever is left to continue the fight.

    Anyway, it was a good question, because it was a question that provokes thought. It is better to provoke thinking than to provoke people.

    Peaceful regards,

    Joseph Fine

  775. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    It occured to me that you might could design an SK powered torpedo that would
    simply convert incoming seawater into steam jet propulsion (like a ramjet)?

    I’ve read where the Russians have developed a supersonic torpedo where the
    resistance/drag is reduced by emitting tiny air bubble from the torpedo nose.
    If this is true, maybe you could replace the air bubbles with SK produced steam bubbles.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. James

    Dear JPR:
    your comment, that I share 100%, was past due.

  778. Buck

    Dear Andrea:
    as always, the excitement in your heart comes through your blog.

    As a non-engineer, I can only imagine the tasks your capable gas-turbine engineers face for integrating the SK into a well functioning, efficient and effective gas-turbine.

    Your sharing on the forms of energy generated by the SK, the discussion of XUV light here and elsewhere, points to how your engineers are looking for a material that strongly absorbs the SK’s radiated energy, enabling a conversion to heat. Further, that this material may be included in or formed into a heat-exchange superstructure surrounding the SK reactor module. In addition, that this superstructure becomes part of the redesigned and relocated combustion chamber of the gas-turbine, where all the air driven by the upstream compressor flows through the durable heat-exchanger like a car’s radiator.

    Do those materials exist that will absorb/convert a high percentage (> 70-90%) of the radiated energy? A material that can be included in or formed into a durable superstructure? Do you and your engineers see this as a “simple” engineering task dealing with comprehensible variables?

    My best wishes for you and your team

    Buck

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    You are right, the development of a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK needs the collaboration with world class Partners.
    The choice and formulating of the materials is one of the problems we have to deal with. To be a non engineer, your comment is very intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    in eCat technology, do you believe most of the released thermal energy comes from:

    1. fusion
    2. isotope transmutation?

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I explained in my comment of yesterday what I think about the theoretical bases of our effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Gunnar Peter:
    This has been achieved in the industrialization process. All the circuitry, that in Stockholm was custom made for a prototype with existing parts, with some exception, now has been revolutionized and all has ben custom made for the purposes of my effect. It has been an enormous work, but we resolved the overheating issue, that was the main obstacle, and other problems. This increased of a factor of 50 the power of the basic module.
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. Gunnar-Peter

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched on Youtube the convincing Ecat QX demonstration made in Stockholm on November 24 2017.
    One question: you recently wrote that now the same apparatus has a power of 1 kW instead of 20 W, which is impressive: how did you obtain such an improvement ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gunnar-Peter

  784. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Just wondering if you plan similar contract language for when you start selling heat via your E-Cat QX?

    Cyclone Power Technologies announced that it has entered into its first microgrid installation contract to provide systems that provide over 3 Megawatts of electricity, hot water and 72 hour storage backup through their patent pending Thermal Storage Units. This is the contract language:

    “The power purchase agreement provides for ten years of power at a discount to the current rates paid to the local power company that has historically provided electricity, with benchmarks and adjustments annually based on industry pricing standards”

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Sorry, but the language of our contracts is confidential. In general, it is obvious that we will sell at a price that can motivate our Clients to sign.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  786. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, The technology I mention of and the mechanism previously described is with regards to structure, how it is formed, within what it is formed and the interaction between structures i.e. their electromagnetic fields. It is based upon planets and their progressive states within an overriding structure containing four flux tubes The mechanism, because it creates a unified structure can be used as an analogy to help explain structural physics i.e. how structures are formed etc. Geometry was the tool used to design the mechanism, being an artificial structure it required a specific central space to accommodate specific components unlike a none artificial structure i.e. one formed in nature and therefore required eight rotors (two sets of four) i.e. the mobile dimensions and eight chambers being the static dimensions to accommodate the structuring process, providing for the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction to be studied with regards structured air. Thereby the mechanism contains eight flux tubes not four but does it matter, no because four is the minimum and maximum number for a ‘Set’. How many ‘Sets’ in a flux tube? four. How many divisions in a ‘Set’? four. Why? because each ‘Set’ is a macro structure within which four minor structures are in a developmental systemic system i.e. becoming more perfect with regards a good structure with good quality. Whats quality?. Quality with regards structured energy is with regards the positive and the negative aspects of the structure as it develops over a period of time and space. The structure within a flux tube starts out as a nebulous negative cloud of negative substance at the Alpha gate on the event horizon and as it progresses through the ‘Set’ it gains in quality by becoming more positive. Each ‘Set’ is a more positive ‘Set’ thereby the structure eventually produces two distinct aspects, one is positive being the internal solid structure of size and one is negative that surrounds the structure being an external active electromagnetic field. These two potentials are in a relationship with regards their structure, as the positive gains in positivity by being compressed smaller, the negative gains in negativity by becoming more volume due to the gaining of size of the positive i.e. reduce/gain. Thereby the structure gains in its potential energy within its flux tube, whereupon when it finally does self destruct and become plasma at the Omega gate it represents a power of that flux tube. I will now make an analogy, in Wikipedia it is stated a ‘Set’ can be comprised of any type of object, so could be a family of planets or a family of people. Lets say people because this subject is about re-search (see re definition at dictionary .com). These objects can only move forward into a ‘Set’ and within a ‘Set’ when the object in front moves forward but we must remember that in moving forward the object becomes more perfect i.e. of a higher potential, it’s a law of energy with regards entering more positive zones. So when an object moves out of a ‘Set’ i.e. in the last position, it enters the next higher ‘Set’ in the first position. Consequently an object in the last position of a lower ‘Set’ moves into the first position of a higher ‘Set’ and the first object of that ’Set’ moves into its higher position within the same ‘Set’. Thereby the young newcomer is beneath the elder who previously occupied his now present position and above the elder is an object in a farther position to its previous location and above this position being the last in the ‘Set’ is the grand position which occupies the most perfect position of the ‘Set’ being the most perfect structure within that ‘Set’. To an extent this is none technical but I put it forward as an introductory consideration to an extremely complex situation with regards structure, evolution and energy that, I believe, is encompassed in the subject of physics. My last lengthy post I believe contained no foundational substance to the subject i.e. just the maths to a flux tube and Pi being 4. Because the ‘Linearizing Propulsion Mechanism’ is patented, it can be accessed and built but if anyone does build the mechanism I would suggest that before using it to structure air they contact me, not because I am not going to allow them to use it but because without a specially designed outer fuselage the mechanism will be attracted to the nearest object and with it, its destructive capabilities. The fuselage has to contain chambers to structure a static barrier layer around the outflow and thereby the entire mechanism from the external environment. For what purpose would such a mechanism in the form of an aircraft possess over conventional designs. Because you can have four, eight, twelve or sixteen integral propellers and the same number of flux tubes and by such you can achieve more lift than any aircraft in present production. You could transport a million gallons of water. You could have an aerial fire fighter capable of putting out a forest fire in maybe one pass. You could transport an entire hospital into a disaster area. The list is endless but the technology is available and the mathematics and geometry behind it is able to be explained, although it is difficult . Such a vehicle would be used within the Earths atmosphere but to get to the moon or further would require the mach engine to be installed but what would power the entire craft?. This I was asked but at the time I was unaware of LENRs. but the technology I have attempted to present, although before its time, will one day be required. I put this information forward to try and help explain from where the concept of the technology came from. It came mainly from geometry and developed into the maths. Physicists that I spoke to at the time were extremely interested but required permission from a higher source to be able to liaise with myself. I will attempt to explain how I see Hydrogens VPs and the L.P. mechanism with regards structure and its purpose with regards specific aspects.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. in my last lengthy post regarding the Eddington formulae 1.5 (16+.1) x 16 = 24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4 ‘Sets’ x15 (16-1) = 136 I made a typo error. the formulae should read 16 + 0.5 x16 = 24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4 ‘Sets’ x15 (16-1) = 136. I am guessing but Eddington needed 1.5 to get his 136 – divide by 90 degrees (one flux tube) to get 1.5
    He did say the figure could be found by pure deduction. 1.511111 x 4 which are the four destroyed structures in the central position equal to one ‘Set’ = 6.04444 one cubic neutral of circulating plasma with regards the overriding structure containing 16 flux tubes -1 i.e. 15. Thereby 1.5 of plasma i.e. quarter of a ‘Set’, being a potential of a created fine structure i.e. EVOs circulating each flux tube at any one time. This I understand as on the macro scale The micro is similar but not the same format.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The clients that will buy from Leonardo Corp the heat will have to pay something more that the mere heat, or they will have to pay only the heat they consume?

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Our Clients will have to pay only the heat we supply them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Dear Andrea,
    Regarding theory, to me the most interesting question is where does the energy come from. It should come from nuclear binding energy, because it is too large to be of chemical origin. Experimentally, the fundamental question is just: which isotopes transform to which, and is the energy liberated by those transformations the same as the observed liberated energy (within measurement error, and one has to subtract energy carried away by neutrinos, if any). Then, when this is experimentally established, one can ask the “how” questions: how do the processes work. In other words, one has to first know what is happening, before explaining how it happens.

    Question: Do you regard E-cat’s isotope shift data (assuming you have managed to measure it well enough or planning to do so) as publishable scientific data, or as proprietary business data?
    regards, /pekka

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    For now we consider that matter confidential.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. CC

    @JPR
    Of course you are right, there is not a single claim that is not copy of prior art, or based upon well known science that is commonly used many years since. Maybe they have to show their investors that they do not need Rossi. Obviously I suppose they informed well their investors about the difference between a granted patent, like the one of Rossi, and a series of pending patents all copied from prior art. It is also possible that they are again looking for collecting more public , as usually Cherokee does: please see the investigation of Sifferkoll about Cherokee ( just google Sifferkoll investigation on Cherokee) : a piece that has the dignity to win a Pulitzer. The activity of Cherokee has been dissected in all its components, pouring a bright light about their activities.
    Anyway, the evolution of these facts merits to be followed, analyzed and put under the magnifying lens first and in the mass media second. We must not permit another fraud from these guys in the field of the LENR.
    But there is also a LOL inducing fact in those “pending patents”: one of the co-inventors is Mr Murray, the guy that during the depositions of the case Leonardo VS Cherokee said that LENR cannot work because violate the first principle of thermodynamic: now he signs a patent application related to LENR: behold the force of convincing of our Andrea Rossi: he turned a Murray from a LENR assassin into a LENR co-inventor.
    Don’t care these clowns, Andrea, continue your hard work and give us the solace to see your industrialized Ecat as soon as possible. Now I understand also why you do not sell plants, but only heat, controlling the plants from your offices: IH, Brilouin and company have only one chance to make something able to work: copy your plants.
    Your choice to sell the heat, not the plant is genial.
    All the best,
    CC

  793. JPR

    @Donald
    Everybody can see that the patent applications made by IH are not allowable because they are just a copy of prior art.
    Jean Paul Renoir

  794. Donald

    Andrea,
    did you see the 3 patent applications made by IH? Do you have comments about their activity?
    Donald

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Donald:
    I never comment the activity of my competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are the chances that you will show the SX at the presentation of the industrialized Ecats? Can you give a percentage of possibility?

  797. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    33%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain in few word which are the bases of your theoretical thinking about your effect?

  799. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Standard Model:
    elementary particles are tiny vibrating waves, quantistically defined, in a particular field.
    When the temperature reaches the mass of an elementary particle, waves are formed corresponding to those elementary particles.
    When the field of these elementary particles resonates with another field during their interaction, new waves can be raised in the second field corresponding to its temperature and if a third field is resonating with these two fields, further particles are raised corresponding with its temperature.
    This is what I an consider to be tha base of my effect and I also am convinced that the “source field” is made by electrons, the resonating ones are of virtual e.p. and their antiparticles. Due to the fact that the source field has a T=1-2 eV, this explains why we do not have strong radiations during the thermalization process.
    Carl-Oscar and I are preparing a series of heavy experimentation to prove this.
    Maybe I am wrong. I think to be right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in a former reply you said you have reached a power density with the ecat SK you have never reached before.

    What was the highest temperature you reached with the ecat SK ever, and what is the maximum temperature you can operate the ecat SK without damaging the module?

    I hope you give us notice when you for the first time will produce electricity. This will be a monumental event.

    Thank you for your answers.

  801. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    The max T we reach is around 20 000 °C.
    The production of electricity by means of heat is an old and consolidated technology. The difficult is to make the first source of energy, the eventual conversion of it in other forms is not difficult, albeit some efficiency has to be lost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Renato

    Dear Andrea,

    this news has been published yesterday late afternoon from many italian sources,
    this is just one example:

    http://it.euronews.com/2018/07/16/mose-ex-generale-spaziante-1-mln-a-gdf

    For non-italian Readers, former General Spaziante has been
    condemned to return 1 million Euros to the Italian Financial Guard,
    as indemnity to the image damages he gave to the Guard Corp, in the Venice
    MOSE corruption scandal process. He is the high level officer that closed the activity of Andrea Rossi, while never during his career stopped the activity of the mafia companies that during the generalship of Gen Emilio Spaziante succeeded to get the monopoly of the waste treatment in Italy, wherein the treatment has been bury everything in abusive landfills with terrible effecs on the environment.

    Any comment ?

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    This for me is archeology. I have been born from those events into the new life I am living now. Better so.
    I have nothing to add to what has been written on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    No further comment.
    Just one thing that is important our Readers in all the world know: the Guardia di Finanza is a glorious Corpo d’Armata and Gen Emilio Spaziante has been investigated and arrested by the same Guardia di Finanza of which he was a very top level general. This gives evidence of the integrity and neutrality of this great and glorious military Corp.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, in the recent meeting between Trump and Putin it was said that Germany is dependent on Russia for the supply of gas and that this makes Europe subject to Russia both economically and politically.

    Trump has said he could provide Germany (and Europe) with the energy needed to be indepedent from Russia.

    This is another case in which we can see how energy can condition the economic and political balance of the world.

    Under this point of view, I think that it is absolutely certain that the E-Cat could be very important to alleviate those types of tensions in the world.

    Is it correct?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Not in the short term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  806. Shakia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the Ecat QX Demonstration made in Stockholm on Nov 24 2018.
    I noticed that the diagram of the oscilloscope shown an unipolar current with strong voltage armonic variations: are these made by the control system?

  807. Andrea Rossi

    Shakia:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  808. John Pace

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the impressive demonstration you made in Stockholm of the Ecat QX. Very precise and convincing measurements, impressive result.
    Cheers
    John Pace

  809. Andrea Rossi

    John Pace:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As gas turbines (in combination with alternators) at the moment are used to deliver/cover the peak load of the electricity production (at the moment with a higher cost for the thus produced electricity), and as the need of these peak load units rises with the increasing use of renewable energy sources (like wind and solar), thus stabilizing the grid (maintaining the frequency to the wanted value), the use of the E-cat SK in combination with a gas turbine and an alternator is a very smart solution, also because you will deliver the peak load electricity with a much reduced price! Congratulations to you and your team.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel De Caluwé
    (Belgium).

  811. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for your insight. That is a fertile field, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    The Ecat is going to change all the game also in the field of transportation: is that correct?
    Chuck Davis

  813. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Rome has been made in 900 years. Hot fusion probably in more than 1000 years. Let us start in months making heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting that you are already using the SK with a gas turbine.

    1. If you can get it working well, will you market the SK as an electricity generator?
    2. If so, do you plan to sell electricity to industrial customer in the same way you plan to sell heat?
    3. Will you use the SK also as a fluid heater?
    4. How many persons are working with you on the SK/turbine configuration?
    5. What is the current projected timeframe for the first product presentation?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- premature
    3- yes
    4- all the Team
    5- for the SK we do not know yet,for the QX Jan 2018.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  816. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The industrial E-Cat will consume on average 160 KW of electrical energy among your future customers.
    Is it up to your customers to pay the bill or will these charges be borne by Leonardo Corporation?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The energy consumed by us will be paid by us.
    Warm Regards
    a.R.

  818. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your last comment and I do appreciate being able to use your JONPs to publish my understanding and I am aware that many people will not be able to follow. Really this technology is for the future but there is a connection to LENRs with regards virtual particles but as many people are aware there is more than one way to make a discovery and therefore I publish my information as a subject of interest but obviously it will only be of interest to certain readers of your journal.
    Regar, Eric Ashworth

  819. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Your positive reply to Chuck Davis’ question, “Do you already have a gas turbine operating?” is a tremendous step forward toward the production of clean power.
    Congratulations! I hope we can see some pictures of the system and output data this year?

    Best of luck with your impressive R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  821. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    I think yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    For your readers, a 150 seconds introductory video by GE about how gas turbines are used to generate electricity:
    https://youtu.be/zcWkEKNvqCA
    Regards
    Patrick

  823. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  824. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    You posted “Yes” to whether you had an eCat configured with a gas turbine engine.

    1. Please confirm this is correct.
    2. If Yes, is the output of the gas turbine thrust or mechanical energy or something else?
    3. If Yes, what is the longest duration for which you have operated this combination?
    4. If yes, what was the level of output and how did you measure it?

  825. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    It is too soon to give further information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  826. Millie Lucas

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is a must for anybody wants to understand where the Ecat comes from.
    Godspeed,
    Millie

  827. Andrea Rossi

    Millie Lucas:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. zero

    Dr Rossi,
    I think that you will never deliver any Ecat, either industrial or domestic. Forget the Ecat!
    Cheers
    Zero

  829. Andrea Rossi

    Zero:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  830. Clark Kent

    Mr Rossi:
    You now are giving your Ecats only to industries, selling the heat, while we the people will not have the Ecats in our houses: can you explain why?
    Clark Kent

  831. Andrea Rossi

    Clark Kent:
    Because we already have the certifications for the industrial applications, we still do not have the certification for the households.
    I am convinced that it will be easy to have the certifications necessary for the households after several year of good work in the industries, that now is starting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  832. Fulco

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am reading this blog, that I have discovered recently and have taken some numbers: more that 42 000 comments, 2 100 pages, plus 6 000 pages from the links to the comments: this is a veritable encyclopedia of the LENR. I think this opera has to be added to your achievements.
    Godspeed,
    Fulco

  833. Andrea Rossi

    Fulco:
    You forgot to say that the real god of the JoNP blog are the Readers and their comments.
    I learnt a lot from them.
    Thank you for your attention to this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    When offered, here is a potential domestic customer:
    https://metro.co.uk/2018/07/14/queen-wants-someone-to-bring-down-her-1100000-heating-bill-7715172/
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  835. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  836. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your comment and I realize your time is limited with the development of your eCat SK. I put my comments forward in an attempt to explain what I am aware of but it is not easy in a few words, maybe impossible but I shall continue to try and explain in more detail using the Woodwards mach engine and how it ties the technology into a constructive whole. Regards Eric Ashworth

  837. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    You are welcome to propose your insights, as all our Readers are. Obviously, everybody is responsible for what he writes and the fact that I publish an insight does not mean that I agree with it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  838. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi:
    1- do you already have a gas turbine operating?
    2- if yes, which dimensions vs power?
    Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  839. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- yes
    2- the power density is the highest I ever reached. Premature to give numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  840. Eric Ashworth

    Reply Stanyslav,

    Dear Stanyslav, Thank you for your interest and questions. (1) Mathematics originate from the understanding of energy i.e. interactions but because few people realize i.e. the majority of the general public, the subject of energy remains a mystery and to them unfathomable and therefore of no interest. (2) You will find no biography of myself but it is known in certain official departments that although operate globally are unrecognized as a functioning operating unit i.e. an office of the plenipotentiary, see plenum definition Free Dictionary. (3) This theory originates from an embodied mechanism that explains by demonstration many aspects of energy interactions. The mechanism has several patents and been acknowledged as a technology before its time. (see previous posts). (4) Are there any publications behind this theory?. Not that I am aware of but this question is without doubt a most important question. All books contain information but how does the information get into a book?. This from what I have deduced is a great mystery to many people but some people are able to intuitively know how. (5) Yes the theory is based entirely upon both maths and geometry. (6) There is no such thing as modern physics, the physics of energy is of geometry and maths, it is the same today as it has been since Time immemorial. (7) Yes I do see perspectives with regards the theory and the mechanism behind it even though it is not allowed to be demonstrated in universities or research establishments. For me the JONP is a much needed publication, allowing people to share information. Nobody gets paid for providing information, its voluntary and this is what makes the information unbiased. I intend to provide more information as I realize it is a difficult subject to walk into but if people are able to connect the dots together, some people will see the picture. I see the connection to LENRs can I explain, am I able?. Regards Eric Ashworth

  841. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It is difficult for me to envision of 100kW eCat SK reactor that can sustain the temperatures you report without damaging or melting the containment structure. Is the containment structure transparent?

  842. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The gas turbine configuration resolves the problem. We are working on this issue for other configurations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  843. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, This information should be of interest to both yourself and people who are aware of the Fine Structure Constant. Said to be the greatest mystery in physics. See numerological explanations/ Richard Feynman in the Wikipedia Fine Structure Constant section. This I feel is most important because, I believe, it relates directly to virtual particles and EVOs and help explain the following important information The Fine Structure Constant was given in 1929 as 137 and late 1930s as 136 by Arthur Eddington. Richard Feynman said it was close to .08542455. My figure is .085841 but this figure has certain degree of mobility. Eddington can be deduced from the formulae a-1 = 16+0.5 x 16 x 15 i.e. 16-1 = 136 and I think this figure is correct, 1.5 (16+1) x16=24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4’Sets’ x15 (16-1)=360. These figures relate to the two major ‘End Sets’ that have a circulatory path. Pi = 4 because it takes four densities to form a structure i.e. within ‘Sets’ and of ‘Sets’ in one flux tube and four flux tubes each containing four ‘Sets’ to form the overriding structure. There are four ‘Sets’ in a flux tube so 16 structures but one set is with regards a coming and one is with regards a going, therefore there is the positive ‘Set’, the neutral ‘Set’ and the negative ‘Set’. 3.14159 is a part of 4. Thereby .085841 is the flux, therefore divide by 2 = .0429205 one of these represents the circumferential force and one the diametrical force. .085841 being less than 1 requires an extra force for the fourth energy structure of field identity and must be external and of a higher order. .429205 of absolute size positive energy and .419205 of absolute volume negative energy plus .14159 of structuring force energy plus 1 negative, 1 neutral and 1 positive provides 4 being a full ‘Set’ of a flux tube. (The proton is comprised of four spirals i.e. flux tubes each spiral represents a specific density, the electron being the least dense thereby the electron is the plasma field and there are three more fields i.e. the negative, the neutral and the positive which, of which form a structure i.e. cubic neutral/proton with its poles of positivity and negativity and into which these four flux tubes descend i.e. the electro magnetic field of the two exterior interacting cubes, one positive one negative. .429205 divide by .14159 equals 1 negative, 1 positive and 1 neutral plus .0313228 of encapsulating force/field identity/VP. .85841 divide by .14159 equals 6.0626456 a cubic neutral of a field plus .0626456 of encapsulating force. Conclusion: .062645 being six digits, not seven being cubic represents an exterior influential force of .062645 magnitude more than the value of the cubic neutral field. Thereby 1 neutral field of energy being the quality of x4 mobile structures must be part of a greater structure that is 95.777795 times greater and that a proton and electron must always be a part of a systemic system of a field. 95.777795 x .062645 = 5.9999999. it seems that 95.7777.95 describes energy because it originates from an understanding of energy. This is complicated without diagrams.

    ___________________Field Identity___________________
    ______positive___
    ______neutral____
    ___negative______
    -77 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 77+
    Alpha (last) > Direction> (first) Omega
    9 = completion —— 5 = half — — 7 = mobility/transmutation
    9 and 5 are interchangeable digits. Half is half but two is one i.e. 1 energy unit.

    As the plasma enters at Alpha of the flux tube it begins to structure in the plasma ‘Set’ being 7777 and continues through 3 more ‘Sets’ by going through 3 minor transitions as it passes over 3 minor ‘end sets’. The 4th major transition occurs between the 7 and 9 of Omega. The last 77+ represents two more passes to occur, on the first pass the liquid and the gas dimensions of the structure boil off and the solid loses a percentage of mass becomes a moon. On the next two passes the solid is reduced to a comet then a meteorite whereupon it becomes an active particle. This phenomena produces EVOs or Virtual Particles dependent upon the structure under annihilation.

    95.777795 divided by 6 equals15.962965 i.e. 16 or four energy fields in four states of neutrality. Therefore 16 minus 15.962965 equals .037035. .037035 divide by 3 i.e. negative, positive and neutral equals .012345. This figure represents the progressive state of systemic energy i.e. structuring plasma. 0 to 1 = 15 degrees, 1 to 2 = 30 etc. both in its dense state and in its fine state i.e. the encapsulating force.

    To structure plasma into structure it has to negotiate 6 x 15 degrees as it ascends the flux tube i.e. descends into the cube. Each flat requires a 15 degree turn that eventually ties it into a knot i.e. see knot theory. Therefor to make solid plasma requires 24 turns in the first Alpha ‘Set’. There are four ‘Sets’ in a flux tube therefor 96 turns but the last turn is deconstructing i.e. going i.e. half and the first turn is constructing i.e. coming i.e. half, therefore 95. Consequently when an existing structure enters a flux tube, like a hydrogen atom, it is shredded as it bounces over the minor ‘end sets’ towards its final annihilation at the apex of the pyramid being a major ‘End Set’. Flux tubes create and ultimately destroy by creating either EVOs or VPs.

    Using the Lorentz force formulae: Force = qE + qV x B Where E = Electric field, V = Velocity, q = structure and B = Magnetic field. The force, I believe relates to the manufactured fine structure/particle or dense solid structure. Q = qE + qV i.e. Tangent/trajectory which relates to turns i.e. 15 degrees. Thereby every structure is subjected to 95 tangential forces as it runs through four ‘Sets’.

    Degrees: 15 – 30 – 45 – 90 = 1 ‘Set’ x 4 = 360 degrees i.e. 1 flux tube. This represents full power of one unit with regards an interaction between two cubic neutrals but full power of one flux tube is a potential of an overriding system that contains four flux tubes i.e. one power. In other words you are a part of the system or you are the system i.e. either a potential or a power. Finished structure contains gravity. Unfinished contains a degree of. Hydrogen is a finished structure. A flux tube creates an image of what it is a part of i.e. a structure and simultaneously over a distance/time destroys its creation. Consequently a hydrogen atom is drawn to the destructive aspect of the flux tube within the electromagnetic fields of the two interacting neutral cubes. The Earth being the negative cube within which hydrogen is produced. The Earth is somewhere in the 3rd’ ‘Set’. The 1st and 2nd ‘Set’ prehistory being negative ‘Sets’ of the flux tube, to cross over requires a major transition.

    Hydrogen atom/Structure = 4 not 3.14159 because of its flux tubes with its ‘End Sets’ but it interacts with the field of two neutral cubes one positive and one negative thereby it produces soft virtual particle/potentials. 4 x 90 degrees = 360 degrees divide by 95.777795 + .14159 = 3.90029. Thereby the sum equals more than its parts because it is never an entirely isolated unit from its system/progenitor. .09971 is an exterior connection of the central ‘End Set’ within Earths central position. Therefore .049855 is the positive and .049855 the negative pole connection when the structure splits into plasma, only to recombine. I intend to add to this information but too much at any one time defeats the object. Any questions I will answer if able. Regards Eric Ashworth

    .

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Honestly, I am not following, but maybe there are persons interested to your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    When you speak of a single module, do you mean a single reactor?
    Best regards,
    Iggie

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Stanyslav

    Dear Eric Ashworth and readers of this Journal,

    Could I kindly ask your objective opinion about geometry interpretation of physics from Eric Ashworth?
    Can the biography of Eric Ashworth be found somewhere and how did he come to this theory?
    Are there any publications and math behind this theory?
    How does this theory relate with modern physics?
    Do you see any perspectives in this theory?

    Regards,
    Stanyslav

  848. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you need to have both the SK and QX ready before you go into production and make your public product demonstration?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No. If the SK will not be ready, we will start with the QX anyway.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Loredana

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    There is a Swiss company, whose name is GRT, that is proposing in Italy a technology to turn plastics into fuel by a process that is evidently a copycat of your patent!
    Are you aware of it?
    Best Regards,
    Loredana

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Loredana:
    Not only that, but also ENI is making an analogous plant. My patent has been granted in 1978 and has expired on 1998. The US patent for the same technology has expired few months ago, so now the technology is free at disposal of whomever wants to make use of it. This is the spirit of patents.
    I am glad to read that it is still useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Did you spam my last comment sent a few moments ago. Regards Eric Ashworth

  853. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    No, I did not spam any comment and your comment is not in the spam either. You can try to resend
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  854. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the SK is not ready, is the QX ready?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. The QX is ready, the SK not yet. But we are working hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Ross

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on YouTube the demonstration of the Ecat in Stockholm on Nov 24.
    It is an event of remarkable importance, the measurements have been convincing.
    I was sceptic about the Ecat, but now I am convinced.
    Cheers
    Ross

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Ross:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your 13 module 1 kW Ecat QX been made obsolete from the realization of the single module Ecat QX?
    Will it be possible to assemble 1 kW single module ecats to make 1 MW plants?
    Some is saying you are trying a single module 1 MW Ecat: is it true?
    Regards,
    Jim Rosenburg

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- maybe: an evolution of the SK
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What are the main things that need to take place now before you start the industrial productions of your industrial E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very complex to answer. Thousands of particulars. I cannot enter in the particulars. The SK, for example, is not ready. The sale of heat presumes many separate organizational issues assessed. Authorizations issues have to be assessed. Etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Do you use the same controller for the SK and the QX reactors?
    2. Are you able to control multiple SK reactors in a manner similar to that used in the QX reactors?
    3. Would another metal or other material allow for even higher operating temperatures than a reactor based on Nickel?

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- not that I am aware of
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Jenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    In the video
    Youtube Ecat QX demonstration in Stckholm Nov 24 2018
    the oscilloscope shows series of sinusoidal variations only in the positive field. Do you consider it a direct current?

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Jenny:
    Good question.
    It depends on what you mean with the term “direct current”.
    If you mean that a direct current is characterized by the fact that electrons move in an unipolar field, so that instead of “push and pull” as the AC does it continuously either pushes or pulls, even if the voltage changes at a certain frequency allows such a current as the one we have in the Ecat to be dubbed DC. But another common way to define DC is a flat line parallel to the X Cartesian ax: in this case, our current would have to be defined “unipolar current with frequently changing voltage”.
    By the way, this difference is why we need an oscilloscope to measure the electricity that enters the Ecat: a Voltmeter, even the more sophisticated, can be not able to read the frequency of a unipolar current when it is not flat and horizontal as the current from a battery.
    So, it’s up to you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Did you get significant thrust and torque with the SK reactor? Could you already communicate some measures?

    Off topic, would you be related to Paolo Rossi a very talented footballer of the 80s that allowed Italy to be world champion in 82?
    Sorry for Sweden. My crystal ball needs a serious maintenance intervention.

    All my support for the industrialization of E-Cat
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- (SK) no
    2- (footballer) no
    3- (crystal ball) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Erika Sgro

    Dear Andrea,
    How can the stormy weather of the tariffs war between USA, CHINA, Europe affect the commercialization of the Ecat?
    Thanks,
    Erika

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Erika Sgro:
    As far as we sell a service invoicing heat, tariffs are not an issue, because our Ecats will remain property of Leonardo Corporation, so they won’t pay any sale tariff at any border. In general, the solution that will be adopted will be the one of Harley Davidson: make the products directly inside the commercial union where the same products have to be sold. I think this will become the most common solution of the problem. Enterpreneurs will have to evolve from being international remaining at home, into being international expanding internationally. The ones that are too small to do this, will have to make consortiums, or find niches of market wherein their quality is so special, that tariffs are not an issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Giuseppe

    Mr Rossi,
    Now you are 68. When do you think you will retire?
    Giuseppe

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    God allowing, at ninety I think I will allow myself to retire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Savanna

    Dear Andrea
    Interesting the Feynmann diagram you suggested:is the photon raised by the two electrons the result of the annihilation of virtual particles?

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Savanna:
    I suppose so.
    We are preparing a series of experiments to find evidence of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    youtube ecat demo stockholm nov 24 2018
    Very convincing

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Anthony Garofalo

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the Ecat SK mostly destined to gas turbines?
    Anthony

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony Garofalo:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that you are aware of the fact that Net Power in Huston uses a gas-turbine that is fired by pure O2 and natural gas in atmosphere of super critical CO2 which is recycled.
    Pure CO2 is stored.
    A large part of the installation can be omitted when using the E-cat SK. It seem to me a perfect match.
    See: https://qz.com/1292891/net-powers-has-successfully-fired-up-its-zero-emissions-fossil-fuel-power-plant/ but there are other articles as well.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You said that you will show the industrialized Ecat QX and/or SK in the east Coast in a meeting place. Do you think it will be necessary to have the authorizations to operate devices that now have a significant power, by orders of magnitude superior than the 20 W of the prototype shown in Stockholm?
    I wish you full success,
    JPR

  881. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, it will be necessary to have the authorizations. If this will be a problem, we will resolve showing the products not in operation, and a video of the same in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you use also the Wien and Boltzmann equations to calculate the energy generated by both the Ecat QX and the SK?

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes. Wien, because there is no other way to measure these temperatures, Boltzmann, because we want to know exactly the energy produced inside the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How would you describe by a Feynmann diagram your theoretical hypothesis about virtual particles and antiparticles generated at the temperature of 2 eV?

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    draw the continuous trajectory of one electron that makes an angle, draw a symmetrical trajectory in front of it of another electron so that the vertixes of the angles are where the trajectories are closest, then trace a wavy line between the vertixes to represent the photons generated by the annihilation of the virtual e.p. raised when the T of the field raises above to the mass of the same e.p.
    Like 2 “L” with the vertixes closer than the other points and united by a wave.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Wes Moore

    Hi Andrea,
    is snow melting a good fit for the Ecat?
    Take a look to this:
    http://www.impactlab.net/2018/07/08/google-is-building-a-city-of-the-future-in-toronto-would-anyone-want-to-live-there/#more-137382
    Warm Regards,
    Wes Moore
    Source Energy Mechanical

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Wes Moore:
    Maybe.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Wendy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the video youtube Ecat demonstration November 24 Stockholm
    Very convincing, congratulations.
    Wendy

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis, Joseph Fine:
    It is true that graphene, that I know very well, is a good conductor, being a single atom layer substance, which leaves a high level of freedom to the electrons, but the price of graphene is higher than the price of industrial diamonds: obviously, when we talk of diamonds for this kind of use, we are not talking of jewels grade diamonds…we are talking of powder of diamonds obtained from the residuals of diamonds cuts not useful for jewelry purposes, like, for example, the diamonds powder used in the disks of the glass or steel cutters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  891. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As many people are aware physics and maths is a closely related subject. Wikipedia with regards ‘Set theory’ is an interesting but complex subject and probably will only be of interest to certain readers but it is important in understanding a branch of physics that helps to explain structure as a composite of four dimensions within a systemic system. A cubic neutral has its event horizon and within which, is a flux tube. However a cubic neutral is enclosed within its event horizon that contains four flux tubes and within each flux tube are four ‘Sets’/dimensions of density, between which are minor ‘end sets’. Thereby sixteen dimensions/‘Sets’ and each’Set’ contains four dimensions of density i.e. 64 units to a structure. The four inner most ‘Sets’ are the most positive and the four outer most ‘Sets’ are the most negative. The Russell paradox within ‘Set theory’ is with regards the ‘End Set’. The inner most ‘End Set’ is the power towards which all structures are drawn and that which is surrounded by the four most positive ‘Sets’. Surrounding the most outermost negative ‘Sets’ is an outer circumferential ‘End Set’ being therefore in a contradictory position to that of the inner ‘End Set’. The transfinite number Wikipedia explain this paradox by explaining the location of the ‘End Set’. See lowest finite ordinal number being omega and first transfinite cardinal number being Aleph-null i.e. Alpha. What ‘Set theory’ is attempting to explain is a concept with regards a hierarchy that communicates by a mutual understanding of structure and a mathematical agreement due to comprehending an all inclusive situation regarding a structure comprised of its many parts. This introductory information is able to explain power and potential and how the two are intertwined but can be separated to explain two types of reactions. As previously mentioned EVOs i.e. exotic vacuum objects are extremely powerful forces, VPs i.e.virtual particles are less powerful and can be considered soft potentials. A Power system is a reaction involving four ‘Sets’, a potential of the Power is one that involves two ‘Sets’ i.e. between two minor ‘end sets’ both interactions involving the Lorenz force. Unifying field oscillation technology that is embodied in the linearizing propulsion mechanism is able to demonstrate ‘Set theory’ and ,I believe, a LENr is connected in part to this understanding. Woodward mach input engine is with regards EVOs. If you can understand anything about End Set theory you will be able to understand the mach engine with regards the maths, degrees and methodology as I intend to explain. Also to understand Topology and Stone Space will help to explain why its important to grasp new technologies. Yes climate change is occurring but its not entirely by human activity. Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. Andrea have you accessed Old Quantum Theory, Wikipedia, Hydrogen Atom Sommerfeld model. Also I have just turned up Fine Structure Constant which I feel is important to virtual particles. I hope to post this information soon.

  892. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I read about the “Old Quantum Mechanic” euristic experimentations.

  893. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You write that you are “planning to see QX as the first industrial Ecat product”; why not to add some SK in combination?
    Viktor Shipachev

  894. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    This depends if the Ecat QX will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  895. Chuck Davis

    @Joseph Fine:
    Graphene is even more conductive than diamonds and much cheaper,
    Cheers
    Chuck Davis

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Martin Pietsch

    Hello Mr Rossi,
    how many Ecats of what size will you build for your customers at this time?

    What is the status of the production site and are there already pictures of it?

    Thank you so much,
    Martin

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Pietsch:
    1- at this time none is yet under construction
    2- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Diamond has very high thermal conductivity, about 5 times higher than copper. However, Diamond is expensive.

    Enriched 12C (or C-12) isotopically pure Diamond is even more expensive but has even higher thermal conductivity.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopically_pure_diamond

    Boron Arsenide, a compound developed at the University of Houston, has about half the thermal conductivity of Diamond, but at much less cost.

    https://phys.org/news/2018-07-upend-conventional-wisdom-thermal.html

    You may find this material useful.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  900. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Did you spam my last reply, its ok if you did but have experienced problems with my computer regarding collaborations. Regards Eric Ashworth

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I did not spam it. Please send it again,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on all the latest advancements. The decision to sell heat and not E-cats is brilliant. I’m looking forward to the start of the industrialization. Will the components be hand made or are the robots ready?

    Thank you
    Bernie Morrissey

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    The industrial production has not been started yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have any governmental entities, domestic or foreign, expressed interest in being a customer for your heat?
    Regards,
    Iggy

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I would like to comment on your comments to Mr. Paoli. I recall that I am not a physicist and that my understanding of the nuclear reactions is VERY VERY limited.
    I remember the controversy over the work of Dr. Fleishmann and Dr. Pons rejected by the scientific community because it did not fit with quantum theory. Although this is true, it is not because the experiment does not obey the theory, however solid, that the work of Dr. Fleishmann and Dr. Pons should be rejected. However doubts were allowed at the time. The experiment could not be reproduced either by an independent laboratory or by the authors themselves who stopped their work for lack of funding.
    It was not until an extraordinary person was convinced that things in the field that were not yet explained by the theory could be dispensed with.
    It is possible that your effect falls within the framework of the current theory, which seems to be your belief. It is also possible that the Rossi effect obeys something of which the much larger whole would integrate the current quantum theory.
    All my support for your current and future work
    Best regards

    My crystal ball plans a FRANCE – SWEDEN in World Cup final

    Raffaele

  907. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I was hoping your crystal ball to be right, but it has not been so…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  908. CC

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    How much time do you think will it take to obtain the licence and authorization from the states to install and start up the Ecats?
    CC

  909. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I have been told it will not be long, provided are respected all the regulations in terms of safety and only certified components are used: so told me the certified engineer that is preparing the papers for a Customer we will have to supply the plant to. In general, it will depend also on the locations.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  910. Raffaele

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have Ecat plants to sell heat already been installed in some industry or facility of any client?

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele:
    No. As I said , I hope we will start out industrialization within December-January, but I still do not have a certainty of this. We still have to work on the preparation of the Ecats, besides, before installing a plant, there will be the necessity to get the licenses along the laws of the sites where our Clients are. Anyway I realistically can hope we will start by January 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  912. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Just a curiosity: does your team include also a Florida State certified engineer?

  913. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, he is an engineer from the University of Florida and served as engineer in the US Navy for many years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  914. Rudolf Mainz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are in the USA necessary authorizations to install the Ecat plants in industries and sell heat?

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf Mainz:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the further details about the visit of the Florida inspectors. When you say that they came to ‘control our 1 MW Ecat’ does that mean that they interrupted your own work and did their own testing of the plant, or did they simply take measurements when you were operating it?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  917. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    They did not interrupt our work and they did not test the plant, their duty was to make the measurement of radiations while the plant was working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  918. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    ITERnity: a game-changer that isn’t changing the game for now.

    But ITERnity is also a story of the people’s deception through the mainstream media. In the belief that “someone very scientific and expensive” is working on the right solution in the long term, we do not have to worry, and everyone can be quietly engaged in his own business.

    Recently I watched the movie: Star Wars, The Last Jedi. Something I thought to be impossible, really happened in that movie: The starcruisers… ran out of fuel !!!
    I am disappointed with the lack of vision among Sci-Fi writers. A future with inexhaustible energy sources was thus the main theme of our education. And now this. :-( Poor children of ours: No bright future for you !

    E-Cat, E-Cat SSM, Hot-Cat, E-Cat QX, E-Cat SK: Changing all kinds of games while keeping most players around the table.

    Sometimes we’re allowed to do good, but only if we promise not to do better for a while.
    I believe that the SK-version or its derivatives will fit very well in drones with laser-gun capacity to incinerate our hair or burn holes in our skin from out of the sky. And they never run out of ammunition.
    There will be a market for this. It does not have to be cheap and simple at all.

    I hope everything goes well. With you and your team and their families and also your customers. It never was easy.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    You know why ITERnity field doesn’t change the game? Because it is confined in the political EATERnity fundamental field by strong forces.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Yoshi

    Dr Rossi,

    looks like another power source the > ThorCon Molten Salt Reactor
    can be safer safe and scalable to 100 GW — within a decade —

    https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/07/thorcon-molten-salt-reactor-can-be-safer-safe-and-scalable-to-100-gw-within-a-decade.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Yoshi:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Leda

    Dear Andrea,
    reading about the titanic expenses for the hot fusion it is more easy to perceive that if you really will arrive to the industrialization of the Ecat by the time you indicated it will be something similar to a miraculous event. I really wish you to succeed for us all and also because you merit it for your perseverance, courage, dedication. I didn’t say ingenuity, because it is obvious.
    A big hug from a follower,
    Leda

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Leda:
    Thank you for your kind words and for the attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that the emissions of the E-Cat have been thoroughly measured by the specialized officers of the Healthcare Office of Florida. Can you tell us some more about when these officers visited, and the circumstances of their visit?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The team of the Healthcare Office of Florida specialized in Ionizing Radiations Measurements arrived unexpectedly to control our 1 MW Ecat while it was performing its performance test in Doral, Florida, at the beginning of February 2016. They wanted to verify if during the operation of the Ecat any ionizing radiation was emitted outside the reactors. They made a very thoroughly control with their instrumentation and at the end allowed us to continue to perform our work, because no irregularity related to the radiations emerged.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About your response to Paolo: now the Italian government has given to ENEA, a taxpayer funded parasitical institution whose R&D has never produced anything useful, 500 million euro to continue to work on the Eater: another “donut”?
    Cheers,
    CC

  927. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Another donut. I have been told they said the plant will be able to work within…30 years !!! ( Why I am not surprised? ) Add this to the sequel I answered Paolo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  928. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    You are right, it cannot penetate the skin, but it can pass through the skin porosity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your reply to paolo regarding hot fusion is full of information that many people are unaware of. Why not make a post that your readers can access whenever. Could be titled ‘A Costly Hot Fusion Nonsense’. This information does need broadcasting. Regards Eric Ashworth

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I agree. Papers on the issue are welcome on the Journal of the Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Kudos for your answer to Paolo. I agree with you.
    Nobody can deny that the probabilities of success of your technology are higher than the realization of the hot fusion. Besides, you cost nothing to the taxpayer.
    Godspeed,
    Roland

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the answer to Paolo, I totally agree with your comment to EATER!

    In your answer you also said: Tritium is one of the most dangerous isotopes existing.
    I have read somewhere that the radiation is very low and it could not penetrate the human skin.
    Could you explain this, please?

    Best regards

    Mats Heijkenskjold

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    The rate of dangerousness of the beta decay of Tritium and its cancerogenicity risk is obviously in function of the amount, that in a nuclear fusion generator at 150 million degrees of temperature would be huge. Tritium penetrates easily through the porosity of the skin and through nose, mouth, ears.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. Joseph Fine

    Mats Heijkenskjold

    Tritium decays to Helium-3, an electron and a anti-neutrino. (Beta decay)

    And the emitted electron energy averages only 5 keV. It cannot penetrate the skin but it is dangerous if inhaled. The half-life of tritium is only 12.3 years, so another good question would be why He-3 can be found at the site of volcano eruptions.

    http://www.radioactivity.eu.com/site/pages/Tritium.htm

    https://www.wired.com/2014/04/what-helium-can-tell-us-about-volcanoes/

    Joseph Fine

  936. Nyla Borowiak

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I totally agree with what you wrote in response to Paolo: at last somebody has the guts to say that the king is naked.
    Godspeed for your intense work.
    Cheers
    Nyla

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Nyla Borowiak:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Maybe you will spam this and I would understand.
    Somebody is hinting that your strategy to sell heat and not plants is aimed to attract investors, hiding the fact that you will sell energy with a loss, but will get a lot of money from investors.
    Please spam, this is dangerous! I just wanted to warn you of what your enemies are saying.

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the warning.
    Let me say sound and clear:

    1- WE ARE NOT LOOKING FOR INVESTORS, BUT ONLY FOR CLIENTS. IT IS POSSIBLE SOME STRATEGICALLY IMPORTANT CUSTOMER WILL BE INVITED TO BECOME PARTNER , BUT THIS WILL HAPPEN AFTER THEY WILL HAVE USED OUR PLANTS FOR ENOUGH TIME TO GIVE TO THE PARTNERSHIP A FAIR VALUE BASED ON FACTS.
    2- WE ARE NOT GOING TO MAKE AN IPO BEFORE OUR TECHNOLOGY WILL BE WIDELY DIFFUSED IN THE MARKET WITH THOUSANDS OF ECAT PLANTS

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Since you provide all the capital and the customer only pays for the heat, how soon do you expect it will
    take for you (the supplier) to recoup your costs on an SK, assuming maximum continuous heat production?
    1- 3 months
    2- 6 months
    3- 1 year

    Regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Our business plan is confidential. Let me answer, though: soon enough, otherwise we’d incur in dangerous financial waters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    There is a buzz in the internet that your Ecat SK could have issues related to the radiations it could emit.
    Are you worried of this issue? Could your presentaton of the industrialized Ecat SK be jeopardized by it?
    Cheers
    Prof

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    We constantly measure all the radiations emitted by the Ecat. The emissions have also been thoroughly measured by the specialized officers of the Healthcare Office of Florida, that has a team of specialized agents for this specific purpose, as well as from Physics Professors specialized in such measurement and NEVER has been measured an excess of ionizing radiations beyond the background. This also is an indirect confirmation of the theoretical intuition Gullstrom and I are studying upon ( Carl-Oscar Gullstrom, nuclear physic from the University of Uppsala- you can find his lecture on Youtube whose link is also in our website http://www.ecat.com, or Google ” Youtube video Carl Oscar Gullstrom theoretical lecture of Ecat presentation Stockholm November 24 2017 “)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Paolo

    Recently I read that the hot fusion scientists foresee that their plant will start production within 30 years. Your opinion?
    Ciao e in bocca al lupo!
    Paolo

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:

    In 1950
    they said that surely within 20 years the hot fusion was going to be in regular production of energy.
    In 1959: my teacher of the elementary school, during a class research about from where electricity came, told us that the hot fusion was going to be the main source before we turned twenty ( I remember this well, because it impressed me ).
    In 1966
    I perfectly remember that in my high school ( Liceo Scientifico Alessandro Volta ) my text book of Physics taught me that within 30 years, even if later than expected, the nuclear hot fusion was going to be the main energy source for ever. My teacher of Physics, Prof Vezzoli, who, beside a Prof of Physics in a high school of Milan was also a senior researcher of the Montedison R&D laboratory, confirmed.
    In the seventies
    in a physics manual I had to study for an exam during my doctorate, there was written that within the nineties hot fusion would be a sure thing.
    In the eighties
    I read in a book of physics that surely by the year 2000 ( a magic number ) the plant named ITER would have the first operative hot fusion plant of the world.
    In the nineties
    Dr Fleishmann and Dr Pons have been character assassinated because after several months their theory had not been replicated.
    In 2001
    I read on the scientific page of the Italian newspaper Sole 24 Ore that the ITER was ready to be started up within twenty years
    After 2001
    until today the ITER ( now dubbed EATER from some ) reached 50 billion dollars of actualized combined financing from the taxpayers.

    As a matter of fact, all these steps had a common denominator: a Niagara falls of money time by time fallen on the pockets of a world that has not to account for the results of their expenses, with the excuse that their task is so important that any delay is ( and will remain for ever ) as unavoidable as death.
    In 2018 some guy, that I deem very talented in improvising funny questions, keeps asking me why, after 8 years of work totally self-financed, the Ecat is not yet for sale in the internet and in the shelves and, to add fun to fun, warns me that this delay is feeding scepticism.
    The real source of envy I feel for the hot-fusionists is that they delay always, 70 years since, the target to become operative with the plant beyond the expected term of their jobs, so whatever will happen, they will never have to respond of what they do with the money of others, while I have to respond of what I do, putting my life AND my money on the stakes, with the responsibility to do it before I die.
    They say that the LENR are impossible because of the Coulombian forces, but it is nuclear Physics archeology, based on theoretical concepts of the fifties, before consolidated and replicated phenomenons of tunnel effect and before big cracks have been put in evidence about incongruences. In nuclear Physics the last revolution has been made by Enrico Fermi, in the thirties…after that has been just made particles accounting cracking down already known nuts to see what is inside, but if you look only in the nut, always the same nut, you do not see what is outside the nut, albeit you sure become a nuttologist of that specific nut. Until somebody says: ” Hey, guy, look outside the nut…there is a lot of dark things, why don’t we turn on the light, so they will be no more dark?”
    Dark matter is a mental masturbation that means ‘ matter we understood nothing of because our models are limited’. I am studying my effect and I am all the more convinced that the temperature we are reaching raises waves we have not a model of and the energy we are producing comes from annihilaton of virtual waves, this explaining why we do not generate ionizing radiations that have the energy to exit the reactor during their life ( probably 10^-23 s )after which they are thermalized.
    But, they say, this is “IMPOSSIBLE” , like the title of the book ” An Impossible Invention ” of my friend Mats Lewan, a scientific journalist and a chemical Engineer from one of the most important universities of Sweden; what is, then possible in the hot fusion system? What is that these Gurus of the real and sole shared science and technology deem POSSIBLE? Here are some cherrypicked highlights:
    1: ” we will reach 150 million Celsius degrees, but the container ( with involuntary irony dubbed ‘ the donut ‘ ) will not boil out in fractions of seconds because of few inches of a magnetic field that will be induced by current between the 150 million degrees plasma and the ceramic insulation of the torus ( the donut ). When Prof Sergio Focardi and I finished to read this , after our laughs faded, we calculated that the probability to maintain stable such a magnetic field to protect permanently- as my friend Orsobubu, who is invited, would say- and uniformly is around 10^-23. When a shared-certification-qualified scientist tells you that this magnetic field is doable, he says a thing that he surely knows is impossible ( that for true ).
    2- “The hot fusion is the most environmentally friendly energy source, because it does not use radioactive materials”. As a matter of fact, this is not just a stupidity: it is a blatant deception, taking advantage of the fact that the non students of the matter cannot know what follows: it is true that the hot fusion is made with non radioactive materials, but it is also true that it PRODUCES very radioactive materials, like tritium, a hydrogen isotope that does not exist in nature, but is produced in the nuclear fission power plants, together with plutonium. Tritium is one of the most dangerous isotopes existing, more dangerous than Uranium 235 ( the bomb grade uranium ), due to its relatively short emilife, which implies strong radiations. It plays a key role in fusion bombs.
    3- ” A hot fusion power plant is not dangerous because it does not work with radioactive materials”: just read again the point 2.
    Why do intelligent and educated scientists and politics say these false things? Come on…THE DONUT OF THE EATER ( PARDON, ITER )!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Peter

    Dear Rossi:
    I sent by email to the address you gave us the request to be invited to the presentation of the industrialized Ecat. By the way, will it be possible to come to the site of the event and ask permission to enter?
    Thank you,
    Peter

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    No, it will not be possible. At the entrance of the site the security will check that every attendant has the pass. The pass will have to be shown together with a photo ID, for the US citizens, or a passport for non US citizens. Every pass reports the name of the person invited and cannot be transfered to other persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andréa Rossi

    The SK R & D gives excellent results which means that soon you will have many possibilities in the development of boilers with very different applications in the industry. You will surely be interested in the companies producing electricity that will turn the steam into electrical energy.
    Do you already have electric customers in your pre-order book?
    What maximum power do you expect to achieve with a SK boiler?
    Have you planned an IPO in 2019?

    All my support for your work and all my wishes of success for the industrial boiler SK.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are not yet in contact with power providers. Also the SK modules, as well as the QX, can be combined theoretically limitless. I do not think we will make an IPO in 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Am I correct in understanding that you intend to supply the equipment to your customers and charge them for the power produced. Also you will have trained installation/service technicians to oversee operations. The E-Cats will require replenishments of hydrogen, will this be supplied by existing gas suppliers in the industry or will it be manufactured on site by electrolysis at a sustainable rate.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    We will install and serve the necessary maintainance and will invoice the heat.
    We also will provide to the charge. The operation will be made from our headquarters in Miami.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand that during the presentation of the industrialized Ecat you will turn it on, correct? Will the presentation be streamed ?
    JPR

  953. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I would like to turn it on, just to give the flavor of it.
    Yes, the presentation will be streamed in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. W.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have received your invitation to attend the presentation of the industrialized Ecat SX and again I want to thank you.
    Just a suggestion: I suppose that to look at the SK could damage the eyes: will be enough to wear sunglasses?

  955. Andrea Rossi

    W.:
    No, sunglasses do not protect even a bit.
    The light irradiated is very strong. We will supply to the attendants masks with protection 14. To look at the light of the Ecat SK without this protection is very dangerous for the eyes, even for several seconds.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the success of the recent SK test, and the many advantages it has over the QX, are you still planning to have the QX as the first industrial E-Cat product?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe they will be presented together, but they are two different things for two different kind of employment: the SK cannot be employed for ratings below 100 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. Preston Croman

    Dear Andrea,
    The real core of the SK, I mean the point in which the energy is generated, which external surface has?

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Preston Croman:
    The surface is very small.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    and you are still convinced that your effect could be generated by the annihilation of virtual particles that have the same temperature of the field of the reactor?

  961. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. David

       Dear Andrea Rossi
    Can you explain what is the Lorenz force and if is present in the Ecat?

  963. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    F= qE+qv*B
    where:
    F= Lorenz force
    q=charge of the particle
    v=velocity of the particle
    E=electric field value
    B=magnetic field value
    Surely the Lorenz force is among the forces that operate in the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is still going on your theoretical research with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom?

  965. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  966. Anonymous

    How much time will take to your customers to pay back the Ecat?

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    the Customers will pay the heat, not the Ecats.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  968. K.F.

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain the ratio bwtween the volume of the reactor of the QX and of the SK?

  969. Andrea Rossi

    K.F.:
    QX:SQ=1:10
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  970. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So are the advantages of the SK over the QX:

    1. Much higher power density?
    2. More economical for Leonardo to manufacture?
    3. Higher temperatures?
    4. Higher COP?
    5. Energy less expensive for customers?
    6. Easier to incorporate into products such as engines

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- at parity of power, yes
    3- yes
    4- no
    5- yes
    6- easier to incorporate in gas turbines
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that your recent innovations and successes with the SK systems will lead to new patent applications?

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  973. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your explanation. So would there be any reason for a customer wanting a minimum power of 100 kW to choose the QX over the SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  975. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Above the 100 kW of rating the SK is much smaller.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  976. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing your test results with us.

    Did the SK dimensions reduce with the new model?

    Were any thrust measurements made?

    Astonishing results!

    Tom

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From what you are reporting about the SK testing, I am very much looking forward now to seeing its presentation.

    It sounds like you will probably have two products for sale (SK and QX)

    1) Why would a customer choose an E-Cat QX instead of an SK?
    2) Why would a customer choose an SK instead of a QX?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is a matter of power.
    SK means 100 kW modules, QX means 1 kW modules.
    We will choose the more appropriate assemblies for the Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Mr XSO:
    As soon as we will have an organization in Russia, where our patent has already been granted and I am very proud of it.
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Mister XSO

    Good day.
    When and how can I buy your clean energy in Russia?
    Mister XSO

  982. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We sincerely congratulate you on the next great success and sincerely wish you the speedy commercialization of your breakthrough technology.

    With the warmest feelings,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    I am honoured of your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations for progress.
    I also want to say that the names you have chosen (QX and SK) sound good to me. To me, those four letters are like a minimalist piece of art, they and their interrelationships tell a multi-level story about the development history and applicability of the devices.
    regards, /pekka

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I agree, they evoke a long story.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Morgan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does what you said about the last test of the Ecat SK mean that when you will make the presentation also the SK will be on course of serial manufacturing?

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Morgan:
    Probably.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Congratulations on your succesful SK test.
    Your past race running was mentioned.
    Here is a link to a video about an unbelievable race.

    http://osiyo.tv/segments/andy-payne-and-the-great-american-footrace-of-1928/

    Regards
    Sam

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me be one of the first to congratulate you and your team with the successful tests!
    1. Can you tell a bit of what was tested on the SK?
    2. You said you think it will be ‘presented’. Do you mean you will publicly present more details of the SK in the near future?
    3. About the 1MW QX demonstration next year. How will you get rid of this 1 MW? You will need more than a bucket of water!
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

    PS. Your junior record 24h running is still not beaten after 48 years? You must have used an SK type of advanced drugs!

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we tested a version very close to the industrialization and it did not show any trouble in a long test, besides I had confirmation of the validity of an intuition that simplify remarkably the SK system.
    2- We will probably present both the QX and the SK
    3- see point 2. We cannot present in a conference room a 1 MW plant, as you correctly note.
    4- I obviously I have been controlled with the antidoping test and obviously it resulted negative. To get dope is the most stupid thing an athlete can do.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  992. Gino

    Dear Andrea
    I am really impressed by the progress you made. So at this point it is not impossible to see the Ecat SK at the presentation of the industrialized Ecat?
    Godspeed

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    I can say that now I think it is possible, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar ?”
    1- no
    2- both: QX for low power, SK for high power
    3- many fundamental scientific suggestions, mainly regarding the use of Li
    4- yes
    5- the main thought was ‘Now that I told I would succeed, I have to succeed”.
    I succeeded and you know what it does mean. My juniores world record, made in 1970, has still to be beaten. I suspect it is because it is ot easy to find a 19 years old enough crazy to make such a thing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. "Jag bara undrar?"

    Dear Andrea

    1) 2009 did you meet DOE and DOD and now you write that no industrial plant will be ready before 2019. Is there any connection?

    2) Where do you see the future? QX or SK?

    3) When you have been to Stockholm and met Sven Kullander several years ago. I understand that it was “spinning” of thoughts when you go home. Will you ever reveal what he said to you?

    4) Do you think SK understood that he contributed something for you? (with the knowledge you already had)

    5) I have personal experience to run and win 24H race. How did your thoughts go during your races?

    Best regards

    Jag bara undrar?

  996. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Were you happy with the results of the tests this week?
    2. Will you provide details of the cost of energy per kWh at te presentation of te industrial Ecat?
    3. Do you still think that you can deliver an industrial Ecat end of this year?
    4. Will the demo-plant have an output level of 1 MW?
    5. Have you already started building it?
    Thank you and kind regards, Gerard

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- I just finished now the test with the SK.
    I am trembling for the emotion.
    Probably we will present it.
    We made enormous progress in the last several weeks.
    The test has been not good. The test has been great.
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- yes for the QX, no for the SX
    5- after the test of today we will start tomorrow, even id it is Sunday, the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, un problema impellente del Ministro Luigi Di Maio (e della nuova proprietà) è la decarbonizzazione del processo produttivo degli impianti siderurgici dell’ILVA di Taranto, responsabili del grave inquinamento della città e conseguentemente di molte delle gravi malattie che affliggono i suoi abitanti. Come forse saprà Di Maio in passato firmò un’interrogazione parlamentare in sostegno delle LENR per cui sarebbe interessante se Lei (ove mai ritenesse l’e-cat adatto per quell’impiego) contattasse lo Staff del Ministro per sottoporre al suo giudizio questa rivoluzionaria soluzione tecnica, certo di essere preso nella dovuta considerazione.
    Sarebbe davvero meraviglioso se la Sua Invenzione contribuisse a risolvere questo annoso problema che affligge una parte dell’Italia e che ha causato tante vittime.
    Cordiali saluti.
    Synopsis: Why do not you propose to the Italian Government your technology for to reduce pollution at the ILVA of Taranto?

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    We respond to all the entities that are making requests of our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    At the presentation if the industrialized Ecat will you also show one in operation?

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Good answer to Thomas Floreck Regards Eric Ashworth No Need to publish.

  1003. “At the moment we are dealing only with the highest echelons..”

    The Pope wants to use an E-cat?

    :-)

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    His Sanctity does not need it, he is warmed by the love of the People.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. Dear Andrea,
    Some time ago, someone mentioned the production of hydrogen by so-called sulfur-iodine cycle. The cycle is explained in its wikipedia page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur%E2%80%93iodine_cycle . The highest process temperature seems to be 830C. The page mentioned challenges to find materials to resist corrosion. The process seems to be at R&D stage, not ready.
    It’s something to be aware of, but if I were you, I would concentrate on producing heat and let the customer do what he wants with it. As you have said you are doing.
    regards, /pekka

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I agree.
    Thanks for the information, though. I always publish also information that is not connected with my actual field of focus, hoping such infotmation could be useful also for some of our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    You said that the customers you are dealing with belong to the highest industrial echelons: are they all listed in a stock exchange?
    Cheers
    CC

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Oystein Lande

    Dear mr.Rossi,

    A suggestion: you should look into heat assisted electrolysis of water/steam to produce Hydrogen.

    High H2 energy efficiencies may be acheived by supplying heat to the electrolysis process.

    If the truck Company Nikola is successful, they will need a lot of hydrogen for truck fuel.

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Oystein Lande:
    I know the issue, made many experiments on it when I was working in the field of fuel from wastes in the eighties. The separation is not convenient, costs more energy than it yelds, as far as I experienced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Cooke:
    Answers:
    1. so far it is confidential
    2. so far it is confidential
    3. we will bill the heat at a fee that will include all
    4. to be invited, please send an email to info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1012. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I find your lofty desire to couple an eCat SK 100kW reactor with a gas turbine engine interesting. I have a Chevy Volt and the online specifications suggest somewhere around 31 to 34 kWhr are required to travel 100 miles. The large gas turbines are reportedly approaching 60% efficiency in conversion of thermal energy to electrical energy. No doubt, smaller gas turbines to electrical generation will have lower efficiency.

    The Chevy Volt has a battery with range extending gasoline power generator. I used the car on a trip to and from Florida from New Hampshire. My range on a fully charge is between 29 and 40 miles, depending on the outside temperature (it affects charging).

    Assumptions:

    1. Assume a conservative thermal to electricity efficiency of 30%.
    2. 100 kW thermal output eCat SK
    3. Long distance drive (e.g. New Hampshire to Florida — ~1,300 miles) with a maximum speed of 70 mph.
    4. 31 kWhr = 100 miles of travel

    Question: would a 100kW eCat SK be able to continuously power my Chevy Volt for a long trip?

    Average Energy required per hour of travel = 31 kWhr / 100 miles * 70 mph * 1 hour = 21.7 kWhr
    Required eCat to Gas Turbine electrical production efficiency = 1 hour * 21.7 kWhr / 100kW (eCat SK thermal output) = 21.7%

    Since the assumed efficiency is greater than the minimum required efficiency, the eCat SK could either be run at a reduced output level, or the excess energy could be used to recharge a partially deleted onboard battery.

    In this case the massive battery of the Chevy Volt would be used to provide the input power to the eCat SK, which is assumed to have a very high effective COP.

    Note: other electric cars have different but similar energy requirements. If we added the assumption of a rest stop every 2 – 4 hours (people need these stops for food, etc.), the eCat SK could still be running and charging the onboard battery during the stops.

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The calculations are more complex and we are not ready to enter in these fields.
    We are at a much preliminar status, which is to measure the power of the Ecat SX and the COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1014. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the external control of the Ecat devices over the internet. I wonder if you could answer a couple of questions I have with out getting in to the specifics details, which I understand you would want to keep close at the moment.

    I have been wondering about the type of control at its implementation, its robustness and reactivity to control interruptions.

    1. Is the connection needed for real-time (or “near real-time (NRT)” control) in closed loop?

    1a In this case I suppose any break in the signal would result in a fairly quick shut down of the device perhaps with some thermal or SSM Inertia . Would this be seconds, minutes hours?

    I understand that some closed loop systems of very sensitive systems like this can be very complex especially if RT or NRT is required.

    2. Or is the connection needed for intermittent communication? For example of encrypted “control time lines” of commands operations or procedures that execute over a certain duration that are then executed in the device? If so this could be robust to breaks in communication, yet still allow control from the external source.

    2a in this case would the control loop allow operation of minutes hours or days with a break in the communication?
    2b or is it configurable depending on the application and security of the client?

    This could be useful to know for industries that need to take these considerations and constraints into account with the start up and use of back up systems in case they are needed. For example Option 2 would possibly allow an 1 hour start up of their backup system with out a break in there heat supply.

    3. Would there be a business model regarding the control aspect of the device? For example could the device it self be very cheap but the control it self require a monthly fee? A bit like the monthly fees for an application fon the internet?

    Good luck to you your team and you partners with the progress.

    Are you still open to applications for the event in January by the way? If I can I’d like to come and meet you, your team and the E-Cat but I understand your constraints.

  1015. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In our recent interview you said that by the end of June you would have made a final decision on whether to go ahead with the QX industrialization. Has that decision been made yet, and if so, what did you decide?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    As I said, at the end of June: tomorrow and the day after tomorrow will be crucial for our experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I wish you all the best in dealing with the highest echelons of the industrial world because as you are aware this is where the power exists. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    power of new fire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I am attempting to keep my posts as short as possible while trying to explain my embodied technology and how I feel it is closely associated with yours. I believe, both these technologies are required to open a new understanding in physics.
    Further to my previous comments regarding the described Linear Propulsion Mechanism (LPM) and my reference to how geometry and mathematics comes from an understanding of energy. If a base understanding is comprehended with regards a physical interaction I see no reason why a virtual particle interaction cannot be comprehended so as to understand the auxiliary engine (Mach’s principle and Impulse engine) that is a requirement for propulsion outside of the Earths atmosphere. Maths and technique to follow at a later date. An important aspect of the understanding is that there are four dimensions with an ever present fifth, this being what is referred to as dark matter which has the weakest bond with regards matter. Plasma being a considerably thicker medium and one of the four dimensions. I am guessing but LENRs rely upon four dimensions of substance. Two substances form a structure with an exterior electro magnetic field, two other substances do the same, one is positive and one is negative and so too are their electro magnetic fields that combine and form flux tubes and from which virtual particles are emitted (this reaction happens at the nano level and is gravity activated). These four are in binary systems and therefore form a structure between which is a manufactured electro magnetic field interaction because of the positivity and negativity of each binary system in close proximity. The Earth being one such binary system. Maybe LENRs require an added stimulation to get the reaction going. Once the reaction starts between these two binary structures flux tubes will become evident and with them virtual particles a product of the produced plasma manufactured from hydrogen. Plasma as is known can be observed over the hemispheres as it is drawn into the Earth (volume on the south, size on the north) to be reconstituted into hydrogen i.e. plasma with a mass defect due to the Earths ‘Empty Set’ central position. I also believe the atom is a four particle set-up (a particle is a binary system of two neutrinos i.e. eight neutrinos in all) and so too is the neutron which is more tightly bound due to its position of manufacture i.e. closer in to the central ‘Empty Set’. Thereby eight quarks, sixteen neutrinos of two structures. Four is the required number to provide a mass defect of 50% in an interacting spiral format (the proton is a loose spiral whereas the neutron is a tight spiral (neutron formed before proton). The neutron contains more density/mass defect than the proton. The embodiment of the LPM is based upon a simple principle that can be reflected by design into an auxiliary Mach engine that produces virtual particles i.e. not absolute EVOs. My previous posts have dealt with dark matter being neutrinos in a binary system of very weak structure. This subject is vast and complex so this I intend as its introduction. The mathematics is based upon the creation of four dimensions of substance density, these being solid – liquid – gas – plasma that combine, in the plasma set, to form a four dimensional structure comprised of four densities that continue to navigate through three more ‘sets’ that are separated by three minor ‘ sets’. The final ‘End Set’ being central position of the overriding structure creates EVOs from the structure that partially destroys the structure/mount on its first pass by mass defect. Descending in from an event horizon, the first ‘Set’ contains four dimensions of plasma i.e. loose to thick as it comes into structure. The next ‘Set’ is the gas in its four dimensions, each dimension contributing to a density that corresponds from plasma to solid. The third ‘Set’ is the liquid with its four dimensions of density. At the fourth ‘Set’ the four dimensional structure enters the final solid ‘Set’ and continues to fuse down increasing its size dimension by mass defect and thereby increasing its volume dimension i.e. its positivity and negativity in unison. An event horizon represents the negativity of a structure. The central position ‘Empty Set’ finalizes the planck length. The structure thereby becomes a solid dead body minus two of its four dimensions. This is no doubt confusing so I shall use geometry to further explain. The ‘linear propulsion mechanism (LPM) was designed upon a four dimension integral structure with regards the triangle/pyramid the circle/sphere and the square/cube. The four dimensions within each ‘Set’ represent minor phase changes of the created four dimensional structure. These phase changes represent the transition within each ‘Set’, therefor 16 transitions happening simultaneously within the overriding structure that contains four pyramids. To visualize The formation of a planet view a flux tube on an event horizon (pyramid apex in) of a cubic neutral. The flux tube is between two huge structures, one positive and one negative in a quasi gravitational position. The two structures form a union on their event horizons. At the central position of this union is the ‘End Set’ being the inner most major point of gravity of the cube. Plasma spirals out via gates/‘Sets’ and one major central gate/‘End Set’ of the cube and circulates to the base of each pyramid being the event horizon (apex inner most positive position, resting on the inner ‘Empty Set’. To circulate, the plasma has to do four ninety degree turns on a helical trajectory i.e. it has to negotiate four flats being the pyramids negative base. Consequently each trajectory ascends the pyramid by gravitational forces between the ‘Sets’. Each flat induces more mass defect of the structure within a ‘Set’ of four as it ascends the pyramid and each flat represents one of the four dimensions i.e. plasma, gas, liquid, solid. Then a major transition occurs as the structure leaves the positive zone of one’Set’ and enters the negative zone of the next ‘Set’ as it crosses a minor ‘Set’ i.e. gravity value, gains mass defect and ascends the pyramid. The structure contains gravity by spin and density by traversing through ‘Sets’. Thereby its last position in one ‘Set’ becomes its first position in its next ‘Set’ as it continues to ascend to the apex of the pyramid which is actually a descent into the central position of the cube. The neutral position between these four ‘Sets’ i.e. crossover from the gas ‘Set’ into the liquid ‘Set’ represents the major cross over whereby the consciousness in the lower pyramid is transformed into a degree of intelligence in the higher section and of course the pre history of the planet becomes extinct due to a major evolutionary transition of energy. This phenomena because of distance travelled and everlasting zones allows time travel to be an available phenomena, not as some people think i.e. visiting deceased relatives, but being able to visit an era that is less intelligent i.e. one that we have previously passed through. The zones could be said to be the theatres and the planets the stages upon which activities exist. I will try to attempt to explain more about the L.P.M., its purpose and how these dimensions are brought into being and the geometry and maths required later, too confusing now. I believe, LENRs is a division of this technology. I have just described one flux tube but there are actually four flux tubes to a system i.e. four apexes at the central position and four square bases that form a cube. The LPM is based upon the four model system. The liquid and solid ‘Sets represent the neutron of the cube and the plasma and the gas ‘Sets represent the proton of the cube. Think of the cube as a metropolis with three gates/‘Sets’ that have to be traversed within each pyramid to reach the ‘End Set’. Thereby four pyramids/suburbs, twelve gates but thirteen in all if you include the ‘End Set’ towards which all structures eventually gravitate. This is an activity of the overriding cube but this activity is reflected within and between the minor ‘Sets’ due to the suburbs eventually becoming more integrated further up within each pyramid. Thereby if you have a negative planet a neutral planet and positive planet you have two ‘Sets’ and twelve phase changes. In the neutral position midway is a situation that requires a balancing act between six and six which represents a neutral cube. The overriding cube within which the four pyramids sit, is midway between two huge field charges i.e. in their event horizons. Too much information defeats its purpose therefore I shall provide more at a later date. Hope this is not too confusing. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Wilber Averhart

    Dear Andrea,
    I suppose you are already in advanced status with the development of agreements to supply heat, after your announcement that the deals are open. Curiosity: which is the average dimensions of the companies you are mainly engaged with?
    Godspeed,
    W.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Wilber Averhart:
    At the moment we are dealing only with the highest echelons of the industrial world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Anonymous

    Hi Rossi
    I think that all the Ecat stuff is only a hoax.

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Dear Andrea,
    While designing the E-cat to require Internet, if I were you, I would make it so that the Internet feature can be quickly removed from the products, should the business environment change. It may happen after some time that someone reverse-engineers it, or develops his own product which he sells cheaper because it has no need for network. It seems to me that to the E-cat, the Internet is a “good servant but bad master.”
    regards, /pekka

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    We have very good brains working on this issue. Believe me, reverse engineering will be very, very difficult and the entities that could be able to make it belong to so high echelons, that surely have better to do than reverse the engineering of the Ecat, QX or SX as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did I understand well that the dimension of the Ecat QX is still the same of the prototype shown on youtube Ecat demonstration in Stockholm Nov 24 2017?

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, the difference is that the prototype shown in Stockholm yelded a power of 20 W, the industrialized Ecat QX yelds 1 kW
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Please continue to concentrate your effort to produce heat.
    There will be millions of eager engineers, businesses and energy users that will grasp all the possibilities a heat-source as the E-Cat may open.
    The R&D of the E-Cat is what they and the world now need.
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Honestly, I do not see the point, though.” to a question about closed loop electrical generation.

    I was around for the 1965 electrical power outage. The electrical generation plants had no means of starting up from a cold start without externally supplied electricity. When the entire electrical grid was down, they could not restart.

    If you are going to design or integrate your system into an electrical generation plant (in the future or now), don’t forget the lessons learned from the past.

    You mentioned again the safety issue. It seems like a Red Herring issue to me. Are you saying there is an intrinsic problem with the eCat technology that precludes it from operating from the power it generates (heat or electricity)?

    What about an eCat powered jet aircraft using eCat technology to produce the heat for the jet engines? In that application, the aircraft generators are powered from the jet engines. The aircraft electrical power comes from the jet engines and, conceivably, would control the eCat operation. In that class of applications, you will need to be isolated from the national electrical grid (or have a very long power cord – LOL). Same issue associated with marine propulsion. I think this a valid issue and should not be so easily dismissed by the wave of the hand and saying it is a “safety issue”.

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The external source of electric power can be a series of batteries.
    In case of internet blackout a backup energy generator is fundamental.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. Hi all:

    Regular readers of this blog may recall that several months ago there were a few posts here seemingly attempting to promote investment in Bitcoin and other blockchain entities.

    In that regard the following chart may help place those discussions in perspective.

    http://bigcharts.marketwatch.com/advchart/frames/frames.asp?symb=GBTC&insttype=Stock

    Rodney.

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the information.
    I already expressed my opinion on the matter, it did not change.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Gennady

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I saw the discussion and your answers regarding closing loop in the eCat by bringing some of the heat produced as an input into eCat. I spoke about it with my wife who is a mechanical engineer and designed largest power and cogeneration stations from LA to Buenos Aires to Taipei and Tokyo. She told me that there is always a way to route part of the heat produced to various parts of the system. Can you elaborate on what prevents eCat to do the same?

    Kind Regards,

    Gennady

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Probably there is a misunderstanding: we produce heat, not electricity and the Ecat needs an external source of electricity, not heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Giuliano

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I know you are focused on the industrialization of the Ecat, but are you following the soccer world championship? Which team are you hoping will win?
    Cheers
    Giuliano

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano:
    He,he,he…Yes, I am following a bit. I hope Sweden will win.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. SK

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going the day with the Ecat SK test?

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    SK:
    Today has been a very good day and we are making a strong progress.
    At the end of this week I will have fundamental information to go on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. Stefano

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you already couple any Ecat with a genset or an electric power generator?
    All the best,
    Stefano

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Stefano:
    Only for short time, far from a possibility of a real application. Now we are focused only on heat production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “As I always said, an external power source is necessary and to measure its consume is always possible.”

    Yes, you have been consistent in your statement to that effect. However, there are repeated questions by different people as to why a self-contained eCat electrical power generation is not possible.

    In the past you have suggested that a safety requirement is what precludes the possibility. That it might be possible for an eCat feeding its own power back to itself could become unstable in its operation, and shut-down.

    I believe what you should explain, if you can do so without revealing confidential information, is why an eCat connected to an electrical generator of some type, could not siphon a small portion of the produced electrical energy into a storage medium (e.g. a battery or thermal storage unit) and then convert the stored energy back into electrical energy to supply the input to the eCat. The capacity of the storage unit could be so great as to isolate the output and input to an effective very long time constant, thus assuring stability.

    When the effective COP was 6 (many years ago), I could reason that system efficiencies could preclude that configuration. However, with reported COPs above 100, it seems that reason is no longer valid. Please clarify.

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    We cannot make a closed circuit with all the safety system and have not experience so far in the matter. So far we just make heat. Possibly in future the situation will change. Honestly, I do not see the point, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. B.R.

    Dear Andrea,
    How are going the tests on course with the SK in the USA?

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    B.R.:
    Very promising, with many correction on course, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If you are successful in combining your E-Cat SK with a turbo generator would you consider doing a demo where the E-Cat SK & turbo generator run for perhaps 24 Hours generating 10 KW without an external power connection?

    I know you believe that further demos are unnecessary, but a public demonstration of E-Cat based electrical power generation would be the world’s first, and even if it is not immediately accepted as proof of E-Cat capability in hindsight you will be recognized as the first one to achieve this great milestone.

    A streaming video of the demonstration with a few third party witnesses would be appropriate.

    Best Regards,

    Dan Galburt

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    As I always said, an external power source is necessary and to measure its consume is always possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1049. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here is interesting thread and comments
    about Retrofiting the SK.

    https://e-catworld.com/2018/06/23/rossi-now-retrofitting-a-gas-turbine-with-the-e-cat-sk/

    Regards
    Sam

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. Yrka

    We have a geographically separate heat station with gas boilers with a total capacity of 3000 MW. providing a small town with heat. (This is an average example, there are many objects of this type). This station is certainly an industrial enterprise. Industrial gas boilers are certified accordingly. Can we install, at the initial stage in addition to gas boilers, the installation of E-Cat?
    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    The certification of boilers for heating residential houses and heating of industrial premises does not differ. this is the same certificate.
    The production of heat for the technological needs of industrial enterprises can be significantly different and in each case we need our own, special parameters and this apparently can create additional difficulties. But this is beyond the scope of my activity.

    I can expect to purchase, on your terms, in the foreseeable future, an installation with a capacity of 1 – 3 MW. for use and testing in our environment?
    The heating season in our region (Siberia) begins in September and ends in May, ie. lasts 8 months, in the northern regions even longer.
    Good luck to you, I believe that you will win!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

    P.S. I took advantage of your offer and sent an application for an invitation.

  1052. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you for the information.
    Please send to info@leonardocorp1996.com your requests of offer.
    Certification processes work not as you say, domestic certification is different from industrial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1053. Alvin

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the important tests with the SK you cited yesterday already on course? If yes, where?
    Alvin

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    Alvin:
    Yes and here, in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Here’s an informative video also about turboshaft engines, aimed at producing shaft torque instead of thrust :

    Understanding Helicopter’s Engine | Turboshaft
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVjStAxMFEY

    Probably also a good match for the e-cat in the combustion chamber and an electric generator coupled on the shaft.

    I can’t wait to see an e-cat powered turbo(jet/prop/fan/shaft) in operation.

    Keep up (you and your team) the impressive work :)

    Torquy regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Rose

    @Lilly2:
    Dr Rossi has always said that he was not sure about succeeding to make the presentation within 2018 and, frankly, I do not see any difference if he makes it several weeks later. As a matter of fact, even if it will be further delayed we must understand that he is achieving something that thousands with immensely major financing have not been able to achieve and that therefore the difficulties this man is confronting with are enormous.
    What he is making is miraculous. Whatever the presentation date of the industrialized Ecat.
    All the best,
    Rose

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Rose:
    Thank you for the sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Michael S.

    Dear Andrea,

    In terms of social impact maybe a rugged small autonomous Ecat for subsaharan Africa would be really effective. I here join the interest of Raffaele Bongo.

    Actually 70-80% of the subsaharan population does not have acces to electricity. Smokey and smelly and thus health endangering Kerosine lamps are used for dim lightning. Charging of phones happens with solar batteries and generators, car or motorcycle.

    Over 80% of subsaharan population use firewood and charcoal for daily cooking and heating. It is responsible for 50% of deforestation and has therefore a huge impact on the African environment (draughts, desertification etc). See also :

    https://www.globalcitizen.org/fr/content/charcoal-africa-power-good-bad/

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8272603.stm

    NYTimes: Africa’s Charcoal Economy Is Cooking. The Trees Are Paying.
    https://nyti.ms/28YCpNN

    A small 1,5-2kw autonomous Ecat could give heat for cooking and shelter, give light (via glasfibers or electricity) and some electricity to charge a mobile phone and maybe also let work a small fridge or computer or small waterpump.

    Autonomy could maybe reached with a strong battery which gives power to start & and let function the Ecat and is recharged by it via I guess an inverter. If really needed because the electricity harvest from the ecat is to meager, a Solar panel could be added. Another idea could be a “starter” battery which can be shared, and smaller Nicad batteries for normal functioning one reaction is underway.

    Actually small solar panel kits are beeing marketed successfully in rural Africa ( http://www.mobisol.rw/rwanda/ ). These kits are basically composed of solar panel 250w, Ncad battery, a few 4w led bulbs, a few Usb slots. Payement happens via mobile money in monthly instalments and can be enforced because a simcard which monitors the installation can also shut it down in case of non payement. Its a great system but it does not adress the charcoil/cooking/heating issue – which the Ecat would. But these distribution companies do exist and it would be easy for them to switch over to Ecat since they are not manufacturers but system developers, assemblers & distributors.

    My question:
    1) could such a device be developped ? If there is 10% electricty generation presently possible and a serious cop over 20 it seems feasable…
    2) could it work without solar panel ?
    3) could light be harvested via glasfibers for interior lightening ?
    4) What kind of battery would be needed ? Lipo is quite expensive…

    Such device should, at least partially, be developed and built there in order to understand the needs, and allow expertise and a local industry to develop.

    All the best to you and your team in this critical next step which is the go to market of the industrial Ecat.

    Michael S.

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Michael S.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answers:
    1- theoretically yes
    2- yes, but there must be a power source
    3- I suppose so
    4- I am not a battery expert, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Blufin

    Hello Dr Rossi,

    World Gas Conference 2018 – happening right now in Washington DC
    still time to attend.

    https://wgc2018.com/

    Best

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Blufin:
    Thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you do your public E-Cat presentation, will we find out the identity of any partners or customers?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will depend on them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    May I again say “WOW!” to your current development accomplishments and achievements? Your results are off the chart, your research results and progress are increasing exponentially! I think you might be interested to know that while my 7 year old granddaughter stayed with us for an overnight this week, we viewed several current Netflix and Kid stuff TV shows, MOST OF WHICH FEATURED FUSION REACTORS! The dialog even informed the young viewing audience that the fusion technology would revolutionize the world, and help achieve “green” technology objectives and goals. Your work is the ONLY SOURCE that has made mainstream publications to inform the creators of these TV shows about LENR, so I think you are to be congratulated on your persistent efforts! You are escorting new energy resources into our economy, and even the kids will know what this means!

    Unbelievable progress with the gas turbine, and the concept to retrofit the SK 100 to power such a device. I am enthusiastic about the testing you talked about, and look forward to your comments about the result on the blog.

    While you were chatting with users the last couple of days, I researched gas turbines (jet engines, etc) and found several useful descriptions of this type of device. I am including an educational (for real, not a joke this time!) video for anybody that wants a simplified, short, introduction to gas turbines.

    Greetings also to Iggy, your posts over the last many years have been interesting.

    Cheers to your entire team!

    Tom

    The link below is not from Back to the Future, but from:
    Learn Engineering, Published this on YouTube on Jan 11, 2015.
    Title “Jet Engine, How it works”. It has had 7,477,131 views.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjiUUJdPGX0

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the information and for your permanent sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your reply to Micky Kovacs June 24th I find very interesting. I know nothing about Gluons but am I reading you correctly. From what I believe every structure no matter whether micro or macro exists because of a gravity value, I realize you may not agree on this. The gravity value produces a mass defect which on the sub atomic quark scale produces gluons between the quarks (the electro magnetic effect, I believe, is the event horizon of a structure). Could the gluon be a fleeting micro electro magnetic effect being on the micro scale?. You say you think that gluons are virtual particles and they very well could be because energy, I believe, replicates itself on all levels i.e. it runs to a base formulae that produces various effects with regards the specific interaction. I have not read up on the sub atomic level but I believe virtual particles require an interaction between two binary structures between which a gravity value exists of a magnitude that is dependent upon the two interacting structures and their event horizons. Ken Shoulders provided an interesting statement with regards EVOs. He said that the EVO is capable of shooting off its own mount which I interpret as a total destruction of the structure and that, I believe, eventually occurs at the absolute ‘End Set’ i.e. the inner most position of a gravitational system. Thereby virtual particles could in theory transform a neutron into a proton by a partial destruction. My own thoughts with regards LENRs relies upon two minor electro magnetic effects of two structures and from which a major electro magnetic effect is produced by an interaction between these two minors that produces virtual particles from the ionization of the hydrogen gas. I have always considered gravity to be the force of fusion and therefore the magnetic electro effect could be the force of fission. Could be totally wrong and, if so, would like to be corrected. I do believe that the JONP is a vital tool with regards the sharing of ideas.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Cecil

    Your definition and model of Color Charge is genial. I never found anything similar and surely it is not rigorous, but it works: it is in the andrearossish style, aimed to simplify difficult things. Obviously the result is not rigorous, but it works as a simple model for a very difficult and anti-intuitive issue. This is the way your brain works, and it is very interesting.
    All the best,
    Cecil

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Cecil:
    Well, thank you!
    As you said, such models are not rigorous and have only the scope to supply a model based on analogies that can help to understand. To be rigorous mathematic is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. J

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give me the manufacturer name of the oscilloscope you used during the convincing test made with the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24 2017?
    Cheers
    Juanita

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    J:
    Tektronics TBS 1052B Digital Oscilloscope
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We are very curious to know who is your partner.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    When possible, now it’s is under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Lilly2.0

    Mr Rossi:
    I want to inform you that your decision to delay the presentation of the product from December 2018 to January 2019 is strongly criticized from your detractors.

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Lilly2.0:
    First and foremost, I never said or wrote that I was sure to present the industrialized Ecat within the year 2018: I always said and wrote that I was hoping to.
    Second consideration: are you sure the delay of some week is important?
    Third consideration: I understand you are Italian from your email address, so let me say that quello che dicano o scrivano i nostri detrattori conta come il due di picche quando la briscola e’ a fiori ( translation: I don’t give a heck about the externations of our enemies ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your answer, now we know that you are working with turbines. In a gas turbine fuel is injected and ignited giving a pressure boast. I doubt just heating air can give enough pressure.
    The ideal gas law states that pV=nRT meaning if you double the temperature in K from 300 to 600 the pressure will double. If the temperature is 1500 K (1227 C) the pressure will only be 5 bars.
    Another possibility is to use a steam turbine.
    Siemens i Sweden are making different types of gas and steam turbines.
    https://www.siemens.com/global/en/home/products/energy/power-generation/steam-turbines.html#!/
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    We are making tests. Our delta T is much higher.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    As I understand you are working on a modified combustion engine, and heating air in the cylinder that will expand.
    For best efficiency you must then turn on/off the E-Cat SK several times per second, which might be difficult.

    A better method is to use a modified combustion engine with injectors. You can then heat the cylinder continously with the SK and and with a precise timing inject water into the cylinder. The water will instantly become steam and push the cylinder.

    Bruce Crower has built a 6 stroke engine, that is an ordinary 4-stroke combustion engine but added 2 more strokes where water is injected and by the heat that already is in the combustion chamber boils to steam.

    http://autoweek.com/article/car-news/inside-bruce-crowers-six-stroke-engine

    I think the ideal laboratory test engine for you would be a 2-stroke diesel engine with fuel injection. The SK heats the cylinders continously and water is injected instead of diesel. A diesel engine is better than a 2-stroke gasoline engine for water injection because
    of more precise injectors. (Of course a 4-stroke diesel engine will also work but a 2-stroke will be more efficient per revolution when water is injected).

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestions, I will study them, but our design is more oriented toward the gas-turbine concept, because it is the design that better can use the very high energy density we have in the Ecat SK, so dense that it is difficult to make a heat exchanger able to keep away the heat fast enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Greg Beckett-Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Your current testing of the SK in a gas turbine is very exciting. I can imagine replacing the burner in one of the combustion chambers with an ECat, keeping the others being fueled as normal.
    I have a number of questions:
    1 is your partner very happy with your progress?
    2 are you able to run the turbine with just ECat power from one chamber?
    3 is your partner able to help produce further SK modules to fit the other chambers?

    I am immensely impressed with your genius and hard work (and of your team); your products are desperately needed by humanity NOW.
    God speed your efforts.
    Greg Leonard

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Beckett-Leonard:
    1 yes
    2 premature
    3 premature
    Thank you for your kind attention to the hard work of our team, I hope God will help us to succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1083. Robin Whatcott

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the very convincing test you made in Stockholm on November 24 2017. I saw it on youtube and the Ecat QX has been tested in a very convincing way, even if the spectrometer did not work. The calorimetry has been flawless beyond any possible doubt.
    Best regards,
    Robin

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Robin Whatcott:
    Thank you for your attention of our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I believe it is unclear what you are testing.
    1. Are you testing a 100 kW Ecat SK in a gas engine (a cylinder based motor), a gas turbine or both?
    2. Will the upcoming important test be done in combination with an engine to make mechanical power?
    3. Will this mechanical power be converted to electrical power by a connected generator?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 Actually I have been unclear, you are right. What we are testing is a gas turbine, that sometime I call ( probably uncorrectly) gas engine because also a turbine can be considered an engine
    2 A gas turbine can make mechanical force too, albeit indirectly
    3 it is surely possible
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Dr. Rossi

    I saw in the 60s a gas turbine in operation. it made a strident noise almost unbearable.
    Is your SK reactor prototype generating a lot of noise?

    If so, can you disclose the intensity and frequency of this noise?
    All my encouragement
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1088. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good point. yes, a turbine makes noise, but there are insonorization system that can be studied.
    I did not measure the noise yet, but I think we are around 70 dBA at 5 m, without barriers
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1089. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Your answer to Frank Acland on the SK conversion engine is a gas engine verses a gas turbine. Correct?
    Per the description within the link provided:
    1) Does the E-Cat SK act as the ‘hot-tube ignitor’ within the air cylinder?
    2) If so, does it expand the air on demand as quickly as a fuel gas explosion?
    3) If so, will it cool quickly enough to be ready for the next cycle?
    4) Are there multiple cylinders like that of a gasoline engine?
    5) Can you expand further any details?
    Wish you well in these new pursuits.
    Brokeeper

  1090. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- we are making tests
    3- same as in 2
    4- yes
    5- not yet. I am still stydying. This week in the USA will be made another series tremendously important tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1091. Micky Kovacs

    Dear Andrea:
    do you know what is the color charge in Physics?

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    Micky Kovacs:
    Color charges are quanta related to the strong forces interactions between quarks and gluons. Obviously the definitions of the colors ( red, blue, green ) are conventional and have nothing to do with the colors our eyes perceive and their wavelength. Colors are used because are a good model to show how colors can mix forming new waves or making them resonate and cancel each other. Being gluons virtual particles ( I disagree with new considerations that aim not to consider gluons virtual particles ) I use to visualize colors like storms of waves in the quarks fields that make variations in the quantic stata of protons and neutrons, changing their isospin, that anyway is conserved in the strong force fields.
    I understand it is not easy to make a model, without using the language of mathematics. Think to bullets ( quarks ) pushed and pulled by their isospin ( that has the same mathematical structure of the spin ) across a stormy liquid glue ( gluons ) turning protons into neutrons and viceversa, conserving the isospin of the multiplet to maintain the structure of the atom. A multiplet is a system of subparticles that change quanta like the isospin turning the same particle into different particles, in our case turning a proton into a neutron and viceversa.
    This is the model I propose to “see” it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Melania Manseau

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think LENR could be studied in middle and high school?
    Cheers
    Melania

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Melania Manseau:
    I think it is not opportune until the matter remains strongly controversial. This could make confusion in brains that at that stage need to get profoundly the fundamentals.
    The situation will change when the common use of LENR will make controversies fade.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. James

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As things are now, is it most probable that to be presented first will be the Ecat QX or the SX?
    Thanks,
    James

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    So far, the Ecat QX is ready, the SK is not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So is your engine something that operates on this principle?

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_engine

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    As you know, large electrical utility companies use gas turbines for their peak load time of the day or during extreme temperature weather. They use hydro, nuclear, or coal for their base load.

    Once you have perfected the mating of your SK with a gas turbine, do you anticipate:
    1- Retrofitting the SK to existing utility owned gas turbines?
    2- Or must the turbines be custom built to accommodate the SK?
    Regards,
    Iggy

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Now we are retrofitting.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1101. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions if I may:
    1. I guess your answer to the question of Frank is related to Pam Leibfried’s question about ‘enormously’ smaller that the 1 kW Ecat QX, meaning enormously smaller than 100 QX’s (and not one QX), right?
    2. Another question: Is it relatively difficult to integrate a single 100 kW Ecat SK in the ‘burning room’ of the gas turbine?
    3. Would it be possible to put more 100 kW SK’s in that ‘burning room’ space?
    4. What is the nominal power of this turbine when it is gas fired?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    May you win your next tennis game with your wife, tomorrow and success with the SK development!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1102. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- it depends on the assembly
    Thanks for the wishes!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1103. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    About the E-Cat SK 100 kW:

    1. Are you working on it at the moment as your focus?
    2. Is the gas turbine you mention a jet engine, or are you making steam?
    3. When you say the it is ‘enormously’ smaller than the QX 1kW, do you mean it is less than 1/10 of the size of the QX you showed at the Stockholm demonstration?
    4. Are you satisfied with the control you have of the SK so far?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1104. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- it is a modified gas engine
    3- yes
    4- yes: the next week we will make another crucial test
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Pam:
    Enormously.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. moe

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know that ENI is using in Italy the technology you patented in 1978 in Italy and that is described in the site
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Moe

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Moe:
    Yes, I knew it from the book Ecat The New Fire of Vessela Nikolova.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1108. Pam Leibfried

    Dies the Ecat SK 100 occupy less space than 100 Ecat QX of 1kW each?
    Thanks,
    Pam

  1109. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The coupling of a reactor with a turbine seems very promising for the electric propulsion of land vehicles
    Can you tell us how many Quark SK 100s have you installed in this reactor that you are testing and have you ever reached a COP greater than 1?
    Thank you for your answers
    All my support for your team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We have installed one reactor and the COP has been >1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    I am sure your emphasis is on the 100 kW Ecat SK, but:
    1- Are you still working on the 1 kW Ecat QX?
    2- Are you working on the 10 kW Ecat SK?
    3- If the Ecat SK series will not be ready in time, will you serve the first wave of customers with assemblies of 1 kW Ecat QX?
    All the best,
    Jim R.

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- Yes
    2- Yes
    3- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    At the october E-CAT QX presentation, will there be some guests invited ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  1114. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    This point will never be reached, the R&D will never cease, as well as for any product of the technological field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1115. Curious Guy

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us the name of the company that will make the Ecats and install them in the industries to sell thermal energy?

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Curious Guy:
    Leonardo Corporation (USA)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. JT

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Have you resolved the problems connected with the measurement of the temperatures by means of the spectrometer? Have you been able to shield the Ecat from external light sources?
    Cheers
    Jerry

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    JT:
    Yes and yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, has the E-CAT QX reached the level of maturity were no further development is neccessary ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint françois

  1120. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted in regards to the eCat SK “So far we are heating air.” Are you using natural convection or forced air to cool the eCat SK?

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Forced
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have just become aware that you have decided on a gas turbine to generate electricity. I realize it is early days at the moment and you have to get your business on firm foundations but when you do, you no doubt will have a research department working on improving the standard gas turbine. As you are aware turbines require stators to try and maintain a linear none turbulent flow through the body of the turbine. Stators do absorb energy and eventually wear out. If a generator is designed with an integral set-up, the flow is maintained without stators but by an integral blade design set-up. Obviously a little more complicated but the size would be smaller and the power output increased in comparison to a conventional turbine design. When you are in a position to consider such a novel set-up let me know and I shall provide you with the details free of charge. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Harvey

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am neither a mathematician nor a particle physicist, but I felt that you might find interesting this recent article in AEON Magazine, written by a physics professor at the University of Cambridge. He discusses troubling observations at CERN related to Standard Model, saying “It looks like the centuries-long quest for top-down unification has stalled, and particle physics might have a full-blown crisis on its hands.” I know that you have much respect for the Standard Model from your answers to blog questions. I cannot imagine the impact on humanity’s understanding of reality if the Standard Model were to lose even a small part of its legitimacy. Also, the past arguments against the validity of LENR which were based on the Standard Model might need to be re-visited.

    Regardless, I always have been and will continue to be an ardent supporter of your tireless endeavors to bring LENR to the benefit of all humanity and our lovely, but troubled planet.

    https://aeon.co/essays/has-the-quest-for-top-down-unification-of-physics-stalled

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Very interesting. Thank you for the link and for your attention to our work. Nonetheless, the fact that from the hull of the Standard Model are popping out some bernacles does not mean that the ship is sinking. By the way, along the falsification theory, the bernacles could also be considered a confirmation of the S.M. validity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    my congratulations for the test with the Ecat SK. Questions:
    1- during the test was the heated fluid air?
    2- have other mediums been used?
    Best Regards,
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    So far we are heating air.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Davide

    I understand that the most immediate use of he Ecat SK is as a genset, coupled with an alternator, am I correct?
    By the way, I read all the story on http://www.ingandrearossi.com and I think you can be considered a paradigmatic example of resiliency.
    Godspeed,
    Davide

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Davide:
    Actually, the employment to turn a genset could be a good match for the Ecat SK.
    Thank you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Did the facility that you tested the SK at sign a non disclosure agreement? It seems that somebody leaked footage of the SK test to youtube. I hope it is just a scam, but it looks exactly like you described in the blog here.

    “The work on the SK is going on well.
    We already built a gas turbine by used spare parts.
    More important tests are coming.”

    Stay safe,
    Tom

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4eOn1P3Tj8

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Alas, I forgot to get a signed ( and dated ) NDA…so, those are the dramatic consequences.
    Now everybody knows I am Doc. How embarassing!
    Thank you for the advice, but not thank you for the sorrow from the advice,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I read in another comment that you are actively testing a gas turbine in combination with an Ecat SK.
    1. Can you tell if you have the combination already in operation for testing?
    2. You said it will be tested to generate electricity, so it is combined with a generator. Have you had this combination running already?
    3. Is the purpose of the coming test to prove that the whole combination generates more electricity than it uses?
    Thank you for answering our questions. Kind regards, Gerard

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- not yet
    2- not yet
    3- obviously the measure of the COP is the main issue
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What are you planning to show at the commercial presentation in Dec/Jan?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The industrialized Ecat.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1136. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, about the gas turbine you have already built.

    Are you studying thrust, or generation of electricity by a coupled generator?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Both
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1138. Dana

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How are going the tests with the Ecat SK?

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Dana:
    The work on the SK is going on well.
    We already built a gas turbine by used spare parts.
    More important tests are coming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Ron

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is some of the attendants of the demo you made in Stockholm at the IVA on November 24 among the clients you are going to sell the heat to?

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1142. Kris

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yesterday Angela Merkel said that she is disappointed on Donald Trump because he pulled out from the climate change agreement: she said that the global warming is not a matter of faith, it is a fact. What is your opinion?
    Kris

  1143. Andrea Rossi

    Kris:
    The global warming is a fact, but what is not proved is that the global warming has been generated from the activity of mankind. Our planet has passed through different eons during which things changed dramatically: the Sahara desert was a forest like the Amazons, Alps were under the ocean and so on. The causes are supposed, but not certain, albeit humans didn’t even exist at those times. For example such variations can depend on the displacement of the polarity due to events in the core of the Earth.
    This having been said, to consider humans liable for the global warming can have a positive effect on their behavior toward the environment: from a bluff can come real money.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1144. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Raffaele Bongo, Please accept my apology, I did not intend to confuse you. I am always open to criticism and I agree Andreas work is the main feature. I use the JONP to put forward my thoughts which otherwise would never be allowed published in main stream publications. I usually stress that they should be considered interesting considerations unless based upon facts. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1145. WaltC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,

    Hi, I hope you and your team are well today. A couple of questions relating to reliability & repair, if I may–

    1) Since Leonardo Corp. is providing heat, rather than an actual device, does that mean that Leonardo is also responsible for maintenance and repair activities?

    2) Based on your year-long experience with the Doral plant, is it your plan to significantly improve the reliability of upcoming E-Cat plants?

    3) Do you now have on your diverse team an experienced Reliability Engineer– that is, someone experienced in failure rate analysis and the design and manufacturing of highly reliable thermal systems?

    Best wishes,
    WaltC

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- yes, apart some maintainance issues that will be made by the Customer
    2- yes
    3- does a race horse have 4 legs?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. Patricia Boetcher

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you confirm if the presentation of the industrialized Ecat and the start of the heat supply will hppen within December 2018-January 2019?
    Cheers,
    Patricia

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Patricia Boetcher:
    The situation as of today is this: I cannot be 100% sure of it, but I am optimistic that we will be able to perform within that term.
    Unless some negative factor will emerge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Lee Krenik

    When the first Ecat domestic appliance will be available?

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Lee Krenik:
    For the domestic applications the timing has not been defined yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your wonderful hard work and incredible progress recently, I continue to be inspired by your progress. I had to chuckle when you said your customer “knows how to make electricity from heat”!

    Your note about not finding a poem written in the drop of ink was also well stated. May you and your wonderful teams continue to be blessed with results from all your efforts.

    Repectfully,

    Tom

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your kind blessing, we need it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    some time ago you wrote in a comment that the Quark core was made with semiconductor technology and methodology. Since we can always observe, based on your comments, a continuous improvement of energy density in your devices it seems that it is possible to apply them the Moore’s law, which states that the density of transistors in a semiconductor device doubles every 18 months.
    Do it make sense? Can the energy output be bound with the miniaturizzation of the core or it is more linked to optimization of components, materials and the control systems.
    What’s your feeling there is window for a further increase of the energy density?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Very difficult to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Claud

    “…we will publish..” not “pulish”…
    (so I earned a free invitation to the Dec.-Jan. presentation 😉

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    Ha,ha,ha..you certainly did.
    Conserve this as a pass,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If you really will present a product by January 2019 it will be an unbelievable miracle and also evidence of the titanic work you made with your team.
    Godspeed,
    Jean Paul Renoir

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. Raffaele Bongo

    Dear Sir Eric Ashworth

    I thank you for the explanations you give me. I am not a physicist and what you explain to me goes far beyond my understanding.
    I am interested in the work of Dr. Rossi, not out of interest for physics certainly exciting but for his innovative project that if it succeeds (which I believe) will solve many of the problems that the world is currently facing.

    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1160. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    Thank you.

    Looking forward to it.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1161. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you, correction made.
    By the way: you are invited. Please conserve this answer of mine or keep it on your cell phone as a pass. We wil publish here on the JoNP the exact date.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1162. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi:

    ERRATA:

    ” All the Reafers that desire to attend …” in your reply to Anonymous should be ” All the Readers that desire to attend…”.

    Please correct.

    Joseph Fine

  1163. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still studying Physics or you have no more time for it and are focused only on your work?

  1164. Lucien

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the website http://www.leonardocorporation.com the FAQ and the Inquiry forms are not working.
    Cheers
    Lucien

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    Lucien:
    Thank you for the information: I pass it on to our IT guy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Anna

    Dear Andrea,
    I read your calvary on http://www.ingandrearossi.com.
    Your recovery sounds miraculous.
    Godspeed,
    Anna

  1167. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1168. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where and when you presume will be the presentation of the industrialized Ecat ready for the heat sale?
    Will be any of the readers of this blog to attend?

  1169. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I presume and hope between the end of December and the end of January.
    It will be in the USA, East Coast.
    All the Readers that desire to attend can send a request of invitation to:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Obviously not all can be invited, but I will select the ones that I deem will have more merit, based on their sustain and suggestions.
    The attendance will be free.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1170. Eric Ashworth

    Raffaele Bongo, The energy of the e-cat is immaterial. It produces heat. It depends upon the energy that is needed. Energy is produced by a distortion i.e. brought about by a gravitational force. Which is the instigator and the determinator. This force is diminished by structure which it creates because of the solidity that it creates i.e. materiality, otherwise there would be no control i.e a balance within nature. Wikipedia fails to explain energy with regards a simple two dimensions,, one being a dimension of size positive and the other being a dimension of volume negative. But what are these dimensions comprised of?. they are the shortest planck length being neutrinos regards negative length and positive length of there zones i.e. zones within a set. They do not exist as a singularity but a binary system i.e. with a very low mass defect. Consequently Empty space contains structure which very few people are aware of and that is not a necessity to know unless you are interested in the evolution of nature. Physics as a subject is easy to understand but you cannot start half way up because the foundations are a necessary requirement. The foundations are lacking because confusion is required to maintain a mystery. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1171. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During the Quart X R & D you told us that the reactor produced heat, light and up to 20% possible electricity. This generation of electricity suggested the ability to operate the E-Cat independently without external power.
    You have devoted yourself exclusively to the development of heat.
    Have you encountered hard-to-overcome difficulties that caused you to stop the R & D of power generation or your goal is to put the E-Cat on the market as soon as possible?
    Is it possible to see in the future a fully autonomous E-Cat barbecue in my garden? Thank you very much for your answer
    All my support for your industrial E-Cat project
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    So far the most convenient use of the electricity produced is to thermalize it.
    In this moment we are focused exclusively on heat production and leave the Client do of the heat the use he needs: if he wants, he knows how to convert thermal energy into electric power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Russia, inherited from socialism, got a super-centralized heating system for residential areas.
    Tens of thousands of small towns and huge metropolises are heated centrally. Small boiler houses or gigantic thermal power stations.
    This is just an ideal option for the application of thermal E-CatQX

    Good luck to you and your team.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen Russia.

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Does the isospin have the same mathematical structure of the spin?
    Thanks
    CC

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes, it has.
    Warm Regards, A.R.

  1177. Eric Ashworth

    An interesting consideration regards chirality.

    I know Andrea answered this question recently and his reply was correct regards positive and negative but I think this phenomena is not really worth dealing with to any great extent. Why chirality exists is because we are existing in a material world being structural. The material world is a binary system of positive and negative with a mass defect that dictates the potential of the structure. Planet Earth is a structure of two potentials created within an interactive volume. The volume rotates to remain neutral and likewise does planet Earth. Every volume has a central position and an event horizon being an electromagnetic field. But every volume being a structure is comprised of a positive and a negative and therefore has an interactive zone which is a void. The manufactured structure is within a flux tube and therefore is of a magnetic field coming from opposite dimensions, from one side it is negative and from the opposite it is positive that can be termed a pillar, upon which is the rotational axis of the Earth. The pillar is comprised of two poles, its a binary system. But ‘Empty set’ (central position separates the two poles) one is negative and one positive but the Earth spins in one direction (fusion occurs at the ‘empty set’ to be discussed later). Therefor, if the Earth is divided at the equator and each half is rotated through 90 degrees towards, the rotation of the top and the bottom of the whole structure represents a divided force i.e it is no longer a unified whole or a neutral unit of energy. What it represents in its repositioned dimensions is an antagonistic force. This situation proves a simple formulae with regards energy and human evolution , this being half is half but two is one i.e. one negative and one positive in harmony equals a stable potential. What I am saying is that when two forces/potentials with free will meet within one volume They can either create a mutual beneficial structure or maintain a toxic structure of decay i.e an imbalance. Unfortunately the future is before the past but fortunately evolution exists in sets and therefor a gravitational pressure becomes into being that create a partial mass defect into a much needed future environment. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Roland

    I watched on youtube the presentation of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24th 2018 and i found it very convincing.
    Now let’s wait for the presentation of the product. Did you already decide where it will be?

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Roland:
    Surely in the USA. Where exactly we did not decide yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Eric Ashworth

    Renato, Your question to Andrea regards the need for a consensus by the mainstream scientific world I find baffling. Could you explain why. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1182. Renato

    Dear Andrea,
    Don’t you think that before to industrialize the Ecat and sell the heat produced by it you should have the consensus of the mainstream scientific world?

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    No, I do not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    I am wondering how far along is the Ecat
    robotics factory.10,20, percent or more completed?
    Also will the presentation of the Ecat you are
    having by the end of this year or beginning of
    next year be from a Ecat customer location?

    Enjoy your summer.
    Sam

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1- enough
    2- to be agreed upon with the Customer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. Dr. Rossi, I love your comparison.
    A drop of ink on a paper, and you find written a poem !
    I don’t think you realize how good you are.
    That is why I have to keep telling you.
    Your Ego booster.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1188. Dear Andrea,
    The question of CC begs to ask: do you think that life can happen spontaneously in nature?
    regards, /pekka

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Exactly!
    By the way: we’d like to publish your paper on the JoNP: is that possible? If yes please send it as an attachment to
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Sebastian

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    will be world major companies among the customers that will buy the heat from the Ecats?
    Sebastian

  1191. Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1192. CC

    Do you think that LENR can happen spontaneously in nature?

  1193. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    No, it is impossible that so many and complex operations happen casually. Like to drip a viel of ink on a paper and find written a poem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1194. Joseph

    Dear Andrea
    Congratulations again for the convincing demo made in Stockholm on November 24th with the Ecat QX, now we wait for the industrial production,
    Cheers
    Joseph

  1195. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1196. Eric Ashworth

    An attempt of an explanation See Vacuum permittivity Mass defect. and dielectric

    I presume every reader and commentator of the JONP has either an interest in physics with regards some specific specialty or a general curiosity. From my own perspective I have had and still do a general curiosity and therefore cannot claim to be a specialist in any particular subject matter. I do however consider physics to be the most important subject due to its ability to allow a continual control of a destiny that involves both time and space. What I am saying is that there comes a time when knowledge is essential to overcome specific problems with regards evolution and the changes brought about by it. Time does not stand still and thereby distances become greater, environmental changes occur, transitions take place in accordance to an increase in energy and it is because of this that we need to understand physics with regards its four dimensions together with the all important fifth. There are four dimensions with regards material substance/zones, these being solid, liquid, gas and plasma. The fifth is a tricky variable due to an ever increasing degree of emptiness regarding this most important set. ‘Empty Set’ and ‘Set Theory’ is an important understanding but because of time and our particular position this understanding is not imperative at this moment. Consequently certain aspects of understanding can be said to be ‘before there time’. As regards LENRs, I believe, its time has come as it overcomes a much needed energy problem that the world is currently facing. Other technologies are not so much such a critical issue but need to be investigated in preparation for what will be needed at some future date and where LENRs will be essential. Consequently, there are two technologies that I will be putting forward as considerations that could provide insights into other aspects of physics that I am unaware of. These two technologies are interconnected with regards binary systems, one of them the introductory is a mechanical mechanism that is labeled a ‘Linear Propulsion Mechanism’ (L.P.M.) and that held a U.S. patent, maybe it still does. The written details with regards the patent I find in some instances confusing. My original text was altered by the patent agent and then I was given 24 hrs to amend it. Consequently, time ran out. Nevertheless, the technology still holds good. (What the technology is based upon is four mobile dimensions situated between two manufactured static dimensions). The four mobile dimensions represent a minor ‘set’ of which a major set contains four of these minor ‘sets’. Each ‘set’ occupies a zone and thereby there are three minor transitions within a ‘set’. The fourth transition into another major ‘set’ requires a major transition with regards an increase in energy content. This is because of a distance travelled over a specific space i.e. a minor systemic system. This may seem confusing but I hope my continued explanation will help explain. Evolution moves forward from periphery to a central position of the overriding structure. What ‘Empty Set’ and ‘Set Theory’ relates to is the structure of a unit of energy and how that structure relates within the overriding structure, that’s why the digits in maths goes from zero to ten and then starts to run through the ‘sets’ relating to the first ‘set’. There is no ‘End Set’, all you need to know is the zero to ten ‘set’. This I shall explain in the second technology with regards electromagnetic neutrals. The L.P.M. as such is an appliance and can in a specific instance be referred to as a bi-polar unifying field oscillator that demonstrates interacting curvature forces that produce linear forces by oscillating interactions. The apparatus relies upon four interacting mobile units that have to be set centripetally within a circumference so as to provide a 50% overlap and thereby provide a mass defect within the manufactured flow. They are therefore positioned mid way of a triangular position within a circle. The manufactured mass defect oscillates between the base and apex of each triangle and forced down into each cavity on either side of a separator which is part of the static structure. Thereby the L.P.M. is able to demonstrate the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction both by the physical mechanism and by the flow dynamics which provides the flow with an independent identity i.e. a none interactive static barrier (this mechanism is absolutely silent in operation because of its unified field). The static frame is designed to accommodate the pitch of the rotating propellers i.e. the resultant pressures (Inner depth apex four, middle pivot three, outer base two, outer chamber one, fuselage zero i.e. ‘Empty Set’) this magnifies the surrounding static barrier force which is contained within specific chambers surrounding the mechanism (between two and one) and which tracks the flow as it surrounds the mechanism on four distinct circuits. Within the structure there are eight manufactured helical trajectories of flow i.e. economy flows that circumnavigate within the frame ( four inward, four outward) i.e. equivalent of flux tubes. These helical trajectories contain a degree of emptiness that provides structure and thereby a degree of density that increases the propelling effect. The mechanism is able to demonstrate in a very simple way how energy is trapped within a structure by flow and is insulated from surrounding structures. I refer to it as being able to demonstrate the mechanics of an atom even though the atom is of a spiral construction). Because of the required geometry and the need for a necessary interior space, the mechanism requires two or more sets of the mobile propellers i.e. eight or more. The geometry of the set-up being of a flattened construction is based upon the triangle, the circle and the square. whereby these three symbols when in an integrated combination are able to provide an insight into a unit of energy. The apex of the triangle is considered the most inner most position and therefor positive being a dimension of size. The inner most base of the triangle i.e. half way along is the most negative and the circle midway between apex and base is the neutral from which the unit of energy evolves in both directions with regards one set. Without mass defect structure does not exist. Once mass defect is engaged, structure occurs and with it, weight which provides it with an attractive force. Consequently an energy unit becomes a full potential of the power that exists at the very centre of its progenitor this being at the apex of the triangle being the major ‘Empty Set’. As the potential descends within, its potential becomes greater i.e. the size positive gets smaller and the negative volume gets greater. The square is the ever present inclusive force of an ionized state due to the field of the progenitor force being comprised of minor sets that navigate the zones within the field and that ultimately reach the required destination, being the apex of the triangle i.e. maximum potential of the field both inner positive and outer negative. Outside of the square is the ‘Empty Set’ which equals the ‘Empty Set’ in the central position. This continual state of affairs provides the field, within which the potentials exist, a simultaneous expansion and contraction/of planck length which provides for a continual circuit of potentials out and potentials in, such as that able to be demonstrated by the bi-polar unifying field oscillation mechanism and because all sets have a major ‘End Set’ including those of which the Earth is traversing. The mechanism as described will eventually become a much needed appliance to overcome an eventual event. It will of course need the required dual method of propulsion and this I will explain at a later date and of course the almost limitless amount of energy provided by LENRs. As an interesting consideration. If energy units such as planets evolve into density they obviously start out huge and nebulous and condense down within their progenitor flux tube. At some point in time they would be semi dense and support huge semi dense units of consciousness that would become extinct as the planet progresses through its sets and at some point in time midway there will be a major readjustment/dawn of intelligence from which there will be a continual series of minor readjustments that effect the size dimension and the volume dimension of the mass. The planet undergoes continual shrinkage and its field continual expansion. The planck length decreases in increments and the event horizon increases in incremental pulses. This, I believe, is why isotopes represent stages within periodic sets. From what I understand regarding physics all knowledge with regards our present period in evolution is fully known but only by a very few people and this knowledge is purposely suppressed by a convoluted language, designed to confuse a relatively simple process. Consequently certain technologies are ‘put down’ and ignored by those in control. What I intend to explain later is the the required photon engine/e.v.os to complete a unifying field oscillation vehicle. Everything in physics is ancient knowledge and been known about since the beginning of time. See Wikipedia, Woodward effect, Mach’s principle and impulse engine. I shall try to explain it in simple language. Maybe this will also help explain LENRs. Regards, Eric Ashworth. Any questions Shall explain if able.

  1197. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1198. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your patent has been granted in USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, all the 47 Countries of Europe, Russia, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa: to maintain all these patents in good standing you have to pay a lot of money every year, since you have to pay in every Country the yearly taxes plus the fees to the attorneys that do the procedure:
    1- is it right?
    2- is it worth?

  1199. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1200. CORRECTION: when in my message of June 14, 2018 at 1:33 PM I had said: “if electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the Earth’s entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations.”

    I should have said instead:

    If ***US*** electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the ***USA’s*** entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations.”

    Rodney Nicholson.

  1201. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Still bad math.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1202. A little further thought on the following issue:

    = = = = = = = = = =
    Andrea Rossi
    June 8, 2018 at 4:17 PM

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, I think you got the point. To make electricity with the Ecat you need to use a Carnoot cycle circuit, that is convenient only for industrial applications. It is unthinkable to put in a household an Ecat connected with a boiler, a steam turbne, a condenser.
    Surely to serve a village the situation is different, depending on its populations. As for the remote locations, it depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    = = = = = = = = = = = =

    It might be worthwhile to make detailed calculations to estimate how large a ‘village’ would need to be for the costs of Ecat+Carnot to be at breakeven against the costs of grid power. Eliminating just the cost of the very-high-voltage, long distance, grid transmission lines and transformers (as well as eliminating their ugliness, and all the other costs and problems of existing fuels), and thereby needing to use only local transmission lines, might show that even rather small ‘villages’ could be competitively served by Ecats.

    It would also be useful to know how large a village would need to be for Ecat+Carnot to be at breakeven against unsubsidized roof-top solar cells.

    With these numbers in hand, I bet there would be innovative smaller communities that would be keen to adopt small Ecat plants, the operation of which might possibly demonstrate the smaller unit approach to be more cost effective. That is, that it might show it to be a mistake to consider replacing nuclear, gas or coal fired stations with large Ecat arrays ONSITE.

    If that did indeed turn out to be the case (yes, perhaps that is a ‘big if’) it would be good not to head down the wrong road early on.

    (As a digression, I recall that in a speech given by a leading electric utility company executive around 1970, he stated: “if electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the Earth’s entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations. No room for anything else. Not even transmission lines.” Of course a lot has changed since then.)

    Rodney.

  1203. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your interesting suggestions.
    About the 1970 Exec: surely he was not a god in analytical mathematics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1204. Giobbe Pazienza, Andrea Rossi:

    As a small a advertisement, I want to note that we have developed a method called the plasma brake to eliminate the formation of new orbital debris. An ESA report of a design of a plasma brake module is described in this project report: http://www.electric-sailing.fi/papers/BB15-LSIversion-with-execsum.pdf .

    The plasma brake is a spin-off of our earlier E-sail invention for solar wind driven interplanetary propulsion.

    regards, /pekka

  1205. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Congratulations! Very interesting paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1206. Giobbe Pazienza

    The Space Agency of Russia has launched a program to annihilate the space garbage, kind of spent satellites and the like, by a laser beam focused on them. This is a pretty smart cosmic waste disposal system, don’t you think?
    Ciao,
    Giobbe Pazienza

  1207. Andrea Rossi

    Giobbe Pazienza:
    As a matter of fact the space around the Earth is filled by garbage residual from the thousands of launches that have been made in sixty years and it begins to be an issue for the vector rockets that are launched now and will be launched in future for whatsoever purpose.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1208. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    your appreciation is a great reward and honor for me.

    To complete the previous info, this is a link to another DOE report (quite old actually, now probably figures are even better) comparing in a table various fuel-cell technologies with related application range and efficiency:

    https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/doe_fuelcell_factsheet.pdf

    I know hydrogen is dangerous and its distribution costly, but if the conversion to electricity is made in the same plant (maybe using part of the heat resulting from the hydrogen generation process) these issues could be overcome and the net result would be a closed system with eCat charge as the only input and heat + electricity as outputs !

    My dream is a Combined Heat & Power Station serving a small village or a residential district.
    Let’s make it a reality !

    Warm Regards again,
    Riccardo

  1209. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Very interesting. Again thanks, and, to be clear, the honour to receive all these comments of help and sustain is for all of my team an honour, besides to be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1210. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    if you google “sulfur-iodine cycle wiki” you can find a general overview of it.

    It’s a mature process compared to more recent researches based on catalyzers.

    Temperature required is above 900 °C (a breeze for the e-Cat) and efficiency
    can reach 50%.

    I found interesting some recent developments made in Japan to couple this
    technology to nuclear plant for hydrogen production on large scale: you just
    have to replace the heat source !

    This is another link on the process description you may find useful:

    https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/review05/pd27_pickard.pdf

    Electrifying Regards,
    Riccardo

  1211. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you very much for your interesting information.
    This is another example, among others, about how our Readers are important to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1212. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    instead of producing electricity directly or by means of an engine / generator working on the basis of the Carnot cycle, did you consider hydrogen generation from water at high temperature (using the well known sulfur-iodine cycle or similar) coupled with a package of fuel cells ?

    It should be a green process (pollution wise), scalable and with a comparable overall efficiency…

    Thanks a lot for your opinion.
    Riccardo

  1213. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    I am not familiar with the techology you cite: what is the efficiency? Can you suggest a publication?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1214. Mohammed Alì

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Lot od persons say you will never be able to sell heat with your Ecats

  1215. Andrea Rossi

    Mohammed Alì:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1216. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the mess between Italy and France upon the migrant situation? Do you think the Ecat technology could help in some way?
    CC

  1217. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    As always, good sense will prevail and the migrants burden will be managed an