Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi,
    Wpuld you consider your effect a form of “cold fusion”?
    Giovanni

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    No. I arrived to think that cold fusion does not exist.
    At this point of our theoretical and technological development, after 20 years of hard work, we think that cold fusion does not exist. I am sorry, but I feel us lightyears far from the LENR community, to which we, actually, never belonged. My effect depends on atom’s potentials that have nothing to do with cold fusion or LENR. This, by the way, is clearly put in evidence in my paper here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_anf_long_range_particle_interactions.
    One thing I must admit, though: my work initiated inspired by the idea of cold fusion launched by F&P and my former works started from that theory, but after tens of thousands of experiments and twenty years of study I changed idea. Like Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached India, but eventually it has been discovered it was America.
    We reached important results and much more important we are close to reach with a technology that with cold fusion has nothing to do. As a matter of fact, we do not have any fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the E-Cat SK charge lifespan, for equipment out in the field, is it a case of monitoring the E-Cat energy output, then on signs of power dropping at say 10, 11, 12 or 13 months you send in someone to replace / exchange the unit, or can you confidently predict that in any time span within say 12 months plus or minus a month that a replacement can be fitted, so that the customer can choose to schedule in advance for a particular shutdown time window.

    Can you design an E-Cat charge to have a lifespan of say 18 months or 2 years, in future this may be advantageous for isolated equipment in remote parts of the world or for say satellites or space probes.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  4. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We change the charge every 12 months because that is the sage experimented way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give an update of the status of the tests on the Ecat SK Leonardo aimed to obtain a permanent ssm ?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Tomorrow in our factory will be initiated the last series of tests that will end, supposedly, around the half of October, then we will know if the permanent ssm is possible or not. We are are going toward a very difficult and complex work, but the target is extremely important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some Thoughts on a Self-Sustaining eCat Reactor

    A fully self-sustaining eCat reactor is the “Holy Grail” for LENR technology. But there can be many flavors of such a device.

    By self-sustaining, we mean that other than initial power-up, the device will continue to operate without the application of external power as long as it is commanded to operate and does not “run out of fuel.”

    One variant of a self-sustaining eCat reactor might be one that produces enough electrical power, on the average, to power the reactor including any control unit necessary for safely operating the reactor. The productive energy output would primarily be thermal energy (heat), probably used to heat structures, perform industrial operations, etc. Likely issues here will be producing sufficient heat when commanded to run at less than full power output (e.g., running at ¼ power or an On/Off commanded scenario). Given a reasonably high effective Coefficient of Performance (COP), a reasonably high conversion efficiency of electrical energy production, and a suitable means of conversion of produced electrical energy and storage of that energy for later use by the eCat reactor, this concept is relatively straightforward.

    For example, if the COP is 50, the conversion efficiency is 10% of the thermal output and the efficiency to change the raw electrical power to stored energy in a battery is say, 90%, the eCat reactor should be able to self-sustain.

    A different variant is the eCat reactor used primarily for electricity production. As opposed to the thermal output eCat reactor, heating water to produce stream and turbines to generate electricity, this reactor generates the electricity directly, albeit it must convert such raw electricity to usable commercial electricity. Here, the electrical generation efficiency must be higher than commercial thermal-to-electricity efficiencies of around 40% to be competitive. In fact, the higher the electrical generation efficiency, the less waste heat that is generated by the reactor and must be handled in some manner. So to be practical, the electrical generation efficiency must likely be in the 50% or higher zone to be commercially viable.

    Self-sustaining operation is highly desirable, but high levels of efficiency will likely be challenging.

  8. Mariangela

    Caro Andrea,
    The COP you have shown either in the demo of November 24th 2017 in Stockholm
    google “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24 2017”
    or in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is stunning and they have been measured with calorimetric and spectrometric systems. Why then are you so much focused on the SSM ? What is the advantage of it ?
    Mariangela

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Mariangela:
    SSM, permanent SSM, is absolute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most read than the papers of 15 millions of publications in Researchgate: somebody says you paid somebody for this, because it is an unbelievable success, consudering the fact that LENR are the Cinderella of Physics…
    Comments?

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I told already:
    paid billions.
    Got financing from Woodford.
    In shares of I.H.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I know very little about the concept of thermodynamic principles but I am aware you use the word system being the problem of why people are unaware of the concept and its problem. What I believe you are saying is that the problem relates to the system. You use the word system whereas I would use the word systemic system, the same thing really but I do not wish to ‘nitpick’. Basically this problem with regards entropy is because of two absolute states, one being creation and one being destruction at the absolute i.e. the absolute plank length. Anything that happens between these two absolute states produces a degree of, being a degree of incompleteness. This is not a problem but a result of a none understanding of a system that by consequence appears as a problem. Could this be close to what you are inferring?. Just curious.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I just said what I said, I didn’t infer anything more.
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Lot Mileykowsky:
    It was just for experimental tasks, to observe the effect of a laser on the plasma in certain conditions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    A win Henrik:
    It is not a matter of believing, it is matter of manufacturing.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  16. Kurt

    Dr Rossi
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that the spectrum now and again changes substantially: where such changements come from?

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    From different focuses of the eye of the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  18. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    In your answer to S. N. Karels, August 19 at 9:48, you state that:

    1. The energy from Ecat does not generate any polluting emission or waste.
    2. The cost of the energy is 1/1000 per kWh, respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    3. You have earlier stated that: The materials used in the Ecat are not rear on the Earth.
    4. The Cells have an extremely tiny volume.
    5. The heat is delivered by an extremely high temperature.
    6. The Ecat probably will last one year in constant use and relatively longer in interrupted use.

    These overall conditions are what makes this invention unbelievable.
    Each of these six points are unbelievable by themselves, alone, in energy sources.
    Weather the “SSM” as a 7. point, will succeed or not, has a minor general importance when the COP already is as high as 58.
    Now the only missing prominence: is to prove the trait of necessary dependability.

    As all your followers, I wish you and your team success!
    Warm regards Svein Henrik.

  19. Lot Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    in scheme of E-Cat (with Leonardo seal) published pn http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/unveiling-physics-inside-e-cat/

    is illustrated a “laser” pointing into plasma.

    My query is: Is function of this laser only in measuring temperature inside plasma or is function of this laser some different?

    With Best Regards

  20. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    how do you protect the walls of the reactor of the Ecat SK from temperatures above their melting point?

  21. Rick Meisinger

    For your information: Presidential Memorandum on Launch of Spacecraft Containing Space Nuclear Systems. https://publicpool.kinja.com/subject-presidential-memorandum-on-launch-of-spacecraf-1837419175
    It sounds like your E-Cat powered jet engine technology may be just the right technology to keep the USA the leader in Space well into the future.

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Now we are focused more on our ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you still think that you will be able to make the presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode by the end of this year ?

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am still optimist,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  25. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Your answer to Speculate is perfect.
    All the best,
    Prof

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    The problem is that the concept of thermodynamic principles is much more difficult than it appears and most are not able to take in account the meaning of the word “system” and the consequent distinctions it demands at the different degrees of entropy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information. It is interesting, but still green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the E-Cat SK units currently with customers producing heat, are any of these customers running performance / reliability / stability acceptance tests with further orders dependant on results.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Joseph Fine

    Dr. Rossi,

    Proton Technologies along with the University of Calgary have developed a method of extracting Hydrogen from Oil Sands and bitumen. Their method involves injecting Oxygen or high temperature steam to increase the temperature of the oil sands/bitumen which then produces Hydrogen that is collected at the surface.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-scientists-hydrogen-gas-oil-bitumen.html

    http://proton.energy/acquisition-superb-test-oil-gas-facility-complete/

    http://proton.energy/hygenic-earth-energy/ (What they call: “HEE” )

    Instead of injecting Oxygen, E-Cat SK-Leonardo product(s) could provide high grade heat (~ 500 deg. C) to reduce the cost of producing Hydrogen. (I do not want to inject large quantities of O2 underground with Hydrogen present.)

    This method would use small amounts of Hydrogen to produce large amounts of Hydrogen.

    HEE HEE = (Hygenic Earth Energy)^2

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  31. Edmund Thatcher

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The plasma we cann see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com contains also protons, or only electrons?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Edmund

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Edmund Thatcher:
    We have also protons. Among other, we have a good evidence of a balance between protons and electrons having accelerated up to 200 000 V electrons in parallel with the plasma by a Van Der Graaf accelerator and not noticing deviations of the plasma axis toward or opposed to the ahis of the electrons generated by the Van Der Graaf.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Rod Walton

    Teresa Hansen gives the latest stories on conventional power generation, renewable energy and the smart grid
    Rod Walton

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Sam

    Dr Rossi:
    Congratulation for the important publication
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Its coherence with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    makes it the most important paper in the LENR sector of the last 20 years, as shown from the almost 30000 readres and the hundreds of recommendations your paper has been prized with.
    Ad majora,
    Sam

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    And you speak better Italian than I do – since I speak none. LOL. Have a good night.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  39. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    per·ma·nent
    /ˈpərmənənt/
    adjective
    adjective: permanent
    1.
    lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely.

    As I have learned in Law School “Words Matter”

    When you say “permanent”, you suggest “forever”. Perhaps a better adjective would be “independent” or “self-sufficient”?

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Surely you speak English better than me!
    Maybe self-sufficient is more proper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Speculate

    Nice, but how does Your answer relate to my comment ?

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    It does.
    The first principle of thermodynamic is related to systems. In the Ecat System there is a charge. In an atom there is not only the energy that usually is exploited, there are many other sources, so that the FPT is respected.
    If you read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you can find a hint of which sources we are talking about in our system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Steven N. Karels

    Bunny Ridell,

    Nothing in this universe can have a permanent Self-Sustaining Mode (SSM). Fuel will be consumed and so the operation is limited in time. My car is in a “SSM” as long as it has gasoline in the fuel tank. When the gasoline is gone, the SSM ends. There is nothing magical about SSM. All commercial powerplants work until they run out of fuel.

    Regarding whether Andrea is lying, lying requires deceit, not just incorrect or speculative information. So unless Andrea is “conning us”, he would not be lying even if he does not achieve SSM.

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Obviously when we talk of permanent self sustaining mode in LENR we do not refer to a universal independence of source: we refer to independence from powers sources external to the Ecat ( electric or thermal or whatever else ), not from the intrinsic atomic structure of the system. Obviously we have a charge, that is descrived in my patent, and obviously we consume it.
    The charge does not generate any emission that could pollute the environment, the heat generated is for use, not for waste and the cost is 1/1000 per kWh respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Speculate

    If the device operates in SSM, You will have the entire physics society against You, because You then have overunity.

    I wonder, how You are trying to deal with that issue….

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    The thermodynamic principles refer to a system, not to part of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting lecture that
    might add to the knowledge you gained
    about the Universe on your trip to NY.

    https://youtu.be/hLp15co2D-A

    It took place at the Perimeter Institute
    in Waterloo Ontario Canada.
    My daughter graduated from the
    University of Waterloo.

    Regards
    Sam

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your contribution and congratulations to your daughter for her graduation!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Please correct me if I am wrong.
    I have carefully read your paper ‘E-cat SK and long range particle interactions’ and read in your conclusion that you must have seen signatures of electron clusters (or formation of ‘dense aggregates’) in the E-cat SK and found a theoretical explanation for that in that paper.
    However, that in itself does not explain how energy is generated in an Ecat. The paper is part of a framework to come to that, I believe. No doubt your theory has developed further. Are you already progressed so much that you think you are able to explain that as well?
    If so, when you you think to publish that part?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    When it will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Bingo

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched your presentation of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm om November 24th 2017, its solid calorimetric measurement and the lecture of Carl oscar Gullstrom about theoretical considerations. Is there a continuation between the Ecat QX there shown with the new Ecat SK Leonardo with direct producton of electricity and is there a continuation between that theoretical assumption and your paper published on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks if you can answer

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Bingo:
    Yese, there is a continuation: the SK respect the QX has resolved the issue of the overheating , allowing higher power; the continuation between the publicaions can be seen in par 1 of the publication on Researchgate, wherein the paper Gulldstrom-Rossi is in Ref 14.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Bunny Ridell

    I think you will never make anything with a permanent ssm and that you are just lying.
    I wonder why.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Bunny Ridell:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. kyle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching the correspontent parts on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I reached the convinction that you are going to make the permanently self sustaining Ecat and it will be a global revolution.
    Good luck,
    Kyle

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Kyle:
    I reached the hope, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Christos Stremmenos and Andrea,

      I have been studying the recently published article ‘Towards the exit from the middle ages’ by Ch. Stremmenos. Being a none academic I find this article extremely interesting and informative with regards the problem of why academia has a problem accepting LENR technology. This problem, I believe, rests entirely on the none understanding of energy and a refusal of not pursuing specific lines of investigation that could take away this so called mystery, LENRs. being one of them. The coulomb barrier and the methods to overcome it are not difficult to explain or even demonstrate (from my perspective). Firstly, what is the purpose of the barrier and can it be overcome?. Without the barrier there would be no identifying of an atomic structure i.e. no identity because atoms would merge together by unequal charge i.e. attraction resulting in annihilation (Einstein mentioned this phenomena but never put forward a theory) but fortunately the barrier allows for molecules to be produced while maintaining atomic identities within the structure. As I have mentioned many times I have designed a propulsion mechanism based upon interacting curvature forces that provide a linear force for the purpose of propulsion based upon what I believe to be the closest thing to a mechanical atom. I did encounter an annoying problem, resulting in the mechanism being attracted to any object in its close vicinity i.e. being entangled in the mechanisms outer surrounding force field. This problem was eventually overcome by amplifying the inner oscillations into the outer field providing an artificial coulomb barrier. When this was achieved the unit became individualized by a static boundary layer (static because because it vibrated rapidly) resulting in a technology that is able to demonstrate the ‘static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. Needless to say the mechanism and the theory able to be demonstrated and explained is currently banned as a technology deemed before its time. From what I believe there are two solutions to the overcoming of this barrier referred to as the coulomb barrier. One being to shrink the object that includes its outer field so as to minimize the wave oscillations on the outer field and thereby get the elements close enough together for entanglement to occur. The other method is to drive the outer field away by expansion i.e. high temperature so as to expose the inner nucleus by disintegration of its outer protective oscillating wave. The high temperature method, as we all know, can result in a runaway reaction that can result in dangerous high levels of nuclear radiation. The cold fusion method is obviously the safest way to go as you are gently coaxing the elements protective barriers together by reduction of the amplitude of the outer wave oscillations. Thereby cold as opposed to hot to overcome the barrier should be the preferred method. This, I believe, is not difficult to understand. To produce heat you need particles. To produce cold you need the opposite, no particles which involves a value of gravity of the quantum vacuum. J A Wheeler and Richard Feynman put forward a theory entitled ‘Absolute Theory’ involving interacting waves that, I believe, is able to explain material structure from neutrinos and the quantum vacuum. It can therefore be comprehended that the atom structure is formed by electrical energy. Neutrinos are not structures being single units of no potential. Also ‘Loop quantum gravity’ proposed by Carlo Rovelli is well documented and helps explain the conservation of energy within a steady state system being the Quantum vacuum. Randell Mills with his theory that states, that the hydrogen atom is able to enter into a lower ground state that involves degrees of shrinkage resulting in what he terms a hydrino makes perfect sense when you understand the mechanism behind the coulomb barrier. So from my perspective I say lets not dwell upon what is proposed as a none understanding of energy that presents an excuse for not accepting LENRs as a valid technology but lets focus on the reason for this denial of an understanding by the establishment to cover up a branch of science regarding energy with its unlimited possibilities and I do believe it is not just a financial issue but an issue of global proportions that involves an integration of human understanding at the highest level and as we know it takes one technology to open a door into another, curiosity is a healthy human activity. From what I understand the quest for enabling a LENR to enter a self sustain mode hinges on a sufficient quantity of highly charged electrical energy to be generated but I am no expert simply making an assumption. This I would consider as the holy grail in scientific research. Is it possible?. My own thoughts are yes but not using our presently known methods with regards conventional generator designs but a method based upon an understanding of volume and size values when applied to electrical charges. This I will put forward for consideration with regards the design of an integral ‘Super Neutral Generator’ a requirement I believe that is also required to produce the ‘Woodward Effect’ see Wikipedia. To design an interstellar craft requires a vehicle with two systems of propulsion and an onboard LEN reactor although I am well aware Andrea you are not interested in an Interstellar craft.
      Regards Eric Ashworth.
  58. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I think Prof Stremmenos will respond to you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  59. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    article about heat shields.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-shield-atoms-thick-electronic-devices.html

    Regards
    Sam

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Robert

    Dr Rossi,
    Again congratulations for your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most interesting and peer reviewed LENR publication 20 years since,
    Best Regards,
    Robert

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Alessandra

    Still hoping to complete successfully the R&D to make electricity by the plasma in measure enough to self sustain the Ecat by this year?

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandra:
    Still hoping.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. M.

    Dr Rossi,
    When and if you will introduce the Ecat permanently in ssm will you also explain the theory related to its process ?

  67. Andrea Rossi

    M.:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Gunther

    Dr Rossi,
    in http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that there are different temperatures in the plasma of the “ballerina”: can you tell us the min and max T ?

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Gunther:
    Min 2000 K, Max 24000 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. S.

    Can you explain what did you learn in particular visiting the planetarium of New York, as you wrote yesterday in your comment?

  71. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    It is extremely interesting the explication and demo about the so called “Dark Universe” and the mechanism of the expansion of the universe, wherein the galaxies shift from each other not for their own movement, but as a consequence of the expansion of the universal space caused by the gravity from the so called dark matter that makes the 75% of the universal mass.
    The images are amazing and the text perfect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Speculate

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    Are You at work again, after Ferragosto ?

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I had to look up to find out
    what Ferragosto is.
    This is a link for anyone
    else that is interested.

    https://www.thelocal.it/20190814/everything-you-need-to-know-about-ferragosto-assumption-august-15th-italy-national-public-holiday-

    Regards
    Sam

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Ferragosto ( August 15th ) celebrates for the Roman Catholic Church the Assumption of the Virgin in Heaven. Before the Christianism it was a pagan celebration of the Feriae Augusti ( from which derives the name “Ferragosto” ) in honor of the emperor Caesar Octavianus Augustus.
    For the Italians it marks also a period of rest from work for almost the totality of them. It is a tradition for Italians to exchange wishes of “Buon Ferragosto”. I assume everybody knows that “Buon” in Italian means “Good”. Today almost all the Italians are in vacation. I have taken three days of vacation during which I visited in New York, NY, the most beautiful planetarium of the world, where I learnt many things.
    Tomorrow back to work. Gotta make the Ecat SK permanently in SSM, and our Team will do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Rodrigo

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most important article about LENR of the last 20 years. This is my opinion.
    Rodrigo

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Rodrigo:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Kurt

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand that now your focus is on the permanent SSM, for obvious reasons: this will be history.
    All the rest is secondary and I totally agree with you.
    Kurt

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems like it is very difficult for you to directly extract electrical energy from the eCat in sufficient power to charge a battery for SSM. I don’t understand why a simpler photovoltaic approach would not be easier to implement. Is the underlying assumption that once you have SSM working using direct conversion, you can increase the efficiency of the direct conversion to the point that it exceeds conventional Carnot efficiency? If not, it would seem you are “chasing windmills” – a reference to a “fool’s errand”. Remember the Engineering saying “Better is the enemy of good enough.”

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    I prefer to follow another path because much more efficient and independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    While you are working very hard on the Leonardo E-cat, we do not hear anything of the real business of the Leonardo Corp: making/delivering heat for/to the customer. I am sure you would agree that that is more important than just making an E-cat with an infinite COP, but both may be addressed simultaneously. Just to give us a bit more insight on the progress of the heat deliveries, I have the following questions:
    1. We know you had problems are they all solved now?
    2. Are you delivering to more customers now?
    3. When do you expect that customers will publish details that they are happy with the delivered heat by the Leonardo Corp. and for a good price and some details about the COP?
    4. What is the highest temperature of the delivered heat up and until now?
    5. Is the level of the heat being supplied to all customers together already exceeding 10 MW?
    I hope you are willing and be able to give us a bit more insight in what is going on.
    I hope also you will reach your infinite COP this month, as well as that the heat delivery to customers will go through the roof this year. I wish you and your team much success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are improving
    2- yes
    3- does not depend on me
    4- same as in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    5- no
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Salvatore Boi

    My good Ferragosto to you Dr. Andrea Rossi and to your great team!!!

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you and Buon Ferragosto to all our Italian Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the research still proceeding on the ecat-power jet engine? Any progress you can reveal?

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels
    The jet engine is another research thread, albeit now all our power of fire is focused on the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  88. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering od August 13 2019:
    Gas fired combustor upgrades offer flexible partner to high renewables
    Rod Walton

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In June you mentioned a paper by Dr Donald Reed that you recommended for its ingenuity.

    Within this paper there is arguments put forward that the magnetic vector potential is not just a mathematical entity but has actual physical existence, that the electric scalar potential and magnetic vector potential can be influenced independently of each other, that past empirical findings of Aharonov-Bohm effect experiments and the Maxwell-Lodge effect as embodied in the recent Daibo patent demonstrate this.

    A search of the referenced and related papers indicates that some of these arguments have been in progress within physics for many years.

    On the basis that there is an actual physical existence for the magnetic vector potential, the paper goes on to describe theoretical implications based on a gauge-free interpretation of the potentials with possible major applications.

    Regarding the Maxwell-Lodge effect, have you seen any indication of this effect in your experiments.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  91. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Alex

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the work you are doing and for all the answers you give us in this blog.
    Cheers
    Alex

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Buck

    Xavier Pitz:

    thank you for resolving the confusion.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  95. Jane

    Dr Rossi,
    If you really succeed to generate the electricity necessary to achieve the permanent self sustaining mode, your Ecat SK Leonardo will be the most important invention of the last two centuries. This makes it impossible, but if it is true…it is the most important thing of the world in the making.
    Jane

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Alex Marcellino

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you working on the Ecat SK leonardo enterprise also during this week of “Ferragosto”?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Alex Marcellino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your goal of an infinite COP E-Cat:

    1. Does the E-Cat SK Leonardo need a periodic input of electricity to maintain itself? Or, is the electricity required only at startup?
    2. Are you currently testing the E-Cat SK Leonardo with a battery, if so, does it work well?
    3. Have you been able to draw enough electricity from the E-Cat SK Leonardo to charge a battery yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- The E-Cat SK Leonardo should produce all the elrctricity menessary to operte without necessity of any external power source
    2- premature
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the Lugano test series,

    1. why did you use Lithium Aluminum Hydride instead of Lithium Hydride?
    2. Does the aluminum play a role in the reaction?

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please read my patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Dear Andrea.
    I ask you the same questions I asked you a few months ago:
    1) On a scale of 1 to 10 what is your satisfaction?
    2) What do you consider to be the degree of satisfaction of your customers?
    3) Has your personal commitment to solving problems, which arise in installations that are inevitably still in their youth phase, decreased to more acceptable levels? In other words, what is the ratio between what necessarily remains of your sole competence and what can be done by another person in the team?
    What percentage between 10% and 90%?
    I sincerely hope the best for your health.
    With great affection and esteem
    Gian

    Google traslate aided test.Excuse my terrible English

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- 9
    2- enough
    3- 60%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Buck, Harvey,

    Here is a direct link to the post Andrea was referring to :
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=763&cpage=4#comment-1389746

    As the main blog article “Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena” is from November 2012, it doesn’t appear easily on http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com if you don’t know where to look for it, and its content doesn’t seems to be scanned by http://rossilivecat.com for content aggregation.

    @Andrea : No doubt that this will be a hard fight awaiting you and your team of warriors.
    But I think you all are fit and well equipped to fight it ( leave your tennis racket at home and use your other weapons 😉 )

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkomov work.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/10tPXOEGHfB95YQeOoePUftdByo7BVnvg/view

    Bob Greenyer gives a talk on it
    at this link.

    https://youtu.be/F0vRFy1OSYE

    Regards
    Sam

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  109. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    The question raised by Buck this morning is valid. I also cannot find the reference you cited for 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M on either the rossilivecat.com or JONP website. Is there possibly a technical issue?

    Best Regards,
    Harvey

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Just go to the post of the JoNP where the comment has been placed and check its comments.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  111. Neva

    Do you think that spectrometry is the sole way to measure temperatures above 3000 K ?

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Neva:
    There is also the possibility of a calorimetric system based on the sublimation time of a known mass of metals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you already find the partners necessary for a fast development of the manufacturing and diffusion of the Ecat SK Leonardo, or you will continue to serve only energy either electric or thermal?

  114. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We have already a stretegy, but it is premature to disclose it. For the time being we serve energy, don’t sell plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    please forgive my stumbling. But I can’t find a posting, your answer dated August 9, 2019 at 10:53pm. I have checked your JONP website, RossiLiveCat.com, and RossiLiveCat.com/All.html

    I only found one posting for August 9th and your response was at 6:55am.

    Is this evidence that I am looking in from a different universe? 😉

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    It has been published on the post “Classical Interpretation of Relativistic Phenomena”, responding to a comment published in the same post.
    You can reach it more easily on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I read your exchange with Charlie Meath from this morning. You affirmed that testing “cited yesterday” would be done.

    I have looked back over the last few days worth of exchanges and find no such description. I apologize if I am an error about overlooking your description of the testing to be done.

    Could you bring clarity to what and when you will be testing the ECat SK.

    Thank you for your time.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I was referring to my answer published on 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Alba Ruddell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will your company go public ?
    Congratulations for the strong progress you made with your important paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Alba

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Alba Ruddell:
    Not before our Ecats will be well diffused and operating in the market. Our investors will have to be protected by a consolidated business. I will never put at risk the money of our investors. I hate the fraudsters that sell toilet paper disguised by “long shot tremendous opportunities”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Charlie Meath

    Will al the tests you cited yesterday be made in the USA?

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Meath:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Carlene Obery

    Dr Rossi,
    about
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is the spectrometry of the plasma different, depending on where the eye of the spectrometer is pointed?

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Carlene Obery:
    Yes: if we look at the global ball of plasma we see a maxwellian, if we focus on specific spots we see peaks to know the specific wavelength in that area.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    How will you spend your Summer holidays?

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Working with the Ecat SK Leonardo. Preparing the very important tests that will start on August 22 and will end at the beginning of October: after that phase we will know if the permanent SSM revolution will succeed or not. The work is hard and difficult, the matter very complex, but I am working with the best possible Team in this matter in the whole world.
    I am optimist, but this is a fight.
    A very hard fight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Anonymous

    Michael Moore in his documentary just released says the same things you wrote yesterday about alternative energy: google
    New Michael Moore-backed doc tackles alternative energy

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Solarguy

    About the comment of Spencer Schebring: do you think that the windmills and solar panel can play a substantial role agaist the global warming issue?

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Solarguy:
    We must make a clear distinction between power and energy.
    Power is measured, among others, in Watts, energy is measured in Watthours.
    For example: when we say that a generator of energy has a power of 1 MW, this means that it can generate a maximum amount of energy of 1 million Watthours per hour, or
    1 x 10^6 Wh/h. A troll more imbecile than the others ( which is a remarkable achievement anyway ) corrected me time ago with dispregiative tone in a forum saying that the h of Wh at the numerator is eliminated together with the h at the denominator, so that remains only Watt: obviously this is a stupidity, because the h at the numerator is just a contraction of watthour, while the h at the denominator means “hour” and since watthour is a quantum of energy and hour is a quantum of time, to say that they eliminate each other is only a paradigmatic example of stupidity.
    Now, about windmills and solar panels: there is a big confusion when we read that such devices have already substituted so much percent of the demand of energy, because such statistics do not distinguish power from energy and normally the non experts think that , for example, a windmill with 1 MW of power can substitute 1 MW of power of a fossil fueled generator. Not true, because a fossil fueled generator with a power of 1 MW is able to generate always 1 MWh/h of energy, while a windmill can do the same only when there is a wind corresponding to that energy, which almost never happens. At the most the energy actually generated by a solar or wind power source is between 1 and 10% of its power. Should these sources not be funded by the taxpayer, nobody would invest in them. The business there is the funding, not the energy generation. In favour of the solar and wind power sources, though, there is the added value of the environmental issues, but also in relation of this calculation, albeit not easy, the poor efficiency of the real performance, could be discovered to be not as convenient as it appears to be if we make confusion between the concept of energy and the concept of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Jazmine

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    a particular importance seems to be given to the Aharonov-Bohm effect.
    Can you explain in few and simple wordswhat is it?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Jazmine

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Jazmine:
    It is a quantum mechanical phenomenon in which an electric charged particle is affected by an electromagnetic potential despite being confined in a region in which the magnetic field and the electric field are equal to zero. The underlying mechanism is the coupling of the electro-magnetic potential with the complex phase of a charged particle’s wave function: the Aharonov-Bohm effect derives from the interference generated by the phase shift of a particle that runs through a solenoid. Important in this context is the “zitterbewegung” effect, that is the vibration at the speed of light of a particle that moves forward at a slower speed, a phenomenon first observed by Dirac.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Spencer Schebring:
    It depends on where the electricity to charge the batteries comes from.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Spencer Scherbring

    Hi Andrea!
    Do you think that electric cars will contribute to limit the global warming issue?

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Athur:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Shannon Demarino

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still using the solder for the electronic circuits of the Ecat SK Leonardo ? Are you still at this level ?

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Shannon Demarino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Walt posted: “For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?”

    While I personally consider neutrinos an unlikely mechanism to affect LENR processes:

    1. Have you simultaneously tested two or more eCat devices operating in close proximity?
    2. Do they behave differently as compared when they are simultaneously operated at extended distances from each other?

    The cause of any effect may not be determinable but you should be certain that eCat reactor operations are independent from each other, or conversely, there is no “critical distance” when the operate in close proximity. Consider large thermal or electricity plants where there may be thousands of eCat reactors operating in relative close proximity.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Gianni Celio

    Did you ever think that neutrinos could be the source of the excess of energy in a LENR process ?

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Gianni Celio:
    I did think about this possibility, theoretically interesting due to their 1 eV supposed mass, but it is a very long shot. Anyway, the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I’m not asking for you to express an opinion on whether low energy neutrinos could be at the root of LENR, but hypothetically, if they were:

    1) couldn’t that be a testable theory?

    2) For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?

    Neutrinos are impacted by distance (r-squared), but they aren’t impacted by lead or Faraday cages, etc. If the neutrino theory were valid, then it might be possible to turn an operating LENR device into something like a low energy neutrino detector.

    Crazy thought– fun to think about since there’s currently no known way to detect LE neutrinos, but difficult, I have to think, to implement.

    WaltC

  145. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Only experiments could answer, but I have no idea how such an experiment could be done. In few words, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding recovery of electricity from your E-Cat SK’s, you have indicated that you have identified a possible solution for extracting usable electricity, that you are heavily committing your time and resources to experiments towards this solution, if this solution you are evolving does not eventually reach the efficiency level you require, will you still pursue alternative options for direct / indirect recovery of electricity.

    A possible alternative would follow from the sequence of events.

    From previous indications, to drive activity in the E-Cat’s charge you inject an electrical trigger signal, this induces electron coherence in your active material, a coherent state then leads to particular nuclear activity, from this a pathway leads on to the eventual production of extreme ultraviolet emissions, heat and electricity within the E-Cat SK charge.

    In this overall sequence there is likely a small-time delay between input and output electrical events. Would it be possible to use rapid switching (mechanical or electrical), i.e. connect the charge for a period to initiate, then disconnect from the control electronics and connect to electronics / capacitors / batteries for a period to recover the produced electricity, then switch back to input again and repeat. Partially diverting the charge output electricity away from the control panel will also have the benefit of reduced cooling requirements.

    Likely that reality is not as simple as this, even if it was theoretically possible, I have no doubt it may be impracticable, incredibly difficult or not efficient enough for meaningful use, and that you may have already investigated this, but if not, just possibly worth a thought.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Dear Dott. Rossi according to your studies, at what point you are in explaining the lenr reaction on a scale of one to ten.
    Thank you for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff.

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio Cerrina:
    I prefer to suffocate my optimism and respect what always suggests to me one of the most important members of our Team: “Andrea, better be humble”. OK, I will be humble: 6.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Jorge

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you getting the electricity from the plasma inserting a copper wire in the reactor to carry out the electrons flow?

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    The way we are trying to get electricity directly from the plasma is one of the most complicated and sophisticated system I have ever dealt with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering August 6 2019:
    Ethos energy takes control of ExxonMobil cogeneration plant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to supply power and steam to the adjacent ExxonMobil refining and chemical complex
    Rod Walton

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated previously that in addition to the bulk of the energy output being extreme ultraviolet emissions, there is also heat traveling back through the connecting cabling to the control box, and that up until recently the E-Cat produces electricity but that it was not in a usable form and it was efficient / convenient to thermalize it in the control box.

    For the January 2019 test, how much heat was removed from the control box by the control box heat exchanger.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The problems you cite were exposed during the test of Stockholm on November 24 2017: google “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017”
    In the presentation of the Ecat SK here
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the problem has been resolved and all the energy was thermalized.
    Since then we started a cycle of R&D aimed to produce not only heat, but also electricity directly from the plasma.
    We are working very well on it and it is not impossible that before the end of this year we will have consistent results: we are looking for obtaining a permanent ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Natasha Satchwell

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    do you think that your technology could be useful to limit the radioactivity of nuclear wastes?

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Natasha Satchwell:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Szymon Blachuta

    Mr Rossi,
    This could interest you:
    http://www.pnas.org/content/116/31/15356
    Best Regards,
    Szymon Blachuta

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Raphael

    Dr Rossi,
    About the “electron capture”: you are right. It’s pure B.S.
    The electron capture surely has been observed, but, as you correctly said, only in case of radioactive isotopes with a number of protons that exceeds the capacity of neutrons to shield the Coulombian forces.
    Cheers
    Raphael

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, in the past did you have transmutations eating up your reactors?

    Kind regards

    Toussaint françois

  166. Eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Why you consider impossible electron capture in LENR ?
    Eernie1

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Because either you are talking of radioactive isotopes with excess of protons ( which is not the case of LENR ), or you need 750 keV ( = 9375 billions of Celsius degrees ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Eric Ashworth

    Sam, I find the link to Dr Parkhomov LENR theory extremely interesting and which I feel highlights the importance of the JONP with regards its ability to broadcast very important scientific information. Regards Eric Ashworth

  169. JPR

    @Prof:
    I agree with you, the important success of Rossi’s publication on researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    comes from the synergy between the theoretical progress and the corroborating video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the expectation of the permanent self sustaining mode of the incoming Ecat SK Leonardo, that would be a veritable revolution.
    Jean Paul Renoir

  170. Poker88

    @Prof,
    I agree with Prof: the dramatic success of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is probably due to the coherence between theory and experiment and to the trustful expecteation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode,that would be a revolution.

  171. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is an update of the statistics of Andrea Rossi publication on Researchgate: these numbers are not just stunning, they are unbelievable. No one has ever reached these numbers in 6 months, few Professors of the highest level have reached these numbers in their entire professional life:
    Full Readings after 6 months: more than 30 000 (thirty thousands !!!) and counting. The average is 50 after years.
    Research Interest Index: 851.0 and counting. The average is 10 after years.
    Recommendations: 2599 and counting. The average is 10 after years and, by the way, this is some peer reviewing!
    Every comment is useless. The world is waiting trustfully for your Ecat SK able to power itself with part of the energy it makes, this is the sole thing that can explain these numbers.
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  172. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkhomov
    LENR Theory read by Bob Greenyer.

    https://youtu.be/V5J3rJ1R1ho

    Regards
    Sam

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Laura Aldama

    Dr Rossi,
    Greate article. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog. Im really impressed by your blog.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Laura Aldama:
    thank you for your attention to this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Marzia Cacciatori

    It appears to me that all the applications presented from your competition are derivated in toto or in part from your Ecat. Am I right?

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Marzia Cacciatori:
    The Ecat is something extremely more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Germana

    Dr Rossi,
    The correspondence between what we saw on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and what we read on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is convincing both for the Ecat SK and the theoretical hypothesis.
    Good luck for your R&D with the Ecat SK Leonardo
    Germana

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Germana:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Alec

    Do you think your Ecat SK Leonardo able to make energy without external power source will be able to obtain certification also for household appliances ?
    Regards!|
    Alec

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Alec:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Ken

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the Ecat SK Leonardo produce only the electric energy necessary to power itself, or will it generate also electric energy in excess for sale or other utilizations?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    The first version we will introduce in the market ( if we will be successful with our R&D on course ) will generate only the electricity necessary to maintain a permanent self sustaining mode, without necessity of external power sources of any kind, in any moment, not even at the start. Eventually we will proceed to evolve toward an excess of electric energy production.
    We are very close to the first mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This article on Thomas Edison makes
    me think of you and your E-Cat
    inventions.

    https://www.stevenaitchison.co.uk/be-like-edison-dont-stop-when-it-looks-impossible/

    Regards
    Sam

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Great article. The important is to believe in our work. The Ecat SK Leonardo we are working upon is something extremely difficult and sophisticated and theoretically engaging, the work is very hard, but not for a single moment I thought we will fail. We will do it. Mark wrote in his Gospel: ” …when you pray for something, believe you already made it, and it will be granted…”. I am optimist, because I am a believer.
    Thank you, great link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Paul Roder

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    1. I had heard your customers were satisfied of your service: are they still satisfied?
    2. will you give evidence of them?
    3. I didn’d find listed on Linkedin any member of your team: this sounds strange
    4. do you have any member of your team that could corroborate the participation to your R&D?
    Paul Roder

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Roder:
    1. yes
    2. in due time, yes
    3. + 4. All the members of our Team signed an NDA that forbids them to give any information related to our work in any form.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Luca

    1- can you comment the experiments made recently by your competitors ?
    2- do you see some of your competitors close to the presentation of a working device ?
    3- you said you always try to replicate the systems published by your competitors: is there any that you replicated successfully ?

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    1- I never comment the work of our competitors
    2- not that I am aware of
    3- not so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Casey

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the R&D of the Ecat SK Leonardo? When do you think you could able to present it?

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Casey:
    It is going on i a way that makes me very optimist.
    During the end of this month we’ll make e series of experiments that will give us a precise indication about where we are and where and when we go.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Blue

    The publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    marked without any doubt a strong progress of your theoretical bases. Do you foresee for it an update if the R&D on the direct production of electricity will succeed ?

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Blue:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I just wanted to give a reminder. It was four years ago, to this very day, that you shared in two posts, first with Hugh DeVries then Frank Acland, about the advent of a new evolution for your evolving ECat. You called it Marie Curie.

    If I understand correctly, this was a dramatic improvement. Marie Curie opened the door to your plasma based reactors including the Quark, then the ECat SK, and now the ECat SK-Leonardo.
    You and your team have come a long way.

    My best to you, your team, and your wife.
    Buck

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, you are correct. All started from that prototype, dubbed “Marie Curie”, eventually evolved into the QX, presented in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017 and then in the SK, introduced in the market by the streaming in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Now, with the SK Leonardo we are arriving, but not yet arrived to the full ssm, by which the Ecat generates electricity to power at least itself, and I am very optimist. The long way has been came through also thanks to important progress under the theoretical point of view.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Juerg Breitenstein

    Mr Rossi,
    Will you tell us, when possible, what you are doing with your technology in Sweden, the home Country of Greta Thunberg ?
    All my blessing to your Team.
    Juerg Breitenstein

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Juerg Breitenstein:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Ted Szeredy

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think it is more important the demonstration I found googling “November 24 2017 Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration” or the demo made on January 31st 2019 here:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ted

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Ted Szeredy:
    In Stockholm we presented a QX measured with calorimetry, while on January 31st 2019 we introduced the heat sale service and made a spectrometric measurement corroborated by a calorimetry. Honestly, we are proud of both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Sharla Knezovich

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    it is very interesting your interpretation of the applicability to LENR od the Casimir Force, based on the Compton wavelength.

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Sharla Knezovich:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    if, after working very hard for moreless one year on direct electricity generation, you still did not reach continuous SSM (that requires a conversion efficiency of about 5%), it seems to me very difficult to reach direct conversion efficiencies of 50% or higher (at least in the short-mid terms), to not consider the adoption of existing electric generation devices such as Stirling engines or PV cells.

    I hope I am wrong, but a comment on your side on the above would be very appreciated.

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    I am convinced we are going toward the right direction, with better results than Sterling and PV adoption.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the second part of the paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos “Toward the exit from the Middle Age”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    It often happens that when you solve the problems of a new product other problems arise.

    1 – Have you solved all the problems you had at the beginning of the year with industrial boilers, or did other problems occur?

    2 – Is the deployment of boilers consistent with your business plan?

    All the best for Leonardo E-Cat R & D

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    This is not an easy job…as a matter of fact many deem it “impossible”…
    1- we are resolving all the problems
    2- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update us about the heat sales?
    I wish your Ecats will be diffused in the whole planet.
    Maybe the Readers can also be interested to this:
    http://www.algaeinternational.biz

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Keruah:
    Our service is improving and we are resolving all the problems that have been popped up during this pioneers phase.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team and good luck for your interesting research with the algae, surely an important sustainable asset from the planet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    you stated that the ECat do produce a magnetic field.
    1) Is it constant or variable?
    2) If it is variable, have you tried to extract energy and if this impair the ssm and/or the normal operation?
    3) If it is variable, do you extract electrical energy mainly or exclusively from this magnetic field?
    4) Since i suggested you some time ago to send RF pulses to the charge, is it acting as an energy amplifier, returning the rf pulse amplificated?

    Magnetic regards,
    Marco.

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- slightly variable ( see the Teslameter on http://www.ecatskdemo.com )
    2- too weak
    3- n.a.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Hatchette

    The last paper on the JoNP has been published in April: when will be published the next?

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Hatchette:
    You are right, I solicited the peer reviewers, but they work for free…I cannot push.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Pierre Vickroy

    Dr Rossi:
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has been criticized because it supposes the electron runs at the speed of light, while it is impossible for a Fermion. What do you answer?
    Pierre

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre Vickroy:
    Who says so either has not read the paper, or has not understood the core of it. To make it simple:the “zitterbewegung” effect is the vibration of the electron around the axis of its linear trajectory. It can vibrate ( or rotate ) at the speed of light in the vacuum, while it moves slower along its linear percourse from a point A to a point B. This is well explained in the paper and in the related references.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that you do not have the gift of being ubiquitous

    u·biq·ui·tous

    1. present, appearing, or found everywhere.
    “his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family”
    synonyms: omnipresent, ever-present, present everywhere, everywhere, all-over, all over the place, pervasive, all-pervasive, universal, worldwide, global;
    rife, prevalent, predominant, very common, popular, extensive, wide-ranging, far-reaching, inescapable
    “tracking stray dogs may soon be easier thanks to the ubiquitous microchip”

    I believe your loyal fans were asking that there be a single, public accessible place that loyal fans might attend. Perhaps a vacant classroom at a Miami university or a public hall.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I understand. I see what I can do, obviously assuming success of the R&D, about which I am optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Brittani Georgopoulos

    Hello, I enjoy reading through your post and strongly appreciated
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions. I like to write a little comment to support you.|

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Brittani Georgopoulos:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Giorgio

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi,
    About the sale of heat, I indiscreetly am curious to know if more and more companies are turning to your company for their heat needs.
    Thank you in advance for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I have a special request. You say it is possible to
    unveil the E-Cat SK Leonardo maybe yet this year. WOW that would be a great moment in history! I humbly ask that you consider presenting it where your loyal followers can be present during the presentation. I know that I would love to be there during such a great event.

    Thank you for your consideration.
    Bernie Morrissey

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Your request is analogous to many others around the world, but I do not have the gift to be ubiquitous. The sole way to be ubiquitous for a not so much gifted person like me will be with a direct streaming.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR and Steven Karels.
    It is worth remembering that the e-cat delivers high temperatures, which is much more useful than the low temperature used in thermo-electric conversion. E-cat heat is very low entropy.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    It’s amazing following how this is developing. This could really be s game changer if it all works out.

    I’m not sure if this has been asked before but I wonder:

    A) if the thermal output ion the E-Cat SK Leonardo when producing its own electricity is the same or similar to that if the E-Cat SK?

    Even if less thermal power is produced but positive this self sustaining aspect makes it still substantially improved practically.

    B) If less out put power could you indicate a rough percentage?

    C) I wonder if there is s configuration trade off. I.e less over all thermal power for increased electrical power generation? Or if these processes are independent.

    I wish you and your team continued success with the development of the technology towards an optimum product.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A) It is proportionally less
    B) See A
    C) See A
    B) and C) must respect the thermodynamic principles
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Giuliano Bettini:
    It does generate a magnetic field.
    Warm Regards and strong wishes for your health recovery,
    A.R.

  231. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 30 2019:
    gas and Diesel gen-sets powering fully islanded Mexican processing plant.
    Rod Walton

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Giuliano Bettini

    Hi Andrea,
    If I can ask (and if someone hasn’t already asked)
    in the last self sustaining mode experiments, did you see if the device spontaneously generates a magnetic field around itself? Or does it generate no magnetic field?
    Best wishes
    Giuliano Bettini.

  234. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You did not address the second question of my posting:

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard, thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?
    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I forgot to answer this question.
    The efficiency of these systems is not worth the heat they consume. They are usable, but not convenient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Considering your answer to Giuseppe: Do you expect that if the E-cat Leonardo can run without the need to connect to the grid, it will be easier to sell it also for domestic and mobile applications because there will be less governmental rules and guidelines in laws that applies?
    Thanks and all the wisdom to you and your team to accomplish your baby. Gerard McEk

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Maybe.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with the comment by Jody below — a demonstration of infinite COP/permanent ssm E-Cat with no external input power would be an irrefutable testament of the reality of the E-Cat.

    My question is, where and when do you plan to do this demonstration?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Guido Galeotti

    Why don’t you publish your secrets for the sake of mankind ?

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Guido Galeotti:
    Because without an intellectual property nobody would have incentive to make investments
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    If the cost of an Ecat will not be prohibitive, an Ecat could be the back-up.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  243. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the electrical current produced by the E-Cat SK Leonardo a dc current or ac current.

    Thanks
    Bernie Morrissey

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    We can do both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Martyn Aubrey

    Hi Steven,

    Yes, you are probably right, but it is good to dream.

    Perhaps the answer would be to replace all internal combustion engines with steam engines driven directly from the heat output of the Ecats.

    You never know, we could be heading straight into the Age of “Steam Punk”.

    I’ll just have to buy a very long coat, a tall top-hat and a pair of brass-framed goggles!!

    Jules Verne Rocks!!

    Spiffing Regards
    Martyn

    P.S. I already own a very, very, small share in an Airship, which has actually flown test flights, but sadly also crashed twice.

    https://www.hybridairvehicles.com/

  246. Steven N. Karels

    Martyn Aubrey,

    Good comments. However, it should be remembered that conversion efficiency must also be high enough. For example, it the eCat produces 60kW of electricity – enough to run a full size automobile – but generates 3 MW in doing so, the heat produced would cause cooling problems and this would be significant. So sufficient efficiency is an assumption. If the efficiency consideration was met, then the onboard battery would need to be of sufficient size to handle high power demands (accelerating, going up a hill) or driving to a repair shop if the eCat should fail. A good engineer would size the eCat electrical output to meet the AVERAGE car power requirements, plus a little reserve. This would minimize cooling requirements, and costs. Another assumption is that the eCat system would not cost more than the battery components it is replacing.

    If an eCat option added $10,000 to the sales price, it would have an impact on the option being ordered. Even assuming Andrea Rossi can make this technology commercially available, there are many considerations that will need to be addressed.

  247. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Giuseppe that the Ecat SK Leonardo would be “completely independent from the grid”.

    1. Please can you confirm that once you have achieved “COP infinite”, that the Ecat will be a completely portable device capable of being moved to any geographic location to provide both heat and electricity?

    You will then be able to supply heat and power to anywhere on The Planet, or indeed away from it!

    Practical electric transport now becomes a realistic probability in our lifetimes with the Ecat as the primary energy source.

    Electric vehicles would become much lighter and cheaper to manufacture.

    There would be no need for large batteries to store the main electromotive power, only a standard small battery would be required to start the Ecat system and maybe to smooth the flow of power to the drive train.

    2. Can you please also tell us how the Ecat SK Leonardo compares in physical size to your existing 22kW Ecat SK which you are currently using to supply “Heat As A Service”?

    We are truly living in Wondrous Times, thanks to yourself and your great team!

    Amazed Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- yes, but attention: infinite COP to supply heat is very close, about electricity generation i excess more time will be necessary.
    2- moreless the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Is your primary goal(s) for the E-Cat SK Leonardo (electricity producing eCat) to:

    a. Produce sufficient electricity to sustain the eCat reaction without external grid power being supplied?
    b. Produce electricity to provide electrical power to the grid?
    c. Use “excess” thermal power to provide thermal energy for other applications?

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?

    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. and c. are very close, b should come eventually.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Jody

    @Giuseppe & Alessandro Coppi,
    I think there is another reason about the importance for Dr Rossi of the permanent ssm: it will put a tombstone upon any scepticism about the measurements: whatever the energy output, the COP will be beyond any doubt infinite, with momentous historical consequences in the scientific and technological world.

  252. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, with regard to the electric energy generation to allow a permanent ssm to the e cat, if it is true that the energy needed is very low, worth the big effort to obtain this goal?

  253. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    COP infinite > COP x
    for any value of x.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    why is so important for you to reach a self sustaining mode if the energy to do it is so low. Infinite COP or almost infinite COP for me is the same. We have to consider also that laws obliges the connection to the grid, like photovoltaics in my home; so it will be redundant.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    It is important because it makes the Ecat completely independent from the grid, and in most of the world there are not laws that oblige to be connected to the grid to make heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Rafael Regis

    Dr Rossi:
    Is the electroc current to power the Ecat SK Leonardo the same as being thermalized in the Ecat SK we watched in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Tyhanks for what you are doing,
    Rafael Regis

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    No, there are two stages.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Nuccio

    Did I understand correctly that the next Ecat Leonardo will be a fluid heater that will also generate enough electricity to self sustain itself?

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Nuccio:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  260. Asia

    Dear Andrea:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is very inspiring.
    All the best,
    Asia

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Asia:
    Thank you for your attention
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  262. Jeff

    Dr Rossi
    Still optimist to be able to present a self sustaining Ecat this year?

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  264. Asia Bornemann

    Dr Rossi
    What is very fashinating in your paper on Researchgate is the correspondence of the theory to the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the correspondence between the spectral measurements and the colorimetric calculations made also in the demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2017

  265. Trenton Lofrate

    Thanks for sharing with us the wonderful video of the plasma
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    What a beautiful “ballerina”!
    Regards
    T.L.

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Trenton Lofrate:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us, at this time, whether the issues you are having with the eCat Electric is:

    1. Achieving desired efficiency?
    2. Intermittent results?
    3. Or both?
    4. Some other problem – if so, please describe.

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Premature to answer, but I can say that my optimism is growing.
    The problems are many and, obviously, confidential. I still hope to reach the permanent ssm by this year, wherein permanent ssm means no necessity of external power source for ever and, consequently, a COP with zero at the denominator, obvopusly referred to the external sources of electricity or heat, therefore not in violation of the thermodynamic principles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Jean Jurasin

    This paper of Vitaly and Irina Uzikov is very interesting. Thanks for publishing.
    Jean

  270. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Jurasin:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Lanita Wilmoth

    Dr Rossi,
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is this text final, or you foresee updates?

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Lanita Wilmoth:
    Surely updates will be done soon, based on the experimentation on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. F. Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have been following your innovation saga since May 2012 and I sincerely hope your name will be the one that stays in History as the first to have introduced to the world an undoutedly proven and marketable LENR reactor.
    Best wishes
    FM

  275. Andrea Rossi

    F.Maillard:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. As a matter of fact, we already have introduced in the market our products, selling energy: pease go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Roberto Nelton

    What a magnificent demo in http://www.ecatskdemo.com !

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Nelton:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. E.M.

    Dr Rossi
    The video “November 24 2017 Ecat SK presentation in Stockholm” on youtube is still interesting indeed, because containd information that is not on http://www.ecatskdemo.com, in particular the calorimetric measure.

  279. Andrea Rossi

    E.M.:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I want to congratulate you and your team on all the great progress you are making on the E-cat SK Leonardo. When you achieve your goals with the E-cat SK Leonardo do you think you will be able to shift more energy towards production and a little less research.

    THANK YOU,
    Bernie Morrissey

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  283. Dora

    I felt enchanted observing the plasma while watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Godspeed,
    Dora

  284. Andrea Rossi

    Dora:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  285. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,
    in the past you told us you were able to reach good efficiencies with thermoelectric cells based on Seebek effect but only in the laboratory due to the precision required and therefore the high costs associated.
    Is this also the case with the E-CAT SK Leonardo or you identified a technology that can be easily scaled up to production level at a reasonable cost ?
    Thanks a lot for what you are doing.
    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    The Ecat SK-Leonardo is designed to be easily industrialized. The big problem of the Seebeck Effect is the directional fusion of the semiconductors impossible to be performed with massive quantities and consequently very expensive ( I had to work for a month to make several grams to reach a 20% of efficiency and this made a kW of power cost thousands of dollars- the failure came when we tried to industrialize the directional fusion, at which point the efficiency lost an order of magnitude ), nothing to do with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. Greta

    Is it possible that the Ecat SK Leonardo with total self sustaining mode and, as a consequence of it, an infinite COP, will be ready within the current year ?

  288. Andrea Rossi

    Greta:
    It is not impossible, albeit it is not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. B.A.

    Dr Rossi,
    about your paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Does the zitterbewegung of the electrons explain someway the electron capture ?

  290. Andrea Rossi

    B.A.:
    Absolutely NOT !
    Electron capture needs 750 keV ( = 9375 billions of Celsius degrees – I repeat: ninethousand three hundred seventyfive billions of Celsius degrees. Compare: the temperature of the corona of the sun is between one million and 1.3 million Celsius degrees…. ). I hope this is enough to allow everybody to understand that “electron capture” in Low Energy Nuclear Reactions is a boffoonate, as elegantly as it might be presented by imbeciles. Note: “imbecile” is not an insult, it is a definition from ancient Latin language that means “without club” ( in Latin: “imbacula” ), a figurative way to describe somebody that lacks any tool necessary to fight, even a simple club.
    Electron capture happens only in radioactive isotopes that are characterized by an excess of protons, like, for example, the radioactive isotopes 7Be, 41Ca, 44Ti, 67Ga, 72Se etc.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  291. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are you satisfied with the
    E-Cat SK Leonardo Concerto
    Software?

    Regards
    Sam

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also today a step forward. We are one step closer to the success.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. eernie1

    Chuck Davis,
    Without the use of fossilized fuel the industrialized revolution would not have occurred and we would be still in the middle age of society. In my almost ninety years of existence on.this planet I have noted one aspect of the environment that has been consistent. That is,I did not notice any inconsistent variation in temperature.It is not more hot or cold than the normal swings that I was exposed to. This observation of course is strictly empirical but it is the only evidence for me that the dire consequences predicted for climate change will not ensue. In fact, during the 1970’s, predictions for a little ice age to occur within a few decades had been made by a number of environmentalists.
    I will not question anybody’s thoughts about climate change but l would caution against raising fears that would cost society funds that could be used to solve other human problems that are obvious and should be addressed.
    Senior regards.

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Aisha Deist

    Dr Rossi:
    I understand the Ecat SK Leonardo has two stages: one to produce the electricity to fuel the Ecat SK and one to make heat with that electricity, so that the COP of this system will be infinite.
    Correct?

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Aisha Deist:
    That is what I am convinced we will be able to do. But we did not yet succeed, albeit I ma optimist about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain more about why today you are more confident of achieving your goal of no-grid E-Cat energy production?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Based on experimental and theoretical progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your last remark (to Judy), seems to exhibit high confidence the SK-Leonardo may actually work as hoped for.
    Are you actually testing it already using electricity generated in the reactor now?
    I hope with you for great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are working very hard, but it is soon to answer your question. I am optimist, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    In my. opinion, if your device can produce what you claim (low cost portable heat and electricity your contribution to society will be much bigger than CO2 emission decrease. Decoupling from the grid and making these energy sources available to everyone in society is the most important aspect of your efforts. All other effects will be far behind in importance.
    Principle regards.

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    True. If we succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Chuck Davis

    @Eernie1,
    I think also the vegetable and anumals of the former eons, now fossilized, contributed to the global warming we pay for today. Anyway, whatever we can do to help is useful.
    Chuck Davis

  304. Judy

    Dr Rossi:
    I watched again the video on youtube of the November 24 2017 demo of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm: this too is a page of history.
    All the best,
    Judy

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    The QX is the father of the SK and the grandfather of the SK-Leonardo, that will be the first thing in the history to make energy without consuming energy from the grid or from any known energy source, obviously respecting the first principle of thermodynamic. Now, from today, I am convinced we are getting very close to it. We will get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    To the readers of your site who are concerned about climate change,I would suggest investigating why Greenland and its melting ice cap was called Greenland by the Vikings that discovered it. Change is natural and we survive.
    Ancient regards.

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Not to mention the Sahara that was similar to Amazonia. But, still, I think that mankind must give their contribution, limiting carbon dioxide emissions. The fact that if you shoot a man the bullet is the main cause of his problems does not mean you can kick his head as much as you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. F.G.

    Watching the plasma on http://www.ecatskdemo.com: the Maxwellian you obtain can be similar to a Maxwellian, but it is impossible it is perfectly equal: which factor of conversion you use to calculate the temperature?

  309. Andrea Rossi

    F.G.:
    2.5
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 23 2019:
    Hawaiian Utility seeking 900 MW renewables for islands
    Rod Walton

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Aaron

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which Countries are located in the main suppliers you buy from the components of the Ecat ?

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Aaron:
    USA and Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea, I follow little the latest developments due to quite heavy health problems. So, have patience, as usual I don’t want to bother you, but nevertheless this morning I read this comment on the Fb group “Colf Fusion, LENR and Andrea Rossi”:
    “How can you slave away (as it appears) day and night working on this product with such a small team? Why not get the brightest minds on the planet working on this? If you have what you claim, it shouldn’t be difficult to prove and you would be famous for all time for having solved the earth’s energy and climate crisis”.
    Now let’s forget the sentence “If you have what you claim”.
    And leave it aside too “it shouldn’t be difficult to prove” and “you would be famous for all time”.
    However, to borrow words from David Hestenes, “it is interesting and perhaps not entirely irrelevant to note” the reference to the brightest minds on the planet and to solving the energy climate crisis. Or at least the energy crisis.
    Ok, well, just a morning thought. Good work.
    Giuliano Bettini.

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    Thank you for your suggestion and best wishes for your health !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Franco Pirri

    Dr Rossi,
    Good idea to put the control system of the Ecat SK inside a Faraday cage:
    1- it serves also as an antitheft
    2- it is a shield against reverse engineering attempts
    3- it is a shield against electronic attacks
    By the way: I am an expert in these fields.
    Congratulations for the impressive revolution you are carrying on.
    Best regards,
    Franco Pirri

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  318. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article of interest: https://www.cnn.com/2019/07/22/investing/cement-climate-change/index.html Has Leonardo explored opportunities in the concrete industry?

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the link. We have contacts yet with concrete industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. eric ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I notice you are still receiving questions as to how LENRs can occur and therefore with regards the LENR phenomenon I cannot help but wonder why gravity is not mentioned as a necessary part of the process, maybe it has been and I have missed it but I do have my own thoughts on gravity, LENRs. and how gravity is, I believe, an important aspect of the phenomena.

    Many people are of the opinion that LENRs are a result of a fusion activity but my own thoughts are that it could be of a dual activity involving both a level of incomplete fusion with a degree of fission. If you examine many reactions you will find various degrees of fission and fusion at play (oscillations are degrees of). Even within the atom fission and fusion as an activity is present. This is no reference to total but partial degrees of within oscillations that maintain a state of coherence as a stable or unstable neutral and that provide a necessary insulation between atoms (an oscillating barrier of negative potential that upon being forced close enough together can lock/bond due to the gravity values/potentials of the two interacting structures. If we look at thunderstorms or an electrical current that produce both heat and light two things become apparent, one being the necessity of two potentials and the other being an interaction by an entanglement of both potentials to produce both the heat and the light but with the entanglement comes a degree of insulation in the form of a gap created by like poles/charges repel, unlike poles/charges attract. Thereby as the positive short wave charge moves into the negative long wave charge zone it transmutes becoming negative i.e. it loses size and gains volume only to be rejected (positive and negative effects are caused by gravitational values of the charges i.e. gravity dictates the charge and thereby rejection creates a gap which is a value of gravity. Same thing happens with coulomb barrier of nuclei/ particles and those exterior electron barriers of the atom (all maintain an identity by the phenomena of inherent movement/oscillations). All that is needed is an external source of a pos/neg interaction to create a value of gravity so as to draw two structures close enough together so as to entangle their barriers. Negative charges exist due to their weak gravitational fields unlike positive charges. Consequently, charges closest to a source of gravity are positive and those further away negative. Positive moves into negative because positive exists under pressure, it could be said, interactions to be a phenomena of displacement. This activity of attraction and repulsion of charges due entirely to gravity values does, dependent upon circumstances, create structure either of a virtual nature i.e. fleeting of a weak gravity or actual of a strong gravity i.e. long lasting or you could say of poor quality or good quality which depends upon the gravity value of the structure. I believe this requires further explanation:

    What I believe needs to be considered is gravity and its connection to energy and that to maintain energy requires a container/structure held in format by gravity. Consequently, philosophy, I believe, can help, explain what I consider a base interaction between gravity being space devoid of matter and space containing matter. Gravity exists within space as pockets of emptiness and within structure comprised of matter. It therefore exists upon two dimensions, one being enclosed within a structure and one being enclosed between structures. Gravity can be considered an associate of the infinite and matter an associate of the finite. When the finite entraps the infinite a potential of energy will be present as long as the force of the gravity exists and that of which can be considered as a life force that provides the structure with a degree of quality or you could say structural tenacity, related directly to a measure of longevity. The entrapment can either be within a cell i.e. matter or between cells i.e. matter and depending which the infinite is surrounded by either positive charges or negative charges. Both aspects rely upon like poles/charges repel and thereby maintain a value of gravity and an order of structure. What gravity does, is it ties a knot of energy, the strength of which depends upon the value of the gravity acting upon the charges. Charges can be looked upon as tiny knots of energy formed from the finite being neutrinos whereas atoms are huge knots of energy structured by charges. Thereby charges contain a potential whereas a neutrino has no potential because it contains no gravity. In conclusion: to study energy one must study gravity or recognize energy as a gravity value and gravity as a value of energy. To continue we must look at LENRs with an emphasis on gravity and not just the substance aspect.

    We all know the coulomb barrier prevents/inhibits a nuclear interaction from occurring between substance/nuclei under normal conditions and thereby insulates/provides identity of a duration being an aspect of quality which is entirely dependent upon location i.e. is it a positive of good quality or a negative of good quality. This is where you need both potentials to make an assessment or create a reaction with a measurable value. Also we must ask the question could nature contain an intended design to overcome the coulomb barrier. Well I think nature contains everything there is to be, in other words nature does indeed overcome the coulomb barrier by incremental increases in the evolutionary force i.e. from periphery to point/dead centre of the progenitor field. Man can, I believe, duplicate this reaction on a minute scale producing LENRs. Well every structure contains a barrier of a coulomb potential and thereby exhibits a quality/gravity value reflected in the value of the coulomb. Do planets exhibit coulomb barriers, of course they do, the barrier is a necessary part of nature to provide identity, something Einstein pondered about as to why matter does not flow together. My own thoughts are that he knew but could not dwell upon the subject for reasons of confidentiality. The barrier is a moving wave of free particles that responds to the poles of the structure and the value of the gravity within (charge potentials have structure) Consequently when two minor structures/containers of a negative/positive potential are within close proximity, within an interacting pos/neg entanglement of a high gravity value there is an induced entanglement between the two minor structures of their barriers and that produces a reaction within a reaction/harmonizing of frequency between the minor and the major gravity values producing an economy flow system within the major gravity value and virtual particles being the interaction of the two minor structures (an economy flow system responds to the negative potential of an overriding major gravity value) Without the overriding influence of the outer container being of a volume dimension i.e. a super negative of its super positive the coulomb barriers of the minor structures would prevent an interaction from occurring. If the coulomb barrier could not be overcome Solar radiation would cease to exist. LENRs work in the same way. The trick is to get the positive/negative substance close together so that entanglement of their barriers becomes possible by applying an encapsulating strong positive negative interaction that creates the required gravity value for a LE. fusion/fission activity to occur between their fields i.e. an entanglement of oscillations In other words create a gravity zone into which the fields are drawn creating minor flux tubes within the major flux tube of the overriding positive/negative potential. Without a gravity value to create flux tubes within the barriers and induce a state of partial or full fusion no fission can occur and no energy released. Whether the barrier is between a charge, an atom or a planet the reaction relies upon an entanglement.

    The coulomb barrier and electron barrier responds to both gravity values i.e. the gravity within the charge or the container being the substance and the gravity outside of the container being the gravity within which the structure exists.

    When you bring two substances/containers close together you are creating a third phenomena midway between being an envelope of gravity which represents the necessary alternative aspect of nature which is substance. The barriers prevent entanglement but when in the presence of a higher gravity value, the barriers are pulled together and become entangled producing heat and light (think of an electric light bulb where the filament represents a flux tube within upon which pos/neg potentials entangle). LENRs relies, I believe, upon this important phenomena when in the midst of an exterior activity that surrounds/contains a value of manufactured gravity. In other words bring two fields together from a positive and negative substance so that their barriers (could be termed coulomb even though not of nuclei) entangle. Then create a positive negative interaction to enclose the two substances within a single gravity value so as to entangle the barriers of the two substances. The gravity value of the exterior reaction exists from a central position between the major interacting flux tube of the exterior manufactured gravity value, thereby pulling both substances/barriers closer together and consequently creating minor flux tubes within the major by the entanglement of the two fields/substances. (same barriers as the coulomb only comprised of field energy of the substance not the substance itself). This interaction of the two barriers within the major flux tube creates minor flux tubes within the major entangled flux tube. It thereby provides for a gradation of flux tubes from the inner apex to the outer base of the major tube and out of which dependent upon the gravity value of the particular flux tube is emitted a particular particle of a specific gravity value, with a wave length into the negative zone in which the negative potential of the flux tube resides i.e. originates from. Obviously this is complicated so draw one cone base negative, apex positive and divide it into seven sections from top to bottom. This represents the overriding gravity values/flux tube of the overriding system (what system?. could be solar). Then position two planets at either end of the cone/flux tube positive one closest to apex, negative one closest to base and entangle their magnetic fields within the seven section of the cone. the magnetic fields can be compared to filaments that produce flux tubes emitting a specific wave length of light. This process is how the coulomb barrier is overcome to break down substance in a period of time over a distance i.e from base of cone to apex, its apex being where the absolute plank length is established. As a matter of interest the field/barrier surrounding a structure or the mobility of it as in the case of a charge represents what is referred to as the economy flow system. Consequently the more defined the flow, the greater the economy and the greater the economy the better the quality of the substance. I believe LENRs rely upon this process to overcome the coulomb barrier i.e. a perfectly natural normal reaction. It could be asked can this process be demonstrated in a mechanical situation?. The answer is yes, because it has been but it is not allowed because it reveals a deep seated mystery from which many remarkable other scientific discoveries could be made. Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. What I have mentioned only deals with one gravity value i.e. one cone of gravity. In nature there are four minor cones/zones that issue out from a central point with a combined gravity of magnitude four and into eventually which all structures are subsequently drawn and ultimately destroyed by a fusion/fission activity. This is what man has eventually to overcome. Very difficult to explain but worth considering.

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Sam

    Sorry about that Andrea.

    Actually there is a good quip and
    a good quote in the video.

    https://youtu.be/m2sr6n6JWhc

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  325. Jerry

    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    GREAT !!!
    Thank you,
    Jerry

  326. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  327. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    video with a priceless quote
    from Albert Einstein.

    Regards
    Sam

  328. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    You forgot the link !
    Please send it,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  329. Roberta

    Dr Rossi,
    I notice that when the puppetts shoot at you, you shoot back only at the puppetteer.

  330. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Always.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  331. Reality Check

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the revenues-expenditures of your heat provisioning activity a positive or a negative value?

    If positive, why don’t you ask to an external 3rd-party consulting company to certify that your activity generates revenues? This would independently validate that you are gaining from “some” source of energy. Given that you don’t hide an oilfield in your cellar, it would imply that you have some energy source.
    We still do not have an independent validation of what you have, you have to concede that.

    Kind regards,

    RealityCheck

  332. Andrea Rossi

    Reality Check:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. Marco

    @Chuck Davis

    for a terrestrial application I agree. I was thinking at more widespread applications. For aereospatial application, I don’t agree. Think of a probe: i would have at least three Ecats each with at least three batteries, because space is harsh and appliance failure is not uncommon. Even if on a probe or a mars rover you have solar panels, i would not assume that they will be operative. A mars rover was lost because a sand storm covered the solar panels and the batteries drain out… If it had an ECat on board, with enough working batteries, it would have moved the solar panels to let the sand fall and return operative… If we are talking of a spacecraft with astronauts, or an airplane we can think to a standard ECat or double battery ECat, with spare parts on board, of course.

    Regards,
    Marco.

  334. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are happy to watch the fantastic progress of your technology! The emergence of an electric EKAT will be a turning point in the global energy industry.

    With deepest respect,

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your importasnt attention to the work of our team. We are working very hard and your sustain is important to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  336. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting link. I am not able to answer your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Raphael

    Dr Rossi,
    Reading your paper on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that the core of the correspondence between theory and experimental results stays in the “zitterbewegung” effect of the electrons
    Cheers
    Raphael

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    No doubt that the par 4 is crucial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    I think it’s enough a spare battery available,
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  341. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Dr. Frederick Mayer (Mayer Applied Research) recently published a paper on:

    ‘ A parametric heat flow model in the spherical earth ‘

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub

    See also:

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub#bib4 and,

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub#bib5

    Abstract
    In this paper, we model the temperature profile of the Earth with two heat sources: the first is the interior source, generally understood by geophysicists as the primary, if not only, source; the second is a source closer to the surface, explained herein. The model temperature profiles with our chosen best-fit parameters are compared with data from the Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM) to examine the relative sizes of the two sources; the near-surface source is found to be much larger than the interior source. If correct, the near-surface source could explain a number of paradoxes involving the heat coming from the Earth that have until now not been resolved.

    One of the conclusions is that:

    ” In conclusion, the assumption that the heat from the Earth has arisen from radioactive decay appears to be wrong even if all the radionuclides are located at a shallow depth of about 35 km. ”

    Do you think the Earth has been operating a long-running LENR operation beneath our feet?

    As his conclusions seem reasonable, do you wonder where the Helium-3 is coming from, other than the
    so-called ‘Primordial’ Helium, meaning that it was always there.

    Long-running regards,

    Joseph Fine

  342. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The electric E-Cat seems to be in a very good development path and requires a battery with very low energy capacity for start-up.

    Could this boot also be obtained with a super capacitor that would be automatically recharged by the E-Cat?

    All my support for your job.
    Congratulations on the (1-6) tennis.
    I hope that progress is real and that it is not a small weakness of Ms. Rossi.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The progress is real !!! ( How can you doubt about it ? )
    No, because a battery grants us the voltage and the amperage we need when we start up the Ecat. The battery is necessary only when we start and when we start the capacitor could be not charged.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    I was thinking… The rechargeable battery should be very dependable, if you want to avoid to use the external grid. If the cost is not high, it is conceivable to replace the battery contextually with the charge, that I presume is to be replaced about each year? In this way, the client will have always a fresh and more dependable battery, that is the heart of the E-Cat. Also I suggest to use two or more batteries in parallel, with a diode to avoid current return and a fuse to automatically exclude short circuited batteries. In this way the E-Cat could work without grid if at least a battery is operative. You can also produce different models with different dependability rating: one battery, cheaper model, with a single point of failure (if the only battery fails you have to use the grid), two batteries, more dependable model, three batteries etc…

    Best regards,
    Marco.

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestions !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. Hermes

    Dr Rossi,
    1- Do you think it is useful to put the Ecat SK-Leonardo in a Faraday cage to protect it from solar storms?
    2- When do you think the Ecat SK leonardo will be certified for households?
    Hermes

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes:
    Our control system is actually inside a Faraday cage, not just for protection against solar storms, but for other reasons, albeit maybe you touched a good point…I didn’t think about that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is another question (just out of curiosity, like most of my questions I am afraid):
    You said more than often that you ‘are working like beasts’, and you are ‘under great pressure’ on the electrical E-cat. Did you put that pressure on yourself or is there another reason for this like:
    1. Your partner demands it
    2. Your customers want it
    3. Some economical reason
    4. Some other deadline
    I hope you will succeed soon, great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are putting pressure on ourselves because what we are doing is important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said you can start the electrical E-cat in development with a small rechargeable AA battery. Is the heat output still 20 kW?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We do not have yet a data sheet consolidated, much work has still to be done. The order of magnitude wouldn’t change, though. We are working under strong pressure. We are close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If successful, would the permanent-SSM E-Cat employ an internal rechargeable battery?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    second answer:
    obviously the rechargeable batteries are recharged by the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting that you say a permanently self-sustaining heat-producing E-Cat is very close. Can you help me understand what exactly you mean?

    1. Will you need an external power source to start the E-Cat reaction?
    2. Will the control system need to be connected to an external power source continuously?
    3. Do you need to have access to grid electricity for this?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, to start the process.
    I am using presently Bonai rechargeable batteries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. Rick Meisinger

    Dr. Rossi;
    You recently stated that a permanently self-sustaining E-Cat would not need an external power source for startup.

    1. Would you consider a battery or mechanical start similar to a push button start on a gas grill an external power source?
    2. If answer to 1. is yes, is E-Cat always “on”?
    3. If answer to 2. is yes, when power is not needed does the control system put the E-cat in a “dormant” state that maintains a very low electrical field but enough for start up?

    Thank you if you can answer.

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    0- warning: it is not ready yet
    1- a small battery, for example AA rechargeable type, will be enough to start it
    2- not necessarily. It can be Off or On depending on the duty
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Cathie

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understand that your experiments with the Ecat have disclosed particle interactions that have been ignored by the mainstream R&D concerns: am I right?

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Cathie:
    They have been not just ignored, but considered disturbances. Like what happened with the molds of Fleming: nasty dirt for the most, pennicillin for Fleming…who saved billions of lives.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. Lanny Wiltgen

    When you use the Wien and Boltzmann equations using the maxwellian focus with the spectrometer pointed on the whole plasma image we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com , which factor do you consider based on the shift between your spoectrum and the theoretical Maxwellian integral?

  361. Andrea Rossi

    Lanny Wiltgen:
    2.5
    This means that the power calculated by the Wien and Boltzmann equations must be divided by a factor between 2 and 2.5. We adopt conservatively the 2.5 factor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it is explained very well also how an apparent low energy effect like the Casimir effect can trigger a nuclear interaction. Very fascinating intuition
    Ad majora,
    Giovanni

  363. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Yes, but the Casimir Effect is the less probable, due to the particular concomitance of events it needs, as it is well explained in the paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  364. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you are only getting hints of direct electricity production from the e-cat in experiments, when your guiding theory says you should get it, do you think the theory needs to change?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  365. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    But be careful: ” very close ” does not mean ” done ” ( so far ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  366. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield who was a supporter
    of you and your work on the LENR
    Blogs has passed away.

    https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thedailyjournal/obituary.aspx?n=adrian-ashfield&pid=193147752&fhid=29188

    Regards
    Sam

  367. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I am very sorry. Adrian was a great engineer and we have been honoured of his attention to our work and of his always intelligent comments on this blog.
    My deepest condolences to his family.
    Andrea Rossi

  368. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Push play sample on this link
    for a short talk on Nicola Tesla that I hope inspires
    you in your work.

    https://play.google.com/store/audiobooks/details/ColdFusion_Presents_New_Thinking_From_Einstein_to_?id=AQAAAEDM5Auk1M&hl=en_CA

    Regards
    Sam

  369. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  370. Victor

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is your health? You are under strong stress years since and you are in this moment the most important person in the world, if it is true that you are making an Ecat able to generate energy without necessity to draw energy from ouside itself.
    Godspeed,
    Victor

  371. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    My health is very good, my wife is no more able to beat me 6-0 6-0, now it’s 6-1 6-1. And I have a great Team helping me ( in the work, not in tennis ). Who is working with me is the best of the best in his field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  372. Scotty

    Are you patenting all the new modifications you are making to the Ecat? Attention, because Industrial heat copies everything that is published and makes patent applications about all they copy (see what happened to Francesco Celani !)

  373. Andrea Rossi

    Scotty:
    We patent eberything we do, also because already happened in 2015 that IH made a patent without my permission copying the publication of the Lugano experiment. But it has also to be said that all those patent applications are totally worthless, because the Patent Office rejects any application that copies anything that has been already either patented or made public in any way. We obtained the revoke of several patents copied from prior art. The application made by IH copied from the Lugano Report has been duly rejected from the USPTO. Somebody needs to produce paper, to sell it, obtaining valuations totally out of reality God knows how, independently from its real value. Others work like dogs to make real work and sell real things.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  374. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Andrea:
    how many probabilities do you have as of today to reach a permanent self sustaining mode, I mean an Ecat that generates all the energy necessary for it to work plus energy for other utilizations or for sale?
    JPR

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    To make the Ecat in permanent self sustaining mode, without external power source, to make heat the probability is high. We are very, very close. Then also a Carnot cycle becomes an ssm system to make electricity.
    To make the same producing electricity directly from the plasma in a quantity enough to yield substantial electricity for sale or other uses, much work more has to be done.
    The first mode is easier, due to the fact that the Ecat SK has a very low consume of electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the previous question on Fusion vs Fission on JONP, it appears from your referenced paper that you are suggesting that a “long-range” transfer of effectively one neutron from one type of atom to another is occurring. It would be of the form (A(pA,nA) + B(pB,nB) -> A(pA, nA-1) + B(pB, nB+1)).

    Questions:

    to be effective, would the all or some of the following be required:

    1. The combined mass of the original atoms be less than the combined mass of the resulting atoms? (i.e., excess energy is produced)
    2. The resulting atoms must be stable?
    3. No proton shifting is allowed (no new elements removed or produced)

    I am considering developing a computer program to see what combinations are effective and the amount of net energy produced.

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight, but the mechanism is completely different. As probably you read on my researchgate paper, we are thinking to nothing like these hypothesis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I want to ask several questions about retrieving an electrical current from the plasma.

    If I understand correctly, the electrical energy is being obtained from an electromagnetic field in or around the plasma. My questions are:

    1.Could something like an “antenna” (or an appropriately configured physical structure inside the reactor) be used to convert the energy of the electromagnetic field into an electric current?

    2.Would the recovered electrical current be AC?

    3.Would the physical dimensions of the antenna be most efficient at producing an electrical current if it were physically one quarter wavelength of the energy in the electromagnetic field?

    Thank you for your dedication and hard work in creating a revolution in energy production.

    Best Regards,
    Bill Hayes

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    1- I cannot answer in positive or in negative
    2- It can be either AC or DC
    3- same as in 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi,
    hello to all readers

    For information

    The Louvre Museum in Paris is organizing from October 24th, 2019 to February 24th, 2020 an exceptional exhibition on Leonardo da Vinci on the occasion of the five hundredth anniversary of his death
    Those interested will find all the information on the Louvre website.

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  381. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  382. Anna

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Watching carefully
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I discovered that the Teslameter indicated clearly an electromagnetic field generated by the plasma, which means that electric current was generated too. Is this observation that started your R&D on the direct production of electricity from the plasma?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Anna

  383. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  384. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is not only the most read among the 15 million papers published by researchgate, it is also one of the most important papers published in the last ten years.
    All the best,
    CC

  385. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Chuck

    Industrial Heat has made a patent application copying all the work of Francesco Celani, without his authorization. This fact shows how desperate they are…and also that Tom Darden is still the one so well described by Sifferkoll.

  387. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. Jamal

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it important the orientation of the Ecat SK? For example: if you turn it upside-down, can it work as well?
    Cheers
    Jamal

  390. Andrea Rossi

    Jamal:
    The orientation does not affect the operation of the Ecat. Yes, you can turn upside down the reactor with no effects deriving from this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  391. Jefferson

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it impossible that you will show your Ecat SK leonardo with direct production of electricity by the end of the year?

  392. Andrea Rossi

    Jefferson:
    It is not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  393. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 16 2019: Rebalancing the Energy Approach- interview with Mario Azar, president of Black and Veatch Power
    Rod Walton

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thanks for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    With respect to the possibility of achieving 90% electricity, 10% heat: I find that possibility so very exciting; I wish you every possible success.

    If successful, it would be an amazing, break-through product, useful in just about every industry and in every corner of the world. On top of that, it would be an unparalleled engineering achievement and, I have to believe, a seminal scientific advancement.

    Best wishes! (And Wow!)

    WaltC

  396. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    It will be very hard and difficult. Part of the electric energy would supply the energy necessary to the Ecat to work. The implications are enormous. #We do not have it yet, but we are working very hard on it. Some of us is getting no sleep. Theoretically, it is not impossible, as we discovered, or, at least, we think we discovered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andra Rossi.
    Neri Accornero
    July 12, 2019 at 6:34
    I asked you a question among the most important.
    “If the reaction is a” interaction “of plasma electrons, rather than a nuclear reaction, you should find far fewer obstacles in the production permit and for the home system, given that plasma generators have long been sold for metal processing.”
    You did not answer by answering more serious questions.
    I live on earth. This is very important to me E-Cat, 10 kW for the home.
    Do we have hope?
    Thank you for your hard work.
    Sorry for the bad language. Google helps me.

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Neri Accornero is right.
    Of course we have hope !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Don

    How many e cats are supplying heat to customers? Are you any closer to a home ecat

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Don:
    1- enough so far
    2- I hope so, but certification is still an issue
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for this interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  402. Victor

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you say which will be the maximum ratio between electricity and heat in case electricity is the main object of demand?

  403. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    We should be able to reach 90% electricity, 10% heat if this will be the demand. Still fighting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  404. Glenn Hornes

    Are you still using the Ecat QX for R&D? Due to the physics in it, I think it is a unique-in-the-world source of information for pure research.
    Glenn

  405. Andrea Rossi

    Glenn Hornes:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  406. Ugo

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Your publication on researchgate hase reached 29 000 full readings…and counting!
    Cheers
    Ugo

  407. Andrea Rossi

    Ugo:
    Stunning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  408. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    Just a few questions:
    1. Have you already scaled-up the production of heat producing E-cats or are you still assessing/improving the running plants performances?
    2. Does the Electric E-cat require considerable changes of the reactor itself, or is it more the control system that needs to change?
    And a remark:
    Maybe that this invention can also help you to generate electricity in an efficient way: http://news.rice.edu/2019/07/12/rice-device-channels-heat-into-light/
    (I assume this invention can also be used to bring the UV level EM radiation of the E-cat to the most efficient frequencies suitable for PV).
    Kind regards, Gerard

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. still assessing – improving the working ones
    2. this is a very complex issue
    3. thank you for the link
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. Daniel G. Zavela

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You stated many times that the E-Cat requires an external power source for safety reasons.
    Would the same safety concerns occur with the “Electric E-Cat” you are now doing R&D on?

    I wonder what inspired you to consider investing so much time, energy and money toward the direct production of electricity from the E-Cat?

    Best of Luck on your R&D. Many you acquire the all the resources you need to successfully complete your task.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  411. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    In the Ecat SK plasma we have a situation that has a strong potential to eskew the issues we had with the Ecatbefore.
    The importance is enormous with the efficiency we expect, that before did not exist.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  412. Pat

    Are you still also working to improve the heat production by the Ecat, besides the R&D on the direct plasma electricity production?

  413. Andrea Rossi

    Pat:
    Yes, of course! We are learning much from the operating Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments arrived today to other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Samuel Snopek

    Dr Rossi,
    I noticed you never answer to the guys that disparage you in the blogs: why?
    Sam

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Samuel Snopek:
    Thay do not affect us, on the contrary, their work gives evidence of the fact that they fear us, which gives evidence they recognize our importance. This is the subliminal message that actually they send to the public. Maybe among them there is myself… ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards.
    AR.

  417. KK

    So you think that the main work in your process is made by electrons?

  418. Andrea Rossi

    KK:
    Electrons play surely a fundamental role.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You wrote that there is no fusion or fission in the Rossi effect. This means that there is no phenomenon of absorption or expulsion of particles by the nucleus of the atom.

    Is it possible that there is a mysterious creation of proton or neutron in the atomic nucleus or neutron / proton transmutations?

    A thousand excuses if my question is silly because I am not an atomic physicist
    All my respect and wishes for success
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    There is nothing misterious. Questions are never silly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Fantasies are more than substitutes for unpleasant reality; they are also dress rehearsals, plans. All acts performed in the world begin in the imagination.
    Quote Barbara Grizzuti Harrison.

    https://youtu.be/hi6s2DdBCwY

    Regards
    Sam

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Right.
    Warm regards.
    A.R.

  423. Dewey

    Dr Rossi,
    I return to the comment of Neri Accornero: can you give a hint, not superficial, but not too difficult, about what can happen if your effect is not fusion, not fission, not chemical reaction?

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Dewey:
    Please go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    All the references cited here are the same reported in the above mentioned paper.
    In [13] a fundamental connection between Aharonov-Bohm equations and an electron model is proposed, starting from a geometric interpretation of the electron wave-function complex phase [6,8,1].
    This approach suggests the possibility of efficiently creating electron condensates exploiting the Aharonov-Bohm effect, a phenomenon that shows the dependence of electron wave-function phase from electromagnetic potentials [9].
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Francis Loung

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is one of the most important papers published in the last 10 years.

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Francis Loung:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I read http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Thank you for sharing.

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks to you for reading it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. BN

    Hey, Andrea,
    Is the plasma from which you are trying to get directly electricity comparable to the “ballerina” we can see on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    or does it have a different composition ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    BN

  430. Andrea Rossi

    BN:
    The composition is the same,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  431. Urbano

    I think that you have nothing but your fantasy. The Ecat does not exist and the electricity made directly from the plasma is a chimera

  432. Andrea Rossi

    Urbano:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  433. Carey

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    It seems that the diffusion of your publication on Researchgate is continuing to rise: now close to 28000 full readings and 2000 recommendations and counting!

  434. Andrea Rossi

    Carey:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  435. David

    Dr Rossi,
    The plasma shown in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com looks definitely like a black body.
    Cheers
    David

  436. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    If we take the full spectrum it actually is enough close to a Maxwellian
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  437. Dear Andrea Recently you said that the reaction in the ECAT is not a nuclear fusion, your article on researchgate, more and more read, is not within my reach and I certainly do not ask you for a simplified explanation but I take a reflection that I showed you some time ago. If the reaction is a plasmatic electrons “interaction” and not a nuclear reaction you should find much less obstacles in the authorization for the production also for the home system, given that Plasma generators have long been sold for metal processing. And at this point I ask you if the electrolytic experiments of Fleischmann and Pons and the others who followed them, are also special electronic reactions rather than cold fusion? And consequently does cold fusion exist?
    As always congratulations and full speed ahead!
    Neri

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    The reactions are not fusion reactions, but complex particle interactions: I agree upon the fact that my paper is complex, but the matter is complex. You are Physician Prof, it is like to ask you in few and simple words how a heart transpland can be done. The answer unavoidably would be so much superficial to be a nonsense. But I can guarantee that in my effect there are no fusions, nor fissions. Now we are very advanced with the theoretical bases, even if much remains to be studied.
    About the F&P electrolisis, I am not able to answer, I can only say that I tried to replicate their open-source technology without being able to obtain an energetic gain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the latest news from your latest experiments to produce direct electricity from the E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The theory grows up together with the experiments in a dialectic evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. Astonish

    Hi,
    I am following your work years since, and I’m astonished by your progress, but now it is time to shoot the engineer and go into production!
    Godspeed your work and don’t forget the rest,
    Astonish

  442. Andrea Rossi

    Astonish:
    he,he,he, nice play with the nick.
    We are working hard, but I can’t shoot the “engineer”: that’s me !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  443. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    When would you lit the cigar for the Electrical Ecat:
    1. If the electrical output exceeds the electrical input
    2. If the electrical output exceeds 25% of the total output
    3. If the electrical output exceeds 50% of the total output
    4. Some other goals
    I hope you will enjoy this victory soon.
    Good luck to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  444. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The answer 1 should give COP infinite. Obviously two cigars are better than 1…and counting.
    You have no idea how badly we are working on it. Theoretically we should get it, but so far experimentally we had only hints of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  445. M.B.

    Did understand well that when you make the spectrometry of all the plasma we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you obtain a Maxwellian spectrum of the black body and the calculation of the energy gives the same result because the temperature is lower, but the surface is much bigger ?

  446. Andrea Rossi

    M.B.:
    Exactly. Both are close to the calorimetris system, as explained in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  447. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you already obtaining electricity from the plasma?

  448. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, but still not cigar.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    on E-Catworld a commentator said that you yourself do not believe to your products because you are continuing to change them: first the Ecat, then the Ecat HT, then the QX, then the SK, now the Leonardo…what’s next?
    Cheers

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:

    It is an evolution: we are aiming to the perfect product and we are not far from it.
    Avery Ecat’s experience allowed the follow up of a better Ecat.
    Warmk Regards,
    A.R.

  451. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Yes what I meant is orders for the heat. Because some time ago you stopped accepting orders until issues are fixed.
    Regards
    Patrick

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    True.
    Yes, we continue to accept orders.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you in a position now to resume taking orders for the E-Cat SK?
    Regards
    Patrick

  454. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    We do not sell the E-Cat, we sell heat to industries where we install the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  455. Maurine Cler

    Dear Andrea,
    I am impressed with this site, really I am a fan.
    Cheers

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Maurine Cler:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  457. Graham Beavin

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think the unbelievable success of your publication on Researchgate (N.1 on 15 million publications for full readings, research interest index and recommendations) stays in the correspondence of the test shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the theoretical consideretions. Surely also the fact that you already started to install heating plants has a strong impact.
    Godspeed,
    Graham

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Graham Beavin:
    I totally agree, also because other my publications did not have the same impact by orders of magnitude, therefore it is not due to my person, but to the facts that are implied.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.roddilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Hause:
    We are at a very advanced level. We already are able to supply thermal energy, albeit for now in limited areas where we are makinging the technology fit for a massive diffusion.
    We are making strong progress for the combined production of heat and electricity directly from the plasma. Our progress is becoming exponential due to the mass of information that we are getting from our work. I understand the anxiety, but consider that our competitors of Hot Fusion with unlimited funds, in the order of tenths of billions, have obtained nothing in seventy years, while in 10 years and without public funding we made enormous progress. I hope to be ready with the direct production of electricity within this year, albeit this is a hope, not a promise. We are working very hard and, again, without external funding.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  461. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 9 2019 issue:
    Renewables Mix Tops 50% for MidAmerican Energy Customers in Iowa
    Rod Walton

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  463. Heinz Sause

    Dr Rossi,
    The earth atmosphere is bad also due to the use of fossil fuels, therefore your work is important. When will you be ready for a worldwide diffusion of the Ecat ?
    Heinz Sause

  464. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I apologize, but most of the discussion about Fusion vs. “something else” ended up going over my head.

    If someone listed some notable Nuclear Reactions:
    – Elastic Scattering
    – Inelastic Scattering
    – Capture Reactions
    – Spallation
    – Induced Gamma Emission
    – Alpha decay
    – Fission Reactions
    – Fusion Reactions (Wikipedia: Two light nuclei join to form a heavier one, with additional particles (usually protons or neutrons) emitted subsequently.)

    1) Are you saying that the Nuclear Reactions going on within the E-Cat are not one of the types listed?
    2) Or broader, are you saying that the Nuclear Reactions going on within the E-Cat are not any currently recognized Nuclear Reaction Type?
    3) If they are an existing NR type, which one(s)?
    4) If you believe the E-Cat-Reactions are new, do you currently have succinct labels & descriptors for them?

    Before you point me (once again) in the direction of the “long_range_particle_interactions paper” (I’ve read and re-read it many times– especially whenever you assign it to me), I’m hoping that high level labels/descriptors might help me to better see the forest for the trees.

    thanks, WaltC

  465. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- no
    2- I am not adding further information after the one, very rich, given in my paper cited by you
    3-same as in 2
    4- yes we have, but they are confidential
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  466. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    In past you wrote here that you try to replicate all the systems claimed by your competitors: is this still true?
    If yes: do you think some competitor could be able in a couple of years to reach what you did?

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, we try to replicate all the processes we deem worth the job.
    I never comment the work of our competitors, but I can say that none of our replications has been considered from us interesting. So far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  468. Enquirer

    Dr Rossi
    What do you respond to them who say the graph of the video
    http://Www.ecatskdemo.com
    Is not a Maxwellian spectrum and therefore you cannot apply the Wien equation ?

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Enquirer:
    As I explained many times, the spectrometer was focused on the very small surface where we have the highest temperature. Consequently the S in the Boltzmann equation was very limited. If we widen the window and get the whole spectrum, we obtain a Maxwellian. In this case we have a wider surface and the results when we apply the Wien and the Boltzmann equation are very similar, as well as they both are very similar to the corresponding colorimetric measurement, because the S in the Maxwellian spectrum is much wider.
    All this is well explained in my paper on Researchgate, that, probably, who made these objections either did not read, or did not understand.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog.

  471. S.B.

    When we will you show industrial important clients?

  472. Andrea Rossi

    S.B.:
    Soon enough
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  473. Bob

    Dr Rossi:
    Have you in mind when you will make the next public important communication?

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Soon enough.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  475. Dear Dr. Rossi, my name is Emily and i talk in the name of a small company called Xewer who made a device, MagSpark, able to convert part of heat steam into electricity with 20% efficiency.
    Xewer would like to organize a jointure with your E-cat to make one solution device to offer electricity from cold fusion.

    If you are interested reply to me on my email contact. You find MagSpark information through contact data i filled.

    Best Regards

    Emily

  476. Andrea Rossi

    Emily:
    We cannot make a joint venture with your company, but if you send us a proposal with price and description of your device, we will consider it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Andrea Rossi

    Der Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find the comments published on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  478. Livia

    I envy your work, regards for all the informative posts.

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Livia:
    You wouldn’t envy should you know how hard it is,
    Warm Regaards,
    A.R.

  480. Jamie Ahnell

    I red “Ecat the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova. It is a page turner, magnificent book.
    Cheers
    Jamie

  481. Andrea Rossi

    Jamie Ahnell:
    I will forward your comment to the author,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. Ramiro Reitter

    How proceeds the R&D on the electricity rirectly tken from plasma?

  483. Andrea Rossi

    Ramiro Reitter:
    We are working hard. I am very optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  484. Wilbert Vicenteno

    Dear Andrea,
    the last numbers from Researchgate:
    Full readings 28269, Reserch interest index 700., Recommendtions 2065 ( in 5 months, 7 dys…)
    To the next. Cheers

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Wilbert Vicenteno:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the question of fusion or fission, where you suggested an alternative, and after reading your paper,
    1. would it be correct to describe the process as one of “isotope transfer”?
    2. Would a starting point of such an “isotope transfer” be looking at all possible transfers that yield a positive or surplus energy output?

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The work I made with Norman Cook and published on Arxiv and now also on Researchgate was based on these hypothesis, the evolution is in my last paper on Researchgate.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  488. Chuck Davis

    Sharp claims PV with 34% efficiency: google
    Toyota testing infrared solar roof for electric cars
    Warm Regards
    Chuck Davis

  489. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Dear Andrea,
    Ok, sorry, I see now that you already edited the reply. But which part? All three “Ideen” books, or mainly the first one from 1913?
    r:/pekka

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    This depends on your patience.
    The first one is enough for a non professional.
    When I sustained the exam of Theoretical Phylosophy with Prof Paci I had to go through all of them.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  492. Dear Andrea,
    I do not find a Hussel work with the exact title you gave. Could you check if the title you gave was correct?
    regards, /pekka

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    It was the Italian version of it made by Prof Enzo Paci, eventually I gave the original reference.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  494. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Just a link I think is worth to post.

    http://sciexplorer.blogspot.com/2014/08/what-is-electron-really.html?m=1

    I would love to see a article from you “LENR for dummies” as if I google LENR I see so much rubbish about mentioning cold fusion

    I hope you succeed, and become known as Edison 2.0

    Kind regards Arjen

  495. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Dear Andrea,
    By the way, I like your call for Epoche call, that you make every now and then. Epoche should be exercised also, and in particular, regarding the question that we are asking nature. Forget if the question is new or old, but just think if the question is meaningful and well-posed. Nature is perfect and non-mysterious, just our understanding of it is murky. Our questions are manmade and therefore must be continuously criticised.
    regards, /pekka

  497. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Yes.
    Read Edmund Husserl “Ideas For a Pure Phenomenology and for a Phenomenological Phylosophy”.
    Probably you speak German, better read it in German language. The translation in English is not perfect, in Italian makes it much more difficult than it already is for itself. But it is a gold mine for the brain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  498. Dear Andrea,
    Well, your plasma must be tenuous, long distance between particles, because otherwise its pressure would be much higher than atmospheric and it would explode. In such plasma, electrons are well approximated by just classical point particles.

    The magic of plasma, if it has some, lies in its collective interactions, that is the feedback between the charged particles and the electric and magnetic fields that they generate and in which they move. Plasma, especially when it has a magnetic field, has a much richer set of wavemodes than ordinary gas, which only has sound waves and so-called entropy wave.

    The nature of the electron depends on the distance from which one is looking at it. Applies to other objects, too: for example if I look at you from an airplane at 10 km distance, you look like a mass point. Whereas if some insects crawls on your skin, he sees a thicker or thinner forest of body hair.

    But why wouldn’t you just make electricity using piece of water-cooled photovoltaic panel trimmed to the wavelengths that the plasma is emitting, or if that is not practical, then transform the wavelengths first to suitable range using fluorescent glass similar to that found in fluorescent lamps.

    regards, /pekka

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Roberto

    Dear Andrea,
    Have the probabilities to see the Ecat for electricity direct production increased during these last days?

  501. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I think so. I am working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  502. Jeff

    Dear Andrea,
    Today id the 4th of July: how are you celebrating it ?
    Godspeed,
    Jeff

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Working in an office with an American flaf waving from the balcony.
    Happy Forth of July to all our American Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Abel Renart

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you resolve the problems you hd in the Ecaat SK to make heat?

  505. Andrea Rossi

    Abel Renart:
    Yes, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. Buck

    Andrea,

    thank you for your quick response about Rossilivecat.com/All. However, it seems ~/All is a function you might not be aware of. ~/All enabled the display of your blog postings since 03/03/2010.

    If the history is no longer available with the server modifications, then so be it.

    my best,

    Buck

  507. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Understood.
    Thank you for the informtion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You wrote that physics has not yet understood the electron.

    Can you tell us, we ignorant of physics, what are the things that are not understood by physics?

    I’m sorry if my question is silly.
    Always a great support to the entire research team
    cordially
    Raffaele Bongo

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    For example, the real nature of electron. By the way: Einstein wrote: ” to understand electron means to understand Physics “.
    This is the issue I am focused on because from the study of it depends failure or success of the attempt I am making to get electricity directly from the plasma.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Buck:
    It’s all.html
    r:/p.

  511. WaltC

    Buck,
    Yes, the “Rossilivecat.com/all” (deep history) functionality seems to be broken at the moment. You can contact the webmaster (very nice person) via the link near the top of the “Rossilivecat.com” page & find out if it’s fixable or not.
    WaltC

  512. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    a quick question: Rossilivecat.com/all is no longer available. Is this a consequence of your recent changes at the server? Will it be functional again at some point?

    regards,

    Buck

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The correct address is:
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    It is operative without any problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. MM

    Dr Rossi:
    what do you think of this publication about the electron mass explained with the Higgs Boson mechanism:
    https://portal.kph.uni-mainz.de/T/members/meyer/downloads/HiggsHBMeyerSymmetry.pdf

  515. Andrea Rossi

    MM:
    Yes, I know that paper: if you go to the core of it, you discover that along the philosophy of this paper, the reality of a mountain is not the mountain itself, but its inclination and the related integral. They missed 100% the essence of the electron.
    Perhaps, to respect the “symmetry”, this reference could balance:
    https://www.amazon.com/Higgs-Fake-Particle-Physicists-Committee/dp/1492176249
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  516. Victor

    Dr Rossi,
    Also Afro-Americans are totally absent from the R&D related to LENR. How do you explain ?

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    We have Afro Americans in our Team and they work excellently. I ignore if it is true what you say, because in the mountains of publications made about LENR it is not, obviously, specified the race. It would be illegal, besides stupid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. Dear Andrea,
    Joseph Fine linked a paper on tresinos, also a Compton scale proposition, but with two electrons orbiting a proton, not one. The two electrons can have opposite spins, which reduces the system’s magnetic energy, I would suppose… and the entity has -1 charge so acts like H- ion. Did you look at the tresino concept? I didn’t hear about it earlier.
    regards, /pekka

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Not yet, but Dr Fine is worth to be read.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. “We are in the middle age of physics..”
    Not even middle, but muddle age. In my opinion:-)
    regards, /pekka

  521. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I think that the key point is the study and the comprehension of the electron, that has been frozen in a self referential system based on the principle that only what receives funding is real. We need epoche’.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    You recently said that you are optimistic about the outcome of the tests of the electric Ecat. Now, we know that you are an optimistic guy, but goes your optimism beyond your hope that it might work? Are there reasons to believe it’s going to work, already?
    Great success to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am optimist by nature and I sincerely have great hope that it will work reliably maybe within this year.
    July, August and September will be months of intense R&D on this issue. I am spending substantial money that speaks for the substantial background of my hopes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Greg

    Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is as of today the most read of the 15 million publications of Researchgate, Also the recommendations of your publications (1878 as of today) are unheard of before.
    Your work is making a revolution.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    Are you sure that itis really the most read ? I saw the stats, I continue to be stunned.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Emilia

    I noticed that in the field of LENR women are totally absent: there are not publications of females. How do you explain?

  528. Andrea Rossi

    Emilia:
    Well, as a matter of fact it is not true in absolute, for example Dr Evelyn Foschi, a physicist from the University of Bologna, has coauthored publications about LENR, but in general you are right, the presence of women is low. I am not able to answer why, I do not see any reason for this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  529. Gustavo Piatt

    Dr Rossi,
    I noticed that the spectrometry on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is between 300 and 800 nm
    Does this mean that there are no peaks below 300 and above 800 nm ?
    Thank you if you can answer

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Gustavo Piatt:
    Limited to that test, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Nice to see you clarify the situation on cold fusion and LENR.
    Obviously, the fusion of nuclei can only work at very high energies, as occurs into stars or accelerators, with neutrons production as unavoidable consequence. The alchemists of the Middle Ages have all failed to turn metals into gold because they do not have the knowledge of atomic structure and involved energies.

    You do not measure any neutrons from the E-cat, so it can not be a fusion reaction, you’re absolutely right. On the other hand, you get isotopic shifts (Nickel if i remember well), which means in one way or another a neutrons transfer, and that at a relatively low temperature: do you agree?

    Regards,

    Michel

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Your comment is intelligent, albeit I must in part disagree with you: I think that, speaking of Physics, we are still in a Middle Age and, as a consequence of this fact, our alchemists have made much better than turning vile iron into gold: look at the guys that have sold toilet paper, with written clowneries like “electron capture”, for millions, with “auditors” granting them billion dollars value of their shares value and using pop clowns like “guide fishes” to cheat on their investors: they turned toilet paper into gold !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. We are still in the Middle Age of Physics, because the Standard Model did not understand what is an electron, while Albert Einstein said ” we will understand Physics when we will understand electrons”.

  533. Joseph Fine

    Steven N. Karels,

    In both Fusion and Fission the reaction products will have a different atomic number, either greater than before (Fusion) or less than before (Fission). If the Atomic Number remains the same, one isotope of an element might be transformed into an isotope of the same element and the Atomic Number remains the same.

    Here is an example of the change in Total Binding Energies between Fe-56 and Fe-58.

    https://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=What+are+the+binding+energies+of+Fe-56+and+Fe-58%3F&assumption=%7B%22DPClash%22,+%22IsotopeP%22,+%22binding+energies%22%7D+-%3E+%7B%22TotalBindingEnergy%22%7D

    Then, there may also be Tresino reactions which have been theorized, but not yet confirmed.

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1406.1419.pdf

    Hope that helps,

    Joseph Fine

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Jack Salazak

    Dr Rossi,
    In the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the graph of the spectrometer indicates only the hundreds of nm. How can you see the decimals of nm?

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Salazak:
    The spectrometer has a cursor that can be put on any point of the integral and making so it indicates the wavelength corresponding to that derivate with a 0.1 nm resolution in the left corner of the screen. In the video this particular is not shown.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    I have difficulty with your limited answer and I suspect others might also have questions and/or are experiencing confusion.

    I understand there are two primary ways of deriving energy from the nucleus – fission and fusion. I suspect you are concerned with protecting your confidential business secrets and that is fine and understandable.

    But the implication that I would draw from your comment is that the reaction is fission which cannot be the correct answer because of the low atomic number of the ingredients.

    Confused,

    Steve

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    There are other nuclear interactions, besides fusion and fission.
    See also
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 2 2019:
    G 20 still spending big on keeping alive coal coal-fired power

  540. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  541. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “There are no fusions.” Could you please clarify:

    1. Are you saying no hydrogen-hydrogen fusion occurs?
    2. Are you saying no hydrogen combines with lithium forming another isotope occurs?
    3. Are you saying no hydrogen-nickel combination occurs?
    4. Are you saying something else?

  542. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I said what I said: there are not fusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  543. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you think that certifications depend on th power and the money is put on the stakes ?

  544. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  545. Chuck Daviis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    does the Ecat modulate the emission of energy based on the demand?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  546. Fedor Buchakchiysky

    Dr Rossi:
    1- Did you detect helium out of the interactions inside the Ecat?
    2- Did you try to find helium?

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Fedor Buchakchiysky:
    1- not beyoud any doubt: too close to the background
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still also working on an R&D to couple the Ecat with turbines?

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Israel

    Is it intact your focus on selling heat ? Which are the conditions at which you accept to install your plants to sell heat?

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Israel:
    Our focus is intact. We choose only industries that call us directly without solicitation and only if they are really in need of the heat produced by our plant and if they have a back up in case of our service interruption for technical problems. We do not accept requests from companies that do not have a consolidated history of heat consume proportional to the request and avoid companies that we deem more interested to spy than to use our energy. This is our strategy in this pioneering period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Darron Perks

    Dear Andrea
    are you still open to install your plants to sell heat, or the R&D on the direct production of electricity has caused you to severe such activity?

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Darron Perks:
    Of course yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Kip Mcdade

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you answer to them that say your technology does not work because nobody has been able to replicate it with the efficiency you declare? Many replications have been made successfylly, but none even close to your results.
    Thank you if you can answer
    Kip

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Kip McDade:
    Coca Cola never disclosed its formula and nobody has been ever able to replicate its flavor. Does this mean that Coca Cola does not exist ?
    Coca Cola consumers ( like me ) don’t give a damn about not knowing its formula, as well as our Clients buy energy and are not interested to our know how.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Jorge

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you found with the spectrometer also a “bell curve” typical of a black body Maxwellian?

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Yes, of course, the plasma is a black body. If we make the spectrometer see the whole of it, we get a Maxwellian, but in the video we focused on the hottest point. The energy calculated is the same, because the wavelength is longer, but the surface is wider.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So far have you noticed any improvements in the E-Cat SK Leonardo, following modifications you have made?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have made better than before. I am optimistic. Still much work to do, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today we have resumed to comment in this blog, after 2 days of silence in respect of the passing away of Prof. Norman Cook.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. Anonymous

    Today is the 45th World Environment Day: what do you think is the real situation of the alternative energies?

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The spectrometer gives all the numbers in the raw data with an approximation of 0.1 nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    For today and tomorrow no more comments will be published in this blog: the silence is intended to be in honour of Prof Norman D. Cook
    Andrea Rossi

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Joseph Fine:
    I am a man of Faith.
    Prof Norman Cook, I am sure, is going to work for God at a superior level than we still are.
    Humanly, I can only express my deepest condolences to his Family.
    He was a great man and a great Professor. His students in the USA and in Japan loved him and they are lucky, because to have a master like him is a fortune.
    He will pass to the History of Physics for his model of the atom’s nucleus, that has inspired and will inspire generations of scientists.
    I owe him a great part of my know how. I read his book innumerable times. I know it by heart. See you, Norman, now you play in the Majors ( I mean, in Champions League ), while we are still here, fighting for Him.
    Your friend for ever,
    Andrea

  566. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have you heard this sad news?

    https://e-catworld.com/2019/06/27/norman-cook-dies/

    Regards
    Sam

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Oh, my God ! No, no, I did not hear about this before now.
    I am very sad of the departure of one of the most honest and intelligent men I ever met in my life.
    It is a substantial loss for the LENR world and for the Science. His intelligence and preparation was directly proportional to his modesty.
    Andrea Rossi

  568. Jannette Herbold

    Dear Andrea:
    Your publication on Researchgate reached 27000 full readings today!

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Jannette Herbold,
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Dave

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going the experiments in California with the Ecat SK Leonardo?

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Dave:
    Promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Readers,

    As you probably know, Dr. Norman D. Cook recently passed away on June 14th after a long illness. Could you discuss his contributions to the theory of LENR and the “Rossi Effect” and any other recollections you could share about him?

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/resources/norman-cook.html

    Would you consider naming the next or a future generation of E-Cats after him?

    Thank you,

    Joseph Fine

  573. Noe Mihalios

    I noticed that your paper
    http://www.rereachgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    grow up together in number of readings and views respectively: clearly they are watched together.
    Cheers
    Noe

  574. Andrea Rossi

    Noe Mihalios:
    I agree and I think the success of the paper has been born by the coherence with the experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Pierre

    The experiments and the plants and apparatuses that you have developed in these last ten years are an intellectual patrimony unique in the woeld and probably of inestimable value: will you be able to transfer all this to others? Have you collected all your papers?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Pierre

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Christophe

    Dr Rossi:Do you consider your effect a cold fusion?

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Christophe:
    No. There are no fusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your research of LENR,
    1. have you found any differences between protium versus deuterium as a fuel?
    2. Any evidence of helium production?

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- very difficult to know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. Fernando

    Ha Ha Ha

  582. Fernando

    Dear Andrea:
    In the house organ forum the trolls of IH are saying that the stunning success of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has been bought from you paying persons to click! Surely they do not know, or pretend not to know, that it is impossible, because the statistics on Researchgate are made only by registered scientists and researchers that put their face, because when they click the algorithm of Researchgate checks the authorship and the same person is not counted more than once. But Rossi is Rossi, and with Rossi also the impossible can be possible, so, please, confess: how much did you pay to obtain in less than 5 months 26800 full readings, 1737 recommendations, 572.5 index of research interest and counting ? How much costed to you to cherry-pick 26800 persons in hundreds of universities and labs all around the world? And how much money to each of them had you to give to force them a recommendation? Confess!
    Fernando

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Fernando:
    Paid 4 billion dollars.
    Got a financing from Woodford.
    In IH shares.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    can you tell us if during the R&D on course you reached the expected electrical output level (let’s say more than 5 KW electric) for a duration of:

    a) a few seconds
    b) a few minutes
    c) a few hours
    d) a few days
    e) never

    Thanks a lot for what you are doing,
    Riccardo

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Premature to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Hey, Andrea!
    Update of your stats on Researchgate: full readings 26750, recommendations 1737, research interest index 592.5 !
    Note that the recommendations and the research interest index are made by professors and researchers that put their face and, as I saw, they are from every part of the world’s universities and laboratories. This is some peer reviewing !
    The readers also should know that Researchgate is written by 15 millions scientists that write their publications on it and compose the statistics of every publication. This makes very important the success of your paper.

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Jeffrey:
    I found right now on Researchgate this publication, written by Dr Donald Reed, that I recommend for its ingenuity:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/333977851_unravelling_the_potentials_puzzle_and_corresponding_case_for_the_scalar_longitudinal_electrodynamic_wave
    It is perfectly resonant with the revolution on course of which our experiments are bearing evidence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How are the SK reactors installed with your early pioneer customers performing these days? Have you been able to solve the problems that you said you had been experiencing?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working on it. In a week I will have results. I have worked hard on the modifications, I am optimistic. This said, as usual, much od perspiration follows inspiration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. C.

    How is going the experiment with the Ect SK-Leonardo for direct generation of electricity?

  591. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    Today I am in California continuing the experiment after the modifications of the prototype.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Lars

    Dr Rossi,
    It is extremely interesting the peak at 437.2 nm in the graph of the spectrometer in http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  593. Rod Walton

    New issue of Power Engineering June 25 2019: Peabody, Arch form joint venture to make coal competitive against gas and renewables,
    Rod Walton

  594. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton,
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Roberto Ridolfi

    All the 4 theoretical lines explained on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    seem to be to be a logic concatenation wherein they are all linked in a synergy: am I correct?
    All the best,
    RR

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    You can say that,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel Hicks:
    It depends on the specific situation. In theory, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Noemi Session

    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed the neutron detectors: have you ever detected neutrons emitted from the Ecat SK?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Noemi

  599. Andrea Rossi

    Noemi Session:
    We never detected ionizing radiations, nor neutrons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Roby

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The Zitterbewegung effect that is the core of the theoretical work in your paper on Researchgate consists in the vibrations made at the speed of light by electrons that move much slower, like a tennis ball that moves toward you slowly, but vibrates at a much higher speed, correct?

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Roby:
    That’s why I can’t get it !!! It is a false slow !!! ( Nice model, though ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  602. Reporter

    Dear Andrea:
    Short update about your stats on Researchgate:
    full readings 26300, research interest index 572.9, recommendations 1685…and counting!

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Reporter:
    Stunning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    if the current test is successful the field of application of the Ecat grows up exponentially !
    We are holding our collective breath in anticipation of success !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not that I am aware of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I HAVE BEEN INFORMED NOW THAT THERE ARE AROUND PERSONS THAT SAY THEY CAN COLLECT FUNDS ON OUR BEHALF TO FINANCE US OR TO BUY OUR PLANTS OR TO HAVE A PRIORITY IN THE WAITING LIST: ATTENTION! THIS IS A FRAUD ! WE HAVE AUTHORIZED NOBODY TO SELL OUR LICENCE OR TO COLLECT FUNDS ON OUR BEHALF !!! IF SOMEBODY CONTACTS YOU IN THIS DIRECTION, PLEASE CONTACT US GIVING US HIS ADDRESS: WE WILL IMMEDIATELY INFORM YOU IF HE IS A REGULAR LICENSEE OR A FRAUDSTER,
    WARM REGARDS,
    A.R.

  607. JPR

    Dear Andrea:
    I read many times
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watched in parallel
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and the more times I read and watch, the more I understand the genial background and synergy of those two publications. I’m not surprised that your paper is the most read nuclear physics publication of the world.
    Godspeed,
    JPR

  608. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I read now my stats on Researchgate:
    full readings 26095
    research interest index 565.6
    recommendations 1658 ( !!!!! These are peer reviewings !!!)
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Andrea Rossi

    F>:
    I am in Miami, Florida, and working on the Ecat SK-Leonardo
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Jimmy Dewis

    How many probabilities you think are there that your quest for electricity can be obtained by the ecat enough to make it work with a surplus?

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy Dewis:
    51%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Karl Poehlmann

    Dr Rossi,
    Maybe Tecogen can be a commercial partner of yours, see here:
    httpa://finviz.com

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. F.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us where are you today and what are you doing?

  616. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    You do not need infinite COP for a commercial success, 50-60 COP is enough.
    Kind Regards,
    Viktor

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    You are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The thermal E-Cat has no moving mechanical parts.
    Is it the same think for the electric Leonardo E-Cat?
    All my wishes for the success of the E-Cat Leonardo R & D
    Best regards and good tennis for Sunday
    Raffaele

  619. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the success wishes for the Ecat SK Leonardo: here are no mechanical parts also in the Ecat that should generate directly current and there is hope of success;
    thank you also for your wishes of goods in tennis, but in this case there is no hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. WaltC

    Steven N. Karels,
    One could argue that a multi-billion dollar business would be crazy not to take out an “insurance policy” for any technology that had the potential to seriously disrupt their business– in other words invest in buying & understanding & researching LENR.

    BUT, in strong agreement with your point, Clayton Christensen (“The Innovator’s Dilemma …” for those who haven’t read it, wikipedia has a nice summary) says that, by and large, dominant companies are often the least likely to have the interest or ability to investigate potential disruptive technology. Part of Clayton’s observations is that dominant industries are so intent on remaining dominant vs their peers (big-electricity, in this case), that’s where they focus all their R&D dollars. They are unlikely to take some of those dollars away from their big source of income and retarget it on something that’s seen to be, in the short term, a minor business.

    As a point of interest– One of the examples that Clayton gives is horse drawn vehicles not feeling threatened by hand-made luxury cars, but later losing out to the Model-T, mass produced car.

  621. Beerus

    Dear Andrea,

    Considering Mizuno’s system with palladium coated nickel, everything else remaining the same, what general result would you expect if hydrogen (of the normal isotopic ratio) was utilized instead of deuterium?

    Thank you!

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Beerus:
    Sorry, I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Dana

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the USA are on course the celebrations for the moon landing half century ago: do you think the Ecat SK Leonardo could be an achievement of the same importance?
    Dana

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Dana:
    If we (our Team) will be able to make the Ecat SK Leonardo 100% self sustaining, able to feed itself without necessity of external power source, obtaining infinite COP, yes. But it is still a dream, we are close, but not cigar yet. We are working very hard to realize this dream.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. Berenice Beckham

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    here are your stats today on Researchgate:
    full readings 26000 (!!!)
    research interest index: 555.5 (!!!)
    recommendations: 1631 (!!!)
    After 5 months (!!!)
    I think you are the N.1 out of 15 millions. The average numbers for good publications are, respectively, 200, 10 and 10, after years.
    BB

  626. Andrea Rossi

    Berenice Beckham:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. Steven N. Karels

    Nils Fryklund

    Why would a power company use an unproven and controversial new power source when nuclear, oil, coal, wind, solar and natural gas are available? Why would they take the risk to be the first power company to commit millions of dollars in a new installation based on an unproven technology? If eCat technology works and is adaptable to electric power generation, it will be through a small scale test project, where risk of lost dollars is minimal.

  628. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    After all the demos you have done, has not any power companies been taking contact and wished to lease an E-catSK for test, before they start to build up new nuclear-, oil-, coal- or windpowerinstallations?
    1. In that case, one or more?
    2. Any wellknown big powercompany?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  629. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that you stopped the E-Cat SK Leonardo test because of certain components failing.

    1. Do you know yet what corrections need to be made?
    2. What is the timetable for retesting?
    3. How serious is do you feel this setback for the prospects of direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, we are working well with them so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. In the eCat SK Electric, are you using magnets to cause charged particles to rotate in the magnetic field?
    2. Are you using a coil or similar structure to extract the particle’s kinetic energy to convert it to electrical energy?
    3. Do you need to convert the recovered electrical energy into a useful waveform (DC or AC voltsage and current)?
    4. Considering the required conversions necessary to produce useable electricity, will you achieve efficiencies better than that of a more conventional Carnot cycle approach?
    5. If successful with the eCsat SP Electric, will the major energy output of the eCat SK Electric be electricity or is the electricity a secondary product to heat generation?

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- I cannot answer to this kind of questions in positive or in negative
    2- see point 1
    3- yes
    4- premature to answer, we are still at an R&D stage
    5- we should be able to decide either solution, depending on the demand of the Clients
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations for the increased Researchgate publicity. Just some consideration. You are not yet world-famous, but in case you will be, since it is hard to predict how publicity develops. There are many examples of good people who have risen from neglicence to fame, and then fallen because they could not handle it. Being famous is a test of a person’s psychological strength, and it can be harder to withstand than being neglected. That said, honestly it seems to me that you have the strength of personality that is needed to handle fame, including that you do not take yourself too seriously and can laugh to yourself, although at the same time you take your duty& work very seriously. But one never knows. It can be a devilish thing & no one has infinite strength. I’m not suggesting to do anything differently, just giving my perspective of the situation…
    Best regards, /pekka

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your consideration. As a matter of fact, I do not take seriously myself, but I fight to death for the seriousness of the work of my Team. We believe in what we are doing.
    What counts is only the result of our work, all the rest is written in the sand. The attention in Researchgate toward my paper is not given from my name: I have published other papers on Researchgate, but those papers got an average attention. The incredible success has been achieved only by http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and this means that what counts is not my name, but what I wrote, that. obviously, has been considered useful. Nobody would read that paper, that is difficult to digest, unless he consider it useful. To read my paper is a work, not a leisure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. V.B.

    Dear Andrea,
    With your paper on Researchgate you have shade on LENR a positive light in the whole scientific world. The numbers of the stats speak for you.
    Cheers
    Vincenzo

  637. Andrea Rossi

    V.B.:
    …and the number are going up a;so today, it is unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Emily Richel

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you making use of superconductors in the Ecat SK Leonardo to make electricity directly from the plasma?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Emily

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Emily Richel:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Andrea Rossi

    DR Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the correction,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Modestino

    The link to the paper by ‘Tadahiko Mizuno & Jed Rothwell’ does not work properly.

    ‘Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel’ – that was posted by Modestino doesn’t work.

    The following link should work.

    (tiny.url was used to shorten the url length to minimize errors.

    https://preview.tinyurl.com/y2mm4v9f

    Sustaining Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  642. Adella Yoshi

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I saw here
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/researchgate
    that Researchgate has 15 millions of papers. Your paper is in the 1st 1% of the most read, but with the numbers you reached today I think you are in the top 10:
    full readings 25748
    research interest index 543.6
    Recommendations 1575
    With these numbers you are in the top of the top and for a LENR based paper, with the general hostility toward this matter, you made cultural revolution. Actually, your paper is very difficult to read, so it is unbelievable that you collected these results, because means that you intercepted the strong interest of all the field of the scientists and researchers of this field. This success of yours is important in this period.
    Strong congrats
    A.Y.

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Adella Yoshi:
    Every day I read the stats on Researchgate and everyday I get stunned.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Modestino:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. George

    Dear Andrea:
    What do you think of the fall of Woodford and IH ?

  647. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Kirby

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you been interviewed about the Woodford-IH mess?

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Kirby:
    I have been contacted from many journalists, but refused any interview.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Perry

    Prof Rossi,
    How do you calculate the rest mass of a photon?

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Perry:
    1- I AM NOT A PROF
    2- a photon cannot have a rest mass, because it cannot be stationary relative to any inertial reference frame. A photon is always moving at the speed of light relative to any reference frame.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Pavel Vrbovsky

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If we talk about your e-cats, is the fuel the same?
    I think that You are mentioned Ni, LiAlH4 , H2.

    Warm Regards
    P.V

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Pavel Vrbovsky:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. Guglielmo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I know nothing about Physics, just some remembrance of my high school time. I am retired and would like to start from somewhere to study physics: what can you suggest?
    Thank you if you find the time to answer.
    Guglielmo

  655. Andrea Rossi

    Guglielmo:
    I suggest you to start from this:
    “Physics and Our Universe: How It All Works” by Prof Richard Wolfson, Professor of Physics at Middlebury College.
    Find it here:
    http://www.thegreatcourses.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  656. Prof

    Hi Andrea,
    your publication today raexhed 25624 (the average is 100) full readings, 537.3 index of interest for R&D (the average is 10) 1557 recommendations (the average is 50) .
    You are in the top 1% of millions of publications on Researchgate.
    In particular, 1557 recommendations means 1557 experts that have put out their face recommending your paper.
    How do you feel?
    Cheers
    Prof

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Stunned.
    Obviously I am deeply grateful to all the scientists and researchers that are dedicating their time to read an undoubtly not easy paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of June 18 2019: Rod Walton gives the latest stories in power generation, renewable energy and the smart grid, plus: coal to cofire dual fuel conversionconcernsand clarifications.
    Rod Walton

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congrats on your fine theoretical paper. The one concern I have is that it does not offer why LENR reactions are so difficult to produce/re-produce. Dr. Storms talks, in his theory, about a Nuclear Active Environment (NAE) being required. Can you provide some thoughts on this issue?

  661. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “you stopped the E-Cat SK Leonardo test because of certain components failing.”

    Were the failed components involved in:

    a. Electrical energy conversion (output from the LENR process)?
    b. Control problems?
    c. Thermal issues?
    d. Starting and Stopping issues?
    e. prototype board reliability?

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. yes
    the others no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you still consider the SK to be at the prototype stage? Given the amount of time and money you have spent I had hoped you were at the pre-production stage at least.

  664. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    We are serving a restricted number of “pioneers” and fixing problems.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  665. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Can you tell us a few words about the development of E-Cat-gas turbine coupling?
    All my support to the R & D team
    Best regards

    Raffaele Bongo

  666. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We have still the R&D on course,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  667. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The purpose of prototype testing is to see what works and what needs improvement. Congrads on accomplishing a major step forward. Do the needed redesign and test again.

  668. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  669. Bob

    Dr Rossi,
    We strongly appreciate your candor when you tell us of your unsuccessful trials. This is evidence of your sincerity.
    Cheers
    Bob

  670. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  671. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Is the current test for direct electricity from the E-Cat being done by you personally, or is a third party doing it?
    2. Will a report be published if it is a success?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- 1 month
    3- we will never give up
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  673. giuseppe

    Dr Rossi:
    I read that IH has been evaluated 1 billion $ by Woodford: has this appreciacion been made when you were working with them?

  674. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    No, that figure has been elaborated between IH and Woodford after February 2016, when our collaboration has been severed,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Billy

    Dr Rossi,
    I saw that the numbers on Researchgate are exploding, going exponential. More than 1500 scientists and researchers have recommended your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    That is some peer reviewing !

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Billy:
    Indeed!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Letisha Maranda

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you explain which is the main thread you are following after the general exposition in your Researchgate paper?
    Many thanks

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Letisha Maranda:
    The one contained in paragraph 4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    I am a big fan of your work and has been following eCat for many years. Earlier today I sent a link about IH, but it looks like it did not pass the filter. I did not mean to offend you in any way. Just wanted to share what I read and my concern about IH using your technology.

    Kind Regards,

    Gennady

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    IH cannot use our technology, based on the settlement that has been reached in June 2017. I do not have any kind of financial, industrial or commercial collaboration with them since February 2016.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- Is IH still using your technology?
    2- Have you been financed by Woodford?
    3- Have you ever been in contact with Neil Woodford?
    4- did you have any further contact with IH after the settlement?

  682. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  683. Reuben

    Why do you think that the tests made by Google with the apparatuses of your competitors did not reach good results?

  684. Andrea Rossi

    Reuben:
    I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  685. Dominique F.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will we see another video like the http://www.ecatskdemo.com with the Ecat SK Leonardo working and making electricity enough to supply the electricity for itself plus electricity for sale, making this way an infinite COP ?

  686. Andrea Rossi

    Dominique F.:
    If we will succeed, that is probable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  687. Roberto

    Dr Rossi:
    Will you participate to the ICCF that is scheduled for September in Assisi, Italy?

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    No, I will be too much engaged with my work, but I wish success to the organization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On June 6 you posted “At the end of next week I will have a clear idea of the level we reached” relative to the eCat SK Electric.

    Can you share any update? Success? Failure?

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No cigar yet.
    See the answer to Gerard McEk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard MkEk:
    1. Partly: some parts of the Ecat SK-Leonardo worked very well, better than expected, but some worked poorly. We had to suspend the test and return to remanufacture some parts differently. Much work still to do. Never give up.
    2. yes
    3. yes
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Are you happy about the progress in testing your E-cat SKe?
    2. Has the reliability of the heat supply to your customers already improved?
    3. Are you already satisfied with that heat supply?
    4. Do you already accept and deliver new orders for heat supply?
    I hope things are developing well!
    Kind regards, Gerard McEk

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Orson

    Why do you continue to say that the electron capture is impossible in LENR?

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Orson:
    Because to obtain an electron capture you need 750 keV.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Gianbattista:
    Yes: virtual particles and antiparticles.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  697. giambattista

    Dr Rossi,
    in the paper Gullstrom-Rossi publiushed on Arxiv is cited the possibility that interactions matter-antimatter are connected with the theoretical explication of the Rossi effect.
    Are you still of the same idea?
    Best Regards,
    G.B.

  698. Prof

    @Patrick Ellul,
    You can find all going to the paper of Andrea Rossi
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Click on the paper text, you will find the full text; at the heat of it you will find a series of links, like STATS and OVERVIEW etc.
    Go to the links and you will find all the information.
    Today Andrea Rossi has the following stats:
    total readings 24359- total research interest index 490.1- recommendations 1431
    These numbers are higher than most of CERN publications and come from the free will of scientists and researchers of the whole world: if this is not a peer reviewing, what is this ? Are not one thousand four hundred thirtyone recommendations from scientists and researchers from universities and laboratories of the whole world a peer reviewing ? Is it more peer reviewed a paper that is verified from one or two persons or from 1431 persons ( and counting ) ?
    All the best,
    Prof

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Let me add that the average statistic numbers after years from the publication on Researchgate, are: full readings 100, research interest index 1- 10, recommendations 1-10 and recommendations are peer reviews made by experts that put their face on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You had previously mentioned building different eCat reactor sizes, up to 100kW thermal output.

    1. Are you still investigating or planning different sized reactors?
    2. Is there any practical limit to the number of reactors that may be combined in parallel?
    3. Can you forecast what cost you expect to charge for electrical power, e.g. $25 USD per MWhr?

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- premature
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  702. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Best of luck with your test! Can I ask, why are you in California, not Miami?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  703. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 it is made by our Team
    2 in due time, yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  704. Patrick Ellul

    Dear person that keeps posting about the statistics for Rossi’s paper on research gate
    Can you explain where you are getting these numbers from? When I follow your link it simply says “20,903 reads”. Do you have insider information?
    Regards
    Patrick

  705. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Today your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached 24000 full readings: I checked the global statistics and discovered your publication is in the most read of the 99.5% publications in all the history of Researchgate and you reached this achievement in 5 months. Your paper is making history. The unbelievable is that you reached this with a paper dedicated to the LENR, a matter that was supposed not to be taken seriously from the scientific echelons.
    Unbelievable.
    Prof

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    To be added: on Researchgate millions of papers have been published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Dear Dr Rossi
    Are you anticipating excess heat as well as electricity out of the new experimental Ecat. Would it be possible to generate hot water as well as electricity (Co-generation).

    Thank you

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    We expect it and we are working for it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Very interesting indeed the article on Nature.
    Are you too using simulation systems?
    Cheers
    Prof

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Unbelievably true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I recall during the 1+ year of the 1MW eCat testing you reported some control issues toward the end of the test and that this was likely due to fuel depletion.

    1. Is this correct?
    2. Have you changed your design or implementation to address the fuel depletion issues?
    3. Do you anticipate similar effects on the eCat-SK variant?

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- to be experimented
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering June 11 2019: Why coal fired generation still matters: their need in Asia and elsewhere.
    Rod Walton

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    How is goinf the test with the Ecat SK Leonardo?
    Many thanks

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Antonio:
    Premature,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Jeff

    Dr Rossi:
    Your publication on Researchgate has reached 23600 full readings…and counting. More than CERN publications.
    Ad majora,
    Jeff

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. Dear Andrea,
    Since I’m curious to get a picture of what the opinion is today about you and about your claims, I have published this poll that I invite your readers to answer:
    https://animpossibleinvention.com/2019/06/10/poll-does-andrea-rossi-have-what-he-claims/

    Kind Regards,
    Mats Lewan

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    He,he,he..
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  721. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It is reasonable to believe that you have a high degree of confidence in the eCat-SK Electric to place it in a location of independent testing in California. Obviously, it must have correctly functioned at your location before you would have allowed it to go to California. Any update(s) would be appreciated.

  722. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No, we are making tests in the context of an R&D
    Any assumption is premature.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  723. Gino

    Dr Rossi
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions you cite ‘Compton wave length’: can you explain what is it ?

  724. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    It is the wave length of a photon whose energy is the same as the mass of that particle
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  725. Ken

    On today’s New York Times there is an article by Jon Gertner, author of the incoming book “The ice at the end of the world”, sustains that technology could resolve the global warming and that it is will we lack of, not solutions. As an example, he sustains wind power could be used to pump cold ocean water to the surface to thicken sea ice.

  726. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    Sea water contains salt. Salt melts ice.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  727. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I wish you a good stay in California and a return to Miami with lots of positive tests and a huge production of electric power produced by an E-Cat.
    All my support for the whole team
    cordially
    Raffaele

  728. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your support to our Team,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  729. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I apologize, but I’m still missing something (and still out of my depth), but in the “long-range particle interactions” paper, I’m seeing: “this is how we achieve dense electron-proton clusters (condition-A)” but I’m not seeing a part that says “Given (condition-A), then this is how nucleon transfers occur”. (I’ve read and re-read Section-4 many times, as you’ve suggested, but still missing that part.)

    Did I miss something obvious in the “LRPI” paper, or is nucleon transfer discussed in one of the referenced papers?

    Sorry, to be so blind to something that’s probably hidden in plain sight!

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  730. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    More you can find in ref 14 and in the paper Cook-Rossi published on Arxiv.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Grerad McEk:
    It is premature to make any assumption. It could work, but it could also not work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said to Lars that if the test succeeds, you will sell electricity.
    My interpretation is that you aim for an E-cat SK-E that produces mainly electricity or at least more than 30% of the produced energy will be directly in electricity, the rest heat. I that a right assumption?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  733. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    Will you start to sell electricity if the test succeeds?

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. Karl Poehlmann

    Google: “Mathematicians used ‘magic functions’ to prove that two highly symmetric lattices solve a myriad of problems in 8- and 24- dimensional space” ( from Quanta Letters )
    Karl Poehlmann

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  737. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m a non-physicist, so please forgive my inexact wording–

    In terms of the Rossi-effect, which paper(s) best describe the current theory of how things (electrons, protons, neutrons (…?)) cross the coulomb barrier (into and out of the nucleus)?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  738. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Not easy to read, though, but our matter is not easy. By the way: electrons do not enter the nucleus…electron capture can happen only in atoms that have an excess of protons, which is not the case of LENR, where the energy necessary to make an electron capture process does not exist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  739. Chuck Davis

    @Peter:
    What has been discovered 1000 years ago that could be possibly compared with even the current Ecat design?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We are working very hard on it, but you try to breath, now and again !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I wish you all the success of this weeks test and it would be a tremendous achievement if the E-cat SK can run without the need of additional power. However, I will be equally happy when a report of one of your customers comes that shows an undeniable high COP of the delivered heat.
    Great success to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  742. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say you are in the ‘making phase’ of the E-Cat SK direct electric production experiment — do you mean you are still getting the apparatus set up, and have not run the test yet, or have you already started the test?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This particular test is made in California, because there we have the right technological support for this particular test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “The test has been started yesterday in California.” What test duration is planned? When will the results be known?

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This test, particularly important, will endure through all the next week. It will tell us if if it is really gonna work.
    I think at the end of the next week we will have some ides of what is going on.
    Hopes are many.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Felix

    Andrea,
    will you make another publication on researchgate if the test with the direct electricity from plasma will be successful?

  749. Andrea Rossi

    Felix:
    Probably.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  750. Cheryl Garelick

    Dr Rossi,
    The view of the plasma on http://www.ecatskdemo.com is inspiring.
    Cheers
    Cheryl

  751. Andrea Rossi

    Cheryl Garelick:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  752. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    A few weeks ago you gave a personal satisfaction level with the E-Cat SK as 6/10, and today you give it the same score. Does this mean you haven not made much progress recently?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  753. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The test has been started yesterday in California.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  754. Cecilia

    Dear Andrea,

    I am wondering if your paper “E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions” is to be seen as a complement to or replacement of your previous paper “On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat”? For example, in the latter there is some speculation that the excess heat and the isotopic shifts seen in the E-CAT fuel could be due to a Li+p reaction but that it is not known where the energy to induce such a reaction comes from. Does your recent paper present an explanation on how energy to start such an Li+p reaction is made available or does it present a completely new explanation for the heat generation? I am not a physicist so please forgive me if this question does not make sense.

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia

  755. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    Yes, the paper on Researchgate is conciliable with the Cook-Rossi publication on Arxive and from my point of view can be considered a continuation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  756. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the idea of emitting a proton beam and striking lithium, your previous paper (Cook and Rossi) states the alpha particles emitted energy should be 17.26MeV. If caused by a single accelerated proton from the hydrogen atom excited by a 4,000V potential, the input energy should be 4,000 eV. Therefore, a maximum COP would be 17.26 MeV / 4keV or about 4,000. If only one in a thousand protons effect a fusion, the COP would drop to 4. Since I do not know the efficacy of the proton – 7Li3 interaction, this idea may not work well.

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    Do you think a hydrogen plasma ion jet striking a surface of molten lithium acting as the anode would produce alpha particles? If the hydrogen gas was in a near vacuum and the lithium heated to its melting point with the voltage potential of around 4,000 V, the “1932 experiment” demonstrated production of energetic alpha particles. I looks to me that there is a sufficient energy in the alpha particles to be much, much greater than the heating and ionization power requirements. If a window was included in the experiment and a spectrometer was added, the spectrometer should show the characteristic spectra of hydrogen only. As the experiment proceeded, eventually one would expect to see the presence of helium appear (from the alpha particles) but after a long time.

    Steve

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Rosemary Ann Ainslie

    Dear Sirs,
    I would like to submit a 4-part paper on my magnetic field model. I do not see the method of submissions on this web site. Please advise. My email is on record hereunder.
    Kindest regards
    Rosemary Ainslie

  761. Andrea Rossi

    Rosemary Ann Ainslie:
    Just send by email your paper to info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    It will be peer reviewed and, if accepted, it will be eventually published.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  762. Alonzo Losardo

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the test with the direct production of electricity by plasma in the Ecat SK-Leonardo ?

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Alonzo Losardo:
    We are in the making phase of it, it is premature to express opinions. We are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Jonie Medlar

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the indormation you continue to exchange with us and for the information you gave with your paper on Researchgate.
    Jonie

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Jonie Medlar:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  767. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are new E-Cat installations on hold at the moment while you continue troubleshooting?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    An extremely important test is on course.
    At the end of next week I will have a clear idea of the level we reached.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Dear Andrea,
    I wonder if the frequency of your interventions to solve the problems that arise in the plants you recently installed is gradually decreasing.
    I believe that these problems can be defined as diseases of youth and as such are inevitable in creations that have just emerged from the first phase of research and development.
    On a scale of 1 to 10, what value can you currently attribute to the reliability achieved so far?
    I ask you
    A) if already today you are satisfied with the economic budget of your initiative, despite the assistance work in the part that you alone can do.
    B) If you can entrust some of your service to some members of your team.
    C) What percentage of assistance interventions can be carried out by the Team without you having to intervene.

    For years I have been following you every day and I wish you, your family, your team every good thing.
    With my esteem and my affection.
    Gian

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    A) Yes, and you are right: the problems are normal for a pioneer phase of a revolutionary product
    B) Yes
    C) most of them
    Personal satisfaction rating: 6/10
    Thank you for your kind support !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Mirian Chasser

    Thank you for the publication of this magnificent patent

  772. Andrea Rossi

    Mirian Chasser:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  773. Andrea Rossi

    No, we accept only requests that we receive directly from industries that have real need of heat industrial supply. We do not have time for brokers, intermediates or persons interested to test the Ecat, whatever the fashion. In this period we are exclusively focused on requests that come directly from industries that have a real need of industrial supply of heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. Maximilian Nian

    National Geographic has published an article on the Ecat !
    Cheers
    Max

  775. Andrea Rossi

    Maximilian Nian:
    Thanks for the info.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  777. Dr Rossi,
    Just to inform you that your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached over 23 thousand full readings and over 1000 recommendations.
    Ad majora,
    Phil

  778. Andrea Rossi

    Phil:
    …and 370.1 of Research Interest index from universities and labs all around the world !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. Hugo

    Are you accepting all the requests after the advertising you are making on http://www.e-cat.world ?

  780. G

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the paper on Researchgate
    Guglielmo

  781. Andrea Rossi

    G:
    Thanks to you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Jack

    Dr Rossi,
    You confirm that in June an important test will be made with the Ecat that makes electricity directly from plasma?
    Jack

  783. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    The test is on the making. I will have more precise ideas after the 15th of June.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  784. Anonymous

    I noticed you never talk of your competitors. Is there a reason for this?

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I must correct what I wrote in past, because I read a report Pieter Tans, senior scientist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), and the last stats related to the energy production in the USA. Coal plants are continuing to be closed, due to the high costs of the anti-pollution systems, fossil fuels plants are no more competitive with solar energy, even without green certificate. The world of alternative energies has changed substantially in the last 10 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  786. Steven N. Karels

    Iggy Dalrymple,

    I agree with your assessment.

  787. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea,

    Important questions for many potential clients of Leonardo Corporation:

    1. Has Leonardo Corporation any certification that say, E-Cat SK reactor don’t use radioactive fuel, don’t emit ionizing radiations and don’t produce radioactive waste?
    2. Has Leonardo Corporation any certification that say, E-Cat SK reactor not subordinate to any Nuclear Agency?
    3. Is possible to public that important documents on http://www.leonardocorporation.com ?
    Those safety certifications you public, not concern E-Cat SK and not say exactly about lack of radiations, and lack of radioactive fuel or lack of radioactive waste.

    Happy Birthday, and successful year on the market.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    1- we have the safety certifications ( see http://www.ecat.com ): they describe the conditions at which the Ecat safety is certified. Obviously such conditions do not include the use of radioactive materials or the emission of ionizing radiations. Should we make such use or emissions, the certifications would be not valid
    2- such certifications do not exist. They who use radioactive materials or emit ionizing radiations have to obtain specific permissions for these issues. We do not use any radioactive material and we do not have emission of ionizing radiations and we give to our Clients a guarantee related to this issue.
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Rod Walton

    News on Power Engineering June 4th 2019:
    nuclear energy era has been terminated in Massachusetts with the permanent shut down of the Pilgrim nuclear plant. The focus now turns to the daunting task of cleaning up and dismantling the plant; at the same time Rocky Mountain Power taps B&V to lead solar-storage effort in Utah.
    Rod Walton

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Robert

    The strength and the success of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    comes from its theoretical density and its coherence with the demo in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    This is, I think, the reason of its unbelievable almost 23000 readers.

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Iggy Dalrymple

    Steven N. Karels
    I believe that Rossi is on the correct safest path toward developing a market for his E-Cat. Selling heat/energy protects his intellectual property. This slow methodical rollout enables Rossi to work out the bugs in his product.

    Sure the establishment in certain countries may succeed in temporarily derailing the rollout of the E-Cat but I seriously doubt that fossil fuel poor nations like Japan and Sweden will take that approach.

    Once Rossi has sufficient mass robotic production, he can then begin to sell the hardware.
    Iggy

  795. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Happy birthday Andrea,
    Here is a short video how to make a plasma by placing two grapes in a microwave oven. The explanation is interesting.
    Reminds a little of the ballerina.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wCrtk-pyP0I
    Maybe it can give you some new ideas.
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  796. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for the nice link,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  797. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Could a chemistry student mix the fuel powder to the E-cat if he had the prescription and access to a normal university chemistry lab ?
    Best regards and also congratulations from me on your birthday.
    Nils Fryklund

  798. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Yes, but must be an expert of the art.
    Thank you for the congratulations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  799. G

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Happy Birthday!
    G

  800. Andrea Rossi

    G:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Leonardo

    Dr Rossi
    About your experiments: do you usually carry on more experiments at a time?

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Leonardo:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. John

    Thank you for the spectacular http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  804. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Your publication is likely to mark the history of nuclear physics.
    Have you done the most comprehensive publication on the subject or have you kept some things that are still confidential to you?

    PS: Right now this is the Roland Garros tennis tournament and your wife has passed the round of 16. I wish him good luck for the rest … ..Hi, hi, hi.
    All my support for your work and your tennis
    Best regards
    Raffaele Bongo

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The theoretical work is proceeding in parallel with the R&D on the direct production of electricity. Both are not done, yet.
    Thank you for your supports ( both of them, he he he )
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  807. Fred

    Dr Rossi:
    Your paper on Researchgate is important: Researchgate is the sole scientific publication whose peer reviewing is made democratically, in open source and this is the reason why the New York Times considers it one of the most important scientific carriers. As a matter of fact, a publication on Reseachgate is peer reviewed from all the scientists, professors, researchers that read it and they express their opinion on the publication freely. Your publication is very difficult to understand and it is restricted to nuclear physicists, so a full reading is very heavy. The statistics are rigidly controlled from the moderators, so that the result of the peer reviewing is there, clear and undisputable. Hundreds of full readings for one nuclear physics publication in one year are considered a successful peer reviewing. You got 22 300 and counting in less than 5 months.
    Congratulations, this is not a success, this is a revolution in the making.
    All the best,
    Fred

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Fred:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Palomino

    Dear Andrea,
    I am a Researchgateholic, because it is a gold mine for the research in general. Your incredible numbers, after 4 months and 10 days are as of right now these:
    Full readings 22375, Research interest index 342.5, Recommendations 935 and they come from all the world, mainly universities.
    And counting.
    These are not numbers that an average professor achieves in a career lifespan, these are numbers that few professors achieve in all the world.
    This speaks loud about your recognition. Your paper http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions is one of the most interesting papers of nuclear physics published in the world in the last year. This is the fact.
    Godspeed,
    Palomino

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Palomino:
    …and you have no idea of the emails I am receiving from researchers and teachers from universities and independent laboratories og all the Continents. I am really stunned. When I sent the publication I was hoping to have at least 200 readings, to be in the average…
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Benjamin

    Dr Rossi,
    I tink that Stenem N. Karels has given a good suggestion, even though your presentation in http://www.ecatskdemo.com has been convincing.
    Cheers
    Ben

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. Steven N. Karels

    Antonio Martucci,

    I cannot speak for what Andrea Rossi thinks. I suspect you cannot read his mind either. The suggestion was not to satisfy or disprove his skeptics. They are what they are and they are unlikely to change their minds. The battle is for the minds of the general public and the business community.

    Would you, as a private citizen, buy a “nuclear” powered automobile, paying $40,000 or more of your own money, if you merely had the promise that you would only have to refuel it once a year without anyone understanding of how the engine works? May be Yes, if you were aware of the benefits and it was certified?

    The “first adapters” that are moving forward with eCat technology are a small portion of his target community. Andrea’s approach is not a sure methodology to achieve financial success. He does take tis approach with some risk of failure. But that is his choice and he should be commended for having the courage in doing so. But we, his friends, need to point to alternative approaches for his consideration, which he can accept or reject. Unlike the Trolls, we wish him success and joy in his work and his life. And maybe, just maybe,an improvement in his tennis game too!

  814. Steven N. Karels

    Iggy Dalrymple,

    LENR, more specifically “Cold Fusion” has negative connotations associated with the name. When I discuss Andrea’s work and they say “Well, that is Cold Fusion and that doesn’t work”, it stops the discussion. If Andrea Rossi has actually developed a successful LENR methodology, we remain skeptics until we see it or it is scientifically verified by independent qualified researchers, it will not be widely accepted until the general public (specifically business people) believe it to be true and an accepted technology. There is a saying in the software business “No one ever got fired for buying Microsoft.” The person in a corporate world risks his position when he takes a chance.

    Eventually, if Andrea Rossi is successful in selling “heat”, government personnel will want certifications that this “nuclear” technology is safe, secure, etc. What happens when the average person learns the business next door is running a “nuclear reactor” in their plant? Running a business includes managing expectations and other people’s perceptions.

    Notice, I did not say that Andrea Rossi had to reveal his technology. But a year long, self-sustaining (no external input) operation producing a significant output would go a long way in introducing the general public and the business community to LENR, and specifically, the eCat technology.

    Imaging if the “New Green Deal” were to embrace eCat. Maybe they wouldn’t need to get rid of airplanes, cars and cows?

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you very much for your kind wishes !
    Yes, I think we are reaching the 1 year lifespan of the charge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Best wishes for a very happy birthday and for a happy and healthy every day.

    Even if you are not successful in Tennis, do you think it is possible to increase fuel charge operating time beyond 12 months or are there operational reasons why this may not be desirable? (e.g. safety, refuel/recharging complexity etc.)

    Birthday Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  818. Patrick

    Prof Christos Stremmenos,
    Thank you for your interesting paper and the beautiful photos with you and Prof Sergio Focardi.

  819. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Steven N. Karels,
    Why should Andrea bother to prove his product?
    “The proof of the pudding is in the taste thereof.”
    If the customer likes his purchase,
    then why must he quibble about its underlying science?
    Do American electrical utility customers demand
    to understand the science of electricity?
    Iggy

  820. Antonio Martucci

    @Steven N. Karels
    Andrea Rossi is selling energy, not plants. He has no interest at all, along his business model, to explain exactly how his technology works.
    I do not think that he cares too much about the skeptics either. He never did.
    All the best,
    Antonio

  821. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    The test you will make in june will try the infinite COP generating electricity?

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    yes, our Team has set up a software to simulate the behavior of a control system that allows us to make the drawing of a schematic of all the components of a board , with all the specifications of every component, and then read in a virtual measuring system, for example an oscilloscope, the results of its operation in certain conditions. It allows us to test the boards before making them and reduces the probability of errors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  823. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  824. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems that you are pursuing a commercial path that provides a service, the generation of heat and possibly electricity, without clearly demonstrating the technology behind the service. You have done demonstrations that show the effect but these are subject to criticisms.
    Can you clearly tell us why the following could or should not be done? Using one of your mature technologies, run an eCat reactor that produces enough thermal energy to heat low efficiency electrical power converters to produce electricity, conduct the electricity to a battery, invert the battery power to AC power and use the AC power to run your controller unit. Suspend this on non-conducting cables (so it is not sitting on anything and cannot be secretly powered) and power a light and let it run for some long period of time with free inspections by independent observers – look but do not disassemble/touch. Perhaps boil water with the waste (unused) heat. If it continues a sufficiently long period of time to exclude a chemical means of energy generation, you would prove the technology to the public. The scientific community would take notice but would remain skeptical until they did replications/independent testing. But business people are not scientists.

  825. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Stefano Robby:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Trinity Wosher

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you think that the “impossible success” of your paper published on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the signal of a modified, less biased, interest of the scientific community for your effect ?
    Cheers
    Trinity

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Trinity Wosher:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. Gloria

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is there any article in scientific publications you can suggest?

  830. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    I read yesterday a very interesting article published on Nature,2019.1038/s41586-019-1241-0 (about DOIs)It is the publication of an experiment made by the Israeli scientist Jeff Steinhauer and colleagues at the Israel Institute of Technology (Technion), by which has been realized a simulation of a “black hole” creating a sonic equivalent of it: a sonic black hole produced sonic waves that can be used as models of Hawking Radiations, confirming the Hawkings theory of the radiations residual from a black hole that in time will make the same black hole dissolve. What really fascinated me is the schematic of the simulator and its parallel with the schematic of a black hole. Genial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Stefano Robbi

    I reached the rank of those who watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I watched the whole 3 hours of it and I found an interesting coherence between it and your paper on Researchgate. I think this is the reason why both are getting viral.

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    We all have observed you making great strides in your activities. Has your tennis game proportionately improved? Best Regards.

  834. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes of course, but it improved in inversally proportional mode. It has got the wrong way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  835. Dave Dunlop

    Dear Mr Rossi
    I have been watching a video on YouTube about NASA’s work on the next generation propulsion systems for use in space. They are working on very large solar arrays to feed ion propulsion systems. Their current design produces 50kW of power.
    I see your technology being vastly superior to this. Have you had any discussions with NASA OR MAYBE SpaceX?
    Dave

  836. Andrea Rossi

    Dave Dunlop:
    No, but this is interesting. Can you send here the link of the video ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It seems we have some misunderstanding.

    In question 2 I asked the following:
    “You also said that one customer or your partner wants 40MW.
    2: Have you reached that level of delivered power already?”
    And you replied “Yes”.

    I guess that should have been “No”?

    Kind regards, Gerard

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    You are right: I had answered “yes” mistaking the number of the question. The correct answer would have been “no”.
    Sorry for the misunderstanding, my fault.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Back to your first asparagus response….
    Innuendo,out the other.
    Regards,
    Iggy

  840. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Ancient alchemists believed that asparagus induced the coulomb barrier to relax its vigilance.
    Regards,
    Iggy

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    That’s counter-intuitive !
    Ask Popeye.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can I ask another question on your reply on my question 2?:
    You said that you delivered your partner already 40MW of Ecat SK heating installation.
    Is that already in operation?
    Thanks for your continuous replies to our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I did not say that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrimple:
    Is your innuendo aiming to disclose if there is presence of asparagus in the charge ? I cannot give such information, in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  845. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You have said that you are delivering heat to more than 1 customer/location.
    Can you tell if the amount of heat to these customers/locations is:
    1. A: Less than 1MW; B: About 1MW; C: More than 1 MW?
    You also said that one customer or you partner wants 40MW.
    2. Have you reached that level of delivered output power already?
    On what do you spend most of your time:
    3. A: Improving Ecat SK production/reliability; B: Research/development on Ecat Electric; C: Playing tennis with your wife ;)?
    I hope things are improving and that the Ecat will soon comfort the world with clean affordable heat and energy. Good luck to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  846. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. A
    2. yes
    3. C
    4. We are working like horses to deliver B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  847. Willi Meinders

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    if one observes your work over many years, he can understand every single step and the inherent logic.
    Your successful work is rewarded by rapidly decreasing contradiction and increasing scientific recognition.
    I think, though, that you must give more informtion about your partners and clients and more detailed information about the safety issues.
    Regards
    Willi Meinders

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Willi Meinders:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team and for your suggestions:
    1- more information about Clients and Partners: I am under NDA
    2- more information about safety issues: we made and published, as you surely observed, daily controls to detect emissions of ionizing radiations, but all the measurements made either by us every day or by independent specialists have never detected ionizing radiations coming out from the Ecat reactors. Safety certifications have been made by major certification companies, as you can see on
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  849. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Asparagus was originally an Italian veggie known as “Gus”. The Roman Emperor hated veggies and sought to humiliate the humble plant by scattering it about the arena floor of the Coliseum. The brave gladiator Spartacus, a veggie lover, took pity and pleaded to the crowd, “Please, I implore you, please asparaGUS!”
    Regards,
    Iggy

  850. Giovanni

    Egregio Dott. Rossi,

    cosa pensa della seguente pubblicazione?

    http://www.aracneeditrice.it/index.php/pubblicazione.html?item=9788825523966

    L’energia di interazione gravitazionale viene pensata come originariamente energia liberata nelle reazioni di fusione nucleare che avvengono nel sole. Si tratta di una lettura energetica dell’interazione gravitazionale, che ricondurrebbe l’interazione gravitazionale alla natura elettrodinamica.
    Se così è realmente capirei finalmente perché le onde gravitazionali si propagano con la stessa velocità della luce.
    ENGLISH:
    This link is about the concept of gravitational interactions as photons freed during nuclear reactions in the sun.

    Grazie e i migliori auguri all’Ecat!

    Giovanni

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Thank you for the link. I am not an expert of the matter, therefore I cannot comment. Maybe some among our Readers can.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I just read the Google report on cold fusion. What kind of department is MIT using for their research? 10 million dollars, two years of time and 30 so called researchers and they could not achieve .90 hydrogen loading and only conduct 400 tests. Also failed to interview the top workers in the LENR field. Google was, in my opinion taken for a scientific ride.
    Questionable regards.

  853. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    I know nothing about all this and, frankly, I have too much work to do with the E-Cat to spare any of my time for these respectable guys. Therefore I have no further comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  854. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Is it still stop in the production of E-catSK or have you solved the problems which, so far, has occured at the customers?
    2. Will E-catSK in the future be like the blue box with 22KW or has any larger part of the construction been changed?
    Best regards and good luck.
    Nils Fryklund

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    We don’t stop our work, kust adjust it now and again, treasuring the manifestation of the errors: this is normal procedure in industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of our blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Nek

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I love your answer to Colin Watters,
    Cheers
    Nek

  858. Andrea Rossi

    Nek:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  859. judy

    Dear Andrea,
    I totally agree with Moshe: by the way, the number of full readings raises at an average of 1000 readings per day made all arounf the world, mainly from research labs and universities in America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania: in few words, from all the globe.
    As a matter of fact the paper is very complex and inspiring and has set up a viral pass-parole.
    All the best,
    Judy

  860. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  861. Moshe

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The stunning number of full readings of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    arrived today to 21827 and counting. I looked inside the stats published by Researchgate and what is interesting is that they come from hundreds of universities of the whole world. This means that the highest scientific echelons of the whole world are looking at your work.
    This is great also for the LENR in general.
    Godspeed,
    Moshe

  862. Andrea Rossi

    Moshe:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Hello Rossi-World:

    Just a note to say we’ve moved rossilivecat,com to a new server. Let us know if you experience any difficulties.

    Best wishes,
    Eric
    webmaster@rossilivecat.com

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Eric A. Woudenberg:
    Thank you for your help !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering May 28 2019:
    Learn how to reduce downtime during peak demand in your plant.
    Besides: Rod Walton gives the latest stories on power generation, renewable energy and the smart grid.
    Rod Walton

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think of the replications of your “New Fire” made by Dr Alexander Parkhomov in Moscow?

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I always said that Dr Parkhomov is making an excellent work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. lib

    (in Italiano sotto)

    Good morning Dr. Rossi,

    In the history of science there are several examples of theories that get abandoned in time (or that anyway are reduced scope of applicability). In other instances, edisonian attempts walk the talk of what the vast majority of their contemporary academics denied could be ever possible in theory (https://www.xaprb.com/blog/flight-is-impossible/).

    Closer to our days, astonishing researches the like Professors Benveniste/Montagnier realized (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8VyUsVOic0) appear extremely uneasy for the gamut of implications contained and are received with a degree of aversion or apathy from the scientific community.

    In brief, the train of though of my long introduction is that the scientific world seem to have lost focus to the experimental facts as the only source of data really useful to validate a (falsifiable) theory and rather appears concentrically focused on consensus, as opposed to independent research and critical thinking.

    My question is perhaps more to the philosopher than to the scientist.

    Do you think that the scientific world has an epistemological issue? When science creates a diversion from experimental data and focuses on consensus, is not science betraying itself and the very same method on which its foundation is based?

    Greetings and best wishes to you and to your team,

    Lib


    (English above)

    Buongiorno dott. Rossi,

    nella storia della scienza ci sono diversi esempi di teorie che vengono abbandonate (o comunque limitate nel loro àmbito di validità). Altre volte tentativi ingegneristici dimostrano nei fatti, quello che la massima parte degli accademici loro contemporanei negavano potesse essere possibile nella teoria (https://www.xaprb.com/blog/flight-is-impossible/).

    Più prossime ai nostri giorni, mi vengono in mente ricerche realmente sbalorditive come quelle dei proff. Benveniste/Montagnier (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8VyUsVOic0) che appaiono estremamente scomode per il ventaglio di implicazioni che contengono e che generano una certa avversione o un generale disinteresse da parte della comunità scientifica.

    Sinteticamente, il filo generale della mia lunga introduzione alla domanda è che il mondo scientifico appare aver perduto attenzione al dato sperimentale come unico elemento utile per la validazione di una teoria (falsificabile) e che sembra concentrato maggiormente sul consenso, piuttosto che sul pensiero critico e sulla ricerca indipendente.

    La mia domanda è direttamente collegata a lei e al suo lavoro, ma è forse rivolta più al filosofo che allo scienziato.

    Esiste a suo parere nel mondo scientifico un problema epistemologico? Nel momento in cui la scienza si distrae dal dato sperimentale e si concentra sul consenso, non sta tradendo se stessa e il metodo su cui si basa?

    Saluti e buon lavoro a lei e il suo team,

    Lib

  871. Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    Very intelligent insight.
    I agree with you. Besides: the consensus is biased by the financing programs.
    We have a paradigma that helps us: ITER ( or Eater, as somebidy dubbed it ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  872. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi, I refer readers to an article in Nature that reports on a two year research program into cold fusion and LENR financed by Google…

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01675-9

    It seems they found no evidence it exists, no excess heat despite over 400 experiments. Perhaps you could show them how to do it? It seems your patents, videos and theory articles aren’t sufficient.

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    I am not aware of the work described and never had anything to do with it. By the way: 400 experiments is a ridiculous number. I alone made more than 10 thousands. I supposed that all those big guns made at least ten times the experiments I made: I am alone, albeit with a magnificent Team, they are so many and prestigious…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  874. Roberto

    Dear Andrea,
    I have seen that the website
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    has been updated.
    Very good.
    Cheers
    Roberto

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    As I always said, Dr Parkhomov is making an excellent work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Jai Falzon

    Dear Andrea, I’m an entrepreneur and am very interested in the E-cat sk for large scale power production. I would like to know if you are considering selling E-cats in the near future and how much an E-cat would roughly cost.

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Jai Falzon:
    We are selling energy, not Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  879. Manuel

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Here are the numbers as of today at 9.45 A.M. E.T.
    Full Readings: 21 583
    Recommendations: 738
    Index of Research Interest: 277.1
    Citations: 13
    These statistics are calculated by Researchgate directly.
    These numbers would be considered a great success for publications of main Professors of nuclear physics after a career. You got these numbers after less than 5 months.
    Unbelievable.
    Godspeed,
    Manuel

  880. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel:
    You are right, those are the numbers and I am stunned, considering the nature of the Readers of Researchgate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  881. Wilhelm

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you scheduled when you will start to sell also the Ecats, not just the energy?

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Wilhelm:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. C.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is your effect a form of cold fusion? How do you think it is appropriate to call it:

  884. Andrea Rossi

    C.:
    I do not think the definition of Cold Fusion is correct, because we do not have any fusion. LENR perhaps is proper, or, more simply, Rossi effect, that is what it is in short.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  885. Ken Kocher

    Dear Andrea,
    are you in any relations with Alexander Rossi, the winner yesterday of the Indy 500 in Indianapolis, Indiana?
    Congrats to both for your achievements!
    Ken Kocher

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:

    He,he,he…no, we do not have any relationship, but I watched the race in TV and he is very good indeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Emma

    Dear Andrea
    If you succeed to make the infinite-cop-ecat electricity generator the market of cars will be completely changed.
    Godspeed,
    Emma

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Emma:
    We still are not there. We are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Duke

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    There are many companies in the world that are making fuel oil with the technology of the patent you applied for in 1978. Are you earning any royalty for this?
    Duke

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Duke:
    No, because the patent has expired and now is public property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Manfred

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    I am a teacher of chemistry in Germany.
    One of my groups is very interested in your inventions.
    Could you explain some simple experiments to show the pupils the Rossi effect ?
    Best wishes to your research,
    Manfred

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred:
    I am delighted to read that the pupils you are the teacher of are interested to the work of my Team. The theoretical bases of the effect are not simple and I doubt can be understood by students of middle school ( since you defined them “pupils” I suppose we are talking of middle school kids ).
    It is not a kind of technology that can be explained in simple words. I can suggest to watch
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    while you explain to them what is going on in simple words. You can also go with them through
    http://www.ecat.com
    If you send me by email the address of the school where you teach, I can send you as a gift to the library of your school a copy of a book that can help.
    Best wishes for your important job and good luck to all your students.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You were right, most physicists I know do not give any credibility to the January presentation. Some of them do not even want to talk about cold fusion with me anymore…
    It is clear and understandable that a video is not enough to gain the trust and interest of the scientific community. Until your client(s) publishes his own measurements and identity, i think it will be so.

    I hope that your project will succeed and spread on a large scale, because a few time is left to avoid crossing the 1.5°C delta T indicated in the Paris agreement.
    According to what i have heard recently, the next 15 years will be decisive for the future.

    Regards,
    Michel

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    There is a strong interest among the physicists, though.
    My paper “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions, published on Researchgate, that implies the theoretical considerations based on the experiment shown during the presentation, is the most read paper od nuclear physics of the 2019, so far. I am citing statistics made not by me, but by Researchgate. Besides: what we are mostly interested to is the trust and interest of our Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Katheryn Mallette

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/publication_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Having read this I believed it was really enlightening. No surprise at all that with 21300 full readings and counting it is the nuclear physics paper most read in the world during the year on course.
    Gosspeed,
    Katherine

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Katheryn Mallette:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  899. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I am glad to hear you are still positive about the Electric E-Cat. I remember at one point you said you were making control boards by hand, which I would expect is not the most accurate way to make them. Are you still doing this, or have you found a better way?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  900. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It depends on the nature of the troubleshooting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Granco Pirri

    Dear Andrea:
    Thank you for your correct English synopsis of the comment I sent in Italian,
    All the best,
    Franco Pirri

  902. Dana Blumenstock

    About http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    The calculation in the Boltzmann equation is made in Kelvin or in Celsius?

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Dana Blumenstock:
    Kelvin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Theo Kanaan

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going the Ecat SK today?

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Theo Kanaan:
    Very well.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. Dietr Zoller

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you have concrete offers for heat sullpy?
    Dietr Zoller

  907. Andrea Rossi

    Dietr Zoller:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Prof E. Fox:
    I totally agree with you. The Renaissance will not be made by me, but by all the scientists like you and also by all the guys like me that make things that are assumed to be impossible by the logic of the Middle Age: “Eppur si muove…”
    Who says the LENR are impossible because are barred by the first principle of thermodynamics, obviously, either have understood nothing of the thermodynamic principles, or have understood nothing of the LENR (or both).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    are you still confident to provide preliminary results about the E-Cat SK Leonardo by the end of June ?

    Warm Regards,

    Riccardo

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Yes, hoping it will be a success.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  912. Madison Mahrer

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you using also Teflon in the Ecat SK?

  913. Andrea Rossi

    Madison Mahrer:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  914. Andrea Rossi

    The Rudimental:
    I think that the key point is the match between experiment and the theory, but, as I said before, I am too very surprised: I would have settled for several hundreds of full readings, that still would have been a success ! I looked now at the statistics and we got more than 21 000 full readings, which is unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. E. FOX

    Dear Rossi,
    I am a physicist with white hair and I know that there are a sea of mysteries still to be explained. What is worse is that there are many normally accepted explanations that are just fantasies of convenience or inventions to put a patch to otherwise faltering theories. Very famous names have fallen into these traps. If it was used to defend a current theory or preconceived interests, many thorny experimental evidences were put under feet and sometimes even the principle of conservation of energy and the principle of causality, stifling all legitimate curiosity and progress.
    The reaction to LENR of the official environments was one of many evidences.
    My feeling, according to what Feynmann said, is that from 60-80 years we have been living an obscurantist Middle Age of theoretical physics.
    It now seems that a timid reaction to this situation is waking up, but it takes someone who is able to give a shoulder to the system and is able to make a decisive leap and open the door that can lead us to the stars. Could you be this someone?
    I believe that in the Dirac equation (mutilated by Heisenberg and others) and in its correct interpretation and application there could be a key to a very important step.
    What do you think ?

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Franco Pirri

    Dear Andrea:
    I read you are damning yourself with the solder while inventing the control board for the direct production of electricity from the Ecat SK. I suppose you are not allowing this job to a professional solder for confidentiality reasons.
    Do you know the technology FPAA ( Field Programmable Analog Array)? I think it can help you. See here:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field-programmable_analog_array
    All the best,
    Franco Pirri

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the no. 47 000 of this blog

  919. Nancy

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the percentage of probability that you will achieve success with the direct production of electricity from the plasma of the Ecat SK we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  920. Andrea Rossi

    Nancy:
    50.1%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  921. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you give us a little insight in how you are trying to develop the ‘infinite COP’ Ecat:
    1. Trial and error method to improve the electrical output step by step or
    2. Building a device that must do the job, based on theoretical assumptions.
    And further:
    3. How is heat production going on?
    4. Any chance that a customer will publish some information soon?
    5. Is there more than one E-cat SK plant in operation now?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2: yes
    3: well, with bad moments
    4: sooner or later it will happen
    5: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    A couple of years ago you discovered that it was possible to extract electric energy from the EcatQX.
    When you now work to tap electric energy from the EcatSK do you
    a) basically use the same principle.
    b) use the same principle but with much more improved electronics.
    c) use a different approach.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    c, as a result of thousands of hours of experimentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. Greg

    Dr Rossi,
    I read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most important theoretical paper published in the recentyears. Its over 20 thousand full readingd (for a text not easy to read) speak for it.
    Godspeed,
    Greg

  926. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. I am too stunned by those numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  927. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The Indianapolis 500 cars require the equivalent of 600kW of power. Theoretically, could an eCat-SK-Electric be sized to provide that much power? While fuel stops would be eliminated, stops for tire changes might be still required. Thoughts?

  928. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are far from that. Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You missed my attempt at Biblically related humor where I posted “any scraps from the Master’s table will be quickly devoured”.

    See Mathew Chapter 15: 27-28

    27 “First let the children eat all they want,” he told her, “for it is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to the dogs.”
    28 “Lord,” she replied, “even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.”

    Best wishes – Steve

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I caught the irony, my friend.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Popeye

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that electron capture can be generated by the deformation of the k orbital of the electron?

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Popeye:
    If the electron eats a lot of spinach, yes. It is like to displace a rocky mountain with a truck deviation that makes it crash against the rock.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Roberto Silvera

    Dr Rossi,
    How did you measure 24000 K ?

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Silvera:
    Focusing the spectrometer eye exactly in the highest density of the plasma, where it is a black body. It is a point with a surface of 0.0157 cm^2.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  936. Alexander

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am impressed with , very I am a big fan . Enjoyed http://www.ecatskdemo.com too.
    Waiting for seeing the Ecat that makes directly electricity: that will be history in the making.
    Godspeed,
    Alex

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. Enrich

    Are you informed that the US has reopened the Idaho Test Reactor ( TREAT ) to improve the testing of nuclear fuels to make them disaster proof, to avoid catastrophic events?
    In this facility, built inside an area of 2300 sq km, about 80 km far from Idaho Falls, they are making experiments to spur the nuclear power industry, because they say it is the sole way to reduce the global warming. What is your opinion?
    E.

  939. Andrea Rossi

    Enrich:
    Yes, I read of it. Very interesting. Whereas it is not true that nuclear power is the sole existing solution to the G.W., it is true that in the USA the 20% of the electric energy is made by means of nuclear plants; as a consewquence of this fact, to make R&D to make nuclear fuels safer is fundamental.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. Dear Andrea,
    on the ecat.com website we find the following estimates, referring to versions of ECat prior to QX / SK
    ECAT Energy Density> 100 000 x oil
    ECAT Power Density> 100 kW / kg
    ECAT Fuel Reserves> 10 billion years
    ECAT Fuel Cost <1/1000 x Oil
    Can you update them?
    I suppose that right now the processing costs are still significantly higher than the costs of the raw material.
    Don't you think that instead of talking about infinite COP would it be better to give a real estimate of energy purchase costs from future customers? Can you already promise a saving of at least 50% or is it premature?

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Data change depending on the specific situations of Clients.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  942. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My previous posts was not an attempt to gather design information, although any scraps from the Master’s table will be quickly devoured. When I did prototype development, I used Expresspcb. https://www.expresspcb.com/. It provided free, easy to use pcb layout software including stand component patterns and they could turnaround a few pcbs in as little as one day. They were also reasonably priced.

    My other comment dealt with microcontrollers or microprocessors. I used the TI MSP430 as it had a wealth of built-in hardware (timers, D/A, A/D, etc.) and was easy to use. They also have inexpensive test boards to help learning their micro.

    When you are doing rapid prototyping and have a design pretty well set but are adjusting parameters, such as event timing or control logic, a micro can facilitate the ease of changes.

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Our Team is using sophisticated softwares and simulation systems, but I thank you for your suggestions, as always.
    I can see you are quite skilled in the matter!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    On Power Engineering May 21 2019:
    US wind energy capacity in 2019 should rise the most in six years as the federal production tax credit phases out…
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you using microcomputers/microcontrollers in your control board? Once the board is designed, built and tested, many minor changes in timing, logic, etc. can be accommodated by reprogramming the micro. Or is the control timing so critical that discrete component implementation is required?

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, field mined by confidentiality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is work progressing with direct electricity generation from the E-Cat SK?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are still in an R&D phase, therefore I am still making by hand ( solder, board and components at hand ) the control box, correcting on the paper the schematic when errors pop up. It will be manufactured by robots when and if the system will work.
    I am very optimistic about the fact that it could work, but so far it is premature. The fact that making a board by hand is not accurate is not true. It is slower, of course, but, you know, robots are fast, but they do not invent. They make things faster after things have been invented. Fortunately, otherwise I’d be jobless, albeit I have a plan B: could play drums with you at the piano and Thomas Florek at the guitar. “The A.I. Fused”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the problems with the E-Cat SK that you are dealing with getting fewer and farther between already? Or are they occurring at the same rate as before?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working like dogs. The theory id sound, the reactor is OK, now it’s all in the electronics. The boards I made so far have not been so good, but we are progressing and I believe we are getting closer and closer to success. If we succeed, the COP becomes infinite.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  952. Jim rune

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understand from par 4 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that the ZBW of electrons is a fundamental part of your theory: am I correct?

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rune:
    You are correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  955. Christian

    Dr Rossi,
    watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I can understand thet the hottest part of the plasma inside the Ecat SK is at the center top, right?
    Best regards,
    Christiam

  956. Andrea Rossi

    Christian:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards

  957. Fulco

    Caro Andrea,
    Did you read the last work of Alexander Parkhomov cited on http://www.E-Catworld.com ? What do you think ?
    Cheers
    Fulco

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Fulco:
    Yes, Dr Parkhomov is making years since an excellent work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  959. Norbert

    Dear Andrea
    Is it still “An impossible invention” of Mats Lewan a book that is worth its price?
    Cheers
    Norbert

  960. Andrea Rossi

    Norbert:
    Absolutely yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  961. Giulio

    Dr Rossi
    Which is the highest temperature you reach in the highest density point of the plasma inside the Ecat SK?

  962. Andrea Rossi

    Giulio:
    the core of the black body in the plasma reaches 24 000 K, that we measured in collaboration with experts of the matter related to plasma and spectrometry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Peter and Chuck Davis:
    the E-Cat is just a very useful invention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Peter

    @Chuck Davis:
    I just referred to a range of time: during the last 1000 years the inventions have been infinite.
    Best Regards
    Peter

  965. Colin

    Dear Mr Rossi, It is strange the current problems didn’t show up during the very long testing process you carried out to demonstrate 5 sigma reliability.

  966. Andrea Rossi

    Colin:
    Think to Boeing: isn’t it strange that the problem of the instrumentation didn’t show up during the 5 sigma reliability surely they did ?
    It is normal that when you pass from a prototype in the R&D lab to industrial applications many shortcomings show up due to specific situations that in a lab you do not have.
    And it is normal that the problems are resolved. Our Clients know it and signed a disclaimer related to the probability of initial malfunctions. For this reason it is necessary a back up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  967. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When the eCat (whatever variant) is in a self-sustaining mode (SSM) of operation, and you command an immediate shut-down, what is the average time before thermal power generations ceases?

  968. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It depends on the control system that the Client wants. To stop the heat exchange immediately a by-pass of the secondary is necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Peter

    Dr Rossi,
    If you really will show an Ecat self sustaining without any external source, this will be the most important invention of the last thousand years.
    Thank you also for the sincerity to tell us you are having problems in this pioneers period of the industrial launch of the heat sales.
    God bless you,
    Peter

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Susy

    Did you notice the coincidence between the fifth centenary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci and the start of the Ecat’s heat sales ?
    Another coincidence: you said here years ago ( I follow your blog since the year 2012 ) that you emigrated in the USA in the same day od the famous exhibition of Leonardo da Vinci in the Science museum of Boston
    Ciao,
    Susanna

  973. Andrea Rossi

    Susy:
    Yes, I noticed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgatw.net/publication/330601653_E-Car_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    conjugated with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    will pass to the history.
    Thank you and take some rest!
    Giovanni

  975. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  976. Dear Andrea,
    I consider it wise to give precedence to the problems that inevitably arise in all the first uses of prototypes.
    a) Do these problems have stable solutions?
    b) Your first-aid measures become less burdensome over time?
    c) During this phase do other possible customers require new contracts?
    d) Even in this difficult phase, is the financial balance sheet of your initiative positive?
    I follow you with ever-lively interest and sympathy, wishing you all the best.
    May God help you and bless your efforts.
    Gian

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    a) we are working in that direction
    b) yes
    c) yes
    d) we have the money to work
    God bless you likewise,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the performance of the industrial E-Cat SK these days, in comparison to when you started its operation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The more we go on, the less problems pop up. But I must be extremely rigorous and prudent. As Napoleon said: ” Between the sublime and the ridiculous there is a blink “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  981. Giovanna

    Is the zitterbewegung effect the base of your theory in the making?

  982. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanna:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Tim Wiggers:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Anonymous

    Also for the production of electricity you will sell the energy, not the Ecats?

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I never tals or comment the work of our competitors. This has always been my policy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Regarding “we have many problems emerging now and then”, would you consider pausing the roll out of the SK until problems become “few and far in between”? Or are you still actively selling it making clients aware of intermittent issues?
    Best regards.
    Patrick

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    We are pausing the roll out, waiting the problems become “few and far in between”, as you correctly write.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    I read the comment of a troll that says that what appears in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is not the spectrometry of a plasma, but of an astute light source or a laser.
    This obviously is an attempt to diffuse false information, because the idiot that wrote this ignores how is the image and a spectrum of a laser, how is the real ( not theoretical ) spectrum of a black body, and also pretends to ignore the part of your presentation in which you compared the calorimetric results with the results from the Wien-Boltzmann measurements.
    Not to mention the facts that a light source or a laser would consume an enormous amount of energy to produce the light of the plasma we can see in the video in real dimensions.
    Prof

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It will be the first try: the first hint of voice of a newborn, that I hope will not be born dead.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Christos Stremmenos

    Dear John:
    My apologies for the late answer.
    I think that in this research line there is a substantial continuity, demonstrated by the evolutionary experimental process in the role of interactive atom boundary, in particular in the H atom: this thread could be classified as follows: crystal lattice and materials with static and dynamic interactions; oscillating electromagnetic fieldsinteracting by resonance; Coulombian and prohibitive electrostatic barriers; magnetic fields: border of the interactions and plasmas.
    My opinion is that Rossi’s innovation consists in havinf exploited the effects listed above to an experimental and technological level.
    Prof Christos Stremmenos

  991. Christos Stremmenos

    Dear Freed Bernard:
    Sorry to answer your comment so late.
    First of all, thank you for your kindness and your reference to my youth…
    I simply made my duty fighting the barbarian fascist regime in Greece: I have been always a believer of what real democracy would be…a time that might come when we all will be freed from fossil fuels.
    Best Regards,
    Prof Christos Stremmenos

  992. Alberto

    Dear Andrea,
    I am surprised how much effort you put to create such a great information about your work here and in Researchgate, notwithstanding the high pressure put on you with your job.
    Thank you for this,
    Alberto

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Alberto:
    It is more what I learn than what I teach in this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. V.R.

    Dr Rossi,
    How long is the average pay-back time for your clients?

  995. Andrea Rossi

    V.R.:
    Our Customers have a pay back immediate, since they pay energy at a lower price. They have nothing to pay back, we use the structure they already have or that they should have whatever other energy source they’d choose.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  996. David

    Thank you for the information you gave in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    David

  997. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  999. Politico

    Do you have political connections to promote the Ecat business ?
    Cheers

  1000. Andrea Rossi

    Politico:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1001. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    News about the direct production of electricity by the plasma?

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We have not yet decided, it will depend on many factors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Jader

    Is the Ecat SK Leonardo going to be officially tested this year?

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Jader:
    We are still in an R&D phase, therefore I cannot be sure of that, but it is not impossible. In June we will probably make an important test of the first prototype, eventually we will have a more precise idea about the scheduling.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. Ryan

    Dear Andrea:
    in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com your voice is not good: did it return normal?

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Ryan:
    Almost.
    Thank you for your kind concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. BrandonC

    Which are the main difficulties for the control system og the Ecat SK that has to make electricity directly from plasma?

  1009. Andrea Rossi

    BrandonC:
    Just for an example, we had to invent and make components that do not exist in the market. We need functions that are not normal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1010. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 14th 2019: GTI, Kopco collaborating on supercritical carbon dioxide power cycle research
    Rod Walton

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1012. William

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand why your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has got more than 20 thousand full readings all around the world, as I saw from the stats: it has a very dense theoretical intuitions surrogated by experimental results.
    Cheers
    William

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    William:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    We are working on it like beasts.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Your answer to JPR is perfect. The maxwellian plasma is dubbed “ideal” and when we use the Wien equation we are aware of the necessary approximation. By the way, the plasma shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com and described in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions is perfectly compatible with the glow discharge plasma that is well known for having a temperature of 2eV (23,400 K), which is approximately the temperature you calculated; we have also to consider that you calculated the energy only in the very restricted area wherein the lambda was more peaked, which, obviously, is very conservative.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    ” Non ti curar di lor, ma guarda e passa ” ( Dante Alighieri, Divina Commedia )
    ” While the trolls are trying to hit
    the Ecat is selling heat ” ( Andrea Rossi, JoNP )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. JPR

    Mariana Heyes:
    You are wrong: the full readings are not 20 000: they are 20 180 in this very moment! I just checked on Researchgate , because it seemed to me the number was unbelievable…you are right, this figure speaks clearly about the interest that the theoretical-experimental paper of Rossi has raised in the scientific echelons.

  1018. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you inform us how many customers Currently have E-cats operating at their sites?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1019. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The performance is the same as at the start, but we have many problems that emerge now and again. Our constant attention is necessary. We are in a pioneeering phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1020. Camilla Skeans

    I am incessantly thought about LENR, since the press conference of F&P: thank you for making it a reality.
    Godspeed,
    Camilla

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Camilla Skeans:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1023. Joe

    Dr Rossi,
    I assume that the domestic Ecat will be born after at least a couple of years after the diffusion of the industrial applications.
    Does this make sense to you?

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Joe:
    I think it is not impossible, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Mariana Heyes

    Dr Rossi:
    over 20 000 full readings in 4 months is an unheard of before achievement that gives proof that your Ecat technology captured the attention of the scientific environment: I am obviously talking of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Mariana Heyes:
    I suppose you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Dana

    http://www.ecatskdemo.com what a data of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable know-how on the topic of
    unpгedicted emotions!

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Dana:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can a buffer battery be useful to the Ecat SK-Leonardo?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1030. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Premature to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1031. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    With the good days coming, the first industrial E-Cat will no longer need to heat the industrial premises for which it is intended.
    1 – Will it be stopped until the next first cold of September?
    2 – Does it provide heat for another activity?
    3 – Will it continue to work to store experience and possibly make corrections?
    I wish you all the success in the R & D of E-Cat Electric and hope that you will soon publish on this subject
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1032. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1033. John

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I found this report made in 2004 from the US Army Corps of Engineers. It is a report of the good job you mde for them to evaluate your US patent related to the Seebeck effect, to make electricity by means of heat with thermoelectric devices you invented. Has this anything to do with the E-Cat SK-Leonardo ?
    Here is the very interesting link:
    https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432046.pdf

  1034. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    This link is related, as you correctly said, with my thermoelectric Seebeck Effect technology I developed between 1998 and 2004, it has nothing to do with the Ecat SK-Leonardo .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1035. Anna

    Dr Rossi,
    Your paper on Researchgate has reached the stunning number of 20 000 full readings. Unbelievable!
    Anna

  1036. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    I agree: simply unbelievable. In less than 4 months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1037. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For hydrogen-hydrogen fusion, there should be neutrinos (among other products) generated.

    1. Have you tested for the presence of neutrinos in your testing?
    2. If so, have you detected any?
    3. If detected, does the activity rate correlate with output power?

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1039. Thomas

    You said here you are working with the solder on the control board of the Ecat SK Leonardo, with direct generation of electricity: is the schematic of it complex ?
    Godspeed,
    Thomas

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Very.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. Emilio

    Do you think we will see the Ecat SK with direct production of electricity in operation within this year?

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Emilio:
    It is not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Modestinino:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. Modestino

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the information you are daily sharing with us here and congratulations for
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    both going viral

  1046. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    When I read of your pioneer market phase assessment of the ECat SK performance versus your one-year test started about 4 years ago, I recognize the very real change in how you, Andrea, are likely forming your opinion. First, there is the choice of the term “pioneer market phase”, a phrase suggesting you are being provided sophisticated advice, a perspective affirmed by this next point. Second, I think the 5-Sigma testing in 2017 makes an excellent demarcation point for “before” and “after”. You are is now focused upon your customers’ reasonable desire for 5-6 Sigma performance and so are very willing to say 6/10, reflecting this far more demanding customer driven yardstick.

    It is my hope that your mysterious global partner has contributed technical specialists in SPC, Statistical Process Control, having the full capability of analyzing and breaking down the pioneer phase problems into the different root causes. IMO, this will put you/Leonardo Inc. years ahead of all presumed competitors.

    Further, the ironing out of the production problems hindering 5-6 Sigma performance now will fundamentally and dramatically change Leonardo Inc’s ability to rapidly expand production. Expanding production of a 5-6 Sigma product leads to vastly different consequences at the production line and at the customer premises than rapidly expanding production of a 2-3 Sigma product. Of course, this directly improves financial and cash flow performance, the natural result of an expanding pool of very happy customers . . . a result that cements in the mind the Brand meaning of ECat SK (and ECat SKL) as being a superior technology (performing at 5-6 Sigma), an excellent example of building Brand Equity.

    IMO, this view reflects your spirit and character that is rooted in setting the 24 hour marathon record when you were younger. One can imagine the nature of Self that is nurtured and then forged so as to be capable of such a focused effort.

    Are you now aiming for 5-6 Sigma performance of the ECat SK at your customer premises.

    My best for you and your team,

    Buck

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you very much for your insight and your kind attention to the work I am performing with my great Team. I am aiming to give a product that does not have troubles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1048. Emanuel Oreilly

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the enormous information you gave us in http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Emanuel Oreilly:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    This is a meta question.
    Why do you think that you are encountering some issues with your production ready E-Cat SK? Do you think there wasn’t enough testing before launch? Or are the issues specific to the environment of the clients?
    Regards
    Patrick

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    I think it is normal for a revolutionary product, without a history of experience, to find problems when passes from the R&D to the commercial applications. We had many examples of technological giants that found errors made during the manufacturing of new products that generated dramatic consequences. We must be cautious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Margarita Manthei

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you tell us which are the main problems that emerged during these months of operation of the Ecats?

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Margarita Manthei:
    No, this is a confidential issue. From errors are born improvements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Sheela Lautzenheiser

    I noticed that in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E.Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the different theoretical directions ar in reality four parts of the same theory in the making.

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Sheela Lautzenheiser:
    Thank you for your attention to the paper on Researchgate,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Prof Ruggero Maria Santilli

    Dear Colleague,
    I’m sending a link to whom wants to participate to this debate:
    http://www.galileoprincipia.org/santilli-confirmation-of-epr-argument-chemistry.php
    Best Regards,
    Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Ruggero Maria Santilli:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Sergio Poletti

    Buongiorno Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your achievements with the Ecta SK ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ).
    Your business model is similar to the agreement Microsoft-IBM.
    Best success wishes,
    Sergio Poletti

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Sergio Poletti:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have found the article written by Ch.Sremmenos very interesting and thought provoking. This is where your JONP is of immeasurable value in the modern age of investigative physics i.e. a platform where people can put forward views without being over ruled by those in positions of authority. I will be the first to say that physics is a subject that requires many minds to come together in order to solve what is probably the greatest mystery in the world i.e. energy, the origin of it and its destiny assuming that energy requires a container to be produced and by which to exist. Thereby the production is the input, the container is the energy and the total output/dissolution is equal to the input. A very simple none technical explanation upon which many questions can be asked, such as what is the container made from, can the container gain energy or is it able to lose energy? and thereby a multitude of questions and theories are able to be put forward. I have a few theories of my own, some from observations from an embodiment of ideas and some that I claim to be intuitive and thereby speculative but nevertheless I consider valuable towards this elusive activity that we call energy. Also gravity I believe to be a major player in this activity. In the meantime I will study the article and provide some thoughts on the subject in the near future. Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. With regards to the mention of iter it is using common sense, not possible to push from a 360 degree angle to achieve fusion. It has to come from a pull, from a point but you have to understand gravity, unfortunately tax payers pay for this persistent distractive nonsense.

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a very personal question, I hope you are willing to answer:
    Do you share all your E-Cat secrets and know-how with your core team members?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I shared them with due persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Jazmine

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still working with the solder?

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Jazmine:
    Oh, yes ( damn )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have been facing problems with your commercial E-Cats.
    1 – Can you specify if you understood these malfunctions?
    2 – Have you found the appropriate solutions to remedy these problems?
    My support for your team
    cordially
    Raffaele

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- yes
    2- yes: problems come, problems are resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    Are all in your team working full time with you?

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Deanne Choudary

    Dear Andrea,
    Iter has celebrated because their reactor reached a COP of 1.1 for few seconds. After 10 billions of funding and 30 years of work.
    And we have persons that accuse you to belate…
    Silent Majority Guy

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Deanne Choudary:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. Darren Lafarge

    Dear DrAndrea Rossi
    Your papers om http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the stunning number of 19 600 full readings, made in all the world, in several months. The interest around the work of your team is bigger than expected.
    Godspeed,
    Darren

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Darren Lafarge:
    I am stunned too…when I published I thought we could reach some hundred aof full readings at the most in one year, that is the number considered good for successful publications in the field of nuclear physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. D.

    Hi Dr Rossi!
    I watched the whole video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Fantastic.
    Godspeed,
    D.

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    D.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Based on your answer bounding the thermal to electric conversion efficiency of the eCat-SK Leonardo to between 45% and 95% we can note some projections. Assuming a 50% conversion efficiency, the 22kW eCat would produce 11kW of electrical power. For a 240 VAC output voltage, the current would be about 45 Amps. This would require 6 AWG copper wire, or the equivalent. I made this calculation to show how much power you are dealing with and the difficulty of your effort. Best wishes on your endeavor.

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your attention to the work od our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Have you observed the presence of helium in long term operation of eCats? I know helium diffusion is a problem but it might help understand the nuclear reactions that are occurring?
    2. Are you seeing isotope changes in the long term operation of eCats?
    a. specifically in lithium?
    b. or nickel?
    3. Can we safely assume that for the eCat-SK Electric to be commercially viable, the conversion efficiency from thermal to electric must be greater than the typical Carnot efficiency (e.g., 45%) and limited to about 95% (due to electrical conversion efficiency to a standard (AC or DC) output)?

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand that you are not fully satisfied by the performance of the plant(s) in operation.
    Where do you believe lies the main cause of this:
    1. Automatic production of the ECats SK
    2. Integration of the ECats in the Ecat plant
    3. Reliability of the control of the plant
    4. Connection from Ecat plant to the customer (including control of heat needed by the customer).
    I am asking this because there are many, many readers willing to help you and make this a success, including me. I hope these problems (or challenges?) will be solved soon.
    Good luck to you and your team!
    Kind regards, Gerard McEk
    PS
    At this moment there is only one winner, it seems and that is your wife, but if you can get your plant(s) work at 100% of your satisfaction, you are the winner, once and for all!

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Sorry, these arguments are confidential.
    It is impossible to help us without a full knowledge of the technology, but I am moved by your kind will to help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. John Maccini

    Hello Dr Rossi:
    Can this be useful to the E-Cat ?
    US patent application filed Jan 26 2017 No. US2017/0025935
    Best regards,
    John Maccini

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini:
    Thank you for the information, I will study what it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Can E-catSK, which have been running since 19/11 -18, still give
    full effect?
    2. Are you installing E-catSK in secret in companys, without the
    subordinated staffs knowledge?
    3. Have you in person been flying to customers and fixed unexpected
    problems (that appears in all new installations)?
    4. You mentioned earlier that E-cat should be manufactured in
    southern Sweden, is that still the plan?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the last few years you have focused, it appears, on stable energy output, always under linear control.
    1. Have you looked at rapid energy output conditions?
    2. Does it make commercial sense to have an eCat that can rapidly change output levels, such as the equivalent of an internal combustion engine?
    3. If you operated an eCat not in the self sustaining mode (SSM), could you achieve output change time periods in the value of seconds or sub-seconds, ignoring heat exchanger issues?

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2-yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Lars

    Dear Andrea,

    So the E-Cat SKL generates several kW electricity?

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    We will supply data when we will have a product working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Dear Andrea
    A) Can you tell us how many plants are already operating with your customers?
    B) Can you tell us your personal degree of satisfaction with the current operation of the plants with a value from 1 to 10?
    C) Have any of your customers shown any degree of satisfaction with the choice to have accepted to test your plants in their companies? Also here you can give us a numerical index
    (for 1-: -10) of the level of appreciation perceived?
    I apologize for my bad English: mine is mediocre and google translate does what it can
    to improve it.
    Warm Regards,
    Gian

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    A- in due time
    B- 6/10
    C- yes, I.d say 7/10
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1094. H

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did some or more clients hold on with the agreement process to buy heat waiting for the development of theSSM direct electricity production?
    H

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    H:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Jim Rosenbur

    How are going the Ecat SK working to supply heat?

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Is your main partner the same that has agreed upon the supply of 40 MW ?I wish well with your electricity direct conversion work,
    Jimr

  1100. Xavier

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is the Territory controlled directly from Leonardo Corporation and its commercial licensees and agents ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Xavier

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier:
    He,he,he..
    Let alone inspiration, so far prevails perspiration.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Lars

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the energy produced from the E-Cat SKL about the same as from the E-Cat SK?

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    I suppose you mean the amount of the energy: the answer is yes, but if you mean something different, please rephrase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. John

    @ Prof Christos Stremmenos:
    Your paper is coherent with the initial work of Rossi, described in the paper by Prof Sergio and Dr Andrea Rossi
    Do you see continuity points between this stage and the Ecat SK we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Cheers
    John

  1105. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    First of all I want to congratulate you & your team concerning the latest achievements concerning the e-cat developments/improvements.

    Just a few weeks ago, after the successfull demo of the commercial e-cat SK, what would have looked like something belonging to science fiction (an electric e-cat), now sounds like something relatively likely to become a reality.
    I know that (F9) “The results of the test can be positive or negative” most certainly still applies again here but reading your comment “We celebrated it here with a substantial step forward toward the electric Ecat that generates also the electric power to fuel itself” leads me to believe that you witnessed another major milestone/improvement of the e-cat.

    You must understand that for all of us, that just saw the e-cat SK in video but couldn’t feel its real heat yet, even the e-cat SK still somehow relates to science fiction. With the latest electrical developments, you are two realities ahead of us Andrea 😉 .

    The kind of exiting working environment that you live in is probably the fuel that powers you & your team to achieve all of those successes. So please continue this amazing work you are doing, but also, as powerfull as this fuel may be and as much as you proved being able to control other kind of reactions, please also very carefully control the burning rate of this one…

    Now concerning the possible name of the electrical version of the e-cat, I’m just wondering, if you name it after one of the greatest inventor of the latest 5 centuries (Leonardo), 500 years from now, what kind of device will bear your name (Rossi) ? :)
    I bet on something related to teleportation, [faster than light (FTL) or time] travel…
    Who knows, only time will tell, perhaps we will be able to witness it ourselves if one those 3 “Rossi” devices becomes reality.

    Non-fictional regards :)

    Xavier

  1106. Bernard

    Dear Prof Stremmenos:
    Thank you for your paper and for your history: it was not known that you have been a hero of the Greek resistance against the fascist regime in the seventies!
    With esteem,
    Bernard

  1107. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Does the total energy produced from the E-Cat increase when you extract electrical energy?
    All my support for R & D and your tennis
    cordially
    Raffaele

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No.
    Thank you for the R&D. For tennis there is no hope…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. Chuck Davis

    @Luca,
    Please see this link about the status of the production of these batteries:
    https://graphenano.com/en-una-empresa-espanola-desarrolla-una-bateria-con-autonomia-para-800=kilometros
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    When can we see a photo of installed E-cat-SKs? It would be an inspiration to your loyal followers to see multiple installed units without giving the location or name of the customer(s). Hardware trumps vaporware every time. A reply would be greatly appreciated.

    Drew G.

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    We’ll do it as soon as possible. See also the answer I just gave to Italo R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of May 7 2019:
    Updates to the Clean Air Requirements and implications for power plants
    Rod Walton

  1114. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1115. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    you have written, “When we will be allowed to.”
    May I ask who doesn’t yet allow you to show your installations?
    Does it depend on yourself, your customers, your partner or…?
    I understand if you cannot reveal those details, because they obviously are connected with your secret commercial and technical projects.
    But it really is a pity, because such an immense invention would deserve to be shown publicly to the world immediately, even though it may still have some operating problems.
    The world needs desperately your installations immediately, applied in millions and millions of applications.
    It is such an immense revolution that it seems impossible that it is still hidden behind NDA.

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We cannot publish without authorization of the other party anything covered by NDA. We are still in a pioneer market phase, with many issues to assess. Surely sooner or later publications will follow.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. Emma

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you have a peer reviewed publication of your invention I watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Emma:
    My patent US 9,115,913 B1 is a peer reviewed publication. US patents are granted after an examination made by peers that before granting the publication study it much more thoroughly that any other existing publication in the world, because, obviously, the implications of a granted US patent are far more reaching than any other publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. luca

    @Chuck Davis

    grabat in production ? link please

  1120. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    It’s good to see that the EcatSK is now in production and customers are signing up to obtain heat at reduced prices. Is the factory that is fabricating the EcatSKs the same factory that produced the ECAT units that were used in the 1 MW Doral demonstration? Continued success and provide any delivery numbers when you feel you can.

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    When we will be allowed to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1123. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    19360 full readings after less than 4 month: the interest for your work is becoming viral

  1124. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, it is unbelievable and absolutely unexpected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1125. Marco

    @Chuck Davis,
    Interesting technology. I knew that it was only a matter of time and a better battery than lithium would be invented.

    Since we are still talking of 10+ years for an ECat powered car, because of certifications, these batteries should be widespread for sure at that time.

    Regards,
    Marco.

  1126. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    I enjoyed your post, but paraphrasing Andrea Rossi, the solution will be an integrated one. The battery (or capacitor) should be large enough to handle peak loads and transients. The eCat may not be running all the time (e.g., during high ambient temperatures, during idle times or low speed times when the eCat would produce too much excess power, during parked times inside an enclosed volume — garage). True, the amount of battery space can be reduced. What I was previously attempting to show is that even an undersized eCat (22kW) could extend the range of an electric car so that the limiting factor would be the human need to stop and get out of the car.

  1127. Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    I am the author of the paper about the iron and nickel
    nuclear structures (Alan Folmsbee, MSEE degree). The nickel
    nucleus mock-up is shown in Figure 9, next to copper and iron.
    This paper shows details of the iron nuclear structure, and
    the nickel mock-up just has two protons added on top of iron.
    You are interested in nickel, so you may want to see my
    youtube videos about nickel’s nuclear structure. This is
    a static nucleus theory, where the spherical baryons are
    stacked to form a cube with its faces covered by piles of
    more baryons. Those rules result in nickel having two coaxial
    rings of protons, like Gd, Fe, and Co. Gd has 18 protons in each
    ring and Fe, Co, and Ni have 12 protons in each ring. All other
    elements do not have coaxial rings of protons. The periodic
    table of nuclear structure is in the paper on iron. It shows the
    silhouettes of 118 elements. The catalytic property of Ni and Pt
    is now being evaluated by observing nuclear structures.

    iron and nickel video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=miZTTD0EPJs&list=PL-AtaQ8TQoDYIHV0YEUXkMw6s5BC0PlYs&index=6&t=0s

    carbon, nickel, copper video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j07CtDJP1sU&list=PL-AtaQ8TQoDYIHV0YEUXkMw6s5BC0PlYs&index=9&t=0s

    A static sphere stacking was found to provide credible shapes
    for nuclei to be consistent with many physical properties of
    many elements. It shows why uranium fission fragments have two
    mass modes that differ by about 27 baryons. A cube 3x3x3 in
    the core of U is the cause of that property. The cube goes
    with one fragment during fission. The radioactivity of Pm and
    Tc is explained by the use of a cube 4x4x4 there. That cube
    is unstable.

    Chromium is the only antiferromagnetic element, so it has been
    modeled. Cr has a unique nuclear structure, with its two rings
    of protons being non-coaxial to the highest degree of all
    elements. Each ring has 10 protons. I wrote a paper on that
    and it will be submitted to a journal this week. It has images
    of carbon, argon, chromium and iron. The evidence is
    abundant to support the pyramidal cube theory of nuclear
    structure. My evidence website is…

    http://pyramidalcube.blogspot.com/p/evidence.html

    Alan Folmsbee

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Alan Folmsbee:
    Thank you for your insight related to your paper published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. Chuck Davis

    @Marco,
    Grabat batteries, now in production, recharge 33 times faster than Li batteries,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Marco, Chuck Davis, all Readers:
    I am delighted to read the comments of our Readers that discuss between themselves: this blog is not just where I answer to questions, I’d like to read more comments of Readers that ask each other help, information, opinions…mind, this blog is also a tool of yours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are delighted with your new project “Ecat SK-Leonardo” and are confident in the success of your professional team. We really hope for a quick entry of this fantastic product to the market of energy sources.

    With respect and admiration, Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  1133. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your attention for pour work, coming from high scientific echelons of Russia. We are striving to bring the Ecat SK Leonardo that makes directly electric energy to the world market, but now we are still at an R&D stage.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1134. Karl Poehlmann

    Did you consider the risks connected with high temperature for health ?
    Best Regards
    K.P.

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Yes, but high temperature is inside the system, not outside, and it is made to produce work, not to be dissipated somewhere.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1136. Marco

    @Chuck Davis
    A mix of batteries and supercapacitors should be necessary.

    A lithium battery can’t be recharged too fast, so you can’t sustain the 400+KW of power of regenerative braking with a little 5-10kwh battery: in a such powerful braking, most of the energy would be wasted and MUST be wasted, otherwise the battery could explode.

    You can’t put a too big ECat with a small battery for the same reason: too much waste heat and battery overheating, you will have to underutilize the ECat for most of the time, because the battery should be recharged not too fast.

    A small lithium battery can’t provide enough peak power to accelerate, for the same reason: if you are at 50-60mph, you are providing already about 20KW and to accelerate you need an higher power for some time.

    Also abrupt change in current flow are bad for the life expectancy of the battery.

    A mix of a small battery and a small supercapacitor should be used: the supercapacitor provide the peak power for acceleration and for fully recover of regenerative braking acting as a buffer and slowly charging or discharging the small battery.

    Regards, Marco.

  1137. Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    At 10k$/kWh supercapacitors, I don’t think so,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1138. Donald

    I read the e-book “Ecat-the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova: do you confirm what is written in this book?

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Donald:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Abe Papanikolas

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you still have good connections in Greece?

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Papanikolas:
    Yes, my friend Prof Christos Stremmenos.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Sonny Parizek

    Dr Rossi:
    Very interesting http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Sonny Parizek:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Marco

    @Chuck Davis
    Better are supercapacitors. They are less polluting to produce and recycle, are less inflammable and support way more recharge cycles and istantaneous power. The only disadvantage is the capacity, but if you do not want a car that should sustain indefinitely 100 or more mph, but only legal speeds, a 20-30Kw Ecat and a few KWh supercapacitor should suffice… Just for sprint and for peak power in regenerative braking: in an emergency braking, the power required to absorb by the battery is often too high and the efficiency in energy recovery is low. With supercapacitors this is not a problem.
    Electric regards,
    Marco.

  1146. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    The large number of batteries in current EV design is to extend the range. With an Ecat on board most of those batteries can be tossed since the Ecat will be constantly recharging the remaining batteries, which would result in a major reduction of weight and price.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1147. rafael regis

    Dr. Rossi,

    I follow your work with much interest! if you can, tell us how it was and when your “eureka” moment happened on the discovery of the Rossi effect! What was your feeling about such a discovery?
    Great health for you!

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    God knows!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Rafael Régis

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Could we say that since it was launched last November, the E-Cat SK system (core, controller and heat exchanger) is in the third generation? What lays ahead?

    Warm Regards,

    Rafael – ITU – Brasil

  1150. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    Video about Leonardo Da Vinci .

    https://youtu.be/n-NhwRYW3M4

    Regards
    Sam

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1153. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On electric cars – the newer cars have all electric ranges of up to about 200+ miles. If you could have a 22 kW output eCat and convert nearly all of the energy into electricity, that would be sufficient to run highway speeds, with rest stops for the driver and passengers, across the country. For example, my 2015 Chevy Volt has an 11kW battery and I get about 30 miles of range. So if I drove at 60 mph, a 22kW electric generator should keep up with the demand. My point being with the newer, longer range cars, a continually operating eCat, with high enough conversion efficiency, would extend the electric range significantly. And any thermal output would be minimized. If you can make the eCat-SK Leonardo work, this is a natural market. Who would not want a car that you only had to refuel once or twice per year and no carbon emissions?

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    congrats to Ecat SK-Leonardo.
    I think the accomplishments is so great it takes a while to let it sink in.

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes, but I am still in an R&D phase: I’d die to make it, but didn’t make it yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Damiano

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Godspeed,
    Damiano

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    Damiano:
    Thanks to you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1159. Anonymous

    If you succeed with the Ecat SK-Leonardo, the issue of electric cars charge is resolved.

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    If we succeed, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Maybe this article will interest you.

    Little-understood crystals called “strange metals” appear to dissipate energy at a maximum rate allowed by the laws of quantum mechanics. The effort to understand this fundamental speed limit and what electrons are doing inside the materials has turned up surprising connections to black holes, gravity and quantum information theory.
    https://www.quantamagazine.org/universal-quantum-phenomenon-found-in-superconductors-20181119/

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for the information and the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I like your suggestion of
    “ECat SK – Leonardo “
    It honours a great man
    and the Country of your birth.
    I have a feeling Sergio Focardi
    would like it also.

    Regards
    Sam

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1165. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    Leonardo seems to me appropriate because it is also the name of your Company.

    If you are looking for an acronym, why not Ecat-LH where LH stays for Lion Heart, the origin of Leonardo name.

    Can you confirm the goal of an Ecat with no external power supply has been achieved ?

    Wishes of Heart,
    Riccardo

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with your progress on the electric Ecat. If this Ecat is really able to power itself, the the name Ecat SK Leonardo is truly well chosen. Leonardo da Vinci, the formidable genius, who excelled in so many disciplines, which seems also the the case for the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    I am not sure if what you published today, also means that you now have strong evidence that the Ecat SK Leonardo indeed works. If so, how many days has it been in operation without taking power from any other source?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Premature to answer, we still are in an R&D phase.
    But I am optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today, May 2 2019, is the 500th year after the passing of Leonardo da Vinci. We celebrated it here with a substantial step forward toward the electric Ecat that generates also the electric power to fuel itself. What about the name “Ecat SK-Leonardo” ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1170. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    While you continue to work on R&D for electricity production from the E-Cat, what is the status of sales and deployment of the heat-only E-Cat SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1171. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I prefer not to give this information, for the time being. In due tome we will publish the references. We are not expanding fast in this period, because we want to resolve the problems emerging now and again in the first wave.
    Thank you for the attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1172. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Due to dry skin, I revisited the environmental issues the magic E-Cat may be able to resolve. Would it be possible for a steam primary loop to release on control enough vapor to bring central air to a comfortable level?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1173. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    The heat made by the E-Cat can be used in general for all the duties on course for any other heat source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1174. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    1 – Can you publish the number of E-Cat in operation in your laboratory serving your R & D?
    2 – There must be a large amount of thermal energy released by these machines. Is this energy used or released into the atmosphere?
    Good success for E-Cat R & D
    cordially
    Raffaele

  1175. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- enough
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1176. Devon

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi,
    If you succeed in making a 100% ssm Ecat SK you will make a revolution also in the car market. This will have consequences. Are you afraid of it?

  1177. Andrea Rossi

    Devon:
    The invention of the PCs has made a revolution too. I go my way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Rita

    Dr Rossi,
    What is your position about the possibility that the Casimir force is a possible explication of the Rossi effect?

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Rita:
    The Casimir force is weak, but, as explained in my paper, in par. 1, it is not impossible that in certain conditions the Casimir force can balance the Coulombian force. It is not my first choice, but cannot be ignored.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Teacher:
    I think the success is strictly bound to the link between the publication on Researchgate and the presentation in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1182. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    An interesting piece by the BBC about Da Vinci.
    http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20190501-leonardo-da-vincis-lost-masterpieces
    Regards
    Patrick

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you very much !
    There is also a splendid monography dedicated to Leonardo da Vinci in the National Geographic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. Giovanni2

    Dear Rossi
    What about the possibility that one of your customers make a “coming out” and become a witness of your work becoming a solid reality?
    This eventuality becomes every day more important for anyone who is following your work, and to tacitate those who believe that everything is only a “Rossi say”…

    My best regards
    Giovanni

  1185. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni2:
    Sincerely, I am not listening the rock and troll music played by the house organ forums and surely we will not act to react to it. This said, obviously what you ask for sooner or later will be allowed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1186. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Do you still use parts or fuel from the old 1MW-plants?
    2. Is the fuel-powder-quantity proportional to the effect on the
    E-cats?
    3. Is the E-catSK working so well so you have time to make bi-product,
    for exemple electricity? It is fantastic enough with heat-energy.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1187. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- the answer to this question is complex and invests confidential issues
    3- I must go on with the quest for directly generated electricity. We are working on both the issues. The heat is done, the electricity not yet. The consequences of electricity would give COP infinite with enormous consequences ( from cars, to industries, houses, you name it, you get it ). I am not sleeping working on this. Also because now I have a clear view about the theoretical bases.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1188. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    in mid-March, you shared that between May and June 2019, testing of your newly invented apparatus for direct electricity production from the ECat SK would allow you to have a stronger opinion on the potential for success.

    Do you still have this same view? Are the initial results still pointing in this direction?

    my best,

    Buck

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, I confirm this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Jim Rosenbur

    Dr Rossi,
    if you discuss the 100 kW Ecat at the event of the end of January, do you think customers will be tempted to delay orders for the 20 kW units?

  1191. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    They are working, posing problems and we are resolving all the problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Giorgio

    Dr Rossi,
    If you will succeed to make directly electricity from the plasma, is your intention to sell the electricity as you are doing with the heat?

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    That has to be decided.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Stephan Lane

    Dear Andrea,
    How is going on your work with the Ecat that does not need any external power source ? Is really there a possibility that you realize it ?

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Stephan Lane:
    We are working on it. I do not know if and when we will succeed, but we are working very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. Ron

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you change idea about the possibility of electrons capture? Can it be made possible with the zitterbewegung effect described in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Cheers
    Ron

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    I did not change idea. The ZBV effect has nothing to do with e-capture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. K.

    Dear Andrea,
    has some of your competitors risen to a level to worry you in these last 12 months?

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    K.:
    I didn’t see anything really interesting, but maybe I did not understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Frank

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain what is the Compton wavelength you repeatedly cite on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    It is a quantum mechanic property of a particle that is equal to the wavelength of a photon whose energy is the same as the mass of that particle:
    Lambda=h/mc
    wherein
    h=Planck constant
    c= speed of the light in vacuum
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1204. John Marenco

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    As far as I can see on http://www.ecatskdemo.com your plasma seems to be a gas plasma, am I correct? In this case its temperature is well known to be 2eV = 23 400 K
    In your calculations of the paper published on Researchgate you have been very, very conservative, considering that you have taken in consideration only the surface of a cylinder with l=1 cm and d=0.3
    Godspeed,
    John Marenco

  1205. Andrea Rossi

    John Marenco:
    Correct, but I wanted to be very conservative, considering that we do not coincide with the ideal Maxwellian graph
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1206. Rod Walton

    See on Power Engineering of April 30 2019:
    Recent regulatory milestones are pushing American natural gas closer to fueling more European and global power plants
    Rod Walton

  1207. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1208. T.H.

    Am I wrong, or the Aharonov- Bohm Effect is the fundamental base of your incoming theory?

  1209. Andrea Rossi

    T.H.:
    You are not wrong,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1210. WaltC

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    In your paper, http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions , you reference E. P. Wigner’s notes (“Nuclear Reactions in Distant
    Collisions” [21]), where he speculates that nucleon transfer at a distance is the result of tunneling from one potential well to another. (I found the paper very interesting because it proposes a specific basis, tunneling, for how the coulomb barrier can be circumvented.)

    Question– Since you included that reference, does your current LENR theory accept Wigner’s speculation that tunneling is part the underlying process, or does it merely accept the higher level observation that Nuclear Reactions can happen at a distance?

    Thanks, WaltC

  1211. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The issue is much more profound. Wigner’s intuition is that long range interactions can take place at energies at which colliding nuclei do not come in contact. This opens a completely new approach to the understanding the nature of electrons that stays at the base of what now I think is the core of the effect that makes the Ecat work. If you want, you can see par. 4 of my paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1212. American friend

    I want to add my congratulations for the impressive improvement of your English in these last years.
    Cheers
    Jack

  1213. Andrea Rossi

    American Friend:
    Thank you: I do my best, but English language for us Italians is very difficult, notwithstanding the fact that it is partially derived also from the ancient latin. What is very, very difficult for us is the pronounce, that is totally different: the sounds are completely strange. This is true particularly in the USA: in Great Britain for me it is easier to speak English, because it is more close to the English we study at school, while in America it is quite different; Gen. Patton was right when he said during a press conference in London ” British and Americans are two people separated by the same language “…
    Anyway, thank you for your compliment, actually I do my best, but I know it is never enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1214. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1215. Georgie Popovich

    Dr Rossi:
    One question, after reading http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions (remarkable paper, congrats): the decription of the ZBW effect of electrons means that electricity can derive not from the free running of electrons, like a water current, but from the transmission of ‘tremor’ between electrons?
    All the best,
    G.P.

  1216. Andrea Rossi

    Georgie Popovich:
    I think thare are both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1217. Dave

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think your SSM direct electricity Ecat generator will be introduced within this year?

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Dave:
    If it will work, this goal is not impossible, albeit it is not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1219. American friend

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been moved watching the emphasis put in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com about the fact that the Ecat is made in the USA. Thank you for having chosen to make your work here.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  1220. Andrea Rossi

    American Friend:
    I think this is the best Country to make the best things,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1221. Giovanni

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have seen that you have updated your paper on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    So, it is in permanent updating, correct?

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Yes, the formula of Researchgate allows updates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. Rodney Nicholson

    Regarding Leonardo, I recently skimmed Isaacson’s book on Leonardo and, at the end of it, 20 principles were outlined which claimed to, in part, explain his genius. Briefly, they were:

    Be relentlessly curious
    Seek knowledge for its own sake
    Retain a childish sense of wonder
    Observe
    Start by observing the details
    See things that are unseen
    Go down rabbit holes
    Get distracted
    Respect facts
    Procrastinate
    Let the perfect be the enemy of the good
    Think visually
    Wander across disciplines
    Let your reach exceed your grasp
    Indulge in fantasy
    Create for yourself, not just for a patron
    Collaborate (learn from others)
    Make to-do lists
    Take notes on paper
    Be open to understanding mystery

    Two quotations I especially like regarding genius include:

    “Talent hits a target no one else can hit. Genius hits a target no one else can see.” (Schopenhauer, possibly?)

    “The task is not to see what no one has ever seen before, but to think what no one has ever thought before about what we see every day.” (I am fairly sure that was Schroedinger regarding quantum mechanics.)

    Rodney.

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the interesting citations,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A few years ago, I understand you believed the nickel isotopes were converted or changed to other nickel isotopes as the main or significant portion of the eCat energy production.

    1. Did you believe that was so a few years ago?
    2. Do you still consider that a significant factor in the eCat-SK?
    3. Does this indicate whether “new” nickel will be required for refueling purposes or can you reuse the nickel in refueling?

  1226. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot add anything to what has been shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com and published in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1227. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. As you run the eCat-SK, have you been able to observed the spectra of Helium?
    2. if so, does it increase with run time (as more helium is generated)?
    3. Would your eCat-SK be able to contain helium?

  1228. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- all the charge is recyclable
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1229. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you ! Not just me, but I think all our Readers will like this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1230. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1231. Denny

    Dr Rossi:
    Thank you for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think it is a milestone, with the set up that matches what we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Congratulations

  1232. Andrea Rossi

    Denny:
    As a matter of fact, it continues to be among the most read nuclear physics papers of the world, notwithstanding the fact that it is bound to LENR: unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1233. Andrea Rossi

    Humberto Krugel:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1234. Humberto Kruegel

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have the feeling that right now you are not pushing on the delivery of plants because you want first to fix all the problems emerged with the first ones you delivered. That would make sense.
    Godspeed,
    H.K.

  1235. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The most recent issue of National Geographic Magazine (May 2019) arrived today.

    You probably will enjoy reading their article about Leonardo Da Vinci.

    The website/link may require you to register, but the National Geographic Organization probably will let you read the article.

    https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2019/05/leonardo-da-vinci-artistic-brilliance-endures-500-years-after-death/

    Self-Sustaining Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1236. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know that your competitors have copied part of the data shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  1237. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1238. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I propose to read the following interesting article on Deep Learning on Artificial Intelligence.
    Philosophers, mathematicians, and scientists are not yet able to understand why it works so wonderfully.
    I was wondering if it could be applied to E-Cat to prevent or correct unexpected anomalies in its operation.

    https://www.agendadigitale.eu/cultura-digitale/deep-learning-il-mistero-su-cui-scommettono-le-big-tech-che-ce-dietro/

    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  1239. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1240. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    Probably you did not see the comment made by Jacques Ruer, president of the SFSNMC.
    He substantially says that the Wien equation can only be used on Maxwellian plasma and that the graph shown on the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is not Maxwellian.
    What do you answer?
    Jean Paul Renoir

  1241. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I am perfectly aware of the fact that the equation of Wien can be considered precise only in presence of a Maxwellian plasma, a theoretical entity. The use of the Wien equation, though, is normally adopted also for plasma of the kind we have, as I learnt from the engineer, specialist of the field, that works in our Team. The result cannot be considered precise, but acceptable in good approximation, that we compensate as well explained in the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com. In the same video-presentation we also gave a comparative analysis between the results we obtained by means of the Wien/Boltzmann measuring system and the calorimetric measurements: as clearly shown in the video of the presentation, the results are not equal, but they are relatively close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1242. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you making any progress in your work towards your goal of E-Cat electricity generation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1243. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are getting orders and curing the shortcomings emerging from the plants in operation. I am satisfied how all is progressing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1244. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Given that the eCat is operating in a self-sustaining mode (SSM), will not the time to turn-off be dictated by the average duration of the SSM?

    2. Specifically, you cannot turn off the heat generation while it is still in the SSM mode?

  1245. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- we are working on that, premature to answer
    2- the E-Cat can be turned off anytime
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1246. Andrea Rossi

    Dear readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1247. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1248. Sus 7-11

    Your progress in the development of the theory during these last years has been impressive: between your publication with Prof Focardi and the last paper on Researchgate there is a universe.
    Susan

  1249. Andrea Rossi

    Sus 7-11:
    The theory changed with the series of experiments: it grew up on the battlefield.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1250. David

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    is the control circuit to make directly electricity from the plasma something already off the shelves, or you had to invent it?
    Cheers
    David

  1251. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    We invented it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1252. Carl

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is getting viral.

  1253. Daniel G. Zavela

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Your R&D work on producing electricity directly from plasma energy is fascinating.
    You pushed me to do my homework. I learned that Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction states that “When an electric conductor move across an a magnetic field, an emf is induced in it, which produces an electric current”.

    Have you tested the usefulness of:
    1. Neodymium magnets?
    2. Tesla torrid coils?
    3. Creating a vortex by either spinning your e-Cat device or creating a spiral designed e-Cat?

    Wishing you the best with your exciting R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  1254. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    We tried 1 and 2, not 3.
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1255. Nils Fryklund

    Best Andrea!
    Question 2: I mean that buildings must have different effect in it´s heat source depending on out-door temperatur, to keep constant tempertur inside, for exemple +21 degree.
    Question 3: Has E-catSK in Chicago-area only had short interruptions, or more than 20% interruptions since 19/11 -18.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1256. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    2- yes, there is a thermostat
    3- the area has not been disclosed, the E-Cat SK has been interrupted less that the 20% of the operation time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1257. G.

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Are you informed of the new study that says universe is expanding faster than expected?

  1258. Andrea Rossi

    G.:
    Probably out there they are riding E-Cats ( he,he,he…)
    Speaking seriously, yes, I read it on the science page of AP and it is very interesting, because the new trove made by the Nobel laureate Adam Riess, who calculated a higher Hubble number than it was believed before, is in contrast with the calculations related to the former number, about which nobody has been able to find any error.
    To overcome the contradiction it is necessary the hypothesis that dark matter or something unknown by the contemporary Physics is there. This could jeopardize how is known what is known, since something considered impossible appears to be possible indeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1259. Nils Fryklund

    Best Andrea!
    1. Is it still only one E-catSK working in production?
    2. Has the E-catSk worked in varied effects depending on the outdoor temperatur the whole time?
    3. Has the first E-catSK worked at least 80% of the time since 19/11 -18?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1260. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- no
    2- can you rephrase?
    3- can you rephrase?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1261. Roy Diclaudio

    Dr Rossi:
    How can we know if persons or companies that offer us shares or products are really your agents or licensees?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Roy

  1262. Andrea Rossi

    Roy Diclaudio:
    Please, before signing anything or paying any money, write us to this address:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    We will immediately give you due information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1263. Therese Munzell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your quest to reach the generation of electricity from the plasma are you using some sort of the photoelectric effect ?
    Cheers
    Therese

  1264. Andrea Rossi

    Therese Munzell:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1265. Antonella

    In the blue body of the Ecat SK shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com is there a peephole to see the plasma ( the “ballerina”)?

  1266. Andrea Rossi

    Antonella:
    No,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1267. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    Probably the gradient of the electric field that generates the plasma, has a preferential direction, quite easy to withdraw, but it could be equally interesting if it was cahotic, also if more difficult to use for energy withdraving.
    Probably you have to use some grids as electrodes, probably within the plasma the ddp is not exceptionally high, and currents are quite high, but probably applying the load to grids, they stop the plasma, due the dropping of voltage that their load introduces.
    Probably would be a good idea to work with low current to interfere as low as possible with the plasma.
    Probably a such goal could be reached using inductors of appropriate value, in a particular circuit, switching at high frequency the inductors from the grids to the load, in such way the inductors will draw energy from the grids at high impedance, and then supply the load without affect hardly the plasma.
    Probably…

    Probably regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  1268. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Probably all that is confidential, yes or no as the answers might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1269. Ron Stringer

    I am amazed from what you are doing, especially to make electricity directly from plasma.
    How did you arrive to this point?
    Best Regards,
    Ron Stringer

  1270. Andrea Rossi

    Ron Stringer:
    The impulse came from the measurements of e.m. felds out of the core of the reactors, as you can see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1271. Szymon Blachuta

    Questions:
    1-To resolve the problems did you have to improve software or hardware?
    2- During Summer will your sales of heat decrease?
    3- Is some customer using heat to make cold?
    Regards,
    Szymon Blachuta

  1272. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    1- both
    2- no
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1273. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    About a month ago you confirmed more than one 1MW E-Cat SK order
    from Sweden.
    Some questions:
    1. When this year do you plan to ship the first to Sweden?
    a. before July
    b. July-August
    c. Sept-Oct

    2. When do you plan to start it after installation?
    a. before August
    b. Sept-Oct
    c. Nov-Dec

    All success to you and your team.

    Sven B

  1274. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    We will give this information in due time,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1275. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1276. Laura Riolo

    Dr Rossi:
    Are there in the Ecat SK also chemical reactions?

  1277. Andrea Rossi

    Laura Riolo:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1278. Bradley

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will you make a presentation also for the direct electricity production as you did in http://www.ecatskdemo.com for the Ecat SK?

  1279. Andrea Rossi

    Bradley:
    If we will succeed, probably yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1280. Mary

    Congratulations: your paper on Researchgate has reached 18 000 full readings in three months: it is unheard of.
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Godspeed,
    Mary

  1281. Andrea Rossi

    Mary:
    Yes, it was absolutely unexpected: it is very difficult to read and therefore it is restricted to the scientific echelons…I was expecting several hundreds of readings in one year and would have considered it a success !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1282. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You stated that you have encountered and solved some problems with your first industrial E-Cat.
    1 – Can you tell us if your customer had to restart their boiler when solving problems or the E-Cat was quickly put back into service?
    2 – Has the E-Cat had problems of stability, slowdown, runaway, stop?
    All my support for your work.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1283. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- our Customers have a back up
    2- stop
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1284. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think you make an E-Cat that produces more electrical power than heat?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1285. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am working every day on it. Yes, we are progressing, but much work remains to do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1286. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you are now contemplating an “infinite COP” E-Cat configuration, does this mean that you are satisfied with the viability of direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK?

    Kind regards and thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1287. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I do not know, right now. We will try to get as much as possible electric energy, if we will succeed. We are working very, very, very hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1288. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Since the eCat-SK involves a plasma, will:

    a. this make the operation of the eCat-SK more sensitive to external magnetic fields?
    b. If a. is true, will you need to add magnetic shielding to your eCat-SK?

  1289. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1290. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1291. R.G.

    Dear Andrea:
    The global warming is worsening dramatically. Please make to deliver massively the Ecats as soon as you can,
    Godspeed,
    Rosalind

  1292. Andrea Rossi

    R.G.:
    We are working on it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1293. Enrique

    Did you modyfy the charge of the Ecat we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com respect the patent?
    Thnkx

  1294. Andrea Rossi

    Enrique:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1295. Jobert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think is the advantage to make electricity as much as possible instead of heat, since with heat you can make also electricity?
    Jobert

  1296. Andrea Rossi

    Jobert:
    To make electric energy from heat causes a loss of energy of about 65%, making heat fron electric energy the COP is almost 1, considering that the cosphi of a resistor is 1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1297. Andrea Rossi

    Jacob:
    Thanks to you for your attention for our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1298. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Are you aware of this system to make air conditioned by means of heat?
    https://www.sounenergy.nl/theac-25/
    This could be a good match for the Ecat make a complete climatization.

  1299. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1300. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    After reading this there were a couple of interesting aspects to it that I thought might be of interest to you.:

    https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-atomic-straighter-cascading-silicon-peashooters.html

    It’s amazing to me how fast things are moving in these areas of technology.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  1301. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1302. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1303. Bob

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I wonder: is the plasma always making that kind of tremor, or does it change vibrations or becomes still now and again? If yes, which are the causes? Can be the zitterbewegung explained in your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Thanks,
    Bob

  1304. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    It is regular at sight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1305. Burt

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Destiny made your invention become mature exactly when the global warming issue is dramatically raising in the collective conscience.
    Godspeed,
    Burt

  1306. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    History creates the templates of actions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1307. Rod Walton

    On the Power Engineering issue of April 23 2019: Elizabeth Ingram gives the latest news on power generation, renewable energy and smart grid,
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  1308. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1309. WaltC

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I wanted to find a mental image of the equivalent heat output of your 22kW E-Cat reactor over a year’s time:

    22kwh/h x 1 year = 193 MWh (MegaWattHour)

    1 BOE (Barrel of Oil Equivalent) = 1.6 MWh (from unitjuggler.com)

    So: 22kw x 1 year = 121 BOE

    1) I’m not sure how much “charge” you use in your reactor over the course of a year– perhaps a few grams?

    Assuming that, one could say: “a few grams of charge in a E-Cat reactor has the equivalent heat output as 121 Barrels of Oil”.

    2) Am I close with that equivalence, do you think?

    Thanks, WaltC

  1310. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I think so, just take off the 10%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1311. Jeff Hall

    Dr Rossi,
    1- are you planning how to make as fast as possible the diffusion of your technology in the planet against the global warming?
    2- will the profits from this technology be destined also to social converns?
    Happy Earth Day to you and your team,
    Jeff hall

  1312. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Hall:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1313. Chuck Davis

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I understand that the direct generation of current from the plasma is more efficient that the other cycles, correct?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1314. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It should be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1315. Heretical Troublemaker

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    purely for the entertainment of the scientific audience here, what value the weight scale below the E-Cat SK (presented on Jan 31 on http://www.ecatskdemo.com) now shows?

    They started around 21 kg I think.

    Happy Easter to You and all team!

  1316. Andrea Rossi

    Heretical Troublemaker:
    You are right, the video does not show the units: they are pounds, not kgs.
    Happy Easter also to you and your family
    A.R.

  1317. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It appears from the spectra of the eCat-SK that there is a combination of mercury and argon elements present.

    1. Can you confirm this?
    2. If 1 is true, do you anticipate recovering gold from the transmitted mercury during the refueling/recovery process?

  1318. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- No
    2- No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1319. Judith Hellerman

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you working also during these Easter holidays on the Ecat SK for direct electricity?

  1320. Andrea Rossi

    Judith Hellerman:
    Yes, we are at work . I don’t leave it until we get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1321. Felix Lown

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    About your paper published on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    do you think the Zitterbewegung effect can be transmitted also between electrons?

  1322. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Lown:
    Yes, I think so: obviously it depends on the distance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1323. Kiyoko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us if the R&D to make directly electricity from the plasma is proceeding well ? Still optimist also about the possibility to make it produce itself the electricity necessary to run the Ecat SK ?
    K

  1324. Andrea Rossi

    Kiyoko:
    Yes and yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1325. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Happy Easter to you and to all our Readers also from our Team !
    A.R.

  1326. Jason

    Dr Rossi,
    Every single line of your paper published in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions has a high density of information. I am not surprised, due to the importance of the subject and the corroboration between theoretical hypothesis and experimental results, that is reached the unbelievable number of almost 18 000 readings in 3 months for a publication whose reading is restricted to physicists for the intrinsic difficulties of the reading.
    Happy Easter to you, your team and your family,
    Jason

  1327. Andrea Rossi

    Jason:
    Thank you and Happy Easter likewise to you and your family,
    A.R.

  1328. Happy Easter Andrea.
    I pray God for you,
    your family, your equipe.
    Gian

  1329. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you and likewise Happy Easter to you and your family,
    A.R.

  1330. Taylor Bembury

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In the vid