Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Small positive remark in these difficult times: Air pollution fell sharply in cities. This is a very good sign for our future with cars powered by an E-Cat SKL and houses without chimneys.
    Can you specify if you can accommodate several SKL reactors in the 10 cm cube side?
    Good health to you, your team and your supporters.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, it is not possible to insert more than one Ecat SKL in that volume.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SKL electrical output voltage determined by design, i.e. a specific voltage can be chosen, or is the output voltage determined by the function of the charge energy to electrical output extraction mechanism?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  4. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The voltage can be adjusted making it fit for the necessity of the Client
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    you said, that your team is still testing different configuations of the e-cat skl. Do you already have a configuration, which is “good enough” for commercialisation?

    Kind regards,

    E.Hergen

  6. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a simple wish to you, your team, the team of the testing agency, as well as all the clients who have their own team members present:

    Stay well, be healthy.

    Respectfully,
    Mason

    ps. My guess:

    – Electrical Power Output: 1 kiloWatt
    – Conversion Efficiency: 85%
    – Dimensions: 90x90x90 mm
    – Unit weight (excluding the control unit): 95 grams

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Taken notice of your data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Since we are into speculation, I predict that the ecat will be certified by no later than June 01, 2020!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Do you have a cristall ball ? Is it for sale ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Buck

    THx for the quick reply.

    Now it is clear, how You measure netto win.

    Your conclusions of Yur measurement are based on a very common effect, which is called “Dunning Kruger Effect”.

    You can read about it.

    Regards

    Buck

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    You did not understand my comments. I am talking of definition of Energy in general, not of measurements of the energy consumed and the energy generated by the Ecat ! The theoretical concept of the definition of Energy is one thing, the measurement of Wh consumed and generated by an apparatus are a totally different issue. You correctly cite the Dunning Kruger Effect, but your text gives evidence that such psychological effect is referred to you: the matter of the fact is that you really have not been able to understand what I wrote while, along the Dunning Kruger Effect, at the same time you are not able to recognize this and introject in others your different way to be intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Rick 57, dear Andrea,
    Thank you for opportunity to start a game (quest) especially it is very cold in Moscow country forest, where I am now living having escaped from the corona virus city carantine to feel free.
    Before starting the game some input data should be precised.
    1. First, are the ECat SKL parameters include controller (a pack of cigarettes) inserted inside or only separate arrangement?
    2. Second, ECat SKL announced in January is continiously improving. What version we are going to determine – January, current one or future will be shown at your presentation?.
    3. Third, we are all in unequal conditions as among the Readers are the members of Andrea Rossi team, Frank Acland, for example, knowing parameters of your device (may be). His questions were composed in such a way that Andrea could somehow inadvertently convey the necessary information to us.
    If he win he can make some kind of bisiness to sell to extra invitation (the first one he will recieve as a member of the team).
    In order not to freeze at my country dacha I will also take part in the competition (although I have already invitation- Andrea promised).
    4. To everybody. There are two approaches to the parameters of ECat SKL device. First one – to analyze information from Andrea Rossy blog, especially his answers to Frank Acland questions, taking into account a great sense of Andrea humour.
    The second approach scientific one – try to understand the principal of novel version. It is not dublicate the previous and I guess based on Shoulders and others electromagnetic effects with modifications using thermal Ecat expsriments. At least I will try to go this way and my decision will be in the next letter.
    I am sorry for possible grammar mistakes as I write from the phone.
    Best regards and good luck to everybody.
    Aleksei Savchenko

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko
    The winner of this quest will be invited to the presentation, but you already have been invited, as a Russian scientist I esteem. So I see you more as a counselor of our Readers that participate to this quest: maybe they can ask you suggestions or help: this would be suicy !
    Obviously you are more than free to send your data, but independently from them you will be anyway invited to attend the presentation.
    Second suggestion: even if you are in a less populated countryside, please do not lower the guard: stay home ! Use all the individual protection devices and follow all the direction of the Government, don’t brave this virus: it is extremely dangerous.
    Answers:
    1. the “cigarette pack” ( the control system ) is separated
    2.the Ecat SKL is still the same, we are just continuing to change configurations of the same object, same components: the confuguration is extremely important
    3. Ha,ha,ha !
    No, the members of our Team are not participating to the quest: you have my honour word: that would be very unfair to our beloved Readers ! Frank Acland is the director of the best blog of the LENR sector, but he is not and has never been a member of our Team, besides, all the information I gave and give him is immediately published on E-Catworld, so all the Readers of the JoNP have access to the same information, just reading http://www.e-catworld.com as most of them already do.
    I envy your dacha in the countryside of Moscow: you surely can make cross country skiing there, which is my passion
    4. Very well, as I suggested, you anticipated me and already are behaving as a veritable counselor of our Readers that make this competition.
    Enjoy Easter in your winter paradise !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the great work of your team:
    Happy Easter to you all from a long time follower,
    CC

  16. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your wishes, and I send to you and to all our Readers my most sincere wishes to spend a Happy Easter 2020, notwithstanding the necessity to stay at home: I am sure you all will feel the Spirit of the Resurrection.
    Andrea Rossi

  17. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You said your different ECats
    are all your sons.
    I think the ECat SKL is your
    Precious Daughter.

    https://www.jw.org/en/library/music-songs/original-songs/precious-daughter/

    Regards
    Sam

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,hee,he…right ! And thank you for the nice link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Ivan Samec

    Dear participants in guessing,

    my guess:

    – Electrical Power Output: 195 Watts
    – Conversion Efficiency: 84%
    – Dimensions: 80x80x70 mm
    – Unit weight (excluding the control unit): 97 gramms

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for your participation: data taken
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Stephen

    Dear Andrea. I really like reading these guesses the parameters of the Ecat SKL. You start at the beginning and read each one and by the end you can’t help smiling. Isn’t that something to treasure in these days.

    I’d be happy with almost any one of these. And if any of those is correct how amazing that will be!

    I can’t my self wager a guess. I like to guess how it could be sometimes to understand it’s potential. But in this I like to keep it in mind as a work if art as well as science and engineering that evolves and surprises us until the day it comes to view.

    However all these guesses give such hope and optimism in these days I love to read them. I really feel wonder and hope at what I see there.

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your delighting comment: we really need smiles in this difficult period of pandemy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Buck

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    You said, that Your reference of measuring energy is “amount of information per unit space time”.

    Do You reference both directions ( input and output ) with the same definition of energy ?

    Regards

    Buck

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Nils Fryklund

    Hello Andrea!
    Am I right when I think that E-catSK at a customer from 19 november 2018 is producing heat energy for about 200000 KW-hours on about one teaspoon of powder? Unbelievable!
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I can’t answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea, fellow guessers,

    This is what I have in mind :

    Module :
    ————————————————————-
    Volume : 5cm * 5cm * 5cm = 125cm³ / module
    Power : 1 kW / module –> 8 modules / dm³ –> 8 kW/dm³
    Weight : 100g / module –> 8 modules / dm³ –> 800g/dm³
    Ee/Et ratio : 90% / 10%

    Controller :
    ————————————————————-
    90mm / 60mm / 20mm, weight 50g (approx. like a raspberry pi)
    + 200g for enclosure & interfacing HW to the module(s)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thanks, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi,
    here are the SKL data: Electric power 0, efficiency 0%, cube or whatever size 0, weight 0, existence 0

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My guess for the SKL data:
    Electric power: 875 W
    Conversion factor: 84%
    Cube size: 125 mm/side
    Cube weight: 107 g

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B.:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, My numbers: Pe = 16 kW, Efficiency = 75%, Dimensions = 10 cm, Weight = 100 g

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you, data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    My numbers for E-Cat SKL parameters;

    Electrical Power: 500 W
    Conversion Efficiency: 88 %
    Cube Dimension: 60 mm a side
    Unit Weight: 100 g
    Colour: Blue

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you,
    data taken,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Praying for your’s and your staff’s families good health through this awful pandemic.

    Since a December 15, 2015 response, it appears you have maintained a “higher economy scale” strategy with a snap-together heat/electrical output ports with a ‘LEGO’-type scheme.
    If so, has corrosion between the cube’s electrical connections over time proven to be a challenge?

    Assuming successful test results, will you have reached the final SKL version for public demonstration and initial production? Can you estimate how long that may be? Thank you.

    My SKL parameter guess:
    125 Watts
    87%
    5x5x5 cm per side
    100 grams

    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Corrosion should not be an issue
    I prefer not to set times so far.
    Data taken: thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Manfred

    My estimate to the Ecat SKL:
    cube length 101.6 mm
    efficiency 81%
    power 508 W
    weight 780 g
    I wish you all the best: stay healthy and thanks for the recommendations to fight the corona virus.
    If the Ecat SKL will do well, after the corona virus tragedy the world will be twice best
    Greetings from Germany,
    Manfred

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred:
    Thanks for your participation to the quest,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. LilyLover

    Entree 3: Guessing Game

    Electrical output: 5.2 kW
    Distribution: 92.5 % electricity, 7.5% heat, six months of performance @ 50% on/off
    Size: 10 cm X 10 cm X 10 cm
    Weight: 2.36 kg
    Color: Sky Blue, if requested
    Noise: < 45 dB
    Modules per car: 4 working + 1 contingency
    Modules per home: 2 operational + 2 backup

    (I really really wanted to quote 10kW from 10 cm^3 @ 90% electric, but I can’t be too wanton!)

  42. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your participation to the quest,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Steven N. Karels

    Eric Ashworth,

    You posted “Drink Gin and Tonic with a slice of lemon and also Brandy. These drinks I believe helps to ward off the virus.” Since the virus is a respiratory one, I do not see how consuming alcohol will “ward off” the virus. It might make you temporarily feel better or to not care. But I doubt it has an anti-viral property. Better to maximize your immune system – by staying away from alcohol, cigarettes, etc.

  44. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    How are the tests going? Are you happy about the progress?
    About the SKL details:
    Max electrical Power: 100 W
    85% of the total power generated by the SKL can effectively be used as electrical output power in SSM
    Cube sizes: 10x10x10 cm
    Weight: 800 grams
    Please stay healthy, Kind regards Gerard.

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The tests are proceeding well and I continue to be very optimist.
    Advise taken of your move for the quest. ( He,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Carlos from Argentina

    Dr Rossi,
    I have been contacted Argentina from a person that says has a licence from you and offers me shares of his company.
    Can you confirm that it is true ? I also sent you his address by email to info@leonardocorp1996
    Thanks for helping,
    Carlos

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Carlos from Argentina:
    THANK YOU FOR YOUR REQUEST OF HELP-
    ATTENTION, THIS IS AN ATTEMPT OF FRAUD !!!
    WE DO NOT HAVE ANY LICENCE ON COURSE IN ARGENTINA AND WE ARE NOT SELLING ANY KIND OF SHARES OR EQUITIES.
    WE PASSED THE ADDRESS YOU SENT ME TO OUR ATTORNEY FOR THE NECESSARY ACTION AGAINST THIS SUBJECT.
    YOU MADE WELL: ANYBODY THAT RECEIVES SIMILAR OFFERS OF SHARES, EQUITIES, OR ECATS MUST CONTACT IMMEDIATELY US HERE OR BY EMAIL TO INFO@LEONARDOCORP1996.COM AND WE WILL IMMEDIATELY CLEAR THE SITUATION. THIS IS THE SOLE WAY TO ALLOW FRAUDSTERS TO STEAL YOUR MONEY.
    DR ANDREA ROSSI, CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  48. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    I propose to all the Readers a little game to have some fun in these days we have to STAY@HOME…

    Try to guess the main E-CAT SKL parameters, that is:

    – Electrical Power Output in Watts
    – Conversion Efficiency in % (Electrical Power / Total Power)
    – Cube dimensions in millimeters
    – Unit weight in grams (excluding the control unit)

    When the true numbers will be disclosed, everybody will be able to easily calculate his score as the sum of the absolute differences between his guess and the actual value for each of the above parameters (only one attempt is allowed per Reader).

    Of course, who gets the minimum score wins! Maybe, Andrea, you could invite him to the first public product demo…

    And now, my numbers:

    Electrical Power: 283 W
    Conversion Efficiency: 78 %
    Cube Dimension: 80 mm
    Unit Weight: 475 g

    Thanks a lot for your attention and good luck !

    Riccardo

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    OK, the game is on !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Eric Ashworth

    Readers of the JONP, with regards the Corona virus/ Covid-19 pandemic. Go to flue virus, study Type A, Type B and Type C. This virus is a Type A flue virus, same as Spanish flue and Hong Kong flue. This Corona virus is a Chinese Type A flue. Flue vaccines are of no value with a Type A. They have to be treated as a very contagious flue that affects the respiratory system as they have occurred in the past and will continue into the future. My suggestion is the same as that of a British medical doctor that contracted the virus which is isolate one self, eat chicken soup, take paracetamol and stay in bed. Myself even though I do not have the virus I wash my hands, use alcohol to sterilize my hands, Drink Gin and Tonic with a slice of lemon and also Brandy. These drinks I believe helps to ward off the virus. As of today I feel fine. Stay safe, don’t panic it will pass as it always does. Obviously the elderly and those with a compromised immune system must take every precaution possible. Regards Eric Ashworth

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I’d refrain from suggestions not coming from the specialists, that are the physitians expert of the matter and from the directions consequently imposed or suggested by the competent Authorities.
    STAY HOME !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Nonetheless, perhaps the most emotional moment has been in 1999 in Manchester, New Hampshire, where Leonardo Corp has been born in 1996, it was March and for the first time I measured an excess of energy in the very first prototype, a very small thing, with several Watts of power.”

    Can you describe the excess heat measurement methodology for that first experiment. Did you use nickel or palladium, deuterium gas or hydrogen gas? What temperatures did you reach?

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The structure of that prototype is contained in the patent of this post.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Assuming use of Faraday shielding and active cooling, is there any limitation on how close individual E-Cat SKL’s can be positioned in relation to each other?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  55. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m curious: which of your Ecat developments (hot Cat, QuarkX, EcatSK, EcatSKL ) have been the most gratifying to you, while you were working on them?
    Also, and if you are inclined, could you summarize in a few words what you have felt for each one of your Ecat iterations?

    You mentioned in a recent post about Thomas Florek’s music in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Personally I was quite delighted by the music and light humorous touch of the EcatSK video. Also, seeing the Ballerina was the highlight of the last demo for me. I look forward to your demonstration of the EcatSK Leonardo and hope your voice has recovered well.

    Cheers from Canada

    PS I am a new poster and up until today I have only read your blog at rossilivecat.com . Now that I see the posts here on journal-of-nuclear-physics.com , I notice that your answer to Kory earlier today appeared as “No” on rossilivecat.com, but “Yes” on journal-of-nuclear-physics.com !

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    All of them are my sons, but , as Ferrari used to say about his cars, “the best is always the next”. As a consequense of this consideration, the best is the SKL, albeit each of them has gratified our Team with a strong emotion. But now we are completely absorbed by the SKL, that I consider our masterpiece.
    Nonetheless, perhaps the most emotional moment has been in 1999 in Manchester, New Hampshire, where Leonardo Corp has been born in 1996, it was March and for the first time I measured an excess of energy in the very first prototype, a very small thing, with several Watts of power. That has been the beginning.
    About the dicotomy between the comment – answer to Kory, the answer is YES, the no was a typo that probably has been corrected later also on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Thank you for having posted !
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Kory:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Adele

    Dr Rossi,
    How would you place in a scale between 0 and ten your trust in the Ecat SKL as of today, after all the experiments made so far ?

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Adele:
    9
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Grazie Andrea;
    non mi attendevo notizie migliori di queste.
    In un giorno di grande depressione mi sento molto più sollevato.
    Per consolare la tua Signora falla vincere con le carte da gioco (se trovi il tempo)…
    Grazie e ancora grazie. Ti consoli il pensiero che tanti ti sono, almeno spiritualmente,vicini.
    Nella depressione ascolto su youtube Vivaldi, Zipoli, Sammartini, … e Morricone.
    Consiglio : di Vivaldi il Credo dell’orchestra Armena,il Dixit Dominus del Ghislieri Consort di Pavia, di Zipoli L’elevazione.
    E poi c’è tanto jazz… Brinderemo in tempi migliori.
    Warm Regards.
    Gian

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind sustain and allow me to sustain you: WE WILL WIN !
    Just stay home with your family and respect rigorously the directions of your Government.
    About music: isn’t delighting the music of my friend Thomas Florek in the menu of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Dear Andrea,
    you are submitting your latest version of the Ecat system to the teams of third-party verifiers:
    an energy generator size 10x10x10 cm, connected to its power supply and control system the size of a pack of cigarettes.
    There are at least tree teams of verifiers:
    one of them paid by Leonardo,
    one in charge of official verification,
    one or more than one in charge of your possible customers.
    I assume that all teams are able to see and follow the entire instrumentation prepared by you to check all the parameters necessary for the validation of the test.
    1 Can they also continuously record the measured physical quantities?
    2 Can any stages in SSM be appreciated in size and duration?
    3 Have SSM phases already been achieved to date?
    Thank you if you can and want to respond to these requests of mine. Any answers will be a pleasant support in this sad period of forced isolation.
    4 Last but not least question: did you have the comfort of still letting yourself be gracefully beaten by your Lady in your tennis battles?
    Am I indiscreet if I ask you for the last score?
    Waiting for better times, my warmest greetings and best wishes
    Gian

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 due to corona virus, Wimbledon and Rossi vs Wife have been delayed , as well as the Olympic Games.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Sorry for the lack of clarity, I was thinking along the route of increasing the power level, not with respect to what places a limit on the output lifespan.

    Do any of the scenarios I list in the previous post limit the ability to increase the existing electrical output of an E-Cat SKL to a higher output level?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  67. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the clarification.
    Answer:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With respect to the COVID-19 pandemic, we know a few things:

    1. It is highly contagious – it passes within 6 feet by air; or by touching a virus laden object and then we touch our face.
    2. Of the people who become infected, about 80% do not require hospitalization
    3. Of the 20% that require hospitalization, about 5% will require ICU support
    4. Those that require ICU support, about 1/2 will survive to be later released
    5. This assumes adequate hospital resources are available, otherwise, mortality rates will increase.

    The adequate hospital resources depend on not too many patients being in the medical system at any one time. The “flattening the curve” is done to stretch out the number of patients requiring hospital care at any one time.

    This can be achieved by:
    a. increasing hospital capabilities (more doctors, nurses, equipment, beds, supplies. etc.)
    b. Decreasing the number of infected persons at any one time (stay at home, 6 feet separation, washing hands, etc.)
    c. Improving the uninfected person’s natural resistance (lose weight, stop consuming alcohol, stop smoking, better diet, sleep more, etc.) So even though they become infected, they do not require hospitalization.

    COVID-19 starts out with the infection of a previously uninfected person. It appears previously infected persons are immune to subsequent infections. So the use of social distancing and stay-at-home requirements attempt to reduce the number of new infections per unit of time.

    The hospital capacity is augmented by adding hospitals, beds, supporting equipment, personnel, and by keeping support personnel from becoming infected. But this is limited in its ability to increase quickly – only so many doctors and nurses, even assuming infinite building and supply capabilities.

    Still, 20% of those infected will require hospitalization – unless, an improvement in the average person’s immune system is accomplished. Say, only 18% of those infected will require hospitalization? Perhaps 2% more might be able to fight off the infection without hospitalization because of an improved immune system?

    As you are often fond of saying, “the solution requires an integrated approach”.

    Social rules, increased hospital capacity, and optimization of the immunity of uninfected persons. All three, in my opinion, need to be addressed to effectively combat the disease.

    Eventually, as more people become infected and therefore immune, and the supply of uninfected persons decreases, the COVID-19 virus will fade away. Hopefully, permanently – like SARS. Otherwise, it might mutate like the flu and begin again. Time will tell. Hopefully, a vaccination will become available and widely employed before a new season comes.

    So home remedies, as long as they are not harmful, could be tried, given that there is no medically available alternative at this time. A vaccine is months away. Some drugs may be available to treat those requiring hospitalization but they have not yet been tested for being both safe and effective. So, for now, all three methods should be applied. Stay home (isolate); optimize your immune system; and for each society to improve its hospital capacity to handle “peak loading”.

    In a “perfect world”, we would all self-isolate for 15 or 30 days, the virus would find no uninfected persons and it would die out. It cannot live for long outside a human host. But we do not live in such a world. Humans disobey and they make poor choices. Working together, we can all get through this.

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the electrical output of the E-Cat SKL currently limited by;

    A. The production of energy in the charge.

    B. As yet limited understanding of the science involved in the conversion of energy produced in the charge to electricity.

    C. The Science is known, but insufficient length of testing to provide statistically accurate empirical parameters for the control software or accurate redesign of the mechanism.

    D. The technology / tools available to manufacture the mechanism that converts the energy to electricity, i.e. machine manufacture vs. hand built.

    E. The shape or size of materials available on the market, to design the mechanism that converts the energy to electricity.

    F. Limitation of properties of available materials.

    G. Some combination of above.

    H. One or more other constraints.

    I think refining the items above to the most efficient state will provide many years of work for a large number of researchers.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    What do you mean with “limited electrical output” ? Limited respect what ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a simple wish to you, your team, the team of the testing agency, as well as all the clients who have their own team members present:

    Stay well, be healthy.

    Respectfully,
    Mason

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    We all strongly appreciate your wishes and wish you the same !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I read an online blog from a medical doctor about what can be done to optimize our immune system – and inexpensively

    Finnish saunas or Japanese baths. The sequence of hot and cold exposure (within limits) increases the body’s production of certain antibody cells.

    Sounds like a way to relax after a long day of eCat research?

    Reference: YouTube Coronavirus medcram Updates 46 & 47.

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Nobody knows now what can be useful and what is not to fight against this corona f…… virus: the sole things I am sure will work are:
    1- maintain at least 1.5 meters ( 5 ft ) from any other person when you are out of home
    2- wear a mask, eyeglasses, hat and gloves always when out of home
    3- stay home, unless you have authorizations for specific reasons, or when you need to buy foods or medicines
    About all the rest, I do not know, while we all are waiting for a vaccine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno a tutti.
    Se Ecat SKL potrà finalmente entrare in produzione, oltre a dare una mano
    all’ambiente, sarà di grande sollievo anche per l’economia mondiale distrutta da
    i lockdown dichiarati in queste settimane delle varie nazioni.
    Un Ecat SKL in ogni casa/capanna, sarà certamente il motore economico mondiale
    dei prossimi anni….
    MAI PERIODO E’ STATO PIU’ IDONEO PER ENTRARE SUL MERCATO MONDIALE.
    FORZA E CORAGGIO

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper in four parts
    “On the Unification of Forces”, by Rosemarie Ainslie
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. C.S.

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give us a definition of Energy coherent with the experiments you are making with the Ecat SKL during this period, after more than ten years of experience with the Ecats ?

  80. Andrea Rossi

    C.S.:
    Energy = Density of Information in the Space-Time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    As we won’t learn about the specifications of the current E-Cat SKL before the demo, and as we all need inspiration / good news during this hard time, I’d like to share the following “LEGO-related” video :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-RtJOfFlZU

    This is a perfect example of what technology & ingenuity can achieve with small building blocks such as LEGOs.
    Also very interesting in this video, is how they managed to cluster 2.304 * from the small LEGO technics 2,8 W motors to obtain the cumulative 5.3 HPs necessary to power the 1.5 tons LEGO car to achieve the blistering speed of 19 km/h.

    Now, I was wondering, how much power would be generated by clustering 2.304 * E-Cat SKLs ?

    OK, I was just kidding :), we will all have to wait for the demo…

    Another question that you may answer :
    Compared to the E-Cat SK, does the E-Cat SKL requires any additional expensive materials/components which would make it only economically viable for electricity production at the grid level (almost always at full power), and make its prohibitive for on-demand electricity generation onboard vehicles (where heavy batteries will still be the norm for years to come) ?

    @All : be well, stay well,

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    1- also the data related to the power of the Ecat SKL module will be delivered during the presentation
    2- no, there are not
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Sweden chooses to keep business open as usual and trust in the judgement of its citizens in avoiding exposure.
    This may prove to be the wisest strategy, with the vulnerable practicing social isolation. But that strategy
    may put you at a higher risk so please be careful. https://youtu.be/DhUL3HkcaQ0
    Regards,
    Iggy

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I cannot say where I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Andrea Rossi

    LeithT:
    The answer is complex and depends on the situations,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Dear Andrea,
    if you can tell us from which countries the verifiers for the preliminary tests must come, we could evaluate how long we will have to wait for the start of the official tests.
    I find it very positive that verifiers can already follow the operation of the Leonardo E-Cat SKL
    remotely.
    While regretting the delays, you seem optimistic and positive.
    Thanks for what you are doing, best and warm wishes
    Gian

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    They come from different parts of the world and it is impossible make any forecast about the corona virus times.
    Yes, I am optimistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How are the tests going?
    Are you thinking weeks or
    months to complete?

    Regards
    Sam

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Until the end of the corona virus issue I cannot know when the tests will be completed. Presently I am working alone.
    So, while the R&D proceeds well also using Skype, for the tests it is necessary a series of personal meetings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The question I would pose is whether a 1 hour demonstration of the eCat SKL (without any input power) is sufficient to show that a hidden Li Ion battery could not be the source of the observed power.

    Assumptions:
    1 eCat SKL: 100W total power output, mass = 100 grams, electrical efficiency of 80%, only electrical output is observed, observation time = 1 hour.
    (1 hour was assumed as that is the typical time (1 to 2 hours) in past demonstrations)

    Lithium Ion battery characteristics: (Lithium Ion battery assumed as the most promising candidate based on densities)
    Specific Power density: 200 – 330 W/kg
    Specific Energy density: 100 – 200 W-hr/kg

    Total Output of eCat SKL:
    Specific Power density: 1,000 W/kg (100W / 0.1kg)
    Specific Energy density: 1,000 W-hr/kg (100 W * 1 hour / 0.1 kg)

    Electrical Output of eCat SKL:
    Specific Power density: 800 W/kg (80% efficiency)
    Specific Energy density: 800 W-hr/kg (80% efficiency)

    Conclusion: Given the mass of the eCat SKL, the output power, and the 1 hour demonstration time, a Lithium Ion battery cannot supply the assumed observed power over a demonstration period of 1 hour or greater.

    Thoughts?

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your amalysis. The duration of the demo will be surely long enough to avoid misunderstandings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the E-Cat SKL evolved to the point that any produced heat can be handled passively or does it require active cooling?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  94. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand from
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that your theory starts from the concept of a syncretism between Van Der Waals, Casimir, Aharomov-Bohm effects and the Hestenes interpretation of the Maxwell equations.
    Quite interesting,
    Physicist

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue March 31 2020:
    Hydrogen-fired power promises carbon-free future, but requires huge investments: nearly 800 billions
    Rod Walton

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I derived joy from adding wheels to a single Lego brick and calling it a toy. I also collaborated with friends to build 1/4th scale car. They make tall giraffes and small castles out of legos.
    Q1. Does your LEGO analogy hold up at a household level or at a commercial storefront level as well? (I’ll be happy with either answer!)
    Q2. Once the safety certifications are made, and when you are financially comfortable, perhaps the evening before commercial launch, will you donate a large, stand alone ‘minestrone soup pot’ that can daily cook the soup for about 100 people, without any external energy source, to the church of your choice? (I’d love for them to be able to say that this was the first fruit of Andrea‘s efforts that changed humanity to kindness.)
    Sincerely,
    — LilyLover

  99. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Q1- maybe
    Q2- thank you for the suggestion: could be a nice idea
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, If my calculations are correct I will require 5 modules to supply my home with electricity!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Since you stated that you could provide the requested information, please provide the following information:
    a. The projected measured power output in Watts
    b. The mass of the eCat SKL unit in grams or kg.
    c. The mass of any other device controlling or providing power to the SKL unit in grams or kg.
    d. The planned duration of the measured performance of the eCat SKL (either live or by the independent party) in hours.

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    As a matter of fact, what I said is that the data of the Ecat SKL will be published when it will be presented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is a single SKL Lego block rated at approximately 100W output?

    Kindest regards,

    Frank Acland

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The data related to the performance of the SKL will be given during the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has there been any attempt as yet of using one or more E-Cat SKL’s to supply electricity to an E-Cat SK?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  107. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Not yet, but it is obviously a possible application, among all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    The SKL is a module, like a brick of the LEGO. You can assemble unlimitedly more modules reaching any power you need.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, at present the SKL has a power 100W in the future will it be possible to upscale the power of the SKL ?

    Best Regards,

    Toussaint François

  111. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the demonstration unit, can you provide the following information:

    a. The projected measured power output in Watts
    b. The mass of the eCat SKL unit in grams or kg.
    c. The mass of any other device controlling or providing power to the SKL unit in grams or kg.
    d. The planned duration of the measured performance of the eCat SKL (either live or by the independent party) in hours.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. yes
    b. yes
    c. yes
    d. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in par 5 you published the results of the experiment that confirm the theoretical hypothesis of par 1,2,3,4.
    When in the SKL you get the max output of electricity directly from the plasma is the emission of heat reduced in proportion to the electricity generation ?

  114. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply — so I must assume that your first SKL products will be for industrial use only, correct?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    I have a question regarding the cubic shape of the E-Cat SKL:

    1) Is it required by some technical reason, or

    2) It can be modified (within some limits) respecting the total volume, like 16x16x4

    I’m thinking to applications, like notebooks, where a more “thin” shape is probably better…

    Thanks a lot,
    Riccardo

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    1 no
    2 one size fits all by means of assembling. Smaller modules are not allowed so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You reply to Daniel Galburt today is very interesting:

    That the E-Cat SKL has operated without external power for over 24 hours generation 100W + of net electrical power.

    1. Is this typical performance for the SKL nowadays, or was this an exception?
    2. Have other persons witnessed and verified this performance, or just you in your own lab?
    3. This performance, if safe and reliable, could make an extremely useful household product. Are you planning to launch the first SKL products for use in homes?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- it is not an exception
    2- other persons witnessed
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    did I get your recent answer right that
    1) the independent testing is done by a client?
    2) Does that mean there won’t be a public presentation after finishing the test?

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    1 also
    2 it does not mean that
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Daniel Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    1. Have you had a single ECat SKL generate 100 watts or more of net electrical power continuously over a 24 hour period?

    2. If the answer to question 1 is Yes, then was the ECat SKL operating without an external electrical power source?

    Warm Regards,
    Dan Galburt

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel Galburt:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Based on recent theoretical discussions, this is unclear to me:

    – Are you finding isotopic shifts in the charge of the current E-Cat SKL device?

    Best wishes with the test efforts & your team’s ongoing health!

    Thanks, WaltC

  126. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Sorry, I cannot add further information after what I published in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and in the service you can see googling
    “Ecat QX presentation Stoscholm November 2017”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Buck

    Good Day Andrea,

    I hope all is going well with you, your team, and the testers from all the different parties.

    I share the following as a possible bit of enjoyment and distraction. You may or may not find Richard Feynman’s Phd Thesis (The Principle of Least Action in Quantum Mechanics) an enjoyable topic. But, unless its offered, one will never know.
    Link>> https://youtu.be/PJB-AXb1pvo

    Best of Health and Well Being to all.

    Sincerely,

    Mason

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the link and for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. CC

    @Ruby:
    Thank you for your comment about the theoretical bases on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    All the best,
    CC

  130. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    you mentioned that the ECAT SKL is a small cube with a weight of 100g.

    This means the cube is approximately only 3*3*3 cm.

    1. Is this near the reality?
    2. How many ECAT SKL can be controlled by the control unit?
    3. You mentioned the control unit is as large as a pack cigarettes. Is that still the case?

    I’m very curious about power and electrical output.

    With my best regards

    Ulrich

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    1 no
    2 depends on the situations
    3 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Sture Andreasson

    February 29, 2020 at 2:10 PM You said: surely it will also be streamed in internet probably live. What can you say about the third party test today?
    Warm Regards
    Sture Andreasson

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Nothing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you know if this is the
    Rod Walton that posts on
    Rossi blog?

    https://www.power-eng.com/author/rod-walton/

    Regards
    Sam

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, it’s him. I am a reader of power engineering from the year 1972. There is always something to learn. In the year 1980 they published an article about my patent to turn wastes into fuel. Archeology… probably at those times Mr Rod Walton had not been born yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    If I understand it right, there are two parties testing the E-Cat SKL.
    Some questions about that, if I may:
    1. Does each party have a separate E-cat for testing?
    2. Is/Are this/both E-cat(s) at your lab?
    3. Have both parties started testing?
    4. You said there is an ‘independent third party’ test entity, that is not payed by you. What makes them testing it anyway:
    A. Payed by another party
    B. Because they are curious
    C. Some other reason
    5. Are these 3rd party tests be done by a company specialized in this and doing this?
    6. Will the test/certification results be presented at the same time when both parties are finished or are they be presented separately?
    7. What is roughly the current estimate when both are finished?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, all the best and good health, Gerard

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    There are more than two parties examining the SKL.
    1 no
    2 yes
    3 some has
    4 C ( Clients )
    5 obviously
    6 the certifications will be presented when the product will be for sale, the tests are under NDA, eventually it will depend on the situations
    7 with the corona virus restrictions nobody can schedule anything
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Ruby

    Dr Rossi:
    I studied with attention
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and I discovered that the electric enregy you extract from the plasma does not come from the nucleus, but from the electrons, therefore your theoretical system, as it is proposed in the paper, depends of the physic of the electron inspired by the model proposed from Hestenes, not from the usual models of the LENR. Am I correct ?
    Ruby

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Basically, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Henrik

    Dear Dr
    A follow up question to Your answer to Gavino Mamia on March 24(the small blue cube).
    How much would the cube in question(unimagined) weigh?
    B R & Be safe, Henrik
    PS, no need to ban Anonymous, who is probably more of a dog person;) DS

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    about 100 grams.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So is the current third party testing preliminary, before submitting the SKL for product certification, or can the two things occur simultaneously?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The two things are completely independent from each other.
    The certification entity is paid by us to make the product certification, while the independent third party is not paid by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As time goes on and you and your team has improved the eCat SKL, are you now in a position where you can definitively state the eCat SKL is operating:

    a. reliably
    b. within your desired output power range
    c. With a sufficiently high electrical energy conversion/generation ratio (compared to total energy produced)

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I’d say all of them, reasonably balanced. So far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I recommend that you ban anonymous from owning an ecat!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is connection between the third party testing you working on, and product certification?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland.

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is no connection at all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Dear Andrea,
    There are lots of opinions on which measures should be implemented to fight the Covid-19 pandemic. It is important, however, to have a solid understanding to base the opinions on.
    Here’s a mathematical analysis of how the pandemic behaves, in China, Italy, Spain, and Sweden, with some attempts at forecasting, that I think could be interesting. I am looking at the number of deaths which is more reliable than the number of confirmed cases. The main take-away is that the daily number of deaths culminates ONLY when you manage to push down the daily growth of deaths below 10 percent, AND if you keep pushing it down.
    China and Italy have managed to do this. It is not entirely clear, however, that the decline of growth depends only of the lockdown, since the decline starts on the same day that the lockdown is implemented, which is not possible—the decline in the growth of deaths should be delayed by at least one week. So there might be other explanations, including herd immunity, if the true number of cases is much larger than the number of confirmed cases, most of them being without symptoms.
    https://matslew.wordpress.com/2020/03/27/covid-19-we-have-to-push-down-daily-growth-below-10-percent/

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    Thank you for your contribution. I totally agree with your analysis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi,
    Many persons are writing in the blogs that the Ecat will never work, because you are working on it 10 years since and after 10 years it does not work.
    Comments?

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Too bad,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a simple wish to your, your team, and the team of the testing agency:
    Stay well, be healthy.

    Respectfully,

    Mason

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you and I wish you and your family the same,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea, I was very interested in your reply to KiethT on the 25th March.

    He asked if the current safety testing completed the certification requirements for E-Cat domestic use and you replied yes.

    Can expand on your reply? Which standards will the E-Cat be certified as compliant with?

    If it will be CE marked, which EN standards specifically will it meet?

    Thanks.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Please read better: KeithT did not ask if we have completed the certifications, he asked if the certifications will include etc, and I answered yes to this, not to what you say.
    The certifications are on course and have not been completed. Obviously they will be completed before we put in commerce the product, which means when the Ecat SKL will be ready to be put in commerce, and it is not now. Obviously, when the product will be in commerce the certifications will be made public, not before, for reasons that are obvious; everybody familiar with the matter knows that the procedures for certifications of products are always covered by NDA until they are granted and the trolls that are making a mess about this issue are paid by guys that are shooting their usual tennis balls to try to stop the carrier of our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. A Chemical Guy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood that your effect depends more from electrons physics -zitterbewegung effcct over all and Aharonov-Bohm effect- than from nuclear reactions.
    Cheers
    A Chemical Guy

  159. Andrea Rossi

    A Chemical Guy:
    Thank you for your attention to our theoretical research,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I see that your work is going for the best despite the difficult period the world is going through and I hope to see your machine on the market as soon as possible.
    The Covi 19 plunged the price of a barrel of oil to around 22 $.
    With the competition from Ecat, do you think that oil is likely to remain at this level or even experience even lower levels?
    All my encouragement to the whole team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I have no idea.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You answered “The answer to this is confidential.”

    Is the answer:

    (a) that spectral lines are present is confidential or
    (b) is the answer that there are spectral lines that are present but as to which atoms produced them is confidential?

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It is confidential and I cannot respond in negative or in positive. I am simply not answering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say what approved industry
    standards (ANSI, ASTM, IEEE, UL, etc.)
    that the ECat SKL is being tested against?

    Regards
    Sam

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No. When obtained we will give due information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Do I understand correctly that you are interacting with third party testers via Skype?
    2. Are you running tests on the E-Cat SKL in your lab that they are able to observe?
    3. Are they compiling data about their observations?
    4. When they are able, will they visit your lab, or will you go to them?
    5. Will a report be written about this Skype testing, or is it more informal?

    Thank you, and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 both
    5 it is more informal, for obvious reasons
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am quite enthusiastic to read that the E-Cat SKL is being certified for domestic use.
    1. I assume the tests go as expected?
    2. I can’t wait to buy one if they come available. I hope you can safe me one of the first production charge.
    Also good to read that Skype helps you to continue your work.
    Good luck with all the work you and your team are doing and I hope you all stay healthy.
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 premature
    2 premature
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How productive and useful is the work you have been doing over Skype?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very much, in preparation of the real stuff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    Here a article about tha big Freeman Dyson, that now is far away, died from last 2/28/2020.

    https://www.lastampa.it/scienza/2020/03/23/news/addio-a-dyson-il-fisico-che-turbava-l-universo-1.38626795

    A very big thank you for your great work and working.
    Best wishes,

    Salvatore Boi

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Yes, Freeman was a free man: in nomen omen,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea, please take a few moments to review this article which may allow your system to be used more effectively in diverse environments.
    May your days be fruitful and wisdom allowed to be used in health.

    https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/2003/2003.10495.pdf

    Graded nanocomposite metamaterials for a double-sided radiative cooling architecture with a record breaking cooling power density.

    Abstract – As an emerging electricity-free cooling technology, radiative cooling employs outer space as the heat sink. With this, a sky-facing thermal emitter is usually required. Due to the blackbody radiation limit ambient temperature, the maximum cooling power density for a single-faced radiative cooling device is ~156.9W/m2. Here we report a double-sided radiative cooling architecture using graded nanocomposite metamaterials (GNM) designed for a vertically aligned thermal emitter. This GNM structure possesses an optical absorption of over 90% throughout the solar spectrum, and exceeds 90% reflection in the mid-infrared spectral region. With this configuration, both sides of a planar thermal emitter can be used to perform radiative cooling and a record cooling power density beyond 280 W/m2 was realized in a single thin-film thermal emitter. Under the standard pressure, we realized a temperature reduction of 14 C below the ambient temperature in the laboratory environment, and over 12 C in the outdoor test.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    Thank you for the information and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the current safety testing complete the certification requirements for E-Cat domestic use?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  177. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. CC

    @Rod Walton:
    Where is the Rocket Ship to reach the Moon Shot ? In the Ecat SKL !!!

  179. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of March 25 2020:
    The Lead:
    Emissions: if carbon neutral by 2050 is the Moon Shot, where is the Rocket Ship ?

    Editor’s note:
    Pandemic impacting utilities now in a personal way
    Rod Walton

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    “I do not understand your questions. Which atoms are you asking about?”

    The discharge that you have, I assume, in the eCat SKL from which you extract useful electrical energy. Your previous demonstration had a discharge, nicknamed the ballerina, and had a discharge of light energy whose spectrum included the ultraviolet.

    Does your current implementation of the eCat SKL include such light generation?

    If so, then my question refers to atoms within the “ballerina” that might show spectral lines indicative of certain atoms (e.g., hydrogen, helium, lithium, etc.).

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The answer to this is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Gavino Mamia

    Carissimo Dr. Rossi
    puoi darci una foto dell’E-Cat SKL anche parzialmente camuffato?
    Possibilmente vicino ad un oggetto comune per capire anche le dimensioni…
    La nostra curiosità ci sta torturando!
    Gavino Mamia

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    He,he,he…I understand your feeling, but I cannot anticipate the photo of the Ecat SKL. But you imagine a small blue cube, that’s what it will be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In regards to the current eCat SKL that you are testing:
    1. Did you observe spectral lines of atoms present within the “fuel” of the eCat?
    2. Did you observe spectral lines of atoms from the surrounding structure and containment of the eCat?
    3. Did you observes spectral lines of atoms produced by the eCat reaction?
    4. Or, alternatively, you have not yet measured the light spectrum of the SKL in operation?

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I do not understand your questions. Which atoms are you asking about ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    After the current certification of the E-Cat SKL is there any further certification required before a production model of an E-Cat is launched?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I really appreciate your warnings about COVID 19. Social distancing is the most important thing we can do right now. It can make a huge difference.

    On a separate point could I ask something about the e-cat and your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

    In its Section 1 you mention an example using Puthoff and Piestrup model of Shoulders like charge clusters containing 10^11 electrons would have a diameter of 0.12 um.

    If I understand right this would mean we would have about 100 or so electrons per cubic Angstrom (or approximately in an atom volume)? Or Did I make a silly miscalculation there?

    Just taking the mass of the electrons this would be about 0.05 the mass of a Hydrogen atom.

    Assuming they are neutral clusters also containing nuclei with equal numbers of protons (and neutrons). Then this would be the equivalent to the atomic number and mass of very heavy atoms in the periodic table heavier than lead.

    And .12 um cluster equivalent in mass and density to a 10^9 cluster of these heavy atoms.

    My questions if appropriate then are the following:

    1. Are these clusters very dense and heavy in terms of mass compared to the medium that contains them?

    2. If so is their inertia an important consideration during operation. Such as if the operating e-cat is under rotation or linear acceleration?

    3. If so is this a consideration when using it in vehicles?

    4. If so could it be controlled dynamically with magnetic fields say? Or perhaps by a geometric arrangement of e-cats allowing different units to be switched on and off depending on the direction of acceleration?

    Any way there is a big difference with e-cats and high velocity circular colliders. If such clusters are common in these devices and have such properties then it’s clear which environment is more manageable.

    My curiosity can be patient though. I suppose in the months ahead after your presentation we will all be clearer about it.

    Good luck to you and your team. And to all of them and all your readers stay safe for your selves, friends relatives and colleagues in these days ahead.

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Stephen.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Corona Virus:
    DEAR READERS: STAY HOME !!!
    Answers:
    1- no
    2,3,4- see 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you and your team are well and properly guarded against Corona.
    Just one question:
    Would you say/confirm if the tests are started or is even that statement part of the NDA?
    All the best!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The corona virus restrictions limit to Skype interactions any test we make.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Alice in the Wonderland
    March 23, 2020 at 4:11 AM

    “Me too browsing around idle ideas during the forced otium coronavirus induced: do exist cases in which mainstream scientists considered seriously the possibility to travel back in time?”
    – – – – – – – –
    FWIW: My understanding is that Hawking’s view was that travelling back in time was not even theoretically possible. But travelling forward in time, he claimed, was certainly theoretically possible but probably impossibly difficult to achieve.

    To travel forward in time all you would have to do is travel at a young age to the nearest massive black hole, orbit around it for long enough (time passing more slowly under its gravity) so that, at an only-somewhat-older age, you could travel back to your planet – where time had been passing at ‘more normal’, low gravity, planetary rate – and arrive many years in the future.

    Unfortunately, however, once there you would be stuck. You wouldn’t be able to return home and back in time to tell your pals what your planet was going to be like in the future.

    I think that when I die I may have only two regrets. 1. Not being able to live for ever, and 2. Not knowing what Planet Earth will be like 1000 years from now. I would LOVE to know that.

    The only thing I know for sure about that is that Andrea will be almost as famous as Leonardo!

    Rodney.

  194. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the testing and safety certification of E-Cat’s is there any destructive testing by a third party involved, i.e. short circuiting from accidental water ingress, if an E-Cat was dropped during installation then used, subject to a fire, or any other likely event that may occur after placing on the market?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    There will be warnings to the utilizer about this kind of issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Alice in the Wonderland

    Me too browsing around idle ideas during the forced otium coronavirus induced: do exist cases in which mainstream scientists considered seriously the possibiliry to travel back in time ?
    Alice in the Wonderland

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Alice in the Wonderland:
    The Feynman model of the positron sees the positron as an electron traveling back in time.
    See his Nobel lecture: R.P. Feynman, “The Development of the Space-Time View of Quantum Electrodynamics” ( Nobel Lectures, Physics 1963-1970, 1972 )
    See also: R.P. Feynman, “QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter” ( Penguin Books, 1990 )

  198. Giuseppe

    Andrea,
    it is not important where you are, the important thing is that you are safe and healthy.
    Giuseppe

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you and I wish likewise to you and your family to stay healthy, staying home.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatty,
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    For the third party testing, do you need to take the SKL to the testers, or do the testers need to come to you?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Buck

    Dear Andrea,
    this note is to share a sense of how deep the appreciation for the whole team’s work can delve into the heart and mind.

    I once worked for a wealthy man. One day as part of a conversation, I shared with him how my connection with nature would eventually bring me to his doorstep. When I was very young, there used to be a TV show called “Sunrise Farmer” with the topic just as you might guess and at a 4am time-slot way before my parents woke. As a 4 year old, I already loved running through the woods and sensing the deer that were not near. I was enamored with how man could work the land with the beautiful tractors and contour plowing.

    He, and now his son, has a beautiful vineyard & winery beyond what most might imagine. I would walk the vineyards and lakes as much as I could with my dogs. This place is barely a mile from one of the extreme fires in California that burned down the Soda Rock Winery. In many ways, the beauty of the area is exactly like the famed vineyard regions in Italy.

    The simple view of many, though with vastly different stories, is that the SKL will place humanity’s culture on a path for saving these places of beauty and restoring a sense of appreciation for the artistry that nature provides.

    Stay well and healthy.

    Respectfully,

    Mason Ainsworth

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your insight, and for your kind sustain to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Eric Ashworth,

    secure solution for communication exist, no need for defétism.

    For example: One cheap desktop with AMD CPU (no Intel because Intel CPU have mysterious unexplained “Management Engine” module), without Wi-Fi, without Bluetooth, without Ethernet connection, i.e. without internet (stand-alone PC). Linux Mint or other Linux OS on it, TrueCrypt or derivative VeraCrypt installed. Otherwise clean.

    You may wrote your texts and draw schemes on this stand-alone PC, encrypted these docs with VeraCrypt (recomended is use of triple encryption standards). After that move these encrypted docs to second PC with Linux OS and AMD CPU via some clean USB Flash. This second PC have internet connection, so You may send your encrypted docs via Signal Private Messenger which is end-to-end encrypted to your remote colleagues or counterparties.

    For symmetrical encryption in VeraCrypt You may use some phrase familiar only to You and colleague i.e. descripted it by roundabout way in communication, if You do not agreed this password ex ante.

    Don’t forget every time formatting Your USB Flash (may be infected via Your connected PC).

    It is simple and safe way. No need for thousands dollars costly proprietary machines as now infamous Crypto AG for decades compromised hardware.

  206. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Steven N Karels, I found your questions that you directed to Andrea most interesting and important with regards energy and the physical and I hope Andrea is O.K. with me putting in my two cents worth for what it’s worth.

    Question 1. Yes.

    Question 2. Extinction to me implies something becoming nothing but energy is neither created nor destroyed. When substance transmutes it releases energy and the gravity value of the substance diminishes due to one of two scenarios either the substance is acted upon by an exterior gravitational field of a greater magnitude or the gravitational field of the substance is invaded by a high velocity substance from an exterior source that dilutes the force of gravitational field. All substance relies upon a gravitational field to bind and hold, even a particle has its gravitational field. Gravity has magnitude which relates to its circumferential strength of its field, the greater its circumferential field the greater its strength which equates directly to the mass of substance it can bind and eventually release.

    I think question two answers question 3.

    Question 4. What is normal space?. I would say a laser beam would be bent by a gravitational field when in space between gravitational fields. The only thing in existence is gravity and substance. Anti matter, I believe is a misnomer. What is referred to as anti matter is substance unable to be detected by materials made of substance more dense than the substance referred to as anti matter. Consequently this negative expanded base substance becomes more positive and detectable as it gravitates onto, becoming space charge, and into becoming substance of an event horizon. If this so-called anti matter had no gravity it would not be able to be gravitated onto and into an event horizon as a pre existing unit with its very weak energy and its very weak gravitational force. Geometry of a unit of matter/energy exists in the dense physical and what is referred to as the anti matter state.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  207. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Please have a look at comments here:
    https://e-catworld.com/2020/03/21/rossi-e-cat-testing-affected-by-coronavirus-doing-something-in-skype/
    Please don’t lose your personality under nervous and stressful conditions, This doesn’t suit scientists however open minded you may be. By the time you may have a device,you may have lost your dignity.
    Best luck
    Khashayar Shatti

  208. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Your comments today are very interesting:
    Recently you confirmed that you are staying in Europe but not in Italy.
    Now you say you are working in your own house.
    Have you got a house in Sweden?
    If not where in Europe are you staying at the moment?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B.:
    For security reasons I have been suggested not to disclose where I am. I am in Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    I read now that this blog has reached 51,000 comments, which is a remarkable achievement.
    By the way, I noted that the JoNP’s blog has 2,550 pages, but considering the links it reached about 100,000 pages. It is a monumental contribution to the intelligence of this cultural-technological sector of knowledge.
    Thank you for having donated to us all this patrimony,
    All the best,
    CC

  211. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your attention to this blog. I am among those who took advantage from all the information contained in this blog’s comments and related links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As I “Stay at Home” as my part of the coronavirus solution, my mind considers many things. I reach out to you for your opinion and, maybe, a diversion for you from issues of the eCat. This is a little off-topic.

    From Newton, we know there is a relationship between mass and gravity
    From Einstein, we know that energy and mass are interchangeable.

    Question 1: Is there a relationship between energy and gravity?

    We know that anti-matter does not exert anti-gravity. When anti-matter combines with matter, both are transformed into energy.

    Question 2: Does a gravitational wave form at the combination and extinction of an anti-matter and matter pair?

    Question 3: If such a gravitation wave is produced, is it because of the sudden disappearance of matter or is it produced because of the sudden release of energy?

    Question 4: Will a sufficiently high concentration of energy (e.g., a laser beam) “bend” normal space?

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Intelligent way to fight the corona f…… virus !
    Answers:
    1- yes: the gravitational potential represents negative energy
    2- the gravitational interaction of matter-antimatter annihilations has not been observed yet, as far as I am aware of
    3- see 2
    4- Yes, energy warps spacetime. Einstein’s field equations describe the relationship between energy and the curvature of spacetime
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Lots Milekowsky, Your information is absolutely correct. From personal experience I have found that there is nothing secure when using a computer. My personal e mails have on several occasions been sent to addresses in London England when dealing with confidential information. Nothing you can do about it.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Your comment is the number 51 000 of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Swedish regulations allow gathering below 500 people. I imagine sticking to the rules you can carry on your tests if you are already in Sweden.
    Best wishes
    Khashayar Shatti
    Research Scientist

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have you considered putting the
    SKL tests on hold due to the situation
    with the CV?

    Regards
    Sam

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No, our team is working in remote by internet, directed by me in my laboratory, that is in my house.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. C

    If you make an Ecat SKL that is able to recharge the battery from which it takes all the energy it needs to operate and maintain undiminished the charge of the battery, you automatically have made an electric engine with infinite autonomy.
    C

  222. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    That would be correct
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Pauline V.

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    You were right: the United Kingdom has abandoned the herd immunity strategy and has adopted the same strategy of the rest of the world to fight the coronavirus
    Pauline

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Pauline V.:
    Yes, luckily, as I hoped, the “herd immunity” theory was a joke.
    Now let’s pray God for all the people of the world to get rid as soon as possible of this corona virus tragedy.
    I am doing all I can to fight the corona virus for me and for the others: stay home. I have organized my lab at home and so my Team did, we are working by St Skype, protector of the stayhomers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Dear Andrea,
    I think you are informed of the results of the Ecat Sk operating with your customers in the USA.
    What is the level of their operational functioning?
    If you deem it appropriate, express your satisfaction on a scale from 5 to 10.
    The few answers given in the last few days tell us that you are very busy for the next tests.
    Has an agreement been found on the methods and procedure to be performed in the tests?
    With the help of God go on.
    Thank you . Sincerely. Gian

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    The level of the operational functioning is decent.
    The protocol for the tests has been defined.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Milva

    Hi dear Andrea,
    today we have good news in Italy: finally AIFA (the Italian pharmaceutical agency) has authorized the use of chloroquine, an old and well-known drug already used for malaria, arthritis and many other pathologies, such as a good therapy for Covid_19.
    The Chinese had highlighted the good results obtained with this drug to fight Covid_19, already a month ago!
    Now we hope that the immediate use of this drug will prove effective and useful also in Italy as it has been in China.
    ciao
    PM

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Milva:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    With regard to using the E-Cat SKL for powering mobile transport, although it may take many years to develop, crash test and certify for a unit physically attached and transported with the vehicle, is it possible that small mobile power pack could be developed, something that could be lifted by hand, taken from household storage say, plugged inside the vehicle for a period, (even if it was one or multiple power packs), returned to storage leaving the vehicle batteries charged for use, E-Cat power pack fitted with a unique Radio-frequency identification (RFID), vehicle interlocked so it will not start while the power pack is plugged in or on board the vehicle as detected from the proximity of the RFID.

    No E-Cat certification required for mobile transport, minor modification of existing electric vehicle, and no cables trailing from infrastructure to the vehicle. This can be a temporary measure until full mobile transport certification is obtained.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the futuristic idea,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea

    I meant the fuel wafer referenced in the U.S. Patent

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Ohh, I understand.
    The answer is no.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  233. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr Rossi
    Obviously you are quite right about the diffusion of fake news. My thread actually was”Engineering development to prevent virus outbreak”, focused on future developments.

    Just for your kind attention, 45 physicians died, and chief residents of hospital who also died here up to last week, and many more innocents who died, just because of ignorance of scientific facts and wrong directions given by the authorities of the health care belonging to the government(chief resident said before he died). Obviously it is not true for other governments that have given and taken the right directions and you are quite right. This is why I insisted on a new forum for not to extend discussions here.

    Also I recommend you could use UVC-LED at your laboratories and work place at nights for disinfection of your offices and equipment.(https://www.aquisense.com/technology).They are said to be effective for any size of viruses.
    Best wishes
    khashayar shatti

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    I REPEAT: THE ECAT IS NOT A DEVICE THAT CAN HELP IN ANY WAY THE FIGHT ON COURSE AGAINST THE CORONA VIRUS.
    PLEASE STOP THIS FAKE INFORMATION, THAT CAN ONLY MAKE CONFUSION AND DISTRACT FROM THE SOLE IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS, THAT ARE THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN FROM THE PHYSICIANS AND THE GOVERNMENTS.
    DR ANDREA ROSSI,
    CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  235. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I dare one note about intentionally designed insecurity in Skype, as You mentioned Skype utilised for some comm/work.

    Long time ago, Skype was secure system. After Microsoft bought it, system architecture of Skype was changed.

    Two German IT security experts conducted such test:

    They established new totally clean server and one minute later one expert sent via Skype to second expert: the address, admin name and password for this new clean server.

    After this both experts monitored traffic to their new clean server. And what happened: 9 minutes later someone or something from Redmond IP address was trying to login into their new clean and known to nobody server with their right admin name and password.

    This very simple test is proof, that Skype is not ideal for transmitting Your very confidential info, data and drawings about Your world changing tech.

    If Your partners agree, You may try end-to-end encrypted comm systems as: Signal Private Messenger (recommended by Edward Snowden) or Status or Elixxir (XX Messenger) – both Status and Elixxir are capable to hide metadata, although are not capable to transmit attachments.

    Simply do not give to Microsoft your secrets.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR and Frank Acland
    Despite what Microsoft may say, I regard Skype as a very insecure system. Recently when I was setting it up on my computer, I found Skype transmitted the whole of my brother’s Windows Desktop to my screen.
    Essential you never impart any IP via Skype.

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Has the third party testing of the E-Cat SKL has started yet?

    If not, has it been delayed by the CV?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The C.V. obviously is limiting the tests. I will give information about the tests when they will have been terminated. We can do something by Skype in this moment, waiting for the end of this sanitary tsunami
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Drew G.

    Dr Rossi:

    Spring has arrived and I hope you will stay healthy. With all the gloom and doom pervading society due to the Coronavirus, can you perhaps provide us with some good news by announcing a date when you will begin the independent testing?

    warm regards,

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Information about the work we are doing with the tests will be given when we will present the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I am hopeful that the virus quarantine allows me time to read your paper a few more times.

    Here are some questions about the project

    1. Can you 3d print the cubes?

    A. yes

    B. No

    C. Have not tried

    2. If the Ecat skl uses the wafer, can you 3d print the wafer

    A. Yes

    B. No

    C. Have not tried

    3. If you determine that the Ecat skl in (or near) its current form is good enough for mass distribution would final assembly be performed by:

    A. Robots

    B. People

    Thanks again for the work of your team and your patient responses to questions from JONP readers.

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- no
    2- what do you mean “wafer” ?
    3- A+B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    You probably have more hands on experience working with self organizing plasma balls than anyone else on the planet – especially in relation to energy production. Others have experimented with producing what is described in the literature as “firerods” or “free floating fireballs” and have even written books about their research. However, I tremendously doubt they have performed 1/10th as many tests as yourself. I was wondering if there was a chance you could impart some of the basic knowledge you have gained about these self organizing plasmas with us. For example, you could confirm or refute some of the various claims that are already in the literature.

    1) Have you observed that under higher pressure, all other parameters being maintained the same, that the size of the fireball grows smaller?

    2) Have you observed that when the pressure is changed that the frequency of the ion acoustic oscillations also changes?

    3) Have you observed that these self organizing plasmas start off on either the anode or cathode (depending upon the parameters of the system), slowly increase in self organization, start producing ion acoustic oscillations, travel further away from the electrode (still tethered), eventually become free floating, and then reach a maximum state of self organization where they rhythmically cast off their outer double layers and regenerate new ones?

    4) Have you observed that these self organizing plasmas can act as resonance chambers and absorb microwave or RF energy?

    5) Have you observed that the formation of the plasma ball and double layers reduces the electrical resistance of the discharge tube?

    6) Have you observed that the use of alkali metals such as lithium help lower the work function of the cathode?

    7) Have you observed that if you have created a plasma ball with double layers that you can connect the cathode and anode of the reactor with a length of wire (perhaps requiring some amount of resistance) and the plasma ball will continue to self sustain with no external input except what is produced by the reaction itself? (In the case cited in the literature they had to continually supply heat to the cathode to generate thermionic emission but with your system producing heat via LENR this would not be required.)

    8) Have you observed that the addition of gases of higher weight help stabilize the plasma ball or expand the negative resistance region?

    If you could answer any of these questions and provide your own thoughts and comments it would be appreciated. Many of us can only dream about having a lab like you do and working with these systems hands on rather than only in our minds.

    Plasma Fan

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Plasma Fan:
    All I can say is to read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    google “Ecat QX demo on Stockholm November 2017
    watch
    http://www.Ecatskdemo.com
    More than all that has been published is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Harley

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Again about
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    after one year od further experiments with the Ecat SKL did you extend the theoretical system beyond the limits of the par 1,2,3,4 or did you add further theoretical threads ?

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Harley:
    We just found confirmation to the theoretical system published in the paper you cited,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr Rossi
    I am very delighted that you are a very open minded person for engineering and scientific developments. In a forum like ” forum.cosmoquest.org” the moderators shut up and close threads as soon as they realize that someone is open minded and wants to introduce and support “ecat” or “engineering developments to prevent the spread of coronavirus”,etc., all in science and technology threads. They close threads for active air filter and UVC-LED developments for disinfection. They just keep babbling threads open. I was about to discuss the importance of the possibility of ecat for portable face masks and ventilators, but they closed the thread.
    I would like to thank you for your true engineering and scientific developments.
    I would like to thank you and Frank Acland for creating forums for open minded scientists and engineers that not only consider medical developments but also engineering developments alongside medical developments.

    It is very important and I would like to ask you and e-catworld.com to force feed your ecat engineering developments specially alongside medical developments by creating a forum under the title of “Engineering and Scientific developments for Ecat” and do not allow empty forums like the one above to destroy the efforts of open minded people.
    With all the best wishes
    Many thanks for your patience
    Khashayar Shatti

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    Please do not diffuse fake news, even in good faith: the Ecat has nothing to do and will never have anything to do with the care of the corona virus: period.
    There is absolutely nothing that the Ecat can do to help, or to make a difference in the care of the corona virus.
    The only thing I can do is to recommend to everybody to respect rigorously the rules imposed by the phisicians and the governments.
    Please do not diffuse fake news that could only worsen the situation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    I suppose that due to the corona virus limitations of movements the series of tests with the independent parties are going on also through telematic ways: am I right ?
    Best Regards,
    CC

  253. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes, also. Obviously just for the time being, during which everything is shut up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dr Rossi,
    Italian scientists of the University of Bari have discovered that the “cenosfere”, i.e. small solid and liquid powders in suspension in the atmosphere, born by pollution, are responsible of vehuculate the viruses across the atmosphere, supplying them highways to expand everywhere: if it is so, a technology like the Ecat, reducing the use of polluting fuels, could help to obstaculate the diffusion of viruses: what do you think ?
    Roberto

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, dopo cinesi e francesi anche gli americani hanno scoperto l’efficacia dei farmaci antimalarici.
    E’ di ieri sera la dichiarazione di Trump sul loro uso contro il coronavirus.

    After the Chinese doctors, also in the USA has been discovered the efficacy of the antimalaric drugs against the corona virus:
    https://www.tgcom24.mediaset.it/mondo/trump-s-alluso-dei-farmaci-anti-malaria-contro-coronavirus_16351983-202002a.shtml

    Cordiali saluti

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  257. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thanks for the information. Let’s hope it will work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Caro Andrea,
    Unfortunately it’s true.
    Many persons did not understand this is a war.

    Troppi ancora girano per le vie d’Italia rischiando la loro vita e mettendo a maggior rischio la vita degli altri.

    Cinesi e coreano hanno rispettosamente seguito le indicazioni dei loro governi.

    I governi europei, e non solo quelli, sono intervenuti tardivamente e blandamente per paura di perdere consensi nei loro elettorati.

    RITARDI CRIMINOSI.

    Rincresce parlare di questo sulle tue pagine dove invece si dovrebbe vivere la Grande Speranza della tua avventura

    Prego per il tuo successo. Ti abbraccio. Gian

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Caro Andrea ,
    hai espresso sinteticamente quale comportamento
    deve seere tenuto in queste terribili ore.

    E’ questione di vita o morte.

    Non vale solo per gli Italiani: è obbligo civile e
    morale per tutti i cittadini del mondo

    You explained in few words which behavior has to be maintained in this terrible period. It’s matter of death or life and not only in Italy but almost in the whole world.

    “Everybody must stay home, wear masks, goggles and gloves when they must necessarily go out , wash your hands as often as possible, maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters (5 ft) between each other. This is a matter of life or death. Be humble, don’t brave the virus if you are really brave. To brave the virus is not brave, it is stupid and criminal toward the others.”

    Grazie Andrea . Ti siamo vicini e che Dio ti aiuti Con affetto e stima Gian

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Unfortunately I saw in the news that many persons did not understand this is a war with tens of thousands of casualties that could become millions if we do not respect the rules of engagement.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  262. Giovanni Serrazanetti

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    would you be interested in reading the concept of an energy technology based on considering gravitational interaction energy being originally solar nuclear energy?

    If the elementary effect is of the order we are projecting the technology would be very interesting, qualitatively since it would have no emissions, critical materials or significative dangers, and quantitatevely since it would have 2 or 3 times the energy density of aeolic, with also the advantage of a continuative operability and scalability up to GWs.

    It is a technology based on the conception we presented in Insieme concettuale sui fenomeni gravitazionali ( Logic on gravitational interactions) , Aracne editrice 2019; we demanded also an italian patent but still need assets and resosurces to measure the elementary effect and realizing a prototype.

    Warm regards,

    Giovanni Serrazanetti

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Serrazanetti:
    I am focused in other issues now and I do not know the issue.
    Perhaps our Readers can be interested.
    If you want to send a paper to the Journal of Nuclear Physics, I will forward it to a peer reviewer.
    Good luck with it !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Silver

    Dr Rossi,
    Again about your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and the video on
    Google: Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 2017
    is the plasma in the three Ecats the same, or it is different in some way ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Silver

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Silver:
    It is different in all the three kinds, for temperature, density and pressure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Hi Everyone:

    At the rate the CORONAVIRUS has been proliferating in most countries over the past month – about 20% per day – in less than seven days the US will have more cases per million of population than China. The number for China is 58. The US is already over 20. Of course some other countries crossed this threshold some time ago. Last time I checked, Italy had a rate per million population eight times that of China.

    Please take precautions.

    Rodney.

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    This virus must be taken very, very, very seriously and in the whole world everybody must obey completely all the directions given from the governments ( with the exception of the new Mengeles and the modern Dr Strangeloves ). Everybody must stay home, wear masks, goggles and gloves when they must necessarily go out , wash your hands as often as possible, maintain a distance of at least 1.5 meters (5 ft) between each other. This is a matter of life or death. Be humble, don’t brave the virus if you are really brave. To brave the virus is not brave, it is stupid and criminal toward the others.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Giuseppe Mantegazza

    Dr Rossi,
    I suppose that wherever you are in Europe in this period you are confined in house for the corona virus:
    1- how can you work ?
    2- as all of us, you surely have more free time: are you making readings?
    3- if yes, can you share with us which readings are you doing in this period ?

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Mantegazza:
    1- Yes, also here the movements have been limited, but I have my laboratory adjacent to where I stay, so I work full time also with my collaborators in full respect of the given rules
    2- yes
    3- in this period I am reading:
    for general culture:
    -I Promessi Sposi ( Alessandro Manzoni, Milan 1828 )
    – The war of Peloponnesus ( Tucidides- Athens about 400-430 B.C. )
    For scientific improvement:
    Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: United Field, Elementary Particles and Nuclear Interactions ( Giorgio Vassallo et Al, Amazon 2020 )
    This text is the base of the theoretical system anticipated on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Do I understand correctly that the E-Cat SKL is smaller than when you announced it was a 10 cm cube?
    2. If it is smaller, is the power output the same as in previous versions?
    3. Has the ratio of electricity to heat produced increased over recent weeks?

    Thanks very much!

    Frank Acland

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes, the heat is less in percentage
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Giuseppe

    Sorry in the previous comment i forgot a “ at the end of the link
    This is the correct One
    https://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/l-inquinamento-particolato-ha-agevolato-diffusione-coronavirus-ADCbb0D

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for the correction,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    in this article one more reason why ECAT is on the market as soon as possible.
    Why can pollution from Pm10 facilitate the spread of the virus?
    With hope! Best Regards, Giuseppe

  275. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you further belittle the dimensions of the Ecat SKL during these last weeks?
    All the best,
    CC

  278. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Meg Stoneburner

    Dr Rossi
    The control panel of the Ecat SKL described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the same shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    or is it smaller, or bigger ?

  280. Andrea Rossi

    Meg Stoneburner:
    Much smaller, now it is a cm 5 x cm 7 x cm 1 board and it is much more efficient. A lot of work has been done on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  281. Buck

    Dear Andrea

    For your information. JP Morgan Chase, one of the very largest investment banks in the world, has now chosen to communicate to its investors a negative turn in the Fossil Fuels industry. The Fossil Fuel industry is no longer a profitable investment and is a sign of “market failure” with its causal relationship to Climate Change.

    Link>> https://youtu.be/_H2v7kTVPIE

  282. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thanks for the wish, that I reflect to you and all our Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  283. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your clarifying reply. It brings clarity to the “how” of there being a strong expectation of success. I wish you well on what will amount to a great triumph at obtaining a Household certification.

    I wish all of you great health.

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

  284. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the information: it reminds me that the “stone age” did not end for lack of stones.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  285. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    “I love those who can smile in trouble, who can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection.”

    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you very much for this inspiring citation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there any consensus viewpoint from your team / partner regarding either centralised or decentralised use of E-Cat’s for near future expansion into the market?

    There is probably many pros and cons for either, viewpoints depending on whether from the supplier or the user, governments, institutions, companies and people will all have their own viewpoints on this.

    Make use of existing centralized site cooling facilities and electrical grid connections replacing the generation structures or set up new small-scale localized sites or onsite industrial / domestic installations. It may be that for near future centralized is best then progressing to decentralized in the long term.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  288. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Premature to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    here is a link to a new paper of Oliver Consa, an author yoy cited in the references of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    In these papers trasudes a theoretical sustain to the affinity to the experiments made by the Ecat SKL.
    Here are the links:
    http://physicsdetective.com/something-is-rotten-in-the-stale-of-ged/
    See also:
    https://vixra.org/pdf/2002.0011v1.pdf
    All the best,
    Prof

  290. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the links: yes, Oliver Consa is among the theoretical physicists that inspired the theoretical hypothesis published on my Researchgate publication: the principles expressed in this last publication of his are very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwè:
    Obviously, I have to respect the law and the rules, as everybody does, wherever I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  292. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of March 17 2020:
    “What goes into converting gas-fueled turbines into hydrogen ? The MHPS perspective on carbon-free thermal power”
    Rod Walton

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Chuck Davis

    KiethT
    From my perspective centralized power is not now or never has been a great delivery system. Unfortunately until now it was the only option. Besides the plant inefficiency there are power line losses that further reduce the efficiency and all of those utility workers and CEO wages, bonuses and retirement payments that are added to your bill! The ecat will eliminate all of those disadvantages!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  295. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I wish you all success with the E-Cat SKL tests and with the presentation!

    Due to the Corona crisis, some day’s ago the US government announced that – for the time beïng – Europeans are not allowed anymore to go to the US. Can you go back to the US if you want to?

    Kind Regards

  296. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a product
    that might help against Coronavirus.

    https://synthesit.ru/synthesit_vs_coronavirus_en

    Regards
    Sam

  297. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information: I am not able to give an opinion, so I just pass it on to our Readers hoping it is useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  298. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    After watching the US Democratic party debate, the need for electricity produced by eCat technology appears more critical than ever. Please proceed with “God Speed.”

  299. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are working at the maximum of our possibilities, compatibly with the recent restrictions due to the corona f…… virus,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. Tom Conover

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your product to my home ?

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    On February 9 you estimated the test to finish sometime in March.
    Now some questions on the new situation :
    1: Test starts in March?
    2: Test finishes in April?
    3: Test more likely finishes later than April?
    4: Are you now in Italy?
    5: Presentation still planned for Stockholm?
    6: Presentation more likely only Online?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1 yes
    2 I do not know
    3 I do not know
    4 no
    5 yes
    6 this will depend on the corona virus consequences
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Will the third party testing be done with the latest (improved) version of the SKL?
    2. Has the latest version of the SKL been scaled up, compared to earlier versions?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 yes
    2 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    We have now passed half March.
    1. Can you confirm is the tests have started?
    2. Does the coronavirus outbreak have influence on the testing schedule yet?
    3. Are you still in Europe?
    4. If you are still in Europe, can you and you team continue the E-cat development?
    Please stay healthy!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 not yet
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 yes
    You too stay healthy!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    thank you for your very patient and polite response to my ungrounded question.

    I am sorry for confusing the question by using the metaphor “guardrails”, mimicking the use of guardrails from the “deep learning” video. Compared to your team member(s) having mastery over “deep learning”, I can only draw upon articles like:
    Link>> https://www.infoworld.com/article/3397142/what-is-deep-learning-algorithms-that-mimic-the-human-brain.html

    In such, they have described training of a “deep learning AI” as:
    “Supervised learning of a neural network is done just like any other machine learning. You present the network with groups of training data, compare the network output with the desired output, generate an error vector, and apply corrections to the network based on the error vector.”

    With this in mind, “guardrails” becomes the negation of “desired output”.

    As always, I deeply wish all of you good health.

    Sincerely and Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    In this case, the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, After careful considerations regarding the confidential nature of what is required to put your E Cat into a self sustaining mode and produce an unlimited supply of electrical energy I intend to publish this information and more in a paper entitled ‘Much Ado About Super Neutrals’ both on your JONP and E Cat News. Therefore you can be assured that your E Cat will eventually be able to produce exactly what is required. Both yourself and Frank Ackland did confirm that you would allow such information to be published. I am at the moment in the process of putting this information together and I will contact yourselves when complete for approval. Thank you.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Obviously you are free to publish whatever you want, wherever you prefer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. toussaint francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please will you indicate in your journal the number sk plant installed and the total power delivered ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, are we approaching the date of the third-party test of the SKL ?

    Best Regards,

    Toussaint François

  315. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting to hear that Deloitte is helping you with business planning. You state that your plan “foresees different scenarios depending on the allegaices?”

    1. Does this mean that personnel at Deloitte are well aware of your technology?

    2. Does this mean that you will be reaching out to make allegiances with different companies to incorporate the E-Cat SKL with their products and services?

    3. Will you be inviting companies to contact you at your presentations to negotiate allegiances?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  316. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- confidential
    2- possibly
    3- also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  317. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the presentation be commercially or technically orientated or both.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  318. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  319. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    About the Corona virus: what do you think of the “herd immunity” policy decided by the government of the United Kingdom ?
    Prof

  320. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    The herd immunity policy could remotely be an option should a vaccination be possible, which is not this case. The way it has been presented, it seems to me some kind of syncretism between the nazist physician Josef Mengele and the Dr Strangelove movie character. I hope it is a joke.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  321. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea,
    Concerning my letter about celebration.
    My intention was, that whole the world should attract attention to your very hard work, for the whole of mankind.

    Warm Regards
    Sture Andreasson

  322. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  323. Eric Ashworth

    @Vincenzo Bonomo,
    Thanks for the info March 11th inst. I enjoy Gin & Tonics, good to know.
    Cheers
    Eric Ashworth.

  324. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How well-developed is your business plan at this point?

    Many thanks and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Our business plan is well developed, prepared well together with Deloitte and foresees different scenarios depending on the allegaices.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Buck

    Dear Andrea,
    On the 8th, Daniel Zavela asked “Why do you feel the SKL will be ‘easier to certify’ for home use?” Your response left me to wonder “how”.

    How could you make such a grand leap from “difficult, time consuming, years away” for a fairly reliable revolutionary technology at the beginning of 2019 to “by April 2020” as of December 4, 2019, barely days after attaining “permanent SSM” of the SKL? A period of time, during which you and your expanded team made major strides, driving toward greater and greater reliability of the whole system (control module and SKL cube/hardware). Especially and respectfully, when at its root, the physics presented in your LRPI paper still exists as “theory” rather than “law”

    I’m an optimist about your path, so intuition has framed the following:
    1. The advent of the plasma design and then the apparent major re-design of the SKL from the SK, has profoundly improved the reliability of the whole package, the 10cm cube plus the control box. Importantly, the SKL brought you far closer to achieving the direct production of electricity that you first noted many years ago. The SKL enabled you to set a goal: permanent SSM. Thereby establishing a Alpha control point of further R&D.
    2. Further, your declaration of attaining permanent SSM of the SKL (11/23/19) kicked off a retooling of the AI control software through “deep learning” as you noted December 4, 2019.
    3. Subsequently, you were specific when you first shared and then attributed the improved reliability since attaining “SSM” to the AI software . . . the reliability issues were software and not hardware related, not even the hardware associated with the new feature of harvesting electricity from the plasma, a point that became a hint for me on your work with “deep learning”.
    4. Further, during this same time frame, you shared that the software improvements reinforced the theoretical bases presented in your LRPI paper, meaning (at least to me) the resultant evolved “deep learning” software code further “mapped” the energies, forces, and conditions of the “soup” that is the plasma with the SLRPI effect hidden deep down inside.

    My guess about how “deep learning” changed the future of the SKL and could achieve these results:
    The following very short “deep learning” video, where each stage of the software evolution race begins with the most successful green “car” of the prior generation becoming the seed “cars” for the next race, definitely over-simplifies what you, your team, and HAL the AI, have attained with “deep learning”.
    Link>> https://youtu.be/Aut32pR5PQA

    The two dimensional “cars” need only act/react at the level of maybe 0.1 second and the associated CPU functions at the gigahertz level, i.e., 10^-9 . . . plenty of time. However, SLRPI exists at the level of pico-seconds, i.e.10^-12. As well, the term gigahertz is just a single clock cycle. I’m no expert, but it seems that it might take 100’s of clock cycles to pull together a “responsive command” from a CPU. Therefore, HAL must, and apparently did penetrate the fog of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th order causes/effects where the “fog” is 1000-100,000 pico-seconds long/deep, shifting from “responsive command” towards “predictive”, though not predictive in the true sense. Apparently, HAL learned to attain and maintain “homeostasis” by learning to stay away from the metaphorical “guardrails”. My thought is that you and your team possibly defined as best you can four different sets of “guardrails” for HAL, roughly defined as follows:
    1. 4-dimensional shape of the plasma, delimited by the outermost boundary between “destructive” and “non-destructive” for the plasma housing.
    2. 4-dimensional shape of the non-self-destructive throughput capacity parameters of the electrical harvesting hardware, including the point of “interface/contact”.
    3. 4-dimensional shape of the 1st order causes of the SLRPI effect, the apparent point (for me) of translation between “non-electrical” and “electrical” effect
    4. 4-dimensional shape of the metaphorical leaky-pipe between the SLRPI effect and the electrical harvesting hardware, where the leaky-pipe includes the degradation of the total system due to losses to 2nd, 3rd, and 4th order causes and effects.

    As additional substantiation about the impact of “deep learning”, you recently spoke of regaining your optimism. Empathy suggests this was because the thing that was outside of your control, outside of your ability to intuit a solution, was the “deep learning” process suggested in the video. You had to rely upon HAL. Your emotional optimism returned when HAL materially improved the measured reliability of the SKL while also affirming the underlying theory presented in your LRPI paper. Importantly, you then shared that the software had increased the level of harvested electricity towards a theoretical maximum, a new term you have only just recently used implying a heightened sense of confidence in the underlying SLRPI theory. Further, this is a result that suggests you made major improvements in your version of guardrails #3 and/or #4.

    Now, compared to the “old” SK, the SKL is significantly more reliable, both hardware and software. Now, with all the redacted R&D documentation that might be requested to provide backup to the 3rd party with a global reputation, the SKL is prepared to pass with flying colors the rigorous appropriate testing of this revolutionary energy source.

    If my intuition painted a reasonable real-world picture
    1. Has it now become easier to engineer substantive improvements in the hardware durability of the housing encasing the SLRPI plasma as well as the hardware for the newly implemented functionality of harvesting electricity?
    2. Has it now become easier to “deep learn” as the evolving precision of the “guardrails” improves?
    3. Easier to attain & maintain a 5-6 Sigma level of reliability between scheduled replacements?
    4. Easier to engineer a longer lasting Cube, extending by 2x-4x the time between scheduled replacements?
    5. Easier to harvest electricity consistently at the 70-80% level you previously described?
    6. Do you still see that it is possible the “fuel” is a 100% efficient catalyst and no longer a “fuel”?
    7. Have you made further progress on defining your versions of #1 and #2 guardrails described above?
    8. Have you made further progress on defining your versions of #3 and #4 guardrails described above?

    Thank you for your patience as I and all the rest work towards keeping up an understanding of the SKL’s magnificent progress.

    As always, I wish you, your team, your wife, and now HAL all the best.

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

    ps. Would you consider renaming HAL to HAL 7-Eleven, home of the SLRPI a bit absurd as a marketing slogan?

  327. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your attention to our work and for your insights.
    1- yes
    2- I do not understand
    3- to be defined
    4- study on course
    5- these data will be given after the tests
    6- I am not an expert of semantics
    7- I do not understand what you are asking
    8- same as in 7

  328. Charleen Aulder

    About your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood how the Ecat SK works, observing at the same time the plasma shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Are you not afraid that competitors couls copy your technology putting severe attention in those publications?

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Charleen Aulder:
    Thank you for yur kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea,
    Have you informed some newspapers about your demonstration?
    I wish that the whole World will celebrate with you.

    Best Regards
    Sture Andreasson

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    This is not time of celebration. This is time of hard work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Giovanni Serrazanetti

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    have you ever had the pleasure of personally knowing Emanuele Severino, the great philosopher and poet?

    The measure I have is that if your work is empirically solid in these 30 last years we have had two Greats of human knowledge and spirit.

    Warm regards,

    Giovanni Serrazanetti

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Serrazanetti:
    I did not know him personally, but he has been among the most important phylosophers of our times.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A question was asked and in reply you indicated that for maintenance / service purposes a complete “cube” would be swapped out at end of service life, previously you mentioned that E-Cat housings (the 10cm a side cubes) were made from comercialy available components possibly good for 20 years, and that it was only the small charge within that had to be swapped out, are you now developing E-Cat housings as a plug in module to be swapped out quickly at end of life, E-Cat housing and contents being returned to a central location to be reconditioned / recycled?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  335. Vincenzo Bonomo

    @Colin Watters
    evidentemente non hai letto con attenzione il mio commento precedente dove non ho mai detto che le due sostanze che citi siano equivalenti. Inoltre i medici cinesi hanno visto l’efficacia degli antimalarici nel contrastare il coronavirus e il chinino fa parte di questi oltre ogni dubbio e ti parlo da una zona d’Italia dove in passato la malaria ha fatto strage di esseri umani (la pianura Pontina). Infine volevo ricordarti che la mia era una semplice confidenza personale e non un invito verso chicchessia a seguire il mio modus operandi visto che tutti siamo capaci di sbagliare da soli.
    English sinopsys:
    I did not say that the two cited substances are equivalent.
    The Chinese physicians have experimented the efficacy of the antimalaric drugs to treat the corona virus and chinin belongs to this cathegory.
    By the way: I was just citing a personal opinion and I did not want to invite anybody to follow my “modus operandi” ( = way to do things ) : we all are able to make our own errors alone.

  336. Colin Watters

    Vincenzo Bonomo: My understanding is that the Chinese tried chloroquine phosphate which is NOT found in tonic water.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/32075365/

    Tonic water contained quinine which is not quite the same thing. I can’t find a study that says quinine is effective. That appears to be a hoax.

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Koen Vandewalle

    Andrea Rossi
    March 12, 2020 at 10:45 AM
    Paul di Anno:
    Yes, all has been organized in a way that in case of my death the work will go on all the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    That is not credible. Two thousand years ago, the spirit continued only after the holy spirit descended.

    Many regular employees get shit in their pants when the maestro drops out, then they choose the money and leave the plans to someone who puts the plans in his closet.

    This level of sacrifice like yours doesn’t come back right away.

    Not every person is equally replaceable.

    Very concerned greetings,

    Koen

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Not always true: it depends on the kind of persons and of the dimension and importance of the concern that will diffuse in the world this technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Mario Marini

    Here is a link to an interesting article published on Ecat-Ilnuovofuoco.it :
    http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/unestensione-del-nuovo-modello-al-neutrone-e-al-protone/#comment-3474
    Best Regards,
    Mario

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    After an E-Cat charge is production line manufactured, with a minimum quality control check can it go straight to storage / shipment, or does each charge have to be fully run tested to burn-in / check energy production function first?

    Long live the “R”-evolution.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  343. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Every Ecat SKL will have to be tested before shipping.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  344. Paul di Anno

    Hello Dr. Rossi,I wanted to ask you, is there anyone else, besides you who fully knows how the ecat works? in the unfortunate case of health problems, will there be anyone who can carry on your work? I wish you a lot of health, but in life you have to be careful, especially in this period. I hope that the presentation and all your work will soon be very successful. good luck !

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Paul di Anno:
    Yes, all has been organized in a way that in case of my death the work will go on all the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. William

    Dr Rossi
    Studying
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered that the serendipity of Edison who noticed the vacuum charges between cathod and anod are the key of your invention: am I correct ?

  347. Andrea Rossi

    William:
    In this paper all the components of par 1,2,3,4,5 are integrated and coherent with the experimental results we continue to observe. The experimental results adhere to the theoretical bases of the paper as surgeon gloves. At least so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. Yrka

    March 11, 1877 Edison demonstrated his phonograph. He was accused of charlotanism.
    Retrogrades will not stop progress!
    I wish you a successful presentation. I look forward to it!

  349. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I am not sure what you meant when you said ‘This will be evolution with the “R”’

    Could you please explain?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  350. Dear Dr Rossi
    Currently I am building an renewable energy system that will reduce an island (of the coast of Australia) of 700 people resilience on diesel by 70% using solar and storage, could use the Ecats right now. Have you decided on what the selling model of the Ecat business will be.
    As always, good health and long life

  351. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I take notice of your situation and I will give information when ready to serve you, but please now go ahead with what you are doing: you will need it as a backup.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  352. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    The following recording are doctors in Lombardy speaking in Italian…
    Please protect yourself and promise us you will not allow your system to
    lay fallow upon the shores of science and humanity.

    https://files.catbox.moe/3ns6c1.mp4

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    You bet. Our Team is dedicating soul and body to this enterprise.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Jorge Alberto

    Dr. Rossi.

    Sorry for using Google Translate. This week we saw how variations in the price of oil prices had a negative impact on the stock exchanges of the world, with great losses. The entry of its technology into the market could create great instability in the economy.

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge Alberto:
    This issue is substantive and will need to be dealt with by intelligence. You surely made a point. This will be evolution with the “R”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you think that a 200 Amp residence will require two ecat modules?

  357. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The power of the modules, and consequently Amperage and Voltage, will be given during the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  358. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there a firm date for third party testing to start?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  359. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  360. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    My interpretation of part of the process within the E-Cat charge would be;

    The energy production at any point in time within an E-Cat SKL charge is likely to be a summation of individual nuclear events, each event dependant on the correct pre-condition environment in conjunction with the correct stimulation, occurring at a particular point in the sequence of a process lifespan, the energy output will likely be variable and difficult to control over short time periods and relatively level and controllable over long time periods.

    It is likely that there is short term erratic fluctuation of the rate of event occurrence, leading to highs and lows in the rate of energy production, the task would be to research the triggering of event occurrences, then engineer through repeated adjustments and testing, maximising event production rate versus levelling out fluctuations, converging towards stability within a target range.

    Since the recent SKL updates / adjustments is the determination of stability / reliability;
    A. From the observation / detection of signatures of improved stability during operation.
    B. Or just enough run time without a fault.
    C. Or some other single determining factor.
    D. Or determined by an overall combination of factors.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  361. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    D
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  362. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  363. Silent Majority Follower

    Dr Rossi,
    We observe that your team works always, whatever the holyday, whatever health emergencies, whatever the attacks, whatever you name it.
    Thank you all for your dedication to your work, so precious for all of us,
    SMF

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Follower:
    You are very kind, thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi visto che si trova già in Europa deve fare attenzione anche Lei (visto il Suo pregresso) al coronavirus. Personalmente sono in buona salute ma vista la mia età (61 anni) osservo da alcuni giorni una sorta di blanda profilassi consistente nel consumare dell’acqua tonica ad ogni pasto. In questa bevanda è contenuto del cloridrato di chinino in piccola quantità, chinino che i medici cinesi hanno scoperto efficace nel contrastare il virus.
    Spero che i test vadano a buon fine e che possa avviarsi quanto prima la produzione industriale del reattore.

    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS
    Chinese doctors discovered that chinine clorhydrate is useful against Corona virus. It is contained in tonic water. Hope this information can be useful

    Cordiali saluti

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for the info. I am totally ignorant on the matter, so I cannot comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Chinese scientists found that the Covid-19 virus is much more contagious than previously thought.

    “The coronavirus that causes Covid-19 can linger in the air for at least 30 minutes and travel up to 4.5 meters – further than the “safe distance” advised by health authorities around the world, according to a study by a team of Chinese government epidemiologists.” See https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3074351/coronavirus-can-travel-twice-far-official-safe-distance-and-stay

    Please be careful.

    Best Regards, Christopher Calder

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thank you for your kind concern: by the way, I implore all our Readers in areas hit by the virus to stay home until the exponential increase reverses the derivate toward negativity,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Mike McAllister

    Dear Mr. Rossi.

    You said, that You always bring that E-Cat personally with You.

    How come, You can travel with that radiating device in planes ?

    AFAIK this is not allowed all over the world

    Best regards.

    Mike

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Mike McAllister:
    Thank you for asking.
    The Ecat does not emit radiations and does not contain any radiating material, as it has put in evidence by all the measurements made in 10 years by governmental controls, safety certifications made by world-major certification entities, universities, and ourselves ( the last control done everyday ).
    The fact that the Ecat passes always through the security controls of the airport in every part of the world where I brought it ( America, Asia, Europe ) without any problem gives further evidence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Jack

    Dear Andrea,
    Watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I wonder if you use the vacuum: can you answer to this ?

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. @Christopher Calder:

    Thank you so much for sharing this important information:

    Christopher Calder
    March 10, 2020 at 10:24 AM

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Chinese scientists found that the Covid-19 virus is much more contagious than previously thought.

    “The coronavirus that causes Covid-19 can linger in the air for at least 30 minutes and travel up to 4.5 meters – further than the “safe distance” advised by health authorities around the world, according to a study by a team of Chinese government epidemiologists.” See https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/3074351/coronavirus-can-travel-twice-far-official-safe-distance-and-stay

    Please be careful.

    Best Regards, Christopher Calder

  374. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    will the corona virus delay the presentation of the Ecat SKL ?

  375. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Difficult to say. Nobody knows how the situation will evolve in the USA and in Europe. But it will pass.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  376. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Will Mats Lewan help you in Europe for demonstration?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  377. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative, everything concerning our presentation is presently under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  378. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I found this tremendously interesting. It needs better translation from Russian. If this video is not a fake, it has tremendous potential for entrepreneurs. I do not see any signs of CGI work, bit it is difficult to tell for sure. It looks like a low cost device.

    Anti-gravity device by Alexey Chekurkov (7 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JeeaZlYonc

    YouTube home page of Alexey Chekurkov
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzZxKT3BzBZOVVy8_YzP6Yw

    Also see this brief video history of anti-gravity devices (28 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OrPdLNlIEA

    Christopher

  379. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thyank you for your concern: we must respect all the rules and also this virus will be defeated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  380. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Will the presentation be in the same place as in Nov 2017?
    Are you already there?
    Kind regards,
    Sture Andreasson

  381. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    The place will be disclosed during the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  382. On Power Engineering issue of March 10:
    NRC approves extending Peach Bottom nuclear units to 80 years
    Rod Walton

  383. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  384. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In the early generation of E-Cat’s the process mechanism of that time that led to energy production was given the name Rossi Effect, in the later generation E-Cat SKL will the mechanism that produces energy still be named the Rossi Effect or will a new name be given?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  385. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The basic effect is still the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. George Prazak

    What is the max voltage of the Ecat SKL ?
    George

  387. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Will the Italian coronavirus travel restrictions affect your demonstration?
    2. If other European countries follow Italy’s lead, will your presentation be affected?

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 if the corona virus will force restrictions, the demonstration will be made on streaming. Obviously we will respect all the rules on the matter
    2 see 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Two questions:

    1. Will you use a commercial delivery service to transport the ECAT SKL to Europe for testing or will you personally deliver it?

    2. Will you be present during the tests?

    Looking forward to very successful test results.

  390. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    I always bring it personally with me,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  391. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    can you give us details of the protocol of the tests ?

  392. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I will do it during the public presentation, not before,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  393. Yuri

    I watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and confronted it with
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and i think you should extract electricity from different lines inside the plasma area, because there are zones that should generate more current. Do you have more sources of electric power from which you draw electricity from the “ballerina” ?
    Yuri

  394. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Some questions regarding the upcoming tests:
    1. Have you already moved to Europe in preparation for the tests or do you stay in the US?
    2. Now the test protocol is ready, can you tell how much time these tests will take?
    3. What are your feelings about these tests?
    Just know are supported by a large community, good luck!
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 I am in Europe already
    2 I don’t even know, it will depend from many factors. The past developments about the Corona virus getting pandemic will not help
    3 I am optimist, otherwise I wouldn’t make them
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In recent days, one of the news subjects regarding the Covid-19 virus has been how dependant the world has become on fragile just-in-time supply chains spanning multiple countries, where for lack of a component from one side of the world a factory on the other side has to stop production. Dependence on critical high technology components, each manufactured in just one factory with highly trained operators with specialist knowledge that has been gained on a unique specialised production line, skills, training and processes that cannot be easily duplicated or replaced.

    The E-Cat’s will eventually be mass manufactured, they will require supply chains and will in turn become part of the energy supply chain.

    The controls may or may not use standard electronic parts, even in the past things like tantalum capacitors have been critical, a large boom in mobile phone manufacture led to temporary scarcity and a price rise of tantalum, people are often not aware of how many parts or what critical supply risk materials go into electronics, where they come from, or how dependant things are on single companies or factories that dominate world supply.

    The critical E-Cat consumable part is likely the charge, a housing containing a fuel source, the fuel specifically structured to provide an environment, this environment has to be stable enough to allow a timespan between manufacture, shipping, installation and eventual use, at some future date an electronic trigger signal is applied to the environment releasing energy.

    As part of the future energy supply chain, the world will become reliant and dependant on the quantity and availability of E-Cat charges in this supply chain, depending on location of manufacturing sites, shipping, supply and demand by location, stockpiles, all impacted by charge shelf life.

    From the date of manufacture how long can an E-Cat charge be stored before it requires to be used; weeks, months, or years?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  398. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Years.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Roger

    Dr Rossi,
    Will t he independent test of the Ecat SKL be made in Europe or in the USA ?

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Roger:
    Europe,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the protocols for the third party testing of the E-Cat SKL decided now?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea,
    A few years ago, tennis balls were regularly thrown to a tank. Are they still throwing, or have they installed tank barriers, or a minefield?
    Or is the meaninglessness of resistance clear enough in the meantime, and do you notice that highways are being built for tanks?

    It’s great that we can continue to monitor the pulse of a living and healthy inventor every day.

    Greetings,
    Koen

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Years ago I used to watch the tennis balls hitting the tank of the fury of our work. Today I don’t even see them. No highways, though: I expect we will have to cross an unexplored mined field. But we are getting stronger every day, working hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You have implied that the certification for home use for the E-Cat SKL electric module will be easier than for the E-Cat SK heat module. Why do you feel the SKL will be “easier to certify” for home use?

    Did your new partners bring some additional skills or knowledge to the development of the E-Cat SKL as this appears to be an unexpected success?

    Wishing you great luck with independent testing of the E-Cat SKL.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    1- because we have a huge background history and experience
    2- yes: the E-Cat has been born by a great Team: one important member of our Team is also the body of the Readers of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I hope this finds you all doing well.

    The following is just a bit of news that arguably is relevant to your planning of the upcoming SKL presentation.
    Link>> https://youtu.be/AFnFulwahVI

    Oddly, at least for me, it brings forward a strange use of Schrodinger’s famous cat.

    One can neither say that Russia and OPEC+ absolutely had a breakdown in negotiations due to the pending introduction of the SKL nor that Russia and OPEC+ absolutely did not have a breakdown in negotiations due to the pending introduction of the SKL.

    I believe one thing is certain. The central players of the oil industry know about you, the SKL, and the pending presentation.

    My best to you all,

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

    ps. Didn’t the recent ARAMCO IPO fail?

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Since 2011, how many times have E-Cats been tested by a recognised authority for a safety certificate.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  410. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Many.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Will you be doing reliability testing
    on the ECat-SKL?

    https://www.nts.com/services/testing/product-reliability/

    Regards
    Sam

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  413. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the forthcoming public test/demonstration, I suggest the following:

    1. Measure & Record the electrical output over time (i.e., a plot/computer printout or data)
    2. Measure & Record the thermal output over time
    3. Measure & Record any energy input over time
    4. Measure & Record the test unit’s mass before and after the test.
    5. Allow no access or changes to the test unit during the public test/demonstration time (assumed to be a few hours or less in duration).
    6. Provide calibration data for the input and output measurements acquired before the public test/demonstration period.
    7. Perform the non-public tests/demonstrations prior to the public test/demonstration at least 10 times flawlessly before the public test/demonstration. No errors allowed.
    8. Provide summary data from the independent test organization for longer periods of operation to show non-chemical processes are in effect.

    Lastly, do not rush to make the presentation. No changes to the SKL configuration for at least two weeks prior to the last test sequence and before the public test/demonstration. There is only one chance to make a good first impression!

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Prof

    Here are the new stats on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Total full Readings: 45038
    Citations: 15
    Recommendations: 2116
    Total Research Interest Index: 645.2
    …and counting !
    Prof

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    You commented that the longest
    the ECat- SKL has run continuously
    is several days.How long does it have
    to run continuously to obtain Safety
    Certification?
    Regards
    Sam

  418. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Several days.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Good to hear you are so optimistic. Can you say what made today and yesterday so great?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    the production of eleectricity has increased respect the expectations. Made changements to the technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Dear Andrea,
    Here is a test that could easily be implemented:
    1.Purchase a new gasoline driven car with a fully charged battery.
    2.Remove all gasoline.
    3.Turn on the headlights.
    4.Record the time that the battery can keep the lights illuminated.
    5.Remove the battery from its compartment.
    6.Replace your unit with its electronics into the battery compartment(should fit),
    7.Turn on the headlights and run continuously.
    8.Run the unit as long as necessary to assure that no hidden energy source could have kept the lights illuminated.
    9.Replace a fully charged battery into the car and repeat the test.
    I think that at the very least a battery manufacturer would pay any amount if he could obtain access to your device.
    Testing regards.

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    This is what I commented on E-catWorld where Frank Acland issued his question and your reply that testing will start mid of March 2020:

    “Thanks Frank, I was just thinking of asking him the same question.
    Well guys, the hour of the truth is approaching. Hoping is not enough, do something:
    Keep our fingers crossed, pray to the Lord, use your willpower and want it to succeed, or do whatever you do to make something a success that isn’t in your hands. I do them all :)
    Success Andrea!”

    I got many thumbs up, so many will spiritually help you to succeed.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am delighted to read this.
    I am very optimist. A great day yesterday and today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    The report that will be released by third parties will certainly contain all the assessments and measurements made.
    A very important part of this report must contain the certification that secret energy sources are not contained in all Ecat SKL components, and that the only energy source is the reactor itself.
    To write this, these scientists will need to have access to all internal parts.
    This was what I meant when I wrote “internal inspection”.
    So my question is, “Will they be allowed to do such internal inspections?”

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    This kind of inspection is obvious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Eric Ashworth

    Dear LilyLover Regards March 4th

    Your comments and questions I found most amusing, I am guessing that for most of the readers of the JONP your post went completely over their heads. Amusing because I know exactly what you are referring to. I will therefore answer your questions.

    Q1. It has not become feasible and never will. Totally unnecessary.

    Regards future possibilities:

    A. This will be a none issue.
    B. Will be the preferred option.

    Q2. Scenario B.
    Q3. Scenario B.
    Q4. Scenario B.

    My own thoughts are that I would design fuel for a two way very long flight with E Cat technicians on board.

    Q5. No E Cat powered plane (obviously not a plane as generally understood to be because of the vast distance it would be required to
    travel) would be designed for a one way journey.

    I can see you are a lover of the lily, same as me.

    Regards Eric Ashworth

    P.S. Dear Andrea, I know these questions were for you but I could not resist responding to LilyLover, his post was far too enticing to resist.

  428. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    The confirmation that the actual tests will start in the second half of this month is an excellent news.
    May I ask if the test will include the internal inspection of the reactor?
    My best Regards,
    Italo R.

  429. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    What do you mean exactly by “internal inspection” ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  430. Paul

    Andrea,

    As of today, what is the longest period of time that an E-Cat SKL has been running continuously in self sustaining mode?

    V/R,

    Paul

  431. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    we continue to start and stop for corrections and controls, the longest period has been several days.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  432. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Now that the E-Cat SKL is ready for independent testing:
    1) are you happy with the current device?

    Specifically, are you happy with its:
    2) Specs (for example: size and power output)?
    3) Stability?
    4) Manufacturability?

    5) Finally, on November 15, 2018 you said that the SK device was a “magnificence”, do you now also feel that way about the current SKL device?

    Thanks and best wishes with the upcoming independent testing,
    WaltC

  433. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1 yes
    2 during the presentation
    3 enough
    4 yes
    5 not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Even though you state that the E-Cat SKL produces heat without nuclear reactions, can you use the same effect – the production of the plasma ball or ballerina in http://www.ecatskdemo.com – to produce nuclear reactions if you so choose? For example, by changing the fuel composition, adjusting the input, etc.

    Thanks!

  435. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  436. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the third party tests taking place yet?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  437. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The protocols preparation yes. The actual tests will start in the second half of this month
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  438. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    You emphasized that the ECat SKL is for ground use, and only for ground use.

    Is that for:

    1. Safety reasons?

    and/or

    2. Does the ECat SKL need an electrical grounding to create a potential?

    Best,
    Milan

  439. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    It is for safety reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  440. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The safety certification for use in each world region is different, there is some countries that will recognise other countries certification but a number who will not. For use in EU countries there is a requirement to meet the essential safety requirements of each applicable EU safety directive, in the case of the E-Cat I suspect you will have any device examined by a EU accredited notified body for compliance with the machinery directive 2006/42/EC and all applicable supporting EN standards, the safety certification obtained then allows the application of a CE mark, allowing placing on the market within EU countries. However having EU safety certification will not allow use in the USA or say China, and at some point in the near future due to Brexit the UK will no longer accept the CE mark, new certification will be required with a UKCA mark, for the USA there is likely to be separate testing to obtain the necessary certification to be in compliance with USA regulations, then examination and possible testing for China, India, Russia, etc. Safety certification is a very complex, time consuming, expensive subject, requires local expert knowledge of each of the countries around the world.

    Country regulations can be so different that in one country there may be no applicable regulation but in another there is a strict regulation, the EU has been very efficient in creating regulations that have no equivalent in many other countries.

    Regarding legalities, when you place your E-Cat on the market it is likely that there will be companies and individuals who will try to claim infringement of their patents, but these patents may only be applicable in one country, so for the duration of a dispute you may still sell into the market in one country while blocked from another.

    So, my original question relates to whether it was viewed as being easier to initially target certification for use in individual countries / regions or will multiple testing and certification be attempted to allow as wide a distribution as possible on product launch.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  441. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The certifications are global.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    1 Are the ECat SKL third part
    tests being done in USA or Europe?
    2 How many persons are doing the
    testing?
    3 What different kinds of testing
    are being done on the SKL?
    4 Will you receive updates on how
    the tests are going?

    Regards
    Sam

    Regards
    Sam

  443. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1 Europe
    2 enough
    3 will be explained in due time, during the presentation
    4 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Martin Feynman

    @ Sam Bousfield

    Of course, ground usage ONLY.

  445. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Due to certification, regulatory or legal requirements is it likely that initially E-Cat SKL units will be developed specifically for each regional market in the world, or will an attempt be made to have E-Cats multiple tested to be certified as universal for any country similar to some electrical consumer goods?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  446. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Can you rephrase your question more clearly ?
    I do not understand exactly the two cases you are representing, therefore I cannot give a precise answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  447. Sam Bousfield

    Dear Andrea:
    We are just about to go in production with our flying sports car, the “Switchblade”.
    Could be the Ecat SKL be fit for the ground use of our vehicle ?
    See more here:
    http://www.samsonsky.com
    Sam Bousfield
    CEO
    Samson Motors Inc.

  448. Andrea Rossi

    Sam Bousfield:
    Very interesting.
    I think that for ground use, and only for ground use, the Ecat SKL could be useful.
    Good luck !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. Andrea Rossi

    Dteven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  450. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you currently located in a geographic area not classified as a “red zone” concerning the corona virus ?

  451. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The USA and Europe sites where we of Leonardo Corporation work are all out of the corona virus red zones.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  452. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Note: UVC is required to destroy bacteria and viruses.
    1. Could the eCat SKL be used to directly generate UV light to destroy viruses such as the coronavirus?
    2. Or does it make more sense to generate electrical power and then power UV lamps with the required spectral output?
    3. Or both?
    4. Or not applicable?

  453. Martin Feynman

    @ Lily Lover:

    What the heck are You trying to say ?
    Ecats an form of conveyor belts under an airplane ?

    Regards

    Martin

  454. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    At the airport luggage pick-up, a thought came to my mind. Just as the bags circulate on a conveyor belt, why not create a similar triangular conveyor belt system of E-Cat SKLs under the wings of the mega planes? Based on your recent development, I think that you are able to control the run-away reactions sufficiently to avoid catastrophic outcomes. So, if you could run the ECat at its hottest at the wingtip, and exhaust it fully, then rotate the next ECat in its place, it can be clipped off of wing-tip should it go critical, or could be parachuted down in a controlled manner, or infused with gel to shut-off the acceleration of reactions. If immobilizing in place is an option, no such rotation is necessary. Wings offer a large, high-mass-transport surface-area for easy cooling. Instead of six monthly refueling for most other applications, flight crews can replace the ECat cartridges after each flight just as easily as refueling process.
    Q1. Is that too much at this time, or has that become feasible?

    Future possibilities: A. If the electric output can be limited to say powering everything else besides propulsion, the bulk of the heat can be directly used for the flight. B. In another scenario, if the electric output is maximized, the supplementary heat can be dissipated as waste, and only the electricity will be used for everything including propulsion.
    Scenario A: Heat powered flight, residual electricity powers all else
    Scenario B: Electricity powers everything, residual heat is dissipated

    Q2. Which scenario will require fewer identical E-Cat SKLs?
    Q3. Which scenario is easier to engineer?
    Q4. Which scenario will be cheaper?

    If such a system will be possible, considering the weight penalty, would you rather design fuel for two-way long-flight or rather one-way long-flight? (Two way capacity means relatively a small number of central hubs with ECat technicians needed.) (I may be missing other more important considerations.)
    Q5. If you could, would you design ECat powered planes for two-way or one-way journey?

    Thank you.
    Take care.

    Sincerely,
    `LilyLover

  455. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your suggestions, to be taken advice of for the future.
    We are not focused on these issues now, therefore I am not prepared to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. JD Sweeney

    Andrea Rossi,
    please put attention here:
    https://neuenergy.blogspot.com/2020/03/re-make-3-d-printing-and-robotic.html
    Regards,
    JD Sweeney

  457. Andrea Rossi

    JD Sweeney:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Gregory Daigle

    Dear Andrea,

    Are the third party testers allowed to make their results public before your presentation?

    Best regards,
    Greg Daigle

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    We have an NDA, so this issue will have to be agreed upon together.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you come up against any significant new problems with the operation of the E-Cat SKL in recent days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, we are doing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Hopefully all goes well with the E-Cat SKL testing and a subsequent presentation, from the date of this SKL presentation does this then set the timetable for a presentation of the first commercial E-Cat product ?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  463. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I suppose so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Paul di Anno

    Dear Andrea what about your competitors ?do you know any competitors who have achieved some results similar to yours? someone who is going to launch a product on the market? on the web we only talk about hot fusion …

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Paul di Anno:
    I never comment the work of our competitors. Anyway, I am not aware of competitive products on the verge to be presented. About the hot fusion, it will never be achieved, because to stabilize a magnetic field like that is impossible and to realize materials resistant to one hundred million of Kelvins is impossible. Not to mention the fact that a plant like that, with the amount of neutron that would be generated, would turn itself into thousands of tonns of radioactive wastes within months. The smart eaters are selling the ball that hot fusion is safe because it uses only hydrogen making helium, two things as innocent as a baby. Just like the Hydrogen nuclear bomb.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  466. Physics Fan

    Hello Mr Rossi.
    Not to be morbid, but with the scary situation going on with Coronavirus, I think it is utmost importance that you give us a contact on your team in case something happens that makes you unable to communicate with us, and to insure that there is a succession plan in place for Leonardo corporation.
    Obviously your technology is too important to the world for that plan not to be established already. Who is the “number 2” at Leonardo, and can you send their contact info please. This has nothing to do with an NDA, every company has more than one exec listed and we are not asking for technical information from this individual.

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Fan:
    We all are well and sound and duly defended and we all are working pretty well.
    Our two branches are in USA and Europe and each can proceed independently in case of necessity. Who is entitled to have our emergency addresses already has them.
    Thank you anyway for your kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you met any members of the third party testing team yet?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  470. Paul Swanson

    Andrea,
    Did you ever figure out why argon gas does not work while nitrogen and hydrogen do ?
    Do the molecules resonant vibrational modes play a part ?
    Paul

  471. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Swanson:
    I do not use nitrogen. I am not able to answer. We use hydrogen and it works.
    About the molecules vibrational modes, there is an indirect connection in par 1 and 2 here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  472. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of March 3 2020:
    Former SCANA execs accused by feds in ill-fated V.C.Summer nuclear Project
    Rod Walton

  473. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Keith

    Mr Rossi, check out the Panasonic break through, you may not need Turbines… http://www.green-energy-news.com/arch/nrgs2011/20110051.html

    Regards Keith…..good luck.

  475. Andrea Rossi

    Keith:
    Thank you for your suggestions, not impossible in principle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  476. Martyn Aubrey

    Hello Ernie,

    Thanks for your very interesting reminiscences. Good job you didn’t have to go to Korea, but the West Coast sounds fun.

    I was in the Royal Signals of the British Army. I did both my basic training and then my trade training at Catterick Camp in North Yorkshire in the UK.

    In the early years I worked on repairs to VHF and HF radio sets in the UK, Belize, Germany, then back to the UK again. The HF radio sets were mainly used for relaying 50 Baud teleprinter traffic between HQ units and also Rear Links for Air Support Tasking. I was in various Tech Support teams, often from a workshops vehicle with a box-body electronic repair workshop mounted on a flat-bed four ton Bedford truck. We would tow a 16½KVA diesel generator to provide power all the test equipment.

    In later years I moved into installing Data Comms equipment, mainly around the UK and Europe. I did get out to Hong Kong before they returned it to China, and was in Sarajevo for a very short time to install some comms kit there.

    I served the full 22 years and got my Army Pension, which is very helpful!

    After my time in the army, I worked for a fibre optics comms company using the UK National Grid electricity pylons to carry fibre optic cables wrapped around the upper Earth cable. This was a very interesting time, seeing the start of the internet and the switch from analogue to digital TV signals by the BBC which was one of our major customers.

    I hope this is interesting and that I haven’t gone on too much.

    All the Best,
    Martyn

  477. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to build experimental charges where instead of having 6 months to a year of fuel you reduce this to 1000 hours, 100 hours, 10 hours, 1 hour, to as small a quantity of fuel as would work, perhaps based on the older QX smaller size housing, then with as high a resolution of detectors / instrumentation as possible along with your current knowledge of the trigger signal in combination with as small a size of point source possible it may be easier to separate out and understand effects, easier to control effects, is there a minimum size for group interactions to take place, is there different outcomes due to scale, not necessarily sustainable, but enough events to be measurable.

    For the plasma, instead of allowing the plasma to stabilise at its own self-generated pressure, possibly you could build a setup where you could push the pressure higher, (probably difficult from a scale / conductivity point of view – so attach say micro tubing leading to a variable volume device, say a bellows), increase / variation in pressure may lead to variation in outcome.

    Experimentation in the borderlands of viability may lead to insights, the more variation in a working setup the more that may be learned, experimentation not directly leading to a product but for knowledge.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  478. Hello Martyn,
    I don’t want to turn the discussion into an old reminiscence, but your experience in the army signal corp brings back a similar situation back in 1952 where I spent a year learning to repair radar sets at Fort Monmouth during the Korean war. Scheduled to go to Korea with my orders cut, the week I completed my training an armistice was declared. I like to say, ” they knew I was coming “. I spent the rest of my time in the service repairing radar sets up and down the entire west coast in a relatively warm climate traveling in a 2/12 ton truck loaded with parts. Learned a lot about electricity and electrons.
    Did you get your training at Fort Gordan or Monmouth? NYC was a lot more interesting than Augusta.
    My degree I had in physical chemistry was quite useful at the time for learning and applying what I learned to repairing the sets.
    Electrons at work regards.

  479. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the third party testing of the E-Cat SKL start at some point in March?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  481. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you still located in the Miami area?

    If so, the first coronavirus case has been reported in the Miami area. Another case was reported in the Tampa, FL area. Please take appropriate actions.

  482. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We will. We are working both in the USA and in Europe. We follow the directions supplied by the Authorities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  483. Dear Andrea,
    I have thought thus far, that space charge is well understood and that it is explained by so-called Child-Langmuir 3/2 law.

    Could you advice me, then, what is the part of the space charge phenomenon, that is not explained by this law?

    Best regards, /pekka

    PS. “we are close to be ready” sounds good

  484. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said that “Space charges have been considered so far just noisy disturbments”.

    However, don’t forget that the Space Charge “Electron Cloud” is the source of the free electrons at the heated cathode in Thermionic Valves (Vacuum Tubes). Without the Space Charge we would not have had valve amplifiers and hence the old valve type radios.

    In fact the first part of my working life was formed around these devices, as an Army Radio Technician maintaining and repairing quite old large radio systems back in the 1970’s and early 1980’s.

    A large mobile radio truck was a good place to be in the very cold winters of those times!

    Reminiscing Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Greg Curtis

    Dear Andrea,
    studying
    http://www.researchngate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in par 3 there is the very important citation of the space charge that Edison observed as a serendipity while testing a light bulb. Do you know if somebody else noticed it in the LENR world?
    Cheers
    Greg

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Curtis:
    As far as I know, only Fleishmann asked during an interview: ” Is somebody able to explain the phenomenon of the space charge discovered by Edison ? ”
    But the issue has been left dropped.
    Space charges have been considered so far just noisy disturbments…like pennicillin moulds before Fleming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  488. Martyn Aubrey

    Hello Ulrich,

    Many Thanks for your reply.

    My mistake.

    It’s always good to see new readers asking Andrea interesting questions on his JoNP, so “Welcome!”.

    With the ongoing search to find new forms of energy generation, in these unsettled times, it is quite fascinating to follow the development of Andrea’s very important new technology.

    Very Best Regards,
    Martyn

  489. Nick

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you list here the main instrumentation you are using during the experimentation with the Ecat SKL ?

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Nick:
    In this period the main tools we use more to detect the Ecat SKL are oscilloscope, spectrometer, multimeters, digital microscope, calorimeter, IR and contact thermometers, thermocamera et al.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you at a point where the E-Cat SKL can be submitted to third party testers, or are there still problems to resolve?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are close to be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. Andrea Rossi

    The existing ionizing radiations measurements are precise to the extreme and widely experimented and utilized in the whole world and their results are exact beyond any possible doubt. If a radiation whatsoever cannot be detected by the existing instrumentation, means that it does not exist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. Anthony

    Mr Rossi,
    What do you think of strange radiations that cannot be detected by the existing measurement systems ?

  496. Kranz

    Hello Martyn Aubrey,

    I’m not the CEO of Canoo.

    But I knew him from press articles of BMW.

    My full Name is Ulrich W.A. Kranz.

    Best regards

    Ulrich Kranz

  497. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Frank Ackland,
    Thank you for your reply February 23rd. I have consulted with my investors and they advise against making the information public. But there are options I am considering. One of them could be you sign an NDA because you cannot use the understanding, which I am pretty sure you can’t and have no need of, then using your discretion inform Andrea that the method seems viable with the explanation, the maths and geometry. This is something I am only considering but of course I realize Andrea does not want to sign an NDA, neither would I, as I too would prefer to develop the method myself and who’s to say maybe he will but without knowing the contents of an NDA I do not see how someone can make such an important decision. As I have previously stated nothing gained nothing lost. I do not need any information from Andrea i.e. what the E Cat consists of as I already have a very good idea. All I want to do is put his E Cat into a self sustaining mode so as to produce a constant supply of electricity. Who knows maybe he will achieve success next week, next year or at some future date but there are many people as myself who want this technology to succeed. Obviously, the very last resort will be to ask me how. I should also add that what originally stirred my interest was the remark made by Prof regarding a worldwide organization that I presume is the same one that I was involved with not too long ago. My technology is also controversial and was described as one before its time. Maybe its time has come.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  498. Sture Andreasson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Will the demonstration start in Stockholm during mars, and then going on several weeks?
    Can we see the start at internet, and then follow the demonstration there?

    Best Regards
    Sture Andreasson
    Sweden

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    I am not yet able to tell when exactly will be made the presentation, but surely it will also be streamed in internet probably live.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How has the E-Cat SKL been performing in recent days?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  501. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I can say I am glad of what is going on, albeit much work remains to be done.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  502. Donald G Chandler

    Dear Dr Rossi

    Discussion of particle asymmetry here. Neutrons, not electrons, in this case, but maybe still of interest.

    “Neutrons are believed to be slightly asymmetrical in shape, being slightly positive at one end and slightly negative at the other — a bit like the electrical equivalent of a bar magnet. “

    Kind Regards
    Donald Chandler

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Before talking of neutrons, I wish I could be sure to know well electrons. I prefer not to put the cart ahead of the horses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Ulrich Kranz,

    Are you the CEO of the very interesting and impressive start up electric vehicle company Canoo?

    My apologies for any confusion.

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  505. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    as computer control module for sure play role in manufacturing price and end price for customers, I have such query:

    Every one E-Cat SKL module need own one electronic control module or is it posssible to control for example 4 E-Cat SKLs with 4 core ARM CPU control module?

    For future presentation style of E-Cat SKL I propose such old idea (beside the more scientific water shower calorimetry):

    E-Cat SKL powering aeromodeller grade electromotor equipped with aeromodeller propeller, behind it a small pole with a few fluttering ribbons in airflow. This whole set on cart with wheels as proof there is no hidden cables from ground.

    Best Regards

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Answer: it is possible to concentrate the control systems for more Ecats into one control system to be designed on the base of the modules’ combined power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  507. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Maybe not the same guy, but it would be good if he was.

    Warm Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Ask him,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I wondered if you knew that Ulrich Kranz is the CEO of Canoo, a manufacturer of very advanced electric vehicles, expecting to launch leasing of EVs next year.

    https://automobilityla.com/speaker/ulrich-kranz/

    https://techcrunch.com/2020/02/11/hyundai-taps-ev-startup-canoo-to-develop-electric-vehicles/

    https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/canoo-unveils-worlds-first-subscription-only-electric-vehicle-300924748.html

    https://www.canoo.com/

    This could be a match made in heaven for the Ecat SKL.

    Automotive Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. PlasmaFan

    Hello Andrea,

    Does using diamond coated electrodes that can be embedded with hydrogen atoms from the plasma to produce a Negative Electron Affinity improve the performance of your plasma based E-Cats?

    Here is a paper that discusses the process.

    https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1910/1910.05158.pdf

  512. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the information. My answer is: no.
    When you see theories that have no link with my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it is very difficult it has to do with the plasma of the E-Cat SK or SKL, because in this paper we put all the possible leads to a theoretical explication of the effect obtained by the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your answer “H=F” to Kranz, I’m afraid that you are 21% short of the power output required to get a 5th slot for your picture on top of Dr Brown’s fireplace insert :

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-77xulkB_U&t=36s :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    He,he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Julio

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you thinking to sell also by internet the Ecats ?

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Julio:
    Maybe, we are also thinking about that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Anonymous

    Is the electricity that exits the plasma DC or AC ?

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    DC
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In your paper you have explained theoretical mechanisms, in future papers you may update and expand on these mechanisms based on results of E-Cat testing. Is it possible in future papers that you can make predictions that could be detected or suggest specific tests that interested physicists can construct without using E-Cat technology that would aid in the conformation of theory.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  520. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    wherein appears clearly how you obtain a gain of energy without necessity of nuclear reactions, entering in a field in which the second principle of thermodynamic is not applicable, as well as it is not applicable in the field of the catalyzers.
    All the best,
    CC

  522. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    About the usage of the ECAT-SKL some questions:

    A – Is it possible to make a 1 MW power station from a large number of ECAT SKl units?
    B – Is it possible to combine 1 MW ECAT SKL power stations to larger units with the Power of C-F?
    C – 100 MW?
    D – 300 MW?
    E – 500 MW?
    F – 1000 MW?
    G – Ort is has you planned to create a SKL given turbine for such amounts?
    H – What will be the largest power of combined ECAT SKL

    Ulrich W. A. Kranz
    ulrich@ulrich-kranz.de

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Kranz:
    A yes
    B,C,D,F you can combine as much modules as you need
    G no
    H = F
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Anonymous

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    in the video in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the plasma appears to be composed by different zones with different characteristics: are you extracting electricity separately from different zones ?

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Would it be possible for the independent tester(s) to provide a report for the ECat-SKL presentation certifying that the device operated for (X) weeks, producing (Y) KWH of electricity while consuming (Z) KWH of electricity (where (Z) could be zero)?

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  529. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    What will be done during the presentation has not been defined yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  530. Sarah Waldhof

    Plasma ? Your last answer to ma question “Since when does plasma make noise” was “Never”.

    And now You say, the plasma makes the noise?

    Please excuse me, sir, but this makes no sense.

    Can You go into details ?

    Regards

    Sarah

  531. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    You read very superficially what I write. If you read with a minimum of intelligence, you can see that I wrote that the noise from the plasma cannot be heard directly by the ears, but can be heard with a stethoscope. When I wrote “never” answering your first comment, I was talking of acoustic pollution, as your first comment was clearly intending, not of stethoscopes. After the second comment of you, it appears a bit malicious that you did not specify in your first comment “can the noise from the plasma be heard by a stethoscope ?”: in this case the answer would have been “yes”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  532. Sarah Waldhof

    Ok, the issue is again “confidential”. I could have expected this answer.

    But maybe You can INDICATE, WHAT makes the sound, You are analyzing ?

    Regards

  533. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    The plasma. It makes sounds that have a too low level of decibells to be heared directly by ears, but with stethoscope we can receive important information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  534. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    given the ECAT SKL has a volume of 10*10*7 cm and a power of 0,7 kWel and 0,3 kWth.
    The combination of an ECAT SKL with an infrared heater panel with 700 W power consumption could a product for heating homes and offices. The 300 Wth would be an advantage.

    The ECAT SKL could mounted backside the panel with the AI controller and a starter battery.

    Despite the cost for electricity for the panel, in Germany and Austria are old and new houses are changing their oil/gas heating to infrared heater panels.

    An advantage is the fast heating up of the panels and the good ability to control them.

    Sure a prerequisite to use the ECAT SKL, is a certification for domestic use.

    My questions:

    A – Is it possible to mount an ECAT SKL backside the panel with the AI controller and a starter battery?
    B – How long will it last to get a certification for domestic use?

    With my best regards

    Ulrich Kranz

  535. Andrea Rossi

    Kranz:
    Thank you for your insight.
    The numbers you give are a supposition. The real numbers will be given during the presentation.
    Answers:
    A- this depends from the situations
    B- I do not know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  536. Angelo V.

    Dear Andrea,
    will the presentation of ECAT SKL be scheduled only after the end of the ongoing independent test?
    Best wishes,
    A.V.

  537. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  538. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    It is now over 9 years since you introduced the E-Cat, the Energy Catalyzer, in your current devices is there still something with a catalytic function or is the name catalyzer now just part of the E-Cat history.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  539. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    There still is a catalyzer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Ville Kanninen

    Dear Mr. Inventor

    Helsinki city has just launched a global competition called the Helsinki Energy Challenge. The winning proposal will be given one million euro prize.

    Here is some introduction text copied from the Helsinki Energy Challenge web site https://energychallenge.hel.fi/
    —————–
    Currently, more than half of the city’s heat is produced with coal. In order to achieve carbon-neutrality, we need radically new solutions to meet Helsinki’s heat demand. And we are not alone. To fight climate change, sustainable heating solutions are needed in cities all over the world. Heating not just beyond coal, but also beyond burning biomass.

    That is why we are launching the Helsinki Energy Challenge.

    A global one-million-euro challenge competition to answer the question: How can we decarbonise the heating of Helsinki, using as little biomass as possible?
    —————–

    I think your company could make the winning proposal.

    kind regards

    Ville Kanninen

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Ville Kanninen:
    Thank you for the information. Maybe some of our Readers is interested to it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say why the SKL testing
    could possibly take several months.

    Regards
    Sam

  543. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The lack of a cristal ball forbids me to see in the future to detect future insurgence of new problems, if any.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Ahmad Perreira

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_interactions
    and I have one question: which was the fluid used in paragraph 5 ? Was it additivated with something different from the main component?
    Thank you if you can answer
    A.P.

  545. Andrea Rossi

    Ahmad Perreira:
    Just air, no additives,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  546. Vernie Saens

    Dr Rossi,
    Just a curiosity: when you make the soldering of the electronic components do you make use of an electronic microscope ?

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Vernie Saens:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    you told us the Ecat SK will be further developed, when will the Ecat SK certified?

    Best regardsUlrich Kranz

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Kranz:
    It is already certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Regarding the ‘waste’ heat produced by the SKL, I assume it to be for this question as 20% :
    1. You said it can still be used. This means to me that it can be higher quality heat of considerable temperatures. Is that a right assumption?
    2. When you are happy with the performance of the E-cat SK Leonardo, will the same SKL also be tested by the company that will certify it or will you provide them another one?
    3. How long is anticipated that the independent test will take? A. 1 week, B. 2 weeks, C. 3 weeks?
    Now things seem to go well, tension will rise, especially if you put your baby in the hands of the testing company.
    I wish you and your team, great success and marvelous results!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- another one
    3- from several weeks to several months
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Sarah Waldhof

    What exactly do You try to listen at with the stethoscope ?

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    The noise inside gives important information. This issue is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Andrea Rossi

    1. Both should be reliable
    2. Yes, because the entropy is minor
    3. No, also because it will be not much
    4. Depends on the situation, but it is very difficult to find situations in which the Client will not have use of it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  555. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Is the E-Cat SKL a more reliable product than the E-Cat SK?
    2. Would it be correct to say that you are now looking at the E-Cat primarily as a technology that produces electricity.
    3. Is waste heat a problem with the E-Cat SKL (when heat is not needed by the customer), since it is designed to generate electricity? 4. If so, what do you think is the best way to deal with it?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  556. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of February 25 2020:
    “FERC ruling can impact energy storage and renewables in New York ISO”
    Rod Walton

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why do you tink Italy is the European Country with more persons positive to the infamous Corona virus ?

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because Italy is the European Country that has made by orders of magnitude more controls respect all the other European Countries and, probably, respect all the Countries of the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  561. Daren Rednour

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you be so patient to instruct us how to send comments to this useful blog ?

  562. Andrea Rossi

    Daren Rednour:
    1- go to http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    2- click “recent posts”
    3- click “United States Patent…”
    4- click in the bottom “leave a reply” and write your name or nickname and, if you want, email address, then write the text of your comment
    5- click “post comment”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  563. Follower

    Dr Rossi:
    How can I send comments to your blog?
    I tried many times, no success

  564. Andrea Rossi

    Follower:
    Make the following easy steps:
    1- go to http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    2- click “recent posts”
    3- click “United States Patent…”
    4- in the bottom click “Leave a Replay” and write name and email address ( if you want )
    5- click “post comment”
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  565. Sarah Waldhof

    Hi,Mr.Rossi.

    Why Do you still use a stethoscope in our modern times?

    1) Can’t you afford a proper tool ?

    2) Since when makes plasma any noise ?

    Regards

    Sarah

  566. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    1- what do you mean ?
    2- never
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  567. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m very curious about the presentation of the ECAT SKL.
    Good luck for you and your team!

    But I’m interested als in heat production like with the ECAT SK.
    Could you please answer some questions

    A – will the ECAT SK further developed?
    B – what is the timeframe for certification?
    C – will the ECAT SK replaced by the ECAT SKL?
    D – will the ECAT SKL equipped with a heat exchanger?
    E – will the ECAT SKL combined in larger groups for producing more heat?

    With my best regards

    Ulrich

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Kranz:
    A- yes
    B- of what ?
    C- probably yes, because with the electricity you can make heat with a COP approx = 1
    D- depends on the situations
    E- if requested, yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  569. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the focus of your activity in this current period?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Using the Ecat SK Leonardo to generate electric power. I am thinking to nothing else.
    By the way: the more I work, the more I convince myself of the validity of the theoretical system published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Previously you mentioned that you will be applying for a patent for presumably some part or all the technology of the E-Cat SKL. Does the timing of a commercial roll out of the E-Cat SKL depend on the eventual awarding of this patent, or is the E-Cat SKL still commercially covered by some aspect of the existing patents to allow placing on the market earlier.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  572. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Not necessary, our IP is well protected.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  573. bob clam

    Good morning Mr Rossi,

    are you always using a stetoscope to “hear” if
    an E-catSK or e-catSKL is runnig well, like you were
    using one in the container.

    Best regards, Bob Clam

  574. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Clam:
    Yes, now and again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi!

    Good that you returned optimist.

    If I may ask:
    1. Do you think the Ecat SKL is now ready for third party testing?
    2. Have you fixed a date for the beginning of third party tests?
    3. Are the third party test already running?

    Best,
    Milan

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    1- almost
    2- yes
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Andrea Rossi

    1- we are working on it with good results so far
    2- obviously you can publish whatever you want wherever you want: Frank Acland proposed to you to publish it on his blog: I think it is a good idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  578. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea,
    My questions are:
    1. Do you have the required technology to put your E CatSKL into a
    permanent self sustain mode?. No technical information required.

    2. If not would you allow me to explain on the JONP a technology that
    would be able to put your E CatSKL into a permanent self sustain
    mode?.

    If you have the required technology then my questions are irrelevant but without asking I do not know one way or the other but whatever the outcome I wish you all the best as I know, as also your readers, that you have put a tremendous amount of time and money into this most important project that will as you have said will be of immense benefit to mankind.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  579. Frank Acland

    @Eric Ashworth,

    Yes I would consider publication of your paper. Feel free to email a submission to ecatworld@gmail.com.

    Sincerely,

    Frank Acland

  580. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea,

    As you are aware I have consistently mentioned the strength of the JONP i.e. a voice able to allow transmission of information and thereby inform yourself and its readers of information regardless of whether a subject is considered by some people controversial.

    My questions: 1. Are you still able to publish papers in ‘Recent Posts’ as those published by Ch Stremmenos and many others, to your readers of the JONP?. By able I mean technical information of a controversial nature without consideration of any prior NDA you may have signed and

    2. Are there any limiting factors whereby publication is denied such as information regarding ‘How to put your E Cat into a self sustaining mode?. – ‘How to achieve an Electro Magnetic Drive (EM Drive). – How to pull cancerous cells apart using a ‘Super Neutral’?.

    My paper, if published would be under the title ‘Much Ado About ‘Super Neutrals’ (the yin and yang effect regarding structure).

    These topics as you are aware are highly controversial because they all require the same technology to overcome a modern day problem. A problem not because they cannot be solved but because a world wide organization deems the required technology before its time has yet to come.

    However, the good news is that by me being an independent researcher and free to operate outside of any NDA I am in a position to disclose any information that I feel will overcome these present day problems. Of course I am banned from universities and government research establishments but as I now realize the JONP could be just the ticket to get things moving.

    Also Andrea what do you think my chances are of getting a paper published on ResearchGate. I presume there is a protocol and hurdles to overcome. I have no idea but with previous experience I would say my chances are none whatsoever. Anyway after having read my paper you will no doubt have a better idea because of your success regarding your published paper.

    This question is for Frank Ackland publisher of E Cat News who I am aware has a very deep interest in developing technologies. Question 1. Have you signed any NDAs?. Question 2. Would you be able to publish a paper presented by myself as that just mentioned to Andrea in your E Cat News?.
    As a footnote and I feel this is an important consideration because I know there are some people who are misinformed, believe that people involved in this controversial subject put themselves at risk of foul play. Let me assure anyone that the only risk occurs should a person probe this world organization and attempt to expose individuals who are only doing necessary work. As I have stated previously this planet is involved in a game of intelligence. The game is not that important but it does have rules according to the GOD concept and almost resembles that of a game of chess. Thereby you have to know the rules to overcome any anxiety of harmful actions occurring towards oneself. It must be realized that those who are in control are themselves being controlled within a systemic system of human evolution by highly intelligent individuals This subject as you can imagine is too technical to explain in a few words but suffice it to say, they are sufficient.
    Looking forward to a positive response, I remain Eric Ashworth.

  581. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight. Please make your questions short, straight and clear.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  582. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The new device which your team created to solve SKL reliability problems:
    1. Was the change only in software or firmware?
    2. Was a new hardware unit developed?
    3. Was the reliability issue a thermal problem, a performance/execution problem, or something else?

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- something else
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I am always with curiosity your fascinating SKL R&D.
    To the question of Chuck Davis (Does your theory identify a theoretical maximum percentage of electricity?) You answered “yes”
    Can you specify the theoretical maximum percentage of electricity?
    Thank you if you can respond without compromising confidentiality.
    All my best wishes for success with your project.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are trying to get as much electricity as possible. I prefer to give this datum during the presentation, it is a core point.
    Thank you for your kind interest to what we are doing,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your reply regarding my offer and I understand your position regarding existing circumstances involving a controversial subject. I also believe that the reply by Prof to Physics Fan February 22 makes an equally important point regarding NDA’s, disruptive technologies and how they can themselves be disruptive. However, I have more thoughts on this subject and will post them shortly.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  587. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  588. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I do not know what her job would be
    but if you need a tough person for
    your team.

    https://www.unilad.co.uk/sport/scottish-footballer-dislocates-knee-during-match-and-smacks-it-back-into-place/

    BTW have you got your normal voice
    back since your operation?

    Regards
    Sam

  589. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion ( he,he,he ).
    Yes, I recovered my voice.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  590. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    The rapid progress with the development of the SKL is exciting !
    Does your theory identify a theoretical maximum percentage of electricity ?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  591. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  592. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Scientist think they have the theory
    for possible new material.

    https://phys.org/news/2020-02-scientists-state-electricity-energy-perfectly.html

    Regards
    Sam

  593. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  594. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. With regards to you very positive reply to Frank Acland, can we expect a presentation in March 2020?
    2. When you will present the E-Cat SK Leonardo, will you also publish more details about the SK in operation?
    3. Will the E-Cat SK be maintained as a product?
    Success, kind regards, Gerard

  595. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 premature, but I am sure we will make a presentation, soon
    2 no
    3 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Watcher of the road

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you have plans for a domestic E-Cat, following the successful outcome of your latest version of the e-Cat?

    I hope and pray that you have a great success in the industrial and commercial applications of the e-Cat, but please make our dream, the domesticated tiger, come true.

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Watcher of the road:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Prof

    @Physics Fan:
    Andrea has surely investors and probably a worldwide strong partner and he is bound to them also by NDAs. What he writes has a lot of good sense.
    All the best,
    Prof

  599. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the E-Cat SKL performing in this period?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    thank you for your fantastic work to solve the energy problems to be ready for our future!

    Best regards,

    Meda

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Meda:
    Thank you for your sustain to our Team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham et Al.:
    They forgot to say that such a reaction needs deuterium and that forcibly there would be strong neutron emissions, which will make it a quite deadly device. Anyway, until there is not an experimental prototype at work, any opinion is useless. As for the ITER, I already expressed my opinion and I did not change it.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  604. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Showing a photo of Ecat SKL in its case is today worthless.
    It could be anything.

    The only really important thing will be when, during the presentation, we will finally see this “Blue Cube” feeding for a long, long time, an electrical load without being powered by the grid.

    And we will be able to read the Report of the Independent Third Party Verifiers showing all the examinations, controls performed and measurements carried out.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Question:
    Have you produced a 10c cube with an output of SK power (20kw) as described on 1/16/2020 below? Thank you, and …

    Warm Regards,
    Tom

    ref: ======================
    = Stephen
    = January 16, 2020 at 8:50 AM
    = Hi Andrea.
    = May I ask… if and when a device needs recharging. Will it be
    = necessary for the user to replace:
    = A. The whole 10cm cubed device?
    = B. just a smaller component or components from the device?
    = C. Both options will be possible?
    = D. If B is the replaceable component is it much smaller than the
    = whole device?
    = Best Regards
    = Stephen
    = ———————-
    = Andrea Rossi
    = January 16, 2020 at 4:15 PM
    = Stephen:
    = A
    = Warm Regards,
    = A.R.
    =========================

  607. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I produced the modular SKL cube with 10 cm of side, but I never said that it has a power of 20 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  608. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I feel That Physics Fan did bring up an important point regarding None Disclosure Agreements (NDA’s). I am sure that many readers of the JONP realize the value and importance of an NDA but some may not.

    You, as stated have used NDA’s to protect your intellectual property from being disclosed to the general public by the experts you have recruited to help solve an important problem of yours. But as you are aware certain subjects can be of a controversial nature and can therefore create problems for people by association unlike the independent researcher who is free to investigate any subject he feels important and interested in. Consequently people bound by an NDA have an allegiance to the provider of the NDA and can if necessary remain anonymous if they feel it necessary. This an important point.

    This is something many people are unaware of with regards technologies that can be considered disruptive even though necessary to overcome a present day problem. The NDA therefore protects intellectual property prior to the issue of a patent, protects individuals from disclosing, thereby maintaining privacy and also of importance allows for independent researchers to share information of a confidential nature regarding a researchers project. Andrea for instance requires or has put his E Cat SKL into a self sustain mode (s.s.m.) in order to complete his project but if not, I for instance being an independent researcher can explain how to put his E Cat into a s.s.m. using my intellectual property. In this instance Andrea, would you sign an NDA offered by myself? but as you know once you sign an NDA the technology offered is under the terms of the agreement contained within the NDA but if the NDA contains useless information there is nothing lost and nothing gained. It depends upon the quality of the information contained within the NDA because if the NDA contains quality information able to perform as that required then both parties stand to gain according to the agreement. So the question is Andrea have you achieved the self sustained mode and if not would you sign an NDA to be given the information in accordance to an agreement provided by myself or do you consider it early days to sign an NDA?.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  609. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Every agreement bears an NDA. Nobody signs any agreement if not covered by an NDA. All the rest are opinions that I respect, but do not have room in the reality of the existing market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  610. Physics Fan

    Mr Rossi, Sarah asked about a picture. You mentioned espionage. I don’t think there are such groups outside of a James Bond movie. To be more serious for a second, your technology is so important to the world that I would think you would want to do everything possible to publish everything you know about it rather than keeping secrets. Like me, you are not a young man, I would hope your goal at this stage of life is less about self enrichment and more about sharing your miraculous technology. You could win the Nobel prize easily if you just share the details. That is why I don’t understand your strategy. My question is simple. Are you in it for money or for the science? If you are in it for the science, your approach “sucks”, to be brutally honest

  611. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Fan:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    I want this technology developed by important concerns and nobody would put money without an intellectual property. Also medicines are essential for surviving any kind of illness, but without intellectual property most of medicines would not have been invented and developed and would not be invented and developed.
    Your amateurish approach does not help real and necessary investments from serious professionals, if we want really to have a worldwide diffusion of this technology.
    Not to mention the risks that an open source would generate and that every intelligent person can imagine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  612. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr Andrea:
    Do you think this patent below will starve to death the Eater (ITER) ?
    https://newatlas.com/energy/hb11-hydrogen-boron-fusion-clean-energy/

  613. Sarah Waldhof

    May I ask, why You will not share a picture now ?

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    Because now there is not the body and the Ecat without body shows particulars that are confidential. We are not going to release photos that can facilitate espionage.
    We will be happy to show the Ecat with its beautiful body and in operation. I want not to publish fake photos.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do I understand correctly that the presentation will be made showing a prototype of the E-Cat SKL in operation?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  616. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,of course !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  617. Sarah Waldhof

    Cool. Can You post some of them NOW ?

    Cheers.

  618. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  619. Khashayar Shatti

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Now that you have developed a device to generate heat and electricity, I hope you will eventually get successful results to commercialize it. However due to the importance of future of engineering I have sent an email to WHO to request China’s emergency department to urgently develop a hot air ventilating system equipped with hot electric elements for hospitals, restaurants, hotels and all public places to reduce and prevent the outbreak of coronavirus. Hot electric elements could kill viruses at incoming and outgoing air vents. Obviously outgoing air could also be burnt by fuel spray and fire, however devices like yours create clean hot air at reduced prices for those with limited energy resources.
    I hope your device could be used in current and future engineering developments and even in personal masks to purge air from all kinds of viruses.
    With all the best wishes
    Khashayar Shatti

  620. Andrea Rossi

    Khashayar Shatti:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work: I hope the Ecat will be useful also in emergency situations like the one you are putting under focus.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  621. Sarah Waldhof

    Hello Mr. Rossi.

    Can You perhaps post some pictures of the current new e-cat-sk-leonardo ?

  622. Andrea Rossi

    Sarah Waldhof:
    Sure: when we will make the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  623. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you already tested the automated production system for manufacturing E-Cat SKLs? If so, how is the performance of the manufacturing process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  624. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  625. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible that a working industrial product will be shown at the presentation.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  626. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  627. Paul Calvo

    Major breakthrough: graphene batteries finally hit the market:
    https://youtu.be/dnE1nO6o-do
    Paul Calvo

  628. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Calvo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the E-Cat SKL, do you expect the first product to be industrial, or for domestic consumer use?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Industrial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Chris Bernard

    Hi Mr Rossi,

    you told Mr Frank Acland, that you and your company are close to a
    reliable product.
    Let’s assume the E-Cat is ready and completely reliable tomorrow…:
    How long would it take you and your partners getting to mass
    production? How long do I have to wait seeing it on the shelfes? Any
    numbers you can tell us?
    Let’s assume the E-Cat SK is ready tomorrow… Can you tell us a little
    bit about the obstacles that are necessary to get the permission for
    domestic use of it? Do the agencies tell you exactly which
    specifications you have to fulfill? Or ist it just a “no, we need to
    test it just longer”?
    Chris

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Bernard:
    Sorry, it is premature for to give precise answers at the moment.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  633. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    You were close in 2011.

    Proxima Centauri is the closest star to Solar System and is orbited by the planet Proxima b. Many things are close. Do you tease us? I continue to hope that you do not tease us.

    A: Will you have a product by June 1st? Please reply with “yes, no” or “I have no idea”.

    Otherwise, you are not being honest with yourself, good sir.

    Sincerely, and thank you for your dedication.

    Tom

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I am convinced that the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your estimation, how close are you to having a completely reliable product?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  636. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are close
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  637. Mimosa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there a continuity between the experimental and theoretical demo published on Google “Ecat QX Presentation 24 November 2017”
    and the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in particular between the long range interactions cited in the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom and the long range interactions of the paper on Researchgate ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Mimosa

  638. Andrea Rossi

    Mimosa:
    Albeit in the lecture made in Stockholm the long range interactions are referred to different particles, the concept of “long range interactions” is a common denominator.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  639. Physics Fan

    Hello again Mr. Rossi. I recently asked you about having one of your employees corroborate that they are working with you. You mentioned NDA’s but obviously you could waive this aspect in order to be supported by your team members. Some people might say you are making things up since there is nobody but you making claims on JONP. The same goes for any information about partners, or in fact anything about the SKL’s existence. If you wish to be taken more seriously, please take my advice and have someone who really exists corroborate your claims.

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Fan:
    The NDAs must be respected. This is so to be considered seriously from serious persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    What is your opinion of the Electric Universe concept?
    https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/eu-guides/beginners-guide/

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Interesting. I have not enough knowledge of this matter to expose an opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts og this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Ruth

    Dr Rossi,
    I studied your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and what is stunning, apart the statistics of the readers, is the progress you made in several years regarding the theoretical corp of your R&D.

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Ruth:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of February 18 2020:
    Emissions, Bloomberg NEF: “Renewables, gas and efficiency drove US power emissions cuts in the 2010s”
    Rod Walton

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say your robotic factory is ready to start production — congratulations!! What is required for the starter to fire the gun, and get the production rolling?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The product.
    It is not ready yet to be diffused massively.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It is important.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  651. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat SK design is now over a year old, you likely have a number of them with customers, these likely have some form of certification, even if you did want to upgrade, it may depend on what the certification body would allow.

    There may be recent upgraded versions of the E-Cat SK now tested or undergoing tests, but the designs are now frozen and it is too late to fit further improvements without a new cycle of design and testing.

    Sometimes with certification you can have a minor upgrade with supplementary documentation, sometimes the upgrade is regarded by a notified body as a major change and requires complete new certification and testing, so you end up with designs that become frozen at a certain stage.

    In the last two months of research and testing it is likely that there is a clearer understanding of the underlying physics and the ability to control, this has likely been incorporated into the E-Cat SKL controller, you may now want to incorporate a complete new improved controller into the E-Cat SK or maybe just minor software upgrades, but may be limited by time for testing or existing certification, all improvements then have to pass onto the next generation of E-Cat design and testing.

    So any upgrades for the current generation or do we have to wait for the next generation.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  652. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    All we have to wait is a completely reliable product.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  653. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I second the request of Nils Fryklund! It would be very interesting to all people interested in you work if you could provide data from the 22 kW E-Cat SK about heat output, energy consumption, etc. Maybe your customer could comment!

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The availability og our Customer does not depend on us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Is the robotic factory ready to start production, if not what is your estimate?
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    it is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    With the development of the small control unit for the E-Cat SKL, does this mean that the control unit for the current E-Cat SK may also in part or whole be improved, or will any improvement be reserved for a future design replacement of the E-Cat SK.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  658. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Can you kindly rephrase your question more precisely ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  659. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is it really so difficult to get any customer to, with a few words, tell us big fans if E-catSK 22KW is giving excess heat energy?
    My skeptic friends want bonus soon on our betting.
    Several bottles of champagne and french cheese are in the pot.😃
    Even my sister and my grandchildren has become very skeptic!
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    He,he,he…I see what I can do, asap !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  661. Randy Miller

    @ FORUM-ADMINS ?

    Who is changing my original posts in here and why ?

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    Your text has been edited by me because it was very ineducated. Maybe you cannot understand it, but your terms were very offensive, so I rephrased your comment using educated words and saving the core meaning of it.
    Anyway, I take advice of your complaint and I kindly invite you, from now on, to turn your attention to other blogs: plenty of them share your standards.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Have you had to redesign the E-Cat SKL since you introduced the new component recently?
    2. What is your satisfaction level with the performance of the SKL since you incorporated the new component?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  664. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- partially
    2- high
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  665. Randy Miller

    @ Lotr Mileikowsky

    Obviously the Ecat cannot be used as a sterilyzer: it is not designed for this task and does not have the specific certifications.

  666. CC

    Reading for the umpth time your hit paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered another important information: the energy gain is given by the increase of entropy generated by the passage of the energy from the electrons in phase from the ZBW and the Aharonov-Bohm effect to the electrons not in phase. Your paper is a gold mine, the more one reads it, the more understands the importance of the theoretical system incorporated in it.
    Cheers
    CC

  667. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Hot News:
    Chinese Central Bank PBOC demands currency deposited at banks must be disinfected with ultraviolet light and then held for a week or longer before being released back into the wilds of the economy. The Chinese central bank will provide new bills worth 600 billion yuan to banks.

    “Why does the cash have to be quarantined for 14 days after it’s been disinfected?… Do they fear that it will have a fever?”

    Such mystery about need for 14 days quarantine after being disinfected provoke some hypothesis:

    For example that todays usual 20 Watt UV lamps used for disinfection are too weak.

    In this context there is one question for Dr. Rossi:

    Is your 22kW E-Cat SK producing a lot of UV photons hypothetically capable for using as disinfection device?

    Best Regards

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Tracy

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you working with the Ecat SKL today?
    If yes, how is it working?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Tracy

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Tracy:
    1 yes
    2 well, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  673. Bill

    Are still made in the USA and in Europe all the experiments and R&D with the Ecat SKL ?
    Bill

  674. Andrea Rossi

    Bill:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  675. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How many are the probabilities that you will present the Ecat SKL generating more electicity than it consumes within this year ?

  676. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    100%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  677. Hermes

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to use E-Cat SKL to split water in an on-board water reactor to use hydrogen as fuel?

    Can the heat from E-Cat SKL be used to heat the water tank and water pipes so that the water does not freeze in winter?

    Good Luck with improvments of the E-Cat SKL

  678. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes:
    The energy made by the Ecat SKL would be useful for any use the other energy generators could be used for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  679. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi, Dear Readers,

    I recently executed a few (very wild) economical calculations and results are:

    It will be far more profitable for Leonardo Corp. as if they not sold E-Cat SKL. Because if they sell E-Cat SKL, they may have profit around 133,825,800% per year. Assuming 80% higher production every 14 days with nice profit margin.

    As alternative: Not selling their SKL, there may be even higher profitability wit such business model:
    Hey prospective industrial customer, if you pay to us EX ANTE 2 or 3 months price of your usually consummed electricity, we will install a few thousands SKLs at your factory within cca 3 weeks and we will sell to your factory electricity for 30-50% discount.

    With such business model Leonardo Corp. don’t need operating credit from bank, don’t need investors, Venture Capital, etc.
    Because profitability percentage with such model is approaching infinity.
    After 2-3 years of operation launch IPO with P/E = Amazon (i.e. 92) which translated will a few Trillions dollars.

    And one extra premium: Intellectual Property secured all the time.

    Note: At rare cases where prospective customer refuses pay EX ANTE, there will only 400 to 500% annual profit for Leonardo Corp. (from such rare deal).

    And now I have 2 queries for Dr. Rossi:

    1) Are my calculations too much wild or close to future possibilities?

    2) One control module size of cigarette pack may control more E-Cat SKLs or only one SKL?

    Best Regards

  680. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    We’ll see which will be the best solution to put this technology at the service of mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  681. Steven N. Karels

    Gerard McEk,

    One can be an Optimist in development activities. One believes in the ultimate success of his/her development. But setbacks do occur and when there is no immediate, obvious solution, it is human to become pessimistic for a period of time. There is where faith comes to play. Not necessarily religious faith but faith in the underlying theory of the process and faith in your team to solve the problem. Once the problem appears to be solved or has a definite solution, then optimism returns. It is not a matter of lying or deceit.

  682. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Nice that you have returned to being optimistic. Was there a time when you were not optimistic?

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, but nevertheless working hard to return optimistic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am a bit confused. You told us many times that you are an optimist. Now suddenly you said to Frank Ackland that you ‘returned optimist’. We’re you lying or had things become so difficult, that even your always optimistic mood was fainting in the past month?
    Anyway, you must be a lot more happy and so we are!
    Can’t wait for the demo.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I cannot give daily report of my psychological attitudes. Some “transitory” phase can be missed here.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Eric Ashworth

    Robert Luk, Reply to your February 11th posting. Yes I agree with your reasoning. There are many various types of experiments. Chemical such as Andreas can be more temperamental due to combinations and set-ups so obviously you need to sometimes make many adjustments but once you have established the method, the experiment should be repeatable if conducted properly to the instructions provided to any qualified person. It’s really the presentation of the technology that has to be perfect and repeatable but I agree with your considerations i.e. it has to perform with consistent reliability and preferably be backed up with good solid theory to help explain the phenomena.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  687. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the new component in place (and you report it is working) what is the focus of your work with the SKL now?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  688. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working with it. I returned optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  689. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    May I ask you if during the presentation:

    1 – The Ecat SKL will be shown powered by the grid.
    2 – The Ecat SKL will be shown not powered by the grid.
    3 – Measuring instruments for voltages and currents will be inserted and shown.
    4 – All the above information will only be provided during the presentation.

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  690. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Stefania

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still working every day focused only on the Ecat SK Leonardo ?

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Stefania:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Shane

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I have been following the progress of the E-cat technology for several years and I believe it is very promising. Recently, I have been thinking about sharing it with my employer as a possible replacement for their energy needs. However, after reviewing the E-cat site to be sure of what I would be endorsing I came across a couple of videos with hand puppets in them promoting the technology. This is very unprofessional and even embarrassing. If you want your invention to be taken seriously you cannot be presenting it to potential clients with hand puppets. Please remove and avoid such things so that people can have confidence that this technology is worthy of their attention and money.

    Thank you for your time,

    – Shane

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Shane:
    Sorry, I will remove nothing from
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    If you do not like irony and self irony, just disregard it. I love the irony of my friend Thomas Florek.
    If you still cannot take seriously our work for that reason, well, that’s too bad.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you mention creation of neutral proton-electron structures. And later you refer to pico-metric neutral aggregates when referring to the Vassallo paper “Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” in JCMNS Vol 29.

    Do you believe the pico-metric neutral aggregate structures created are potentially stable over a long time period until further acted on to force a change in state, i.e. after initial formation do not subsequently change state spontaneously?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  697. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The energy of the pico-metric electron-proton aggregates should be very stable, if we consider only the binding energy, but the very low entropy of these hypothetical structures, with phase-locked electrons, is however a possible source of instability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. Claud

    Ciao Andrea, il “bill of materials” a cui si riferisce la domanda di Bob Belovich è quella che noi chiamiamo la “distinta-base” dei materiali. Chiedeva appunto se l’elenco dettagliato di tutte le singole parti necessarie (distinta-base) per la produzione industriale dell’ SKL è già stata definita.
    Saluti

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    I answered to Bob Belovich.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Randy Miller

    @ Bob Belovich,

    How in heaven’s name can You draw a line to string theory in here ?

    Best regards

    Randy.

  701. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dr Rossi:
    Here are the stats of today related to your publications on Researchgate:
    Total Readings: 44081
    Research Interest Index: 610.6
    Recommendations: 1919
    Citations: 15
    Data accessible from
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Fantastic!
    All the best,
    Roberto Ridolfi

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Bob Belovich

    Deaer Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team on developing the software to make the Ecat SKL operate with adequate reliability.

    Can you answer these questions?

    1. Has your research tended to a. support
    b. oppose
    c. have no application
    to string theory?

    2. Has your research tended to a. support
    b. oppose
    c. have no application

    to the theory of the existence of the axion particle as a constituent of dark matter?

    Many thanks to your and your team for developing and explaining an understanding of the physical world.

    Bob Belovich

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Now I have understood your questions.
    Here are the answers:
    1 c
    2 c
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  705. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team on the creation of the Ecat SKL

    1. Have your views on the industrialization phase changed?

    2. Is the bill of materials fixed for mass production?

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    I do not understand your questions.
    Please rephrase,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    I imagine you are very focused on the e-cat SKL these days. But.

    The recent issues with the Corona virus makes me wonder if the e-cat or one of its derivatives could help mitigate these kinds of issues in the future.

    This might be best targeted at medical use or where people are dense clusters.

    Obviously readily available power and thermal heat when and where it is needed is already a plus.

    But thinking about the E-cat SK. If I recall right It generates a lot of Intense and localized UV that is then thermalised.

    Could we have a e-cat derivative a kind of e-cat SK UV. That generates this intense UV that can then be used to sterilize equipment and the environment.

    It would depend I suppose if it was better to have this UV source directly. Or indirectly generated from a UV lamp generated by electricity. The advantage of the e-cat might be greater intensity more localized source that is also broad spectrum rather than at particular wave lengths.

    How could it be used:

    1. Doctors are in the frontline doing a critical job. That we depend on. Their equipment and clothing could be regularly and easily sterilized with a small local and portable device. Hope fully protecting them and reducing the risk of contamination in a vulnerable environment.

    2. It could be incorporated in air conditioning to clean the air which would be important if it’s air born.

    3. It could be included in water supply and sanitary piping hopefully reducing the risk of contamination in appartment blocks or other places such as working environments, schools and hospitals where water born contamination through piping could occur.

    4. Food could be treated especially where it is centrally processed, in a canteen or th food manufactur.

    I guess there are others.

    It might have other benefits outside this Health type crisis especially when combined with heat and power for waste management and recycling. Whether that’s food, water, air, or materials such as plastics and metals. Perhaps even Carbon dioxide splitting that might be useful in some cases such as in the Space station or nano carbon production technologies.

    I wonder if it worth considering? Or even possible?

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you think that a switch like this
    https://www.amazon.com/Generac-RXSW200A3-Smart-Transfer-Switch/dp/B0745H7CHL
    would be used to connect the ecat with the grid as backup?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  711. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It depends on the situations
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  712. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Good news that the component is working! What does this mean for the third party testing and upcoming presentation?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  713. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This means that we are on the right track.
    By the way, we continue to find more evidence of the validity of the theoretical system explained in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  714. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with your progress!
    Now you have solved the reliability problem, can you give an estimate when a presentation of the SKL can be expected?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  715. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    As soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  716. Prof

    Dear Readers:
    Here is what I do to place a comment:

    Step 1: Go to JoNP website.
    Step 2: Scroll down below picture of the US Patent
    Step 3: Click on the 24,xxx Comments link
    Step 4: Scroll down to the bottom of the page
    Step 5: Type my question in the ‘Leave a Comment’ box
    Step 6: Fill in my name and email address
    Step 7: Click the ‘leave a comment’ button.

    That’s it. I have never had a problem doing this on any computer I have used.

  717. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for repeating the instructions!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  718. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Good to hear the ECat SKL Concerto
    Software is working properly.

    https://youtu.be/OaNBa4HsqOU

    Regards
    Sam

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Great
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Great news! So after updating the software with the new component, there should be no obstacles to running the test.

    1 – Has the test already started?
    2 – At the end of the test (presumably by the end of March as said), will a generic statement on the outcome (positive, negative) be issued before the demonstration?
    3 – Will the demonstration physically show the SKL?
    4 – In this case, will the reactor be shown switched off or in operation?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  721. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    1 We will give information about the test during the presentation
    2 I don’t think so
    3 yes
    4 in operation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Randy Miller

    Cool.

    Which programming language Did You use for that ?

    Best regards

    Randy.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    This is confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I think maybe Randy Miller is asking ‘for how long has the new software component been in existence?’

    Have you been using it yet?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are using it now and it works.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Randy Miller

    Mr. Rossi.

    You talked about a “totally new component”, which needed to be invented…
    Then You answered Aclaknd, that You are resolving all the problems.

    From this I infered, that You have already coded that software component.

    Is this true ?

    Best regards

    Randy.

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    One strange idea came to my mind after a heady weekend that is not directly connected with scientific issues but with your future presentation.
    There are two options exists. The first option. You are tired to wait when ECAT SKL will be fully ready for industrial implementation, and you are ready to present the most preliminary positive results just now, and only then, without haste, bring it to mind. This is quite enough for the scientific community. For greater effect and to gather more interested parties, including those who can finance your development, the presentation can be held in some more convenient place – in France or Italy (Switzerland is also suitable), preferably on the coast, in Nice, for example.
    After all, the most important thing you have already done by creating the previous version of the ECAT, and the novel one. Thereby you have removed psychological clamps from all of us and now we can potentially create something similar or even better by other methods and in other scientific areas (transmutation of elements, antigravity, generation of anti-entropic flows, novel materials, etc.) And we don’t even need to know all your know-how at that case. We thank you for that.
    The second option – everything is ready and independent expert commission conducted successful tests of ECAT SKL and gave a positive conclusion for the start of production and industrial implementation. In this case you do not need to conduct any public presentation in Stockholm to receive additional support – it will be enough presentation on the internet. Especially, if you show your top secret team from afar. In addition you will save a lot of money.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  729. Hi Andrea, I know that you haven’t used the term “F9” for a while, but you coined the term on this blog, and it was shorthand to mean “the results of the test could be positive or negative.”

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wqu2D2ae8U

    Anyway the silly short musical film written about the term “F9” will be screened at the Toronto GeekFest Festival on Friday evening, and they were nice enough to invite me to attend. I wanted to extend the invitation to any Toronto-based readers of your blog.

  730. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    He,he,he…congratulations !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Randy Miller

    Mr. Rossi.

    Since when does the “new software component” exist ?

    Best regards

    Randy.

  732. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    What do you mean ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  733. Christian Scholl

    Dear Andrea,

    I have a few questions about electromagnetism.

    1 Is the lighting and control of ball lightning related to microwaves?

    2 If yes, are there any external leaks?

    3 Does the maintenance and control of the E-cat Sk require an external source of radiation (such as wifi, 3G)?

    Regards,

    Christian

  734. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    1,2,3: no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  735. bob clam

    Good morning Mr Rossi,

    if these informations are not confidentials, can you say us which langage are you using to program the e-catSKL’s controller and how many instructions are necessary to do it or the capacity of the used rom memory.

    Thank you for your kind answer.

    Bob Clam, from France.

  736. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Clam:
    Sorry, this information is confidential,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  737. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is the work going on the new component for the E-Cat SKL?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  738. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are resolving all the problems.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  739. Rod Walton

    On the Feb.11 2020 issue of Power Engineering:
    2020: Top Power Sector trends to watch for in the next decade
    Rod Walton

  740. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thanks for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  741. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there any chance we could get a very brief interim report from the testing group before the final presentation is made?

    Basically, something like..

    “We verify that for x amount of time we measured x amount of power going into the E-Cat SKL and x amount going out for a COP of x.”

  742. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  743. Science Fan

    Thank you Andrea for you great efforts.
    I am having trouble understanding how software can be running in your 10x10x10cm cube.
    This would require a tiny microcontroller of FPGA module which must be supplied with constant voltage.
    That seems at odds with the fact that it runs closed loop, as you say.
    Such a device would be revolutionary, even forgetting the energy generation aspects.
    You must have the very finest engineers on the planet.
    I believe these people must be very proud of your collective work, and would be anxious to make their contributions known.
    Will you ask at least one of your team to come public and vouch for the fact that they are working for you?
    That would do wonders to help progress your acceptance.
    If I was working for you I would be so proud and would do anything to help.

  744. Andrea Rossi

    Science Fan:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Our collaborators are all under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  745. Follower

    Dr Rossi
    Thank you for the instructions to send a comment to the JoNP: it works !

  746. Andrea Rossi

    Follower:
    Very well,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  747. Robert Luk

    @Eric Ashworth: My reply is “I think we are in agreement that one successful demonstration is enough for claiming the phenomenon exists. My concern is when the first demonstration results in a failure, the expert or person has to consider how many times further demonstrations result in failure that the expert declare not to wait and claim the demonstration is a failure. My paper says that if the expert starts from not knowing whether the phenomenon exists or not (with a probability of a half), then for 95% confidence level, the expert should wait for at least 5 trials for a successful demonstration. If none of the 5 trials result in any successful demonstration, then the expert is entitled to claim that the demonstration has failed with 95% confidence level and leave. Otherwise, if any one of the 5 trials is a success, then the demonstration is considered as a success. I hope this clarifies the issue. Thank you.”

  748. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I have received from many of you emails that complain that they do not succeed to send comments to this blog.
    Here are the instructions how to send a comment to this blog, step by step:
    1- go to http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    2- click on “Recent Posts”
    3- Click on “United States Patent…”
    4- go to the bottom of it and click “Leave a replay”
    5- fill up name and email address ( not obligatory, if you want use a nickname )
    6- Go to “post comment”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  749. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Was the component failure you experienced with the E-Cat SKL due to materials being damaged after extended use?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  750. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  751. Anonymous

    Do you think that your theoretical paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is still valid, afer the last developments of your experiments?

  752. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  753. Prof

    Dear Andrea
    Can you explain which is the software issue you have to invent the software for?

  754. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Confidential,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  755. Marco Serra

    Caro Andrea
    Is the component you have to invent ex-novo a hardware or a software one ?

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Software
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Eric Ashworth

    Keith T,

    Thank you for your reply and your reference to the Aharonov- Bohm effect. Now I understand. My own understanding is that magnetic fields at the level of field density can be considered physical to that which operates at that same particular level of density i.e. relativity.

    The Aharonov-Bohm effect demonstrates the ability of a magnetic field to act as a barrier/deflector towards incoming particles. It could be referred to as a ’buckler’ as it can buckle particles out of the way (the term buckler is a very ancient reference to a magnetic shield and its use is described in a very ancient book to help describe the make-up of a mechanism).

    There are two types of drive systems that stem from the understanding of nuclear physics, one is mechanical and the other electro magnetic allowing one vehicle to have a binary system of propulsion, necessity for any vehicle that enters and exits the Earths atmosphere. To understand how to manufacture such a vehicle it is necessary to understand atomic physics at the nuclear level i.e. the make-up of the atom which is, as known, comprised of electrical potential. The E.M. drive i.e. electro magnetic, the U.F.O. i.e. unifying field oscillator and LENRs i.e. low energy nuclear reactions are all of the same subject i.e. physical/atomic and the wave i.e. none physical in comparison to the atom as understood. However, the atom is an admixture and thereby represents a neutral. Everything in our existence i.e. tangible to us has to be neutral because we are a product of neutrality and therefore being intelligent we can investigate this neutral world but only in the physical which is neutral i.e. the now. Basically it’s the purpose of life i.e. to investigate. The subject is too deep to discuss here but anything that is neutral has to exist in two dimensions at once and believe it or not does exist in two different dimensions regarding densities which relate to time zones within alternating occasions. Anyway your line of investigation is relevant to this subject being nuclear physics. The Coulomb Barrier is a magnetic shield that oscillates to insulate the proton/protons and provide the atom i.e. proton/s and electron/s being the Coulomb Barrier with a system of identity i.e. a stand alone unit in a sea of similar units.

    The atom is a manufactured unit from the other dimension/time zone i.e. the outer wave dimension of its progenitors field and thereby this subject is directly related to the GOD concept and represents as stated the final frontier in physics which is why it cannot be revealed to the general public who have no use for the understanding and resultant technology. the understanding has to be used for a specific purpose/purposes and Andrea as far as I am aware is the only independent researcher who has such a purpose besides myself.
    Obviously there’ll be those who disagree and those that say it’s not possible to put the E Cat into a self sustain mode just as those before said you could not overcome the Coulomb Barrier. Such people should not be involved in science, physics or technology. All it takes is a mutual understanding between like minds who see to advance science and technology.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  758. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One other related question: if the plasma to electricity parts prove to be unreliable, but do sometimes work for long periods of time, would it be feasible to perform a public demonstration simultaneously of say 50 of your latest ecats that utilize plasma to electricity production, which most of those 50 ecats will likely malfunction during the public demonstration but it would also be likely at least some would complete the public demo (which would prove your technology beyond any doubt due to the closed loop nature of the demo), would that be beneficial for attracting investment funding for further refining the ecat from either public or private sources?

  759. Andrea Rossi

    George N.:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. KeithT

    @Eric Ashworth,

    I would agree that abbreviations should be avoided. Normally I am careful with my wording, obviously this time I failed. AB effect = Aharonov-Bohm effect, my post was a clarification of my previous post from the day before. I was referring to the possible nuclear influence of the magnetic vector potential, that if a sufficiently strong potential was present local to a Hydrogen atom, there may be interactions that lead to nuclear effect.

    A few weeks ago I posted speculation that on a far larger scale the magnetic vector potential may in some way interact with electromagnetics that could provide the propelling force of the EmDrive, my last post regarding the smallest of scales is unconnected with this.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  761. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the longevity of the parts used for converting plasma to electricity cannot be attained, will you consider refocusing the ecat back to retro-fitting gas turbines for centralized grid electricity production?

  762. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Prof

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Any further publication you can suggest that could be useful to understand your effect directly or indirectly?
    Many thanks,
    Prof

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    This one is very interesting:
    “An exact formula for electromagnetic momentum in terms of the charge density and the Coulomb gauge vector potential”
    Hanno Essen 2018 Eur.J.Phys.39025202
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  765. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    What is now the most probable month for the E-Cat SKL presentation?
    1: March
    2: April
    3: May

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  766. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    The independent party tests will end sometime in March. Eventually will be made the presentation
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  767. Gerard McEk

    To all,
    I assume that Andrea has contracted a company very capable of doing these kind of tests and that there is no need to suggest the how to do it.
    In ALL cases they need to ensure there is no hidden battery of any kind, or if the can’t look inside, to ensure that the energy supplied exceeds any chemical reaction energy in the given volume.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  768. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    1) There’s a stage of self organization of a complex space charge configuration in a DC electrical discharge in which new double layers are continuously ejected and re-formed. I’m thinking that this mode might amplify the power of the ion acoustic waves which could make it more suitable for harvesting. Have you ever observed this mode of a pulsating fireball?

    2) Have you considered attempting to harvest the longitudinal waves produced from the fireball by utilizing a similar sized spherical resonator cavity in close proximity to the device? This should work like a Tesla coil in that the pulsating fireball would act like the top globe of a Tesla transmitter. If an identically sized metal sphere with a tunable circuit was placed in proximity, you should be able to draw off power. You could even have multiple such receivers around the E-Cat SKL.

    Thanks.

  769. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with Long Time Follower. If you can have a third party verify a significant amount of thermal output with very little input in a non-closed loop mode, go ahead and have the presentation. Then after establishing that as an undeniable fact show some data from the run that collected electrical output. You don’t have to prove all the future (even near term) potential of the technology. Instead, just try to establish in the minds of the audience that the technology produces a massive excess of total energy beyond any doubt whatsoever.

    One request I would make of the third party is to show that each reaction (even if it is not nuclear) is producing more energy in eV than would be possible if the hydrogen was under going chemical reactions (a few eV) or even some sort of supra-chemical reaction (200+ eV). This would prove that your technology is clearly superior – even beyond LENR – because you are not consuming any significant amount of fuel over time. Even over a week of operation, I suspect that if you performed a calculation including the total number of hydrogen atoms and the energy produced by the reactor, the total energy per reaction would be in the millions of eV.

    Finally, I just wanted to ask if it is practical to extract energy from the plasma ball via the ion acoustic oscillations it produces that send current through the external circuit? If this is possible, I suspect it would be more practical for long term use than using sacrificial probes inserted into the plasma ball that would eventually be degraded by the unique conditions in the ballerina. I think what’s important is not to let any part of the reactor actually touch the plasma ball.

  771. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I agree with the suggestion of an open loop vs a closed loop demonstration. A closed loop will require a long enough operation time to eliminate stored chemical energy, such as a battery. But an open loop, sufficiently monitored and engineered, will provide a fast, easy to understand demonstration. The effective COP and the output power must be such to preclude a battery or other “cheat” methods.

    I would suggest two levels of output, a low and high level. Differencing the outputs and inputs would suggest the amount of power consumed by the controller and other constant consumption devices.

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. Eric Ashworth

    Keith T, Your explanation to Andrea February 7th. I presume this is what you are inferring. A magnetic vector potential is a propelling force of a physical existence i.e. a hydrogen atom producing a force. Is the interior of the atom shielded from influence? i.e. a type of barrier. You say the AB effect demonstrates that an electron can be influenced. This is where you lose me, why abbreviate and use the term AB effect. If you explain this effect i.e. none abbreviation I could understand what you mean. This subject is technical and I cannot emphasize the importance of not abbreviating phenomenas. Every phenomena has a none abbreviation. Why use it when the subject is technical. I mention this because you are not the only person to abbreviate. With regards your question, I believe you are referring to the electro magnetic propulsion unit i.e. E.M. drive which I agree has little published information and which I consider off subject with regards the self sustaining mode of the E Cat and the requirement of a propulsion unit but I agree the subject is interesting.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  775. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Anyone who wants to suspect that there are hidden batteries will do so irrespective of whether or not it is plugged in to the grid. Don’t fall for that. Your main feature is that SKL does not need the grid. Showcase it.
    Regards,
    Patrick

  776. Long Time Follower

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Maybe it is better if in your presentation of the Ecat SKL you do not make the closed loop, because almost surely voices will be raised that there are hidden batteries or the like. I suggest to plug a power source and measure both the electricity the Ecat draws from the grid and the electricity that it produces: then it will be obvious that the COP is infinite, if the electricity produced is more than the electricity consumed.
    Cheers
    Long Time Follwer

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Long Time Follower:
    Not a bad idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you personally building the new SKL component, or is it being outsourced somewhere?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are making it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I am trying to piece together and understand, for a magnetic vector potential that has physical existence, if a hydrogen atom as a whole can be influenced by a sufficiently strong magnetic vector potential, if within a hydrogen atom the relationship between electron and proton can be influenced or is the interior of an atom somehow shielded from influence, the AB effect demonstrates that an electron can be influenced, can it still be influenced within the confines of a hydrogen atom, can the proton and its contents be influenced.

    There is very little on this subject to be found within published papers, if there is possibility of influence from the magnetic vector potential (or electric scalar potential) how can this be detected.

    All of this may or may not be part of ongoing investigations, hopefully it is, and hopefully any results can be shared in future papers.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  781. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Sorry, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. Is it possible a magnetic vector potential can surround and permeate an atom.

    B. If a magnetic vector potential Aharonov-Bohm effect experiment was repeated using single hydrogen atoms passing a long solenoid instead of electrons, would the same effect of increase and decrease of speed be seen for the atoms as was for electrons, the phase shift then producing an interference pattern.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  783. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Can you explain more clearly what do you mean, exactly ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  784. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear the current problems only affect the electricity generating parts. Good to hear the heat only version of the reactor isn’t affected.

    Regards

    Colin

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  786. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    today I have only one question:

    What number of hours (or days) is existing E-Cat SKL capable of uninterruped run, until some part is broken?

    Note: This part which need be replaced by not just invented new part.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    It has to be experienced.
    We aim to 200-4000 duty hours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    It is very comforting to realize that the reliability issue is on track to be resolved,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for yor attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Randy Miller

    Mr. Rossi, thx a lot for the reply.

    Can You, maybe, describe ( briefly )

    1) Which kind of problem the new component shall solve ???

    2) …just describe it briefly… general…

    3) So that we at least can make a picture of which problems You are trying to solve…

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    Sorry, these issues are confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Randy Miller

    Hi. Mr. Ross.

    Thx for the quick reply.

    1) What means “does not exist yet” ? Is there not a single tool/component
    in the world, which can Do the job ?

    2) If You cannot say, which function it shall provide or support, can You,
    maybe, tell us a similee, what it should do ?

    So we can, at least imagine, why there is the need to invent a complete new component…

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    1 exactly
    2 confidential and we think we are resolving the problem
    Thank you for your kind offer of support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just one question:
    Does this reliability problem also prevent the E-Cat SK Leonardo being tested and certified?
    I wish you all the wisdom to solve this problem. Good Luck!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No
    It just takes some time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Randy Miller

    Mr. Rossi.

    You said, You need to invent a new component.

    1) What means “new” in this context ?

    2) Which function will it have ( or which function will it support ) ?

    3) Why do You have detected this so late ?

    Best regards

    Randy.

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    1 that does not exist yet
    2 confidential
    3 because the problem emerged recently
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Eric Ashworth

    Bob Luk, O.K. I do need information and I think everyone contributing to the JONP is on the same page and therefore we are in agreement but depending upon ones life experiences we have different view points. My question now is how many times does one need to demonstrate a mechanism or an experiment to convince someone of its worth regarding a new discovery?.

    I was of the opinion that once would be sufficient but maybe it requires a specific number of times. I am unaware of any academic rules but I am interested to learn. With regards my own experience in R&D a first time failure was sufficient for me to think again and redesign until I got the result I required. What is the golden rule?. For me this is the strength of the JONP. Where else could I get a response and where else could I ask such a question as I do appreciate interaction on this important subject which I have been involved in for over twenty years.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  799. KeithT

    Dear Andrea

    For development or future use, is it possible to observe the plasma zone using ultra high speed, high resolution video and photography, filtered for the emission wavelengths of interest, focusing at different scales and even down to microscopic contents if possible. Observing start-up, running, shutdown, and if particular faults are known to occur from particular triggers observe these events also.

    The observed results may of use in development, but would be good for future publicity, the recent images of the surface of the sun showing the top of the convection cells were for scientific use but the public has certainly shown interest.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  800. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is waiting for this new component to be created the reason why the presentation may not occur in February?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Bob Luk

    @Eric Ashworth,
    even in a personal demonstration, one needs to know how many times demonstrations must be repeated before claiming success
    Bob Luk

  804. Colin Watters

    Dear Andrea,

    Previous versions of your reactor passed your 5 sigma reliability trial and worked well in the 1MW machine. Can we assume the recent problems are all due to the electricity generating parts of the reactor?

    Regards,

    Colin

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your attention to the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Anonymous

    I’m still learning from you, as I’m improving myself. I definitely love reading everything that is posted on your site.Keep the tips coming. I liked it!

  808. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    You state…

    D: reliability in long time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

    Is this reliability issue due to any of the following:

    a) Failure of electrical components in the control box.
    b) Wear and tear on any part of the device caused by the ballerina herself.
    c) Contamination of the gaseous mixture.
    d) Leakage of the gaseous mixture.

    Can you tell us more about what component you’re having to work on?

  809. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Please see my answer to Steven N. Karels few minutes ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  810. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You alluded to reliability problems associated with the operation of the eCat SKL. There are many forms of reliability problems:

    a. Component failures
    b. Out-of-spec performance
    c. Control issues
    d. start-up and/or shut-down problems.

    Can you characterize the reliability problem or problems you are experiencing with the SKL?

  811. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Component failures. We must invent a component that does not exist, but we are close to resolve the problem. I cannot disclose the particulars of the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. Louise

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Your fantastic paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interacions
    and the connected video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    has started a revolution in the field of Physics related to the quantum fluctuations and the reduction of entropy.
    I think this is the real reason of the unbelievable statistics of it.
    Ad Majora,
    Louise

  813. Andrea Rossi

    Louise:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Andrea Rossi

    Hey, Frank Acland:
    “We Slander” made an interesting outing: writing “My best bid for a date is 1st April” he publicly confessed that the best bid for his dates is April 1st. I think for the first time he did not make a slandering comment, don’t you ?
    By the way, I wish the best to you and the Readers of your blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  815. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Dr. David Haws, dear Andrea,
    Thank you both for clearly posed questions and your concrete answer to understand the status of ECat SKL issues and hence, arising from it presentation. I think that you know better than me how to deal with this problem and my advice may seem trivial. Nevertheless, at the risk of being annoying and not even knowing the principle of generating electricity in your device, I would dare to give some advice regarding the solution to the problem of long-term reliability.
    Usually the solution lies in achieving uniformity of everything, sizes of structural elements (outer and inner) – tubes, etc, materials, fuel length, supplied electricity and its parameters, rates of change of power, etc., even taking into account the daily cycle and annual cycle (Shnoll’s and Nicolay Lazarev’s experiments showed a change in all parameters, even beta decay of up to 5%). Moreover, that we all are still imperfect in a full theoretical understanding of the Lenr effects.
    But the main attention should be paid to fuel and its components. Components (if you used the same) should be from the same batch, powder of one form and one monofraction. They should be preliminary mixed with high uniformity before placing into tube with control operations. Maybe also preliminary pressed in order not to lose its uniformity before placing into the tube.
    And one more very strange advice. Many years ago I prepared everything, but did not have time to apply it at my experimental stand, when I wanted to catch the characteristics of so called strange radiation. According to my assumption (maybe I am mistaken), strange radiation, generated by any LENR processes, should influence the course of time (slow down or accelerate it). For this, I used a frequency shift from a crystal oscillator placed in different places near the stand and outside it.
    Best wishes to you and to your team.
    Bonne chance!
    Aleksei

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mention that you are working on ensuring reliability from the E-Cat SKL. What do you think about using technology like a battery to store the electricity produced by the EC SKL, to provide a smooth and constant source of electricity for the end use?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland.

  819. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of February 4 2020:
    TVA flips breaker to disconnect historic coal fired plant
    Rod Walton

  821. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. Wieslander

    Frank Acland,
    My best bid for a date is 1st April.

  823. Dear Dr. Andrea,

    I have followed your progress for many years from afar. But recently my excitement is overwhelming. Regarding your current efforts with the E-CAT SKL are the issues you and your team are working related to:

    A) Stabilizing the plasma to produce consistent electricity?
    B) Resolving issues with the control system to consistently produce electricity? Or,
    C) Working issues more related to commercialization such as ensuring a long run time?

    Thank you for sharing so much with us. Best Wishes in your Efforts.

    CATNV

  824. Andrea Rossi

    David Haws:
    D: reliability in long time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. John Maccini

    Mr Rossi,
    I suggest you this book from Sweden about nuclear fusion and plasma:
    “Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Research During a Half Century”, bu Prod Bo Lehnert, Stockholm June 2011″
    John Maccini

  826. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini,
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said that the complete Ecat SKLs will be recycled when the reactor charges are renewed.

    This will have the benefit that any improvements to the Ecat SKL design will be brought into service as the reactors are routinely renewed.

    Best Regards for the presentation of the Ecat SKL. You are right to wait until the product is fully ready for the market.

    Martyn Aubrey

  828. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  829. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has an E-Cat SK been tested then received a safety certificate.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  830. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Works on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  831. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Robert Luk, I read your paper ‘How to handle risky experiments producing uncertain phenomenon’ and found the content most interesting from the perspective of an independent researcher

    The paper implies that there are experts capable of ascertaining the credibility of a previously unknown phenomena based upon known accepted scientific principles. Where I find this process is flawed is how the procedure of investigation is handled entirely by these self appointed experts. There is a very simple way to ascertain the true worth of any phenomena and this is to sit with the person or persons who engineered the phenomenon from the original idea. Have them explain to the experts how this idea came to them, why they did what they did and then let them reproduce the experiment as they originally did with the experts looking on but not being involved with any part of the demonstration. If the phenomena is unable to be reproduced then everyone goes home and no more time is wasted. If the experiment produces conclusive proof of a useful phenomena then the experiment should be credited as a breakthrough and the person or persons being recognized for helping to usher in a new field of scientific discovery. it’s really not that difficult of an operation.

    My own experience with regards an important new technology is for these experts to say, no you are not allowed to demonstrate it because it is before its time. So this rests my case with certain new technologies and these experts within the establishment. The eminent Ruggero Santilli discovered this flawed system and so too did Fleishman and Pons whose wrong labelling over their experiment as cold fusion sealed their fate. My bi-polar unifying field oscillation technology was patented. My other technology an outgrowth of my original technology has not been patented as this too I consider a technology before its time until Andrea informed readers of the JONP of his desire to put his E Cat into a self sustain mode. The required technology I doubt will not be allowed, certainly not on ResearchGate but it will be interesting if it is able to be demonstrated. My own thoughts are that the experts will come in so fast, even before the project becomes initiated because of the far reaching abilities of the technology
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  832. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that the “scalable ubiquitous EVO” can explain in some measure the Rossi effect and the Ecat operation?

  833. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Absolutely not.
    The theoretical bases of the Ecat operation are here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Chuck Davis

    @Rodney Nicholson,
    I think yoyr idea is good.
    During the initial period to have the grid as a backup is opportune and it is also a simple connection by means of a cable to the junction box.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  835. SteveS

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    As we all sit and wait (with baited breath) for the SKL presentation and results of the independent test, I wonder if it would not be advantageous to publish the results of the current customers units in action.

    Its not necessary to publish the actual customer, but the usage, costs, costs savings, general details, time up time down, heat produced, something for the fans to talk about, process, to deliberate on, to get excited about.

    Best regards

  836. Andrea Rossi

    SteveS:
    I see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Robert Luk

    Mr Rossi,
    I have written a paper about how to make tests on anomalous effects:
    http://eiris.it/ojs/index.php/scienceandphilosophy/article/view/478
    Robert Luk

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Luk:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. Hi Chuck:

    “Dear Andrea,
    When it will be possible to use the Ecat as a main energy source do you think it will be opportune to maintain the grid as a backup ?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis”

    Given the problems with the grid, among them cost and terrorism, might it not be better to back up Ecats, where that is essential, with another, or several other, Ecats?

    It seems to me that one of the great advantages of Ecats is likely to be to dispense entirely, eventually, with the grid, and focus on local power generation. This way the supposed potential terrorist threat to bring the entire system down would be eliminated. Terrorists might succeed in bringing down one city, but not the entire country?

    Rodney.

  840. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    In the reprocessing of spent fuel for either the E-Cat SK or E-Cat SKL:
    1. Would you know the percentage left of the spent fuel that could be recycled?
    2. Would it be more efficient and less costly to create from scratch new fuel or cheaper to supplement it with reprocessed spent fuel?
    3. You once mentioned you would reprocess spent fuel to collect isotopes. Do you still have plans for this should there be any accumulated isotopes? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- all is recyclable
    2- it is cheaper to reprocess
    3- no, but I never said we would be able to separate isotopes. It was an idea proposed from a Reader.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    When it will be possible to use the Ecat as a main energy source do you think it will be opportune to maintain the grid as a backup ?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you think are the percentage chances of an E-Cat SKL presentation in:

    1. February
    2. March
    3. April

    Many thanks and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not able to answer, it will happen as soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    I think that the Ecat QX and SK will be made obsolete by the Scat SKL: if you have a closed loop with excess of energy, you have an infinite electric COP, therefore you can make with it all the heat you want. By the way: the COP turning electricity into heat is almost 1.
    All the best,
    CC

  847. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    Good point,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blg,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  849. Norma

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long:range_particle_interactions
    watching at the same time
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and observing carefully, I discovered that the “zitterbewegung” (tremor) of the plasma ball is due by pulsations that have a regular frequency.
    Very interesting
    Norma

  850. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  851. Hermes

    Did you use the Lenz law in the SKL R&D ?
    Hermes

  852. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  853. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. Is the original November 2019 E-Cat SKL still running.

    B. Are all of the E-Cat SKL’s that have been manufactured over the last two months still operational.

    C. Has there been any failure during experimentation from pushing the limit.

    D. Has there been any failure for other reasons.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  854. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A yes
    B yes
    C yes
    D yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  855. Paul Swanson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Has the customer for the 1MW plant specified an input water rate and an output temperature?

    Warm Regards,
    Paul Swanson

  856. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Swanson:
    1- I do not understand what you mean: can you kindly rephrase in few simple phrases ?
    2- yes
    3- yes
    I suggest you the reading of
    ” Maxwell- Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: nified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions ”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  857. Aleksei Savchenko

    Sorry, unwittingly get involved

  858. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I absolutely understand you !
    As I said, I know the feeling having been in your same position for different issues.
    You are always very welcome !
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  859. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    I beg you a pardon for the previous questions, comments and discussions.
    You must forgive me. The topic is so interesting that I unfittingly get involved and began to go beyond confidentiality. Now – only advices and comments that can help you in your developments.
    Best wishes to you and to your team.
    Bonne chance!
    Aleksei

  860. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    There is one thing that troubles me for a long time. and which I should know as a person whose basic specialization is metal science and who has been engaged all his life in developing various novel materials (metal hydrides included). But I still don’t understand one point that causes the inferiority complex in me.
    All ECat previous versions, operating at 1000-1300 degrees Celsius comprise hydrogen in a form of LiAlH4, which at a less temperatures melts down, hydrogen becomes gaseous and emitted from it, lithium evaporated, Al interacts with excess if Ni forming NiAl3. What happens to hydrogen gas in this case? Will it stay in a fuel or leave Ecat?
    It is known that already at 500 degrees Celsius hydrogen passes through any steel tube and only oxides can slow down this process. But micro-cracks in ceramic tubes and and poorly sealed pipe ends cannot prevent the escape of hydrogen from the system.
    The only chance for hydrogen is to be absorbed by Ni powder on its surface and inside micro-defects, but it is unlikely that he will be able to stay there at these temperatures.
    The other possibility exists for its accumulation in Ni powder microstructure – on dislocation loops that can be created artificially. But it requires evidence.
    By the way, I forgot about third component in the fuel, which refers to your “Know-How”. May be its main goal is hydrogen accumulation? But it is not the fact as it is very complicated problem.
    Best wishes to you and to your team.
    Bonne chance!
    Aleksei

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I am sorry, but to answer your question I should have to disclose confidential issues.
    I cannot add information to what has been published. But I know the feeling, I too have inferiority complex effects when I can’t understand issues that are kept confidential.
    It’s a common destiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a question about how you have organized the introduction of the E-Cat SK and the SK Leonardo on the market:
    1. You are the only one that decides what to put on the market and when, you industrial partner has no vote.
    2. You and your industrial partner have equal voting in this.
    3. Your industrial partner decides what and when the E-Cats are put on the market.
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 no
    2 yes
    3 The Ecat will decide all this
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  864. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I hope you win the SKL Super
    Bowl in honour of Kobe Bryant.

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-people-kobe-bryant-italy-idUSKBN1ZQ1QM

    Regards
    Sam

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I liked Kobe Bryant. He grew up in Italy and as a kid he already was a champion and very good at school too.
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    20 persons working together on the experiments with you is a substantial team.

    1) Are you all in the same location?
    2) Are all working full time?
    3) Do you have all the financial and equipment resources you need?
    4) How do you characterize the progress of the team?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 no
    2 no
    3 yes
    4 excellent
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I only have two queries:

    A) After all those cca 12 years of research, have You found out whether any element or substance disappears from the reactor or is consummed (reactor in the technical sense, i.e. the material vessel inside which the reactions occur)?

    B) If Yes, is it hydrogen or another element?

    Best Regards

    Mileikowsky

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    A yes
    B confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Koen Vandewalle

    @PlasmaFan, Aleksei Savchenko, and friends,

    From meditation and a lot of information that was shared here, and which I am all trying to understand, I came across an article describing that X-rays can be converted into electricity with solid-state materials with an efficiency of 70 to 75%.
    https://actu.epfl.ch/news/a-novel-material-turns-space-radiation-into-electr/

    Unfortunately or fortunately, X-rays are a few orders of magnitude less energetic than the production of Gamma’s previously reported by Andrea Rossi.

    So by changing a parameter or a reagent somewhere on the reaction, it could well be that E-Cat SKL works on that concept.

    Since X-rays deal with irradiated materials in a rather destructive way, it also seems plausible that a search must be made for stable construction materials for the reactors.
    Hence my suggestion to contact specialists in this field: https://www.xfel.eu

    I therefore expect a “no comment” response from Andrea Rossi, but in the meantime it helps me not to have to think about Carnot-like machines anymore. So more time for meditation, reflection and wonder for the beautiful system of the universe.

    Very kind regards,

    Koen

  871. Paul

    Andrea,

    Some questions about the relativistic rotating electron model:

    1- If variations in a gravity field move at the speed of light, the rotating electron’s gravity well will arrive on the opposite side of its rotation before it does (diameter vs 1/2 circumference). Is it possible for the gravitational force (as a function of rotational Radius) to be large enough to maintain the rotation?

    2- When an electron is accelerated linearly to relativistic speeds, does the axis of rotation of the electron automatically align with the direction of propagation?
    Would this limit the maximum linear velocity, since it is not possibly to simultaneously travel at the speed of light in two orthogonal directions?

    3- If the axis of rotation is allowed to be orthogonal to the direction of propagation, the combined trajectory would be equivalent to a spot on a rotating tire on a moving car. as observed by a stationary observer. Since the velocity in the direction of propagation oscillates the electron would not be able to reach a linear speed of light.

    With respect,

    Paul

  872. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    can you give us an update about activities and progresses made in the last two months ?

    We are all anxious to attend the presentation of your masterpiece !

    Thanks a lot,

    Riccardo

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    We are working only on the Eact SK Leonardo, in all aspects of its technology, to make it presentable.
    For obviouws reasons, I cannot talk about the particulars.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How many people are working with you in the lab for the E-Cat SKL experiments these days?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    About 20 persons,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Gunter Mayr

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I wish success for your invention I deem to be the most important after the discovery of fire,
    Gunter Mayr

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Gunter Mayr:
    Thank you for your empathy. I edited your comment not to publish your privacy connected issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are you taking any Super
    Bowl Events?

    https://www.miamiscapes.com/miami-super-bowl.html

    Regards
    Sam

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    My Super Bowl is the SK Leonardo. I do not have other interests in this period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Christian Scholl

    Dear Andrea,
    I suppose you are planning these different production lines:
    1 Ecat SK to heat water
    2 Ecat SK to heat air
    3 Ecat SK to make DC
    4 Ecat SK to make AC
    Sincerely,
    Christian

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    Makes sense,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, with regard to the work to obtain reliability before the public presentation of the e-cat Leonardo, I believe that it will be time to obtain such feature. The simple demonstration of the principle will bring the world to another and higher level of technology.
    Remember that Volta did not wait for reliability, before show its experiments with frogs.
    Time will not lack to obtain a reliable product in the future.

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The UK Company Reaction Engines Limited is developing an air-breathing rocket engine named Sabre for single stage to orbit craft. As a part of this engine they have patented, developed, built and validated (Oct 2019) an extremely efficient light weight pre-cooler heat exchanger that consists of thousands of meters of small bore thin wall tube, this pre-cooler heat exchanger is capable of cooling incoming Mach 5 speed air from over 1000 deg C to -150 deg C in less than 1/20th of a second.

    The technology of the pre-cooler heat exchanger may possibly be suitable for alternative development, used in reverse as part of a heater within an air or gas blower, the heat exchanger internal to the blower with single or multiple pumped fluid circuits and multiple E-Cat heaters externally close by. Thermal heat transfer fluids like Dowtherm A can be used up to 400 deg C.

    An economic hot air blower will find opportunities across many industries and if small can be used for vehicle or domestic heating.

    large units can be used in heating and ventilation systems (HVAC) for shops, warehouses, offices, factories or leisure venues, industrial ovens and processes, bakery ovens (150 to 300 deg C), farm grain dryers, heated farm buildings for livestock or poultry, greenhouses, or in farm fields blowing along the interior of a polytunnel, (heavily used in the UK due to our weather, could use tens of thousands of heaters to extend the growing season).

    Low cost heating for agriculture may have a major impact on food costs, variety grown, year-round food availability and where you can locate farms – indoor farming in Scandinavian countries, northern Canada, Alaska or Siberia. There are many areas of the world with farms that have the benefit of a warm climate and all year sunshine, and vast northern areas that do not.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  885. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the information and the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    1) When did you first make the mental connection between ball lightning (or any kind of self organizing plasma phenomena) and your E-Cat technology?

    2) The literature states that these plasma balls with an exterior membrane of electrons around a positive core can act as resonance chambers and “feed” off electromagnetic radiation. Is this the reason that in your previous powder based systems alternating current (especially with higher frequency harmonics) was used due to the fact AC would have radiated RF that would have been absorbed by the plasma balls, allowing them to grow larger and induce LENR reactions?

    3) In the E-Cat QX and SK, after cutting off all input power from a power supply, what was the life span of the plasma ball or “ballerina” before it dissipated?

    4) Was the lifespan of the plasma ball extended due to LENR reactions (or any other type) that produced heat which would have sustained it without the need for external electrical input?

    5) Does the E-Cat QX, SK, or SKL produce a plasma ball in the steady state mode (in which the double layers remain intact) or the next phase of self-organization (the pulsating mode) in which double layers or “sheathes” are thrown off and replaced repeatedly?

    6) Have you ever had a plasma ball from any of these systems, for example during high powered “torture” testing, escape the reactor body itself and enter the outer environment of the laboratory?

    7) So far in the testing of the E-Cat SKL, have you found any wear and tear, erosion, or damage on the electrodes?

    Thank you so much for any answers you can provide.

  887. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    1 studying a paper 2 years ago
    2 no
    3 fractions of second
    4 no
    5 confidential
    6 confidential
    7 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ to, PlasmaFan, Tom Frazer, KeithT, Italo R, as well as Andrea Rossi etc
    Dear colleagues,
    I have been waiting for the moment when scientific discussion will move to the main issue – how electricity is generated in the ECat SKL. And since this question was finally raised, I would also like to comment on a few points.
    Practically all systems producing electricity use so-called the Carnot cycle – heat is transformed into mechanical work and then to electricity. Except some exotic types like low efficiency thermoelectric converters.
    It is also known that any action sooner or later transforms into heat release.
    Many proposals appeared on the JONP forum concerning how to optimize heat to electricity cycle but unfortunately they are all far from reality.
    Any noticed in the comments proposed optimal structures such as “organizing plasma phenomena of electrons around a positive core” or others have a minor possibility to produce electricity as all these structures are in equilibrium state. For example, standard atomic structure with separated negative charged electrons rotating around positive charged protons, etc, cannot produce electricity. If something in the matter structure due to some energy impact (needs external energy) becomes separated and able to produce electricity it is immediately find more stable state with release of heat or electromagnetic radiation and we do not have time to catch the right moment for electricity. Our proposal to the system to produce electricity should be much preferable (benefit) to it (not so simple as to put electrodes). And you don’t have to offer money to it since it exists in other ways.
    A few months ago I asked Andrea: “that in one model the LENR excess heat happens at the account of the chaotic pulse movement of electrons. Then just by applying a magnetic field to it, you can order the movement of electrons and get a current.” And his answer was very similar to Yes. But I am not sure that he said what he want to say. If it is not too confidential, can Andrea will not tell the truth, but will only speculate on this subject.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. To everybody. Please, do not use the term ballerina in the future, if possible. This is from another area.
    I also cannot agree with PlasmaFan that “getting tremendous excess heat is pretty easy”. I think he meant that transformation from heat to electricity is also a complicated task

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I am limited by confidentiality issues. About the term “bsllerina”: it is my fault, I coined it…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Karlo Foskolo

    Andrea,

    have you ever thought of turning your eCat into an “open source project” as your “gift” to humanity?

    With the worldwide collaboration of the technological companies of the sector this would greatly shorten the development time of the system and would contribute to solve a huge part of mankind’s problems.

    You would go down in history as one of its most famous characters and in the end you would have more money than you can spend.

    You would probably be the first to get the Nobel Prize for physics and the Nobel Peace Prize at the same time.

    And probabily you would sleep better 😉

    Greetings

    Karlo Foskolo

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Karlo Foskolo:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Rod Walton

    On the issue of January 28 2020 of Power Engineering:
    “Illuminating the path to successful solar construction”
    Ros Walton

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the problems you are dealing with, is it possible you were mistaken in thinking that the SKL could operate in permanent self-sustain over a period of days?

    Best wishes with your troubleshooting,

    Frank Acland

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    I know that you previously said that you don’t think that your effect has something to do with the _not_yet_confirmed_ particle X17.

    But I noticed the interest from Lajos Kelemen (Ikelemen), and I just watched and really appreciated the following video about it that has been released by Brady Haram on YouTube channel Sixty Symbols :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8k6dKfmOufI

    I just wanted to share it with you and the other readers who may be interested in learning more about the subject.

    I can’t wait for the next demo (may it be in march or later).
    Keep up the excellent work !

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the current implementation of the SKL is not “rock-solid” in its reliability and performance, then I suggest you postpone the public demonstration. I would wait until at least one month of reliable, every time, performance occurs. At that time, I would then suggest you make the announce of the public demonstration for a couple of months later. Also at that time, I would release the SKL to your independent evaluator. You would, of course, continue with minor refinements.

    This is way too important to have a bad first impression.

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    January is coming to an end soon. Are you stil optimistic that the presentation in February will go on?
    All the success with the ECat SKL testing!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are working on it and still resolving problems. The time runs too fast, but I am still optimistic. If it will not be February, it should be March, but we are close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Today, reading your hit
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I watched also the links to the stunning stats of your publications on Researchgate:
    43160 full readings
    1833 recommendations
    584.8 total research interest
    15 citations
    I have been stunned also tracing the readers and the recommendations, most of them being very high level professors and researchers in scientific fields and active in all the continents.
    Ad majora!
    Roberto

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    Yes, it is unbelievable also to me. Probably it is due to the experimental coherence shown in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. PlasmaFan

    Italo R.

    I think that if the ballerina or plasma ball has multiple striations or sheathes (double layers) of positive ions and electrons, then it would be possible to put electrodes into two points. However, I suspect that in a high powered system where everything has been tuned to achieve the greatest level of self organization, there’s a very good chance of such electrodes vaporizing. Instead, I think that what’s more likely to work is to optimize the setup so that the plasma ball produces ion acoustic oscillations that travel through the circuit. These types of plasma balls almost literally breath (inhale and exhale) electrons and ions from the plasma. The definition of electrical current is moving charged particles, so the plasma ball is actually producing electrical current with every breath. If the plasma ball is basically self sustaining itself due to producing heat from LENR reactions which is being transformed into electrical energy, these currents should be able to be tapped into. I think one issue is that the output isn’t going to be clean, straight DC. It’s going to be “dirty” and will need to be cleaned up to be re-used to close loop the system.

    I think the whole key here is to treat the plasma ball like an animal that can already perform everything you want it to. Instead of artificially inserting electrodes, you should adjust the environment, fuel composition, electrode distance, atmospheric pressure, electrode shape, any external magnetic fields applied, and so forth to get the animal to produce the kind of output you want.

    This is both very simple and complex at the same time. I think getting tremendous excess heat is pretty easy. However, taming the beast is probably as difficult as teaching a lion to play fetch.

    Dear Andrea,

    The literature cites that once established via one of many means, these plasma balls act like resonance cavities because of the external spherical membrane of electrons that constitutes one side of the double layer. Papers say that they can be fed with not only the heat of the reactor but also RF or microwave energy. Are you using any such method to feed the ballerina?

  905. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for your insight.
    All the information I can give is published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I think the possibility is high that the E-Cat SKL is going through a process of optimisation.

    The current development is likely targeted to obtain then verify the best ratio of electricity to heat possible from the E-Cat SKL, to not just establish existing operational boundaries but to push boundaries as far as practicable in the time span available. What innovation can be applied to push the boundary, what works, what does not, it’s a team effort.

    As the E-Cat SKL charge contains a plasma zone, there will always be some element of heat, so a cold SKL is not possible. There may be attempts to minimise the plasma operating temperature, and probably adjust the stimulation signal for energy production rate, but at some point there will be a structural lower phase transition, below this it will not start, the process inside the plasma at a large scale will appear constant but at a very small scale the timing of the energy production events may be random and in bursts, the control process requires active feedback, hence the advantage of an AI program trained to self-correct from deviations in output, even with AI, in attempting to reduce the heat output at some point a large deviation drop out will occur with shut down then automatic restart.

    To target the optimal parameters that will produce the best electricity to heat ratio that can be tested as robust and reliant is a full research and development project, but in the case of the SKL may be limited to a period of weeks. It is likely that a good working version of the E-Cat SKL is ready, but can a better version be developed within the timespan before a third-party test then presentation.

    An exciting time of discoveries but stressful to you and the people around you, this period may be regarded as the quiet before the storm, best wishes to you and your team.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  907. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I appreciate your empathic comment,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  908. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Are there areas in the ballerina with different electrical potentials?

    If so, it should be possible to draw electricity by simply placing two electrodes in appropriate points.

    Sincerely

    Italo R.

  909. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I wish it was so simple !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear WaltC,

    You here asked about elements in “reactor”.

    We, technicians under term “reactor” understand a hardware – some vessel inside which are running reactions.

    Here Dr. Rossi probably under term “reactor” understand something different: a plasma or dense cloud of electrons itself.

    So answers to your queries have something different means.

    Please next time ask about “elements/isotopes inside wider vessel”.

  911. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Sorry to hear you are demoted.
    Please tell the AI CEO of Leonardo that he must be careful with you and that the LENR community thinks you are too valuable to sack.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I surely will pass it on, but I have not yet been demoted by the AI System: I have just been warned for dummyness.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I think that even if Ecat SKL is still not perfect, it would be worth showing it immediately to the world.

    Perfection does not exist and I fear that the pursuit of perfection in the SKL would require biblical times.

    Even though your product is now somewhat imperfect, it can still be showed to the world with its disruptive potential.

    Defects can be resolved later in the future, it should be easy using the right R&D and the immense funds that would certainly come.

    What do you think?

    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Please take a look at this book that discusses the self organization process that creates natural and man made ball lightning.

    https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/11190-ball-lightning-book-lozneanu-pdf/

    It discusses how during certain portions of electrical discharges complex space charge configurations (plasma balls) with an exterior membrane of electrons and an interior of positive ions start to form. They end up feeding on the thermal energy in the reactor converting it to electrical energy that they use to sustain themselves. As they self organize even further, they start to exchange energy and matter rythmically with the environment of the reactor. This shows up as ion acoustic oscillations. When certain levels are reached, the plasma ball will become “free floating” and no longer tethered to the electrode. Interestingly, the cavity inside the exterior shell of electrons of the plasma ball is said to be resonant and capable of absorbing RF and other types of electromagnetic energy. Moreover, it’s claimed that as long as there is heat and electrons for these plasma balls to absorb, they will continue to exist.

    I think this book explains a great deal about the E-Cat SKL. When thinking about the QX that you demoed in Stockholm, it seems like the initial high voltage pulse was to establish the plasma ball (fireball, macro-EVO, etc). Then, due to having a favorable fuel mixture in the reactor and having everything tuned well to make sure it would detach from the electrode, LENR reactions start occurring. The heat produced sustained the plasma ball even when the input power was almost zero. However, since the plasma ball would have been continually converting heat and ions and then sending them back out again into the circuit, you may have needed active cooling to prevent the power supply from over heating. Back current and spikes that can destroy power supplies are a common occurrence in system that utilize the negative resistance regime and produce self organizing plasmas.

    I also find it interesting that according to this book in high pressure (such as atmospheric) the plasma balls produced would be small (perhaps like the tiny plasma ball Frank Acland saw in the QX). I suspect that you are using somewhat lower pressure in the SK and SKL to produce larger plasma balls.

    Most interestingly, there’s a comparison of these plasma balls to black holes. In one example provided a plasma ball (in this case created by sub-atomic particles accelerated to near the speed of light which then collided with each other) produced absorbed particles, processed them, and emitted energy. This could be analogous to Hawkings radiation.

    I’m very excited after reading this book, because although I’ve read a lot of similar information in the past, this book puts a lot of information. I can now understand how the QX, SK, or SKL could produce a constant electrical output while the input is almost nothing. There would be no need to convert electromagnetic emissions from the reactor into electricity with a pick up coil or to use a thermoelectric device: because the plasma ball itself would be converting the heat energy into electrical energy. A portion of this would be used to sustain the plasma, a portion would be used to produce heat/light, and another portion would produce electrical current that would be sent through the circuit!

    I’m super excited!!!!

    I can’t wait until the presentation in February.

    Any thoughts, suggestions, or comments would be appreciated.

  916. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the link and for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    1) Based on your current theory, do you think that it’s the near-depletion of a single element/isotope within the reactor charge that would ultimately cause the E-Cat SKL to stop working?
    2) Or multiple elements/isotopes?
    3) Or something else?
    4) If it’s a single element/isotope, can you speculate about which one you think it would be?

    Thanks, WaltC

  918. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1 no
    2 no
    3 yes
    4 n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    That’s my boss !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  920. Anonymous

    Here is a book with the black list of all the scientists and researchers that have been subjected to ostracism for violating the commandments of the so called official science:
    http://editionsassailly.com/dissidents_english.htm

  921. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  922. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still ‘training’ the AI system for the EC SKL?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  923. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No it’s the AI system that is training me. He said I could be fired if don’t do well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  924. Randy Miller

    Thx for the quick reply.

    Do You already have a developed graph and the necessary functions, to let the AI learn ?

    Sincerely Yours

    Randy.

  925. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    She gets an A every day. Is more intelligent than me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  926. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Does the Ecat need gravity to work properly ?
    Szymon Blachuta

  927. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    No
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  928. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    In reply to your last communication I can inform you that I refer to the fact that I am an independent researcher as I wish to inform readers that as a researcher I am not constrained by outside control or influence into what I research, as I consider this to be my God given right, of course being independent has required me to finance my own research and raise capital by conventional means i.e. be self sufficient and from what I have gathered I would advise anyone who seeks to understand energy at the level of wave/material interaction to remain independent i.e. free of shackles because this subject definitely upsets certain individuals within institutions and even certain industries but I do not consider this to be a problem, just a life learning experience.

    In your country you refer to, I believe, free thinking which I think is healthy and which accounts for a state of all considerations being taken into consideration i.e. proper investigations and not having a dogmatic mind.

    Regards 1. Regards matter and anti-matter. I personally do not like the term anti-matter as it conveys thoughts of only two states comprised of complete opposites i.e. an Absolute something and an Absolute nothing whereas I prefer to think of two states, the material and the wave in which within both states, pockets of vacuum energy exist. Your reply to Tom Frazer is without doubt for me the most advanced thoughts on this present topic. Again this is why I like the JONP over other web sites.

    Regards 2. Entropy. As you are aware entropy refers to the measure of an amount of energy unavailable to do work. In simple terms for me, this refers to a loss of energy when attempting to extract energy out of a system. In mechanics entropy is easily understood because of friction due to material substance having density. You know this but at the nuclear level, no friction, no material substance with regards the activity until that which is none material from the material strikes some other material and deposits a degree of energy equal to that put into the object that disintegrates i.e. a gain in energy for one object but a loss of energy for the other. This whole subject is bound up in a very deep understanding that is not that difficult to understand when you understand the formation of the material world. This is a direct reference to the God concept i.e. that motivating force throughout nature that involves geometry and maths.

    You mention. ‘If you want to cover the wider problem’. I have to inform you that I have no need to cover a problem as I am fully aware of the present problem and know exactly how to overcome it.

    This I realize you will find difficult to believe but there is no subject on Earth that cannot be understood, it merely requires a persons forte which is an individuals gift at birth i.e. individual not collective and is recognized by a persons intuition which is nothing unusual.

    Regards 3. I agree on most points but as with any article people have their own thoughts which only add to the richness of the topic.

    My P,S. referred to the JONP for a very specific reason. It deals with one important topic i.e. it is not generalized . There are simply too many side subjects to get involved in for me. My time is limited like everyones. Your comment regarding being able to separate the ‘seeds from the chaff’ is of major importance, especially in physics where wild imaginations can take hold. I prefer the phrase that ‘the proof of the pudding is in the eating’ because there can be no dispute as to the worth of the pudding. As you must be aware you can rumble around a problem until doomsday and take it as a learning curve or you can join the curve together to form a circle in the same fashion that God joins the energy circle in nature i.e. wave into structure and structure into wave. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  929. Dear Andrea,
    I thought you might be interested in a program I lead in the 1960s involving the development of a more efficient source of infrared energy. It was to be used in countermeasures against infrared seeking missiles one of which was used by Russia to bring down the U2 spy plane in which the American pilot was taken prisoner.
    Previous attempts to provide a countermeasure, used a mercury vapor plasma lamp as an infrared source, but it did not provide enough energy to combat the missile’s course.
    We proposed using a mercury lamp encased in an Aluminum oxide chamber which allowed longer wavelengths to pass, with a small amount of Cesium added to the mix. Cesium was chosen because of its low ionization potential which would favor emissions in the longer wavelengths and enhance the plasma density.
    When the lamp was ignited, the amount of infrared energy measured was more than the meter used for detection was capable of measuring it because it was overwhelmed. In field tests using a countermeasure device containing the new lamp, it completely destroyed the missiles ability to track the target.
    The characteristics of the lamp seems to me to be different from yours in only the material used to create the physical quantum structures(electron clusters resonating with nuclear energy levels) to achieve greater than unity energy outputs. The generated plasma was also subjected to high energy pulses in the kilocycle region corresponding to the frequencies used in the infrared tracking missiles.
    Because the further development of the countermeasure devices was subsequently given to the low bidder, I lost contact with its development because of security reasons.
    If I was allowed to continue my study of this lamp I would have taken measurements of input energies verses output energies. At this stage of development we were only interested in providing enough energy to accomplish the deviation of the missile track which we showed to be enough to do the job.
    I moved on to, for me, more interesting studies.
    Coincidental regards.

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I have a copy of the book, interesting reading.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  932. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Randy Miller

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    1) You once said, that Your control box is using AI with the deep learning approach.

    2) Why Did You not choose simple machine learning approaches instead ?

    3) I think they would be enough to serve the purpose of a simple “energy
    input control system” controller.

    Sincerely Yours

    Randy.

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Randy Miller:
    1 yes
    2 the specialist of our team has chosen AI
    3 I passed it along: thank you for the suggestion
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. Arnold

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am reading
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Extremely interesting: a paradigma of resiliency that brought to the most important invention of the century
    Godspeed,
    Arnold

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Arnold:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Tom Frazer January 23, 2020 at 2:37 AM, and Andrea Rossi
    Dear colleagues,
    Sorry to enter into the discussion, but Andrea Rossi noted an interesting approach to the catalysts, “which implies an increase of the energy system”, and which he probably uses in his designs.
    It is known that from a chemical point of view, the catalysts themselves do not react, but from the point of view of physics, this is not entirely true. They are concentrators of energy – surface energy, internal energy if one of the reactants, for example, hydrogen diffuses into nickel, promotes dissociation of compounds, etc. In my opinion (only partially described in the articles), this leads to a densification of the energy density of the Physical Vacuum in this zone, and the use of additional exposure – temperature, electromagnetic and other effects further strengthen this effect. Therefore, the atoms of the used fuel due to diffusion into this zone can change both electronic states (electron orbits) and intranuclear states (provoking nuclear reactions), as well as acquire kinetic energy. When leaving this zone and returning to a normal state, atoms (hydrogen in our case) return energy, but not to the Physical Vacuum, since outside this zone Physical Vacuum is in a normal equilibrium state and is not able to give or take energy, but to the surrounding space. That is, we get a double energy effect.
    Naturally, the correct selection of catalysts for each chemical reagent, the use of electromagnetic effects in the desired wavelength range (everything is quantized and you need to guess the wavelength), and also to find the resonance state for each system, is naturally important.
    I apologize for having climbed into that area in which I myself do not really understand (my bad habit), but often in the end I come to the correct understanding. Commenting on what you know very well is simply not interesting.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  938. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Interesting approach,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. Chuck Davis

    @Keith T,
    I have read about a ubiquitous plasma: I wonder if it could be used as a communication media…the cable companies wouldn’t be so happy, though !
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  940. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your comments regarding the status of your experiments with the E-Cat SK. You are obviously sailing in uncharted waters and learning as you go along

    What do you think the biggest obstacles in the way of having the SKL working in a satisfactory way?

    1) Imperfect theoretical understanding
    2) Lack of technical expertise on your Team
    3) Insufficient materials for the EC SKL
    4) Lack of time
    5) Or something else ?

    Many thanks and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

    From what I have been reading it seems that you are still resolving problems that perhaps you did not anticipate initially.

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The launch of E-Cats will over time be recognised to have a vast impact on the worldwide provision of energy.

    Possibly an understanding of the underlying physics of the E-Cat will also have a large impact, currently physicists understanding of the world around us is based on the many decades old standard model, can the existing known physics accommodate the nuclear fundamentals of the E-Cat, or is just a deeper understanding of the existing physics required, or is a model modification required, or is a new model required. The E-Cat and its technology may provide new tools for probing deeper into the nuclear realm, carefully constructed experiments providing definitive conformation or rejection of currently untestable theories.

    In October 2019, David Hestenes published a paper “Zitterbewegung Structure in Electrons and Photons”, based on a reinterpretation of the Dirac equation, this gives a similar description of the electron as in the Tommaso and Vassallo paper in JCMNS Vol29, within the discussion in these non-standard model papers is often clues that give indication of potential technology, Hestenes identifies a possibility of “a universal vector potential permeating the vacuum of all spacetime, much as proposed by Dirac”, what if a device can be built with electromagnetics that can interact with this universal vector potential to produce even a small level of thrust, a new thruster for space, (or Roger Shawyer’s EmDrive explained). Hestenes views all fundamentals as being electromagnetic in nature and is investigating the linking of gravity to electromagnetics.

    A new model of physics may lead to new un-dreamed of technology and new products, who knows, hopefully new science and technology will fire the imagination and dreams of a younger generation.

    Have you found any indicators in the physics you are studying that may possibly lead to new technology beyond the E-Cat?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I also suggest you the book
    “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor:Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” ( Amazon, 2019 )
    by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco celani, Dawei Wang
    About your question, I think it is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “we always have problems coming up.”

    Please clarify. Does this mean:
    1. New problems are arising and must each be solved?
    2. The SKL has problems getting started?
    3. The SKL has reliability problems?

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    We are working hard as usual and I still am optimist . Really optmist.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  946. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for your answer to Tom Frazer: really interesting,
    All the best,
    Prof

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Very interesting the comment of Aleksei Savchenko about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Gavino Mamia

    Ecco il video della pala eolica esplosa in Sardegna
    https://notizie.tiscali.it/video/articoli/pala-eolica-brucia/

  949. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I imagine that you now have a huge amount of data from the e-cat SK that has now been in operation fir over a year.

    It will be interesting as time goes by to see what trend analysis and deep investigation of that data shows both from a scientific point of view and from an engineering point of view l

    You have mentioned I think that there is effectively no change in performance as such but due to aging if the device but apparently an improvement In reliability due to lessons learnt perhaps.

    This is good news from an engineering perspective as in addition to the implications with fuel use, it implies no significant degradation of the device and no significant leakage of important elements from the device (such as hydrogen or others) over more than a year. Which is very good news.

    From the scientific angle it seems to me that you now have accumulated a a lot of data and information from the spectrum from that e-cat SK device. I’m curious if:

    1. Have you seen any ling term evolution in that spectrum over the year?
    2. If so if those changes indicate any classical element spectrum changes?
    3. If the evolutions due to molecular changes such a free radicals in the system?
    4. If there are classical plasmonic effect changes on micro particles or other similar sources?
    5. If there is some change due to some other potential cause?
    6. if 5 is so is this helping I form your theory?
    7. No significant change in the spectrum?

    If it’s difficult to answer these now I understand. If so when it is ready it might make an interesting study and input for a future presentation though.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  950. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea:
    It is of today the news that in Sardegna ( Italy ) a wind generator has exploded because it turned at too high speed: does it make sense?

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    This sounds quite strange: the wind generators are designed to spin also at speeds whatever the speed of wind in the specific location. Perhaps there was something spinning the windmill, which would be strange anyway: unless the green certificates make more profits than the expenses of some energy source to spin the rotor…just joking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Tom Frazer

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you think that the second principle of thermodynamic is always applicable in the context of energy generation systems ?

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Frazer:
    No, it is not. For example in the case of catalisys. Catalizers, like for example the ones that improve the emissions of cars accelerating the chemical reactions, which implies an increase of the energy system, do not produce any difference at the end of the chemical reactions respect the results of the same combustion when it is not catalized: the catalizer is exactly the same as before the reactions as well as the molecules after the combustion: this is a typical example of case in which the second PTD is not applicable. As a matter of fact the name “Energy Catalizer” of which E-Cat is a contraction, under the semantic point of view has an ermeneutic function, albeit the context is completely different.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Dear Andrea,
    I am not surprised that the group you have chosen has not yet decided to go ahead with the presentation of your device. Showing a device that exhibits SSM is an event that would equal the magnitude of the one that proved that SSM fission occurred in Uranium in the 1930’s as Hahn and Strassmann claimed. Any group that attempts to verify your discovery will have to face the scrutiny of the scientific community and the skepticism of those who will think it will not be beneficial for their purposes. It took Einstein to convince the US government to start their nuclear program that ended WW2.
    If any little factum can be disputed it will be pounced on as was the case in your previous presentations. Your presentation group will not agree to present until they are sure that their case is watertight. Their reputations are on the line.
    Presentable regards.

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thaqnk you for your suggestions and sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini:
    I hope too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  957. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    it seems to me that recently you sound more reserved concerning the surplus electricity production by the E-Cat SKL, after you were extremely optimistic after your first big tests.

    1. Have any major problems come up?
    2. Do you think there could have been an error or misinterpretation of data in your first E-Cat SKL Tests?
    3. If you would estimate, what is the probability that there will be a working E-Cat SKL product?

    Best,
    Milan

  958. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    1- we always have problems coming up
    2- no
    3- high enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  959. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you make the presentation only after all the problems with the SKL have been resolved?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  960. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  961. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat SKL appears to be a derivative of the E-Cat SK, you have taken the 22kW heat output of the SK and developed this into a low kW electrical output for the SKL, it would appear impossible to convert the produced 22 kW of heat into low kW electrical making energy disappear, so something else is happening.

    In a previous reply to my question; would the main source of the energy be formation of proton-electron aggregates, you replied “that is one of the component”, another component could be where you recently referred to equation 49 of the Vassallo paper in JCMNS Vol 29.

    So possibly through developments in the composition and quality of the electrical input, (an orchestrated complex electronic symphony), you are now gaining insights and ability to target the change in nuclear state of the energy production component that leads to electricity and avoid the energy production components that lead to heat.

    Through this ongoing progress in the development of the E-Cat SKL, have any new signature(s) been identified that point to theories that would align with the observations and insights.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  962. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    When we will make the presentation, we also will introduce the theoretical improvents that have been born by the experiments and that have improved the experiments, albeit all the problems have not yet been resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  963. Herb Pitsman

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    I have been impressed, reading
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    how your resiliency brought to an invention that, if true, will be a global game changer
    Godspeed,
    Herb

  964. Andrea Rossi

    Herb Pitsman:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Brady Slachter

    Youi still think the Ecat will be able to generate more electricity than it consumes ? This device would really change the world.

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Brady Slachter:
    That’s we are working for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Donna

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the intervention of Greta at the event of Davos ?

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Donna:
    Greta is very effective in making the Countries aware of the environmantal risks we are confronting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi il nuovo reattore SKL espelle campi magnetici durante il funzionamento come i predecessori o ha un comportamento diverso?

    Cordiali Saluti dall’Italia

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    All’esterno non abbiamo trovato campi magnetici oltre le tolleranze di background.

    Outside the Ecat we have not found magnetic fields above the background tolerances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 21st 2020:
    Wartsila handles EPC, commissioning and training for 132 MW fuel oil plant in Bahamas
    Rod Walton

  973. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    I could be wrong, but I have the impression that you haven’t run one, or multiple, E-Cats all the way through to exhaustion-failure, to figure out what the range of possible exhaustion failure modes (EFM) are?

    Human nature being what it is, once the E-Cat becomes massively produced, it seems likely that there will be a large amount of that– especially for applications that aren’t fully connected with the Ethernet. I also believe that at some point certification will require that level of knowledge.

    We’ve all experienced batteries dying benignly, although sometimes corrosively. Similarly, light bulbs, water filters, gasoline engines are often run to exhaustion with minimal ill effect. I once experienced a mercury vapor lamp exploding within a piece of equipment– glass everywhere, but presumably that was a rare occurrence.

    The point is that until tested for, it’s impossible to know if the E-Cat’s EFM would be as uneventful as a light bulb’s, or as significant as the Fleischmann/Pons “Meltdown” (4-inch hole in a concrete floor).

    1) Anyway, if you have fully tested and characterized the E-Cat’s EFM, I apologize for “belaboring the point” and could you comment somewhat on the resultant behavior?

    2) And if you haven’t, is that sort of testing on your radar screen at any point?

    3) Also, related– wouldn’t it be interesting, and possibly informative, to learn the isotopic makeup of the EFM ash?

    Thanks, WaltC

  975. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your insight and for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  976. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Steven N. Karels January 20, 2020 at 7:52 AM to Andrea Rossi
    Dear Steven N. Karels,
    I beg you a pardon as I decided to make some comments regarding technical issues, although this may seem impolite, since you addressed your question to Andrea Rossi.
    I would like to clear situation concerning your note of the appearance of odor of Sulfur at ball lightning due to two oxygen atoms fusion process and possibly the same process can occur in ECat.
    I agree with you that two oxygen atoms can combine (only theoretically) to form Sulfur in this process with the smell of sulfur and we need to use perfume to neutralize it. But I have never heard of sulfur formation in any LENR processes, including Aleksander Parhomov experiments with similar ECat design (old version). As you probably know he received the formation of a lot of Ca from Al and Oxygen (Al+O=Ca) outside the fuel (in the corundum tube), but never sulfur by oxygen combination. Nobody can explain this effect.
    By the way, the smell of sulfur means the appearance of evil spirits and it is necessary to invite a priest in this case. If in the Hall during the ECat presentation there will be a strong smell of perfume it will only mean the presence of a beautiful women, but not the sulfur formation, that needs neutralization by perfume.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. I apologize for the humorous tone and somewhat rude formulations – these are the costs of translating from Russian into English. If I wrote in Chinese, my letters would be very correct and polite. By the way, do you happen to know why there are no comments on the forum from China, India, Arab countries, Africa, Asia and Latin America?

  977. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Eric Ashworth
    January 20, 2020 at 8:17 AM
    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I agree with you, though I have another opinion on many points.
    Only two notes. First, what do you mean by the concept “independent researcher”? If you receive salary from anybody you are not independent.
    Second, in our country there are another type of contracts, than the one you mean. We are more free in decisions and live not according to the laws, but according to the concepts. For example, today the Earth is considered flat, tomorrow – cubic, and so on, as ordered by our scientific Superiors. You can have another opinion, but meet difficulties in publishing and conducting the research and some your fundamental research can be unknown for many years. In this respect I can recommend you to look through two papers:
    1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315739585_Disputable_issue_of_matter_and_antimatter_symmetry_-English_version
    2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318227372_Energy_Nature_of_Configurational_mixing_Entropy_its_Interconnection_with_Matter_and_Physical_Vacuum_and_the_Possibility_of_Generation_of_entropy_and_Anti-entropy_flows_-English_version

    They are simple and readable and partly devoted to LENR effects. If you want to cover the whole problem I recommend reading my alternative physics review:
    3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317581130_Brief_review_on_alternative_physics_An_alternative_opinion_on_physics_-_English_version
    This is a custom article written in 2014, made at the initiative of our previous General Director with the aim to interest ROSATOM with alternative developments in Russia. It is easy to read, as it has a popular scientific and even philosophical character, as it was written for officials. It is a little naive with it faith in a brighter science future in our country and is not very outdated, although now I would write much better. But the vector of science in our country turned in the other direction, and, as a result, we now depend not on our achievements, but on the successes of the Andrea Rossi team.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. Answering your question in your P.S: ”where else could such conversations be conducted other than the JONP?.“
    There are many web-sites in particular, devoted to so-called alternative physics, LENR included, for example http://www.proatom.ru (in Russian). Practically every other day there appear new articles of different quality, and comments on them, causing discussions, often more interesting than the articles themselves. But there is one unpleasant feature – comments are not filtered. And if someone didn’t like your article or comment (scientific inaccuracies or a lot of idle talk), you can immediately find out in the comments about yourself, and sometimes about your nationality, so much novel information, that you will recover for a long time. There you need to be able to separate the seeds from the chaff and have strong nerves. But at the same time you can also get some absolutely fantastic ideas.

  978. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know you have not provided a date, or have made any announcement about the expected E-Cat SKL presentation, but have you been making any plans about it?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A little off-topic. Ball lightning antidotes describe ball lightning exploding leaving the odor of Sulphur. Do you consider it possible that two oxygen atoms combine to form the reported Sulphur?

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We give one year for prudence and we are sure it is enough, at this point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I posted “can you tell us what is the limiting factor (maintenance, stability, etc.)?”
    and you responded “prudence”

    Would not a better metric be operating hours or cumulative energy produced, as well as time since original manufacture and/or installation?

    You need to display (either directly or remotely) to the user what is the lifetime status of the device.

    Another obvious display must be a unique identifier so maintenance can perform a function on the correct unit. A unique identifier such as a serial number or visual indicator to show positive identification. Obvious things but easily overlooked in the heat of development.

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We do not notice any odor of anything and we do not have sulphur.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your stunning success with your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net(publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noted that recommendations and full readings are totally traceable and many of them are really prestigious, while all of them have been made by tens of thousands of researchers and scientists. I also noticed that most of them are from America and Europe, but there are readings and recommendations from all the Countries of the world.
    Unbeliavable.
    Licia

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi
    True.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko
    I appreciate your response to my comments and find your information most interesting. With regards to (b) I could not agree more and I presume you are under contract and unable to publish.

    I am an independent researcher and as such not shackled by academic protocol. Science and technology is a very prickly subject and unless a person is involved they have no idea as to how controlled certain subjects can be. The JONP is an unbelievable breath of fresh air whereby information can be exchanged freely without upsetting people who have secrets to hide because there are, sensitive subjects that are strictly taboo and are unable to get out into the mainstream. LENRs is one of them i.e. no mention in the press, unifying field oscillation technology is another and I know there must be more. It is the technologies with far reaching effects i.e. those capable of knocking out certain industries and expanding knowledge into related areas of research that are suppressed. This is no revelation as I believe many people are now aware of this present situation but this represents one hurdle of many.

    Another hurdle and this involves many industries, is the intellectual property law whereby the property of a persons intellect is protected from theft (Wikipedia has a in depth article for people unfamiliar with its far reaching consequences) by various means. Few people realize that the intellect is the means by which an idea comes into being whereas the intelligence is the means by which the idea is used for whatever purpose is most fitting. This as you can guess provides an issue should the idea be that needed by a third party. Under normal circumstances such an issue is usually ratified by means of a none disclosure agreement (N.D.A). whereby should the idea be useless the N.D.A maintains protection of the property for the owner of the property and the prior agreement is cancelled. It provides a win, win situation to both parties, especially if the idea is brilliant and is just what is needed to overcome a problem. N.D.As are used throughout industry and although they have their drawbacks with regards secrecy they do allow information to be shared between various industries, groups and individuals so as to further the advancement of knowledge.

    However, in reply to (c) I do not agree that it is not known regarding the physical nature of LENR processes. LENRs like everything else rely upon specific conditions to attain success but one mans success is another ones failing. Depends on how high you set the bar. From my own experience the experts set the bar at maximum height in other words nothing short of perfection will do. You mention nuclear transmutations and strange radiation and bring to my attention special forms of bacteria that have the same effect (I know nothing of bacteria) but I can assure you the mystery that Andrea is seeking runs throughout nature. I will even say and many people may disagree that to keep a secret and maintain a mystery, one must divide to conquer i.e. subjects and language and I agree that by scientific explanation problems can easily be solved. Your line of research for me explains your interest in the LENR technology. My interest is exactly the same as yours, only my angle is different not being involved in bacteria. In a nutshell what you Andrea and myself are fascinated with is energy and energy is all that exists.

    Consequently to unlock the mystery of energy is to unlock the mystery of that which physicists seek. Every physicist has this same fascination but on their own unique degree of their intellect which I have come to believe is directly related to God and thereby it is true to say that by the grace of God all things eventually become known. I suppose epiphany to some people means very little or nothing at all but in the chain of human evolution that word becomes fully understood as a reference to the self and ones true purpose in life. But I would agree with all that you say except when you use the word ‘we’ as I take it, you are speaking for other people not just yourself.
    Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. where else could such conversations be conducted other than the JONP?.

  987. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you very much for quick response and full answers in spite of the fact that I trouble you with technical issues that could be treated as confidential. To mitigate their effect I tried to soften the wording.
    The other method I implement is to give the variant of “possible answers” that to my mind is far from the reality but promote (provoke) you with answers using your great hence of humor. Now I have a difficult task to decode your answers. Earlier, in November, I formulated questions more directly and received a direct answer: “Dear Aleksei: Yes, you are right. Congratulations”. Now I tried to act diplomatically and got what got. I forgot the proverb:” if you do not know what to say, tell the truth”.
    But despite this I have understood (and this is important information for many people) that you are in a good mood now, which means that you and your team have practically solved technical problems and will soon set a presentation time.
    I still hope that you do not change your mind and invite me to the presentation despite my suddenly revealed poor scientific qualifications. You need such people in the hall that cannot fully understand your ideas, hence cannot do the same or better, but at the same time have good scientific international reputation (this is common, especially among experts), and fully support your activity. This is a rare combination.
    Best wishes to you and to your team.
    Bonne chance!
    Aleksei

  988. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko:
    On the contrary, I have a solid convinction that you have solid and extended scientific skills, probably at a higher level than mine, but, as you correctly write, I have confidential concerns that I sometimes flavour with humour.
    Obviously you are and will remain invited !!! My considerations about the stats of the supposed answers was, obviously, a joke.
    For the rest, I agree with you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  989. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    If the plasma ball or “ballerina” of the E-Cat SK and E-Cat SKL are related to ball lightning and ball lightning is a system derived from quantum fluctuations, does this indicate that once source of power in this systems could be from collecting/gathering/harvesting quantum fluctuations?

    If the E-Cat SKL is not an LENR device, then this seems like one of the few remaining possibilities. Could you please expand at least a little? For example, could the “ballerina” be sustaining itself via the collection of virtual particles as they fluctuate?

    Thank you for any information you can provide.

  990. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    So far, I have nothing to add to what I wrote on the paper of Researchgate and the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  991. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    The stats of your publication on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    are more stunning than ever: as of today you gor 40034 ( fortythousandthirtyfour ) Full Readings, all traceble, and 281 Recommendation, all traceble, all from Professors and Researchers. Unbelievable.
    Prof

  992. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Honestly, on Researchgate there are publications I deem more important than mine. I absolutely do not find a reason why my paper is the most read by orders of magnitude.
    Maybe the coherence between theoretical suppositions and experimental results and the sinergy with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  993. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Could you kindly answer some questions?
    A) Do you still use hydrogen in fuel in any form (metal hydrides, gas under pressure, etc)?
    B) As you have noted, ECat SKL is practically irrelevent to decrease in the power at operating and fuel consumption. Does it mean that fuel is needed only to start the process?
    C) Does the operating time limitation depends mostly on degradation of applied design materials? In this connect are you looking for novel materials, may be metal-ceramic type with improved properties?
    D) Does your novel ECat SKL version needs any fuel in general or its work based on another similar to NiKolay Tesla developments?
    E) Do you use additional high frequency electromagnetic exposure and what is it parameters?
    F) If yes, do you implement a phase shift up to the full compensation of the maximum and minimum oscillations (synphase oscillations with a phase shift of 180 degrees)?
    G) Do you measure the temperature outside ECat SKL cube and has it distribution wave effect?
    H) Advice. Please, take into account that generated by ECat SKL entropy and untientropy flows can influence on instrument readings. One of the best solutions of this problem that I use in the experiments
    is to check instrument readings by touching thermocouples with your finger (if it possible, of course).
    I) Do you consider the possibility of preliminary discussion of novel effects outside your group in order to bring the presentation date closer?
    Possible answers: A) Confidential, B) Yes, C) Yes, D) I think so, E) Yes, F) No, G) No, H) Thank you for your insight, I) It is not impossible.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei
    P.S. Usually. if we want to get something very strongly and make every effort, we usually don’t get it, because from the master we gradually turn into a slave of our desires. This is the law of the Universe (God rules). We must not depend on our desires. It is necessary to catch a state when you do not give a damn about everything.
    It helps for a couple of days to get distracted and go to France or Italy to touch something eternal.
    Bonne chance!!!

  994. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    A Yes
    B No
    C Maybe
    D It depends on the meaning we give to the word “fuel”
    E Confidential
    F See E
    G Yes, but no distribution wave effect
    H I agree. We do.
    I Too late for this, but I can foresee future opening to external contributions
    Rating of suggested “possible answers”: 0 out of 8 ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  995. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you agree that ball lightning is likely a self organizing plasma construct?

  996. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Ball lightning is a lower entropy system deriving from quantum fluctuations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Sam,
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andre Rossi,

    Gian posted “Can you provide us with information on the decrease in the power supplied by the E-CatSK at the expiration of 3-6-9-12 months?” and you replied “Practically irrelevant.”

    1. May I properly assume that “Practically irrelevant” means “no significant drop in output power was detected”?
    2. If that is correct, then are you saying depletion of fuel is not the reason for the 12 month limit on the eCatSK time of operation?
    3. If the above is correct, can you tell us what is the limiting factor (maintenance, stability, etc.)?

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 prudence
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can the plasma seen in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    be someway comparable to the so called “ball lightnings”?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Prof

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I’d say possibly yes. Ball lightning is a model I looked to when I had the initial idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1003. Elisa

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you say in few words which is the distinction between Restricted Relativity and General Relativity ?
    In few words.

  1004. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    The issue is very complex, but in few words I’d say that the basic discriminant is this:
    the Restricted Relativity is related to the Relative Uniform motion between subjects
    the Universal Relativity is related to the Accelerated Motion between subjects
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1005. Karl Poehlmann

    Here is a link that I think can be useful to the work of your team:
    https://scitechdaily.com/incredible-material-is-both-heat-insulating-and-heat-conducting-at-the-same-time
    Best Regards,
    Karl Poehlmann

  1006. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1007. Dear Andrea,
    I find the indications provided in response to my questions on 13 January very positive.
    Most of the 65 interventions that appeared on the subject in Ecat World appreciate the results obtained so far.
    Can you provide us with information on the decrease in the power supplied by the E-CatSK at the expiration of 3-6-9-12 months?
    Always grateful for your courtesy in satisfying our curiosity.
    Warm greetings
    Gian

  1008. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Practically irrelevant,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1009. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are your theoretical findings (on which you say the experiments have had a major impact) helping you improve the performance of the E-Cat SKL?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1011. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    This major impact on the theory obviously does tickle my curiosity. Just one more question:
    Do you consider this impact being positive or negative?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  1012. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I suppose positive.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1013. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It must be very exiting discovering new aspects while testing the E-Cat SK Leonardo.
    You said that it may lead to an update of the latest paper on ResearchGate or a new paper.
    1. Do you consider these findings as major impact or just as small additions/tweaks to this ResearchGate paper?
    2. Do you believe that a demonstration and presentation of the Ecat SKL is still feasible in February?
    I wish you and your team great succes with these tests and verification of its properties and hope everything goes well!
    Thanks. Kind regards Gerard

  1014. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1 major impact
    2 I still hope
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1015. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in a reply to Frank Acland you say, your focus of you and your team now are experiments with the e-cat skl and the theoretical consequences.

    Is the e-cat-skl ready for the third party test or do you still hve to solve problems?

    Kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  1016. Andrea Rossi

    E. Hergen:
    We’ll see
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1017. JD Sweeney

    Good morning Dr Andrea Rossi:
    All is quiet in Stockholm waiting for your SSM demo. Prepare for a harsh war in case of success.
    All the best,
    JD Sweeney

  1018. Andrea Rossi

    JD Sweeney:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1019. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Are you refining your theory based on the results of current experiments?
    2. Will you publish a new paper based on the results of current experiments?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1020. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 yes
    2 either this, or updating http://www.researchgate.net/publication/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Nigelk Sanders:
    Thank you for the suggestion, in some situations it could be useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Nigel Sanders

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will a battery be needed for load change cushioning, to allow a smooth variation ?
    Total respect and wishes for you and your Team,
    Nigel Sanders

  1023. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    In your comments you told us that once the E-Cat’s reactor has run out of combustible, it charges like you change a battery.
    Is it possible, that the customer may one day, change the reactor he would have in stock?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1024. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1025. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What aspect of your work is occupying most of your time and attention in this period?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1026. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Experiments with the SKL and theoretical consequences are the focus of our Team now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1027. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it possible that sooner or later the Ecat will be sold in the internet, for example by Amazon ?

  1028. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is not impossible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1029. Steven N. Karels

    Sven B,

    Solar plants have a couple of disadvantages (at least two):
    1. They only operate when the light is available (daytime, cloud cover, clean window, etc.)
    2. They degrade about 1% per year in their efficiency.

    On the other hand, an SKL-based unit potentially operates 24/7 for a 6 month or 1 year period. Then “remove and replace” maintenance is needed. Likely, the planned maintenance could be scheduled during non-peak demand hours and separately from adjacent units. For example, for an ensemble of 365 SKL-based units, one might schedule maintenance services of one SKL-based component each day, etc.

    Shipment could be by conventional means as the replacement SKL component is small and relatively light weight. An Electric Vehicle would suffice — it could be charged during non-duty hours and it would be environmentally friendly.

    The major application for SKL-based energy production, in my opinion, would be baseload power generation, running 24/7 for months at a time. Solar and other technologies have their place in an integrated energy production effort. An integrated approach will likely be implemented as the new SKL technology moves into the commercial marketplace. Early adapters will likely be the initial customers. If they are successful, it will then spread as economics dictate.

    Andrea Rossi must have a mechanism to produce and support a variable growth demand. This is not a trivial problem. I suspect production of SKL components will be a secondary problem or limitation. Human resources (sales, maintenance, management) will likely be a more difficult task to perform optimally.

  1030. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I have no doubt you have read and seen how the Ecat SKL nurtures a great deal of thought and discussion at E-CatWorld, by many remarkable people from around the world.
    The following may be seen as a view for what your team now re-imagining your Business Strategy has had to face and how your audience during the February/March presentation might imagine about the future.

    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/SKL-Economics.pdf

    You face the great challenge as you artfully expressed in your exchange with Salvatore Boi on November 29th, 2019: “to break the cage”.

    As always, I wish you, your team, and your wife well.

    Sincerely,

    Mason Ainsworth

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1032. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I forgot to add that my comparison was based on 25 years lifetime.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  1033. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Sorry, I do not agree. Just remake the math.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1034. Gloria

    Dear Andrea:
    I too want to thank you for the link to Dirac you put in the answer to Listenbetter. It is very important.
    Best Regards,
    Gloria

  1035. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1036. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I will expect that one of your biggest concerns at this moment is how to present E-Cat SKL with the most favorable lifetime climate footprint.
    It must be a real challenge.
    Comparing a 20kW solar power system to a 20kw SKL system ( 24/7- 1-year fuel) the customer is facing 50 times more transport logistics with the SKL.
    To minimize the financial and environmental costs of this significant logistics you need at minimum an exponential expansion of local SKL factories and full control of the logistic chain including using only SKL-powered vehicles.
    Do you agree?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  1037. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    OK

  1038. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is another video about Paul Dirac
    and how he fits into the big picture
    of Physics.

    https://youtu.be/PmKhvpBZQCM

    Regards
    Sam

  1039. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1040. Rod

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I appreciated your answer to “Listenbetter” and most of all I appreciated the lecture of Dirac of which you gave us the link in your delighting comment.
    Cheers
    Rod

  1041. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1042. Keith Thomson

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Good news to hear that you are investigating a replacement for the lead shielding of your E-Cat’s.

    Currently many countries around the world are trying to remove or reduce lead content of products placed on the market, for example there is the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) for electronic and electrical equipment placed on the market within Europe, this restricts 6 hazardous materials, lead is one of them.

    For individual E-Cat units to be sold for use in cars or in the home as domestic boilers, many countries would require extensive periods of safety testing, with lots of official / political debate about the advisability of the general public getting access to this technology, (also how to tax it as there will be less cash revenue from fuel duties as petrol / diesel is gradually replaced by E-Cat powered cars). For both cars and boilers you can expect impact testing requirements with examination of what would be exposed to atmosphere / environment if the E-Cat was ruptured (toxic nickel particle powder), you can expect curious people to dismantle them to inspect / fix them themselves or for them to be stolen and opened up. The use of lead as part of the construction will just slow the progress of getting E-Cat units onto the market.

    E-Cats or their descendants with or without lead shielding are likely to be readily adopted in industrial heating units, centralised power generation, shipping, trains and many other large regulated and controlled applications, but the uncontrolled use of individual E-Cats by the public in Europe and America may be delayed for a long time by safety / political concerns, things like use of lead will be one of the many excuses.

    Higher density materials like carbon steel, stainless steel, copper, nickel, nickel alloys, cupronickel, could all be alternative gamma ray absorption materials for surrounding the pressurised active nickel particle core, they would require to be at least double and more the thickness of lead for the same gamma ray halving distance. Heavy wall steel pipes are commonly available; they can have wall thicknesses up to 25% of the pipe outside diameter, in Europe DIN 2448 is a heavy wall heat exchanger pipe available in a variety of pressure quality steel grades. Copper heavy wall pipe can be produced; it’s just an engineering / sourcing exercise. Copper and nickel could be recycled from E-Cat spent nickel powder.

    The use of alternative shielding materials may be seen as expensive but you may find there are advantages, higher melting temperature for shielding with possibly higher operating temperatures, better heat transfer, combining the pressure containment component with the shielding, more readily available and acceptable materials to meet the market requirements.

    Best regards, Keith.

  1043. Andrea Rossi

    Keith Thomson:
    I cannot comment so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1044. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    The marijuana industry needs the E-Cat SKL!

    https://www.zerohedge.com/energy/cannabis-industrys-dirty-energy-secret

    They can use the light, electrical output, and waste heat!

    This could be a gigantic market for the E-Cat SKL. I believe you should contact one of the leading growers ASAP.

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    This is a kind of industries I will never deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. On Njewje-Nic

    Mr. Rossi.

    1) Approximately, how many ecat-sk’s were produced in Your robotic factory
    until now ?

    2) When did the official production start ?

    3) How many factories are operating ?

    Best regards

    On

  1047. Andrea Rossi

    On Njewje-Nic
    1- confidential
    2- we already produced Ecats
    3- one
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1048. Burt

    Dr Rossi,
    Thank you for the link to the lecture of Dirac. It also helps to better understand your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    May I ask… if and when a device needs recharging. Will it be necessary for the user to replace:
    A. The whole 10cm cubed device?
    B. just a smaller component or components from the device?
    C. Both options will be possible?

    D. If B is the replaceable component is it much smaller than the whole device?

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a video about Paul Dirac
    who like you made Florida his home.

    https://youtu.be/fWo010EsiYk

    Regards
    Sam

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    On 23rd November 2019 you announced that a test of the E-Cat SKL had “Obtained permanent self sustaining mode with production of strong excess of electricity, generating more excess of electricity than of heat.” and “we got more electric energy that the electric energy necessary to make the Cat work. The increase is strong”.

    This breakthrough was almost two months ago, following this you have indicated that the work was so important that you and your team have worked constantly over the Christmas and new year festivities without break, in this period the original E-Cat SKL has been working 24 hours, 7 days a week presumably requiring constant supervision, also in this time several additional E-Cat SKL’s have been produced, it is likely that each has included some refinement, and in this short time you have likely observed benefits and possibly even discoveries during tests.

    I would expect that you are trying to improve the output ratio of electricity to heat / power density as this will have benefits for how the E-Cat SKL can be used, the multiples in difference from having to deal with 30%, 20% or 10% of output in the form of heat has large implications, if heat is a major output it has to be treated as an asset to be recovered, if it becomes minor it may be possible to dissipate as a waste, (like a desk top computer).

    Of the following what is closest;

    A. In the short time since your breakthrough, have you observed sufficient incremental benefits or important discoveries as to require more time for further improvement / testing / validation, before submitting an E-Cat SKL to the testing authority.

    B. You have selected an E-Cat SKL to put forward but need more time for reliability testing

    C. Although time is tight you are on schedule and will try to keep the presentation within February.

    D. You cannot comment.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  1055. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    In my comment of yesterday in response to Listenbetter there was a typo in the link to the important paper of Dirac with his Nobel Price lecture. The link now has been corrected.
    Sorry, my mistake.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1056. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How much advance notice will you be able give about the planned E-Cat SKL presentation? I would think it would be an event that you would like to publicize as much as possible, so it will be important for people to prepare for it.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1057. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will give this information when we will be ready. At the moment the situation does not allow a date.
    Thank you for your important attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1058. L. Listenbetter

    It is NOT in light speed.

    The “C” appears just in the formula.

    The electrons DO NOT wiggle in lightspeed.

  1059. Andrea Rossi

    L.Listenbetter:
    This comment answers to both your comments of today.
    You should “listen better” when you read my paper, so maybe you can understand what I wrote, albeit I think you are not paid to understand, but for other kind of things. I discovered who you are ( it is not very difficult ), but I want to answer anyway, because the stupidities you write must be “listened better” to be duly exposed.
    As I wrote on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ZBW is the movement at speed of light on a circular or helicoidal trajectory of a massless elementary charge that has a pure electromagnetic momentum
    p = eA
    equal to the product of the elementary charge e time the vector potential A associated with the ZBW current.
    THE SPEED OF THE ELECTRON IS ALWAYS SUB LUMINAL, WHILE THE SPEED OF ITS CHARGE IS ALWAYS AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT !!!
    P.A.M. Dirac in his Nobel lecture wrote:
    “It is found that an electron which seems to us to be moving slowly, must actually have a very high frequency oscillatory motion of small amplitude superposed on the regular motion which appears to us.
    As a result of this oscillatory motion,the velocity of the electron at any time equals the velocity of light.”
    Reference here ( not for you, a paid character killer, because you are, so to speak, ‘differently able to understand’, but for the Readers ):
    https://www.nobelprize.org/uploads/2018/06/dirac-lecture.pdf
    Dear Readers: I strongly suggest this reading, to better understand my paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1060. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think that the phenomena theorized in the following paper could help explain some of the energy gain in the E-Cat QX/SK/SKL?

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0207046.pdf

    Since you claim your system is no longer utilizing LENR as an energy source, I’m curious where the power is coming from.

  1061. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1062. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 14th 2020:
    DOE launches fund challange to accelerate US energy storage supply chain, development

  1063. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1064. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    based on your knowledge, would the E-Cat-SKL work in the absence of gravity and outside our atmosphere?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I do not know precisely, but gravity should not have any effect on the Ecat, as far as I know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. Aleksei Savchenko

    @ Eric Ashworth
    January 11, 2020 at 6:24 PM
    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I accept your point of view and treat it with understanding. There is no contradiction between these groups of questions, but on the contrary they complement each other.
    a) For example, Rossi’s response to my second group remark once again helped me to understand that his new ECat SKL design has little in common with the previous version, well-known to all that he referred everybody to his paper.
    b) Third group is of great importance to me but from the other point of view. The matter is that in many countries these studies are considered unscientific by authorities that are incompetent in scientific matters and their decisions are based only on the opinion of the corrupt scientists engaged in expensive projects such as ITER, CERN, etc. And this is despite the fact that the LENR effects obtained by dozens of different methods, and one of them – Ecat of the Andrea Rossi team is already close to commercialization. Therefore, the presentation of Rossi and the release of new products to the market will force our authorities to change their attitude. And if even they do not support these scientific activity, then at least not to interfere with them. For example, I had to stop partially the experimental part of my work and cannot publish new results accumulated during this time under my name even on the Internet. Therefore, many thanks and respect to Rossi and his team and it would be nice if he presented the results, even if they are intermediate.
    c) The first group of questions is important to everybody for all readers, not only engaged in research. The matter is that we do not know the physical nature of LENR process as they can be produced by many various methods with receiving different final results, as I mentioned in my in previous comments (January 10). Most likely we are interacting with energy Physical Vacuum (PhV) or ether and do not need addition portions of fuel. Therefore various unrepeated nuclear transmutations, found in LENR processes is a side effect of another unknown process, that lead to the formation of so-called “strange” radiation, discovered experimentally and accompany LENR effects. That is why special forms of bacteria in water liquids can transform elements (these data was many times confirmed experimentally before E-Cat started). These processes also refers to LENR effects and need scientific explanation. Moreover, in our Institute engaged in developing novel materials and technologies for atomic application we transformed r/a Cs into stable Ba showing the way for diminishing of r/a waste accumulated by atomic stations as well as for cleaning Chernobyl, Fukusima and other dirty regions.
    And this gives a chance for atomic energy electricity generation to survive partly in the future under development of LENR technology. But usage of bacteria is very complicated technology as they are very moody and inefficient. Using more simple ECat technology we can more easy solve this problem Moreover, if we manage to control the ”strange” radiation (in some my experiments weak antigravity effects appears) we can alloyed any metal by distance and receive any alloy composition and structure. But on the other hand not all novel received elements will be safe and can be used for dirty purposes. It is depends on us and as Andrea say ”all in God hands”. Even a harmless reaction like turning lead into gold can cause financial collapse
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  1067. Anonymous

    Is the “zitterbewegung” a phenomenon related to some form of luminescence ?

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Luminescence is a spontaneous emission of light not caused by heat.
    What is “Zitterbewegung” is described in my paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is related to the nature of electron and consists on the “tremor” of the electron that makes the electron have two speeds: the speed along its direction and the speed of the trajectories made by such “tremor”, a vibration that has the speed of light.
    If you are referring to the Ecat: the light of the plasma, that you can see well in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is obviously not a luminescence, being made by the heat inside the reactor.
    To understand well what is the ZBW the best publication I know is:
    “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions”, Amazon 2019, by Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. L. Listenbetter

    Claire
    January 13, 2020 at 8:24 AM
    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What I appreciated most in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the understanding of the fact that even if the electron is a fermion, and therefore cannot travel at c, it is possible that it has a zitterbewegung ( vibrations ) with the speed of light, maintaining its fermionic translation speed.
    This is a revolution in the electron’s potentials concept

    This is nonsense.
    Zitterbewegung is nothing else than a movement.
    And therefore never can be luminal.
    It is forced to by subluminal.

    Best regards

  1070. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Please find hereunder a link to a very interesting paper of Donald Reed that involves also your work:
    “Bose-Einstein Condensate:Bridge between Matter-Non Matter- Potential for Revealing New Physicsand Inner Nature of Reality”
    pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f7a6/fd0b3beab174ad78f90975c5d3b99766ca_g

  1071. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the reference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1072. carlo

    our Readers are independent parties that can convince me I am not sleeping and I am really writing this.now please convince us that we haven’t been dreaming for 10 years

  1073. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. We are working at the maximum of our possibilities.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1074. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    Are your existing SK customers also interested in the SKL device (with direct electric output) or are they mainly interested in a heat-only ECat application?

    Thanks, WaltC

  1075. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    When ready, it might fit all of them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1076. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe you posted a 70% availability on the eCat running since Nov 2018.

    1. Is this correct?
    2. If so, is that averaged over the last roughly 14 months?
    3. If also so, are you seeing an improvement over the last month or so?
    4. What is the availability over the last month or so?

  1077. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1 yes
    2 roughly one year
    3 yes
    4 roughly 80%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1078. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    If you can say–assuming the appropriate certifications, what’s the smallest sized appliance/device that you think the current generation of ECat-SKL might fit into and power?
    – a toaster?
    – a portable room heater?
    – a clothes dryer?
    – a furnace room water heater?
    – an electric motor bike?
    – an electric car?

    Thanks, WaltC

  1079. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I think they will be interested also to the electricity, when we will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1080. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    the article in the link below will provide support to the Ecat during storms bearing blackouts:
    https://news.yahoo.com/more-100-000-homes-still-232200982.html
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Claire

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What I appreciated most in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the understanding of the fact that even if the electron is a fermion, and therefore cannot travel at c, it is possible that it has a zitterbewegung ( vibrations ) with the speed of light, maintaining its fermionic translation speed.
    This is a revolution in the electron’s potentials concept

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Claire:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,
    I apologize for this impertinent question of mine.
    Not interested in receiving recognitions from the mainstream science ?
    To obtain this honor, a good working time of 70% on E-Cat SK (but also 5% of a good work) would be more than enough.
    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I am working to get results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Fox

    Dear Andrea
    In all hypothetical and theoretical terms, will it be possible in the future to produce single SKL cells much more powerful than the current one?
    For example from a Giga W?

  1087. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1088. Dear Andrea,
    while I always follow with interest your Ecats for the joint production of electricity and heat, I would be pleased to have information on the only heat production systems that you have rented to some users.
    You can synthetically – with grades from 1 to 10:
    1) Express your satisfaction with the services provided so far;
    2) Express your perception of users satisfaction?
    Can you provide a percentage of the ratio between regular operating time and the time required for stops due to assistance interventions carried out by you personally and by your team?
    Warm greetings.
    Gian

  1089. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- 7
    2- 8
    3- 70%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1090. Chuck Davis

    Will the consume of the charge decrease if the Ecat works at 50% of its power ?
    Chuck Davis

  1091. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1092. Christian Scholl

    For the possible presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo, I think there are two dates fit: 02 02 2020 and 2 02 2020: four 2 make 8, infinite energy.
    Christian Scholl

  1093. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1094. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  1095. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    51%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1096. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    The ECat installed in November 2018 has still the original charge because of intermittent usage by the customer or because the charge lasted longer than predicted?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    It is lasting more than expected,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My best wishes of succes for 2020.

    May I ask you one question please, what is the percentage of probability that you will make the presentation of the SKL in February?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  1099. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Readers of the Journal of Nuclear Physics blog:
    Many of you think that as soon as the independent testing has been done and the E-Cat SKL is verified it is just to press a button and out come the E-Cats from a factory!

    If we think of a standard product development process it is like this:

    1) Prototypes (magnitude of 10), that are handbuilt, are veified, tested and used for further product development and adjustments. (Here we are now).
    2) Preseries units (magnitude of 100) that are made semiautomatic. Maybe the computerboard with the necessary transducer conditioning comes from one subcontractor´s small series assembly line. The output inverterelectronics come from another subcontractor´s small series assembly line.
    The reactor parts come from secret places and everything is assebled by hand. Units are tested in labs and with special costumers. The design is improved and adjusted for better automatic assemly.
    3) First serial production (magnitude of 1000). The automatic production line is adjusted. All units are thoroughly tested and what is within or out of specification is decided.
    4) First serial production line works perfectely. More production lines are added.
    5) Production in several factories.

    All of this will take its time, much depending on Leonardocorps partners (especially steps 3-5).

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik, Sweden

  1100. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting info about the E-Cat SK installed in November 2018. Is this the only E-Cat SK operating at a customer site? If so, why has it not been deployed more widely?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, it is not.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    If your Ecat SK Leonardo will work, it will be a potential tombstone for the oil business in the long term: somebody has been killed for much less.
    Take care of yourself, maybe the assassination can not necessarily made physically, maybe they will use their power of fire to assassinate your character and dwarf your work.
    I wish you all the best,
    Roberto

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I am dedicating all of myself and my time to a work I believe is useful. All the rest is in the hands of God.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Some questions about E-catSK, 22kW, which was been installed at a customer 19 november 2018:
    1. Is it still giving 22kW at the customer?
    2. Is the customer satisfied or has there been much problems?
    3. How much fuel powder weight do you guess it has consumed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- yes
    2- satisfied
    3- still the original charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me try to interpret Steven N. Karels question.

    Let us say you have 2 black boxes both weiging 6 kg.
    One black box contains an E-Cat SKL complete with control and inverter electronics.

    The other black box contains a Li Ion battery.

    Assuming the testers are not allowed to open the boxes how can they tell which contains the E-cat SKL and which contains the battery?

    Answer: Knowing that the maximum battery energy capacity for Li Ion is 265 Wh/kg and applying an electrical load for 265 W to the battery means that the battery is empty after 6 hours.
    This means that the testers must run the test for at least 6 hours with a 265 W load to be shure that it is not a battery in the E-Cat SKL box.
    To be really shure they should at least run the black box with the E-Cat SKL 10 times this, 60 hours if the black box weighs 6 kg and can give 265 W electrical power output. If it can give more output than 265 W the test time can proportionally be shorter. If it weighs less than 6 kg, the testtime can proportionally be shorter.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik (testengineer)

  1107. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    R. Leckt Lummel:
    Enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say when the third
    party tests of the E-Cat SKL
    will be completed.

    Regards
    Sam

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea Rossi and Chuck Davis,

    To differentiate chemical-based versus nuclear-based power sources, one must look at the specific power (W/kg) and the specific energy (Whr/kg). By plotting each, as in a Ragone plot, one can differentiate the type of underlying specific power. Implicit in the specific energy measurement is that one runs the device long enough to either begin to run out of fuel or to clearly eliminate a battery or similar chemical source.

    For example, assume the SKL has a mass of 1kg and a power output of 1kW. The specific power is 1,000 W/kg. The specific energy is the specific power times the duration of the test (hours). So the observation must be of sufficient time to preclude the use of a battery or chemical source, if the purpose is to negate the Troll’s claims of a battery or fuel cell being hidden within the SKL. A Li-ion battery has a specific energy of around 200 Whr/kg. So to preclude the SKL demonstration unit from being powered by a battery, one would want to show at least a 10X time greater than that provided by a Li-ion battery, or about 5 hours.

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. R. Leckt Lümmel

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.
    Can You tell us, how far the robotic assembly lines are developed?

    Best regards.

  1114. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Aleksei Savchenko,
    I found your articles most interesting especially the scientific issues (1) Obviously this is your major interest in the LENR process which is mine also. The other two groups you refer to are for me and as you imply less important i.e. group (2) speculative questions driven by curiosity which could be considered as an unnecessary distraction to an important project but which I find of equal interest and group (3) those readers not involved in research who are understandably impatient to get the technology out because of its extreme importance in providing cheap, clean, safe energy. It is each of these groups that I find refreshing in the annals of scientific research and technology. I have mentioned this many times before regarding the fact that science and technology is not a subject for the chosen few but merely involves a curious human mind of which many people possess and you have to accept each aspect as we all function on our own unique wavelength of thinking. I am one that would never use the word ‘we’ when referring to a phenomena whether it be understood or not understood because we each have our own individual thoughts and ideas i.e. a none understanding in one department does not necessarily include all, otherwise the individual human mind would be considered useless. This for me is the strength of the JONP as it represents an open channel for discussions to take place between academic minds and those of lay persons but I do understand your concerns.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  1115. Frank Acland

    @Chuck Davis

    I think the question about running the SKL for a long time is in response to people who will claim that the E-Cat SKL has a hidden battery inside it, so it is nothing special.

    If it can run for longer at a given power than is possible with the best battery, this may address this claim.

    Best regards, Frank Acland

  1116. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    It seems to me that it would be only necessary to operate the Ecat at the maximum output until it reaches steady state to estabilish the power density. It is not going to change over time.
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  1117. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You asked for a clarification on “2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?”

    I understand the question to be how long of a run time is necessary to distinguish SKL’s source of power from chemical compared to nuclear. Reference my previous postings on Ragone plots. I suspect at approximately several hundred Watts of electrical power output, it will take days of continuous operation to distinguish the source of energy, assuming the mass of the SKL.

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I still do not understand the sense of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. Jane

    Dr Rossi:
    If the Ecat SK Leonardo will work, it will stop the wars caused by the quest for oil, which is equal to say that it will stop all the wars around.
    God bless the work of your team,
    Jane

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1121. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    OxiCool uses only pure water as refrigerant to cool homes.
    Uses heat and only 1/10th the amount of electricity.
    https://techxplore.com/news/2020-01-oxicool-pure-refrigerant-cool-homes.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter

    Best regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1123. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have developed the E-Cat SK maximising heat output, you have taken the E-Cat SK and developed the E-Cat SKL from this targeting electrical output minimising the heat, is it theoretically possible to develop another E-Cat variant where you maximise Ultra Violet light output with minimal heat.

    Whether this is worthwhile pursuing would also depend on the market, UV is widely used for disinfecting water supplies for example.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1124. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It is not possible.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    OPlasmaFan:
    1 what you can see is shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    2 sorry, I do not understand clearly the question. Can you kindly rephrase it ?
    3 yes
    4 it depends on many factors
    5 confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Anonymous

    Which is the percentage of time you dedicate to the theoretical issues vs the experimental activity ?

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    They go together, each one is part of the other.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which technology will be used for the soldering of the components of the Ecat SK Leonardo in the industrial production phase ?

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    Robots
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Erik66

    If and when you will make the preentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo will you update the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?

  1132. Andrea Rossi

    Erik66:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1133. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) Can you see plasma sheathes or double layers in the ballerina of the E-Cat SKL?

    2) Would I be correct in assuming that although the team performing the current or upcoming test may want to run the E-Cat SKL for days, that in only several hours or less the total electrical output (factoring in the weight of the device) would mean that it had exceeded the energy density of the absolute best chemical batteries on the planet?

    3) Are you in negotiation with a major company with experience in manufacturing to produce large numbers of E-Cat SKL units?

    4) If you believe the electrical output could end up being 70%, what percentage of the output do you believe will be in the form of visible light?

    5) Does whatever process that produces anomalous energy output (heat, light, electrical output) take place within the area of the ballerina or also in other portions of the internal volume of the reactor?

    Thank you.

  1134. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Curiosity: are you reading a paper right today? If yes, which one?

  1135. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    This:
    http://isinn.jinr.ru/past-isinns/isinn-22/progr-27_05_2014/schaeffer.pdf
    Suggested by a mamber of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1136. Aleksei Savchenko

    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.
    Nice and very emotional demand for those, who was never engaged in developments especially referring to breakthrough. Andrea many times mentioned, that “we are proceed through unknown territories so, surprises, negative or positive as they might be, are always possible”.
    In defense of Andrea I can ask everyone (including me). What have I done to promote development and help Rossi? Maybe he spends a lot of money on research taken from the taxpayers of my country? For comparison, take the same ITER program, which has pumped hundreds of billions of dollars from the budgets of many countries over 50 years. By the way, its current status can be viewed on https://tnenergy.livejournal.com/147900.html (you can see only pictures – it is enough for understanding). And they plan to complete its industrial implementation only at the end of this century. Here is a feeding trough for scientists. We need to find a likeness of Greta Tuborg and launch it with a call to clean the world from unscrupulous scientists.
    Please, be patient and wait. To my mind Andrea could show to us only intermediate results (presentation) with output electricity in February, and then, no rush, bring everything to a commercial product.

  1137. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1138. Aleksei Savchenko

    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    That is not the fact as ECat cube is complicated system producing not only electricity, but also heat. Concerning heat. Have you ever stood by an open oven heated above 1000 degrees? It is ECat cube. And if it will be 100 ECat cubes? The electric pipes from Cu or Al melted at below temperatures as well as most wire insulation. We need cooling systems.
    Concerning electricity. The output electricity should be standard – 220V and 50 hertz, so we need a system for converting direct current into alternating current and a transformer. And all these electric elements are situated inside a well-heated cube. Do you imagine this? Plus control devices.
    Of cause, all this will be modified by Andrea and his team but not in a short time as 23 researchers, as he mentioned in the blog is not enough on the stage of industrial-scale developments. To my mind just now he can put his ECat device, even the old version on a balloon to heat the air and make non-stop flights for advertising purposes.
    In the future he will certainly achieve all that you require of him now, but give him time and do not disturb with unnecessary questions.

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight. We have resoved the issue of the cooling system and, by the way, heat is an asset, not a liability in most of cases. The former generations of Ecat made heat alone…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Aleksei Savchenko

    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    The first question is simpler as it refers only to the scientific ECat issues and be in the frame of the scientific Journal. Unfortunately most of readers do not specify the unclear scientific issues. I think this comes from a lot of respect for Rossi. I also respect him and his promotion of LENR all over the world without spending our money. But I also believe that as a scientist, he himself is interested in the search of truth.
    Concerning his published papers I can only mention positive and controversial aspects.
    a) Positive aspects. Five versions of ECat device already exist and Andrea describe the theory for only one an old Lugano tested version and did not pretend to be a theory of all other LENR effects, as well as of the other ECat versions. For that type of device they (with coauthor Norman Cook) done this theoretical work more or less accurate based only on the isotopic changes of LiAlH4-Ni fuel (transformation Li7 through Be to He as well as Ni60 through Cu to Ni62. As rightly noted Alexander Prosvirnov – the creator of the website http://www.lenr.seplm.ru (to my mind, the best site in the world by its informational content), “now the number of theories and their authors (including me) is already more than a hundred, and they can’t stand each other strongly (excluding me). As an example, we do not know the physical mechanism of gravitation, but we use it well in our life. Though, on the other side we cannot create flying vehicles based on antigravity phenomena.
    b) Controversial aspects. We do not sure that in other experiments the final isotopic content was the same (including novel ECat version producing electricity), consequently the theory needs modification. Not clear aspects with gamma radiation release during both transmutation process (during Ni to Cu to Ni transformation – positron appears and annihilated with electron forming severe radiation – gamma quants. Not described the type of energy involved into the process and its influence on additional heat release. I mean hydrogen, adsorbed in Ni, nanostructure of Ni powder, (any surface, defects can accumulate surface energy of special type and promote process). I think Rossi also use fullerenes additions, as they can generate and accumulate electrons that can further participate in various reactions as well as increase electric tension – additional energy. Why power density of the device do not changed while fuel consumed. Moreover, Li vaporized and cannot find in the working zone of the fuel. How then it can work?
    Why Alexander Parhomov, who repeated Andrea Rossi experiments, did not find any changes in the same fuel composition? Moreover, in inner surface of ceramic tube outside the fuel he find a lot of Ca, forming by nuclear reaction Al+O=Ca.
    What kind of current he implement to heat fuel – may be with high frequency and voltage, or may be induction heating (practically the same) promoting the processes. And the main question, what about “strange” radiation, appearing in practically all LENR processes. He does not mentioned it. At the same time its formation that leads to LENR effects and fuel transmutation (nucleus transmutation is a side effect), therefore the isotopic composition of different researchers is different and we found different nucleus outside the working zone).
    How he can receive electricity following his theoretical model? It can only be produced if the LENR excess heat happens at the account of the chaotic pulse movement of electrons. Then just by applying a magnetic field to it, you can order the movement of electrons and get a current.
    c) Positive aspects. On the other hand Andrea should not open all his Know-How. He does a lot and shares his knowledge with other scientists all over the world. Thanks to him and his information Parhomov and others designed the similar devices and conformed LENR effects. He promotes novel knowledge all over the world. And we also should take into account that we only on the way understanding LENR effects.

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I agree with you.
    Only, I am more optimistic about the industrialization of the Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1142. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Has any pre-test examination by the testing authority started?

    To have the product of years of your work examined in detail, scrutinised, questioned, sometimes having to amend supporting documents to the format and detail the authority requires, the authority with their own internal discussions and meetings that you will not be party to, taking whatever time that they feel they need to take, having to add supplementary information asked for by the authority that you may or may not see as being essential, generally doing whatever it takes to satisfy the authority without giving away proprietary information, and all this often before they will decide to examine the equipment or allow a test to proceed.

    A very nerve-wracking stressful experience, but worth it to get to where you want to be, I hope all proceeds well.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  1143. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Information about the testing will be given at the presentation.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1144. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have published an electrical efficiency of between 70% and 80%.
    Personally I find that there is a very important difference between these two figures when it comes to performance.
    Can you specify which parameters depend on the variation in efficiency, environmental conditions: temperature pressure, power demand, etc?
    I look forward to your presentation
    All my support to your entire team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  1145. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I hope those data will be conrirmed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1146. Sture Andreasson

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    1 will the February presentation be delayed?
    2 will the manufacturing be made also in SwedenP
    Best regards,
    Sture Andreasson

  1147. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    1 so far, I can say noo
    2 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1148. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear colleagues,
    Thank you very much for your comments in the frame of the JNP forum with expressing yours scientific view on LENR problems. But over time, it turned into a question-answer system (only Rossi should be responsible for answers), and most of the questions are quite simple. It looks natural at first glance, after his statement on novel ECat SKL design, capable of generating electricity in addition to heat. I guess this situation is not fully satisfied those, who engaged in scientific issues and I believe that Andrea too – he would like to receive from us assistance, but not only demands and requests. as Koen Vandewalle accurately pointed out in the comments yesterday, that the blog of JNP transforms into «the blog about the progress of Ecat development”.
    In order to come back to scientific direction of the journal I would distinguish three main groups of questions, rather requirements for Rossi, try to analyze them, as well as try to answer from the point of view of an ordinary scientific researcher who is not a member of the Rossi team, (I know the LENR issues more or less as conducted experiments myself, which can partially be attributed to LENR), and therefore I can be more substantive.
    Conditionally, I could divide them into three groups:
    1. Dear Andrea, we are not fully satisfied with you published paper with theoretical explanation of the LENR effect you received earlier (in previous ECat version).
    2. Dear Andrea, if we assemble a more powerful device from the Ecat SKL small cubes and put it:
    into a bicycle, car, train, plane, helicopter, spaceship (then everywhere, as long as there is enough imagination), while it will be great to live, we will save the planet and how much it will cost (you have to pay for happiness – my comment).
    3. Dear Andrea, we are tired to wait. When will you finally set the day and invite us to the presentation and what will be shown there.

    Further I will dwell on each of these groups of questions.

  1149. Roberto

    “They” are the two engineers that are working in Padova (Italy) on parts of the ITER. The broadcasting was on RAI TG 24 several days ago
    Roberto

  1150. Alex

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I studied yor paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    watching at the same time the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Doing this, I discovered many things. I tink it is one of the most important publications of the last ten years.
    Looking carefully at the plasma, I think that there are different charge potentials inside it, between the center and the perimeter of the plasma sphere.
    Did you search in this direction?
    Cheers
    Alex

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Probably you are right.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Gerard McEk

    @ Roberto:
    I cannot imagine ‘they’ said this. Who are ‘they’?
    Anyway Andrea is right, they use Tritium which is radioactive and very dangerous for most lifeforms because it can form radioactive water. I guess it must be 30,000 million, not billion, although hot fusion has cost humanity maybe 50 billion already. Besides, the reactor will become also radioactive once they get it running, if that will happen ever. Also, the process is very inefficient. You need extremely cold nearly next to extremely hot and a lot of power to create the required environment. They should not force nature.
    It is better to use the process developed by SAFIRE. See safireproject.com and their last presentation, very interesting and entertaining, I can recommend! Or, maybe even better, the ECat SK Leonardo. Let us hope it arrives soon!
    Regards, Gerard McEk

  1153. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In ten years of R&D you have not yet been able to show a product that everybody can buy.
    Why?

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Because I need more time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. Gina Frusciante

    Dr Rossi,
    You still think will be able to make a presentation within february 2020?

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    Gina Frusciante:
    I still am optimist about that,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Roberto

    Dear Andrea:
    Last week has been introduced in the news the R&D on course for the ITER in Italy.
    Thay said that:
    1- the first industrial application will be at the end of this century
    2- the nuclear fusion is safe and clean because uses only clean raw material, like hydrogen and helium
    3- the temperature inside the plasma will be 200 000 °C, but no problem because between the plasma and the walls of the reactor there will be a magnetic field that will completely insulate the walls
    4- the whole will cost 30 000 billions , but it is nothing respect the profits once it will work
    Your opinion ?
    Roberto

  1158. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    No comment, but I’d add a point 5: what about tritium ?
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1159. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The 70% efficiency you mentioned in previous postings regarding electricity production, does that include conversion efficiencies to output nominal AC power (e.g., 120VA, 60 Hz)?

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It depends on the systems,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    From 2011 on, but only from time to time, I visit your JNP to follow up how your hard work (and that of your team) proceeds. Some months ago I was happy to see that you already planned a new presentation (in februari of this year 2020) to present to the world – if I’m right – your fifth generation of E-Cat (1: E-Cat; 2: Lugano Hot Cat; 3: E-Cat Qx; 4: E-Cat SK and fifth: 5: E-Cat SKL), the E-Cat SKL that generates directly electricity without the need to transform heat in a Carnot cycle. Of course, this again is an enormous breakthrough once more!

    As many people become cynical about our capacity to tackle climate change, I hope you still plan this presentation to be ‘strong and global’? So that hope can come back in the world? (In Belgium, most parties seem to agree now to go on with two of our youngest nuclear power plants for the next 10 years beyond their normal lifespan, of course, in combination with new projects to expand our renewable capacity in (mainly off-shore) wind and (on shore) sun. But, like in the rest of the world, the expansion of the lifespan of our old nuclear power plants can’t go on endlessly, so we really need your technology in the near future. Therefore I hope your next presentation will be ‘strong and global’, so that hope comes back in the world!).

    As we need your technology so badly, I wish you and your team all success with the new E-Cat SKL (if I’m right the fifth generation of your E-Cat?) and,finally, the world-wide recognition you deserve for your very hard breakthrough work. The world needs it and also needs to know that there’s technological hope to tackle our environmental problems…

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel De Caluwé
    (Belgium)

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    We are working strongly to present a product as soon as possible.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Eric Schlinger

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1 will the sales of the Ecat SLK started only after the R&D and certifications will heve been completed ?
    2 is it opportune to start orders to be in a waiting list ?
    3 which Countries will be served first ?
    May God bless your work for the humanity
    Eric Schlinger

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Schlinger:
    1 yes
    2 yes, but the pre-orders are not binding until a specific proposal has not been accepted
    3 all
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1165. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Several years ago we registered our interest in buying E-Cat Home units at your site ecat.om.
    1. Can you confirm that this means we are standing already in the cue for E-Cat SKL ( home version)
    and will have offers from you when it is available.
    2. Can you inform how many requests for E-Cat Home you already got during all these years?

    Kind Regards
    Sven B

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1 preMATURE
    2 enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Romano

    Hi Andrea
    can you tell us if testing has started?
    If yes, is there any outcoming that you can share wit us?
    My best regards
    Romano

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Romano:
    We will give information about the tests during the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    With fossil fuel heat, requires on average 3Kw of heat for 1Kw electric.

    With a 10Kw SKL with 70% conversion, do you get 3Kw heat and 7Kw electric or does it have a ratio similar to fossil provided heat.

    Best wishes on the test.
    Dan C.

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    The Ecat SK Leonardo should give deirectly 70% of current without necessity of conversion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. Harvey Hamel

    Dear Andrea:
    I logged into the JoNP this morning, but there were no data beyond July 31 2019. At the same time, though,
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    was working fine.
    Have you been hacked…again ?
    Best Wishes,
    Harvey Hamel

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey Hamel:
    we did not notice any anomaly. Thank you for the advice, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe this question is a bit premature, as your main focus now is on stability, reliability, endurance and soon the production process of the ECat SKL.

    An oldfashoned lightbulb for home application has a filament that works very well, but is sensitive for vibrations and strokes, especially when hot.
    Lightbulbs for cars have been tested for thousands of hours on shakers with different vibration inputs before going into production.
    Also common electronics for cars have to be tested in a similar way.

    Now to my question. Do you think it will be hard to make future version of the ECat SKL vibration resistent for car and mobile applications due to the design of the plasma and electrodes?

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik, Sweden

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    We already made tests to check the effects of vibrations on the Ecat: there are no effects.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Koen Vandewalle

    I find the comments from Plasmafan, and the answers to them and around them, very enlightening. I think it is a shame that Andrea Rossi does not elaborate on that. This blog is called Journal of Nuclear Physics, and not “The blog about the progress of E-Cat development”.

    Suppose we had propulsion technology that allows us to accelerate a material spaceship to a significant percentage of the speed of light. With the reasoning that we can follow from fellow followers of this journal, it seems logical that the matter as we know it would gradually become unstable. The least strong interactions between the waves that form our matter would soon be disturbed. As a result, some of the “building blocks” of matter will disintegrate and may even be swallowed up by other building blocks that in turn will cause all kinds of reactions and interactions.
    Plasmafan’s suggestion that the E-Cat should become more efficient as speed increases, reinforces my understanding of this.

    It seems unthinkable that “life” as we know it can exist at such high speeds. Life is a very complex interaction of equally complex material phenomena.

    This makes it impossible to move to other planets, with the science-fiction purpose of founding a colony there, for example. Even if we discovered a livable planet. Unless we manage to move our entire galaxy along with it.

    What we can send to far-off places through all kinds of special techniques is information. Obviously, without obligation, unless that information would directly direct the thoughts of other living beings to influence their physical behavior. This can of course only be developed by highly advanced, universe-loving civilizations. To want to destroy something that is unattainable is almost a definition of nonsense.

    If I were the creator and designer of the universe, and I have to take into account species such as “humanity,” the material inaccessibility of other worlds would be a foundation of my creation.

    For the time being, I will use this as proof of the existence of a Deity.

    Does someone make a better proposal?

    With the most curious regards,
    Koen Vandewalle

    P.S .: have those reliability problems with the SKL been solved a bit and does the device behave according to your wishes?

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answer: we are working well and I continue to be optimistic about the scheduling, but, again, we are proceeding through unknown territories, so surprises, negative or positive as they might be, are always possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,

    It seems to me that your E-Cat SKL device is a huge leap forward in many ways– in terms of direct electricity generation and compactness, it opens up the door to all sorts of additional applications.

    For example, there’s an $800 emergency power generator that can continuously generate 3KW of electricity, weighs 100lbs, has a volume of 4.6 CuFt, runtime of 3hrs per tank of gasoline and, unfortunately, produces fumes that necessitates it being placed outdoors.

    1) Do you see that as a possible future application of the E-Cat SKL?
    2) With Better Specs overall (cost, volume, weight, power & run-time)?
    3) Safe to be used indoors?
    4) Within the next 2-4 years?

    Thanks, WaltC

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1 yes
    2 yes
    3 yes
    4 tried Amazon for a cristal ball: not available product
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  1179. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 7 2020:
    Preparing Your Plants Security to Meet growing Needs
    Rod Walton

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1181. Kay

    Test, develop, demonstrate the same procedure over and over again – could one of the ECat presented stop climate change? we all follow this development because our hope depends on it. best regards Kay

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Kay:
    We will make the presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo only if we will be sure that the answer to this question is YES.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will the third party testing involve using calorimetry?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1184. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The data of the testing will be given during the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1185. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it theoretically possible to hope that in future the Ecat can be scaled down enough to be fit for watches etc ?
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I am not able to answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. R. Huje Cmuka

    Mr. Rossi.

    Are people from poland working in Your team?

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    R. Huje Cmuka:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. Andrea Rossi

    Torbjorm Soederlund:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1190. Szymon Blachuta

    Do you think the Ecat SKL can be scaled downt to be able to energize like watches, phones etc ?
    Szymon Blachuta

  1191. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    No.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1192. Torbjorn Soederlund

    Do you think the next presentation will be more close to a massive marketing then the former ones ?

  1193. R. Huje Cmuka

    Yes i meant this page.

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    R. Huje Cmuka:
    OK
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You reply to Nolan is interesting. Does this mean that you have enough satisfaction with the original E-Cat SKL model, to now work on improving the power density?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Improving power density is always important. During the tests we continuously discover things.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. R. Huje Cmuka

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    When will be finally able to buy a domestic ecat box, like the one shown on your webpage???

    Best regards.

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    R. Huje Cmuka:
    I suppose you are talking of the website
    http://www.ecat.com
    or
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    If you are referring to another website, please specify to let us control if it is authorized.
    About your question: we are working very hard on this issue, but I still am not able to give a date.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is also linkable to the long range concept of the lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom made during the presentation of the Ecat QX
    Google: “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017”
    Correct ?

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I’d say yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Nolan

    Are you also working during this period on the reduction of the dimensions of the module, maintaining the same power ?

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Nolan:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I do get a chuckle out of your reply to Plasmafan January 4th. as it informs readers how important it is to deal with physics as a practical subject and not theories concerning science fiction such as those proposed by Einstein which I know some people took as serious issues although I am of the opinion they were for self entertainment and his close associates but it could be said t