Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    As we all can see, your business strategy presents the E-cat in silence and in a very soft way, waiting for the market to slowly notice what you have in your hand.

    At this point, one would instead expect great fanfares, presentations to a large audience of journalists and scientists, articles and broadcasts on all world media. And of course the right recognition of your work.

    After all, the E-cat is real and is the greatest revolution for humanity after the discovery of fire.

    Surely in your choices there are motivations that we do not know and that explain your actions.

    I know very well that this is a very sensitive subject and it is not possible to know more.

    Anyway, could you tell us your thought? Thank you.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I like Opera. I prefer the “crescendos”: think to Gioacchino Rossini.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you have a name for your software that controls the E-cat
    yet? Maybe we could have a contest to make a name. Everyone could pick a name they like best.

    Thanks
    Bernie Morrissey

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Good idea: the quest is open!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Concerning your answer to,
    ,
    Steven N. Karels
    December 13, 2018 at 2:25 PM
    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe Gerard McEk was asking two questions:

    1. Is there a means of controlling the eCat reactor output other than zero output (no output thermal energy) and full thermal output (e.g., 20kW). Say, could it be controlled to output 10kW

    My question is the output of 10kw something you control via the internet connection?

    Thank you,
    Bernie Morrissey

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    1- with the on/off thermostat you reach the output you want
    2- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  7. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    I try to foresee the reaction of the big masses when people starts to understand what you have. Since a lot of people are very worried about the climate, they will eventually understand your product can solve also that.
    When they understand there is a solution to what the majority of the worlds population think is our most urgent problem, and they believe that problem is a matter of life and death of the whole human race. I believe God will interfere but most people believe it is up to us. Maybe the reaction will be very strong and demanding. Have you thought about this situation? Even if we don’t have a magic crystal ball this situation is very likely, or what do you think? Now the mainstream media act like they don’t believe your product is real and then they might say you have the power to save the human race. Your robots will work like crazy. :)
    The future will be interesting.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    One step per time we have to be focused in: now let us deliver, eventually we’ll see.
    The future is always interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Rolf Springmann

    Hello dear Mr. Rossi

    as mentioned your delivery will be heat only at the first.
    Furthermore you are thinking about producing electricity
    from the heat in late future.

    Do you know about a new technology whichlet expect effeciency
    of more than 50% by use of turbines? It is driven by supercritical
    CO2 (s-CO2). It is described at
    https://www.energy.gov/eere/solar/downloads/10-mw-supercritical-co2-turbine

    To you and your team a nice time over the holidays and
    an extremely successful year 2019 !
    Best regards
    Rolf

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Rolf Springmann:
    Thank you for the information.
    Merry Christmas and a Great New Year also to you and your family!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Joseph J.

    Dear A. Rossi
    If you are selling heat right now, I suppose that will be visible in the balance sheets of the last quarter in your Sec filings?
    Happy new fire holidays.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J.:
    No, because we do not have SEC files to fill up: we do not have public financing and we are not a public company.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Ares

    Good Day Dr Rossi,

    Hope all finds you well, here is Bloom Energy who everyone thought
    were gone, still making progress.

    https://www.bloomenergy.com/

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Ares:
    Good luck to Bloom Energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    How about marketing the ECat on
    the Miami Airlines Stadium home
    of the Miami Heat Basketball team.

    https://youtu.be/VHtkBNvLTnU

    Regards
    Sam

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the suggestion: I proposed them to be a sponsor, but in change I demanded them to allow me a stable role in the team, as a pivot. As a reference, I sent them a photo of me playing tennis. They declined, I do not understand why… politics, you know…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe Gerard McEk was asking two questions:

    1. Is there a means of controlling the eCat reactor output other than zero output (no output thermal energy) and full thermal output (e.g., 20kW). Say, could it be controlled to output 10kW?

    2. Does the useful life (time betwee fuel rechargings) depend on the cummulative amount of time the eCat reactor is actually running? Or is the reactor time limitation (before re-fueling is required) independent of the amount of time it is actually outputting thermal energy?

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. yes
    2- as a matter of fact, I think the lifespan will be related to the effective operation time, but experience will tell better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You have stated that the E-Cat SK running at rated capacity will operate for 1 year without refueling, and that the overall device should last for 20 Years

    Questions:

    1. If the E-Cat SK is used for seasonal heating operating at an average of 1/3 rated output do you anticipate that the time it will run without refueling will increase significantly?

    2. What do you anticipate the shelf life of a fully fueled E-Cat-SK will be?

    I realize that neither of these questions involve issues that are critical in the short term, but any insight you can give will be appreciated

    Best Regards,

    Dan Galburt

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    1- it is difficult for me to answer, because I need evidence from experimental proof, that I do not have, yet
    2- what do yu mean wirh “shelf life” ? The expected life of the Ecat SK is more than 20 years
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Sorry for being unclear. What I intended to ask is that, if the reactor is only part of the time on, does then the time before you need to replace the reactor increase equally? Thus, only 50% on would prolong the time to replace the reactor with a factor two; so to two years. This assuming that 100% on would require a reactor replacement after one year.
    Thanks,
    Kind regards, Gerard

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Oh, now I understand what you mean.
    Yes, it makes sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Please allow me some additionele questions about the thermostatic control:
    1. Assuming the on and off periods are 50% each, would then the time for refill/change of the reactors be increased by a factor 2?
    2. Do you believe analogue control (not on/off) will also be possible (maybe in the future)?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. Sorry, I do not understand your question. Can you make it clearer? The on/off thermostatic system has nothing to do with the charge change or the maintenance of the Ecat.
    2. It is totally useless.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  27. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the first time in history a commercial LENR reactor is heating a building, this is a huge acheivment ! have you immortalize this event by a video?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  28. Selena

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think the Ecat will be useful against the so called global warming?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Selena

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Selena:
    The Ecat does not have emissions, so surely will not generate carbon dioxide or any other pollutant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Greg Leonard

    Daer AR,
    It sounds, from your answer to Bernie Morrissey, that your factory SK is operating in much the same way as any central heating system.
    Is the SK being fully turned off when the thermostat clicks off, and then restarted when the thermostat clicks on?
    What sort of timescales does the SK use for its turning off and on again?

    Looking forward eagerly to your January demonstration.
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Yes, it turns off at T2 and on at T1, like in a normal heating system, we use stuff off the shelf for these functions. The timing depends on the delta T in the specific operational system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    you said that a thermostat is used to keep constant the factory temperature, because the amount of heat provided by your plant is higher than that needed to compensate for the heat loss to the outside. I ask:

    1) – Does the thermostat gradually adjust (up or down) the output power proportionally according to the amount of heat required? Or:

    2) – Is it ON-OFF type? In this case, when it is OFF, the system is switched OFF in no time, and when it is ON, the system is put back into 100% operation.
    How long is it necessary for the plant to return full operating? Instantly, a few seconds, or how much time?.

    Thank you if ypu can reply.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    2.
    Same behavior as in normal heaters, there is a short integral transitory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I convinced Raffaele to sell his Crystal Ball to you after a difficult discussion explaining how important it is to have this tool in you workshop. Here is where he posted it for you to obtain using overnight shipping.

    https://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/yRkAAOSwbKdb~sER/s-l400.png

    https://www.google.com/search?q=Huge-Clear-Divination-Crystal-Ball-200mm-8-Inch-Glass-Sphere&oq=Huge-Clear-Divination-Crystal-Ball-200mm-8-Inch-Glass-Sphere&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i60l2.33795j0j8&client=tablet-android-samsung&sourceid=chrome-mobile&ie=UTF-8

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you! Now nobody can say that Leonardo has not balls.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    About the factory that is heated by the E-cat SK to 25,degrees c.
    Does the E-cat run continuous or start /stop?
    Is a thermostat used?
    Happy holidays to you and your team. I am very excited as I wait for January 31.

    Bernie Morrissey

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    A thermostat is used, because the power of the Ecat SK ia much higher than the rating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    Thank you for your answer.
    Sorry, just like your E-Cat my crystal ball is not for sale.
    Happy Christmas and Happy New Year to you, your family and your team
    Very sincere congratulations for your work
    Raffaele

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    If you rethink about it, I can pay cash at the delivery.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    I wish a Merry Christmas and a Great New Year likewise to you and your family.

  40. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will you grant a bonus to Clients that will accept visits?

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    The area you are heating with the
    ECat is similar to a Tennis Court with
    not much height.

    https://hypertextbook.com/facts/2009/AmyHuang.shtml

    Regards
    Sam

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I think a tennis court is bigger. Or at least it seems to me bigger, but perhaps it is because I have to run to get the ball…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Are you back in Miami now, and if so, are you monitoring the customer’s E-Cat SK remotely?
    2. Have you had any problems to address so far?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. Yes
    2. No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. priscilla

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What is the power rated for the SK that we will see on January 31st in internet streaming?
    Cheers
    Priscilla

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Priscilla:
    20 kW
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    I do not think so, because it will be a commercial presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Erik

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for putting in the internet the website http://www.ingandrearossi.com, because it is really inspiring.
    All the best,
    Erik

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Erik:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. john

    Will the presentation of January 31st satisfy the scientific community?

  52. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the E-Cat SK still heating the factory at 25 degrees C? If so, how long has it been doing so continuously?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, it is working since November 19.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Eric Ashworth

    Mr Rod Walton,
    with regards to your comment GE making record setting efficiency I do not wish to disappoint you but GE are using very primitive technology. Basically they are rotating a single turbine and using stators to keep the inputted steam in a linear flow format through the body of the turbine. Stators absorb energy and over a period of time wear out because of gaseous friction. The method of maintaining a linear flow without the use of stators and gain efficiency is to use a turbine designed upon a quadruplet design i.e. an atomic dimension solid design, which relates to laser technology. But this technology has been referred to as being before its time so for the time being we have put-up with primitive technology. From my own personal experience I have to ask the question, is climate change a genuine concern with regards seeking and using clean technology. Personally I think it is a hoax but maybe I am wrong.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  55. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    With the E-Cat you are currently heating an industrial premises at 25 ° Celsius.
    1 – Can you specify this choice? The logic would be that for a room in which employees work, the room temperature is lower (about 21 to 22 ° C)
    2 – Can you tell us what is the surface of the room where the volume?

    Today we can say that the E-Cat has come out of the laboratory to serve humanity. A new area is born concreting your work and that of your team.
    My crystal ball predicted that.
    All my support and congratulations to all your team
    Raffaele

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- Choice of the Client
    2- I do not know precisely, but I’d say about 250 square meters by about 3 m of height.
    Thank you for your wishes.
    I have one question for you: how much can you sell at your cristall ball ? It’s an instrument that could be very useful in my lab.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us if the Controller used with the 20kW eCat SK reactor is identically the same as a Controller used to simultaneously control 50 eCat SK reactors?

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    It is not identical.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Power Engineering December 11 2018: “GE H Class turbines power the world with less fuel- Record setting efficiency of 63% with combined cycle, helping to meet future power needs. Good to see GE is already breaking records”.
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information. For the readers: “combined cycle” means that the heat wasted by gas combustion in the turbine that rotates the alternator is partially recovered by sending it into a boiler to make the Carnot cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Yrka

    Steven N. Karels
    Sorry, apparently I did not understand you.
    In my understanding, the voltage in this case does not matter at all. Strength is important.
    But all this has nothing to do with the blog topic.
    I apologize again.

  62. Steven N. Karels

    Yrka,

    You may have misunderstood me, or I may not have clearly stated what I meant.

    I was pointing out that my assumed input power of 120VAC, single phase, 20Amps gives an input power of 2.4kW. This seemed low to me if the Controller was powering 50 eCat reactors generating a total of 1MW of thermal power.

    I then suggested an alternative input power configuration of 240VAC, 30Amperes which would provide a total of 7.2kW, a factor of three greater than the 120VAC, 20Amp.

    However, Andrea Rossi declined to give any additional details other than to state the 120VAC, 20Amp assumed configuration was incorrect.

    It remains for Andrea Rossi to clarify, either now or after the demonstration, what the input power features are to define the effective COP.

  63. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your comment today … “The experiments for the theory have been extremely important to us and we have already scheduled a new series of experiments to go through the things we learnt so far. Still the hypothesis of the annihilation of virtual fermions at low energy resists.” …

    of possible interest:
    http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0011327

    While I do not understand most of this paper, a few paragraphs regarding magnetic fluctuation struck home to me that included references to ” the annihilation of virtual fermions at low energy “.

    In particular, I found the last paragraph that begins at the bottom of page 5 (and continues on page 6) to be of specific interest to some tests with magnetic fields that I am working with currently, and thought I would share this reference with you.

    Thanks again for the dedicated work you continue to perform on the ecat technology to all of you that are working on this project together.

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the reference. I am going now to study it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I have written a summary of some information about the E-cat that I’ve collected so far, and I’ve put it on this page:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/ECat.LENR/permalink/2531247996891089/

    All I have written reflects only my opinions that don’t necessarily coincide with the reality. But it is only a fruit of my enthusiasm.
    I hope I have been sufficiently precise and impartial and did not say too much “cavolate”.

    If you do not want to post this link on JONP, please ignore this message, thank you.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your enthusiasm and for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Anonymous

    Where are you working in this period? Where is your lab for experiments?

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Miami, Florida.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Andrew

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Have you completed the series of tests for the theory and for the presentation of the Ecat SK?
    Cheers,
    Andrew

  70. Andrew

    What do you think will be the most important feature of the Ecat for your customers?

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    This cycle of tests has been completed, but:
    1- Tests never end because evolution never stops
    2- The experiments for the theory have been extremely important to us and we have already scheduled a new series of experiments to go through the things we learnt so far. Still the hypothesis of the annihilation of virtual fermions at low energy resists.
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Yrka

    Dear Mr. Stephen N. Karels.
    I apologize for the unsolicited in your dialogue with Andrea Rossi. But I always read it.
    A small amendment.
    120VAC x 20Amp = 2.4 kW = 240VAC x 10Amp (10amps, not 30).

    Yury Isaev
    engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  73. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I shall try to clarify my question.

    Are any of the following statements incorrect?

    1. The eCat reactor (SK series, I believe) is capable of outputting a maximum thermal power at 27 kW with a design normal operating output of up to 20kW.
    2. The Controller unit can simultaneously control a maximum of 50 such reactor units.
    3. The Controller unit is normally powered by a single phase 120VAC, 60 Hz, 20Amp wall outlet.
    4. The Controller unit provides all the power needed to power the connected eCat reactors.

    Analysis:

    If 50 units are controlled and powered by a single Controller and each eCat reactor outputs 20kW of thermal power, then the combined thermal output power generated will be 1 MW, or thereabout.

    If the sole power used by the Controller is a single phase 120VAC, 20 Amp wall outlet, then the input power consumption is 2.4kW.

    If these statements are both true, them the effective COP for the ensemble system will be 1,000 kW / 2.4 kW or about 400. This seems unreasonably high.

    So I was asking if the Controller was capable of accepting 240VAC, 30Amp power which would drop the effective COP by a factor of approximately 3.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. no
    4. yes
    Sorry, I am not going to disclose particulars of the control panel.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    how much power of electricity can you get from 20kW termal power?

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Our COP is related to thermal power. The COP of the systems of conversion do not change: e.g., the efficiency of the carnot cycle remains what it is with any heat source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You have posted that the Controller can handle up to 50 eCat reactors. When doing a 50 reactor, single Controller configuration, is the input AC power changed from 120VAC, 60 Hz, 20 Amp, single phase service to some other power configuration (e.g., 240VAC, 30Amp)?

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I do not understand precisely the question. Can you rephrase? In particular which data are you citing?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    During the experiments aimed to track a theory did you find traces of electricity generated directly from the plasma field?

  80. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes, we did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Mihail

    Dr Rossi:
    During the presentation of January 31st the COP will be calculated also considering the electricity consumed by the control panel, or only the electricity consumed by the Ecat SK?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Mihail

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Mihail:
    We will give also the data related to the consume of the control panel that, by the way, is completely recovered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Hermes Atar Trismegistus

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Will you show also an ammeter and a voltmeter on the input of the Ecat SK during the historical presentation of January 31st?

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Looking at the energy density of the eCat reactor (20,000W, 1 year operating time, reactor mass of 1kW) gives an energy density of 1.75E+8 W-Hr/kg. Comparing this to the energy density of U-235 of 2.4E+10 W-Hr/kg or Pu-238’s energy density of 0.97E+10 W-Hr/kg, would suggest that of the 1 kilogram mass of the eCat reactor, roughly 10 to 100 grams of fuel is within the reactor. Comments?

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Debra

    Dear Andrea Rossi
    Will the SK we will see on January 31st substantially different from the QX we saw in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017, as well as its control panel?
    By the way, I found on http://www.ingandrearossi.com an impressive example of resilience.
    Godspeed,
    Debra

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Debra:
    You will see an enormous progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Mike Casbon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Since the Ecats will be controlled by internet, can they be operated where internet is not available?
    God’s blesses on you and your team!
    Mike casbon

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon:
    Good point.
    This will be a problem, for the time being
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the E-Cat SK, do you need one controller per SK reactor, or if not, how may SKs can be operated by a single reactor?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    One controller can sustain 50 SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,
    In your recent reply to Steven, you said that the Ecat was producing heat for your client and it was not a test. If we can conclude from your answer that Leonardo Corporation is now earning revenue for providing LENR energy to a commercial client, this would certainly constitute a major milestone in the history of LENR and your personal long struggle. To my knowledge, no other organization can make such a claim. I certainly apologise if my conclusion is incorrect. Otherwise,a hearty CONGRATULATIONS! to you and your team.

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Your conclusion is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) How long do you estimate – not asking for an exact answer – it will be until one of your clients is willing to go on the record with a statement that they are purchasing energy from you produced by SK units at an economically attractive price per unit of thermal energy?

    2) Oxygen is a long time killer of LENR reactions in a wide variety of systems. This is especially true in at least some powder based systems. Does this theme of oxygen being a reaction inhibitor apply to the QX/SK reaction?

    3) Have you weighed the electrodes before and after an extended run and if so what was the weight difference before and after?

    4) In the Stockholm presentation it seems like a high voltage impulse was applied to start the reaction going and then DC pulses of much lower voltage and current were applied to keep the reactions going for a few seconds until the off period. If more active cooling had been applied to the reactor and/or power supply, could the lower voltage and current been continuously applied without an off period?

    5) Have attempted to make any contacts in the indoor agriculture industry to find out if they would be interested in an economically advantageous source of ecologically friendly heat?

    6) Have you ever pushed a QX to self destruction and if so what happened?

    7) To push a 20 kilowatt rated SK to self destruction, how high must the output go?

    8) Have you attempted to utilize a laser inferometer setup to determine if any modification of the active vacuum of space near the QX/SK is taking place? If so, what were the results?

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White%E2%80%93Juday_warp-field_interferometer

  96. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- I do not know
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- confidential
    5- not yet, but it is a sector of our interest
    6- confidential
    7- confidential
    8- yes, but the results are confidential so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Klas

    Dear Andrea,

    Clearly we have a misunderstanding of my question.
    I am well aware of that Ecat does not directly emits any greenhouse gases as this is one of the beatiful facts of LENR energy.
    However my question concerned the total footprint as it is used in Global Warming debate.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_footprint
    The indirect part from Ecat SK should therefore mainly arrive from the reactor manufacturing process, total process producing fuel and total logistics involved during one year.
    I am still expecting a very low value og CO2 kg/Kwh and this is again the beaty as e.g electric cars due to the batteries and how the are charged have much larger footprints than most people are aware of.

    Best regards
    Klas

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Klas:
    I answered. Grey energy will be reduced in proportion to the COP. Please see on Wikipedia what is the grey energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileykowsky:
    The control panel does not affect the cost so much as you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Stephen

    Hi Andrea Rossi

    May I ask some questions about your recent testing

    1. Am I correct in understanding that you were recently testing ecat at your customer’s sites? (I remember you mentioning you were happy the way things are goi g it was cozy in side whilst out side it was cold). Or was that a kind of Factory acceptance test before delivery?

    2. is this test still continuing in the long term?
    3. Were you able to test the remote control aspects of the set up?
    3a. If so were you happy with this aspect?
    3b. Is that part of the test more or less continuous or intermittent testing now and then?
    3c Is that part of the test continuing?
    4. Was the test performed with one of the automanously produced e-cat SK’s.?

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Stephen

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- it was a module making heat for the Client
    2- it is not a test
    3- yes
    3 a and b: it is not a test
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you’re right, thanks for your explanations.
    For an electric car the energy supplied to its batteries is not free, but comes from other plants that have polluted.
    For Ecat, the energy it supplies comes from within and has not generated pollution.
    Therefore, its gray energy for making it and putting in service has an ever lower percentage value for a high COP and a long operational life.

    Another question, please: what do you think about the heat that humans throw in the environment?
    From the Sankey diagram that you see at this link

    https://www.visualcapitalist.com/u-s-energy-consumption-one-giant-diagram/

    one can notice that a total of 60% of all energy produced in the United States is wasted.
    It’s a huge amount of energy thrown into the environment.

    Do you think that in the very long term the Ecat could help to reduce this percentage?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    here our whole community are fans of e-cat since 2011.
    We have no doubts that your last version of reactors are magnificence, as You stated.
    We have concern about control units. Although it is known that with mass scale of production costs may be lower, is it true, that manufacturing costs of your control units are prohibitively high?
    So much high, that it is unaffordable for households, thus irrelevant whether it is or is not certified for common folks use?

  105. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still working/consulting with Eng. William S. Hurley(and/or his associates) that was present at the QX demo in Stockholm?

    Warm Regards,
    Dan C.

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    He is a top manager of a potential Client of us. We are in contact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    During operation in its life, a gasoline car emits CO2, but a pure electric car doesn’t. Even the Ecat doesn’t emit CO2 when is working.

    However all these devices are responsible for pollution when they have been manufactured by machine emitting CO2.

    And so at the end of their working life there will be other pollution for recycling.

    So, for every device it is possible compute the level of pollution in their separate phases of life birth – life – dead.

    Are these values for Ecat known?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    When an electric car does not emit CO2 it is because a thermoelectric plant has emitted the CO2 on its behalf, because to produce the electricity consumed by an electric car you have to produce that electricity.
    About the grey energy. which is what you are talking of, the COP is the issue that makes the difference, because if the COP is higher, the grey energy is more diluted in proportion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    1. In your experiments with operating the e-cat at different temperatures, were you able to obtain information about the relationship between temperature attained and “fuel” consumed?

    2. If yes, were the results a surprise or what you expected.

    3. Will such information be found in your next paper?

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- There is no relation as far as I saw in the experiments.
    2- n.a.
    3- n.a.
    A.R.

  111. Carla

    Dear Andrea:
    I read yesterday http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Thank you for sharing with us this story. Very moving.
    All the best,
    Carla

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Carla:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Klas

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you already present a rough value for the EPA Carbon Footprint (CO2 weight/kWh) from a Ecat SK 20kW generator running continously during the first year?
    I assume included the manufacturing of generator and original fuel incl. first fuel change.
    How much less for year 2 and following?

    Best Regards
    Klas

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Klas:
    The Ecat does not emit carbon hydroxide.
    About the grey energy, it is arithmetically inversally proportional to the COP respect a normal source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Gretchen Banks

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Again on Power Engineering December 6 2018: Power-Gen speakers- Energy world has changed, so chenge with it.
    Seems your Ecat fits perfectly!
    Cheers
    Gretchen

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Gretchen Banks:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Mason

    Dear Andrea:

    The day of your market introduction is drawing close. It is fitting that it is part of the holiday season and a harbinger of a new year’s future harvest.

    For years, I have watched and read at E-CatWorld how the promise inherent in the Ecat has become a bit mysterious, taking on the hopes as pieces of clothing of the many who follow and share their views of the real life drama of you and your team’s efforts. I think you and your team should be reminded of this.

    I believe a speech by Charlie Chaplin from 1940 expresses this mysterious inspiration some feel regarding the Ecat. Though his deeply emotional speech was focused upon the very different topic of global politics in 1940, it is easy to say that at E-CatWorld many feel a similarity, a likeness between the two. They express the belief that the Ecat will bring a great benefit equivalent to Charlie Chaplin’s deeply felt thoughts. You may feel and see it as being an overblown comparison, but people will believe what they will.

    Happy Holidays to you, your team, and your wife.

    Sincerely & respectfully,

    Mason Ainsworth

    Charlie Chaplin’s message for all humanity:
    Link>> https://youtu.be/CsgaFKwUA6g

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you very much for the inspiring link and for your kind consideration of the work made by our Team.
    The sustain of persons like you is very important and helps a lot.
    Warm Regardsand best wishes to you and your family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is a true achievement that you can now produce the ECats automatically!
    Congratulations to you and your team.
    If I understand it rightly you have now (unofficially) entered the commercial stage. That is even a more important step!
    1. Are you happy with your portfolio, or do you want us to promote the Ecat?
    2. Will the standard Ecat SK now be 27 kW nominal or is that just a test and do you still calculate 20 kW as nominal output?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- so far I am satisfied, we start with caution
    2- we calculate20 kW as nominal rating
    Thank you for your offer of help: I take advice of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I may have phrased the inquiry poorly. To insure his satisfaction, will a client be able to buy heat from you like your current client is doing, in phases? (ie start with 1 MW, increase to 10 MW?)

    I understand very well that you are not selling product, and while that breaks my heart, I recognize the high quality of your decision to market this way. Please accept my apology if I offended you.

    Sincerely,

    Tom

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    The answer is: yes.
    Sorry not to have understood immediately your question,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulation again on the progress you have made on the innovative design of the Ecats this last several years and the upcoming presentation of the 27 kW model, and the plants that can be constructed from this revision. Beware if your current client client asks you to get a motel room and wait there for a decision, though. (… Tesla …)

    Q1: If a client wants to heat/cool larger spaces (sections of his factory), would a 1 MW plant including heat exchanger be available to order this January?

    Q2: … 5 MW this January?

    Warm regards,

    Tom

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    We do not sell plants, we sell heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, in the future there will certainly be an Ecat + turbine + alternator system for the production of electricity.
    I was trying to do some simplified and approximate calculations.

    If the Ecat alone had for example a COP = 6 and the turbine + alternator had an efficiency of 30%, the electrical output energy would be about twice of the power supply.
    For a COP = 12, the output would be about 4 times the input. And so on.

    I do not know what the maximum operative COP value could be, but probably greater than 12.
    At the Stockholm test, a COP of more than 500 was measured, but I think that the real maximum operational COP value will not be too high for security and stability issues.
    However, yet with the roughly values ​​assumed in my calculations, we can see that the system can generate electricity at costs much lower than the current ones.

    If you could sell electricity as you sell now heat, the clients will certainly be happy saving on their money, you would be even happier earning all you want, and humanity would be the main beneficiary.
    What do you think about?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The numbers will be given in due time, but I share your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Can you tell us if you are already able to produce the ECats automatically?
    2. By when do you intend to start production, or has production started already?
    3. Will you also produce the ECat controllers in your production plants?
    4. I have always thought that the 40 MW unit is a single unit that will produce electricity. Now I understand that there will be multiple smaller units that will be located at different sites. Is the latter the right interpretation?
    5. Do they intend to produce electricity with the (collection of) 40 MW unit(s)?
    6. How much percent of the 40 MW units(s) is ready?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- the production will follow the demand
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- this is up to the Client
    6- this information is not public
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Niall Bohan

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you sure the nickel is almost limitless as written in http://www.ecat.com?
    Thanks,
    Niall Bohan

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Niall Bohan:
    Thank you for your question, we have to correct our text, that is ambiguous. We intended to say that Ni in the Earth is almost limitless in relation to our consume, not in absolute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Rod Walton

    Please see on Power Engineering December 5 2018: ABB, Emerson, OUC, leaders echo digital themes at Power Engineering Keynote
    Best Regards,
    Rod Walton

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I appreciate your effort to withhold investment from small investors until the e-cat is a proven reliable product. Once your product is a proven solid value, do you plan to reward your long time supporters with special consideration in allowing them to move to the front of the line?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Now let us stay focused on our development target. For now I just can say that our business is too risky to allow small investors give us money.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Jane

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I read the whole content od http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    It is very inspiring.
    Godspeed,
    Jane

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you!
    This is an important recognition to the work of my team from one of the most prestigious scientific echelons of the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    I refer to the question from Seven N. Karels about the weight of one reactor.
    You have earlier confirmed the weight to be one kilo and the control unit to 10 kilos.
    Witch for the reactor is obviously within the window he presented.
    How many reactors are the 10 kilos control unit able to supply?
    Is the prior information of 100 still an actual number?
    Regards, Svein Henrik.

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Moreless.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Just google “power engineering December 4 2018 to see the last developments in the alternative energies.
    Rod Walton

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information. By the way: I am a reader of Power Engineering since the year 1972, when I manufactured in my factory my first plant to make energy with wastes with my first patent related to the post-combustion of the smokes. In 1984 Power Engineering published in the section “cementator” an article about my plant to turn organic wastes into fuel oil. At those times P.E. was my “bible”. I still leaf through it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    I published on the Russian Internet resource ProAtom for the nuclear industry specialists the article “Industrial energy devices for low-threshold nuclear reactions is a reality” about increasing recognition of the reality of the “Rossi effect” in scientific circles and about your latest achievements, in particular, materials about the upcoming commercial presentations ECat SK (January 31, 2019)
    http://www.proatom.ru/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=8330&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0

    With deepest respect and best wishes,

    Vitaly Uzikov

  143. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted the volume of the 27kW reactor is about 1/2 liter. What is the mass of the 27kW reactor? I would suspect it to be between 0.5 and 4.0 kg, probably about 2.5kg?

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The window is correct,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success with this first 40 Mw plant, and there will be many more to come !
    Is there still an important test this august with the SK E-CAT ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, with the launch of your new products QX and SK will you make an update on your internet pages ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  148. Viktor Shipachev

    G 20: half of the funds should go for R&D for new and more efficient energy sources.
    Viktor Shipachev

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    My opinion is that if a technology works the funds come from the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    How do you plan to advertise your product launch in January? Adverts in trade magazines? Spam email? Newspapers? Have you hired an advertising agency?

    Regards.

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Just internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Eric Ashworth

    Tom Monroe, With regards Leonardo corporation not going public to raise funds has nothing to do with the viability of the E-Cat technology. I believe Andrea does not want people to lose money because the E – Cat has to be accepted in the industrial market. Once it is, then investors will be assured of not losing money but as it is, although the technology is 100% capable of producing large quantities of cheap heat it has to gain acceptance and this is, I believe, the final step. Also proof positive that Andrea is a scientist and not a financier. Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. Spam this if you consider me out of line

  153. Tom Monroe

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    I have followed you for several years, on and off. I’m excited about your project. I’ve gone back in the archives, and I couldn’t find the answers to these questions:
    1. I remember earlier (maybe prior to Ecat) that you were talking about switching modes to “self-sustaining” (and that this would radically increase COP). Whatever happened to self-sustaining mode?
    2. Recently you’ve told people inquiring about investing that it is “too risky” – can you elaborate on what you see the is biggest risk? (I mean, everything is risky, right? But what do you consider to be the biggest risk?)

    Looking forward to watching your upcoming presentation.

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Monroe:
    1- if you watch carefully the video of the test made in Stockholm you have a hint of it ( google ” Youtube Ecat November 24 Stockholm presentation ” )
    2- the risk not to be sure that the money of investors will return with interests in their pockets. I will have this certainty after my Ecats will be massively in operation. I am terrorized to see persons lose their savings. I am an industrialist, not a finance guy.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  155. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    Today is the opening of COP 24 in the Polish town of Katowice for 12 days of climate talks.
    The Green Bank Network mobilizes now US$ 41 billion for clean energy projects around the globe.
    May you reveal, as a positive inspiration to your followers, that your own “Kat” has a COP 24 or more, which may include the E-cats in these projects?
    Regards, Svein Henrik

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    We’ll see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. WaltC

    Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    I realize it’s too early for you to talk about your R&D experience with turbines, but for the broad readership, with respect to current state of the art in turbine electrical generation efficiency, Wikipedia (a useful source for many things, but **DEFINITELY NOT LENR**) has this to say:

    “Microturbines have around 15% efficiencies without a recuperator, 20 to 30% with one and they can reach 85% combined thermal-electrical efficiency in cogeneration… Researchers from the Lappeenranta University of Technology designed a 500 kW intercooled and recuperated two-shaft microturbine aiming for a 45% efficiency.”

  158. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I think the Wikipedia article is correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi, you have written “…It depends on the efficiency of the turbine, not of the Ecat….”.
    Yes I know. What is the range of efficiency of turbine used for this application whose test is in course?
    Thank you if you can reply.
    I know that a medium value could be 0.3 but in reality it depends on many factors.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We are not testing a turbine, we are testing a combustion chamber that could fit a turbine. The efficiency of a turbine could be around 30%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Dear Andrea,
    Addendum: the official link to the Kitamura et al. paper is https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319918320925

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your team’s progress on the 27kW SK.

    Because some comments have been using ‘module’ and ‘reactor’ interchangeably, I’m little hazy as to what an E-Cat module may contain. Could you clarify the following?
    1. Does the minimal module contain one E-Cat reactor and heat
    exchanger?
    2. Could multiple reactors fit within one module?
    3. If so, is there a limit to the number of reactors fitting in
    one module?
    4. If not too soon to ask, what is a single reactor module’s
    volume?
    5. Does the total module volume increase directly by the number
    of reactors (including water volume) or is there an
    algorithm/ratio?
    6. What is the term used for multiple modules, a plant?
    7. Besides the control system, in general, could you clarify
    any other terms that may help understand what a 40MW plant
    may consist?
    Thank you very much,
    Brokeeper

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- this depends on the kind of module
    2- no, when we say “module” we refer to one reactor
    3- see point 2
    4- the volume rated 27 kW is about half liter
    5- see point 2
    6- yes
    7- it depends on the type of plant and how the client wants to use the 40 MW
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Bruce Williams

    Hello, Andrea:
    I didn’t expect a replay from you!
    I know you are a very BUSY man. I have been following your incredible efforts for several years now on E-Catworld. You have my full admoration, sir, may you be victorious.
    Auguri, vincerai!
    Bruce Williams

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Bruce Williams:
    I am always delighted to answer to everybody,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Dear Andrea,

    In 16 August 2018, Japanese researchers (Kitamura et al.) published a paper in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy titled “Excess heat evolution from nanocomposite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gases”. They report a series of experiments where excess heat was observed using palladium-nickel and copper-nickel alloys with protium and deuterium, made into nanocomposite with zirconia and silica. This is one of the few examples, thus far, where LENR results are published in a well-esteemed mainstream journal. They conclude that “It is impossible to attribute the excess heat to any chemical reaction”. They also refer to your work:

    “Among them, replication experiments of the Rossi-type reactors have been performed by several researchers [4-7], which seemingly appears to show unignorable reproducibility of the Rossi method. However, little is known about the accuracy of the calorimetry and the mechanism of the claimed anomalously large energy production.”

    and their Reference [3] is to your website:

    “[3] A. Rossi / Leonardo Corporation; http://ecat.com/.”

    The full paper can be accessed at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Akito_Takahashi/publication/324507195_Excess_heat_evolution_from_nanocomposite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gases/links/5ad1327caca272fdaf7795f7/Excess-heat-evolution-from-nanocomposite-samples-under-exposure-to-hydrogen-isotope-gases.pdf

    regards, /pekka

  168. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said: “but soon we will have clients that will couple Ecats with turbines coupled with alternators”. Do you think you will have this done before the presentation on January 31st?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, we are very happy for you and your team.
    These latest developments are very exciting and we can not wait to see the January commercial demonstration.
    Your latest news about the next generation of electricity with a turbine and generator is also tremendously important.
    Have you already calculated the ratio between the electrical output power and the incoming thermal power?
    Can you communicate a value even if approximate?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It depends on the efficiency of the turbine, not of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Bruce Williams

    Is it possible to invest in Leonardo Corporation?
    Bruce Williams

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Bruce Williams:
    No, it is still too risky and I want not put the savings of people at risk.Thank you for your trust, though !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When will you know when the SK 100 Kw will be a product?

    Do you think that the SK reactor will be able to scale up, 1Mw or more in the future ?

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    In 2019
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, when do you think you will be able to produce massively the SK and the QX reactors ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint François

  177. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    can you say anything how you make electricity with the E-cat today?

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Today we make only heat, but soon we will have clients that will couple Ecats with turbines coupled with alternators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    These are historic times with your customer’s use of heat from the ECAT sk

    My heartfelt congratulations.

    I wanted to let your readers know that I have found useful information for understanding some of the concepts you discuss in a PBS production titled Spacetime. Episodes are available at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7_gcs09iThXybpVgjHZ_7g

    Bob Belovich

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thank you, very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Maybe the need of pollution free energy sources will accelerate also the air and space applications of the Ecat, starting with prototypes that do not need certifications,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Dear Andrea,
    No need to be sorry, because I am not suggesting that Leonardo should build airplanes. Rather, I’m saying that what you are currently doing (making electricity at level 8-9/10) is probably the best way forward, not only from the point of view of ground-based applications, but also from the point of view of aviation. My point is that building a “normal” open E-cat based turbojet engine (that is, a jet that produces thrust by blowing air) is probably not very fruitful, because more fruitful is to build a turbine (like you are doing) that can generate electricity anywhere, first on ground, later maybe in airplane by some of your customer.

    Overall, I understand and agree that Leonardo Corp should concentrate on something, which is making heat, and from this point of view, thinking of other applications (aviation, space, ships, etc.) might sound like a waste of time at this point. However, once the opportunity arises, companies will emerge to utilize them. It makes sense, in my opinion, to think beforehand (i.e., now) how the E-cat suits different purposes, even if Leonardo Corp would not be the company that will actually make those derived applications.
    regards, /pekka

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka janhunen:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    For now the Ecat cannoot be installed in houses or condos for certifications issues, correct?

  186. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Dear Andrea,

    I want to add a few more remarks, to increase the level of concretia. Hobbyists at Malmi Airport in southern Finland collected money and recently bought a Slovenian Pipistrel electric airplane. This plane is certified for one pilot, has two 56 kg lithium battery packs, can fly approximately 100km distance, and consumes 18 kW of electric power in level flight. One could replace one of the 56 kg battery packs with an E-cat based electric generator that produces 18 kW electric (~60 W thermal). Regarding certification, one must ask what are the possible failure modes. If the E-cat module fails to operate, for example, the plane can still land with the remaining battery. Possibly, regarding certification, the E-cat version would not be considered a new type, which would make certification easier. Furthermore, at least in Finland, the Pipistrel is certified as a so-called ultralight aircraft. The ultralight certification process is easier than for other aircraft.

    r:/pekka

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Sorry, but that is a mined field from which I stay away . In case the plane falls down we could have terrific afterwards.
    For the time being we will focus on heat and electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in the past you said, you wanted to use your heating service for industrial applications. You mentioned food processing. Now your first application is the heating of a building. Will the heating of buildings become a branch of your heating service? If yes, are the following types of buildings suitabel for your heating service?

    – office buildings
    – shopping centers, congress centers
    – public swimming halls (water and air)
    – greenhouses

    Further question: Do you plan to install a further e-cat SK at a site of a client before your presentation in january?

    Thank you for your answers,

    E. Hergen

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    To make heat is the simpler application of the Ecat. Theoretically there are no limitations about where to supply heat, but the situations must be analyzed with distinction.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the 27 kW E-Cat SK factory heater running continuously, or is it something that needs to be stopped and re-started frequentlyfor testing purposes?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It does not need to be stopped.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Pekka Janhunen, I found your comment regards the future of aviation to be interesting but not surprising regards the present day designs that have stood for many years. I am referring to efficiency and noise level. However, for your information there is an accredited flow control technology designed specifically to overcome noise and maximize efficiency in both the aircraft and turbine industry to name two such industries. Consequently, this technology was examined by the power industry and verified, submitted to the Boeing Corporation and General Electric, both of which refused comment. It was denied demonstrations in universities and government research establishments. Finally it was admitted to, that it was before it’s time and labelled a ‘destructive technology’. This of course was verbally behind closed doors. What this technology does is provide an insight into ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’ with regards atomic dimensions i.e. micro and also macro dimensions. The mechanism held several patents being designed upon accepted mechanical principles. It is because of my own personal experiences with regards a new technology that I am aware of the difficulties encountered by privately funded pioneers within our scientific community. It seems, to me, that in certain areas of endeavour we have, for some reason, reached a point of stagnation whereby we are experiencing a momentary hiatus in certain areas of academic scientific research and understanding. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  194. Dear Andrea,

    The future of aviation is likely to be electric, because electric motors produce much less noise (15 dB, I was told), and because electric motors have high power density to enable a short runway or even VTOL (vertical take-off and landing). Therefore, if I were you, I would encapsulate the gas turbine E-cat so that it can be used to make electricity onboard the aircraft, not used as a traditional “open” jet engine, which is very noisy. To make it even more silent, one could turn on the E-cat based turbine generator only during cruise phase, and perform the takeoff and landing by battery power alone. Batteries are good enough to do that, even if they are not fit for a prolonged cruise.

    I recently attended a workshop about electric aircraft and learned about those issues.

    The E-cat can give such a plane an unlimited range, while the use of electric motors gives it silent operations and short runway requirements or VTOL, so that the airfield can exist near the customer, maybe even at his home. What you are currently doing is well aligned with this kind of transportation revolution, just perhaps with small technical modifications and considerations which I suggested above.

    regards, /pekka

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Your insight is intelligent, but my experience in the field of certifications tells me that tens of years will pass before the Ecat applications will be allowed to be realized in the air and space sector. Besides, while our technology is very advanced to make heat and electricity via-turbines, we are very green for air and space. In a scale from 1 to ten, we are 10 for heating, 8/9 for electricity, 0.1 for air and space.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Stephen

    Hi Andrea Rossi

    I think earlier this week you mentioned in one of your replies that the eventual 40 MW plant acquisition will be by one customer but distributed.

    Does this mean

    1. A single 40 MW plant on one site with the heat distributed over the larger site?
    2. Many smaller plants totaling up to 40 MW on one site?
    3. Like 2 but distributed in different geographical locations?

    If 3 is the current facility a pilot one for the following ones?

    Is the company considering international use as well as locally in the USA?

    It sounds promising the developments so far

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Stephen

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    3.
    Yes.
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Mike Casbon

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    During the demonstration could you (would you please) show the apparatus currently being used in the customer’s facility?

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon:
    Possibly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Please confirm or modify.

    1. I understand that at the Jan 2019 event you will demonstration a 26kW thermal output eCat which will be powered from a standard 120VAC, 60Hz single phase wall outlet, of the typical type found in the USA?
    2. In the Jan 2019 demonstration, that no phase change to the heated medium will occur, at least in an external sense?
    3. That the heated medium will use city water as the medium to be heated?
    4. That will you have computer-based sensors measuring the temperatures and flow rate of the medium and this data will be recorded and made available?
    5. In addition to the computer-based sensors, some means of temperature and flow rate indications will be provided for observation purposes?

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Steven N. Larels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you are able to successfully demonstrate a 26kW thermal output powered by a 120VAC, 60 Hz, single phase power outlet with an current limitation of 15 or 20 Amps, you will have demonstrated an effective COP of 10 or greater.

    20 Amps x 120 Vac = 2.4kW input with a 26 kW thermal output.

    I assume you are ready for the backlash from the scientific community? I know you say that the end of Jan 2019 event is not a scientific validation but a commercial demonstration. But it will draw attention. Please be as transparent as you can be and record all for posterity.

  203. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    What is the power density of the couple Ecat-gas turbine? I wonder if it is fit for a light aircraft.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not done yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    These are a couple of links to articles
    on trade secrets.

    http://ipjournal.law.wfu.edu/2011/02/shh-its-a-secret-coca-colas-recipe-revealed/

    https://gizmodo.com/this-is-the-vault-where-kfc-guards-the-colonels-secret-1650566046

    BTW now that you are heating the customer factory
    with the ECat I can feel myself warmed when you
    sign off with Warm Regards when you comment.

    Regards
    Sam

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea

    Is the e-cat sk certified as a green energy source? (Needed for green subsidy and CO2 reduction premiums)

    Kind Regards
    JJ

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Your industrial project is progressing fast and we can not wait to see the January 31st presentation. The critics and jeers emanate from your colleagues of hot fusion not surprising. You make them shade and your baby who has just emerged will compete and impact their own work. The competition is a jungle where all the shots are not allowed but are done. The most twisted blows of your competitors will multiply in the hope of making you fall.
    However you have supporters who have supported you and will support you in this commercial jungle.

    Do you currently have time to devote to gas turbine R & D?

    All my modest support to your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Gas turbine remains my pet project.
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Giuseppina Soden

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that the presentation of January 31st will satisfy the sceptics?

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppina Soden:
    No, it will not. To avoid disappointments, I want one more time explain what is a commercial presentation: we are not presenting to the scientific community a theory or a prototype to be tested and validated, corroborated by full scientific information. We are presenting a product to sell a service to our actual and potential clients. We have to show that our product make profits.
    Our position is very similar to a model that is taken from a completely different world, but helps to understand: observe the Coca Cola policy: they never gave any hint about their industrial secret. I visited the Coca Cola Museum in Atlanta where they conserve in a well guarded safe the secret part of their IP. They advertise Coca Cola not as a food scientifically proven as good, they sell and advertise ( with extremely sophysticated means ) the Coca Cola product as a good drink that gives a good taste to their Customers at a price accessible to everybody. This is exactly what we are going to do: give the taste of the profits that will be generated by the use of the Ecat. This will disappoint them who will look for scientific information, but our target of the presentation are the Clients. By the way, they will not be going to buy the Ecat, but just to buy the heat she will generate. We will offer the image of the Ecat SK in operation, will show how much energy we are consuming, it will be, I think, very interesting, but, I promise, disappointing for anybody that looks for information to compete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Asia

    Dear Andrea:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is very inspiring.
    All the best,
    Asia

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Asia:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) How much does the entire 27kW module weigh (both with and without the power supply)?
    2) What is the maximum surface temperature produced that water could be exposed to if steam was being produced rather than hot air?
    3) Have you applied vibration to the module to make sure it would keep working during a situation like the recent Alaska earthquake?
    4) How much electrical output from the device are you thermalizing back into heat? For example, of the 27 kilowatts how many kilowatts were originally anomalous electrical output that you didn’t want to bother harnessing?

  216. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- Without the boiler the Ecat weights 1 kg, the Control Panel 10 kg
    2- during the presentation will be seen the T
    3- no, but you made a point: to foresee annti-sismic applications in sismic areas can be a good idea
    4- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “The fact that we measure the radiations at 1 cm does not imply the radiations are 1 cm.”

    What we, as readers, may understand from your postings are what you explicitly state, OR, what you otherwise state and what a reasonable man may infer from your actions or your words.

    I did not imply that the radiations are 1 cm. I am not even sure what that means — a wavelength?

    What we can properly infer from your previous statements are:
    1. The measurements at 1 cm from the open reactor are as stated.
    2. Your previous statements that, when sealed, no radiation above background were measured.
    3. That the type of radiation measured was consistent with Sv quantification — ionizing radiation.

    Given the above AR statements, gamma radiation may be eliminated – there is insufficient shielding to preclude radiation measurements outside of a sealed eCat reactor.

    So we are left with the two types of measurements that may be correctly measured by an instrument to yield an accurate measurement, alpha or beta.

    So why would you measure so close to the open reactor? The logical inference would be that the measurement could not accurately be made at a greater distance. One difference between alpha and beta radiation is the mean distances that each may travel in the air. (I assume you were not working in a vacuum). The 1 cm distance would reasonably suggest the type of radiation would be alpha particles.

    Another alternative would be “strange radiation”, something outside of alpha, beta or gamma, but then why would it be measured in Sv?

    The most obvious manner to resolve the inferences is for you to explicitly state what type of radiation was being measured. Comments?

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no phase changes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- no. Again: this is not a validation test, this is the presentation of the product by which we will supply our heating service
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    It is very good news that you have a production grade Ecat generating commercial levels of heat at your customer’s factory.

    Please can you tell us the dimensions of the newly installed 27kW Ecat, and the size of the associated control unit.

    I am really looking forward to watching the product launch online on Thursday 31st January. It will be a very important World changing event.

    Well Done and Good Luck!

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    During thpresentation we will detail also the dimensions.
    Anyway, the Ecat is very small, the boiler it is applied to has the same dimensions of a normal boiler with the same rating.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Friends,

    Finally there is some wrestling here again. Nothing better to pass the time when waiting for January 31st.

    Have you already experienced that a technical director tells his investors that everything they thought to realize has no chance of success, because the advancing insight recently taught them that they were wrong from the start? And that after tens of billions of investments.

    There is no problem, I think, to use tax money for research and development, however strange that research may be. There can never be money shortage in the world, but there is always a shortage of knowledge and insight. And everyone of significance contributes to the development through all sorts of taxes. Even if all investors have lost their money, the wages of the scientists are still paid, and perhaps the insights they have learned are useful within a hundred years.

    Tax money has been used for war throughout history. We learned a huge amount of that.

    I do think that everyone realizes that Andrea Rossi discovered the missing link between pure nuclear science and practical application. Even though he had to burn his fingers for that.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Matthias Junghans

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for your groundbreaking success done lately.
    All humanity hopes the Ecat will be useful to help reduce the global warming.
    Question: when small investors will be able to invest in your concern?
    Keep fighting!
    Kind Regards,
    Matthew

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Matthias Junghans:
    Thank you for your recognition of the work of our Team.
    About investors: I am terrorized to allow persons lose their money for my fault. Our business is still in an area full of risks. We are running on a mined field.
    When our products will be consolidated by an abundant diffusion, we will think about going public, but at the moment we do not have the bases necessary to be sure that our investors do not run through the risk to lose their savings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I believe you have already made a preliminary calculation of the COP of the plant to heat your client’s factory. Without a doubt there are longstanding records for heating the rooms in this location. And no doubt, you are already measuring the total electric power in input. May I only ask if you and your customer are satisfied after these first days?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes, he surely is.
    We count only on the satisfaction of our Clients, since we do not sell plants, do not look for public funding: our profit comes only from the sales of heat.
    This fact is troubling our enemies, that lately are getting nervous and are squeezing their trolls, physicists, engineers or simply imbeciles as they might be. Ohh, by the way: they are again pulling back events of my past, that happened about 30 years ago: to know how things have gone and evidence of this, please go to
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Strange that this happens as the presentation of our industrialized product is so close…what a strange coincidence! Somebody is worried to lose funds for some stuff that never worked and never will work? Mah! ” Ai posteri l’ardua sentenza”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is the 40 MW-plant only for one customer, or divided to several customers during the year?
    Seems to be to much power for one customer, if it is not going to be a power plant construction.

    I agree totally with the Uzikov couple.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    It is for one Client, divided in different places.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Michel, Yes maybe hundreds of theories on the web but unlike hot fusion the theories are with regards an actual working product and yes I agree all major countries have committed to hot fusion research and it no doubt is progressing but at a snails pace because of a major obstacle that some say can eventually be overcome but my own opinion is that it is not possible but I could be wrong. My question is, what is the problem of investing in a technology i.e. LENRs that is producing remarkable results due to the endeavours of people researching these reactions (Andrea Rossi being one such world leading specialist). I am not saying abandon hot fusion entirely but give maybe 1% of available research funds that go towards hot fusion research to these LENR research specialists with no strings attached because of their proven commitment to obtaining a clean energy technology and their quest for the complete theory, especially with todays eagerness to combat climate change. Surely you must wonder why all the major countries appear to have little interest in LENR technology. As I say I am not against hot fusion research but as a tax payer and with regards my interests, I like my money to be spent on new technology and especially one that is giving good results for a noble cause. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  230. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    It seems simple to install an Ecat SK: just disinstall former heaters and connect the Ecat to the same system.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you using the factory’s existing heating ducts and vents to deliver the E-Cat heat, or is it a separate delivery system?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The same,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    What is the power (kw) of the e-cat SK to heat the factory?

    Can you adjust the power of the e-cat SK to temperatur changes outside the factory?

    Thank you,

    Hergen

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    1- it is a module of the SK rated 27 kW
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!
    I am deeply perplexed by the position of most representatives of the so-called “official science”, who for almost a decade did not notice the gigantic advancement of your technology from the first demonstration in January 2011 to the demonstration in Stockholm and the announced demonstration of the industrial design in January 2019. And now, suddenly, publications about the results of experiments confirming your great technology have gone, but without mentioning your name.

    https://spectrum.ieee.org/energy/nuclear/scientists-in-the-us-and-japan-get-serious-about-lowenergy-nuclear-reactions?fbclid=IwAR11tSd4BohfxmUUy7qyo5HfUiq35ZyAbYJ6P_J9RmMZ0lrxXdMnzbsH3jQ

    https://docviewer.yandex.ru/view/432301480/?*=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%3D&page=1&lang=en

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324507195_Excess_heat_evolution_from_nanocomposite_samples_under_exposure_to_hydrogen_isotope_gases

     
    The curiosity of the situation lies in the fact that in the above publications they are even now afraid to mention your name, and this fully characterizes the unscrupulousness of these people. It is possible that similar publications went as a result of the fact that a demonstration of an industrial design would put them in a foolish position and the question would be asked, can these people be considered scientists?
     With admiration for your work and best wishes,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    We are in the market.
    Thank you for your attention and for your important opinion: you are anyway part of the highest scientific echelons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Giovanni

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the Ecat SK you talked about yesterday the one that will be shown at the January 31st presentation?
    Best Regards,
    Giovanni

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    I tink so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Prof

    Kudos for your answer to Michel

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I do not like these clashes, though. Many very good and honest physicists are working on the hot fusion and this is a fact. Michel is one of them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the 25 degrees inside the factory where you say you are now working, currently being provided by an E-Cat SK?

    Warm regards,

    Frank Acland

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Can you comment on this question?

    What is your opinion on the process of operating and controlling the installed SK plants (e.g. the one from which you will live stream on Jan 31st) via internet in case there is no electricity (maybe not even a GSM/LTE network) because of power fails, cyber attacks, natural desasters etc… ?

    Regards
    Sam

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    That’s what we are doing, if I have understood your comment properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Michel

    Dear Eric Ashworth,

    It is still difficult today to say whether the prospect of a net-energy producing fusion reactor is realistic or not. Some physicists do not believe it, with their arguments, but the majority of them are convinced that we will reach this ultimate goal. All major countries have committed to this path and all have a fusion reactor (China, USA, France, India, Korea, Russia, Germany, UK …): do you believe that so many institutes and prestigious research organizations would all be in a certain dead-end way? …
    Fusion technology is progressing. Which was impossible yesterday, became with time. I am thinking in particular of superconductors, the only technology that makes it possible to maintain plasma over long periods of time.
    Yes the deadlines are long, and the cost of these machines keep growing as the size of the new reactors like ITER and it’s successor DEMO. This is the price to pay to know … Ask yourself how much will have cost the most complex machine built by men to know, I mean the LHC.
    You talk about 70 years of research on fusion, I could remind you that LENR (the new name of the cold fusion, the word “fusion” beeing quickly abandoned) have not put anything on the market over 40 years, since the experiments of Dr. Fleshman and Pons.
    The fusion reaction is well documented and understood all over the world, in fact a very simple reaction. Still no equivalent for LENRs for which there are hundreds of theories on the web …

    Regards,

    Michel

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    There is a big difference and a false statement in your answer to Eric Ashworth:
    1- difference: LENR has taken not a single cent from the taxpayer, while you guys have got with the EATER ( erroneously dubbed ITER ) over thirty billion dollars for a technology – that yes- that has produced nothing
    2- false statement: LENR have put nothing in commerce
    About the term “fusion”: you continue to use such term without doubts ( so you are the ones that have no doubts ) because you have the singular privilege to be allowed to repeat every 20 years that the fusion will be made within 20 years.
    On the contrary, you all know perfectly that to stabilize a magnetic field at 100 million K is more difficult than to make a camel pass through a needleeye, but still continue to milk the taxpayer. By the way: the comment of Eric Ashworth was much more aggressive against you and I edited it to turn it soft, because I wanted not you to be attacked…but you are looking for blood, my friend.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Winter has come early to the US Midwest!

    I am looking forward to you saying this: “We have an application on course wherein the SK heats the air in the HOUSE”. A 20 % discount to my home heating bill would be a nice start!

    Cool regards,

    Frank Acland

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is probably what I will show on January 31. It will not be a house, will be the factory of a client of us, where I am now and we have 3 Celsius degrees below zero outside and a caressing +25 C degrees inside. First day of work today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    What kind of heating at the factory? Air for the room using in example a fan, or water circulating in the radiators? Or…? I apologize for my excessive curiosity.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We have an application on course wherein the SK heats the air in the factory. The Ecat can heat whatever exchanges heat with her.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  252. keV

    Hi Andrea,

    Have you considered the use of your discovery in the field of helium air ships?

    1. As with air, heated helium increases lift yes.

    2. Some heat could also be converted to electricity to power the propellers.

    I think you could revive an industry that has been waiting a century for a lightweight energy power plant, realising the dream of cheaper and inherently safer transport of goods and people.

    Regards,
    keV

  253. Andrea Rossi

    keV:
    Honestly, no, I did not think about that, but it is a too narrow niche to be focused on for the time being.
    Thank you anyway for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  254. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Just a hypothetical question:
    If the 40MW unit you are developing for your customer and partner is going to produce electricity, would the generated power be enough for the Ecat-SK’s driving the turbine?
    I know you do not want to do that for safety reasons but the question is just from a energy balance point of view.

    I am sure your answer is ‘yes’, otherwise you business model is wrong, so how would you qualify the business for both you and your partner:
    A Extremely profitable
    B Very profitable
    C Good business and good for environment

    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  255. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Let us first do things, then talk of what our Clients will get.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  256. JPR

    Can the fluid heated by the Ecat SK be also air?

  257. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  258. Lillian Davis

    What is used for the Ecat SK that we will watch during the streaming of January 31st?

  259. Andrea Rossi

    Lillian Davis:
    Factory heating.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  260. Regarding the following link I found by googling “First Utility operated microgrid cluster” as Rod Walton suggested:

    https://www.power-eng.com/articles/2018/11/bronzeville-building-the-first-utility-operated-microgrid-cluster.html

    The following quote from that link would seem to have huge significance to the marketing of Ecats:

    “Experts spanning from the Department of Energy (DOE) to MIT have identified microgrids as a necessary technology to enhance the resiliency of the electric grid from threats ranging from major weather events to cyber-terrorism. In the aftermath of Hurricane Irma, for example, the Department of energy issues a report recommending microgrids as a way to mitigate such tragedies in the future.”

    To mitigate against ‘weather events’, accidents (Fukushima as one example), cyber-terrorism, and other threats, an ideal solution may be to build Ecat SK plants for each town or city of suitable size, distribute the power over the existing local power network, and dispense with the current huge generation plants and long distance transmission costs. That way a terrorist threat might shut down power to a city or two, but not the entire system.

    So the potential for cyberterrorism attacks on the electricity grid might, in addition to the cost advantage, be the single most persuasive argument for making a transition to local Ecat power generation?

    Rodney.

  261. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight: the Ecat could be useful in this sector.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  262. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting article about the
    Scientist Leon Lederman.

    https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.6.4.20181010a/full/

    Regards
    Sam

  263. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the memory of Dr Leon Lederman,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  264. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea

    Oggi ogni fonte di energia ha un nome preciso che ne indica la sua origine, come ad esempio:
    energia da combustione
    energia idroelettrica
    energia fotovoltaica
    energia solare
    energia geotermica
    energia nucleare
    e così via…

    Quale sarà il nome rappresentativo che assegnerai il 31 gennaio all’energia generata da E-CAT?

    Today every source of energy has a precise name that indicates its origin, such as:
    combustion energy
    hydroelectric energy
    photovoltaic energy
    solar energy
    geothermal energy
    nuclear energy
    and so on…

    What will be the representative name that you will assign on January 31 to the energy generated by E-CAT?

    Regards
    Enea

  265. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Perspiration energy,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  266. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you mean that you think at the Jan 31 presentation, you will show an E-Cat working at a client’s factory doing actual work for them?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  267. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  268. Von Fukuda

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    will we see the SK in operation in a factory during the presentation of January 31st?

  269. Andrea Rossi

    Von Fukuda:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  270. Rod Walton

    Here is a new model for microgrid energy distrubution: google Power Engineering November 17 2018 “First Utility operated microgrid cluster”

  271. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  272. Harvey

    Dear Andrea

    While reading through your history of struggles and setbacks, I had this thought: I would not be surprised to know that you may have already considered this, but would it not be the ultimate irony if you (or others) were able to use the heat from the SK reactor for the efficient production of low cost and improved quality Refuopetrolio?
    It truly warms my heart to see that so many more people are starting to appreciate your hard work and dedication to this most important journey.

    Best regards,
    Harvey

  273. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    No, I will not return to that sector of work. By the way, my patent, expired years ago, is being used by other specialized companies, like, for example ENI.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  274. Eric Ashworth

    @Michel
    you state that the hot fusion physicists have the theory but not the product. They have had the theory 70 years with no success. If something works then it must have a theory but a theory alone could be total nonsense and no doubt is, when considering the time, the effort and the expense involved to overcome an impossible problem as that encountered by the hot fusion physicists. Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  275. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    If as you have stated “We did not yet run an Ecat to complete exhaustion”, how do you arrive at an operational lifespan for a Ecat?

    I would expect that through multiple testing at controlled kW outputs you would establish a kW vs lifespan curve / gradient, you could then approximately predict the time elapsed before the controlled output would drop below a specific kW, then using conservative factors determine both the kW rating and operational time span for a Ecat module.

    20 kW and one year are nice round numbers for a commercial launch.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  276. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I was referring to the charge, not to the Ecat.
    The lifespan of the Ecat per se should be not less that 20 years. To change the charge every year does not make the life of the Ecat shorter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. Jeff Smathers

    To all a modicum of levity…

    In the distant future there became a great conference between God and representatives of man who were great in scientific stature. Man had achieved many wonderful and incredible things in all things. Other cultures throughout the galaxy were also impressed with the changes and abilities from man in so few centuries of efforts using science.

    Proud and uncomfortably boastful, man stood before God and with confidence expressed their desire to be freed of the personal bondage between God and man so they could accept the credit for all of their great accomplishments by their own merit.

    Further explaining …we have taken our world and have improved on every thing and we no longer need your help… God paused and then asked, I will allow this if you can show me how to create a life of the simple earthworm.

    They smiled and agreed… Sometime later they approached God with a gift of mud and squirming within, worms made from the science of man. proudly, they waited.

    God spoke… You must use your own dirt.

  278. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    Amen,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaints Francois:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. pluto

    not only by a customer but by all customers with Money back guranty if it does not work ! would you do it ?

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Pluto:
    We do not sell the plants, we sell the energy they generate. Obviously the Clients will pay the energy they will receive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Jim Rosenburg

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you determined if the Strange Radiation is proportional to the energy?

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    I do not know what the “sstrange radiations” are.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    Maurice Dippolito wrote the date of the presentation will be on January 24: is that a typo?
    Chuck Davis

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It was a typo, now corrected. I confirm that the presentation will be made in direct streaming on January 31st at 9 A.M. Miami time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that you will personnaly make the presentation on January, one question please what is the status of the 40mW plant ? will the plant be ready for 2019 ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  287. pluto

    I think if this reactor really worked, he could give Guaranty and could install the reactor in the factory of a customer and that is the best advertisment and not so much expensive.

  288. Andrea Rossi

    Pluto:
    This is what we are doing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting opinion about Physics.

    http://m.nautil.us/blog/the-present-phase-of-stagnation-in-the-foundations-of-physics-is-not-normal

    Sixty Seven days until SK demonstration
    if I did the math right.

    Regards
    Sam

  290. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link. Math right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  291. Italo R.

    I have found this:

    https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/solar-foods-readies-hydrogen-to-protein-pilot#gs.liF=L8c

    “…A Finnish company called Solar Foods plans next month to start making a kilo of food a day from nothing but electricity, water and air.

    The company will electrolyze water to produce hydrogen that is used, along with carbon dioxide and small amounts of trace elements, to feed microbes.

    The microbial cells, with a protein content of up to 60 percent and an amino acid composition similar to soybeans or algae, will be heat-treated to form a fine powder, similar in appearance and texture to dried milk…”

    It seems a real thing. Kind Regards,

    ItaloR.

  292. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Now the information is complete and interesting. Well, the Ecat makes heat, if there is need of heat surely the Ecat can help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  293. Maurice Dippolito

    Greetings from Ohio! I’m anxious to watch the presentation of January 31: can’t wait to see the SK light!
    All the best,
    Maurice

  294. Andrea Rossi

    Maurice Dippolito:
    Thanks for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  295. Dante

    Dr Rossi,
    I totally share your considerations about the hot fusion,
    Cheers
    Dante

  296. Andrea Rossi

    Dante:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  297. Viktor Shipachev

    The Finnish company of helsinky Solar Foods produces food from electricity, air and water: maybe the Ecat can help this production?
    Viktor Shipachev

  298. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    You mean: air + water + electricity = protein + hydrocarbons + fats ???
    Only God can help!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  299. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    The difficulties in achieving nuclear fusion are indeed important. Magnetic confinement of the plasma, with the right profile is one of them. There are many others, like the behavior of components facing plasma: they will be exposed to fusion neutrons (14Mev) when the reaction will be self-sustaining.
    For these reasons, giving a date for a successful nuclear fusion is not easy: in this area as many others, the equations are often ahead of the technology. For LENR, it’s the opposite: there are measurements but still no theory. By the way, are you still working on this aspect of your reactor?
    We must not blame these Physicists, some of whom devote their entire career to this great project.
    (Of course I have never measured anything on the E-cat, my comments are only based on what I saw during Stockholm presentation).

    Regards,

    Michel

  300. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    I agree, hot fusion will never be achieved. I also agree to the fact that the Physicists that work on it are mainly excellent physicists that dedicated their life to this dream. For the rest, I already gave my opinion.
    The fact that now they say have reached the T of 100 million degrees is trivial: with the specific heat of hydrogen it is not difficult to calculate the energy you need to make one gram of hydrogen gas reach that T and we all know that we are talking of normal stuff. Now, if after 70 years this is their biggest achievement, after 100 billions combined spent from the taxpayer, they say that it is a success… I get confused. What disturbs me is the character assassination organized by the Eaters Huggers against us and in particular me, for fear that we show the naked king. I blame nobody and attack only when I am attacked.
    We too have extremely difficult equations to go through, with the difference that we do not use the money of the taxpayer.
    Yes, we are working hard also on the theoretical issues and I think we are at a very good point, but remember that mankind used for tens of thousands of years the fire before the formulation of quantum mechanics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  301. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    For the first time, a tokamak (EAST) has reached 100 million degrees for a fusion plasma.
    This is an important milestone in order to achieve a true self-sustaining nuclear fusion reaction, as the sun core behaves.

    I will follow your presentation of January, with a critical eye as I did for that of Stockholm: will there be this time a complete input power measurement?
    For correct measurement, I will use high-speed instrumentation for voltage and current since input signals appear to have high frequency components(as if they were choppy).
    The synchronization between U and I must be perfect to not introduce a computation error. Assuming that the reactor input impedance is purely resistive, there should be no phase shift due to the reactor.

    Sincerely, I admire your tenacity, you never doubt …

    Michel

  302. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for your admiration, but it is based on wrong presupposes: I always doubt.
    I read about the Chinese experiment, but it is far from a hot fusion process or even a random event related to it. The real issue is the stability of the confining magnetic fields, not to reach a temperature with the hydrogen. In a separated publication on the same thread, you will read ” within 20 years we will reach the fusion”: the same mantra that goes on since the fifties. Every now and again they say that within 20 years we will have the hot fusion, or, better, with a singular coincidence with the time they look for funds they say that. Obviously, this is my opinion and obviously it could be wrong ( as a matter of fact, everything must be falsifiable in some situation to be considered true…).
    About our presentation, the oscilloscope we use is perfectly fit for the frequencies we work at and the presentation of January 31st will not be a test of validation with externals, but the presentation of an industrialized product/service to our Clients. We are no more in the quest-for-a-validation phase. By the way, your comment is ambiguous, so it is better to make clear that you never made any experiment or measurement with us or with the Ecat, anywhere.
    Finally, yes, we will display also the consume of the control panel with the cooling system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  303. Gerard

    Dr Rossi,
    I read today on “In search of the ultimate building blocks” of G.t’Hooft that tha gauge bosons are not subject to strong interactions. This contradicts what you wrote in past.
    Gerard

  304. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard:
    I have not read the reference you cite, but, if it is true what you say, the author is wrong. Gluons, considered gauge Bosons in the context of the Standard Model, are obviously fundamental in the strong reactions fields.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  305. Teresa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is your health? Your voice? Is it confirmed the presentation in internet on January 31 2019? If yes, will you make the presentation yourself, or you will need somebody to talk instead of yourself?
    God bless you,
    Teresa

  306. Andrea Rossi

    Teresa:
    Thank you for your concern: I am well and I will make the presentation in collaboration with other persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  307. Stacy

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    you wrote you took measurements with the Tesla-meter out of the Ecat: did you find any value different from zero? This would mean you produce current directly inside the reactor.
    Cheers
    Stacy

  308. Andrea Rossi

    Stacy:
    Yes, we found values,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  309. Anonymous

    What do you expect exactly from the presentation of the Ecat SK on January 31st?

  310. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  311. Sammy

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you think the results of the experimants made during the last week will confirm your theory about virtual particles and antiparticles as the source of energy of the Ecat?
    Thanks if you can answer

  312. Andrea Rossi

    Sammy:
    In these cases the danger is the “positive bias”, that makes us so eager to get a specific result, to focus only on what does give evidence of what we are eager of, paying not sufficient attention to what does not. I call it “Troyan horse syndrome”, from the Troyans of the Homer’s poem, that were so eager to have peace, that they wanted to believe the horse was really a peace sign.
    I prefer to wait before answering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  313. Bernard

    Will the Ecat SK be put in operation in direct streaming during the presentation of January 31st?
    Cheers,
    Bernard

  314. Andrea Rossi

    Bernard:
    No, we will show a video of the Ecat SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  315. WaltC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,

    With respect to the “Safety Profile” part of my question–

    It’s an issue that a manufacturer has in insuring safe behavior during certain failure modes, such as operation until there is a complete exhaustion of the charge.

    For example, an alkaline battery simply stops working (nothing bad happens, no gas release, etc.) once it’s charge is exhausted. From a intuitive standpoint, I would expect similar, safe, behavior from an E-Cat (SK). Nonetheless, I would expect at some point, as a manufacturer, you would want to test this?

  316. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you to clear up the issue, now I have understood perfectly.
    Yes, we have well in mind it. This is why we consider 1 year, because we experienced that after 1 year there are no problems either under the safety point of view or the technological and efficiency point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  317. WaltC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I was wondering if you have ever run a reactor to complete exhaustion (that is run it past the 1 year point until it no longer functions) and then analyzed the ashes?

    I was thinking this could serve several purposes:
    1) The ashes could contribute to your theory knowing the various final endpoints of the LENR reactions.
    2) It could add to your safety profile knowing exactly what happens when something like that occurs (Murphy’s law says it will occur eventually even with rigorous maintenance.)
    3) It could give you earlier data with which to determine the best recharge intervals (1 year could be statistically too short or too long.)

    I wouldn’t be surprised to learn you’re way ahead of me on this– just curious.
    Thanks
    WaltC

  318. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We did not yet run an Ecat to complete exhaustion.
    Other answers:
    1- yes
    2- unclear what you exactly mean, please rephrase more precisely
    3- so far 1 year is fine
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  319. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that in December you will have tests with two very important Customers — are these customers you have already signed contracts with?

    Happy Thanksgiving!

    Frank Acland

  320. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  321. Rudy Meiner

    Dr Rossi,
    I think this can work also with the Ecat: just google “Technology Review: an electric plane with no moving parts has made its first flight- by Erin Winick”
    Rudy Meiner

  322. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy Meiner:
    Thank you for thre info. I do not think this can be coupled with the Ecat, it is a completely different and independent technology. Very interesting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  323. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The reactions within your Ecat fuel appear to progress at a linear speed / rate through time, i.e. the same time between a reaction to the next to the next, is this progressive speed / rate of reactions over time fixed or can this be speeded up or delayed by changing some parameter.

    I would understand that you can get a higher energy output by adding more fuel mass, but I was enquiring whether you could decrease the time between reactions, to then increase the energy output, i.e. engineering an increased number of reactions per volume per second, “burning” through your fuel faster.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  324. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  325. Viktor Shipachev

    When and where will be published the paper reporting the tests of the last week?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Viktor Shipachev

  326. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Premature. First, we have to analyze the data and study the theoretical implications, eventually, if there will be the necessary bases, we will make the publication, that will be signed by all the participants and where to publish we will see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  327. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    With regard to the output energy of the Ecat;

    1- Is there design or operating parameters that can be changed, so that for the same overall energy output over the current lifespan, would lead to a higher output per hour for a shorter working life of say 3 to 4 months or a reduced output over say 18 months.

    2- Alternatively is the rate that the fuel “burns” fixed where you can influence the number of reactions that take place by multiplying the mass of reactants, but not the speed of sequential reactions within that mass.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  328. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    1- yes
    2- It is ambiguous what you mean exactly. Can you rephrase with more precision ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaints Francois:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I wish you a great success at the January presentation, when you will fire up this “beast” will we see the incredible light emitted from it ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  331. JPR

    We understand from your comment that there will be a publication of the experiments made during the last week. Do you confirm?

  332. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I we will conclude that we obtained relevant results, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  333. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If a potential customer is interested in your E-Cat generated heat service, but is not fully convinced of its validity, can they arrange with you to witness a private test.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  334. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Should I accept this I would receive several thousands of requests in a week…also from spies sent by competitors, or wannabe such. Our time is for our Customers, not for “not fully convinced” characters.
    We allow private tests only after the signature of a contract.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  335. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, with regards LENR theory which is an important part of your technology
    I think, for what its worth and I am guessing there has to be a minimum of four reactants. A positive and a negative that work together and another positive and a negative that work together i.e. that compliment one another such as a pos with a pos neg and a neg with a neg pos. Then these two reactants when activated by heat, each magnify their own electromagnetic field that then combine i.e. their field to produce a super neutral state (field) into which any loosely combined substance is torne apart i.e. ionized. What these four 90 degrees i.e. four potentials produce is a specific zone of conflict, the opposite of a (circle that represents a 360 degree harmony). It could be said that between two states of fusion, that contain gravity, you can find fission when the conditions are manufactured in space and time. Of course when artificially manufacturing by selection for such a process you need the right combinations/quantities with regards the substances. To make myself clear a substance is a mass of two potentials being comprised of positive and negative charges to provide a neutral neg or a neutral pos substance i.e. a substance with poles that then interact on their electromagnetic level. It’s this electromagnetic field that maintains a system of identity between atomic substances i.e. keeps them apart from flowing together (this puzzled Einstein) I believe the electromagnetic field to be a vibrating system between the magnetic lines of force because between the lines of force is a neutral zone where an attempted reconciliation takes place between the lines positive and the lines negative i.e. the inner and the outer lines that structure each field. Within the field on the material dimension is where neutrons are formed because of an interaction of density which is not applicable to LENRs. This could very well be non technical, basic information but I come to this conclusion based upon my own embodied mechanical technology. Also I would like to add that before ionization, I believe, virtual particles are momentarily formed by an inwardly drawn spin that upon eventual repulsion they disintegrate creating pressure upon the neutrino level providing nuclear heat. upon any surrounding substance. Thought I would just mention my own thoughts.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  336. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  337. Saul

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After the experiment made last week which are the next important steps befre the presentation scheduled for January 31st?
    All the best,
    Saul

  338. Andrea Rossi

    Saul:
    In December we will have thoroughly contractually defined tests with two very important Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  339. Roger

    Dear Andrea:
    Besides Gullstrom amd Prof Vassallo did other scientists collaborate in your last experiment?
    Regards!

  340. Andrea Rossi

    Roger:
    There is one more that wants not to be cited. He is a teacher of Physicsin a major university of Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  341. Isabel

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give all the data of the instruments you and your team used foe the experiments of last week?

  342. Andrea Rossi

    Isabel:
    This will be published in the paper with the description, results and observations about the experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  343. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you find results that encourage your intuition of the virtual particles-antiparticles annihilation after the experiments made with all the instrumentation used with Gullstrom and Vassallo?

  344. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I think so, but now we have to think and discuss about all the collected data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  345. Rod Walton

    Please go to Power Engineering November 20 2018 for this paper/video: “The latest stories on power generation, renewables and the smart grid”.
    Rod Walton

  346. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  347. LC

    Dear Andrea,

    Don’t you think that your presentation could be more convincing, if a meter of the input power and a meter of the output power are connected to the ecat, and their readings can be seen at each time, during the demonstration?

    Best regards
    LC

  348. Andrea Rossi

    LC:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  349. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  350. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    To understand the working of the E-cat (SK) more intuitively, is it right to say that:

    i) Due to the crystal lattice structure of Ni in the fuel, the Compton scattering of the electromagnetic waves is reduced in the fuel (because the recoil energy loss is less in atoms connected in a lattice structure compared to individual atoms), so that the energy density in the fuel can be high without destroying it, passing without a lot of loss all the energy to the surface of the (inner) reactor, where it is cooled on the outside by the cooling fluid.

    ii) Or in other words: Would there not be the lattice structure of Ni, there would be more Compton scattering in the fuel itself, so that it would heat up too much, but because of the lattice structure of Ni, the Compton scattering is reduced, passing the electromagnetic energy to the surface of the reactor as if the fuel was almost transparant for it. Therefore the energy density can be higher than would be the case if there was not the crystal lattice structure.

    iii) But in opposite to the inner fuel side of the reactor, in the outer cooling side, you prefer as much as possible the Compton scattering, so that the cooling fluid takes as much as possible energy with it, thus cooling the reactor, and reducing the frequency of the electromagnetic waves.

    iv) Mössbauer effect in the inside (fuel side) of the reactor, and Compton scattering on the outside (the cooling side of the reactor).

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  351. 33

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you have also a specific neutron detector, or you make only an indirect measurement through the Sv/h counted?

  352. Andrea Rossi

    33:
    We used in past specific neutron detectors and never found significant neutron emission. Recently a Client of us asked for a specific neutron detector, so now we added neutron detectors to the Ecats. Anyway, if you have neutron generated radiations, you surely have a significant increase of uSv/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. Andrea Rossi

    Daiiel De Caluwe’, Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the whole spectrum is wider.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  354. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    during the theoretical experiment you made recently did you use all the instrumentation you listed last week in a comment? Can you explain the function of each of them?
    Cheers
    Ruby

  355. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Yes, we used all of them.
    1-The frequency generator is for to detect the modification of the plasma across a wide frequency spectrum.
    2-The laser for the same reason, being a modulable laser
    3-The voltage/amperage generator is to modulate the laser
    4-The spectrometer is to have the wavelenghts of the radiation also across the variations of the field made by 1,2,3
    5-The Van Der Graaf accelerator is to make a negative field parallel to the plasma to detect its bias
    6-The thermocouples and IR thermochamber are to measure the temperatures in the low temperature areas
    7-The oscilloscope is to measure the voltage and frequency of the current that goes to the Ecat
    8- The high power ohm-meter is to measure with precision the resistance in some points
    9- The neodymium 2 T magnets are for make dipole and quadrupole magnetic fields and detect what happens in the spectrometer
    10-The T-meter is to measure the magnetic field in various positions
    11-The Newton-meter is to read the force of the magnetic field in various positions
    12-The vacuum pump is the see what happens at certain vacuum values
    13-The Wattmeter is to measure the total energy consume at the plug outlet
    14- The usual lab-stuff is to make the usual things
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  356. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Steven N. Karels,

    Most of it will be electromagnetic radiation. And a peak of 473nm means blue light in the visible area. As there are lasers with that wavelength, I think I know what element corresponds with this. But, of course, the whole spectrum can be (and probably is) much wider.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  357. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You reported certain levels of radiation (“operation 0.12-0.16 microSv/h at 1 cm of distance”). Since the measurement is in Sv, the radiation must be of the ionizing type (not neutrons). Given the specification of 1cm, it would appear to be alpha particles as beta and gamma radiation would be less restrictive on distance.

    Alpha particles can be a product of lithium burning (hydrogen + lithium-6).

    Is this what you believe to be occurring within the eCat reactor?

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- we are not talking of measurements with open reactor, but with Ecat sealed and in operation
    2- we measure at 1 cm of distance from the external surface of the Ecat
    3- when you measure the Sievert/h you measure also if there is emission of neutrons, because neutron emissions generate ionizing radiations hitting other particles like protons
    I do not know what is the “strange radiation”, while all the ionizing radiations are measurable also in microSv/h.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From 2010 to 2018 you have developed three LENR reactions, the first Ecat witnessed in 2011 was based on Ni62 and Ni64 converting into Cu63 and Cu65, then there was the sequence of Ni58 > Ni59 > Ni60 > Ni61 > Ni62 used in the Lugano Ecat of 2014, the latest as of 2018 with the highest outputs, best stability and likely the safest for emissions are the Ecat QX and SK focusing on Li7, thought to transition to Be8 then two He4. (As described on the Ecat.com website – “Rossi Effect”).

    Each of the above LENR reactions is known to start up, run stable for an extended period with a constant energy output, then can be shut down.

    In each case conditions have been created where a relatively small input of energy triggers a nuclear process with an output of energy larger than that inputted.

    The surprise is that in each case, after the initial triggering only a small part of the structured material produces a reaction, then progressing steadily second by second, minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day, with a stable level of nuclear reactions continuing to be produced on demand as they are triggered each time for month after month for anything up to a year.

    If the correct conditions were present at the start for a reaction, why did reactions not then take place immediately all at once all through the structured material?

    Thankfully LENR reactions seen so far are of a slow intrinsically progressive nature, we now have a future energy source with no possibility of a runaway nuclear event.

    The question is, how does this slow nuclear progression work? If the reaction was initiated in one location with neighbouring reaction site locations progressively triggered, expanding as a spherical shell wave front, there would be a low initial energy output with a geometric increase in the energy output through time, if the reaction sites started all over the external surface of a lattice and worked inwards in a shrinking wave front, there would be a high initial energy output that would diminish through time, or is it statistics where the probability of a reaction occurring is very low, that reactions take place randomly throughout the structured material at a constant rate over time.

    Is it possible that there is a linear mechanism, one where the initial reaction of an atom sets up the conditions for an adjacent atom to subsequently react in turn setting up conditions for the next in line? It is possible that atoms in an atomic lattice sequentially react one after another in a linear progression along a row, This linear progression would also relate to the ability to start up then shut down time after time with no change to the nuclear progression mechanism.

    There is the mechanism of how hydrogen in close confinement with the target atom in combination with forced resonance of nuclear states produces a reaction, but there may also be another mechanism whereby there is a linear progression of reactions spread out over time.

    In the Theoretical work, is there explanations for both mechanisms?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  360. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We are studying these issues,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  361. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand the January 2019 event will not be a scientific demonstration but a commercial service demonstration. Consequently, the purpose is not to demonstrate and validate the technology but to show a potential customer or customers how well the system performs (output thermal power versus input electrical power).

    The electrical input can be measured using a single phase AC power meter. A means of demonstrating that it is reasonably accurate would be advised. Possible ways include one or more switchable dummy loads of known or calculated power dissipation. You might also include an analog AC Ammeter and an analog AC Voltmeter to show the AC power meter results are consistent.

    I understand you are using flowing water with no phase change. This requires a measurement of the flow rate (e.g., liters per minute) and input and output temperatures. Some form of independent temperature measurement is suggested.

    I recall in your early demonstrations you used a container and a scale to capture water flow and weighed the output water over time to compute the water flow rate, by knowing the water density. A simply thermometer(s) to measure the input and output water temperatures in addition to your digital temperature sensors would form an independent means of verification.

    I suggest that all cabling be visible and nothing is hidden from sight. Water comes from the “house plumbing”, perhaps an additional faucet to dump water into a container to allow a independent temperature measurement. The output (heated) water should be directed into a storage container and independently have its temperature measured and, periodically weighed. The container would need to be occasionally emptied but keep in mind the water will be hot, perhaps 40C to 80C, so safety is a concern.

    Most of all, keep it simple. Measure the input power. Measure the output power. No secrets, no configuration changes during the demonstration. Best luck on the demonstration.

  362. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The fact that we measure the radiations at 1 cm does not imply the radiations are 1 cm long.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  363. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You are saying that “probably a publication will be made”. Does this mean that with the latest tests you and your team members and consultants are sure that you have found a theoretical explanation of the Rossi effect is found?
    If so, congratulations!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Adolfo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you continuing the theoretical series of tests?
    Adolfo

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Adolfo:
    We are completing the series of experiments right now, having worked also Saturday and Sunday. Now we will start working on the results.
    Probably a publication will be made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Ken

    During the theoretical tests made last week did you find modes in which the plasma was not straight in parallel with the Van Der Graaf accelerator?

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    No and now we are studying all we saw and measured. The tests have been very important and gave useful results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Chuck Davis

    The Magnix 250 electric aircragt engine in the following link driven by an Ecat powered alternator could be the aeronautical Holy Grail:
    https://www.magnix.aero/products/

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    As a matter of fact after 2 thousand years nobody found the Holy Grail.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding future use of the Ecat SK, it may be prudent to place a quantity of the early production line Ecat SK modules into long term storage for future performance testing.

    It may be found that over time; atoms migrate to lower stress configurations, crystals may grow, cracks may develop, components may fuse together, sealing integrity broken.

    You may find that someone like NASA or other government body will ask in future if you have any data / documentation to verify the ability to switch on an Ecat after an extended rest period, for say a multiyear space mission where Ecat’s would be sequentially switched on and used over a period or for a satellite or remote location application.

    You may have to qualify / quantify long term performance for a periodic use safety critical application.

    It would also be good to have some set aside, as these Ecat SK modules from the first production line are of immense historic importance, just about every science museum in the world will eventually want one, (along with any preserved early Ecat prototypes that they can get their hands on).

    You could also try restart some of your oldest prototypes, revisiting the Ni to Cu reaction, as time has now elapsed, do they still give the same performance as before. Examining them with the improved instrumentation that you will now have access to, with your current knowledge, could you theoretically reconcile all the emissions and reaction products?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  372. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    More then three years ago, in an interview to the huffingtonpost
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-h-bailey/interview-with-andrea-ros_b_8248624.html
    you said:
    “My own view is that the only way, in the end, to convince people that my technology really works is to produce products that can be bought off the shelf”
    My questions:
    1) Can you actualize your answer after the born of the E-Cat SK?
    2) When do you plan to start the first commercial plant for heat production?
    3) How many GWh of energy produced wil be enough to change the opinion of mainstream science about LENR?

    Thanks

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    1- We changed strategy for the time being, and we decided that initially we will sell only the heat to our Customers, holding the property of the plants and controlling from remote their operation. For reasons related to safety certifications we can install our plants and sell the heat they generate only to industries. This is what we will do for the time being, open to further developments.
    2- in the year 2019
    3- I do not know, but this is not an issue for us, so far our Clients get what they want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Jules Wright

    When will you have the results of the theoretical experiment on course?
    Cheers,
    Jules

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Jules Wright:
    Tomorrow ( Monday ) we will finish the measurements. After that, we will have to work with calculations, discussion etc. It is likely we will make a publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. Robert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you find in the spectrometry a peak at 473.2 nm ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Robert

  378. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    We have a peak at 473 nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. JPR

    Dear Andrea:
    You listed the instrumentation you are using for the experiments on course: are you still using also the Van Der Graaf electrons accelerator to check the polarity of the plasma?
    JPR

  380. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, I forgot to cite also it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. Marcus Haber

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think about this recently published paper about symmetry by Prof Krzysztof Meissner of the Institute of Theoretical Physics, Fac. of Physics of the University of Warsaw and Prof Hermann Nicolai of the Max Planck Institute:
    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/fopu-iso111518.php

  382. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus Haber:
    Very interesting. Thank you for the communication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Jack Luang

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    You are working in your lab of Miami with Carl Oscar Gullstrom:is he a PhD in Physics?
    Jack

  384. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Luang:
    He is right here with me in my laboratory, we are making an excellent work.
    He says that he should obtain his PhD in Physics at the University of Uppsala (Sweden) in February 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  385. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Joseph Fine

    John, Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an excellent link describing spectrometer resolution.

    Maybe it will be helpful.

    ” For instance, if a spectrometer with a wavelength range of 200 nm possessed a spectral resolution of 1 nm, the system would be able to resolve a maximum of 200 individual wavelengths (peaks) across a spectrum. ”

    https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=13369

    Joseph Fine

  387. Andrea Rossi

    We will answer in direct streaming as much as possible, the unanswered questions will be answered on this blog on the same day.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  388. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you list the instrumentation you are utilizing during this week of theoretical R&D?
    Best Regards,
    Rudy

  389. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Spectrometer, voltage generator, laser, frequency generator, oscilloscope, quadrupole with 8 T combined, ohm-meter, T-meter, IR thermochamber, these are special features of the kind, plus the normal lab stuff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  390. John

    How are going the theoretical experiments you are making this week? Can you give an update
    Cheers

  391. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    We are doing well. Now we have a spectrometric resolution of half nanometer anf this allow us to identify the particles in the plasma. Made important discoveries.
    Probably a publication will follow, anyway Monday we will have clearer ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suppose that during the presentation of January 31st with the Ecat SK you will receive an enormous number of questions during the direct streaming and probably it will not be possible to answer to all: how will you resolve this problem?
    Godspeed,
    CC

  393. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    At the January event is it possible / practical to have a camera display an unshielded Ecat at a safe distance, to visually demonstrate remote start up, constant running for a period, then remote shutdown. Even if the Ecat was directly shielded from a camera with a grade 14 glass, there would be indirect light that observers could see illuminating a room.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  394. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  395. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you show these microSievert readings in the test you will broadcast on January 31st?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Kelly

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which value in microSievert do you read close to the Ecat SK when it is operating?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Kelly

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Kelly:
    Background 0.05-0.07 microSv/h, operation 0.12-0.16 microSv/h at 1 cm of distance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Alvina Tiedemann

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    how is going the work you scheduled to be done with your theoretical consultants this week?

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Alvina Tiedemann:
    Very well, yesterday we have been able to calibrate the spectrometer to obtain a definition of 0.5 nm and this allows us to read much better the wavelengths, that obviously are at the base of our theoretical R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will at the presentation of January 31st attend some privileged person?

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, because it will be made in our factory, where for safety and security reasons nobody can have access.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea your comment to Brokeeper November 15th is wonderful news and I wish you and your team all the success that you deserve Regards Eric Ashworth

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    There are scientists in your team who have insight and experience in the mechanisms of those temporary and imperceptible elementary particles.

    Is it on their advice that you have chosen to mainly sell heat, and not the reactors?

    I can imagine that competitors also have to deal with the same circumstances and problems. Of course you can work together better in that area.

    Or does it have more to do with geopolitical choices or other interests?

    I will certainly look at your presentation on January 31st. Hopefully we understand something about it. Do you provide a kind of explanation that allows a medium technically trained audience to understand it properly? Something should be done to transcend the hocus-pocus story and make the process plausible from classical school knowledge of chemistry and physics.
    I would rather see that than a repeat of the history of the E-cat and cold fusion.

    It is not because the product is good or excellent, that people will automatically appreciate it. Sometimes you have to educate the clientele. For example by explaining to which of their daily needs and concerns it will offer a solution. As you know, electricity and heat have been around for a long time, and they are also cheap and an achievement for anyone who has money ….. I suppose you do not want to go down in history as the man who made them even cheaper.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The choice to sell heat , not reactors is a strategic choice derived from commercial and IP defense issues, not from scientific issues.
    I think that during the presentation of the SK the attendance will see something they never saw before. I hope.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you opened up the E-Cats for their open heart surgery, did your detectors inform you that there was danger?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    i) yes
    ii) no
    iii) N.A.
    iv) I do not know about this, can’t comment
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  410. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    The Rock and Troll Forum says the Ecat SK does not exist, the factory does not exist, the robots do not exist… the presentation of the industrialized product will not exist.
    Question: do you exist?
    Godspeed,
    CC

  411. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I am not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  412. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) If I understood well, do you need the concept of resonances and of virtual particles to explain what happens and where the energy comes from?

    ii) Is this because you apply an oscillating current that causes the desired resonance in the E-Cat?

    iii) And if yes, is there any similarity with what Bearden-Bedini do with their experiments with oscillating electronic circuits, that extract ‘energy from the vacuüm’, as they say? (And of course, I know, I move far from official science now, but esoterically, this makes me think of what was written in the Alice Bailey books (Theosofy/Esoteric Christianity/Esoteric Boeddhism), where, inspired by the master DK, she wrote that in the future scientists would discover the existence of the fourth (= lowest) ether, and extract energy from it?)

    If yes, than it will be a difficult job to convince mainstream science… 😉

    iv) If I remember well, John Bedini once had an experiment where he used an oscillating electrical/electronic circuit, loading a battery, while the environment became colder (!) instead of warmer. (Normally, because of the Joule effect (R*I²) in electronic and electrical conductors, they should heat up when current passes).

    I know, this is far from official science, but just consider it as a brainstorm message.

    Kind Regards and a lot of success with your scientific investigations.

    Daniel.

  413. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea with regards that many physicists regard many resonances i.e. virtual particles to not exist, they obviously are totally unaware that many irritants cause sneezes to exist. As my father use to say and he was an engineer “you cannot put sense where sense won’t go”. It is frustrating but we have to put up with it for the time being. Wishing you all the best, Eric Ashworth.

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    If we take off the concept of resonances and consequently of virtual particles, the Standard Model collapses upon the energy conservation law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you very much for your candid response. It is this very characteristic of integrity that caught my attention to the person behind the ‘impossible invention’.

    Like you, the fury within, Madam Curie had delved into the physical unknown and courageously accepted the risk to investigate the unknowns for scientific and human advancement. Sometimes risks require action over prudence as the Wright brothers often discovered. With this said, don’t do it again! We, as your wife, wish you to enjoy the fruits of your labor.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your concern, but this work IS my life. Anyway, we arrived to a point that does make no more necessary to get this kind of risks. The SK is a magnificence. While writing this comment I am working with top US engineers that are helping me to upgrade the measurement system to better penetrate the theory: the next 5 days we will work full time on this side. Gullstrom is arriving here, we are in an important moment. Monday Prof Vassallo will work with us in conference and eventually also the Prof of Physics that teaches in Japan but wants to remain behind the curtain will be fully involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for citing the book of Mats Lewan

  417. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sorry to read that labouring your QX- baby had so much impact on your health. I do hope your are fully recovered now.
    Would you be willing to write into your memoirs all details of this incident like how this could happen and how you came to the idea te develop the QX, so future generations may learn from it?
    Was one of the reasons to develop the QX that it produces less radiation?
    Please be careful, the world needs you!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  418. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes, I am fully recovered and working very hard. Thank you for your concern. I had to open the reactors and look at them while operating and this has been crucial to arrive to the QX first and the SK now. You will understand what is the SK when you will see it on Jan 31st. It is unbelievable.
    We made a masterpiece.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Emery

    Seriously loads of beneficial knowledge!

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Emery:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting indeed about the open heart surgery you did, but I am sorry to hear of its consequences. I hope you can have a full recovery. What are the implications of all this in terms of safety in commercial E-Cat applications? I am sure that potential customers and regulators will be wondering about this.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The implications are zero, because the Ecat is supposed to operate closed, not open.
    All the measurements made in many years now upon our Ecats have always shown that outside the Ecat there are not ionizing radiations. Measurements have been made by University laboratories as well as Governmental healthcare control institutions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    1- You mentioned the broadcast would be from the factory where it is produced. Is this the same factory by which the E-Cat SK will be mass produced? This would be an ideal time to demonstrate the power of the E-Cat providing heat and/or electricity to its production facility.
    2- Would this be possible during the broadcast?
    3- Also, could you shed some light on how your recent illness may have been affected by the yearlong test inside the container? Some are concerned it may be due to some ‘Strange Radiation’. I am very glad to hear you are recovering.
    Thank you. God be with you.
    Brokeeper

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- no, we will not give any particular related to the factory, at least for the time being
    3- during the year long test in Doral I covered the shift from 5 PM through 10 A.M. and during the night, when I was alone, many times I opened the shielding to look inside to understand things. The Ecat does nor have emissions of ionizing radiations out of the Ecat body, but the inspection I made “open heart” were a risk and I knew it, but these inspections have allowed me to understand important things and this knowledge has born the QX and the SK versions of the Ecat. I spent a dear price in terms of health, but I could work very well and now I am healed. Also the voice returned. The fury to know I had was stronger than the good sense to be prudent, also because I was alone, the risks were all upon me. The Ecat SK you will see on Jan 31st is the son of this decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Many physicists assume that resonances- virtual particcles do not exist, only real particles exist. Which is your opinion about this issue?
    Cheers
    Prof

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    If we assume that virtual particles ( read: resonances ) do not exist, then many nuclear reactions like, for example, the Beta Decay could not exist, due to the energy conservation law, since the boson W is far more energetic than a neutron and than p+e+antineutrino. Only equations based on Feynmann diagrams within which we have resonances can resolve these problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Gilda

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where will be broadcast from the video of the operating Ecat SK?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gilda

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Gilda:
    From the factory where we produce it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Yuri

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still working in the area of Miami, Florida?
    Congratulations for your progress,
    Yuri

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Yes, also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 44 000 of this blog

  431. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Between the production of heat from the Ecat SK 20 kW Modules, and the supply of usable heat to an end user, there is the issue of heat exchangers.

    For heat transfer there is a variety of mediums that can be used; air, water, steam, and a wide range of industrial thermal fluid oils, each targeting specific markets, each of these heat transfer mediums will require specific heat exchanger designs, each requiring specific thermal ratings, operating temperatures, pressures and flow rates.

    Will your company Leonardo seek out expertise to design and manufacture all these types of heat exchangers, then incorporate all necessary pipework, instrumentation and controls in a structure, keeping all supply under your control, to then sell the heat output to the various market sectors?

    Or would you consider transfer of Ecat SK module outline specifications and operation profile to third parties under agreement, for them to develop, code design, build and maintain the heat exchangers and infrastructure, with Leonardo as the main contractor who has the contract with the end user, supplying, monitoring and maintaining the Ecat modules.

    Or would you consider joint ventures with industry leading companies, there would be sharing of profit but also sharing of development / certification costs and risks.

    Is it possible to describe at the January demonstration the commercial route you wish to pursue for the immediate future?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  432. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes, in the January 31st presentation of the Ecat SK we will indicate the commercial route that will be privileged for the time being.
    We supply a throw of heat, that you will observe very well; the Customers will decide how to make the best use of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  433. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but let me say that to ask to a nuclear power operator or business investor what he does think of LENR is like to ask a lion what does he think of veggies ( with some exception, though ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  434. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I know about your breaktrough technology since 2011, and although I often got a lot of negative feedback (probably because I referred to your technology as the solution to eventually replace our old nuclear power plants), I from time to time (not too often 😉 participated in discussions about our Belgian energy strategy (and its many problems) in the fora of our major newspaper ‘De Standaard’, that is (like Aftenposten in Norway) the major newspaper in the Flemish/dutch (also my native language) speaking part of Belgium.

    Here some links to these discussions (only in Dutch):

    (Everyone who wants to read the discussion has to click on the button ‘Reacties’ (dutch) = ‘Reactions’ (english), but unfortunately, I’m afraid that most of these discussions probably are only accessible for subscribers who pay for it. Nevertheless, I here give a restricted list of discussions where I referred to your technology as a possible solution):

    In 2012: (reactions posted with my userid ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120815_00259016

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120823_00268516

    In 2017: (reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from that time owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20170806_03005983

    2018: (Same remark as above: reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from 2017 owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651599

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651604

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181002_03802905

    also today, I posted a message on this forum: (and maybe I have to add a reference to the January 31st presentation?)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181111_03934252

    As I mostly got very skeptical reactions, I do not know if I succeeded to influence and convince the public, but as I am convinced that your technology is very necessary to solve our energy problems, it certainly was worth a try. Hopefully, some young people of Flanders found their way to your website?

    Kind Regards,
    Ir. Daniel De Caluwé
    Flanders (Belgium)

  435. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    At what time will be broadcasted the direct streaming of the Ecat SK on January 31st? Where will it remain to be seen from those which will not attend the direct streaming?
    JPR

  436. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    1- the streaming will begin at 9 A.M. US Eastern Time and will last 2 hours
    2- the video will remain on youtube and a link will be maintained in our website http://www.leonardocorporation.com or http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  437. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, what is the size of the fuel charge of the SK 100 Kw and the duration of the fuel ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint François

  438. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    1- yes
    2- there is a consume, therefore we project a duration of one year of the charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  439. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that you have recovered your voice, do you think that your health problems come from the one year test inside the container ?

    One question please did you notice if the reaction inside your E-CATS “eats up” the materials of your reactors ?

  440. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    On January 31st we will watch your demonstration from many places in the world.
    In the information you will deliver a few days before could you include GMT in addition to local time?
    All my encouragement to your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  441. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  442. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have confirmed that the January test will demonstrate a production line produced Ecat SK.

    Will you also be demonstrating a market ready control panel that has been sourced through your supply chain?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  443. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  444. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    your gas turbine 20 kW Ecat SK looks fit for a residential generator.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  445. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Could be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  446. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno ( Wease ):
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  447. Bruno

    Do you think the video of the Ecat SK in operation will be really interesting? I mean, will it contain something never seen before?
    Cheers
    Bruno

  448. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno:
    Yes, it will be possible to send emails, we will read the questions and give the answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. Bruno

    Dear Andrea,
    Sad to read you had lost the voice and inspiring the fact that you did not stop your work.
    Thank you for your tremendous work, we need it.
    Cheers
    Bruno

  450. Francisco Alspaugh

    Mr Rossi,
    Will it be possible to send you questions during the direct streaming and have answers still in direct streaming during the Ecat SK presentation on January 31st?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Francisco

  451. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the gas turbine combustion chambers that you are developing, how much thermal kW will be installed in a chamber?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  452. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The module of the Ecat SK now is 20 kW. There is potential to grow up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  453. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suggest this measurement on Jan 31st: jet water inside the reactor of the SK, measure amount of water and temperature of steam at the output, collect under the reactor the non vaporized and condensed water. If I have understood how the Ecat SK works, this is the best way to measure the energy produced. This is what we did where I worked.
    Best regards,
    JPR

  454. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  455. Daron Wirebaugh

    Dear Andrea:
    How is your health?
    Today tennis with your wife?
    God bless you for the work you are doing,
    Daron

  456. Andrea Rossi

    Daron Wirebaugh:
    Health is better, voice is returned. After my last surgery in July I lost the voice and was afraid not to recover it; I communicated with my collaborators writing, not being able to speak and this was a problem. Luckily after an intense logopedy the voice returned two days ago and now I can speak again. Fortunately this did not stop my work.
    No tennis today: unfortunately in this period my wife has to be in Italy, while I am here in Miami. She will be back soon.
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  457. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Your theory explaining the processes that create the Rossi Effect will, to some extent, change nuclear physics.
    1. In your opinion, exactly these processes occur in the core of the planet and in the depths of the sun?
    2. In addition to obtaining energy, it is possible in the future, using the reactions you have discovered for obtaining elements and isotopes?

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  458. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- I do not know
    2- I got oscilloscopes, spectrometers, thermochambers, lasers, frequency generators and other parafernalia, but not cristal balls
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  459. Toby

    Are you aware of the patent about nuclear fusion reactor by Lockheed Martin?

    See https://www.siliconrepublic.com/machines/lockheed-martin-nuclear-fusion-jet-fighter

  460. Andrea Rossi

    Toby:
    Bizarre: to keep alive the pilot after the ionizing radiation emitted from this hot nuclear fusion reactor would be necessary 20 Tonns of lead around him. Besides the reactor, as it is described, can’t work because the electtromagneric shielding of the walls could not be stable at those energies and the reactor would sublimate in fractions of second, if it ever could be able to start.
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  461. Sam

    Thought this article would interest you
    Dr Rossi

    https://phys.org/news/2018-11-two-atom-quantum-duet.html

    Regards
    Sam

  462. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  463. Dr. Mike

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I agree 100% with the recommendations made by Steven N. Karels in his 11/11/2018 postings on the instrumentation that should be used for your January demonstration. My guess is that you have already taken measurements exactly as he is recommending. Are there any differences in how you are measuring the performance of the SK E-Cat from what he stated? If there are differences, what are those differences?
    I am certainly looking forward to seeing the results of your January demonstration!
    Dr. Mike

  464. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Our presentation will be known on January 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  465. Italo R.

    “…About the pond: we are looking for the oceans…”

    I like it! To be written in history books.

    Kind regards,

    Italo R.

  466. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  467. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you do not employ a phase change (liquid water to steam) in your January demonstration but only do a temperature change in liquid water, I compute that for a reasonable temperature change, say 20 degC input to 60 degC output, and a 20kW thermal output eCat, you will need to run about 7.2 liters per minute of water flow. How will you control and measure the mass flow of the water?

  468. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  469. Isidro

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see the last publications of Dr Alexander Parkhomov and his new Team? If yes, what is your opinion?

  470. Andrea Rossi

    Isidro:
    Yes.
    I think Dr Parkhomov and his team are making a serious job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  471. Abe Vincent

    So the primary purpose of the event in January is to advertise the launch of your heating service to the world? Or will marketing be limited to just the USA/Canada initially? Energy costs in the UK (and the rest of Europe) are higher than in the USA so there might be more interest this side of the pond.

  472. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    For the time being we will limit our action to the sale of heat, with remote control of the plants made by us, to maintain full control of the technology and be responsible of the operation in this initial phase. About the pond: we are looking for the oceans.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  473. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    May I ask if the event in January will demonstrate it he operation with higher temperature outputs greater than 100 deg C for example 400 or 600 deg C? Or if like the Stockholm event use a fluid output below 100 deg C?

    I don’t want to pre empt the purpose of the event so if you prefer to leave the release of information to the event it self I understand.

    Similarly I wonder if you can tell us more regarding the device parameters and thermal exchange fluid usage parameter constraints either before or during your event?

    If you prefer to wait until the event. Can we raise the questions directly during your presentation. Or would you prefer us to use an intermediary for efficiency? Or both.

    Thanks and Best Regards.

    Looking forward to it now.

    Stephen

  474. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    The T will be higher.
    For all the rest, let’s wait for the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  475. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you expect that the January demonstration will be a validation of your work with enough coverage to excite the alternate energy community? Should this happen are you prepared for the media circus that will follow?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  476. Andrea Rossi

    John C Evans:
    Thanks to you for your kind attention to the work of our team.
    The aim of the January 31st presentation is not to get a validation. We are presenting a service that is based on an industrial production, not on a prototype that needs to be validated. The goal of the presentation is commercial, not scientific and has to be object of clear distinction from a work of R&D, that we continue to do, and of theoretical study, that we continue to do.
    We are prepared to answer the questions we will receive: any kind of questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  477. Prof

    Can you give some information about the main events relate to the Ecat from now to the January 31st presentation?

  478. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Next week a thoroughly series of experiments oriented toward the theoretical bases of the effect, and the results will be communicated to all the members that are working with me upon theoretical issues; the last week of November and during December our Clients will visit us to see the SK in operation and define details.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Robarto:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  480. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majotity Member:
    Thank you for your sustain from our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  481. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will it be possible to put questions to you during the presentation you will make on January 31st in streaming?
    Carissimi saluti,
    Roberto

  482. Silent Majority Member

    Dear Andrea,
    I just want to tell you that we are inspired by your unbelievable progress made in these last years, notwithstanding all the force employed against you and your team by your enemies and their trolls.
    Godspeed,
    a silent majority member

  483. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible that we might see a formal introduction of your partner at the January presentation?

  484. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    This does not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  485. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All of your supporters and I are looking forward to seeing the SK run on January 31 and wish E-CAT a great commercial success.
    Can you tell us if the E-CAT assembly of your first customer has started? If not, can you tell us when the assembly will begin?
    All my support for your work and long live E-CAT
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  486. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind support.
    The assembly will start at the beginning of the year 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  487. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video about producing electricity
    from waste heat.

    https://youtu.be/1W8ruajbrGY

    Regards
    Sam

  488. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  489. Nicole Mawrey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did your oscilloscopes have damages caused by the electromagnetic fields exiting the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer, it is an information that is useful for my job, if you can.
    All the best,
    Nicole

  490. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole Mawrey:
    No, but I suggest you to put a barrier between the O.S. and the source of e.m. fields.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  491. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will you make other validation tests on the Ecats?
    All the best,
    Ruby

  492. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    No, because now we are at the industrialization phase. The “validation” is made by the Customers. This said, our R&D activity obviously will continue, as it happens for any industrial product, as well as we will continue our strong effort in the theoretical field related to our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  493. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you show the Ecat SK in operation to the clients before they sign an agreement to buy from Leonardo Corp the heat?

  494. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Of course, even if normally they are more interested to the price than to other issues, apart the safety issues.
    As I wrote, we command from remote the operation of the Ecats, to protect the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  495. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which industrial sector do you think will be the first to use your E-Cat heat service?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  496. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is not a particular sector: any application wherein heat is a significant costs source is fit for the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  497. Steven N. Karels

    Jim Rosenburg,

    The residual heat going into the atmosphere is a little environmental significance. The Sun produces on the Earth approximately 1kW of power per square meter. The combined power output of millions of eCat reactors cannot match the effect of the Sun on warming our atmosphere. Mankind for centuries has used fire to warm themselves, cook their meals and do their work. The eCat technology will, potentially, have a very small carbon footprint, probably smaller than hydroelectric dams and conventional nuclear reactor based generation plants. If it works, to be demonstrated and adopted as a commercial standard, eCat technology can change the environment, especially in countries like China where air pollution is a significant problem.

  498. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I want not to describe now what we will show on Jan 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  499. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    its a deal with the government for small business to pay for the first 170.000m3 only 3 cents per m3 natural gas
    any m3 above this 170.000 m3 , will be charged the normal rate of 19cents per m3 natural gas

    My question is can you compete with natural gas for either 0.03 cents per 1m3 natural gas or if not , compete with the normal rate of 19 cents 1m3 natural gas used for heating purposes in the green house sector ?

    Kind regards Arjen

  500. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  501. Diego

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Very interesting the article on Aftenposten by Per Kristian Bjorkeng. I found the link to it on http://www.ecat.com in the News, while looking for the video of the very convincing demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24th 2017. Aftenposten is a major newspaper of Norway.
    All the best,
    Diego

  502. Andrea Rossi

    Diego:
    Thank you for your attention to our demo of Stockholm,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  503. Hipolito Nies

    Can the Ecat SK operate at 110 V 60 Hz, 400 V 60 Hz 3 P, 200 V 50/60 Hz 1 P or 3 P?

  504. Andrea Rossi

    Hipolito Nies:
    The Ecat SK can work in all the existing characteristics of the available power sources. Obviously we will make the control system fit for every power source we have to deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  505. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    May I ask if you or your customer would be able to
    Make a small presentation in the e-cat SK production.

    Maybe the production process (What is not too confidential), forward plans and maybe a production road map. I think it could be interesting to many. For more serious customers could give them an idea of development capacity, production bottlenecks and other constrains that may help in their planning and scheduling. I appreciate that part could be done privately with customers too but some broad overview if possible could be interesting.

    Best Regards
    Stephen.

  506. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Sorry, we deem confidential this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  507. arjen

    Can you compete with a 0.03 euro for 1 m3 gas for the first 170.000 m3 , now payed for by the dutch greenhouses business.
    They have a special deal with the government for cheap gas prices but of course for environmental purposes they can greatly benefit of your ecat technology but pricewise it will determine if they will use ecat technology or not.

    how do you penetrate the market where they use natural gas for heating purposes? Even for the normal rate 19 cent per 1 m3? Which offer you can make to get them to use the ecat?

    kind regards Arjen

  508. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    19 cts/m3? 3 cts/m3? I am confused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  509. Stephen

    It’s amazing the progress made in the last year and the would say the last few years too the device you describe now seems to be a huge step forward. An industrial mass device that simply plugs in to a socket! I’m sure there is much complexity in the build and control. But from the description it’s looking like a product now.

    I’m feel really fortunate to be able to follow your story here. Looking forward to January and the video presentation a lot now.

    May ask if you will be presenting the input electrical parameters as well as thermal and flow rate ones. Such as the input current and voltage and if it is single phase or 3phase? I appreciate the fact it’s using s normal socket is already quite something.

  510. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Yes, we will publish also the data related to the current supplied to the control system.
    The Ecat SK can be supplied in both versions, 1 P or 3 P
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  511. YM

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the presentation of January 31st will be published the video on Youtube and on http://www.ecat.com for those who will not be able to attend the streaming?

  512. Andrea Rossi

    YM:
    Yes, as we did for the November 24th video of the Stockholm presentation of the Ecat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  513. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which is the margin of error of the spectrometer you are utilizing to measure the lambda?

  514. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Several nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  515. Lanfranco

    Can we have the instructions how to attend on internet the direct streaming of the presentation of the Ecat SK?
    Thanks
    Lanfranco

  516. Andrea Rossi

    Lanfranco:
    Several days befor we will publish here all the instructions to attend by internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  517. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your answer,

    1. So by a “regular plug-in outlet”, you mean a regular domestic socket you would use for a computer, TV, etc.
    2. Would any regular domestic socket in the USA, Europe, Asia, etc. (they differ slightly in voltage and amps depending on country) be able to operate a single 20 kW E-Cat SK?
    3. Would the E-Cat SK be able to operate with AC at either 50 or 60 Hz?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  518. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes, it is very easy to convert
    3- we make the control panels fit for the voltage and frequency they have to operate with
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  519. KeithT

    When you state “presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product” does this mean the Ecat SK being demonstrated in January will be one maufactured by your automated production line for Ecat reactor units.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  520. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  521. Bob

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever will be ( que sera’ sera’) the presentation of january of the Ecat SK, the fact that now we have industrial plants operating with LENR is a miracle: the “impossible” is no more impossible.
    Thank you for your enormous sacrifice, also in terms of health, to arrive to this point.
    Bob

  522. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  523. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the controller to the E-Cat SK plug into a regular AC wall socket, or is a different kind of connection required?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  524. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It ia a regular plug-in outlet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  525. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you and most of your readers are aware the energy sector, made up of many institutions are well aware of your technology and their tentacles have a complete coverage of all large scale business operations. They control the vast majority of companies with regards their major decisions and allegiances. Should these companies step out of line, which they cannot due to board member decisions i.e. deciding to go totally green and abandon conventional energy sources they would be outlawed and suffer the consequences i.e. put out of business which would never happen because they are well aware of why they must never make a rash decision. The private sector, is I believe the only means by which your technology can be taken up. It will require private discussions behind closed doors with special deals and incentives. Once one or two private companies are using your technology and making exceptional gains on their profitability a chain reaction will occur whereby your success will come about by your insistence regarding the keeping of a secret but as you know and I know there is know such thing as a secret and thereby success will surely come. No need to totally convert an entire system, an initial integration of say either the boilers or furnace to start with together with an incentive thrown in, plus the verbal mention of best not to tell anyone of how you are saving money should give your technology the recognition that it deserves and its success in the energy sector. Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  526. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Onto:
    Yes, we did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on the success of your Energy Catalyser!

    Since there’s not going to be a live audience on the January presentation,have you personally invited any potential business clients to watch it on the Net? I’m sure a lot of your admirers will be watching it,but if there are not any tentative clients among them, I’m afraid the presentation will be pointless.

    I wholeheartedly wish you success!

    Regards,
    Obro

  529. Mark Saker

    Dr. Rossi,

    For the presentation in January you have said that you will show the Ecat SK in operation.

    Do you mean

    a) A single Ecat SK heating some water with digital display of the water temperature on both ends
    b) Multiple ecat SK heating some water with temperature readouts
    c) Multiple Ecat SK driving a turbine?

    Something else?

    Many Thanks and I wish you success

    Mark Saker

  530. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  531. Anonymous

    In this case your presentation is gonna be very boring. I will not waste my time on it

  532. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  533. Robin

    If I have understood , the presentation you will show on January 31st in direct streaming will not be a validation test, as the one made in Stockholm (youtube demo of Ecat QX Stockholm November 24 2017), where an independent engineer has made measurements, but it will be just the presentation of your heat sale service, am I correct? Will you show videos of the Ecat SK in operation?

  534. Andrea Rossi

    Robin:
    Yes, you are correct and yes, we will broadcast also a video of the Ecat SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  535. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the size of the 20 kW E-Cat SK? Will this be shown at the upcoming presentation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  536. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will be shown at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  537. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may have already answered this question so forgive me if you previously did so. Will you have an independent engineer present at the 31 January industrialization demonstration responsible validating the accuracy of all the test and measurement equipment utilized as well as the resulting measurements? I’m sure all your followers on this website can suggest one if you haven’t already done so. Continued success and I look forward to 31 January after following your progress since 2011.

  538. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    No, we will not have any engineer to validate anything. It will be a presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product, not a validation test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  539. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    are you prepared for the environmentalists that will complain of the heat dissipated by the Ecats into the atmosphere?
    All the best,
    Jim R.

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    The Ecats are not made to dissipate heat, they are made to generate heat for industrial utilization, not for dissipation; besides, the Ecats do not generate carbon dioxide or any other kind of pollutant in the environment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Can you give an estimation of the ratio service of the Ecat?

  543. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    5-10 days per year for maintenance, if there are not unexpected problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    I had submitted the following question:

    “What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    For which you had kindly answered:
    “I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.”

    Obviously the gas turbine you have recommended is a closed cycle one, which I wholeheartedly agree with for many technical and environmental reasons. But my curiosity is in the set up and size (MW electric) of the best arrangement incorporating your technology, (you have recommended the Ecat SK) supplying heat to a market-ready close circuit gas turbine-alternator system.

    For example, will your factory be able to construct a multi Ecat SK module unit supplying 1 MW thermal energy to run, let’s say, a 300 kW gas turbine? What is the maximum power (thermal) that can be constructed in your factory?

  545. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    The highest rated module we are able to make now is the 20 kW Ecat SK, which can be combined with as many modules you want to reach the power you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  546. Mary Coore

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The progress you made in one year is impressive: you reached several KW of power with the industrialized Ecat SK in 2018, one year after the 20 W Ecat QX shown in Stockholm in the convincing video published on youtube (November 24 2017). Do you still spare the time to play tennis with your wife?
    Godspeed,
    Mary

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Coore:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    The weekly tennis match with my wife is a must!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you find in your spectrometry measurements of the T of the Ecat also peaks in the range of 430-440 nm?
    This would corroborate the hypothesis of Prof Giorgio Vassallo related to your intuition of the virtual Fermions that could raise from their field when the T of the field reaches the mass of the same elementary particles.
    Cheers
    Prof

  549. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, we got peaks in that area,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Are utilizing some method of preventing the electrodes of the device from experiencing any degree whatsoever of sputtering by charged ions and neutral atoms striking them?

    2) If you are utilizing a surface protrusion on the electrodes to enhance the electric field to reduce the voltage required to initiate the plasma, is this protrusion self-regenerating?

    3) Could one QX device fitting inside one closed cylinder utilize multiple emitter tips to produce multiple columns of plasma to maximize the output energy?

    4) At the upcoming demonstration, would you be willing to introduce anyone who can testify that they built a QX themselves and achieved the same results as yourself? I think this would go far to countering some of the vitriol from the imbeciles that will be screaming that it only “appeared” to work because you “rigged” it to do so. If there is even one person that works for your client that you would trust to build a QX and share their results as well at the demonstration (even if only during a brief slideshow of the data), I would urge you to allow them to do so.

    Thank you.

  551. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- no and I don’t care the Rock and Troll rants
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. “Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    My hope is that the SK/turbine combination will be found to be competitive with current grid sources of power for communities of a size of, say, 5,000 or more households. If so, then the present grossly inefficient, monolithic, centralized, monopolistic power providers will be forced to compete (just as participants in nearly all other industries are) and radically reduce their waste of resources if they are to remain in business.

    The benefits to the economy and to living standards would be appreciable.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say you are looking for helium in the E-Cat SK, did you find any?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is part of the theoretical work we are working upon. It is premature to give answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I recently survived Hurricane Michael in the Florida Panhandle. We lost many public buildings in the storm. This experience motivated me to research stronger structures. The strongest and most economical structure appears to be the “Monolithic Concrete Dome”. It is earthquake-proof, hurricane-proof, and tornado-proof up to F-5 category. It is cheaper to build than traditional box-type construction. It is so energy efficient that the cost of the foundation, floor, and outer shell will pay for themselves in 15 to 20 years in energy savings.

    The round footprint may not be ideal for straight-line assembly line manufacturing. It seems to me that you could overcome the round footprint by using an elongated tubular (hemi-tubular) structure connected to two half-domes.
    https://www.monolithic.org/domes
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion. I take advice of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations for the progress made. May I wish you more successful years in the advancement of the E-Cat and its derivatives.

    The time of industrialisation of your technology is very close. I have been following your progress, successes, attempts at derailing your progress by others, and finally the imminent rollout of industrialised E-Cats designed to provide a modular, reliable and controllable source of high temperature heat that can be utilised for most applications currently in operation but heated by conventional fuels.

    Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Answer:
    I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  560. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the SK variant of the eCat technology — is Hydrogen a required element for the reaction? Would Deuterium, Helium-3, one or both isotopes of Lithium or one of more isotopes of Boron suffice for an exothermic reaction with Nickel?

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot answer these questions.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  562. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video on the legacy of
    the Kepler space telescope.

    https://youtu.be/_V7J05fK5e0

    Regards
    Sam

  563. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  564. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your recent theoretical work are you searching also the presence of helium ?

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  566. arjen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Just curious based upon your theoretical work, will your explanation how the ecat works open up a total new industry of discovering new technology even outside of lenr? what I try to say, electricity was the driving force behind all the discoveries made afterwards, like telephone, electronic microscope, will your theorie once proven to be correct have a similar effect and open up a whole new era of scientific discoveries to be made just based upon your theory?
    sorry if I am just a dummy , I would love to hear your opinion or simplified answer.

    all the best.
    Arjen

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    It is possible.
    We all are dummies, the difference between us is that we are dummies in different matters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    To find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  569. Yoko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the Ecat SK fit to be coupled with a turbine?

  570. Andrea Rossi

    Yoko:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  571. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said your main Client has high ‘firepower’.

    a) Is this client currently involved in preparing to produce E-Cats?
    b) His this client been involved in testing SK reactors?
    c) Have you been spending time working at this client’s facilities?
    d) In terms of firepower, would this client be one of the top companies in its business sector?

    Many thanks and best wishes for the upcoming presentation.

    Frank Acland

  572. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a- yes
    b- yes
    c- not yet
    d- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  573. Bob Vathroder

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Where can I find the book “Ecat the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova?
    Cheers
    Bob

  574. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Vathroder:
    You can find it on Amazon,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Yuri

    @ Rod Walton:
    The real game changer is the Ecat!

  576. CC

    Svein Henrik:
    Probably Dr Rossi will increase the productivity proportionally to the amount of orders.
    Cheers
    CC

  577. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I’m referring to the new automated production-line for E-Cat-SK.
    What will be the capacity for the SK-10 per day?
    How many such production lines are you planning to acquire over the next years?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Enough to satisfy the demand and fit to get along with the demand increase.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  579. Rod Walton

    Here is a game changer: just google ‘Power Engineering October 30 2018- Optimizing natural gas generation with energy storage’
    Rod Walton

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. Elvis Kinzie

    @Martin Himpe:
    we must remember that Andrea Rossi told us that the COP he got in Doral during the test of the 1 MW plant has been reached thanks also to the fact that he operated the plant personally every day, 16 hours per day, while his team operated the plant during the remaining 8 hours, so that the plant has ben attended to by the men of Leonardo 24/7 for one year, a situation that is unthinkable for the plants he will install in the factories of his customers. I expect the COP will have to be reduced to make the Ecat reliable in normal situations.
    Elvis

  582. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    When the installation of the plant will be completed at the customer and will be started, will it be necessary to leave on site technicians for maintenance and monitoring in addition to remote control?
    Good health and all my support for the project
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  583. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, the Customer will have certified operators trained by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  584. >> are you going to retire?
    > Of course! When I will be 99 years old.

    I assume that you will then re-start your musical career!

  585. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    At that age I will be able to rival the Rock and Trolls! With you, we will invent the “Rock the Trolls” music, characterized by strong accents on the cymbals. I have ready the first title: “Cymbals vs cymballs”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  586. Dan Martin

    @Verena Bretenstein:
    Which kind of advanced steam engine are you thinking about?
    Dan

  587. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Take care of your health. We need you on this planet for decades to come! I’m unsure of your medical history, but there are a ton of great supplements to try. One that’s a virtual panacea is broccoli extract due to the sulforaphane content.

    1) Do you think that atomic hydrogen and lithium atoms in a plasma can interact in such a way that the atomic hydrogen transforms into a form that’s more effective at inducing nuclear reactions with other elements?

    2) If such a transformation of H can take place (regardless what it transforms into) do you think that the resulting product can be absorbed by nickel in Ni-H systems such as the E-Cat?

    3) Have you ever ran a QX until it became depleted of hydrogen/lithium and stopped working?

  588. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your kind words and the panaceic suggestion…
    Answers:
    1- I cannot answer in positive or in negative to this question
    2- same as in 1
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is there a technical reason why eCat technology could not be used with a heat to electricity generation unit (solid state, no turbines)? If the effective COP is sufficiently high, even the relatively low conversion efficiencies (5 – 8%) could be overcome. And suitable circuitry and energy storage (battery or capacitor) can overcome safety (feedback) concerns. Can an “eCat Battery” be realized. I imaging applications such as drones and remote applications (the moon) would be possible. I would guess that if your effective, long-term COP averaged over 50, it should be doable.

  590. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion. Obviously more efficient systems will have priority.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  591. Verena Breitenstein

    Is the heat exchanger which you are using for the Ecat SK able to produce supercritical steam (P=250 Bar, T=500°C) for an advanced steam engine?

  592. Andrea Rossi

    Verena Breitenstein:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  593. Martin Himpe

    It was previously claimed that the COP was > 100. Is it still true? Or is it more?
    Martin Himpe

  594. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Himpe:
    The COP will be communicated during the presentation of January 31 2019.
    I promise it will be enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  595. Judy

    Dear Andrea:
    Your last answer to Frank Acland of Ecatworld is alarming: are you going to retire?
    All the best,
    Judy

  596. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    Of course! When I will be 99 years old.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  597. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to report by Director
    posted on ECat World Blog.

    https://e-catworld.com/2018/10/28/no-mystery-the-e-cat-qx-explained-by-lost-technologies-the-director/

    Regards
    Sam

  598. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  599. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Glad to hear you are healing! Could your main Client now carry on the development of the E-Cat without you if you decided to retire?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  600. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  601. Roby

    I agree with you, the efficiency of the Ecat must be calculated as a ratio between the energy generated by the Ecat and the energy that is consumed by the reactor, all the rest depends on the system of which the Ecat is part.

  602. Andrea Rossi

    Roby:
    I agree, but anyway the so called “overall” COP is not very much affected by the difference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  603. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is your health, after the surgery you got in July 18? As you are the sole man able to develop the industrialization of the Ecat, your health is important also for us, not only for you.
    Godspeed,
    CC

  604. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I am healing well, and, what is most important, I am working very well. Besides, the firepower of our main Client will make soon my person less important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  605. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us an estimate of the cost to build an Ecat in $/kW?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    I cannot publish your comment because its link contains an error. Can you correct? I am not able to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. Dear Andrea,
    I hope you enter the industrial energy market within a couple of years.
    Are you also working on minimizing your device and the necessary control / cooling equipment?
    In other words do you consider possible, in a not too distant future, the use of ECAT QX or SK as power supply or as a sort of very long-lasting battery in industrial and portable devices?
    I see in inverse temporal and size order the following possible applications:
    Military forniture
    Scientific missions
    Naval and industrial vehicles
    Automobiles and other elettric vehicles
    Electric tools and laptops
    Smartphones
    If this isn’t only a list of unfounded dreams, any obstacles are more technical (and / or security related) or rather bureaucratic (certifications needed)?

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Answers to your three questions:
    1- yes and we have already reached a satisying level
    2- yes
    3- I knoe that we are starting with selling heat, all the other are steps to be reached one by one, directly or indirectly: for example, once the ecat generates electricity, it is indirectly charging laptops, smart phones etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    When the Ecat will reach a high level of diffusion, we will see if it will affect positively the environment.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Adeline Morfee

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the COP of the Ecat is much higher than 1 even considering the energy consumed by the control system, otherwise there would be no point to sell the heat as you are doing, am I correct?
    A.

  612. Andrea Rossi

    Adeline Morfee:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  613. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You state that the “overall” COP of the E-Cat-QX is obviously greater than 1, but no measurements where taken to show that this is true. I understand that measurements that were taken provide evidence the E-Cat reactor itself has a high COP and I agree that the energy dissipated by the control system can be recovered with a COP of 1 but that energy still has to be supplied by a source of electrical energy which costs money. For a heating application where all of the control system power dissipation may be usefully recovered the cost of the electrical energy still increases the overall cost of energy provided by the E-Cat reactor.
    For electrical power applications the energy dissipated by the control system would probably not be useful.

    Question:

    At your January demonstration will measurements of both overall electrical input power or energy, and thermal output power or energy be taken to provide evidence that the E-Cat-SK has a usefully high overall COP?

    Best Regards

    Dan

  614. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    The heat recovered from the control panel is always recoverable by preheating the fluid to be heated by the Ecat and this specific recovery has COP 1 and the amount of energy consumed for it is the same in quantity as in any electric heater. It is true, though, that the efficiency of an electric heater is lower than a gas fuelled heater, but this fact does not affect substantially the “overall” consume.
    Yes, at the presentation of end January it will be calculated also the “overall” COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  615. JPR

    @Frank Acland:
    To calculate the efficiency of the Ecat only based on the energy that enters the reactor is correct and the way the measurements have been done is absolutely correct. Nonetheless, it is useful to know also the overall consume, even if I agree with Andrea Rossi on the fact that the heat dissipated from the control system can be recovered with COP 1 and therefore it pays for itself.
    Best Regards
    Jean Paul Renoir

  616. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At the Stockholm demonstration in 2017, the COP of the E-Cat QX was calculated to be around 500, however, we did not find out the power consumption of the control box, and so it was not clear if the COP of the whole system was >1.

    With a single E-Cat SK reactor, and including the power consumed by control box, is the overall COP >1?

    If yes, can you tell us an average overall COP?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The “overall COP” of the Ecat QX shown in the demo of Stockholm obviously was >1, but to talk of “overall COP” is wrong, because the COP of the Ecat must be measured with the ratio between the energy produced and the energy consumed by the Ecat. It has been explained that the control system consumes energy to cool down the overheat of the circuitry of the control panel, but this heat dissipation can be recovered with COP 1 and its cost completely compensated. Anyway the technology of the control panel has improved remarkably in this year passed from the demo of November 24 2018 and what you define “overall COP” will be disclosed at the presentation of end January. It is enough, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    The President of the USA, Donald Trump, has said the same thing you said about the “Global Warming”: it exists, but it is not proven that it has been born by the human activities.
    Cheers
    Prof

  619. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I think this is the sole correct position we can assume, based on the study of the geological history of the known million years of our planet as we know it.
    To take under examination the last 100 years to understand millions of evolution is wrong: it is like to look at a derivative instead of to an integral.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the heat exchanger you are using for the Ecat SK useful also for a gas turbine?
    All the best,
    CC

  621. Andrea Rossi

    CC
    I think yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  622. Anonymous

    Is the COP of the Ecat SK on the same order of magnitude we saw in the video of the demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2018?
    Cheers

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Came across an article and video on the
    the incredible runner Kilian Jornet.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/24/magazine/creating-the-all-terrain-human.html

    https://youtu.be/gKaKtqf_Oxc

    Regards
    Sam

  625. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The sole link I can find of your comment with the subject of this Journal is an invitation for me to be trained as well as this champion to escape as far as possible from my Clients if the Ecat will not work…is this what you mean? ( LOL )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Eric Ashworth

    @Dan C,
    With regards your post regarding the poles being able to flip over and the experts who predict the estimated date. I am not an expert and I do not think there is one with regards this subject regarding the evolution of the Earth. When making predictions it is best to investigate a subject on a broad basis. In other words look at at all forms of evolution, this is not difficult. We live in a binary system i.e two opposite states and rely upon two opposite dimensions to function. Positive and negative are two opposite dimensions, Masculine and feminine are another two, fission and fusion, night and day the list is endless. The Earth is an evolving entity that supports life and it too evolves through a binary system. The Earth is on a helical trajectory moving along a path, the sun is a product of the magnetic electro field between two planets i.e. the planet in front and moves forward in a systemic system of evolution in tandem with the Earth. The ice age within which animals of consciousness existed became extinct because of a crossover with regards the evolution of the Earth. It crossed from a negative potential position into its positive potential position which represents expansion of an environment with an increase of an intensity of light. The same thing happens with puberty when the intelligence overrides the consciousness, this represents the binary activity of life wherein the vehicle becomes more self sufficient due to an intelligent aspect being in control i.e. a more positive expanded mind. The Earth is now proceeding towards old age and I believe no more flips, just instability but a conflagration many years in the future, by which time we will have all the technology and close associates to transition to safe life supporting environments. No need for doom and gloom mankind controls his destiny as he becomes more intelligent, in other words you have to look forwards and not backwards. Regards Eric Ashworth

  627. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    We are on the same wavelength!
    I had kitplanes in my mind in my comment, specifically the Velocity kitplane. But I was thinking of an electric motor supplied with electricity from the Ecat for all phases of flight; the power train would be sized to provide sufficient power for the take off with max load.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  628. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  629. WaltC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,

    Your inventions relating to “high T, small area heat exchanger” seem important and worthy of patent(s) independent of your LENR-related patents.

    Do you plan to make any “high T, small area heat exchanger” patent applications?

    thanks, WaltC

  630. Andrea Rossi

    Walt C:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  631. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    It is said the magnetic poles could flip at anytime. (This happens about every 25K years and is due.) It’s thought that this could reverse the ocean currents and no one knows what this would do to the climate, though probably not good.

    What I know is North would be South and East would be West. One may be in flight from New York to London and land in Brasília, Brazil.

    I recommend you take a universal language translator with you on your transatlantic flights. You never know what language you may encounter.

    Wishing you luck and good health,
    Dan C.

  632. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Good point.
    I agree. The displacement of the magnetic poles is probably a “suspect” of interest if we are trying to find the “criminal” that is changing the global climate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    It is still cold, compared to the millions of Kelvin you need for the nuclear fusion. ITER and others are talking of hundred millions K and this is why they will never succeed, because it is impossible confine reliably such temperatures with an unavoidably unstable magnetic field, on a so big surface. Consider that a contact at this T even for a fraction of second between the plasma and any material would instantly sublimate the material the reactor is built with, whatever you use.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Andrea Rossi

    Kerlene:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  635. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read from your comment that the Ecat SK has very high temperatures: how can you avoid loss of efficiency?
    Thank you for answering every day to our questions,
    Marco Casadei

  636. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    You are right, heat exchanging with so high T and so small area of exchange is a big problem. We resolved it and I think we made a masterpiece.
    To answer the questions of our Readers for me is as much pleasant as useful. I learn from them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  637. Karlene

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I agree with your diagnosis of the global warming: it is surely there, but there is no evidence of the fact that human activities are responsible for it. I agree also on the fact that, anyway, to say humans are responsible helps to better protect the environment from the pollution that is due to human activities beyond any reasonable doubt.
    All the best,
    Karlene

  638. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi, Scientist:

    A peak temperature of 24,000 K is very high. It should not be called ‘Cold’. (Except compared to the Solar Corona.)

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  639. Gil Baj

    Dear r Andrea Rossi:
    You repeated many times that you believe in the climate change on course, but you don’t think it is an effect due to the activities on mankind. Which you think can be the reason that is causing these changes? You are from Milan, Italy, so you can understand how strange is that in these days we have temperatures of 26-27 °C, with random flash floods: this is a tropical kind of weather…
    All the best,
    GB

  640. Andrea Rossi

    Gil Baj:
    I read that the magnetic poles of our planet have been subject of a significant displacement. This could be a credible cause. But, again, to think that human activities are the sole cause could be “realpolitically” correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  641. Scientist

    From the wavelength you said, the temperature is about 6-7000 K. Can you say which is the peak T you reached?

  642. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    The peak we reached is around 24000 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  643. Eddy

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How can I buy the book of Mats Lewan about your invention?

  644. Andrea Rossi

    Eddy:
    Google “Amazon- An impossible invention- Mats Lewan”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  645. Silvia

    Which is the definition of the spectrometer you are using to measure the temperature of the plasma in the reactors?

  646. Andrea Rossi

    Silvia:
    if we are careful, we can reach a definition close to 1 nm, which is redundant to measure the power, but is important important for the theoretical experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  647. Brett

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    On January 31st you will make the presentation of the industrialized cat and of the heat sales service; when do you think you will actually start the delivery of the Ecats to the Customers to sell the heat?
    Brett

  648. Andrea Rossi

    Brett:
    During the same year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  649. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us which is the price of an Ecat SK and/or an Ecat QX?
    Cheers

  650. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, because we are not selling the Ecats. We sell the heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  651. Dia Mackenthun

    I like this blog so much, saved to favorites.

  652. Andrea Rossi

    Dia Mackenthun:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  653. Nicole

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Afer the USA which is the Country you are more involved now?
    Cheers
    Nicole

  654. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole:
    Sweden.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  655. Scientist

    If the main wavelength is about 430-440 nm the T of the fluid inside the Ecat SK is about 6900 °C, correct?

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    Moreless, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this nice view,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  658. Scientist

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give us the specter of the wavelength of the plasma of the Ecat SK?

  659. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    The main focus is between 430 and 440 nm
    We are trying to get a more defined value, because it is very important under a theoretical point of view.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  660. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting article for you
    and the readers of your blog.

    https://physicsworld.com/a/ignition-pending/

    I am looking forward to the product presentation.

    Regards
    Sam

  661. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Interesting indeed, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  662. Dear Andrea
    As everyone I am eagerly waiting for the industrial presentation that you will do in January but in the meantime I ask you a question. Currently we know that you can sell the heat produced by your generators only for industrial systems but if a single person or a small industry would ask you to sell the heat of 20 or 50 kW systems to use them on small boats to produce electricity and propulsion, perhaps using commercial stirling engines, could you sell it? I do not think they would fall into the “home” category. In your blog, in the last 2-3 years, very few times someone talked about naval applications and I’m very surprised because I think a small or big shipowner should have shown his interest, no pollution, no refueling, no large tanks for this, a lot of space on board for the installation of many kilowatt or megawatt, what do they want more?
    Full speed ahead Andrea !!
    Neri

  663. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    Going in a boat we fall from the pan into the grill ( speaking of certifications ). Everything you put on the “live” parts of a boat must obtain the specific certification of naval certification entities, like, for example in Italy where you are, the RINA. Such certifications are more difficult to obtain than the ones for the households.
    The concept is that certifications for places where certified operators control the devices are relatively easier than certifications for apparatuses that must be layman-proof, wherever the layman is : a house, a boat, a workshop, etc., as it might be. The problem does not rise from the location, rises from the operating system.
    Thank you for your suggestion anyway.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  664. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are still in good health?

    If you can find some time, can you please update us about the progress you are making on:
    1. Industrialization of the SK
    2. Theory
    3. Integration of the Ecat SK in a jet engine
    4. The 100 kW Ecat
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- right on schedule
    2- we are making very good progress; in the second half of November we have to make important experiments studied to verify the theory exposed in the video of the lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom at the demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24th
    3- we made a model of the combustion room. First step
    4- work in progress
    Thanks to you for your kind attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Ugo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am a student of high school.
    I had a discussion about the meaning of kW and kWh, kw/h and kWh/h: can you clear up these measurement units what are referred to, once and forever? I got different answers and I am confused.
    Thanks
    Ugo

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Ugo:
    here you go:
    kW: unit of power. It is not energy, it is a rating of power. Example: an engine rated 100 kW has a power of 100 kW also when it is turned off. A power of, for example, 100 kW means that the engine can erogate an energy max of 100 kWh/h
    kWh: it is a unit of energy. A kWh is a quantum of energy corresponding to the energy that a horse can generate in one hour of work
    kW/h: it is a nonsense and obviously does not exist: since the kW is a rating of power, the power is given for all the time during which an engine is in good standing, it is not given by the hour.
    kWh/h: it is a unit of consume of energy and indicates how many kWh are consumed in one hour. Anectode: some time ago an “expert” of the Rock and Troll band corrected a comment of me, defining me ” a poor kid ” (sic), saying I did not know that “kWh/h” is wrong because the two “h” respectively at the numerator and the denominator cancel each other and remains only “kW”. If some imbecile says this to you too, help him to observe that the 2 “h” have different meanings ( at the numerator the h is just a letter of the contraction of the whole word “kilowatthour”, while at the denominator the h stays for “hour”, therefore they cannot cancel each other not representing the same thing.
    Last note: remember that k is always small letter ( from the ancient Greek “kilo” = 1000 ), while W is always capital letter, because is the initial of Watt, the name of the inventor.
    Good luck for your scholastic career !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Anonymous

    Andrea:
    Did understand well that we will see a video of an Ecat SK module in operation during the internet stream of the presentation of the industrial service initiation on January 31st 2019?

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Scientist

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In the Ecat SK you have the problem of the temperature gradients from room T to more than 20,000 °C: how can materials resist ?

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    Yes, this has been a big problem. What you will see in the presentation will appear to be a simple onject, but the problems we had to resolve are enormous and we had to invent series of solutions, many of which really headbreaking.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Any French citizen can sensitize our leaders on a subject that is close to his heart by email. Now your project will take another important step on January 31st.
    I think our Minister of Ecological Transition might be interested in your wonderful work.

    Do you allow me to point out to this minister that you will be demonstrating your LENR plant on January 31 and that he will be able to ask you questions?

    Better health and all the better for your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  674. Kurt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your decision to make only the internet streaming makes sense: you have a billion potential clients, to add or not to add several tens of persons in a conference room is irrelevant.
    Godspeed,
    Kurt

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Point taken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    About your answer to Brokeeper: it makes perfectly sense. In direct streaming we will see the same videos we could see attending a conference in a room and put the same questions we would put in a conference room.
    All the best,
    JPR

  677. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Perhaps I should have qualified my question. Those mentioned previously, are any invited to attend personally at the presentation site or are you saying it is not necessary for anyone, including those mentioned, to attend onsite since observation and Q&A are the same for all? In other words, are the invites to the presentation cancelled since it is made ‘only’ in internet by live stream? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Personal attendance will be useless, because we will show in internet videos of the Ecat SK in operation and we will answer publicly all the questions we will receive from the attendants in internet. Since we found serious problems to get authorization to put in operation the Ecat SK in a conference room, we have to show it by a video, which makes useless to organize a convention in a conference room. We decided to go only on internet for this reason. There is nothing that we could do in a conference room that we cannot do in internet by direct streaming and everything will be easier and faster.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    That is great news about the January 31, 2019 industrial kickoff presentation.
    Besides corporation representatives, will you plan to have any of the following attend:
    1. Major media network representatives?
    2. Military representatives/officials?
    3. US Governmental officials?
    4. Non-US Government officials?
    Best wishes on your preparations and future success!
    Brokeeper

  681. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Everybody that is interested to our presentation will be free to attend, because the presentation will be made only in internet by live stream.
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. Wilfried Babelotzky, Andrea Rossi:
    The NERVA-2 fission rocket engine (http://www.astronautix.com/n/nerva2engine.html) had 7 GW thermal power and weighed 11 tonnes, thus giving a 600 kW/kg power density. It was not flown, but was successfully tested on ground. Its planned burning time was 20 minutes, thus the energy density was 0.7 GJ/kg. If the E-cat could reach a power density of one megawatt per kilogram or a little less, then it might be eventually possible to use it for launch vehicle applications.
    regards, /pekka

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. Osvaldo Marchetti

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Is graphene used in the Ecat?

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Osvaldo Marchetti:
    I cannot give information in positive or in negative about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    as you confirmed that LENR could drive a blast steel furnace, could also a LENR rocket motor be built? Hydrogen burns at a max temperature of 3 000 Celsius degrees, the Ecat SK reaches much higher temperatures.
    Kind regards,
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I am not able to answer, I do not know rocket engines.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have posted today that you will make a presentation on January 31, 2019 via internet streaming. Will this be a live event, or will it be a recording?

    What can we expect to see in this event?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  689. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for asking.
    It will be a live event and the public will be able to put questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Santos Fajen

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you aware of the fact that Nissan has replicated your effect?

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Santos Fajen:
    I read something indirectly, but I didn’t find any publication about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. CC

    Do you laready have a date for the presentation of the industrialized SK you will use to sell heat?
    Best Regards,
    CC

  693. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    January 31st, and it will be only by internet streaming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. José Cruz

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Again about the demonstration of Stockholm with the Ecat QX: I noticed that the plasma was not continue, there were several seconds on, several seconds off. Why?
    Cheers
    José

  695. Andrea Rossi

    José Cruz:
    To limit the temperature, because the control system at that time has overheating problems. Now those problems have been resolved anf the QX can work above 1 kW of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  696. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrick:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  697. Patrick Mckinley

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In the video on Youtube “Ecat QX presentation in Stockholm November 24 2017” you measured the electricity consumed correctly along the cable that connects the control panel to the Ecat. Is the COP >1 even if the electricity consumed is measured between the outlet of the grid and the control system?

  698. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick McKinley:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  699. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    As your plan is selling heat, the possibility of storing thermal energy is of important.
    pls se https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CD81XOKswTA
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  700. Andrea Rossi

    Replay:
    Interesting suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  701. Rey Bresett

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think you will work out the theory also with Prof Vassallo?

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Rey Bresett:
    I studied well his paper and it contains important suggestions that I think are contingent with the lecture presented in Stockholm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What would really be useful is a “eCat-powered battery” that only needed to be cooled and provided a large amount of power continuously over a 6 month period. Then the user ships it back for refueling, after you have shipped out a replacement. Say, in the 10 – 100 kW power range? When can I order one? LOL.

  704. Alfonso

    Dear Andrea:
    With the COP of the SK do you think desalination is competitive?

  705. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  706. Anonymous

    Do you think the SK coul be useful in the candy production process?

  707. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, this is a sector where heat is needed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  708. arjen

    another industry that could be very interested is the 3d metal printing industry
    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604088/the-3-d-printer-that-could-finally-change-manufacturing/
    maybe contact the leaders of that industry…

    success

  709. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  710. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    Imagine how smooth and quiet the Velocity would be with an eCat-powered electric motor. Velocity is an excellent choice with itsrear propeller. It would be a dream to fly.

    Steve

  711. steve swatman

    It struck me that an industry that could readily make use of the Ecat’s heat generation would be the alcohol industry, they use a lot of heat in most processes.

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Swatman:
    Yes, distillation processes could find help with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the COP of the Ecat QX and the Ecat SK the same?

  714. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Moreless, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Vivienne

    Dear Andrea
    So you think that the domestic Ecat will be based upon the structure of the QX, not of the SK?

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Vivienne:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Steven N. Karels

    Pekka Janhunen ,

    I appreciate your post but I believe the logic is reversed. The power utilization for a conventional aircraft is highest during the initial climb to cruising altitude. The power needed at altitude is minimal – not changing altitude plus thinner air so less air resistance. So a constant power source, such as an eCat-based motor would be best served for the cruise mode. The supplemental onboard conventional fuel mode would only be required for take-off and, if the pilot had a “missed approach”, the power needed to go around and attempt another landing(s).

    This would mean the only conventional fuel onboard would be required for take-off and, as needed, a number of “go arounds”.

    The alternative would be a sufficiently large onboard eCat-based generation to eliminate the conventional fuel items (motor, fuel tanks, and fuel). A trade-off problem for future engineers.

  718. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I generally agree that an eCat-based engine certified for aeronautical use is a decade or two away. However, there are specialty applications that might be able to use it:

    a. unmanned drones, especially large, long-duration applications – think 6 months of continuous flight.

    b. Experimental aircraft – these unique, one-of-a-kind applications have used non-certified automobile engines for aircraft powerplants.

    c. Specialty applications – long duration flights – over the oceans or sparsely inhabited areas like deserts or jungles, where an aircraft falling out of the sky does little property damage or is a mall threat to human life.

  719. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  720. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever read the book by Kenneth Shoulders entitled, “EV – A Tale of Discovery”?

  721. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for the information: I’ll take a look.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  722. Dear Andrea Rossi
    Concerning what Chuck Davis wrote. Hybrid aeroplanes are at planning stage. Similar to hybrid cars, they would use electric motors for takeoff and landing, and normal fuel for the cruise. The benefit is more silent takeoff, and also better fuel economy because the normal engines can be dimensioned for the cruise, no need to dimension them for the takeoff. The E-cat would plug in rather nicely in this picture. No need to have a thrust-producing E-cat jet engine, enough to be able to make electricity with E-cats onboard the aircraft. The number of generators can be much more than one, so that if one fails, plane still works. Furthermore, should all the E-cats suddenly fail (I don’t know how), plane can still land because has electric power enough for short flight and landing stored in batteries.

    That said, I strongly think that it is the right thing for you to concentrate on heat and electricity production on ground, at this moment. The customer does what he wants with the heat, and at some future day the customer might be also an aviation company.

    Best regards, /pekka

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Yes, I agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m now firmly convinced that the primary fundamental mechanism of LENR is the production of electrically charged EVOs and the emission of magnetically charged (electrically neutral) strange radiation particles — which are perhaps fragments of Ultra Dense Hydrogen — during their decomposition. The production of EVOs/SR can take place in the lattice of a metal hydride when fracto-emission takes place, on the surface of an LENR fuel when surface plasmon polaritons produce intense electric fields upon encountering cracks or protrusions, or in a hydrogen plasma (enhanced dramatically when additions of catalytic elements like argon, helium, atomized lithium, atomized strontium, or other elements are added). By adding common sense enhancements to the above systems, the production of EVOs and SR can be enhanced dramatically. Moreover, the use of “cats” or secondary layers of fuel around the innermost reactor or “magnetic mirror” configurations to magnetically trap the EVOs/SR can make sure that none of these active agents escape into the environment.

    I’m really excited about the future!

  725. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    if it is possible to start the Ecat with a battery, then I believe that the time to make aeronautical applications will be shorter.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis,
    It is possible to start the Ecat QX and SK by means of a battery, but I am afraid that this has nothing to do with the time necessary for aeronautical applications. I do not think I will see any application of the genre during my lifetime. Generation of heat and of electricity, this is the focus.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Vittorio

    Dr Rossi:
    In the video ‘YouTube Ecat QX demo of November 24 in Stockholm’ we can see a very low consume of electric energy.
    Now that the Ecat QX has a power over 1kW is the COP the same?

  729. Andrea Rossi

    Vittorio:
    Yes, the COP has not changed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  730. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I ment that because you are testing a gasturbine I wonder if E-catSK is placed in a modyfied combuster, instead of ordinary fuel nozzle, and if a motor like that can fit in comercial aircrafts to avoid lots of tons of fuel.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  731. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I think that aeronautic applications are very far from now, but the application to turbines to make electricity or heat is close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  732. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you give us an update on the commercialization status of the E-Cat. What should we expect to see over the coming weeks and months?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    At the end of January we will present our service based on the sale of heat made by the industrialized Ecat.
    This is all I can say right now.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  734. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    You have mentioned that you are testing gasturbines.
    The only thing I know about gasturbines is that the air is compressed to about 20 bar. Thereafter is the air heated by for example E-catSK and is expanded lineary with the temperature increase before it meets the outlet turbine.
    This must be ideal for comercial airplanes, there you will lose lots of tons of fuel, more cheap and eco-friendly.
    Am I right or did I misunderstand, or would E-catSK take to big space with the high effect needed? Or is the control current for E-catSK to high?
    I wish you good luck with your production and tests.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I did not understand exactly your questions: can you rephrase?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    This is a more detailed presentation of Andrea Calaon’s theory.
    https://lenr-calaon-explanation.weebly.com/uploads/1/3/1/6/13166465/electron_mediated_nuclear_reactions.pdf
    Kind regards, Gerard

  737. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  738. Peter

    dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your answer to the banana-monkey of the Rock and Trolls was past due.
    We totally agree,
    Peter

  739. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Leslie

    I think that a synthesis of the theoretic hints of the Stockholm presentation and the ideas in the paper of Giorgio Vassallo can be promising.
    Do you agree?

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Leslie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  742. Laurel

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it possible to recover in full all the heat dissipated in the control box?

  743. Andrea Rossi

    Laurel:
    Yes. It can be used to preheat the fluid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  744. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I read with great interest your comment to the paper: “Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, published on September 30 2018 by Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, finally a solid explanation of the enormous excess of heat that everybody can understand.
    I remember that in january and december 2015 “a lume di naso” (by the light of the nose) hehehe, a small lamp lighted itself in my head about the possible role of antimatter, (even if now we speak of virtual particles), and I posted it twice on this blog.
    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  746. Jean

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still convinced that all these anomalous hurricanes, destructive rains, climate change are not due to human activities?
    Thanks if you can tell us your updated opinion aboout this issue,
    Jean

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    Yes, I am still convinced of this, because here is nothing anomalous, if we consider millions of years, not hundreds of years. Nonetheless, I think that human activities can worsen the situations locally. Anyway, it is useful to alarm mankind so that the environment can be improved: like to say that uncorrect statements can trigger correct behavior. Obviously, my opinion can be wrong, as always.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  748. Kim

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you indicate the core point of the article of Professors Vassallo and Di Tommaso?
    Cheers
    Kim

  749. Andrea Rossi

    Kim:
    the possibility that as a consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect , a rapid, collective and simultaneous variation of the Zitterbewegung phase catalyzes the creation of coherent systems like those described by H.E. Puthoff ( Charge Confinement by Casimir Forces, arXiv:physics/0408114, 2004 ): laboratory observation of high-density filamentation or clustering of electronic charge suggests that under certain conditions strong Coulomb repulsion can be overcome by cohesive forces as yet imprecisely defined.
    This could catalize the formation of virtual particles and antiparticles with the same temperature of the core of the Ecat reactors and the subsequent annihilation that, with such masses, cannot generate high energy ionizing radiations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  750. Don Bicksler

    The short video of 6 minutes resuming the demo of the Ecat QX at Stockholm, whose link is in the NEWS section of http://www.ecat.com is a masterpiece: in 6 min explains all the topics of the 3 hours full video. Very well done, thanks,
    Don

  751. Andrea Rossi

    Don Bicksler:
    Thank you. The link can be found also on Youtube “6 minutes video of the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm Nov 24 2017”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  752. Walter P Christmas

    Dear Andrea,

    You may not be able to answer this, but given what you know about Carnot & genset efficiency, etc.:

    – if you had a customer who was interested in using the heat you provide to generate electricity, do you think they could produce it at a kWh cost that was competitive with current electricity rates (roughly 10 to 13 cents per kWh)?

    Thanks, WaltC

  753. Andrea Rossi

    Walter P. Christmas:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  754. Gale

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I found on “youtube Ecat QX demonstration in Stockholm” the demo you made with the Ecat QX, which is very well done and convincing. Did that Ecat QX we can see in the video have an evolution? If yes, can you explain?
    Cheers
    Gale

  755. Andrea Rossi

    Gale:
    Yes, the same Ecat QX, as you saw it on youtube ( the video can be found also in http://www.ecat.com ), today has a power over 1 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  756. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  757. Nichole

    Thanks for your interesting article. Here is another issue you never treated.
    Other thing is that mesothelioma cancer is generally brought on by the breathing of material from asbestos, which is a very toxic material. It truly is commonly noticed among individuals in the structure industry with long experience of asbestos. It can be caused by moving into asbestos covered buildings for an extended time of time, Genes plays a crucial role, and some folks are more vulnerable on the risk than others.
    Now: do you use asbesto in any form in your Ecats?

  758. Andrea Rossi

    Nichole:
    Absolutely not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  759. Jackye

    Some rock and troll guy says the lecture of Gullstrom is not worth to be read.
    Comments?

  760. Andrea Rossi

    Jackye:
    Obviously he is right: would you have anything to complain about similar behavior if a monkey, expecting from you a banana, receives instead a copy of the Divina Commedia of Dante Alighieri? Most of the Rock and Trolls are dropouts from high school, paid to make false information. Never mind. Intelligent persons understand when they are reading a matter they do not know ( we all are ignorant, the difference between us is that we are ignorant of different matters ), but, on the contrary, imbeciles and intellectual prostitutes behave like the Rock and Trolls. Never mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  761. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe I was not clear in my previous question. I did’n want you to explain details of the nuclear reaction, but basically I just asked you if you could confirm if the loss of nuclear mass of the fuel equates to the energy production of the E-cat.
    If you do not want to publish that detail either, please say so.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  762. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The answer is probably yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  763. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Reading the paper “Electron structure, Ultra-dense Hydrogen and LENR ” of Antonino Di Tommaso and Giorgio Vassallo of the University of Palermo-Italy, I remembered a piece of Andrea Calaon, also mentioning the Zitterbewegung of electrons. I couldn’t find his paper, but here is a reference to a discussion in 2015 of Calaon:
    http://disq.us/url?url=http%3A%2F%2Fe-catworld.com%2F2015%2F05%2F19%2Fthe-basics-of-cold-fusion-response-to-axil-axil-andrea-calaon%2F%3A8Nt1ddeRxUQaw03Lr4nr3da9_Ro&cuid=2168707
    I am not sure they they can be compared.
    Just a question: You/Prof. Cook/Gullstom must have studied the nuclear composition of both fuel and ash. Can you, based on the changes in nuclear composition between the two, explain the experienced excess heat of the E-cats?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  764. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your link.
    The study of the ashes of fuel is confidential and I am not going to give more information after the information already has been given.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  765. Sydney Johnston

    Dr Vitalky Uzikov and Irina Uzikova:
    Thank you for your answer.
    I understand you are a specialist in the upgrade and maintenance of nuclear power plants in Russia. Thank you for sharing with us your knowledge.
    Cheers
    Sydney

  766. Isaac

    When you compare the COP measured by the Wien and the Boltzmann equations with the calorimeter made across a heat exchanger do they correspond?

  767. Andrea Rossi

    Isaac:
    Moreless yes. Obviously the measurements with the spectrometer using the Wien and Boltzmann equations are more precise, because based upon constants of laws, not on devices that can have relevant errors, like heat exchangers and pipings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  769. Ruslan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the video with the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom presented on Nov 24 during the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm. I found the link to it in http://www.ecat.com.
    He is a researcher of the faculty of Physics of the University of Uppsala, I knew he is making his PhD, and you are in Miami: how can you work together across the Atlantic Ocean and reach the impressive scientific level of the paper you published? By the way, congratulations for your theoretical research, it looks quite promising and surely is very advanced.
    Best Regards,
    Ruslan

  770. Andrea Rossi

    Ruslan:
    We work on Skype and through email, but also he comes when necessary to Miami to make the experiments. He is very youung, but very prepared and has theoretical bases extremely solid, made in the University of Uppsala, where, as you write, he is making his PhD. In November we will make an important work, related to the paper we wrote. We are working also on the same subject with a Prof of Physics that prefers not to be cited, who teaches Physics in a prestigious University.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  771. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Sydney!

    Sorry for the late reply. There are power reactors with natural circulation (for example, there is a VK-50 reactor in Dimitrovgrad), and research reactors with natural circulation, for example, there is an IR-100 reactor in Sevastopol. However, their cooling system is not completely passive, since for heat removal it is necessary to use systems with circulation pumps that depend on power supply. The proposed cooling systems are primarily for use in research reactors and are designed to reduce the cost of reactor installations and to increase their safety and reliability, which will enable their wider application. If you are interested in any technical details, you can contact directly by mail uzikov62@mail.ru and we will be happy to answer specific questions.

    With respect, Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  772. domenico canino

    dear Andrea,
    did Giorgio Vassallo test an e-cat before writing on LENR?
    thanks if you can answer;
    regards

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    No; he attended our test made in Stockholm on November 14th 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. CC

    Thank you for the link to the interesting paper of Di Tommaso and Vassallo.
    Do you think it is conciliable with the work of you and Gullstrom we saw in the video of the Stockholm lecture of Gullstrom?
    CC

  775. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I think so. This paper is as genial as simple.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. davide

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think is the best way to measure the power of a plasma reactor like the Ecat SK?
    Davide

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Davide:
    If the temperature is in the order of electronvolts the sole possible way is to use spectrometry , make T= 2900/Lambda,to get the T in K.
    Then use the equation of Boltzmann: T ( Celsius )^4 * Sigma * S (m^2) * Epsilon. This method is based on constants, therefore is very precise, not depending on conventional measuring systems. It depends only on numbers and there is not margin of errors due to phenomenological effects like, for example, efficiency, heat loss, etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I have read today this very interesting paper: “Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, published on September 30 2018 by Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso ( Università Degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Energy, Information Engineering and Mathematical Models ) and by Giorgio Vassallo ( Università degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Industrial and Digital Innovation ).
    Here are elements that can help the theory we are working on: Zitterbewegung of electrons that obey the Dirac equation when in rapid motion can act as catalizers of virtual particles and antiparticles when the T of the field reaches their mass.
    Here is the link of this very interesting paper:
    http://vixra.org/pdf/1809.0575v1.pdf
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  779. R.R.

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the combustion room of the Ecat SK similar to a combustion room of a gas turbine?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Roberto

  780. Andrea Rossi

    R.R.:
    I have taken the design of a gas turbine as a model, obviously with due modifications,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  781. Jim

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am a high school student.
    Is it correct to say that fundamental forces in nuclear physics are gravity and electromagnetic interactions?
    Thank you,
    Jim

  782. Andrea Rossi

    Jim:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  783. VSG

    Today I bet 100 Euro that in January there will be no presentation at all.
    I will win 200 Euro!
    Thank you,
    Very Sceptic Guy

  784. Andrea Rossi

    VSG:
    Good luck,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  785. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I designed, built and installed four village water purification system in Guatemala a few years ago as a trial project. Perhaps the eCat SK could be adapted to support the need for potable water?

    In many places, there is water but it is contaminated with pathogens (protozoa, bacteria and viruses). These pathogens are sensitive to 260 – 270 nm UV light – it causes them to be unable to reproduce.

    If a system was designed to filter town water to about 5 micron particular size and then expose the water to intense UV radiation, the result would be potable water (drinkable).

    The problem with my system was it was limited to about one gallon per minute and used a 6W UV lamp. an eCat SK could be scaled up to provide drinkable water at a rate to supply water to an entire town.

    Note: You don’t need to boil the water, just illuminate with the short wavelength UV for a long enough period of time, typically a few seconds to treat the water.

    Thoughts?

  786. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting.
    Merits to be studied upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  787. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    No, I meant the cleanup of radioactive waste from other sources.
    If the formation of resonances can help to change neutrons into protons and vice-versa, then the effect in the E-Cat may be able help and speed up the decay of hazardous substances.
    Reasonable, resonant regards,
    Koen

  788. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Sorry, but the question of the Reader was purely theoretical and had nothing to do with the Ecat, as well as my answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    from your answer to Roy, may I understand that the scientific team is nearing a solution for neutralizing radioactive materials ?
    Kind Regards,
    Koen.

  791. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I think you have to read again my answer to Roy. It has nothing to do with your comment.
    Anyway: the radiations inside the Ecat are thermalized.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Sydney Johnston

    Dear Dr Vitaly Uzokov and Irina Uzikov:
    Very interesting paper. Has this cooling system been already applied in nuclear power plants under your direction or control? If yes, did you report any trouble?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    S.J.

  793. Roy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read that the Higgs boson gives charge only to the force carrying Bosons of the weak forces and the electrically charged Fermions: what about neutrons? They have mass too!
    Thanks for the answer,
    Roy

  794. Andrea Rossi

    Roy
    To make it short:
    Elementary particles show up as particle multiplets, and proton-neutron compose the most known multiplet.
    Proton and neutron are two different isotopic quantic status of the same particle.
    Basically, the mechanism is that by interaction with the weak forces a proton spits out a W+ and turns into a neutron that eventually spits out a W- and is turned into a proton. The energy conservation law- apparently barring these interactions- is respected because these interactions pass through the formation of resonances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Britt Horak:
    I’d say 99%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it continuing your collaboration with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom for the theory of the Roaai Effect?
    Cheers
    Nat

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes. We are preparing the tools for an important experiment that will be performed at the beginning of November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Britt Horack

    Is your presentation of the industrialized Ecat in January 2019 100% sure?

  799. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Your customer will turn some of the heat into electricity with the 40 MW boiler you will install.

    Can you tell us what electric power is he hoping to get with this plant?

    Thank you if you can answer
    Better health and the better for the work of your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  800. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    We will supply heat. What the Customer will do with our heat is his business.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  801. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you sure that coupling the Ecat SK in a genset the efficiency will be high?

  802. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It should be, due to the expected COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  803. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in your patent (US 9,115,913 B1) there is a mention of radiation shield.
    Does the reaction emit some radiation?
    If no, as you mentioned earlier, why radiation shield in the apparatus?
    Thanks for answer.
    My best to you and your Team.
    Kind Regards,
    Szymon

  804. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Good question.
    You must make a distinction between reaction and reactor. I said the reactor does not emit radiations beyond the margin of error of the measurement system.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  805. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    thank you for your polite response. IMO, you and your team will succeed and the SK’s maximum power rating will be far higher than can currently be shared in a guess.

    I can only speculate about the challenge you and your mystery partner face: engineer a means to maximize the rapid extraction and constructive use of the massive energy flow from the LENR plasma before the “unutilized unchanneled” outflow exceeds critical thresholds, thereby triggering destructive processes that degrade/destroy the specialized hardware in a fully integrated, balanced, and durable LENR turbine. And to do so at greater and greater power levels suitable for an industrial scale.

    Certainly, you have already succeeded and will continue to do so.

    My best,
    Buck

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, to harness the heat exchange is not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What happens to a proton as it approaches the speed of light? In few, simple words, without equations, is it possible?

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Try this: assuming it is initially like a sphere, it gets like a disk with the axis parallel to the line of motion and would become old later. Much later.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Mida Riva

    Buongiorno, mi chiamo Mida Riva e sto cercando di realizzare un mini documentario sul dispositivo Ecat, vorrei pertanto chiederle se fosse disponibile a realizzare un video nel quale dovrebbe rispondere ad alcune domande:

    1 Ecat stiamo parlando di fusione fredda o di qualcos’altro?
    2 Qual’è il combustibile dell’Ecat?
    3 L’Ecat viola le leggi della termodinamica ?
    4 La fisica dell’Ecat e le sue applicazioni future

    inoltre ci sono dispositivi in funzione in questo momento che possono essere filmati? Se si dove. Grazie per la sua disponibilità.

    English version:

    Hello, my name is Mida Riva and I’m trying to make a mini documentary on the Ecat device, so I would like to ask you if it’s available to make a video in which you should answer some questions:

    1 Ecat: are we talking about cold fusion or something else?
    2 What is the Ecat fuel?
    3 Does Ecat violate the laws of thermodynamics?
    4 The physics of Ecat and its future applications

    also there are devices in operation right now that can be filmed? If you where. Thanks for your time.

  810. Andrea Rossi

    Mida Riva:
    I won’t release interviews before the presentation we will make in January, but I can answer to your questions here:
    1- we are talking of LENR
    2- see our US patent US 9,115,913 B1 ( just google “patent US 9,115,913 B1” )
    3- obviously not ( it would should it work with electron’s energy quantum status )
    4- about the physics, see our US patent above, about future applications: any wherein heat is utilized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  811. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Alexander Parkhomov et al. have found “strange radiation” during their LENR experiments as described here:

    http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf

    Can you tell us if you’ve ever found something similar during your research and development?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  812. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative for issues related to what happens inside the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  813. riccardo pompili

    Dear Andrea Rossi, I’m following you for the last 10 years, step by step, little progress to little progress, I’m really impressed by what you are achieving and proud of you as Italian and as human being. I’m living in Ireland since 2008 and I’m spreading the news about what you are doing. Here many people I have spoken to, are very keen about the e-cat and its impact on our lives and interested in getting one of your reactor. We are a small group so far, but I guess we can get more people involved if we have more practical information about what will be the e-cat on sale or on rent.
    I guess that the domestic device is still far away for Safety reason, but I hope the industrial reactor you are going to put on the market would be manageable enough to suit small house compounds, apartment blocks or small businesses.
    So here few questions (even if they may come too early):

    1- How big will be the e-cat you are going to rent/sell? (power/size)

    2- Can you give us, even privately, and idea (even vague) of costs of installation, transport, maintenance, rent or sale?

    3- Should we have to contact Hydro fusion in our territory for commercial issues?

    4- How will works the relation between us the customers and your company? (managing, servicing, payments etc.)

    5- I have already asked with an e-mail to the Leonardo Corporation (if I remember well) to be a possible buyer of your device few years ago, is that implies any priority for us?

    Ireland is small Country at the periphery of the Empire, as to say, but Irish People have pioneer spirit and like to walk into unknown lands, moreover where I live, West Cork, is a place full of skilled people with a strong feeling of independence who will fully appreciates the value of what you are doing.

    I wish you all the best

    Riccardo

  814. Andrea Rossi

    Riccardo Pompili:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    Answers:
    1- we are not going to rent or sell the Ecats, we are going to sell the heat, for the moment only to industrial concerns, in the measure requested by the Clients
    2- this issue depend on the specifics of the contract and are related only to the sale of heat
    3- yes
    4- same as in the point 2
    5- yes, when we will decide to sell the Ecats
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  815. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    Optimism and your past performance guides me to say the following even though I am not an engineer.

    Given your recent statement “we are looking for the highest energies” in the enhanced SK testing, my optimism pushes an estimate that the new testing for the enhanced SK to greater than 100kW, bordering on 500 to 1000kW.

    Given the previous reported results of COP in the hundreds, I don’t see 500 – 1000kW as being too far fetched. Further, I do see the mysterious Partner with R&D expertise on gas turbines as strongly favoring this progression of power deployed in a ground-up redesign of a LENR “fired” turbine. In addition, it is important to keep in mind your recent praise for a newly redesigned heat-exchange superstructure that is 100% efficient; it opens the door to finding a new higher limit to how quickly the heat can be extracted from a 500-1000kW heat source. Does it stay ahead of the curve? How far ahead?

    I think this line of logic holds and leads to a reasonable consequence. It points to an iterative process: Up the power of the SK. Redesign the SK reactor housing and control module. Redesign the heat-exchange superstructure to exceed the revised SK. Redesign the LENR turbine to reflect the current revisions. Test & analyze the results. Repeat the cycle and push towards the theoretical AND practical limits of a LENR energy source, or as you have said “we are looking for the highest energies”.

    I would love to know how far you can take this iterative process on the appropriate CAD-CAM sort of software before you must actually build the enhanced hardware to test the predictive accuracy of the computer simulations. Also, given your visionary nature about all things LENR, and given your current understanding of LENR and the SK reactor, what is your current guess as to a maximum power rating for the SK? 1MW, 10MW, 50MW? Higher?

    As always, my best to you, your wife, and your team.
    Sincerely,
    Buck

  816. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The power we are looking for is high.
    I prefer not to give numbers, but surely higher than 100 kW.
    But attention: much work has to be done.
    Best wishes also to you and your family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  817. Robert

    Dr Rossi
    Besides Sven Kullander, can you give the names of the scientists you worked with along the evolution line of the Ecat?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Robert

  818. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The scientists I have learnt more from, after Sven Kullander, are Sergio Focardi (University of Bologna), Hanno Essen (University of Stockholm), Bo Hoistad (University of Uppsala), Giuseppe Levi (University of Bologna), Evelyn Foschi (University of Bologna), Norman Cook (University of Kyoto), Karl Tegner (University of Uppsala), Carl Oscar Gullstrom (University of Uppsala), Paul Swanson (USA), Jacques Dufour and Pierre Clauzom (IEA France); I wrote these names NOT in order of importance; surely I do not remember some of them in this moment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  819. Sam

    Can I simply ask if you are good with hand tools?

  820. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I think I am skilled with the specific tools I have to work with, like the instrumentation you saw me use during the tests.
    Not particularly skilled with hand tools, but if I have to use them I do.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  821. hiroji kurihara

    Aether is Measurable

    On the moon’s surface, there is a passenger car. To the roof, waves of sun-light (plane waves) are coming horizontally. In the roof, there is a small hole. When the passenger car moves to the right (or to the left), a point of light projected on the floor will move.

    Moon’s motion (horizontal) will have an effect (on the point of light) also. The angle of light ray (in the passenger car) will not be 90 degrees.

    http://www.geocities.co.jp/Technopolis/2561/eng.html

    Sorry, I cannot receive E-mail. I do not have PC.

  822. Andrea Rossi

    Hiroji Kurihara:
    I am quite far from this, but thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  823. Erasmo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What is your sincere opinion about the work that the Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov is making replicating your effect?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Erasmo

  824. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo:
    As I always said, he is making a very serious work, based upon he published.
    I met in Stockholm after the demo of the Ecat QX members of the Team he works with and I think they are all working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  825. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting that you are seeking to improve the SK, I had thought you settled at 10 kW.

    1. What is the power level you are reaching in the new SK tests?
    2. Are you using a new charge?
    3. Are you using a changed control system?
    4. What power ratings will your first commercial SK modules be?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  826. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- very high
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- 10
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  827. Andrea Rossi

    Italian R.:
    Thank you for this update of the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    You said you learned a lot from Scientists.
    If I remember correctly you have skills with tools.
    If this is correct can you say what tools and where
    you learned these skills.

    Regards
    Sam

  829. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Skills and tools are a synthesis of intersubjective forces very complex to analyze in the context of their universe, as your question implies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  830. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    I hope this finds you and your team doing well in the midst of the swirl of anticipation for the upcoming January presentation. Recently, I read your response about “a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power”. Of course, this is like adding more fuel to the fire for those living in anticipation.

    You comment causes me to fall back to your first description of the power ratings for the SK product line: 10kW and 100kW.

    So, the question is: is this blog post using the 10kW as the starting point for “a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power” or the 100kW?

    Caution says the 10kW reactor as it has been the focus here and on your blog for many months. Optimism says the 100kW given that it already has a 10x factor over the 10kW reactor and has been in some form of undefined testing per your comments from many months ago.

    Was your blog post starting from a point of caution or optimism?

    Best to you, your wife, and your team.
    Sincerely,
    Buck

  831. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    We are looking for highest energies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  832. Andrea Rossi

    Irka:
    Thank you!
    Yes, my wife and I play tennis every week.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  833. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andre Rossi
    Very upset health problems. I am glad that everything is over.
    Your success with SK and gas turbines is very inspiring, opening up the widest prospects.

    Today I discovered that for three years now, like me, I have been reading your blog almost daily! Almost from the first day.

    Successes you and health!
    Bow to your spouse, do you still play tennis with her on weekends?

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  834. Italo R.

    Another replication of a nickel-hydrogen LENR reactor, made by Alexander Parkhomov

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1D1-ubFakEirSThGNAr0NvR2cIMHI91Eu/view

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  835. S.

    Exxon is making a huge advertising about their R&D on the technology to obtain fuels from algae.
    Can you comment?

  836. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    It is a great thread of R&D and I think will bring to important results. As I always said, all the possible energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  837. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the SK a concept that was initially conceived by yourself, or is it a combination of your own expertise on the Rossi-Effect, in combination with expertises in other technology where these letters SK stand for?

    I have not responded for a long time, but I follow you patiently with all my heart and my mind. I hope your technology can make a better place for this crazy and rugged world.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  838. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    As you know, SK stays for Sven Kullander. The Ecat SK evolution has taken substantial advantage from what I learnt from him during our discussions in Uppsala and in Bologna, together with Prof Sergio Focardi and Prof Hanno Essen of the University of Stockholm.
    I am strongly indebted with “SK”. I want to say clearly that if , as it seems, the SK will work, the merit is also of Sven Kullander, but if it will fail ( which is not impossible ), the failure will be totally mine, because at the end I decided how to apply what I learnt.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  839. Anonymous

    Are you trying to make a single Ecat SK with a power in the order of hundreds of kW? Is this the series of tests you are making now?

  840. Mirella

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The new tests on the Ecat SK will delay the presentation ?

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Mirella:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I am happy to hear that you are feeling better, I’m sure that you were encouraged by your wife and staff these last several days. I am also enthused to hear that you are increasing the power of the SK … in view if gas-turbine like systems.

    … (does this mean perhaps “when used with the gas-turbine like systems that help to cool the SK?”)

    I hope that your knowledge of HIS creation and faith in God strengthen you in each of your days. I will keep you in my prayers too, and pray that God’s will be done.

    Your JONP comments encourage most of your readers that inspiration, dedication, and lot’s of work can have positive results, even during these sometimes troubling times.

    Warmest regards to you and to all of your team,

    Tom

  843. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Daron Chorney

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    warning: the files put in the internet by the troll have exposed your personal email address and phone number. Maybe you didn’t realize this.
    Never give up!
    Cheers
    Daron

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Daron Chorney:
    Just Rock and Troll. Never mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello,

    I want first of all to wish you good health and hope that the intervention is not too serious.

    Are your robots ready to produce the reactors?
    All my encouragement to your work.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    We are organizing the indistrial production as scheduled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Maurice

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you worried of the progress made by the solar energy manufacturers? Do you think that the solar energy could overcome your effect?
    Cheers
    M.

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Maurice:
    I am not worried and, as I always said, all the possible energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    Congratulations with the latest achievements of the SK to a much higher power rating.
    According to: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45640706
    has China now restarted building work of hundreds of coal-fired power stations. Here is said that this new capacity is the same as the entire capacity of the US coal fleet.
    Besides the CO2-emission, these works are polluting the local environment. This in addition the possibility to by the SK heat to a 20% lower price than coal, makes this new power stations to a huge possible customer of you. As the volume of the SKs are very small, an export from US to China of the reactors may be possible. A deal with China here, may rather reduce the risk of they break your patents than to increase it.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Miriam

    In the file caused by the complaint of the clown we read that you had important surgery in July in Italy: can you tell us how is your health now?
    You work is so important and somebody is very worried.
    May God help you,
    Miriam

  853. Andrea Rossi

    Miriam:
    I can work with the 100% of my efficiency. This is what counts.
    Thank you for your concern!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  854. Elvin

    What happened special until yesterday with the SK?

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Elvin:
    We are increasing the power of the SK in view if gas-turbine like systems and we are making strong progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. J

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yesterday you said today would have been made inportant experiment with the Ecat SK: can you tell something about?

  857. Andrea Rossi

    J:
    Yes, just finished.
    We have worked with a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power and the situation is very promising. In particular for high energy gas turbines.
    This a period of great work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    if I had known that in July you were in hospital in Rome, I would have come to see you. Would a Calabrese sopressata return your smile? Remember that your health is more important than the cat.
    healthy regards

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    A calabrese suppressata could have avoided the surgery.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  860. Silent Majority Guy

    Now we know that while making the Ecat SK you had also surgery: you have guts, man.
    May God always help you
    SMG

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    The whole has not stopped my work.
    This is important.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  864. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    May I ask you if you did recover fully from your surgery in Italy mentioned in the files send by Sam to your Blog.

    I wish you a strong health for the important coming events concerning your E-CATS !

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  865. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I read about the buffoon in the comment of Sam today and your prompt answer. It appears the Trolls won’t let you work in peace.
    Clearly, the guys who are backing the trolls are very afraid of your results.
    Never give up, the silent majority is with you.
    JPR

  866. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I don’t care about the Rock and Troll concert.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  867. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for all the Ecat SK advancements. I know that the Ecat is able to scale down. Do you think that some day there would be an Ecat gas turbine to produce heat and electric for home use?
    Thank you
    Bernie Morrissey

  868. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Surely sooner or later a domestic Ecat SK will be made.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  869. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems that also solar energy is progressing well.

    If you can convert sunlight into hydrogen with an efficiency of 85% and you can do it economically (which is still a question):
    https://cleantechnica.com/2018/09/13/golden-sandwich-solar-cell-converts-85-of-sunlight-to-electricity/

    And you can make fuel-cells less expensive:
    http://www.eenewsautomotive.com/news/volkswagen-stanford-university-achieve-breakthrough-fuel-cells-0/page/0/1
    Then a competitor for LENR may be not too far away!
    Just a warning.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  870. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the information and the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  871. Dear Dr Rossi
    Have you done any testing on the longevity of the reactor. Do you have any idea on how many cycles you expect the reactor to last, this doesn’t include the charge replacement required which you have said previously 6-12 months.

  872. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    It is impossible to forese exactly the life expectation of the Ecats. I suppose minimum 20 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  873. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    A troll sent to the Engineer Association a claim saying I am making without authorization the profession of engineer.
    The association of the engineers of Florida asked me to refrain from making so.
    Upon their request, I certified that I never have offered services as a professional engineer and obviously that I never have made the profession of Engineer in Florida and never offered or will offer my services as a consultant of engineering . They closed the case after due investigation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  874. Leisa Kater

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the enormus progress you made with the Ecat SK, after the very convincing demo made with the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2017: I watched on youtube the fantastic video.
    Godspeed!
    Leisa

  875. Andrea Rossi

    Leisa Kater:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Today is another important day for the SK tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  876. Raphael

    So in the presentation you will make in January we will be able to see in the internet an Ecat SK in operation?
    Thank you,
    Raphael

  877. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  878. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Could the Ecat SK be used in the production of steel?
    Wilfried Babelotzky, Zwingenberg, Germany

  879. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I think yes, at least on certain cycles. But it has to be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  880. Brad Olsen

    We know you are industrializing the production, but how much time takes to make a single Ecat SK manually?
    Brad Olsen

  881. Andrea Rossi

    Brad Olsen:
    I do not know, because I did not organize such a work with a skilled team.
    The time taken to make single prototypes has nothing to do with a manual production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  882. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Time is speeding ahead and you are still saying that you’r on track to present a new paradigm change (at least that’s how we as your devoted followers see the Ecat).
    Just a few questions:
    1. Are you already able to produce the reactors automaticly?
    2. How far (in percentage) have you build-up your automatic production facility?
    3. Will you uncover the COP, power usage, operation time, maintenace requirements, half load operationele time, etc. etc. at your presentation in January?

    Just to get a clear picture of yourself:
    4. Do you prefer doing R&D on your Ecat or bringing it into production?
    5. Do you prefer doing theoretical work on the Ecat or R&D or bringing it into production?

    One last question:
    6. Do you believe it is needed to have a full theoretical understanding, when bringing the Ecat on the market?

    Thank you for answering our (sometimes personal) questions!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  883. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are working on that, but not ready yet
    2- enough
    3- yes
    4- do you prefer your heart or your lever?
    5- theoretical work is very important, but not necessary, R&D and industrialization are necessary
    6- no. Fire has been used by mankind for ten thousands of years also for industrial applications, basic for the industrial revolution, before the discovery of the chemical reactions of oxygen and the quantic status of the electrons mechanism.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  884. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    if we have an E-Cat SK whose heat turns a turbine on whose axis there is an electric generator;
    in this case we have the production of electricity, thrust from the turbine as in the airplanes, and residual heat coming out from the turbine.
    Naturally, in this case, the production of electricity is the most important and valuable thing. But how are the other two effects treated (thrust and residual heat)? And what are their importance in the total energetic balance?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  885. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    As it happens in all the gas turbines installed in gensets.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  886. Piero

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has been decided that the January presentation will be made only by internet? If yes, why?
    Piero

  887. Andrea Rossi

    Piero:
    Yes, because it is impossible to show the SK work in a conference room, due to its power and the consequent refuse from any conference room to allow it to operate: I stupidly did not think about this before experiencing the problem. At this point, the demonstration can only be made by internet and the parallel presentation in a conference room is not worth the while. We will make by internet everything that can be done in a conference room, plus the show of the SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  888. Maurice

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain in few and simple words what are Isofermions and Isobosons?

  889. Andrea Rossi

    Maurice:
    Elementary particles show up as charge multiplets, wherein the particles of the multiplet have different charges and same mass, parity, spin. The components of a multiplet are considered different quantic stata of the same particle. The stata are characterized by isospins. If the isospin is integer, that e.p. is in the quantic status of an isoboson, if the isospin is half the e.p. is in the quantic status of an isofermion. Isospin has the same mathematical structure of spin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  890. Ronny

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on youtube the demo of the Ecat QX of Stockholm November 24 2017: I have a simple question: I understand that to calculate the COP considering also the electricity consumed by the control system, that dissipates a lot of heat, is wrong, because the control system can be improved to recover all this energy dissipation.
    Please allow me two questions:
    1- did you improve the control system ?
    2- if we calculate the COP counting also the energy consumed by the control system, is the COP still substantially higher than 2?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ronny

  891. Andrea Rossi

    Ronny:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  892. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea
    Has any patent concerning LENR have been granted by the US patent office after August the year 2015?
    Many applications have been made, but has any of them been granted? Are you able to answer?

  893. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J:
    We focus much attention on the patents that are granted in the field, and no patent has been granted of the genre by the United States Patent Office after August 2015.
    Many applications have been made, though.
    Let me explain the difference between a patent application and a patent granted: anybody can make any application, even writing stupidities: you write your stuff, fill up the form for the patent application, enclose the check for the due fee and you are entitled to say that you have a “patent pending”. Obviously, it has no value until it is granted after the examination. A patent granted has a big value, because it is recognized as valid after the examination and protected by the USPTO.
    I have edited your comment that asked me what I think about a recent application, but I never comment the work of our competitors referring to their names. Only, that is an application, not a granted patent as falsely reported in the link you attached in your comment. Honestly, I would have been quite surprised should that application have been granted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  894. Max

    Dr Rossi:
    Yesterday you could not answer to Ken Kocher, but can you explain what is the catsoup?
    Max

  895. Andrea Rossi

    Max:
    It was a joke!
    Look at the address of Ken Kocher: is the address of a pet food shop. Ken, obviously a sceptic, made a sarcastic comment, I answered with a joke.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  896. Paolo

    Mr Rossi:
    You still think you will make the presentation of your industrialized Ecat SK by January 2019?

  897. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  898. Britt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched on youtube the video of your Ecat QX demo in Stockholm on November 24 2017.
    You correctly calculated only the current at the input of the Ecat QX, because the current consumed by the control circuitry is not consumed by the Ecat. My question is: is it possible to recover the heat dissipated by the cooling system of the control panel’s circuitry?

  899. Andrea Rossi

    Britt:
    Yes, it is, using the recovered heat with COP close to 1, for example, to preheat the fluid before it enters the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  900. Ken Kocher

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    If I am invited, and attend, your January presentation, should I bring a catsoup?
    Yours
    Kenko

  901. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to questions related to the secrets of the charge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  902. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am not sure it has been asked, if so, I apologize:
    Will your partner in business be introduced during the presentation in January 2019?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  903. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  904. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    In your heat-exchanger, is water the exchange medium?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  905. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    It can be also water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  906. Letko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the schematic of the cat SK a closed loop, wherein the energy that feeds the Ecat is made recycling the energy made by the Ecat itself, or will it be an open loop?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Letko

  907. Andrea Rossi

    Letko:
    Open.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  908. C

    Dear Andrea:
    Will be made the January presentation from the factory of a client of yours?

  909. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  910. Jean Vanleer

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you confirming that the January presentation will be made only in internet streaming?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jean

  911. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Vanleer:
    Probably, but a final decision has not been made yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  912. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you have your presentation of the E-Cat SK, will you be showing your new heat exchanger also?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  913. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  914. Michel

    I watched on youtube the November 24 2017 demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm: very convincing measurements.

  915. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information, but, as it happened to me in the tear 1999, the Seebeck effect does high efficiencies until you are at lab level, but when you try to industrialize to make costs acceptable, the efficiency falls down. I wish this new invention will have a luckier destiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Anonymous

    Is the Ecat SK able to produce directly current without necessity of an energy converter, in a measure that is worth the while?

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, to produce electricity it is necessary to turn the thermal energy into electric energy by means of some apparatus or cycle. About the electricity that is formed in the plasma, we calculated that it is more efficient to thermalize it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some weeks ago you said that you would be testing a heat exchanger which you hoped would be close to 100 per cent efficient. What can you tell us about how the testing went?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  920. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The heat exchanging system we adopted is working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  921. Elisa

    In the direct streaming you will made for the presentation of the SK will it be possible to see an Ecat SK in operation?

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Elisa:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    You wrote in your blog some time ago that you are using air and water for your turbines.
    I guess that your partner is working with issues like optimizing such things.
    If they use the existing fuel pumps for the water, they will probably sooner or later get lubrication and/or corrosion problems in the pumps. Must be investigated separately.
    Always keep in mind to use the best material also for secondary processes around the SK like the heat transfer from air/steam to a secondary medium.
    A rule of thumb says that if the cost to solve a problem is $1 on the drawing board it will be $10 to try to fix it in production by modification and increases to $100 if the product has left produktion and you must take it back and rebuild it. If the product allready has been installed with a costumer the cost will rise to $1000 to fix the problem. The type of problem I mean is not to use stainless steel components.

    If your partner is a company for consumer products the mindset of the engineers is always to use as cheap components as possible.

    I wish you all the best with your health and the E-Cat development.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist, Sweden

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    The injection of water in a combustion room to upgrade the efficiency is a well known technology. Our system is based on a different configuration.
    I agree with you with your considerations about the thumb rules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. Anonymous

    Is it continuing the series of tests with the Ecat SK?
    In which Country?

  926. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The tests are continuing on daily base here in the USA where I am presently working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  927. F

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can the Ecat plants operate ourdoor, or must be installed indoor to work properly? If outdoor: are they designed to resist to hurricanes and flooding?
    F

  928. Andrea Rossi

    F:
    It is better if our plants operate indoor. To operate outdoor, if it is necessary in specific situations, we have to study the external protection on the base of the situation.
    I am not an expert of the matter, therefore in front of a problem like this we’d have to help ourselves with a certified engineer specialized in the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. Sharlene

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized SK will be made only by internet streaming or also in a conference room like you made for the very convincing presentation of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on Nov 24 17?

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Sharlene:
    We are thinking about this issue.
    The Stockholm November 24th event had a scientific purpose, while this presentation will have only commercial purposes dedicated to a worldwide public.
    Probably we will make only an internet direct streaming with a public debate.
    This is where we are presently oriented, but ideas can change.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    1- I correctly understood that the E-Cat QX will be used in domestic installations, with the core temperature much lower than that of SK?
    2- QX and SK have serious differences in reactor design and control system or are they just different modifications?
    3- I understand that the main forces are busy preparing the industrialization of SK. Household reactors while “lie on the shelf”? Or are they still working on them?

    Thank you.
    I wish you a triumphant success!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- yes
    2- serious differences
    3- Household appliances are in the certifications limbo.
    Thank you for your kind wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  934. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Obscenely less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  935. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I hope that the industrialisation of the 40Mw SK plant is going well. One question please to better understand the paradigm shift, what is the volume of your fuel necessary for 1 year production compared to a classic 40 Mw gas turbine ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  936. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    If I understand correctly your customer will make electricity with the heat you sell him.
    Are you going to buy him some of his production to run your boiler?
    All my support for your team and all my wishes for success
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  937. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  938. keV

    Hi Andrea,

    I’m sure you have designed the security model of your remotely managed, on-site control systems well – and I’m certainly not asking for any details of that here :¬) But I think you should consider baking the security directly into the hardware, as this is something that may fit your specific security needs well. This is called “kernel to edge security” and will prevent the system from booting/running if any code change occurs. Looking at the new BlackBerry Spark Communications SDK might be a good starting point for ideas.

    Wishing you all the best for the launch of your pay for heat service,
    keV

  939. Andrea Rossi

    keV:
    Thank you for the suggestion, I passed it on to our Informatic Guy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  940. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m hoping that the earliest versions of the E-Cat are so fundamentally primitive and outdated compared to the SK that you would feel at liberty to talk openly about them without having to “keep your guard up” while describing aspects of them that years ago you would need to keep confidential – because at the time they were your state of the art masterpieces utilizing critical IP. You see, so far, since the opening of this blog, I would dare say that not once have you been able to have a discussion about a single version of the E-Cat without having to mentally “check” you’re words (please correct me if I’m wrong here) to make sure you do not divulge sensitive details. If it’s possible that the earliest low-temperature, powder based systems are now such an anachronism that you can document their evolution at total ease without such concerns, we may have our first true look into the inventive mind of Andrea Rossi.

    The full description of the historical “incident of the burnt finger”, the first slapped together nickel-hydrogen tests you performed, the source of the inspiration to test nickel of enhanced surface topography, the testing of various hydrogen sources (electrolysis vs. tanked hydrogen), the search through the literature for possible catalysts, the first person you communicated with after a test with a catalyst that worked, the first communication you had with Focardi, the test that transpired which totally failed beyond belief in some bizarre way you couldn’t have predicted (there must have been at least one), the next series of changes you made, the performance improvements, the first period of total self sustained heat production, the small cot in the corner of the laboratory that you must have occasionally fell asleep in after working through the night until the early morning hours, and the final combination of parameters that you chose before announcing the technology to the world: a flow of consciousness from your mind to the attendees of the presentation about that era of history that must be documented by no one except yourself.

    I hope that is an adequate description of what I mean by unfiltered. Maybe it’s not possible. However, if the SK represents the leap I think it does in my mind, there may be a grain of hope that this period of time can be documented from your perspective.

  941. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    The technology of 2010 is not archeology, it is the first step of an evolution that contains the seeds of what the Ecat is now.
    But the idea to make an excursus of the non confidential aspects is good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. P

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is there an opportunity for you to release the rights to your patents in the near future? (Probably you will earn big money quickly so that you and your family will be financially independent) Or are you stuck in a partnership with venture capital companies that want to earn more and more money?
    It would be a good deed for humanity to accelerate the reduction of oil, coal and gas and make sure that different spin effects are achieved around your technology. Such a decision could accelerate new technologies around your patents and speed up new technologies for vehicles, aircraft, ships and solutions to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
    I wish you all the best and look forward to the presentation in January.
    Kind Regards,
    P

  943. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Iggy Dalrymple

    God phoned Satan, “How’s it going down there?”
    Satan, “Thanks for asking, God. It’s going great. We now have an engineer and he has installed central air-conditioning and escalators. It’s much more comfortable here now.”
    God, “Somethings wrong! Engineers are not supposed to go to Hell. Send him back immediately.”
    Satan, “No way, the engineer has brought great improvements to Hell.”
    God, “This is an obvious clerical error. Send him back, or I will sue!”
    Satan, “Yeah right, God, and where do you expect to find a lawyer?”

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Ha, Ha, Ha !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Dear Andrea,
    Will the industrial experience that you will gain from the SK plant enable you to get a domestic license for the QX, or would you need industrial applications specifically for the QX in order to reach the domestic certification goal for it? If the latter, are such QX industrial applications being considered?
    regards, /pekka

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I think the statistics from the SK will help the household appliances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Rick Marley

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever you will do, be sure your enemies will find the way to disparage your work. Be prepared.
    All the best,
    Rick

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Marley:
    I don’t care the Rock and Trolls.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the answers.

    If you were to give such a presentation in honor of Focardi about the early systems you tested together, I think it would be extremely well received. Finally being able to hear you express how you dream, think, create, and then improve upon your ideas WITHOUT a filter in place would not only teach us more about the technology but you as a person. Such a presentation could be reference material that future generations go back and research when they investigate the genesis of the E-Cat technology.

  951. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    What do you mean exactly with “Without a filter”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) By the time of your presentation in January, will your partner have been given the opportunity to independently test an individual SK unit, and, furthermore, will they be allowed to report on such testing?

    2) Is the greater output of the SK predominantly due to an increase in the overall size of the reactor?

    3) After extended use, does erosion of the electrodes take place?

    4) Does your partner currently manufacture gas turbines?

    5) How long do you guess that an SK could operate on a single fuel charge?

    6) Have you performed any tests to determine the quantity of direct electrical output that an SK can produce? What were the results?

    7) At the presentation, since by that time the original powder based systems that you originally launched will be stone age dinosaurs compared to the SK, would you consider providing a short historical account of the trial and error process that led to their creation? I’m speaking of the pre-Lugano systems such as those Focardi tested. The talk could be a tribute to his legacy at the launching of far more enhanced systems. With all the excitement that will be present due to the SK, these early breakthrough systems shouldn’t be forgotten. They far exceeded every LENR device that came before them.

  953. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow
    1- They are allowed to do what they want and they obviously will be able to test the modules installed in their concern
    2- no
    3- no
    4- I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    5- 6-12 months
    6- no, we thermalize it
    7- I like this idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You replied Yes to Frank Acland’s questions 1) “Will Leonardo and the Partner work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines” and 2) “Will The first plant be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations”.
    If you can aswer, my questions are:
    a) will your Partner sell the electricity produced by this kind of plants to their clients ?
    b) if a), then Leonardo and your Partner can keep their own IP ?

    Longing for next January.
    Warm regards
    FM

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    a) I cannot answer
    b) yes, but this fact is independent from a)
    Warm Regards,

    A.R.

  956. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It has been interesting to read your comments lately regarding your plans for using a turbine with the E-Cat SK. I think I am beginning to understand the situation a little better, but I would like to see if I am thinking correctly.

    Are the following assumptions of mine correct – please correct me if I am wrong.

    1. You have developed the E-Cat SK to what you consider to be a point where it is stable enough to be used in a commercial industrial product.

    2. Your business/industrial partner agrees with you about 1.

    3. The E-Cat SK needs to be combined with a turbine in order to operate in a stable, effective manner.

    4. You personally are not an expert in turbines, but your partner is, and has the resources to develop a turbine that will work with the SK.

    5. Leonardo and the Partner will work together to build a plant utilizing these turbines.

    6. This plant will be built at your Partner’s existing facility.

    7. The first plant will be installed at your Partner’s facilities to provide heat and electricity for their own operations.

    8. Your presentation in January will be to announce to the world that you have a technology ready for industrialization, and you are ready to start working with prospective customers and making contracts.

    Many thanks, and best wishes for your work.

    Frank Acland

  957. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. not necessarily
    4. yes
    5. yes
    6. yes
    7. yes
    8. probably
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It had been a long time since you tried to experiment with the turbines, looking for the right model without finding it. In the meantime, you were trying to perfect the E-Cat to make it more and more reliable and powerful.
    Now it seems that the latest SK product is the one that can finally realize the dreams of a lifetime and reap the rewards of so much work and effort.
    Now you have a winning combination: a powerful reactor that can supply a large amount of high temperature heat and an associated Company that is working with you to use this energy on a turbine they own. And this company, if it is what we are thinking in many (its name should start with “A”) has a long experience in turbines.
    And this is the right choice: let them do the job they are able to do.
    Surely great things will soon be born with this coupling.
    I look forward to following your presentation in January. It will be exciting.

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your attention to our work, but , as I said, I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any hint about the name of our Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Barry

    Dear Andrea:
    Is the passive cooling system described in the paper of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova interesting for you, in the sense of utilizing it for applications to recover the heat from the Ecat SK? From what I understand, also in that case there is a high density of heat to deal with.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Barry

  961. Andrea Rossi

    Barry:
    Interesting question.
    I would like an answer from Dr Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova.
    I am considering the issue for our major installations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. EH

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How can be reconciled with the Standard Model the interactions between elementary particles at very short distances, that are strongly repulsive, and the interactions with an exchange of 2 or more pions and of mesons with mass higher than pions?

  963. Andrea Rossi

    EH:
    As far as I know, these are intaractions strongly phenomenological, but not derivable from the Standard Model.
    So far I am not able to say more.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the SK turbines:

    1. How many SK reactors are needed to drive each turbine?
    2. Are the turbines you are using off-the-shelf, or are they custom manufactured?
    3. Will there be significant noise from your plants with turbines running (dangerous levels of noise)?
    4. Will you be showing an E-Cat SK with the turbine at the January presentation?

    Thank you for answering our questions,

    Frank Acland

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- depends on the turbine power
    2- a mix
    3- that is a problem of acoustic insulation, not difficult to be resolved.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your reply that you deliver heat to turbines has started many discussions. In essence it comes down to these possible designs:
    A. You deliver steam to the turbine?
    B. You integrate the SK in the turbine and use air or another medium to drive the turbine?
    Both can be used in an open or closed cycle.
    Is the cycle:
    C. Open?
    D. Closed?
    E. Last question: did you already successfully test a turbine with the SK?
    Thanks for keeping us up to date with your very intriguing developments!
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A. we can supply water
    B. both versions are possible
    C. confidential
    D. confidential
    E. experiments are on course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Very speculative, but I think that the relativity can resolve the apparent paradox, since the time cannot reverse due to the fact that nothing can reach overcome the speed of light. This makes the “same time ” concept a nonsense. These paradoxxes are just speculative hypothesis without effect in the reality, loke the famous paradox of turtle that ” can never be reached from the fast-footed-Achilles ” of the famous paradox of the Greek phylosopher Zenone on the fifth century B.C.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your opinion and links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Alexvs

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    After long time without having news from you and your work I have revisited your site. Aside of the new versions of E-Cat I am glad to know that you are in good health. That is the most important thing we can aspire to.
    Could you write an extensive article giving more clues about your recent progress? I mean, without disclosing undisclosable details but more explicit than the laconic yes/no responses.
    Greetings
    Alexvs

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Alexvs:
    Welcome back!
    My health, thanks to God, is OK: thank you for your care.
    What you are asking for will be done when we will introduce to the world our service and product in January in an internet streaming.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Rudolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After your very convincing and impeccable demonstration of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on November 24, which sense can have make another demo in january? Is it not a waste of time and money, since now you already have customers that are buying heat? Isn’t it better just some advertising?
    Cheers,
    Rudy

  973. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    Thank you for your opinion. We will just show an Ecat SK module in operation, explain it and answer to the questions of the public during the internet streaming.
    I do not think it will be a loss of time, on the contrary it will be a generator of useful critics and suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In an answer to Domenico Canino you recently wrote:

    Andrea Rossi
    September 12, 2018 at 8:40 AM

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    My answer: As I’m not good reading articles in Italian, I didn’t read the article of Milena Gabanelli, but I can say that some sixteen years ago, when the discussion about human influence (of human activities) in the present climate change was very hot, I participated in discussions about it, and therefore I studied very well ‘The Scientific Basis of Climate Change 2001 (IPCC)’, and could refute most of the arguments of so called ‘climate sceptics’. The scientific basis of the reports of the ipcc is very sound, and i agree with it. More precisely, where you refer to big climate changes (not caused by humans) in the past, many of them can be explained, but they all are slower than present climate change. Most ice ages and interglacial periods, especially those of the last 500.000 years, can be explained by the theory of the Serbian scientist Millutin Milankovitch, who calculated the change of incoming solar energy caused by changes of the parameters of earth’s orbit around the sun (precession, obliguity and eccentricity vary in time and with different periods). (See, for instance, this graph: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Milankovitch_Variations.png ) (the period of precession is about 22.OOO years, that of obliquity about 41.000 years, and that of eccentricity has components (probably by Fourier analysis) of 95.000 years, 125.000 years and 400.000 years, and this is a valid explanation of recent ice-ages and interglacial periods. A general and good readable summary of his work, you can find here: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Milankovitch ) So this explains why about every 100.000 years, there’s an ice age. And, of course, the continental drift also changes general climate on drifting continents, but of course at a much slower pace. But present climate change is much quicker, and most of it can be attributed to human activities. The work of the ipcc is very high level, and I agree with its conclusions.

    So we need your E-cat SK asap to counter it! (Lucky we are that its tests so far are positive, and I wish you all success with it!)

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  975. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Maybe this article could be of interest to you?

    https://www.livescience.com/63595-schrodinger-uncertainty-relation-temperature.html?utm_source=ls-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20180917-ls

    Bizarre Physics Phenomenon Suggests Objects Can Be Two Temperatures at Once

    (By Meredith Fore, Live Science Contributor | September 17, 2018 07:32am ET)

    The famous thought experiment known as Schrödinger’s cat implies that a cat in a box can be both dead and alive at the same time — a bizarre phenomenon that is a consequence of quantum mechanics.

    Now, physicists at the University of Exeter in England have found that a similar state of limbo may exist for temperatures: Objects can be two temperatures at the same time at the quantum level. This weird quantum paradox is the first completely new quantum uncertainty relation to be formulated in decades…

    …The new quantum uncertainty, which states that the more precisely you know temperature, the less you can say about energy, and vice versa, has big implications for nanoscience, which studies incredibly tiny objects smaller than a nanometer. This principle will change how scientists measure the temperature of extremely small things such as quantum dots, small semiconductors or single cells, the researchers said in the new study, which was published in June in the journal Nature Communications…

    And here is the Nature-article they refer to:

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04536-7

    Energy-temperature uncertainty relation in quantum thermodynamics

    (H. J. D. Miller & J. Anders)

    Nature Communicationsvolume 9, Article number: 2203 (2018)

    Abstract

    It is known that temperature estimates of macroscopic systems in equilibrium are most precise when their energy fluctuations are large. However, for nanoscale systems deviations from standard thermodynamics arise due to their interactions with the environment. Here we include such interactions and, using quantum estimation theory, derive a generalised thermodynamic uncertainty relation valid for classical and quantum systems at all coupling strengths. We show that the non-commutativity between the system’s state and its effective energy operator gives rise to quantum fluctuations that increase the temperature uncertainty. Surprisingly, these additional fluctuations are described by the average Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew information. We demonstrate that the temperature’s signal-to-noise ratio is constrained by the heat capacity plus a dissipative term arising from the non-negligible interactions. These findings shed light on the interplay between classical and non-classical fluctuations in quantum thermodynamics and will inform the design of optimal nanoscale thermometers.

    Kind Regards,

    Daniel.

  976. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    You have been maintaining that you, initially, would only be selling heat and, assuming a customer wants to generate electricity, you
    would leave the design and fabrication of a turbine driven generator to your customer.

    Questions

    1. Have you changed direction and let your team become involved in the design and fabrication of such a turbo-generator.

    2. Is your business partner involved rather than your team?

    3. Have you found a customer willing to do the job them selves?

    A “gas turbine” refers to a turbine that compresses air, mixes air with fuel, continuously burns the fuel to heat the air, and expands the heated air through the turbine to create mechanical power. A gas turbine driven might be adapted to use E-Cats to heat the air instead of burning fuel, but it would no longer be a called a gas turbine. Gas turbines are open cycle because they must exhaust the products of combustion to the atmosphere. A turbine driven by E-Cat Heat would not necessarily have to be open cycle, it could use a gas other than air including steam. The key to high efficiency is heating the gas to a high temperature prior to expansion. The design of the heat exchange mechanism that transfers heat from the E-Cat to the gas is critical to achieving high efficiency.

    Questions

    4. In the short term, is the adaption of an existing gas turbine to E-cat heat under serious consideration.

    5. If so, would the gas expanded in the turbine still be air?

    6. Would the turbine still be open cycle?

    7. In your opinion, in the short term, would an overall efficiency of > 30 % be achievable?

    Warm Regards

    Dan Galburt

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- could be
    6- could be
    7- I suppose you mean the efficiency of the turbine: it will depend on the turbine. I am not an expert of the matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Chris Olson

    Dr Rossi:
    Please put a secondary communication method in your Ecat plants: a client could cut off your remote control system and make the reverse engineering.

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Chris Olson:
    Thank you for your suggestion. The case has been analyzed, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea
    Are you concentrating on micro-grids?
    Warm Regards
    JJ

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J.:
    I am just focussing on making heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will your turbines be driven by
    1) steam
    2) hot air
    3) or other gases

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    The fluids utilized will be air and water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting about electricity generation, will the customer also be using heat for production purposes, i.e. your plants will be co-generation plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Dear Andrea:

    For clarification: may I ask whether the 40 megawatt unit customer and your industrial partner are the same organization? Thank you if this is something you feel able to answer.

    Rodney.

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The gas turbines you will be building to be used with the SK reactors, will they be used to generate electricity by the customer?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Jeff

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us if the supply of the 40 MW heat will be generated by means of multiple gas jet kind of turbines?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jeff

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. Maurizio

    Dr Rossi,
    The presentation of the industrialized Ecat will surely be made by streaming in the internet?

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Maurizio:
    Surely yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    someone is wondering if your partner could be Boeing.
    That is for your works on jet engines using E-Cats.
    Confidential?
    Best regards,
    Italo R.

  995. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The name of our Partner will not be disclosed until our Partner will deem it opportune.
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to any questions of the like.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  996. Dear Dr Rossi

    Is your business plan just to sell heat to customers and owning the plants or will you eventually be selling plants to individual companies.

    Thank you

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    So far we just sell the heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will your industrial partner be using E-Cat heat for its own operations, or just helping you make E-Cats?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Will use the Ecats for his production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    The old adage is to always keep an “ACE” up your sleeve in negotiating with the opposition. I would have thought that your “SK” would have been that ACE. Now that you have decided to go forward with the SK as your lead product, do you have an additional “ACE” up your sleeve”
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    No!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Carlo Sarcone

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you have any client in Italy, or have you already scheduled the installation of a plant in Italy?

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Carlo Sarcone:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1004. Steven N. Karels

    Dr. Joseph Fine,

    For those dimensions (D = 4cm and L = 40cm), assuming 10kW thermal output for a horizontal cylinder in air surrounded by a 100C environment would yield a surface temperature of 1,140C. Since the geometry was not exactly specified by AR, the surface temperature can vary but this estimate gives a representative temperature for consideration.

    The actual temperature will depend on these assumptions (and other) and will likely be much different in practice.

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1006. Alessandro Coppi

    W Leonardo is intended to distinguish the American Leonardo corp from the Italian Leonardo spa

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Nobody has ever confused these two companies in 24 years of our existence.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1008. Joseph Fine

    Stephen N. Karels:

    I do not know the dimensions of the 10 kW SK Module. If the Volume is 1/2 Liter or ~500 cc, for a cylinder that would be about 160 PI.

    Since the Ratio of Surface Area to Volume of a Cylinder scales as 2/R (or: 2*PI*RL / PI*(R^2)*L ), it would be ‘Easy’ to halve the radius and increase the length by a factor of 4. Then, for example, the Radius would be 2 cm, and length would be 40 cm. While the Volume remains the same, the surface area would be twice what it was when R = 4 and L = 10 cm. It is intuitive that the heat source should have as much surface area as possible.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  1009. orsobubu

    > No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.

    Andrea, now I think you are exaggerating, I understand you are satisfied for the visibility of the name of the corporation, I understand you like biographical movies about great US industrialists, I understand you can think he is a sexy Hollywood actor, here too it is a matter of your tastes that I do not discuss, but thinking of Di Caprio as one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind … well, I am very puzzled about this

    Anyway, this last TIME cover inspired me on this:

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1C-MTk7-L-AOL6vAmjGbei7kpt28T9IaL/view?usp=sharing

  1010. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He he he
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1011. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear DT!

    I would like to give some explanations to the answer of Andrea Rossi to your question. Energy production as a rule assumes the transformation of thermal energy into electrical energy. But unfortunately, in fission reactors, despite the relatively low cost of energy production, this process is accompanied by the accumulation of radioactive products (waste) and the risks of accidents with severe environmental consequences. That’s why gradually nuclear power plants will be replaced by power plants that use the Rossi effect. However, in addition to power reactors, there are also experimental and research reactors whose purpose is to produce large neutron fluxes for experimentation and production of isotope products, used, for example, in medicine for diagnostics and treatment of diseases, non-destructive testing in engineering, and also in many other industries. In such reactors, heat is a by-product that interferes with the achievement of optimal parameters of such reactors, so it is desirable to remove heat as efficiently as possible from the core, most often without worrying about its useful use. This is because the thermal parameters of the active zones of such reactors (relatively low pressure and temperature) and the mode of operation (frequent start-up and shut-down) often make the use of heat unfavorable or impossible, therefore in research reactors one of the main tasks is efficiency and reliability removal of heat from the reactor core into the environment. The heat sink system described in the article is aimed at solving this particular problem.
    Since research reactors will be in demand even after replacing nuclear power plants with Rossi power plants, special attention should be paid to improving safety and non-susceptibility to external factors, for example, such as Blackout.

    Yours faithfully,
     Vitaly Uzikov

  1012. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to inform your readers that the new updated version of the paper “Passive Cooling Systems for Research Reactors” of Dr Vitaly Uzikov and Dr Irina Uzikova has been published few minutes ago on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Exactly: I was going right now to communicate this.
    Thank you for the notice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1014. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video
    about Leonardo da Vinci technology.

    https://youtu.be/uzPKEO-0y0k

    Regards
    Sam

  1015. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1016. DT

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think the technology reported in the paper of the Russian scientists Vitaly Uzikov and Irina Uzikova can be useful for your experimental reactors?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    I think it is possible, but, as you have seen, they are stidied mainly fpr nuclear fission reactors. By the way, the Authors will publish soon an updated version of their paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. W.B.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The article published on the Aftenpost whose link is in the News of ecat.com is very interesting. Do you share the whole content of it?

  1019. Andrea Rossi

    W.B.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1020. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    the 40 MW plant will be delivered complete from the beginning, or in lots?
    JimR

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    In lots.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All my support for the industrialization of E-Cat SK.
    Do you continue SK experiments with gas turbines where do you devote the resources of your team only to the industrialization of the E-Cat 1 MW?
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The work on jet engines is in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1024. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    just one follow on question to the interesting questions of Frank Acland:

    Did your industrial partner participate in the final testing of the e-cat SK ? If yes, how was his reaction on the results (luke warm, satisfied, enthusiastic) ?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  1025. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1026. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response about the partner. Can you say in what ways is your partner helping you:

    a) Providing expertise of persons with manufacturing experience?
    b) Providing building space in which you can build your E-Cats?
    c) Providing equipment with which to build the E-Cats?
    d) Providing other financial resources to support the industrialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1027. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1028. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have stated that your partner is mainly an industrial partner. Does this mean that they are helping you to prepare for the mass production of your E-Cat SK reactors?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1029. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1030. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.”

    The previous message stated that the reaction you must be utilizing is nuclear-based, not chemical-based. I posted nothing to suggest which elements you were involved nor did I suggest that there was ionizing radiation emitted.

    If you are able to demonstrate 6 months (or more) of continuous operation at 10kW output with essentially no or little input, then the mechanism must be nuclear for the stated mass of the reactor.

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    In years of operation with the Ecats we neved has ionizing radiations out of the Ecat. Also, we never used radioactive materials.
    The theoretical R&D that we are doing concerning the theoretical bases of the effect are aimed to explain this. See the video of the Stockholm presentation of November 24th, in partucular the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1032. Alessandro Coppi

    W. (western) Leonardo

    best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  1033. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Meaning?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1034. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I never thought about it before your recent exchanges here.

    Is the name Leonardo inspired by a “lions passion” ? If so really great! I really like that.!

    It’s really appropriate.

    Best Regards

    Stephen.

  1035. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    No, it is inspired by the name of one of the greatest geniuses of the history of mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1036. JPR

    Dr Irina and Dr Vitaly Uzikov:
    very interesting paper.
    Do you think this cooling system could be applied to the Ecat plants?
    Jean Paul

  1037. Kirk Rosberg

    @John Johnson:
    I too agree on the fact that the article of Aftenpost is very interesting.
    Cheers

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    On the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published today the paper ” Passive Cooling System for Research Reactors “, by Dr Vitaly A. Uzikov and Dr Irina V. Uzikova,
    Dr Uzikov is responsible of the maintainance of Russian nuclear power plants and his daughter, Dr Irina Uzikova, is a nuclear physicist of the Russian Academy of Science.
    I had the honor to meet them both on November 24th 2017 in Stockholm during the demonstration of the Ecat QX.

  1039. orsobubu

    Ok ok, Pekka and Andrea, now I understand the choice better…

    BUT NOW LET’S LAUNCH A REFERENDUM ON THAT DAMNED LOGO!

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    not forgetting the LDC back up!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the company name, just a small remark. While there are many Leonardos among corporations as you say, I never heard of Albert Corporation or Enrico Corporation. Overall, using the first name of a famous scientist seems to be rare, among corporations. But Leonardo seems to be an exception, for some reason. Maybe just because his first name is rather rare.

    When I hear the name “Leonardo Corporation” (for the first time, let us pretend), I read it as saying that the owner of the company wants to tell, by his choice of the name, that the company puts strong emphasis on being inventive, perhaps even having a portfolio of different inventive products. So, in my opinion, while criticism is always possible concerning any name choice, the name that you have chosen seems to serve its purpose at least relatively well. Also, there is a point that if the company name would be very fancy and a product of a unsurpassed poetic talent, it might to some extent steal attention away from the actual product what the company is selling.
    regards, /pekka

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight about the choice of the name. As a matter of fact, the choice was inspired by the scientific innovation incorporated in the name “Leonardo”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. John Johnson

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have found on http://www.ecat.com in the section NEWS the article of Kristian Bjorkeng published on Aftenpost, one of the major Scandinavian newspapers: I think it is one of the most important articles written about of work since your first presentation of the Ecat in January 2011: do you agree?
    All the best,
    John

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    John Johnson:
    Yes, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1045. orsobubu

    This is just a PERSONAL OPINION, probably very wrong: I do not really like the choice of Leonardo as the company name:

    1- it is going to be confused with Leonardo SPA, formerly Fimneccanica until 2016, an Italian global high-tech company and one of the key players in aerospace, defense and security. Headquartered in Rome, the company has 180 sites worldwide. It is the ninth largest defense contractor in the world.

    2- since Leonardo-Finmeccnica has a history of state control, the name may be associated with that of a public bandwagon, of which Italy has a sad experience (even if not in the case of Finmeccanica)

    3- about the beauty and pleasure of the name to hear (euphoniousness), in addition to the fact of being difficult to understand by a non-Italian, I’m sure it could be found a much more fascinating name, given the cutting edge production sector, like a great part of pharmaceutical companies did in the last decades.

    4- it’s a name that evokes images of long gray beards (like mine) instead of activities projected towards the future like yours; it is such a marxist, historicist, philosophic name, no too much sexy and marketable

    On the opposite side, also other LENRs competitors have not so good company names in my opinion.

  1046. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I respect your opinion, but the name of Leonardo has been chosen 22 years ago and surely I am not going to change it! By the way:
    1- nobody has ever confused us with another Leonardo company ( there are many )
    2- never happened such a confusion
    3- this is a matter of personal opinion. My opinion is different, but not necessarily the best one
    4- yes, but luckily it can be confused with Leonardo Di Caprio! ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1047. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I like your choice of Leonardo as a trade mark of your company. It commemorates one of the Italian biggest geniuses and you merit the luck it brought to your work.
    Cheers
    Giuseppe

  1048. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If we assume 4 kg reactor mass, consistent with density of nickel, 10 kW output and operation for 6 months, or ~4,000 hours), We get a Power density of 2,500 W/kg and an Energy density of 1.1E+7 Wh/kg. Plotting on a Ragone graph indicates a nuclear-based fuel.

  1049. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. We do not use radioactive materials and do not emit ionizing radiations outside the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1050. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations on the successful test of the SK and the decision to build more for commercial use.

    Can you answer these questions without breaking confidentiality?

    1.What is the fluid that will be used with heat exchangers in initial use?

    a. Air

    b. Some other gas

    c. Water

    d. Some other liquid

    e. Depends on the customer’s application.

    2. Is light produced by the SK?

    3. Is light is produced is it used in intended operations or is it a byproduct of the reaction without a present use?

    Thanks to you and your team for the information you generously provide in this blog.

  1051. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    Thank you for your kind sustain to our work.
    Answers:
    1- water
    2- yes
    3- it is thermalized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1052. Esco

    Dr Rossi,
    Which color will be the body of the Ecat SK?

  1053. Andrea Rossi

    Esco:
    Cyan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    Christen:
    Thank you for the link to Nature: very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Christen

    This article may be of interest to you and your readers: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0502-7
    It talks about a new quantum state of matter.

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    I have a very good opinion of Milena Gabanelli as an investigative journalist, but I think that, to make a complete analysis of the factors that determine the global warming, we must consider that the geothermic cycles have a time-span of hundred thousands years, if not million years, not of tens or hundreds of years. For example, what today is the Sahara desert once was a forest the like of the Amazon forest today and surely this event has not been caused by the mankind activities.
    I think that the time-span taken in consideration in this interesting report is too short to be reliable for conclusions. It has not been analyzed the duration of events happened in million years, I mean the integrals of such durations, comparing them to the integral considered in this report. Maybe such analysis could give support to the thesis sustained in the report, maybe not, I do not know, but such an analysis has to be done, before drafting conclusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    some questions about the control box:
    1) Is the SK control box still of the same size of the QX control box? What is the external size of the SK control box?
    2) What is the SK control box weight?
    3) You once said that a single control box could operate many QX’s. Is this still true for the SK? How many SK can drive a single control box?
    4) How many watts draws the control box in standby, SSM, and operating mode, with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?
    5) What is the percentage of time of drive/SSM with the SK? Does it change with more than one SK per control box? How many?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1) No, it is bigger
    2) several kg
    3) 100
    4) confidential
    5) it is not fixed
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Assuming a horizontal 10cm x 4 cm cylinder inside a heat exchanger whose temperature is 100C and filled with air, the surface temperature would be about 1,735C.

    On your just completed testing, was the testing done inside of one or more heat exchangers or open to the room environment?

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot disclose our heat exchanging system.By the way, you are right: to exchange the heat in a so small dimension is a problem, but it is also an asset.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Dear Andrea,

    first of all thank you so much for working so hard to make the LENR dream every day more and more possible.
    I guess it’s not easy to continuously move your mind from the study of the Standard Theory to the management of a lawsuit, from the investigation of matter behavior to the definition of an effective commercial strategy (by the way, my best congratulations on having decided to sell steam). Nevertheless you keep progressing, showing a not usual attitude to look at the world as a whole. It is not by chance your company is called Leonardo….

    After saying that, I’d like to raise three questions concerning the control system:
    1) in COP calculation, do you include the energy used by the control system ?
    2) at logical stage, do your steam plants include as many control systems as reactors ? If so, is any kind of hierarchy/communication among control systems performed, to make them aware of each other ?
    3) from the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm video I see the control system signal is modulated. Would it be possible to observe some kind of Rossi’s effect (I mean a weaker effect proving a lower COP) if such a signal was continuous ?

    All the best,
    Massimo Matarazzo

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Massimo Matarazzo:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    I called the company “Leonardo” when I emigrated in the USA in the winter of 1996: when I arrived to Boston, MA, at the Science Museum there was an exhibition dedicated to Leonardo Da Vinci that I visited. I thought it was good omen, so I called my company Leonardo Corporation. To complete the good omen, the same day, during the night, I have gone to the astronomic observatory of the Museum, where they allowed to see the comet Halley.The name Leonardo brought good luck, and still brings, only it carries a problem: when I talk with call centers, to give the spelling of our name I say ” Leonardo, like in Leonardo Da Vinci “, but many times their answer is ” Like in what ? ” and I have to repeat ” Just like in Leonardo Di Caprio”, and that is immediately got.
    Answers:
    1) No
    2) No, one control system governs all the modules and its energy consume is not relevant
    3) I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. TH

    Suggestion to all: go to http://www.ecat.com, choose NEWS and watch the video of the Stockholm demonstration of the EcatQX. A masterpiece and very convincing.
    Best to all,
    Tawana

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    TH:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- yes
    2- in the transitory of the shut down cycle, somewhere along the integral this point should be there, but a vending machine is more practic
    3- you mean…if nobody buys the Ecat we could survive selling T-shirts? This idea has not to be trashed, thanks!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1066. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for yoyr and your team’s work, that reminds be this movie:
    https://youtu.be/-58QDDBtNpM
    Quite enlightening!

  1067. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1068. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If the SK module volume is 1/2 Liter and its geometry is cylindrical, its dimensions might be: radius = 4 cm and length = 10 cm.

    Total Volume would then be 160*pi cubic centimeters or 503 cc. I chose these numbers so an SK module could be held in one hand (if the module was cooled down). It is remarkable that a module of this, or similar, size can operate nearly continuously for 12 months or longer. Or more correctly, the ensemble of modules would operate nearly continuously, with intervals while several modules could be in self-sustainment mode, standby or be temporarily shutdown (?).

    1) In the future, will you be able to replace one or more modules of an ensemble (e.g 100 modules = 1 MW), while the larger system is still operating?

    2) During your demo of the single SK module, can you lower the output temperature to make a batch of hot water for tea?
    3) At the Demo, would you or someone else be interested in selling T-shirts that say: ‘I drank a cup of tea heated by the E-Cat SK. ‘

    (Just a suggestion.)

    Best regards and wishes for continued health, productivity and success.

    As you know,

    “Success comes before Work only in the Dictionary!”

    Joseph Fine

  1069. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    So the new SK reactor is about 50cm x 50cm x 36cm?

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The reactor is 1/2 liter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    Congratulations to your great success.

    You said you have already found the right partner. Is this only a financial partner (money giver), or will this partner be an industrialization partner, too?

    Thank you,

    E. Hergen

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    Will be mainly an industrial Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1073. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    A hearty congratulations on your recent breakthrough with the SK reactor. It’s beginning to look like there is light at the end of the tunnel and it doesn’t appear to be a freight train.

    I am now retired but have had a life long interest in technical matters and a career involving business/logistics on large complex projects around the world. If you don’t mind a few questions:

    1. Assuming that the design of your factory automation systems has been on hold pending your decision on the QX vs SK reactors, are you still working with ABB on your automation systems? They have been a highly respected supplier on many of the projects I worked on.

    2. Since your reactors are apparently based on nuclear processes, is it likely that your heat plants might fall under the jurisdiction of the NRC?

    3. Its possibly too soon to ask this, but when you get to the point where you will begin delivering you systems to other countries, have you considered that there may be technology issues which might arise that could affect the export licensing or customs clearance processes?

    4. Assuming that your first few years heat production at multiple installations results in widespread confidence in the capabilities of the ECat, is it possible you will consider selling the systems?

    Godspeed to you and your team and thank you in advance for any answers you feel comfortable to provide.

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    1- yes
    2- as far as I know, no, because we do not treat radioactive materials and we do not emit ionizing radiations. In Florida we have been permitted to make our tests for these reasons.
    In Sweden we obtained analogous permission.
    3- So far we did nor meet such obstacles. If we will meet them in future, we will deal with them
    4- It is possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Congratulations for the positive test of the Ecat SK.
    A New World of heat energy is opening for all the industries.
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    Thank you for your continue sustain from Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Andrea:
    The most sincere congratulations on the siccessful test of the Ecat SK.
    May God give you good health to complete this roadmap, so important.
    With deep respect,
    Viktor Shipachev

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Frank

    I watched the very convincing video YouTube Ecat QX demo in Stockholm November 24 2017.
    Just one question: the reactor was inside the heat exchanger, while the white box with the logo of the Ecat contained only the electronics of the control system, correct?
    All the best
    Frank

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Frank:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1081. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Aubrey:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1082. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the decision to go with the E-Cat SK for industrialization, and best wishes for success with this new project. Do you now have to find investors to raise funds for the industrialization process?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1083. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We already found the right Partner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1084. Gennady

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on the successful eCat SK test. I am sure as a part of various test, you have data on the COP for SK. Would you share it with us?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  1085. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    The COP is enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1086. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Many Congratulations to yourself and your excellent team on your successful tests of the Ecat SK.

    Your decision to use the Ecat SK for the industrial plant production is an extremely important milestone on your journey to bring the Ecat heat to the market.

    The coming months will still be hard work, but I have great confidence that you will achieve your goals.

    Supportive Regards,

    Martyn Aubrey

  1087. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    The most sincere congratulations on the successful completion of an important stage in the development of your technology and the decision to start the production of E-Cat SK. You and your small team have a unique ability to perfect revolutionary technology with fantastic speed by historical standards. As an experienced entrepreneur, you have chosen the most difficult but most effective way of developing, improving and industrializing a revolutionary energy source based on your discovery – the Rossi Effect. In different countries a lot of people watch your fantastic work with great interest and attention and sincerely rejoice at your every success! And may God give you good health so that all the goals set by you have been achieved!

    With the deepest respect,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  1088. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your sustain, that, coming from a high level of the Russian Nuclear Physics concern, I consider an honor for my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  1089. Dear Dr Rossi
    Are the control circuit for the 10kw the same as the 1kw modules or do they need to be redesgined as well.

    Thank you

  1090. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The control system has been completely redesigned respect the demonstration made in Stockholm of the Ecat QX on November 24 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1091. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As you now standardize of the SK variant, have the reactor dimensions changed since your last public test? If they have changed, can you tell us the new dimensions?

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The dimension of the SK reactor are about twice the dimensions of the QX shown at the demo of November 24th in Stockholm. Find the video on “youtube Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration November 24 2017”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your comments below:

    1) Is it correct that you have decided to start E-Cat production with the SK reactor?
    2) If so, what will the power rating for each SK reactor?
    3) What is the next step in your plan towards commercialization?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- 10 kW
    3- industrialzation
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with the positive test outcome, very encouraging!
    I am sure this means that the production of the >>1M units becomes a factor 10 or more easier. I hope these units behave well in the long, long future.
    Does it mean that also the production is now started up and you will be able to deliver the first unit in in January 2019?
    All the success for you and your team!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your encouragement.
    We will begin to deliver in 2019, surely not in January. By January we would start the production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on your successful SK test.
    It is a challenge to test new technology this late in the year prior to the start of production. But is sounds as if your efforts were work the risk.

    Best of luck with your industrial production process and your future unlimited domestic applications.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  1098. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you very much for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1099. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    At the october E-CAT QX presentation, will there be some guests invited ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  1100. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    That means that we have chosen to make the industrial plants with the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1101. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us if you saw any positive or viable results with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  1102. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1103. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the SK successful test and your decision to use it in production! This is not only great news for you and your team but for all those following you through this great journey.
    God Bless,
    Brokeeper

  1104. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1105. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenbur:
    Maybe, but the SK has remarkable advantages. The QX has got the Sigma 5, though…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1106. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    Would make sense to combine in industrial plants QX and SK Ecats?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  1107. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for the successfull SK 10 Kw test, does this mean that you will now start to assemble the 40Mw plant ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  1108. JL

    Dr Rossi,
    SK test completed?

  1109. Andrea Rossi

    JL:
    We decided to use it yesterdy night.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1110. Gino

    How is going the SK test?

  1111. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    Extremely well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1112. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you tested eCat technology with:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?
    c. Boron?
    d. Florine?

  1113. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. yes
    b. yes
    c. yes
    d. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1114. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the Sigma 5 testing with the QX have any relevance to the SK, or are they very different technologies?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1115. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is an affinity, therefore the Sigma 5 reaches with the Ecat QX helps the trust in the SK version.
    By the way: the test is very encouraging.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1116. James C Yates

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Your decision to sell “heat”, not the reactor, was a wise step.
    If you can perfect electrical output via E-Cat, and then
    sell electricity to the industrial market, then you will
    rule the world’s energy market. Not that that was your
    goal, but you have a good heart and then you could assert
    your goodness.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  1117. Andrea Rossi

    James C. Yates:
    We are focused on making heat and heat can be surely useful to electric energy providers. I want to rule nothing, all I want is to make a useful work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1118. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you considered (or experimented with) the elements of Boron and Fluorine in LENR? It seems that they might function in an LENR environment with Nickel and Hydrogen. Reference the paper “Chemical Aspects of LENR” (2012) by Dr. Pike.

  1119. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I never comment the work of our competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1120. H.V.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you update about the test on course with the Ecat SK?

  1121. Andrea Rossi

    H.V.:
    With pleasure, because we are going very well.
    Obviously I will take some risk, because we did not have the time for a Sigma 5, but maybe I will accept the risk and if something will go wrong I will take the responsibility. We’ll see. So far so good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1122. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Is really E-catSK as reliable as E-catQX as you have tested a year according to zigma5?
    Is it possible to choose the E-cat type så easy to manufacture?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  1123. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    That is why I am continuing to work on tests. Your concern is not groundless.
    Tomorrow will be a very important Saturday. Next week the decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1124. Jean

    Dear A.R.,
    what do you think of all the theoretical papers produced so far to explain the LENR? Do you think there is some that could prevail among what has published so far?

  1125. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    All that has been published so far is either groundless ( like the story of the electron capture ) or weak.
    I doubt that it will not be possible to reach a global explication, more likely will be reached theoretical explications for specific effects.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1126. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations for the excellent demo I watched on youtube on the November 23 demo of the Ecat QX.
    Cheers
    Norma

  1127. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1128. Wendy

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you decide already if the presentation of the industrial production will start with the Ecat QX or the SK?

  1129. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    Probably next week we will take a decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1130. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your summary of the state of the SK testing so far?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1131. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    So far I am satisfied, I will have a clearer view my next tuesday. These next days will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1132. Eric Ashworth

    Abe Vincent, I agree that without a widely accepted theory of how LENRs work and how it can be controlled posses a problem especially for insurance purposes and this is why I have emphasized the importance of the theory and using analogies to gain acceptance. LENRs is no different other than on the nuclear scale i.e. using an event horizon to store the energy, that’s to say unable to distribute energy at the time of creating a mass defect i.e. a compression which at the none nuclear level simply disperses the energy as heat into the environment because heat is an expansion. Heat is simply anything that expands. Anything that contracts creates cold. It is not difficult to understand unless you you want to make it difficult i.e create a huge complicated technology out of something that is something not difficult to understand unless you use a lot of complicated language i.e. see wikipedia its a prime example. Regards Eric Ashworth

  1133. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your decision to provide heat instead of selling standalone eCat units is brilliant from legal aspects. Under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the standalone eCat system delivered to the customer would inherently include an implied warranty of merchantability and all the problems that the “goods” requirement under Article 2 entails. By selling a “service” of heat, you avoid all of the legal entanglements. A good decision by your corporate legal staff/management.

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Abe Vincent

    Tom,

    If you design a product to meet UL from the outset then getting UL certification shouldnt significantly delay any product development. It’s typically weeks or months not years and you can do a lot in parallel with other things you need do for any mass produced product.

    In the case of LENR the issue will be proving it’s safe. That might be very difficult without a widely accepted theory of how it works and how it can be controlled.

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    The theoretical bases have nothing to do with the safety certifications.
    We obtained the safety certifications for the industrial plants.
    Thank you for your suggestion, but UL does not work only upon designs.
    We have specialists working on this issue. The same that obtained the certifications for the industrial plants.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. Willie Heather

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the magnificend video on youtube “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24”.
    Perfect measurements, very convincing.
    Willie

  1138. Andrea Rossi

    Willie Heather:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1139. Chuck Davis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does the Ecat have to be connected to the grid to operate?

  1140. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1141. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your first day of testing the SK module results!

    Warm regards,
    Tom

    PS: Might you be willing to consider UL testing for home safety parallel to industrial installations so you won’t have to wait even longer than you think is required?

    Perhaps you could consider sending a 1kw Unit to UL for safety testing and perhaps even announce the submission at the presentation?

    Big Money will never “authorize” home units. UL might though.

  1142. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1143. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Your decision of only selling heat is the smartest you may take at this moment.
    By selling heat you are now presenting a possibility for all industries and activities that needs steam as energy carrier.
    This may cover 50% of the worlds energy consumption. By only buying heat and keeping their existing energy sources intact as a utility system, the customers takes a minimal risk.
    A lower energy price and the value of marketing their products as more environmentally friendly will benefit their business without any costly and risky investments.
    This will function as if I was offered to be transported by a nonpolluting car to my office every day to a price of 80% of my own gasoline cost, and I keept my car as a reserve.
    For yourself, the ultimate control over a new product with a new technology will also minimize the risk for catastrophically failures.
    When your product has proven a steady and trustworthy function, your biggest problem will be the queue of customers. Good luck with the important SK tests today!
    Regards Svein Henrik

  1144. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work. I agree with what you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1145. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How did the first day of SK testing go?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1146. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yesterday we made a very good job, with excellent output.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1147. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi

    In the fall of 2015, it seemed to us that soon we would see the domestic E-Kat. What a wave of hopes raised the real prospect of the appearance of E-Kat in every house!
    But now there is little hope left. You have concentrated all your efforts on industrial installations. In addition, you will agree that your current financial model (heat sales), interesting for industrial consumers, is not at all suitable for private customers.
    Is there any hope that in the next 2 to 3 years there will be 10 kW units on the market? Or is this a more distant prospect?

    Refusal from the primary, mass production of domestic installations is:
    – The influence of politicians?
    – The economy?
    – Bureaucratic difficulties (certification)?

    We are waiting for the start of sales, after the January presentation!
    I wish you every success and all the best.

    Your transferred fan.

    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  1148. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    To get the certifications for household applications will be necessary a reliability history of industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1149. Stephen

    Hello Andrea Rossi.

    I thought this article might be interesting to you. I found it very intriguing.

    https://www.sciencealert.com/planck-radiative-heat-transfer-fails-far-field-nanoscale-objects

    Good luck with your testing this week.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  1150. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1151. Jason Voyle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    More congratulations for the very convincing demonstration of the Ecat QX you made in Stockholm on November 24 2017. A masterpiece.
    Jason

  1152. Andrea Rossi

    Jason Voyle:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1153. Trinidad

    “I don’t care the rock and trolls concert”:
    ha,ha,ha.
    You are right

  1154. Andrea Rossi

    Trinidad:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1155. GB

    The Italian avatar-politician Giulio Andreotti was famous for being involved in politics from the end of the 40’ all the way to the late 90’. He was famous for his political longevity, his ability to remain untouched by the political thunderstorms that wiped out generations of his contemporary fellow MPs and – among other things – for his razor-sharp witticism. Personally I never liked him, but I admired his intelligence.
    One of his sentences (among the many) that everyone in Italy loved to quote is “It’s morally wrong to think ill all the time about people, but you very often turn out to be right”.

    I have followed your endeavor since the Bologna presentation, I have unreserved trust in the fact that you have found your effect and I have a great deal of personal esteem for you, your hard-working attitude and the well deserved vindication that you need to obtain.

    However, I wanted to point out that as soon as you will start selling heat, the voices of your opponents will not be silenced. There will still be (and there already is) someone that will state how ultimately hard evidences of the existence of your process are not present.

    So my question is: in order to tombstone the hyper-skeptics, will you allow 3rd parties to observe/certify the amount of energy (any kind) that will be introduced inside the reactor and the amount of heat that is generated as an output?

    If there is no fraud the delta is going to be in the order of magnitudes. This will silence once and for all all the many that still believe that you are a snake-oil dealer.

  1156. Andrea Rossi

    GB:
    I don’t care the rock and troll concert.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1157. Thank you Gberra for the information, Capricorn Energy is only a couple hours drive from my office.

  1158. Gberra

    Good luck with your SK tests! On a different note I have stumbled onto a heat to electricity engine based on the “Barton engine” by a company capricornpower.com.au. Barton engines claim 30% -47% efficiency heat to electricity. Capricornpower has installed demonstration plants at crematoriums to convert waste heat ( 700 degrees and above ) to electricity. They also plan to sell 125kw demonstration plants in shipping containers – just add hot air. I know that you are focusing on selling heat initially. Best of luck !

  1159. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1160. Miro

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    How are going the tests on course in your lab?

  1161. Andrea Rossi

    Miro:
    Tomorrow will be crucial.
    Working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1162. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that yourr earlier tests with the SK were done at a specialized lab. Are you doing your current tests at that same lab?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1163. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1164. Anthony

    Dr Rossi,
    where can I find the report of the presentation of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm ?
    Cheers
    Anthony

  1165. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony:
    you can choose between:
    1- go to http://www.ecat.com then choose “Press”, then choose the Stockholm complete video of the demo ( about 3 hours) or the resume ( about 6 minutes ), or the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom on the theoretical bases we are working upon ( about 1 hour )
    There you will find also the important article on Aftenpost, one of the major newspapers of Scandinavia
    2- google ” Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration November 24 2017
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    Henadzi Filipenka:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an uplifting comment from one of your
    original followers that was posted on Ecat World.

    clovis ray
    7 days ago
    Hi, guys.i would say that the peanut gallery will not have a say about anything, Dr.Rossi is in control he will do what is best for his kitty.
    He is a very careful man,and we know nothing of the pressure he must be under from many unrealated problems.i say we get behind him and cheer after all what have we got to lose,
    I personally am having a great time,
    Go doctor Rossi go.
    You know last I heard only large units were to be built,and only the power would be for sale.
    This sounds like a custom fit . I would like to see units that you could retrofit into existing boilers just slide it right in and turn it on, and light up the whole world.

    Good luck with the SK test.
    Sam

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the citation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Ciera Laclaire

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched the convincing and precise demonstration of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm on November 24. Sincerely: do you think the presentation you could make in January 2019 will be more important?

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Ciera Laclaire:
    The demo made in Stockholm on November 24 2017 of the Ecat QX is more important under a scientific point of view. In January we should make a commercial presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you sell “heat”:

    a. Do you measure the amount of heat generated by your equipment? If so, how? delta temperature and mass flow rate?
    b. What percentage of heat produced by your equipment may be used by the customer?
    c. Will the customer independently measure the heat provided?
    d. Is the measurement reported on a monthly time period?

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a- yes
    b- 100%
    c- the Customer can obviously make his measurements
    d- yes, with the bill
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Anonymous

    I think your strategy to sell heat is serious. Your clients will have nothing to risk, because they will pay only the energy the Ecats will produce and you will not risk the reverse engineering. Kudos!

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I agree.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    are you aware of competitors that could emerge in the next months with real working apparatuses?

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    not that I am aware of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that on Monday you will start the testing of the SK reactor.

    1) How long will the test be?
    2) How many reactors are you testing?
    3) What will be required in order for you to make a decision in favor of the SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- 10 days
    2- two
    3- sorry, too complex to be explained. Too many parameters and confidential issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Ivan R. Guay

    Achat et distribution au Canada: important, nous avons clients,
    Yvan R. Guay, CEO

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan R. Guay:
    We will be ready probably starting from January. Please contact us here giving specifics:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Scientist

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The mass of quarks of the first generation are indicated in 3 MeV for the quark and antiquark up and 6 MeV for the quark and antiquark down. Do you think these data are reliable?

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Scientist:
    Hard to say, I think they are not. What is possible to measure experimentally are the masses of the barions and the hadrons and the different cross sections, but quarks cannot be singled out because they are confined ( see QCD, Quantum Chromo Dynamics ), it must be supposed that the mass of the quarks you cite is the mass of the quarks at the renormalization scale of the phase transition of the QCD. To make this it is necessary to make a lattice model and try to assign different masses to the quarks to find out those that most fit the experimental data, but the mass of the first generation quarks are too much below the QCD scale, therefore it is very much uncertain the result.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Are the tests you started testing reactor safety or is it an industrial integration test?
    All my support for his important tests for industrialization
    Sincerely and good luck

    Raffaele

  1184. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Industrial integration tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1185. Rudolf C. Meiner

    What would be the approximate coordinates of the Ecats on a Ragone plot?
    Thanks in advance,
    Fusionrudy

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf C. Meiner:
    The coordinates are integrals , not numbers, depending on many dimensional considerations. What I can say is that both energy density and power density are higher than those of conventional systems based on the well known chemical reactions.
    In our publications we gave indication about this factor ( see http://www.ecat.com or google “Ragone Plot” ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Dim.T.

    Hi,
    Reading the US patent, there is no mentioning of cold fusion. Also, if 1 kwh is needed to provide 6 kwh, then the device has a lower performance factor compared to a modern air-conditioner!
    Obviously this is no innovation connected to cold-fusion, instead just a chemical reaction.

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Dim.T.:
    Please redo the math. If you are not able to, please get help. I do not have time to start from where you are.
    Just search on Wikipedia ” Thermodynamic Principles “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. Jalisa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I too want to congratulate for the convincing test of the Ecat QX made in November 24 in Stockholm.
    Can you tell us the Countries the scientists who attended came from? How did they react to the measurements?
    Thank you,
    JC

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    Jalisa:
    Sweden, USA, Canada, Germany, Italy, France, Russia, Australia. All of them expressed satisfaction for how the measurements have been made.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Proof (of life) in this context means real customers that are credible that publicly endorse your product without NDAs.

    Alternatively, safety certification for use in our homes.

    Public Referrals. Without NDAs. Sponcers. “OR” Safety Certification for home use.

    God knows I believe you, but my wife wonders why I do.

    Godspeed, my friend.

    Tom

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for clearing the definition.
    That will depend on the will of the Customers.
    Anyway remember that we sell heat, not plants, and only for industrial applications, so far.
    Our Clients will pay the heat they will consume. Risks are all upon us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Mitch

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    When you will make, if you will make it, the introduction of the Ecat industrialized version will the public that will follow it in the internet streaming see exactly the same things that will see the attendants to the event?
    Cheers
    Mitch

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Mitch:
    Absolutely yesw and I will also be available on Skype for all that will need a personal contact for commercial issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Nicola

    Dear Andrea:
    Are there books about your Ecat?

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Nicola:
    Yes: the main are
    1- ‘An impossible invention’, by Mats Lewan, find it in Amazon, published in English, Swedish and Italian
    2- ‘Ecat, the new fire’, by Vessela Nikolova, find it in Amazon, published in Italian ( paper version) and English (electronic version)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. Anonymous

    I watched the almost 3 hours of the convincing and well measured test made in Stockholm on November 24 2017 of the Ecat (source Youtube).
    I noticed at the end the public applauded: were there also nuclear physics of the mainstream science?

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, from the highest international echelons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Earlier there was discussed SK models in in context of 10k, 100k, & even a (whisper of) a 1MW model.

    1) Is the 100k being tested this month?
    … (along with the 10k)

    2) Is anything larger than the 10k being tested in this month’s tests?

    For the Presentation to succeed you must have some proof of life. More than one customer – OR – a giganic singleton customer.

    Simply announcing the sale of heat will only create bad press, I fear.

    3) Do you agree you will need “proof of life” in this context?

    Your dedication to your product line is extrordinary and if you succeed where Tesla failed will result in a paradigm shift for the entire World.

    Thank you and your team for your dedication to this work.

    Tom

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- what do you mean exactly with “proof of life”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. orsobubu

    Rodney Nicholson,

    regarding your August 8, 2018 at 1:43 PM:

    “…The reality everywhere your system has been in place is so demonstrably stark, it is a mystery to me how you are unable to recognize the reason for it. It should be staring you in the face. And of course, in addition to the economic misery, the truly astonishing political oppression that always accompanies it, is often at least as appalling…”

    In past years, I gave several answers to these issues raised by other readers. I cannot abuse Andrea’s hospitality here ranting again about differences between communism and state capitalism, so if you want you can email me to postxngatDELETEMEhotmail.com

    ——-

    Andrea and Rodney, here an interesting case of application of blockchain and cryptocurrencies to (claimed) LENR technology and energy distribution:

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/08/30/estonian-company-claims-to-have-successfully-proved-titanium-deuterium-power-production-press-release/

    https://deneum.com/

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it certain that in January you will introduce the sales of the Ecat?

  1204. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, it is not. As a matter of fact, it is certain that we will not introduce the sales of the Ecat. Probably ( but not certainly, because we are still testing ) we will introduce the sales of the heat generated by means of the Ecats that we will install in the factories of our Customers. We are not going to sell apparatuses, we are hoping to go to sell heat. The Ecats will remain of our property and will be controlled remotely from our headquarter in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1205. Buy P.V.

    Mr Rossi,
    I think that the Ecat does not exist and that you are not going to sell anything but chatters.

  1206. Andrea Rossi

    Buy P.V.:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1207. Andrea Rossi

    Josè:
    In the factory there are the reactors open and in construction.
    Obviously no visits will be allowed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1208. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you mean that tomorrow (Aug 29th) the SK testing will start? If so, how long will it go on for?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1209. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will start tomorrow the preparation, it will start Monday and continue for several weeks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1210. Steven

    @Amerigo Stevani @Andrea Rossi

    The article was an April’s fool prank, look at the date.

  1211. Andrea Rossi

    Steven:
    He,he,he… I did not notice the date coincidence, actually it looked fool, but I did not dare to say so, just asked for the antidoping…
    Thank you for waking up us, after our being fooled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1212. Jose

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will you allow visits to the factory where Ecats are made?

  1213. Amerigo Stevani

    Just go to google with this:
    “Physics -astronomy.org- August 20 2018- Breaking: Researchers at CERN break ‘the speed of light’ ”
    Scientists said on Thursday they recorded particles travelling faster than light- a finding that could overturn one of Einstein’s fundamental laws of the universe.

  1214. Andrea Rossi

    Amerigo Stevani:
    If true,this would simply mean that the whole Relativity is groundless. For once, let me act in the role of a constructivist sceptic. I think the neutrinos that run faster than light were doped: let’s see the results of the antidoping before allowing them the gold medal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1215. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    I have just read your interview with Mats Lewan, now it is time for the lunch of the E-CAT QX rocket !!

    Exciting time ahead !!

    I wish you great sucess !!

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  1216. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you!
    From tomorrow it will be hard and very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1217. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you are aware I am interested in the theory behind LENRs and not an academic in nuclear physics but I do have some thoughts as a layman and I do not expect you to give out confidential information before you feel it necessary to do so. I also realize a lot of readers cannot understand the problem of acceptance of your technology with regards the establishment. As I understand it the reactor is sealed into which hydrogen gas is introduced from a container that eventually needs to be replaced. If this is the case then where does the gas go?. To me it seems obvious that the gas becomes plasma and plasma is composed of neutrinos i.e. no more thick condensed gas but neutrinos in a more rarefied state that takes up more space, creates a more compressed environment that creates heat and that neutrinos diffuse out of the reactor. When mass defect readjusts it gives out heat that is equivalent to the energy that created the defect. For me everything seems to work the same way whether it be a refrigerator a heat pump or a bicycle pump (temporary defects) The only difference with LENRs is that it is at the base principle being at the nuclear level and that is why mass defect i.e. a compressed state creates an electromagnetic field i.e. there is nowhere for that which has been squeezed out other than to become an exterior unabsorbed neutral field or a micro event horizon and which upon the defect within the hydrogen gas being released creates a quantity of heat. Hydrogen gas is a storage container of energy like everything in the material world but it is the release of its absolute energy state that makes LENRs so unique, safe and clean. Maybe LENRs being a stand alone phenomena requires a novel explanation outside of present day understanding of nuclear physics or maybe it can be put within. What I am saying is that the E-Cat is the experiment that proves a theory in line with current understanding but at the base atomic level, no need to compare or wrestle with known formulae that involve other phenomenas not connected with LENRs From what I understand its the mechanism that pulls the hydrogen apart i.e. the selected electromagnetic fields of the chosen elements and the low input current to line up i.e. enhance the integrated electromagnetic fields. Same as making a permanent magnet, the difference being two elements not one so as to achieve the required aggressive magnetic field. From my own experience no matter how you understand a phenomena and able to demonstrate the phenomena the ostriches will always put their heads in the sand and deny its existence. Therefore to demonstrate is important but just as important is to explain in easy to understand simple terms using analogies when able. I realize both you and your team are doing a magnificent job to get where you are and I see no reason for your ultimate success. I realize my comments are purely speculative with regards content but I have had the same arrogant problems of my own as many others also have with regards new technology. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. Andrea no need to respond to my comments unless I am completely out of line.

  1218. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1219. Larisa Kristine

    Dear Andrea,
    Very interesting the article published on Aftenpost – the major newspaper of Norway- after the Stockholm convincing demonstration of the Ecat QX. For the readers: find it in the press section of http://www.ecat.com
    Larisa

  1220. Andrea Rossi

    Larisa Kristine:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1221. Erich

    Did you employ a professional designer to make the body of the Ecat?

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Erich:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I have probably misread my last question, which I am rephrasing.
    For a 100 KWH electricity consumption of a 1 MW E-Cat boiler, what is the part consumed by its control unit?
    A thousand excuses if the answer is confidential
    All my support for the whole team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The bigger the plant, the lower the ratio between energy consumed by the control system and the reactor. It is an integral, not a number.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Pierre

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After hundreds of Professors of Physics have witnessed and replicated LENR, how is possible the Rock and Trolls continue to say that LENR is bad science?

  1226. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre:
    Just competition to get funds. This is what trolls are paid for.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1227. Ada

    Dr Rossi,
    I like the video on Youtube with the November 24 demo in Stockholm of the Ecat QX

  1228. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1229. AF

    Will the 10 kW Ecat SK be the favorite module for higher power?

  1230. Andrea Rossi

    AF:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1231. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Regarding the power consumption of the E-Cat 1 MW, can you tell us what percentage is consumed by the control system and by the reactor itself?
    All my support for your intense work.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1232. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Very low.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1233. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I hope to attend your demonstration in January 2019. As you know, I am in Law School. My end-of-the-year break is between December 21, 2018 and January 22, 2019. So if your demonstration can occur between those two dates, that would facilitate me be able to attend it. I am sure you have more important considerations but here is my input. I will understand if the demonstration falls outside of my scheduled times.

    Can you tell me whether the demonstration will be in Florida? During the aforementioned off-time, I will be in the Orlando, Florida area visiting my oldest son who lives there. If it is not in Florida, or you cannot give a specific State where it will be, can you state what part of the United States it will be in, e.g., Northeast, Southeast? If not the Northeast or Southeast, then I mostly likely will be unable to attend your demonstration.

  1234. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the presentation should be in that period.
    Date and location will be communicated to the attendants several days before the event, for security reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1235. Mohammad Edler

    Do you have contacts also with Islamic people for the service offered by your company?

  1236. Andrea Rossi

    Mohammad Edler:
    Not yet, but not for my choice: simply, I have not been contacted yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1237. Gerardo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which readings did you do during your holidays?
    Just curious.

  1238. Andrea Rossi

    Gerardo:
    Physics manuals, to maintain on the fingertips the fundamentals, “Models of the Atomic Nucleus” of Norman Cook, read for the umpth time to dig for new ideas, “The Pelikan Brief” of John Grisham, a biography of Alexander the Great.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1239. Elton Telles

    Hi, you have a very easy way to make us understand difficult concepts of Physics. You could make a great teacher.
    Maybe when you will retire?

  1240. Andrea Rossi

    Elton Telles:
    I am not going to retire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1241. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that you have already carried out testing with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom.

    1) Have your theoretical ideas about what is happening with E-Cat been confirmed?
    2) Have you learned anything new from this testing, and if so, what can you share with us?
    3) Will testing with COG continue?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1242. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- the work is on course, we have to make more experiments
    2- we will make a publication if we will find results that have a dignity to be published.
    3- of course
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1243. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is an interesting video about a product.

    https://youtu.be/J5UdcjdXk88

    Regards
    Sam

  1244. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1245. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the SK testing you have mentioned will be taking place in Aug/Sep:

    1) Has the testing started?
    2) Have you personally making the reactors, or is this something other team members are doing?
    3) Are you personally going to be supervising SK testing or is this something other team members will be involved with.

    And on a different subject:

    4) Have you done any testing with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom yet on the theoretical aspects of the E-Cat?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1246. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- No, will start the next week
    2- All the team is involved
    3- I am supervising
    4- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1247. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you confirm in which Countries your patent has been granted and in which is it pending?
    JPR

  1248. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Our patent has been granted in USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, all the Countries included in the European Patent Office convention, Russia, Japan, China, Australia, South Africa. All the Countries where we have applied for the granting of our patent have granted it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1249. Kuba

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The January presentation will be broadcasted in streaming, so that everybody will be able to assist?

  1250. Andrea Rossi

    Kuba:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1251. Dale Askvig

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to join the army of the persons that congratulate you for the convincing demo of Stockholm: I got the video on youtube “demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm Nov 24 2017”
    Dale

  1252. Andrea Rossi

    Dale Askvig:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1253. Urban Fredell

    Dr Rossi,
    I am following your work since the year 2011 and I can say you made a remarkable progress.
    Your demo in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017 has been well done and convincing.
    For this reasons let me formulate these questions:
    1- what is the reason of your presentation on January 2019?
    2- is it that you want to sting the Rock and Trolls?
    3- will be invited important companies also from Sweden?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    From Sweden with love
    Urban Fredell

  1254. Andrea Rossi

    Urban Fredell:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Answers:
    1- give precise information to the market about our service
    2- he he he
    I don’t care the Rock and Trolls
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1255. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During your R & D on the QX you indicated, if I remember correctly, that the E-Cat would be able to produce heat around 0.01 $ the KW and electricity at about 0.03 $. the KW.
    Are these indications always news?
    If so, do these indications take into account the cost of power consumption required to operate the E-Cat?
    Thank you if you can answer
    I wish you great news of your upcoming tests
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  1256. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    the numbers will have to be verified in the context of industrial operations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1257. Peter Metz

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are your industrialization efforts completely self-financed or does it depend on others and/or future test results? It’s exciting to realize that E-Cat industrialization may finally be upon us. Good luck.

    Sincerely,
    Peter Metz

  1258. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Metz:
    We have also Partners and Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1259. Tamal

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I’ve been checking ecat.com, “Glossary” sub page and haven’t found an explanation of the term “resonance”.
    Does resonance take place in ECat’s LENR process, not in the electrical instruments of control unit (resonance is the fundamental in most such electrical circuits), but in the ECat’s reactor?
    Kind regards and good luck with the work,
    Tamal

  1260. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    In Nuclear Physics are defined as “Resonances” the virtual elementary particles, which are not actual particles, but waves raised during the interactions between stable particles. The life of virtual particles is normally in the order of 10^-23 seconds.
    The glossary of http://www.ecat.com does not contain theoretical terms.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1261. Chuck Davis

    How do you think will be taxated the heat made by the Ecats?
    Chuck Davis

  1262. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The taxes on the profits from heat sales will be the same taxes that have to be paid upon the sales of any other product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1263. Brad Olsen

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going your R&D with the Stirling engines?
    Brad Olsen

  1264. Andrea Rossi

    Brad Olsen:
    We put a hold on it because in the market do not exist Stirling engines with due reliability at acceptable prices per kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1265. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you aware the majority of the general public do not like nuclear power plants because of there safety records and dangerous nuclear wastes that they produce. Most people do not know how these reactors produce heat, only those working in the industry need to know and do know. My question is, Do you believe that you need to explain how your technology produces heat or will you rely solely upon safety validation certificates to address any client concerns?. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  1266. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Surely this is a point.
    Information will be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1267. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some questions regarding the long-awaited E-Cat production, thank you if you can answer:

    1. Do you have the factory in your possession where the production will take place?
    2. Do you have the machinery (hardware and software) in your possession which will make the E-Cats?
    3. Do you have the employees selected who can staff the initial production line?
    4. Are you waiting for the results of the next round of SK testing before you start production?
    5. Will you begin by manufacturing in the USA?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1268. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1,2,3 in preparation
    4 yes
    5 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1269. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You said that the presentation in January 2019 is a presentation of the beginning of production.
    There is no doubt that demand for E-Cat will significantly exceed supply.
    Can you answer how much MW of capacity Leonardo plans to produce in 2019?
    And excuse me, I’m always interested in the prospects of home installations (10kW?), You plan in 2019. obtaining certificates for their production.
    Thank you.

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  1270. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    We will be able to produce all the plants to satisfy the request. About the certification of the domestic series, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1271. Chuck Davis

    Is there in your team a specialist designing an electric power plant?
    Best Regards
    Chuck Davis

  1272. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Now we re focused on our heat production.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1273. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still working with Carl Oscar Gullstrom for the theoretical issues? If yes, are you still convinced of your theory that the so called Rossi Effect is generated by resonances raised at the temperature of the reactor’s core?

  1274. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    yes and yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1275. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What do you need to accomplish before holding the public presentation of the industrialized E-Cat?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1276. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Complete the industrialization. We are not ready, yet. The meaning of the presentation is to say ” we started the industrial production”, which we are not yet doing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1277. CC

    Andrea:
    are the gluons differentiated or are they just uniform “glue balls”?

  1278. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The gluons are differentiated in 8 types, of which 6 are couples that can bear colour and anticolour, like red and antiblue, 2 that are linear combinations of colour and anticolour forming the couples red-antired, blue-antiblue, green-antigreen. Obviously the “colors” are strong force quanta and have nothing to do with the spectrum of the light.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1279. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does your proposed 8 cubic meter SK steam unit include an internal steam condenser?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  1280. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    I do not give description of the SK structure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1281. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As we are close to the end of August, are you still on schedule for a presentation of the industrialized Ecat by January 2019?
    JPR

  1282. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    So far I would say yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1283. Curious Guy

    Dear Andrea,
    Surely you have many suppliers of parts necessary to build the Ecats: can you tell us which Country your suppliers are mainly of?

  1284. Andrea Rossi

    Curious Guy:
    Our Suppliers are mainly in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1285. Walt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been convinced by the demonstration you made in Stockholm on November 24th 2017 in Stockholm and the article written on Aftenpost, both found in the press section of http://www.ecat.com
    Now you made a strong progress with the industrialization, but the seed of this was evident in the Stockholm event.
    Godspeed,
    Walt

  1286. Andrea Rossi

    Walt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1287. Hi all:

    I am aware of electric arc furnaces where coke is not used, but only if you are starting with steel scrap, so you do not need to convert iron ore to iron.

    When starting with iron ore, a blast furnace is used where (I just checked) the critical chemical reaction by which ore is converted to iron uses carbon monoxide. To make carbon monoxide you have to get the carbon from somewhere, and the standard way to do it is to get it from coke. So unless the Eca