Rossi Blog Reader

This page contains all the postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, with the entries sorted so that Rossi's answers appear under each question (where possible).

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  1. Roland

    I watched on youtube the presentation of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24th 2018 and i found it very convincing.
    Now let’s wait for the presentation of the product. Did you already decide where it will be?

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Roland:
    Surely in the USA. Where exactly we did not decide yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Eric Ashworth

    Renato, Your question to Andrea regards the need for a consensus by the mainstream scientific world I find baffling. Could you explain why. Regards Eric Ashworth

  4. Renato

    Dear Andrea,
    Don’t you think that before to industrialize the Ecat and sell the heat produced by it you should have the consensus of the mainstream scientific world?

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    No, I do not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  6. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    I am wondering how far along is the Ecat
    robotics factory.10,20, percent or more completed?
    Also will the presentation of the Ecat you are
    having by the end of this year or beginning of
    next year be from a Ecat customer location?

    Enjoy your summer.
    Sam

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1- enough
    2- to be agreed upon with the Customer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Dr. Rossi, I love your comparison.
    A drop of ink on a paper, and you find written a poem !
    I don’t think you realize how good you are.
    That is why I have to keep telling you.
    Your Ego booster.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  10. Dear Andrea,
    The question of CC begs to ask: do you think that life can happen spontaneously in nature?
    regards, /pekka

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Exactly!
    By the way: we’d like to publish your paper on the JoNP: is that possible? If yes please send it as an attachment to
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Sebastian

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    will be world major companies among the customers that will buy the heat from the Ecats?
    Sebastian

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Sebastian:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. CC

    Do you think that LENR can happen spontaneously in nature?

  15. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    No, it is impossible that so many and complex operations happen casually. Like to drip a viel of ink on a paper and find written a poem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Joseph

    Dear Andrea
    Congratulations again for the convincing demo made in Stockholm on November 24th with the Ecat QX, now we wait for the industrial production,
    Cheers
    Joseph

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Eric Ashworth

    An attempt of an explanation See Vacuum permittivity Mass defect. and dielectric

    I presume every reader and commentator of the JONP has either an interest in physics with regards some specific specialty or a general curiosity. From my own perspective I have had and still do a general curiosity and therefore cannot claim to be a specialist in any particular subject matter. I do however consider physics to be the most important subject due to its ability to allow a continual control of a destiny that involves both time and space. What I am saying is that there comes a time when knowledge is essential to overcome specific problems with regards evolution and the changes brought about by it. Time does not stand still and thereby distances become greater, environmental changes occur, transitions take place in accordance to an increase in energy and it is because of this that we need to understand physics with regards its four dimensions together with the all important fifth. There are four dimensions with regards material substance/zones, these being solid, liquid, gas and plasma. The fifth is a tricky variable due to an ever increasing degree of emptiness regarding this most important set. ‘Empty Set’ and ‘Set Theory’ is an important understanding but because of time and our particular position this understanding is not imperative at this moment. Consequently certain aspects of understanding can be said to be ‘before there time’. As regards LENRs, I believe, its time has come as it overcomes a much needed energy problem that the world is currently facing. Other technologies are not so much such a critical issue but need to be investigated in preparation for what will be needed at some future date and where LENRs will be essential. Consequently, there are two technologies that I will be putting forward as considerations that could provide insights into other aspects of physics that I am unaware of. These two technologies are interconnected with regards binary systems, one of them the introductory is a mechanical mechanism that is labeled a ‘Linear Propulsion Mechanism’ (L.P.M.) and that held a U.S. patent, maybe it still does. The written details with regards the patent I find in some instances confusing. My original text was altered by the patent agent and then I was given 24 hrs to amend it. Consequently, time ran out. Nevertheless, the technology still holds good. (What the technology is based upon is four mobile dimensions situated between two manufactured static dimensions). The four mobile dimensions represent a minor ‘set’ of which a major set contains four of these minor ‘sets’. Each ‘set’ occupies a zone and thereby there are three minor transitions within a ‘set’. The fourth transition into another major ‘set’ requires a major transition with regards an increase in energy content. This is because of a distance travelled over a specific space i.e. a minor systemic system. This may seem confusing but I hope my continued explanation will help explain. Evolution moves forward from periphery to a central position of the overriding structure. What ‘Empty Set’ and ‘Set Theory’ relates to is the structure of a unit of energy and how that structure relates within the overriding structure, that’s why the digits in maths goes from zero to ten and then starts to run through the ‘sets’ relating to the first ‘set’. There is no ‘End Set’, all you need to know is the zero to ten ‘set’. This I shall explain in the second technology with regards electromagnetic neutrals. The L.P.M. as such is an appliance and can in a specific instance be referred to as a bi-polar unifying field oscillator that demonstrates interacting curvature forces that produce linear forces by oscillating interactions. The apparatus relies upon four interacting mobile units that have to be set centripetally within a circumference so as to provide a 50% overlap and thereby provide a mass defect within the manufactured flow. They are therefore positioned mid way of a triangular position within a circle. The manufactured mass defect oscillates between the base and apex of each triangle and forced down into each cavity on either side of a separator which is part of the static structure. Thereby the L.P.M. is able to demonstrate the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction both by the physical mechanism and by the flow dynamics which provides the flow with an independent identity i.e. a none interactive static barrier (this mechanism is absolutely silent in operation because of its unified field). The static frame is designed to accommodate the pitch of the rotating propellers i.e. the resultant pressures (Inner depth apex four, middle pivot three, outer base two, outer chamber one, fuselage zero i.e. ‘Empty Set’) this magnifies the surrounding static barrier force which is contained within specific chambers surrounding the mechanism (between two and one) and which tracks the flow as it surrounds the mechanism on four distinct circuits. Within the structure there are eight manufactured helical trajectories of flow i.e. economy flows that circumnavigate within the frame ( four inward, four outward) i.e. equivalent of flux tubes. These helical trajectories contain a degree of emptiness that provides structure and thereby a degree of density that increases the propelling effect. The mechanism is able to demonstrate in a very simple way how energy is trapped within a structure by flow and is insulated from surrounding structures. I refer to it as being able to demonstrate the mechanics of an atom even though the atom is of a spiral construction). Because of the required geometry and the need for a necessary interior space, the mechanism requires two or more sets of the mobile propellers i.e. eight or more. The geometry of the set-up being of a flattened construction is based upon the triangle, the circle and the square. whereby these three symbols when in an integrated combination are able to provide an insight into a unit of energy. The apex of the triangle is considered the most inner most position and therefor positive being a dimension of size. The inner most base of the triangle i.e. half way along is the most negative and the circle midway between apex and base is the neutral from which the unit of energy evolves in both directions with regards one set. Without mass defect structure does not exist. Once mass defect is engaged, structure occurs and with it, weight which provides it with an attractive force. Consequently an energy unit becomes a full potential of the power that exists at the very centre of its progenitor this being at the apex of the triangle being the major ‘Empty Set’. As the potential descends within, its potential becomes greater i.e. the size positive gets smaller and the negative volume gets greater. The square is the ever present inclusive force of an ionized state due to the field of the progenitor force being comprised of minor sets that navigate the zones within the field and that ultimately reach the required destination, being the apex of the triangle i.e. maximum potential of the field both inner positive and outer negative. Outside of the square is the ‘Empty Set’ which equals the ‘Empty Set’ in the central position. This continual state of affairs provides the field, within which the potentials exist, a simultaneous expansion and contraction/of planck length which provides for a continual circuit of potentials out and potentials in, such as that able to be demonstrated by the bi-polar unifying field oscillation mechanism and because all sets have a major ‘End Set’ including those of which the Earth is traversing. The mechanism as described will eventually become a much needed appliance to overcome an eventual event. It will of course need the required dual method of propulsion and this I will explain at a later date and of course the almost limitless amount of energy provided by LENRs. As an interesting consideration. If energy units such as planets evolve into density they obviously start out huge and nebulous and condense down within their progenitor flux tube. At some point in time they would be semi dense and support huge semi dense units of consciousness that would become extinct as the planet progresses through its sets and at some point in time midway there will be a major readjustment/dawn of intelligence from which there will be a continual series of minor readjustments that effect the size dimension and the volume dimension of the mass. The planet undergoes continual shrinkage and its field continual expansion. The planck length decreases in increments and the event horizon increases in incremental pulses. This, I believe, is why isotopes represent stages within periodic sets. From what I understand regarding physics all knowledge with regards our present period in evolution is fully known but only by a very few people and this knowledge is purposely suppressed by a convoluted language, designed to confuse a relatively simple process. Consequently certain technologies are ‘put down’ and ignored by those in control. What I intend to explain later is the the required photon engine/e.v.os to complete a unifying field oscillation vehicle. Everything in physics is ancient knowledge and been known about since the beginning of time. See Wikipedia, Woodward effect, Mach’s principle and impulse engine. I shall try to explain it in simple language. Maybe this will also help explain LENRs. Regards, Eric Ashworth. Any questions Shall explain if able.

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your patent has been granted in USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, all the 47 Countries of Europe, Russia, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa: to maintain all these patents in good standing you have to pay a lot of money every year, since you have to pay in every Country the yearly taxes plus the fees to the attorneys that do the procedure:
    1- is it right?
    2- is it worth?

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. CORRECTION: when in my message of June 14, 2018 at 1:33 PM I had said: “if electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the Earth’s entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations.”

    I should have said instead:

    If ***US*** electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the ***USA’s*** entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations.”

    Rodney Nicholson.

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Still bad math.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. A little further thought on the following issue:

    = = = = = = = = = =
    Andrea Rossi
    June 8, 2018 at 4:17 PM

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, I think you got the point. To make electricity with the Ecat you need to use a Carnoot cycle circuit, that is convenient only for industrial applications. It is unthinkable to put in a household an Ecat connected with a boiler, a steam turbne, a condenser.
    Surely to serve a village the situation is different, depending on its populations. As for the remote locations, it depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    = = = = = = = = = = = =

    It might be worthwhile to make detailed calculations to estimate how large a ‘village’ would need to be for the costs of Ecat+Carnot to be at breakeven against the costs of grid power. Eliminating just the cost of the very-high-voltage, long distance, grid transmission lines and transformers (as well as eliminating their ugliness, and all the other costs and problems of existing fuels), and thereby needing to use only local transmission lines, might show that even rather small ‘villages’ could be competitively served by Ecats.

    It would also be useful to know how large a village would need to be for Ecat+Carnot to be at breakeven against unsubsidized roof-top solar cells.

    With these numbers in hand, I bet there would be innovative smaller communities that would be keen to adopt small Ecat plants, the operation of which might possibly demonstrate the smaller unit approach to be more cost effective. That is, that it might show it to be a mistake to consider replacing nuclear, gas or coal fired stations with large Ecat arrays ONSITE.

    If that did indeed turn out to be the case (yes, perhaps that is a ‘big if’) it would be good not to head down the wrong road early on.

    (As a digression, I recall that in a speech given by a leading electric utility company executive around 1970, he stated: “if electric power demand continues to grow at the same rate it has the last 50 years, and if no economies are made in the number of acres of land it takes to generate a megawatt of power, then in 187 years the Earth’s entire land surface will be covered with nothing but generating stations. No room for anything else. Not even transmission lines.” Of course a lot has changed since then.)

    Rodney.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your interesting suggestions.
    About the 1970 Exec: surely he was not a god in analytical mathematics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Giobbe Pazienza, Andrea Rossi:

    As a small a advertisement, I want to note that we have developed a method called the plasma brake to eliminate the formation of new orbital debris. An ESA report of a design of a plasma brake module is described in this project report: http://www.electric-sailing.fi/papers/BB15-LSIversion-with-execsum.pdf .

    The plasma brake is a spin-off of our earlier E-sail invention for solar wind driven interplanetary propulsion.

    regards, /pekka

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Congratulations! Very interesting paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Giobbe Pazienza

    The Space Agency of Russia has launched a program to annihilate the space garbage, kind of spent satellites and the like, by a laser beam focused on them. This is a pretty smart cosmic waste disposal system, don’t you think?
    Ciao,
    Giobbe Pazienza

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Giobbe Pazienza:
    As a matter of fact the space around the Earth is filled by garbage residual from the thousands of launches that have been made in sixty years and it begins to be an issue for the vector rockets that are launched now and will be launched in future for whatsoever purpose.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    your appreciation is a great reward and honor for me.

    To complete the previous info, this is a link to another DOE report (quite old actually, now probably figures are even better) comparing in a table various fuel-cell technologies with related application range and efficiency:

    https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/doe_fuelcell_factsheet.pdf

    I know hydrogen is dangerous and its distribution costly, but if the conversion to electricity is made in the same plant (maybe using part of the heat resulting from the hydrogen generation process) these issues could be overcome and the net result would be a closed system with eCat charge as the only input and heat + electricity as outputs !

    My dream is a Combined Heat & Power Station serving a small village or a residential district.
    Let’s make it a reality !

    Warm Regards again,
    Riccardo

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    Very interesting. Again thanks, and, to be clear, the honour to receive all these comments of help and sustain is for all of my team an honour, besides to be important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    if you google “sulfur-iodine cycle wiki” you can find a general overview of it.

    It’s a mature process compared to more recent researches based on catalyzers.

    Temperature required is above 900 °C (a breeze for the e-Cat) and efficiency
    can reach 50%.

    I found interesting some recent developments made in Japan to couple this
    technology to nuclear plant for hydrogen production on large scale: you just
    have to replace the heat source !

    This is another link on the process description you may find useful:

    https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/pdfs/review05/pd27_pickard.pdf

    Electrifying Regards,
    Riccardo

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Thank you very much for your interesting information.
    This is another example, among others, about how our Readers are important to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    instead of producing electricity directly or by means of an engine / generator working on the basis of the Carnot cycle, did you consider hydrogen generation from water at high temperature (using the well known sulfur-iodine cycle or similar) coupled with a package of fuel cells ?

    It should be a green process (pollution wise), scalable and with a comparable overall efficiency…

    Thanks a lot for your opinion.
    Riccardo

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    I am not familiar with the techology you cite: what is the efficiency? Can you suggest a publication?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Mohammed Alì

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Lot od persons say you will never be able to sell heat with your Ecats

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Mohammed Alì:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think of the mess between Italy and France upon the migrant situation? Do you think the Ecat technology could help in some way?
    CC

  39. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    As always, good sense will prevail and the migrants burden will be managed and shared between all the Countries involved in it in right proportion and with due selection.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Guia

    Dr Rossi,
    I think that the photovoltaic panels do not match with the small surface of your light source,
    Cheers
    Guia

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Guia:
    Beyond any doubt, the technology that better matches with the Ecat SK is the jet engine, that is designed to convert energy at very high density. But we are working on the heat exchange problem. PV cells are an option. The production of hot air and water with heat exchangers is the more close to a solution that satisfies all the conditions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for taking the time for an interview on Monday. You can listen to it here: http://e-catworld.com/2018/06/12/interview-with-andrea-rossi-on-e-cat-commercialization/

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you and your Readers for the attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    this is a link to a UV photovoltaic cell technology that could be (hopefully) matched to the E-Cat SK emission spectrum to generate electricity:

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303509744_Ultraviolet_Plasmonic_Aluminium_Nanoparticles_for_Highly_Efficient_Light_Incoupling_on_Silicon_Solar_Cells

    What do you think about ?

    Warm Regards,
    Riccardo

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Interesting, but still very green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Gunnar

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I want to congratulate with you for the convincing demo you made on November 24 at the IVA of Stockholm with the Ecat QX. From that prototype we can understand the immense leap you made.
    Godspeed,
    Gunnar

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Gunnar:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Steven N. Karels

    Rodney Nicholson,

    An interesting concept of using the light emission of the eCat reactor to power a solar cell array. The Carnot efficiency of a steam/turbine combination is in the low 40’s in terms of percentage. I believe solar cells are in the 10 – 20% efficiency range (my information could be outdated). So even with a 100kW eCat reactor running, one would produce about 10kW to 20kW of electrical power less conversion efficiencies. So you would need to use or release to the environment the “waste” heat (90kW to 80kW). Might be acceptable during the cold winter but less so during the hot summer months. Heating a hot water tank would be useful but the demand is intermittent. But household electrical demand is also variable. So unless the eCat control range is quite wide and can accommodate near instantaneous demand changes, a single household implementation might be difficult to design and build. I would think a village/local implementation would be more logical.

    A possible transfer geometry would be an elliptical cavity with the eCat reactor at one foci and the solar cell array at the other foci.

  49. Regarding:

    = = = = = = = = = =
    Andrea Rossi
    June 8, 2018 at 4:17 PM

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, I think you got the point. To make electricity with the Ecat you need to use a Carnoot cycle circuit, that is convenient only for industrial applications. It is unthinkable to put in a household an Ecat connected with a boiler, a steam turbne, a condenser.
    Surely to serve a village the situation is different, depending on its populations. As for the remote locations, it depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    = = = = = = = = = = = =

    Stretching this point a little further: Given the high internal temperature of the present versions of the Ecat, a considerable amount of the energy being produced must be in the form of light of various wave lengths.

    Could electric power be generated by incorporating a solar cell in some way?

    Eliminating the transmission costs borne by consumers of electric power would be of great benefit not only to the consumers themselves, but to the economy as a whole as well, not to mention the sales of Ecats!

    Kindest regards,

    Rodney Nicholson.

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Point taken again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Apart the USA, which is the Country where you think the Ecats will arrive first?
    CC

  52. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Probably Sweden,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Here is a very interesting reference to a possible way to discover the dark matter:
    Journal of High Energy Physics, June 2018, “Stimulated emission of dark matter axion from condensed matter excitation”, by Naoto Yokoi and Eiji Saitoh.
    It describes the process to detect dark matter axions in galactic halos and the possibility to reproduce the effect in laboratory.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you! It appears that the Dark matter issue is as controversial as the LENR: a flow of sceptic and enthusiastic considerations continues to keep alive the interest on the “matter”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting links, but the spin combining of electrons to form a Boson can happen only in superconductors, close to zero K, or in non zero value vacuum : both these conditions have probability close to zero to happen casually in the Earth’s core.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and DrewG,

    As you may know, in 1972 a natural Uranium Fission Reactor was discovered in Oklo, Gabon, Africa.

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ancient-nuclear-reactor/

    It would probably be equally, if not more, remarkable if the Earth’s thermal energy and volcanoes derive from LENR.

    See these articles on the proposed source of Thermal Energy in the Earth by Dr. Frederick Mayer and the late Dr. John R. Reitz.

    https://www.nonlin-processes-geophys-discuss.net/npg-2018-13/npg-2018-13.pdf

    In this paper, an alternative process is suggested, namely: that, in the Earth’s very mixed and varied materials of both insulators and metals, a “superfluid” of Cooper electron pairs forms in some regions such that the pairs can migrate and eventually collide with a proton (here again, probably H3O+ or its deuteron cousin) (see Panel B of Figure 1) to form either a proton tresino or a deuteron tresino. The ensuing reaction dynamics and energy generation then follows the same reaction chains as those of our earlier paper (Mayer and Reitz, 2014).

    (Mayer & Reitz, 2014)
    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1406.1419.pdf

    Thermal Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  57. DrewG

    Dr. Rossi:

    I eagerly await the industrialization of your ECAT technology since following your technology development since the 2011 Bologna University demonstration. I’d like your thoughts on the source of the thermal energy in the earth’s core now very evident in the volcanic eruptions in Hawaii and Guatemala. Any relationship to the thermal processes related to the low energy nuclear reactions of your ECATs?

  58. Andrea Rossi

    DrewG:
    I do not think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Anonymous

    Sir:
    Is the Ecat manufacturing presently still made in the USA or also in other Countries?

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The manufacturing is made in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Christian

    Dear Andrea
    Are you still making R&D to find if the Ecat makes direct electricity?

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Christian:
    So far we are just thermalizing the electric fields inside the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Mario Marini

    Dear Andrea,
    Wonderful interview with Prof Giorgio Vassallo and Vessela Nikolova with Andrea Rossi:
    http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Bruno Angius

    Dear Andrea,
    I wonder if and when do you think it will be possible to replace the hot processes of the current steel factories (blast furnaces and converters), which are highly polluting for the environment, with the clean thermal energy of E-CAT SK supplied by Leonardo Corp.?
    Take care.
    BA

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno Angius:
    This is another important sector we are interested to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. DT

    Dear Andrea,
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov has replicated your effect with a reactor that performed for 250 days straight.
    I think it is very important.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  69. Gavino Mamia

    Quindi è fattibile un Ecat + motore a reazione che fornisca energia elettrica per il funzionamento di una automobile?

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Theoretically is not impossible to conceive a jet engine that turns an alternator to move a car.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    OK, I think I’ve got it: unless a potential industrial customer asks you for longer run-time between charges, it’s not on your radar screen.

    Big exo-misunderstanding on my part. ( 😉 )

    WaltC

  72. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    It is not what I said: as I said, we ARE making long run tests, meanng by “long run” a period between 6 and 12 months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Regarding using your SK for jet engines, wouldn’t a replacement
    for a gas-turbine be a more modest and simple stepping stone?
    I’m thinking that such a heat/steam driven turbine could
    revolutionize and decentralize our electrical grid.
    Iggy

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Also a gas turbine coul be fueled by the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Gavino Mamia

    Buongiorno Dott. Rossi, il motore a reazione che sta progettando da applicare all’Ecat SK vale solo per gli impianti industriali? Può essere applicato alle normali autovetture?
    Non sono documentato sui motori a reazione e non ho la più pallida idea di come possa funzionare partendo da una fonte di calore.
    Ha qualche link da leggere oppure potrebbe spiegare in parole semplici?
    Grazie e buon lavoro.

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Gavino Mamia:
    A jet engine emits a thrust of hot air and such thrust can be turned into any kind of energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    Hypothetically speaking, suppose at some point there were an application(*) that needed a much longer charge-life– for instance, 2 years, 10 years or possibly 40 years– I know that’s not something you can test anytime soon, but do you expect that the changes needed to accommodate the longer run-time would be relatively simple (for example, by increasing the volume of the charge material, or by switching between multiple devices that are kept mostly “off”) or do you believe it would be fairly difficult?

    * – With respect to the application, I was thinking specifically about things where it’s hard to retrieve and maintain the device– like outer-space and inner-space applications: satellites, buoys, instruments, drones, robots, probes…

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  78. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I hope to make also the Ecat SK ready to be delivered to our Clients within this year. Obviously not to be sent in the space or in exosomething.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Dr. Rossi, everyone wants to go to Heaven, but no-one wants to die,
    But the next question is Why.
    This is my opinion:
    Heaven is forever, which is a very long time.
    Our time on Earth is very short.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Those verses of a song of the country singer Loretta Lynn mean that everybody wants the prize without paying for it and I was referring to them who want to be financed without putting their money first on the stakes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Arisa

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    We are reading that you are working hard, but, if I may ask: how is your health? One year ago you had a surgery for cancer, are you completely healed?
    Your work is important and you are precious.
    Godspeed,
    Arisa

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Arisa:
    Thanks to God my health is perfect. In this period I made a complete set of analysis and all is perfect.
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Warmest Regards,
    Andrea

  83. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    Why the Ecat SK has worked only for 25 hours?
    Ulrich Kranz

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    It has been the first test at full power and the scope was not to check the endurance, but to see if it was able to work well. Now we are working on the reliablity in the long run.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On the SK variant of eCat reactors:

    1. What is the turn-on time from a cold start: (minutes, seconds…)?
    2. Is the control problem more difficult than your other reactor types?
    3. Is the anticipated operational lifetime the same as your other reactor types? (about a year?)
    4. Is the effective COP similar to your other reactor types?
    5. Is the required power input type only electrical or can you use other energy sources (e.g., natural gas) to power it?
    6. Is the SK reactor more dangerous than your other reactor types (explosions, destructive failures, etc.)?

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- seconds
    2- yes
    3- if you mean the charge: yes
    4- yes
    5- only electricsl
    6- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    Your business plan is confidential.
    Can I make a guess without waiting for an answer?
    You probably can take an advance for the heat, in the amount that covers the cost of making the boiler. The installation is at the customer’s disposal, including as a pledge and a guarantee of the fulfillment of the energy supply.

    Thank you and your team for their important work.
    Success and health!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Our business plan is confidential.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Jacinta Hanna

    Have you already designed a jet engine fueled by your Effect?

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Jacinta Hanna:
    Yes, I designed the preliminar drawings, but much work has to be done, albeit the Ecat SK is really fit for a jet engine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Azzurra

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think about the new government of Italy and its effort to sustain new energies ? If asked about suggestions, what would you suggest to them?
    Thank you for your great work,
    Azzurra

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Azzurra:
    I think that in Italy what happened is a democratic revolution that the old guard wants not and cannot understand. Italians have said clearly that they want not anymore the old system. The most important thing that happened is that the so called “opinion makers” ( mainstream mass media ), dominated by the old guard, are not anymore able to build and destroy what their patrons want: the mind of people is getting free. I think this is positive, because in this kind of environment the word DEMOCRACY begins to make sense.
    Suggestions for the new energies? Sustain only technologies that have been able to arrive with their own legs to effective and working products and not spend money for projects that nobody wants to finance with his own money: everybody wants to go to Heaven, but nobody wants to die.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I have trouble formulating my last question.
    I understand very well that you are going to sell heat and not E-Cat. This way of proceeding will require a lot of capital for the manufacture of boilers that you will not sell. My question is: how many years does it take for the heat sales of an E-Cat to cover the cost of manufacturing the boiler? That’s what I call “return on investment”
    I wish you every success and support to your team

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No troubles, put the questions you want. When I can, I answer. In this case I cannot.
    As I said, our business plan is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    are you aware of today’s Popes conference with the oil titans?
    JPR

  96. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes. The Holy Father , in a nutshell, said that the transition to less polluting energy sources is a challenge of epochal proportions and that satisfying the globe’s eenergy needs must not destroy civilization. He concluded saying that to find new energy sources that respect the environment is our duty in front of our sisters and brothers and especially the poors that have not the privilege to find refuge in environmental sanctuaries.
    Let’s go to fight and work for this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Dr. Rossi, For news on 1414 Degrees :
    Google company 1414
    School down and click on:
    Silicon Battery Firm 1414 Degrees Float to reward patient founders

    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  98. Dear Dr Rossi
    Is it possible to run a gas turbine with the heat output of the Ecat. I am looking into the possibility of using a gas turbine to produce electricity rather than a steam turbine. I know you have mentioned in the past about jet engines for aircraft. A company called ‘1414’ that uses molten silicon to store energy is using gas turbines to produce electricity from the stored heat.

    Thank you

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Yes, that is a lead we are following for the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    As I understand it, the new Ecat will not be on sale. Your future business strategy would be to sell energy rather than reactors. But then you will have to build these reactors, possibly in large quantities: do you believe banks will easily lend you the necessary funds to start the production?

    OFF TOPIC:

    A friend Physicist, BG, retired from a large French research organization, has just submitted to the gravitation specialists his theory on dark matter.
    The conclusion is that dark matter does not exist. It is no more necessary to use exotic particles to explain abnormalities in the rotation of galaxies.
    He told me the first returns are good, i am so happy for him !
    His theory of emergent gravity solves not only the question of dark matter but also gravitation, dark energy and general relativity. All in one elegant theory.
    A mystery solved with a chalk and a blackboard (of which I have a photo …)

    Michel

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Our business plan is confidential.
    OFF TOPIC:
    Very interesting: can you send us more detailed information, or the link to a publication?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Samantha Cathern:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    What do you estimate will be the price of an average domestic Ecat once it will be certified?
    Chuck Davis

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Impossible to say now, but probably we will sell heat, not apparatuses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you yet found any suitable Stirling engines that would work with the E-Cat’s heat to generate electricity?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet. There is not an offer for a reliable industrialized product at an acceptable price. I say this after a thorough research.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Samatha Cathern

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your demo of the Ecat QX that you made at the IVA of Stockholm has been very convincing. I am among those who think you are really very close to industrialize the Ecat.
    Cheers,
    S.C.

  108. Dear Andrea:

    Regarding:
    = = = = = = = = =
    Andrea Rossi
    June 3, 2018 at 3:32 PM

    Gavino Mamia:
    for domestic Ecats the sole use I can foresee in the short term is heating.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    = = = = = = = = =

    Is the reason for this that, based on currently available technology, the expense of the equipment required to convert a small (10kW, perhaps) Ecat unit’s energy into electricity would make electric power from a domestic Ecat more expensive than that from the grid?

    If so, then might it be economically viable for, say, a local community of 1000 homes to generate electric power from a single, larger Ecat unit? (Possibly feeding excess power back into the grid, as is currently being done with domestic solar power in some places).

    And might the Ecat still be viable – although at higher cost – for a small unit in a remote location?

    Rodney Nicholson.

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, I think you got the point. To make electricity with the Ecat you need to use a Carnoot cycle circuit, that is convenient only for industrial applications. It is unthinkable to put in a household an Ecat connected with a boiler, a steam turbne, a condenser.
    Surely to serve a village the situation is different, depending on its populations. As for the remote locations, it depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Dear Rossi,
    the prof. Vincenzo Sglavo, Department of Industrial Engineering at the University of Trento has discovered the flash sintering. Does this process have similarities with those of ecat?
    Sintering is (with reference to a powdered material) coalesce into a solid or porous mass by means of heating (and usually also compression) without liquefaction. Example make ceramic products.
    Unlike in a normal sintering, in the flash sintering the product to be fired is subjected to the passage of a light electric current and this greatly accelerates the process of consolidation of the ceramic already at much lower temperatures. The reasons for the phenomenon are not clear, as well as the origin of the strange flashes that are seen during the process, hence the name of flash sintering.

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Luca Pisani:
    I do not know that technology, so for me is difficult to answer, but from what you write it has nothing to do with our technology.
    Good luck to Prof Vincenzo Sglavo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    A group of silent majority:
    Thank you for your important sustain to the work of our team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. A group from the silent majority

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You are working very hard many years since to make an industrialized product based on the LENR. We understand how difficult it is and we understand how important and disruptive is your technology.
    We feel the necessity to thank you for your immense work, because to start in 2018, or even in 2019, the industrialization of LENR based products is a miracle made by human work and you and your small team have been able to realize something that much bigger concerns have nt been able to make.
    May God continue to help your work,
    A group of silent majority

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    CO2 has a market.
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    According to this article (See link below), it may be possible to remove CO2 from the atmosphere for ~$100/ton.

    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/611369/maybe-we-can-afford-to-suck-cosub2sub-out-of-the-sky-after-all/

    That is, if the energy used to accomplish this task doesn’t put a half a ton or more of CO2 back into the atmosphere.

    If heat can be produced on-site by a group (or “kindle”) of E-CAT SKs, it might be possible to remove CO2 for less than $20/ton.

    And this might become another large market for the E-CATs.

    The new problem would now be: What to do with all of the extracted CO2?!

    Keep on keeping on,

    Joseph Fine

  116. Max

    In the video of the demonstration you made in Stockholm at the IVA on November 24 2017 the measurement with the spectrometer, that was very important, has not been possible for the reason that the light from the big screen made interferences with the waves radiated by the Ecat QX. How the problem has been resolved on course of your eventual experiments wherein external light could make the same effect?

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Max:
    Yes, the measurements with the spectrometer to use the Wien and Boltzmann equations is very important, because allows a mathematically precise calculation of the energy made by the Ecat. The problem has been resolved with a simple method, consisting in wrapping around the optic field of the spectrometer a black cover.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Dr. Rossi, How much are you going to charge for heat ?
    This a decision only you can make.
    May I be so bold as to make a suggestion ?
    Charge a percent of what they are now paying.
    For example, if you charge 50% of their present cost.
    This will pay you an enormous income, and the Customer will save money every month.
    You will pay for Maintenance, Repair, and Fuel.
    No other method of producing Heat can compete.
    You will have the entire Heating World to yourself.
    Then If you can produce Electricity on a large scale you will double your income.
    Looking down the Road if you can produce Electricity and Heat for the home, your income will increase again.
    Who is not going to want a Free Unit and will save them money every month ?
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Our offers to the Clients will guarantee a substantial profit to them. The price will depend on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    You still in schedule to start the deliveries by this year?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    While the Ecat QX is ready, the SK needs much work, therefore presently we are working more with the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In this period are you working more on the SK or on the QX?

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Abe Vincent

    Dear AR,

    If the customer doesn’t have to pay for the plant then presumably you will have to borrow a lot of capital against future income to pay for it yourself. Have the banks shown any interest in lending you the enormous sums involved or can we expect an IPO in the near future? Perhaps you don’t plan to expand very rapidly?

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Our business plan is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I agree that it is a win-win deal for buyer to not have to invest and to buy cheaper heat.
    To justify your investment, you would need to obligate the buyer to purchase a minimum quantity of heat, correct?
    Iggy

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I find your plan to start the use of the E-Cat by selling heat as excellent.
    This present a minimal risk for your customers and gives yourself the necessary time to improve and finish the product. The income from the heat may balance some of your costs for improving a lot of details with a new product. When yourself and your customer find the plant and the technology ready for wider sales, you will have the possibility to offer the costumer a nice takeover price.
    The first plants will receive fully attention from the total world and this marketing will you not need to pay for.
    I wish you and your team all the best in your efforts.
    Regards Svein Henrik

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your insight: I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Can you tell us what will be the return on investment of an E-Cat installed at one of your customers for your company? This is one of the important criteria for a potential investor who wants less than five years.

    All my support for your entire team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We will sell heat, not plants.
    The return for our Customers will be what they will save by buying our less expensive heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Stephen

    Dear A.R.,
    after the idea of the great Nikola Tesla, who more than a century ago used electromagnetic energy to transfer energy over an air gap between two coils, Audi, in collaboration with specialized companies, is studying the possibility to put on its hybrid A 8 model an apparatus that could charge the batteries of the car while it is moving, providing the streets of a coil that, coupling with the coil installed in the apparatus on the car, would allow the charging process (source: New York Times, June 6th 2018). What do you think?

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Theoretically it is not impossible, Tesla’s principle is true and widely applied. The dispersion of energy would be high, though, therefore, considering that the charge would be supplied to the grid on the road by traditional power plants, I am afraid that the pollution would not be reduced, but, on the contrary, increased, albeit displaced from one site to another. It looks to me environmental cosmetic, more than environmental technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Alma

    Mr Rossi:
    Is there in your team any afro-american woman?

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Alma:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Curzio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which are the elementary particles that are conserved during the interactions?

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Curzio:
    What is conserved is the number of leptons, quarks, barions: therefore the number of all the stable Fermions is conserved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Aimee Flick

    Dear Andrea:
    A jet engine would resolve all the problems connected with the heat exchange in the context of a minuscule primary an the big surfaces necessary to convey the heat. The throw could eventually turn a turbine. What do you think?

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Aimee Flick:
    It is a valid option. A jet engine is surely a good match for the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. A Goumy

    Mr Rossi,
    With the new control and regulation in remote mode, is the waiting time between the instructions given by the client, and the command sent to the plant, not a security risk?
    More specifically:
    1. Is there an emergency stop at the user’s disposal?
    2. Does compatibility remain with the certification you got previously?
    Best regards,
    A.G.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    A Goumy:
    1- yes
    2- yes: all the sefety issues have been maintained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Jag bara undrar?

    Keeping control of the “cat” and its control system is in my way of seeing the only possible way. Not to keep any secrets because it is not difficult for an actor with great resources to imitate them. I am convinced that it is essentially about reducing the risks of someone’s deliberately causing accidents with the new technology, which must then be investigated and investigated while the months go and the operator himself has the opportunity to develop his own products.

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Bara Undrar?:
    This is another important replication, generated by the very good work of Dr Parkomov. Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    I think that the centralized control of the Ecats will limit their application in many fields, like for example cars. Besides, it is impossible to modulate from remote an Ecat that has to change rate in short time.
    Your answer?

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It is true, but now we are selling only heat. When we will make jet engines or other mobile applications we will study the new situation.
    About the modulation, we have resolved the problem and we will regulate the power along the necessities of the Client.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. "Jag bara undrar?"

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/06/06/russian-news-report-scientific-breakthrough-cold-nuclear-synthesis-became-managed/

    Please hurry up. Now I really want your name to be in the history books and not just as a footnote

  147. Nigel Sanders

    Dear Andrea,
    How will be regulated the amount of heat produced by your plant, assuming he could need from 10% to 100% of the power? Will he have a control on the power regulation?
    Your long time admirer, with best wishes to you and your team,
    Nigel Sanders

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Nigel Sanders:
    The control and regulation will be made from out headquarter in remote mode, based on the instructions that the Client will have to give us. At any moment the Client will be able to email or phone us if he needs any variation from the standard performance and we will command to the plant consequently.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Mohamed Ali

    Dr Rossi:
    Is any Islamic person among the scientists you worked with?

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Mohamed Ali:
    Yes, and very good too, I must say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Eve

    Andrea:
    Women have reached the highest echelons in Physics, but none of them has emerged in the field of LENR. Do you have an explication for this?
    Cheers
    Eve
    P.S.
    Congratulations for the convincing demo of the Ecat QX on November 24 in Stockholm- I watched the youtube video of it.

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Eve:
    What I can say is that in our Team there are women whose work is extremely important. I do not know if your statement has bases, I knew very qualified women working in our field, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Dr. Rossi, You keep saying, ALL the energy sources should be integrated.
    Does this include Coal ? Which kills thousands of people each year. This is a fact.
    Does this include Nuke Plants ? They produce Radioactive Rods which remain Radioactive for 300 Thousand Years.
    With the exception of Solar and Wind, I believe every source of energy has a harmful effect on Humans or the Environment or both.
    Why do you want the World to continue to use these bad Apples ?
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Coal: the BACT ( best available control technologies ) can make sustainable the emissions, the importance of coal is still huge, the jobs generated in the world by its chain, from mining to burning, are millions.
    Nuclear Power: the problem of waste disposal is still there, you are right, plus the nuclear plants produce plutonium that encourages the production of nuclear arms. Here the problem is very big and very political, more than energetic…nonetheless, they do not emit any molecules suspected to increase the global warming. The balance is that the existing ones can be integrated, albeit more of them would not be the best choice: obviously this is my opinion, right or wrong as it might be. All the other sources are satisfying the global demand of energy that no source is able to fulfill alone and the consequences of energy shortage are more dangerous that the damages from all the sources are producing; as a general of Napoleon said during the battle of Austerlitz: ‘If you want to make an omelette, some eggs have to be broken!’.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Waldo Toya

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read all the case history on http://www.ingandrearossi.com.
    Very inspiring.
    Good luck for your penetration in the market with your revolutionary product,
    Waldo

  156. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What is the longest, continuous operation of the SK version of the eCat reactor? seconds, minutes, hours, days…

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    24 hours.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    75% of French electricity is of nuclear origin. The French state is committed to reducing the share of nuclear power to 50% by 2050.
    Do you think it’s possible and cost-effective to eventually replace the conventional nuclear boilers of today’s plants with E-Cat SK boilers of the same power? Could this be a solution for a cheaper conversion?
    All my support for your entire team for both R & D and industrialization
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Premature to answer, but I think that all the energy sources have to be integrated. Thank you for your wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    Again, thank you for your sincere efforts in all of your goals. I know your project is based on an undefined scientific principal because its physics, as applied it is new and unfamiliar implementation. I’ve had one glass of wine {Merlot} so my tongue is loose but ‘honest’ … I think your desire to control your project is predicated on previous unjust and unfair actions of corrupt government and greedy individuals. Your desire to protect and guide your project in a ‘structured’ and shielded environment is understandable however, it is unfair to you and the children of our future.

    Please bear with me on this logic as I am sure as a man of Christian virtues you will evaluate truths in our faith from the words of One who we follow.

    As I am aware the internet is a two edged sword and capable of both creative and destructive processes and as a parallel, so is our church of followers & deniers and the perspectives each may have …. And of which you also have many. Andrea, like many things of our life passing, we see and understand to the limit of which God has allowed us to see and comprehend. For his purpose and our wonder, we strive to reach an epoch of reference so we may measure…

    That seems to be mans nature does it not, to measure? Everything,.. we must measure and establish new boundaries and datums on each variable, Q or E, or TRUE or NOT and for others to use and hypothesize ad infinum.

    Without merit, I am just another person who understands based on other evidence, knows that your system of invention does work and I will enjoy watching your journey to prove many others a wonderful and fruitful creation. But I ask you for serious caution in your zealous desire for absolute control. It is an unresolved platform for transfer of power. You are the genesis of this but will not be the recognized source until this generation passes. As a key is passed to another so will the magnitude of power be passed ceremoniously to another with a different vision.

    Please with insight, consider a path for many to follow in the fairness of ‘common knowledge’ v.s. constrained ownership. Both are measured by truth and fairness, what will you be measured by ?

    Of course , this need not be published as it is for you.

    Thank you for your time and diligence.

    Jeff

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    Second answer
    Every client would be able to measure the Watts consumed and the watts produced by the Ecat.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  162. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your reply and generous offer of allowing me the opportunity to put forward a few thoughts, some of which are based upon observations regarding embodied theories and some upon reactions from specialists in the associated fields. Whether my information is correct or not, is like a lot of theories in physics speculative but nevertheless I believe it should be shared among people interested in this fascinating subject. Nano technology is opening up new horizons in technology. One thought of mine which I know nothing about but is interesting is with regards to homeopathy a very ancient science that maybe in certain instances could have a beneficial effect. Anyway I will not be mentioning this again but it is mentioned in Wikipedia together with some modern day theories regarding memory water.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Homeopathy is a sort of a trick that could be a model to understand tha basic pronciple of quantum mechanics: since the last ‘quantum’ of a thing is one molecule of it, if you dilute that substance enough times, also the last molecule disappears. This is just dilution and if you dilute several tens of time any substance with the 99% of another substance, for example water, the original substance disappears, because you cannot dilute further after you arrived to the last molecule ( like to say you cannot have more light after you spent the last quantum of it, which is like to say the last photon of it ).
    Thank you for your insight anyway,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  164. Here is some new music that features Andrea Rossi. Best wishes for a Happy Birthday!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLpQqWReYds

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    He, he, he…
    Beey ice, thank you for your music !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea, could you please say how many conductive wires lead out from your 1kW module to the active controller? Thanks again for your continued communication with many of us out here on the sidelines….

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  168. Xavier Pitz

    Better : Better bet on a better bet… :)

    Xavier

  169. Better

    Mr Rossi,
    I have placed a bet against your capacity to start to deliver within 2018

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Better:
    Good luck
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Bill

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    again congratulations for the very convincing demo at the IVA of Stockholm of the Ecat QX
    Godspeed,
    Bill

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Bill:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team.

  173. Oriane

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will be first plant you will install locared in the USA?

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Oriane:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  176. Beppe

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    after reading all the dramatic events described on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    I cannot avoid to think to the ads of ENI that sY they have invented how to turn wastes into fuel: they are just copying your patent of 1978!
    Beppe

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Beppe:
    That patent of mine has expired on 1998 and I am honoured that ENI is using it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Gavino Mamia

    Se il ciclo di Carnot (per trasformare il calore in energia elettrica) non va bene a livello casalingo o all’interno di una automobile, cosa è conveniente usare per sfruttare l’immenso calore dell’Ecat?

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    for domestic Ecats the sole use I can foresee in the short term is heating.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Whether your birthday is on June 2nd or 3rd, my/our best wishes for today and for many more happy and healthy birthdays in the future.

    Joseph Fine

  182. Joseph

    Are you sure that the remote control from your headquarter will forbid the reverse engineering?
    Joseph

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph:
    You never can be sure in this field, but we made a great thing with top level experts, taking advice of the most recent developments. I am sure that to succeed you have to unforeseeable good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards

  184. Gavino Mamia

    Caro Dott. Rossi!
    Sogno una automobile che abbia un motore e-kat che produca elettricità (ciclo di carnot?), con una batteria abbastanza piccola e leggera (100 kg) che sia sufficiente per alimentare l’e-kat, per le partenze e per una percorrenza abbastanza limitata come backup.
    Sogno una centralina casalinga e-kat con una potenza da 3-5 KW che produca energia elettrica per gli elettrodomestici e per i condizionatori d’estate, che produca acqua calda per il bagno e per i termosifoni d’inverno.
    Sogno un mondo non inquinato e energia alla portata di tutti.
    Questa energia ci costa ora mezzo stipendio e una buona parte del mondo non se la può permettere.
    Spero che questo sogno si avveri prima possibile.
    Tanti auguri di buon compleanno.

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your wishes.
    About your dreams, i think we are far from applications in cars, as well as from electricity ( Carnot cycle ) made by domestic Ecats.
    Tha Carnot cycle is fit only for industrial plants.
    In the short term I am optimistic about the production of heat and electricity for industrial plants.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  186. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I live in a group of 231 apartments divided in several buildings.
    Our annual heating costs are roughly 180000 € per year for all apartments.
    Our common boiler works with fuel, which is currently very cheap. This boiler works beautifully well, with very few failures and extra costs.
    World oil and gas reserves are important, the US has become one of the largest producers, which has led OPEC to reduce production to stabilize prices.

    In these conditions, assuming that the new E-cat works reliably (few maintenance interventions), do you think you will be competitive?

    Regards,

    Michel

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  188. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does the ecat generate acustic waves?

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Ludwig

    Dear Andrea:
    when do you think you will have real evidence about the validity of the theory you and Gullstrom are working upon?
    All the best,
    Ludwig

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Ludwig:
    We will have the results of an experiment on course by half August.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Tony

    In a jet engine you do not need a heat exchanger, because the thrust is made by the expansion of the air and this would resolve the issue to recover the energy with a density as high as in an Ecat SK

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Tony:
    True
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. KN

    Dear Andrea
    will the billing of the heat be made by Leonardo Corp or outsourced?

  195. Andrea Rossi

    KN:
    We will do it directly.
    Already organized.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Vikram

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    did you patent your ecat also in India?

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Vikram:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  198. giannino Ferro Casagrande

    TANTI TANTI AUGURI CARO ANDREA E IMPEGNATI COME HO FATTO IO PER TUTTA LA VITA NEL LAVORO !!! E IL LAVORO NELLA RICERCA E’ IL PIU BELLO ED IL PIU MERAVIGLIOSO CHE SI POSSA IMMAGINARE !!!!!! gianni di Udin ,,,,,

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Grazie!
    Cari saluti
    A.R.

  200. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, You are now mentioning a new toy where you had to investigate electronics and you mention the tremendous energy between 100nm and 200nm. As you are aware I have explained that I am involved in the mechanics of energy interaction and can demonstrate a mechanical mechanism able to explain certain phenomena in physics. This mechanism is not allowed to be demonstrated within research institutions or universities although specialists in the field have asked permission higher up the chain who have denied my request. By the study of the mechanism I have come to certain conclusions with regards energy interactions. One of these being that the ‘planck length’ is in proportion to the event horizon and that the plank length is dependent upon the involved ‘Set’. Mathematics is, I believe, a tool designed by those who understood energy but there are because of comprehension two understandings, one being pure maths for those who deal in a full spectrum of energy and one for those who are unaware of the full spectrum. Those who are unaware we call trades people i.e. tile cutters, plumbers and carpet fitters etc. These people know that pi = 3.14159 whereas people who understand energy know that pi = 4 and that ‘EmptySet’ is a constituent part of the necessary links in the spectrums of an energy field. I believe that with your latest research you are aware that a unit of size dimension and a unit of volume dimension are connected and as such represent an energy value. You have put a considerable amount of time, effort and money into your research over many years and I believe that a person requires reward for his due diligence. I therefore do not want to broadcast what I think your new technology involves but maybe a few clues could give you an idea of where I am coming from and whether I am on track. Your new technology involves what I term Super Neutrals, an understanding of time as a sequence of events involving integral components and a series of transitions within a single time zone whereby volumes and sizes interact as corpuscular units of energy. Whether you have a magnetic shield is optional. The mechanical mechanism can be adapted in several ways for various applications but its main purpose is to provide a very powerful linear propelling force in the atmosphere, outside it would require the electronic version to achieve the required propulsion. As I have previously stated, I believe, your nano technology is able to demonstrate an important aspect in physics and be able to back up your new electronic understanding that will have far reaching implications for many generations to come. Again I wish you all the success in the world.
    regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. If what I have stated has nothing to do with your new found technology, would you allow me the opportunity of providing the maths to this ‘Super Neutral’ technology and its connection to the mechanical mechanism. I believe that there are three required aspects of physics. The nano scale scale that provides almost limitless amounts of energy, the electro magnetic macro scale and the static and mobile mechanical. Thereby both pure and applied maths are a requirement. There is also much interest in whether the universe is expanding and could the ‘Big Bang’ have been an event. Maybe this question can have an explanation.

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    thank you for your insight.
    It is not conciliable with what we do, but you are welcome to send your comments to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    R&D:
    As a matter of fact, I am not still convinced to be wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Giannino Ferro Casagrande

    Dear Andrea,
    today is your real birthday, even if you have been registered as born on June 3: as you said, this has been an early advice about your eventual issues with the Italian burocracy!
    May this new year of your life see the industrialization of the Ecat!
    Godspeed
    Giannino Ferro Casagrande

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Ferro Casagrande:
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. R&D

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    is the theoretical work you are making with Carl Oscar Gullstrom still focused on the annihilation of virtual particles born y the temperature reached by their field?

  206. Mellie Julian

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I have understood that the experiments you will make with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom will be made using the Ecat QX.
    Why not with the SK?

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Mellie Julian:
    because the QX is ready to be industrialized and reliable. while the SK is still immature for a long experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  208. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I think that a jet engine is the best application for the SK, because it is the easiest way to put at work all the energy produced ny means of a so small source.
    Best Regards

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kramz:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Ulrich Kranz

    I wish you succeed to put the Ecat SK in the market within this year and I want to ask:
    1- could the SK be fit for the Carnot cycle and fuel an electricity generation facility?
    2- is still on his way a 10 kW model?
    Ulrich Kranz

  211. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Of course I was referring to your excess energy device other than fusion or fission devices.
    Warm regards.

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Now I am thinking only to the work to do and this does not allow time for anything else.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Have you thought about the effect on society and yourself, when and if an indisputable proof of controlled excess energy will be presented to the main stream scientists and public?
    I would assume that an overwhelming amount of interest from media, academic and financial groups will be imposed upon your personal life.
    Like Einstein, people will be pressing you for interviews and information and your private life will be gone. Your ability to continue your personal research will be highly restricted.
    Have you made any plans to control this imposition on your future actions?
    Privacy regards.

  214. Don

    Congratulations for youtube Ecat QX presentation at Stockholm.
    Very convincing demonstration.
    All the best,
    Don

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Don:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In Thermodynamics there are three heat transfer mechanisms: Conduction; Convection; and Radiation. In you older eCat reactors, it appears the primary heat transfer mechanisms used for an operational system (excluding experimental testing) was conduction and convection. Do you foresee the primary heat transfer mechanism for the SK eCat reactor to be radiation?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    Any kind of energy can eventually be turned into another. The choice then depends on the way to obtain the highest efficiency and this depends on the system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Jack Gares

    Will the Ecat SK be useful also for the theoretical research you are making with Carl Oscar Gullstrom we saw in the video of his lecture in Stockholm?

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Gares:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Bob

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    From what you wrote about the Ecat SK it seems good for jet engines
    Cheers

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    I agree,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Carmelo Pietsch

    Do you think that the first Ecat SK will be put in operation and where?
    Thank you for your work,
    C.P.

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Carmelo Pietsch:
    yes, perhaps this year, in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Annette

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You made very well making the website http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    It is important to understand and it is very well explained.
    Annette

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Annette:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Warren Oken

    Dear Andrea,
    can you tell us which colour was the light radiated from the Ecat SK?

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Warren Oken:
    You mean what we saw: blinding white, like when you try to look directly at the sun. But attention: we did not look directly at the plasma, it is too dangerous for the eyes, so we were protected by due screening; what we looked at was the area around it .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Assuming your “heat/energy sales” business model works well for your industrial market,
    do you also anticipate selling heat/energy to home consumers once approved by safety regulators?
    Iggy

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Over the past few weeks certain comments have been made regarding Wikipedia and Pieto asked you a question ‘Why the relativity theory of Einstein is still considered a theory of physics and not a law’. You said you thought it to be more to do with a semantic problem i.e. a problem with a language interpretation which I agree with due to specializations regarding specialists. For a long time I thought that Einstein was so far advanced with regards his knowledge that this made it difficult for him to be understood. My own thoughts now are that Einstein was the perfect candidate chosen to confuse people and purposely make physics a very difficult subject to be understood. The word physics implies physical reality. Einstein was a mathematician and this allowed him to deal with physics on a subjective level. Atomists were people who believed that all of nature was formed of just two states, the state of something and the state of nothing thereby they were said to study atomism but if you study physics, the nothing can not be studied and therefor an atomist was at a disadvantage. Today a modern atomist would have no problem studying the source of the gravitational effect and particle physics if he embraced two subjects. ‘Empty Set’ and ‘Set Theory’ with regards mass defect that would be explainable regarding the gravitational effect. Gravity being a force that, I believe, not only creates the physical but controls it, is a none physical structure that can only be dealt with by pure maths. By keeping such subjects apart physics becomes an incomplete science by being disjointed due to its components. Could an Empty Set be a component?. If a synapse is a component of nerve fibres then yes it could be. Wikipedia as more and more people are realizing is although extremely informative also has its downside by being prejudiced with regards certain information. The long and the short of it is, is that there is a mystery with regards to physics that must not be explained in mainstream academia. Nano technology being on the nano scale is, l believe, by demonstration able to expose and explain the gravitational side of nature more so than that of molecular physics by being that much more reactionary due to being closer to the power source with regards to its induced potentials. It is stated that gravity is a weak force and it is but only when not exposed. When it is exposed I believe it creates mass defect that creates the exterior electromagnetic field. When exterior magnetic fields of unequal potential interact there is created a third force being a product of two with regards to forming Flux Tubes and their created components. This I will attempt to explain at some later date. In the meantime I wish you much success with your continual research and industrialization plan.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    about the Ecat SK last tests, you said:

    “…I saw from that minuscule reactor exit a tremendously dazzling white light all around the laboratory…”

    Then you told as the measured radiation wavelength was between 100 and 200nm that is far beyond the visible spectrum (400 to 700nm).

    Can you explain ?

    Warmest Regards,

    Riccardo

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    We measured the peaks in the area between 100 and 200 nm, but the spectrum had lower values also through the whole visible spectrum. When you look at the spectrum of a plasma you do not see a peak perpendicular to a flat line with y=0, but a sawteeth like graph. Another reason of the white light, that is the result of all the visible lambda combined, can be the ecceleration of the electrons of the atoms around the plasma. We were, obviously, not looking where the spectrometer eye was ( too dangerous for the sight ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You asked the basis of my estimates of dimensions. As a product’s thermal output grows, normally the size must grow to maintain a certain temperature. Usually the heat generation grows as the cube of the linear dimension while the heat transfer increases as the square of the linear dimension. You appear to have a different technology between the two eCat reactors.

    From your description, I would guess that the SK reactor is essentially transparent, emitting its thermal energy as blackbody radiation with the majority of the energy in the 100 to 200nm range. A heat exchanger surrounding it would need to be large enough to safely capture this energy and exchange it to the outside world for useful work.

    Also from you comments, it appears you are running an arc in which the reaction is occurring. It is unclear to me how you are containing the reaction space, if my understanding is correct.

    Can you comment on the SK technology to clarify?

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are right on the fact that the technology of the Ecat SK is different from the technology of the QX and it is not just a dimensional issue related to the heat exchange.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    in your discussion with Frank Acland I love your attitude, but, like others before me, I am concerned you are driving yourself too hard and may be damaging your health.
    Please take care of yourself, what you are doing is SO important!
    Chuck Davis

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your concern, thanks to God my health is great now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Ron

    Dear Andrea,
    I saw your interview of today on Ecatworld: very funny! ” the Lord said must love your enemies, so I love my enemies, I really do” Ha,ha,ha
    Congratulations for the great results with the Ecat SK
    Gigi

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    …but I really do…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Wes More:
    Yes, we considered it and we are immune.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for taking some of my questions about the E-Cat SK. For your reader’s convenience they can be found here: http://e-catworld.com/2018/05/29/qa-with-andrea-rossi-about-the-e-cat-sk/

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you for your kind attention toward our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Charlie Sutherland

    Andrea,
    Your latest experiment has got to be exciting!
    All the best,
    Charlie

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Probably the most shocking I made so far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would like to thank you, I have been following your work since 2011, and your hard work brings me hope for the futur of humanity, now we can reach for the Stars !
    And the saga is getting more and more exciting !

    P.S : I keep thinking of the “THE SAINT”how intuitive was the film.

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  248. Wes Moore

    Hi, Andrea:
    did you consider the issue of the reactor corrosions with the radiations wavelengths you have measured?
    On a side note: did you schedule the training for the field assistance? I am interested for Canada.
    Best Regards,
    Wes

  249. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted approximately a 4 times increase in the size for the eCat reactor. But I recall the previous eCat had a rated output of 20W thermal and it is alleged that you know have a 100kW eCat reactor. Based on the ratio of 100kW / 20W or 5,000, should not the single dimensional increase be a factor of 17, based on volume, or a factor of 70, based on area? Please clarify.

  250. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I don’t know the bases of your formula, but I agree that the increase of the power density has been exponential. The circuitry has been completely changed, an enormous work of R&D has been done.
    It is true, though, that the power of the Ecat QX presented in Stockholm ( Youtube demonstration of the Ecat QX of November 24 in Stockholm ) was 100 W, not 20, albeit we reduced to 20 W the power during the demo to avoid any risk of failure: I was terrorized to make errors during such an important event and still I did not have the technology invented eventually. In these last 5 months we made an enormous work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  251. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Does the white light emitted by the SK have the same spectrum as natural sunlight? If not, can you tell us what the differences are?
    The SK would probably be better suited for the construction of large power plants.
    All my support for the success of SK R & D
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  252. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The spectrum of sunlight covers the electromagnetic spectrum from infrared through near U.V.
    The spectrum of the Ecat SK covers from 100 nm through 200 nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  253. Luciano

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I suggest to all the readers of this blog to read all the pages of the website
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    if they did not already do it. It is really inspiring.
    Thank you for sharing with us this tragic catharsis,
    all the best,
    Luciano

  254. Andrea Rossi

    Luciano:
    Thank you. It has been more tragic than cathartic, though.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  255. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is fascinating to read your first impression of the SK, it looks like a sun on earth, isn’t it?
    The heat must be tremendous.
    1. Do you have any idea how long the fuel will last, while continuous in operation?
    2. Now that you take also the 100 kW SK in operation, it seems that with the already planned production equipment, your production capacity rises also with a factor near to 100.
    So it seems you could produce Ecats with a total output equivalent of about 10 GW next year, is that a right assumption?
    3. Can you control the SK with the same controller as the QX, or do you need ‘heavier equipment’?
    4. I would assume that also the cost per kW output dropped dramatically, is that right?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  256. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- too soon to know, I suppose at least 6 months
    2- no
    3- different equipment
    4- yes, but we are not going to sell the Ecats, we will sell the heat installing them in the factories of our Customers and controlling them from our HQ in the USA by means of reserved communication channels that we do deem unattackable ( we really do ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  257. Sam

    Good Morning Dr Rossi

    I hope you have gotten some rest
    after S.K. test.Will you be posting
    any pictures of the test?

    Regards
    Sam

  258. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The test has been made in the USA in a specialized laboratory and the persons were me plus two
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  259. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Can you reveal how many people
    where running the test and how many
    people there?

    Thanks
    Sam

  260. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    two days.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  261. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    judging from the test of the 24th november, the control system seems to be open loop, because of the response to the change from low resistance to 800 ohm.
    I know that you can not say anything in positive or negative, but i suggest to use a closed loop control system, if you do not use it.
    The advantages are many. Fisrt of all a well designed closed loop control system, avoids the runaways such that the one that broke your grade 14 glass…
    Be sure to design a correct control system with proper anti wind up protection…

    Best Regards,
    Marco

  262. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  263. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can you please provide the reactor dimensions of the 100kW SK reactor?
    2. What is its maximum operating temperature (or what you are willing to state)?
    3. What effective COP are you observing?

  264. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- not yet, but moreless four times the Ecat QX shown in Stockholm ( google youtube ecat QX demonstration on November 24 in Stockholm”
    2- enough to obtain any usable temperature on the secondary of the heat exchanger
    3- enough, very enough
    When we will deliver it to the Customers I will supply these data, not before
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  265. Gavino Mamia

    Salve Dott. Rossi!
    Sono molti anni che seguo il suo progetto e gli ultimi sviluppi mi stanno molto emozionando.
    Avanti così!!!
    Siete l’unica salvezza per il mondo

  266. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  267. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Congratulations to you and your team on the successful
    EcatSK test.Can you say how long the test took?

    Regards
    Sam

  268. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, as soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  269. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations to the the Ecat SK successful tests!!

    Just a stupid question: How do you know the SK is 100kW? By measurements or theoretical calculations?

    Best regards

  270. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    By measurements.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  271. Herwig Lauten

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    have you been able to obtain a full spectrum scan of the radiation emitted by the Ecat SK?
    Wish all the best,
    Herwig Lauten

  272. Andrea Rossi

    Herwig Lauten:
    Yes, the lambda is between 100 and 200 nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  273. Clark

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you describe some particular phase that made you tremble during the Ecat SK test?

  274. Andrea Rossi

    Clark:
    we had to protect ourselves behind a grade 14 glass because looking at the light radiated by the SK could damage seriously the eyes. Few seconds after the turn on of the reactor the heat radiated from the Ecat SK broke the 14 protection glass. We had supplementary 14 protection masks. Nonetheless, I saw from that minuscule reactor exit a tremendously dazzling white light all around the laboratory and I will never forget this impression. The SK was born. I think we will make it useful. Many errors emerged, but now we work to correct them, the most difficult part has been resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  275. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I have been holding my breath waiting for you to let us know about the results of the strategic test you just completed. You have again exceeded our expectations in the potentially strategic realignment of the 100 kW as a possible inclusion or update to your industrialization goals.

    Thanks to you and all your team for sharing that OVER THE TOP and very wonderful information with us!

    Honestly, I dared not try to imagine your team daring to dream, beam, gleam, scheme, seam or STEAM with this type of announcement, but it is in fact consistent with your basic “theme” of research. Earth Shaking!

    Thank you for sharing with us.

    Regards,

    Tom

    … will it be a 24″ cube or smaller perhaps?

  276. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for yur continue attention to the work of our Team.
    Dimension: less.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  277. Andrea Rossi

    Dr irina and Vitaly uzikov:
    Thank you for your attention and for your support. Yes, I am very satisfied of what I saw. I think we will work together too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  278. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that the SK test had gone very well. Does this mean that you will now start the industrialization with the SK instead of the QX?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  279. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are working toward that target.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  280. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  281. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    I hope so for both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  282. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Your business strategy is to sell energy in the form of heat and not to sell boilers. This sounds like John Davison Rockefeller’s clever strategy for developing petrol lamps for free, and then selling the oil to make them work.
    I hope and wish you a similar success to this gentleman

    I also hope that the tests on the SK will live up to your expectations. I am looking forward to hearing more about this topic.
    All my support to the team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  283. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  284. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with the near to successful tests of the Ecat SK.
    1. As far as I know you have mentioned two versions of the SK in the past: the 10 kW and the 100 kW version. Which one was tested?
    2. Have you already decided to to take this SK unit in production too?
    3. When the SK will be taken into production, will then also your initial output level target rise from 100 MW to 1 GW?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  285. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- 100 kW
    2- yes
    3- modules can be combined theoretically without limits
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  286. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Bara Undrar:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  287. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    Strong congratulations for the successful test of the Ecat SK. Can you tell us the power you got?

  288. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    100 kW and it is 4 times as big as the 1 kW Ecat QX ( not counting the heat exchanger ), that has the same dimensions of the Ecat QX shown in Stockholm on Nov 24.
    I think we made a very good work in these months. Very brutal, but fruitful.
    I am still trembling. It was emotional. Now we have to work on it, but I think they will arrive together in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  289. "Jag bara undrar?"

    In the case of sterling motors. Inresol AB has some models with built-in VPN as security to control the control unit. In the brochure, they show how the engines can be linked to a MW plant in a container. One of the models is apparently a “gamma engine” according to the website. Perhaps interesting to know even though “gamma engine” is a well-known concept of sterling motors …

    https://www.inresol.se/uploaded_files/CX-datasheet1.pdf?v20180403071037

    https://www.inresol.se/uploaded_files/TRX-datasheet.pdf?v20180316093245

    http://www.Inresol.se

  290. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that the test has gone well, which E-CAT SK will join E-CAT QX for the commercialization at the end 2018 ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  291. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We sincerely congratulate you on the successful completion of the test with Ecat SK!
    Your fantastic performance, brilliant talent and perseverance in achieving a great goal provide an incredibly rapid development of ECAT technology. But there is a huge request to you that you take care of your health.

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  292. Jean Paul Renoir

    How has gone the test with the SK? Should have been completed now, based on what you said yesterday.
    Thanks if you can answer,
    JPR

  293. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    The test with the Ecat SK has been completed minutes ago and has gone very well. Some problems remain to be assessed, but we are very satisfied, because the major problems have been resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  294. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    My previous question (2) is probably misplaced.

    I just wanted to know if other 1MW reactors (the same generation that was tested for a year at a customer) were sold. And if so, who are these customers (if of course this question is not still covered by NDA).

    Regards,

    Michel

  295. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    No, we did not.
    We hope will start the deliveries within the end of this year, but not selling the plants, we will install the plants and sell the heat they produce and they will be controlled from our headquarter, wherever they will be in the world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  296. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    regarding the publication of the names of your customers on your website. It is a form of advertising, for you and for them, but I think that, at least for the first customers, you could tempt some of them by offer a discount on the heat price if they accept to be on your website… Talking to the wallet of the customer is often the best strategy…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  297. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  298. Craig

    How is going your test with the SK?

  299. Andrea Rossi

    Craig:
    The test will go on other 24 hours from now, will finish tomorrow morning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  300. Luciano Cavalieri

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I suggest you not to publish the names of your Customers for the first year of operation, to avoid them to be assaulted from your powerful enemies. I read on the interesting site http://www.ingandrearossi.com that the clients to whom you sold thousands of tonns of your oil Petroldragon have been blocked with formal pretexts to forbid you to sell your oil and therefore qualify your oil made by wastes as a waste itself, with a consequent spending of “politic” money, paying for the disposal 10 times the market price. Be careful. Obviously, we should be curious to know the names of your customers, but maybe for them and you is better maintain the business confidential until your market is so consolidated, not to be put in discussion.
    You are History in the making, be careful.
    All the best,
    Luciano

  301. Andrea Rossi

    Luciano Cavalieri:
    Thank you for the suggestion, your considerations have right of citizenship. We must be careful, but also we must give evidence of our activity, albeit your point is taken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  302. Kevin Crase

    Are the measurements of the power of the Ecats taken both with calorimetry and spectrometry?
    Thanks,
    Kevin

  303. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin Crase:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  304. Rupert

    Dear Andrea:
    Is the test with the Ecat SK on course in the USA?

  305. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  306. Three Oxford Dictionary definitions of “miracle”:

    “An extraordinary and welcome event that is not explicable by natural or scientific laws and is therefore attributed to a divine agency”: ‘the miracle of rising from the grave’

    “A remarkable event or development that brings very welcome consequences”: ‘it was a miracle that more people hadn’t been killed’;
    ‘industries at the heart of the economic miracle’

    “An exceptional product or achievement, or an outstanding example of something”: ‘a machine which was a miracle of design’.

    Take your pick!

    Rodney.

  307. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    “A lot of work, no Sundays, no Holidays, no excuses, a totally dedicated life, an endless patience in every possible situation”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  308. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    1 – Companies are always proud to publish their customers on their home pages: will we see on your website who are your customers, or will it still be submitted to NDA?

    2 – If I did not miss anything, it seems to me to have seen nothing or heard about the customers of the previous Ecat (1MW) ?

    3- Companies need heavy investments to start massive production (Tesla for ex). How are you going to finance the production and do you plan to use the market?

    Congratulations for your persistence in this project, I hope it will succeed where all others have failed, make it a product.

    Regards,

    Michel

  309. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    1- this allowance will depend on them, but I think some of them will accept.
    2- you kidding?
    3- we have a solid business plan, audited by one of the major auditing companies. It is confidential.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  310. Michael

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will be the module of the industrialized Ecat QX equal to the Ecat shown on the video of youtube “Presentation of the Ecat QX Stockholm November 24 2018”?

  311. Andrea Rossi

    Michael:
    The external aspect and the dimensions are the same, but the Ecat QX shown at the IVA of Stockholm had a power of 20 W, the industrialized Ecat has a power of 1 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  312. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I agree that “miracle”is not the proper word to describe the Ecat:”phenomenal” maybe more appropriate. In my mind is among the most important invention of all times.
    Thank you,
    Chuck Davis

  313. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We ( my team and I ) are just making our job as well as we can.
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  314. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I do not understand why you are saying that the Ecat is not a miracle. If it does do what you have been showing, then it is a miracle, at least in the eyes of 95% of the nuclear physists. Can you explain this, please?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  315. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The Ecat is not a miracle, it is the product of a team that is working very, very hard that soon will enter the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  316. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    If you read this article https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00376-018-7160-4, (just the abstract will do), then you must agree that humanity has little time left to survive the disaster that is coming to us. Maybe your Ecat is the only way out.
    Wouldn’t you agree that, assuming that people are indeed the cause of the change in climate by burning fossile fuel, the Ecat IS the short term solution?
    If you have earned enough money, in the coming years, please give the design and know-how to humanity, so it can be developed much more quickly than you and your team can do, just to save the world!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  317. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    The global warming has much more complex origins and the Ecat is not a miraculous device.
    It will be useful, for sure.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,

  318. Catarina Lorrie

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    thank you for the convincing test you made at the IVA of Stockholm. I saw it on Youtube
    “Ecat demonstration of the Ecat QX on Stockholm November 24 2017” if somebody is interested.
    Now we wait the product!
    Good luck,
    Cararina

  319. Andrea Rossi

    Catarina Lorrie:
    Thank you for your attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  320. Silent Majority Guy

    Andrea:
    Every intelligent person has surely noticed that in the wikipedia pages you are attacked for things happened thirty years ago, while about your present work with the Ecat they need to hide information (like the fact that after review your patent has been granted in the USA and in the world) to reach the scope to libel you. Means they have not substantial arguments against you. By the way: if you observe carefully the language and the references, it appears obvious that the “editor” happens to be your well known competitor (or, better, failed competitor) probably backed by some strong power, to be so much rooted in Wikipedia.
    Just ignore them, as you always did, your product will dissolve their effect, if any.
    Godspeed,
    Silent majority guy

  321. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    Thank you, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  322. Alan Schechter

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    for what it’s worth, I felt like adding my 2 cents to [Wikipedia’s] omission of facts.
    My email to them:
    ” Article: Energy Catalizer
    24-05-2018 11.24
    to: info-en@wikimedia.org
    Dear info service,
    please note that the commercialization of this device is coming and its proof of validity will be tested in the crucible of wether it works, or not, in heat production. One ought to wait for these results, or minimally mention that the commercial use is coming, prior to condemning the process to oblivion, as the article now concludes.
    Thanks for any attention to this matter.
    Alan Schechter”

    Best Regards, carry on, the world is waiting, patiently.

  323. Andrea Rossi

    Alan Schechter:
    Thank you for your 2 cents. We put them in our treasure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  324. Jean Powell

    Dear Andrea:
    Your answers on http://www.ingandrearossi.com are very well done.
    Cheers
    JP

  325. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Powell:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  326. Andrea Rossi

    Elizabeth:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  327. Elizebeth

    @Edgar182:
    What is fastidious in the Andrea Rossi page published on Wikipedia is not the fact that they express skepticism, this is their right and only a series of Ecat working regularly in the market will dissolve skepticism. Sincere skepticism is always welcome. What is fastidious is that Wikipedia writes false facts and refuses to accept the corrections: this legitimates doubts, or, if you prefer, skepticism, about their assumed neutrality: what Andrea calls their “dark side”.
    All the best,
    Elizabeth

  328. Anonymous

    Dear dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where did you get your doctorate?

  329. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    My Alma Mater is the “Universita’ degli Studi di Milano”, Via Festa del Perdono, Milan, Italy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  330. Nadira

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    At this point we are close to half year: do you still think it is possible you will start the industrial production of the Ecat within the end of 2018?
    Godspeed,
    Nadira

  331. Andrea Rossi

    Nadira:
    Yes.I still hope. This weekend we will also know if the SK will enter in production too, pending a terribly important test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  332. Lucrecia Beck

    Dear Andrea,
    Good luck for the next week’s test of the SK: I want to see what you dubbed your masterpiece,
    Cheers
    Lucrecia

  333. Andrea Rossi

    Lucrecia Beck:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  334. EDGAR 182

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I saw the Wikipedia page about you and I got stunned:
    1- they write that your US patent has been rejected, but it is obviously false, because your patent US 9,115,913 B1 has been granted in the USA and in all the Countries of Europe, plus in Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Russia, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa… I tried many times to make this correction, but Wikipedia cancelled my correction!
    2- they write that you have been convicted, but they do not write that you have been acquitted, hiding the article of the Corriere Della sera in which is published that you have been acquitted in the middle of all the references, to make it invisible! I tried to make also this correction, but again it has been deleted by the “editor” im matter of seconds, even if the source is certain and neutral, along what is supposed to be Wikipedia’s protocol
    3- they write that you are married with Ms Pascucci, but I know you and I know this is false! This is not per se important, but gives a clear evidence that, beyond any possible doubt, Wikipedia lies compulsorily even upon things that have nothing to do with the core of the issue,
    4- they report libeling themes against you citing as “neutral sources” publications of your competitors ! For examplr thay deleted my correction related to your thermoelectric Seebeck Effect modules: they totally ignored the publications in which has been explained that the prototype, made by you, worked well, but when has been made a more massive direct fusion the efficiency decreased down to 10%, but the DOD considered interesting the experiment: there is a document produced in the litigation against IH that proves it, and it is a document written by the DOD! They also omit to say that you did not receive any money from the DOD for this R&D, therefore it is false write that you had a contract.
    I tried to correct, correct correct things absolutely false, but always my corrections have been deleted. After my umpth correction finally I succeeded to receive an answer from the gentlemen of Wikipedia: THEY BANNED ME !!!! And maintained all the blatant falsities. I REPEAT: I DID NOT CORRECT TO MAKE CONSIDERATIONS OR INNUENDOS, OR JUST OPINIONS, I JUST TRIED TO CORRECT BLATANT FALSITIES WITH EVIDENCE BEYOND ANY REASONABLE DOUBT!!!
    I am writing this comment just to inform you and the readers of this blog that Wikipedia is not that correct media that they pretend to be. They are liars, independently from the reason of this lurid behavior.
    Fortunately your product in the market will spoil the damage they could generate toward you and will put them in a ridiculous situation.
    Godspeed,
    Edgar 182

  335. Andrea Rossi

    Edgar 182:
    I know the feeling. You are not the first to say this. Wikipedia is like the moon: there is a clear side and there is a dark side of it.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 42 000 of this blog

  336. Martin Dowtin

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that paper mills can be interested to buy the heat from the Ecat?

  337. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Dowtin:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  338. Thomas

    Dear Andrea,
    Your commercial strategy will surely be improved if the SK will succeed. But what will happen if it will not?

  339. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    We will proceed with the Ecat QX, that has reached a solid reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  340. Andrew

    What do you think will be the most important feature of the Ecat for your customers?

  341. Andrea Rossi

    Andrew:
    The money that the Ecat will make our Customers save and earn. If our product will make our Customers earn money, they will buy the Ecat, otherwise they will not buy it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  342. Pietro

    Dear Andrea:
    I read that you made a doctorate thesis concerning also the Relativity theory.
    Why do you think that the Relativity of Einstein is still considered a theory of physics and and not a law?
    All the best,
    Pietro

  343. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro:
    Good question, I am not able to answer, also considering that the Relativity has been confirmed by endless experimantal and industrial applications: just consider that cell phones could not work without calculations related to the Relativity, while, on the contrary, all the critics and the theories against the Relativity turned out to be unsustainable.
    I think this is just a semantic issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  344. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    At the october E-CAT QX presentation, will there be some guests invited ?

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  345. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Extremely important tests will be made next week: from the results will depend if we focus immediately on it or if we delay to the future its development.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  346. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you aware of a Stirling engine that can be coupled with an Ecat to fuel an EV?
    Cheers
    Chuck Davis

  347. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  348. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    How is going on the important test you are doing with E-CAT SK ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint François

  349. Afriend

    Dr Rossi,
    Your commercial strategy is a winner: no tests, no proofs, no bullshit, just sell the heat at prices nobody can compete with.
    Genial.
    Godspeed,
    Afriend

  350. Andrea Rossi

    Afriend:
    Thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  351. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    is it possible that, if you control the QX by the cloud and the connection is lost for a time or an entire day, the system goes in trouble or shut down!
    My best wishes, Giuseppe

  352. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    The Client must have a backup in case of blackout. The backup can be the traditional system he already has.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  353. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,

    do you have sold heat/steam ECAT in Europe?
    You have recived some demand? If yes…where?
    There will be a costumer service in Europe? When?

    Thanks
    Luca

  354. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    We are making deals in Europe.
    Every Customer will have our service.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  355. JPR

    Neutrinos have no charge, no spin, but a neutrino has its anti-neutrino: what is the difference between a neutrino and an antineutrino, if they have no charge, no spin?
    JPR

  356. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Neutrinos have spin, albeit that is the same for neutrinos and antineutrinos: 1/2
    The difference between neutrinos and antineutrinos, as far as I know, are:
    1- opposite chirality
    2- opposite sign of lepton numbers
    Maybe there are others that I do not know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  357. Darren

    Dear Andrea,
    A movie of the Star Wars series begins with a race of flying vehicles in which a plasma reactor that looks like your Ecat QX makes the throw to go: odd, isn’t it?
    Godspeed,
    Darren

  358. Andrea Rossi

    Darren:
    He,he,he…I remember that scene, it was inspiring.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  359. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I know the CEO of an industry that can be interested to buy the heat from the Ecat. What can I do?
    Cheers
    CC

  360. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Please give me the contact on
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  361. Leo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    With the start of the sales of your heat made from LENR you wrote a page of history.
    Godspeed,
    Leo

  362. Andrea Rossi

    Leo:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  363. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a thread from ECat World about
    your ECat industrial strategy

    https://e-catworld.com/2018/05/20/rossis-industrial-e-cat-strategy/

    Regards
    Sam

  364. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  365. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Question about the price of your heat energy. It will be fixed, or will depend on the country of the customer, and local prices of energy?
    My best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  366. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    It will be defined case by case depending on the situation to share the profit with the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  367. Jag bara undrar?

    If the e-cat can come up with any normal temperature in the industry. Then the cement industry must be interested and there sells / manufactures ABB control systems and more.

  368. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Bara Undrar?
    Thank you for your opinion.
    I agree on the point of the security, but I assure you that the IP will be very well defended. Nothing is impossible, but our system will be very close to impossible to be broken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  369. Sceptic guy

    Mr Rossi:
    Did I understand well that you are not going to sell the plants, but only the heat?
    Who will say to the customers that your technology works, apart you?

  370. Andrea Rossi

    Sceptic guy:
    Their wallet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  371. Jack

    I think the idea of the control of the ecats through the cloud is genial. It also cuts the throat to all the doubts: if you install at your expenses the plants and the customers have only to pay the heat, you are the undisputable winner in the LENR field. Nobody has even thought to a similar masterpiece.
    Godspeed
    Jack

  372. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  373. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I would like to toot my horn.
    Almost 6 years ago……..
    Iggy Dalrymple
    June 6, 2012 at 8:04 AM
    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you considered forming your own wholesale electric utility? You could sell electric power to cities, utility companies, and large industrial users. That way you could better protect your intellectual property. My small town (population 2,500) sells electricity to its citizens, but buys all its power from the grid.

    As you know, there are many small remote villages that use diesel generated electricity produced with diesel oil barged in at great expense.http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/AEO/RemotePower/RemotePower.html

    Some small island states could use your service without any bureaucratic interference.

    Sincerely,
    Iggy Dalrymple
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Andrea Rossi
    June 6, 2012 at 8:18 AM
    Dear Iggy Dalrymple:
    Our strategy is to sell the reactors, but your sggestion could become of actuality in future.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Back then I suggested retaining ownership of your reactors and selling electricity.
    Well, selling heat is the next best thing.

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  374. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    You have been right in past as well as you are right now, possibly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  375. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Of importance to many followers of your work is the desire to have independent third party verification of the power output and COP of your E-Cat system. It is understood that you want to keep critical details of how the E-Cat operates secret. For this reason you are retaining ownership and the giving the customer no access to details of how the system works. When you install an E-Cat QX system in a customer’s facility surely the customer will be able to measure the integrated energy fed to the installed E-Cat as well as the energy outputted by the E-Cat system. In all likelihood the electrical power fed to the E-Cat would be monitored with a standard Kilowatt hour meter, and the heat produced by the E-Cat would be monitored by flow and temperature gauges installed where the hot water or steam passes from your E-Cat to his facility. The primary propose of these measurements would be to verify that the E-Cat is complying with your contract to provide net energy in the form of heat, but this data over time can potentially provide multiple third party verification of the E-Cat’s performance as a “Black box”. Hopefully such “black box” data would not give away any E-Cat secrets that would help a competitor but would increase interest in and acceptance of your E-Cat system.
    Such verification will be of interest to your followers only if both you and your customers allow it to be released into the public domain. Further that the customers as independent agents publicly represent the data to be accurate. I believe (hope) that some of your customers will agree to provide such third party verification if you don’t make keeping it confidential a contractual requirement.

    Questions:

    1. Do you want your E-Cat system to be widely accepted as a viable energy producing system in the 2018 to 2019 time frame?

    2. Assuming that some of your early customers are willing to do so; will you allow them to publically disclose electrical input and thermal output data as integrated energy values over periods of time like days, weeks, or months?

    I am a retired systems engineer who worked for years on advanced technology associated with the manufacture of integrated circuits. My interest in your work is driven by the desire to see some form of safe cheap nuclear energy become a reality in my life time.

    Thank You,

    Dan Galburt

  376. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    I agree with you: the wallet of our Customers will be the best and most convincing witness of the economical advantages, if any, of our technology and such independent witness will not affect the defense of our IP.
    I am convinced that some Customer of ours will not have difficulties about giving testimony regarding our efficiency in the delivery of thermal energy and its competitiveness.
    It is obvious that in the context of this commercial strategy it is naif to ask us other demonstrations, for the same reason for which Exxon does not need to give any demo about the fact that their gas works and has the price their customers pay for each gallon.
    Thank you for your comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  377. CC

    Is your internet protection for the transmission of the control system of military grade?

  378. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  379. Philip

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still convinced that your effect comes from the annihilation of virtual low energy particles born by a temperature equal to their energy?

  380. Andrea Rossi

    Philip:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  381. DT

    Dear DAndrea,
    Do you think the control system through the cloud makes impossible the reverse engineering?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  382. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Nothing is impossible, but I can guarantee you the way we transmit through a cloud is very well protected, made by specialists from the highest levels of the field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  383. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  384. SM

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The idea of a centralized control system to protect the IP is surely a good idea, but when you will have millions of Ecats in the world it will be difficult to menage.
    Cheers
    SM

  385. Andrea Rossi

    SM:
    True, but by then we will have the right solution, not to mention the fact that we will have reached a strongly dominant position in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  386. Andrea Rossi

    Biorn Jagerlund:
    Yes, by his wallet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  387. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    since i was graduated, it exists the smart card technology. A small chip that is made in shape of a credit card. They costs about 10$ or less and have a full fledged CPU with RAM and ROM. More important they have the technology to keep secret what is inside (think of credit cards or bancomat). Have you thought to use this technology in the future, instead of internet? I mean use a smart card with your custom software that drive an Ecat with a proper slot. The software is not downloadable and you can put countermeasures to not let the user put oscilloscopes or testers to steal the secrets (this problem is present also now with on line tele control)…

  388. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestion, as smart as the card.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  389. Björn Jägerlund

    Dear Mr Rossi

    Will the customer be able to measure the COP of the plant?

    Warm regards

    Björn

  390. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Assuming that someone steals the elements of a plant, he will never discover the software and control signals that make it competitive.
    This is, I believe, the secret to preventing reverse engineering. Is it correct?

    Best Regards,
    Italo R.

  391. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  392. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With your business and technology plan for E-Cat plans, will you accept industrial customers outside the United States?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  393. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  394. John

    @Former Sceptic,
    …not to mention the theoretical study made by Andrea with carl-Oscar Gullstrom…
    Cheers
    John

  395. Former Sceptic

    It is impressive the work you did from the demo of Stockholm of November 2017, in total 5 months, during which has been achieved what follows:
    1- solution of all the problems of overheating
    2- realization of a prototype ready for industrialization
    3- power of the module raised from 20 W to 1 kW with the same dimensions
    4- R&D of the SK
    5- project of the centralized control of the plants of the customers from your site
    All this in a normal concern would need years to be realized.
    Monstruous.
    Godspeed,
    A former sceptic turned your fan

  396. Andrea Rossi

    Former Sceptic:
    All that, thanks to my great Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  397. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    Did you already select the IT experts to realize the remote control that from your factory will have to control the operation of plants around the world?

  398. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  399. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your strategy to maintain the control system centralized in your HQ is one of the most genial solution you could think about.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  400. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It has resolved the reverse engineering issue and allows us to maintain a direct observation of the behavior of all our Ecats. Surely this will be our strategy for the first “pioneers” years. Eventually, we will see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  401. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When the domestic products are on the market, do you expect they will run on the same principle: with control systems at Leonardo HQ, connected to the E-cat via the internet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  402. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    That will be obviously more complex, but this is the model.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  403. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I have a clarifying question about E-catQX:
    Is E-cat already producing useful energy in the food company?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  404. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  405. The deliveries will start in 2019 because of slow robots?
    Viktor Shipachev

  406. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Yeah, they lined up with the Unions…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  407. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In your reply to JPR, do you mean that the control system will not be at the customer’s site?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  408. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Exactly.
    The control system will be in our factory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  409. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    how will internet failure affect the Ecat operation?
    Chuck Davis

  410. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We will use dedicated servers that will grant reliability, but still internet blackouts are possible. Backup is necessary. Our Clients will maintain in by-pass the system they already have to dispose of it as a backup, just in case.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  411. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I am delighted to see that your project is progressing at a steady pace and I hope that the prediction of my crystal ball for commissioning a plant before the end of this year will be a reality.
    Could you tell us if the E-Cat 1MW needs a generator to ensure its safety in case of power failure on the power grid because it must certainly in this case continue to evacuate heat?
    All my encouragement and support for your wonderful work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  412. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes, a backup is necessary. The former heat fluid generator can be such backup.
    Thank you for your kind crystal ball.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  413. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote: ” We deliver and install plants that remain of our property, while we sell the heat they produce.”

    Is this the means you said you have developed to make reverse engineering impossible?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  414. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, combined with the system we adopt.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  415. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your remark to supply heat only is quite interesting. I have some additional questions:
    1. Does it mean that you do not ask for an initial investment of your customer to supply the Ecat QX?
    2. Or perhaps a relatively low initial investment that allows for the requirements of your customer?
    3. If I would be able to gain the interest of 50 of my neighbors, would you be willing to supply a 1 MW unit that can supply 99 degrees C water to me and me neighbors for heating our houses during the winter and for hot water supply for showers and baths? I assume the unit would be located in a small industrial building near to us.
    4. What electrical power connection is required? (1/3 phase?, nominal voltage?, maximum current?). Assume the water pumps to distribute the water to the houses is not part of your delivery.
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  416. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- no, we can only install out plants in industries
    4- 3 phase, voltage depends on the locations grid
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  417. JPR

    Your strategy aimed to sell only heat, not plants and to direct the plants through a cloud is genial. This way nobody has access to the technology. I imagine your remote control destroys someway the secret parts if somebody tries to violate the closed box. Am I correct?

  418. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    As a matter of fact all the industrial secrets related to the control system will not be in the plant, but in our control headquarter; what will be found in the plant is already described in the patent, that for obvious reasons has been published in all the 57 Countries that have granted it. It will be like to steal the secrets of AT&T looking at the telephone set on the table of the sitting room. This will make us waste no time with fake-clients-real-spies, because at this point we will be contacted only by Customers that really want only to save money, when buying energy, not giving a damn about how it can happen. It should also speed up our penetration, because the Client has no risks, makes no investments, if he gets energy with a profit he pays, otherwise he does not pay and we get back the plant. In case of malfunction the Client can use his traditional system as a back up and all the risks are upon us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  419. Ingeniero

    Dear Dr Rossi

    I have been following your work for years now and I’m fascinated by the results so far. Considering the climate change and carbon emissions, do you an estimation when the LENR technology would really start to replace the old technologies in electricity production?

    br,
    Ingeniero

  420. Andrea Rossi

    Ingeniero:
    No, I imagine our technology will be integrated in harmony with the existing ones.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  421. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    It’s fascinating to see this developing day by day after all these years . I never become bored of reading here each day I’m gripped as the last. Amazing when you think about it.

    About the approaching disruption of the plants to industry. I suppose the geographical distribution could be quite large.

    It’s not my field but I’m curious and was wondering how you will cover the maintenance of these units from a boiler and heat exchanger point of view?

    I appreciate that normal operation can be monitored and controlled remotely and does not require onsite support.

    Would Maintenance work of the boilers and heat exchangers however normally be required routinely, periodically or rarely during the operation.?

    Would you need to have someone on call to ensure continuity of service in case of shut downer necessary repairs for any reason?

    Will you be employing or contracting people locally for this maintenance or providing it from a central source. ( I.e your own company site?)

    I suppose in these initial instances the industries will already have established backups on site for heating during periods of maintenance so maybe the questions are a bit academic at this early stage.

    Looking forward to these next steps in your business plan.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  422. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you to be so kind with this blog.
    The maintenance will be distinguished in two categories: what is of pertinence of us and what of the Customer.
    The part up to us will be made by our operators.
    Where we will have plants, we will have operators for the maintenance.
    The specific maintenance program will depend on the specific situations.
    As you correctly say, the Clients will maintain a back up to have their production unaffected in case of shut-down, whatever its reason.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  423. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations on the milestone achievement of the early sales.
    It reflects your confidence and commitment to fulfilling your industrial dreams.
    I have a question: did you already deliver Ecats to Customers?
    With much respect,
    Viktor Shipachev

  424. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    Answer: no, the deliveries will start between the end of 2018 and the first quarter of 2019, I think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  425. Willy Lorraine

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us which is the price of a 1 MW plant?

  426. Andrea Rossi

    Willy Lorraine:
    We sell heat, not plants. We deliver and install plants that remain our property, while we sell the heat they produce.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  427. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    I’ve been following you for many years but I’ve never found a description of what made you interested in LENR and what were your very first experiences.
    Best regards

  428. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    I suggest you to read
    “An impossible invention” of Mats Lewan
    and
    “Ecat the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova
    both for sale on Amazon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  429. Rupert

    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    What an impressive and inspiring story!
    Thank you for sharing.
    Congratulations for the opening of the sales.
    Godspeed,
    Rupert

  430. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  431. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on the milestone in starting sales of the E-Cat. It reflects your confidence and commitment in fulfilling your industrial dreams.
    I was curious whether you will provide a guarantee within your sales agreements a percentage of savings in energy costs minus initial costs – perhaps as an example: at least a 66% savings of current costs?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  432. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Every contract depends on a specific situation.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  433. Kandra Harrel

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is the Ecat SK founded on the bases of the Ecat QX we watched in the video of youtube “Ecat QX demonstration of November 24 2017 in Stockholm”?

  434. Andrea Rossi

    Kandra Harrel:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  435. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea

    What are you selling? Heat or complete plants?
    We need for a start 14.
    Is it suitable for greenhouses?

    Warm regards
    JJ

  436. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J
    Greenhouses are suitable.
    Contracts depend on specific situations.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  437. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you say what you are telling current prospective customers with respect to COP?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  438. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    How much will be the COP?
    Enough.
    See the video of the Ecat Stockholm presentation. you can find the link on http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  439. Engineer

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am the director of a factory that uses 3 MWh/h of heat to make air at 100 Celsius degrees for a cooking process. Is this a duty your Ecat can perform?

  440. Andrea Rossi

    Engineer:
    Please send a precise description and data of your heat generation plant and the essentials of the process to info@leonardocorp1996.com
    We will make a proposal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  441. DT

    Dear Andrea:
    The fact that you have opened the sales process is an enormous achievement.
    Warm Regards
    DT

  442. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  443. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Thank you for swearing that all what is written on http://www.ingandrearossi is true.
    It is important.
    By the way, I saw that you started when you were very young to manufacture important plants. This explains your professional evolution.
    Godspeed,
    CC

  444. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your interest to my work!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  445. Anonymous

    Can you swear that all the information on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    is true?

  446. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, I can swear that all the information contained in
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is true.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  447. JPR

    Dear Andrea:
    You said the SK could be your masterpiece. Is this related also to the SSM?
    All the best,
    Jean Paul Renoir

  448. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    By the end of May an extremely important test will be completed and we will know if we reached a remarkable product or a failure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  449. Hershel

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the room heating considered part of a production process?

  450. Andrea Rossi

    Hershel:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  451. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am surprised that the first E-Cat QX products cannot be used for heating industrial plants in cold climates. Why would a safety certification that covers industrial processes not apply to industrial heating also?

    Thank you

    Dan Galburt

  452. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Galburt:
    Thank you for giving me the chance to make clear that the heating system of a factory is considered part if its industrial activity.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  453. Jean Paul Renoir

    When do you think enough data will have been collected to allow to consider the Ecat SK a real alternative?
    All the best
    JPR

  454. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    I am interested to order a 1 MW Ecat for the factory I am the CEO of.
    Can you give us a contact information?
    Cheers

  455. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Please send an email to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Please send us basic information of your concern, which use you will make of the heat. Please also send us the phone number and the name of the person we must contact.
    We will contact you at our first convenience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  456. Tom

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you ready to accept orders for the industrial plants? If yes, how is possible to start a deal?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Tom

  457. Andrea Rossi

    Tom:
    Yes, we are open now to begin to examine requests for 1 thermal MW plants, but only from industries that use directly the heat for their production process in their factories. For this utilization we have the necessary certifications and our industrialization is scheduled to start at the end of the year. Therefore the answer is YES, but the Customers must be aware of the fact that the delivery terms could be modified. The contracts will take in consideration this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  458. Charlie

    Dear Andrea:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com : congratulations! You have all my sympathy.
    Charlie

  459. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  460. Charlie Sutherland

    Dear Andrea,

    My less audacious project requires little input from either of us. I’ll need just a few (maybe only two) of your 1 KW soon to be manufactured units.
    Our using your heat generators for a modest heat source in our manufacturing process would certainly draw the attention of our green markets and could be implemented in a very short time. My company has just landed a contract with 2300 stores of the world’s largest and most respected grocery chains. That contract already more than doubles our “Bezos” business and could bring near instant attention from rabid green minded consumers to your devices and more to my uniquely excellent soap as well. And we could be the first soap manufacturer to incorporate your new technology in our manufacturing processes. Of course, your help would be needed to integrate those devices into our system, but I doubt seriously it would take much of your time.
    Is there a more private opportunity for discussing this less audacious :-) project?

    Charlie
    PS: Is that a little less audacious?

  461. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Not anymore audacious, but very interesting.
    I am interested to have a more precise definition of what you write.
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  462. Francis

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    It seems to me that, at least initially, Leonardo Corporation will limit the sales to the Ecat to produce heat, while it will be up to the customers how to use that heat. Did I understand correctly?
    Thank you,
    Francis

  463. Andrea Rossi

    Francis:
    You are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  464. Franz

    You said yesterday that the SK will have a higher COP than the Ecat QX shown in Stockholm: is that due to a longer SSM?

  465. Andrea Rossi

    Franz:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  466. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is there a substantial difference between the COP of the SK and the QX?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  467. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, but “should be there” is more proper than “is there”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  468. Felix Meyer

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Michael Dreitzer says he is reading http://andrearossi.com, but this is an error: the correct address is
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Please correct to avoid confusion,
    Best Regards,
    Felix Meyer

  469. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Meyer:
    Thank you for the correction of the typo.
    Yes, the correct address to find the documentation related to my past is
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  470. Aurelia

    When the industrialization will begin will you be still the CEO of Leonardo Corporation?

  471. Andrea Rossi

    Aurelia:
    Initially it will be indispensable, hoping to give room to my successor as soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  472. JPR

    Do you still have one or more Ecat QX in continuous operation?

  473. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  474. Curtis Darryn

    In the video of the demonstration of the Ecat QX on November 24th in Stockholm I noticed that on the trade mark with the cat and the sun is written “Made in the USA”.
    So the Ecats are made in the USA?
    By the way: I was very sceptic about your effect, but I changed idea after this demonstration. Now I really hope you will succeed.
    Cheers
    Curtis

  475. Andrea Rossi

    Curtis Darryn:
    Yes, the Ecat is made in the USA,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  476. Kim

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has your patent been granted also in China and in Japan?
    Thanks,
    Kim

  477. Andrea Rossi

    Kim:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  478. Michael Dreitzler

    Dear Andrea:
    I have gone through the whole website http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    It is inspiring.
    If those are your bases, the success of the Ecat enterprise is sure.
    Godspeed,
    Michael

  479. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Dreitzler:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  480. Bobbie Varnes

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much time do you think will be necessary for you to be able to deliver Ecats certified for domestic households?

  481. Andrea Rossi

    Bobbie Varnes:
    Before that could happen, a wide distribution of industrial applications would be necessary. I can imagine a couple of years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  482. Charlie Sutherland

    Good Morning Andrea,
    Thought I would give you a shout. I just passed another flight physical, which at only 77 years old, allows me to menace the friendly skies for another two years. Still time for you to figure out how to power my fifty four year old Cessna 172. New business keeps me in my hobbies.

    Charlie
    PS: If you ever have the time, I would love to discuss some other projects.

  483. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    About powering your Cessna, we are far from that. Sorry to disappoint you, but I am afraid that powering your glorious Cessna with my Ecat your familiarity with friendly skies would exponentially improve in surprisingly short time.
    About your other projects ( I hope less audacious ), let me know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  484. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure you and your team (i.e. Gullström) have been further developing the theory bebehind the Rossi effect.
    1. Is any progress made?
    2. Are you able to explain the released energy in comparison to the measured/analysed nuclear reaction products?
    3. Is the theory in development in unison with the energy balance and reaction products?
    4. Are you able to tell us what nuclear reaction in the Ecat QX produces most of the output energy?
    I whish you great success with the SK module in the next few weeks.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  485. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are working also on the theory, but I am not ready to answer questions beyond what has been said during the demonstration of Stockholm on November 24th.When we will be ready, we will make a publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  486. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I have some, for me interesting, questions:
    1. Will the foodcompany, you have a contract with, use E-cat QX to cook warm food?
    2. Warm up their factories?
    3. Only invest in E-cat?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  487. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    They use the heat in their production process,
    Warm Regards:
    A.R.

  488. Viktor Scipachev

    Dear Andrea:
    Remember that BEST is enemy of GOOD: the Ecat QX with a good COP wilol be enough of a masterpiece.
    Best Regards,
    Viktor Shipachev

  489. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Scipachev:
    He,he,he… anyway the SK is not going to slow down the QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  490. Anonymous

    There are around publications that talk of making precious metals like gold and platinum by means of LENR processes: what do you think?

  491. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Clowneries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  492. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting comments about the SK recently.

    In my opinion, for most people on the outside, I think any high COP reliable E-Cat product that you can put on the market is going to be considered a masterpiece. The SK may be better than the QX, but I think the QX, as you have described it, will be just fine to begin with.

    You can always start with a limited run of QXs for the product launch, while you perfect the SK.

    Hoping for a successful 2018 launch!

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  493. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  494. Anonymous

    Andrea:
    Do you think you have the intelligence and the judgment skills to be the CEO of a big company?

  495. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I think intelligence can be compared to the intrinsic spin, being the capacity to understand the intimate inside of a problem and resolve it, while judgment can be compared to the orbital spin, being the capacity to orbit around a problem understanding how it is interpreted from the different points of view.
    I think I need help on both of them. I also think a good CEO is the one that knows he needs help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  496. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you say “very difficult” is that because you are committed to a 2018 product launch, and it would be harder to have the SK ready in 2018, as compared to the QX?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  497. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Exactly. But it could be a masterpiece. Probably my masterpiece. Or a failure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  498. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Could you give a summary of the improvements
    you have made on the QX since the Stockholm
    demo.
    Good luck on the SK test this month.

    Regards
    Sam

  499. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1- increased the power to 1 kW with the same dimensions
    2- eliminated the heating problems of the circuitry
    3- designed the module in a way to be easily industrialized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  500. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    It seems that you now have a good idea of ​​the technical characteristics of the industrial E-Cat in preparation.
    Can you tell us if the weight of the 10T boiler published on the Leonardo site is still relevant or has it lowered substantially?
    All my support for your team.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  501. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The weight would be substantially reduced.
    Thank you for your support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  502. Jeff Jeffrey

    So you are working also on the SK with passion: am I right?

  503. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Jeffrey:
    You bet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  504. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the SK testing goes as you hope, will it mean the first product you will bring to market will be the SK rather than the QX?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  505. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is difficult, but could be.
    The SK would be my masterpiece, a real art ouvre.
    But very difficult.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  506. Angelica

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you describe the experiments you guys are making in this period, besides the focus on the industrialization of the QX?

  507. Andrea Rossi

    Angelica:
    Within this month we will make a very important test on the SK module. That could be either a failure or a game changer of our strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  508. Nigel Sanders

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you able to in any way give heads up to politicians of every hue, in lots of Countries, that a new fire is on the horizon?
    Everywhere in the world there is awareness of the necessity to reduce carbon emissionsand your amazing invention needs political push.
    Sincere regards to your team and you,
    Nigel Sanders

  509. Andrea Rossi

    Nigel Sanders:
    Very good point, but, unfortunately, I have absolutely no political connections. I never had. We will have to count only on the power of fire of our products.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  510. Peter

    Dr Rossi,
    The results you have given evidence of during the stunning demonstration of Nov 24 2017 at the IVA of Stockholm with the Ecat QX have been convincing, but now I have a question for you:
    the Ecat QX prototype you are making for the industrialization will have the same stunning efficiency?
    Peter

  511. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    I prefer to have the product ready before I answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  512. Nicole Endlich

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the path of the electrolysis can obtain any good result in the LENR field?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Nicole

  513. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole Endlich:
    I am not an expert of it, can’t answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  514. Abe Vincent

    I think Mr Rossi means the water was collected “by Matts Lewan from the men’s room” not “from Matts Lewan in the men’s room” !

  515. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Sorry for my grammatical error.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  516. Anonymous

    When will you inform us that the Ecat QX does not exist?

  517. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  518. Bernie

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will it be possible to control the operation of your planta from everywhere in the world, also from cars or aeroplanes?
    Thanks,
    Bernie

  519. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  520. John

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the video of the 24th November Ecat QX presentation at the IVA of Stockholm. Very convincing, but I have a question: the water that flowed from one reservoir to the other was additivated with something?
    Chhers
    John

  521. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    It was water taken from Mats Lewan in the men’s room.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  522. Jane

    I read all the articles of http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Now I understand why somebody said you passed through a calvary.
    Good luck for your presentation of the industrialized Ecat,
    Jane

  523. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  524. Anonymous

    Did you find all the components of the Ecat QX circuitry off the shelf, or your team had to invent some that does not exist off the shelf?

  525. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We had to invent some components.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  526. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Wikipedia: So a number of years ago, a person became aware of a wiki about himself. There were a number of errors in the wiki. I don’t remember the exact particulars, but was things like place and date of birth, number of children and their names etc…

    So this person sets about correcting these errors about himself.
    After he was done, within minutes, all the data reverted to the original version. The reason was he wasn’t considered a credible source by the person in charge of managing his wiki page. This even after proving he was said person.

    Perhaps when you are selling millions of E-cats a day, you could set up a wiki called Rossiwiki that points out all these discrepancies. Then every time people from Wikipedia make changes to it, it will revert back to the original because obviously, they are not always a credible source.

    Warm Regards,
    Dan C.

  527. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.
    That is very interesting!
    Thank you for this information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  528. Albert Ellul

    Dear Ing. Rossi,

    You have confirmed that production machinery is already in place. Is that in the USA or Sweden or both?

    What will be the smallest sized industrial e-Cat QX unit, in KW output thermal, rolling out of the production line?

    Will you have a sales depot in Italy once production commences?

  529. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    I have not said that the production lines are already in place. I said they we have started to build them.
    We started in the USA, but we are looking for Sweden as well.
    The fundamental module has a power of 1 kW.
    We will have depots everywhere they will be necessary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  530. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If possible, could you confirm or not confirm my interpretation of the current situation.

    1) You are currently working in one location in the USA?
    2) You have started to build a production system?
    3) The production system is designed to build 1 kW E-Cat QX Modules?
    4) You have not yet started producing the modules in the system (too early)?
    5) The production system you are building will have the capacity to build 100,000 1 kW Modules over the course of one year?
    6) If the production system works well, and if sales are strong enough, you can duplicate the production system to increase capacity?

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  531. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- exactly
    5- yes
    6- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  532. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I have to say that I see your sense of excitement as your goal approaches. Also, I have a question about your expansion plans and the many ways of preparing for the rapid increase in demand.

    Using some of the ideas in TQM as well as Nash Equilibriums, are you setting up two production lines with their respectively staffed teams? For example, two at the USA plant, or maybe better yet, one at the USA plant and the 2nd at the plant in Sweden. This done with the goal that each is to share their tricks to building each QX and QX 1kW module right and to be the objective view when the other team hits a snag? Effectively establishing an environment where each team recognizes that the goal, their success, is defined by their individual choices as well as their collective choices.

    I raise this question because of optimism. I believe your greatest challenge won’t be the sale of the first 100,000 1kW modules but rather the demand that each production facility will face in solving the problems created by rapidly expanding production through adding lines at their location (USA & Sweden) as well as the addition of lines at entirely new locations with entirely new untrained or partially trained teams.

    As always, my best to your and your team,

    Buck

  533. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your intelligent suggestions. I am considering them. This push-pull-push-pull of information with our readers is very precious to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  534. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still struggling to reduce the overheating of the electronic circuitry?

  535. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, this problem has been completely resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  536. Dorian McClement

    Is there in your team an expert of data transmission in cloud?

  537. Andrea Rossi

    Dorian McClement:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  538. jprenoir

    Dear Andrea,
    You are totally right: put the product Ecat in the market and all the false information about you and the LENR in general will be “pulverized”, whatever the source of them.
    Godspeed with your work,
    JPR

  539. Andrea Rossi

    jprenoir:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  540. Manuel

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you have a patent granted for your IP also in Chile?
    Thank you,
    Manuel

  541. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  542. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Have you started building your production machinery for the E-Cat QX?
    2. If so, have you started testing your production machines yet?

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  543. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  544. Robert

    About the Wikipedia issue: many persons are blackmailed that way and it is difficult to know if Wikipedia earns from this fact or if it is a candid lamb among wolves.
    Make the king naked with irony is a good idea anyway
    Cheers
    Robert

  545. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    Anyway we must not disregard the positive work of Wikipedia: I am an avid consumer of its service as a source of information, that in general is very useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  546. kevin

    Dear Andrea:
    I totally agree with your answer about Wikipedia.
    Kevin

  547. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  548. N. Jones

    Hi Dr Rossi,

    Looks like NASA has also been working on a Fusion Sterling Reactor for use in space.

    https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-04/nasa-successfully-tests-portable-nuclear-fission-system-long-term-space-travel

  549. Andrea Rossi

    N.Jones:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  550. Kirk Sperberg

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The page about you on Wikipedia contains false information on you, falsificates the events of your past described on http://www.ingandrearossi.com, forgets to explain that you have been acquitted from the accusations, etc. I tried to make corrections and updates, as in theory everybody could be allowed to do along what Wikipedia says of itself, but after few seconds all the corrections and updates are cancelled and the false version returns. We made an investigation and discovered that your page on Wikipedia has been made by a competitor of yours who happens to be an editor of Wikipedia and there is no way to make any correction, because your competitor has the full control of the page on Wikipedia about you, made by him years ago since and now untouchable. It seems that he controls the page 24/7 and anytime anybody tries a correction, he immediately cancels it. Useless to try to contact Wikipedia, because it is a sort of a kafkian castle.
    Are you aware of all this? How do you think you can correct this situation?
    Godspeed,
    Kirk

  551. Andrea Rossi

    Kirk Sperberg:
    What you say is true, we too tried to reinstate truth on Wikipedia.
    It turns out to be a blackmail: to correct we should have to spend huge sums with specialized companies, that would have to stay 24/7 engaged to correct the false information, that eventually would be again reinstated, and so on forever.
    The way out could be to sue Wikipedia, which would cost millions.
    We decided a totally different strategy: wait for the product in the market and then use irony comparing falsity with real facts and make the king naked.
    A big laugh is more effective than a petulant discussion with guys in bad faith. Most of all, it takes less time and money.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  552. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted the word “Modulated” in regards to the operation of the eCat modules but then also alluded to turning them on and off for control of the modules.

    Modulate means “to alter the amplitude or frequency of (an electromagnetic wave or other oscillation) in accordance with the variations of a second signal, typically one of a lower frequency.”

    1. Are you using modulation to mean a high rate of turning on and off of the eCat modules as a means of control?
    2. Or does the control of the module involve full power on for some long period of time and then off for some long period of time?
    3. Or does modulation mean partially turning on or off a module to achieve the desired output?

    Please clarify.

  553. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- also yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  554. Jame

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have read “saved” website http://www.ingandrearossi.com, that I had ignored before: now I understand how important it is to understand the calvary you came from when you started your work on the LENR. Amazing.
    Godspeed,
    Jame

  555. Andrea Rossi

    Jame:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  556. Rudy

    Andrea, Felix:
    The website http://www.ingandrearossi.com is working well: congrats to your specialist. I suggest to void the navigation cache to them who have still difficulties and restart.
    The site is perfect now, the IT guy made a magnificent work.
    Cheers
    Rudy

  557. Andrea Rossi

    Rudy:
    True.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  558. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I found that this link is working for the English version of your site: http://ingandrearossi.net/

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  559. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, now it is OK. Our IT guy has worked also on Sunday to fix it again.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  560. Felix Mayer

    Andrea:
    The English version of http://www.ingandrearossi.com does not work again: if you go to the articles, the pages are void.
    Felix Mayer

  561. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Mayer:
    I know, we have been attacked again and our specialist is again at work.
    Thank you for your information, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  562. GB

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Have you ever considered that your enemies may order your product en-masse and than undermine your credibility by falsely claiming that your product is not working as promised? Have you sufficiently analyzed your terms of use and legal ground in case this may happen?
    We all know that the enemies you face have large-enough shoulders to pose as false friends.
    I admire you and your work, your candor, intellect honesty and determination.

    Kind Regards,

    GB

  563. Andrea Rossi

    GB:
    You are right, but with this fear we go nowhere. We must go to the attack. I know there are risks. This would be a revolution and a revolution is always a risk.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  564. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    About the Ingandrearossi site:
    On the English part, the links to the English chapters is missing, the Italian part seems to work. But do not worry, tomorrow is another day, today it’s Sunday.

    Just one question about the industrial road you are going:
    What production capacity in Ecat QX output kW’s are you aiming at when you introduce your industrial plant?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  565. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes, we have been again attacked and our IT guy is again at work…I noticed you cited the violinist of “The Concert”, he,he,he.
    Answer: we would be ready for 100,000 kW/year, easy to upgrade following the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  566. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    It is known that users do the most amazing things.
    Therefore, for a desired connection programmed by the user with a foreign power supply, the LENR device could be connected in such a way as to be always active and no longer controlled by its electronics and by its normal security systems
    What would happen in this case?
    a-Turn off or lock without any damage
    b-It turns off after an irreversible damage or after having melted but without any possible external damage
    c-May explode or cause damage external to the device
    Thank you for a possible answer

  567. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  568. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It’s good to hear your making progress and solving problems.

    You say you are “spending hard”; is your new spending mainly on:

    a) Workers
    b) Production technology (e.g. robotics)
    c) E-Cat components
    d) Buildings
    e) Something else

    Thank you!

    Frank Acland

  569. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a+b+c+d+e
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  570. Wes Moore

    On May 4 you explained “Confirmation Bias”. Further to this, when your product is introduced, we will be listening all the dissenters attempting to explain the operation and principles as if they were experts all along.
    Wes Moore
    Source Energy Mechanical

  571. Andrea Rossi

    Wes Moore:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  572. Viktor Scipachev

    Don’t you think the New Energy World Symposium is the most convenient place for the presentation of the industrialized Ecat?
    Godspeed,
    Viktor Scipachev

  573. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Scipachev:
    We are taking in consideration all the possible solutions, to choose the one we will deem to be the best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  574. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    The website
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    has been put again in the internet: congratulations to our IT guy for the victory!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  575. Felix Meyer

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I found that the website http://www.ingandrearossi.it can be found here:

    https://web.archive.org/web/20180318032434/http://ingandrearossi.net/

    Please give it to your IT Guy, I think it can help.
    My best regards,
    Felix Meyer,
    Basel, Switzerland

  576. Andrea Rossi

    Felix Meyer:
    Thank you very much for your helpful information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  577. Giusy

    They have hacked the site http://www.ingandrearossi.com : shame on them, honor on you. Your website is fundamental to give evidence of your innocence. Clearly there is out some son of a b…. that wants not allow you to give evidence of the real events that happened. I hope your specialist is able to resolve, but I am afraid that powerful guys are working to stop the industrialization of the Ecat with any mean. Be careful.
    Hugs
    Giusy

  578. Andrea Rossi

    Giusy:
    he,he,he…
    Does B…. stay for BONUS ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  579. Jorge

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The hacking operation against your website http://www.ingandrearossi.com is one of the infinite actions that a network of paid operators is organizing, working full time, to assassinate your character. They work full time, are professionals of the internet and are many. Your website http://www.andrearossi.com is very important, because it explains the events of your past, caused by a general that finished in prison for corruption. I am not surprised it has been hacked.
    I wonder how you can defend yourself against this well organized slendering organization, clearly financed from some very powerful system.
    The positive side of all this is that if they are working so much and spending so much full time to fight you, it means they are very afraid of what you are working on, for one reason or the other. How do you think to defend yourself and your team?
    God bless you and your work,
    Jorge

  580. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    All the actions of our adverse People will be pulverized in the time of a blink with a product. I am focused exclusively on it now.
    About the website that has been hacked, our IT Guy is working hard and surely will resolve the problem, as he always did in past and surely will heve to do in future, but I am not worried: somebody is trying to stop the Niagara Falls with a team of powerful plumbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  581. Lianne H.

    Who designed your website http://www.ecat.com
    I think you did a good job.

  582. Andrea Rossi

    Lianne H.:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  583. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I am not at all surprised that you are attacked, this has already been done in the past and you have been a lot of trouble. Many powerful companies around the world have an interest in having your E-Cat never see the light of day.
    Stay on the alert because your opponents are far from being children of heart and their methods can be expeditious.
    All my support for your work.
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  584. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your sustain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  585. Leonardo Davinci

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    The website http://www.ingandrearossi.com is down: what happened?
    Leonardo

  586. Andrea Rossi

    Leonardo Davinci:
    Yes, it has been hacked, the usual imbeciles think that with chatters, hackings and false information, also about my past, they can stop the history. I can’t wait to introduce the industrialized Ecat in the market to turn into dust all the mountain of false information and hacking our enemies have set up, with substantial expenses, as I knew. They do not understand, and cannot understand, that the more we are attacked, the more we get strong to reach our target. Once we will introduce our product in the market all the hell they raised against us in years will be pulverized in matter of days, if not hours. They say the Ecat does not exist, we put it in the market, they are zombified. Period. Our IT guy is working to put again in the internet the website http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    It will not be easy, because they made a mess,so to fix the issue it will take perhaps several days.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  587. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    On March 26, you said you were 40 per cent of the way towards:

    a) perfection of the module to industrialize
    b) industrialization system

    What is your estimation of the same today (May 4th)?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  588. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) 50% and we are in a very crucial period of tests of the version we deem ready for industrialization. We are working and spending hard
    b) 50%, having resolved many problems
    The work is brutal, but we gotta get the f…… top of the mountain. I still hope to introduce the industrialized Ecat QX by the end of the year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  589. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi ,

    I have just read your interview with Mats Lewan, now it is time for the lunch of the E-CAT QX rocket !!

    Exciting time ahead !!

    I wish you great sucess !!

    Warm regards,

    Toussaint françois

  590. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  591. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    You said you have an Ecat currently undergoing the domestic certification process. Is the device being reviewed a complete appliance (for instance a hot water heater) or is it a sub-portion of what would later become an eventual appliance (such as a heater assembly)?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  592. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Is is just the heater assembly, for the other parts we will use certified components.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  593. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please. Do you think within this year you will be able to produce with the Robots your products ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  594. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea,

    When switching the Ecat QX off and on during normal operation, would long periods in the off position degrade the life of the system?

    Bernie Morrissey

  595. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  596. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    After the convincing demo made in Stockholm in front of the highest echelons of the scientific world, still your effect is controversial. Why so?

  597. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It is called “Confirmation Bias”: our brains usually select information consistent with what we already believe and refuse information in contrast. It can be modified only with strong experience. In our case, products in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  598. Benjamin

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is there in the charge of the Ecat QX any expensive or rare component?
    Cheers
    Ben

  599. Andrea Rossi

    Benjamin:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  600. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I asked:
    Over what range of thermal output can you effect control? (e.g. 25% to 110%)? You answered “Any”
    and
    What is the maximum percentage of nominal output that a module may be continuously operated at (e.g., 150%), assuming operating temperature range was maintained?
    I believe your answer may be interpreted as 100%.

    Relative to the first answer of “Any”, I make an analogy to a linear power supply. Usually, the device is limited to some percentage of nominal power and under different conditions. Under constant load, the power supply may be controlled to say from 10% of nominal to 100% of nominal output. Under short term or transient conditions, one might be to get 125% of nominal output. The ranges also vary based on the operating environment.

    So can your modules really handle “Any” commanded level of thermal output? Can it be commanded to output 1% +/- 0/1% of nominal? Can it be commanded to output 99.5% of nominal? Can it be commanded to output 125% of nominal for “short periods of time”? Please clarify.

    The second question was attempting to understand the nominal output design of the module. Can you really run the module at 100% of its capability continuously, or, is there some other maximum value so that, for design and safety reasons, you define the maximum thermal output as some lower percentage? For example, the module can provide 1.3kW of thermal output but you specify and control it so that the module is only allowed to run at 1.0kW thermal output level of less?

  601. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I confirm my answers.
    We cannot modulate the power of single modules, we can only switch them on/off.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  602. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    1- Is still under certification process the domestic Ecat?
    2- If yes, do you have any feedback?
    3- How much will be its price/kW?
    Thank you,
    Chuck Davis

  603. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- yes
    2- not yet
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  604. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that you can control the thermal output of a single eCat reactor module…

    1. Over what range of thermal output can you effect control? (e.g. 25% to 110%)?
    2. If you turn off an individual module, i.e., 0% thermal output, while adjacent modules are running, how long does it take for the turned off module to become fully functioning after being commanded to turn on, (seconds, milliseconds, minutes)?
    3. What is the maximum percentage of nominal output that a module may be continuously operated at (e.g., 150%), assuming operating temperature range was maintained?

  605. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- any
    2- seconds plus the obvious transitory of the T curve
    3- depends on the model. If it is a 1 kW module, it will be 1 kWh/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  606. Andrea Rossi

    Toby Saquero:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  607. Donny

    Dear Andrea,
    Is the control system of the Ecat QX able to modulate the power of any single module, or it can only switch on and off single modules separately?

  608. Andrea Rossi

    Donny:
    It cannot modulate the single module. It can only switch on/off any module.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  609. Ken

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your patent been granted also in Brazil?

  610. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  611. Toby Salquero

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Could hospitals be customers for the Ecat? They use heat and steam for many purposes, from heating to sterilization etc etc
    Godspeed,
    Toby

  612. Anonymous

    Frank Acland asked you if the power of a plant can be modulated, you answered that it is possible by means of the control system: so the control system can modulate the single modules?

  613. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The control system can turn on and off the single modules. You are right, my answer was not complete.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  614. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Will it be possible to operate an E-Cat plant at a fraction of its maximum rating, for example operate a 1 MW plant at 500 kW?
    2) If yes, would you do so by turning off some of the modules during the plant’s operation?
    3) Will it be possible to add modules to an existing plant after it is installed, in order to increase power, for example make a 1 MW plant into a 1.5 MW plant?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  615. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- you do it through the control system
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  616. Ingmar

    Congratulations for the convincing Ecat demonstration of November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Are you still thinking to manufacture the Ecat also in Sweden?
    Good luck,
    Ingmar

  617. Andrea Rossi

    Ingmar:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  618. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea,
    Your focus on presenting a heat producing industrialized Ecat QX within this year is ambitious and the best choice you now may take. I understand you also are exploring future steps to produce electricity.
    The Supercritical CO2 turbines seems now to be closer to commercialization.
    These will perform the highest thermal efficiency and power density of thermal-to-electric generators. The possibilities of a high turbine inlet-temperature from the Ecat makes possibilities for up to 50% higher thermal efficiency than in a steam Rankine generator.
    Do you study the possibilities to combine Ecat and S-CO2 turbines?
    Best Regards,
    Svein Henrik.

  619. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    I am really curious to follow the developments in the sector of the Supercritical CO2 and surely interested in its industrial applications.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  620. Lawana Turnbill

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does your technology consist more on the physics of the reactor or on the electronics of the control system?

  621. Andrea Rossi

    Lawana Turnbill:
    On the Physics of the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  622. Hello Andrea,

    Much is being written about power generation being vulnerable to internet-based hacking which could disrupt or destroy operations of power generators. Does the E-cat have any online based control? Has your team considered internet-based threats to the operation of the E-cat?

  623. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Good question: yes, we are dealing seriously with this issue with a specialist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  624. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the information about the container. A few more questions:

    1) What is the purpose of the container?
    2) Is the container considered part of the industrial plant — in other words, when a customer buys a plant is the container included in the cost?
    3) Can one view the plant in operation through a window in the container?
    4) Can one view the plant in operation via a camera inside the container?
    5) Will the plant shut down automatically if the container is opened when the E-Cat is in operation?
    6) What is the minimum size of industrial plant that can be ordered?
    7) Will the size of the container depend on the power rating of the plant?

    Thank you!

    Frank Acland

  625. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- contain ( he,he,he)
    2- yes: it is the body of the plant
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- no: the safety certification imposes that a module is automatically turned off if any of its parts is opened or disconnected. To enter the container is safe also when the plant is in operation
    6- to be defined
    7- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  626. Lucien

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The video I found on youtube of the November 24 Stockholm demo of the Ecat QX has turned me from sceptic into a person convinced that your work is serious.
    Licien

  627. Andrea Rossi

    Lucien:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  628. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    When do you plan to present products to potential customers and the public ready for industrial production?
    When will the product be ready or when the plant is ready for operation?

    Do you plan to publish specifications in the near future to use E-Cate in new projects? Or is it a distant prospect?

    At the first stage there will be one, basic, model or several?

    I correctly imagine that the robotic line will produce ready-made modules, and then workers will collect the unit in a container?
    Or will the robots collect only the “heart”, and the module will be collected manually?

    The installation of 1 mW will consist of standard modules, the user can order the installation of 500, 800, 1200 or 1500 kW?

    Thank you.
    I wish you successes, at this very important stage!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  629. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- I hope within this year
    2- same as above
    3- basic module
    4- more or less yes
    5- modules can be combined to reach any power
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  630. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You should consider a visual indicator to show the install unit is powered up, whether it is operating correctly, if it is communication with the central control system, etc. Other data such as model an serial may be engraved or stenciled.

    Other operating data such as model (selfsustaining, etc.), internal temperature, % fuel remaining, diagnostics, etc. May be communicated electronically to the Central Control.

  631. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  632. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that the plant is inside a container.

    1) Can you say what the size of the container will be?
    2) Is the container required (for industrial certification purposes)?
    3) Would a shipping container be preferred?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  633. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- not yet
    2- yes
    3- it makes transportation easier, surely it is not the miss universe of the solutions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  634. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I hope all is going well as you move towards your goal and am wondering if you can provide an update on a piece of information you previously shared regarding the control module.

    Previously, which now seems like a hundred Ecat upgrades ago, you shared that the control module used to control just 1 or upto 100 single Qx reactor modules would consume about 20W, that the control module’s power consumption was effectively
    independent of the number of reactors under its control.

    Now the Qx reactor modules and the controller module has been materially enhanced/upgraded. Now, 13 Qx reactors have been set into a 1kW array with its own control module. Does the rule you previously shared still hold? Does the upgraded control module still only draw about 20W, independent of the number of reactor modules within the array?

    My best to you and your team,

    Buck

  635. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I will give this information when the numbers will have been consolidated. They are not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  636. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    When you stop the E-Cat do the transmutations stop instantly or do these reactions stop gradually which could cause overheating in case of problems?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  637. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good question.
    We resolved the old problem of the transitories and now the switch on and switch off are rapid enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  638. Gloria

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it necessary for a human enter the container of a plant while the Ecat is operating?
    Thank you,
    Gloria

  639. Andrea Rossi

    Gloria:
    No. Anything necessary while the plant is in operation can be done from outside the container of the Ecat modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  640. Anonymous

    Is it possible to operate an Ecat plant from remote using a cloud?

  641. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  642. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will all the control systems of each module of the Ecat QX be assembles in the same control panel of a 1 MW plant?

  643. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  644. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Since, as I understand it, you now have an encapsulated 1kW thermal output module which you can connect in parallel to produce a 1 MW thermal output system. Is this correct?

    2. I also understand that each 1kW unit has its own control system. Have you been able to estimate the average effective COP of a 1kW module?

    3. I also understand that the grid pattern for a 1MW thermal output system would be four racks (or two racks with front and back insertions) with each rack containing 25 modules horizontally and 10 modules vertically (e.g. x, y). Is this correct? (Four surfaces with each surface supporting 250 modules).

    4. At full output power, what will be the environment between the racks? Specifically, will humans be able to access the modules for replacement purposes without shutting down the entire system? If so, what temperature range would such maintenance personnel experience?

  645. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    1- yes
    2- > 6
    3- the combinations can be modified
    4- about 30- 35 C degrees
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  646. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand you have a huge radiation intensity in very small surfaces: is this a difficulty you are coping with regarding the heat exchangers for the SK??

  647. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  648. Fausto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    All us of the silent majority are praying for a fast healing of you.
    We need men like you.

  649. Andrea Rossi

    Fausto:
    All the modules are assembled in frames along vertical axes ( y ) and horizontal axes ( x ). Therefore every module is characterized by its coordinates x and y.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  650. Craig

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you also studying the self-sustaining issue, to increase its timing?

  651. Andrea Rossi

    Craig:
    A specialist ( a pretty good one ) made it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  652. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. When a fault or issue occurs with an industrial eCat unit, how will the status and fault information be communicated to the customer?

    2. Will the customer be able to identify a specific unit which is posting a fault/status issue?

    3. Will there be a visual indication on the specific unit (e.g., flashing red LED, visual display)?

    4. Assuming an array of eCat units, how will the customer know where the units is located (e.g., paperwork configuration, Rack, Bay and location number)?

  653. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- immediately through the control system
    2- yes
    3- possibly
    4- by means of the coordinates: x,y
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  654. Juan Godboldt

    It is unbelievable the ability with which the 6 minutes summary video of the Stockholm November 24th demo has been made in a way that it contains all in a nutshell: did you make it or a specialist did?
    I mean: youtube 6 minutes video of Ecat Stockholm demonstration
    Cheers
    Juan

  655. Sally Degeston

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Did you collect information about the Stirling engine of the Viessmann co-generation fluid heaters? Can they be applied also to the ecats?

  656. Andrea Rossi

    Sally Degeston:
    Yes, we made a due diligence about these co-generators with the Stirling engines, but we discovered that they have been taken out of production. The price was unsustainable.
    The technology is still very green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  657. A Goumy

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    If the control system breaks out, or communication with ECat is lost, does the ECat stop by itself?

    Best regards,
    A. Goumy

  658. Andrea Rossi

    A Goumy:
    Good question.
    The answer is yes.
    Warm regards
    A.R.

  659. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that the T of the E-Cat is constant, and the T of the fluid varies according to the flow. You have said the E-Cat reaches very high temperature, so what would happen if the flow was unexpectedly interrupted? Would the E-Cat overheat?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  660. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The control system would shut down all if the T goes above the allowed limit.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  661. Rose

    Dear Andrea
    I googled: ‘Youtube Ecat QX Stockholm presentation November 24 2017’
    Fantastic ! Thank you,
    Rose

  662. Andrea Rossi

    Rose:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  663. Steven N. Karels

    Raffaele Bongo

    I recall this discussion some time ago. It would be very nice, especially in some remote applications, for the eCat system to produce its own power and thus, be autonomous. The economic question then is, if grid electricity is available, whether it is more economical and to have better performance characteristics for the eCat system to create its own power or to use the grid’s power. If it can use “waste heat” to power itself, then the decision swings toward autonomous operation. If the eCat must generate its own electrical power, then it may have to do so with a Carnot cycle and the associated increases in ancillary equipment (turbine, electronics, etc.) and reduced system reliability. So if the primary application is heat generation, it may not make much sense to generate electrical power if it adds complexity and inefficiency. If the eCat naturally or secondarily produces electricity, then the added cost and decrease in reliability is limited to a storage subsystem (e.g., batteries) and conversion electronics. There are also safety concerns on the eCat generating the power it needs to control itself, but I view these as secondary concerns, except for certification purposes.

  664. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Are you still doing R & D in direct electricity production or are you concentrating all your team’s efforts on developing heat production?
    It would be great if in the future the reactor could do without the external source of electricity. Can an autonomous E-Cat be considered in the future?
    All my support for your team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  665. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your suggestion, you are right, but I must confess you that now we are strongly focused on the industrialization of the Exat to make heat, also considering that with the heat can be made electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  666. Gerard McEk

    Dear Adrea,
    Just a few questions, if you allow me:
    1. If you present the Ecat QX, will you just present the ‘box’, or will you present the ‘box’ in operation?
    2. Have you already started to equip a factory for the Ecat QX?
    3. Do you still see a future for the low temperature Ecat?
    4. The way in how the QX and the cold- and hot cat are being stimulated are different, but still you remain that they both types work on the same principles. Do you believe that also somewhere inside the Cold- and Hot cat plasma’s play a role?
    I wish you and your team succes in getting the Ecat QX on the market this year!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  667. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- the Ecat in operation
    2- yes
    3- no, because the high T makes also the low T, just increasing the fluid flow
    4- confidential
    Thank you for your kind wish,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  668. Jim Rosenburg

    Is the single module of 10/100 kW dubbed SK?
    Jim Rosenburg

  669. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    SK, in memory of Prof Sven Kullander, high energy Physicist, Professor Emeritus of the University of Uppsala, Chairman of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  670. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say what the main activities of your team are in these days? What are the current priorities?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  671. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are focused on all the issues connected to the presentation of the industrialized Ecat QX. Also, we are working on the development of the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  672. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “It is impossible to expose the eyes to the plasma, because it is inside the reactor: see the Stockholm video of the Ecat QX demo.”
    You also posted “It is necessary an eye protection index 14. Looking at it even for seconds can cause severe damages to the eyes.”

    These two posting seem contradictory. If the plasma is contained within the reactor and the reactor walls are opaque, then no eye protection should be needed.

    Did you mean to say that: if the plasma within the eCat reactor were, somehow, actually viewed, eye protection would be required. Since it only exists within the reactor, no eye protection is needed? Please clarify.

  673. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Exactly, I was talking of a hypothesis in case of a looking at the plasma, a case that cannot happen to a Customer,being the plasma inside the reactor.
    When we look at it in our laboratory must wear a 14 grade eye protection.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  674. Steve swatman

    Dr Rossi,
    May I inquire, are what point or during which period of production you expect your partner(s) to come forward and reveal themselves and their part in the future of the E-cat saga to the world at large?

    I expect that when this happens it will shake the foundations of worldwide power production and create tremendous excitement within the world finance markets.

    regards

  675. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Swatman:
    This will not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  676. JJ

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the full video of your Stockholm presentation of the Ecat QX: very convincing.
    Godspeed,
    JJ

  677. Andrea Rossi

    JJ:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  678. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “No. It is necessary an eye protection index 14. Looking at it even for seconds can cause severe damages to the eyes.”

    Is that because of the ultraviolet spectral content or for another reason?

  679. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The issue is more complex and it is confidential,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  680. Eugenio Mieli

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I propose again an old, but always useful question: considering the many variables you must consider and consequently the difficulty in being precise in predictions, may you now make an updated schedule of upcoming major deadlines in the long road of E-Cat?

    I’m sure that on certain issues you will be forced to repeat yourself, but I think it is interesting to have an overall timing pattern that reflects your feelings today.

    Thanks,

    Eugenio

  681. Andrea Rossi

    Eugenio Mieli:
    Our business plan is complex.
    Anyway the first milestone is the presentation of the industrialized product that I still hope to be able to make in this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  682. Dr. Rossi Plasma, this sounds very dangerous to me. In an accident could the plasma be exposed to unprotected eyes ?
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  683. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto,
    It is impossible to expose the eyes to the plasma, because it is inside the reactor: see the Stockholm video of the Ecat QX demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  684. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Is it possible to look at the plasma made in the Ecat with direct sight?

  685. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No. It is necessary an eye protection index 14. Looking at it even for seconds can cause severe damages to the eyes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  686. Michelangelo De Meo

    April 10: US Navy recognized technological potential of radiation-free ultralow energy neutron reactions (LENRs) by awarding 2nd prize in 3rd-annual NAVSEA-Leidos disruptive technology essay contest to paper re future use of LENRs in naval power generation – see image & caption

    https://twitter.com/lewisglarsen/status/987351188801773570/photo/1?ref_src=t

  687. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  688. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Alexander Parkhomov produced a program that looked at all of the stable element isotopes and calculated nucleon exchange reactions and fission reactions that lead to stable products with a net energy yield.

    It took 10 days to calculate the more than 500,000 possible outcomes and their respective energy output.

    Dr. Alexander Parkhomov agreed to sharing his nucleon exchange / Fusion+Fission table which can be downloaded from the following link

    https://goo.gl/91fQVX

    A HUGE thankyou for his hard work and openness.

    He adds:

    “I believe that making it public will be useful for the development of LENR research. It is also useful to have a public program that allows the consideration of combinations of not only two nuclides, but also a larger number.”

    It the latter part of the sentence, he is recognising that the table as provided is only the first step and that knowing what a larger number of interacting nucleus would result in would be helpful. Due to the vast computational requirements akin to hash code breaking, distributed computing with a common database might be a way forward.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDgybzJ8Ryk&feature=youtu.be

  689. Andrea Rossi

    Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  690. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your answer to Raffaele Bongo:
    “I do not choose the T: it is the T that comes out of the process as the Ecat is made now”
    Does that mean that different processes occur in module E-Cat QX 80 W and module E-Cat SK 10 kW?

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  691. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    No, it does mean that we are more capable to control the process. We are working very hard and investing heavily to reach our target.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  692. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov has made again a very good work of replication and experimentation after your effect: see here
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDgybzJ8Ryk&feature=youtu.be
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov’s Fusion Fission table overview

  693. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Dr Alexander Parkhomov has made years of magnificent scientific work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  694. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During my last message I probably mispelled my question. I was wondering what are the likely significant benefits of running the quark 1 ev against ¼ ev?
    All my support for your great team.

    cordially

    Raffaele

  695. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I do not choose the T: it is the T that comes out of the process as the Ecat is made now.
    In general, a higher T makes wider and more efficient the field of applications.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  696. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that the equivalent temperature of 1 eV is 12,500 K. Please check and see if my Physics is correct?

    1 eV = 1.602… x 10**-19 J — (one electron charge moving through a potential of 1 Volt)

    Boltzmann’s constant is 1.38065… x 10**-23 J / K

    So the equivalent temperature of 1 eV is:

    1.602 … x 1-**-19 J / 1.38065… x 10+++-23 J/K = 11,604.5… K.

    So should not the equivalent temperature of 1eV be 11,604.5K?

    Note: this is the equivalent temperature, not the actual operating temperature.

  697. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the equivalent T of 1 eV is 11,604.52 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  698. Physics Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the video of the November 24th Stockholm Ecat presentation.
    As an expert of the matter, I can confirm that your application of the Wien and Boltzmann equations to calculate the energy of the plasma in the Ecat is correct.
    Godspeed,
    Physics Prof

  699. Andrea Rossi

    Physics Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  700. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Now that you have resolved the problem of the overheating of the circuitry of the Ecat QX, is the COP higher?

  701. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No. What has improved is the reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  702. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    On the Journal of Nuclear Physics has been published the paper “The Interactions of Acoustic Phonons and Photons in the Solid State”, by Ian Douglas Winters, Bachelor of Science in Material Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  703. Mario

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I understand that you produce very high energy in very small space: did you find the right heat exchanger in the market, or had you to design a new one?

  704. Andrea Rossi

    Mario:
    We had to design it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  705. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You had to overcome enormous difficulties to move from an operating temperature of 2700 K to 12700 K. I suppose that these very difficult changes are aimed at improving the performance of the reactor. I have a hard time imagining that one can reach such temperature without confinement.
    Can you tell us a few words about these new performances of the reactor?

    All my support for your entire team
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  706. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    About how the heat is exchanged, it is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  707. Ernest

    Dr Rossi:
    Still on schedule to introduce in the market the Ecat QX within the end of the year?

  708. Andrea Rossi

    Ernest:
    I still have this hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  709. Daniel

    Dear Andrea,
    Watching the video of the full demo you made in Stockholm on November 24th with the Ecat QX, I saw that when you calculate the temperature of the plasma by the Wien equation and eventually you calculate the energy by the Boltzmann equation you consider the plasma to be a black body and consequently you apply the value 1 to the epsilon (emissivity).
    Is that correct?

  710. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel:
    Theoretically the plasma is a perfect black body, but since a perfect black body is not supposed to exist, we calculate epsilon= 0.9
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  711. Fighter

    So, if I have correctly understood, the hot fusion is more “impossible” than the LENR. At least from your point of view. Correct?

  712. Andrea Rossi

    Fighter:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  713. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Also: 1 electron-volt = 11,604.52500617 Kelvin

  714. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- In my comment I made a typo with a consequent error, obviously K= C + 273, not the other way. Corrected.
    2- 1 eV= 12 500 C degrees, then 1 eV = 12 500 + 273 = 12 773 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  715. Maja Berken

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your answer to the magnificent comment of Beata Chowen.
    Don’t you think Prof Marica Branchesi should be more shown and interviewed by the media, to make her inspiring figure be more widespread?
    Cheers,
    Maja

  716. Andrea Rossi

    Maja Berken:
    Yes, I do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  717. Beata Chowen

    The Astrophysicist Prof Marica Branchesi has been recognized between the 100 persons most important of the world.
    She is a Prof of the Gran Sasso labs of the INFN and works on the observation and the instrumental development to understand the gravitational waves utilizing multiple data sources.

  718. Andrea Rossi

    Beata Chowen:
    I am glad to apprehend this, not only for the importance of the scientific achievement, but also for the inspiring model that Prof Marica Branchesi offers to the future women.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  719. Bill Tufts

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi, Dear Readers of the JoNP,
    Today is the Earth Day: let us hope it is be the Earthday of the year in which the Ecat QX enters the market!
    Godspeed,
    Bill

  720. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Tufts:
    Thank you for reminding us this recurrence,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  721. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    12,500 Celsius = 12,773.15 Kelvin

  722. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What impresses of the video of the Stockholm demo of the Ecat QX is the number of so high level Professors that have observed the set up closely during all the test, approaching the Ecat and observing all the particulars of the Ecat and of the measurements.

  723. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    It has been a so big honour for all us of the Ecat Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  724. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The article from Aftenposten may require from some users a subscription to access it from your link on ECAT.com/news. Workaround shown below.

    Great work from the team, thanks to all of you!

    Respectfully yours,

    Tom
    Works but bypasses aftenposten’s subscription advertisement:
    https://www.fvn.no/digital/Unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential-10899b.html

    (Won’t allow reading without required subscription)
    https://www.aftenposten.no/digital/Unknown-energy-source-with-enormous-potential-10899b.html

    Totally legal method shown below:
    Google search words: “Unknown energy source with enormous potential” AND click the first link.
    Even on google, if you copy and paste the link to a new tab instead of clicking the article in their list, it goes to a subscription notice – so it requires entry through google.com directly, or the alternative work around shown above.

  725. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestions, but when I go to Ecat.com and click NEWS and then click on the link to Aftenposten, I can read the article of Kristian Bjorkeng without any problem!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  726. Eike

    When do you think we will be able to see in operation the Ecat SK?

  727. Andrea Rossi

    Eike:
    I hope within the year 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  728. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    About the comment of Jean, the link to article of Per Kristian Bjorkeng on the Aftenposten can be found on http://www.ecat.com selecting “NEWS”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  729. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    When the temperarture is measured in eV the conversion is in Celsius degrees or in Kelvin?

  730. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1 eV can be converted, obviously, either in Celsius degrees or in Kelvin. 1 eV= 12 500 Celsius degrees and 1 eV= 12 773 K, albeit when you measure a T in eV the difference between the two scales is not as relevant as it normally is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  731. Jean

    @Abe Vincent:
    I totally agree with you. Being a nuclear engineer, I too was a sceptic, but the video of the demonstration of the Ecat QX made at the IVA of Stockholm has been very convincing.
    Impossible to ignore the precision of the measurement of the flowrate, the diagram of the oscolloscope with the measurement of voltage and the unipolarity of the current across the resistance of 1 Ohm, the measurements of the dummies and of the calorimetry made by neutral engineers. The team of Rossi has made a masterpiece, giving evidence of the enormous potential of this new source of energy, as written by Per Kristian Bjorkeng on the Aftenposten, the major newspaper of Norway.

  732. Abe Vincent

    ​Dear Mr Rossi, Thank you for the convincing demonstration in Stockholm. I wasn’t convinced before the demo, but after seeing the 6min video I was definitely convinced. The measurements of the output power of the reactor was particularly convincing.

  733. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    Thank you: I appreciate your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    For the Readers: the link can be found either googling “youtube summary of the ecat demo of Stockholm Nov 24 2017” or on http://www.ecat.com

  734. Sandro

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I bought by Amazon the book of Vessela Nikolova ‘Ecat the new fire’.
    Do you confirm that what is written in that book is true?
    All the best,
    Sandro

  735. Andrea Rossi

    Sandro:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  736. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Google “Popular Science New Alloy Can Convert Heat Into Electricity”
    Cheers
    Chuck Davis

  737. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the link. It is another thermoelectric device, working with the Seebeck Effect. Due to the experimental status it is too soon to know if it has enough efficiency. I have a big experience in the field, because I worked very much in it also for the DOE in the nineties and made a patent in the USA with Leonardo Technology Incorporated. But what I experienced is that when you make by your hands a prototype ( very expensive ) you get a good efficiency, but you have to spend hours and hours with the directional fusion, necessary to achieve a geometry that puts in line the atoms; when you, for necessary economical reasons, pass to a bulk production and you have to speed up the directional fusion of all the components of the alloy, whatever it is, the efficiency drops dramatically.
    We’ll see: if they have resolved this problem, that I have not been able to resolve, this is a good fiance’ for the Ecat, for obvious reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  738. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for the clarification– so in the case of “Carnot cycle is made by steam that makes a turbine turn a magnet inside a copper coil”, let me rephrase my question:

    1) Do you plan to build that device yourself?
    2) Or, have you found a supplier for such a device, either for Research purposes or for Commercial operation?
    3) Or if not, are you currently looking for such a device?

    And– I apologize for what must be an odd sounding question:

    4) Am I wrong to think of this device as an external heat source (steam) that powers an Engine (turbine) that then drives a generator?

    thanks again,
    WaltC

  739. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- no
    2- the Carnot cycle components are well known and on the traditional market
    3- no, we will make steam, then our Customers will use the steam to do what they want, as, for example, electricity my means of the Carnot cycle
    4- you are not wrong
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  740. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you say if the Ecat SK of 10/100 kW has a hope to arrive in the industrial market before the hot fusion?

  741. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  742. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    You mention using the Carnot cycle to produce electricity– presumably based on an engine that can operate from an external heat source– have you found a supplier for such a device, either for Research purposes or for Commercial operation?
    If not, are you currently looking?

    thanks,
    WaltC

  743. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    No, in our case the Carnot cycle is made by steam that makes a turbine turn a magnet inside a copper coil.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  744. Dummy Physicist

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How can the Ecat QX sustain a temperature of 1 eV? Is it not the same T of a hot fusion ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Dummy Physicist

  745. Andrea Rossi

    Dummy Physicist:
    Hot fusion temperature in a plant like the one ENEA has invested in is above 12 keV ( more than 150 000 000 – say onehundredfiftymillions- of Celsius degrees ).
    To maintain stable magnetic fields at this temperature is more difficult than allow an elephant pass through a needle eye. Non maintaining a stable magnetic field in a plant like that means not just melt, but vaporize any kind of material or alloy exposed to such a radiation in matter of fractions of second, making happy a lot of people around. But the good news for the “financers”, funded by the taxpayer, are that all this stuff justifies any kind of expense without bids and without control, because nobody understands what they are buying and why… not that it counts too much, though.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  746. Rita

    @Aninumous of the comment 2018/04/19 at 7.52 PM: you are an imbecile. Even if Andrea Rossi will delay, it will be anyway a masterpiece, made by his own money. Compare to the “work” of the hot fusion, that is stealing money of the taxpayer by the billions since more than 50 years and the sole thing they produced is the request of more money, without any serious accounting control, like what happened few days ago with ENEA, that is wasting 50 millions to make the usual nothing they make.
    You know why these smartasses can continue this clownerie? Because of imbeciles like you, that look at the straws not seeing the pillars.
    Rita

  747. Andrea Rossi

    Rita:
    He spoke his opinion: ” I do not agree with you, but I will give my life to allow you to speak your opinion”
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  748. Rupert

    I googled “Ecat QX video of the November 24th demo in Stockholm”
    Fantastic, well done, it seems to be there during the whole convincing presentation of the Ecat QX
    Thank you for this magnificence
    Rupert

  749. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  750. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I understood that a quark X operated at a temperature of 2700 ° k. Now it seems that this temperature is 1 EV which is totally different.
    Have you made any improvements to the reactor, or have the control system parameters changed?
    With such temperatures can you explain how you measure fire risk?
    All my support for your team
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  751. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The system has been totally changed.
    The particulars are confidential.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  752. Bobby Ellery

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still keeping your hands dirt making tests and prototypes, or now you leave this part to others of your team?
    Godspeed, Bobby

  753. Andrea Rossi

    Bobby Ellery:
    I still need to wash my hands many times a day.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  754. Pietro

    Bentrovato sig. Rossi,

    la seguo ormai da anni
    una domanda, da chi poco capisce di fisica,

    mi puo’ spiegare, in parole molto povere, se sia possibile collegare un ecat ad una turbina e produrre più elettricita di quanto ne consumi, e, se non fosse possibile, il motivo.

    Grazie e buona salute

    Pietro

  755. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro:
    It is possible, by means of the Carnot cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  756. Bernard

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I enjoyed the video on Google of the Stockholm demo at the IVA and I am grateful for the openness of this very convincing test.
    Thank you,
    Bernard

  757. Andrea Rossi

    Bernard:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  758. Elena

    You said in a recent comment that in your team there are women at high level: can you give us examples of their duties?

  759. Andrea Rossi

    Elena:
    CFO, physicist
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  760. Jeremy Cobane

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you think that the weak force can be involved in LENR phenomenons?

  761. Andrea Rossi

    Jeremy Cobane:
    No, because weak forces would emit much stronger radiations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  762. Anonymous

    Do you think that hospitals could use the Ecat to generate heat?

  763. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I think so, but it has to be clarified if the safety certification we have for industrial applications is valid also for hospitals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  764. Anonymous

    I did bet one thousand Euro that you will not succeed to start the sales of the industrial Ecat QX within the year 2018.

  765. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    This is easy: YESSS !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  766. Prof

    Do you confirm that the temperature of the core of the Ecat QX is higher than 1 eV?
    Cheers
    Prof

  767. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I confirm,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  768. Albert Ellul

    The promise of (hot) fusion energy is one of the biggest scams ever.50 years ago scientists had described nuclear fusion energy as the energy of the future, and in a way they were correct, because it will always be the energy of the future. After 50 years of sucking up billions of tax dollars, hot fusion is still cold and the truth is that it will take another 50 years for the first nuclear reactor to go on stream.

    Meanwhile cold fusion is getting hot thanks to you Andrea Rossi. Looking forward for the first E-Cat QX to roll out of the robotic line, hopefully this year, but 2019 will be OK too.

  769. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  770. Italian Taxpayer

    Dear Andrea:
    The ENEA 500 millions investments in the hot fusion is the usual fraud to the taxpayers: ENEA in 38 years of existence has spent billions in totally useless R&D. It has produced nothing, not a single patent that has been turned into a real manufacturing. It has been born in 1980 to park the sons of the ENI managers that could not be placed in ENI because not able to perform a real work .
    Now these 500 millions that the Italian taxpayer has been minted of will produce nothing, along the tradition of this totally useless entity named ENEA. Where the money they got is gone is a “mistery”.
    IT (Italian Taxpayer)

  771. Andrea Rossi

    Italian Taxpayer:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  772. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,
    While I recognize that your efforts are predominately focused on the Ecat QX development to achieve first production in this year. However, there are undoubtedly many other issues requiring your attention to achieve this goal. If it is not confidential, can you please advise on the progress in the development of the US manufacturing facility?
    1. Has physical work commenced on the construction and installation of manufacturing equipment?
    2. Do you feel that the US plant will be able to perform a pre-production run by the end of the third quarter of this year?
    3. What do you consider to be the most significant obstacle in getting the plant on line this year?
    4. Are you able to disclose the state in which the plant is located?
    5. What is the planned annual production capacity after the plant is fully on line?
    6. Will this plant be used only for US markets or will it also ship to global clients?
    I hope you are also able to find other domestic and international venues to satisfy the immense demands that already exist.
    Thanks for the intensely hard work by you and all of your team.
    Harvey

  773. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    1- not yet
    2- no
    3- unforseen obstacles ( “dark obstacles” )
    4- no
    5- n.a.
    6- will also ship abroad
    Thank you for your attention to our work
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  774. Ugo

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you have some activity of yours left in Italy, related or not to the Ecat?
    Cheers,
    Ugo

  775. Andrea Rossi

    Ugo:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  776. Paolo

    Dear Andrea,
    I hope you are still well, even in this period of strong pressure.
    Look at this link:
    http://e-catworld.com/2018/04/18/italy-invests-500-million-euros-in-hot-fusion-research-enea/
    As usual, this big money coming from the taxpayer will be wasted: I hope you will be enough fast to save this waste of money.
    May God help you in your so difficult job,
    Paolo

  777. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:
    Thank you for the link. It starts with a lie: Tokamak is not a patent of ENEA and this R&D is going on about half century since, as an R&D made by the European community; it already costed tens of billions without positive results so far.
    Any further comment is fairly useless, but, as I always said, all the potential energy sources can and must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  778. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andréa Rossi

    Is there a significant difference in mass between the high power reactor (100 Kw) and the small reactor (40 W) or is it only the parameters of the control system that are different?
    Thank you for your answers to our questions
    All my support and encouragement
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  779. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Good question: there is a difference, but not proportional. The weight/kW id much less in the bigger reactors. In other words, the power density is much higher.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  780. Cardano

    Dr Rossi,

    * Green Bitcoin mining is huge now and growing.

    http://bitcoinist.com/bitcoin-miners-cutting-costs-by-going-green/

    * Bitcoin News Link:

    https://news.bitcoin.com/

  781. Andrea Rossi

    Cardano:
    I already said what I think about this issue.
    Thank you anyway for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  782. Tiberio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Regarding the heater of Viessmann that makes the cogeneration with the Stirling engine, did you get information useful to the Ecat technology?

  783. Andrea Rossi

    Tiberio:
    Yes, I got the due information. They severed the production line of the heaters coupled with Stirling engines to make cogeneration. It has not been possible to collect information about the real reasons. Officially they say that it happened because of new restrictions of regulations related to the emissions, but this sounds strange to me, because the Stirling engine does not affect the pollutants in the emissions of a gas burner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  784. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I wonder, how many OEM‘s is contacting you every week in seek for information of the possibilities the Ecat may represent as a heat source in their product?
    And how many companies using heat in their manufacturing are asking for information’s?

    Warm Regards, Svein Henrik.

  785. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I have a pending NDA with all the contacts with potential Customers, therefore I cannot refer to any of them in positive or in negative. This will remain always our policy.

  786. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, Elon Musk has trouble producing large quantities of his Tesla model 3 cars because he says that there are too many robots slowing down the production.
    He says that inserting more men in place of robots could increase production.
    Do you think that a similar problem may also occur in your case?

    Kind regards,

    Italo R.

  787. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I never criticize the work of others. I cannot make observations about a problem I do not know. If you are asking if I too can make mistakes, the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  788. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it worthwhile for you to get an industrial product into the market as soon as possible, even if it may soon be replaced by superior models that you have in R&D?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  789. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Ask General Motors the same question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  790. G

    Dear Andrea,
    Googling ” Youtube Ecat QX demonstration at the IVA of Stockholm” i found the magnificent video with the 3 hours of demo. Question: the measurement with the spectrometer has not been possible because of the light emitted by the big screen wherein the spectrometry diagram was visible. Do you normally use the spectrometer to measure the temperatures of the plasma?

  791. Andrea Rossi

    G:
    Yes, it is the sole way to measure the temperature of the plasma body. There are not thermometers that can work above the melting point of platinum and rhodium. We reach T well above 1 eV.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  792. Isabel

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is the module of the Ecat SK with a power of 10/100 kW improving, or you are stuck in the mud of the difficulties and have not time for it because you are focused on the 100- 1000 W Ecat QX?

  793. Andrea Rossi

    Isabel:
    We are working on all the line, but the main focus is on the prototype that has best odds to be ready within this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  794. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you can say, was the contract you signed in Chicago connected with the US global food company you had mentioned?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  795. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  796. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I read with some interest on you visit to Chicago.
    Presuming you signed a contract with your global customer, is your customer on the following list?
    Link>> https://www.luc.edu/law/career/practice_areas/publically_held.html

    My best to you and your team,

    Buck

  797. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The name is global, but I cannot answer in positive or in negative, because I am under NDA. Obviously with a series of lists, by exclusion, it would be easy to individuate the name.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  798. Daren

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yesterday a friend of mine has spotted you at the airport of Chicago: was that person really you? Can I ask if your concern or partner is in Chicago?

  799. Andrea Rossi

    Daren:
    He,he,he…yes, I was in Chicago yesterday to sign a contract.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  800. Giovanni

    Andrea,
    About the superficial comment of Irka: you are making a work that without you could never happen. If there is a person in the worls that can accomplish the mission to bring in the markat this product, this person is you sustained by your magnificent team.
    Thank you for what you are doing and for dedicating your life to it.
    Giovanni

  801. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Irka has expressed an opinion, nothing wrong with this fact.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  802. Alexis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched on http://www.ecat.com all the three links to the event of Stockholm for the presentation at the IVA of the Ecat QX. Very impressive and very convincing.
    Now I hope your enormous work will soon end up with the introduction of a product for sale.
    Godspeed,
    Alexis

  803. Andrea Rossi

    Alexis:
    Thank you, we are working hard on it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  804. Ulrich W.A. Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    In Israel a company claims to be able to hack a computer not connected to the internet, via a power connection, but it has to be infected by a virus before.
    I wish you a fast success with the Ecat SK 10/100,
    Ulrich W.A. Kranz

  805. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich W.A.Kranz:
    I know it is possible. In fact the computers I use for IP never have seen a plug in their life.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  806. Andrea Rossi

    Irka:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  807. Elias

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    I googled: ‘Youtube ecat Stockholm test of the ecat qx’ and found the magnificent video of the whole test.
    Thank you for your work.
    Elias

  808. Andrea Rossi

    Elias:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  809. Yrka

    I bow to your genius!
    But!
    Progress should move young. You need a young, energetic, courageous person who does not follow the old rules, but creates new rules! Sorry, but you, like an old grandmother, are laying out brand new threads and needles on old pots.
    Sorry, I understand everything, I’m not young myself, it’s the costs of wisdom and experience.
    You need a battering ram that will break the old system and create a new one, and not try to stick the Autopilot into the horse cart.
    Sorry again for your emotionality.
    Thank you for your work!

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  810. Anonymous

    Did you control the radiations emitted by the Ecat QX during the Stockholm demo of November 24th?

  811. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  812. Joleen Plateros

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    As we can understand from your comments, the 80 W Ecat QX module is ready, or close, and its industrialization will be not impossible within the year 2018; the 1 kW module is still pending, while the SK of 10/100 kW are in early R&D stage. Did I understand well?
    Godspeed,
    JP

  813. Andrea Rossi

    Joleen Plateros:
    I think you are not distant from reality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  814. Goran

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What does mean ‘strangeness’ in Physics?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Goran

  815. Andrea Rossi

    Goran:
    Strangeness is given by mass and emilife respectively bigger and longer than normal. It is always conserved, except in the weak interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  816. Wade Grotzinger

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    About Viessmann: I have spoken with an engineer of Viessmann and he told me they could apply the Ecat to their products.
    Do you think this could happen?
    Wade

  817. Andrea Rossi

    Wade Grotzinger:
    This is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  818. Bobby

    Andrea,
    What do you think of the Weissmann heater that makes the cogeneration with a Stirling engine published here in the comment of Luca Galli 2018/04/12 at 2.29 PM?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Bobby

  819. Andrea Rossi

    Bobby:
    It is a very intelligent product, that makes efficiency close to 100%. I like the way they realized the Stirling engine, very compact and cheap. Congratulations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  820. Elenor

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are there women in the Leonardo team and with which role?

  821. Andrea Rossi

    Elenor:
    Yes, at the highest level.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  822. Fox

    Dear Rossi
    Are you a physicist or a philosopher?
    I am a philosophical physicist and I am convinced that we do not even know a millionth of the reality that surrounds us.
    You are discovering another little piece called LENR
    With love
    Fox

  823. Andrea Rossi

    Fox:
    With a small editing, I would cite the statement Plato wrote Socrates said: ” The sole thing I know is that I do not know enough of both” ( the editing consists in adding “enough of both” ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  824. Gerald Belfort

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you suffer of anxiety in this difficult period and, if yes, how do you menage it?

  825. Andrea Rossi

    Gerald Belfort:
    Yes, I suffer of anxiety: time passes too fast and every hour I calculate if I am in time. Weeks seem to be days, months seem to be weeks, so fast they elapse. I am not managing it, just I have to stand anxiety. The work to do is huge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  826. Giorgio

    Dear Andrea,
    in a discussion with friends I sustained that obviously elementary particles with a small mass, not having air inside, are smaller than elementary particles with a bigger mass: am I right?
    Cheers,
    Giorgio

  827. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Sorry, you are wrong. Elementary particles are waves quantistically defined. The size of a wave is given by its lambda ( wave length ). From lambda depends also the energy and a shorter lambda makes the e.p. need more energy, because it has less time to complete its sinusoid, so you can say that the shorter the lambda, the higher the energy. From E=mc^2, we know that mass is a form of energy: for this reason, the shorter the dimension, the higher the mass: exactly the contrary of what you said. To give you solace, though, I can tell you quantum physics is counter-intuitive. For example, when your mind sees waves you would watch particles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  828. Sean

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you say what are you doing in particular today, if you are working?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Sean

  829. Andrea Rossi

    Sean:
    In this very moment I am working on the SK project.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  830. Teacher

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    About the issue raised by Chuck Davis: will it be possible for a college to buy an Ecat for educational purposes?

  831. Andrea Rossi

    Teacher:
    Presently the safety certifications allow us to install the Ecats in industrial concerns. It is necessary to specify in which kind of laboratory the Ecat would be installed: it is a safety issue. Obviously in a lab where there are the same safety structures as in an industry, there is a possibility to have the necessary authorizations. I think that specific considerations will have to be done in this field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  832. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you have any expectation about how long it make take to complete the certification of the domestic Ecat?
    Chuck Davis

  833. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Not before the diffusion of the industrial plants in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  834. Jane

    Looking for a great time, when your Ecat QX will develop all the potential I understood watching the video of the Stockholm event of November 24. I watched on http://www.ecat.com both the complete video of 3 hours and the summary of 6 minutes: very impressing the ability of your IT guy to put in the 6 minutes summary all the essential you need to know.
    Godspeed,
    Jane

  835. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you: we worked a lot to make a short version that in max 6 min could say all there was to say. It was not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  836. P

    Hello Andrea!
    I really hope you succeed.
    Regarding electricity and Stirling, I think Inresol AB is a good alternative. The Swedes have a long experience in this technology and have many spin-offs from Kockum’s submarine production.
    http://www.inresol.se/
    https://youtu.be/CIkE6eDRTiA
    https://www.nyteknik.se/automation/inresol-varvar-upp-200-ar-gammal-stirlingteknik-6903616

  837. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  838. Luca Galli

    Hi Dr Rossi:
    Is the electricity production still under focus?
    If yes, please take a look to this link about the use of the Stirling motor:
    https://www.viessmann.it/it/riscaldamento-casa/miglior_sistema_di_riscaldamento/cogenerazione.html
    Real Congratulations for your job,
    Luca

  839. Andrea Rossi

    Luca Galli:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  840. Joella

    Dear Andrea:
    I strongly appreciated the 6 minutes summary of the Event of the demonstration of the Ecat QX on Stockholm on November 24th. Extremely interesting the cameo about the theory.
    It will be very interesting to read about the follow up of it.
    All the best,
    Jo

  841. Andrea Rossi

    Joella:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  842. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I’m not very familiar with radiation detectors, nonetheless I am curious– since hot fusion scientists commonly believe there’s no fusion without neutrons:

    1) With respect to the radiation detectors you use, are they responsive also to Neutrons?
    2) Both high energy (e.g., fast) and low energy (e.g., thermal) Neutrons?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  843. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We have made many times measurements with neutron detectors during our experiments and never found a relevant difference from the background, albeit we always found a difference in excess, but always within the margin of error of the instrumentation, which means no danger. Anyway, we always make the measurement with the Sievert counter, that measures the ionizing radiations and the ionizing radiations should be generated by neutron emissions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  844. Albert

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you still think you will be able to start the sales of the industrialized Ecat or its energy by the end of this year?

  845. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    So far, we are inside the scheduled timing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  846. Miles Gleich

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Why did you not show the instrumentation to measure the radiations in microSievert during the Stockholm demo of the EcatQX?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Miles

  847. Andrea Rossi

    Miles Gleich:
    Good point, I forgot to do it. For us it is absolutely normal to keep close a radiation detector when we work, so it is nothing we usually talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  848. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andrea

    Are the SK 10 and 100 KW developments encouraging? This would probably reduce the volume and mass of the plants and thus be able to envisage applications in transport.

    Note: I live in France and I do not speak well the language of Shakespeare. In “former retired pensioner” I meant that I worked in the manufacture of concrete structures. Today I do not work anymore because I am too old.
    Your old supporter

    Raffaele

  849. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The R&D of the 10 and 100 kW modules is on course. It is too soon to express opinions about their reliability.
    Thank you for explaining your expression’s meaning,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  850. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Based on a structure defined as 30 feet in length with 8 foot height and 8 foot width, I would assume the following:

    a. Two sides approximately 2 feet in thickness with an internal 3 – 4 foot walkway between the two sides. So there would be a total of four surfaces: Left Side, exterior, Left side, interior, Right side, interior and Right side, exterior.

    b. Each side would contain 250 eCat 1kW units. It would likely be on a grid of 10 units vertically and 25 units horizontally.

    So horizontally, each eCat 1kW unit would be centered at about 14 inches, recall they are 10 inches wide.

    Vertically, each eCat 1kW unit would be 8.5 to 9.5 inches, recall each unit is about 7.2 inches in height.

    The difference in grid spacing and unit size would be for structural support, interconnections and piping, and access.

    Thoughts?

  851. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, this is a possible configuration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  852. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andrea

    The use of concrete and the manufacture of cement is very energy consuming, the required temperatures are of the order of 1450 ° C. Is it possible to consider E-Cat ovens for this industry that has a significant carbon footprint?
    A curious thing, we get to know the lifetime of the atoms of our solar system but no one has managed to date to determine the life of the concrete.

    Your supporter and former pensioner

    Raffaele

  853. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes, that too is a possible application.
    Thank you to be a nice supporter, but I do not understand ” former pensioner “: in which sense?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  854. Anonymous

    How are positioned now to start the sales within this year? Are the probabilities stable?

  855. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, when we make tests we always measure the microSievert outside the Ecat and compare with the background.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  856. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Plus the volume to have operative room, so that you need about a 30 ft container all included with the heat exchanger.”

    Could you please provide estimates of the other two dimensions for a 1MW thermal output unit?

  857. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    8′ x 8′
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  858. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The US global food company you mention, have they verified for themselves the performance of the E-Cat QX, and are satisfied it could be useful to them?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  859. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This will happen when we will be ready to start the sales of the product ready for industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  860. Tamal

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    when E-Cat hits the market, its not gonna be just very profitable – soon it might become a symbol of a contemporary lifestyle and of “modern, high tech, top notch” companies… therefore hard to get. Please consider reserving a “fast” production line for customers with just a few E-Cats in their bag.
    It’s exciting to watch and support your team on the way up, not so much having your final match seat taken over with a bag of money. After all your Cat has a ball to score with.

    Kind regards and best wishes,
    Tamal

  861. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    Our goal is a wide diffusion of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  862. Regina

    Did you make any progress with the gas or jet engines?

  863. Andrea Rossi

    Regina:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  864. Jason Bagent

    Andrea:
    From the dimensions you said a 1 kW Ecat has volume of about 30 liters, so that an assembly of 1 MW needs a volume of 30 cubic meters: about 2.5 x 2.5 x 5 meters: correct?

  865. Andrea Rossi

    Jason Bagent:
    Plus the volume to have operative room, so that you need about a 30 ft container all included with the heat exchanger.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  866. Andy

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you explain why Bosons carry forces and Fermions do not in few words?

  867. Andrea Rossi

    Andy:
    Bosons do not respect the Pauli exclusion principle, therefore can pile up to reach big force in the same point at the same time: 2 Bosons occupy the same space at the same time as two trillion Bosons do. Fermions, on the contrary, respect the Pauli principle, therefore even two Fermions cannot be in the same point at the same time. This fact forbids Fermions to make up a force in the same place at the same time and consequently cannot break the Simmetry.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  868. Elliott Wilcher

    Dr Rossi:
    It is clear after your answers of yesterday that you are partnering with an important company in the food business. Can you say where is it located?

  869. Andrea Rossi

    Elliott Wilcher:
    It is a US global company.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  870. Andrea Rossi

    Jag bara undrar?:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  871. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Where has been made all this work with the Ecat QX reported in the answer to Frank Acland of EW?

  872. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  873. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I was interested your comment about the food industry being reactive to the E-Cat. It is a huge market that uses massive amounts of heat. Think of all the baking, boiling, heating, steaming, sterilizing, etc. that takes place in all kinds of food and drink processing plants.

    Here is one example, a Frito Lay factory for making potato chips: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ws_K9Cxs-uE

    Interesting they use co-generation in their plants — their natural gas powered deep fryers also generate electricity so the whole plant is off grid.

    What do you think about applying the heat of the E-Cat for plants like this?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  874. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think there will be important developments in the food industry sector related to the Ecat. Their strong need of heat to process their products makes them the ideal match for the Ecat. So the Ecat will say, like a poet: ” M’illumino di mensa”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  875. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I have only a limited, intuitive, view of the Rossi/Gullstrom theory as currently proposed– so I’m on very thin ice– but my question relates to the “wave, anti-wave” portion: Borrowing from the concept in Quantum Mechanics of Wave-particle Duality,

    1) Is it possible that the “wave/anti-wave” aspect can also be thought of as “particle/anti-particle”?
    2) If so, what might the particle/anti-particle be?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  876. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    We are studying and experimenting about this and we are not ready for a publication, that is preliminary to any discussion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  877. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From the information you have provided, do I understand that your early adopters will be able to build plants of any size by combining 1 kW E-Cat modules in parallel only (not in series)?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  878. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  879. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    I understand that the heat transfer medium into and out of the Ecat Box could be a one of a number of different fluids at different pressures and starting temperature depending on the needs. I wonder if the maximum temperature at the out let is already defined?

    Is it currently limited to say high pressure steam at 100 deg C?
    Or could it be higher in the day 400 deg C
    Or perhaps at temperatures even above 1000 deg C?

    Obviously the heat capacity is probably the important factor for most uses initially but I’m curious if there is an upper limit to the temperature -as well.

    Would yo be able to give this kind information regarding the unit? Or is it something for later?

    Another curious question. You mention the over all box is plastic. But I wonder could it also be made of other materials such as metals or ceramics for uses in places where plastics might not be able to be used?

    Best Regards .

    Stephen

  880. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    We can go up to any T used in the existing utilization in the world.
    The box could be made by any convenient material, but plastic is the lighter and the more cheap.
    Further details are premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  881. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You had posted that the dimensions of one 1kW eCat unit complete is 25cm x 25cm x 18cm. Let’s take a look at the implications of that sizing…

    For a 1MW thermal output system, you would need at least 1,000 eCat 1kW units.

    Within the USA, the maximum size of a unit being shipped is about 40 feet long, about 8 feet wide and about 8 feet high, assumes the interior of a large shipping trailer.

    A likely design would be a rack style with access to the individual units from the front and back. Allowing 1 foot (30cm) vertically between eCat units to allow for maintenance access means the maximum number of vertically stacked units is 8 — to keep the vertical size under 8 feet.

    To ship a iMW unit efficiently within such a shipping trailer, I assume 2 500kW units, combined after delivery to equal 1MW system, which, with tie-downs, would occupy the 8 foot trailer width.

    So each 500kW unit would be 8 feet in height (or less), be about 3 feet in width (2 eCat units plus room for plumbing, electrical and support structure) and would be about 32 feet in length.

    After the transportation was complete, the 2 500kW units could be connected, end-to-end, to form a 64 foot long, 8 feet high and 3 foot deep 1MW system, or two rows of 32 feet each and likely separated by 4 feet. Thoughts?

  882. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  883. Jack

    Congratulations for the summary video of 6 minutes of the Ecat QX-demo made in Stockholm on November 24th. It condensates all in short.
    Godspeed,
    Jack

  884. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    For the Readers: please find the link to it on http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  885. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The manufacture of E-Cats 1 MW will generate energy consumption that is called in France “gray energy”. Have you evaluated this energy consumed per E-Cat unit and how long will it take for the machine to clear its energy debt?
    For example the voltaic dear to the ecologist must work a good decade to pay off its energy debt and provide the first KW useful and more if we take into account the decline in profitability over time.
    For the wind I’m afraid it’s the same

    All my consideration and all my support to your team.
    Best regards
    Your supporter

    Raffaele

  886. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    You are correct. Not to mention the electric cars, about which has not been sufficiently calculated that the electricity they consume comes mainly from plugs that receive the electric energy from generators mainly fueled by hydrocarbons. I suspect that the global warming source, in this case, is not eliminated, but transferred from one place to another.
    In our case the grey energy, which is the energy necessary to produce out Ecat, is supposed to be irrelevant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  887. Buck

    Good Afternoon Andrea:

    thank you for sharing about the 5Sigma testing of the 10kW and 100kW reactor modules. All I can say in response to what you appear to have shared is . . . . BRILLIANT ! ! !

    I believe this because of your opinion expressed to Martin Aubrey (see your April 7, 2018 at 2:47 PM post) that you see the joining of the reactors in series as being useless. For me this suggests one manner of how you intend to scale up the Ecat: when a customer wants a power output beyond what a 1kW can reasonably achieve, then the customer may upgrade, replacing the 1kW with a 10kW, and when needed a 10kW with a 100kW.

    This implies that the box as you have described it, is being specifically designed for this sort of progression, minimizing the footprint of the total purchased Ecat reactor, and enabling a smooth progression using your already proven ability to vary the actual power output of a single reactor from sub-1kW all the way up to 100kW.

    AGAIN, BRILLIANT . . . A customer may choose to be an early adopter, purchase an Ecat reactor to provide say 5% of the heat for an existing operating unit, design the necessary plumbing for the given unit, test the Ecat performance for 6-12-18 months, and upgrade the boxes to the desired new power output level with relatively little redesign of the necessary plumbing because the footprint hasn’t materially changed.

    Of course, if I have misunderstood please correct my error.

    my best regards,

    Buck

  888. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your attention toward our work. All these issues are in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  889. Buck

    Good Morning Andrea:

    You shared with Frank an expectation that the 5Sigma testing on the 1kW reactor module should be completed by year-end.

    Are you also testing the 10kW and 100kW reactor modules within the 5Sigma discipline and when do you think that testing might be completed?

    my best regards,

    Buck

  890. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    yes I am and I hope to be ready with them within 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  891. Mitch

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think that the food industry is the one that mostly can take advantage of your technology, what do you think?
    Mitch

  892. Andrea Rossi

    Mitch:
    Yes, I think that the food industry will be among the most reactive , at least initially.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  893. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    I note those who talk of cascading. E-cat to E-cat,to E-cat.
    It occurs to me that once the power of an E-cat is used to power another E-cat, You have already reached the lowest common denominator. The cost of the fuel that provides the energy.

    To continue cascading would be like spending a dollar to save a penny. You’re a dollar ahead if you just keep that dollar in your pocket.

    Kind Regards,

    Dan C.

  894. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Yes, the increase is logarythmic if the Ecats are at full power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  895. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you expect to have Sigma 5 testing complete on the 1 kW E-Cat QX by the time you hope to go into production?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  896. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  897. Buck

    Andrea,

    My apologies for not being clear about the benchmark used to determine payback period.

    Yes, purchasing/investing in an Ecat means that $$$ will be saved: the $$$ purchase of the customer’s original energy source will be avoided as the Ecat QX is now this customer’s new energy source. My question is this: what original energy source did you assume so as to determine the $$$ difference between original and Ecat energy?

    If you are unable to share because this information is too specific, then I understand and appreciate your position.

    my best regards,

    Buck

  898. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Sorry for not having understood well at first attempt.
    The Ecat does not produce electric energy, it produces heat. Our Customers pay a certain bill to generate the heat they need to make whatever they produce. That is the term of comparison with the cost of our thermal energy. Example: our Customer spends 100 $ per hour to make the heat he needs. We make his heat at ,say, 10 $ per hour. This is the paradigma. What is the source from which his provider gets the energy is not our business, as well as it is not the business of our Client: our business is how much the Client pays to buy the energy from our competitor compared with how much he has to spend to use the Ecat. If his energy provider that competes against us gets his source energy from oil, wind, sun , cows and donkeys breath, you name it-you get it, this is not our business.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The costs listed in your link are superficial. They do not take account of the difference between power and energy, which is between kW and kWh. The produced kWh are normally 1/4 of the theoretical kWh allowed by the kW of power, because the wind is not constant, as well as the sun. The real cost of the energy of windmills and PV cells is 4 times as bigger and couldn’t be sustained without the funds arriving from the taxpayer. The price paid for the energy made by the solar and wind generators is sustained by the green certificates that are paid by the taxpayer. So, this is a technology that depends on political will not on intrinsic competitivity.

  899. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted essentially the same operating characteristics between the 1kW single reactor unit and the one made up of 13 80W reactors. (A) Is there any benefit of one configuration over the other? (B) Cost? (C) Reliability? (D) Dynamic Output range? (E)If both perform identically well, would not the simpler unit be the natural choice?

  900. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The 80 W has completed the Sigma 5. The 1 kW did not yet. Therefore I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  901. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    this is to recognize and share an appreciation for your good mood as well as to ask for clarification.

    I am astounded at the rapid evolution of the Ecat from the days of Warm Cat and Hot Cat to the current Ecat QX with its 1kW singlet reactor in addition to the Ecat SK currently being assessed at its 10kW and 100kW singlet reactor power rating. It is no wonder you are in good mood.

    My request for clarification centers on your assertion of a better than 2-year payback period. What are you using as the benchmark source of energy your future customers are investing away from?

    I ask as it is becoming apparent that the LCOE (Levelized Cost of Energy) is rapidly changing due to changes in the costs for different technologies. See as a reference the linked Forbes article on current economic analysis; page 2 of the piece shares relevant LCOE comparisons. Can the upcoming Ecat QX clearly out-compete these lowest LCOE technologies?
    Link>> https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikescott/2018/04/03/power-shift-anything-coal-and-gas-can-do-renewables-and-energy-storage-can-do-cheaper/#3d255f1e300b

  902. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    To pay back in two years the plant means that the money saved to make that amount of energy in two years is more than the money spent for the plant.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  903. Dorie Carwile

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Will it be possible to command the Ecat plants in remote?

  904. Andrea Rossi

    Dorie Carwile:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  905. Jerome Ailor

    Dear Andrea:
    I know you play tennis with passion and you are a Physics student; I think tennis is a sport wherein a lot of Physics is involved: does this help you in one way or the other?
    Cheers
    Jerome

  906. Andrea Rossi

    Jerome Ailor:
    The results are not much encouraging in either way: I am experiencing a gravity field strong vibration, though ( or exchange of gravitons, if you prefer ), between the Earth and my feet, with gravitational waves rippling toward my legs. But this does not help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  907. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I have a few more questions about the Ecat-QX unit configuration, if you are able to answer.

    1. Can the output of one 1kW unit be connected to the input of a subsequent unit, forming a cascaded multi-stage heat amplifier?

    2. If so, is there a practical limit to the number of cascaded units?

    3. Have you tested this configuration yet?

    4. Do you think that the industrial plant will be made up of 1kW units connected serially and then some of these multi-unit cascades connected in parallel?

    Many Thanks again,

    Kind Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  908. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- yes
    2- it is an integral related to the flow
    3- no, because it is useless
    4- no, just parallels
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  909. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that the E-cat will pay itself back in two years. That sounds very good.
    I assume you did not include also replacement of one or two units and the work and sending cost for exchanging ‘recharged’ units? I am assuming this because to do that efficiently you would need a very efficient organization in each country, and that will take a while.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  910. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The payback of 2 years should be comprehensive of all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  911. sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video that gets a person thinking.

    https://youtu.be/5b9PssoJfLg

    Regards
    Sam

  912. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the inspiring link. I agree with its content and I think that to assume everything has been made so harmonic casually is against the entropy law. This means that the faith in God has more rigorous scientific affinity than the Faith in Atheism, that has no proofs at all and is not subject to falsification in any situation; the disrespect of the entropy law, I think, is the strongest scientific proof against the gurus of the religion of atheists.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  913. Claud

    Dear Andrea, you mention a payback period for the e-cat, shorter than two years.
    You mean before or after the taxes that users pay for the power delivery ?

  914. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    After taxes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  915. Jim Rosenburg

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    A- is the 10 kW module being rested?
    B- is the 100 kW module being rested?
    C- is your partner assisting with these modules?
    Thank you,
    Jim

  916. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    A- no
    B- no
    C- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  917. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    during the process of refueling will the customer remain out of service, or the issue has been assessed by a redundance of modules?

  918. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    The issue can be resolved with a redundance of modules or with a refueling scheduling that suits the Customer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  919. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,

    You indicated that the water/fluid flow is through a pair of pipe connectors– is it your plan that these pipes handle:
    1) High Pressure Steam (greater than 75 psig)?
    2) Medium Pressure Steam (16-75 psig)?
    3) Low Pressure Steam (below 16 psig)?
    4) Hot Water?

    Also, would this design work with other fluids, such as:
    5) oil?
    6) pressurized air?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  920. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1,2,3,4: depending on the specific situation and design, every case is possible
    5,6: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  921. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Your rapid development of the Ecat-QX is quite amazing. The presentation of the new industrial plant will be a World changing historical event.

    I have a practical question about the form of the 1kW module, if you can answer at this stage in its development.

    You have said that the 1kW unit will be a 25x25x18cm plastic box which will contain multiple individual reactors, the heat exchanger and the single control unit.

    How will the water/fluid flow as it is being heated?
    1. It will flow over the external surface of the box.
    2. It will flow through gaps/slots in the box and then over the individual reactors inside the box.
    3. It will enter and exit the box through a pair of pipe connectors.
    4. Some other way.

    Many Thanks for your answer.

    Kind Regards
    Martyn Aubrey

  922. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  923. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted about two different internal configurations of a 1kW output reactor: (a) one made up of 13 each 80W units and (b) one composed of a single 1kW unit.

    Do both units have the same:

    1. Maximum sustained operating temperature?
    2. The same efficiency or effective COP?
    3. The same dimensions?
    4. Are they made of the same materials?

  924. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  925. EB

    Which will be the price of the Ecat X, ballpark moreless 20%?

  926. Andrea Rossi

    EB:
    We would allow a payback time shorter than 2 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  927. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think about the commercial and cold war on course? Do you think it will affect the diffusion of the Ecat?

  928. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    My humble opinion is that the best way to avoid wars, of any kind, is make good business together. I hope and think that good sense will allow to find solutions to make good business together between all the nations of the world. Whatever the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  929. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat Box you plan to industrialize, does it have 1 or 13 QXs inside?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  930. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    One.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  931. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to a interesting video.

    https://youtu.be/0TrLKZr1E2k

    Regards
    Sam

  932. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for this interesting lecture!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  933. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry Sharrad:
    Anti-gravitons cannot exist. This comes from the fact that gravity is a 2-spin field. Oh, I beg your pardon..they can exist, in science fiction ( “Back to the future” ).
    This said, obviously we cannot observe gravitons at our temperatures, anti or straight as they might be supposed to be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  934. Jerry Sharrard

    During the experiments you made with the Ecat in the last 10 years did you experience, suspect or consider antigravity effects?

  935. Reyes Garavelli

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- Where can I find a list of the most important replications made by third parties on your Ecat?
    2- Will you offer also the Ecat QX to third parties to test its performance?
    3- If yes, can you anticipate the identity of such third parties?
    Godspeed,
    Reyes

  936. Andrea Rossi

    Reyes Garavelli:
    1- http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    2- yes
    3- our Customers
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  937. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The impossibility to perform reverse engineering exists also for the Ecat QX prototypes, as the ones that you already made, or it is contingent with the massive production and distribution of the Ecat QX?
    Cheers,
    Rupert

  938. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    The annihilation of any possibility of reverse engineering is contingent with the industrialization and the start of the massive sales of the Ecat QX. As strange as it might seem, it will be easy to understand when we will introduce the industrialized product to the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  939. Eric Ashworth

    Harvey, Good post, some people think physics is a known subject, nothing else to know. Obviously it is not as physics is a recognized subject of study in academia but seems to have certain restrictions within, regards certain phenomena. LENRs seems to fall into this category although it is no alone. I believe, the reason why this knowledge is most important is because knowledge reveals mysteries i.e. the understanding will reveal a systemic system of integration with regards to mass defect between two close yet dissimilar systems of an integrated whole. If you access wikipedia ‘Emergence’ You will learn that through out the ages it has been known that the whole is more than its parts. The formula being W=P+1. With regards physics it is the certain parts of the whole that control the mystery. Consequently, only the intelligent parts knows what is going on and for what reason with regards an evolutionary mass defect that maintains the mystery. Regards Eric Ashworth

  940. Harvey

    I’m hoping you, other hard working scientists like you and your avid followers will enjoy this refreshing article by Adam Bower, appearing in today’s edition of Aeon Magazine. The final paragraph says it all with the quotation from Wolfgang Pauli: ‘Only those who wager can win.’ Godspeed to you and your team.
    https://aeon.co/essays/a-fetish-for-falsification-and-observation-holds-back-science

  941. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Thank you, very nice insight in this link. I would suggest to compare the work of Fermat and Popper ( strangely not cited) on the same issue of the falsificability as a fundamental component of any theory in any scientific field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  942. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which is correct?

    a) You have a 1 kW module that is made up of 13 80W QX reactors
    b) You have a 1 kW module that is made up of a single E-Cat QX reactor
    c) You have both a) and b)

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  943. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I have both, a) and b).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  944. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Does the approval file of the domestic E-Cat progress?

    The domestic E-Cat will upset the order of the world in which we live and my feeling is that the powerful of this order are exerting pressure for this approval and the domestic E-Cat never to see the day. How to imagine our houses without a meter? This very attractive vision for the individual is inconceivable for electricians, tankers, gas and even states that collect taxes.
    Best regard
    Your support Raffaele

  945. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Leave to each day its own battles, in the due site, in due time, depending on specific situations, focusing on it all the available force.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  946. Elias Rapaport

    I watched the complete video of the Ecat QX demo of Stockholm of November 24. Why did you put the Ecat out of the white plastic box instead of inside it, as you now say the Ecat has to be?

  947. Andrea Rossi

    Elias Rapaport:
    Because that was a demonstration, therefore I had to make the Ecat observed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  948. Karisa Sedrakyan

    Which material will be made with the box that will contain the Ecat QX?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    K.

  949. Andrea Rossi

    Karisa Sedrakyan:
    Plastic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  950. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the 1 kW modules:

    1. Is the control system inside the box?
    2. Is the heat exchanger inside the box?
    3. Is the box sealed? If so, will opening it prevent it from working?
    4. When you replace the box at the end of the E-Cats’ useful life, will you recycle the old box, or dispose of it?

    Thank you and best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  951. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- recycle
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  952. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    I’m so sorry this has happened to you too… I also lost a great sum of time and money by similar corporate ethics years ago…

  953. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    one.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  954. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I have just been investigating ‘ultraviolet catastrophe’ on the Wikipedia site which I found most interesting and which mentioned an unpublished law of Stokes and the ‘photoelectric effect’. This I believe could be of interest to both yourself and Carl if you are unaware of this effect with regards to light. However my own thoughts regarding light is that it is a transfer of a vibration and that dependent upon the vibration it is able to entangle, isolate or dislodge with regards an electron/electrons, dependent upon the configuration of the electron/electrons involved and as mentioned earlier I believe magnetic fields resonate due to being on an event horizon. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  955. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  956. NRG di Casadei Marco

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am following your work years since and I can’t wait your revolutionary product.
    Question: how long can the Ecat QX remain shut down without losing power and efficiency?

  957. Andrea Rossi

    NRG di Casadei Marco:
    The Ecat QX can remain shut down for as long as you want without losing any power or efficiency.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  958. Don Gillmer

    Dr Rossi:
    Today for several hours it has been impossible to navigate through http://www.ecat.com

  959. Andrea Rossi

    Don Gillmer:
    We had an attack from some hacker and the security system has disconnected all, but our IT guy has ripristinated the service.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  960. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi:
    there seems to be confusion over the terme reactor and reactor module. Are the 10 kW and 100 kW configurations comprised of 80 W modules?
    Thank you,
    Jimr

  961. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    When I write “module” means that it is a fundamental component, not made with smaller modules. A “reactor” can either be a module itself, or an assembly of modules. This for the semanthics.
    In substance, we can make a 10 or 100 or 1000 kW plant made by modules of 1 kW, or modules of 80 W, or we can try, as we are, to realize fundamental reactors – which means modules- of higher power, like 10 or 100 kW. Whereas the assembly of smaller modules option has already been achieved, this is not yet true for bigger modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  962. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When the 1 kW E-Cat modules need recharging, will you replace the QX reactors inside the box, or will you simply replace the box?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  963. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will change the box.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  964. Sean

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you making new patents after the Ecat QX?

  965. Andrea Rossi

    Sean:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  966. Jacinto Elerick

    Can you give the dimensions assumed for the module of 1 kW?

  967. Andrea Rossi

    Jacinto Elerick:
    cm 25 x 25 x 18 all included.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  968. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I totally agree with what you wrote about the hot fusion proposal made by Lockeed Martin.
    Prof

  969. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Anyway, we’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  970. Hal

    Is a better theoretical understanding at the base of the impressive progress of the Ecat QX?

  971. Andrea Rossi

    Hal:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  972. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I suspect the increase in output power is likely due to the following two areas:

    a. Better control understanding and implementation. Correct?

    b. Better thermal transfer (so the delta temperature is about the same). Correct?

  973. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. also
    b. at the very edge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  974. DT

    Dear Andrea,
    here is the last paper of Dr Alexander Parkhomov:
    http://www.unconv-science.org/pdf/e2/parkhomov2-en.pdf
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  975. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Thank you for the information and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  976. Robert

    The Ecat could be employed in exotic situations where normal generators of heat are of difficult deployment, like for example to make air conditioned in a desert village.
    Why don’t you start from these particular situations where the Ecat has more competitivity?

  977. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    First: the Ecat can compete in almost every field of application.
    Second: to start from exotic applications would be an error, because this strategy could put the Ecat in a ghetto. I am not saying that exotic applications are wrong, I am just saying that the Ecat must be launched in the core of the mass market, then can be diffused also at the edges of the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  978. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I understand that your technology is evolving exponentially. It is difficult for you to imagine today what will be the definitive characteristics of the E-Cat 1 MW. There is still a trend that is emerging. It was probably less bulky and lighter.
    Do you have an idea of ​​the shielding weight / total weight ratio and the power per unit mass and volume of the E-Cat boiler?
    Tough wishes for success and all the best for your team

    Your support Raffaele

  979. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    In our case the shielding is light, because we do not use radioactive materials and our radiations are not ionizing, due to the low energy inside our Ecat.
    In all the experiments we made ( tens of thousand hours now, with me as the Guinea pig ), we never found ionizing radiations exit the Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  980. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your post to Domenico Canino, you dismissed hot fusion for aircraft, presumably because of the weight of shielding. Your exclusion assumes manned aircraft. UAV (unmanned aircraft vehicles) might be able to use that technology although I think eCat technology would be a better choice. Please keep up the R&D.

  981. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    To shield an operating reactor like the one proposed by LM you need tons of lead with at least three zeros… the ionizing radiations exiting from there would be in the range of MeVs, not to mention what could happen in case of an accidental fall of the aircraft. Think to the fun about permissions and certifications from all the Countries such aircraft is supposed to fly the skies of, manned or unmanned as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  982. domenico canino

    dear Andrea,
    you usually do not comment about your competitors. But i would like to know your thoughts about last Loocked work about fusion. Hot fusion or LENR?
    https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-03-30/lockheed-martin-patents-nuclear-fusion-powered-fighter-jet

  983. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    This patent is related to a hot fusion classic application, nothing new there, apart the small dimensions. The patent covers some particulars, not the core of the process, that is well known.
    It is a hot nuclear fusion reactor that would work at millions Celsius degrees, using highly radioactive fuel that does not exist in nature and is produced by nuclear reactors after decay of Uranium 235 and Plutonium.
    The very weak point consists in the impossibility to harness the plasma produced by nuclear fusion by means of a magnetic shielding: this confinement has been impossible so far in big reactors- that every 10 years get 10 years delays 70 years since – therefore it will be by orders of magnitude more difficult to be obtained in small reactors like this. It was foreseen ten years ago to become a working prototype by the year 2019, now delayed ten years, so it appears to me that its destiny will be an endless series of delays, getting along with the tradition of hot fusion.
    To light up this device is extremely dangerous and the emission of strong ionizing radiation will require many tonns of lead all around, for example a PET positron accelerator used in hospitals, that is by orders of magnitude less powerful, needs about 20 tonns of lead as a shielding, so the perspective to use this hot fusion reactor in an aeroplane or in a vehicle is ludicrous. Good for funding, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  984. Kerry Beck

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you use magnetic circuits to confine the plasma in the Ecat QX?

  985. Andrea Rossi

    Kerry Beck:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  986. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    It is great to see your progress toward the industrialization stage of eCat. As you getting closer, have you settled yet the dimensions of various units? What will 1 KW, 10 KW, 20 KW, 1 MW units be in terms of (L x W x H)?

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  987. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Not yet, but it is realistic to assume that the model shown in Stockholm on November 24th will be the 1 kW module dimensional point of reference.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  988. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I hope you as your team had a very good Easter. It seems to me you gave been working very hard with huge progress from a he start of this year.

    I while a go you I think you replied to me that it might be possible to run the Ecat QX at say 20% of power for may be 5 times as long. Is this correct?

    If so is this possible also for the higher powered Ecat SK’s?

    If so this could be interesting I think for suppplying a stingle maybe complete fully self contained package for say for 5 years operation.

    I wonder if that could help witg the domestic boiler certifications at least with the initial units.

    Most boilers need to be replaced after say 10 years due to parts wearing out, obsolescence of equipment and expertise, or new technology developments.

    May be a complete tamper proof unit tgat lasts 10 years with out replacements would fit very well with that time frame.

    Perhaps such a unit could safely be made in a self contained tamperproof way that meets the immediate concerns of the certification bodies.

    On a separate point regarding your testing with Carl Oscar Gulstrom. May I ask:

    1. How this testing is progressing?
    2. Has this testing results or test method itself led to insights that helped you develop the E-catQX?
    3 did this testing also give give insights that led Ecat SK?

    Looking forward to what comes up this year both the science and the devices production

    All the best for the way forward

    Stephen

  989. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A- yes
    B- premature
    1- it is a work in progress
    2- not yet, it is purely a theoretical R&D so far
    3- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  990. Michel

    Do you think the treasure of the Ecat is in the investors?

  991. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    No, the treasure of the Ecat are the People that need the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  992. Dr. Mike

    Dr. Rossi,
    I believe achieving 1KW of power with 13 E-Cat QX’s in a box the size of the one used in the Stockholm demonstration is extremely encouraging. Congratulations on your and your team’s progress!
    Dr. Mike

  993. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    We are working very hard to arrive to sell an industrialized product this year. I am not sure we will succeed, but the effort is brutal under every point of view and very risky too.
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  994. Dr. Mike

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    It was certainly good to hear that the output power of an individual E-Cat QX device has been increased from 20W to 80W. What calorimetry method did you use to measure this higher output power? Did you measure the output power using a water flow rate and delta temperature as was done in the Stockholm demonstration? How many E-Cat QX devices were used in the output power measurement?
    Dr. Mike

  995. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    1- yes
    2- 13, to make 1 kW in a box as big as the one you can see in the Stockholm demo video.
    Warm Regards

  996. Dr. Rossi, about Rocky P.S.
    That goes for this Italian too.
    My Grandparents were born in Italy, they came to this Country in 1903, and ended up in Archbald PA about 140
    miles from New York City
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida USA

  997. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Thank you and Happy Easter to you to and again to all our dear Readers ,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  998. Gustavo

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Enjoy this day of Easter to take some rest in your quest to give us a product by the end of the year. Also in Italy we are proud of you.
    Happy Easter to you and all the readers,
    Gustavo

  999. Andrea Rossi

    Gustavo:
    Thank you and Happy Easter to you and all our Italian friends,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1000. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea Ross,

    Your reply to Frank Acland made my day:

    Frank Acland:
    Enormous. Exponential for what concerns the development of a module industrializable and the industrialization itself. Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

    Happy Easter to you, your family and to all the members of your team. I am so eager for Christmas 2018, when hopefully we will be seeing your E-Cat in full production and on sale. Till then, may you stay healthy for your own sake and the world’s.

  1001. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kindness and Happy Easter to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1002. Rocky

    Dear Andrea:
    I watched the video of the full demo you made at the IVA of Stockholm on Nov 24th: impressive attendance, impressive demo, very convincing. Now we wait for the product.
    Enjoy your single-day of Easter Holidays tomorrow!
    Cheers
    Rocky
    P.S.
    We Americans of Italian origins are proud of you

  1003. Andrea Rossi

    Rocky:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for your inspiring P.S.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1004. Dudley

    I am seeing in all the world a strong research in the LENR field: this all could never happen without your enormous work.
    Happy Easter,
    Dudley

  1005. Andrea Rossi

    Dudley:
    It is true.
    Happy easter to you,
    A.R.

  1006. S.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    If you really will be able to present a product ready for industrialization, that will put a tombstone on all your detractors.
    Happy Easter,
    S.

  1007. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    I agree.
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  1008. Rolf

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The theoretical intuition I saw on the 6 min summary of the Stockholm demo is very interesting. Does it sustain the maths?
    Cheers,
    Rolf

  1009. Andrea Rossi

    Rolf:
    That’s what we are working upon,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1010. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    The E-Cat has gone through several astounding innovative turns since the November Stockholm presentation.
    • Control system improvements with less heat lose.
    • Industrialized E-Cat QX has increased from 40W to 1kW output
    • Anti-reverse engineering
    • Creation of the E-Cat SK of 10kW-100kW outputs passing improvements to the QX
    • Other unpublicized achievements
    • “Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively”.
    All contributing to the E-Cat’s long-awaited commercial realization.
    Increasing individual QX reactors power will certainly increase production proficiency, thus increasing the number of modules with less time and cost past onto the customers. Congratulations!

    If you can answer, because of E-Cat’s increased output, have the modules made up of grouped individual reactors increased its Power to Total Volume ratio?
    Wish you and your team a very Happy Easter!
    Brokeeper

  1011. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Yes.
    Happy Easter to you,
    A.R.

  1012. Sean Vogel

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Happy Easter to you, your Team and the readers of this blog so rich of positive vibes. Will you work also during the Easter holidays?
    God bless you all,
    Sean

  1013. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Vogel:
    Yes, but not during the day of Easter, that I wish great also to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1014. Stanley

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your demo of November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm been endorsed from somebody or from some institution?

  1015. Andrea Rossi

    Stanley:
    No.There were not endorsements. We made a demo and the invitations to the attendees were selected by me. I invited tens of Professors and industrial operators among the most important of the world: from the USA, Brasil, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Spain, Russia, China, Australia, Ethiopia. I conducted the demonstration, while the measurements have been made by a very senior engineer of the second oil refinery of the USA, totally independent from us,specialized in thermal plants. The demo has been what it has been and everybody can watch it going to http://www.ecat.com, where are the links to the full demonstration of 3 hours, where the demonstration is shown in all its clearness, to the summary of 6 minutes and to the theoretical lecture of Carl Oscar Gullstrom about the theory we are elaborating about the effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1016. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting to learn of your ‘enormous’ improvements. Some questions if I may:

    1. Has your testing of the large E-Cat SK reactors helped you improve the E-Cat QX?
    2. I would assume it is critical for you to get everything fully prepared and planned before you start trying robotic production. Is this what you are doing at the moment?
    3. When you are ready to start production, will you start small, in order to ensure the system is working well?
    4. What is the likelihood now of production starting in 2018?
    5. What is the likelihood now of the product presentation in 2018?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1017. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- stable
    5- stable
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1018. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How much of the production of an Ecat will be made manually and how much by robots, in percentage?
    Happy Easter to you, your team and the readers of this blog,
    DT

  1019. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    manually 20%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1020. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your last answer to Frank Ackland sounds very optimistic, some questions if I may:
    1. Have you already produced a QX automatically?
    2. Have you tested this device and did it work?
    3. Do you intent to produce also the control system yourself?
    Thank you and kind regards, Gerard

  1021. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1022. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Have a good Easter.

    https://youtu.be/Q7EPZV56PuA

    Regards
    Sam

  1023. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the delighful link.
    Happy Easter to you!
    A.R.

  1024. Ron

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Happy Easter to your team and thank you for the magnificent work you all are making for us, with impressive determination,
    Ron

  1025. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you, likewise to you!
    A.R.

  1026. Anonymous

    Will you have also a module reactor of the Ecat QX with a power of 1 kW?

  1027. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    In the USA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1028. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand about not giving specific details, but can we assume you have made improvements in the E-Cat QX recently?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1029. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Enormous. Exponential for what concerns the development of a module industrializable and the industrialization itself. Now our module is very close to be ready to be reproduced massively.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1030. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your answer to anonymous mean that the 1 kW will be the standard rating of the QX reactor now? Or will there be different QX sizes? If so, which will be the first one you will produce?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1031. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We will give detailed information on this issue at the presentation of the product.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1032. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    There are four conditions that affect your transition into Production:

    a. Known – Knowns: Issues that you know about and must plan to handle.
    b. Known – Unknowns: Issues to which you have identified but do not have the answer to – research and experimentation will solve them.
    c. Unknown – Knowns: Things that you should have known about. Careful Management and review will eventually identify these and then you can solve.
    d. Unknown – Unknowns: There was no way you could have known about them and their solution is unknown.

    Of the four, the Unk – Unks are the worst and add the most amount of risk. Allocate some time and resources to address these when they arise, as they surely will.

    Good luck with Production.

  1033. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a- yes
    b- no
    c- yes
    d- no
    E- unforeseeable things: yes, as always
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1034. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for your Easter-Wish.
    Easter the moment of renual and hope, a hope for humanity that you and your team may be able to enforce. I hope you will bring limitless clean energy to our World this year.
    I wish you all the wisdom and energy to do that, but take a day off to enjoy Easter with your family.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1035. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind wishes that I am delighted to renew to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1036. Anonymous

    Can you give us an idea, after the first quarter of 2018, what is the percentage of accomplishments of:
    1- perfection of the module to industrialize
    2- industrialization system

  1037. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1038. Andrea Rossi

    TO ALL THE CHRISTIAN READERS OF THE JoNP:
    OUR TEAM WISHES A HAPPY EASTER TO YOU ALL AND YOUR FAMILIES!
    ANDREA ROSSI

  1039. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Being 40 per cent of the way to industrialization at this point in the year is quite encouraging in terms of meeting your goal for a presentation in 2018, however only if you continue at the current rate.

    At this point, is your work becoming easier, or getting harder?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1040. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    In these very days we have resolved many problems that, theoretically, should make easier to succeed, but, you know, we are cutting our path through an unexplored territory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1041. Sam

    Dear Andrea,
    Concerning the so called “Dark Matter” issue: today the journal Nature has published a paper with a photo of the galaxy NGC 1052- DF 2 speeding around something that cannot be seen and that corresponds to what the Dark matter is supposed to be: no other entity can explain the gravitational attraction that causes this orbit.

  1042. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting. The paper is by the astronomer Prof. Pieter van Dokkum of the Yale University.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1043. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Lot of R&D is done around the world with plasma after your demo at the IVA in Stockholm and some already replicated your effect, even if with small cop.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  1044. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, I know, but I prefer not to comment, albeit experimantal replications are always a positive thing.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1045. Andrea Rossi

    Positronium is a virtual couple of electron-positron waves,obviously with a T of 511 keV each, that immediately annihilate normally emitting two gamma rays of 511 keV in opposed directons whose axes form an angle of 180°. When an electron and a positron annihilate, what results is not the emission of a wave with the T of their “bond” ( that in reality does not exist, it is just a resonance ), but waves generated by the annihilation, that normally are two gamma rays of 511 keV or, rarely, three, depending on the spin of the bosons that are generated, but the law of conservation of energy imposes that the radiations emitted from the annihilations will have values that at our T are not conceivable ( their sum must be 1022 keV ).
    When we made a measurement of gamma emissions, we never detected such radiation values.
    What I said in my former answer to you was just the same as here, just condensed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1046. Skilled

    I am talking about Positronium and it’s binding energy (not of Electron–Positron annihilation energy), an energy in the range of few eV like T you measured.

    Regards

  1047. Skilled

    Did you detect ortho-Ps or para-Ps or di-Ps in the reactor?
    (Ps means Positronium)

    Regards

  1048. Andrea Rossi

    Skilled:
    The T of an electron is 511 keV. Please do the math,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1049. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    New Mathematical Models:

    These looked interesting, hope your team understands more than I do.

    http://newinflow.ru/eng.htm
    http://newinflow.ru/theory_eng.htm

    Regarding the details about the design, just getting to market would be my idea of the best solution, and a principle I find helpful for prototyping is known as “KISS”.
    https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/kiss-keep-it-simple-stupid-a-design-principle

    1 ev? 11604[K]? Nice!

    What do you suppose the probability of manufacturing by the end of 2018 is now? About a month ago, you were thinking about 80-90%.

    11604 regards,

    Tom

  1050. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Very interesting, thank you!
    My odds remain unchanged, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1051. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think about all the other R&D that is made in the world about plasma and condensed matter?

  1052. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    1- 40%
    2- 40%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1053. Herbert

    Dear Andrea,
    In the evaluation of the hot fusion you must consider also the value of the science from its R&D: “fatti non foste a viver come bruti, ma per seguir virtute e conoscenza”. Same consideration that has been valid for the search of the Higgs boson.
    Cheers
    Herbert

  1054. Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Good point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1055. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You still believe your idea of waves raised at the temperature of 1.5 eV make up an annihilation between virtual particles with the same temperature?
    Prof

  1056. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1057. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What are the main things you have left to accomplish before you can begin the production and sales of E-Cat plants?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1058. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I prefer not to enter in these particulars, but what is troubling us more is the definition of all the particulars of the modules before a bulk production: if you make an error in this issue you get the errors in all the modules, with the consequences you can imagine.
    But many other issues remain and I want not to disclose them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1059. Mel

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Don’t you think that the research on the hot fusion can be useful, if not to obtain a hot fusion, to induce a cascade of information to improve other technologies for immediate utilization? For example, the supermagnets R&D could spin off new practical applications in the electromagnetic technologies. Isn’t it true? Consequently, the money invested could induce jobs in other fields.

  1060. Andrea Rossi

    Mel:
    Yes, it is possible. At a very high price, but maybe the spinoff demands such prices. You made a point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1061. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Still on schedule for the presentation of a product in operation by the end of the year?

  1062. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I study all that I am informed of in the field, but I prefer not to comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1063. Herbert

    Suggestion: if I was you, I would make modules of 1 kW: enough powerful to reach easily any power, enough small not to create problems.
    I am among the ones that bet on your success to start selling industrialized Ecats within 2019.
    Good Luck.
    Herbert

  1064. Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1065. orsobubu

    Hi Andrea, I know you already made clear you are not convinced at all about exploring blockchain technology introduction in wealth production and distribution system. I have many doubts too about cryptocurrencies, which is an early application, but blockchain could be a game changer, above all in anticipation of a future switching to a superior form of economic and social relationships. Anyway, maybe this link could be interesting for your next role of industrialist in the energy sector:

    https://www.cbinsights.com/research/blockchain-energy-applications/

  1066. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    Thank you for your interesting information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1067. Jean Jobert

    You said that the hot fusion is impossible to realize for the impossibility to stabilize the magnetic fields that confine the plasma at million C degrees. Don’t you think the super magnets will be able to contain the trajectories of the particles in fusion?

  1068. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Jobert:
    I did not say that hot fusion is impossible, I just said that if they will be able to stabilize magnetic fields in that situation, they are damn good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1069. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A ramjet design requires output temperatures of about 2,160C. Can eCat technology support that temperature?

  1070. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1071. Betsy

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you know that there are a circuit of betting that offers to bet on the odds of the probability that you succeed in putting for sale the Ecats by the year 2019?
    How much would you bet that you will succeed?

  1072. Andrea Rossi

    Betsy:
    He, he, he…
    I already bet my life.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Disclaimer: I hope I will succeed, but I am not sure of it.

  1073. Prof

    Does the Ecat QX reach temperatures that could be sufficient to give a thrust to a jet engine?

  1074. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1075. Mary

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Curiosity:
    Is your Team working today, Palms Sunday?

  1076. Andrea Rossi

    Mary:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1077. Dawn

    Dear Andrea:
    I watched the whole 3 hours video of your convincing demonstration with the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm on November 24th.
    I notice your body language: you appear shy, humble, most of time keeping low your head, while saying things of momentous importance and giving a strong demo in front of one of the highest scientific echelons of the world: this all has been born after more than twenty years of hard work of studies and experiments that made you the undisputed number 1 of the world in this sector.
    What a contrast between what you are and what you are doing and the shy attitude you show.
    Good luck to you and your team for your important job.
    Dawn

  1078. Andrea Rossi

    Dawn:
    I am always aware of all the difficulties of this work and of how thin is the space between success and failure in this field at this stage. Our job is very, very, very difficult. Sometime I have the sensation that the more I study, the less I know. At the IVA of Stockholm I was terrorized by the possibility that something could go wrong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1079. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    And now from the Dark Side. An interesting application for eCat technology. A fleet of eCat power ramjet nuclear-tipped cruise missiles. Each autonomous but under the control of the sponsoring nation. It gets launched by an aircraft or by a rocket assisted booster and then cruises at relatively low speed for up to a year before either automatically landing for eCat refueling or it is used to deliver a low-yield nuclear detonation to a commanded GPS-based location. During its deployment, it “hides” at low altitude, in a remote, relatively unpopulated portion of the world, such as: the artic; deserts; Wyoming, etc… During the attack mode, it flies hypersonic at low altitude, rendering the enemy’s defenses ineffective. It becomes the fourth element of what we currently call our nuclear triad. It uses the long, continuous characteristic of nuclear power but without the troublesome spewing of radiation in the exhaust of a more conventional nuclear powered aircraft.

  1080. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    …and after the script “The End” appears this ad: ” Please drink responsibly”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1081. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here is another interesting interview
    about LENR by Ruby Carat.

    http://coldfusionnow.org/mahadeva-srinivasan-on-the-cold-fusion-now-podcast/

    Regards
    Sam

  1082. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the link and a hug to Ruby Carat,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1083. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. What is the current upper limit on operating temperature for eCat technology? I use to think it was the melting point of nickel but I understand you have surpassed that.

    2. Have you tried other metals beside nickel? Tungsten?

  1084. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- Enough to reach in the primary any need related to existing heat eaters.
    2- Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1085. John atkinson

    When you are up and running with your first client ,how many up start clients do you see by the end of the year 2019. Thank you for you determination and spirit.

  1086. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    I prefer not to give numbers before realizing them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1087. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I thank you for the little course on “electron capture” by the atomic nucleus. While searching on the web I found that this phenomenon could occur with Li 7 which gives Be 7. I even saw the opposite phenomenon on heavy atoms having a significant surplus of neutrons resulting in a emission of a Beta radiation.

    On Ecat.com I saw the characteristics of the 1 MW power plant. With an average input power of 167 KW we would have a cop of about 6. Have you since this publication made any modifications that could significantly improve the cop?

    Sincerely and all my support

    Raffaele

  1088. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    About electron capture I have already answered.
    About the second question the answer is yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1089. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I maintain my offer for testing in real live conditions, reporting and openly publishing performance data for a domestic sized E-cat. I am sure this will also be very helpful to for promoting the industrial E-cats and the future domestic units.

    For the usage of an E-cat, do you require anything special for the room in which it is located in excess of what a normal boiler room would require?
    If ‘yes’, can you mention those?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1090. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I take advice of your offer and confirm what I said in my former answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1091. JW

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The Ecat you are going to present industrialized will be only industrial, or also domestic?

  1092. Andrea Rossi

    JW:
    The Ecats we will introduce will be only industrial applications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1093. Ernst

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read on http://www.ecat.com the long series of replications of your effect, after your patent, made in all the world by high scientific institutions and also by some competitor of yours, like, for example, Brillouin (its HHT seems to me a 3D copy of your 2013 Hot Cat). It is very interesting to study the evolution of the Ecat from the beginnings to the very convincing IVA demonstration of November 24.
    Now we wait for the industrialization and the presentation of an industrial plant: if you will succeed to do this within 2018, it will be a veritable miracle.
    Godspeed,
    Ernst

  1094. Andrea Rossi

    Ernst:
    Thank you for your consideration about our evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1095. Rafal Krych

    Hi Andrea,

    I see that Mats Lewan decided to postpone his New Word Energy Symposium:
    https://new-symposium.org/2018/03/16/the-new-energy-world-symposium-will-be-postponed/

    Reason stated here is:
    The main reason is that several people, including some of those who are working with the development of LENR based technologies which is the main focus of the symposium, have asked me to wait until there’s a product in the market. This would make the event more relevant given that it turns to a wide audience wanting to get a better understanding of the consequences of such a disruptive energy technology—clean, compact, carbon-free, cheap and abundant.

    Since there are good reasons to believe that a commercial LENR based energy product could be launched within a year or so, I find it reasonable to listen to this argument, and I will be looking forward to continuing the planning for the event while a product launch is getting closer.

    My question is if “commercial LENR based energy product could be launched within a year or so” is related to your E-CAT?

    I’m asking because I’ve added myself to non-binding list of potential E-CAT buyers and just checking chances of having market delivery.

  1096. Andrea Rossi

    Rafal Krych:
    I cannot answer for Mats Lewan, but I think he is referring to what I told him and I am also writing on this blog. My Team is working on this issue and we hope to succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1097. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Just evolution and a lot of work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1098. domenico canino

    dear andrea,
    How can you handle all that heat (1ev=11.000)? New materials or a totally new method to confine it?

  1099. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    This issue is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1100. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If work on the E-Cat SK continues to go well, is it possible that you will use the E-Cat SK instead of the E-Cat QX in your first industrial plants and in the 2018 product presentation?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1101. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    As I said, in Physics nothing has zero probability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1102. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Now that reverse engineering is impossible, if a research Institut offered you to conduct an independant test, would you accept the challenge?
    If not, how do you expect to obtain full recognition of your work by the scientific community? (I must tell you that the physicists with whom I work every day have never heard of you or your work except through me.)

    Another question if i can, have you planned to conduct any long-term test (~ 1 year) on a partner’s site (as you did with the old version of the 1MW reactor)?

    Regards,

    Michel

  1103. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    The defense from the reverse engineering is bound to the industrialization of the product.
    We now are focused on the industrialization and the introduction of our product in the market. What you are asking for is our past, not our future and we have not time for further demos.
    We have not planned any “1 year test” with any Client, also this phase belongs to our past. Obviously we will give to our Clients the due guarantee.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1104. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    From the orginal 100W E-CAT QX, the power of your 10kW and 100kW prototype is a huge achievement, is it due to a technological breakthrough ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  1105. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    It’s exciting to hear about all of the industrialization and Research efforts you have underway currently. That’s clearly the sign of a strong and diverse team of contributors. You and your extended team deserve to be commended.

    I’m not sure if you can speak to any of this or not, but in terms of your current plans and thinking, in the industrial product:

    1) If a reactor fails and needs to be replaced, what is the size of the “replaceable unit”?
    2) If a unit needs to be replaced, does the entire plant need to go off-line, or just a section?
    3) If it’s a section, what is the size of the section?
    4) If you can say– what is the current minimum COP that you’re offering customers? (I assume it would be a conservative lower bound.)

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  1106. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    Answers:
    1- it depends on the kind of the reactor.
    2- just a section
    3- depends on the kind of reactor and of the kind of the problem
    4- I prefer to delay this information to the day we will introduce the Ecat. The COP will be enough, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1107. Peter

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you give an update about the development of the 10/100 kW reactors?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Peter

  1108. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    We are advancing with our tests and the results we got so far are encouraging.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1109. DT

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you see any competitor that can be considered a match for the Ecat so far?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1110. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    None that I am aware of. But I know only all that is published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1111. Whistle Guy

    How would you consider the status of the industrialization progress now that we are close to the end of the first quarter of the year?

  1112. Andrea Rossi

    Whistle Guy:
    I am very satisfied. We made enormous progresses. With the help of God, we are marching on, working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1113. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    As a client and an electrical engineer I would be willing to test a 20 kW unit for heating my home and give it all the professional care it would need (after being educated by the Leonardo Corp.). I would also be willing to report to you and openly to ECW and others about its performance and host visitors once and a while. Would this be an idea?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  1114. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    When we will sell domestic Ecats it will be possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1115. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have a client who is willing to host a public presentation of an industrial E-Cat plant?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  1116. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope one of our Clients will accept this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1117. Elvin

    Dr Rossi,
    When you will introduce the Ecat as an industrialized product, will this be in operation in the industry of a client, or in a conference site?
    Cheers,
    Elvin

  1118. Andrea Rossi

    Elvin:
    I think and hope in the industry of a Client,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1119. F.S.

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the components of the powders described in your patent still used in the EcatQX?

  1120. Andrea Rossi

    F.S.:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1121. John

    Dear Andrea
    Thank you for the very well done summary of the demo of the Ecat at the IVA of Stockholm on Nov 24th.
    Godspeed,
    John

  1122. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1123. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How you can start the industrialization within this year is a mistery to me: if you will succeed, you are damn good.
    We’ll see

  1124. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1125. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    Since we are trying acronyms, how about:

    Advanced
    Nuclear
    Development &
    Research
    Engineering
    Activity (ANDREA) LOL.

  1126. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1127. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How is morale among those who are working with you on the industrialization. Frustrated? Energized?Optimistic? Exhausted, or …. ?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1128. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Energized with a high COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1129. Ramona Jordan

    Dear Andrea,
    again thank you for the very convincing demo at the IVA of Stockholm; very beautiful the summary linked on http://www..ecat.com.
    Today I also read on Ecatworld this:
    http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/20/hot-hot-cat-sk-reaches-11000c-1-eV
    It seems to me that from November 24th to now you made another progress as impressive as the progress you made before. You don’t even rest, do you?

  1130. Andrea Rossi

    Ramona Jordan:
    Time is flowing too fast.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1131. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with “Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation”, abbreviated to “ENRG”. Creative, descriptive, and easy to remember acronym for at least one of the Quark Series. Thought I would step into the name play fray for a moment.

    E-Cat the new fire. E-Cat ENRG. It takes my breath away. 😊

    Tom

  1132. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1133. Enea Romagnoli

    Caro Andrea, ti sto seguendo a partire dalla depolimerizzazione dei pneumatici a Lacchiarella.
    Nella mia pagina Facebook io descrivo ai miei amici l’ Effetto Rossi come una reazione elettronucleare, perchè a mio avviso coinvolge sia forza elettromagnetica che forza nucleare.
    Da qui vorrei suggerire anche io un nome per il Quark-X.

    E-Cat ENRG

    Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation, cioè ENRG, che si può pronunciare Energy

    Buon proseguimento

    Dear Andrea, I am following you from the depolymerization of tires in Lacchiarella.
    In my Facebook page I describe to my friends the Rossi Effect as an electronuclear reaction, because in my opinion it involves both electromagnetic force and nuclear force.
    From here I would like to suggest a name for Quark-X too.

    E-Cat ENRG

    Electro Nuclear Reaction Generation, ie ENRG, which can be pronounced Energy.

    Good continuation

  1134. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Thank you for your attention to my work and for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1135. Dear Andrea,
    Although using eV as a unit of temperature is correct and is frequently done, there is a potential source of confusion. For example, the Sun emits mostly about 0.5 micron photons whose energy is about 2.5 eV. Yet, the Sun’s surface temperature of 6000K is only about 0.5 eV i.e. five times less than the photons. How can this be? The reason is the nonlinear nature of the Planck radiation law spectrum. It is mathematically explained e.g. in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wien%27s_displacement_law ; there the quantity x whose numerical value is about 5 explains the difference. The quantity x is the root of a nonlinear equation involving the exponential function and a rational function.
    regards, /pekka

  1136. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I am using eV in this period because that’s the unit we use in the context of the theory we are working on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1137. orsobubu

    > what do you think about the ITER project for the hot fusion, in which ENI has put 50 millions of the Italian taxpayers? Ciao, Fabio

    I don’t know the contribute by ENI company, but if the estimate for ITER construction totals to 15 billions euros until 2020, and the european quota is 45%, and the italian quota is 13%, you can calculate that already 858 millions have been already spent by italian taxpayer (data from july 2017). You also have to consider the alternative project called DTT (divertor tokamak test facility) that already plans an amount of 135 millions for Italy. You also have to consider the alternative project Satellite super advanced tokamak JT-60SA, with an italan esbourse already of 90 millions.

  1138. Jazz Maker

    Dear Andrea:
    Which recent book would you suggest to a dummy with a high school diploma that wants to understand the fundamentals of Physics? Is it useful “Physics for dummies”?

  1139. Andrea Rossi

    Jazz Maker:
    I suggest ” Physics and Our Universe: How It All Works ” of Prof Richard Wolfson ( Ed The Great Courses, USA, in books and DVDs ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1140. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Could you please elaborate on the temperature measurement in eV ?
    I’d like to understand how “hot” is 1eV, and I’m only used to °C or K.

    Is 1eV really equals to 11604.5250061657 kelvin [K] like I could read here :
    https://www.translatorscafe.com/unit-converter/en/energy/11-65/electron-volt-kelvin/ ?

    If it is really is so hot (that’s hotter than the average (5778 K) temperature of the Sun when excluding solar flares), I think those who are still calling it “cold” fusion really have to find another name for it :)

    eV Regards,

    Xavier

  1141. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Yes, 1 eV=~ 11 600 K ( 11 873 C )
    The T of our sun is between 15 and 1 millions K, with cold areas at ~5-6 000 K
    I agree on the fact that ” cold fusion ” is not a proper definition, LENR is better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1142. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, with regards your comment to Yrka March 19th inst. I know for a fact (and I know this is a bold statement) that with regards your battle to get the E-cat and its technology recognized, has for you gone, far beyond making lots of money or even becoming famous. It’s more to do with knowledge regarding the real world and how it works for the minority and not the majority. Not many people are aware that unless, like yourself, they have something that some people do not want because for such people there is, for them, a very good reason to suppress knowledge/specific technologies. The exciting part is why they do not want it. Unfortunately money can corrupt some people, especially those without vision. My guess is that your technology when fully understood is able to throw light on a present day mystery that is obviously very important and one that must not, at this present time, be recognized, financed or investigated by main stream academia and as I said, without experiencing having something that some people do not want, it is difficult to fully understand why such unrelenting resistance should continue. I think you have and are giving those in opposition a hard time but the more the value is, the greater is the victory. All the best, Eric Ashworth.

  1143. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    to be more precise: to those in opposition I am not giving hard time: I am giving nothing. Only one thing counts: industrialization. All the rest is cellophane.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1144. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I read a strange thing for me in a physics popularization article for Dummies. It is said that the probability that an electron of an atom passes through its nucleus would not be zero. Can you confirm this fact? If so, for example, what can become and what could a hydrogen atom do when its electron passes, hits or parks in its nucleus?

    All my support and thank you for the time you give me.

    Raffaele

  1145. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Theoretically, in Physics no event has probability zero, but every event is associated to a probability number, bigger or smaller as it might be.
    The probability that an electron can pass through the nucleus of its atom are very, very, very, very small, because the electron is a Fermion, therefore it has half number of spin which makes it respect the exclusion principle of Pauli. About the possibility that it “hits or parks”, as you say, upon the nucleus of its atom, this phenomenon, called “electron capture”, has been observed in particular isotopes of heavy atoms with a strong excess of protons: in this case the event probability number is just very small and in fact it has been observed, albeit rarely and only in heavy isotopes with an excess of protons. By the way: forget “parking”, as soon as the electron nears the nucleus what happens is a disaster, worse than if you park your car inside the main door of the Duomo di Milano on a Sunday morning during the Mass.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  1146. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    If I have understood, watching the 6 minutes summary of the Ecat demo made at the IVA in Stockholm, since you have a temperature of 1 eV in the Ecat, by the laws of Physics in that field should be raised waves and anti-waves with the same T. Did I understand well?

  1147. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, that is the hypothesis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1148. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Can you tell if you are making progress with the 10 and 100kW SK units?
    2. Have you already started the 5 Sigma tests with them?
    3. If so, do you expect that to take a similar time as for the QX units?
    Although you must be extremely busy with all these tasks like bringing the ECat QX to the market, developing the high power units and the theory of the Rossi effect, you still can find time to tell about it in a school class, WoW! I would have loved to be one of these yougsters!
    All the best and kind regards, Gerard

  1149. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- they are the future
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1150. Cecilia

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am a teacher: would you be available to make a lecture about your effect in Miami?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Cecilia

  1151. Andrea Rossi

    Cecilia:
    Yes: please send detail to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    I will do it for free.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1152. Anonimous

    Dear Andrea:
    Can you tell us which books are you presently reading now during the long nights inside the computer container, when you have not troubles with the plant?
    Thank you,
    Anonymous

  1153. Andrea Rossi

    Anonimous:
    yes, probably up to a power of 100 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1154. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    If you are attacked by bad guys, there is no broad public opinion for protection.
    I think it is necessary to tell the press about your great achievements. This is important for protection. Only broad support of the people can protect from corporations!
    I wish you success!

    Was there tennis on Sunday?

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  1155. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Our work has never been damaged by the trolls, therefore I don’t care. On the contrary, the common reaction is this: ” If there are all those paid trolls to make false information, blatantly false information, about Rossi, this means that Rossi has something very important going on “. Somebody asked me if I am the one that pays the trolls to say stupidities about me…I cannot answer in positive, or in negative… ( he,he,he…)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1156. DT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the temperature you are reaching now in the big reactors of the Ecat ?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1157. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    1 eV (circa), measured by means of the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1158. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will the Ecats be mobile, I mean will it be possible to change place for them like, for example, a TV set? If yes, within which power limit?

  1159. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that the most developed aspect of your current work is the industrialization in the USA.

    Can you hold the presentation in 2018 if you reach your goal in the USA, even if the work in Sweden is not completed?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  1160. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. And the vice versa too is still possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1161. Fabio

    Carissimo Andrea:
    what do you think about the ITER project for the hot fusion, in which ENI has put 50 millions of the Italian taxpayers?
    Ciao,
    Fabio

  1162. Andrea Rossi

    Fabio:
    To stabilize a magnetic field of those dimensions at a temperature of 1600 eV is more difficult than to make an elephant cross the distance above the Niagara Falls in equilibrium on a rope with a diameter of 1 inch.
    If they will succeed, they are damn good !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1163. Jacques

    Dr Rossi,
    You wrote you are sure that the reverse engineering on the Ecat will be impossible:
    1- does this mean you have not anymore the necessity to adopt very low prices to make the Ecat very competitive economically?
    2- can you explain how you resolved the problem of the reverse engineering?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Jacques

  1164. Andrea Rossi

    Jacques:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1165. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I agree with you: the sole way not to be hacked on confidential issues is not to make use of internet with any confidential issue.
    By the way: are you sure you are already tapped?
    All the best,

  1166. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1167. Anonymous

    Mr Rossi:
    We are already beyond the half of March and you still have done nothing: is it not arrived the time for you to confess that the presentation of an industrialized product is a bluff? Come on, show us the cards!

  1168. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1169. Thomas

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the fantastic six-minutes video with the summary od the convincing demo made at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Godspeed,
    Thomas

  1170. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1171. M. Murray

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    I have been a supporter of you from the beginning because of your dedication to your work and your moral character. Always being a true inventor and Scientist. Because of the new vulnerabilities that exist in all modern computers I implore you to safeguard your electronic data. I am a cyber security researcher that is aware of many threats to some one like you. Please understand that all operating systems are compromised with back doors that spy on the user. I wish I was of the level to give you a solution but I am not quite there yet. I am sure a man of your means can find a cyber security processional that will be loyal to your cause. As soon as I am able I will gladly help in anyway I can.

  1172. Andrea Rossi

    M.Murray:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work and for your concern about the vulnerability of the internet. My opinion on this issue is that whatever you do, it is useless, because if there is not left a backdoor, there will be screwed a backhole. Amen.
    My defense is a very simple system: the computer where I have serious things is not connectable with the internet and never has been connected with the internet. All the rest…I think is already tapped all around the world, but it is not a big issue. There is not even a possibility to get information to blackmail me: I respect the law, have not lovers, apart my wife.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1173. Daniel

    Dr Rossi,
    Are all the components described in the patent of the fluid heater applied also to the Ecat QX?
    Cheers
    Daniel

  1174. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1175. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If eCats work with diatomic hydrogen, I see no rational reason that eCat reactors should not work with Helium-3. Of course, it may only be economically possible for lunar operations as Helium-3 is much more abundant there than natural hydrogen. Still, I find it significant that you tested eCats with Helium-3. Likewise for deuterium. It should work at least as well as natural hydrogen but the economic cost may be prohibitive compared to natural hydrogen.

  1176. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight. As I explained, I cannot comment on this kind of questions in positive, or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1177. Ken

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    You said you are directing 4 teams, one for the industrialization of the Ecat in the USA, one in Sweden, one for the theoretical studies and one for the new prototypes of 10 and 100 kW of power. Which of these teams is more close to the realization of the final target?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ken

  1178. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    The industrialization in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1179. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you comment further on the results with:

    A. Deuterium
    B. Helium-3

  1180. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I never give this kind of information, in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1181. Nelson

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Have you resolved the problem of the overheating of the Ecat QX electronic components?
    Cheers
    Nelson

  1182. Andrea Rossi

    Nelson:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1183. Andrea Rossi

    Steben N. Karels:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1184. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand that your current approach uses common hydrogen plus nickel and other elements. Have you re-visited or tried what happens when you use:

    a. Deuterium?
    b. Helium-3?

  1185. steve

    Dear Dr rossi I spotted this while surfing the web, and thought it may be of interest to you.

    https://engr.source.colostate.edu/in-csu-lab-laser-heated-nanowires-produce-micro-scale-nuclear-fusion-with-record-efficiency/

    regards and Godspeed with the production lines.

  1186. Andrea Rossi

    Steve:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1187. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I hope you find all going well.

    An interesting topic arose at ECatWorld. Do you see a resonance between your work and the work described in the SAFIRE project described in the associated video? FYI, the first 30 minutes is background. The LENR related topic begins at the 33 minute mark. And, there is an interesting 20MW energy discharge at 1:03:18.

    LINK>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=keJAQIWEyzY
    LINK>> http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/16/lenr-is-occuring-in-safire-axil-axil/

    Again, my best to all

    Buck

  1188. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1189. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    My college studies are seriously out of date with respect to your current theory. So I can better understand the scope of your proposal:

    1) Are there other physical phenomena that are believed by current-day science to be explained by “the annihilation of low energy virtual waves”? (If so, what? (so I can read up on that also.))

    2) Is “the annihilation of low energy virtual waves” commonly accepted in current-day science as (a) real or (b) mathematically possible but still unproven?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  1190. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Nothing of all, it is just a pure guessing now under mathematical and experimental investigation. Experimentally, this is the sole hypothesis that can make equations sustainable. Still, it could be wrong. The white part of me says it is wrong. The black part says it is right. Hopefully, they will settle somewhere.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1191. Mario Marini

    Dear Andrea,
    Did you see this interview published on the blog of Ecat-thenewfire?
    Did you really release it?
    In English: http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/rossi-replies-part-serious-part-ironical/
    In Italian: http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/rossi-vi-risponde-serio-faceto

  1192. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1193. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Just a few thoughts. Although the standard model is no doubt accurate, the very basics of nuclear interactions ,if misconceived, with regards the structuring process could, in theory, create an ongoing problem with regards the coulomb barrier and an ability to over come it. If the atomic structure is not an instantaneous construction process but involves distances/time dimensions to form the required structural potentials then to safely deconstruct, I would think, requires a reversal of the process. As an example if a rope is constructed of x3 strands it would require more energy to snap it instantaneously than if each strand was unwound and snapped individually over a period of time i.e. releasing the same quantity of energy but in quanta proportions into the environment. This is how I believe LENRs overcome the barrier. Hydrogen, I believe, is ( the product of a second stage reaction That I shall describe later) constructed over a period of time whereby paired quarks (due to one becoming a positive charge and the other a negative charge) are drawn into a zero point of gravity in a synchronized sequence of events. (the mechanical mechanism as previously mentioned is designed with regards several factors, geometry and sequence being time dimensions of angular degrees). The radius of a circle is an important aspect of material manufacture from quarks and 90 degrees is the other important factor. The locus being the zero point of gravity is the common denominator. Without mass deficit no occurrence would take place i.e. no initial fusion and no subsequent energy release i.e. heat. This takes place within the systemic reactor of our systemic system with regards a percentage of released energy from constructed neutrons which by reduction produces an amount of heat and hydrogen. I intend to explain this process and more in detail but it requires considerations at every step. I believe that by understanding the dynamics of the E-Cat a new understanding in physics can be achieved that would lead into new territories of discovery. Wikipedia deals with electricity, both static and kinetic. It explains the phenomena aspects but not the mechanics of the interactions that creates the phenomena. It is known that silver is the best conductor of current and copper is second. Both elements have a single electron in there outer shell providing a greater degree of manipulation/distortion of the electron. Silver being softer than copper has more ability for its electron to be compressed/expanded/distorted than copper (graphite 3rd). Electricity, I believe, is nothing other than the distortion of an electron quark (conduction is a transmission of the distortion). Thereby silver is the best substance by which to produce an electric current due to possessing a greater manipulation property with regards its outer electron. To generate a continuous kinetic electric current (as is known) a coil of copper wire/single atomic substance is rotated between the poles of a magnet. [A magnet with regards its x2 poles contains two opposite static pressure densities that thereby provides interactive force potentials, capable of distorting an outer electron]. This rotating of the coil expands the outer electron to become more negative but between the magnetic poles the outer electron, when in the presence of the north field, is attracted (the north field potential is in a static contacted state of locked compression with its south). Maximum compression within inner central field position, transforming it into a greater volume negative charge by its expansion and alternatively when in the presence of the south field, is repelled (the south field potential is in a static contacted state of locked expansion with its north). Maximum expansion outer field central position, transforming it into a size positive charge by compression. One atomic substance is unable to support two unequal electron charge potentials simultaneously. Centrifugal force acts as a separator with regards an opposing force interaction within the coil. (A magnetic centroid formed by centrifugal force is able to demonstrate the directions of these magnetic forces). Outside of the coil these two created unequal potentials continually readjust when in close enough proximity. The size positive electron potential expands into the volume negative electron potential which being in an expanded state collapses thereby both potentials become two equal potentials and by which a vibration/shock wave is produced within the environment which transmits the shock wave as a detectable unit of energy. Magnetic fields could in theory be condensed quarks, due to the structure, that respond in accordance to the magnetic atomic poles of the central locus/zero point and thereby able to interact with an outer electron of a structure. There are two types of magnetic fields. Those of metal formed of micro atomic substance which has been formed within a structure by fusing quarks and by which a magnetic field is produced as a bi product. The producer of the micro substance is a macro structure that has its bi product of a magnetic field. The micro substance can be either a semi or fully closed system involving quarks, whereas the macro structure is a contained open reaction system involving the fusing of quarks. A system which is a product of the macro is thereby unable to produce anything other than its magnetic field. Two very different systems. Also when fields are none directional but vibrational they provide a degree of defined static space between structure ie. reduce the gravity factor. More explanation is needed with regards structure in these instances. In the meantime, all the best Eric Ashworth.

  1194. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1195. Jean

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    So you think your effect could be made by annihilaton of low energy virtual waves?
    Genial, but very audacious…
    Jean

  1196. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    This is what we are studying upon. This is the sole hypothesis that allows us to reconcile all the equations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1197. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Do you think that a phenomenon of resonance of the hydrogen ion could be at the origin of the crossing of the coulomb barrier in the Rossi effect?

    Thank you if you can answer me, all my support to your team and sorry if my question is stupid because I only have a few basic notions in nuclear physics

    Raffele

  1198. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Questions are never stupid.
    The answer is: I do not think so, albeit I think that resonances are at the base of our effect, as explained in the summary of 6 minutes of the demo we made at the IVA of Stockholm: you can easily find the link to it on
    http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1199. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your response. Do you have factory locations secured for production in the USA and Sweden yet?

    I see you have the initials SK for Sven Kullander on the new E-Cat you are testing – you must hold him in high esteem!

    Best wishes,

    Frank

  1200. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We already have a secured situation in the USA, not yet in Sweden.
    Yes, we decided to dedicate to Sven Kullander the high energy reactors. We are strongly indebted with him and I will never forget that he, while fighting for his health in the last days of his life, still helped our work with his priceless suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1201. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The 80W cats still have a very valid position in the marketplace, especially for small appliances. Large groupings of the 80W units also have industrial significance, but the fully automated manufacturing costs and support costs of the 80W INDUSTRIAL UNITS costs would logically be at least ten times more than the 10k/100k units. These units are difficult if not impossible to recharge without recycling them. The 80W cats would be obsolete before they get to market.

    A) Have you therefore already changed your plans over to the 10/100 cat line for the primary manufacturing, pending Sigma 5 on these units?

    B) Are the existing 80W Sigma test results that currently exist able to be used to reduce the time it takes to achieve Sigma 5 results with the 10K and 100K cats?

    C) Can sigma validation for the 10/100 line be completed by July or August of 2018?

    I would rather see the 80W cats soon, instead of waiting longer for the 10/100 series. I would rather see the 10/100 units manufactured THIS YEAR instead of the 80s units. I would rather see the 80w units THIS YEAR than wait longer for the 10/100 series manufacturing to begin.

    Thank you in advance for your answers to A,B & C if you can reply, and thank you again for you and your awesome teams (Plural!) work efforts!

    Warmest Regards,
    Tom

  1202. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    A- no
    B- yes
    C- I do not know, yet
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Teams,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1203. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you say what part of your work is consuming most of your time and attention these days?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  1204. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have now three teams I am working with:
    1- industrialization in the USA
    2- industrialization in Sweden
    3- theory elaboration
    4- Ecat SK (high power modules)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1205. Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini

    The name of a product is important … sometimes it is a private gift to someone. For the next e -cat whT about the ame of a relative?
    Ciao, Gianvico

  1206. Andrea Rossi

    Arch. Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Thank you for your toast to the greatness of Prof Stephen Hawkings,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1207. Gian Luca

    Buon giorno Andrea,
    Will there be other demonstrations or presentations (like in Stockholm) before the market starts? Given the political result of the recent elections, could Andrea Rosi review his relationship with Italy?
    Would a presentation in Italy be possible?

    Thank you
    Gian Luca

  1208. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Before the presentation of the product ready for industrialization we will not make other demos: they woudn’t make any sense.
    Surely we will sell our product also in Europe.
    Thank you for your kindness,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1209. Today we heard the news of Stephen Hawking’s passing. I have great admiration for his work, and also his sense of humor and humility. Stephen Hawking also wrote children’s books (with his daughter Lucy), and it was only six years ago that he declared that the greatest mystery that he wishes he could solve are “Women..they are a complete mystery.”

    I spend a lot of time thinking about his assertion that time (like space) is related to matter and energy. Without matter and energy there is no time. As a result, I have given up trying to live forever, and I now am trying to take up the entire x-axis in the universe instead. :-)

    Stephen Hawking was also fond of pointing out that science is a set of questions, not answers, and that our understanding of reality changes and that some things we thought were true turn out to be more complicated (or less complicated) than we thought they were.

    All of this happens on Einstein’s birthday.

    Perhaps it would be great to toast, Stephen Hawking, and Einstein and everyone who is not afraid to study science because “to learn” can be courageous, especially when what we learn is not what we expect to learn.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXUN1Nh15u8

  1210. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Thank you for this precious cameo of yours.
    The lesson Stephen Hawkings gave to all of us goes beyond his immense scientific work in the field of the Black Holes. His lesson has been the inspiration he gave to all of us about resiliency after personal tragedies. Nobody like him has been as resilient as he has been after confronting a the terrible illness he had to like his cross in this world, in this life. Now when we are discouraged for something we can just think about his resilience to understand that we have just to shut up and go on..
    I thank you very much for your comment and for the art of your link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1211. Gianvico Pirazzini

    Stephen Hawking one of the world’s greatest scientists is in the sky.
    Good travel
    G.

  1212. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Where are you working in this period and where the impressive progress during the aftermath of the IVA-Stockholm event has been made?
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  1213. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    1- in the USA
    2- in the USA
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1214. Jude

    Dear Andrea,
    Brilouin has made a replication of your effect with a reactor that reproduces your Hot Cat of 2012. The report is published on EW. Are you glad or worried?

  1215. Andrea Rossi

    Jude:
    Replications are always welcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1216. Verity

    Dr Rossi,
    Which Country are mainly of your suppliers for all the components of the Ecat?

  1217. Andrea Rossi

    Verity:
    USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1218. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your demonstration at the IVA of Stockholm has been very convincing, so I am sure that you will succeed to introduce an industrialized product by this year.
    Cheers
    Silent Majority Member

  1219. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working at the maximum of our firepower.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1220. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    to present a product based on Ecats that works and is able to produce energy is the best thing you have to do now and very fast.
    I m sure you will use the best strategy, if possible anyway i would like to make a suggestion:
    on my opinion, once you demostrate the capacity to make energy you have not to work to a finished product but only on the core of the reactor and to a as cartrige recharge part and sell only it.
    This give you many vantage:
    You can stay focused developing your ‘creature’ increasing COP and Endurance.
    You can produce milions or bilions of peaces.
    Each customer can apply to it the best tools and use it in the best conditions that satisfy theyre needs, this avoid you developing a lot of produts with differents output.
    Doing this you can satisfy the market in a fast way and all the world industry can grow and take opportunitys.
    You can make money sooner delegating a lot of R&D to customers.
    Best wishes, Giuseppe

  1221. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1222. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1223. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Are you able to tell the size of the 10 kW and 100 kW E-CAT QX prototype ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  1224. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1225. Charlie Sutherland

    Andrea,
    Hope all is well with you. Would love to be more involved with studying your progress, but I’m busy playing aviator. I just got word from Italy that my Zigolo Motor Glider MG-12 is being shipped this week. Looking forward to some sight seeing and soaring in it here in Northern NC. By the way, I just got a note this weekend from my wife’s first cousin, Dr. Jim Irby from MIT fusion research, about his participation in their new experiments and a copy of the MIT News article. He and I have had several discussions about his work and yours. Interesting to have two different points of view to ponder. I’m rooting for and betting on you. Don’t let me down and I’ll share my winnings. :-)
    Charlie Sutherland

  1226. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Sutherland:
    Thank you for your insight: say good luck from me to Dr Jim Irby.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1227. DT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I think that the suggestion of Svein Henrik to use direct current by a battery or a thermoelectric device is interesting, but you need an AC source for your particular control system, am I correct? Probably you ried to use DC power sources, but you had problems of reliability, am I correct?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  1228. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1229. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Interesting, thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1230. arjen

    new developments turning heat into light…(skipping of course light into heat)
    Maybe something to keep in mind…

    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/603497/10-breakthrough-technologies-2017-hot-solar-cells/

    But a team of MIT scientists has built a different sort of solar energy device that uses inventive engineering and advances in materials science to capture far more of the sun’s energy. The trick is to first turn sunlight into heat and then convert it back into light, but now focused within the spectrum that solar cells can use. While various researchers have been working for years on so-called solar thermophotovoltaics, the MIT device is the first one to absorb more energy than its photovoltaic cell alone, demonstrating that the approach could dramatically increase efficiency.

    kind regards Arjen

  1231. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1232. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I think that Svein Henrik made an interesting suggestion regarding using a thermoelectric device to make electricity from the E-Cat’s heat in order to drive the E-Cats, thus realizing infinite COP.

    1. How feasible is this from a technological standpoint, and is it something you think you will pursue?
    2. Currently, are you able to run a QX from a battery source?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1233. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe in future, now we cannot make modifications, we have not time if we want to prioritize the presentation of the product. By the way, the gain is not relevant, due to the actual COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1234. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The following links/articles describe the insulating performance and mechanical strength of ‘Nanowood’.

    It probably would not be suitable at an output temperature of 600 degrees Celsius, but perhaps may be helpful in combination with other materials for thermal insulation and or structural strength compared with other materials.

    http://aero.umd.edu/news/news_story.php?id=11148

    http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/3/eaar3724

    I think Nanowood may seem unusual for an E-Cat, but if it is a good insulating material, perhaps you may find a way to use it.

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

    “Anisotropic, lightweight, strong, and super thermally insulating nanowood with naturally aligned nanocellulose”Nanowood exhibits anisotropic thermal properties with an extremely low thermal conductivity of 0.03 W/m·K in the transverse direction (perpendicular to the nanofibrils) and approximately two times higher thermal conductivity of 0.06 W/m·K in the axial direction due to the hierarchically aligned nanofibrils within the highly porous backbone. ”

    It seems unusual that wood could be useful in an LENR device.

    ……..”

  1235. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    The Ecat makes heat and plenty of it. As the Ecat also need a small amount of electricity from a source like a battery, why not charge the battery by solid state thermoelectric generators based on the Seebeck effect for units to be used in remote areas?
    These may be built in as a part of the heat exchangers and their frames and shell. The heat of the Ecat itself will be a far more reliable source than PV elements depending of sunshine. This operation will not be more unreliable than in a car as the batteries there always are charged by the cars motor.
    The COP may by this be regarded as infinity.
    Regard Svein Henrik.

  1236. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1237. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Regards the link put forward by Frank Ackland March 11th inst. regarding fusion. As you correctly point out fusion requires too high a heat to keep magnets stable with regards the required field. Totally unrealistic, also they say the dream of clean energy is about to become true. Must be living on mars or locked in a very dark room. All the best Eric Ashworth

  1238. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1239. Dear Dr Rossi

    Will the Ecat have a heat exchanger built into it. I am looking at using an ORC generator using thermal oil rather than steam as the statutory requirements for high pressure steam generation is too strict and will make smaller systems less than 5Mw too complicated if steam is used. I rather lose efficiency and create a simpler system that will not require specialised people to run the generation system. The ORC generator I am looking at using is make by Turboden which is an Italian company, it can use thermal oil up to a temperature of 250deg. I am looking at the Ecat just as a black box that creates heat and leaving your genius to create the black box.

    Thank you

  1240. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    The Ecat makes heat. The heat exchanger is a separate component whose structure depends on what the heat is for.
    Thr Rankyne cycle is interesting, but has a very low efficiency, unless you raise the T, but in that case the Carnot is more efficient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1241. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I thought you might find this article from the New York Post interesting: “Scientists say the dream about unlimited clean energy is about to come true”. It is about the MIT-ENI fusion plan.

    Link: https://nypost.com/2018/03/09/scientists-say-the-dream-of-unlimited-clean-energy-is-about-to-come-true/

    The first demonstration plant is supposed to be ready in 15 years time. I’m hoping the E-Cat will be on the market well before then, and at a much lower cost.

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1242. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Did you note the last two lines of the article? They have to maintain stable the magnetic fields during a fusion at millions of Celsius degrees.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1243. Andrea Rossi

    Jonathan Elsner:
    Yes, it is the most convincing we have elaborated so far and the unique that reconciles the experimental data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1244. Robert Radlet

    I think that in this period your work is the most important thing that is going on in the world.
    God bless you,
    Robert

  1245. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Radlet:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1246. Johnathan Elsner

    Dr Rossi,
    In the 6 minutes summary of the November 24 demo at the IVA of Stockholm there is short mention to the theory you are working on with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom, where waves and antiwaves with the same T of the reactor are formed and annihilate. Are you still working on this theory?
    Thanks,
    JE

  1247. Alexander Bohan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    ENI and MIT are getting public money to make the hot fusion: they are paying the trolls to discredit you, not to honour you.
    I prey that you will be able to complete your “impossible invention”, as the title of Mats Lewan’s book goes.
    Cheers
    Alexander

  1248. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander Bohan:
    Yes, I understood, after reading the article, that they are working on hot fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1249. Filippo

    Dr Rossi,
    ENI has already copied your technology to turn wastes into oil, but this time they are not copying you: their agreement with the MIT is about the hot fusion, wherein the taxpayers have already payed tens of billion dollars and euro for nothing and will continue to spend billion dollars and euro for nothing. You alone are more worth than them all put together, considering that you have used not a single cent of the taxpayer. The sole guys that have made money with the hot fusion stuff are the managers of that B.S. and the politicians behind them. The consortium that is trying the hot fusion is called ITER, eventually pronounced EATER.
    In this moment you are the most important mind of the world for what you are doing, don’t lose time with this B.S.
    Godspeed,
    Filippo

  1250. Andrea Rossi

    Filippo:
    I read the story on EW, but that thing has nothing to do with LENR, it seems to me they are making R&D in hot fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1251. Dear Dr Rossi
    I am looking at running the Ecat directly from solar PV via a regulator and batteries. Does the ecat control require AC or Dc input

    Thank you

  1252. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I prefer AC, but DC can be easily inverted into AC.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1253. Svein Henrik

    Jean Gluck.
    The new collaboration between MIT and Eni seems to be a research for fusion power based on high-temperature superconducting magnets to hold the plasma at temperatures of millions deg. Celsius, not LENR.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  1254. orsobubu

    Sorry Jean Gluck, by my understanding, Andrea Rossi will not be so much honorable from fierce MIT competition, after all, it seems to be another one of the same, oldie, very hot fusion radioactive prototype ready in 15 years they hope, at COP 2

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/03/11/mit-goal-fusion-plant-in-15-years/

  1255. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I found the link to the 6 minutes summary of the demonstration you made on November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm in the site http://www.ecat.com

  1256. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your answer,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1257. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Compared to the 20W eCat modules, are the 80W eCat modules approximately:

    a. The same size?
    b. Doubled in linear dimension?
    c. Tripled in linear dimension?
    d. Some other multiplier (if so, can you tell us the size of the 80W module_/

  1258. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N, Karels:
    a- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1259. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    My understanding is now that you can produce individual modules with any effect between 20 W and 100 kW. Is this correct? Can you also produce modules designed for longer continuous use than 1 year? May the modules have other shapes than cylindrical? What is the size of the 80 W module?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  1260. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Yes to all.
    The dimensions of the 80 W Ecat QX are the same of the Ecat of the demo at the IVA of Stockholm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1261. Jean Gluck

    Dear Andrea
    ENI and MIT made an allegiance to copy your technology by means of a spin off of MIT. Are you afraid of their competion?
    Jean Gluck

  1262. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Gluck:
    On the contrary, the fact that ENI and MIT are copying , or trying to copy, the Ecat QX gives evidence of the importance of our enormous work: both of them until few years ago used to say that LENR do not exist, today they are allied to compete against us. The stronger the competitors, the highest the honour.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1263. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the procious 6 minutes summary of the event of Stockholm,
    CC

  1264. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thanks to you for your attention to our work. Curiosity: did you find it randomly on Google, or clicking the link published on http://www.ecat.com ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1265. Birba

    Mr Rossi,
    Time is running out and you made nothing so far: do confess that you will have no product within 2018!

  1266. Andrea Rossi

    Birba:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1267. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you speak of the first plants being made up of “80 W Modules” is that an individual E-Cat QX of 80 W, or a combination of smaller QXs?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  1268. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Individual 80 W modules.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1269. Dear Eng. Rossi,

    Have you experienced any gravitational / antigravity effect whilst experimenting with your Ecats?

    Apologies if this question had been answered already.

    Keep up with the good job!

    Kind regards

    Sam

  1270. Andrea Rossi

    Sam Sequi:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1271. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Little did we know your world is a cat:
    https://laughingsquid.com/the-world-is-a-cat-playing-with-australia/
    Brokeeper

  1272. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he…very nice, thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1273. Sean Lear

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I spent 4 hours to watch the full videos with the demonstration of the Ecat QX made on November 24th at the IVA of Stockholm and I did not even realize how long has been the time, so much I was involved in it. Fantastic presentation and stunning results, under the eyes of the highest echelons of the related science.
    You made an unbelievable progress.
    I sent you to info@leonardocorp1996 my pre-order for a 100 kW industrial Ecat.
    Godspeed,
    Sean Lear

  1274. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Lear:
    Thank you for your recognition of the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1275. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    I do not write much anymore, because your level of expertise has increased with orders of magnitude, and we as a public can no longer contribute.

    Except for a little moral support. I fear that you can still continue to use it.

    A small suggestion: have a 3D scan made of yourself. This will come in handy later for the statues. Perhaps the heat of the early industrial commercial E-Cats can be used to melt bronze.

    Would you like to distribute a photo of a test setup of the E-Cat Enigma? I mean the version that can not be reverse-engineered. I always find your test setups much more fun and tangible than the pictures of the shiny devices of the competitors.

    Kind Regards,
    K.V.

  1276. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for your kind words related, obviously, to the work of the entire Team of us. Yes, your sustain is important too.
    We will not deliver information or images until the presentation of the industrialized product, but the artist representation you can find on ecat.com are not distant from what the reality will be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1277. Addrian Ashfield

    Dr. Rossi,
    I understand you have too much on your plate already with planning the production of the QX and developing new larger capacity E-Cats. I was wondering if anyone was still looking at a QX turbine, or whether you could farm that out to a turbine manufacturer.
    Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  1278. Andrea Rossi

    Addrian Ashfield:
    We did not yet decide on this important issue. In this moment we are focused on the fluid heater industrialization. The issue is open.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1279. Tamal

    Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,

    would I be able to purchase an E-Cat QX (let’s say 2x10kW) on my company’s name, to produce heat for manufactoring purposes and heat my office with it as well?

    Kind regards and good luck,
    Tamal

  1280. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    Please forward your request to info@leonardocorp1996.com to register your pre-order.
    Attention: a pre-order is not binding for both parties, we are not able to make an offer yet. When you will receive our offer, you will be free to accept it or refuse it without refunds.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  1281. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have made significant progress in R & D in a few months. Your technology is very young and will evolve further as the theoretical and experimental understanding of the LENR process increases.
    The Quart X tomorrow will certainly perform much better than the image of the first aircraft that has never managed to leave the ground, then it flew a few tens of meters, today thousands of kilometers.

    All my support to all your collaborators for the work done.

    Raffaele

  1282. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    You got the right spirit, I agree.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1283. Chuck Davis

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Would you reccommend to couple a domestic Ecat with a genset?
    Thanks,
    Chuck Davis

  1284. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    That is a possibility, but first we have to resolve the safety certification issue for the domestic apparatuses.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1285. Sean Gougouniani

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is progressing your work?
    When the QX will be industrialized?
    NASA has confirmed, among others, that your work is positive.
    God bless you,
    Sean Gougouniani

  1286. Andrea Rossi

    Sean Gougouniani:
    1- well
    2- we hope within this year
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1287. Pietro Beltrame

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the telephonic companies can be among your clients? I work in this field and I know these companies have issues in the areas where the grid is insufficient.
    Regards,
    Pietro Beltrame

  1288. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro Beltrame:
    Maybe, but we now are producing heat and I suspect the Telcos have difficulties to menage Carnot cycle dependant generators. Honestly, I do not know.
    Maybe in future or indirectly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1289. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I am a bit confused. Referring to the answers March 8, at 1.53 to me, and 1.54 to Frank, it seems that the answer to me is that the first plants will be based on 80 W QX reactors?
    I do understand that any Big-Cat is not actual in this phase.
    Regards, Svein Henrik.

  1290. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    You must make a distinction between what I am sure of, what is possible and what I am not sure of.
    While the 80 W QXs are a reality that works and we are industrializing, the big reactors ( 10 kW and 100 kW ) are prototypes far from being ready for industrialization NOW. Therefore I answered to you on the base of future possibilities, while to Frank Acland based upon the situation related to the year 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1291. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I own and operate a Chevy Volt — an electric car with gasoline backup. The capacity of the battery is a function of the average battery temperature. Living in the Northeast (of America) means the car is subject to cold temperatures, especially during the winter months. The cold decreases the battery capacity. Many times, the car will activate the gasoline motor to heat the battery unit. The goal is to use a minimum, or no gasoline.

    Why not a distributed eCat reactor system whose sole function is to heat the battery pack to keep its capacity high during charging and while driving? As an example, my range is about 29 miles in the winter but 40 miles in the summer. While a simple application, there are a lot of electric cars being produced and the numbers will likely increase. As long as the effective COP was very high (an efficient controller), it might make energy and economic sense. Thoughts?

  1292. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Very intelligent.
    You are right!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1293. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I do not bet — not even on sure things. I have been viewing JONP for about 8 years. It looks to me that you are proceeding in a careful and thoughtful manner. ASSUMING the technology is real…. you should do well. I say assuming because I have not personally seen the technology work in my presence. On the other hand, I have not personally seen the detonation of a nuclear device (Thank God). LOL. I foresee at least two major hurtles for your technology, as I understand it.

    One – increasing the thermal output level of a single reactor while maintaining reliable control at all times of the reactor. Needed to decrease the system level complexity and to assure system level reliability/maintainability. It is better to have 1,000 reactors all working then 1,000,000 reactors from a system viewpoint.
    Two – improve the Controller — size reduction, consumed power (also known as parasitic power) reduction, environmental range to at least industrial range, and cost reduction to a “throw-away” price range. My two cents! That is the limit of my gambling!

  1294. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels,
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1295. Gunnar

    Mr Andrea Rossi,
    I read today about your calvary on http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    What you became seems to be a miracle.
    Now I understand where you found the guts to do what you did in the LENR field.
    Godspeed,
    Gunnar

  1296. Andrea Rossi

    Gunnar:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1297. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So will the first industrial E-Cat plants be built with combinations of 80 W E-Cat QX reactors?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  1298. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1299. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andera.
    It seems there have been a tremendous evolution concerning power of the single units since the Stockholm meeting.
    For the first robotized industrial production planned at the end of 2018, is the decision of output of the single reactors already made? If so, what is this to be? If not, witch alternatives are actual?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  1300. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    No, the decision has not yet been made, because we have much more R&D to make on the tigerized Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1301. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congrats on the reactor progress. May we assume significant developments are occurring on the Controller design?

  1302. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You can bet all you have on this !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1303. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Perhaps I did not make myself clear… The question was not of a production of power but of mechanical packaging. Instead of producing 20W eCat reactors and externally tying them in series, all controlled by a single Controller, have you considered a single enclosure containing 100 compartments. Between the compartments would be a conducting electrode. Each compartment would contain the fuel.

    The alternative would be to remain with your current 20W design and electrically connect them in series and then to enclose them in an overall container. You probably don’t want to exchange eCat reactors at 20W reactor sizes.

  1304. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We have now 80 W modules, that can be assembled in series and parallels. We are testing prototypes of 10 kW and 100 kW single reactors.
    I cannot give information about the control systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1305. Bud

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    Can you tell us about your health in this period?
    Cheers
    Bud

  1306. Andrea Rossi

    Bud:
    Just made all the medical checks, it’s all right.
    Thank you for your concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1307. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I think the two new HyperCat models with 10kW and 100kW will make it easier to build plants much greater than 1 MW, because they will need less single reactors and the piping and wirings will be more simple.
    Am I right?

    P.S. I like the name “HyperCat” as it resembles the extraordinary “Hypercars”

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1308. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the suggestion. Yes, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1309. John Atkinson

    I have been following your work now for many years. I thank you for your grit and willingness to share your amazing journey with the rest of us,throughout the world. I have two question for your concideration. The first, when do you see e cat QX changing the everyday persons lives? One year,two or up to five. I mean this by heating ,cheaper power, cheaper manufactured good etc. My second question, when you roll out the e cat QX will it be made by man or your new robot assembly. Thanks for your determination and bull headedness, with out those attributes, concidering your trash talk adversaries, one of less grit would have faded away by now.. Thankyou

  1310. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Thanks to you for your kind attention to our work.
    We are working to sell the first industrialized units by the end of 2018. They will be made also by means of robots.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1311. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My understanding of the eCat reactor is that up to 100 reactors may be connected in series electrically and all of them controlled from a single eCat controller. Have you considered creating a single reactor group which contains 100 20W eCat reactors within a single enclosure electrically connected in series? With an understanding that the active depth of each reactor is only about 1mm in thickness, you could build individual cells about 3mm in length. With 100 such units in series, the reactor group would be about one foot in length and could produce around 2kW of thermal power.

  1312. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The Ecats make heat, not electricity. The production of electricity is made by a single generator after the Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1313. Dwayne

    Dr Rossi,
    When you have to measure temperatures above 1500 Celsius, which is the max temperature that thermocouples can measure, how do you resolve the problem?

  1314. Andrea Rossi

    Dwayne:
    With a spectrometer to measure the wavelength of the radiations, eventually resolving with the Wien equation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1315. Sam North

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here is a link to some interesting
    interviews.

    http://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/

    Regards
    Sam

  1316. Andrea Rossi

    Sam North:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1317. Ernest

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still working with Gullstrom on the theory?

  1318. Andrea Rossi

    Ernest:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1319. Andrea Rossi

    Boris:
    He,he,he… I am not convinced of the formula, though.
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1320. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    about the impossible reverse engineering of E-Cat, are you already applying it to the robotized industrial production?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  1321. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The robotized industrial production has not been started yet. I hope to be able to start it within the end of 2018.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1322. Jenell Laferriere

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for the 6 minutes summary of the Stockholm event.
    Cheers
    JL

  1323. Andrea Rossi

    Jenell Laferriere:
    Thank you for your attention.
    For the Readers: it is linked to http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1324. paranoic

    Dr Rossi:
    There is no way you have avoided any possible reverse engineering

  1325. Andrea Rossi

    Paranoic:
    Believe me: it will be impossible. Beyond any possible doubt.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1326. Moshe Borland

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Still on schedule to present your product by the end of this year?
    Cheers
    Moshe

  1327. Andrea Rossi

    Moshe Borland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1328. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    God and Science?
    https://mashable.com/2018/03/05/stephen-hawking-video-before-big-bang/#9zz6.ZKq3aqI
    (Gen 1:1)
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  1329. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1330. Marcus Haber

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are there hazardous operations to do while changing the charges of the Ecats?
    Thanks,
    Marcus Haber

  1331. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus Haber,
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  1332. Frank Acland