Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2020-07-09 05:00:06.372954Z

  1. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    To my previous two questions, which I tried to formulate very carefully, not to violate confidentiality. After your kind answers “Yes”, I dare ask you – the “More the Better”?
    Our best wishes, success and all support
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Whether the pulse rate in plasma (frequency) and the speed of its change (the speed of achieving maximum and minimum, as well as the value of the pulse change range) influence on:
    1. the value of efficiency
    2. the share of electricity produced compared to heat.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    is there a coherence with a pulse repetition rate from the control unit

    and the tremor of the plasma we can see in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    let me see if I understand correctly
    I wish you all the success with this new development.
    Kind regards, Viktor

  6. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Sorry, I cannot answer this question in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within Holmlid et al.; Ultradense protium p(0) and deuterium D(0) and their relation to ordinary Rydberg matter: a review, 2019, there is description of using a low power laser to produce Coulomb explosions from H(0) clusters, the laser exciting or ejecting electrons, careful measurement of outputs revealing the nature of the H(0) structures involved.

    With removal of electrons from the electron cluster or by disruption of the electron clusters coherence by means of the laser, it is likely that any H(0) that is no longer phase locked then reverts back to an ordinary hydrogen atom.

    Maybe there is a Possibility that if this was done with a sufficient quantity of H(0) (proton-electron aggregates) the reconfiguration back to normal hydrogen may absorb more energy than input from the laser, the extra energy required being extracted from the surroundings with a rapid drop in temperature.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight. The work of Prof. Holmid is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Electricity is often a flux of electrons.
    (But can also be a flux of ions in a plasma or liquid, or ‘holes’ in semiconductors).
    Just a question regarding the plasma of the SKL:
    Do you believe that:
    A. Both electrons and positrons are being produced in the plasma of the SKL or
    B. Just electrons or
    C. Neither electrons or positrons
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  10. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you work with your
    fellows in the USA seperately
    or in a group?
    Do they have working prototypes
    of the ECat-SKL to work with?

    Regards
    Sam

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I work with them both separately or in groups, depending on the situations.
    They have all the apparatuses necessary depending on their specific duty.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Dan Woodward

    From recent blog posts, I know that you are exploiting alternate regions of plasma positive/negative zones (as shown recently in the SAFIRE experiments). How do you physically
    probe those alternating bands ?

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    I am not working that way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of July 7th 2020:
    Utilities making big moves away from natural gas infrastructure assets,
    Rod Walton

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    I am reading that in Floida the situation is very bad, how are your fellows there ? Is this situation impeding the course of your work ?

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your concern: no, my fellows in the USA are well, we are working via Skype. Obviously the situation is not the best possible, but we are working through it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Jimmy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    is there a coherence between the zitterbewegung you described in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the tremor of the plasma we can see in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    ?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your answer to Burt is interesting, let me see if I understand correctly. I am using the analogy of a coalmine, into which mine shafts are tunneled, from which coal can be extracted.

    1. Can we consider the plasma to be a kind of ‘mine’ that has electricity within it that can be mined for practical purposes?

    2. Can we think of ‘independent lines’ within the plasma as mine shafts from which electricity can be extracted.

    3. If so, the more mineshafts you can have within the plasma, the greater the total amount of electricity that can be extracted?

    4. Is it therefore advantageous to have a larger total volume of plasma so that more mine shafts can fit?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- figuratively, yes
    2- as in 1
    3- yes
    4- this is a more complex issue. We are working through it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi nei laboratori dell’INFN LNF hanno realizzato dei mini acceleratori al plasma (pochi centimetri) molto interessanti.
    Cordiali saluti.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVpGBG6BqfU&list=PLRuUrPCVPFIoC3wg6bUqU6wMRifS7yJVV&index=12

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    For your enjoyment. Apparently, this documentary was only just released on June 20, 2020. I haven’t watched it yet, so I can’t attest to its quality. I hope it does David Bohm justice.

    Sincerely,
    Mason Ainsworth

    Link>> https://youtu.be/XDpurdHKpb8

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you, very interesting. By the way, the Aharonov-Bohm effect is at the base of the theoretical system proposed in my paper on Researchgate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Burt

    Dr Rossi,
    Reading
    http://www.reaserchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and observing the plasma in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I understood that to get all the possible electricity you have to extract it from many parts of the plasma with independent lines: am I correct?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Burt

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Brice

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    1) Some years ago you were dreaming of cities illuminated by your reactors of that time. Is this still in your mind? Notwithstanding that the non-continuous spectrum of your plasma is very cool (UV-bluish), it can efficiently and easily be converted into regular visual light with the help of a quantum dot film which can be wrapped around the reactor (3M used to make them till a few years ago: link). Some manufacturers of the QDs are Samsung Electronics (S Korea), Nanosys (US), Nanoco Group (UK), NN-Labs (US), Ocean NanoTech (US), Quantum Materials (US), OSRAM Licht, Avantama, Navillum Nanotechnologies (US), Crystalplex Corporation (US), RANOVUS (Canada), Innolume, QUANTUM SOLUTIONS (Saudi Arabia), NanoPhotonica (US), UbiQD, Fraunhofer IAP, TCL (China), VIZIO (US), Hisense, and QD Lasers (Japan)… QDs are tiny semiconductor crystals (typically 1-10 nm, their size determines their colour), which work like phosphors in fluorescent lamps. This is not new because since almost a decade ago all television manufacturers were starting to apply their premium-TVs with this kind of technology (like LG NanoCell or Samsung QLED). They start from blue LEDs which light is for two-thirds converted to green and red by the QDs, making white light (RGB). Due to the tunable bandgaps of quantum dots you can chose any colour, even NIR. White from any colour temperature can be made by a mixture of different colours. The important advantage in QD-TVs is that they consume little power and provide very deep, intense colours (wide colour gamut). Even when you irradiate QDs with X-ray they can convert it into visual light, what can also be used as an X-ray detector. QDs can also convert light into electricity, but at only 20%. It might be a very convincing showcase for the feasibility of your technology by shining an intense white light during half a year… what do you think?

    2) Somewhere in the far future, do you think your technology can be scaled up in such a way that one day a hot-fusion reactor can be converted into a kind of SK- or SKL-reactor (throwing away the super magnets, lasers etc…)?

    I wish you and your team huge success with your future demo.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Interesting, thanks,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Brice

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    This could be interesting to you: “University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have made it possible to remotely determine the temperature beneath the surface of certain materials using a new technique they call depth thermography. The method may be useful in applications where traditional temperature probes won’t work, like monitoring semiconductor performance or next-generation nuclear reactors.”.

    With kind regards,

    Brice

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    1- yes
    2- I think they are a too much different things, like to convert a dog into a whale or vice-versa.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Eric Ashworth

    Dear LilyLover,
    I do appreciate reading your posts. Your post July 4th regarding the monetary system, intelligence and productivity is thought provoking and relevant to todays society.

    Einstein said “God does not play Dice” and maybe he was not referring to your issues which I am sure he was not but that phrase is equally suited to your concerns and I agree gambling has nothing to do with productivity i.e a useful life spent but gamblers have neither the interest, the intelligence or the time to dwell upon a programme of productivity. I agree with what you say but is there a hidden message in your post that I am missing? with regards LENRs and its benefits to our progressively developing world.

    From my worldly experience money has two major uses. Finance is after all only a good idea. One use is to stimulate intelligence to improve the world we live in but at the other end of the stick it is used to suppress intelligent ideas from becoming mainstream. Here I am referring to those ideas that are judged to be before there time and consequently should an intelligent person in employment help solve a problem with a good idea the person can be given an ultimatum, he either forgets his idea or loses his job with a threat that he will never be employed in the industry that he chose as his profession. Yes life is a gamble for those employed but for the independent researcher for instance, he is a free agent as long as the information highway allows him to communicate.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  34. Temple Ketzler

    Mr Rossi,
    I am deeply convinced that the Ecat SKL does not exist.
    Best Regards,
    T.K.

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Temple Ketzler:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What did you mean regarding
    picture of ECat-SKL

    A : I will decide,but not yet.
    B: I will post a picture,but not yet

    Regards
    Sam

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    B
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Marco Serra

    Caro Andrea,
    sono molto contento dei tuoi recenti progressi, però, come al solito, la tua reticenza nel fornire i dettagli mi disturba un po’. Qui c’è gente (come me) che ti segue da quasi 10 anni. Perchè ? Perchè siamo dei sognatori. Qualche dato in più sul miglioramento ottenuto o qualche foto ce la potresti dare eh. Però capisco anche che non ci sono solo sognatori qui che leggono e quindi valuta pure tu cosa è opportuno rivelare e cosa no. Sapremo aspettare.

    Ti scrivo per invitarti a guardare questo breve video in cui Lex Fridman (ricercatore e prof di deep learning al MIT) intervista suo padre Alexander Fridman (direttore del C. J. Nyheim Plasma Institute). La mia impressione, abbastanza netta, è che quest’uomo conosca bene il tuo lavoro e in maniera velata stia parlando di te.
    Vorrei sapere se condividi l’impressione che ho avuto io ? Sembra anche a te che quel “out of the box thinking person” sia un riferimento preciso a te ? Che lui conosca il tuo lavoro ?
    Ecco il link:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNCz-8QIWuI

    Che Dio ti benedica

    Marco Serra

    ENGLISH ——

    Dear Andrea
    I’m very happy for your recent achievement of increasing the energy density of your device. We are your long time substeiners and would always like to know more data or at least see some picture. Please disclose some of them to let us dream.
    I’ve seen a video on youtube where Alexander Fridman (Director, C. J. Nyheim Plasma Institute) is interviewed and in this short portion of the video, where he is talking about cold fusion, I had the neat impression that he knows your work and that he indeed is talking exactly of Andrea Rossi.
    Do you have the same feeling as mine ?

    God bless you
    Marco Serra

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    I am not able to answer your question, but the link is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. LilyLover

    In its purest form money is ‘delivered productivity’. The purest token for trading is ‘timesheet with billable hours times billing rate’, say in the form of Excel spreadsheet, biometric online accounting, fully connected DL / credit card, or simply a as phone app. Much like batteries storing energy to be retrieved later, storage of productivity accounting, for later trading is true money. Money not backed by productivity is a theft form the commons.

    If I turn in a charged battery at one AAutoZzone, and get a receipt, and fly to a different city, and deposit that receipt to receive an equivalently charged battery, that receipt acted as a retrieval mechanism but the charge in the battery and the battery itself are of real value. But, if the receipt is fabricated ten times over, and deposited to retrieve 10 charged batteries, or even 10 discharged batteries, it’s a theft from the commons because the fabricated receipts are not true tokens of ‘charged batteries’, and eventually when AAutoZzone goes bankrupt, the losses are borne by the public at large due to dilution of money supply necessary to “recover” the societal losses. Intelligence of receipt fabrication is a one time occurrence of intelligent effort of negative value to the society, as such unworthy of praise.

    Bitcoins — Intelligent efforts, however complex, or transparent, but of negative value to the World, are not to be lauded, but rather punished. ‘Mining new bitcoins, a futile activity, does not correspond to increased productivity or tangible deliverables to the society. In effect, it is merely a virtual form of currency fabrication.

    Tomorrow, say, money printing becomes legal for all companies, and then all companies can say ‘we are transparent in our money printing division, similar to federal reserve’, but, that does not take away from the fact that fabricated tokens dilute the value of previous real tokens. Or, fictitious accounting as timesheet fraud is theft of public monies, directly or indirectly.

    Do not be mesmerized by complexity or transparency of bitcoins. Money backed by real productivity is the real money. Money that grows by mathematical computations or sheep-counting or watching-paint-dry is NOT money. Those of you who have had this natural instinct against bitcoins, your parents and teachers did a good job raising you. Those of you who tried to profit from this bitcoin-bandwagon are inherently immoral people who will not hesitate to steal from the commons when no one is looking, or, if they won’t get caught; please change.

    People who visit this forum are the intuitive leaders and much above average thinkers, and yet amongst them, there is so much misinformation regarding bitcoins. It is our collective moral obligation to educate the rest. Hope this helped at least one person.

    Take care.

    `LilyLover

  42. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thankyou for your insight, but I do not think this is the right place to discuss that issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Sam

    Have you decided if your
    going to post a picture of
    the ECat-SKL?

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, I know, I am on Skype every day with my fellows there. Also the flights bwtween Europe and USA are closed. We hope this damn virus will extinguish asap.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Beaches close in Miami.

    https://youtu.be/d2I2srMDxBk

    Regards
    Sam

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I will, but not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The only thing this plane needs now is an SKL! https://www.yahoo.com/news/first-certified-electric-plane-takes-174901784.html

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Fortunatlely for the time being it has plenty of alternatives,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi and some non-government currency enthusiasts,

    please allow me a short explanation of Bitcoin:

    In the 70s and 80s, world-famous economist Milton Friedman (who received the 1976 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences) promoted idea of “non-government private money creation”.

    However, Mr. Friedman missed one important word: “transparent (creation of money)”.

    Such transparent creation is important, because a lot of governments (exactly: central banks) are making fun of the people.

    They told to the Congress they will create and giveaway 700 Billion dollars (because some financial crisis amongst commercial banks) and in the end it is 14,000 Billion dollars giveaway.

    So transparency is important attribute.

    In 90s a number of cryptologists and IT inventors created non-government digital money (for example: Dr. Chaum created eCash/DigiCash, others created e-Gold etc.).

    These systems had one strategical flaw: These did not run on 1000 servers worldwide, they did not run on 1000 servers worldwide, so one day the government came, confiscated one server and it was over.

    Around year 2008 some anonymous person or small group of network specialists and cryptologists under pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto” invented and deployed a non-government TRANSPARENT digital currency, where some components of system are encrypted and HASHed. Whole network which is supervising and mirroring all transactions is spreaded (mirrored) worldwide on thousands of servers. So no one government may destroy this network. Shortly: Every server has complete list of all transactions, who is cheating, is kicked out of network.

    This non-government transparent cryptocurrency was named Bitcoin.

    Young enthusiasts who do not understand monetary history loves this very slow and low-performance Bitcoin.

    Real world performance is 2.7 TPS which mean Bitcoin is capable serviced one small town with 130,000 citizens, who 2 times per day pay for something. Young ignorant enthusiasts do not understand this detail. Bitcoin is also slow, one transaction need 1 hour for completion.

    Now exists a hundreds new cryptocurrency systems running on similar principles, but with performance over 4,000 TPS and transaction time 3-10 seconds, for example EOS, Stellar, Tron etc.

    Why companies around the world do not jump on this fantastic wagon?

    There is another flaw for companies viewpoint:

    Transparency of creation is good, but transparency of transactions is no-no for companies.

    Companies don’t want competitors to see who the company pays for for component deliveries.

    FIAT thinks it’s a secret and competitors must not know that FIAT is buying tires from Pirelli. With transparent transactions – publicly visible, it is possible to analyze who pays to whom, even as the accounts on the network are pseudonymous.

    Conclusion: Non-government currencies with transparent creation and transaction time 3 seconds are fantastic, but transparent transactions are indigestible for business sector.

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for yur opinion. My opinion is that bitcoins are very dangerous.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    about Bitcoin: You can start here:

    https://digitalik.net/btc/sf_model
    https://cointelegraph.com/news/bitcoin-minings-electricity-bill-is-it-worth-it?_ga=2.266820430.1176027323.1593429977-1440897620.1587639150

    But please do your own research, before you decide anything!

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Caveat investor !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    you could buy new or second hand Bitcoin mining devices and run them with electric power for free (SKL).
    I hope you are aware about Bitcoin mining. It is the way to “calculate” new Bitcoins.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I do not know what does mean “bitcoin mining” and I don’t even know exactly what bitcoins are.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    please have a look to the global electric power prices.
    Germany needs SKL most, please install one in my house next year!

    https://www.btc-echo.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/strompreise-2018-statista.png

    Further, if you charge me 25% to your win, instead of 25% to my win, I am sure I will be able to comepete with china in mining cryptos :-)

    Jokin aside, you should contemplate to found a mining pool to get your investmens back and ensure development in the long run.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for yhe link.
    About the “mining pool”: what do you mean ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    There are a couple of trolls that in several blogs made more than 30000 (thirty thousand) comments to say that your technology does not exist. They answer in real time to comments that sustain you, which gives evidence that they work full time on this job. Consequently, they are obviously paid. Now, my question is: how can be somebody so stupid not to understand that to disparage for years and full time your work gives evidence of the fact that they fear your work ? How could somebody make all that work spending so many time, if really should think your technology does not exist? The more they disparage you, the more they give evidence of the fact that they are brutally afraid your work to be real.
    How do you comment this rock and troll ?
    Cheers
    Prof

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    No comment.
    I don’t care the trolls, paid or differently intelligent as they might be. But you made a point to which I want to answer: one of our most important Clients told me that he had been convinced that we have something good in our hands from the disparaging against me; he said: ” If they really thought you have nothing , they would not waste their time for something that does not exist ”
    I have a suspect: to pay them is Andrea Rossi.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your comment. The subject is without doubt complicated when introduced. Your technology was criticized upon the premise that the Coulomb barrier could not be overcome. As you and I know there is no problem in overcoming the Coulomb Barrier when in a binary situation i.e. creating an EVO which is a gravity value. All you need is hydrogen to be drawn in and ejected out. This understanding can open up lots and lots of doors with regards structure i.e. cellular structure also. But it is still a secret and difficult to get all the information out with regards interested people fully understanding it. As you know perseverance overcomes all obstacles.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. I once again appreciate you JONP for allowing publication.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight. The JoNP hosts all opinions, if politely proposed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,
    I found an interesting article on the Futurism newsletter.
    A scientist at the wuhan university claims he has developed a plasma driven thruster which runs only with electricity.

    https://futurism.com/scientist-jet-engine-electricity-thrust?mc_cid=8ed35e698f&mc_eid=85adc92991

    best regards
    Ulrich

  63. Anna

    About your team: are all your team- partners in the USA ?

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    No, very important members of the Team are not only in the USA, but also in Sweden, Italy and Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Ron

    Dr Rossi,
    I had to read 6 times your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    After the sixth reading I have understood in full the importance of it, with the discovery of an energy coming from the electrons’ entropy. Now I understand why it is the most read paper of nuclear physics of the last year.
    Thank you for this momentous publication.
    All the best,
    Ron

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Anonymous

    Can you tell us the names of your collaborators ?

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Our collaborators are all under NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    it seems that the heating Ecat has an output greater than the Electric ECat. Some questions and considerations.

    1) Once you said (if i remember well) that the charge is the same. I assume that this means that at least the active charge chemicals are the same mass.
    2) If the electrical power is less than the heat power, this means that the charge should last proportionally longer… Because if not, this means that the efficiency in extracting energy from the charge of the electrical Ecat would be lower…
    3) So, have you compared charge duration also with respect to power output of the two ecats?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- confidential
    2- not true
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 30 2020:
    DOOSAN deploying first Korean-made gas turbine to CHP plant
    Rod Walton

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    When you bring in a new specialist
    to your team how do you explain and
    and how long does it take for them
    to understand your ECat-SKL technology?
    What reactions do you get from a new
    member of your team when they first
    learn of your technology?
    How confident is your team that
    you will be successful with the SKL?

    Regards
    Sam

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    All the members of our Team are enthusiast of what they are doing and we all believe that we will get the target. They are chosen also on the base of their reaction when I propose a collaboration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say what skill the
    seven team members you
    work closest with have?

    Regards
    Sam

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Electrinoc Engineering, Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Specialized Workers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Donald G Chandler

    Headline: “Physicists see surprisingly strong light, high heat from nanogaps between plasmonic electrodes”

    Do you think this might be related to The Rossi Effect?

    https://phys.org/news/2020-06-physicists-surprisingly-strong-high-nanogaps.html

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G Chandler:
    Thank you for the link. It is interesting. I am not able to answer, because the information is not sufficient to find links to my
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    theoretical system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From what has been published so far it would appear that the E-Cat SK has a higher power heat output than the electrical output of the SKL.

    Is it thought that the E-Cat SKL with its electrical output is likely to be more acceptable in efforts to promote the E-Cat technology to the general public than a more powerful E-Cat SK that is limited to producing only heat?

    For a public launch, the E-Cat SKL technology will likely be seen as having more utility, the ability to heat a house in a Swedish winter or cool an apartment in a Miami summer.

    All efforts and resources now directed to improving only the E-Cat SKL.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    1- yes
    2- I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What time is it where you
    are in Europe when you work
    with the team in the USA?
    How many do you actually work
    with doing the real Research in the USA?

    Regards
    Sam

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    During the morning of the USA we are in the early afternoon in Europe, so we have 8 hours to work together.
    7 persons are the ones I make the most important things with in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Caro Andrea,
    tutti coloro che ti seguono su queste pagine soffrono con te l’ansia dovuta al ritardo per la presentazione del SKL imposta dalla pandemia che stiamo subendo.
    Noi ci sentiamo umanamente stretti intorno a te.
    La situazione in Italia ed in Europa sono in costante, ma lento miglioramento, ma gli USA e la Svezia non consentono facili ottimismi.

    Abbiamo grandemente apprezzato il fatto che tu sia riuscito a lavorare lontano dal tuo team migliorando ulteriormente la prestazioni del tuo SKL.
    BRAVO!… Meriti le nostre congratulazioni.

    I sistemi SK privati della tua personale assistenza hanno avuto sufficiente supporto dal tuo team negli USA?

    Tu consideri ora l’SK tecnicamente obsoleto, o lo ritieni ancora tecnicamente valido e, apportati i recenti miglioramenti utilizzati sul SKL, pensi sia a proponibile per l’industrializzazione e la vendita?
    Calorosamente ti saluta
    Gian

    Dear Andrea,
    all those who follow you on these pages suffer with you the anxiety due to the delay for the presentation of the SKL imposed by the pandemic that we are suffering.
    We feel humanly close to you.
    The situation in Italy and Europe are constantly, but slowly improving, but the USA and Sweden do not allow easy optimisms.
    We greatly appreciated the fact that you managed to work away from your team, further improving the performance of your SKL.
    BRAVO! … You deserve our congratulations.

    Have the SK systems deprived of your personal assistance had sufficient support from your team in the USA?

    Do you now consider the SK technically obsolete, or do you still consider it technically valid and, having made the recent improvements used on the SKL, do you think it is available for industrialization and sale?
    Warm Regards,
    Gian

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your delighting empathy.
    The SK should become obsolete when the SKL will be available.
    I am working well with the US Team in the USA using Skype.
    We are making very important progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Andrea

  85. Eric Ashworth

    1.

    The Unifying of Gravity with Energy:

    This paper is about energy as understood from the perspective of understanding gravity. Gravity is energy and energy is gravity. There is nothing other except that which it constructs. This no doubt you could find difficult to believe but the statements to be made can be substantiated by geometry, maths and an embodied mechanical mechanism referred to as a ‘Bipolar Unifying Field Oscillator’ (B.U.F.O.) that is able to demonstrate the understanding in a practical way. To understand energy you need to understand the complete cycle that involves understanding the conservation of energy. This paper will not deal with the atomic structures as they are well understood as being involved with the permutations of the hydrogen atom i.e. complex mathematical formulae. What it will explain is hydrogen and its direct relationship to the basic format of gravity. In other words, the format of the hydrogen atom is a micro image of the Cosmos with regards its geometry, maths and states i.e. active and static. Also this paper will deal with the Exotic Vacuum Object (E.V.O.) and the part they play in the geometric manipulation of the hydrogen atom whereby the curvature forces transition to linear forces and the linear forces transition back to curvature forces. This two stage transition provides an understanding of the Conservation of Energy with regards potential energy and kinetic energy and has a direct involvement with the recent new source of energy obtained from Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (L.E.N.Rs) as that demonstrated by Andrea

    2.

    Rossi. Also it will in tandem explain how an Electro Magnetic drive (E.M. drive) generates propulsion in outer space for interplanetary commuting. These technologies when fully understood will open up new frontiers in the understanding of energy of which there is nothing other than and therefore this paper will be incomplete to those wishing full disclosure on every level i.e. I will make a statement without in-depth elaboration even though such statements can be elaborated upon because the subject can become too intense and overwhelming. Therefore this paper has had Occam’s Razor applied to it and can be considered to be in skeletal format but nevertheless informative.

    1 (a) The hydrogen atom is a single micro unit of gravity. Gravity is nothing other than one unit comprised of an integral volume containing an integral size. The base structure is that of a cubic neutral. Hydrogen represents a mobile unit of gravity with regards its mobile components. The hydrogen atom is a micro image of the overriding gravitational field within which the hydrogen atom exists. There is no single unit of gravity less than that of hydrogen and there is no single unit of gravity greater than that of one Cosmos. The macro unit of gravity is the static state i.e. the Cosmos. The micro unit of gravity is the mobile state. These two extremes represent ‘the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. The hydrogen atom can never lose its two charges because it can never lose the value of its gravity. The hydrogen atom represents a cubic

    3.

    neutral of energy. The only activity a cubic neutral can do is contract or expand i.e. become a cubic neutral of a size dimension or that of a volume dimension. When a cubic neutral contracts it becomes a dimension of size and becomes a charge of positive gravity and when it expands it becomes a charge of negative gravity.

    Dark matter is negative gravity which is expanded hydrogen of a curvature force. The opposite to dark matter is Light matter being contracted hydrogen of a linear force. A cubic neutral of gravity i.e. hydrogen, transitions itself with regards position within its gravitational field and its proximity to either that of an EVO within the gravitational field or an artificial manufactured EVO. This transition of the cubic neutral of hydrogen from being of a curvature force to that of a linear force and back to its original curvature force provides for the conservation of energy.

    1 (b) Hydrogen represents curvature force energy i.e. potential energy at normal temperature and pressure (NTP). To transform it into linear force energy i.e. kinetic energy you have to compress it but the only way to compress hydrogen so as to achieve a substantial linear force is by using gravity. The greater the gravity value the more linear the cubic neutral will be and the more force will be achieved. Therefore to construct an EVO upon the geometry and maths of the hydrogen atom, maximum transitions from curvature forces to linear forces of the hydrogen atom can be achieved.

    4.

    Any hydrogen exterior to an EVO will be gravitated into the gravitational field of the EVO. When two hydrogen atoms of curvature forces are compressed together, the curves of their forces interact, transforming the curvature forces of the cubic neutrals into linear forces of identical potentials and as is well known like poles/potentials repel and unlike poles/potentials attract thereby the linear forces repel and there is only one direction these linear forces can go and that’s out of the EVO into the exterior environment as projectiles composed of linear force gravity. A cubit neutral of hydrogen when transformed into a linear force is able to penetrate solid matter comprised of hydrogen whereupon it expands due to becoming static, creating compression within the solid host that relates directly to a degree of heat created by a degree of atomic friction within the structure . The hydrogen cubic neutral dissipates out and resumes its original curvature force value of gravity. Consequently, the conservation of energy requires two transitions of one unit of gravity involving two gravitational fields separated by a space involving time and distance.

    1 (c) What exactly is the hydrogen atom composed of?. Basically two integral units, comprised of components. The two integral units are the proton and the electron and both are comprised of the same structural components but occupy two opposite positions. Thereby one is a size dimension, central position and one a volume dimension of a peripheral position and consequently one is the positive

    5.

    charge and one is the negative charge that constitutes one unit of gravity because gravity is one cubic neutral of energy. What are the two cubes that make gravity a cubic neutral?. Answer, two pivots. The two pivots, one of the proton and one of the electron are comprised of integral components. There are four components in each pivot. One static and three mobile. What is each component comprised of?. Answer gravity in its two states i.e. static and mobile. The mobile gravities are the quarks, the static gravity is the central position around which the quarks circumnavigate. What are quarks comprised of?. Four static linear gravity values. To visualize, one vertical is surrounded by four separate horizontals and the pivot of the quark is the collective force of the four static horizontals.

    The three quarks of the proton circumnavigate an inner gravity value of the proton on a helical trajectory involving four loops, each loop corresponds to the eight outer corners of the cube and the eight inner pole dimensions i.e. the four static linear dimensions of the pivot which is the inner pole of diametrical dimension of the inner cube. Each quark occupies in time and space three positions. Positive pole position, negative pole position and circumferential/radial being neutral. Each quark is transitioning because it’s the mobile energy of the loop that circumnavigates the proton cube four times, corresponding to the eight outer extremities.

    Three quarks of the electron circumnavigate the inner proton on a helical trajectory involving four loops, each loop

    6.

    correspond to the eight outer corners of the outer cube and the eight inner pole dimensions i.e. the four static linear dimensions of the pivot which is the outer pole of the volume dimension of the outer cube. Each quark occupies in time and space three positions. Positive pole of the positive position, negative pole of the negative position and circumferential radial being neutral. Each quark is transitioning because it is the mobile energy of the loop that circumnavigates the outer electrons gravity value. The two cubes synchronize to form one cubic neutral of gravity. Thereby the neutral cube of hydrogen is one stable unit of gravity with its four inner pivots and its four outer pivots.

    1 (d) The hydrogen atom can be considered of a mechanical activity that has been duplicated and labeled a ‘Bipolar Unifying Field Oscillator’ that has more than one practical use but was originally designed for propulsion purposes by structuring fluids into interacting structural densities involving two circuits. But when these dynamics are applied to electro magnetic dimensions they are able to construct an Exotic Vacuum Object (E.V.O.) that contains potentials of the EVO in mobile time dimensional frames i.e. active potential E.V.Os within the overriding Power E.V.O. (a time dimension phenomena). This structuring of electro gravitational forces will provide propulsion in the exterior spacial environment. Thereby what this technology allows for is one vehicle to be able to fly within the Earths atmosphere as an aircraft and outside of the Earths atmosphere as a space craft when fitted

    7.

    with an electro magnetic (EM) drive. This type of vehicle would require a super fuel to power the required mechanisms and fortunately Andrea Rossi has the required technology of his L.E.N.Rs that need the required EVO to maintain a sustained reaction so as to provide an almost limitless amount of electrical energy. EVOs can be constructed by using the electricity supplied by the grid but these EVOs are inferior for LENRs because they are only potentials of Power not a Power potential comprised of four mobile potentials.

    (e) To generate EVOs of a Power potential you have to adopt a systemic sequence of events based upon maths and geometry. To achieve an Absolute state (which is not advisable) you would need sixteen electric generators of a two pole D.C. design but to be practical and ere on the side of caution twelve is the recommended number i.e. only what could be termed twelve stones are required. Four for the negatives, eight for the neutrals and twelve for the positives. Therefore using maths and geometry:-

    Circumference divided by 3.14159 equals Time negative structure of a field i.e. the energy of a diameter.

    3.14159 equals the sum total of structure of a field in dimensions of four structural densities
    Energy of no structure equals the wave energy of volume.

    3.14159 equals the four neutrals within a field. Therefore, .85841 equals the none structure energy of the two static states or the expanded hydrogen of the proton and electron state i.e. the active mobile particles/Soma in wave formation of a cubic neutral.

    8.

    .85841 divided by 2 equals .429205 of diametrical proton force and .429205 of circumferential electron force. These figures therefore represent the two Absolute Time zones of energy. Being less than 1. i.e. .85841 the extra force required for the construction of the fourth energy structure of field identity must be external and of a higher order.
    429205 of proton size energy plus .429205 of electron volume energy plus .14159 of structuring force energy plus 1. negative structure plus 1. neutral structure plus 1. positive structure equals 4 as apposed to 3.14159.

    .429205 divide by .14159 equals 3.0313228 a threesome of energy i.e. negative, positive and neutral plus .0313228 of encapsulated force. And .85841 divide by .14159 equals 6.0626456 a sextet neutral of a field plus .0626456 of encapsulated force.

    Conclusion: .062645 not .0626456 being seven digits and not sextet or neutral i.e. 3. and 3. this being the subject in review, must represent an exterior influential force of .062646 magnitude more than the value of a sextet neutral field. Consequently, 1. neutral field of energy must be part of a greater structure that is 95.777795 times greater. And that a proton and electron must always be a part of a systemic system of a field. 95.777795 x .062645 = 5.9999999

    95.777795:- Mathematics describes energy because it originates
    from the understanding of energy.

    ______________Field Identity/ One Solar System_____________

    positive
    neutral
    _____negative______
    – 77 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95+
    Alpha >direction> Omega
    9.

    9 = completion. 5 = half. 7 = mobility/transmutation
    9 and 5 are interchangeable digits

    Completion refers to the completion of a field system of identity.
    10. refers to the whole systemic system of which the field system is a part. Therefore, 95.777795. 9 and 5 represent the sum total of the neutral i.e. neg. pos. potential with regards the transition.

    95.777795 divided by 6 equals 15.962965. 16 i.e. four energy fields in four states of neutrality. Therefore, 16 minus 15.962965 equals .037035. .037035 divide by 3 i.e. the negative, the neutral and the positive equals .012345. This figure represents the progressive state of systemic energy i.e. energy of structure spanning Time Zones/Synapses/interregnums.

    .012345
    Zero to 1. represents one quarter of a pivot being a transitioning mechanism. The pivot is static gravity into which curvature force energy transitions to a degree of a linear force. Zero to 1. represents 90 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 90 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 1. to 2. represents 180 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 180 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 2. to 3. represents 270 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 270 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 3. to 4. represents 360 degrees of centrifugal force positive and 360 degrees of centrifugal force negative – 4. to 5 represents an applied Absolute force of 450 degrees, thereby an Absolute force of a degree of fusion that is able to achieve fission by transmutation of the curvature force into that of a linear force of a cubic neutral of energy and thereby this 5th action creates the identity i.e. the power of a field charge.

    When four fields of a systemic nature are required sixteen D.C. electric generators of a basic two pole design are required to be coupled together in a continual systemic sequence of generating. The first 90 degree of generated current is fed into the second
    10.

    generator, the second 90 degree of the second generator increases the potential of the generated current, the third does the same and so to does the fourth. This represents a pivot of a negative power. As the sequence continues into the next four generators the pivot

    becomes a neutral power and as the sequence continues into the next four generators of twelve the pivot becomes a positive power. What the positive power represents is an EVO containing mobile potentials of the power. No need to use sixteen generators unless you want to use such equipment as a Electro Magnetic drive for interplanetary commuting.

    As I previously stated this paper is in skeletal format and requires investigation so as to validate or disprove the contents by conventional practical means. For people with a curious mind it should provide a much needed new angle of investigation and one in which new discoveries could be made in every avenue of research.

    Summary:

    The basis of this paper is two fold, one to put forward a theory that explains gravity as not just a force but a creator of creations that respond to its force. Geometry and maths are the abstractive understandings. There is no such thing as gravity i.e. a singularity but only gravities i.e. spaces of a space and spaces within spaces. Spaces within spaces bring about positivity and negativity. The basis of one unit of gravity requires four dimensions, each dimension is a neutral. Thereby one neutral cube equals one unit of gravity. One flat of the four i.e. of a cube equals a neutral. One loop equals a neutral of a 90 degree angle and four make the cube. (Field identity of one Solar system represents one neutral. Four of which equal one Galaxy but the macro system will not be dealt with here).

    Because each dimension of the cube has an inner and an outer. The 90 degree angle referred to is one dimension that reaches out and reaches in and to complete the dimension requires space and time.
    11.

    Thereby four spaces and eight time zones to one gravity value. This basic format is reflected throughout the energy unit being a charge. Let’s see if I can convey this!. A pivot of gravity is comprised of four linear gravity values. one vertical line is supported by four horizontals, each horizontal is a pivot and four horizontals are the
    constituents of the vertical. The static linear gravity is the neutrinos within the quark.

    Neutrino equals 1. linear gravity value. — 4. Neutrinos equal 1. Pivot of a gravity value. 1. Pivot equals 1. Quark. — 3. Quarks plus one central gravity value equal one Charge. — 2. Charges equal a Cubic Neutral of gravitational Energy. Gravitational energy of size dimension equals positivity (proton position). Gravitational energy of volume dimension equals negativity (electron position). The mobile quarks of the proton circumnavigate the inner gravity value. The mobile quarks of the electron circumnavigate the inner proton on a helical trajectory around the inner proton by completing four outer loops to that of the proton. These loops of the outer quarks construct the potentials of a cube i.e. four outer positives of the extremities of a cube, transitioning to four inner positives that transition to four inner negatives and transition out to four outer negatives completing the cubic dimensions. One of the four outer regions of the cube correspond to a value of the pole position and one of the four outer regions of the cube correspond to the value of the opposite pole. The neutral position of the poles is the gravity value of the cubic neutral i.e. central position of the cube within the proton. The two flats top and bottom surrounded by four flats equal the two poles thereby four plus two equal six i.e. a cubic neutral of energy/gravity. This information can be mechanically demonstrated by constructing a ‘bipolar unifying field oscillator’. This mechanism has many practical uses but because of planetary evolution within the Solar systemic system its major purpose is transportation between planets. What this type of propulsion system needs when incorporated into that of a transportation vehicle is the Electro
    12.
    Magnetic drive system (E.M. drive) which is a Power EVO containing potential EVOs as they transition within the Power. However, such a vehicle requires a fuel source and this is where Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENRs) are required to provide the fuel. The fuel being the hydrogen atom extracted from atomic substance that transitions from Curvature force energy into a Linear force energy and back to its Curvature force because it exists within the mobile curvature system being the Solar which exists within the Cosmos and which likewise exists within the two static Absolutes of the overriding system. Therefore it becomes obvious that these apparent separate subjects are of the same understanding with regards the understanding that energy is gravity and therefore to understand gravity is to understand energy

    To help explain this relationship between volume and size being negative and positive. I shall list the macro gravity to the micro gravity:-

    One Absolute overriding static state is a static cubic neutral that contains within it, between its central position and its outer periphery the Cosmos, within the cosmos are four Cosmic systems, within each Cosmic system are the galaxies, within each Galaxy are four Solar systems, within each solar system are four Sets, each Set is comprised of four planets transitioning along a Solar helical trajectory. Each planet is comprised of atomic substance. Atomic substance is comprised of the hydrogen atom that contains two charges one of a volume dimension and one of a size dimension, it is the image of the macro system constructed of gravity. *Something interesting to think about. The neutron in the nuclei of the atom. Could it be a mono pole magnet in space and time i.e. an image of the seat of gravity at the centre of a Galaxy where four Solar systems converge?. In other words an image of the Power, being a potential of. Both mono poles are the product of spin and position i.e. between four gravity values in a positive negative environment i.e. within a cubic neutral. The neutron of the atomic nucleus is a transformed proton because of
    13.

    position between four protons within a specific position of the nucleus. What the neutron does is prevent gravitational collapse of the nucleus by acting as a buffer agent. To do this the neutron spins in two directions at once creating eight negative poles out with spin and eight positive poles in with no spin i.e. when the spin ceases (This has and is able to be demonstrated). What a mono pole demonstrates is a time dimensional phenomena regarding the creation of a system and the destruction of the system. Centrifugal force is a huge subject in itself. When electricity is generated centrifugal force is present but when the gravity values cease so too does the centrifugal force because separation ceases. Is centrifugal force a component of the hydrogen atom?. Yes, it’s a component of the electron and proton.

    Another interesting observation with regards the B.U.F.O. Two flows of the same fluid medium can when in contact i.e. one vertical flow and one horizontal flow can cross paths without losing identity. Gravity is a conservational force. Every phenomena involving gravity is a huge subject that requires extensive investigation within all branches of physics.

    For Andrea Rossi to achieve a self sustaining L.E.N. Reaction he needs to generate a Power EVO. What the grid supplies is a potential unit of energy that can only produce a potential EVO. The L.E.N. Reactor has to power a turbine that achieves the necessary systemic system of generating as previously described. The turbine should be designed upon an integral set up to achieve maximum efficiency, unlike conventional turbines. Has this information got more applications than those mentioned?. Yes lots but this paper for obvious reasons has to finish but not without anticipated expectations.

    This paper was written by Eric Ashworth an independent researcher and inventor.
    B.U.F.O mechanism see: Propulsion Linearizing Mechanism Ashworth Eric.
    This technology is highly sensitive, very often I am unable to communicate
    See E Cat world.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your contribution,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Does switching the ecat on and off cause some kind of degradation?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Given that you’re thinking of batteries for electric vehicles, does that mean the ecat can be switched on/off multiple times while not being connected to the grid?
    And is this how you plan to demonstrate it in your presentation?
    Best regards,
    Patrick

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    1- yes
    2- we’ll see
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Patrick

    Dear Andrea and readers,

    About battery parameters, the Tesla Power Wall, which is same technology as Tesla car batteries:

    Usable Capacity: 13.5 kWh
    Depth of Discharge: 100%
    Efficiency: 90% round-trip
    Power: 7kW peak / 5kW continuous

    Scalable: Up to 10 Powerwalls

    Operating Temperature: -4°F to 122°F / -20°C to 50°C

    Dimensions: L x W x D: 45.3″ x 29.6″ x 5.75″
    (1150 mm x 753 mm x 147 mm)

    Weight: 114 kg

    Installation: Floor or wall mounted, Indoor or outdoor

    Certification: North American and International Standards
    Grid code compliant

    From: https://www.tesla.com/en_AU/powerwall

    Regards
    Patrick

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Scientists gain more insight
    about the makeup of Sun.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01908-2

    Regards
    Sam

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For a comparison to batteries, on the LG Chem website, there is information regarding their lithium ion polymer pouch cell batteries, also there is a PDF (2018 so probably outdated) that gives power ratings, envelope dimensions and weights for the product line-up of modules, racks and even containers, the high energy container reference M48218P5B is an unmanned 40ft HC ISO container rated for 6.8 MWh, although it is on the heavy side at 60 ton.

    It is likely that for large assemblies of E-Cat’s, the same as for batteries, the infrastructure for packaging and linking them together will contribute heavily towards the weight, thereby influencing Wh/kg.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  97. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the information and the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Dear Andrea,
    As the old saying goes, “A picture is worth more than a thousand words”.
    Would it be possible for you to display a working unit on a lab bench without an explanation of any of the parts or procedures?
    I think that many of your long time supporter would enjoy such a picture.
    Curious regards.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I see that your project has made huge progress and I am delighted. I hope that soon we will have the pleasure of seeing this magnificent device in a web presentation.

    I found that the car battery was produced by a Chinese firm “CATL”. It manufactures for its customers packs each containing 18 modules of 12 cells. The customer assembles these packs according to his needs. These batteries have a “BMS” control system that operates continuously to ensure proper operation and safety. There is therefore energy consumption even when the vehicle is parked.

    I have two questions.

    – For you: Does your control system have to work continuously or does it stop when the E-CAT is stopped?

    – For your support: Does anyone know the capacity of a single Li-ion cell? I did not find this information. On the web, we only give the mass capacity currently obtained on commercial batteries (250 Wh / Kg without packaging and BMS).

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- The Ecat consumes nothing when it is turned off.
    2- I too would like to have a precise information: there are around different figures .
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    Amazing and exciting news that you still find ways to improve the ecat SKL.

    I guess an inventors mind never rests and in lockdown that time is never wasted.

    May I ask if the improvement is

    1. the over all power density. Thermal and electric
    2. An improvement in the Electricsl power density only.
    3. Probably the same as 2 but an improvement in the electrical power generation efficiency

    Good luck with this I can see that any improvements in these has big impacts son the design and how it can be used.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1. Mainly electric, but in part also thermal
    2. no
    3. yes
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    your response of “both + double yes” is exciting news.

    Without your being too specific, does the following ragone plot present a reasonable scale for the SKL’s current performance? Has the SKL improved upon the 2014 E-Cat results?
    Link>> https://atom-ecology.russgeorge.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/E-Cat_ragone_301.png

    Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    1- no
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for good news from 26 june in response to Frank Acland (as always) that: “We are increasing the energy density: an invention of yesterday has opened a new path in this sense”.
    In this connection two questions
    1. Did you reach this result by concentrating energy in the center using some kind special mirrors or implement the other method?
    2. What will be with your quest when people try to guess the Ecat SKL parameters and they suddenly changed?
    Best regards, Aleksei

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    1- no
    2- the quest is still open and all the participants can change their numbers when they want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that a new invention makes it possible to increase the energy density of the SKL.
    1. Are you able to assemble a new Ecat SKL Like that at your location for testing?
    2. What factor of energy density increase do you believe Is possible?
    I wish you all the success with this new development.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. this is a question that demands facts, not words
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing the good news of increasing the energy density through a yesterday’s invention for the SKL. If you are able, is this invention better ascribed to deep-learning enhancements of the heuristic algorithm, the AI software, or due to a change in the hardware, or both?

    With this further enhancement of the SKL, do you project that the power density will be soon enhanced as well? Has your heuristic algorithm made it far easier to harvest what the increase in the energy density has made available?

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Both + double yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    do you have any new idea to shrink the SKL to the size of a smatphone battery?

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Just enough to say that theoretically it should not be impossible, but our focus now is not there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What aspect of your work is taking up most of your time and attention these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are increasing the energy density: an invention of yesterday has opened a new path in this sense. We are accumulating information continuing to use the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    the following is interesting and I share it as an FYI during these odd times.

    Given the logic of the following analysis, it doesn’t take too much effort to form a perspective of how the integration of an SKL into an electric vehicle will intensify the general conclusions offered.
    Link>> https://seekingalpha.com/article/4355640-tesla-v2g-technology-dramatically-increase-demand-and-sales-of-all-models

    My very best to you, your team, and your wife.

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Thank you for the information and for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    For my book I was researching for the Leonardo Company and landed on the Ecat.com, the official website of the Leonardo Company. I found that a lot of the information provided may be outdated with regards to your more recent revelations where you prompted that the SK/SKL is not nuclear. E.g. you still show on many locations LENR as the assumed energy source, which is clearly a nuclear source. The SKL is not mentioned at all.
    Can you tell:
    1. Is energy supplied with the original Ecat LENR based?
    2. What about the Ecat QX, SK and SKL, These are based on this newly found energy source that is described in your ResearchGate document. Is that energy source different from the original Ecat?
    3. Do you believe that all assumed LENR is in fact based on your newly proposed mechanisms in your ResearchGate document?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- the charge is the same
    2- No. What is changed is the theoretical system: by the way, in the website has been integrated the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Mike Phalennhas made a link to discuss your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Here is the link:
    https://therossieffect.org
    All the best,
    Prof

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, The production of the skl will usher in so many revolutionary changes that it will become known as the “Rossi Era”, the genesis of our planet! The segment of RV campers for example will be a boon for all outdoor enthusiasts, hunters, fishermen, campers, and nomads in general! With an skl powered EVRV one will be able to live autonomously off grid with all the conveniences such as A/C, refrigerator, freezer, etc. There are atmospheric water generators available now that will provide a clean water supply. It will probably even affect home ownership. Many will choose a gypsy life in their EVRV to escape the drudgery of home ownership! Another possibility, is with the addition of a septic system and an atmospheric water generator one would be able to configure their homes for total off grid living!

    Exciting times,
    Chuck Davis

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    That is a dream; I share that dream, but a lot of work remains to be done. And we are doing that work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    some comments on SKL usage on cars:
    I do not believe that range would be the question. Cars with SKL source only will be air-conditioned 24/7 and communicate 24/7.
    Service for SKL will be done together with the general service, once a year.

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Biogen Power

    Biogen Power on 2020 Conference taking place on September 22-23 in Copenhagen, Denmark

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Biogen Power:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. William R Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    I think what Gerard McEk is asking in his Q4 is if a constantly running SKL could go one year between refills, could an SKL powering an EV last 10 years between refills if the car only required it to be running 1/10 of the time? The underlying question is obviously can the SKL be efficiently stopped/started on demand based on driving needs and thus conserve fuel.

    Bill Conley

  130. Andrea Rossi

    William R. Conley:
    The answer should be yes, but has to be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    When will you make public the certification of the Ecat SKL ?

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    When it will be for sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Although your answer to my last question (4.) is very positive, it is not clear. :)
    Let me rephrase: If I drive my E-Cat driven car in the future 2.4 hours per 24 hours on average, would the need to ‘refuel’ be once in the 10 years? (Assuming I could run the Ecat continuously for 1 year, without ‘refueling’)

    Assuming you could drive 200 km in 2.4 hours:
    This would mean that if somebody commutes 200 km/working-day he never needs to refuel in the 14 years.
    In total he would drive 730,000 km/456,000 miles), about the lifetime of a car. Good competitor for Tesla with a million mile battery, I would guess.
    Thanks, Gerard

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am not able to answer with precision to these questions, until we will have made specific experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Has a new date for 3rd party hands-on testing been agreed already?
    (I know Corona is still with us and expanding in countries like US, India and some South American countries, but in Europe, where you say you are, they are getting it slowly under control. Air traffic is starts up again.)
    2. Is there any chance that a demonstration of the E-cat SKL’s unparalleled performance will be done in an electric car driving thousands of miles without refueling?
    3. Are you in direct contact with (electric) car suppliers to negotiate the use of the E-Cat SKL?
    4. Is ‘refuel’ of the E-cat depending on the (intermittent) usage (if you use it 1/10 of the time, it could be 10 years) or just the time (say once a year)?
    Thank you for answering our questions and good luck with putting the E-Cat SKL on the market.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. not yet
    2. maybe
    3. confidential
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    You wrote to Steven Karels the following:
    “What is very interesting in the comment of Raffaele Bongo is the weight of the battery of his new electric car: 50 kWh/ 350 kg, which means 7 kg/kWh. This figure makes the Ecat SKL competitive also in terms of energy density. ”

    Competitive is surely an understatement! Or perhaps you meant something other than energy density: perhaps you meant power density. When it comes to energy density the Ecat SKL should trounce battery technology by three orders of magnitude.

    For instance Raffaele’s electric car battery has an energy density of 50kWh/350kg , which is about 143 watt hours / kg. (A laptop battery is about two times this I think. Laptops use about 50 watts and have batteries about 1kg. )

    But if the Ecat SKL apparatus weighs (say) 6kg and outputs a net of (say) 100 watts, and can go one year without needing a fuel wafer change,
    then that is an energy density of 100W * 24hrs * 365 / 6kg =~ 146,000 watt hours / kg.

    Energetic regards,
    Mark

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    It could be true.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    You wrote to Steven yesterday: “The cost of refill will be lower, I think”.
    A car with 25 kW SKL installed and a battery of 1/10 part of the current size will, as the figures from Rafaele shows, work well.
    When the car is parked, it can be connected to the grid and deliver power to it, with a profit for the car owner.
    Through the use of cars, the SKL’s unique features are fully utilized and the existing energy network is at the same time exploited.
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “I am not sure I understood: do you mean $ 600/kW installed?” in regards to an eCat SKL electrical charger mounted within an Electric Vehicle (EV). I assume it would be something like a current 12V automobile battery replacement. Once a year, a mechanic would exchange the old eCat SKL with a replacement eCat SKL. As with the battery, the old unit would be sent back for recycling.

    So my question is whether such a changeout could reasonably be accomplished for less than $600 – the equivalent electric charging cost from the previous posting. I assumed a 0.5 kW electrical output from the eCat SKL. At 80% electricity conversion efficiency, the envisioned eCat SKL would need to get rid of about 125W of thermal power. Probably not a problem if the automobile frame acted as the heat sink.

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The cost for refill will be lower, I think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Steven thinks Raffaele’s wife car is a Tesla Model 3.
    With the specification he gave us, I better bet on a Peugeot e-208 :)

    The thing is I couldn’t get more information about its battery pack volume / form factor.
    And Tesla’s model 3 battery pack is probably a little bit more performant than the Peugeot e-208 one.

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    The progress you have made in creating the eCat technology and developing the eCat SKL would not have been possible without the contribution from a number of people. These include the lab team, the management team, the legal team and the financing team.

    Valuable information you have from creating and developing the technology is maintained as confidential with non-disclosure agreements. In these agreements, the parties promise to each other not to reveal certain information. These agreements help to protect the trade secrets created and developed through your joint efforts. In this way, the information represents some of Leonardo Corporations intellectual property; the other intellectual property being the patents.
    National laws protect interests in intellectual property through patent laws and trade secret laws. Because of these protections, investors may be willing to take the risk of financing creation and development of eCat technology. In return investors have the right to expect a return on their capital should the eCat technology prove successful in the marketplace. Investors may also expect an additional return on capital in reward for taking the risks associated of investing in unproven and new technologies.

    This framework has some potentially negative consequences for society-at-large, because patents overall contribute to inequality in income and wealth distribution. Economist Dean Baker has written extensively on this subject mostly in context of prescription drugs. https://www.cepr.net/patents-and-the-pandemic-again/ You may find his perspectives meaningful.

    Economist Fadhel Kaboub has been studying means and methods for the achieving prosperity in economies of developing countries. He has addressed the issue of patent rights created in countries with advanced economies in countries with developing economies. The Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity http://www.global-isp.org/ publishes papers and reports of their findings and conclusions.

    The e-Cat technology holds great potential for all humanity. Making the best of it may require consideration of some factors referenced in this post.
    My best wishes to you and your team.

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    I give you an example: the vaccine for the corona virus. There have been enormous investments on it because there are patents in the making that will guarantee to the investors huge profits. The vaccine is very important for humanity, but the engine that is propelling it is business. Without intellectual property the efforts to make a vaccine in short time would be without the necessary investments…like a general without army and power of fire. Beyond the nice words, the fact is that nobody puts his money without a perspective of profit. This is the reality we have to deal with.
    For the Ecat the reality is the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I do not have the exact measurements of the car battery and the dealer did not want to tell me.
    In addition to what I wrote earlier, I can add that it consists of two blocks located under the front and rear seats of the vehicle and that the total volume is 250 liters.

    I will try to see more about the characteristics of this battery.
    All my support to your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you very much for your collaboration.
    These numbers are gold because taken “in corpore viri”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I believe this is for a 54 kWh Model 3 Tesla battery – dimensions and weight.

    “Tesla has managed to pack the 4,416 cylinder cells (2170) in to four modules that weigh around 1054 lbs / 478 KGs combined. As we can see in the photo above Tesla Model 3 modules are in rectangular shape, the two modules on either side are 67.5 in (1715 mm) long and weight 191 lbs (86.6 kg) each and the two center modules are a bit longer and heavier i.e. 73 in (1854 mm) and 207 lbs (98.9 kg). All four modules are 11.5 in (292 mm) wide and 3.5 in (90 mm) thick.”

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the data !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of June 23 2020:
    EV charging stations for freight carriers every 50 miles and $850 M investment wouls create I-5 clean energy corridor
    Rod Walton

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I my spare time, I have been investigating residential solar panel power. In-grid systems work during sun-lit hours and have a micro-inverter between the solar panel or panels and the electrical power grid. The micro-inverter accepts the solar panel DC power and also reads the electric grid power, matches its phase, and outputs power back to the grid from the solar panels.

    I understand that the eCat SKL can output its electrical power as either DC or AC. Could an eCat SKL output, say 300W of DC power at about 30VDC continuously into a suitable micro-inverter for direct insertion of energy into the electrical grid (assumes local regulations would support this of course)?

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am not sure I understood: do you mean $ 600/kW installed ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Steven N. Karels

    Andrea Rossi,

    Currently Tesla batteries cost about $120 per kW. An objective is to reduce price to under $80 per kW, at which point the manufacturing cost of an electric vehicle (EV) becomes less than that of an internal combustion engine (ICE) car.

    1. Do you believe that, in mass production, the eCat SKL can cost less than $80 per kWhr?

    Assuming a daily commute of 20 miles (40 miles round-trip), 300 W per mile, 5 working days per week, 50 working weeks per year and a price of $0.20 per kWhr equals 3,000 kWhr in electricity, $600 per year in electric costs and 10,000 miles of travel. A 500W electrical output eCat SKL operating continuously would generate about 4300 kWhr of energy.

    2. Do you think a yearly eCat SKL replacement of such a unit would cost less than $600 including labor costs?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I think this would be possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    If marketing to electric power companies why not emphasize the benefit of decentralizing the grid and installing SKLs closer to the customers? This way local problems would not affect large areas. Good locations could be at transformers on power poles or at substations. Small municipal owned systems would be especially interested since many small systems must buy all of their power.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Both systems can be integrated,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    My wife received her new car. It’s an electric 100 kW power. Its battery weighs 350 kg, occupies a volume of 0.25 M ^ 3 and has a capacity of 50 kWh.
    This car outperforms the thermal version with the exception of two points:
    It is much more expensive than the thermal version and its autonomy although announced at 350 km is in common practice only 290 km and even goes down to 210 km on the highway.

    Would it be possible in the near future (10 years) to replace the bulky and heavy battery with your E-Cat SKL in order to give such a car, a range of approximately 10 000 km?
    That would be wonderful

    All my support for your efforts to develop and have your invention certified

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Can you give me the dimensions of the battery of your car ?
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Giuseppe

    Xavier Pitz, thank you for your very explaining link.
    Regards, Giuseppe Censorio

    PS: my link embedded in the signature was an error caused by sistem when i published the comment not depending by me!

  162. Nicolai Hvass

    Clarification on 3:
    The time and effort involved in making a compact unit for home use which requires power up and power down constantly with variable demand seems complicated!? On the other hand a unit in a power plant where you could provide the baseline usage with one unit powered to 100% running 24 hours a day seems simpler. Furthermore – you will have competent personnel to monitor and maintain the unit as per your instructions.

    Questions:
    A – Wouldn’t a commercial unit running constantly be a much simpler product with huge impact and low R&D costs?
    B – It appears to me that you charge by the kWh created. Is it true that a unit as described above would maximize the profit (running at 100% 24 hours a day) ?

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Nicolai Hvass:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Answers:
    A- not necessarily
    B- that is the strategy for the SK series, for the SKL we have different objectives
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, In response to your confirmation to providing ecats to the power companies let’s hope that they would be utilized in a distributed energy scenario to eliminate blackouts, fire danger and transmission losses. Perhaps the availability of home ecats will be a sufficient threat to cause the utilities to keep prices low!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Steven N. Karels

    Raffaele Bongo and Andrea Rossi,

    Interesting post. Should eCat SKL prove real and reliable, then it could obviously be used in electric cars. Generally, as I understand it, the eCat technology is best applied where a continuous energy generation is desired. In an electric car, the electricity demands vary on speed, terrain, and ancillary systems such as air conditioning. I would suggest that a smaller battery would still be required for high energy demand situations (e.g., climbing a mountain) while the eCat could be continuously generating charging power.

    If the eCat SKL ran continuously (24 hrs/day), then the output power could reasonably be limited to the driving energy per day consumed divided by 24 hours. For example, if your electric car with a 50 kWhr capacity typically would only consume 24 kWhr per day, then the eCat SKL need only supply the average of 1 kW of power.

    On longer trips, the driver would likely stop at an electric charging station while he/she takes a break from driving, eats, etc. Thoughts?

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    What is very interesting in the comment of Raffaele Bongo is the weight of the battery of his new electric car: 50 kWh/ 350 kg, which means 7 kg/kWh.
    This figure makes the Ecat SKL competitive also in terms of energy density. And the car of Raffaele is new, so it mounts the last generation of batteries.
    This information is useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Giuseppe Censorio, Andrea,

    About the link you (Giuseppe) posted but that was strangely fusion-ed with your signature :
    https://motori.corriere.it/motori/attualita/20_giugno_22/easa-certifica-primo-aereo-elettrico-europeo-aad44d5e-b470-11ea-b2e4-a57ed971b2a8.shtml

    This is another link to a very insightful YouTube video about the possibility of Electric Planes :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNvzZfsC13o

    The Pipistrel alpha electro which is featured in your article is also featured in the video that I linked at 7 minutes 47 seconds.

    The video that I linked concluded that electric planes are possible for small/light/small range airplanes (like the Pipistrel alpha electro) but are not possible for big/heavy/long range airliners (like an A320). It is also very well explained why this is so with detailed calculations.

    The main issue to make big/heavy/long range airliners possible is the energy density / specific energy of Li-Ion batteries.
    At 6 minutes 34 seconds, he assumes a specific energy for Li-Ion batteries of 278 Wh/kg. (this was state-of-the-art 2 years ago)
    Now, what will be really interesting is to plug-in the specific energy of the SKL into those equations and to see how much it will affect the outcome of the conclusion… :)

    By the way, I’m a sailplane pilot and flew many times in the non-electric version of a Pipistrel Sinus with a friend.
    Pipistrels are very nice flying machines :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    so…let’s hope to fly !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I read today’s comment by Nicolai Hvass with interest. I have a related question. Are you contemplating building E-Cat power plants that can feed electricity into the grid, similar to how today’s coal/gas/solar/nuclear power plants provide power to the grid?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    Things grow

    Regards, Giuseppe

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long:range_particle_interactions
    the long range interactions are intended to be the interactions of the Aharonov-Bohm effect ?

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Nicolai Hvass

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am an engineer (MSc) and alternative energy enthusiast but have applied my engineering skills in the civil side of our field.

    I have a couple of layman questions for you:
    1. Why not take the core of your invention – which is heat – and implement it into existing facilities of coal fired / steam electrical plants ?
    2. Why are you so focused on developing stand alone units – it seems to take a long time and only serve ancillary purposes?
    3. I think your “home unit” sounds great – but wouldn’t this only be necessary for a remote location? For example in all cities – infrastructure is already there – provide your giant ecat to the powerplant and the problem is solved for the entire city!?

    In Denmark for example they run superheated water to all major cities to heat the houses – provide your ecat in key locations and you are heating the entire city of Copenhagen !

    I completely understand if you are looking to make a lot of money – I just hope that you figure out a way to do it quickly so the environment can benefit sooner rather than later.
    It seems inefficient to build 1,000’s of small units running intermittently as opposed to 10’s of giant units running constantly…..
    When I saw the container unit – I thought it was a unit ready to be shipped to a remote location….I never imagined that it was to be a unit setup to complete with “the grid”?!!
    Again – I might be completely missing the boat here – perhaps I just don’t comprehend the mission!?

    Best regards, Nic

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Nicolai Hvass:
    1- because it is impossible
    2- because it is necessary to develope the reliability of the technology
    3- I do not understand what you mean
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Giovanni Serrazanetti

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    it is always full of inspiration remembering that many of primary knowledgers were not academical pysicists. Joule, who evidenced one of most important principles and dedicated Energy measure unit was not physical laureate and professionally a brewer, Marconi if I well remember was officially nor higher school diplomated because his family movements but proved his reason larger than that of Poincaré, Hertz, Righi, who were sustaining mathematically “exactly” the impossibility of long range EM waves transmission, Faraday was mathematically elementary and also considered an amateur for many years, not to mention Archimedes and other ancients, Galilei, Volta, who were necessarily aut-entities.
    As Feyerabend points out, science, and this word to be honest with its social semantics has slightly tired me, is a matter of knowledge but also of consensus.

    Hope to see as soon as possible a new Ecat presentation.

    Warm regards,

    Giovanni Serrazanetti

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Serrazanetti:
    Nice insight.
    Sometimes, also, scientific “big science” R&D is fundamentally a research of funds. Most of times it rejects aprioristically anything that could jeoparzize funds in the making or on course with destination things that are useful for nothing and everybody knows will never be useful for anything: this fact, apparently noxious to funding, is, on the contrary, appreciated, because a thing that is useful for nothing and will never be useful for nothing, is inntrinsecally a disclaimer: no liabilities will be born from things that will never be operating, and they will eternally ” ready to work ithin the next 50 years”, with the permanent sustain of the most celebtated magazines (for obvious reasons).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Today is Fathers Day in Canada.
    This article is about a Canadian
    inventor that talks about how his
    Father contributed to his successes.

    https://business.financialpost.com/technology/chasing-edison-meet-canadas-most-prolific-arguably-inventor-who-sees-ideas-everywhere

    Regards
    Sam

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting. My best wishes to all our Canadian Readers that are fathers !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    On this day of the climb, I brought out my crystal ball to determine the characteristics of the SKL without participating in the competition because of my travel difficulties. I hope I can follow your brilliant demonstration on the web.
    The SKL deserves the golden ratio (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894 … ..
    Electric power = (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894… ..kW
    Electrical efficiency = ((1 + √5) / 2) * 50 = 80.901699437494…. %
    Cube edge = (1 + √5) / 2) / 20 = 0, 0809016994374942…. M
    Weight = (1 + √5) / 2) / 2 = 0, 809016994374942…. Kg

    With this original numbers, the E-Cat will work flawlessly, without limits and adapt to all situations.
    Good day for you, your family and your great team.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are fighting for that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Andrea,

    if I would need only heat, would it not be best to use SKL with heat pump? It may would be three times more heat as with SK at the same power?!

    Kind regards
    Wilfried

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    The Ecat SKL should give its COP. It would be used in any system to which it will be applied. The system in itself will conserve its intrinsic efficiency, independently from the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Edouard Verbois

    Dr Rossi,
    A ton le droit d’utiliser l’appareil en France ?
    Edouard Verbois

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Edouard Verbois:
    The Ecat is not ready for sales yet, but when it will be it will surely be distributed also in all Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    KeitT:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I would have thought that to get sufficient electrons surrounding a proton would require structure, say hydrogen atoms confined in lattice interstitials unable to migrate due to surrounding chains of confined hydrogen atoms and external pressure loading, electrons are thought to transfer from lattice atoms to surround the confined hydrogen, nearby lattice defects also attracting electrons to aid the build-up, an electric signal /electromagnetics is then added to this pre-existing condition, the hydrogen atoms would then be confined in a chain of interstitials but individually surrounded by the lattice atoms. Driving all the electrons in a lattice zone to be coherent may then encompass multiple hydrogen atoms in a chain, but is coherence of the chain a necessity, is alignment of chains with direction of electron flow / electromagnetics a requirement or can individual hydrogen atoms each with their individual surrounding shell of electrons be driven to become coherent and then each form a proton-electron aggregate.

    There is likely many things suspected but not proven, hopefully future papers will provide detail of the possible aggregate formation mechanism and energy release, until then curiosity drives me to read related papers looking for hints of what the bigger picture is going to look like.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  190. Frank Acland

    @Eric Ashworth, please send to ecatworld@gmail.com.

    Thank you!

    Frank

  191. Eric Ashworth

    @Frank Acland
    Dear Frank Ackland, The paper I have written for publication on the JONP. I would also like you to publish it on E Cat news. To what address would you like me to send it for possible publication. Regards Eric Ashworth

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    If you want, you can send it to
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, It has been several weeks since I contacted yourself with regards the presentation of a paper ‘The Unifying of Gravity with Energy’ for publication on your JONP. My main concern with the paper has been to keep it as simple as possible without elaborating on the many levels that the paper touches on. I therefore consider it a brief introduction to an extremely complex subject. My question is to what address in PDF format would you like me to send the paper. Regards, Eric Ashworth

  194. Chuck Davis

    @Frank Acland, I suspect that resistance to the ecat will be predominately from those countries with a strong presence of the oil mafia. Even now with clean, economical energy being available from the SK, countries around the globe continue to burn coal! I have emailed those countries to inform them of the ecat and have not even received a reply! But I think that those countries without an oil industry will welcome the ecat. There are no greater hypocrites than our own governments!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  195. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Can a coherent proton-electron aggregate form around a single proton?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  196. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    What do you mean exactly ? In which situation you insulate a single proton in a coherent system ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks for the answer.
    That has to assume that the electric ecat has similar costs to the heat-only ecat, right?
    Regards
    Patrick

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If you only need heat, is it preferable to use SK or SKL?

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    SKL
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Christopher Diederichs

    Christopher Diederichs:
    I am not able yet to give information about the introduction of the Ecat in the market for sale, but when it will happen obviously it will be distributed in all Europe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Christopher Diederichs

    I want to ask when the Ecat will be commercially available and if it will be shipped also in Germany,
    Kind Regards,
    Christopher

  203. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,
    If my factory manufacturing process required mainly heat but also a bit of electricity, would I just use the SKL and convert electricity back to heat? Or would you recommend using just a heat ecat for the heat, and the electric ecat for the electricity?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I think it would be better to use the SKL and convert electricity into heat, because such a conversion has a COP close to 1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Frank Acland

    @Chuck Davis, you may be right. My experience over the last decade makes me think, however, it may not be as simple as that. There’s a lot of resistance to the E-Cat out there which could be hard to break through. I believe a strong presentation would help.

    Sincerely,

    Frank Acland

  206. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within your paper you have indicated that a coherent and dense electron cluster is required for the formation of a proton-electron aggregate.

    Once formed can a proton-electron aggregate exist on its own in the absence of the coherent electron cluster?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  207. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The very peculiar formation-creation of coherent dense electron clusters at low entropy may form, in presence of protons, compact neutral aggregates at a picometric scale, formed by a coherent chain of bosonic electrons with protons located in the center of the Zitterbewegung orbits: in this electron rich environment, the creation-annihilation of virtual particles can happen only in presence of coherent dense electron clusters for the process to proceed. This, at least, is the theoretical hypothesis of the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. William R Conley

    Dr. Rossi,

    Like so many other things, the delay of hands-on testing of the eCat-SKL by the selected third-parties due to CV-19, must be as frustrating to you as I know it is to many of us watching this tremendous potential solution in idle mode.

    Even though Skype-based remote testing of the eCat-SKL is clearly insufficient, it occurs to me that it has been quite effective to a point and you must have increased your skill and facility with the Skype tool in the process. I’m left wondering why the test eCat-SKL reactors could not be provided to the third-party testers now and Skype used to communicate with them for test setups, protocol development, joint test monitoring etc. In this way, the hands-on testing could proceed without endangering anyone’s health and advance this important technology toward broad availability that much sooner.

    My best wishes on your continued progress with the eCat as well as your personal well being.

    Bill

  209. Andrea Rossi

    William R. Conley:
    Thank you for your empathy, but we are not in idle mode: every day we make a step forward.
    I need to attend the third parties tests, for obvious reasons.
    Same heartly wishes to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Chuck Davis

    @Frank Acland, I disagree with you regarding your comment on the presentation! I believe that the demand for the ecat will be so great that once Andrea is satisfied that its operation is ready for production buyers will be breaking down his door with orders! An appropriate guarantee of performance should be satisfactory!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    My opinion of collaboration and demonstration via Skype is that it is a very convenient tool for quick and inexpensive communication and collaboration, but in the case of demonstrating the E-Cat it cannot be enough.

    I think that even if you show a working E-Cat over Skype, along with live measurements of energy using your own instruments, the observers still cannot verify for themselves what you are showing them is real.

    With a new technology such as the E-Cat, businesses need to do due diligence before they can make business decisions about the E-Cat, and I think this will require hands-on access to the E-Cat, using their own instruments to verify the performance.

    I don’t think you can make a public presentation of the E-Cat until this is done, because for people to take the E-Cat seriously, there will need to be independent witnesses to verify the performance, who can then testify of what they have witnessed.

    What do you think?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Obviously I totally agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. William

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Returning to your publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and its visual demonstration on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I observed that also the plasma has a “zitterbewegung”: can it be that it derives from the transfer of energy from the electrons in phase to the electrons with a higher degree of entropy ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Bill

  214. Andrea Rossi

    William:
    That is a hypothesis,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an article about Safety Standards
    for Prototype in the Province of B.C.
    in Canada.Is this similar to the Safety
    Standards you have to meet for the
    ECat SKL Prototype you are working on?

    https://www.technicalsafetybc.ca/news/use-prototypes-and-displaying-unapproved-equipment-bc

    Regards
    Sam

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting link: there is evidence of the fact that, whereas it is possible to work on prototypes without a certification, it is generally made a process of certification even starting from the prototypal stage. Normally corporations prefer to start the certification process from the prototype, to avoid the risk to produce apparatuses that will not be approved.
    About the requirements, they are basically the same in all the industrialized Countries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Rinus

    You said that you will probably give a presentation this year. Was not the original plan to give a presentation at the beginning of this year? I understand that the Corona virus is causing an unexpected delay, but are there other reasons why the delay seems to be almost a year or so?
    Keep up the good work.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Rinus:
    As a matter of fact, I never promised the presentation by the beginning of this year, albeit it is true that the limitations put after March due to the corona virus have generated issues, like, for example, the impossibility to allow personal tests, so that we had to work through Skype, which is not bad, but obviously it is not enough.
    Nevertheless, we are working very hard.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Who do you think will win the presidential elections of November 20 in the USA ?

  220. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    The People of the USA, whose majority will decide who will be the winner.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Neri Bonfanti

    Dear Andrea,
    are you planning any ecat presentation to present the net electrical output?
    I remember you were planning one in Sweden before the covid pandemic.
    Thank you for your kind reply
    Neri Bonfanti

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Bonfanti:
    Yes, we surely will make a presentation, probably within this year, troubles permitting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it sure and consolidated the fact that you are extracting from the plasma of the Ecat SKL more electricity than the electricity necessary to make the same plasma ?

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, that is sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. CC

    @John Weir:
    The answer of Dr Rossi is correct. I have experience of certifications.
    Cheers
    CC

  226. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I noticed that the “John Weir” you are answering to has a fake address, different from the address of the real John Weir, who has posted an intelligent comment on June 16th at 7.25 PM, to which I responded.
    This new “John Weir-with-a-fake-address-and-name is a troll, and is the usual well known paid troll that already has used as an impostor names of real Readers. Our robot usually spams all the comments and emails arriving from his source, probably has changed source. Never mind, just fun.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Jack

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us where are located the main potential Partners of Leonardo Corporation for the development of the Ecat SKL ?
    All the best,
    Jack Gardener

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    USA Europe and Asia
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. John Weir

    Dear Dr. Rossi.

    Thx for the quick reply.

    But this still does not fit.

    How can a prototype be certified, as You already stated 2 or 3 times ?
    Prototypes do not get certified at all.
    John Weir.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    John Weir:
    Obviously you do not know how certifications are made. The certifications are made also on prototypes, so far the eventual production will be coherent.
    The certification certificate reports the characteristics of the item that is certified, and how it has to me made to be safe, and obviously what is put under certification is better if it is a prototype, because it would be dangerous to initiate a production that eventually could be partially or totally wasted after the prescriptions of the certifier.
    Your phrase “prototypes do not get certified at all” is therefore groundless.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. John Weir

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    On more than one occasion, your response to questions concerning the E-CAT SKL contains the conditional phrase “if it will work.” Can you elaborate on what is meant by that since other replies indicate that it does work? What about it has yet to work that brings its practical application into question?
    Sincerely,
    John Weir

  232. Andrea Rossi

    John Weir:
    You must make a distinction between the fact that a prototype works well ( as it does, as many times I said ) in a laboratory and the fact that the same is ready and reliable for a massive distribution.
    The particulars to fix are many and they are like mushrooms: sometimes are born overnight in an unforeseeable way. But we are working hard and well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper “Energy Nature of Configurational Entropy”, by Dr Aleksei Savchenko.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Rod Walton

    On the Power Engineering issue of June 16 2020:
    Op-ed: Promising Outlook for Li-ion Battery Technology-Once Risks are Addressed
    Rod Walton

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Probably you know that yesterday has died for the Covid 19 in Milan, Italy, Prof Giulio Giorello, teacher of Pylosophy of Science in your Alma Mater, the Università degli Studi of Milan, Italy. Did you know him ?
    Prof

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes and I am very sorry.
    I knew him well, because during my course of doctorate in Theoretical Philosophy I had to sustain the exam of Filosofia della Scienza ( Phylosophy of Science ) with Prof Ludovico Geymonat, in the year 1973 and Prof a latere during the exam was Giulio Giorello, at those times the main assistant of Prof Geymonat. I followed the lessons of Giorello on the Relativity Theory, that in those years was the main focus of his research. He was extremely intelligent and succeeded in the tenure of Geymonat when the last retired.
    The passing away of Prof Giulio Giorello is a loss for the European cultural environment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you update us about how the R&D of the Ecat SKL is proceeding ?

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working very well and I am very optimist about the development of the Ecat SKL,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Concerning your answer to K.B.
    If all the phenomenons described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    happen between cathode and anode, where is the core of the plasma, how can materials resist to the temperatures ?

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Sorry, tis information is confidential,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Belated birthday wishes.

    You might find this interesting:

    “Two prominent X-ray emission lines of highly charged iron have puzzled astrophysicists for decades: their measured and calculated brightness ratios always disagree. This hinders good determinations of plasma temperatures and densities. New, careful high-precision measurements, together with top-level calculations now exclude all hitherto proposed explanations for this discrepancy, and thus deepen the problem.”
    From: https://scitechdaily.com/physics-problem-deepens-astrophysicists-puzzled-for-decades-rule-out-all-proposed-explanations/

    Regards,
    Patrick

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    Thank you for your kind wishes and for the interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. K.B.

    Dr Rossi,
    On
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and on the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    appears that the sole area where you can insert the wiring to convey electricity out of the plasma is just around the cathod and the anod, am I correct?
    Thank you if you can answer
    K.B.

  245. Andrea Rossi

    K.B.:
    What I can say is that it is between the cathod and the anod that all the phenomenons described in my paper happen inside the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Luoe Aries:
    1. no
    2. no
    3. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Now it’s the right one !
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.