Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2017-08-18 12:30:08.351717Z

  1. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still well. Important work on course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Cesare

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In Lenr Forum has been published that reliable sources confirmed the Swedish Professors have replicated the Rossi Effect, replicating the Lugano test by means of a reactor built along your patent.
    Is it true?
    Cesare

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Cesare:
    I have not time to read forums and I know only the published reports about all the replications that have been made of the so called Rossi effect. I did not find any publication related to what you say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What is the advantage of the E-Cat respect a heat pump if the COP of the E-Cat is 6 as written in the data sheet of the 1 MW plant?

  5. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you give us information about the charges of the 1 MW plant:
    1- did you recover the charges?
    2- are you analyzing them?
    3- can you share the results?
    Cheers,
    Prof

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    1- yes, from all the reactors
    2- yes
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Rusty Fredenberg

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I liked your answer about NSA.
    Godspeed
    Rusty

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Rusty Fredenberg:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. DT

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    You cannot disclose the voltage across the Ecat QX because there lies the core of your industrial secret, correct?
    From Russia, with love
    DT

  10. Andrea Rossi

    DT:
    Right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very good standing also today,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    My grandson went to college yesterday in the specialty “Heat engineering and heat supply”, I am glad that this is your influence!
    I read your blog from the first day (since September 2015) (remember, I sometimes ask questions).
    Thank you for taking the time to respond.
    You somehow praised my Italian, thank you, but in English I only write with Google!
    I’m glad if you read it, and I’ll be happy to answer:
    1. Everything you said about E-Cat and the Carnot cycle, you can forget? But why? In the end, physics does not change, our perception is dying.
    2. Can we forget about E-Cat for internal needs for many years because of problems with certification?
    But what is left ?!
    (security?)

    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Russian Federation Tyumen

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    I am very glad to have inspired a young man to study scientific matters! Good luck to him for his education. Russia has great scientific schools, they are among the best of the world and I am sure your grandson will become a great engineer if he will put all of himself in the cursus studiorum.
    Answers:
    1- I did not forget the Carnot Cycle, on the contrary I said it is still the best way to make electric energy with heat in general
    2- The industrial applications have already been certified. We have to be patient for the domestic ones.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your reply to Colin Watters regarding the dolphins killing the sharks that try to kill them mean you are building some kind of self-destruct mechanism into the E-Cats if they are tampered with?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, I was talking of reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Can you explain what you mean by “5 sigma” in the context of the QX? As I recall it means different things if you are talking about reliability (less than one defect in about 4000 units) or the chance of a result occurring by accident (<1 in 3.5million). Are you cycling a QX on and off 3.5 million times? Is that what is needed to claim 5 sigma? Thanks.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    We are cycling QX with different cycles a number of times that is due to reach Sigma 5 without issues that need more than several hours to be fixed and without exceeding a due frequency. Everytime we find a problem, we do not just fix it, but we make modifications to prevent it to to return. I calculated the parameters that make me sure before accepting the risk to send E-Cats out of home to enjoy their freedom of life. Since they will be dolphins among sharks, they must be genetically modified to be able to kill the sharks that will try to kill them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are working very hard and very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    The conversion of energy is well known to all. Solar Cells convert sunlight to electricity. Hydroelectric (falling water) convert potential energy from gravity to electricity. Burning coal also produces electricity and, in addition, excess heat and carbon dioxide plus other pollutants, nuclear produces electricity and excess heat plus nuclear waste storage issues, wind powered generates produce electricity plus dead birds. A theoretical E-Cat powered plant will likely produce electricity plus unknown pollutants? Who knows until it changes from the theoretical into reality.

    The question is what is the effect on the environment (good or bad) for the benefit of the usable power generated for mankind? E-Cat technology, if real, looks very promising. If it really words, if it can be scaled up to commercial levels, if it is really controllable and safe. Unlike wind or solar, E-Cat based power generation looks promising for baseload electric power generation – constant output power, day and night, with a relatively low cost of operation. As Andrea has pointed out many, many times, the energy solution will be an integrated approach.

  20. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    Your answer to Ing M. De Meo of 08.13.2017 at 2:29 PM is of great important to all energy consumers.
    The fact that no powerplants do produce energy but only transform the energy to a different form than originally, seems to be unknown for most of the environmentalists.
    By doing this most powerplants consume a lot of energy and partly transform great parts of the original energy to non-usable forms. Even the electricity itself is not energy. Electricity is only an energy carrier. We will not get a single watt from the wires without an input of more watts in the other end simultaneously.
    All forms of energy transportation do consume energy and thereby represents expensive losses.
    Energy are mainly consumed in small quantities, as by lightbulbs, room heaters, cars, machinery etc.
    That makes small energy sources very interesting. The grid and other transport may thereby be possible to be partly avoided. In this context is the E-catQX favorable like small batteries and solar power cells.
    The QX will be far more important for the mankind than the transistors and the LED-lamps and will, by the time, change the world more than these have done.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Milano2

    Dear Andrea,
    Will you ever return to Italy?

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Milano2:
    I customary make a trip to Italy now and again, especially during the vacations, even if I work in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Silver

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your measurement system described in the Gullstrom-Rossi paper is perfect. The circuit is very simple, the plasma is a conductor, as everybody knows, therefore placing a resistance with a known ohmage and measuring the voltage across it, the current is obtained by the Ohm equation, as well as the wattage.
    Godspeed
    Silver

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Silver:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Giorgio

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    In your paper “Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force from σI=2 meson exchange potential”, I have noted an interesting point on the role of electron as “carrier of the nucleon”:

    “A less probable alternative to the long range potential is if the e-N coupling
    in the special EM field environment would create a strong enough binding to
    compare an electron with a full nuclide. In this hypothesis, no constraints on
    the target nuclide are set, and nucleon transition to excited states in the target
    nuclide should be possible.
    In other words these two views deals with the electrons role. One is as a
    carrier of the nucleon and the other is as a trigger for a long range potential
    of the nucleon”.

    Now, in the Iwamura experiment the CaO layer is hundreds of atomic layers far from the area near the surface where the atoms to be transmuted are deposited or implanted. Therefore, it is important to find a mechanism that explains the action at a distance and the role of CaO, the breaking of the Coulomb barrier and the usual absence of intense nuclear radiation typical of the LENR.

    An interesting hypothesis might arise from considering the formation of ultra-dense deuterium near the calcium oxide layer, where the high difference in work function between Pd and CaO favors the formation of a dense electron layer (SEL).

    Ultra-dense deuterium “atoms” are picometric structures, formed by a deuteron and an electron, that can easily migrate to the area where the nuclei to be transmuted (Cs or Sr) have been implanted. In this case the electrons can be seen as the “carriers” of the deuterons. A quite similar concept has been proposed by G. Bettini in the JONP paper “How can 30% of nickel in Rossi’s reactor be transmuted into copper?”

    This hypothesis seems to me more realistic than the hypothesis of formation of di-neutrons from a nuclear capture of the electron, considering that the neutron mass is much higher than the sum of proton and electron masses.
    Ultra-dense deuterium “mini-atoms”, having no charge but a relatively “long range” high magnetic momentum, according to this hypothesis, may be considered good candidates as the very cause of the transmutation of Cs in Pr and Sr in Mo.

    Regards

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very well today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    This link about your work at 2h:35

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nhsUzZd0uE

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I guess you must have thought of it by now, so maybe you can give us some insight how you see the Leonardo Company developing.
    1. Do you want to limit the production just to E-cat QX modules of different sizes and shapes and have other companies developing it to e.g. heating units (industrial, domestic), power generation units, car drive units, etc. or
    2 Do you want to do all this yourself or
    3. Combination of these?
    Thank you for sharing this with your followers.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- 3.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    The journalist Steven Greer says on his blog, disclosure project:
    “We believe … there’s a fellow name Rossi, in Italy, who has a device that generates apparently overunity excess energy and heat, although no one knows the mechanism and action. He’s keeping it a trade secret. Very big, and probably fatal, fatal error.
    “And so I would say, yes, there are people out there who are working on it, some who I believe have. I have a friend at Stanford University who knows a man at the National Security Agency who confided that they are tracking what Rossi is doing very carefully, which indicates to me that where there’s smoke, there’s fire”.
    Regards

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    For me is an honour, if true, the fact that my work is under the focus of the highest echelons of the Country I am working in.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Lard:
    No.
    The problem has been caused by the control system that caused an overheating, but we did not have damages. We must put two independent circuits.
    Resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Lars

    Dear Dr. Rossi.
    Did the now resolved problems with E-Cat QX you mentioned, caused the goal of reaching sigma 5 to be interrupted?
    Can you say anything of what kind of problem it was?
    Thank you.

  39. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    If your work succeeds then surely it won’t be long before most power stations stop using hydrocarbon based fuel?

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    It depends which meaning you couple the word “long” with.
    I must repeat that it will be necessary to integrate all the existing systems, along a dynamic dialectic evolution of synthesis made by series of thesis and antithesis.
    Consider that the CEO of a great company told me several years ago that only to get the certifications for my technology to be applied to cars and trucks it will take at least 20 years from the time when the product is ready at least as a prototype.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    compliments

    E-Cat QX Picture Posted in New Rossi-Gullstrom Paper (COP of 2000 reported with Calorimetry)

    http://e-catworld.com/2017/07/20/e-cat-qx-picture-posted-in-new-rossi-gullstrom-paper/

    Nucleon polarizability and long range strong force from σI=2 meson exchange potential
    Carl-Oscar Gullström, Andrea Rossi
    18 july 2017

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.05249.pdf

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    I am not as much convinced. Besides, I am confused: to charge the batteries you need to plug them to the grid. The electric energy that you draw from the grid comes from the power plants. The power plants use mostly hydrocarbons. Add the fact that the efficiency of the entire cycle of processes to charge the batteries is low and tell me: what’s the point? What’s the advantage for the environment, if any? Forgot to say: the taxpayer will pay for the unavoidable low efficiency of this system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Michelangelo De Meo

    The death of the internal combustion engine
    It had a good run. But the end is in sight for the machine that changed the world

    https://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21726071-it-had-good-run-end-sight-machine-changed-world-death

  44. Noah Monzingo

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Had you to explain to freshmen of Physics why the Sun shines, what would you say in a nutshell along the Rossi-simplified-style?
    Cheers

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Noah Monzingo:
    “The sun is made of elementary particles that crash against each other with enough energy to stick together, converting at least some of them into different particles by emitting yet new particles. These last particles would be massless if it was not for a field lurking everywhere that breaks the symmetry that affects the associated force. The fusion of the original particles releases energy that we perceive as sunlight”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Andrea Rossi

    It’s 4.40 A.M. here in the laboratory, and we are working on the E-Cat QX because of some problems, resolved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Suppose, like a burned out light bulb, that one of the possible failure modes of a single QX was an “open circuit” (across what you described as the zero-resistance plasma-like region):
    would that particular failure mode cause the failure of the entire cluster, given the way that you’re thinking of designing it?
    Thanks, WaltC

  48. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    I don’t think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions, if you allow me.
    1. For the demo in October you have been testing the E-cat QX20 cluster for some time now. Are you satisfied with their multiple performance?
    2. You have said that the E-cat QX has a very low resistance. From control point of view I would assume that you operate a cluster with all QX’s in series. I that assumption correct?
    3. Is reaching 5 sigma essential for the demonstration?
    4. Is cluster testing a part of the 5 sigma test?
    I hope you and your team can soon selebrate the succesful finish of the 5 sigma test!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Answers:
    1- TBD
    2- confidential
    3- no
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In my previous question, I meant the power consumption compared to when only one QX was being operated by the control system.

    Thank you!

    Frank

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Depends on many factors that now I cannot explain.
    In general, the answer is no.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  53. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the power consumption of the control system affected when you combine multiple E-Cat QX units together (you have mentioned you can run 100 QXs from one controller)?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Understood
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Alain

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Science prescripts that LENR cannot exist.

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Alain:
    Science is a descriptive enterprise, not a prescrictive one. If my effect has been replicated, as it has, it is not scientifically correct to say that LENR cannot exist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are doing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  59. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    This is a Video about Additive Printing of metal parts.

    In this video the parts that are manufactured are for use in Gas Turbines.

    Perhaps they could also be used in Supercritical CO2 Turbines as well.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pBmLHDANDKM

    Additive Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  60. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that you were working on reducing the power consumption of the control system.

    At the upcoming demonstration, would it be possible to measure and reveal the power consumption of the control system in a way that does not reveal any data that you want to keep confidential?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We’ll see what we can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Greg

    Great comment to answer to Anonymous about Symmetry.
    You have the gift to make simple very complex issues.

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    I just made analogies, but attention, they are very superficial, just to supply a model of something that expressed rigorously is too complicated to be understood by persons that do not have a university background of Physics. Such models can be misleading.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Still on our way towards Sigma 5
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  65. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on your comment to Prof about the resistance of the E-Cat QX, would it be accurate to say that the E-Cat QX is a superconductor?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Superconductivity is a completely different thing.
    Obviously my “zero” was not absolute, it was jargon for good conductor ( otherwise I wouldn’t write it in letters). I just wanted to say that it is a good conductor, like copper, so that its resistance ( that cannot be R = 0 ) does not affect the circuit.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Rick

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain in your way a model how the Higgs field breaks the symmetry and gives mass to elementary particles?
    You did it already years ago, but I forgot and have to explain to young kids
    Thanks if you can help

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Rick:
    Tom Conover has reminded me what I wrote in past ( I had forgot ).
    Let me try something maybe simpler.
    Imagine a lake inside a big sphere wherein vacuum has been made.
    Inside these sphere you have, floating upon the surface of the lake, sailboats. Some of the boats have big sails, some no sails at all ( forgot them at home), some small sails.
    Until there is the vacuum and perfect still, you have a perfect symmetry, every boat moves as every one else, same speed, same energy. Symmetry!
    Now imagine this: for some reasons ( for example the wrath of gods ) air enters in the sphere, vacuum is lost and physical effects are introduced, like differences of temperature, pressure, electricity. All symmetries are broken and every break of a symmetry generates particular fields, like electromagnetic field, temperature field, pressure field…and Higgs field. Every field gives birth to forces, for example temperature makes hot air go up, cold air go down, e.m. makes positive charges go one way, negative the opposite, lower pressure makes objects get loose, high pressure makes objects get closer, etc. The Higgs makes the small sailed boats don’t give a dam about it, the big sailed boats get stuck in it, becoming massive, because they now are subject to the wind and “feel” their mass.
    Put this in analogy with electromagnetic fields , strong force fields, weak force fields and gravitational fields with the elementary particles and remember that these models are very superficial. Obviously “temperature fields” do not exist, as well as pressure fields and, most of all, they do not generate what in Physics is rigorously considered a “force”. But I hope the model can help to understand what is Simmetry and what means to break a Simmetry and why it is so important. In nuclear Physics we have four fudsamental fields that when their symmetry is broken work as follows::
    electromagnetic field, affects positive e.p. one way, negative the opposite
    gravitational field, affect every e.p. the same way
    strong interactions field: affects quarks and gluons
    weak interactions field, affects all the fermions of the standard model and the Higgs boson
    Should the symmetries not get broken, life in this Universe would be very boring. Like LENR without me. I am a simmetry breaker ( and not only symmetries).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which is the internal resistance of the Ecat QX?
    Cheers
    Prof

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Zero.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are strongly reducing the energy consumption of the control panel.
    Pretty good standing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Tom Conover

    @ Rick (I thought I should review too, so here is what I found.)

    Here are two of Andrea’s comments on symmetry and mass for you.
    ———–
    From: Andrea Rossi
    April 17, 2017 at 8:34 AM
    Jackson Sweeney:
    You must make a distinction between Global Symmetry and Local Symmetry.
    The G.S. is shown uniformly, everywhere, at the same time and makes
    us aware of interactions on course, but its role is passive, it does
    not bring new forces in the fields.
    L.S. shows up separately, at every point and leads to new forces:
    without it the Universe as it is could not exist, because e.p. would
    remain as they are, without interactions: the life ( if any) would
    be very boring. Master in local symmetry breaking is the Higgs
    field, that with its waves ( Higgs Bosons) makes a storm in the
    Universe Ocean, and this storm makes a mess through the fields of
    the elementary particles fiving mass to some of them, rupturing
    symmetries around…imagine the perfest symmetry of a cloud of black
    ink cenospheres be turned into the Guernica of Picasso ! That’s life !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    ———–
    From: Andrea Rossi
    April 4, 2017 at 7:38 AM
    Minh:
    I do not remember which model I described, but let’s try this, the
    same of before or not as it might be: think to an empty tube filled
    by clean and calm water: we’ll call it “value zero tube”, because
    the water is clean and calm, there is nothing inside except the
    water molecules. If you distribute grains of nanometric metal powder
    uniformly on the surface of this water, the grains will sink
    uniformly and symmetrically from the top to the bottom of the tube.
    This is the model of a zero value field in vacuum through which
    elementary particles pass through without breaking any symmetry,
    without changing their status.
    Now imagine to repeat the experiment in the same tube, but this time
    with strong waves inside that pervade the volume of the water inside
    the tube. This is the model of the Higgs field: now the tube has not
    zero value, because now the water is not calm, the waves build up a
    “value”. Repeat the experiment of before with the same powder, and
    you’ll see that this time the grains do not sink uniformly, but they
    “break the symmetry”, they are slowed down by the opposing waves,
    they crash against each other, they make up bigger grains adhering
    to each other: in a word, they “get mass”. As we said, the tube with
    wavery water, in this case, is the model of the Higgs field, while
    the waves are the models of the Higgs Bosons that arise from the
    Higgs field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    ———–
    Thank you Andrea!

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thanks to you for remembering,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Keon Vandewalle:
    125 GeV….and virtuality…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Koen Vandewalle

    If elemental particles consist of waves in fields, just like wifi, then possibly the Higgs Bosons are the wifi-routers.
    But what information are they transmitting ? Is there a time or place where the information is going or where it comes from ?
    Can we receive or send information via the Higgs Bosons ?

    Best Regards,
    Koen

  76. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see tha last androids robots made by ABB?
    Do you think you will make use of them?

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, I didn’t see them yet.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very good standing also today,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    What I was trying to suggest when I indicated that GE could be helpful to your program, is that they have constructed the means to produce large quantities of small alumina tubes that are sealed and undergo high temperatures that are capable of thousands of hours of use. I assume that they use an automated line for their production. They may be able to either aid you in the assembly of your production line, or perhaps construct your device in large quantities with a high degree of quality control.
    Product assurance regards.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Electric Engineer

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your measurement system to define the wattage in the circuit of the E-Cat QX, made by a power source plus 2 resistances is correct:
    https://www.allaboutcircuits.com/technical-articles/measuring-resistance-in-circuit-and-out/
    In pag. 5 is drawn exactly the schematic of your circuit.
    If the E-Cat has no resistance, the circuit becomes just a circuit with one resistance.
    Godspeed

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Electric Engineer:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards

  83. Giorgio

    First of all, congratulations for your work, I’ve been following this story for six years now and I hope it’s the energy revolution I dream of.
    A question, with a new, cheap source of energy, is not the risk that we will considerably increase the thermal energy released into the environment?
    Of course, with new energy limits, there will also be applications to overcome this.
    Or are my expectations too high and your invention will not be so life-changing?
    Best Regards.

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    The heat is produced where and when it is necessary, independently from the heat source. Our source does not produce carbon dioxyde and other pollutants, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Lars

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    is there a customer that has a working E-Cat plant today already?
    How much is it to but one today for the ones allowed to but one?
    Are all the plants you will sell now 1 MW plants?
    Thank you.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    No, there is not.
    Yes, we are selling only 1 MW plants so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are working well, sometimes with special checks as it will be today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the correction! Who will you debate with, and in what format?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We’ ll find a way to allow everybody to put questions for a couple of hours after the demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If there is to be a debate, who will you debate against?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I will not debate against: I will debate with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Rodney Nicholson

    Andrea: Please delete this if you think it not a productive use of space on your blog. Thank you.

    My favourite quotes from the previously linked reference:

    “There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things, because the innovator has for enemies all those who have done well under the old condition, and lukewarm defenders in those who may do well under the new. – Machiavelli, 1513

    “If I want to stop a research program I can always do it by getting a few experts to sit in on the subject, because they know right away that it was a fool thing to try in the first place.” – Charles Kettering, GM

    “The farther the experiment is from theory, the closer it is to the Nobel Prize.” – Joliet-Curie

    “There are two possible outcomes: If the result confirms the hypothesis, then you’ve made a measurement. If the result is contrary to the hypothesis, then you’ve made a discovery.” -Enrico Fermi

    “The altar cloth of one aeon is the doormat of the next.” – Mark Twain

    “I love fools’ experiments, I am always making them.” – Darwin

    “The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not ‘Eureka!’ (I found it!) but ‘That’s funny…’ ” – Isaac Asimov

    “Science advances funeral by funeral.” (Planck?)

    “You can recognize a pioneer by the arrows in his back.” – Beverly Rubik

    “One could not be a successful scientist without realizing that, in contrast to the popular conception supported by newspapers and mothers of scientists, a goodly number of scientists are not only narrow-minded and dull, but also just stupid.” – J. D. Watson “The Double Helix”

    “As a whole, parapsychologists are nice, honest people, while the critics are cynical, nasty people” – Ray Hyman, skeptical scientist, 1985

    “Only puny secrets need protection. Big discoveries are protected by public incredulity.” – Marshall McLuhan

    “Don’t worry about people stealing your ideas. If your ideas are that good, you’ll have to ram them down people’s throats.” – Howard Aiken

    “A great many people think they are thinking when they are merely rearranging their prejudices.” – William James

    “Progress in science is something like climbing a mountain. Only most mountaineers don’t set up a new basecamp every ten feet, then leap out to attack anyone who tries to climb past.” – Bill Beaty.

    I hope you like them.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you very much for these pearls of wisdom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Burt

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    After the demo of October will have broadcasted by the internet, will it be possible to make a debate?
    Cheers
    Burt

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Burt:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you expect to be building your first plants “not by automated systems” in 2017?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. eernie1

    Dear Andrea
    Have you ever consulted with GE about their work with a product they call Lucalox?
    It is a material made of alumina that they form into a tube to produce a light source containing Sodium, Xenon, and a bit of Mercury that results in a high efficiency light output.
    I used their material in 1965 in a project to successfully produce large quantities of Infra red using Cesium as a fill material. The tube had nickel end caps and was powered by RF energy.
    GE claims long life for their device.
    Best wishes for your efforts.
    Successful regards

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Jason

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The kind of measurement you described for a circuit with two resistances is perfectly equal to what is taught in the schools of electrotecnic.
    Cheers
    Jason

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Jason:
    True.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your answer to Tom Conover below mean that:

    1) You will build E-Cat QX plants manually before automated production begins, even though they will be more expensive?
    2) You have orders to build these manual plants starting in 2017?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- “manually” is not the proper definition, more precisely I would say “not with automated systems”
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Today Dutch and Belgian scientist published an article in Nature that described a new found phenomenon. It seems that liquid metals can be used to protect (hot fusion) reactor walls against heat and particle radiation. Maybe you are already satisfied with your solution, but here is the link: https://www.differ.nl/news/metal-vapour-to-protect-fusion-reactor-walls.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Here’s The Settlement—Getting The License Back Was Rossi’s Top Priority

    In the settlement between Rossi and his US licensee IH, Rossi got the license back together with all E-Cat equipment and materials, while none of the parties will have to pay damages to the other. Getting the license back was his top priority all the time, Rossi explains in this interview.

    Documents:
    The document defining the terms of the settlement
    Rossi’s notes addressing the Expert Report by Rick Smith.
    Rossi’s notes regarding arguments raised by Joseph A. Murray.

    https://animpossibleinvention.com/2017/07/18/heres-the-settlement-getting-the-license-back-was-rossis-top-priority/

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    This comes after the allowing of my US patent also in Japan.
    Positive.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today in good standing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Michelangelo De Meo

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In Japan your effect has been repeatedly replicated!
    See below:

    Interim Report for the H28 fiscal year of H-27-29 program
    R&D Subjective: Leading Program for Energy and Environment
    Sub-theme: Analysis and control of new thermal energy by metal-hydrogen
    interaction
    Reporters: The 6 parties of teams from Technova Inc., Nissan Motors Co, Kyushu University,
    Tohoku University, Nagoya University and Kobe University
    To re-confirm and obtain basic data on the previously claimed anomalously high-energydensity
    heat release effect (AHE) by the interaction of hydrogen gas and Ni-based nanometal
    composite samples, the following program was implemented by the 6 parties for the
    H28(2016 Oct to 2017 March) period. The target to obtain thermal energy density more than
    2 MJ/mol-H has been cleared with much enhanced energy density (ca. 200 MJ/mol-D for
    instance), by collaboration studies for CNS (Cu-Ni/ silica), CNZ(Cu-Ni/zirconia) and PNZ
    (Pd-Ni/zirconia) series samples at 200-300 degree C operation temperatures.
    1) New experimental calorimetry system (new MHE facility) for metal hydrogen-gas
    interaction was installed in June H28 in Tohoku University, and the initial running tests in
    July and implemented the first experiment with PNZ-type sample to observe and confirm
    the previously claimed Technova-Kobe results of AHE, with less than 1.5% error in
    calorimetry. The new experimental system was totally established in August 2016 (H28).
    Collaboration study by the 6 parties was implemented with 10 test experiments in the
    H28 period, using the MHE facilities at Kobe University and Tohoku University, for
    metal nano-composite samples which were fabricated by the meltspinning/oxidation
    technique to have provided PNZ-type and CNZ-type samples.
    PS-type (Pd /silica) and CNS-type samples provided by the wet technique at
    Kyushu University, Nagoya University and Kobe University were also tested. AHE
    phenomena were observed in most experiments except for using PS-type samples.
    Observed AHE data showed ca. 5-200 MJ/mol-H(or D for PNZ-type) level high
    thermal energy density for several days sustaining power (ca.4-20 W level) .
    Material analyses by XRD, SEM and STEM/EDS for every sample before and after the hydrogencharge
    run have been done by the 6 parties. Interesting nano-structure data have been obtained
    in the view of controlling the sustainable AHE phenomena of nano-composite metal and
    hydrogen gas interaction.
    http://www.nedo.go.jp/library/seika/shosai_201706/20170000000288.html

  110. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Have you decided on a location for the October Ecat Qx demonstration? Will it be at your Leonardo Florida location or at an independent site? It would be great to invite your long time supporters, who witnessed your 2011 bologna University demonstration on the web, in a location such as a university auditorium. I wish you continued success with the demonstration and fast forward to a commercial product

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Not yet.
    We will make possible for everybody to see the demo in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    The answer is perfect. You are still light years ahead of the pack.

    Thank you!

    Tom Conover

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Tom Conover

    Hi Andrea,

    I recall that you hope to industrialize the production late 2017 or early 2018, from earlier posts. That is great and inspires your readers and scientists throughout the world in fact.

    Thank you again for the time you take to respond in this blog. It is very unusual to find such an open attitude about research in this complex world we live in. Re your reply earlier: ‘Proceed the R&D finalized to the industrialization.’ is hard for me to understand, sorry.

    Perhaps you could help me out with these two questions.
    A) Do you think the R&D will become finalized (by November 15,2017 or sooner) for the first product launch immediately if the presentation in October this year if the R&D is now acceptable to investors? (Y/N)

    B) Do you think the manufacturing begin immediately (before April of 2018 or sooner) if the presentation in October this year is successful in getting one or more large investors? (Y/N)

    Thank you for your kindness if you can answer these questions to help me to understand better!

    Warm Regards,

    Tom

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    What I meant is that to complete the process of industrialization is necessary more R&D for the many complex issues that have to be resolved. If your question is: “when the heck will start this hecking industrialization?” the answer is: I can guess within 2018. In the meantime industrial plants will be made, albeit at higher costs and prices compared to a massive production. This is, as far as I know, an honest answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Rodney Nicholson

    I just tripped over the material at the following link which readers of this blog may find entertaining and not without relevance to LENR:

    http://amasci.com/weird/skepquot.html

    Rodney Nicholson.

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Kerry

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think neutrinos can have a role in the so called Rossi Effect?

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Kerry:
    Very difficult an answer, but I can tell you that there are several probabilities out of one hundred that neutrinos play some role. I have a doubt, but I am afraid to talk of it because I could be skinned alive. The cross section is very tiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Dvorak

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The October demo will be 100% a success: what will happen then?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Dvorak:
    Proceed the R&D finalized to the industrialization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A point design for your October demonstration

    1. Use a Stenner Peristatic pump running at 17 gpd or 0.7448 ml/sec
    2. Assume +75C temperature change (inlet temperature around 20C) for the water
    3. Power needed = 75C * 4.184 J/(K*ml) * 0.7448 ml / sec = 233W of thermal power
    4. Assume maximum ECAT-QX output of 23W, so 10 reactors running in parallel from a single controller.

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestions, but I think we have better than that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    About tennis or E-Cat QX?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    In the public test session that you are preparing, the choice to use a resistance to calculate the Amper, is correct.

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Michael S

    Dear Andrea,

    First off all congrats for settling your lawsuit with IH – These legal procedures drain much spiritual capacity and you need all of it for much more important things.

    I dont know if this has already been discussed but could I suggest you to do a public « Hot coffee off the grid demonstration », maybe in parallel to the more scientific one you are planning.

    From what I read in your recent posts Ecat QX could go off the grid working with 2 x 12V batteries. In order to convince the public that there is no manipulation (big 12V batteries could be fiddled with and have quite some W/h in storage – see hereunder) I suggest the setup could be 3 x 9 volt alkaline or lithium–ion batteries in line feeding 27V Dc. The total Watt/h in a standard alkaline 9V batteries is about 500ma x 9 = 4,5 Wh. With three such batteries in line you would have a total of max 13,5 Wh at your disposal which is maybe enough to power the Ecat QX(’s). It needs about 600 W/h to cook the Bialetti 12 cups of coffee (775 Milliliters; https://www.amazon.com/Original-Bialetti-Stovetop-Espresso-Patented/dp/B000FDL588 ). So there is no way these three 9V batteries could boil this coffee if not thanks to the ecat-heat.

    Max energy content in a 9V battery : it weighs 35-45 grams. Max energy content if Lithium Ion bat. is 300 W/h/KG x 0,045 = 13,5 W/h (I presume +-same mass weight of chemistries). 3 batteries in line therefore +-40 W/h => still far off 600W/h needed to cook the coffee.
    Max energy content in 12V battery : 12V 45 Amp lead-acid battery stores 540 Wh. Two in line store 1080 W/h. Its much more with Lithium ion of the same size. So you could be able to cook the 775 milliliters coffee at least with lithium Ion battery and induction plates.

    You could invite your guests to a very special Italian coffee which will be remembered.… If nicely/professionally filmed and edited it would make for a Video capsule that could go viral on youtube.
    You could ask your guests to bring new sealed 9V Alkaline packs with them and then use randomly three of these.

    If you like the idea and it is realistic dont publish it, but I would love to be invited to such a historic moment ;-). And of course meet and exchange ideas with you !

    All the best in these coming months & best regards,

    Michael S.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Michael S.:
    First and foremost, thank you for your kindness and attention to our work.
    Answer: the energy consumed will be measured AFTER the power source, which means between the power source and the E-Cat !
    From where arrives the energy to the power source or IN it doesn’t matter to the COP: what matters is only the amount of it. If it arrives from a battery, or a series of batteries, or a multiple sandwich of batteries, or from a magician, or from the grid, therefore from a dam, or a nuclear plant, or a thermoelectric plant, or yourself in parallel and series with friends of yours rubbing frenziedly, even with the help of me hidden behind black courtains, a stock of amber sticks, it couldn’t affect the COP. What counts is how many Wh/h arrive to the E-Cat, not their origin.
    About the plat you suggest, it will be fun when the E-Cat will go commercial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    Back on the topic of neutrinos– according to your current LENR theory, do you think that LENR might produce neutrinos?

    It seems possible; one of the dominant reactions in the sun is: 2 protons –> deuteron + positron + electron neutrino.

    If so, the E-Cat QX could become a highly compact device for generating neutrinos, which could have all sorts of interesting applications (especially given the newly announced low energy neutrino detection device).

    Interesting to think about, at the least.
    Thanks, WaltC

  130. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The temperature of the E-Cat QX reaches above the mass of neutrinos, therefore, theoretically, in the fields of neutrinos waves could be formed corresponding to neutrinos and antineutrinos ( antimatter ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Mark

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Here is another replication of the Rossi Effect made in Japan:
    Google “interim report for the H 28 fiscal year of H-27-29 program”.
    Cheers,
    Mark

  132. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    To measure the amount of energy that flows in a circuit composed by the power source and two resistances of which one has a known ohmage and one has not, you have to measure the voltage across the known R and once you have the voltage, you make V/R and you have the amps. Then, making V x A, you know how much energy you have in the circuit. By the first principle of thermodynamics, the energy cannot be more than that in any point of the circuit, but it can be less if the resistances dissipate energy in form of heat.
    Is it this you are doing?
    Cheers

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We contiue our path toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Early E-Cat designs had a resistor heating the charge, triggering the reaction.
    Now it seems that the ECat QX has the resistor in series with the charge.
    It seems that the resistor act as a current limiter and the charge is mostly metallic, with low resistance.
    So it seems that the reaction is now triggered by electrical current flowing in the charge.
    The old mechanism was triggered by heat, so I suppose that a part of the reaction is triggered by resistor heat, a part from direct resistive heat of the charge and (this is new) a part from direct electrical current flowing in the charge.
    Old ECat was stimulated by “frequencies”, that indeed produced induced currents in the charge, but AC, so the only difference is than now the current in the charge is DC (a DC current can’t be induced by coils)
    1) Am I correct saying that the QX is in series with the 1 ohm resistor and the charge resistance is very low?
    2) Is the electrical current in the charge the main stimulation source for the reaction?
    3) In what percentage?
    4) Is DC current in the charge more effective (in terms of COP, stability, etc) than induced AC current?
    5) Further thoughts?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    All your questions are related to confidential issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Chris

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    if an industry should be able to buy an Ecat QX in 2018: when is it planned to go from R&D to productivity development?

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Chris:
    R&D will never be stopped, as well as the productivity development.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The attendance to the demo will be open or restricted to invitations?

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    The direct attendance will be restricted to invitations, but everybody interested will be able to see the demo in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Dr. Rossi:
    The question by Mario Mariani is valid if and only if the load is resistive, for example before the E-Cat QX enters the excited state. There the load resistance may be negative, or the QX better modeled as a current source negative in comparison to that flowing into a resistive load. Is the voltage drop across the 1 ohm positive or negative? If the latter, the battery would be recharged at 0.105 amps into 24 volts, or 2.52 watts.

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Donald Anderson:
    We are not recharging any battery.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    for the October presentation did you engage a professional team with experts in communication that will take care of every things or will be your team that take care of the event.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Yes, we’ll have professionals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Colin Watters

    Dr Rossi,
    Will it be safe to attend your demo in October? Will you have detectors present?

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    We always have detectors where we put in operation the E-Cats. Obviously the operation of the E-Cats is safe. We got the safety certifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    some time ago, you wrote that SSM mode was not used in E-Cat QX.
    Now I remember that you wrote somewhere that SSM is used 2/3 of the cycle of the E-Cat QX

    Is this new or improved design ? Is it stable and robust like QX without SSM ? Doesn’t is complicate the power control system in the longer terms ?

    It would be nice if you could say something about this.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    It has been an improvement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Mario Marini

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Looking at the paper Gullstrom Rossi I understand you measured the wattage across the 1 Ohm resistance to determine the wattage in the circuit, based on the rule of the circuit with two resistances of which one has a known value in Ohm, the other has not. I learned this at the school of electrotecnics: when a circuit is made by a power source and 2 reasistances, to know how much is the energy in the circuit you can measure the voltage across a resistance with well known ohms and get the amps from the ohm’s equation. Multiplying V x A you know the amount of energy in the circuit, less the dissipation caused by the resistance.
    Am I correct?
    Mario

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Great test day,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Lars

    Dear Dr. Rossi.
    Have you ever tried to produce electricity with an E-Cat and a carnot cycle?

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    No, but it is a well consolidated technology: to make electricity with steam is a practice that doesn’t imply experimentation. All the formulas are there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The publication in the internet of the demo of October 27th will be in direct broadcasting, or will it be delayed?
    Cheers

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    This is a particular we did not take a decision yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    There’s an interesting article in Scientific American that talks about the (much simpler) detection of Low Energy Neutrinos. This leads me to the question– do you think that LENR produces Low Energy Neutrinos?

    Title: “Ever-Elusive Neutrinos Spotted Bouncing Off Nuclei for the First Time”.

    Link:
    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ever-elusive-neutrinos-spotted-bouncing-off-nuclei-for-the-first-time/

    Thanks, WaltC

  157. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Very interesting. When the temperature in a field reaches a temperature equal to the mass of an elementary particle, waves corresponding to that particle in the field are formed. The cross section of an interaction is very small, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From your answer to Jaroslaw Bem it would seem that the control system you are using for the E-Cat QX consumes less than 20W. Am I correct?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  159. Edward

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I agree in full with your answer to Jaroslaw Bem.
    Godspeed,
    Edward

  160. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    Lot of people will be interested in your comments on this presentation/warning regarding the effect of Titanium in a LENR cell…

    https://e-catworld.com/2017/08/03/mfmp-claims-proof-of-lenr-live-video-now/

    Play safe.

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Sorry, I never comment these kind of issues, but I want to congratulate MFMP for their enthusiasm and serious engagement in their experiments.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    You have got my great respect for your achievements.
    I have an practical question.

    Assumption: The whole apparatus E-cat QX consist of: array of E-cat QX, heat exchanger, control system, cooling system, converter AC/DC, cables and the pumps.
    Each of these components consumes energy.
    Assumption: For the user of E-cat QX apparatus, Energy emitted from the other components than heat exchanger, is not usable. Usable Energy is only Thermal Energy from the outlet of the heat exchanger, and the E-Cat QX works at max power = 20 W each cell.
    COP = Usable Thermal Energy Produced, to the Energy Consumed by the whole E-cat QX apparatus.

    Question:
    How many E-cat QX cells in the array is needed to make COP of the whole apparatus bigger than 1?
    I know, it depends on the efficiency of the heat exchanger, but for example, how many E-cat QX cells in the array is needed to make COP of the whole apparatus bigger than 1 in your demonstration set?

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    The COP is given from the ratio between the energy produced by the E-Cat and the energy consumed by the E-Cat, independently from the energy consumed by the control system.
    The control system consume is made by the heat in which the flowing electricity is dissipated, that obviously cannot be accounted for the COP of the reactor.
    The thermal energy in which the electricity of the control system is converted can be recovered itself, with a COP close to 1, if opportune, because the heated air can be sent in a preheater of the water before it goes to the reactor. It is just standard air/water heat exchange and it can recover practically all the energy dissipated by the control system. This, obviously, does not change the COP of the reactor.
    To reach a COP>1 adding the energy consumed by the control system is enough 1 E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    On our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Fusion: Will Humanity Ever Harness Star Power?
    Today’s video, by the talented team at Kurzgesagt, explains how fusion works, what experiments are ongoing, and the pros and cons of pursuing fusion power generation.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZsaaturR6E

    http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-07-17/fusion-will-humanity-ever-harness-star-power

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  167. Michelangelo De Meo

    New result of anomalous heat production in hydrogen-loaded metals at high temperature

    Ni-H Research Group
    China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, China
    Written by Songsheng Jiang E-mail: jiang@ihep.ac.cn

    Summary:

    The anomalous heat production in the Ni+LiAlH
    4
    fuels has been observed repeatedly. The heat production can be controlled by input power and can last for a long time. The T2 temperature placed on the outer surface of the fuel cell is about 405
    0
    C greater than the T1 temperature, T1 is placed on the outer surface of the reaction chamber and near the heater. An estimate power of excess heat is about 600 W. The ratio of excess heat of 600 W to input power of 780 W is 0.77. Considering
    self-sustaining effect, the input power might be significantly decreased if a chopper supply can be used to keep excess heat production. How to calculate the ratio of total produced heat energy to electrical input energy remains a question in present work. The consumption of nickel container and Ni + LiAl4
    powders is checked to be less than 1 g after experiment. The calculated energy density is 4 orders of magnitude greater than the value of gasoline.
    Therefore, the origin of excess heat cannot be explained by any chemical energy. The isotope abundances of nickel and lithium in the fuels after experiment will be analyzed by mass spectrometry technique. A further experiment will be carried out.

    https://www.scribd.com/document/267085905/New-Result-on-Anomalous-Heat-Production-in-Hydrogen-loaded-Metals-at-High-Temperature?irgwc=1&content=10079&campaign=Skimbit%2C+Ltd.&ad_group=725X1424181X32c1507e38e3ac1f3a2ef1d48f24fe85&keyword=ft750noi&source=impactradius&medium=affiliate

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    to send an email to me, please DO NOT use the email address
    eon333@libero.it
    because I abandoned it.
    Please USE THESE:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    or
    info@journal-of-nuclear-physics.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Santilli:
    Veru interesting, thank you. Great replication!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How long does it take you these days to make a single E-Cat QX reactor?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sorry, I prefer not to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    From the Rossi-Gullstrom paper, it seems than an ECat QX requires about 0.1V and 0.1A to work.

    I know that a series is not the best in terms of dependability, but a series of, say, N elements, instead of a parallel, cut by N the current and let you lose less in the DC/DC converter: if you use a 24V DC as you stated, you can have maximum efficiency with a series of about 200 elements.
    A series let you use smaller cables, because the current is always 0.1A.
    To compensate the inferior dependability, one can think of more spare “stripes” of Ecats…

    What do you think? Could you tell us the series and/or parallel connecting scheme of the ecats?

    Regards,
    Marco.

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    To be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    On our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    I’ve often thought that in leading-edge science, good experiments provide insights that lead to better theories and good theories provide insights that lead to better experiments. It’s clear that your experimental results have shaped your past and present theoretical work. Is the reverse also true?–

    1) Have your theories shaped your experiments in directions that you might not have otherwise discovered?
    2) And if so, do you think that those new experimental directions yielded new and even more positive outcomes?

    Thanks, WaltC

  176. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- yes, but also the vice versa is true
    2- yes, as well as new experiments did
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Genesis

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi, I had visions of you in my dreams, results are positive, with regards to COP, A new sophisticated product is in the making, You look tired and exhausted in my dreams, You might need some rest. Be wary of detractors during presentation, a little girl tried to cut a wire of some sort since she had scissor on her hands. the little girl was with you on workplace.
    You had manage to overcome all obstacle. (Y)

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Genesis:
    What a nightmare !
    But we can turn it into a good auspice: just interpret the little girl as the will to cut the energy bill. She’s little because very young, as the E-Cat QX.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  179. Scott

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I understand that during the test of the 1 MW plant you understood tremendously important things that brought to the Ecat QX and ow you want not to lose time with the past because you made a breakthrough.
    Is that correct?

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Scott:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  181. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Your kind reply yesterday assures me that your prospective clients have very likely already requested something similar to your agenda, and we all hope that you will soon find the solutions needed to launch product.

    Please excuse my rant yesterday, and let the good times roll …
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JCmkZFMSuFQ

    Thank you!

    Tom

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Exactly.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Ing Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  184. Michelangelo De Meo

    This paper summarizes some of successful experiments by which excess heats were produced in nickel-hydrogen systems. The experiments were carried out at different laboratories by using different experimental devices and techniques in Italy, USA, Russian and China. In the most of the experiments the fuel was mixture of nickel powder and lithium aluminum hydride. Hydrogen is formed after decomposition of lithium aluminum hydride. The COP factors (ratio of sum of excess heat and input power to input power) are 1.2-2.7 normally, however,COP factors were estimated to be about 3.2-3.6 in the E-Cat test in 2014. The temperature in the reactors was about 1100-1400 0C.

    http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Ni-H-fusion-reaction.pdf

  185. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: You said you were going to investigate the charges from the year long test. Can you share anything with us:
    1) Were there important isotope changes?
    2) Will the investigation help research the QX?
    3) Will you change the charges in QX as a result of investigation?
    4) Did you find out why the 20 kW reactors did not work?
    5) Will the investigation help to improve the 250kW reactors?

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    1- the analysis is on course
    2- yes
    3- it depends on the results
    4- most likely yes
    5- it depends on the results
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still in very good standing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    One question please, Does the assembly system of modules of the E-CAT QX is ready to be mass produced, or there need to be more development ?

    Warm regards

    Toussaint françois

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    There needs to be more R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Marco Serra

    Dear Andrea,
    I have two questions if I can:

    1 – What was the motivations for the choice of a size of 20W that looks quite small ? Was the stability and/or reliability of the reactor a main concern in the decision ?

    2 – Yesterday I had a dinner with a friend that works for a very big industry near Modena, where having a lot of heat (at 1200°C) is the main cost of their huge production. I’ve told him about the QX and its performance. He was obviously skeptical but because he trusts in me started to be very interested. The only trouble he raised was about the timing. When would he receive his big heat generators if he order it tomorrow ? The answer is of top importance. Can you give a conservative estimate ?

    God bless you

    Marco Serra

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    1- no
    2- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you made any progress on your inspired chosen model “Dream Town” conceived on New Year’s Eve 2016?
    Warm Regards,
    Brokeeper

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Without any doubt the E-Cat QX is a sensitive approach, even if the situarion is changed, because at that time I thought to make light directly with the E-Cat QX, while eventually we learnt that it is more simple to produce heat and then electricity with the Carnot cycle, for many reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    The old E-cat gives 10Kw thermal power, based on a reliable single cell reactor.
    The new Quark requires a thousand cores (assuming 10W each) to get the same output power:
    apart from an obvious problem of reliability when assembling so many elements to make them work properly together, i dont see the advantage of the new E-cat compare to the old one ? I hope there will be a data comparison between the two versions during the presentation.

    Michel

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    There is a big difference that makes the old E-Cat obsolete respect the QX. The QX is the result of years of experiments and of the 1 year test with the 1 MW plant, an enormous amount of information that has generated a strong improvement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I have learned in my lifetime that what is possible is mostly limited by what I can imagine.

    ## Please at least consider trying to put 50 or 100 units on a single platform in order to demonstrate INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL, in order that you do not tempt your attendees to diminish your efforts based on your demonstration concepts.

    Your industrial license requires that the MINIMUM QuarkX configuration produce 10kW. This would currently require 500 QuarkX units to be assembled into a single device of some sort. Allow me to envision the use of {5(100 QuarkX units @20 watts)} per 10kW module as the basic design concept for your first Industrial QuarkX device.

    Obviously, 100 of these would produce a 1MW device.

    I present this to you in the hopes that you would understand (that in my opinion) an industrialist would require this construction logic at a minimum to be able to envision putting $5M or $10M or more into a project to manufacture the QuarkX technology.

    I fear that the presentation of a 200-400w device would discourage anything more than the funding of additional research grants, as it would not appear to be industrial at less than 10kW.

    All of the above is a preamble to my request of you today.

    ## Please at least try to put 50 or 100 units on a single platform in order to demonstrate INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL, do not tempt your attendees to diminish your efforts.

    I apologize in advance, as I understand I have no business providing this council to a man who is obviously quantum leaps ahead of me in science and technology pursuits. I present this from a “strictly business” perspective and that I do indeed have experience in overcoming more than once in my career of software systems and design for nationwide deployment.

    I think it is not improper to mention that a basic building block of 100 QuarkX components into a single device would make an even more ideal concept, and provide for the fundamentals required for both industrial and home use.

    Thus configured, an industrial unit would be a single unit (QuarkX-10kW), and 100 of these would build a 1MW unit. !!

    I have designed functional systems that extend across the entire United States and endured for 5-10 years or more in my past experience, using this type of logic. The extension of my logic appears to require a bare bones QuarkX model rated at 10kW to be presented to any serious investors that might consider funding the “Eve of Industrialization” for the QuarkX.

    On your order list since ?? 2011,

    Tom Conover

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your suggestion, but our demo will be made with a small module.
    We are still in an R&D phase and we are not going to show an industrial E-Cat QX plant, yet. We are not ready for it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Oystein Lande

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    What is the planned duration of the QX demonstration?

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Oystein Lande:
    One to two hours the part that will be public.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    All well also today,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi, If I remembered correctly the original E-Cat could only be cycled on and off quite slowly. Can the QX be cycled more quickly?

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi, I understand you are now operating several E-Cat QX cells in parallel to form one larger reactor. Can I ask how many QX cells you have built so far? Enough to build several of these larger reactors if you wanted or just one or two? Thanks.

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The demo you will make in October will be the presentation of the product?

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No. It will be a technological demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Mario Marini

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Nice answer to Lawier.
    All the best,
    M.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are making well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Rupert Mann

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You said in past that the magnetic monopoles do not exist, but please google:
    “unige seminaire talks mermod monopoles”
    It appears you were wrong.
    Cheers
    Rupert Mann

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert Mann:
    Got it. The link is:
    http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/talks/mermod_2012.pdf
    Very interesting. I learnt from my Prof. of Physics that magnetic monopoles do not exist and that cutting a magnet the obtained pieces become new bipolar magnets. I also made an experiment about this. This link, anyway, is very interesting. Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Lawier

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    There are discussions about who won and who lost in the litigation Leonardo vs IH: sincerely, who do you think is the winner?
    Cheers

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Lawier:
    When the two opposite parties of a litigation reach a settlement, this means that both are satisfied of it, from their respective points of view. Relativistically speaking, both are winner. If in a quest to reach a prize composed by a peer and an apple the two foes settle by means of a solution that gives to party 1 the apple and to party 2 the peer, both are winner if each of them reached the fruit that was essential for them in the context of their strategy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Janice

    Seen this post by: gdaigle

    A minor point: So many scams involving the purported generation
    of electricity demonstrate that claim with a bank of light bulbs
    that I HOPE that Rossi does not choose that mode of demonstration.

    The visuals that would be posted of the demonstration would
    immediately be a target for skeptics on that basis alone.

    ** Better to power high efficiency motors or some other
    “visual demonstration” of the power output.

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Janice:
    It will be a calorimetric measurement, based on the delta T of the water in liquid phase. We are not going to light bulbs for the simple reason that we are going to make heat, not electricity, in this demo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very good also today,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About the contrast between readers, what is your position: is it the Dark Energy to cause the accelerated expansion of the universe, or is it the Dark Matter?
    Cheers
    Yvette

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Yvette:
    It is the Dark Energy.
    Anyway Dark Energy and Dark Matter have a common denominator: it is the humbling of the Standard Model…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Tom Conover

    Good morning Andrea,
    Did everything go okay with the 20 units yesterday? Did the unit run all day, and continue this morning?
    It is very exciting to see that you’re testing clusters now. Fabulous. Kudos!
    Keep up the great work.

    Tom

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Yes, we are working well, with minor problems to fix.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    What COP do you expect to reach at the October presentation. A COP of 6 as was standard for the older E-Cat versions, or (a lot?) higher?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is good to hear that you are progressing well and are testing clustered E-cat QX.
    Just some questions about that.
    1. You contol this using one contol unit that can master a maximum of 100 QX’s. Is it right to assume that this unit cannot control each QX individually, but all in true parallel meaning you switch them all on and off at the same time?
    2. Are you also able to contol the output power of the clustered unit in some way, (because you said that the output power would be between 200 and 500 Watt)?
    3. Will a clustered E-cat QX still be called a E-cat QX or will you add a number for power or something?
    4. Is this cluster test part of the sigma 5 qualification test?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- yes, followed by the number that corresponds to the power in kW
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. lars

    Dear Andrea,
    have you decided what will be the size of the 1 MW E-Cat QX plant (including heat exchangers) you are planning to manufacture and sell for industrial purpose?

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Let me rephrase Iars’ question. While current nuclear power plants control the reaction within the enriched uranium by control rod position, among other techniques, it is conceptually possible to replace each uranium fuel rod assembly with an equivalent number of ECAT-QX reactors and to electrically control their thermal output. However, the current nuclear power plant is most likely contaminated with lingering nuclear active by products. SO:

    1. Theoretically – would this harsh environment be so bad as to affect the theoretical ECAT-QX functionality?
    2. This assumes, if the ECAT-QX could so operate, that its equivalent power density could match that of the uranium fuel rod. Would that be a problem, keeping in mind that the enrichment is below 50% — reactor grade, not weapons grade.
    3. Does it make more sense to build numerous, smaller output and physical size units to decentralize the power generation?

    I agree that an integrated energy approach is most likely to be used, but uranium fuel rod assemblies present, in my opinion, an interesting alternative, if possible.

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    At this moment I think we are simply not ready for that application.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.