Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


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• Updated: 2019-07-24 06:50:05.515071Z

  1. Judy

    Dr Rossi:
    I watched again the video on youtube of the November 24 2017 demo of the Ecat QX at the IVA of Stockholm: this too is a page of history.
    All the best,
    Judy

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Judy:
    The QX is the father of the SK and the grandfather of the SK-Leonardo, that will be the first thing in the history to make energy without consuming energy from the grid or from any known energy source, obviously respecting the first principle of thermodynamic. Now, from today, I am convinced we are getting very close to it. We will get it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    To the readers of your site who are concerned about climate change,I would suggest investigating why Greenland and its melting ice cap was called Greenland by the Vikings that discovered it. Change is natural and we survive.
    Ancient regards.

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Not to mention the Sahara that was similar to Amazonia. But, still, I think that mankind must give their contribution, limiting carbon dioxide emissions. The fact that if you shoot a man the bullet is the main cause of his problems does not mean you can kick his head as much as you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. F.G.

    Watching the plasma on http://www.ecatskdemo.com: the Maxwellian you obtain can be similar to a Maxwellian, but it is impossible it is perfectly equal: which factor of conversion you use to calculate the temperature?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    F.G.:
    2.5
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 23 2019:
    Hawaiian Utility seeking 900 MW renewables for islands
    Rod Walton

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Aaron

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which Countries are located in the main suppliers you buy from the components of the Ecat ?

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Aaron:
    USA and Japan.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea, I follow little the latest developments due to quite heavy health problems. So, have patience, as usual I don’t want to bother you, but nevertheless this morning I read this comment on the Fb group “Colf Fusion, LENR and Andrea Rossi”:
    “How can you slave away (as it appears) day and night working on this product with such a small team? Why not get the brightest minds on the planet working on this? If you have what you claim, it shouldn’t be difficult to prove and you would be famous for all time for having solved the earth’s energy and climate crisis”.
    Now let’s forget the sentence “If you have what you claim”.
    And leave it aside too “it shouldn’t be difficult to prove” and “you would be famous for all time”.
    However, to borrow words from David Hestenes, “it is interesting and perhaps not entirely irrelevant to note” the reference to the brightest minds on the planet and to solving the energy climate crisis. Or at least the energy crisis.
    Ok, well, just a morning thought. Good work.
    Giuliano Bettini.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    Thank you for your suggestion and best wishes for your health !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Franco Pirri

    Dr Rossi,
    Good idea to put the control system of the Ecat SK inside a Faraday cage:
    1- it serves also as an antitheft
    2- it is a shield against reverse engineering attempts
    3- it is a shield against electronic attacks
    By the way: I am an expert in these fields.
    Congratulations for the impressive revolution you are carrying on.
    Best regards,
    Franco Pirri

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article of interest: https://www.cnn.com/2019/07/22/investing/cement-climate-change/index.html Has Leonardo explored opportunities in the concrete industry?

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the link. We have contacts yet with concrete industries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. eric ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I notice you are still receiving questions as to how LENRs can occur and therefore with regards the LENR phenomenon I cannot help but wonder why gravity is not mentioned as a necessary part of the process, maybe it has been and I have missed it but I do have my own thoughts on gravity, LENRs. and how gravity is, I believe, an important aspect of the phenomena.

    Many people are of the opinion that LENRs are a result of a fusion activity but my own thoughts are that it could be of a dual activity involving both a level of incomplete fusion with a degree of fission. If you examine many reactions you will find various degrees of fission and fusion at play (oscillations are degrees of). Even within the atom fission and fusion as an activity is present. This is no reference to total but partial degrees of within oscillations that maintain a state of coherence as a stable or unstable neutral and that provide a necessary insulation between atoms (an oscillating barrier of negative potential that upon being forced close enough together can lock/bond due to the gravity values/potentials of the two interacting structures. If we look at thunderstorms or an electrical current that produce both heat and light two things become apparent, one being the necessity of two potentials and the other being an interaction by an entanglement of both potentials to produce both the heat and the light but with the entanglement comes a degree of insulation in the form of a gap created by like poles/charges repel, unlike poles/charges attract. Thereby as the positive short wave charge moves into the negative long wave charge zone it transmutes becoming negative i.e. it loses size and gains volume only to be rejected (positive and negative effects are caused by gravitational values of the charges i.e. gravity dictates the charge and thereby rejection creates a gap which is a value of gravity. Same thing happens with coulomb barrier of nuclei/ particles and those exterior electron barriers of the atom (all maintain an identity by the phenomena of inherent movement/oscillations). All that is needed is an external source of a pos/neg interaction to create a value of gravity so as to draw two structures close enough together so as to entangle their barriers. Negative charges exist due to their weak gravitational fields unlike positive charges. Consequently, charges closest to a source of gravity are positive and those further away negative. Positive moves into negative because positive exists under pressure, it could be said, interactions to be a phenomena of displacement. This activity of attraction and repulsion of charges due entirely to gravity values does, dependent upon circumstances, create structure either of a virtual nature i.e. fleeting of a weak gravity or actual of a strong gravity i.e. long lasting or you could say of poor quality or good quality which depends upon the gravity value of the structure. I believe this requires further explanation:

    What I believe needs to be considered is gravity and its connection to energy and that to maintain energy requires a container/structure held in format by gravity. Consequently, philosophy, I believe, can help, explain what I consider a base interaction between gravity being space devoid of matter and space containing matter. Gravity exists within space as pockets of emptiness and within structure comprised of matter. It therefore exists upon two dimensions, one being enclosed within a structure and one being enclosed between structures. Gravity can be considered an associate of the infinite and matter an associate of the finite. When the finite entraps the infinite a potential of energy will be present as long as the force of the gravity exists and that of which can be considered as a life force that provides the structure with a degree of quality or you could say structural tenacity, related directly to a measure of longevity. The entrapment can either be within a cell i.e. matter or between cells i.e. matter and depending which the infinite is surrounded by either positive charges or negative charges. Both aspects rely upon like poles/charges repel and thereby maintain a value of gravity and an order of structure. What gravity does, is it ties a knot of energy, the strength of which depends upon the value of the gravity acting upon the charges. Charges can be looked upon as tiny knots of energy formed from the finite being neutrinos whereas atoms are huge knots of energy structured by charges. Thereby charges contain a potential whereas a neutrino has no potential because it contains no gravity. In conclusion: to study energy one must study gravity or recognize energy as a gravity value and gravity as a value of energy. To continue we must look at LENRs with an emphasis on gravity and not just the substance aspect.

    We all know the coulomb barrier prevents/inhibits a nuclear interaction from occurring between substance/nuclei under normal conditions and thereby insulates/provides identity of a duration being an aspect of quality which is entirely dependent upon location i.e. is it a positive of good quality or a negative of good quality. This is where you need both potentials to make an assessment or create a reaction with a measurable value. Also we must ask the question could nature contain an intended design to overcome the coulomb barrier. Well I think nature contains everything there is to be, in other words nature does indeed overcome the coulomb barrier by incremental increases in the evolutionary force i.e. from periphery to point/dead centre of the progenitor field. Man can, I believe, duplicate this reaction on a minute scale producing LENRs. Well every structure contains a barrier of a coulomb potential and thereby exhibits a quality/gravity value reflected in the value of the coulomb. Do planets exhibit coulomb barriers, of course they do, the barrier is a necessary part of nature to provide identity, something Einstein pondered about as to why matter does not flow together. My own thoughts are that he knew but could not dwell upon the subject for reasons of confidentiality. The barrier is a moving wave of free particles that responds to the poles of the structure and the value of the gravity within (charge potentials have structure) Consequently when two minor structures/containers of a negative/positive potential are within close proximity, within an interacting pos/neg entanglement of a high gravity value there is an induced entanglement between the two minor structures of their barriers and that produces a reaction within a reaction/harmonizing of frequency between the minor and the major gravity values producing an economy flow system within the major gravity value and virtual particles being the interaction of the two minor structures (an economy flow system responds to the negative potential of an overriding major gravity value) Without the overriding influence of the outer container being of a volume dimension i.e. a super negative of its super positive the coulomb barriers of the minor structures would prevent an interaction from occurring. If the coulomb barrier could not be overcome Solar radiation would cease to exist. LENRs work in the same way. The trick is to get the positive/negative substance close together so that entanglement of their barriers becomes possible by applying an encapsulating strong positive negative interaction that creates the required gravity value for a LE. fusion/fission activity to occur between their fields i.e. an entanglement of oscillations In other words create a gravity zone into which the fields are drawn creating minor flux tubes within the major flux tube of the overriding positive/negative potential. Without a gravity value to create flux tubes within the barriers and induce a state of partial or full fusion no fission can occur and no energy released. Whether the barrier is between a charge, an atom or a planet the reaction relies upon an entanglement.

    The coulomb barrier and electron barrier responds to both gravity values i.e. the gravity within the charge or the container being the substance and the gravity outside of the container being the gravity within which the structure exists.

    When you bring two substances/containers close together you are creating a third phenomena midway between being an envelope of gravity which represents the necessary alternative aspect of nature which is substance. The barriers prevent entanglement but when in the presence of a higher gravity value, the barriers are pulled together and become entangled producing heat and light (think of an electric light bulb where the filament represents a flux tube within upon which pos/neg potentials entangle). LENRs relies, I believe, upon this important phenomena when in the midst of an exterior activity that surrounds/contains a value of manufactured gravity. In other words bring two fields together from a positive and negative substance so that their barriers (could be termed coulomb even though not of nuclei) entangle. Then create a positive negative interaction to enclose the two substances within a single gravity value so as to entangle the barriers of the two substances. The gravity value of the exterior reaction exists from a central position between the major interacting flux tube of the exterior manufactured gravity value, thereby pulling both substances/barriers closer together and consequently creating minor flux tubes within the major by the entanglement of the two fields/substances. (same barriers as the coulomb only comprised of field energy of the substance not the substance itself). This interaction of the two barriers within the major flux tube creates minor flux tubes within the major entangled flux tube. It thereby provides for a gradation of flux tubes from the inner apex to the outer base of the major tube and out of which dependent upon the gravity value of the particular flux tube is emitted a particular particle of a specific gravity value, with a wave length into the negative zone in which the negative potential of the flux tube resides i.e. originates from. Obviously this is complicated so draw one cone base negative, apex positive and divide it into seven sections from top to bottom. This represents the overriding gravity values/flux tube of the overriding system (what system?. could be solar). Then position two planets at either end of the cone/flux tube positive one closest to apex, negative one closest to base and entangle their magnetic fields within the seven section of the cone. the magnetic fields can be compared to filaments that produce flux tubes emitting a specific wave length of light. This process is how the coulomb barrier is overcome to break down substance in a period of time over a distance i.e from base of cone to apex, its apex being where the absolute plank length is established. As a matter of interest the field/barrier surrounding a structure or the mobility of it as in the case of a charge represents what is referred to as the economy flow system. Consequently the more defined the flow, the greater the economy and the greater the economy the better the quality of the substance. I believe LENRs rely upon this process to overcome the coulomb barrier i.e. a perfectly natural normal reaction. It could be asked can this process be demonstrated in a mechanical situation?. The answer is yes, because it has been but it is not allowed because it reveals a deep seated mystery from which many remarkable other scientific discoveries could be made. Regards Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. What I have mentioned only deals with one gravity value i.e. one cone of gravity. In nature there are four minor cones/zones that issue out from a central point with a combined gravity of magnitude four and into eventually which all structures are subsequently drawn and ultimately destroyed by a fusion/fission activity. This is what man has eventually to overcome. Very difficult to explain but worth considering.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Sam

    Sorry about that Andrea.

    Actually there is a good quip and
    a good quote in the video.

    https://youtu.be/m2sr6n6JWhc

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    video with a priceless quote
    from Albert Einstein.

    Regards
    Sam

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    You forgot the link !
    Please send it,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  24. Roberta

    Dr Rossi,
    I notice that when the puppetts shoot at you, you shoot back only at the puppetteer.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Always.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Reality Check

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the revenues-expenditures of your heat provisioning activity a positive or a negative value?

    If positive, why don’t you ask to an external 3rd-party consulting company to certify that your activity generates revenues? This would independently validate that you are gaining from “some” source of energy. Given that you don’t hide an oilfield in your cellar, it would imply that you have some energy source.
    We still do not have an independent validation of what you have, you have to concede that.

    Kind regards,

    RealityCheck

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Reality Check:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Marco

    @Chuck Davis

    for a terrestrial application I agree. I was thinking at more widespread applications. For aereospatial application, I don’t agree. Think of a probe: i would have at least three Ecats each with at least three batteries, because space is harsh and appliance failure is not uncommon. Even if on a probe or a mars rover you have solar panels, i would not assume that they will be operative. A mars rover was lost because a sand storm covered the solar panels and the batteries drain out… If it had an ECat on board, with enough working batteries, it would have moved the solar panels to let the sand fall and return operative… If we are talking of a spacecraft with astronauts, or an airplane we can think to a standard ECat or double battery ECat, with spare parts on board, of course.

    Regards,
    Marco.

  29. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We are happy to watch the fantastic progress of your technology! The emergence of an electric EKAT will be a turning point in the global energy industry.

    With deepest respect,

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your importasnt attention to the work of our team. We are working very hard and your sustain is important to us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the interesting link. I am not able to answer your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Chuck Davis

    @Marco:
    I think it’s enough a spare battery available,
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  34. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Dr. Frederick Mayer (Mayer Applied Research) recently published a paper on:

    ‘ A parametric heat flow model in the spherical earth ‘

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub

    See also:

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub#bib4 and,

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451912X19300133?via%3Dihub#bib5

    Abstract
    In this paper, we model the temperature profile of the Earth with two heat sources: the first is the interior source, generally understood by geophysicists as the primary, if not only, source; the second is a source closer to the surface, explained herein. The model temperature profiles with our chosen best-fit parameters are compared with data from the Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM) to examine the relative sizes of the two sources; the near-surface source is found to be much larger than the interior source. If correct, the near-surface source could explain a number of paradoxes involving the heat coming from the Earth that have until now not been resolved.

    One of the conclusions is that:

    ” In conclusion, the assumption that the heat from the Earth has arisen from radioactive decay appears to be wrong even if all the radionuclides are located at a shallow depth of about 35 km. ”

    Do you think the Earth has been operating a long-running LENR operation beneath our feet?

    As his conclusions seem reasonable, do you wonder where the Helium-3 is coming from, other than the
    so-called ‘Primordial’ Helium, meaning that it was always there.

    Long-running regards,

    Joseph Fine

  35. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The electric E-Cat seems to be in a very good development path and requires a battery with very low energy capacity for start-up.

    Could this boot also be obtained with a super capacitor that would be automatically recharged by the E-Cat?

    All my support for your job.
    Congratulations on the (1-6) tennis.
    I hope that progress is real and that it is not a small weakness of Ms. Rossi.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The progress is real !!! ( How can you doubt about it ? )
    No, because a battery grants us the voltage and the amperage we need when we start up the Ecat. The battery is necessary only when we start and when we start the capacitor could be not charged.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    I was thinking… The rechargeable battery should be very dependable, if you want to avoid to use the external grid. If the cost is not high, it is conceivable to replace the battery contextually with the charge, that I presume is to be replaced about each year? In this way, the client will have always a fresh and more dependable battery, that is the heart of the E-Cat. Also I suggest to use two or more batteries in parallel, with a diode to avoid current return and a fuse to automatically exclude short circuited batteries. In this way the E-Cat could work without grid if at least a battery is operative. You can also produce different models with different dependability rating: one battery, cheaper model, with a single point of failure (if the only battery fails you have to use the grid), two batteries, more dependable model, three batteries etc…

    Best regards,
    Marco.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for your suggestions !!!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Hermes

    Dr Rossi,
    1- Do you think it is useful to put the Ecat SK-Leonardo in a Faraday cage to protect it from solar storms?
    2- When do you think the Ecat SK leonardo will be certified for households?
    Hermes

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes:
    Our control system is actually inside a Faraday cage, not just for protection against solar storms, but for other reasons, albeit maybe you touched a good point…I didn’t think about that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is another question (just out of curiosity, like most of my questions I am afraid):
    You said more than often that you ‘are working like beasts’, and you are ‘under great pressure’ on the electrical E-cat. Did you put that pressure on yourself or is there another reason for this like:
    1. Your partner demands it
    2. Your customers want it
    3. Some economical reason
    4. Some other deadline
    I hope you will succeed soon, great success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are putting pressure on ourselves because what we are doing is important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You said you can start the electrical E-cat in development with a small rechargeable AA battery. Is the heat output still 20 kW?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We do not have yet a data sheet consolidated, much work has still to be done. The order of magnitude wouldn’t change, though. We are working under strong pressure. We are close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If successful, would the permanent-SSM E-Cat employ an internal rechargeable battery?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    second answer:
    obviously the rechargeable batteries are recharged by the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting that you say a permanently self-sustaining heat-producing E-Cat is very close. Can you help me understand what exactly you mean?

    1. Will you need an external power source to start the E-Cat reaction?
    2. Will the control system need to be connected to an external power source continuously?
    3. Do you need to have access to grid electricity for this?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, to start the process.
    I am using presently Bonai rechargeable batteries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Rick Meisinger

    Dr. Rossi;
    You recently stated that a permanently self-sustaining E-Cat would not need an external power source for startup.

    1. Would you consider a battery or mechanical start similar to a push button start on a gas grill an external power source?
    2. If answer to 1. is yes, is E-Cat always “on”?
    3. If answer to 2. is yes, when power is not needed does the control system put the E-cat in a “dormant” state that maintains a very low electrical field but enough for start up?

    Thank you if you can answer.

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    0- warning: it is not ready yet
    1- a small battery, for example AA rechargeable type, will be enough to start it
    2- not necessarily. It can be Off or On depending on the duty
    3- n.a.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Lanny Wiltgen

    When you use the Wien and Boltzmann equations using the maxwellian focus with the spectrometer pointed on the whole plasma image we see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com , which factor do you consider based on the shift between your spoectrum and the theoretical Maxwellian integral?

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Lanny Wiltgen:
    2.5
    This means that the power calculated by the Wien and Boltzmann equations must be divided by a factor between 2 and 2.5. We adopt conservatively the 2.5 factor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it is explained very well also how an apparent low energy effect like the Casimir effect can trigger a nuclear interaction. Very fascinating intuition
    Ad majora,
    Giovanni

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    Yes, but the Casimir Effect is the less probable, due to the particular concomitance of events it needs, as it is well explained in the paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you are only getting hints of direct electricity production from the e-cat in experiments, when your guiding theory says you should get it, do you think the theory needs to change?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- no
    2- no
    3- no
    But be careful: ” very close ” does not mean ” done ” ( so far ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield who was a supporter
    of you and your work on the LENR
    Blogs has passed away.

    https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thedailyjournal/obituary.aspx?n=adrian-ashfield&pid=193147752&fhid=29188

    Regards
    Sam

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I am very sorry. Adrian was a great engineer and we have been honoured of his attention to our work and of his always intelligent comments on this blog.
    My deepest condolences to his family.
    Andrea Rossi

  59. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Push play sample on this link
    for a short talk on Nicola Tesla that I hope inspires
    you in your work.

    https://play.google.com/store/audiobooks/details/ColdFusion_Presents_New_Thinking_From_Einstein_to_?id=AQAAAEDM5Auk1M&hl=en_CA

    Regards
    Sam

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Victor

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How is your health? You are under strong stress years since and you are in this moment the most important person in the world, if it is true that you are making an Ecat able to generate energy without necessity to draw energy from ouside itself.
    Godspeed,
    Victor

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    My health is very good, my wife is no more able to beat me 6-0 6-0, now it’s 6-1 6-1. And I have a great Team helping me ( in the work, not in tennis ). Who is working with me is the best of the best in his field.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Scotty

    Are you patenting all the new modifications you are making to the Ecat? Attention, because Industrial heat copies everything that is published and makes patent applications about all they copy (see what happened to Francesco Celani !)

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Scotty:
    We patent eberything we do, also because already happened in 2015 that IH made a patent without my permission copying the publication of the Lugano experiment. But it has also to be said that all those patent applications are totally worthless, because the Patent Office rejects any application that copies anything that has been already either patented or made public in any way. We obtained the revoke of several patents copied from prior art. The application made by IH copied from the Lugano Report has been duly rejected from the USPTO. Somebody needs to produce paper, to sell it, obtaining valuations totally out of reality God knows how, independently from its real value. Others work like dogs to make real work and sell real things.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Andrea:
    how many probabilities do you have as of today to reach a permanent self sustaining mode, I mean an Ecat that generates all the energy necessary for it to work plus energy for other utilizations or for sale?
    JPR

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    To make the Ecat in permanent self sustaining mode, without external power source, to make heat the probability is high. We are very, very close. Then also a Carnot cycle becomes an ssm system to make electricity.
    To make the same producing electricity directly from the plasma in a quantity enough to yield substantial electricity for sale or other uses, much work more has to be done.
    The first mode is easier, due to the fact that the Ecat SK has a very low consume of electricity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the previous question on Fusion vs Fission on JONP, it appears from your referenced paper that you are suggesting that a “long-range” transfer of effectively one neutron from one type of atom to another is occurring. It would be of the form (A(pA,nA) + B(pB,nB) -> A(pA, nA-1) + B(pB, nB+1)).

    Questions:

    to be effective, would the all or some of the following be required:

    1. The combined mass of the original atoms be less than the combined mass of the resulting atoms? (i.e., excess energy is produced)
    2. The resulting atoms must be stable?
    3. No proton shifting is allowed (no new elements removed or produced)

    I am considering developing a computer program to see what combinations are effective and the amount of net energy produced.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight, but the mechanism is completely different. As probably you read on my researchgate paper, we are thinking to nothing like these hypothesis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Bill Hayes

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I want to ask several questions about retrieving an electrical current from the plasma.

    If I understand correctly, the electrical energy is being obtained from an electromagnetic field in or around the plasma. My questions are:

    1.Could something like an “antenna” (or an appropriately configured physical structure inside the reactor) be used to convert the energy of the electromagnetic field into an electric current?

    2.Would the recovered electrical current be AC?

    3.Would the physical dimensions of the antenna be most efficient at producing an electrical current if it were physically one quarter wavelength of the energy in the electromagnetic field?

    Thank you for your dedication and hard work in creating a revolution in energy production.

    Best Regards,
    Bill Hayes

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Hayes:
    1- I cannot answer in positive or in negative
    2- It can be either AC or DC
    3- same as in 1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi,
    hello to all readers

    For information

    The Louvre Museum in Paris is organizing from October 24th, 2019 to February 24th, 2020 an exceptional exhibition on Leonardo da Vinci on the occasion of the five hundredth anniversary of his death
    Those interested will find all the information on the Louvre website.

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Anna

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Watching carefully
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I discovered that the Teslameter indicated clearly an electromagnetic field generated by the plasma, which means that electric current was generated too. Is this observation that started your R&D on the direct production of electricity from the plasma?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Anna

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Anna:
    Also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is not only the most read among the 15 million papers published by researchgate, it is also one of the most important papers published in the last ten years.
    All the best,
    CC

  76. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Chuck

    Industrial Heat has made a patent application copying all the work of Francesco Celani, without his authorization. This fact shows how desperate they are…and also that Tom Darden is still the one so well described by Sifferkoll.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Jamal

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it important the orientation of the Ecat SK? For example: if you turn it upside-down, can it work as well?
    Cheers
    Jamal

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Jamal:
    The orientation does not affect the operation of the Ecat. Yes, you can turn upside down the reactor with no effects deriving from this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Jefferson

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it impossible that you will show your Ecat SK leonardo with direct production of electricity by the end of the year?

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Jefferson:
    It is not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 16 2019: Rebalancing the Energy Approach- interview with Mario Azar, president of Black and Veatch Power
    Rod Walton

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thanks for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. WaltC

    Dr. Rossi,
    With respect to the possibility of achieving 90% electricity, 10% heat: I find that possibility so very exciting; I wish you every possible success.

    If successful, it would be an amazing, break-through product, useful in just about every industry and in every corner of the world. On top of that, it would be an unparalleled engineering achievement and, I have to believe, a seminal scientific advancement.

    Best wishes! (And Wow!)

    WaltC

  87. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    It will be very hard and difficult. Part of the electric energy would supply the energy necessary to the Ecat to work. The implications are enormous. #We do not have it yet, but we are working very hard on it. Some of us is getting no sleep. Theoretically, it is not impossible, as we discovered, or, at least, we think we discovered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andra Rossi.
    Neri Accornero
    July 12, 2019 at 6:34
    I asked you a question among the most important.
    “If the reaction is a” interaction “of plasma electrons, rather than a nuclear reaction, you should find far fewer obstacles in the production permit and for the home system, given that plasma generators have long been sold for metal processing.”
    You did not answer by answering more serious questions.
    I live on earth. This is very important to me E-Cat, 10 kW for the home.
    Do we have hope?
    Thank you for your hard work.
    Sorry for the bad language. Google helps me.

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Neri Accornero is right.
    Of course we have hope !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Don

    How many e cats are supplying heat to customers? Are you any closer to a home ecat

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Don:
    1- enough so far
    2- I hope so, but certification is still an issue
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Donald G. Chandler:
    Thank you for this interesting link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Victor

    Dr Rossi,
    Can you say which will be the maximum ratio between electricity and heat in case electricity is the main object of demand?

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    We should be able to reach 90% electricity, 10% heat if this will be the demand. Still fighting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Glenn Hornes

    Are you still using the Ecat QX for R&D? Due to the physics in it, I think it is a unique-in-the-world source of information for pure research.
    Glenn

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Glenn Hornes:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Ugo

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Your publication on researchgate hase reached 29 000 full readings…and counting!
    Cheers
    Ugo

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Ugo:
    Stunning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    Just a few questions:
    1. Have you already scaled-up the production of heat producing E-cats or are you still assessing/improving the running plants performances?
    2. Does the Electric E-cat require considerable changes of the reactor itself, or is it more the control system that needs to change?
    And a remark:
    Maybe that this invention can also help you to generate electricity in an efficient way: http://news.rice.edu/2019/07/12/rice-device-channels-heat-into-light/
    (I assume this invention can also be used to bring the UV level EM radiation of the E-cat to the most efficient frequencies suitable for PV).
    Kind regards, Gerard

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. still assessing – improving the working ones
    2. this is a very complex issue
    3. thank you for the link
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Daniel G. Zavela

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You stated many times that the E-Cat requires an external power source for safety reasons.
    Would the same safety concerns occur with the “Electric E-Cat” you are now doing R&D on?

    I wonder what inspired you to consider investing so much time, energy and money toward the direct production of electricity from the E-Cat?

    Best of Luck on your R&D. Many you acquire the all the resources you need to successfully complete your task.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    In the Ecat SK plasma we have a situation that has a strong potential to eskew the issues we had with the Ecatbefore.
    The importance is enormous with the efficiency we expect, that before did not exist.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Pat

    Are you still also working to improve the heat production by the Ecat, besides the R&D on the direct plasma electricity production?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Pat:
    Yes, of course! We are learning much from the operating Ecats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments arrived today to other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Samuel Snopek

    Dr Rossi,
    I noticed you never answer to the guys that disparage you in the blogs: why?
    Sam

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Samuel Snopek:
    Thay do not affect us, on the contrary, their work gives evidence of the fact that they fear us, which gives evidence they recognize our importance. This is the subliminal message that actually they send to the public. Maybe among them there is myself… ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards.
    AR.

  108. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You wrote that there is no fusion or fission in the Rossi effect. This means that there is no phenomenon of absorption or expulsion of particles by the nucleus of the atom.

    Is it possible that there is a mysterious creation of proton or neutron in the atomic nucleus or neutron / proton transmutations?

    A thousand excuses if my question is silly because I am not an atomic physicist
    All my respect and wishes for success
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    There is nothing misterious. Questions are never silly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Fantasies are more than substitutes for unpleasant reality; they are also dress rehearsals, plans. All acts performed in the world begin in the imagination.
    Quote Barbara Grizzuti Harrison.

    https://youtu.be/hi6s2DdBCwY

    Regards
    Sam

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Right.
    Warm regards.
    A.R.

  112. Dewey

    Dr Rossi,
    I return to the comment of Neri Accornero: can you give a hint, not superficial, but not too difficult, about what can happen if your effect is not fusion, not fission, not chemical reaction?

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Dewey:
    Please go to
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    All the references cited here are the same reported in the above mentioned paper.
    In [13] a fundamental connection between Aharonov-Bohm equations and an electron model is proposed, starting from a geometric interpretation of the electron wave-function complex phase [6,8,1].
    This approach suggests the possibility of efficiently creating electron condensates exploiting the Aharonov-Bohm effect, a phenomenon that shows the dependence of electron wave-function phase from electromagnetic potentials [9].
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Francis Loung

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is one of the most important papers published in the last 10 years.

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Francis Loung:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    I read http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Thank you for sharing.

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks to you for reading it,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Urbano

    I think that you have nothing but your fantasy. The Ecat does not exist and the electricity made directly from the plasma is a chimera

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Urbano:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Carey

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    It seems that the diffusion of your publication on Researchgate is continuing to rise: now close to 28000 full readings and 2000 recommendations and counting!

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Carey:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  122. David

    Dr Rossi,
    The plasma shown in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com looks definitely like a black body.
    Cheers
    David

  123. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    If we take the full spectrum it actually is enough close to a Maxwellian
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  124. Dear Andrea Recently you said that the reaction in the ECAT is not a nuclear fusion, your article on researchgate, more and more read, is not within my reach and I certainly do not ask you for a simplified explanation but I take a reflection that I showed you some time ago. If the reaction is a plasmatic electrons “interaction” and not a nuclear reaction you should find much less obstacles in the authorization for the production also for the home system, given that Plasma generators have long been sold for metal processing. And at this point I ask you if the electrolytic experiments of Fleischmann and Pons and the others who followed them, are also special electronic reactions rather than cold fusion? And consequently does cold fusion exist?
    As always congratulations and full speed ahead!
    Neri

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Neri Accornero:
    The reactions are not fusion reactions, but complex particle interactions: I agree upon the fact that my paper is complex, but the matter is complex. You are Physician Prof, it is like to ask you in few and simple words how a heart transpland can be done. The answer unavoidably would be so much superficial to be a nonsense. But I can guarantee that in my effect there are no fusions, nor fissions. Now we are very advanced with the theoretical bases, even if much remains to be studied.
    About the F&P electrolisis, I am not able to answer, I can only say that I tried to replicate their open-source technology without being able to obtain an energetic gain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the latest news from your latest experiments to produce direct electricity from the E-Cat?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The theory grows up together with the experiments in a dialectic evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Astonish

    Hi,
    I am following your work years since, and I’m astonished by your progress, but now it is time to shoot the engineer and go into production!
    Godspeed your work and don’t forget the rest,
    Astonish

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Astonish:
    he,he,he, nice play with the nick.
    We are working hard, but I can’t shoot the “engineer”: that’s me !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    When would you lit the cigar for the Electrical Ecat:
    1. If the electrical output exceeds the electrical input
    2. If the electrical output exceeds 25% of the total output
    3. If the electrical output exceeds 50% of the total output
    4. Some other goals
    I hope you will enjoy this victory soon.
    Good luck to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The answer 1 should give COP infinite. Obviously two cigars are better than 1…and counting.
    You have no idea how badly we are working on it. Theoretically we should get it, but so far experimentally we had only hints of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. M.B.

    Did understand well that when you make the spectrometry of all the plasma we saw in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you obtain a Maxwellian spectrum of the black body and the calculation of the energy gives the same result because the temperature is lower, but the surface is much bigger ?

  133. Andrea Rossi

    M.B.:
    Exactly. Both are close to the calorimetris system, as explained in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you already obtaining electricity from the plasma?

  135. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, but still not cigar.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    on E-Catworld a commentator said that you yourself do not believe to your products because you are continuing to change them: first the Ecat, then the Ecat HT, then the QX, then the SK, now the Leonardo…what’s next?
    Cheers

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:

    It is an evolution: we are aiming to the perfect product and we are not far from it.
    Avery Ecat’s experience allowed the follow up of a better Ecat.
    Warmk Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Yes what I meant is orders for the heat. Because some time ago you stopped accepting orders until issues are fixed.
    Regards
    Patrick

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    True.
    Yes, we continue to accept orders.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you in a position now to resume taking orders for the E-Cat SK?
    Regards
    Patrick

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    We do not sell the E-Cat, we sell heat to industries where we install the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Maurine Cler

    Dear Andrea,
    I am impressed with this site, really I am a fan.
    Cheers

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Maurine Cler:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.roddilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Heinz Hause:
    We are at a very advanced level. We already are able to supply thermal energy, albeit for now in limited areas where we are makinging the technology fit for a massive diffusion.
    We are making strong progress for the combined production of heat and electricity directly from the plasma. Our progress is becoming exponential due to the mass of information that we are getting from our work. I understand the anxiety, but consider that our competitors of Hot Fusion with unlimited funds, in the order of tenths of billions, have obtained nothing in seventy years, while in 10 years and without public funding we made enormous progress. I hope to be ready with the direct production of electricity within this year, albeit this is a hope, not a promise. We are working very hard and, again, without external funding.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 9 2019 issue:
    Renewables Mix Tops 50% for MidAmerican Energy Customers in Iowa
    Rod Walton

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Heinz Sause

    Dr Rossi,
    The earth atmosphere is bad also due to the use of fossil fuels, therefore your work is important. When will you be ready for a worldwide diffusion of the Ecat ?
    Heinz Sause

  149. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I apologize, but most of the discussion about Fusion vs. “something else” ended up going over my head.

    If someone listed some notable Nuclear Reactions:
    – Elastic Scattering
    – Inelastic Scattering
    – Capture Reactions
    – Spallation
    – Induced Gamma Emission
    – Alpha decay
    – Fission Reactions
    – Fusion Reactions (Wikipedia: Two light nuclei join to form a heavier one, with additional particles (usually protons or neutrons) emitted subsequently.)

    1) Are you saying that the Nuclear Reactions going on within the E-Cat are not one of the types listed?
    2) Or broader, are you saying that the Nuclear Reactions going on within the E-Cat are not any currently recognized Nuclear Reaction Type?
    3) If they are an existing NR type, which one(s)?
    4) If you believe the E-Cat-Reactions are new, do you currently have succinct labels & descriptors for them?

    Before you point me (once again) in the direction of the “long_range_particle_interactions paper” (I’ve read and re-read it many times– especially whenever you assign it to me), I’m hoping that high level labels/descriptors might help me to better see the forest for the trees.

    thanks, WaltC

  150. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- no
    2- I am not adding further information after the one, very rich, given in my paper cited by you
    3-same as in 2
    4- yes we have, but they are confidential
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  151. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    In past you wrote here that you try to replicate all the systems claimed by your competitors: is this still true?
    If yes: do you think some competitor could be able in a couple of years to reach what you did?

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, we try to replicate all the processes we deem worth the job.
    I never comment the work of our competitors, but I can say that none of our replications has been considered from us interesting. So far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  153. Enquirer

    Dr Rossi
    What do you respond to them who say the graph of the video
    http://Www.ecatskdemo.com
    Is not a Maxwellian spectrum and therefore you cannot apply the Wien equation ?

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Enquirer:
    As I explained many times, the spectrometer was focused on the very small surface where we have the highest temperature. Consequently the S in the Boltzmann equation was very limited. If we widen the window and get the whole spectrum, we obtain a Maxwellian. In this case we have a wider surface and the results when we apply the Wien and the Boltzmann equation are very similar, as well as they both are very similar to the corresponding colorimetric measurement, because the S in the Maxwellian spectrum is much wider.
    All this is well explained in my paper on Researchgate, that, probably, who made these objections either did not read, or did not understand.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments in other posts of this blog.

  156. S.B.

    When we will you show industrial important clients?

  157. Andrea Rossi

    S.B.:
    Soon enough
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  158. Dear Dr. Rossi, my name is Emily and i talk in the name of a small company called Xewer who made a device, MagSpark, able to convert part of heat steam into electricity with 20% efficiency.
    Xewer would like to organize a jointure with your E-cat to make one solution device to offer electricity from cold fusion.

    If you are interested reply to me on my email contact. You find MagSpark information through contact data i filled.

    Best Regards

    Emily

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Emily:
    We cannot make a joint venture with your company, but if you send us a proposal with price and description of your device, we will consider it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Der Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find the comments published on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  161. Livia

    I envy your work, regards for all the informative posts.

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Livia:
    You wouldn’t envy should you know how hard it is,
    Warm Regaards,
    A.R.

  163. Ramiro Reitter

    How proceeds the R&D on the electricity rirectly tken from plasma?

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Ramiro Reitter:
    We are working hard. I am very optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Wilbert Vicenteno

    Dear Andrea,
    the last numbers from Researchgate:
    Full readings 28269, Reserch interest index 700., Recommendtions 2065 ( in 5 months, 7 dys…)
    To the next. Cheers

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Wilbert Vicenteno:
    Unbelievable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Regarding the question of fusion or fission, where you suggested an alternative, and after reading your paper,
    1. would it be correct to describe the process as one of “isotope transfer”?
    2. Would a starting point of such an “isotope transfer” be looking at all possible transfers that yield a positive or surplus energy output?

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The work I made with Norman Cook and published on Arxiv and now also on Researchgate was based on these hypothesis, the evolution is in my last paper on Researchgate.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  169. Chuck Davis

    Sharp claims PV with 34% efficiency: google
    Toyota testing infrared solar roof for electric cars
    Warm Regards
    Chuck Davis

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Dear Andrea,
    Ok, sorry, I see now that you already edited the reply. But which part? All three “Ideen” books, or mainly the first one from 1913?
    r:/pekka

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    This depends on your patience.
    The first one is enough for a non professional.
    When I sustained the exam of Theoretical Phylosophy with Prof Paci I had to go through all of them.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  173. Dear Andrea,
    I do not find a Hussel work with the exact title you gave. Could you check if the title you gave was correct?
    regards, /pekka

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    It was the Italian version of it made by Prof Enzo Paci, eventually I gave the original reference.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  175. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    Just a link I think is worth to post.

    http://sciexplorer.blogspot.com/2014/08/what-is-electron-really.html?m=1

    I would love to see a article from you “LENR for dummies” as if I google LENR I see so much rubbish about mentioning cold fusion

    I hope you succeed, and become known as Edison 2.0

    Kind regards Arjen

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Dear Andrea,
    By the way, I like your call for Epoche call, that you make every now and then. Epoche should be exercised also, and in particular, regarding the question that we are asking nature. Forget if the question is new or old, but just think if the question is meaningful and well-posed. Nature is perfect and non-mysterious, just our understanding of it is murky. Our questions are manmade and therefore must be continuously criticised.
    regards, /pekka

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Yes.
    Read Edmund Husserl “Ideas For a Pure Phenomenology and for a Phenomenological Phylosophy”.
    Probably you speak German, better read it in German language. The translation in English is not perfect, in Italian makes it much more difficult than it already is for itself. But it is a gold mine for the brain.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Dear Andrea,
    Well, your plasma must be tenuous, long distance between particles, because otherwise its pressure would be much higher than atmospheric and it would explode. In such plasma, electrons are well approximated by just classical point particles.

    The magic of plasma, if it has some, lies in its collective interactions, that is the feedback between the charged particles and the electric and magnetic fields that they generate and in which they move. Plasma, especially when it has a magnetic field, has a much richer set of wavemodes than ordinary gas, which only has sound waves and so-called entropy wave.

    The nature of the electron depends on the distance from which one is looking at it. Applies to other objects, too: for example if I look at you from an airplane at 10 km distance, you look like a mass point. Whereas if some insects crawls on your skin, he sees a thicker or thinner forest of body hair.

    But why wouldn’t you just make electricity using piece of water-cooled photovoltaic panel trimmed to the wavelengths that the plasma is emitting, or if that is not practical, then transform the wavelengths first to suitable range using fluorescent glass similar to that found in fluorescent lamps.

    regards, /pekka

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Roberto

    Dear Andrea,
    Have the probabilities to see the Ecat for electricity direct production increased during these last days?

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    I think so. I am working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Abel Renart

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you resolve the problems you hd in the Ecaat SK to make heat?

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Abel Renart:
    Yes, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Buck

    Andrea,

    thank you for your quick response about Rossilivecat.com/All. However, it seems ~/All is a function you might not be aware of. ~/All enabled the display of your blog postings since 03/03/2010.

    If the history is no longer available with the server modifications, then so be it.

    my best,

    Buck

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Understood.
    Thank you for the informtion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You wrote that physics has not yet understood the electron.

    Can you tell us, we ignorant of physics, what are the things that are not understood by physics?

    I’m sorry if my question is silly.
    Always a great support to the entire research team
    cordially
    Raffaele Bongo

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    For example, the real nature of electron. By the way: Einstein wrote: ” to understand electron means to understand Physics “.
    This is the issue I am focused on because from the study of it depends failure or success of the attempt I am making to get electricity directly from the plasma.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Buck:
    It’s all.html
    r:/p.

  190. WaltC

    Buck,
    Yes, the “Rossilivecat.com/all” (deep history) functionality seems to be broken at the moment. You can contact the webmaster (very nice person) via the link near the top of the “Rossilivecat.com” page & find out if it’s fixable or not.
    WaltC

  191. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    a quick question: Rossilivecat.com/all is no longer available. Is this a consequence of your recent changes at the server? Will it be functional again at some point?

    regards,

    Buck

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The correct address is:
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    It is operative without any problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. MM

    Dr Rossi:
    what do you think of this publication about the electron mass explained with the Higgs Boson mechanism:
    https://portal.kph.uni-mainz.de/T/members/meyer/downloads/HiggsHBMeyerSymmetry.pdf

  194. Andrea Rossi

    MM:
    Yes, I know that paper: if you go to the core of it, you discover that along the philosophy of this paper, the reality of a mountain is not the mountain itself, but its inclination and the related integral. They missed 100% the essence of the electron.
    Perhaps, to respect the “symmetry”, this reference could balance:
    https://www.amazon.com/Higgs-Fake-Particle-Physicists-Committee/dp/1492176249
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Victor

    Dr Rossi,
    Also Afro-Americans are totally absent from the R&D related to LENR. How do you explain ?

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    We have Afro Americans in our Team and they work excellently. I ignore if it is true what you say, because in the mountains of publications made about LENR it is not, obviously, specified the race. It would be illegal, besides stupid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Dear Andrea,
    Joseph Fine linked a paper on tresinos, also a Compton scale proposition, but with two electrons orbiting a proton, not one. The two electrons can have opposite spins, which reduces the system’s magnetic energy, I would suppose… and the entity has -1 charge so acts like H- ion. Did you look at the tresino concept? I didn’t hear about it earlier.
    regards, /pekka

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Not yet, but Dr Fine is worth to be read.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. “We are in the middle age of physics..”
    Not even middle, but muddle age. In my opinion:-)
    regards, /pekka

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I think that the key point is the study and the comprehension of the electron, that has been frozen in a self referential system based on the principle that only what receives funding is real. We need epoche’.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    You recently said that you are optimistic about the outcome of the tests of the electric Ecat. Now, we know that you are an optimistic guy, but goes your optimism beyond your hope that it might work? Are there reasons to believe it’s going to work, already?
    Great success to you and your team.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I am optimist by nature and I sincerely have great hope that it will work reliably maybe within this year.
    July, August and September will be months of intense R&D on this issue. I am spending substantial money that speaks for the substantial background of my hopes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Greg

    Dr Rossi:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is as of today the most read of the 15 million publications of Researchgate, Also the recommendations of your publications (1878 as of today) are unheard of before.
    Your work is making a revolution.

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    Are you sure that itis really the most read ? I saw the stats, I continue to be stunned.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Emilia

    I noticed that in the field of LENR women are totally absent: there are not publications of females. How do you explain?

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Emilia:
    Well, as a matter of fact it is not true in absolute, for example Dr Evelyn Foschi, a physicist from the University of Bologna, has coauthored publications about LENR, but in general you are right, the presence of women is low. I am not able to answer why, I do not see any reason for this fact.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Nice to see you clarify the situation on cold fusion and LENR.
    Obviously, the fusion of nuclei can only work at very high energies, as occurs into stars or accelerators, with neutrons production as unavoidable consequence. The alchemists of the Middle Ages have all failed to turn metals into gold because they do not have the knowledge of atomic structure and involved energies.

    You do not measure any neutrons from the E-cat, so it can not be a fusion reaction, you’re absolutely right. On the other hand, you get isotopic shifts (Nickel if i remember well), which means in one way or another a neutrons transfer, and that at a relatively low temperature: do you agree?

    Regards,

    Michel

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Your comment is intelligent, albeit I must in part disagree with you: I think that, speaking of Physics, we are still in a Middle Age and, as a consequence of this fact, our alchemists have made much better than turning vile iron into gold: look at the guys that have sold toilet paper, with written clowneries like “electron capture”, for millions, with “auditors” granting them billion dollars value of their shares value and using pop clowns like “guide fishes” to cheat on their investors: they turned toilet paper into gold !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S. We are still in the Middle Age of Physics, because the Standard Model did not understand what is an electron, while Albert Einstein said ” we will understand Physics when we will understand electrons”.

  210. Joseph Fine

    Steven N. Karels,

    In both Fusion and Fission the reaction products will have a different atomic number, either greater than before (Fusion) or less than before (Fission). If the Atomic Number remains the same, one isotope of an element might be transformed into an isotope of the same element and the Atomic Number remains the same.

    Here is an example of the change in Total Binding Energies between Fe-56 and Fe-58.

    https://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=What+are+the+binding+energies+of+Fe-56+and+Fe-58%3F&assumption=%7B%22DPClash%22,+%22IsotopeP%22,+%22binding+energies%22%7D+-%3E+%7B%22TotalBindingEnergy%22%7D

    Then, there may also be Tresino reactions which have been theorized, but not yet confirmed.

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1406.1419.pdf

    Hope that helps,

    Joseph Fine

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    I have difficulty with your limited answer and I suspect others might also have questions and/or are experiencing confusion.

    I understand there are two primary ways of deriving energy from the nucleus – fission and fusion. I suspect you are concerned with protecting your confidential business secrets and that is fine and understandable.

    But the implication that I would draw from your comment is that the reaction is fission which cannot be the correct answer because of the low atomic number of the ingredients.

    Confused,

    Steve

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    There are other nuclear interactions, besides fusion and fission.
    See also
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 2 2019:
    G 20 still spending big on keeping alive coal coal-fired power

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “There are no fusions.” Could you please clarify:

    1. Are you saying no hydrogen-hydrogen fusion occurs?
    2. Are you saying no hydrogen combines with lithium forming another isotope occurs?
    3. Are you saying no hydrogen-nickel combination occurs?
    4. Are you saying something else?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I said what I said: there are not fusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you think that certifications depend on th power and the money is put on the stakes ?

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Chuck Daviis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    does the Ecat modulate the emission of energy based on the demand?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  221. Fedor Buchakchiysky

    Dr Rossi:
    1- Did you detect helium out of the interactions inside the Ecat?
    2- Did you try to find helium?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Fedor Buchakchiysky:
    1- not beyoud any doubt: too close to the background
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still also working on an R&D to couple the Ecat with turbines?

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Darron Perks

    Dear Andrea
    are you still open to install your plants to sell heat, or the R&D on the direct production of electricity has caused you to severe such activity?

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Darron Perks:
    Of course yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Kip Mcdade

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you answer to them that say your technology does not work because nobody has been able to replicate it with the efficiency you declare? Many replications have been made successfylly, but none even close to your results.
    Thank you if you can answer
    Kip

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Kip McDade:
    Coca Cola never disclosed its formula and nobody has been ever able to replicate its flavor. Does this mean that Coca Cola does not exist ?
    Coca Cola consumers ( like me ) don’t give a damn about not knowing its formula, as well as our Clients buy energy and are not interested to our know how.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Jorge

    Dr Rossi,
    Have you found with the spectrometer also a “bell curve” typical of a black body Maxwellian?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    Yes, of course, the plasma is a black body. If we make the spectrometer see the whole of it, we get a Maxwellian, but in the video we focused on the hottest point. The energy calculated is the same, because the wavelength is longer, but the surface is wider.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So far have you noticed any improvements in the E-Cat SK Leonardo, following modifications you have made?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have made better than before. I am optimistic. Still much work to do, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    For today and tomorrow no more comments will be published in this blog: the silence is intended to be in honour of Prof Norman D. Cook
    Andrea Rossi

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Joseph Fine:
    I am a man of Faith.
    Prof Norman Cook, I am sure, is going to work for God at a superior level than we still are.
    Humanly, I can only express my deepest condolences to his Family.
    He was a great man and a great Professor. His students in the USA and in Japan loved him and they are lucky, because to have a master like him is a fortune.
    He will pass to the History of Physics for his model of the atom’s nucleus, that has inspired and will inspire generations of scientists.
    I owe him a great part of my know how. I read his book innumerable times. I know it by heart. See you, Norman, now you play in the Majors ( I mean, in Champions League ), while we are still here, fighting for Him.
    Your friend for ever,
    Andrea

  235. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Have you heard this sad news?

    https://e-catworld.com/2019/06/27/norman-cook-dies/

    Regards
    Sam

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Oh, my God ! No, no, I did not hear about this before now.
    I am very sad of the departure of one of the most honest and intelligent men I ever met in my life.
    It is a substantial loss for the LENR world and for the Science. His intelligence and preparation was directly proportional to his modesty.
    Andrea Rossi

  237. Jannette Herbold

    Dear Andrea:
    Your publication on Researchgate reached 27000 full readings today!

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Jannette Herbold,
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Dave

    Dr Rossi,
    How are going the experiments in California with the Ecat SK Leonardo?

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Dave:
    Promising.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Readers,

    As you probably know, Dr. Norman D. Cook recently passed away on June 14th after a long illness. Could you discuss his contributions to the theory of LENR and the “Rossi Effect” and any other recollections you could share about him?

    http://www.infinite-energy.com/resources/norman-cook.html

    Would you consider naming the next or a future generation of E-Cats after him?

    Thank you,

    Joseph Fine

  242. Noe Mihalios

    I noticed that your paper
    http://www.rereachgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    grow up together in number of readings and views respectively: clearly they are watched together.
    Cheers
    Noe

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Noe Mihalios:
    I agree and I think the success of the paper has been born by the coherence with the experiment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Pierre

    The experiments and the plants and apparatuses that you have developed in these last ten years are an intellectual patrimony unique in the woeld and probably of inestimable value: will you be able to transfer all this to others? Have you collected all your papers?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Pierre

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Pierre:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Christophe

    Dr Rossi:Do you consider your effect a cold fusion?

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Christophe:
    No. There are no fusions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your research of LENR,
    1. have you found any differences between protium versus deuterium as a fuel?
    2. Any evidence of helium production?

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- very difficult to know
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.