Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.

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• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics

  1. Andrea Rossi

    Jouni Toumela:
    Thank you for your information regarding heat exchangers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Jouni Tuomela

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi,

    Now thinking again, I am quite sure you already knew all this, but still the makings of the heat-exchanger is facinating. Perhaps relaxing also, you surely need that also.

    Br Jouni

  3. Jouni Tuomela

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi,

    Mr. Steven N. Karels brought silver nanoparticles to my attention, thank you, they are facinating.

    Also the thermal properties of nanoparticle fluids are interesting. Please use 10 minutes of your studying-time to watch this highly interesting video about the theory of nano-fluids aswell as the makings of a micron-sized(?) heat exchanger.

    Youtube-videos are highly valuable in learning.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y04W53ihLXk

    Warmer Regards, and all the best,
    Jouni Tuomela

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I cannot give information about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I still don’t understand why the TPR2 report is so important to you. You have already established the basis of the industrial complex necessary to introduce and manufacture your devices. There is field testing established which will confirm the quality of the devices and their usefulness. These results are what will allow your work to be continued and distributed, not the results of the report. Also, you claim that the theory of the Rossi effect is well known to your group so any speculation by the investigators can only be conformation which has no real value to you. Having this report as a backup is useful only to allow you to say “I told you so”, and you don’t need that in my opinion. Perhaps the institutions that are funding the report work need their own confirmation to convince their owners to further fund their own efforts in this area of technology, but your establishment does not. The only other value I can imagine is the possibility that they may uncover some technology which may be useful to you. A long shot in my opinion since you have much more device experience than them.
    I am saving my anxiety for the results of the plant installation, which I thing will, after a few bumps, prove your system is a genuine advancement.
    Regards and good luck!

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    The work of the Third Independent Party is the first long term test made upon a LENR device in the last 25 years. The results will be the results that for the first time in the history of the LENR will be released by a third independent party after a test not of hours, but of thousands of hours, without interruptions and without intervention of the inventor or the owner. The results could be positive or negative, as I always said.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I know you cannot discuss the inner workings of your eCat reactor. But more than likely you have an adhesive that holds the nickel powder to the inside of the external cylinder so that energy may be transferred when the eCat is reacting. That assumed, it is important to keep a high thermal conductivity of whatever material secures the nickel to the heat transfer elements, i.e., the external cylinder. Increasing the thermal conductivity of the material that secures the nickel is important in a couple of ways.

    1. It keeps the nickel from melting and therefore loosing what ever surface preparation has been done to make it work.
    2. It will allow a higher external cylinder surface temperature at the heat transfer area to occur which could affect Carnot efficiency.

    My estimates based on some assumptions and some simple calculations indicate that the difference between a moderate thermal conductivity and a good thermal conductivity might result in a temperature difference of 100 Celsius. Perhaps you may wish to consider this? Adding a conductive material like silver nanoparticles might significantly increase the thermal conductivity.

  8. Giuliano Bettini

    “just say”: I mean: please stop to say…

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Angel Blume:
    I cannot supply further information about the mechanism of the E-Cat. We now know it well, and it is strictly bound to the issues covered, as you correctly say, by the NDA and the defense of the IP.
    We do not have safety concerns, since safety certification has been obtained for our industrial E-Cat after the reactors have been properly designed and all the measurements made OUTSIDE the E-Cat have confirmed its safety also in terms of ionizing radiations. We have experts of the matter working with us, who are physicists from laboratories specialized in measurements of ionizing radiations.
    About the domestic E-Cat, any commercial information is impossible until a safety certification is obtained for it: as I explained many times, there is a paramount difference between the certification of industrial plants, operated by certified technicians, and domestic appliances, operated by persons that are not even supposed to read the manuals. The price of the domestic E-Cat will be computed after we will know exactly the requirements estabilished during the certification process, besides other issues.
    Pre-orders are just a waiting list, with no engagement at all, with no money deposited. We cannot accept money until the product is really for sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Steven,
    you are right, I agree (obviously).
    However, IMO the matter is too important, it’s time to give an answer. The Americans went to the moon, so just say “yes, oh well, who knows, may be, perhaps, boh, it is too difficult …..”.
    I repeat: I hope that the professors give a definitive answer.
    My best Regards,
    Giuliano Bettini.

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro F.:
    I will answer to your questions after:
    1- the publication of the TIPR
    2- our publication of the performance data of the 1 MW plant in operation in the factory of the Customer
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We have to wait and be patient. Obviously the anxiety is getting exponential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Wladimir Guglinski

    From: wladimirguglinski@hotmail.com
    To: vcq@quantum.at
    Subject: a structure of space for explaining the ENTANGLEMENT
    Date: Sat, 30 Aug 2014 08:13:07 -0300

    Dear Dr. Gabriela Barreto Lemos

    I think it would be of interest to repeat your experiment by changing the angles of incidence of the two twins photons when they hit the two detectors (by putting the two detectors with several different angles one regarding the other, in order to verify how the relative different angles between the two detectors can influence in the formation of the image produced by the entanglement).

    I hope by this way we may try to understand the physical laws that rule the entanglement.

    The reason why I suppose it is explained in the comment of mine published in the Rossi’s blog Journal of Nuclear Physics:
    http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=853#comments

    ============================================
    Wladimir Guglinski
    August 29th, 2014 at 7:32 PM
    How does the quantum entanglement works?
    I used do not believe in the existence of the quantum entanglement. In my book Quantum Ring Theory, by considering my model of the photon, I had proposed a new interpretation for the Alain Aspect experiment, without the need of considering the entanglement.

    But a new experiment published in the journal Nature does not allow any doubt on its existence:
    Quantum imaging with undetected photons
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v512/n7515/full/nature13586.html
    The experiment was made under the lead of Gabriela Barreto Lemos, a Brazilian physicist.

    So, the entanglement exists, and we have to try to understand what is physical mechanism underlying its occurrence.

    It is obvious that, for the understanding of such physical mechanism, we need to try to understand the entanglement by considering a physical structure of the aether.

    Another experiment which is dealing with the structure of the aether is being made in the Fermilab:
    http://astro.fnal.gov/projects/OtherInitiatives/holometer_project.html

    The structure of the aether is proposed in Quantum Ring Theory.
    But the best aspect of the structure of the aether proposed in QRT is the fact that such structure is connected to the structures of the electron, the proton, the neutrino, the photon, and the nucleus.
    Therefore, the structure of the aether proposed in QRT is not a lonely theory, actually it is a theory connected to structures of the elementary stable particles of the universe, and this is the best aspect of the theory.

    According to the photon model of QRT, the photon is composed by a particle and its antiparticle moving in helical trajectory.

    In the experiment made by Gabriela, when the photon is broken in two parts, the particle takes a direction, and the antiparticle takes another direction.
    However, in the instant when the photon is broken, the lonely particle captures a new antiparticle from the aether, and the antiparticle captures a new particle either, in orther that two twins photons A and B are formed.

    The question is: how does occur the entanglement between the twins photons A and B?

    In the paper Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism, submitted for publication in the Journal of Nuclear Physics, it is proposed a string of gravitons (of the elementary particles as the electron and the proton) captures magnetons in the perimeter of the universe (the most far away limit of the universe), as we see in the Figure 2.5 of the paper, ahead:
    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:FIGURE_2.5%3D_flux_of_magnetons_within_string_of_gravitons.png

    The question now is to discover how the gravity strings of the photon A gets entanglement with the gravity strings of the photon B in the experiment made by Gabriela.

    In another words:
    What are the laws of Physics underlying the entanglement via the structure of the aether?
    It’s an exciting chalenge.

    .

    Dear Joe
    when my paper will be published in the Journal of Nuclear Physics, I would like to talk about the question with you, here in the Comments of the JoNP.
    regards
    wlad
    ============================================

    .

    Thanks to your attention
    Wladimir Guglinski

  14. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Just like in an American jury trial, the fast verdict is usually guilty when the evidence is overwhelming. If the TIR scientists saw results where the amount of output energy was less than or equal to the input energy, the report would be negative and it could be quickly released. So the seemingly long release time for the TIR to me says the results will most likely be very positive. But as in any trial, we must wait for the verdict before congratulations are in order.

  15. Steven N. Karels

    Giuliano Bettini,

    You posted — I’m quite amazed by the statement “..the transmutation of Ni (…) has still to be confirmed.” In other LENR experiments transmutation have been reported at the atomic level. But for AR to report transmutation of a secondary (not primary) reaction would be very difficult. The amount of copper that might be produced could be much less than one milligram of mass, depending on how secondary the reaction was. So distinguishing it from contamination could be difficult.

    Nuclear reactions produce so much energy compared to chemical reactions that not a lot of byproducts are produced. To prove a nickel-to-copper relationship, one way might be to determine the fuel contents before initial operation, then examine the same fuel distributed in different eCat reactors run at one month, two months, … to six months and measure the copper in each fuel sample. And to be able to show a relationship with energy produced versus copper produced. But measuring milligram or microgram levels of any material can be very challenging.

  16. Pietro F.

    Buongiorno ing. Rossi,
    1) su cento attivazioni dell’ecat quante riescono?
    2) riguardo alla prima domanda c’é stata una progressione significativa negli ultimi tre anni?
    3) su cento ecat attivati quanti mantengono una stabilità ragionevolmente utilizzabile ai fini commerciali?

    Se puo’…!

    comunque la ringrazio e buon lavoro

    (by google translate):
    Hello ing. Rossi,
    1) on one hundred of ecat activations ecat how they do it?
    2) With regard to the first question there was a significant progression in the last three years?
    3) on one hundred of those ECAT activated how maintain a stable reasonably usable for commercial purposes?

    If you can …!

    anyway thank you and good job

    Pietro F.

  17. Angel Blume

    Dear Mr. Rossi

    I am getting confused with your last replies.
    I entirely agree with Mr. Janhunen to the possible reaction scenario. Being all isotopes from Cu59 to Cu62 long lived enough (minutes / hours), it is factible to detect the positronic radiation. Moreover the ratio Ni60/Ni62 before and after gives a clue of what is happening inside the reactor.
    Without revealing your catalyst, not breaking your NDagreements, I think you could be more explicit. As I see, some posters are well qualified to help you on foreseeing the effects regarding radiation from reactor, because I understand that your mayor concern now is safety.

    From last posters I learned that we can preorder domestic E-Cats. How much do they cost? How can I preorder a single unit?

    Thanks in advance and good luck.

    Angel

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    When I say that the results of the Third independent Party could be positive, but also negative, I do not joke. That is the reality. Our work is under examination and under R&D and we honestly have the duty to say that the results of the examination could be negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    If the High Temperature E-Cat produced its design power (nearly) continuously for an entire year, or about 8,765.76 hours, then its Energy Density (Wh/kg) should be about (8765.76/116) = 75 times the Energy Density reported in the May 2013 Arxiv paper.

    I don’t remember the May 2013 Energy Density, but a factor of 75 is significant. Of course, if it ran for only six months per charge, the Energy Density multiplying factor is ‘only’ about 38 times as large.

    Still good.

    Energetic regards,

    Joseph Fine

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I think the data from the next TIPR will give information about the energy density issue after a long operation period.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Wladimir Guglinski

    How does the quantum entanglement works?

    I used do not believe in the existence of the quantum entanglement. In my book Quantum Ring Theory, by considering my model of the photon, I had proposed a new interpretation for the Alain Aspect experiment, without the need of considering the entanglement.

    But a new experiment published in the journal Nature does not allow any doubt on its existence:
    Quantum imaging with undetected photons
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v512/n7515/full/nature13586.html

    The experiment was made under the lead of Gabriela Barreto Lemos, a Brazilian physicist.

    So, the entanglement exists, and we have to try to understand what is physical mechanism underlying its occurrence.

    It is obvious that, for the understanding of such physical mechanism, we need to try to understand the entanglement by considering a physical structure of the aether.

    Another experiment which is dealing with the structure of the aether is being made in the Fermilab:
    http://astro.fnal.gov/projects/OtherInitiatives/holometer_project.html

    The structure of the aether is proposed in Quantum Ring Theory.
    But the best aspect of the structure of the aether proposed in QRT is the fact that such structure is connected to the structures of the electron, the proton, the neutrino, the photon, and the nucleus.

    Therefore, the structure of the aether proposed in QRT is not a lonely theory, actually it is a theory connected to structures of the elementary stable particles of the universe, and this is the best aspect of the theory.

    According to the photon model of QRT, the photon is composed by a particle and its antiparticle moving in helical trajectory.

    In the experiment made by Gabriela, when the photon is broken in two parts, the particle takes a direction, and the antiparticle takes another direction.
    However, in the instant when the photon is broken, the lonely particle captures a new antiparticle from the aether, and the antiparticle captures a new particle either, in orther that two twins photons A and B are formed.

    The question is: how does occur the entanglement between the twins photons A and B?

    In the paper Aether Structure for unification between gravity and electromagnetism, submitted for publication in the Journal of Nuclear Physics, it is proposed a string of gravitons (of the elementary particles as the electron and the proton) captures magnetons in the perimeter of the universe (the most far away limit of the universe), as we see in the Figure 2.5 of the paper, ahead:

    http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:FIGURE_2.5%3D_flux_of_magnetons_within_string_of_gravitons.png

    The question now is to discover how the gravity strings of the photon A gets entanglement with the gravity strings of the photon B in the experiment made by Gabriela.
    In another words:
    What are the laws of Physics underlying the entanglement via the structure of the aether?

    It’s an exciting chalenge.

    .

    Dear Joe

    when my paper will be published in the Journal of Nuclear Physics, I would like to talk about the question with you, here in the Comments of the JoNP.

    regards
    wlad

  22. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear A.R.
    I’m quite amazed by the statement “..the transmutation of Ni (…) has still to be confirmed.”
    You must admit: after 25 years, the transmutation which “has still to be confirmed” feeds the skepticism, at least with regard to the cold fusion. In my naivety, I would say: “If there is Copper, there is Copper. However, if there is no Copper, it means that there is no Copper. Full stop.”
    Where is the problem? Extremely sophisticated measurements? Unexpected difficulties?
    Where am I wrong? I hope that at least the Professors give a definitive answer.
    Giuliano Bettini.

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    2.
    It will be either electrically or gas powered, we think.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Whilst I understand that the domestic E-Cat will not be available until it is certified (which may take some time), what form would the construction take?

    1. A single reactor.

    2. A smaller version of the Cat & Mouse two reactor configuration.

    3. Something else.

    4. Not decided yet.

    Also, would the domestic E-Cat be purely electrically powered, purely gas powered, either, or both?

    Kind Regards,

    Martyn Aubrey.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- There is not a conflict, the transmutation of Ni remains a secondary effect that, by the way, has still to be confirmed.
    2- Efficiency is not just COP, is a more wide concept encompassing many other characteristics, like stability, reliability, duration etc. All these issues are in evolution.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You had mentioned previously, I think, that the conversion of hydrogen plus nickel into copper was a secondary reaction regarding thermal energy generation. Now, apparently, you are suggesting that 62Ni production occurs and can possibly enhance the eCat efficiency. Are these statements in conflict?

    1. Can you clarify?
    2, Can you define what you mean by eCat efficiency? Improved effective COP? Something else?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Wladimir Guglinski:
    Your pre-order is in our records, as well as all the pre-orders we received, but I must say that we cannot foresee when the domestic E-Cats will be put in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Wladimir Guglinski

    Dear Curiosone

    the nonsenses of Mr. JR make us to remember those said by Simplicius in Galileo’s Dialogue:

    http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Extras/Galileo_Dialogue.html

    So,
    we realize that people never change.
    Simplicius tried to save the wrong Aristotle’s concepts. And Mr. JR is trying to save the flawed concepts of current Nuclear Physics.

    Changes the scenery of human theatrical comedy, but the characters are always the same.

    regards
    wlad

  29. Alan DeAngelis

    Dear Pekka Janhunen,

    I think the chemistry sets things up for the sort of reactions you’re proposing.
    If there are no gamma rays or neutrons, I think that the chemistry would set it up for the following nuclear reactions. Nickel hydride absorbs a proton to become cuprous hydride in an excited state. Cuprous hydride absorbs its proton to become zinc in an excited state. Zinc in an excited state, fissions into nickel (with two fewer neutrons) and helium.

    NiH2 >CuH*>Zn*> Ni + He

    For example:
    H(1) + Ni(62) > Cu(63)* Step1
    H(1) + Cu(63)* > Ni(60) + He(4) Step 2
    ________________________
    Over all
    2 H(1) + Ni(62) > Ni(60) + He(4) 9.87 MeV

    For example:
    H(1) + Ni(64) > Cu(65)* Step1
    H(1) + Cu(65)* > Ni(62) + He(4) Step 2
    ________________________
    Over all
    2 H(1) + Ni(64) > Ni(62) + He(4) 11.8 MeV

    And other isotopes:
    2 H(1) + Ni(N) > Ni(N-2) + He(4)

  30. Wladimir Guglinski

    Andrea Rossi wrote in August 28th, 2014 at 4:55 PM

    Argon:
    Your pre-order, as all the pre-orders for domestic E-Cats, will be satisfied as soon as we will obtain the safety certification for the domestic E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    ======================================

    Dear Andrea,
    please dont forget my pre-order of 1.000 domestic E-Cats.

    regards
    wlad

  31. Argon

    Dear Andrea! Many months ago, i deliver to pre-order yours small domestics LENR heater . Wanted to show students. Many papers descriptions of experiments can never replace training laboratory work. It is clear that the students can not afford commercially megawatt LENR system for 2 million dollars. Please suggest a simple version of the demonstration non-chemical power in the NI-H systems for students range tens-hundred watt power. Or do you think it premature and inappropriate to inform young people about the actual running LENR?

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Argon:
    Your pre-order, as all the pre-orders for domestic E-Cats, will be satisfied as soon as we will obtain the safety certification for the domestic E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Wladimir Guglinski

    JR wrote in August 28th, 2014 at 8:40 AM

    Why on earth would Curiosone want to thank Wladimir for totally ignoring the question that was asked and then using it as an excuse to post yet another error-riddled comment? Wlad’s comment is almost entirely incorrect and even if it had any meaningful content, it wouldn’t address the question of symmetries in any useful way.
    ===========================================================

    Daar Curiosone,
    Mr. JR is the person who claims that in the Figure 1 of the link bellow the shape is spherical:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v487/n7407/full/nature11246.html

    So, Mr. JR is a theorist able to avoid the breakdown of the current Nuclear PHysics by changing the fundamental principles of the Geometry.
    According to Mr. JR, a sphere has ellipsoidal shape.

    regards
    wlad

  34. DTravchenko

    JR:
    I do not agree with you. I too think that Wladimir Guglinski’s theories are very audacious, but Curiosone has to thank him because he has answered to his question based on his ideas, as well as he could.
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  35. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    To catch the essence of Parity, you can imagine to look at a mirror : the image you see of yourself when you look at you in a mirror has your left side and right side swapped: your right ear seems the left ear and vice versa. 3 of the 4 foundamental forces – strong, gravitational and electromagnetic- respect the parity in this sense, not so the weak forces: let me start a little bit from a deeper level.
    Massless particles can spin left handed, or right handed; in the weak interactions there is a symmetry only for the left handed elementary particles and the associated force, therefore the weak interactions violate Parity, because they discriminate between left and right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Dear Andrea,

    For your reaction, some speculation, for whatever it’s worth:

    1) List of exothermic p reactions of stable Ni and Cu isotopes
    (radioactive isotopes are marked with *):

    p + Ni58 –> Cu59* + 3.41861 MeV
    p + Ni60 –> Cu61* + 4.80002 MeV
    p + Ni61 –> Cu62* + 5.86565 MeV
    p + Ni62 –> Cu63 + 6.12181 MeV
    p + Ni64 –> Cu65 + 7.45291 MeV
    p + Cu63 –> Zn64 + 7.71373 MeV
    –> Ni60 + He4 + 3.75744 MeV
    p + Cu65 –> Zn66 + 8.92561 MeV
    –> Ni62 + He4 + 4.34708 MeV

    2) Postulate that reactions producing radioactive isotopes are
    suppressed (maybe because they produce less excess energy):

    p + Ni62 –> Cu63 + 6.12181 MeV
    p + Ni64 –> Cu65 + 7.45291 MeV
    p + Cu63 –> Zn64 + 7.71373 MeV
    –> Ni60 + He4 + 3.75744 MeV
    p + Cu65 –> Zn66 + 8.92561 MeV
    –> Ni62 + He4 + 4.34708 MeV

    3) Postulate that when there is a choice, reactions producing two
    output particles are strongly favoured (perhaps natural from reaction kinematics):

    p + Ni62 –> Cu63 + 6.12181 MeV
    p + Ni64 –> Cu65 + 7.45291 MeV
    p + Cu63 –> Ni60 + He4 + 3.75744 MeV
    p + Cu65 –> Ni62 + He4 + 4.34708 MeV

    4) Then the net reactions would be:

    2p + Ni62 –> Ni60 + He4 + 9.87925 MeV
    4p + Ni64 –> Ni60 + 2He4 + 21.6792 MeV
    p + Cu63 –> Ni60 + He4 + 3.75744 MeV
    3p + Cu65 –> Ni60 + 2He4 + 14.2263 MeV

    in other words, this kind of reasoning would predict formation of Ni-60. Since you say that Ni-62 is produced, instead, then the above reasoning cannot be entirely correct.

    regards, /pekka

  37. DTravchenko

    Dr Rossi:
    Is there any relation between symmetry and parity?
    Warm Regards,
    DT

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    Yes, we have a pretty precise idea, but I have to remind you that the results of the tests could be positive or negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. silvio caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    It’s time to ask you the simplest and the more difficult question: do you have any idea about “from where” e-cat excess energy comes from?
    Which are the particles that are “consumed” in the so called Rossi effect producing heat?

  40. JR

    Why on earth would Curiosone want to thank Wladimir for totally ignoring the question that was asked and then using it as an excuse to post yet another error-riddled comment? Wlad’s comment is almost entirely incorrect and even if it had any meaningful content, it wouldn’t address the question of symmetries in any useful way.

  41. Curiosone

    Thank you for your “Simmetry” analogy, as usually you gave a model to understand for dummies.
    W.G.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Not for dummies, just for not professionals. I am sure you also want to thank Wladimir Guglinski.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  43. Heath

    Thank you. I knew it was a very basic question when I asked and one that is much discussed. A few have wondered (ecatworld) if now you understood it to be something unrelated to LENR in theory and something different from Pons and Fleischmann so many years ago. I’m just hoping to clear up the small things. Good luck on the things to come!

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Heath:
    The Rossi Effect is something different from the F.P. effect, as you can easily understand studying both. The F.P. system is an electrolysis based concept, the R.E. is a H-Metal reaction.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Curiosone

    Do you use different isotopes of Ni in your reactions?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    We think that our process, the so called “Rossi Effect”, is , as a serendipity, also a system to produce 62Ni, because only this fact can explain the formation of atoms of stable Cu, even if in very small amounts; we also noticed that using eventually powders of Ni enriched this way, the efficiency of the E-Cats increases. But we are not sure of this fact, because there may have been errors in the analysis, so we are studying , as a side effect , this phenomenon. Obviously, I cannot add information regarding this issue, pending the patents relative to it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Heath

    Dear Andrea.
    I am new to commenting on this site but greatly appreciate your work in the invention, design and understanding of the e-cat. And I am certainly excited for the report soon to come and the reactor for Industrial Heat’s customer. Do you still believe that the Rossi Effect involves low energy nuclear reactions?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Heath:
    Whatever definition you want to give them, obviously yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Wladimir Guglinski

    Curiosone wrote in August 24th, 2014 at 6:06 PM

    When you have time: in your answers regarding Physics, you said that Higgs boson breaks the “symmetry”. What is exactly the simmetry?
    Thank you for your patience,
    W.G.
    ——————————————————————

    .

    Andrea Rossi wrote in August 25th, 2014 at 10:18 PM

    Curiosone:

    As we saw, from symmetry arise the 4 forces: strong force, electromagnetic force, weak force and gravitational force arise all from symmetry: let’s try to see how.
    ========================================================

    COMMENT:

    Dear Curiosone,
    actually all the Modern Physics was developed on the concept of symmetry. So, the current Nuclear Theory is also based on the concept of symmetry.

    That’s why, according to current Nuclear Physics, even-even nuclei with the same quantity Z of protons and N neutrons, Z=N, as 2He4, 4Be8, 6C12, 8O16, 10Ne20, etc., would have to have spherical shape.

    However experiments have detected that even-even nuclei with Z=N have non-spherical shape:

    How atomic nuclei cluster
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v487/n7407/full/nature11246.html

    Look at the Figure 1 of the paper the elipsoidal shape of the nucleus 10Ne20.

    .

    According to the current Nuclear Physics, there is only one way to explain such eliposoidal shape of the even-even nuclei with Z=N:
    There is need to consider a fifth fundamental force existing in the Nature

    .

    Other experiment detected that the nucleus 224Ra has a pear shape IMPOSSIBLE to occur, according to the current Nuclear Physics:

    Pear-Shaped Nucleus Boosts Search for Alternatives to “Standard Model” Physics
    The strange shape of radium 224 could lead to new physics:
    http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/pear-shaped-nucleus-boost-search-for-alternatives-to-standard-model-physics/

    That’s why some theorists are thinking that it is unavoidable to consider a fifth force beyond the four fundamental forces proposed in the Standard Model, otherwise it is impossible to explain such anomalous shape of the Ra224.

    In the link posted above, Stephen Batters says:
    “Even more enticingly, the experiments could probe basic physics. The standard model of particle physics, which describes the strong and weak nuclear forces and the electromagnetic force, leaves several basic questions unanswered.”

    And nuclear physicist Gavin Smith of the University of Manchester, UK, says:
    I believe that this will eventually lead to results of much broader impact than this experiment alone, with the possibility of placing constraints on the standard model,”

    regards
    wlad

  50. orsobubu

    In the answer to Italo R., who says that wars are due to oil, Andrea Rossi writes that “the roots of wars are deeper: during the stone age men killed each other not for lack of stones. Cain did not kill Abel for lack of apples.”

    This is absolutely correct. Most of the wars today are placed in the new framework of global relations that began to take shape in the 90s, with the federation of the Euro and the rise of Asia and China in particular. In the relations between powers, what matters is not the specific event but the historical process leading to the event and that is intrinsic to the structure of the system itself, the capitalistic production system and the imperialistic political order (Kissinger). It is from the womb of politics that the wars take their origin (Klausewitz), being the result of objective causal chains, from a society in which the human species is not consciously master of its own destiny. The states and the wars between the states are irreconcilable expressions of the conflict between classes: the uneven economic and political development changes the relationship between the powers, calls for a strength showdown and leads to the breakdown of the international order. (Guido La Barbera, La nuova fase strategica, 2014)

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    4
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea,
    do you hear some other rumors, other than Brumm Brumm? :)
    I mean:
    I know you cannot “give informations either in positive or in negative”, but what are, at this moment, your feelings about the Report?
    1. None?
    2. Positive?
    3. Negative?
    4. Too many Harley Davidson all around?
    (Of course, answer “1″ is not allowed. It’s not credible ….).
    Regards,
    Giuliano Bettini.

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    I cannot comment on this in positive or negative and will publish nothing before TIP’ s Report publication.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  54. Alessandro Coppi

    In add to the last post of Steven we could imagine that we have in front of us a nickel plated iron surface, and I observed that the nickel plated surfaces if printed by laser beam becomes like sponge, could be this one a good way to go?
    When you will own the report of trp2, will you publish something here before the TRP2 public release?

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Obviously, I cannot comment in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your comment, but the mechanism is much more complex. Obviously in the proposed analogies I have to simplify enormously, otherwise instead of giving a simple nutshell I make things more complicated. The same analogies are misleading, being semplifications, if referred to a rigorous interpretation. Who wants to have a rigorous explication of the Higgs mechanism can go to:
    Standard Model Lagrangian with explicit Higgs term ( T.D.Gutierrez, 1999)
    An introduction to Quantum Field Theory ( M.E. Peskin, D.V. Schroeder, 1995)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Steven N. Karels

    A Look at the eCat Nickel Surface – A Guess

    We understand that approximately 5 grams of nickel powder are contained within the eCat. We also know the dimensions of the eCat reactor are 33 cm in length and a diameter of 9 cm. We further understand that the nickel particles have an average diameter of 1 micron. So what does the nickel layer look like?

    Assumptions:

    1. The nickel particles are coated by some means on the interior of the outside cylinder probably through the use of a highly thermally conductive adhesive.
    2. The dimensions of the interior cylinder are 32cm in length with an interior diameter of 8.5 cm.

    Calculations:

    The area of this interior surface would be 32cm x pi * 8.5 cm or 854.5 cm2. The density of nickel is 8.912 grams per cc. So 5 grams of bulk nickel would occupy a space of 0.561 cc.

    If the nickel were bulk (not particle shaped), the nickel layer on the interior cylinder would be 0.561 cc / 854.5 cm2 or 656.5 microns. To account for the spherical particle shape we multiply by 4 / pi to estimate a nickel particle thickness of 835.9 microns. The actual adhesive and nickel particle will be thicker to accommodate imperfect packing geometry so we can assume a coating thickness of around 1 millimeter.

  58. Dear Andrea,
    The Higgs mechanism can give mass to gauge bosons and to fermions, but it does not turn bosons into fermions. Turning bosons into fermions would need more mathematical machinery, because one cannot reach half-integer numbers by doing additions or subtractions of integers.
    regards, /pekka

  59. Curiosone

    When you have time: in your answers regarding Physics, you said that Higgs boson breaks the “symmetry”. What is exactly the simmetry?
    Thank you for your patience,
    W.G.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    The concept of Symmetry in Physics is not substantially different from the common use: in the common language we define “symmetric” an object that reflects the same shape in two parts of it, for example a face is symmetric if its left side is equal to its right side. In Physics is defined symmetric a characteristic that is equal separately at every point ( in case of “gauge symmetry) or uniformely everywhere at the same time ( in case of global symmetry).
    As we saw, from symmetry arise the 4 forces: strong force, electromagnetic force, weak force and gravitational force arise all from symmetry: let’s try to see how.
    Imagine gauge symmetry to be like a system of trails along which multiplets of particles travel like trains and imagine that the trails are not straight and flat, but like roller coasters; now imagine that the wheels of the train are of four type: one type feels the strong forces, one the e.m. forces, one the weak f., one the gravitational f.: imagine that the strong forces are the ones that push the wheels rightward, the e.m. the ones that pull and push the wagons up and down, the weak the ones that try to slow down the trains, the gravitational the ones that try to make the train fall along the perpendicular of the train’s axis: obviously, these examples have nothing to do with the reality, are just analogies; where these forces are felt is because the displacement from the position of the trail respect the straight and flat position is filled up by means of the FIELD relative to the specific force, so that are the fields that vibrating make the train subject to their force: so we can say that forces arise from symmetry. All this would conserve the gauge symmetry, should not exist the Higgs Field. Imagine that upon the top of the wagons there are pebbles. Now imagine that the train arrives to a terrain full of grass, high grass that makes fluffy the space between the two leads of the trails and upon the trails: obviously the attrite between the wheels and the grass covering the trail will slow down the train, and the wagons would feel their mass, mainly the wheels, while the pebbles not being affected by the attrite, are projected ahead: the grass ( the Higgs Field) breaks the symmetry, now wheels feel their mass because the attrite with the grass slows them down, while the pebbles are not affected and continue to go ahead. Now if we make bosons correspond to the train before the Higgs Field, photons the pebbles, we can say that the Higgs Field has turned the Bosons into Fermions breaking the symmetry.
    As a matter of fact, symmetry is a much more complicated thing, but I think this analogy can give an idea of a possible model.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. DTravchenko

    By the way: can ou tell us in which state of the USA is the customer who bought the 1 MW plant from IH?
    DT

  62. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    All this kind of information will be given in due time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Curiosone

    Does the fuel efficiency decrease during the 6 months of scheduled operation?
    W.G.

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    No, the efficiency remains the same during the 6 months of scheduled operaton.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Joseph Fine

    Silvio:

    Thank you for sending me (and the readers) the link to Reciprocal System Theory.

    It looks very interesting but I will refrain from making any comments until I have read and studied it more.

    Reciprocal Regards.

    Joseph Fine

  66. Robert Curto

    Dr. Rossi, one source claims that 14,500 wars have taken place between 3500 BC and the late 20th century, costing 3.5 billion lives, leaving only 300 years of peace.
    3500 + 1980 = 5480 years.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  67. LENR-to-Market Digest — August 22, 2014 – It’s been 4.5 months since I compiled a digest. While I’ve not been able to be comprehensive this time, pulling from the many news sources, I was able to organize most all of the 120 E-CatWorld articles Frank posted, which gives an exciting overview of the burgeoning stage of development the industry is at. (PESN; August 22, 2014)

  68. silvio caggia

    @joseph fine
    Your link about radiactive isotopes and neutrinos
    m.phys.org/_news201795438.html#jCp
    says:
    “No one knows how neutrinos could interact with radioactive materials to change their rate of decay.”
    This is false, try the Reciprocal System theory:
    rs2theory.org/atoms/isotopes
    Good luck (warning: you need to be very open minded about phisics to accept RS2).

  69. DTravchenko

    I bet a supper in Moscow and I lost. It’s yours if you come here.
    Warm regards
    DT

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The roots of wars are deeper: during the stone age men killed each other not for lack of stones. Cain did not kill Abel for lack of apples.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- 3 to 4 days
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  72. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear A.R.
    I had intentionally left ambiguous the question.
    =D
    I specify:
    1. you will post the Report on the JoNP, before the publication?
    2. they will deliver to you the Report several days before the publication?
    3. what’s the meaning of “several”? One day? One week?
    Regards,
    Bettini.

  73. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, don’t you think that in future, when your QUAR will be applied all over the world in hundreds of million pieces, there will be less wars due to oil?

    Peaceful Regards

  74. George

    Good morning dr. Rossi is following the events in the Middle East? where the nations are at war for the procurement of energy based on oil?
    The situation is very serious!
    See the video:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrhZwWWMmAk

  75. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    The events in M.E. are a tragedy. Oil is doubtless an issue on that field. Let’s hope a peaceful solution is found.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Giuliano Bettini:
    Can you specify your question? What do you mean with “it”?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Giuliano Bettini

    Dear Andrea, I read on JoNP:
    ——————————————————-
    H-G Branzell, July 1st, 2014 at 2:23 PM
    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    (…)Why don’t you just publish the report here (…) ?

    Andrea Rossi, July 1st, 2014 at 3:43 PM
    (…) Our protocol so far says that they will deliver to me the report several days before the publication.
    ——————————————————-
    Can you confirm that it will be done? Thank you.
    Giuliano Bettini.

  78. Joseph Fine

    AR,

    I’m sorry. I stated it backwards. If the decay rate of a radioactive element gets smaller due to reduced solar neutrino flux, it becomes less radioactive and the half life would get longer. So the way to get rid of radioactive wastes is be to shield materials from neutrinos as much as possible. (Seems like an impractical idea!)

    And, unfortunately, I have no idea how to do that as of now. Oh well, the article was interesting. :)

    Joseph Fine

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Interesting, anyway. To study wrong ideas can bring us to good ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. DTravchenko

    I bet this comment and the former one will be spammed by the robot.
    DT

  81. Andrea Rossi

    DTravchenko:
    Do you know that 75% of the motorcycles in the USA are Harley Davidsons? This is why I hear only their rumors: they are so many!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    p.s.
    What did you bet?

  82. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    http://phys.org/news201795438.html#jCp

    An online article at http://www.Phys.org (see above) suggests that Radioactive decay rates depend on the incoming rate (flux) of Solar Neutrinos from the Sun. When solar flares erupt, the rate of solar neutrinos declines and the decay rate of radioactive isotopes decreases as well. When the solar neutrino flux increases to normal, the decay rate returns (that is, increases) to normal.

    The article does not say how any change in neutrino flux could alter radioactive decay rates, but only suggests that it does. The author also did not mention any possible contribution of electromagnetic fields. (At night-time, after traveling 93 Million miles as well as through the earth, it is difficult to imagine how an EM field from the Sun could have any effect on a detector on the Earth.)

    A possible conclusion from my reading of this article – my own crazy idea – is that increasing the neutrino flux probably would increase the radioactive isotope decay rate. And, increasing Solar Neutrinos above the normal flux, should reduce the Half Life (increase the decay rate) of a radioactive element. So, ‘Voila’, there it is ! To increase the radioactive decay rate of a substance, just increase the neutrino flux. All you need are a few more neutrinos.

    The rest are engineering details!

    Sunny regards,

    Joseph Fine

  83. Curiosone

    I am in vacation in India where I think the E-Cat can have enormous importance. What do you think? I also have big problems with moschitos: do you think the Ecat can be useful for disinfestation ?
    Thank you
    WG

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    I am not an expert of disinfestation, but I do not think that the E-Kat could help. About you, I think also in India you can find TriCalm, the best after moschito bite cream we have in the USA.
    Warmest Regards
    A.R.

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    My last vacation has been in Italy in Costa Smeralda in August 2011 two weeks. Since then I have not been able to leave my job. But I must add that the places I am working in are so beautiful, that I am very lucky to be here.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  86. BroKeeper

    Dear Andrea

    Thinking about the logical/hypothetical assessment Mr. Karels presented on the ‘E-Cat Fuel Limitations’, has it been conceived by your team a means by which the spent nickel powder core could be replaced on an automated continuous basis?

    In my limited knowledge of metallic particle flow under harsh heat conditions, perhaps a very slow heat tolerant auger would feed at one end while dumping the “41%” spent nickel into a hopper at the other end. This not only could provide an extension of its life cycle but break up any coagulation occurring.
    I’m sure you have thought of many ways to extend the maintenance cycle of the E-Cat and their limitations. Could you share your thoughts on these proposed concepts? Thanks.

    With much respect, BK

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Maintainance is made by our assistance team. When charges have to be changed the system is fast.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  88. DTravchenko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I know that you don’t care rumors, whispers etc, but I am hearing very strong rumors from important sources that the report of the TIP will be published in September. Any comment?
    DT

  89. Curiosone

    Thank you for all your answers about Physics: I appreciated also your answer about mass and gravity.
    W.G.

  90. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Hopefully this posting has outwitted your robot…

    Do you take vacations (defined as one week or longer away from the place you work)? If so, when was your last vacation?

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Francesco Poscetti:
    Thank you for your kind attention.
    Answers:
    1- There is not a term for the publication, but I think it will not take long, at this point.
    2- This technology will be available for industrial utilizations, eventually it will be available also for domestic applications, provided safety certifications will be granted after enough experience in the industries.
    3- Next step: the 1 MW plant installed in the factory of a Customer of IH.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Francesco Poscetti

    Carissimo Andrea Rossi,

    Ti seguo dal 2011, quando mi sono cominciato ad interessare al problema energetico dell’umanità. La tua invenzione e’ la soluzione più promettente tra quelle che io conosco. Sono molti mesi ormai che attendo novità. So che stiamo aspettando un test di terze parti. Quando scade il termine? Sono impaziente! E sono anche un pò preoccupato perchè ho timore che questa tecnologia venga frenata dal sistema attuale. Sara accessibile a tutti? O avremo il solito monopolio? A parte questi miei timori vorrei comunque ringraziarti di tutto quello che hai fatto. Sei un esempio per me.
    Francesco Poscetti
    Ps. Qual’è la fase successiva?

    ENGLISH
    Your invention is the most promising game changer I heard of. We all are waiting for the publication of the second TIPR: is there a term for the publication? Will this technology available to all?
    What’s the next step?
    Thank you for your work.
    Francesco Poscetti

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Angel Blume:
    For some reason that we do not know, many comments go in the spam. Our IT guy says that probably in the address or in the text there is something that the robot identifies as an advertisement. I always take a look to the first page of spam, to check if there is a good one, and now and again i fish a good comment erroneously spammed, but we receive hundreds of spammed comments per day, so, unfortunately, some good comment goes lost. What I suggest, if a comment is spammed, is to change address from where you send the comment, or eliminate any link, because sometimes links are carriers of advertising and for this reason the comments are spammed. I never ban anybody!!! Sometimes I spam a comment because contains offensive expressions, but when I do it I always send a private email to the Author, explaining why I spammed the comment: I spam specific comments, never ban any Reader !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Angel Blume

    Dear Mr. Rossi.

    I am happy knowing that some posts are erroneously classified as spam.
    Were not for your kind responses I had thought I were banned.

    Warm regards

    Angel

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This comment of yours has been casually recovered by me in the spam, where the robot had placed it. Please use another address to send your comments from, because this one goes to the spam, for some reason. Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Steven N. Karels

    eCat Fuel Limitations

    Let us make a hypothesis that the primary reaction within the eCat is a hydrogen-to-hydrogen reaction. Andrea Rossi has stated he now believes the nickel plus hydrogen to copper is a secondary reaction. So let us assume that the secondary reaction is at 1 per cent level. Let us also assume that the nickel consists of the natural distribution of nickel isotopes and the reaction between the hydrogen-to-hydrogen only occurs in the presence of 64Ni. 64NI occurs in about 0.9% of natural nickel.

    We understand that the amount of natural nickel in the eCat reactor is about 5 grams of mass. So the 64Ni would constitute about 46 milligrams. A 10kW eCat reactor operating continuously for 6 months would produce 43,200 kWhrs of energy. One gram of converted mass is equivalent to 23,000 kWhrs of energy. So 1.88 grams of mass will have been converted to energy. With our assumption of a 1 per cent secondary reaction, the amount of 64Ni would be 18.8 milligrams.

    If the above is true, then the long term output power of the eCat should decrease by 41% over the six month operating run. Look to the independent report to see if this occurred.

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you: we must be patient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We all wait to see, you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I know that you have repeatedly stated the long duration test may be positive or negative. And I understand this as a normal disclaimer. But what you have revealed is that a single eCat operated for a long period of time, perhaps greater than six months of continuous operation. So the only success or failure metric that I can foresee is if the total energy being used to control the eCat was greater or less than the total energy output by the eCat. Am I missing another possible metric or outcome? Given your statement that it operated continuously and without failure seems to me to limit other possible outcomes. We all await to see what that ratio (output vs input energy) will be.

  100. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    the TPR2 has lasted about 6 months, and has been made only on one reactor. There were other two of them as spares, but they haven’t been used, there hasn’t been no need to use and test them.
    The writing of its report is lasting for long, very long time.

    I mean: for me, the result surely will be very very exciting.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.