Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2019-12-06 18:20:06.505922Z

  1. Ulrich F. Sackstedt

    Dear Mr Rossi
    Dual Fluid Reactors are considered less harmful than the normal nuclear fission reactors.
    What do you think?
    Ulrico F. Sackstedt

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich F. Sackstedt:
    The question is: how much less dangerous?
    What about the nuclear wastes?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  3. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi. Very concerned about your health. Please put health first! This is important, your good team will help. Take care of your heart. Your many years of supporter,

    Yuri Isaev
    engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Here I am!
    Sorry, I have been under strong pressure, sorry for my late answers.
    Thank you for your concern
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  5. DML

    Did you fix in the Ecat SKL the issues emerged with the SK during 2019 ?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    DML:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  7. John Maccini

    Have you considered to modulate the plasma?
    Do you use magnetic couplings?
    Best Regards
    John Maccini

  8. Andrea Rossi

    John Maccini:
    1 no
    2 no
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  9. Chuck Davis

    There are airoplanes poweeed by electric engines: can the Ecat fit?
    Chuck Davis

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  11. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Having spent time outdoors shoveling snow here in New England, it would have been nice to have an eCat-powered body warmer. Please put on your list of desired products. Brrrrr! You probably do not consider such a necessity in warm Miami. LOL.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels
    1 we will see
    2 yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  13. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    how many chip devices are required for a single control system of the SKL. One, a few, many?. A single control system can be able to manage more SKL?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  15. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said that you hoped that certification for household SKLs will be certified by April 2020. This means that it will need to be submitted to likes of CE, UL, CSA, etc.

    1. Can you say when the SKL was or will be submitted for their evaluation?
    2. In the past you have said that certification for household use of your old E-Cats would take a long, long time. Why are you more optimistic for speedy certification of the SKL?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1 on course
    2 much easier to control
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  17. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Given a 1 kW total output and 30% of the generated energy going to thermal heat, a 10cm on a side cube, then the free air convective cooling is estimated to require a surface temperature in the 250C to 300C range in a 20C environment.
    1. For your demonstration next year, do you plan on using a heat exchanger or forced air flow to keep the “cube” cool?
    2. Is the control unit (the size of a pack of cigarettes) a separate unit from the “cube”?
    3. If Yes to #2, will the control unit be in a different environment than the “cube”?

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I know the feeling: I lived for 4 years n New Hampshire…
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  19. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the weight of one of your cubes along with the control box and everything required for it to self sustain?

    Sincerely,
    Plasma Fan

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Plasma Fan:
    The day will be given at the presentation
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  21. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    You have invented the electric generator to unparalleled performance to date 70 to 80%.
    However, in practice a generator must be able to adapt permanently and instantly to the demand for electrical power.
    Can you specify if the E-Cat Leonardo is or will eventually be able to modulate its power and adapt to the needs of the user.

    Looking forward to your future demonstration, I wish you, your family, your team and your supporters good holiday season.

    Best regards

    Raffaele

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Yes it is
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  23. Salvatore Boi

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi and all his great Team, just one question:
    In order to get the most reliability of the system, my simple idea is to have two E-Cat SK, one on and the other in off/standby operative state. If I have to change the “fuel” I can do it in the off/standby unit safely. In it way I get the double of time in swich on operative state, in terms of time of the whole system, with automatic change of off/standby and on/operative betwin the two E-Cat SK, drived by AI control system.
    The same idea is for motorcycles, cars, TIR, boats, airplanes, ships etc.

    Thank you for your kind read and answer.

    All my sincere and best admireness for your dreamy works.

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi
    Good ideas
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  25. Paul di Anno

    After the release on the market you Will have some competitors, many of them maybe Will improve your invention. The risk Is that somebody else will surpass you. You must be the first recognized inventor of these new technology. Remind It. And also you must be careful until the release, because your invention could be counteract from the lobbies of fossils energies. What Will happen if you suddendly die ? Anybody else could make your work instead of you or the “secret ingredient” Is already….secret for all ? Please think about your safety and for the safety of our Planet. Warmest regards mr Rossi

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Di Anno:
    Thanks for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  27. Thank you Dr. Rossi for the commitment and effort through which you have managed to develop and carry on your fabulous idea, now reality. I wish you the satisfaction and success that you and all your collaborators deserve. This world, a bit ramshackle, goes on like this: in small but enormous steps due to people like you. I wish you and your team a good job.
    Luciano

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Luciano:
    Thank you for your kind sustain
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  29. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    A heartfelt congratulations.
    And hey to all.

    I asked Andrea if I could ask him “2” questions.
    He paused for a second then said, Yes!
    What’s your second question?

    Holy Crap. Now I don’t know which question to ask. He he

    Oh well, moving on I have a couple suggestions.

    If the SKL is used for auto’s and required 10 cubes, the 1st cube would be used most, 2nd less etc and the 10th used the least. One could change each cube as needed, inconvenient or change all at the same time wasting much of the total charge.

    The SSD(Solid State Drive) in computers have a limited number of writes to each memory location. Tho substantial, there was concern of some locations being used much more then others and this would lead to reliability issues when most of the drive was like new and having to be prematurely replaced.

    To alleviate this issue, SSD’s use an algorithm that keeps track of how many writes have been directed to each location. Thus all locations are written to a similar number of times improving longevity and reliability. I was thinking something similar could be implemented with the chained SKL’s.

    2nd suggestion.
    During the presentation, for 1 of the electrical loads, you could use an ekectric Tea or Coffee pot according to your preference,

    During the 1st half of the presentation you could casually pour yourself a hot bleverage. You need not say a word. During the latter half of the presentation, you could pour yourself a second cup. Again, you would not need to say a word. he he
    Just a T I mean lowercase t-hought.

    Warm regards
    Dan C.

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C:
    Thank you for your suggestions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  31. Koen Vandewalle

    @ Steven N Karels

    Just a few weeks ago Andrea Rossi wrote that he had dumped a lot of money and materials to structurally change the concept.

    Nevertheless, the sale of heat apparently remains a separate branch based on the E-Cat SK

    A little later we get the joyful news that there is a new E-Cat SKL that converts 75% of the energy produced into electricity. Electricity has a much higher market value than heat in a high-tech society.

    The electricity is not generated via magnetic fields such as MHD.

    I think that not much remains after elimination. I intentionally don’t write what I think. I await the questions and answers from other followers of this blog.

    But as with many good things, new solutions and techniques often come with a price or at least a compromise.

    If what I suspect is more or less correct, then I think that the SKL produces at least one order of magnitude less power than the SK if they would receive the same power supply, whereby the power supply of the SK is supplied externally and the power supply of the SKL naturally from its own production .

    In that case, the heat problem is much less likely. A heat source of 200 to 500 watts can easily be used in the meanwhile well-known cube without forced cooling.

    Five to ten cubes would then suffice to drive almost infinitely far with an electric car, even in winter conditions. We need more to drive a container ship, but weight and space play a lesser role there.

    If what I suppose above turns out to be wrong, then we will just laugh with it and continue searching for other information and claims.

    Regards,
    Koen

  32. Alfonso Troisi Lopez

    Hello Dr. Rossi,

    A few questions if I may.

    1. Do you have a robotized line ready for Mass production?
    2. Based on your experience do you think the certification for the household E-Cat SKL will be granted before April 2020.
    3. If nr. 2 is true, will you be able to start delivering household cats before November 2020?

    Last night I dreamt of a cat that fell on my hands from up. It was a beautiful little kitty.
    can’t wait to date ballerina.

    Kind regards to the nr. 1 inventor of the century and his team

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso Troisi Lopez:
    1 not yet
    2 I hope so
    3 it is not impossible
    Thank you for your kind sustain
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  34. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What type of AI are we talking about for the control system? Deep Learning or some other type of machine learning?

    Regards

    Peter

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    We consider it deep learning
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik-Malmqvist:
    This will depend on the load we will choose. We can regulate the voltage as we want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    has the artificial intelligence device been designed by your Team?

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that the reactor box is a cube about 10 cm each side with a control box the size of a cigarette package.
    But for the demonstration unit you must also have a converter box that converts whatever voltage/frequency (confidential) that emits from the reactor to 230 V 50 Hz for Europe, right?
    Or will your demonstration unit be a bigger box with all the above inside?

    Or will a DC-converter be included in the reactor box that gives a certain stable DC voltage output, thus making it possible to connect the units in parallel and/or series like batteries?
    If the converter is included in the reactor box, it will be possible to adjust the DC voltage.
    If 12 or 24 V DC is convenient for the reactor many standard components can be used. There is a limit in Europe for 48 Volts. Below 48 V there are fewer regulations.

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  40. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I understand entirely. Your struggle has been monumental and Sergio Focardi would be proud of you as you are of him. Is the battle over?. I remain a keen reader of your JONP. No need to answer Regards Eric Ashworth

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    You are right
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  42. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At the upcoming presentation, do you plan to show the E-Cat SKL working to the live audience like you did in Stockholm in 2017, or will you show a recording of an earlier test like you did earlier this year?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Test working live
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  44. Paul di Anno

    Hello Mr. Rossi, why don’t you invite some environmental activist at your presentation ? Greta Thunberg and her staff. Your device Will have a world Wide attention. Best regards

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Di Anno:
    Thank you for your suggestions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  46. Pol Dekyvere

    Congratulations for your tireless efforts. You have always believed that it was possible and now it has become reality.
    Is it correct if I think that people expect too much from a 10 cm cube? The highest achievable power for a 10 cm painted metal cube is about 300 W? 30% heat = 90 W (15 W dissipation / side). More realistic would be 100 W total output energy > 70 W electricity and 30 W heat.
    I wish you all the best and good health.

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Pol Dekyvere:
    The data will be given after the tests
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  48. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I believe some important people know what you have in the Ecat SKL
    Here is a Wall Street Journal piece on Aramco’s current IPO. Can’t beat the timing ! ! !
    Link>> https://youtu.be/vLeTtNxrhbo

    Also, I believe your choice of Sweden is excellent.
    I’m certain Greta Thunberg will be very happy to learn of the Ecat SKL

    My best to you, your team, and your wife.

    Buck/Mason

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  50. Gian Luca

    Carissimo A.R.
    After this new and exciting discovery and if things will go as expected, does it find in itself a certain sense of revenge against those who, up until yesterday, made them tripping and insults?
    In these moments did you have the opportunity to think again about all those who in the recent past have fought against “official science” to carry on the DREAM? I think of: Focardi, Stremmenos, Preparata, Del Giudice, Flieschmann, Pons and all the others.

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Revenge is not in my cords.
    I work to make things, not to be negative.
    Of course I think to all my predecessors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea
    maybe someone has already asked this question but where will the next event take place? Europe vs USA?

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    Sweden
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Dear Andrea,
    congratulations for the latest achievements.

    Will the E-Cat SK Leorando be your first product to be widely marketed?
    Are you still planning to sell energy in the form of heat produced through the E-Cat SK?
    Will the potential market of the SKL E-Cat be represented more by the industrial production of energy (possibly combined electric heat) or do you see it more as a portable device (at the moment I still imagine limited to the industrial / military sector)?
    Are you working on a new patent with differences respect US 9,115,913 B1?

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    1 probably
    2 yes
    3 to be defined
    4 yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of December 3 2019:
    Wall of sound:managing acoustics around reciprocating engines
    Rod Walton

  57. Koen Vandewalle

    Hello Andrea Rossi,

    Occasionally I try to understand some of your publication by reading and studying. A 3D animation would be extremely welcome 😉

    The theory also seems to apply to devices from which we get a glimpse of creative technicians: some with permanent magnets, others with motor-generator loops.

    By making the ballerina dance in a magnetic field, does she superimpose the electromagnetic energy of the Rossi effect on that field?

    Do I see a lighthouse in the distance or is it a mirage?

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    1 no
    2 depends on the distance, mut much of our energy is not in the visible spectral window
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. LilyLover

    Dear Andrea,
    Looks like two of the E-Cat SKL will easily fit under the rear car seat of a car or trunk. I’m sure that one E-Cat SKL could last for 8 months or so, but let’s say it’ll only last (or guaranteed) for 6 months. Now, will it be possible to keep second E-Cat SKL dormant for the first six months and activate when needed after six months? I.e.
    Q1. Can the E-Cat SKL remain dormant, but connected to AI controller, for six months without going “stale” or “dead”?
    (Why does that matter? You could send the entire car for annual check-up / update / refueling, rather than twice a year. Carrying extra dead load of say 20 kg is no big deal for such a convenience.)
    Q2. Which are your top three favorite car models? (I know, I know here you are solving the World’s biggest problems, and you get such a silly question? Well, we’d love to know. For example, someone might say 1. Jaguar XK-E 2. Ferrari Dino 3. BMW 850; if you are in a happy mood, please list top seven, one for each day of the week!)
    Q3. E-Cat SKL changes ‘offense is the best defense’ to ‘defense is the best offence’, do you concur?
    Thank you.
    Sincerely,
    `LilyLover

  60. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    1 yes
    2 I am Italian…obviously Ferrari
    3 it depends on the situations
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. De_Lyt Channel

    1 what is the power of the 10 cm cube?
    2 are there electron-nuclear-resonance interactions?
    3 is there any material inflow?
    Thanks,
    R.L.Gibbons

  62. Andrea Rossi

    De_Lyt Channel:
    1 this data will be given at the presentation
    2 find the answer, that is complex, here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    3 no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is the Artificial Intelligence box you mention also powered by the E-Cat SKL?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Your secret is out on how the control system resolves the cube’s erratic ballerina:
    https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Self+Solving+Rubik%27s+Cube&&view=detail&mid=64015DBA0739461E80F464015DBA0739461E80F4&&FORM=VRDGAR
    Brokeeper

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On Nov 26 you told me that the voltage at the output of SKL can be adjusted to any level by standard components.
    This sounds really too good.
    Does it mean that at 5Kw electric output level, an SKL assembly can be set to output >200 V DC?
    If so you can directly replace any modern grid-connected 5 kW solar cell array with
    SKL and keep it running 24/7 at 5kw without any batteries involved. Any peak need above 5kW, as well as starting power, will be supplied by the grid.
    E.g if your yearly consumption is 15000 kWh, the overproduction,(8760*5kWh-15000), could today be sold at > 5 cents/kWh (in Sweden) and directly go to finance the SKL installation.

    Could you pls correct the above discussion where needed?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    I think it is premature to give these data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you operate the E-Cat SKL, how close is the control box (you said the size of a cigarette pack) from the blue cube?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Whatever you want. Close to it there is a box containing Artificial Intelligence that in any conditon keeps always the Ecat SKL at the maximum efficiency.A veritable masterpiece, born in these very days.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Andrea Rossi

    We are studying this situation. Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Will anyone other than yourself
    that took part in the
    November 23 ECat SKL
    test be at the presentation?

    Regards
    Sam

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. John B

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    1. Has independent verification and certification begun on the test apparatus of Ecat SK Leonardo from Nov 23 ?

    2. Will you be able to report on progress of Verification and certification as it is ongoing or when complete ?

    Thank You
    Warmest Regards

  75. Andrea Rossi

    John B:
    1 no
    2 after the end
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Richard Pollack

    I noticed the suggestion to illuminate a Christmas tree: by extension, why not important meeting points like the Rockefeller Center?
    Thanks to you, your Team and your many supporters,
    Richard Pollack

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Richard Pollack:
    This year is too soon, maybe in the next years,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Dirk

    DR Rossi,
    here is the English version of the article on Ecat-the New Fire:
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/revolutionary-model-electron/
    Dirk

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Dirk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    I share the following question respectfully so as to make my point clear: Is the February presentation being done to prove your accomplishment or to gain entry into the market?

    If your goal is as I expect it, then I suggest that you and your mysterious global partner are grappling with a key problem: how to gain entry into the market in a pronounced and profitable, cash flow rich manner.

    If my understanding is correct, then you have put on the table two means to this end: (1) a testing institution, or possibly two, with presumably a “global” or irrefutable reputation, and (2) a “specialist” responsible for managing possible MSM invitees such as The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and The International Herald Tribune for example.

    I would suggest to you a third means: An economist, a specialist in this particular area, that would describe how the current pricing of the SK, 80% of the current heating bill, would enhance the USA’s competitiveness for commodities such as agricultural products, or bulk processed metals, or raw materials as input to value added manufacturing. Buyers of commodities are extraordinarily price sensitive. The economist would convey the degree of impact in broad detail of such a significant cost-of-processing reduction upon USA competitiveness in the global market.

    I think it important to keep in mind, if you contract with a true “expert in the details” economist, then you likely will get good information on a possible change in pricing. The economist should be able to bring some meaning to the impact of the current 80% of the SK versus 75%, 70%, etc.

    As always, my best to you, your team, and your wife.

    Buck/Mason

    ps. If my understanding of the situation is fair, then a professional PR person for the actual presentation would also help. This is a presentation with the message of “you mean business!” in your goal of improving the USA’s stance in the Global Market.

  81. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    The Ballerina was seeable on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    because on purpose I hade prepares a translucent container. The product is closed in a box ( the blu cube ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    after the mass production and diffusion of the household ECAT SKL, do you think to be still able to protect your Industrial IPs (and if yes, how) ?

    Home Regards,

    Riccardo

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    I see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Alb

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I’ve been following the development of your products for several years and I really hope you get the success you deserve.
    I do not understand how it is possible that the news of last November 23 has not been published in any news or newspaper worldwide.
    This news could completely upset the world economies, I consider it at the same level as the “Eppur si muove!” by Galileo Galilei.
    Now that the Climate Conference is opening in Madrid, such a news should be on everyone’s lips and the main topic to be discussed.
    In your opinion, why is it not being discussed?

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Alb:
    Because the product has not yet been presented and certified by a third party.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, In reply to your question, Can you shorten your question. I found it difficult until Franco Pirri asked the question is an informatics on your team. The source of all information is important because of the projections that can be made by the understanding. As an example, if you gave an Amazonian Indian a simple electric generator with a lighting bulb he would have no problem in using it but would be unable to apply the generator to any other task or expound upon it. Whereas if he worked out what electricity was and built the generator using logic he would know the applications it could be used for and overcome many problems other than creating light. I was unaware of the subject informatics but as I have said many times life is a learning experience and it did puzzle me how information can be acquired without giving out the mystery behind the GOD concept. Informatics is indeed a great idea whereby each scientific subject although relies upon a single foundation is by necessity departmentalized. That was why I asked the question regarding stones and pearls as I was trying to find out the source of your information, whether it came from that book of wisdom being the origin of the esoteric domain.
    I would be interested to know whether your informatics specialist solved the ‘Paul Dirac Large Number Hypothesis’ because I find both the esoteric and academic scientific understanding both fascinating and important regarding planetary advancement.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I cannot add information to what I have already published on
    www,researchgate.net/publication/330601654_E-Cat_SK_and_long_renge_particle_interactions
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    You descriptions of the E-Cat SKL keep on becoming more and more exciting. I’m very eager for the report to come out!

    1) To put to rest the false idea that you’re utilizing a MHD device to produce electricity, can you confirm that the electrical output simply travels out of the plasma ball within the internal atmosphere of the reactor and into one of the two electrodes where it can be collected for use?

    2) It seems that you’ve resolved the issue of your power supply overheating and requiring active cooling – especially if the control box is now the size of a pack of cigarettes. Can you confirm this?

    3) Have you placed finely polished discs of various materials in close proximity to the reactor (in a similar manner to the experiments detailed in a paper by Dr. Alexander Parkhomov) to determine if the track marks characteristic of “Strange Radiation” can be obtained?

    Here is a paper from Parkhomov which explains the concept along with photographs of the “Strange Radiation” tracks obtained from both an Ni-H reactor and a device creating electrical discharges in a liquid. I should point out that virtually all cold fusion devices seem to produce “Strange Radiation” to different degrees.

    https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf

    4) Do you utilize any materials with a high thermal neutron cross section either in the fuel mixture of the reactor or in the structure of the cube?

    (Since Strange Radiation – likely clusters of Kenneth Shoulders EVOs or Exotic Vacuum Objects – is highly reactive to materials with a high thermal neutron cross section, if you are using such materials this could be an explanation if you have performed tests and failed to detect any external Strange Radiation escaping.)

    5) In the demonstration of the E-Cat QX in Stockholm, the ion acoustic oscillations which are the signature of the negative resistance regime were repeatedly visible on the view screen of your oscilloscope. During the negative resistance regime of a plasma discharge, according to even mainstream literature, self-organizing plasma constructs must form. Can confirm that these same principles that were in operation within the E-Cat QX are still involved in the operation of the E-Cat SKL?

    6) Can you tell us the size of the plasma ball within the E-Cat SKL? (You told us that within the QX it was minuscule and in the video of the SK we saw they were much larger.)

    7) Does adjusting the plasma to produce more direct electrical output than heat reduce the overall, total output of the device? I’m curious if the trade off sacrificed when getting such a high electrical output is a reduction of TOTAL (heat, light, electrical, etc) output.

    Thank you so much for your willingness to answer questions and communicate with the world on your blog! It’s very much appreciated.

    Sincerely,
    PlasmaFan

  90. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    1- I do not need to deal with false ideas
    2- yes
    3- yes, plus we have made measurements of ionizing radiations with the certified instrumentation everywhere used to measure ionizing radiations and we never found any kind of radiation emitted
    by the Ecat
    4- no
    5- no
    6- no
    7- no
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  91. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please.

    When the SKL is turned on, can you still see the “Ballerina”?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    A new patent has been filed.
    We are not using Carnot or Brayton cycles.
    To produce heat is necessary a larger volume.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandevalle:
    The expected life of both is 20 years, with due maintenance
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    There is a saying, “If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.” To many, what you claim regarding the SKL sounds too good to be true.

    A lot is resting on the verification of your technology, and I think independent corroboration of your claims by the verifying entity will be very important in terms of convincing the wider world of the validity your technology.

    1. Is the verifying entity independent of Leonardo Corp and any business partners you have?
    2. Will the report made by the verifying entity be made public to the world?
    3. Will the report include images and video of the SKL?
    4. Will the verifying entity participate in your presentation?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- I think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Tom Conover

    Greetings, Andrea!

    Long time no see. Hope that you are in good spirits and that all is well with you. You mentioned the certifications process.

    Did your ECat certification for industrial applications expire?
    -or-
    Did you apply for certification that includes use in the homes of customers?

    1) Industrial Use
    2) Home Use

    There seems to be a swell and retreat of the waves at this time of the year. Hopefully we will be able to surf into a new age this year.

    God bless you,

    Tom

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your sustain.
    They are two different things.
    No, the industrial safety certifications did not expire.
    Yes, there are on course certifications for households
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Franco Pirri

    Dear Andrea,
    Is there also an informatic in your team?
    Franco Pirri

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Pirri:
    Yes, he is a University Prof of informatics,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Koen Vandewalle

    Many devices that work with heat get worn out over time due to, among other things, thermal stress. I think this will also have been a problem with the previous versions of your reactors. Certainly under variable heat production and heat consumption.

    That is why I assume that the basis of the SKL is an extremely robust design.

    By extracting energy now in the form of electricity, and much less via heat, does it seem likely that the life of the reactors themselves could be multiplied?

    Best Regards,
    Koen

  101. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    You said you are not using MHD (Magnetohydrodynamics) to generate electricity.
    and the SKL was extracting energy directly from the Plasma.

    Do you have to file a new patent on this method of generating electricity from plasma, or are you using a variation of the Carnot Cycle (or Brayton Cycle) using high temperature gas?

    I thought you were using MHD.

    If your “Heat Transfer Fluid” is a hot gas, operating temperature would be much higher than 600 degrees Celsius. And generator efficiency would probably be limited to about 60-70%.

    Are you using some form of Carnot Cycle or a Brayton Cycle, which seems more likely?

    If you were using the E-Cat SKL to produce only Heat, would the 1 Liter (or 4 inch cube) module be capable of producing a 30 KW thermal output?

    Thermal Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  102. toussaint francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please will you indicate in your journal the number sk plant installed and the total power delivered ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Not easy to answer, but I assure you we will do all that is possible to make it as short as possible.
    Impossible to give a date now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    now when you have E-Cats generating electricity you can just sell electricity and keep all the secrets hidden.
    I hope you will sell a product for everybody around the world of course.
    Have you thought about this?
    Thanks

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    In this music video performed by the Swedish group “Galenskaparna and After Shave” they sing “Now it is time”, “Nu är det dags” in swedish. Just as an inspiration for Thomas Florek and the dolls for the introduction of the new E-Cat SK L.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sb5Rdn0zrsQ
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Thank you !
    @Thomas Florek: whattaya think ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    Again, my sincere congratulations for your wonderful, hard earned success.

    You recently replied to Joseph Fine that you have used a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator for the E-Cat SKL. Since I am not even close to being a technical expert on such devices (other than what I read on Wikipedia) and have not been able to find any such device on Amazon.com, is it reasonable to assume that you have not only created a custom-designed version of this MHD technology as part of your development efforts, but you have managed to incorporate it into either the 10cm x 10cm reactor or it is part of your cigarette pack sized controller? Please excuse me if I am off-track on this issue.

    Warmest regards,
    Harvey

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    I did not say that to Fr Fine.
    I did not use the MHD.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Paul Dianno

    Dear Dr Rossi, how much does the 10x10x10cm cube weight?

    best regards

    Paul

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Dianno:
    We will give the data sheet with these informations when we will have completed all the certifications,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Scientists have discovered a Black
    Hole they did not think possible.

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2019/11/29/scientists-find-monster-black-hole-so-big-they-didnt-think-it-was-possible/

    Have you thought about what Scientists
    will think of your SKL invention?

    Regards
    Sam

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni: you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Very interesting link.
    No, I did not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,

    1) Your invention to directly produce electricity from an Ecat without heat as an intermediary:
    – is that something that could be made to apply more generally with other energy sources, such as plasmas produced by other means?
    – or is your invention integral to the operation and function of the Ecat itself?

    2) At the risk of sounding hyperbolic, it seems to me that the heat-producing Ecat is a foundational invention– a groundbreaking invention from which a myriad of other inventions will spawn– akin to other major inventions like semiconductors and lasers. It also seems to me that the Ecat-SKL (direct electric conversion) is of that same groundbreaking caliber. There are few ways currently to produce electricity from an energy source without the use of heat as the intermediary (photovoltaics comes to mind). If everything pans out to your satisfaction, I expect that you will have something that few others have ever achieved– two foundational, groundbreaking inventions. (Sorry, I guess that was more opinion than question.)

    Keep those patents going.

    Best wishes,
    WaltC

  117. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- so far it is integrated in the Ecat
    2- maybe you are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Christian Scholl

    In the Ecat SKL does part of the energy come from dissolution-recombination of hydrogen?
    Christian Scholl

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Christian Scholl:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Mario Marini

    Did you see the new post on the blog of Vessela Nikolova?
    http://www.ecat-ilnuovofuoco.it/blog/un-rivoluzionario-nuovo-modello-dellelettrone
    Comment?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Yes, very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Giovanni

    Dear Andrea

    Sorry for tampering you with questions, but something to me and to other readers in the web is not clear:
    when you talk about a 20 kW “assembly” (10-20 kg weight) are you talking about the 10cm cube plus controller only (the 10cm has a power of 20kW) OR an assembly of several 10cm cubes with a much lower output power? I personally think that the second case is the right one… a 10cm cube cannot weight 10-20 kg. Am I right?

    Thank you for your time

    Giovanni

  123. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question, please.

    When do you think you will be able to mass-produce the SKL?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  124. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. New information leads to new questions, which I hope you will answer:
    1. Does the 10cm cube SKL include the control system?
    2. Will this new development change the way electricity is being supplied from central to local in the future, do you think?
    3. Will you continue the Ecat combination with a jet engine?
    4. Will you reveal where the ECat’s energy comes from at the presentation in February, as it is non nuclear, non chemical and ‘unemployed’ till you found the key to extract it?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no, the control system is as big as a cigarette pack
    2- no cristal ball
    3- it is still part of the R&D on course
    4- maybe, but it has already been substantially published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for answering all of our questions.

    Can we please ask you for a little Christmas gift? Would you take a photo of yourself with the running Ecat SKL and share it with us?

    Best regards,
    Patrick

  127. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Om the eCat SK Leonardo design, can the percentage of electricity and thermal heat generation:

    1. Be controlled by the user (excluding the generated electricity converting to heat by a resistive load)?
    2. If yes, to what extent?
    3. is 70% to 80% the maximum electricity conversion factor for all options?

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    we are not at a point enough developed to give you these answers.
    Warm >Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    A weight of 10-20 kg for an assembly of 20 kW is reasonable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Have you estimated the Ragone Plot values (Power Density, Energy Density) for the E-Cat SKL?

    Assuming power output is 20 kW and charge lifetime is 6 months or ~ 182 days, the energy density in (Wh/kg) is 20,000 W * 24 hrs/day * 182 days/charge * (1 charge/x kg ) = ~ 8.7*10^7 Wh/(X kg).
    If the E-Cat SKL has a mass of X = 10 kg, the energy density would be about 8.7*10^6 Wh/kg.

    A 1 liter (1000 cubic centimeters) volume of water has a mass of 1 kg. An estimate of 10 or 20 kg for the SKL mass is only a wild guess.

    Is this estimate in the ball park?

    Of course, the SKL mass actually gets lighter over time, just not by much.

    Thermal and Electric Regards,

    Joseph Fine

    ( The E-Cat HT has an energy density of about 5*10^7 Wh/kg. )

  131. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    If there were two Ecat SKL modules connected could one provide heat and one provide electricity?
    Bernie Morrissey

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Eric Schlinger

    Dr Rossi,
    I always sustained you, also against the trolls, that will have hard times after the certification of the Ecat SK Leonardo will be made public.
    I hope to see an Ecat in my house soon,
    Happy Holidays and good finalization of the Ecat
    Eric Schlinder

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Schlinger:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Now that your technology has moved beyond the production of heat and entered the domain of self sustainability it has for me entered the necessary domain of scientific discovery whereby academic science is now able to penetrate and explain the exciting esoteric side of existence whereby all things become possible by being able to explain that which lies behind phenomena. Naturally, this understanding will become gradual and necessary for those interested in science, physics and technology from a different perspective and again Andrea I feel it necessary to repeat myself with regards the value of your JONP whereby all voices can be heard regardless of accredited academic credentials, providing a much needed platform of self discovery both within and without academia.

    With regards your new found technology i.e. s.s.m and its geometric connection to the cube. This is my question: Have you associated this connection to the three aspects of energy i.e. Gas – Liquid – Solid and connected these to ‘Sets’ i.e. three sets being twelve of which sometimes referred to as stones but not sixteen for obvious reasons and the necessary gaps to synapses sometimes referred to as pearls?. I ask this question because I know you are an academic and that you recognize the power of the ‘Holy Ghost’ which for me puts you on a specific/peculiar level of understanding i.e. that which is much needed as a ‘bridging mechanism’ in our present environment. Regards Eric Ashworth

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for yur insight, but:
    Can you rephrase your question shortly and clearly ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Alessandro Coppi

    10 cm per side cube, is fantastic, you know that 20KW average are more than enough to run a car on hiway…

    Running regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Wait for our presentation to have precise data,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you beat this?

    https://youtu.be/AWi-81ZYdH0

    Regards
    Sam

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    he,he,he…good idea the colors, though!
    By the way: this is more difficult than the Ecat
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    ANOTHER FRAUDSTER THAT IS PROPOSING FOR SALE THE ECAT WITHOUT ANY AUTHORIZATION :

    http://SHOP.ENERGYEXPERT.IT/CATEGORIE-PRODOTTI/PRODUCT/VIEW/83/558

    WE DO NOT EVEN KNOW WHO THEY ARE. AGAIN, I RECOMMEND YOU NEVER TO GIVE MONEY TO ANY VENDOR WITHOUT FIRST ASKING ME IF IT IS A FRAUDOLENT ATTEMPT OF FRAUD
    WRITE TO MY EMAIL HIS NAME AND YOU WILL RECEIVE MY ANSWER WITHIN 24 HOURS, NOT LATER: EMAIL TO
    INFO@LEONARDOCORP1996.COM
    Dr Andrea Rossi
    CEO of Leonardo Corporation

  142. Mario Serioni

    Andrea please, post some pictures of your SKL.

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Serioni:
    You have already the photo in your head: imagine a blue cube with a side of 10 cm.
    That’s it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    a) so you can choose if the cube shall generate 20 kW
    or 1 kW for example?
    b) if you choose more power for the cube, will the heat be a problem or is the heat taken care of by the control system?
    c) is a cube a complete system or how small can a complete electric generating E Cat SKL be for example to fit in a car?
    Thank you and congratulation to you and your team :)

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    All these particulars will be defined when we will have a product for sale
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You indicated that you have built and tested three of the eCat SK Leonardo units. Are all the units performing the same:

    a. Output
    b. Electrical Conversion Efficiency
    c. Start Up Time?

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a,b,c: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    It’s a bad joke. Caterpillar Tractor Company makes huge tractors, the D-8 being one of the most powerful. The caterpillar bug has many powerful legs pulling together. A series of 8 of your E-Cats = D-8 E-Caterpillar. :)

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    He,he,he…
    Thanks for the liric,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Here’s a project for your R&D staff to think about in their “spare time”.

    The current technology is unsustainable. That’s why a new coalition — led by India’s government and America’s Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI), a nonprofit environmental research organization — has launched the Global Cooling Prize, a $1-million competition to design the next generation of air cooling systems.

    Looking forward to you presentation in 2020.
    Best of Luck.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G.Zavela:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Richard Pollack

    Dr Rossi,
    Why don’t you illuminate a Christmas tree with your Ecat SKL out of your soon-to-be-famous laboratory?
    Richard Pollack

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Richard Pollack:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    I try to understand the possible setup of the E-cat SKL.
    If we call the 10 cm basic cube a ‘Rossi cube’,
    is a E Cat SKL build of several Rossi cubes?
    So it is already known how much power one Rossi cube generates, but it is still to be decided how many Rossi cubes än E-cat SKL will have?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    The module is the cube.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    PLEASE READ WITH ATTENTION THIS WARNING
    THERE IS AROUND A MR LA TERRA WITH EMAIL
    SALES@ECAT.COM
    THAT IS FRAUDOLENTLY OFFERING LICENSES TO SELL OR RESALE OR BUY SERVICES RELATED TO THE ECAT.
    HE IS ABUSIVELY USING OUR TRADE MARK ECAT
    ATTENTION: DO NOT PAY MONEY TO HIM RELATED TO THE ECAT IN ANY FORM OF SERVICE OR SALE, BECAUSE HE DOES NOT HAVE ANY LICENSE AND YOUR MONEY WOULD BE LOST.
    OUR LEGAL FIRM IS ALREADY SEARCHING HIM
    I AGAIN REPEAT MY RECOMMENDATION: BEFORE SIGNING ANY CONTRACT OR PAYING ANY SUM TO ANYBODY THAT OFFERS YOU ECAT PLANTS OR PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, PLEASE CONTACT ME TO HAVE CONFIRMATION YOU ARE DEALING WITH AN AUTHORIZED PERSON
    MY EMAIL ADDRESS IS
    INFO@LEONARDOCORP1996.COM

  158. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    How will it be possible to install the Ecat in households?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    When the situation will be mature, we will give due directions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    you said that a SKL charge lasts for months. Do you think that with more R&D (please this is a second priority now :-) ) you can develop a self-recharging system so that it can last for years? Or this is structurally impossible?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  161. Ron Stringer

    Is it possible to use the principle of the Ecat skl to turn into energy other energy sources?
    Ron Stringer

  162. Mike Aston

    I think your Entropy explanation was truly amazing and a touch down for thre creationists.
    More power to your elbows ( also for tennis )
    Mike Aston

  163. Juerg breitenstein

    What is the max T the Ecat SKL can supply?
    All my blessing to you and your Team
    Juerg Breitenstein

  164. eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    I think that the best way to describe Entropy(degree of disorder) is to refer to a system that contains two pots of water. One pot of hot water the other pot much colder water. The two systems have a low value of Entropy(high disorder between the two). When we mix the two systems, the temperature of the two systems reach an equilibrium temp(high entropy low disorder). One result of this order is that no work can be gotten from the two systems when they reach thermal equilibrium because work flows from high temperatures to low temperatures. You cannot extract work from two systems at thermal equilibrium. If the universe reaches an equilibrium temperature or no temperature at all(absolute zero) it is essentially a dead system.
    Viva la difference,Regards

  165. Giovanni

    Dear Andrea

    reading comments on the web, I noticed that most of criticism is pointed to the calorimetry measurements performed time ago.
    So, now that SKL is producing electricity, a suggestion for future presentations: set the 2kW device to max electricity output, set a panel with let’s say 15 100W bulbs, start the device using only a battery, wait SSM and disconnect any external plug. If lights will be still on, I hope this will be enough to tacitate everybody who doubt the reality of your SKL.

    My best regards
    Giovanni

  166. Mida Riva

    Grazie per la bella, anzi bellissima notizia, la invito se vuole ovviamente ad una diretta sulla nostra web tv. Le lascio il nostro contatto diretto mida@pcmilano.com

  167. Bill

    Dear Andrea:

    Some questions regarding the very promising SKL processor:

    1) Since the SKL must maintain a load to stay operational, do you see putting a super capacitor in circuit with the SKL as a viable option to both maintain operational status and buffer SKL power for intermittent loads such as in electric vehicles?

    2) Is there hope of tuning the SKL for higher than 80% electricity generation in the future or does the nature of the reaction dictate the current level (80%) as the max achievable?

    3) Do you see the SKL as a viable replacement for batteries in applications that require mobility and/or being un-tethered from centralized power?

    Best wished for continued progress.

    Bill Conley

  168. Dear Dr Rossi
    Now your journey is reaching a climax what happens next. When does production start once verification is complete and how do you intend to sell the SKL
    1. sell to the customer per Kwh produced
    2. sell as a complete unit
    P.S. can I get one for Christmas (HeHe)

  169. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    before, cooling the control system was always a big issue.
    Does the control system get less heated now that you exploit the electricity generated by the E-Cat? In other words, was this electrical power the reason that the control system got so hot?

  170. P

    Fantastic Andrea!
    I was overjoyed when I read your message.
    I think your energy is the only hope to reach the climate goal of +2 degrees Celsius.
    Now I hope you team up with Bill Gates (who is not looking to fool anyone) and put up a plan on how the launch should be implemented to save the world without creating financial chaos.
    Congratulations from Stockholm
    /P

  171. Dear Andrea,
    Quantum mechanics does not state what is the “true” nature of the electron. In quantum mechanics, the electron can look like many things (point particle, wave, current ring…) depending on how one chooses to measure it. The universe acts a bit like a mirror to a conscious observer. In some sense the universe is what you want it to be… The observer has such large power, because observation makes things existent in quantum mechanics.

    There is no hope that hidden-variable theories could reproduce quantum mechanics. This is known from the study of Bell’s inequalities. This is a bold claim, so doubt is natural. To reduce the doubt, consider for example the quantum pseudotelepathy phenomenon (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_pseudo-telepathy ). In pseudotelepathy, two players win a certain sudoku-like game always. The rules of this game are made such that winning every time is possible only if the players see each other’s moves. Hence, since they win every time, an onlooker thinks that they must be secretly communicating during the game. But they do not communicate. Instead, they use lists of entangled quantum states that were given to them before the game started. The entangled states allow them to act as if they had telepathy.

    Quantized regards, /pekka

  172. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Two stars are born.

    https://youtu.be/QUq1e-Sf0iE

    Regards
    Sam

  173. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I guess you forgot to answer my yesterday’s questions.
    I still hope you are willing to reply on these.
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I answered now.
    Sorry, I missed it.
    Advice to all the Readers: when I do not answer to a published comment, that is my mistake, so please do as Gerard McEk did: send here a complaint, I will react asap.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Remi Andre’:
    1- three
    2- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  176. GiorgioIV

    Egregio ing.Rossi
    Che senso ha utilizzare il concetto di entropia per parlare di possibili esseri soprannaturali? L’ordine esistente in questo universo (isolato, chiuso o aperto?) potrebbe essere dovuto all’interazione con (infiniti?) altri universi coesistenti che possono influenzarne la struttura, forse creando ordine in alcuni e disordine in altri. E così via senza limiti.
    Cordiali saluti
    GiorgioIV

    Dear Ing. Rossi
    What is the use of the concept of entropy to talk about possible supernatural beings? The order existing in this universe (isolated, closed or open?) Could be due to the interaction with (infinite?) Other coexisting universes that can influence its structure, perhaps creating order in some and disorder in others. And so on without limits.
    Sincerely
    GiorgioIV

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio IV:
    I already answered to this.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  178. Andrea Rossi

    I do not think that this is the right field to begin with.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  179. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Some remarks an questions, if I may:
    1. Heat verses electricity is indeed very useful, but can also the output power of the ECat Leonardo be modulated? I know that you van put them in series and in parallel, but it would also be flexible if the Ecat output power can be modulated to some extend.
    2. Will the verification test in January also include safety tests? If that is done it might be put on the market more easily, perhaps.
    3. Can the single module of the Leonardo be built to any power, do you think?
    4. A 20 kWe/h unit might be the right size for many applications (domestic, cars and building bock for larger applications). I would recommend that size. Is that feasible?
    I wish you many success with the further tests and the preparation for the verification test.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  181. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    An interesting way to demonstrate your eCat SK Leonardo unit to the world would be as the “battery” for a round-the-world flight of a model airplane. The longest flight for a model airplane to date is a trans-Atlantic flight. At between 100W and 200W per pound of required output, your 1 kW unit could power a medium sized model airplane. An on-board GPS and Sat Comm would be required plus an autopilot. All off-the-shelf components.

  182. Rémi ANDRE

    Dear Mr Rossi

    I have just two questions :

    1. How many working E-Cat SKL have you built ?
    2. Are they still working since last Saturday ?

    Thank you very much
    Best regards

    Rémi Andrö

  183. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, if the percentage of electric energy produce can reach an enough high value, probably the direct heat production will be useless, and could be more useful waste it instead of transmit water or steam with pipes.
    The transmission of electric energy and locally generation of heat by joule effect probably will be the best choice.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    This depends on the specific situations, heat is still an asset.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    possibly many scientists also withhold information and insights. Maybe even unintentionally.
    You should use that 1000 to go on vacation. By the way, I don’t even qualify, because I am a believer and, moreover, not a scientist. At most an ever curious observer and thinker.
    Kind regards, Koen

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but the stake is still there ( he,he,he )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Congratulations on the great work, but I’m sure everyone will agree that what is most important is the music associated with the Ecat.

    :-)

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    Mostly if you nare at the piano and I at the drums
    If the tests will go bad we go buskers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Dear Andrea,
    First, congratulations for your achievement thus far.

    Then a thought about the nature of life (not its origin, because the origin is open question). It seems to me that a distinctive feature of life is to derive macroscopic consequences from microscopic quantum events. For example, mutations. Or when people play lotto. Or when AR gets an idea in his head which leads to some macroscopic consequences.

    In the Copenhagen interpretation, the quantum events are random. The future of a living planet is not possible to predict, because it depends on the random ideas that its inhabitants get. In the Everettian multiverse interpretation, each quantum event causes branching of the universe so that all possible outcomes are real for some conscious observers. A living planet’s worldline is thick in the multiverse, comprising a full spectrum of all possible life-forms, individuals, their fates, etc. If one could view the Everettian multiverse from the outside, living planets would stand out as the main branching hubs of the universe.

    regards, /pekka

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I understand, but still the evolution is subject to the laws of thermodynamic.
    About the quantum events, I cast som doubt: they are based on the concept of the electron as a puntiform particle, but the assumption of point-like shaped elementary particles with intrinsic properties as mass, charge, angolar momentum, magnetic moment and spin is a contradiction in terms. A point-like particle cannot have these characteristics. A magnetic moment must be generatedby a current loop, and a point-like particle cannot have it, not to mention the fact that the electric field generated by a point-like charged particle should have an infinite energy.
    It appears to me that in some occasions becomes a sort of deus ex machina” , like a search of a pagan entity not to say that God exists.
    Still away from the 1000 $ prize.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    From your recent answers, it seems that the SKL module runs best as a switchable constant current source. For all applications not requiring constant power, this would mean adding a battery buffer.
    When the battery voltage is below X, SKL would switch on for charging, when more than Y, SKL switches off. For electric cars, most things already in place, just downsize the battery capacity, connect SKL and press start. To cut the grid at home, in addition to an SKL(X kW), a battery (24V/Y Ah) I also would need at least one inverter (Z W/24V/230AC). Power data for my house is low for the North, yearly average around 4 kW with some shorter peaks up to 10 kW (geothermal heat pump + household)
    Could a 10 kW SKL-module (7kW electric)be a good fit with some margin?
    I also need advice for optimal battery capacity and a suitable inverter(now very costly).
    After your demonstration, I expect you will get many questions on the layout of a local grid using SKL.
    I then suggest you already now start preparing to be able to offer a complete and very cost-effective local grid package.

    Best of luck with your presentation and the big work ahead.
    Sven B

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Salvatore Boi

    “E debbasi considerare come non è cosa
    più difficile a trattare, né più bubbia a riuscire,
    né più periculosa a maneggiare, che farsi capo
    ad introdurre nuovi ordini.
    Perché lo introduttore ha per nimici
    tutti quelli che delli ordini vecchi
    fanno bene, et ha tepidi defensori tutti quelli
    che delli ordini nuovi farebbono bene.”

    (Il Principe, cap VI)

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Right, but somebody has to break the cage. Machiavelli was a man of the system, not a revolutionary.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached the stunning numbers of 35000 full readings and over 240 recommendations, and counting, all of their authors putting their face as per every publication on Researchgate.
    These numbers put your paper at the first place of all the publications in the field of nuclear Physics of the last 2 years.
    The majority of the readings is in the USA and Europe, as well as the recommendations, but they come from the whole world.
    Stunning, isn’t it?
    All the best,
    Prof

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the (stunning) information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Koen Vandewalle

    About entropy

    I think that ignorance, lies and a few other human habits are capable of turning entire civilizations back into entropy.
    In addition, I do not know whether a black hole causes more or less entropy. In the end … no more entropy, I believe.

    Having said that, I think the so-called Higgs Bosons really deserve their name “God Particle”. Unless of course on the other side of that particle there are entities that control these bosons – for the time being imperceptibly to us – or send information through them.

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    As a matter of fact, also the so called “Higgs Boson” is for the time “imperceptible to us”: what have been observed are virtual fossils, that they presume are the leftover of that particle, that anyway is a virtual particle, which means a resonance. The definition “particle of God” is a nonsense, but a genial advertising trade mark that helped political funding.
    About Black Holes, I am not an expert of them, but they seem to me to be the triumph of entropy, with the total annihilation of any organized form.
    Sorry, still no 1000 $ prize.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    Before this news of your latest work breaks the mainstream media barrier very soon…
    please give Mr. Elon Musk a call and invite him to your facility to see the energy platform that he may be using for the planned mission to mars.

    I think you will enjoy his enthusiasm and support.

    Again, you have made my Thanksgiving even more blessed and thankful to God for people like you.

    Gods Peace and Solace

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Peter Palmieri

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I am following your work for many years.
    I am in awe for your and your Team’s dedication and hard work for the betterment and benefit of mankind.
    This towering and titanic achievement could have been accomplished only with the guidance and the help of the Holy Spirit.
    Peter Palmieri

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Palmieri:
    Thank you for your sustain. I agree with what you say.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  203. Paul di Anno

    Dear Andrea, you said that the new ecat produces heat and electricity. Both energies interact simultaneously? I mean, if the owner of the ecat will need more electricity for his needs, will the ecat produce even more heat? or can one or the other energy be obtained separately? What is the efficiency of heat production and electricity? thank you very much

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Paul Di Anno:
    The function to modulate heat vs electricity could be added.
    The efficiency? Paul: all the energy necessary to sustain the Ecat SKL is entirely supplied by the same Ecat. The ratio Energy generated/Energy consumed has a zero at the denominator.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Carlen Young

    Happy Valentine’s Day to the beautiful new ballerina!

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Carlen Young:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Marcello Gianferrari

    Forgive my english, but there is a logical fallacy in your reasoning about entropy. Entropy can only increase in a closed system, the earth (like many other planets) is not (at least until the sun goes out). In an open system the entropy can decrease and therefore allow the birth of complex systems. You cannot take a law that applies to a closed system (the universe) and apply it to all the elements (open systems) it contains.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Marcello Gianferrari:
    In your universe may happen all things you desire, but in the objective universe your projections are wrong:
    1- the system is closed because it includes also the list of particles you are naming and since in none of them there is anythink as complex as what is necessary to compose , for example, mankind, to put them in order ( decreasing the entropy ) and “create” the conditions for them combine in a way togenerate a man, as an example, you need reverse the entropy. All the particles poured from the universe on the earth are just like the ink of the example poured casually on a floorhoping to compose Romeo and Juliet
    2- same as in 1
    3- yes, but entropy still increases
    Sorry, still no 1000 $ prize
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Marcello Gianferrari:
    Sorry, but you missed the point: in your food compartment fungi grow up for two reasons:
    1- there are the seeds of them, otherwise they could not grow up: this is related to DNA, not to entropy
    2- you don’t clean it well : this too has nothing to do with entropy ( joking, like you did, I suppose )
    Sorry, still no 1000 $ prize
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Congratulations! So glad to hear about your success with SSM for E-catSK Leonardo.
    It is time for champagne!
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund,
    It still will be produced, with modifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    this was my original message, previously spammed:

    ————————————————————————————-

    Congratulations: I saved your message to show to my grandchildren in the future !!!

    When you say: “…generating more excess of electricity than of heat…” do you mean the heat conversion efficiency into electric energy can be greater than 50% ?

    This would be beyond the most optimistic expectations !!!

    Again, thanks a lot to You and Your Team for giving us such a great emotion and the possibility to live these moments together !!!

    God bless you,
    Riccardo

    ———————————————————————————-

    Now, since you already answered to the above, I have one more question for you:

    are you planning to build devices with different size, let’s say 5, 20, 100 KW, or just rely on module composition ? I understand this approach is easier from a manufacturing point of view but can be complex and less reliable if the power requirement is huge.

    Thanks a lot if you can respond,
    Riccardo

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Sorry, these data will be given at the presentation of the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Merry Yogurt

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you think the name of the verifying entity will be easily recognizable by the public?

    Voltaic regards,

  215. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    May I ask you 2 questions, please.

    What is the power necessary to start up the SKL ?

    And what is the power necessary to maintain the closed loop of the SKL ?

    Warm Regards.

    Toussaint François

  216. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi in queste ultime settimane ha mai registrato casi di divergenza durante il funzionamento dell’Ecat SK Leonardo?
    Cordiali saluti.

  217. Giovanni

    Dear Andrea

    perhaps I didn’t catch your answer to similar questions, so please be patient….

    What will happen if the load drops to zero (car during the night, house deserted because owners are on vacation, etc.) and the EcatL is still producing electricity? Or, if the load drops behind the set output.

    My best regards

    Giovanni

  218. L-E

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In my opinion, fast diffusion of Ecat-SKL should now be easier than ever
    due to the present state of climate urgency(agreed by a global many).
    Most governments will immediately approve and promote it as it suddenly makes their
    own UN and domestic plans for carbon reduction much more realistic and achievable.
    Present laws for pollution from transports and industry will then be made tougher.
    A range of investment support (taxpayer money) to companies and individuals (as today for wind and solar)will be created (whether you like it or not)
    Any upcoming certification issues will be handled smoothly.

    I am sure your strategy is already taking this new situation into account.

    Best regards
    L-E

  219. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    If you can say–
    As you draw increasing amounts of electricity from the E-Cat SKL, does the total output of the device (heat plus electricity):
    – remain approximately the same?
    – increase?
    – decrease?

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  220. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    How long of a continuous test period is required to differentiate the eCat SK Leonardo from chemical-based supplies?

    Assumptions:

    Power Output: 1 kW (70% electrical; 30% thermal)
    eCat Mass: 0.1 kilogram

    Test Duration: 1 week continuous – based on one month with independent reviewer: 1 week to set up; 1 week trial run; 1 week actual test and 1 week verification test.
    1 week = 168 hours

    eCat SK Leonardo:
    Specific Power density = 1 kW / 0.1 kg = 10,000 W / kg
    Specific Energy density = 1 kW * 168 hr / 0.1 kg = 1,680,000 W hr / kg

    Compare this with Gasoline:
    Specific Power density of about 100 W / kg
    Specific Energy density of about 1,000 W hr / kg

    Compare with Pu-238
    Specific Power density of 300 W / kg
    Specific Energy density of about 3,000,000 W hr / kg.

    So a one week test duration (under the above assumptions) should be about the right length of time to differentiate the performance from chemical sources.

  221. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, what does happen if we reduce the resistance of the load (i.e. asking for more energy)?
    I imagine that the current will increase with a constant voltage (Ohms law). But where is the limit?
    Has the SKL a protection against short circuit?
    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  222. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    In a recent comment you wrote that Entropy is a scientific proof of the existence of God.
    Can you explaoin better what this does mean?

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Entropy is a pillar of Physics.
    In simple words, Entropy increases constantly the grade of disorder : based on the thermodynamic principles, Entropy ( disorder ) increases in time unless a force is applied to make it decrease in specific systems. In the Universe Entropy is constantly increasing ( I am speaking in very simple words, to be understood from everybody ).
    Now, the cases are two and they exclude each orher: either the Entropy does not exist, and in this case it is possible that a Supreme Creative Entity does not exist, or Entropy exists, in this case it is the scientific evidence of the existence of God.
    In fact, if without a force Entropy can only increase ( AND THIS IS A FUNDAMENTAL PILLAR OF THE SCIENTIFIC SYSTEM ) IT IS IMPOSSIBLE THAT A CAOTIC SOUP OF MATTER AND ENERGY BECOMES A SOPHISTICATED BEING LIKE MANKIND ETC.
    Entropy says, as an example, that if you pour a gallon of ink on the floor, without anything to dispose it with exception of gravity, the ink will splash on the floor in a very disordered feature.
    If you repeat the same operation billions of billions of times, the result will be the same.
    This is what Entropy says.
    To say that pouring casually ink on the floor one gallon of ink sooner or later letters will form until will appear the text of Romeo and Juliet of Shakespeare is an evident stupidity, because Entropy will forbid it: pouring ink casually on the floor can only increase, not decrease the disorder.
    Now: I suppose we all agree upon the fact that the Universe and all the creatures contained in it are fare more complicate ordered systems than the opera of the great British Author William Shakespeare, so it is obvious that the universe and all what is in it cannot be a so sophisticately ordered system without a Supreme Force that has put order to the disorder that Entropy, by physic law, would have produced.
    I will give a prize of 1000 $ to any agnostic or atheist scientist ( they are so a’ la mode of today… ) that will be able to give evidence of the contrary without compromise the Thermodynamic Principles, which would mean
    rewrite science from the scratch.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Milan

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    how much electrical power is the device you are currently testing generating? Approximately.

    Thank you, I’m very excited about your invention!

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Milan:
    These data will be given during the presentation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    your paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

    has been translated in Chinese here:
    http://www.lenr.com.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=14&id=864

    Now 1.5 billion Chinese can read your paper!
    Cheers
    Prof

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Dear Andrea:

    I realize you may not be able to provide a definitive answer to these questions, but whatever your best guess is, will be fine with me:

    A. Do you have any idea whether there may be a limit to the quantity of energy a trillion or so (for the sake of example) of your catalysts, distributed across the planet, would be able to source simultaneously? Put slightly differently: Is there reason to suppose there is likely to be a limit to the amount of energy that can be extracted per second per cubic kilometre of space-time?

    B. Is this novel energy source likely to be self-replenishing across the universe, perhaps in a manner analogous to the hydrological cycle on planet earth, or as in an analogy with diffusion?

    C. Might astronomers eventually be able to detect distant civilizations by observing their efforts to drain this resource from their surroundings? (Irrelevant really, but I just wanted to be on record as the first person to suggest it!)

    In short, is it likely that, as in the case of an oil well, the supply could run out if tapped too quickly, or in the very long run? Or, when the supply is used up in one location in the universe might it simply be automatically replenished thereby making it limitless for all practical purposes?

    Deuterium from seawater was once touted as inexhaustible, but even at assumed modest rates of growth of energy demand that proved inaccurate.

    Thank you, as always,

    Unlimited regards,

    Rodney.

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    A + B + C have nothing to do with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    There’s a question I’m itching to ask that I’m sure others are wondering. But I’m not sure if I’m asking too soon or if you prefer to wait. If so feel free to ignore it till thee right time. I’ll understand it is a

    But here is the question anyway:

    I understand that the ecat was put into closed loop on Saturday for some period of time at least. Can you tell us already what the longest period of closed loop operation was?

    A follow up question if relevant is are you planning longer duration tests like this in the near time frame?

    Which ever the case best if luck for the testing that you are performing I’m looking forward to January/February very much now and thanks for being patient with my questions.

    Best Regards.

    Stephen

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    We are working on the best size module issue. It is extremely important.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Claud

    Dear Andrea, three days after the declaration of the success of your final endeavour, I didn’t find any mainstream press article about this issue. I googled “e-cat Sk Leonardo” and similar but no echo appears excluding few specialized sites.
    Why, in your opinion, there is so low attention to this breaking new? Is it due to the likely aversion of the carbon energy powers?
    May this portray a threat for the e-cat?
    With my best wishes

    Claudio

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Claud:
    Because we did not yet make a global presentation.
    In due time we will make it. I think January/February. With the product.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Martin Himpe

    Dr Rossi,
    What happens if the Eca6t generates more electricity that it is consumed by the load?
    Best Regards,
    Martin Himpe

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Himpe:
    Lower the generation to the level you need. With the modular system this is easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Paul

    Andrea,

    For regulatory purposes, put a solar panel on it and call it a highly efficient solar power system. (Hey, its so efficient it works in the dark!)

    Folding it into the current regulatory structure will circumvent the powers that be (and the interests that pull their strings) from making the technology unobtainable to the public.

    Paul

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Lilylovers question with ants and elephants made me smile. After several days celebrating I’m sure many of us would end up like this. But perhaps a glass or two makes me realize there is a very interesting point Bring made there.

    The engineering of the current device seems really optimum for most uses. But could it also be applied to your previous QX sized device?

    There could be an optimum there too.

    For most practical applications batteries are ideal for small devices. But loose charge. Very small ecat a might be interesting but the small amounts of thermal out put would need to be radiated in these small devices.

    But having a suitable portable power pack to keep this batteries charged would be really interesting possibility

    The QX size is interesting 20W device might have perhaps 15 W electrical output that could trickle charge a battery power pack that could be used to charge any kinds of batteries in phones, laptops torches what ever. 5W thermal output should be manageable to radiate from a small enough surface with out getting too hot. Perhaps not much hotter than a human body.

    Maybe a bit heavy for an ant but just nice to put beside my phone in my briefcase.

    Does the device need to be the size of your current device to work or could it be miniaturized to QX sizes?

    or perhaps even much smaller if that was also a useful size domain for those ants e engineering ants 😉

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    It’s working since days now.
    The tests are not going to stop.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Aillas Troice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    It has been several days now since the momentous event: you can now be confident that you are not dreaming and your apparatus works as described, driving a workload without any external input. If you think it works, I’m sure it works. Why wait for the certification before announcing this discovery to the world? In terms of its bombshell effect it will be like the discovery of intelligent life on Mars. It’s the most important scientific discovery ever; people will need time to get used to the idea, to process it, to think of the implications, to prepare for the Rossi reactor’s (hopefully speedy) arrival on a commercial scale. You say the apparatus is still working, without external power, driving a useful load. Why not put a continuous, uninterrupted stream of it on Youtube? Not everyone will be immediately convinced, but the news will start to spread. Right now, only your loyal followers are aware of what’s happened (and not all seem to be convinced). Your R&D has arrived at such a phase that the time for secrecy, for ambiguity, for “let’s wait for another test or another certification” is well past. Let the revolution begin! And let it begin now, not in February! Russia and Ukraine, for example, are on the brink of another war if they fail to sign a long-term natural gas transit contract before the end of December. If the Russian and Ukrainian governments learn that the Rossi reactor is about to go commercial, the 10-year gas transit contract will become irrelevant and there will be no war. Every day counts!

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Aillas Troice:
    Thank you for the suggestion. A presentation is necessary and to make it global and strong we need more than that.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    1. Which, if any, parts of the E-Cat SKL will have to be specially manufactured, rather than bought off the shelf?
    2. What is the power rating for the individual SKL (which can be combined with other units for the desired power output)?
    3. After the prototypes you have built for testing, are you now building more SKLs?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- confidential
    2- we have still to decide, experiments and measurements are on course to define the most convenient solution
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations to the success with the E-Cat SK L!

    a) Is it sensitive for varying electrical loads?
    Maybe it is necessary to have a contactor that disconnects the output from the load in case of an overload or a shortcircuit?
    But that function can be built into the electrical transformer.

    b) When you start to design the commercial module (blue box) will it be closer to 1 KW electrical power or closer to 20 kW?

    c) If the blue box will be 20 kW electrical power it might consist of a number of smaller E-Cat SK L:s ?

    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    a- it is not
    b- assembling modules you reach the power you want
    c- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Bara Undrar:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.