Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2018-11-21 02:00:09.324655Z

  1. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you find results that encourage your intuition of the virtual particles-antiparticles annihilation after the experiments made with all the instrumentation used with Gullstrom and Vassallo?

  2. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I think so, but now we have to think and discuss about all the collected data.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Rod Walton

    Please go to Power Engineering November 20 2018 for this paper/video: “The latest stories on power generation, renewables and the smart grid”.
    Rod Walton

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. LC

    Dear Andrea,

    Don’t you think that your presentation could be more convincing, if a meter of the input power and a meter of the output power are connected to the ecat, and their readings can be seen at each time, during the demonstration?

    Best regards
    LC

  6. Andrea Rossi

    LC:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    To understand the working of the E-cat (SK) more intuitively, is it right to say that:

    i) Due to the crystal lattice structure of Ni in the fuel, the Compton scattering of the electromagnetic waves is reduced in the fuel (because the recoil energy loss is less in atoms connected in a lattice structure compared to individual atoms), so that the energy density in the fuel can be high without destroying it, passing without a lot of loss all the energy to the surface of the (inner) reactor, where it is cooled on the outside by the cooling fluid.

    ii) Or in other words: Would there not be the lattice structure of Ni, there would be more Compton scattering in the fuel itself, so that it would heat up too much, but because of the lattice structure of Ni, the Compton scattering is reduced, passing the electromagnetic energy to the surface of the reactor as if the fuel was almost transparant for it. Therefore the energy density can be higher than would be the case if there was not the crystal lattice structure.

    iii) But in opposite to the inner fuel side of the reactor, in the outer cooling side, you prefer as much as possible the Compton scattering, so that the cooling fluid takes as much as possible energy with it, thus cooling the reactor, and reducing the frequency of the electromagnetic waves.

    iv) Mössbauer effect in the inside (fuel side) of the reactor, and Compton scattering on the outside (the cooling side of the reactor).

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  9. 33

    Dr Rossi:
    Do you have also a specific neutron detector, or you make only an indirect measurement through the Sv/h counted?

  10. Andrea Rossi

    33:
    We used in past specific neutron detectors and never found significant neutron emission. Recently a Client of us asked for a specific neutron detector, so now we added neutron detectors to the Ecats. Anyway, if you have neutron generated radiations, you surely have a significant increase of uSv/h
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Daiiel De Caluwe’, Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, the whole spectrum is wider.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Ruby

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    during the theoretical experiment you made recently did you use all the instrumentation you listed last week in a comment? Can you explain the function of each of them?
    Cheers
    Ruby

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Yes, we used all of them.
    1-The frequency generator is for to detect the modification of the plasma across a wide frequency spectrum.
    2-The laser for the same reason, being a modulable laser
    3-The voltage/amperage generator is to modulate the laser
    4-The spectrometer is to have the wavelenghts of the radiation also across the variations of the field made by 1,2,3
    5-The Van Der Graaf accelerator is to make a negative field parallel to the plasma to detect its bias
    6-The thermocouples and IR thermochamber are to measure the temperatures in the low temperature areas
    7-The oscilloscope is to measure the voltage and frequency of the current that goes to the Ecat
    8- The high power ohm-meter is to measure with precision the resistance in some points
    9- The neodymium 2 T magnets are for make dipole and quadrupole magnetic fields and detect what happens in the spectrometer
    10-The T-meter is to measure the magnetic field in various positions
    11-The Newton-meter is to read the force of the magnetic field in various positions
    12-The vacuum pump is the see what happens at certain vacuum values
    13-The Wattmeter is to measure the total energy consume at the plug outlet
    14- The usual lab-stuff is to make the usual things
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Steven N. Karels,

    Most of it will be electromagnetic radiation. And a peak of 473nm means blue light in the visible area. As there are lasers with that wavelength, I think I know what element corresponds with this. But, of course, the whole spectrum can be (and probably is) much wider.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  15. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “The fact that we measure the radiations at 1 cm does not imply the radiations are 1 cm.”

    What we, as readers, may understand from your postings are what you explicitly state, OR, what you otherwise state and what a reasonable man may infer from your actions or your words.

    I did not imply that the radiations are 1 cm. I am not even sure what that means — a wavelength?

    What we can properly infer from your previous statements are:
    1. The measurements at 1 cm from the open reactor are as stated.
    2. Your previous statements that, when sealed, no radiation above background were measured.
    3. That the type of radiation measured was consistent with Sv quantification — ionizing radiation.

    Given the above AR statements, gamma radiation may be eliminated – there is insufficient shielding to preclude radiation measurements outside of a sealed eCat reactor.

    So we are left with the two types of measurements that may be correctly measured by an instrument to yield an accurate measurement, alpha or beta.

    So why would you measure so close to the open reactor? The logical inference would be that the measurement could not accurately be made at a greater distance. One difference between alpha and beta radiation is the mean distances that each may travel in the air. (I assume you were not working in a vacuum). The 1 cm distance would reasonably suggest the type of radiation would be alpha particles.

    Another alternative would be “strange radiation”, something outside of alpha, beta or gamma, but then why would it be measured in Sv?

    The most obvious manner to resolve the inferences is for you to explicitly state what type of radiation was being measured. Comments?

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- we are not talking of measurements with open reactor, but with Ecat sealed and in operation
    2- we measure at 1 cm of distance from the external surface of the Ecat
    3- when you measure the Sievert/h you measure also if there is emission of neutrons, because neutron emissions generate ionizing radiations hitting other particles like protons
    I do not know what is the “strange radiation”, while all the ionizing radiations are measurable also in microSv/h.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From 2010 to 2018 you have developed three LENR reactions, the first Ecat witnessed in 2011 was based on Ni62 and Ni64 converting into Cu63 and Cu65, then there was the sequence of Ni58 > Ni59 > Ni60 > Ni61 > Ni62 used in the Lugano Ecat of 2014, the latest as of 2018 with the highest outputs, best stability and likely the safest for emissions are the Ecat QX and SK focusing on Li7, thought to transition to Be8 then two He4. (As described on the Ecat.com website – “Rossi Effect”).

    Each of the above LENR reactions is known to start up, run stable for an extended period with a constant energy output, then can be shut down.

    In each case conditions have been created where a relatively small input of energy triggers a nuclear process with an output of energy larger than that inputted.

    The surprise is that in each case, after the initial triggering only a small part of the structured material produces a reaction, then progressing steadily second by second, minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day, with a stable level of nuclear reactions continuing to be produced on demand as they are triggered each time for month after month for anything up to a year.

    If the correct conditions were present at the start for a reaction, why did reactions not then take place immediately all at once all through the structured material?

    Thankfully LENR reactions seen so far are of a slow intrinsically progressive nature, we now have a future energy source with no possibility of a runaway nuclear event.

    The question is, how does this slow nuclear progression work? If the reaction was initiated in one location with neighbouring reaction site locations progressively triggered, expanding as a spherical shell wave front, there would be a low initial energy output with a geometric increase in the energy output through time, if the reaction sites started all over the external surface of a lattice and worked inwards in a shrinking wave front, there would be a high initial energy output that would diminish through time, or is it statistics where the probability of a reaction occurring is very low, that reactions take place randomly throughout the structured material at a constant rate over time.

    Is it possible that there is a linear mechanism, one where the initial reaction of an atom sets up the conditions for an adjacent atom to subsequently react in turn setting up conditions for the next in line? It is possible that atoms in an atomic lattice sequentially react one after another in a linear progression along a row, This linear progression would also relate to the ability to start up then shut down time after time with no change to the nuclear progression mechanism.

    There is the mechanism of how hydrogen in close confinement with the target atom in combination with forced resonance of nuclear states produces a reaction, but there may also be another mechanism whereby there is a linear progression of reactions spread out over time.

    In the Theoretical work, is there explanations for both mechanisms?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We are studying these issues,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You reported certain levels of radiation (“operation 0.12-0.16 microSv/h at 1 cm of distance”). Since the measurement is in Sv, the radiation must be of the ionizing type (not neutrons). Given the specification of 1cm, it would appear to be alpha particles as beta and gamma radiation would be less restrictive on distance.

    Alpha particles can be a product of lithium burning (hydrogen + lithium-6).

    Is this what you believe to be occurring within the eCat reactor?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The fact that we measure the radiations at 1 cm does not imply the radiations are 1 cm long.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    You are saying that “probably a publication will be made”. Does this mean that with the latest tests you and your team members and consultants are sure that you have found a theoretical explanation of the Rossi effect is found?
    If so, congratulations!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Adolfo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you continuing the theoretical series of tests?
    Adolfo

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Adolfo:
    We are completing the series of experiments right now, having worked also Saturday and Sunday. Now we will start working on the results.
    Probably a publication will be made.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Ken

    During the theoretical tests made last week did you find modes in which the plasma was not straight in parallel with the Van Der Graaf accelerator?

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    No and now we are studying all we saw and measured. The tests have been very important and gave useful results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Chuck Davis

    The Magnix 250 electric aircragt engine in the following link driven by an Ecat powered alternator could be the aeronautical Holy Grail:
    https://www.magnix.aero/products/

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    As a matter of fact after 2 thousand years nobody found the Holy Grail.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding future use of the Ecat SK, it may be prudent to place a quantity of the early production line Ecat SK modules into long term storage for future performance testing.

    It may be found that over time; atoms migrate to lower stress configurations, crystals may grow, cracks may develop, components may fuse together, sealing integrity broken.

    You may find that someone like NASA or other government body will ask in future if you have any data / documentation to verify the ability to switch on an Ecat after an extended rest period, for say a multiyear space mission where Ecat’s would be sequentially switched on and used over a period or for a satellite or remote location application.

    You may have to qualify / quantify long term performance for a periodic use safety critical application.

    It would also be good to have some set aside, as these Ecat SK modules from the first production line are of immense historic importance, just about every science museum in the world will eventually want one, (along with any preserved early Ecat prototypes that they can get their hands on).

    You could also try restart some of your oldest prototypes, revisiting the Ni to Cu reaction, as time has now elapsed, do they still give the same performance as before. Examining them with the improved instrumentation that you will now have access to, with your current knowledge, could you theoretically reconcile all the emissions and reaction products?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  30. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    More then three years ago, in an interview to the huffingtonpost
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-h-bailey/interview-with-andrea-ros_b_8248624.html
    you said:
    “My own view is that the only way, in the end, to convince people that my technology really works is to produce products that can be bought off the shelf”
    My questions:
    1) Can you actualize your answer after the born of the E-Cat SK?
    2) When do you plan to start the first commercial plant for heat production?
    3) How many GWh of energy produced wil be enough to change the opinion of mainstream science about LENR?

    Thanks

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    1- We changed strategy for the time being, and we decided that initially we will sell only the heat to our Customers, holding the property of the plants and controlling from remote their operation. For reasons related to safety certifications we can install our plants and sell the heat they generate only to industries. This is what we will do for the time being, open to further developments.
    2- in the year 2019
    3- I do not know, but this is not an issue for us, so far our Clients get what they want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Jules Wright

    When will you have the results of the theoretical experiment on course?
    Cheers,
    Jules

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Jules Wright:
    Tomorrow ( Monday ) we will finish the measurements. After that, we will have to work with calculations, discussion etc. It is likely we will make a publication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Robert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you find in the spectrometry a peak at 473.2 nm ?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Robert

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    We have a peak at 473 nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. JPR

    Dear Andrea:
    You listed the instrumentation you are using for the experiments on course: are you still using also the Van Der Graaf electrons accelerator to check the polarity of the plasma?
    JPR

  38. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, I forgot to cite also it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Marcus Haber

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think about this recently published paper about symmetry by Prof Krzysztof Meissner of the Institute of Theoretical Physics, Fac. of Physics of the University of Warsaw and Prof Hermann Nicolai of the Max Planck Institute:
    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/fopu-iso111518.php

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus Haber:
    Very interesting. Thank you for the communication.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Jack Luang

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    You are working in your lab of Miami with Carl Oscar Gullstrom:is he a PhD in Physics?
    Jack

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Jack Luang:
    He is right here with me in my laboratory, we are making an excellent work.
    He says that he should obtain his PhD in Physics at the University of Uppsala (Sweden) in February 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Joseph Fine

    John, Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an excellent link describing spectrometer resolution.

    Maybe it will be helpful.

    ” For instance, if a spectrometer with a wavelength range of 200 nm possessed a spectral resolution of 1 nm, the system would be able to resolve a maximum of 200 individual wavelengths (peaks) across a spectrum. ”

    https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=13369

    Joseph Fine

  45. Andrea Rossi

    We will answer in direct streaming as much as possible, the unanswered questions will be answered on this blog on the same day.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  46. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you list the instrumentation you are utilizing during this week of theoretical R&D?
    Best Regards,
    Rudy

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Spectrometer, voltage generator, laser, frequency generator, oscilloscope, quadrupole with 8 T combined, ohm-meter, T-meter, IR thermochamber, these are special features of the kind, plus the normal lab stuff.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. John

    How are going the theoretical experiments you are making this week? Can you give an update
    Cheers

  49. Andrea Rossi

    John:
    We are doing well. Now we have a spectrometric resolution of half nanometer anf this allow us to identify the particles in the plasma. Made important discoveries.
    Probably a publication will follow, anyway Monday we will have clearer ideas.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suppose that during the presentation of January 31st with the Ecat SK you will receive an enormous number of questions during the direct streaming and probably it will not be possible to answer to all: how will you resolve this problem?
    Godspeed,
    CC

  51. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    At the January event is it possible / practical to have a camera display an unshielded Ecat at a safe distance, to visually demonstrate remote start up, constant running for a period, then remote shutdown. Even if the Ecat was directly shielded from a camera with a grade 14 glass, there would be indirect light that observers could see illuminating a room.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  52. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Will you show these microSievert readings in the test you will broadcast on January 31st?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Kelly

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which value in microSievert do you read close to the Ecat SK when it is operating?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Kelly

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Kelly:
    Background 0.05-0.07 microSv/h, operation 0.12-0.16 microSv/h at 1 cm of distance.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Alvina Tiedemann

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    how is going the work you scheduled to be done with your theoretical consultants this week?

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Alvina Tiedemann:
    Very well, yesterday we have been able to calibrate the spectrometer to obtain a definition of 0.5 nm and this allows us to read much better the wavelengths, that obviously are at the base of our theoretical R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  59. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will at the presentation of January 31st attend some privileged person?

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, because it will be made in our factory, where for safety and security reasons nobody can have access.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea your comment to Brokeeper November 15th is wonderful news and I wish you and your team all the success that you deserve Regards Eric Ashworth

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    There are scientists in your team who have insight and experience in the mechanisms of those temporary and imperceptible elementary particles.

    Is it on their advice that you have chosen to mainly sell heat, and not the reactors?

    I can imagine that competitors also have to deal with the same circumstances and problems. Of course you can work together better in that area.

    Or does it have more to do with geopolitical choices or other interests?

    I will certainly look at your presentation on January 31st. Hopefully we understand something about it. Do you provide a kind of explanation that allows a medium technically trained audience to understand it properly? Something should be done to transcend the hocus-pocus story and make the process plausible from classical school knowledge of chemistry and physics.
    I would rather see that than a repeat of the history of the E-cat and cold fusion.

    It is not because the product is good or excellent, that people will automatically appreciate it. Sometimes you have to educate the clientele. For example by explaining to which of their daily needs and concerns it will offer a solution. As you know, electricity and heat have been around for a long time, and they are also cheap and an achievement for anyone who has money ….. I suppose you do not want to go down in history as the man who made them even cheaper.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The choice to sell heat , not reactors is a strategic choice derived from commercial and IP defense issues, not from scientific issues.
    I think that during the presentation of the SK the attendance will see something they never saw before. I hope.
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you opened up the E-Cats for their open heart surgery, did your detectors inform you that there was danger?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    i) yes
    ii) no
    iii) N.A.
    iv) I do not know about this, can’t comment
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. CC

    Dear Andrea:
    The Rock and Troll Forum says the Ecat SK does not exist, the factory does not exist, the robots do not exist… the presentation of the industrialized product will not exist.
    Question: do you exist?
    Godspeed,
    CC

  69. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I am not sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    i) If I understood well, do you need the concept of resonances and of virtual particles to explain what happens and where the energy comes from?

    ii) Is this because you apply an oscillating current that causes the desired resonance in the E-Cat?

    iii) And if yes, is there any similarity with what Bearden-Bedini do with their experiments with oscillating electronic circuits, that extract ‘energy from the vacuüm’, as they say? (And of course, I know, I move far from official science now, but esoterically, this makes me think of what was written in the Alice Bailey books (Theosofy/Esoteric Christianity/Esoteric Boeddhism), where, inspired by the master DK, she wrote that in the future scientists would discover the existence of the fourth (= lowest) ether, and extract energy from it?)

    If yes, than it will be a difficult job to convince mainstream science… 😉

    iv) If I remember well, John Bedini once had an experiment where he used an oscillating electrical/electronic circuit, loading a battery, while the environment became colder (!) instead of warmer. (Normally, because of the Joule effect (R*I²) in electronic and electrical conductors, they should heat up when current passes).

    I know, this is far from official science, but just consider it as a brainstorm message.

    Kind Regards and a lot of success with your scientific investigations.

    Daniel.

  71. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea with regards that many physicists regard many resonances i.e. virtual particles to not exist, they obviously are totally unaware that many irritants cause sneezes to exist. As my father use to say and he was an engineer “you cannot put sense where sense won’t go”. It is frustrating but we have to put up with it for the time being. Wishing you all the best, Eric Ashworth.

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    If we take off the concept of resonances and consequently of virtual particles, the Standard Model collapses upon the energy conservation law.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you very much for your candid response. It is this very characteristic of integrity that caught my attention to the person behind the ‘impossible invention’.

    Like you, the fury within, Madam Curie had delved into the physical unknown and courageously accepted the risk to investigate the unknowns for scientific and human advancement. Sometimes risks require action over prudence as the Wright brothers often discovered. With this said, don’t do it again! We, as your wife, wish you to enjoy the fruits of your labor.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your concern, but this work IS my life. Anyway, we arrived to a point that does make no more necessary to get this kind of risks. The SK is a magnificence. While writing this comment I am working with top US engineers that are helping me to upgrade the measurement system to better penetrate the theory: the next 5 days we will work full time on this side. Gullstrom is arriving here, we are in an important moment. Monday Prof Vassallo will work with us in conference and eventually also the Prof of Physics that teaches in Japan but wants to remain behind the curtain will be fully involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Thank you for citing the book of Mats Lewan

  75. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sorry to read that labouring your QX- baby had so much impact on your health. I do hope your are fully recovered now.
    Would you be willing to write into your memoirs all details of this incident like how this could happen and how you came to the idea te develop the QX, so future generations may learn from it?
    Was one of the reasons to develop the QX that it produces less radiation?
    Please be careful, the world needs you!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  76. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Yes, I am fully recovered and working very hard. Thank you for your concern. I had to open the reactors and look at them while operating and this has been crucial to arrive to the QX first and the SK now. You will understand what is the SK when you will see it on Jan 31st. It is unbelievable.
    We made a masterpiece.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  77. Emery

    Seriously loads of beneficial knowledge!

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Emery:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting indeed about the open heart surgery you did, but I am sorry to hear of its consequences. I hope you can have a full recovery. What are the implications of all this in terms of safety in commercial E-Cat applications? I am sure that potential customers and regulators will be wondering about this.

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The implications are zero, because the Ecat is supposed to operate closed, not open.
    All the measurements made in many years now upon our Ecats have always shown that outside the Ecat there are not ionizing radiations. Measurements have been made by University laboratories as well as Governmental healthcare control institutions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    1- You mentioned the broadcast would be from the factory where it is produced. Is this the same factory by which the E-Cat SK will be mass produced? This would be an ideal time to demonstrate the power of the E-Cat providing heat and/or electricity to its production facility.
    2- Would this be possible during the broadcast?
    3- Also, could you shed some light on how your recent illness may have been affected by the yearlong test inside the container? Some are concerned it may be due to some ‘Strange Radiation’. I am very glad to hear you are recovering.
    Thank you. God be with you.
    Brokeeper

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    1- yes
    2- no, we will not give any particular related to the factory, at least for the time being
    3- during the year long test in Doral I covered the shift from 5 PM through 10 A.M. and during the night, when I was alone, many times I opened the shielding to look inside to understand things. The Ecat does nor have emissions of ionizing radiations out of the Ecat body, but the inspection I made “open heart” were a risk and I knew it, but these inspections have allowed me to understand important things and this knowledge has born the QX and the SK versions of the Ecat. I spent a dear price in terms of health, but I could work very well and now I am healed. Also the voice returned. The fury to know I had was stronger than the good sense to be prudent, also because I was alone, the risks were all upon me. The Ecat SK you will see on Jan 31st is the son of this decision.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Many physicists assume that resonances- virtual particcles do not exist, only real particles exist. Which is your opinion about this issue?
    Cheers
    Prof

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    If we assume that virtual particles ( read: resonances ) do not exist, then many nuclear reactions like, for example, the Beta Decay could not exist, due to the energy conservation law, since the boson W is far more energetic than a neutron and than p+e+antineutrino. Only equations based on Feynmann diagrams within which we have resonances can resolve these problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Gilda

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Where will be broadcast from the video of the operating Ecat SK?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gilda

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Gilda:
    From the factory where we produce it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Yuri

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you still working in the area of Miami, Florida?
    Congratulations for your progress,
    Yuri

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Yes, also.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 44 000 of this blog

  89. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Between the production of heat from the Ecat SK 20 kW Modules, and the supply of usable heat to an end user, there is the issue of heat exchangers.

    For heat transfer there is a variety of mediums that can be used; air, water, steam, and a wide range of industrial thermal fluid oils, each targeting specific markets, each of these heat transfer mediums will require specific heat exchanger designs, each requiring specific thermal ratings, operating temperatures, pressures and flow rates.

    Will your company Leonardo seek out expertise to design and manufacture all these types of heat exchangers, then incorporate all necessary pipework, instrumentation and controls in a structure, keeping all supply under your control, to then sell the heat output to the various market sectors?

    Or would you consider transfer of Ecat SK module outline specifications and operation profile to third parties under agreement, for them to develop, code design, build and maintain the heat exchangers and infrastructure, with Leonardo as the main contractor who has the contract with the end user, supplying, monitoring and maintaining the Ecat modules.

    Or would you consider joint ventures with industry leading companies, there would be sharing of profit but also sharing of development / certification costs and risks.

    Is it possible to describe at the January demonstration the commercial route you wish to pursue for the immediate future?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes, in the January 31st presentation of the Ecat SK we will indicate the commercial route that will be privileged for the time being.
    We supply a throw of heat, that you will observe very well; the Customers will decide how to make the best use of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwe’:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but let me say that to ask to a nuclear power operator or business investor what he does think of LENR is like to ask a lion what does he think of veggies ( with some exception, though ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I know about your breaktrough technology since 2011, and although I often got a lot of negative feedback (probably because I referred to your technology as the solution to eventually replace our old nuclear power plants), I from time to time (not too often 😉 participated in discussions about our Belgian energy strategy (and its many problems) in the fora of our major newspaper ‘De Standaard’, that is (like Aftenposten in Norway) the major newspaper in the Flemish/dutch (also my native language) speaking part of Belgium.

    Here some links to these discussions (only in Dutch):

    (Everyone who wants to read the discussion has to click on the button ‘Reacties’ (dutch) = ‘Reactions’ (english), but unfortunately, I’m afraid that most of these discussions probably are only accessible for subscribers who pay for it. Nevertheless, I here give a restricted list of discussions where I referred to your technology as a possible solution):

    In 2012: (reactions posted with my userid ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120815_00259016

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20120823_00268516

    In 2017: (reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from that time owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20170806_03005983

    2018: (Same remark as above: reactions posted with userid ‘Angela H.’, who is a direct family member and who from 2017 owned the subscription to the newspaper, but I always signed my messages referring to my own initials ‘Daniel D.’)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651599

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20180806_03651604

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181002_03802905

    also today, I posted a message on this forum: (and maybe I have to add a reference to the January 31st presentation?)

    http://www.standaard.be/cnt/dmf20181111_03934252

    As I mostly got very skeptical reactions, I do not know if I succeeded to influence and convince the public, but as I am convinced that your technology is very necessary to solve our energy problems, it certainly was worth a try. Hopefully, some young people of Flanders found their way to your website?

    Kind Regards,
    Ir. Daniel De Caluwé
    Flanders (Belgium)

  93. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    At what time will be broadcasted the direct streaming of the Ecat SK on January 31st? Where will it remain to be seen from those which will not attend the direct streaming?
    JPR

  94. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    1- the streaming will begin at 9 A.M. US Eastern Time and will last 2 hours
    2- the video will remain on youtube and a link will be maintained in our website http://www.leonardocorporation.com or http://www.ecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    1- yes
    2- there is a consume, therefore we project a duration of one year of the charge
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am glad to hear that you have recovered your voice, do you think that your health problems come from the one year test inside the container ?

    One question please did you notice if the reaction inside your E-CATS “eats up” the materials of your reactors ?

  98. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    On January 31st we will watch your demonstration from many places in the world.
    In the information you will deliver a few days before could you include GMT in addition to local time?
    All my encouragement to your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have confirmed that the January test will demonstrate a production line produced Ecat SK.

    Will you also be demonstrating a market ready control panel that has been sourced through your supply chain?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  101. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    your gas turbine 20 kW Ecat SK looks fit for a residential generator.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Could be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno ( Wease ):
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Bruno

    Do you think the video of the Ecat SK in operation will be really interesting? I mean, will it contain something never seen before?
    Cheers
    Bruno

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Bruno:
    Yes, it will be possible to send emails, we will read the questions and give the answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Bruno

    Dear Andrea,
    Sad to read you had lost the voice and inspiring the fact that you did not stop your work.
    Thank you for your tremendous work, we need it.
    Cheers
    Bruno

  108. Francisco Alspaugh

    Mr Rossi,
    Will it be possible to send you questions during the direct streaming and have answers still in direct streaming during the Ecat SK presentation on January 31st?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Francisco

  109. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the gas turbine combustion chambers that you are developing, how much thermal kW will be installed in a chamber?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  110. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The module of the Ecat SK now is 20 kW. There is potential to grow up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. JPR

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I suggest this measurement on Jan 31st: jet water inside the reactor of the SK, measure amount of water and temperature of steam at the output, collect under the reactor the non vaporized and condensed water. If I have understood how the Ecat SK works, this is the best way to measure the energy produced. This is what we did where I worked.
    Best regards,
    JPR

  112. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Daron Wirebaugh

    Dear Andrea:
    How is your health?
    Today tennis with your wife?
    God bless you for the work you are doing,
    Daron

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Daron Wirebaugh:
    Health is better, voice is returned. After my last surgery in July I lost the voice and was afraid not to recover it; I communicated with my collaborators writing, not being able to speak and this was a problem. Luckily after an intense logopedy the voice returned two days ago and now I can speak again. Fortunately this did not stop my work.
    No tennis today: unfortunately in this period my wife has to be in Italy, while I am here in Miami. She will be back soon.
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Your theory explaining the processes that create the Rossi Effect will, to some extent, change nuclear physics.
    1. In your opinion, exactly these processes occur in the core of the planet and in the depths of the sun?
    2. In addition to obtaining energy, it is possible in the future, using the reactions you have discovered for obtaining elements and isotopes?

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- I do not know
    2- I got oscilloscopes, spectrometers, thermochambers, lasers, frequency generators and other parafernalia, but not cristal balls
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Toby

    Are you aware of the patent about nuclear fusion reactor by Lockheed Martin?

    See https://www.siliconrepublic.com/machines/lockheed-martin-nuclear-fusion-jet-fighter

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Toby:
    Bizarre: to keep alive the pilot after the ionizing radiation emitted from this hot nuclear fusion reactor would be necessary 20 Tonns of lead around him. Besides the reactor, as it is described, can’t work because the electtromagneric shielding of the walls could not be stable at those energies and the reactor would sublimate in fractions of second, if it ever could be able to start.
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Sam

    Thought this article would interest you
    Dr Rossi

    https://phys.org/news/2018-11-two-atom-quantum-duet.html

    Regards
    Sam

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Dr. Mike

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    I agree 100% with the recommendations made by Steven N. Karels in his 11/11/2018 postings on the instrumentation that should be used for your January demonstration. My guess is that you have already taken measurements exactly as he is recommending. Are there any differences in how you are measuring the performance of the SK E-Cat from what he stated? If there are differences, what are those differences?
    I am certainly looking forward to seeing the results of your January demonstration!
    Dr. Mike

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Mike:
    Thank you for your opinion.
    Our presentation will be known on January 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Italo R.

    “…About the pond: we are looking for the oceans…”

    I like it! To be written in history books.

    Kind regards,

    Italo R.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for your sustain to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I understand the January 2019 event will not be a scientific demonstration but a commercial service demonstration. Consequently, the purpose is not to demonstrate and validate the technology but to show a potential customer or customers how well the system performs (output thermal power versus input electrical power).

    The electrical input can be measured using a single phase AC power meter. A means of demonstrating that it is reasonably accurate would be advised. Possible ways include one or more switchable dummy loads of known or calculated power dissipation. You might also include an analog AC Ammeter and an analog AC Voltmeter to show the AC power meter results are consistent.

    I understand you are using flowing water with no phase change. This requires a measurement of the flow rate (e.g., liters per minute) and input and output temperatures. Some form of independent temperature measurement is suggested.

    I recall in your early demonstrations you used a container and a scale to capture water flow and weighed the output water over time to compute the water flow rate, by knowing the water density. A simply thermometer(s) to measure the input and output water temperatures in addition to your digital temperature sensors would form an independent means of verification.

    I suggest that all cabling be visible and nothing is hidden from sight. Water comes from the “house plumbing”, perhaps an additional faucet to dump water into a container to allow a independent temperature measurement. The output (heated) water should be directed into a storage container and independently have its temperature measured and, periodically weighed. The container would need to be occasionally emptied but keep in mind the water will be hot, perhaps 40C to 80C, so safety is a concern.

    Most of all, keep it simple. Measure the input power. Measure the output power. No secrets, no configuration changes during the demonstration. Best luck on the demonstration.

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Isidro

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you see the last publications of Dr Alexander Parkhomov and his new Team? If yes, what is your opinion?

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Isidro:
    Yes.
    I think Dr Parkhomov and his team are making a serious job.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Abe Vincent

    So the primary purpose of the event in January is to advertise the launch of your heating service to the world? Or will marketing be limited to just the USA/Canada initially? Energy costs in the UK (and the rest of Europe) are higher than in the USA so there might be more interest this side of the pond.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Abe Vincent:
    For the time being we will limit our action to the sale of heat, with remote control of the plants made by us, to maintain full control of the technology and be responsible of the operation in this initial phase. About the pond: we are looking for the oceans.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    May I ask if the event in January will demonstrate it he operation with higher temperature outputs greater than 100 deg C for example 400 or 600 deg C? Or if like the Stockholm event use a fluid output below 100 deg C?

    I don’t want to pre empt the purpose of the event so if you prefer to leave the release of information to the event it self I understand.

    Similarly I wonder if you can tell us more regarding the device parameters and thermal exchange fluid usage parameter constraints either before or during your event?

    If you prefer to wait until the event. Can we raise the questions directly during your presentation. Or would you prefer us to use an intermediary for efficiency? Or both.

    Thanks and Best Regards.

    Looking forward to it now.

    Stephen

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    The T will be higher.
    For all the rest, let’s wait for the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:
    Do you expect that the January demonstration will be a validation of your work with enough coverage to excite the alternate energy community? Should this happen are you prepared for the media circus that will follow?
    Good luck and thank you.
    John C Evans

  134. Andrea Rossi

    John C Evans:
    Thanks to you for your kind attention to the work of our team.
    The aim of the January 31st presentation is not to get a validation. We are presenting a service that is based on an industrial production, not on a prototype that needs to be validated. The goal of the presentation is commercial, not scientific and has to be object of clear distinction from a work of R&D, that we continue to do, and of theoretical study, that we continue to do.
    We are prepared to answer the questions we will receive: any kind of questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Prof

    Can you give some information about the main events relate to the Ecat from now to the January 31st presentation?

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Next week a thoroughly series of experiments oriented toward the theoretical bases of the effect, and the results will be communicated to all the members that are working with me upon theoretical issues; the last week of November and during December our Clients will visit us to see the SK in operation and define details.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Robarto:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majotity Member:
    Thank you for your sustain from our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Roberto

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will it be possible to put questions to you during the presentation you will make on January 31st in streaming?
    Carissimi saluti,
    Roberto

  140. Silent Majority Member

    Dear Andrea,
    I just want to tell you that we are inspired by your unbelievable progress made in these last years, notwithstanding all the force employed against you and your team by your enemies and their trolls.
    Godspeed,
    a silent majority member

  141. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible that we might see a formal introduction of your partner at the January presentation?

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    This does not depend on me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    All of your supporters and I are looking forward to seeing the SK run on January 31 and wish E-CAT a great commercial success.
    Can you tell us if the E-CAT assembly of your first customer has started? If not, can you tell us when the assembly will begin?
    All my support for your work and long live E-CAT
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind support.
    The assembly will start at the beginning of the year 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video about producing electricity
    from waste heat.

    https://youtu.be/1W8ruajbrGY

    Regards
    Sam

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Nicole Mawrey

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did your oscilloscopes have damages caused by the electromagnetic fields exiting the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer, it is an information that is useful for my job, if you can.
    All the best,
    Nicole

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Nicole Mawrey:
    No, but I suggest you to put a barrier between the O.S. and the source of e.m. fields.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will you make other validation tests on the Ecats?
    All the best,
    Ruby

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    No, because now we are at the industrialization phase. The “validation” is made by the Customers. This said, our R&D activity obviously will continue, as it happens for any industrial product, as well as we will continue our strong effort in the theoretical field related to our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you show the Ecat SK in operation to the clients before they sign an agreement to buy from Leonardo Corp the heat?

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Of course, even if normally they are more interested to the price than to other issues, apart the safety issues.
    As I wrote, we command from remote the operation of the Ecats, to protect the intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Which industrial sector do you think will be the first to use your E-Cat heat service?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    There is not a particular sector: any application wherein heat is a significant costs source is fit for the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If you do not employ a phase change (liquid water to steam) in your January demonstration but only do a temperature change in liquid water, I compute that for a reasonable temperature change, say 20 degC input to 60 degC output, and a 20kW thermal output eCat, you will need to run about 7.2 liters per minute of water flow. How will you control and measure the mass flow of the water?

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I want not to describe now what we will show on Jan 31st.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    its a deal with the government for small business to pay for the first 170.000m3 only 3 cents per m3 natural gas
    any m3 above this 170.000 m3 , will be charged the normal rate of 19cents per m3 natural gas

    My question is can you compete with natural gas for either 0.03 cents per 1m3 natural gas or if not , compete with the normal rate of 19 cents 1m3 natural gas used for heating purposes in the green house sector ?

    Kind regards Arjen

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Diego

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Very interesting the article on Aftenposten by Per Kristian Bjorkeng. I found the link to it on http://www.ecat.com in the News, while looking for the video of the very convincing demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24th 2017. Aftenposten is a major newspaper of Norway.
    All the best,
    Diego

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Diego:
    Thank you for your attention to our demo of Stockholm,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Hipolito Nies

    Can the Ecat SK operate at 110 V 60 Hz, 400 V 60 Hz 3 P, 200 V 50/60 Hz 1 P or 3 P?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Hipolito Nies:
    The Ecat SK can work in all the existing characteristics of the available power sources. Obviously we will make the control system fit for every power source we have to deal with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Stephen

    Hi Andrea.

    May I ask if you or your customer would be able to
    Make a small presentation in the e-cat SK production.

    Maybe the production process (What is not too confidential), forward plans and maybe a production road map. I think it could be interesting to many. For more serious customers could give them an idea of development capacity, production bottlenecks and other constrains that may help in their planning and scheduling. I appreciate that part could be done privately with customers too but some broad overview if possible could be interesting.

    Best Regards
    Stephen.

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Sorry, we deem confidential this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. arjen

    Can you compete with a 0.03 euro for 1 m3 gas for the first 170.000 m3 , now payed for by the dutch greenhouses business.
    They have a special deal with the government for cheap gas prices but of course for environmental purposes they can greatly benefit of your ecat technology but pricewise it will determine if they will use ecat technology or not.

    how do you penetrate the market where they use natural gas for heating purposes? Even for the normal rate 19 cent per 1 m3? Which offer you can make to get them to use the ecat?

    kind regards Arjen

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    19 cts/m3? 3 cts/m3? I am confused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Stephen

    It’s amazing the progress made in the last year and the would say the last few years too the device you describe now seems to be a huge step forward. An industrial mass device that simply plugs in to a socket! I’m sure there is much complexity in the build and control. But from the description it’s looking like a product now.

    I’m feel really fortunate to be able to follow your story here. Looking forward to January and the video presentation a lot now.

    May ask if you will be presenting the input electrical parameters as well as thermal and flow rate ones. Such as the input current and voltage and if it is single phase or 3phase? I appreciate the fact it’s using s normal socket is already quite something.

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Yes, we will publish also the data related to the current supplied to the control system.
    The Ecat SK can be supplied in both versions, 1 P or 3 P
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. YM

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the presentation of January 31st will be published the video on Youtube and on http://www.ecat.com for those who will not be able to attend the streaming?

  170. Andrea Rossi

    YM:
    Yes, as we did for the November 24th video of the Stockholm presentation of the Ecat QX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    which is the margin of error of the spectrometer you are utilizing to measure the lambda?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Several nm
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Lanfranco

    Can we have the instructions how to attend on internet the direct streaming of the presentation of the Ecat SK?
    Thanks
    Lanfranco

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Lanfranco:
    Several days befor we will publish here all the instructions to attend by internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your answer,

    1. So by a “regular plug-in outlet”, you mean a regular domestic socket you would use for a computer, TV, etc.
    2. Would any regular domestic socket in the USA, Europe, Asia, etc. (they differ slightly in voltage and amps depending on country) be able to operate a single 20 kW E-Cat SK?
    3. Would the E-Cat SK be able to operate with AC at either 50 or 60 Hz?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- yes, it is very easy to convert
    3- we make the control panels fit for the voltage and frequency they have to operate with
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. KeithT

    When you state “presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product” does this mean the Ecat SK being demonstrated in January will be one maufactured by your automated production line for Ecat reactor units.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Bob

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Whatever will be ( que sera’ sera’) the presentation of january of the Ecat SK, the fact that now we have industrial plants operating with LENR is a miracle: the “impossible” is no more impossible.
    Thank you for your enormous sacrifice, also in terms of health, to arrive to this point.
    Bob

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the controller to the E-Cat SK plug into a regular AC wall socket, or is a different kind of connection required?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It ia a regular plug-in outlet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As you and most of your readers are aware the energy sector, made up of many institutions are well aware of your technology and their tentacles have a complete coverage of all large scale business operations. They control the vast majority of companies with regards their major decisions and allegiances. Should these companies step out of line, which they cannot due to board member decisions i.e. deciding to go totally green and abandon conventional energy sources they would be outlawed and suffer the consequences i.e. put out of business which would never happen because they are well aware of why they must never make a rash decision. The private sector, is I believe the only means by which your technology can be taken up. It will require private discussions behind closed doors with special deals and incentives. Once one or two private companies are using your technology and making exceptional gains on their profitability a chain reaction will occur whereby your success will come about by your insistence regarding the keeping of a secret but as you know and I know there is know such thing as a secret and thereby success will surely come. No need to totally convert an entire system, an initial integration of say either the boilers or furnace to start with together with an incentive thrown in, plus the verbal mention of best not to tell anyone of how you are saving money should give your technology the recognition that it deserves and its success in the energy sector. Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Onto:
    Yes, we did.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on the success of your Energy Catalyser!

    Since there’s not going to be a live audience on the January presentation,have you personally invited any potential business clients to watch it on the Net? I’m sure a lot of your admirers will be watching it,but if there are not any tentative clients among them, I’m afraid the presentation will be pointless.

    I wholeheartedly wish you success!

    Regards,
    Obro

  187. Mark Saker

    Dr. Rossi,

    For the presentation in January you have said that you will show the Ecat SK in operation.

    Do you mean

    a) A single Ecat SK heating some water with digital display of the water temperature on both ends
    b) Multiple ecat SK heating some water with temperature readouts
    c) Multiple Ecat SK driving a turbine?

    Something else?

    Many Thanks and I wish you success

    Mark Saker

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Mark Saker:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Anonymous

    In this case your presentation is gonna be very boring. I will not waste my time on it

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Maybe you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Robin

    If I have understood , the presentation you will show on January 31st in direct streaming will not be a validation test, as the one made in Stockholm (youtube demo of Ecat QX Stockholm November 24 2017), where an independent engineer has made measurements, but it will be just the presentation of your heat sale service, am I correct? Will you show videos of the Ecat SK in operation?

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Robin:
    Yes, you are correct and yes, we will broadcast also a video of the Ecat SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is the size of the 20 kW E-Cat SK? Will this be shown at the upcoming presentation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It will be shown at the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may have already answered this question so forgive me if you previously did so. Will you have an independent engineer present at the 31 January industrialization demonstration responsible validating the accuracy of all the test and measurement equipment utilized as well as the resulting measurements? I’m sure all your followers on this website can suggest one if you haven’t already done so. Continued success and I look forward to 31 January after following your progress since 2011.

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    No, we will not have any engineer to validate anything. It will be a presentation of a service supplied by means of an industrialized product, not a validation test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Steven N. Karels

    Jim Rosenburg,

    The residual heat going into the atmosphere is a little environmental significance. The Sun produces on the Earth approximately 1kW of power per square meter. The combined power output of millions of eCat reactors cannot match the effect of the Sun on warming our atmosphere. Mankind for centuries has used fire to warm themselves, cook their meals and do their work. The eCat technology will, potentially, have a very small carbon footprint, probably smaller than hydroelectric dams and conventional nuclear reactor based generation plants. If it works, to be demonstrated and adopted as a commercial standard, eCat technology can change the environment, especially in countries like China where air pollution is a significant problem.

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Rossi,
    are you prepared for the environmentalists that will complain of the heat dissipated by the Ecats into the atmosphere?
    All the best,
    Jim R.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    The Ecats are not made to dissipate heat, they are made to generate heat for industrial utilization, not for dissipation; besides, the Ecats do not generate carbon dioxide or any other kind of pollutant in the environment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Can you give an estimation of the ratio service of the Ecat?

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    5-10 days per year for maintenance, if there are not unexpected problems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    I had submitted the following question:

    “What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    For which you had kindly answered:
    “I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.”

    Obviously the gas turbine you have recommended is a closed cycle one, which I wholeheartedly agree with for many technical and environmental reasons. But my curiosity is in the set up and size (MW electric) of the best arrangement incorporating your technology, (you have recommended the Ecat SK) supplying heat to a market-ready close circuit gas turbine-alternator system.

    For example, will your factory be able to construct a multi Ecat SK module unit supplying 1 MW thermal energy to run, let’s say, a 300 kW gas turbine? What is the maximum power (thermal) that can be constructed in your factory?

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    The highest rated module we are able to make now is the 20 kW Ecat SK, which can be combined with as many modules you want to reach the power you want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Mary Coore

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The progress you made in one year is impressive: you reached several KW of power with the industrialized Ecat SK in 2018, one year after the 20 W Ecat QX shown in Stockholm in the convincing video published on youtube (November 24 2017). Do you still spare the time to play tennis with your wife?
    Godspeed,
    Mary

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Coore:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    The weekly tennis match with my wife is a must!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Did you find in your spectrometry measurements of the T of the Ecat also peaks in the range of 430-440 nm?
    This would corroborate the hypothesis of Prof Giorgio Vassallo related to your intuition of the virtual Fermions that could raise from their field when the T of the field reaches the mass of the same elementary particles.
    Cheers
    Prof

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, we got peaks in that area,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Are utilizing some method of preventing the electrodes of the device from experiencing any degree whatsoever of sputtering by charged ions and neutral atoms striking them?

    2) If you are utilizing a surface protrusion on the electrodes to enhance the electric field to reduce the voltage required to initiate the plasma, is this protrusion self-regenerating?

    3) Could one QX device fitting inside one closed cylinder utilize multiple emitter tips to produce multiple columns of plasma to maximize the output energy?

    4) At the upcoming demonstration, would you be willing to introduce anyone who can testify that they built a QX themselves and achieved the same results as yourself? I think this would go far to countering some of the vitriol from the imbeciles that will be screaming that it only “appeared” to work because you “rigged” it to do so. If there is even one person that works for your client that you would trust to build a QX and share their results as well at the demonstration (even if only during a brief slideshow of the data), I would urge you to allow them to do so.

    Thank you.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- confidential
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- no and I don’t care the Rock and Troll rants
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. “Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?”

    My hope is that the SK/turbine combination will be found to be competitive with current grid sources of power for communities of a size of, say, 5,000 or more households. If so, then the present grossly inefficient, monolithic, centralized, monopolistic power providers will be forced to compete (just as participants in nearly all other industries are) and radically reduce their waste of resources if they are to remain in business.

    The benefits to the economy and to living standards would be appreciable.

    Rodney Nicholson.

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say you are looking for helium in the E-Cat SK, did you find any?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This is part of the theoretical work we are working upon. It is premature to give answers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I recently survived Hurricane Michael in the Florida Panhandle. We lost many public buildings in the storm. This experience motivated me to research stronger structures. The strongest and most economical structure appears to be the “Monolithic Concrete Dome”. It is earthquake-proof, hurricane-proof, and tornado-proof up to F-5 category. It is cheaper to build than traditional box-type construction. It is so energy efficient that the cost of the foundation, floor, and outer shell will pay for themselves in 15 to 20 years in energy savings.

    The round footprint may not be ideal for straight-line assembly line manufacturing. It seems to me that you could overcome the round footprint by using an elongated tubular (hemi-tubular) structure connected to two half-domes.
    https://www.monolithic.org/domes
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion. I take advice of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Albert Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations for the progress made. May I wish you more successful years in the advancement of the E-Cat and its derivatives.

    The time of industrialisation of your technology is very close. I have been following your progress, successes, attempts at derailing your progress by others, and finally the imminent rollout of industrialised E-Cats designed to provide a modular, reliable and controllable source of high temperature heat that can be utilised for most applications currently in operation but heated by conventional fuels.

    Electricity being the most practical source for distributing energy through a grid, it is my opinion that E-Cats will be mostly used for such a purpose. Hence my question: What is currently the best practical set up of a system that couples an E-Cat based heat source and a steam-turbine/alternator system, in terms of Mega Watts electrical?

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Albert Ellul:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Answer:
    I think that the best system will be a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  219. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the SK variant of the eCat technology — is Hydrogen a required element for the reaction? Would Deuterium, Helium-3, one or both isotopes of Lithium or one of more isotopes of Boron suffice for an exothermic reaction with Nickel?

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I cannot answer these questions.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  221. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a video on the legacy of
    the Kepler space telescope.

    https://youtu.be/_V7J05fK5e0

    Regards
    Sam

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for this link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  223. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    In your recent theoretical work are you searching also the presence of helium ?

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  225. arjen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Just curious based upon your theoretical work, will your explanation how the ecat works open up a total new industry of discovering new technology even outside of lenr? what I try to say, electricity was the driving force behind all the discoveries made afterwards, like telephone, electronic microscope, will your theorie once proven to be correct have a similar effect and open up a whole new era of scientific discoveries to be made just based upon your theory?
    sorry if I am just a dummy , I would love to hear your opinion or simplified answer.

    all the best.
    Arjen

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    It is possible.
    We all are dummies, the difference between us is that we are dummies in different matters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    To find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  228. Yoko

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is the Ecat SK fit to be coupled with a turbine?

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Yoko:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You said your main Client has high ‘firepower’.

    a) Is this client currently involved in preparing to produce E-Cats?
    b) His this client been involved in testing SK reactors?
    c) Have you been spending time working at this client’s facilities?
    d) In terms of firepower, would this client be one of the top companies in its business sector?

    Many thanks and best wishes for the upcoming presentation.

    Frank Acland

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a- yes
    b- yes
    c- not yet
    d- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Yuri

    @ Rod Walton:
    The real game changer is the Ecat!

  233. CC

    Svein Henrik:
    Probably Dr Rossi will increase the productivity proportionally to the amount of orders.
    Cheers
    CC

  234. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    I’m referring to the new automated production-line for E-Cat-SK.
    What will be the capacity for the SK-10 per day?
    How many such production lines are you planning to acquire over the next years?
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Enough to satisfy the demand and fit to get along with the demand increase.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  236. Rod Walton

    Here is a game changer: just google ‘Power Engineering October 30 2018- Optimizing natural gas generation with energy storage’
    Rod Walton

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Elvis Kinzie

    @Martin Himpe:
    we must remember that Andrea Rossi told us that the COP he got in Doral during the test of the 1 MW plant has been reached thanks also to the fact that he operated the plant personally every day, 16 hours per day, while his team operated the plant during the remaining 8 hours, so that the plant has ben attended to by the men of Leonardo 24/7 for one year, a situation that is unthinkable for the plants he will install in the factories of his customers. I expect the COP will have to be reduced to make the Ecat reliable in normal situations.
    Elvis

  239. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    When the installation of the plant will be completed at the customer and will be started, will it be necessary to leave on site technicians for maintenance and monitoring in addition to remote control?
    Good health and all my support for the project
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    No, the Customer will have certified operators trained by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. >> are you going to retire?
    > Of course! When I will be 99 years old.

    I assume that you will then re-start your musical career!

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    At that age I will be able to rival the Rock and Trolls! With you, we will invent the “Rock the Trolls” music, characterized by strong accents on the cymbals. I have ready the first title: “Cymbals vs cymballs”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Dan Martin

    @Verena Bretenstein:
    Which kind of advanced steam engine are you thinking about?
    Dan

  244. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Take care of your health. We need you on this planet for decades to come! I’m unsure of your medical history, but there are a ton of great supplements to try. One that’s a virtual panacea is broccoli extract due to the sulforaphane content.

    1) Do you think that atomic hydrogen and lithium atoms in a plasma can interact in such a way that the atomic hydrogen transforms into a form that’s more effective at inducing nuclear reactions with other elements?

    2) If such a transformation of H can take place (regardless what it transforms into) do you think that the resulting product can be absorbed by nickel in Ni-H systems such as the E-Cat?

    3) Have you ever ran a QX until it became depleted of hydrogen/lithium and stopped working?

  245. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your kind words and the panaceic suggestion…
    Answers:
    1- I cannot answer in positive or in negative to this question
    2- same as in 1
    3- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is there a technical reason why eCat technology could not be used with a heat to electricity generation unit (solid state, no turbines)? If the effective COP is sufficiently high, even the relatively low conversion efficiencies (5 – 8%) could be overcome. And suitable circuitry and energy storage (battery or capacitor) can overcome safety (feedback) concerns. Can an “eCat Battery” be realized. I imaging applications such as drones and remote applications (the moon) would be possible. I would guess that if your effective, long-term COP averaged over 50, it should be doable.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion. Obviously more efficient systems will have priority.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Verena Breitenstein

    Is the heat exchanger which you are using for the Ecat SK able to produce supercritical steam (P=250 Bar, T=500°C) for an advanced steam engine?

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Verena Breitenstein:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Martin Himpe

    It was previously claimed that the COP was > 100. Is it still true? Or is it more?
    Martin Himpe

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Himpe:
    The COP will be communicated during the presentation of January 31 2019.
    I promise it will be enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.