Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2021-01-25 10:40:07.357045Z

  1. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    How many of your partners are multinational companies, present in more than 20 countries, or with 100,000 employees or have 10 B $ in turnover.
    Regards Svein. H. Vormedal

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    One.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  3. Paul

    Andrea,

    Will you be marketing a minimum foot print (smallest size possible) E-Cat SKL among your initial products?

    V/R,

    Paul

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Riccardo

    Dear Andrea:
    “Non ti curar di lor,
    ma guarda e passa”
    Riccardo

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Riccardo:
    That’s exactly what I am doing,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Dan C.

    @ Gerard McEk

    You frequent ECW regularly and should have noticed the big increase in trolls very recently. Those who seldom and some who haven’t been there before that have been very disparaging of Rossi’s work.

    You can bet Rossi’s foes have their sources to monitor Rossi’s progress. While we are waiting at the train station watching for the train, Rossi’s foes have their ear to the rail and can hear it coming from miles away. Long before we can see or hear anything.

    Everytime I see such an uptick of trolls on ECW, I assume Rossi has made a substantial advance or improvement in the E-cat. Thus they become very nervous and send the trolls to do their bidding.

    This is but the 1st battle. The bigger battle is yet to come. It will be a battle from the very people supposed to be Rossi’s friends. And NO… I’m not talking about the fossil fuel industry. It is Those who have at least 10 time $ as much to lose.

    A final thought to consider. Sometimes, the enemy of my enemy can be my friend. Makes for good leverage. Or would that be blackmail??? Whatever works.

    Regards,
    Dan C.

  8. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. I know trolls are marginalizing your work and try to blacken you reputation. Now with the approaching introduction of the Ecat SKL, has their activity increased?
    2. Do you receive threats that demand not to introduce the Ecat?
    3. Is the fact that you keep your location secret linked to these threads?
    4. Maybe your open communication on JoNP contributes to these threats, but may also be a a way of protecting yourself, can you say something about that?
    Thanks for answering our questions, kind regards, Gerard

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. I don’t know: I do not have time to read stupidities, but the fact that our competitors are paying trolls to disparage our work with their rock and troll corroborates the evidence of the fact that they fear us: nobody would spend money and/or time to disparage something that does not worth the while
    2. yes
    3. yes
    4. I think my communication here helps us
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Asterix

    Dr Rossi:
    How would you define the trolls that comment your scientific papers not with scientific observations, but with insults that have nothing to do with the matter ? I am very disturbed to see these attempts to dirt clean scientific echelons,
    thank you if you can share your opinion,
    Asterix

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Asterix:
    Kulturell Unterschicht.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    When you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL will you say that it works on the base of some sort of LENR or cold fusion ?

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, because I do not think there are nuclear reactions. I think the work is made by the electrons, along what I wrote on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Jeannette Kneisler

    Dr Rossi,
    Why EEDF are important for the Ecat SKL ?

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Jeannette Kneisler:
    The collective phase-lock in the charge clusters requires monocromatic electrons or a very narrow distribution of ZBW frequency and consequently an environment with a narrow electron energy distribution function (EEDF) may favor the creation of these coherent structures.
    See also ref, 3, 6, 20, 38 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Rema Sandvik

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi
    Do you think the sales to the public, not just industries, will begin in 2021 ?

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Rema Sandvik:
    I will make all I can to make it possible ,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    1- You say, you will be able to produce 10000 e-cat SKLs this year. Does every e-cat skl consist of 100 modules, or less?

    2- Did you already accomplish the assembly of 100 modules as you tried in the past weeks?

    3- Not all customers need e-cat SKLs in the megawatt range. Will you offer e-cat SKLs also in the 100s KW range?

    Thank you and kind regards,

    E. Hergen

  19. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    1- I said that we will be able to produce all the Ecats that will be ordered when we will start the sales. Answer:it depends on the situations
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Eric: please contact
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    explaining exactly what you are referring about and the right person will contact you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Dear Andrea,
    In my time of absorbing scientific knowledge about energy systems, I have been exposed to many proffered models. Starting with the planetary model of the atom and progressing to the spinning and whirling Lorentz fields that seem to be more accepted today, I have concluded for myself that to understand what is occurring in the area of the production of excess energy we must start with a model of universal construct.
    In my model, I start with the idea that space is filled with enormous quantities of potential energy of the type that resembles EM fields. In this space there are spheres of empty space maintained by a membrane of anti electric and magnetic forces keeping the energy in space out of the spheres. However when an external occurrence renders the membrane permeable the external energy rapidly enters the sphere and causes its volume to expand at the speed of light(Big Bang). The energy is at first what we call dark energy but rapidly some of it converts into dark matter and then to sensible mass, probably in the form of neutrons which then decay into protons and electrons which constitute what we call matter, until an equilibrium forms and a stable system emerges. However an amount of energy continues to pass through the permeable membrane into the sphere thus continuing the expansion of our universe.
    When we invade this space with energetic electron clusters as one example we can cause some of the dark energy or matter to then convert to a form which allows us to utilize it.
    I am not stating that this is an exact model, it is the best model for me to perhaps understand what is occurring in excess energy systems.
    Idealistic regards.

  22. Andrea Rossi

    eernie1:
    Interesting model, thank you for sharing it with us,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Are all the measuring instruments used for testing the E-Cat SKL industry standard, or was there a requirement to create one or more specialist measuring instruments?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  24. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If you don’t mind, would you kindly put me in touch with your web developers?

    Thank you,
    Eric Woudenberg
    Author: rossilivecat.com

  26. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Do you really mean what you wrote about 10.000 E-catSKL during 2021?
    It seams so unbelievable for me.
    Can you confirm it again, so that it is not a computer-hacker who has made a sabotage.
    Sorry for my, maybe, stupid question.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Your question is NOT stupid, as well as are NOT stupid all the questions put by our Readers.
    All I said is that we will be ready to produce 10,000 Ecats during 2021 if they will be ordered and if we will be ready to sell.
    The manufacturing organization will be ready in time as soon as we will be ready to sell.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Jitse

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    I understanding your reaction, In 2008 I came up with a simple improvement for hip prosthesis, which has been very well received by the technical developers of the 8 largest manufacturers such as Zimmer etc. Unfortunately no one dared (risk, test, certificates, financial and legal problems) in the end I stopped.

    Best regards Jitse

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    I know the feeling,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Jitse

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi

    Last news from Musk, he wants 100 M dollars for best CO2 project,

    With Regards
    Jitse

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    I can tell you, based on my experience: you have not idea of the amount of money that gets lost in an R&D on this field: how many hours and materials are wasted due by errors. It is a river of money that never ends.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Raquel Bongiorno

    Dr Rossi,
    I like your answer to Skeptic Physicist
    Raquel

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Raquel Bongiorno:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Maria

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the role of Entropy fundamentsl in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    Thank you and best of luck.

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Maria:
    Yes, see in particular par. 2.4, 2.5, 3 and 4. I would define the Ecat an “entropic pump”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am impressed with the smooth progress of the production process of the SKL!

    a. Is this only about the industrial applications?
    b. If ‘yes’ do you think that delivery of the SKL for domestic applications could also begin as early as this year?
    c. Will the domestic version have more extensive features than the industrial version (alternating current, overvoltage protection, heating element, heat exchanger, etc.)?

    I wish you, your team and your industrial partner(s) lots of success!

    Brice

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    a. so far yes
    b. I don’t know yet
    c. probably
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  38. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    one question if i may, you said that also your client will produce the ECats and that they are still testing it. Are they also working on it to improve the performance and the reliability?
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    Perhaps you may not think this is relevant, but the advantage of avoiding inefficient electricity tariffs and substantial welfare losses by deployment of distributed energy resources at consumers level (e.g. the domestic E-Cat) is highlighted by this paper. Again, this is addressing the importance of your innovation.
    Calle H

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329000104_The_increasing_cost_of_ignoring_Coase_inefficient_electricity_tariffs_welfare_loss_and_welfare-reducing_technological_change

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Here are the last statistics of your publications on Researchgate:
    Readings: over 64000 of which over 59000 only for
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Recommendations 3785
    Citations 22
    Total research Interest index 1078
    And counting…
    Prof

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the stats,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Skeptic Physicist

    Where are the conditions for to satisfy the balancing of the Coulomb repulsion in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Skeptic Physicist

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Skeptic Physicist:
    When the conditions for the equation 24 in paragraph 2.4 are satisfied, so that the Coulomb repulsion is balanced by the Lorentz force.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Some questions if I may:
    1. You confirmed to Frank Acland that you expect that tens of thousands Ecats SKL can be produced this year. Will the Leonardo company produce these, or will also ‘partners’ taking part in producing these?
    2. Have all certification tests stopped now?
    3. Are your clients still testing Ecats?
    4a. Is the heat producing 20 kW Ecat SK plant still in operation (since Nov. 2018)?
    4b. If yes, is it still performing with the same COP?
    5. How likely do you estimate the world presentation of the Ecat this year?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- Also partners
    2- no
    3- yes
    4a- yes
    4b- yes
    5- I am convinced it will be done
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Gustav

    Dr Rossi,
    From your answer to Skeptic Prof, and his erroneous interpretation of the term “zitterbewegung”, due to the fact that he searched on Wikipedia what this term does mean, while in the context of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the mean of ZBW is totally different, does this fact mean that Wikipedia is not reliable ?
    Gustav

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Gustav:
    Zitterbewegung is a vocable of the German language that means “tremor”. Obviously in Physics the meaning has specific applications for different situations: when you read a publication of Physics, you also have to check the references reported in it to understand the specific semantic context of a term that is otherway used in different contexts. It is pretty clear that the meaning of ZBW related to Hestenes is totally different from the meaning reported on Wikipedia: in fact, Wikipedia cites references that have nothing to do with the work of Hestenes, that is at the base of my paper. Note that Prof. David Hestenes is one of the most important living theoretical physicists. See in particular, on my paper, the reference 25 “The Zitterbewegung Interpretation of Quantum mechanics”, 26 ” Zitterbewegung in Quantum mechanics” and 27 “”Zitterbewegung Modeling”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The demand for the E-Cat SKL when on the market will likely be very high. Does your answer to Paul mean that you will have the capacity to meet orders in the tens of thousands this year?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes, I should.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Paul

    Andrea,

    How many E-Cat SKLs do you anticipate producing in 2021?

    V/R,

    Paul

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We will be able to deliver all the modules that will be ordered.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From your current understanding of the physics that underlies the E-Cat SKL technology, do you think there is a possibly of engineering future improvements in the existing design or is the existing design currently being tested near the limits of optimisation?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Improvements will never end; as a matter of fact this is a rule valid for everything in this world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Quinto

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen, a researcher that has replicated the experiments of Prof. Holmlid on Ultra-Dense Hydrogen (
    Hydrogen reactor for Rydberg Matter and Ultra Dense Hydrogen, a replication of Leif Holmlid), has recently recommended your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Regards
    Quinto

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Quinto:
    Thank you for your important information: by the way, I noticed that many important and well known scientists have recommended this paper, and this is a peer reviewing we are very proud of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 19th 2021:
    Coronavirus crushed US clean energy workforce in 2020: 400000-plus jobs lost.
    Rod Walton

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the (sad) update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Dear Andrea,
    on the days in which the news of Fleishmann’s death (15/1)is announced the words of the ITER construction manager Sergio Orlandi with the appreciation of your work give confidence and hope to the realization of your projects.
    Better days await us for humanity.
    Gian

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea, Giuseppe :

    For those like me, who are not native italian speakers :
    On page 67 from https://issuu.com/gsedocs/docs/elementi_37_-_web_1_ , Sergio Orlandi head ITER’s Central Engineering and Plant Directorate said :

    E: Qual è la sua opinione sulla contestata fusione fredda?
    SO: Un approccio ridicolizzato fin dai tempi di Fleischmann e Pons.
    Il brevetto dell’E-Cat di Andrea Rossi, sta però modificando le cose.
    Personalmente tendo a dare fiducia a chilavora e produce ricerca.
    A patto che si sia sempre trasparenti, nei risultati e nelle sperimentazioni.
    Forse in tale ambito, queste, non sono sempre state cristalline.
    Ma è una strada da tenere in grande considerazione.

    E: What is your opinion on the disputed cold fusion?
    SO: An approach that has been ridiculed since the days of Fleischmann and Pons.
    Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat patent, however, is changing things.
    Personally I tend to give confidence to those who work and produce research.
    Provided that it is always transparent in the results and in the experiments.
    Perhaps in this area, these have not always been crystal clear.
    But it is a path to be taken into great consideration.

    Remark : this was in July 2016, long before the E-Cat QX & SK demos, and the publication of https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I wonder how he would answer the same question today… :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you very much for the very useful translation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. ALICE IN WONDERLAND

    Mr Rossi,
    Why equation 14 in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    should respects the Lagrangian definition ?
    Alice

  65. Andrea Rossi

    ALICE IN WONDERLAND
    Because the kinetic energy of the electron’s mass-less charge is exactly equal to its relativistic mass ( see the whole par. 2.4 ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea, Giuseppe :

    For those who are not native italian speakers like me :
    On page 67 from https://issuu.com/gsedocs/docs/elementi_37_-_web_1_ , Sergio Orlandi head ITER’s Central Engineering and Plant Directorate said :

    E: Qual è la sua opinione sulla contestata fusione fredda?
    SO: Un approccio ridicolizzato fin dai tempi di Fleischmann e Pons.
    Il brevetto dell’E-Cat di Andrea Rossi, sta però modificando le cose.
    Personalmente tendo a dare fiducia a chilavora e produce ricerca.
    A patto che si sia sempre trasparenti, nei risultati e nelle sperimentazioni.
    Forse in tale ambito, queste, non sono sempre state cristalline.
    Ma è una strada da tenere in grande considerazione.

    E: What is your opinion on the disputed cold fusion?
    SO: An approach that has been ridiculed since the days of Fleischmann and Pons.
    Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat patent, however, is changing things.
    Personally I tend to give confidence to those who work and produce research.
    Provided that it is always transparent in the results and in the experiments.
    Perhaps in this area, these have not always been crystal clear.
    But it is a path to be taken into great consideration.

    Remark : this was in July 2016, long before the E-Cat QX & SK demos, and the publication of https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I wonder how he would answer the same question today… :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Giuseppe

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    here is the link to the director of the ITER that speaks positively of the Ecat:
    http://www.issuu.com/gsedocs/docs/elementi_37_-_web_1_

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    I must say that the director of the ITER construction has given evidence of a profound intellectual honesty.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Roy

    Dear Andrea:
    Where can I buy the book “An Impossible Invention” ?
    Roy

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Roy:
    Just Google ” Amazon book ‘An Impossible Invention’- Mats Lewan ”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has reached today 59000 readings ( and counting )
    All the best,
    Prof

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Ronald

    Why you say the equation 14 in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    respects the Lagrangian definition ?

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald:
    see page 7 of the same paper and consider that the kinetic energy of the electron’s mass-less charge is exactly equal to its relativistic mass.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Alfredo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    On the Italian magazine “Elementi 37”, specialized on energy generation, on pagg 32-34 the director of the construction of the ITER plant, Dr Eng. Sergio Orlandi, spends positive considerations about you and the Ecat, saying you changed the course of things.
    All the best,
    Alfredo

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Alfredo:
    Thank you for the reference,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Jitse

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,

    I am increasingly amazed at the discussions on your blog, I would think we should wait until your demonstration / presentation is available to everyone.
    When E-cat SKLs become available on the commercial market in due course, scientific research and assessment will only be a meaningful activity.
    The future will evoke many new developments and scientific highlights around E-cats’s.

    I hope for a quick demonstration of your invention,
    best regards, Jitse

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Skeptic Prof

    Interesting answers, but I don’t change my position,
    Skeptic Prof

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Skeptic Prof:
    why am I not surprised about you insisting on your position:
    Better
    Indulge on
    Authority’s
    Systems

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Aleksei Savchenko

    CONTINUATION.
    So, let’s move on to the main thing. How Andrea Rossi could get excess electricity.
    There are several ways. But they all obey the law of conservation of energy. Therefore, the piling up in the comments, and answers to them of all kinds of effects, known to science, of a scientific nature, violate this law, confuse everyone and lead away. And the only correct explanation is the use of the energy of the Physical Vacuum (PV). This has to be admitted. Now, how does he do it and how he transforms it into electricity. In two steps:
    1. Energy impact on the medium Environment — ether, or more precisely, structured ether — Physical Vacuum (PV) by impact on the matter connected with him creating plasma filament in hydrogen environment. As a response from PV on this impact – a sharp change in his energy density by intensifying the oscillations of the PV’s energy lattice, and at least, increase of its energy density (Vacuum polarization – as pointed out in the comments). And due to Lenz rule Response from PV on the matter leading to absorption and release of anti-neutrino by an electron during the sharp changes in PV density around him. Electron receives an impulse from anti-neutrino, like in beta decay — kinetic energy. The total energy of the anti-neutrino in the Universe decreases in this case. The additional chaotic motion of the electrons leads to the release of additional energy.
    2. If we managed to transform chaotic electron oscillation in the directional movement of electrons, we will receive electric current. Most likely we should use magnetic or electric field to make electrons move in the right direction. I guess this variant Andrea Rossi presented several years ago where the dimensions of his device were about one millimeter in diameter and several centimeters in length (if anyone remembers).
    But it is not all. To increase the electric current value we need more electrons occupying PV higher density volume. In this case around the plasma filament (PV energy density changes exist not only in the center, but also in the surroindings of the plasma filament) in the same direction using simple electron emission from cathods methods, one can launched electrons flow, that is also accelerates due to PV energy changes.
    The secondary electron emissins filaments can be also put inside the plasma filament (technologically difficult, but for Andrea Rossi possible). And all this set of plasma filaments surrounded by electron filaments is assembled into a single system (remember he mentioned of hundreds of soldered micro-joints).
    Of cause, one can find other methods to transform excess of energy into electricity (there I only suggested that he could do. I also “could be wrong” or mistaken. But I think it’s better to offer something and be wrong than not to offer anything and not move forward.
    By the way in modified paper appeared references concerning Shoulders experiments in which he also tried to generate electricity. Although Shoulders also has everything generalized and little specific, so it is impossible to repeat his experiments, but his approaches are interesting, and it is likely that Andrea Rossi also used these ideas.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Intriguing insight,
    thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Colleagues (Skeptic Prof, only Prof, Physicist, Andrea Rossi,…etc)
    Thank you for the fruitful scientific discussion. Especially now, when the continuously continuing questions to Andrea Rossi, when will be the long-awaited presentation, are already a little boring.
    In my scientific opinion, the later the better.
    We have just experienced COVID 19, which shook the whole world, and you propose to shake it up again with an energy revolution. We are not ready for this yet. It’s a shock. Even if the Martians land on Earth, the shock will be less.
    As for the issue how Andrea and his Team received electricity there can be several ways. From time to time Andrea makes comments, which partly can help us for understanding. But you should take into account two things.
    First, a great sense of humor of Andrea. And if his answer coincides with the 1-st of April date (and he repeats April 1 date several times a month), then the answer will be appropriate, and it should not be taken seriously.
    Secondly, he himself does not fully understand how he did it (in his answers he repeatedly hints at this – «I could be wrong” – an honest answer is always valuable), therefore, with the use of his last papers, it is impossible to anybody to repeat his E-Cat SKL. In this sense, he reminds Nikola Tesla, he also feels the process, knows what needs to be done, and leaves the theoretical explanation for later, involuntarily misleading all of us. (TO BE CONTINUED)

  85. Alphonse Whitchurch

    I read on
    http://www.researchgaye.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    thatthe zitterbewegung consists in the fact that the electron moves at the speed of light, but how is it possible that a fermion moves at the speed of light ?
    Alphonse

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Alphonse Whitchurch:
    Zitterbewegung is the circular/helicoidal of the massless charge of the electron, not the speed of electron.
    See ref. 24,25,26,27 and, also important, 17 of the cited paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Eve

    I like your answer to Skeptic Prof
    Eve

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Eve:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Physicist

    Kudos for your answer to Skeptic Prof. I liked also your cameo about mass, inertia, spin and magnetic momentum that, dubbed “intrinsic” by Quantum Mechanic, are redubbed “intrinsic, i.e. unexplained” by you: great !
    Cheers
    Physicist

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    I respect the observations of Skeptic Prof, though, as I respect any criticism made honestly. I do not agree with him, but I am grateful to him for the time he spent to read our theoretical contribution, that, remember, could be wrong, albeit I think, so far, it is right and I continue to find corroboration of it during our experiments with the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Great answer to Skeptic Prof !
    Prof

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Skeptical Prof

    Please allow me some comments on your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    :
    Comment on the whole: I am certain that ultra dense hydrogen does not exist. Our excellent theories for quantum mechanics and electromagnetism simply do not allow for this.
    Comment on par. 2.1: I am not aware that thereis any misterious space charge at cathodes. Vacuum polarization is a well estabilished effect in QED and I doubt very much that any new physics could be derived from it. The reference to an obscure patent by Nelson does not strengthen the case.
    Comment on par. 2.2: I get the impression that what you call zitterbewegung is a circular motion of the electron with the speed of light. This is not what normally is called zitterbewegung; this word is used for a trembling or zigzaging motion.
    It is correct that the Lorentz force can become as strong as the Coulomb repulsion, but in order for them to balance one needs parallel motion, not circular. In circular motion the current on opposite sides of the circle are in opposite directionsand the Lorentz force is repulsive.
    The equation (8) is not comprehensible to me.
    Are you able to answer my comments ?
    Skeptical Prof

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Skeptical Prof:
    Thank you for your comments: I am delighted to answer.

    Answer to “comment on the whole”:
    Obviously I am perfectly aware that according to the general accepted interpretations of QM electron does not have an internal structure and that consequently all the hypotheses presented in my paper can be easily dismissed on this bases, but this is a tautology ( A=A )

    Answer to Comment on Par. 2.1:
    In this old interview Prof. M. Fleishmann considers the “space charge” an interesting research subject:
    F: Well, you have worked in this field, haven’t you ? Just think of the space charge around a cathode, you understand that?
    T: Well, I must admit, to be honest, I have rather tended to take things like the thermionic diode pretty much for granted
    F: Well, before our next meeting try to tell me wether you understand the space charge around a cathode
    [By the way: the space charge has been discovered also by Edison as a serendipity during his experiments with a light bulb]
    I agree on your statement ” Vacuum polarization is a well estabilished effect in QED and I doubt very much that any new physics could be derived from it”. But “old physics” must be better understood, especially when electrons are defined as pointlike particles, with the bizarre consequence that their electric field should be supposed infinite.
    About your statement “The reference to an obscure patent by Nelson does not strengthen the case”: let me humbly observe that “obscure patent” is an oxymoron, when referred to a granted US patent.

    Answer to Comment on Par. 2.2:
    You write ” I get the impression that what you call zitterbewegung is a circular motion of the electron with the speed of light. This is not what is normally called zitterbewegung; this word is used for a trembling or zig-zaging motion”.
    Now, dear Skeptical Prof: when you read a paper, before make statements about the use of words, you should be supposed to take a look to the references related to the definition of the key-terms of the paper itself: Prof David Hestenes ( see references 24,25,26,27 of my paper), who is considered one of the best living physicists of the world, calls zitterbewegung the circular/helicoidal motion of a massless charge. This motion is the very cause of mass, inertia, spin, and magnetic momentum. In QM these quantities are “intrinsic” ( i.e. unexplained) properties. It is true, however, that this is not the original Schrodinger definition given on Wikipedia, but that definition has nothing to do with the context defined in the references of Hestenes.
    About your statement “It is correct that at the speed of light the Lorentz force can become as strong as the Coulomb repulsion. In order for them to balance one needs parallel motion, not circular. In circular motion the current on opposite sides of the circle are in opposite directions and the Lorentz force repulsive, Equation 8 is not comprehensible to me.”, here is my answer:
    The velocity vectors of two massless charges that rotate at the speed of light in parallel planes, with the same angular frequency, same phase and same orbit radius are parallel.
    About equation 8: it can be understood accepting the point 3 of ” the alternative world view ” proposed by Carver Mead in his paper
    “The Nature of Light: What are “Photons”?”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Kailey

    @Mike Phalen:
    Thank you for the memo: in 2021 we will see something never seen before !
    K

  96. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Concerning my second question (about The Nature of Light: What are “Photons”? (pdf-file!) (from Carver Mead) ):

    This was in fact not a question but rather a remark:

    The author explains/illustrates his view further by quoting Gilbert N. Lewis (at the end of page 4 and the beginning of page 5):

    It is generally assumed that a radiating body emits light in every direction,
    quite regardless of whether there are near or distant objects which may ultimately absorb that light;
    in other words that it radiates “into space”…

    I am going to make the contrary assumption
    that an atom never emits light except to another atom…

    I propose to eliminate the idea of mere emission of light and substitute the idea of transmission,
    or a process of exchange of energy between two definite atoms…

    Both atoms must play coordinate and symmetrical parts in the process of exchange…

    I find this view (also explained in CE (‘Collective Electrodynamics’) and the ‘Transactional View of Quantum Transitions’ the author refers to) very interesting and new to me. As a civil engineer we never learned to view it that way. We learned what was ‘generally assumed’ (see above).

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  98. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    At the moment I’ve read two papers that you referred to in the past (of course, this doesn’t mean that you necessarily agree with them, so I don’t insinuate that you agree with them), but I would like to ask some questions about them:

    i) My first question is about the paper Quantum vacuum energy density and unifying perspectives between gravity and quantum behaviour of matter (pdf-file!), that you referred to in your answer to Raffaele Bongo.

    I like their idea/model of a ‘3D quantum vacuum’ as a background of physical processes, (which appears similar to the Theosofists’ idea/model of the 4th ether), and which hopefully can show/prove (later) that the gravitational and the quantum effects of matter are highly coupled and have the same origin, namely the same 3D quantum vacuum characterized by opportune changes of its energy density as the origin of mass and curvature of space.

    Do you agree with their conclusion that gravity is non-local, and caused by it? (I personally tend to agree with them). So, in comparison with ‘quantum entanglement’, gravity also is a non-local ‘spooky action at a distance’ and NOT a propagating force, but acts immediate, and could be the result of the variable energy density of quantum vacuum?

    ii) The second paper I’ve read is: The Nature of Light: What are “Photons”? (pdf-file!) (from Carver Mead), but as I’m running out of time (unfortunately I don’t belong to the 3D Quantum Vacuum where there’s only NOW, and my other duties call me), I maybe will ask a question about it later.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    i) No
    ii) Waiting for it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Mike Phalen

    **** This is a duplicate post. I Edited last line *****

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    Today, Jan. 14 2021, is the 10 year anniversary of the first public E-cat demo.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQlKXqoZHxI&list=ULN9Vyjlj8PLM&index=12

    Thank you to you and your team for giving the E-cat to the world!

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Thank you and all our Readers for your attention to the hard work of the great Team of the E-Cat !
    Actually, we spent ten hard years, never giving up, but we would repeat everything we made.
    Warmest Regards,
    Andrea

  102. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    Today, Jan. 14 2021, is the 10 year anniversary of the first public E-cat demo.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQlKXqoZHxI&list=ULN9Vyjlj8PLM&index=12

    Thank you for giving the E-cat to the world.

  103. victor

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    thank you for clarifying the other day that you mean by stating that dV/dt is for understanding the ECAT technology important and that this refers to d(Volt)/d(time) as I always thought that you were talking about dV/dt as d(Volume)/d(time) as V is usually used in science equations as volume and these general equations shouldn’t be mixed with units (like Volt).

    And as you’re mentioning and recommending also to read Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions, I guess there is a mistake in one equation (1.4.23).

    Looking forward to the surely incredible presentation of this marvelous technology, as this might be the event of the year/decade/ or even century : )

    Good luck to you and the whole ECat team and also a happy new year to all the readers here.

    victor : )

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    There is a typo: Jzx is Jez.
    Obviously it is a typo, not an error, since Jzx is a nonsense.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Bill Conley

    Dear Andrea,

    A little clarification regarding your recent answer to Gerard McEk if you will.

    When you answered the question “Can you tell us how far you are from being ready?” with “maximum 11 months from the presentation” did you mean that the presentation that you thought you might be able to give last year may not be given for another 11 months from now?

    Best wishes on your team’s important work.

    Bill Conley

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Bill Conley:
    I meant that the presentation will be made within this year. I am not able to say when, right now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Can you tell us how far you are from being ready?
    2. Does ‘being ready’ mean:
    2.a Required certifications received?
    2.b All needed test done and satisfactory?
    2.c Ecat production factory ready and pilot series work satisfactory?
    2.e Partner- customer(s) ready for showing first product with Ecat(s) inside?
    2.f Production facility beefed-up, administration and sales department ready for mass production?
    3 What will you show during the presentation:
    3.a An Ecat in operation?
    3.b An Ecat in a product of a customer, also in operation?
    3.c Will you (or somebody of Leonardo Corp.) present the Ecat jointly with a customer?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. maximum 11 months from the presentation, but I think it will be earlier
    all the 2s: yes
    3a. yes
    3b. does not depend on me
    3c. same as 3b.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    About the E-Cat for hydrogen production, below is a not very flattering report by Corporate Observatory Europe on EU lobbying undertaken by the hydrogen industry. One gets the impression that hydrogen is just a tool for extending the life of the fossil gas industry. https://corporateeurope.org/en/hydrogen-hype As pdf https://corporateeurope.org/sites/default/files/2020-12/hydrogen-report-web-final_3.pdf
    Best wishes for your success.
    Calle H

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Thank you for your information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering of January 1 2021:
    Oil rally, renewables top predictions for 2021
    Rod Walton

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton,
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Marcus

    Dear Andrea,
    Technology readiness levels (TRLs, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_readiness_level) are a method for estimating the maturity of technologies.
    What TRL did the ECAT SKL reached?

    Thanks and Best Regards
    Marcus

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Marcus:
    Thank you for the link.
    I prefer to use the calendar and the planning based on the results of the tests, although from NASA surely there is plenty to learn.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  115. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea,

    According to your theory presented in:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions:
    formation of coherent electrons clusters with lower entropy implies transmitting energy to the noncoherent electrons and outside to the environment.
    This process is triggered and supported by the control box.
    If control box stop its working, then electron clusters loss their coherention and their entropy will growing.
    Is it means, that electrons will absorb energy from the environment?
    Could you explain why not occur the “revers transmitting” energy from the environment to the E-Cat SKL after turn off the control box ?

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    In nature the entropy increase is constant. If the Ecat is shut down, the energy made before the shut down has already been transfered to the eectrons not in phase and has already been turned into electricity, while the generation of clusters of electrons in phase ceases. At that point the situation returns to a constant increase of entropy, along the second and third principles of thermodynamic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As I mentioned earlier that I couldn’t read nor download your paper with my linux system, this message just to let you know that I could download and read your paper and all the interesting references since sunday 3 january. In my case, an update of Adobe or Acrobat Reader was not necessary, and I could read it with my normal European IP-number, without using any proxy or VPN connection. (As I was very busy, I apologize that I had no time to mention this earlier).

    But as I had no quantum mechanics in my curriculum, it can take a long time before I give feedback on it. Nevertheless it’s interesting, and I’ve seen a lot of interesting references, that I certainly want to read.

    But before I was able to download your paper, I enjoyed reading Quantum vacuum energy density and unifying perspectives between gravity and quantum behaviour of matter, that you referred to in your answer to Raffaele Bongo. Until now, it’s the only paper I’ve read, but I found it interesting, because it sheds another light on “the spooky action at a distance” called gravity. I hope one day we will be able to compensate for it… 😉

    I also realize that the future demonstrations of the E-Cat to the general public (that will show that real energy with enormous energy density is produced), in combination with these exotic but interesting theories and papers, will give an enormous boost to science. Like in 1900, starting with Planck, science will reboost again and again.

    So you and your team not only created an incredibly device (the E-Cat), but you also give an enormous boost to science!

    Kind Regards,

    Ir. Daniel De Caluwé, Belgium.

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Sailmenn

    Hello Andrea

    Congratulations with the progress of the ECAT SKL plant and use of it.
    I know question have been asked already a few times,
    will there be an opportunity for small investers (for ex. max $1000) and not only for big guys at big banks?

    Best regards.

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Sailmenn:
    When the Ecat SKL will be in the market, maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    I am sure you and your partners have penetrated the important business opportunities with the E-Cat and I am not asking for credit for a suggestion, if any, but here is one thought. We know that solar cells and wind farms are nowadays being installed at a higher pace than ever. These energy systems have the drawback of being daylight and wind dependant which causes supply and demand balance problems on the grid. Other generating capacities will then have to respond to the imbalance where these other power generators are expensive and have long response time. Maybe the E-Cat power plant has a seconds long (?) response time making the E-Cat comparable with battery farms. If so, the E-Cat is not competing on electricity pricing but on costs for battery farms.

    Best wishes for your success.
    Calle H

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you had the Covid-19 vaccine yet. It’s widely available in Florida for senior citizens and people with health conditions. If you haven’t yet taken the vaccine, contact the nearest American embassy or consulate. They may be able to direct you how to receive the vaccine.
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Jockum:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand from recent posts that one of the potential uses for using the e-cat SKL is to support the Hydrogen economy.

    I can see the benefits for this especially in the early phase.

    One as a way to covert the energy to storable medium if the supply is irregular for some reason. Especially if electrolysis is more robust to variations than other storage methods such as battery banks etc. I see this could be many other factors influencing this. availability and cost of batteries vs storage medium for Hydrogen etc either tanks or metal hydrides etc. number of recharge cycles in batteries vs electrolysis cycles etc.

    The other is to use Hydrogen as a chemical resource directly by using the ecat -SKL and safe to store water.

    I wonder if rather than producing hydrogen gas directly if it would be better to combine this technology with a more usual metal hydride heat pump set up. Thus may be more efficient and safer than storing Hydrogen as a gas etc and I know it’s something your familiar with from your use if LAH etc in your patent.

    In another topic I recently came across this link uses Stoichiometric Oxygen Hydogen (SOH) fuels that relates to MOH and OHMASA gas that has in the past been a topic discussed in some fora.

    https://ec.europa.eu/eipp/desktop/en/projects/project-11910.html

    I wonder if this would be a match for your need? It seems well funded from a EEC point of view since 2019.

    I have no affiliation with them and am not sure of how far developed they are but I could imagine e-car SKL could be a good match to power their electrolysis. Perhaps other readers know more about it.

    Their related links also seem interesting and a good match for you.

    Just a thought in case it is practical for you.

    Thanks and Best Regards

    Stephen

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you very much for your suggestions and the link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    About your theory on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions:
    how is it possible the formation of coherent electrons clusters?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    CC

  129. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    We hypothesize that a voltage pulse with a very short, critical rise time generates these clusters, as a consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect, that triggers a simultaneous variation of the ZBW phase catalyzing the formation of coherent systems.
    See also in the paper you cited the reference 16.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With the new COVID-19 variants hitting Europe, do you foresee a delay of the Ecat SKL demonstration?

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This is a question it’s impossible to answer to, it depends from the evolution of this cursed pandemic and which will be the travel and other restrictions. I hope the global vaccination on course will resolve the problem.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you operated the plant at full capacity yet?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Jitse

    dear Andrea Rossi,

    100 individual glass fibers for controlling the 100 E-cat units can be used to reduce the mutual interference.
    The Faraday cage for the E-cat units and control units is also a good means against mutual influence (and protected against hacking).

    Kind regards, Jitse

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Jitse:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Is it feasible to implement an SKL at home without a connection to the grid?
    1. Can one, or a few SKLs, run the electricity in a home for normal (erratic) use?
    2. What happens if you suddenly switch on the oven and a hairdryer?
    3. Can you safely switch them off?
    4. Can the SKL run in (near) idle mode (for my doorbell)?
    5. Is it necessary to have the electricity grid or a battery wall as a back-up to balance shortages and excesses?

    Thank you for your replies!

    Brice

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It pleases me to hear that after about 10 years you are again actually using an Ecat! Ten years ago you told us that you were heating your premises with the first generation Ecat, which was. for me the reason to pay more attention of your work. Can you tell us what exactly is now the practical use of the (array of) Ecat(s) SKL?
    May the light of the media soon shine on the Ecat!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I prefer to reserve this information to the presentation.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Brice

    To Greg:

    I agree with you and you gave nice examples. I also believe that it will take a decade to convert to the SKL, probably more.

    What I rather mean is that the impact of the headlines of the newspapers after the presentation of the SKL could be completely different. If you permit me to exaggerate…: “Brilliant inventor made a device that makes hydrogen cheaper for the industry”. Nobody will read this except the readers of this forum. Compared to this: “Brilliant inventor made an energy device that saves the climate with cheap and abundant electricity for everyone”. If the focus is closer to the climate and the common man then it will attract much more the attention of the whole world, important investors included. Running a small project would be nice, why not running a few houses with SKLs?

    My second point was to consider ethical grounds in giving priority to projects that can combat the greenhouse effect, pollution and poverty (win-win-win). Making ‘green’ projects ‘greener’ or running another indoor ski resort with the SKL in Dubai may get low priority compared to converting polluting brick factories close to communities in India.

    Kind regards,

    Brice

  141. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    I envision the Ecat SKL plasma ‘breathing’ in and out, stimulated by the special pulses from the controller, the plasma contracting to low entropy and relaxing/expanding to higher entropy, from very coherent (through AB effect / magnetism) to less coherent. Meanwhile, energy is resonantly transferring from proton to electron through the ‘long range’ mechanism, the lost proton energy is replenished by the vacuum, and the relative few electrons that don’t make it to a state of coherence escape out, carrying away the energy that the lower energy, coherent electrons gave up.

    Anyway, considering the expected voltage fluctuations dV/dt from such a situation, I wonder if you are making use of diodes in your Ecat. If I remember correctly, there are roughly five thousand ‘connections’ you did by hand for each of the controller and the Ecat, and now I am imagining that many of those connections involved diodes.

    Is this more or less true, or am I out to lunch at a fast food dinner?

    Thank you if you can answer (or not!)
    Mark

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I am sorry, but this is not close to my opinion and to what is written on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    , but, you know, I could be wrong.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    As earlier mentioned, the importance of cheap hydrogen for the steel industry is obvious. The E-Cat (as a source for hydrogen) then piggy-back on a large established industry. Piggy-backing has its advantages being a shortcut to large volume business. However, it leaves out the E-Cat from small and private stakeholders. May I ask:
    1. Is it your preference to target the large established industry?
    2. Is there a plan (timeline and procedure) how to get the E-Cat to small and private stakeholders?

    Best wishes,
    Calle H

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- initially yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Your comments about the SKL plant sound encouraging. What remains to be done in order for it to be ready?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am using it. When I will feel ready to make the presentation, I will make it. Need more experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    In your reply to Frank Acland, you say that you are very close to an acceptable performance for SKL.
    Do this also includes:
    a: Reliability and
    b: Operational stability?
    c: May you thereby determine with +/- 10% certainty a fixed operating time for each unit?
    d: When several SKLs are connected, will the operational reliability and operational stability of each individual unit, be unaffected by a malfunction of the neighboring unit?
    Regards Svein H. Vormedal

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    a,b,c,d: yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Greg Leonard

    Brice:
    It will be years, possibly a decade, before the planet is converted to e-cat. In that time it will be necessary to assist current infrastructure (as it is wound-down) to become less polluting. That will certainly require hydrogen to help produce fuel for existing internal combustion engines. Another prime application of hydrogen will be to add to the natural gas in the pipelines leading to our homes – I guess the majority of homes in the UK have gas-fired boilers for radiators and hot water. In the past, hydrogen used to be added to Coal Gas in our pipelines ( I think up to 40%). I am sure there will be a level of H2 which can be added safely to the natural gas infrastructure – this will cut carbon emission be that percentage.

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    Referring to earlier discussion, the importance of having allies instead of enemies speaks for itself. However, it is not understood that there would be enemies producing electric power on a small or medium scale. For example, governments in many countries encourage private home roof solar power by giving subsidies which is understood as being allied with the government. May I ask:
    1. Could a solar power supplier be an allied (joint interest getting power to the grid)?
    2. Could governments see the E-Cat as an enemy?

    Best wishes,
    Calle H

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    1- give the power to the grid is already possible, but I think the world needs synergy from all the potential sources of energy
    2- no
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  153. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am trying to understand the debate on hydrogen. I can imagine that you have now found a reliable partner who needs affordable electricity to produce hydrogen.That is not really wrong, of course.

    On the other hand, on the day of the public presentation of the E-Cat SKL it will raise the eyebrows of journalists who will not understand that the SKL was mainly not used against our most polluting fuels. Why not consider a pilot project that offers as much of an alternative as possible to pollution in the atmosphere and in polluted cities? Like a small micro-power stations?

    Why not give absolute priority in the massive roll-out of the SKL to projects that can prevent shale gas and charcoal from being mined further?

    Poor countries like in Africa or in Asia are causing deforestation by by burning wood. Cheap electricity would be a great solution there.

    This would be the SKL at its best. This will be of great benefit to mankind and it will have a greater possitive news impact.

    What is your opinion?

    I wish you the final breakthrough of the SKL this year!

    Brice

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    All the applications you suggest merit attention. I did not say that water electrolysis is anexclusive target. Ain’t making any discussion in this sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How close to acceptable (in your eyes) is the performance of the SKL Plant at the moment?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think we are very close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Ruby

    Dr Rossi:
    a soi disant nuclear engineer has written in a blog that, referring to the “space charge” cited in par. 2.1 of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the Heisenberg uncertainty principle should have nothing to do with the space charge: what do you answer ?
    Ruby

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    Answer for dummies and trolls: just google “Zero Point Energy”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the wavelength corresponding to the reduced Compton ?
    CC

  160. Dear Andrea,
    I agree about hydrogen, not because I would necessarily believe it to be a good fuel for cars, but because there is permanent need for renewable hydrogen in making ammonia for the fertiliser industry and as chemical reduce agent in making steel without CO2 emission. The latter application is pursued by Swedish-Finnish concern SSAB-Rautaruukki, by the way. There are probably also other similar industrial applications, because hydrogen is one of the chemical reducing agents, as is carbon, but I happen to know only about these two.
    regards, /pekka

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information, interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. P

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    Have you and your team received any inquiries from the HYBRIT project? http://www.hybritdevelopment.com/
    Best Regards
    /P

  163. Andrea Rossi

    P:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Rudi

    Dear Mr. Rossi,
    you mentioned the production of hydrogen. Is there already an investor who want to produce efuel with this hydrogen/E-cat?
    If the energy is cheap (like from E-Cat) then a little more loss in comparison to hydrogen is indifferent.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOawGXRRJFY (english subtitles)
    The advantage of efuels is the immediate conversion of the existing cars to renewables. Also it is possible to produce petrol and Diesel autonomous in countries without oil reserves.
    Best regards
    Rudi

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Rudi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Calle H

    Dear Andrea,

    In your answer to Gerard McEk you indicated that E-Cat electric power for electrolysis of water into hydrogen, is an important target. One may believe that electricity from a local generator such as the E-Cat is a much more versatile means for providing safe and cheap energy than the highly safety intensive and equipment expensive hydrogen. May I ask:
    1. is it a target to encourage the development and use of hydrogen by providing cheap E-Cat electric power?
    2. is it so that the cheap hydrogen can power a fuel cell generating more heat and power than what the E-Cat provides, i.e. another incredible invention by Dr. Rossi?

    Thank you if you wish to answer.
    Calle H

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Calle H:
    There is a strong and world shared pressing on the extended use of hydrogen. I think to give to this powerful wave a tool that can resolve a big problem can help strategically the eventual development . I did not say this is the sole target. I think this is a strategically important target. Not necessary, but important. A powerful ally is better that a powerful rival.
    That’s all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    When the E-Cat SKL is first introduced to the market, for the initial companies that you are involved with, will the energy product be sold directly to the public or will the energy be used indirectly to manufacture a product that is sold to the public?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Maybe both,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    in some comment you stated that the SKL plasma is in some way correlated with the natural phenomenon of the Lightning Balls. Do you have some idea how it starts or what triggers it. Of course without disclosing anything releated to the Ecat.
    Best Regards, Giuseppe

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    dV/dt with high dV
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. LilyLover

    E-Cat SKL is an energy generation device the size of a typical microwave-oven generating about 5 kWh per hour of electrical energy based on advanced Physics tapped by Eng. Dr. Andrea Rossi. E-Cat SKL or Energy-CATalyzer, Sven Kullander, eLectric was a name adopted to honor late Dr. Sven Kullander whose contributions along with that of Dr. Hanno Essén were useful in E-Cat SKL’s development. This Lego-like stackable device can be scaled to meet any level of desired output, produces no pollution whatsoever, and is safer than gasoline, and more energy dense than any other fuel known to date. Moreover, this is cheaper to buy and maintain at less than 1/1000 of the cost of any other energy source and is fully recyclable. Rich countries and investment parasites, whose income depends upon controlled energy prices are resistant to this invention but are forced to adopt for the fear that the rest of the World may leave the late-adopters in the dust. This energy democratization will foster a bountiful and humane society. This technology can make vertical farming and converting desserts into food production centers possible. This antidote to climate change is so green that, ironically, even the green activists oppose this because it will render their “activism” futile. This technology makes desalination of seawater, metallic transmutations to plentiful gold, and cheap anti-missile defense a reality. While the E-cat “lifts all boats” and benefits the general society, some countries, whose prosperity depends upon prosperity-differentials, are vehemently against this overall progress of humanity and are in bed with the oil giants to preserve the existing power dynamics in favor of the few rather than allow general prosperity to prevail. E-Cat SKL is a lot more than an a free-energy device — it’s a free freedom device for upliftment of humanity. If you love it, you are a good human. If you hate or oppose it, you are evil. Philosophy simplified! Enjoy the upcoming abundance, courtesy of Eng. Dr. Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat SKL!!!
    `LilyLover

    *****
    *****
    Hope you approve this 200-word summary for quick introduction of the E-Cat.

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Lilylover:
    Thank you for your insight and enthusiasm for the work of our great Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    Welcome to 2021, the year of the eCat!
    I have some more nosy and scattered questions for you, if it is appropriate for you to answer

    1 ) Is the upcoming demonstration planned to be patterned after the Quark-X conference demo in Stockholm?

    2 ) In what country do you intend to have the conference?

    3 ) Do you anticipate that the date and place and attendance size of the demo will depend on the Covid-19 regulations for gatherings in that country?

    4 ) At the demo, will the measurement of electricity output – rather than heat output – make it easier for you, both setup and time wise?

    5 ) Do you intend with the upcoming demo to provide enough rigour in a setup that might change the mind of a reasonable skeptic regarding energy generation?
    Or will it be geared more for informing those who already believe in an energy producing Ecat?

    6 ) Presumably the plasma ball of the Ecat SKL will be much cooler than that of the Ecat SK. The Ballerina plasma of the Ecat SK was my personal favourite part of your last (video-streamed) presentation. Can you presently observe the Ecat SKL plasma, and if so will you arrange for the audience to somehow view it?

    7 ) What happens when you fire high energy electrons tangental to the plasma, as you once briefly alluded?

    8 ) You have mentioned industrial plants of partners. No doubt this refers primarily to the plants where functioning Ecat SKLs will be used. But to be clear, does it also include plants where Ecat SKLs will be manufactured, as Gerard McEk has enquired ?

    9 ) Are you happy with the rate of enquiries from industry about the Ecat SKL?

    Thank you for any answers you can provide!
    Mark

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1- premature
    2- maybe
    3- so far this appears to be unavoidable
    4- yes
    5- skepticism is a problem for the skeptics, not for me
    6- no, the plasma is inside a closed body that is not transparent
    7- we accelerate electrons in parallel respect the axis of the plasma cloud to observe the deviations from the straight line of the axis: if there are no deviations, means the plasma has not a prevalence of negative or positive particles
    8- yes
    9- yes
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  176. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am a bit confused about your answer to Norma, in which you confirmed that a main focus of the usage of the Ecat SKL is on the production of hydrogen. Obviously you need some hydrogen in the Ecats, but I would think that’s only small quantities.
    I would assume that producing electricity would make mass production of hydrogen unnecessary.
    The only reason I can think of is that you have (or one of your customers has) the intention to produce electricity centrally with Ecats SKL.
    1. Is that a right assumption?
    2. If yes, may another focus be putting Ecats in cars?
    3. Or local in domestic or industrial power stations?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    There is a strong pressing in the world toward the use of hydrogen as a universal fuel. The Ecat could allow the electrilysis of water at an extremely low price. This is why it is important as a target.
    Answers:
    1- see above
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Even if you cannot announce it to the public, do you have an internal goal date for making the E-Cat SKL presentation?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Norma

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the Ecat be able to supply energy to the hydrogen production plants ? If yes, the hydrogen economy could be enormously accelerated.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Norma

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Yes: that is, I think, one of the main targest we have to focus on.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Patrick McInerney

    I strongly liked your answer to Raffaele Bongo.
    Patrick

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick McInerney:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you still making yourself the Ecat SKL, or you just designed it and it is made by others ?

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am still using my hands on it, obviously together with my great team collaborators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here are the last stats on Researchgate related to your papers as of now:
    Readings: 63000 ( of which 58300 only for http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions )
    Reccomendations: 3648
    Citations: 22
    Total Research Interest Index: 1043
    Again congratulations
    Prof

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In the paper of F. Celani, A. O. Di Tommaso, and G. Vassallo; The Electron and Occam’s Razor, 2017, There is conjecture that the electron is not point-like, instead having physical structure, the paper describes a Zitterbewegung (ZBW) model of the electron;

    “According to the model proposed in this paper, the electron characteristics may be explained by a massless charge distributed on the surface of sphere that rotates at the speed of light along a circumference with a radius equal to the reduced electron Compton wavelength (≈0.386159 pm)”.

    The charge is described as a sphere orbiting about the axis of rotation but having a counter rotation so that the charge sphere surface always remains in the same orientation and all points on the sphere surface travel at the speed of light.

    The paper describes that when an electron moves from a rest state having a circular orbit to one moving along an axis, the charge follows a helical path at the speed of light, this requires the initial at rest circular orbit ZBW radius to reduce.

    Electrons should no longer be viewed as moving points but moving structures with orientation, this has implications.

    Every electron of this planet is moving, the earth rotates once a day, the ground speed at the equator moving faster than the poles, the earth travels around the sun once a year, the sun is moving relative to the galaxy it is within, the galaxy is moving relative to the local group, the local group is moving in an expanding universe, so an electron charge moving at light speed is moving relative to what. Likely in an expanding universe all electrons are moving, once moving what natural process would bring them back to a rest state.

    Within your E-Cat SKL there is the possibility that the Aharonov-Bohm effect is utilized to manipulate electrons, to prod and flip the electron axis of spin to all be on the same spin handing, same axial direction, subsequent electron interactions leading to energy release. This implies that before manipulation all of the electron axis’s were in random orientation, 50% of axis spins pointing in the opposite direction to the other 50%, but these electrons are also moving at a fraction of light speed, this means there is axis’s pointing towards the centre of the universe with the electron charges moving at light speed in circular orbits, and moving electrons with their axis’s at 90 degrees to the centre of the universe where the charges orbiting at light speed must be moving in slightly elliptic eccentric orbits, as the axis angle tends towards being radial the eccentric orbits tend towards circular.

    As a group of electrons are accelerated towards the speed of light, and as the electron charge already travels at the speed of light, the random orientated axis’s must be subject to precession until the rotation axis aligns with the direction of movement, the eccentric orbits centralise, the helical charge path straightens out, the ZBW radius reduces towards zero.

    The implication is that all the electrons in any experiment must also be moving, the question is at what fraction of light speed. This means no experiment to determine the characteristics of an electron has ever been carried out on an electron at rest. Also experiments with groups of electrons in structural alignment in comparison to groups in random orientations may show different characteristics.

    There are likely other interesting implications, the difficulty is stepping back from the details to see the bigger picture of how they all fit together, and where science / potential technologies will then lead.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for your comment. I strongly recommend the book “Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions” of Giorgio Vassallo, Andras Kovacs, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, Francesco Celani, Dawei Wang ( 2019, Amazon Books )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Carmelo Garding

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you confirm that all the facts narrated on “An Impossible Invention” of Mats Lewan are true ?
    Carmelo

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Carmelo Garding:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of January 5th 2021:
    EIA: US renewable consumption surpasses coal first time in modern power age
    Rod Walton

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Tamal

    Dr. Rossi,

    have you heard of a phenomena called “Hessdalen lights”, link to wikipedia description:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hessdalen_lights
    It seems like light balls are popping up, moving around and disappearing naturally to some unknown reason.

    Best regards,
    Tamal

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Tamal:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Dear Andrea,

    Do you use a Parametric oscillator

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parametric_oscillator

    on the plasma in your E-Cat SKL?

    Best Wishes, Hermes

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Hermes Atar Trismegistus:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Dave

    I too like your answer to Raffaele Bongo,
    Dave

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Dave:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    I like your answer to Greg,
    Physicist

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Greg

    Dr Rossi:
    I like your answer to Joseph Fine: it helps to better understand your paper.
    One question: what does mean ‘memristance’ ?
    Greg

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    The electron’s memristance is the ratio of the electron’s magnetic flux Φ and its charge e
    electron’s memristance = Von Klitzing constant = Φ/e = 2π/α
    see also:
    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1063/1.4982413

  205. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    In your 100 SKL industrial plant, is the orientation of the modules critical to their proper functioning? That is, does a stable output require a specific constant orientation, or is the output independent of orientation or change in orientation?

    I ask because if a stable orientation is important and the plants encounter rolls/pitches as might be encountered in ships, or in zero-g environments as might be found in spacecraft, then performance in those instances might be an issue. The same might apply to small groupings of modules under acceleration/deceleration as encountered in road vehicles.

    Warm regards,
    Greg Daigle

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Gregory Daigle:
    The orientation of the modules does not affect their operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your work in this period:

    1. How is work progressing on constructing the E-Cat SKL industrial plant?
    2. Do you have an imposed deadline by which to have it completed?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- very well
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Jaroslaw Bem

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    My congratulations for the progress in theory explaining the Rossi Effect.
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Andrea, you always strive for perfection. I can help you in this way. I propose some corrections to your paper on http://www.researchgate.net

    Corrections

    Section 5
    There is:
    This consideration is supported by the observation that deuteron has a much smaller magnetogyric ratio then proton.
    There should be:
    This consideration is supported by the observation that deuteron has a much smaller magnetogyric ratio than proton.

    Section 5
    There is:
    It’s important to note that this radius value, as proposed by Holmid, Maruani and Hestenes[2],
    There should be:
    It’s important to note that this radius value, as proposed by Holmlid, Maruani and Hestenes[2],

    Section 4
    There is:
    Consequently, considering the strong chemical similarity of deuterium and hydrogen, this large macroscopic difference in spectral emission under the same conditions reveals its nuclear origin.
    There should be:
    Consequently, considering the strong chemical similarity of deuterium and protium, this large macroscopic difference in spectral emission under the same conditions reveals its nuclear origin.

    Section 6
    There is: Van der Graaf electron accelerator
    There should be: Van der Graaff electron accelerator

    Conclusions
    There is:
    In this paper, three different, not mutually exclusive Ansätze, for long-range particle interactions in E-Cat SK have been proposed.
    There should be:
    In this paper, three different, not mutually exclusive approaches, for long-range particle interactions in E-Cat SK have been proposed.

    “Ansätze” is the German word.

    I wish you a good luck with the presentation of your masterpiece.

    Best regards,
    Jaroslaw Bem

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Jaroslaw Bem:
    Thank you for your help ! By the way: Ansatze, as well as Zitterbewegung, are German words used universally in Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea
    First, a happy new year to you and your employees.
    As is well known, today China accounts for about 50% of today’s coal consumption, India for 12%.
    I wonder if you have any serious connections with Chinese companies who are interested in your technology?
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal.

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Yes, we do have important connections.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Emma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How did you spend these Christmas and New Year holidays ?
    Emma

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Emma:
    Working. Time is running away so fast…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Both equations 34 and 35 of Hestenes paper tell us that the fine structure constant is just the square of the elementary charge. This can be easily demonstrated using natural units where ħ=c=1, Ɛ0=1/4π, μ0=4π. Z0=4π is just the numbers of solid angles in a sphere, while ZH is two times the electrons’ intrinsic memristance (the Von Klitzing constant).
    Hestenes’ ZBW electron model has many differences with the one used in the Researchgate paper. As an example, the ZBW frequency of his model is two times the value of the ZBW frequency used in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    wherein the ratio of the toroid radii is also different.
    Other interesting papers on ZBW models: “Quantum mechanics from self-interactions” and “Electron Structure Ultradense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, while about photon model you can see:
    https://www.cns.caltech.edu/people/faculty/mead/Nature_Of_Light_What_Are_Photons.pdf
    Thank you very much for your attention to our work and also for the corrections.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Joseph Fine

    Errata on Errata

    In your paper:

    ‘ E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions ‘

    My double word typo finds should have said:

    On page 10:

    —> ” The relativistic mass-energy m is the sum of the rest mass m0 and “the the” kinetic energy Ek <—

    and on page 11:

    Calling the four-gradient and γt the unit vector along the time axis of the Minkowski space-time, we can define a scalar field S that is “the the” four-divergence of the electromagnetic four-potential A : <—-

    Somehow, errors can occur even in corrections.

    Joseph

  217. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    A Happy and Healthy New Year to you, your team and your readers!

    I found the following interesting reference while looking for papers on ZBW (zitterbewegung) or, simply, zitter:

    Zitterbewegung structure in electrons and photons
    David Hestenes

    https://arxiv.org/pdf/1910.11085.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2cqMuw9kgDKJFcV5Nj4ZSe_7P3DFIiPQm7umWbXZYdQH8AfYidpZLK2CI

    While I understand “a few” of the equations, I don’t claim to understand the entire paper.

    See the equations for the “Fine-structure constant” in the paper. See Eqs. (34, 35)

    :) 😉

    I don’t know if you referenced this paper (or pre-paper) in your work.

    ” E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions ”

    Here are my extremely minor corrections in the text of your recent paper:

    I saw two incidences of the typo “….the..the…”

    On page 10:

    —> ” The relativistic mass-energy m is the sum of the rest mass m0 and “the the” kinetic energy Ek Calling the four-gradient and γt the unit vector along the time axis of the Minkowski space-time, we can define a scalar field S that is “the the” four-divergence of the electromagnetic four-potential A : <—-

    Again, my/our best wishes for the new year. (And the following years!)

    Joseph Fine

  218. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, For net metering arrangements with utility companies, one potential scenario would be to operate the ecat continuously until it has produced your expected annual power requirement and then turn it off for the rest of the year. In the net metering contracts that I am familiar with, the settlement date occurs
    annually so on that date the account is reviewed and if the power produced is equal to the power consumed then the consumer will not incur any charges for power. You could of course produce extra power to be distributed over the grid and the utility company will pay you a small percentage of what they charge consumers and then turn around and charge the regular rate for that electricity! Using the scenario proposed above would put pressure on the utility companies to pay a reasonable price for excess generated power and therefore allow ecat owners to earn some income to offset the cost of buying and installing an ecat!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your insight and suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    The Italian ENI is advertising their system to turn the organic fraction of wastes into fuel: is that a heritage of the technology you sold to ENI in the year 1983, also described in the Amazon book “Ecat il nuovo fuoco” of Vessela Nikolova ?
    Very interesting book, by the way.
    Happy New year,
    CC

  221. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes. Obviously after almost 40 years there has been an evolution, but the roots are there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Harley Umstead

    Dr Rossi,
    Kudos to your answer to Raffaele Bongo. It also helps to better understand your paper.
    Harley

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Harley Umstead:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    According to the calculations of R. Feynman, the Nobel laureate, and J. Wheeler, the potential of the vacuum relative to energy is so great that “the vacuum contained in the volume of an electric bulb contains so much energy that will be enough to boil all the oceans on Earth”. But the methods of obtaining energy from matter still remain not only dominant, but are considered the only possible ones. As before, they continue to understand the environment as a matter of which there is little, not taking into account the vacuum, which is so much. It was this “material” approach that led to a situation where humanity, bathed in energy, experiences an energy hunger.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Here is the link:
    https://disq.us/url?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lenr-forum.com%2Fattachment%2F11556-ball-lightning-book-lozneanu-pdf%2F%3AJrza2rbiJwFYMTzQyMaZOtqHXhk&cuid=2168707
    It’s a considerable read, I hope you can find the time. I’ve just started.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Sceptic Guy:
    The equation 6 can be applied only in very restrictive conditions. A possible solution can be found in Reference 6 of the paper you linked, where the spin value +/-h-bar/2 is interpreted as the component of the electron’s angular momentum h-bar parallel to an external magnetic field, while the electron, like a tiny gyroscope, is subjected to Larmor precession.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Bryce Tenet

    I like your answer to Raffaele Bongo
    Bryce

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Bryce Tenet:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    First of all I wish you and your team great success for 2021 and hope your health maintains perfect.
    1. As you said you will present the Ecat SKL this year, but you do not know when. Where does this depend upon?
    2. Do you think that the plasma sphere in the Ecat is (strongly?) related to ball lightning?
    3. If so, are you aware of the work of E. Lozeanu and M. Sanduloviciu?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard.

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    First of all I wish you, likewise, a successful 2021 and good health to you and your family.
    1- readiness
    2- yes
    3- no: can you send us the links ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    First of all, allow me to wish you, your family, your team and loved ones a very happy new year 2021.
    For you, good success in the development and distribution of E-Cat and also a very small victory in tennis.
    By following your work I got to know the electron better. I now imagine it as a spherical volume space which imprisons, helped by a mysterious jailer, one or more waves evolving at the speed of light in this probably curved space.
    This vision is that of your supporter who has very little basic knowledge of nuclear physics.
    To extract energy, a subject I know better, you have to go from an energy potential A to a potential B less than A.
    These are the questions I put to you.
    1-Are there differences in energy potentials in a vacuum?
    2- Is the energy of a vacuum greater than that of matter?
    3- Do you think that vacuum energy can be the fuel for the “mysterious engine” that accelerates the expansion of the universe?
    Best regards
    Raffaele Bongo

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo,
    The hypothesis presented on the Researchgate paper are based on two important points: the first one is the acceptance of a realistic electron model, while the second one is an extended electro-dynamics wherein the Lorenz gauge condition can be removed (see the cited bibliography).
    In this extended electrodynamics you can create scalar charge waves in the Vacuum. Combining the Gauss Law with the generalized pointing vector equation arises the possibility of a long-range interaction that allows an energy-matter transfer from positive to negative charged particles without any violation of energy conservation law. We think that it is a realistic conjecture that the energy lost by nuclei/positive charge is promptly replenished by their interaction with the Vacuum fluctuation.

    1-Are there differences in energy potentials in a Vacuum?
    Yes, according to Extended Electrodynamics you can even create charge/current waves in the Vacuum. The electron itself is a current ring in the Vacuum!

    2- Is the energy of a vacuum greater than that of matter?
    I do not know but many authors believe that Vacuum energy is far greater than nuclear energy (eq. 17 of Quantum vacuum energy density and unifying perspectives between gravity and quantum behaviour of matter)

    3- Do you think that Vacuum energy can be the fuel for the “mysterious engine” that accelerates the expansion of the universe?
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Rupert Marquart

    Dr Rossi,
    I confirm that dialing
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    not from links like this above, but dialing this URL directly from my computer, I reached always the last updated version of the paper, ( for example, today a new reference with # 44- see par. 4 page 11 ) with the full text and I can unload it. We have only to click on the blue icon “VIEW FILE” under the end of the paragraph “INTRODUCTION”, and the full text will appear and will be possible to unload it.
    All the best,
    Rupert

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert Marquart:
    You are right.
    Thank you for your confirmation,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to the Physics World
    top ten break throughs of 2020.

    https://physicsworld.com/a/physics-world-announces-its-breakthrough-of-the-year-finalists-for-2020/

    I hope you make the 2021 list.

    Have a good New Year
    Sam

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Mike Phalen

    Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I also have not been able to download the new paper. Just now I typed in the complete URL it didn’t help.

    I’ve researched it. The issue appears to only happen on Macs.

    – I tried 5 Macs: 2 on the US East Coast, 3 on the West Coast. None of them worked
    – When the page opens I get multiple javaScript errors
    – When I scroll down the text of the paper is missing except for the text of the calculations. Very strange.
    – When I click DOWNLOAD it goes to the download page saying download in progress, but nothing ever downloads.

    – I tried 3 Windows machines. They all worked normally.

    If it is a Mac only issue that would explain why you have many reads and many people saying they cannot download it.

    It could be that you would have even more reads of your paper without this issue.

    Happy New Year! Mike

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Thank you for your information, anyway I insist that with any Window operative system if you dial directly ( without using links )
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long:range_particle_interactions
    you get the full paper : after the Abstract appears the icon “VIEW THE FILE” , click on it and will get below the full article in the last updated version.
    The last update has been made yesterday.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Salvatore Boi

    My best wishes for the new year to Andrea Rossi, whole his Great Team and to all your families. The new 2021 year could be the first year of the Ecat-SKL massive sell, I pray for it.

    So all the best to all you, your deal and yours families too.

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you for your support to our Team and, likewise,
    Happy new year to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    A very happy and successful New Year to yourself and your team.
    Thank you for your hard work over this last year under very limiting conditions.
    I wish you well for the presentation of the Ecat SKL.

    Warm Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your support and
    Happy new Year to you and your family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.