Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2019-04-21 14:30:09.556074Z

  1. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Happy Easter to you and to all our Readers also from our Team !
    A.R.

  2. Jason

    Dr Rossi,
    Every single line of your paper published in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions has a high density of information. I am not surprised, due to the importance of the subject and the corroboration between theoretical hypothesis and experimental results, that is reached the unbelievable number of almost 18 000 readings in 3 months for a publication whose reading is restricted to physicists for the intrinsic difficulties of the reading.
    Happy Easter to you, your team and your family,
    Jason

  3. Andrea Rossi

    Jason:
    Thank you and Happy Easter likewise to you and your family,
    A.R.

  4. Happy Easter Andrea.
    I pray God for you,
    your family, your equipe.
    Gian

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you and likewise Happy Easter to you and your family,
    A.R.

  6. Taylor Bembury

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In the video here:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    you say that you contacted Prof Sergio Focardi in the University of Bologna after you found on the Italian Encyclopedia Treccani a page about the cold fusion written by a colleague of him, Prof. Bertin (have I been precise ?). Do you still use the Treccani, or do you prefer Wikipedia, that is faster and constantly updated ?
    Happy Easter,
    T.B.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Taylor Bembury:
    Yes, you have been precise.
    On Wikipedia I get information. It is a fantastic working tool.
    On the Treccani I study. It is a monumental concentration of human knowledge.
    I think Treccani is the best encyclopedia of the world and I know and used, also in my years of high school and college, all the main of them in English and French.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  8. Roberto

    Dear Andrea,
    I have seen that the website
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    has been updated.
    Very good.
    Cheers
    Roberto

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos ” A Way Our Of Middle Ages Energy Sources “.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  11. Donn Auricchio

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I congratulate the JoNP for the publacation of the very good paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos I read today!
    Cheers
    Donn

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Donn Auricchio:
    Thank you!
    Few persons know that my friend Prof. Christos Stremmenos is also a hero of the resistance war in Greece against the fascist regime of the colonels in the seventies.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  13. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    now that things are going in the right way, why don’t you show an ECat coupled with a turbine producing electricity. Also, you may couple some tool with an high visual impact for example a mill or something like that. I thing that something like that will have a fantastic resonance and shows very clear what an Ecat can do!
    Regards Giuseppe

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    As a matter of fact, we still do not have an Ecat coupled with a turbine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Rudolf

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think about the young people movement promoted by Berta?
    Rudolf

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf:
    I think it is very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Happy Easter !
    A.R.

  18. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you know that your competitors have copied part of the data shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Any replication is useful to us. Obviously all we published has been covered preliminary by patents that are pending, concerning the data that we consider intellectual property.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You likely have hydrogen atoms within the plasma in the eCat-SK. How do you keep the high temperature hydrogen atoms from degrading the surrounding material?

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This is a confidential issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Emilia

    Dear Andrea
    Your paper in http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is a gold mine. it is very difficult to read and understand, but every time I read it again I learn more and more.
    Thank you and congratulations, it is not surprising that it is the more read nuclear physics publication of the last 3 years.
    Happy Easter,
    Emilia

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Emilia:
    Thank you for your attention to our theoretical job,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Raphael Blyler

    Dr Rossi:
    I have been stunned when I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is stunning your theoretical progress is a so short time. About the trolls: the most intelligent among them is not able to read a single line of your paper, as correctly observed the ENEA physicist.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael Blyler:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Tod

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which part of the Ecat SK we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com are made by robots and which are made manually?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Tod:
    The control system is made by robots, all the rest is made with normal manufacturing systems, so far.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  28. Chuck Davis

    Do you know the cryogenic tech of Magnialpha ?
    http://www.magnix.aero/products/
    Can be useful to your R&D?
    Chuck Davis

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. sam

    Another short video on the
    Daunting task of restoring
    the last supper.

    https://youtu.be/u-wg_Y9klXc

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The Cenacolo of Leonardo da Vinci is in the refectory of the Santa Maria delle Grazie church, not far from the gothic cathedral of the Duomo in the center of Milan. I visited it hundreds of times and every time I felt a new effect. I could talk hours about this ouvre d’art of Leonardo. Twenty years ago,when I returned to my work after a very difficult period of my life, I took in that church, while revisiting the Leonardo masterpiece, an image of the Madonna and since then every morning I prey in front of that image before starting my working day. I keep that image always in my agenda. Thank you for allowing me this moment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting documentary
    on Leonardo da Vinci and his painting
    of the Last Supper.

    https://youtu.be/2pJD5HtlKwg

    Have a Good Easter

    Sam

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you, very interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If you are now contemplating an “infinite COP” E-Cat configuration, does this mean that you are satisfied with the viability of direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK?

    Kind regards and thanks,

    Frank Acland

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    “Contemplating” is one thing; getting solace with a done apparatus is a completely different thing. We did not get this target, yet, therefore I have nothing to be satisfied of: we will be working on this also during these Easter holidays. This reminds me this:
    HAPPY EASTER TO ALL OUR CHRISTIAN READERS AND HAPPY EASTER HOLIDAYS TO ALL OUR NON-CHRISTIAN READERS, TO YOU AND YOUR FAMILY AND TO THE READERS OF YOUR EXCELLENT BLOG !!!
    Andrea Rossi

  36. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Then I must not understand what you fully mean by “infinite COP”. Please clarify. Is your envisioned system one that:

    a. Other than start-up, requires no external power input?
    b. Runs forever, without consuming some sort of fuel?
    c. The control system consumes no energy, or this is no control system?

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Please allow me too answer to your answer to Chuck Davis: in nuclear reactors you consume fuel, therefore the COP cannot be infinite, as well as hydrocarbon fueled systems.”

    Your definition of Coefficient of Performance (effective COP) is Output power / Input power. If the input goes to zero, then the effective COP is infinity. This does not mean that nuclear reactors do not consume fuel — they do. I assume you are not saying that the eCat generates power without consuming its fuel. The effective COP of infinity simply means that no external power is needed to control the unit and the unit outputs some power.

    If I mis-understand your comments, please advise.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. karels:
    Thank you for your opinion, but I do not agree, because one thing is to have an apparatus that at the output has also the energy that consumes, another thing is to have the necessity of the energy source.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    History of electrical generation with infinite COP: Nuclear reactors (as long as the fuel lasts); gasoline-based generators (until you run out of gasoline). The eCat-SK Electric would be just another electricity generator but clean nuclear based.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please allow me too answer to your answer to Chuck Davis: in nuclear reactors you consume fuel, therefore the COP cannot be infinite, as well as hydrocarbon fueled systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    an Italian ENEA physicist told me: “Generally those who criticize Rossi are not able to understand even a line of his research on nuclear physics published on Researchgate”.

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Please offer my deepest thanks to that Italian physicist of ENEA. By the way: what he stated is true. The best paradigma is the idiot that time ago wrote on a house organ forum this phrase, after I explained in a comment the concept of the definition of kWh/h: ” The poor kid [it was me, n.d.a.] does not know that in kWh/h the two ‘h’ cancel each other and remains only kW ”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. It sounds as if you made a change in thoughts, when you replied to me now working on an infinite COP E-Cat. In the past you often said that you thought it could not be done because of safety. Can you say what changed your thoughts?
    2. How optimistic are you that you will succeed in your infinite COP quest?
    Anyway, though indirect an e.g. E-Cat-turbine-generator combination may lead to the same result, when looking to the whole assembly.
    I hope you will succeed in your strive soon.
    Thanks. Kind regards, Gerard

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- No
    2- Yes, otherwise I’d not put on it the mole of work we are making, but this does not mean we will succeed
    3- Working also on that
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does your ‘infinite COP’ E-Cat concept make use of a battery as an an energy storage device?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    This could be a possible option, but attention: the R&D on course could go well, but it also could fail. We are working very, very hard on it, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Chuck Davis

    @JPR
    In my opinion there has been no discovery in the history of men that could compare with an electricity generator with infinite COP !
    Chuck Davis

  50. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you working solo on your Infinite COP project, or with your partner’s experts also?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I work always with my Team !
    Warmest Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    With regards to direct conversion to electricity, may we rightfully assume that unless the conversion efficiency (from thermal energy to electricity) exceeds about 40%, the more efficient generation would be via a Carnot cycle (e.g., steam generation followed by turbine conversion to electricity) based implementation?

    Or, are there other considerations that would make a lower (direct conversion) conversion efficiency acceptable?

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    There are, but it is premature to explain. We are working ( very, very hard ) on this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    If you are able to make an ssm system that uses its own electricity, the COP becomes infinite and any measurement becomes superfluous. This could really be the most important invention of the last 10 thousand years.
    JPR

  55. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    It would be. I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Rosita

    Dear Andrea:
    A person I know that recently spoke with you told me your voice not returned yet. How is your health? Please regard yourself,
    Cheers
    Rosita

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Rosita:
    My health is perfect, my voice not so, but what is important is what I do, not what I say.
    Thank you for your kind concern,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    On June 14, 2016, you shared an internal report that was posted on E-Catworld.com, It stated the QuarkX directly produced electricity at 0 – 10% of its rated output of 100W.
    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/2016/06/14/report-on-preliminary-findings-from-e-cat-quarkx-testing-posted-on-ecat-com/

    Is it reasonable to assume:
    a) that the ECat SK, rated at 22kW, performs in a similar fashion?
    b) that your current testing of the more robust and advanced ECat SK also shows direct electricity production, however with the range both narrower and more stable?
    c) at maybe 2 – 10% of rated output?
    d) at maybe 4 – 10% of rated output?
    e) at maybe 6 – 10% of rated output?

    On a different note, you have shared that the installed base of ECat SK’s have performed with a few bumps in the road. Have your customers begun to express interest in expanding their respective contracts with you/Leonardo Inc.?

    As always, my best to you, your team, and your tennis coach.

    Respectfully,
    Buck

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    a) possibly
    b) the R&D is on course, the results could be worse or better than that
    c,d,e) same as above
    f) not yet.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Gian Luca

    cortese Andrea R.,
    like in the last presentation I would like to give a question…..
    if there are no IR why is so difficult to have a safety certification?
    Are there other problems to solves?
    Thanks a lot
    Buona SS. Pasqua a Lei e tutto il Suo Staff

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    We are resolving the problems.
    Happy Easter also to you and your family!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea:
    In the presentation we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com you said that the Ecat SK is already ready for commercialization. So, why now you say that it is not ready for the distribution and sales in the mass market?

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    You must make a clear distinction between to be ready to supply heat to industrial concerns, where we maintain the control of the operation of the plant, with prompt assistance we are organized for in the specific place, and the sale of apparatuses “off the shelf”, for which we have not yet reached the necessary reliability and the necessary certifications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Ben

    If your search for the dorect electricity production will be successful, will you explain it by e development of your immense paper
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that is the most read paper among all the publications og nuclear physics in the last years?
    Godspeed,
    Ben

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Ben:
    I think so, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. A.L.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Is the technology you are testing to make electricity directly from the Ecat based on a new form of photon capture system? It looks logic watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com

  67. Andrea Rossi

    A.L.:
    Photon capture is a very generic term: I’d say no, but I must add that it depends on what exactly you mean when you define “photons capture”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other commenys published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Can you tell us if the E-Cat SK that you are testing for direct electricity production already produces more electricity then that the control system is using at the same time?
    Thank you.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are still in the R&D phase, but obviously that is what we want. If we succeed the COP becomes infinite. This is why I am now working on it at the maximum of my intellectual and physical force. Maybe it will be a failure, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I thank you for your empathy for us. We lived a terrible night with the fire of Notre Dame de Paris. More than a sadness, France today lives a national mourning like the Italians when La Fenice burned in the nineties. In this drama, he salutes the formidable work of the Paris firefighters who evacuated the site in order and who fought the flames all night long. The fire did not kill a victim despite the number of people in and around the site.
    We must also thank the donors who raised 400,000 € at the time I write these few lines. We can give on this site:
    https://www.fondation-patrimoine.org/

    Your E-Cat operates at temperatures of 1 eV, I hope you correctly calculate the fire risk.
    All my support for your commercial and R & D work
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    With sense of duty I publish your link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Colin Watters

    Szymon Blachuta forgets to mention ho ho ho :-)

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    …and what does that writing stay for?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Rod Walton

    Maybe the world does not have a coal problem, but an evaluation problem: last year about 50 coal fired utilities have been terminated, but the US Energy Information Administration reported that in 2018 the coal export has topped the highest level ever: ???

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I want to send to our French friends my expression of a profound sympathy for the very emotional moment we all passed through today when we knew of the devastating fire in the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. I have been in Paris many, many times and I know that Notre Dame is the icon of the Spirit of the great people of France. I am sure that, as always, France will remake well all that has been destroyed, but what happened today has a global resonance: I feel like myself have lost for ever something.
    My strongest sympathy for all the French persons that follow these lines,
    Andrea Rossi

  79. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your ongoing design & development of E-Cat > gas turbine > electric generators, from past comments I would understand that your eventual target would be towards the largest units possible for economies of scale in the production of electricity, the design and development for this I suspect will be multi-year, for near future use would you also consider the use of your E-Cats with smaller combined heat & power micro gas turbines?

    For example, the Italian company Ansaldo Energia has a micro turbine unit the AE-T100E that uses an external heat exchanger (intended for the bio-gas / solar concentrator market), it is likely that an external heat exchanger would be more easily designed for use with E-Cats and possibly more robust in operation being disconnected from gas turbine vibration.

    For application, this kind of small E-Cat powered combined heat & power unit could be ideal for commercial greenhouses in northern countries, commercial greenhouses can range from small to extremely large, for example one of the latest generation of greenhouses recently constructed in the UK just north east of London for the company Sterling Suffolk Ltd, has a greenhouse 54400 m^2 in area, the first of three, these will be heated by two 6.0 MW gas fired boilers, featuring hydroponics and specialist pink LED growing lights, with a target of growing 7000 metric tonnes of tomatoes a year – UK consumption of fresh tomatoes is over 490000 tonnes a year.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Angel Carl Riffeser

    Great content, thank you for sharing this with the world. We follow the Ecat evolution also here in Johannesburg.
    Cheers
    ACR

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Angel carl Riffeser:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team, from the Country of the great Nelson Mandela.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Manfred K

    Do you use sodium?
    Thank for your work and for the information you give about your inventions,
    Manfred K from Germany

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred K:
    No.
    You can see what I use in my patent and on http://www.evatskdemo.com
    and on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have mentioned that you have experienced some problems with the first SK reactor. What kinds of problems are you referring to:

    a) E-Cat reactor malfunctioning
    b) Control system malfunctioning
    c) Heat exchanger malfunctioning
    d) Remote control system malfunctioning

    Also, have you solved the problems that have come up, or are you still in the process of solving them.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) no
    c) yes
    d) yes
    All resolved ( so far )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    speaking about correcting the way of writing in English, I found this application very useful and easy to use:
    https://app.grammarly.com/
    it allows the real-time correction of typographical errors in single words and suggests the most correct grammatical forms in phrases.
    I don’t want to advertise. The application is free up to a certain level of correction and has to be paid for having the total correction.
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  89. Rino

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I think that the key of the direct generation of electricity is in par 2 of your paper on Researchgate.
    Godspeed
    Rino

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Rino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    Why are you soldering yourself the board of the Ecat SK prototype that makes (or should make) directly electricity?

  92. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I wanted to learn to make boards myself because while I make them I learn better how to make corrections immediately as soon as I use them. It makes me faster in the prototypal phase and allows me to go deeper in “seeing” the electrons behavior and movements while I put down piece by piece their track. I started this modality recently, learning what is necessary and the results are good.
    Obviously when and if a board becomes serial, robots make it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Pandora

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You cited the Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci as a text you have in your library: can you tell me where to buy it?

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Pandora:
    You can find it here:
    Giunti Gruppo Editoriale S.P.A., Firenze, Italy
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    Your reaction to yokes is always “he he he”.
    In some languages there is a subtle distinction: “ha ha ha” after a good yoke, “he he he” after a bad one. How is in Italian ?
    By the way, I’m following you several years and I’m impressed how your English improved.
    My deepest respect,
    Szymon Blachuta

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Very interesting comment. In Italy there is not that distinction, as far as I know, unless it has been recently introduced in the cyberjargon.
    Now that I know, I apologize with all our Readers that received “he he he” as an answer of mine to their yokes: the yokes were good, my English was inaccurate, but not voluntarily.
    Thank you for the correction: my English improved by means of errors correction. By the way, thank you for noting my efforts in this sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    After a few months of service, can you make an initial assessment of your first industrial E-Cat?
    Another question: Do you have an E-Cat in your lab that has been running for a year and will soon run out of combustible?

    Good luck for tomorrow’s tennis and I hope you will have a lot of fun losing (0-6)
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- with several problems, normal for initial activity, I can say we are satisfied how things are going on
    2- No, we change every 6 months
    3- he,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted ” it is surely possible, but it is a nonsense to subtract energy to a system that has a higher efficiency that the parasite system” when asked about using the emitted light to run photovoltaic cells.

    1, Does this mean that in your eCat-SK electric variant, the only outputs will be directly produced electricity and excess heat?

    2. If some light escapes, could that not be used to produce additional electrical power?

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- if some light “escapes”, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Brokeeper

    You are so welcome. I am very happy to help. Perhaps it could be applied for all internal environments.
    God bless you and your team.
    Brokeeper

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    And you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. domenico canino

    The time is ripe, the direction has changed.

    From the first of January 2019 the media around the world have been ordered to speak in an increasingly alarming manner of climate change, of renewable energy. After that since 2011 (look a little) all the big funds in silence have disinvested in the search for new oil wells. Now they are investing heavily in new energies and the media connected to them have the function of pushing in this direction. Electric cars, graphene batteries, hydrogen, etc. Dear Andrea, did you perceive that in your sector the direction has changed?

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    In some measure, yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    regarding Rick57 question and your answer, it seems that recoiling light from the ECat to produce energy with a PV cell would reduce it’s capacity of direct electric production?

    I thought that the light was a waste byproduct!

    If there was a misunderstanding, then i think that Rick57 idea was to put some PV cells around the ECat to get some electricity.

    How could this possibly impair ECat’s ability to produce direct current?

    Best regards, Marco.

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    First principle of thermodynamic. Light is not a by-product, light is energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Kurt

    Dear Andrea,
    watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com and reading the experimental set-up in par 5 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the spectrum of the wavelengths of the radiations in the Ecat SK, considering also the minor peaks, is maximum around 650 nm
    Did you ever find higher wavelengths values ?
    Thank if you can answer,
    Kurt

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you considered using the UV light from the E-Cat domestic model to disinfect house and hospital circulated air?
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I didn’t think about that. I will. Thank you for the idea.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    1. Is it safe to touch the ecat sk blue exterior ( shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ) with a bare hand while it is in operation?

    2. If it is not safe, what is the surface temperature of the blue exterior.

    Thanks

    Bob Belovich

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- of course! It is perfectly isolated thermally and electrically
    2- room temperature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    a) do you think it will be possible to combine direct electrical generation and PV cells in a single e-CAT to reach higher efficiency ?

    b) by the end of June are you planning to organize a web presentation or to disclose a report to provide additional infos about the progresses you made in this field ?

    Thanks a lot if you can answer.
    Riccardo

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    a) it is surely possible, but it is a nonsense to subtract energy to a system that has a higher efficiency that the parasite system
    b) I am not able to answer now, but I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Claude Donoso

    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I got the impression that you are not far from making an Ecat totally indipendent, I mean an Ecat that fuels itself without necessity of other power sources. Is this a nonsense?

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Claude Donoso:
    It is not a nonsense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Susannah

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that reached 17 000 readings in 3 months, an unheard of achievement: it is very intense, not a single is without important information.
    Godspeed,
    Susammah

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Susannah:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Ada, From your response to my response. I thought you were being flippant with regards LENRs. I realize you were not and apologize for my response to your question as I realize your question was made in good faith. Regards Eric Ashworth

  123. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a general question about the E-Cat SK.
    Do you think that the SK can be used to transmute matter directly, just as a industrial process?
    For instance making N15 out of N14. N15 is much wanted in a newly designed fission reactor. See: https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2019/03/doe-funds-2022-first-demo-for-factory-mass-producible-nuclear-power.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

    There is an interesting market for all kinds of isotopes..
    Kind regards, Gerard

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I know you are focused at the moment on direct electricity production (which I have to say us very intriguing) but I thought this might interest you never the less.

    https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/04/marrying-two-types-solar-cells-draws-more-power-sun?utm_source=newsfromscience%3Dflipboard%3Dflipboard2422212

    It’s a bit similar to the idea I mentioned earlier but also different in this case using perovskites to down convert blue light so that it be absorbed by the solar cell at near IR wave lengths. (I wonder if it could be used in combination with the other ideas involving Vanadium Oxide and Titanium Ixide I thought about?)

    It could be interesting for you in a couple of ways I guess.

    1. the full application for electicity production (perhaps could be applied along with your other process).

    2. The down conversion to near IR wavelengths using perovskites.

    Best Regards

    Stephen

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Jack

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did you already get electricity directly from the plasma of the Ecat SK?
    Jack

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Jack:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Ada

    Eric Ashworth:
    obviously this is an attempt to invent obstacles against the LENR: in absence of real arguments, also the ghosts can do… but people are not stupid.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readres:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Jeff Smathers

    Andrea,

    Thank you for your continued communication with many of us here at your periphery in support of
    your science efforts.

    May I ask please, as I believe it is important for all to understand the physics of your work, if the esteem respect of those who you trust and would like or enjoy to work with, so advancement could not be just upon your shoulders but on those willing to share your discovery and help resolve this great shift in illuminating the truth of what is happening.

    Who would those scientists or engineers be ?

    Thank you again sincerely.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff Smathers:
    For the time being, we already published in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    all that is possible to share. Beyond that we enter in the field of the confidential IP, that, for obvious reasons, is restricted to our Partnership.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Prof

    Impressive the photo of the black hole !
    Thank you for publishing it from Researchgate.net
    Cheers
    Prof

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Really impressive also the tecnology used from the teams of astrophysics, physics and astronomers around the world that have integrated the data of their observatories to compound the complete image as a puzzle, assembling the pieces of local views.
    Genial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Ada, Good point, I also would like to know about these unknown radiations that are also called dark radiations especially the names of the people putting forward this gibberish. Maybe these people are also unknown. Regards Eric Ashworth

  136. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    how much time do you think will pass before some of your customers will be publicly known?
    Can’t you solicit at least one of them?
    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It does not depend on us, as I explained. Of course we will make it happen as soon as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I read today on Researchgate ( http://www.researchgate.net ) this very interesting publication of Dr Hossein Javedi, added to the project “Creative Particles of Higgs, or CPH Theory”.
    This publication is very interesting, also because it shows the first ever image of a Black Hole, that you can also see in this link, published by Dr Javedi:
    https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/320/cpsprodpb/540D/production/_106371512_small.jpg
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Tcvetkov

    Dear Andrea, I am sending you a link to my report on the 30th anniversary of the Fleischman-Pons press conference. There’s a little place about you. https://regnum.ru/news/innovatio/2606951.html
    My best regards,
    Sergei Tcvetkov.

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Tcvetkov:
    Thank you for the information and the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Giorgio

    What do you think of the error made by Boeing that caused the death of over 300 persons, just because they did not install a double control system of the device that calculated the inclination of the aeroplane? Could in future the Ecat have a role to correct these errors?

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    1- the Ecat technology has nothing to do with the control system of an aeroplane
    2- they who do not errors can throw the first stone. Technologies are born and developed by means of errors. Unfortunately, as they say, the air and space technology history is written with blood, but the percentage of victims of aircraft incidents are statistically by an order of magnitude minor that the victims of car and motorcycles crashes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Michael Waterhouse

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Thank you for the enormous body of information that you and your readers publish on this excellent blog about the LENR: combining the comments and the links on them this blog is a LENR constantly updeted encyclopedia. The video http://www.ecatskdemo.com is a masterpiece.
    Best Regards,
    Michael

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Michael Waterhouse:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. Dorothea Edmister

    Dr Rossi,
    About your intriguing publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you said you will publish an expansion of it as soon as you will have defined which is , among the proposed alternatives, will be the more convincing: does your R&D on the production of direct current play a role in this decision?

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Dorothea Edmister:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Ada

    and what about the unknown radiations, also called dark radiations?
    Ada

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    I am not a ghostbuster. I react to things I can measure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Ada

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed that the Ecat SK shown in http://www.ecatskdemo.com has on the top a Sievert detector and a neutron bubble column: did you measure ionizing radiations in the 10 years of operation emitted from all the Ecats ?
    Thank if you can answer,
    Ada

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Ada:
    No, neither during the many measurements ( hundreds ) made by specialists independent from us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. WaltC

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1) You said that your Direct Electricity Effect will, in part, be explained by current and future LENR theories. Do you believe that your current theory (http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction) explains that effect already, or will it need to be expanded?

    2) Can you say: is the Direct Electricity Effect a “DC” effect (fixed polarity, like a photo-voltaic cell) or an “AC” effect (alternating polarity, like an engine-generator)?

    Thanks, WaltC

  153. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    1- it will be expanded
    2- no, at this point I can’t disclose this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    …and what would happen if a new phenomenon never observed before instead of electricity was involved in the production of Lenr plasma? We would not have tools to measure it.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    If I have understood, you are asking how can we measure something that does not exist in our knowledge: well, in this case we will have to study the effect, if any, to learn how to measure it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Shannon Kunich

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand that every electric Wh you get directly from the plasma of the Ecat SK is worth 3 times a thermal Wh, correct?
    Cheers
    Shannon

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Shannon Kunich:
    Only if the duty of the Ecat is to make electricity, because to make 1 eWh you need about 3 tWh
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Erasmo

    I refer to http://www.ecatskdemo.com and to the video of the November 24th Stockholm Ecat QX presentation: which is the difference between the QX and the SK: is it also in the charge?

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo:
    No, it is not;the difference is in the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Ressie Knouse

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    your paper on http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions cites the Wan Der Waals and the casimir forces as a possible source for LENR: aren’t they too weak for this?

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Ressie Knouse:
    In general yes, but their force can become relevant in some specific situations I have described in par. 1 and 2,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Rod Walton

    Dr Rossi,
    here is an update of Power Engineering, April 9 2019:
    Elizabeth Ingram presents the latest stories on power generation, renewable energy and smart grid,
    Rod Walton

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I don’t like the definition “LENR” because the energy is not low at all, if anything (relatively)low temperature could fit better.
    It is the time to use an acronym that better fits, because the success of a technology depends also from the name that stimulate the imagination.
    So, the name could be turn in something like “AMAR” (anti matter annihilation reactor)

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    I do not understand what you mean.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is your eCat-SK Electric model based on Magnetohydrodynamic generation?

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    1- do your customer reccommend you to other?
    2- is the progress in selling heat spurred by such reccommendations?
    Szymon Blachuta

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    1- yes
    2- not yet
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  171. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I apologize — I had two questions marked “a)” in my previous post. Was your answer “yes” to both of them?

    Thank you!

    Frank

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say you are working with a global partner. May I ask:

    a) Does your global partner have experience bringing industrial and domestic products to market?
    a) Will your global partner be able to help you with the authorizations and safety certifications for E-Cats?
    b) Do you think the partner will be able to help with faster approval for domestic E-Cats?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Eusebia Lilburn

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interaction
    It is in point of fact a nice and useful piece of information. I’m glad that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Eusebia Lilburn:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Maybe your readers will find this interesting. For me LENR technology not only provides a cheap, clean source of energy but holds a fascination because it demonstrates a level of physics that I believe is able to disprove flawed theories put forward by the accepted regime that dictates what is true and what is false within the study of physics. This I know also confuses a lot of people, especially those not involved in the study of academic physics i.e. those who are able to free think outside of dogma without persecution. Thereby I can inform readers that my views are based upon a limited none academic career but one of free thought, experimentation and patented embodied theory regarding a generalized understanding of energy. Fortunately the JONP exists providing a much needed place whereby a sharing of information is able to take place without censorship being imposed. Albeit, physics being a sensitive, highly censored subject, within academia, due to its ability to reveal a closely guarded secret, becomes self evident to those involved in specific fields of study. I feel fortunate to be able to put my views forward for consideration without undue animosity.

    To recap a unified field can be demonstrated by a mechanical mechanism that produces binary spinning flows of air whereby each oscillate within their inner and their outer chamber (one flow per chamber) and that upon eventual contact they transition from curvature flow forces to a linear flow force and because this activity generates a super negative at the pole potentials i.e. the origin of the flows, an interior back flow is set in motion at the super positive pole potential that is contrary to the combined linear down flow and that is labeled an ‘economy flow’ of a binding force that has to transition itself from that of a positive condensed flow force to that of a rarefied negative flow force i.e. the same flow but of a different force in space and time. I could give this single back flow two names but to overcome confusion and keep things true I give it one name because its the same flow but simply transitioned due to its environments that it encounters (a flow force that glues). I also believe the atom contains a binary flow having an internal circulation and an external circulation. The external circulation when at the atomic level is the electro magnetic field and represents the external mass of the product. This external flow is identical to the internal flow direction and represents the negative field with its positive and negative potentials of its flow in accordance to its position of its flow potentials in space and time. When a single rotor rotates, its propellers draw in any exterior material by the force of the inputted flow but should the exterior material such as a solid wall be unable to be drawn in then the spinning rotor is drawn towards it, because an increase in negativity is created between the flow and the exterior material, not difficult to understand. Therefore the mechanism had to be designed specifically to overcome this negative zone of attraction, a problem instigated by the creation of its super negative potential spilling into its immediate exterior environment caused by its required integral multi propeller assembly and by which was overcome by inducing oscillations onto the surrounding outer environment of the downward flow force potentials, creating a necessary insulation. The method is simple but ingenious. The propulsion unit has to have a specially designed fuselage around the exterior that accommodates complimentary chambers designed specifically to induce exterior oscillations around the downward propelling exterior linear flow force at the time, when the curvature forces become linear. These vibrational induction chambers produce what is referred to as the ‘static barrier layer’ that insulates the exterior flow of the mechanism from exterior objects and thereby provides the mechanism with a necessary system of identity, in the same way as an atom. The exterior linear flow carries the vibration within and without its field as it encompasses the craft. Consequently, the mechanism is able to demonstrate the ‘static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. A technology that has been acknowledged as one before its time and denied its demonstration and its explanation. How I described the mechanism, being somewhat of a layman, was as a compressed atom, being unfamiliar with the term mass defect with regards its integral propeller assembly.
    The static and mobile aspects of the energy refers to both structure and flows i.e. mobile propellers/static frame, mobile flow/static boundary. The system is binary in all aspects so as to create a unified field. Because energy is a binary system of opposing states it can involve varying degrees of mobility and inactivity on the two dimensions of its being i.e. in the embodied atomic state and its none embodied state. Mass defect comes in varying degrees of energy, from being totally defective to totally effective with regards these states. Mass is in reference to the two states. Defect is in reference to the space/distance between its two dimensions of charge. Energy must posses a distance and therefore a time dimension of interaction. Neutrons have total mass defect i.e. totally defective energy being devoid of distance and thereby time, rendering them unable to provide a source of energy. Electrons have minimal mass defect making them highly effective providers of energy (an interesting thought: if a neutron represents the most dense state of material substance what would be its absolute opposite if the whole state of being relies upon the something and the nothing i.e. a binary unchangeable situation whereby opposites attract and the planck length could maintains order by necessity). The mechanism is able to demonstrate these two states in both dimensions i.e. the static embodied solid mechanism and the none solid mobile flows allowing these basic interactions to be observed, measured and used as a springboard from which a greater understanding of energy can be realized by those involved in physics and thereby, I believe, able to project the understanding into the none physical aspect between which the physical exists being between both the point and the periphery i.e. a binary state of none existence with regards to energy but one not without influence within the material world. So here is just one such embodied technology described as ‘before its time’, able to help explain energy, be able to efficiently lift a huge amount of weight and yet we read of a company that seeks greater efficiency with regards an aircraft design that requires artificial intelligence to overcome a known problem. Time to embrace these new technologies or are we not quite there yet?. And as a footnote I believe that Richard Feynman provided a clue to potentiality when he described that a positron moving backwards in time and space would be annihilated by an electron but visa versa an electron moving forward would become a positron. To move forward is to become more restricted i.e. condensed and positive thereby eventually turning outside in. To move backwards is to become more rarefied and negative and thereby turning inside out, this also,I believe, applies to the proton/neutron but requires detailed explanation. Atoms contain mini environments. Without understanding volume and size environments and relationships with regards charge potentials I think it difficult to understand energy. Interacting electro magnetic fields can, I believe, be considered as time zones that create flux tubes and that involve chirality. A complex situation indeed that requires a greater explanation and one which I shall attempt to provide. Regards Eric Ashworth

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight, offered to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    You answered Frank Eckland about the terms of the domestic E-Cats:
    “… I would say at the most a few years.”
    Earlier you wrote (I mean domestic E-Cats) that you are not afraid of competitors, because Leonardo has proven technology, low prices and will sell a large amount, so reverse engineering is not terrible, competitors simply will not catch up.
    Perhaps in “a few years”, competitors will be able to equalize these advantages. Or do you rely on patent protection? But China will not stop the patent.
    Maybe you need to sell technology? This is also commercialization.
    “Dog in the hay” – not the best type of business.

    Sorry for the sharpness.
    Tired of waiting for the long-promised domestic E-Cats.

    Regards and hopefully.
    Yury Isaev
    Engineer.

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Sohl

    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most interesting paper treating of LENR I ever have read.
    Thank you for publishing all that information.
    Regards,
    Sohl

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Sohl:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. A.B.

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you use a cold cathod in the Ecat SK we saw in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  185. Andrea Rossi

    A.B.:
    No,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you still convinced that it will be many years after industrial E-Cats are deployed, that you will be able to produce domestic E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No, I’d not say many years, I’d say several years at the most.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today on other posts of this blog
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  189. xyz

    Watching
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that it seems to be ready for a massive production, also for domestic use, especially if you will be able to make both heat and electricity. It will be a global game changer.
    Are you not afraid of it?

  190. Andrea Rossi

    xyz:
    Yes, it could be.
    No, I am not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dear Andrea,
    your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    continues to be the most read paper of nuclear physics. How do you explain it?
    Roberto

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    I think that it has been important the fact that theoretical hypothesis have been surrogated by the experiment described in the article and by the video of it ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Caro Andrea.
    dopo più di 8 anni di frequentazione via e-mail, quasi mi considero di famiglia e mi permetto di rivolgermi a te usando il tu.
    1)Ritieni di poterci informare su quando il primo eCat-SK dell’ultima versione fra quelli forniti recentemente potrà entrare in funzione?
    2) potrà già essere utilizzato alla sua massima potenza?

    A te un calorosissimo saluto e la riconoscenza per quanto con tanto impegno e sacrificio hai fatto e fai nell’interesse di tutta l’Umanità.
    English synopsis:
    1- has already been put in operation the Ecat SK we watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    2- is it already working at its max power ?

    Che Dio ti aiuti. Gian

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your friendly sympathy.
    Answers:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Can you give us some comment on your investigations on the direct electricity production of the Ecat?
    2. Are you happy with the sales of heat so far?
    3. Is the production of the E-Cat heat-plants satisfactory?
    4. Are your customers, using your heat, still satisfied?
    5. Have you still time to play tennis with your wife?
    I really do hope things are going well. Good luck to you and your team.!
    Thanks. Kind regards, Gerard

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- it is premature, I will have precise ideas within June, based on the scheduling of our work on it
    2- yes
    3- yes
    4- yes
    5- yes !
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Saju Abraham

    Most Respected Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I believe General Electric will be the solution provider for the electric energy generation:
    http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/04/ge-has-prototype-10-megawatt.html
    Praying for your steady health,
    Saju Abraham

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Good question: we have to abide to the first principle of thermodynamic, therefore all the electric energy that will be extracted from the plasma will have to be subtracted from the thermal energy, but the electric energy has more value, because to make one Wh of electric energy you need to spend about 3 Wh of thermal energy, when you have to turn into electricity the thermal energy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Saju Abrahan

    Respected Dr Andrea Rossi,
    when you produce electric energy directly from plasma will it affect the heat efficiencyof the Ecat, or will be electricity just a by-product?
    Regards,
    Saju Abraham

  201. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    Thank you for your input. The impact of mankind in heating and power production will always have a negative impact on the atmosphere. But consider the following:

    1. Look at the amount of energy per day our atmosphere endures because of our sun.
    2. Current electrical production technology (Carnot Cycle) is about 40% efficient. So 60% of the thermal production goes into the atmosphere. So, under you analysis, they have 60% going into the atmosphere, compared to 25% from eCat.
    3. Remote power production has transmission line loss so even more thermal energy is lost and therefore the initial production of plant energy is that much higher.
    4. Even solar energy can have an impact on more heating of the local atmosphere.

    Bottomline – there is no “free Lunch”. Energy production will have an effect, but perhaps not as significant as the greenhouse gas effect?

  202. Nick

    Dear Andrea:
    1- where are you working in this moment?
    2- what is that you consider the most important thing you are making now?

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Nick:
    1- USA
    2- R&D on the production of electric energy directly from the plasma of the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels,
    Steve, based upon your hypothetical 50% efficiency, assume that over a large number of houses configured in this manner, we can estimate an average of 25% of thermal energy would be dissipated into an already overheated atmosphere.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  205. Rodney Nicholson

    ……….. and possibly you might also consider offering to put up one million euros ‘in escrow’ as your guarantee that your system will indeed replace their use of coal without producing any emissions, harmful or otherwise.

    With ‘seriously challenging’ regards,

    Rodney.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Again, thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When my Chevy Volt battery pack drops below 80% storage, it is considered end-of-life and will be replaced. But it still would be useful for non-automotive applications.

    Assume an eCat-SK electric with a thermal capacity of 100kW which runs at 50% efficiency for conversion to electricity. Assume approximately 1kW constant power consumption for the Controller and system control.

    A home will require not more that 200Amps at 220VAC or 44kW of electrical power (200Amp rated electrical panels). So the 100kW eCat-SK electric will provide sufficient power to run one home.

    Assume two such old battery packs, one being charged by the eCat-SK electric and the other powering the Controller and system control. The eCat-SK electric would switch every few hours between charging one battery pack, to using the stored power to run the Controller and system electronics, and charging the other battery pack.

    Plus the excess heat (50kW) could be used to heat the house, heat water, or just exhausted.

    The control of the eCat-SK electric is therefore, totally independent of the eCat-SK electric output. This might find application in remote locations (e.g., cabin in the woods?) As the battery technology becomes cheaper, this architecture could become more wide spread. Thoughts?

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Plwase go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Norma

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think that the remote control of the Ecat SK by which you control from your headquarters the Ecats operating even oversees can be considered A.I. ?
    Best Regards,
    Norma

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Norma:
    Maybe, partially, yes, in the sense that it makes operations otherwise should be done by humans, even by means of logic procedures: it has also to make choices in some situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Anonymous

    My opinion? Your production of direct current from the Ecat is pure B.S.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your opnion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Rodney Nicholson

    = = = = = = = = = = = =
    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for this serious proposal, but the issue in it is that the inventor has to explain in detail his invention and in primis the sum is ridiculous (in our case), in secundis to win the prize you have to explain BEFORE the details of the IP to the jury.
    The idea of the mayor is intelligent, though, and surely will attract smart proposals from many inventors.
    Warm Regards,
    = = = = = = = = = = = =
    Hi Andrea:

    I suggest you contact them and explain that you would be very happy to replace their coal fired heating with a non-polluting source at a price 25% less than their current coal costs. But that the video demonstrations you have already made would have to suffice for documentation, as you are, of course, not willing to share your IP.

    In addition, you might suggest to them that, in the event you were selected as the winner, you would donate the prize money to the charity of their choice.

    The worst they can do is just say one word: “No.” A little better, they might even say: “No, but thank you.”

    Alternatively, they might possibly say “Yes” after reviewing your video documentation with experts in the field.

    Should you win, even the news media would finally have to start taking a serious interest in your work.

    Rodney.

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Dear Andrea,
    The following is in Finnish news today:

    The Major of the City of Helsinki promises a million euros to the person who invents how to replace coal in district heating of the City of Helsinki:

    https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-10721406

    https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=fi&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fyle.fi%2Fuutiset%2F3-10721406

    https://twitter.com/Vapaavuori/status/1113379846124711936

    “Helsinki challenge: miljoona euroa sille, joka kehittää korvaavan ratkaisun kivihiilelle Helsingin lämmityksessä mahdollisimman kestävästi ja vähällä biomassan käytöllä”

    Translation: “Helsinki challenge: one million euros to the person who develops a method to replace coal in the heating of Helsinki city, as sustainably as possible and with as little use of biomass as possible”

    He adds: I’m extremely serious.

    regards, /pekka

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for this serious proposal, but the issue in it is that the inventor has to explain in detail his invention and in primis the sum is ridiculous ( in our case ), in secundis to win the prize you have to explain BEFORE the details of the IP to the jury…
    The idea of the major is intelligent, though, and surely will attract smart proposals from many inventors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Jean Paul Renoir

    Dear Andrea,
    the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and your paper published on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    give evidence of a remarkable progres you made to reconcile the Rossi effect with a theoretical explication of it; nonetheless, you still are browsing around different directions: when do you think you will propose a final theory about the physical theoretical ground of the Ecat?
    JPR

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Very difficult to answer, but I think the most probable path is in paragraph 4 of the paper you cited.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Roth

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have you already applied A.I. to the Ecat?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Roth:
    Well, I think that part of the control system could be defined A.I., but a full application of A.I. will have to be developed and I already am in contact with a Swedish engineer to develop this part of R&D. For sure this is an issue we are following with great attention.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to a Eugene Wigner interview
    who you talk about in your paper on research
    gate.

    https://www.manhattanprojectvoices.org/oral-histories/eugene-wigners-interview-1964

    Regards
    Sam

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link.
    The fact that nuclear reactions like Au197 + N14 -> Au198 + N13 happen at energies by which the colliding nuclea do not come in contact has been strangely ignored.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Glenn Lorin

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    has the calorimetric test been made by wich fluid?
    Glen Lorin

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Glenn Lorin:
    Air.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Peter

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and I think that your temperature measuring system is correct. In fact, it has been corroborated by the calorimetry.
    Cheers
    Peter

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Is any district heating company currently delivering heat generated by E-Cats to customers yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Albert

    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I realized the unbelievable progress you made in these last ten years. Terrific.
    Congrats also to Mr Thomas Florek for the puppets spot: I laughed a lot! I imagine the drummer is you, correct?
    Cheers
    Albert

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Albert:
    Of course the drummer is me !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. John Cahill

    Dear Andrea: I have seen on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    that your publication reached almost 16500 readings, which is a stellar achievemrnt. Who counts the readings?
    Cheers
    John

  235. Andrea Rossi

    John Cahill:
    I do not know how the readings are counted, but I suppose that the website of Researchgate ( the most important website of the world in its cathegory ) has an automatic control system that makes the counts. The authors obviously do not have access to the counting system, we can only read the results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering April 2 2019: FPL building solar-storage combo facility in Florida
    Rod Walton

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Soli:
    The spectrometer measures the wavelength of the radiations. My spectrometer measures a spectrum between 100 and 1100 nm, with a definition of 0.1 nm, therefore it is much wider than the spectrum of the colors, that is between about 380 (violet) and 740 (red) nm
    The methodology I use has been taught to me from a PhD Chemical Engineer that is our consultant specifically for this matter and uses this system to measure the high temperatures at the nozzles of the rockets.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Sam Oliverio

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    In
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I saw that you use a spectrometer to eventually use the Wien equation and the Boltzmann equation to measure the energy radiated from the Ecat SK. But the plasma, or at least the core of it where you measure the radiation, is a black body, while the spectrometer measures the colors.
    Answer?
    Soli

  241. WaltC

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Do you believe that the Direct Electricity effect you are observing:

    1) results directly from LENR and will thus be explained by current and future LENR theories, or
    2) results directly from the fact that there is a Plasma and can thus be explained by current Plasma physics theories, or
    3) both (1) & (2).

    Thanks, WaltC

  242. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    3)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you provide an indication of how many E-Cat SKs you have manufactured for customers so far?

    a) 1-10 MW
    b) 10-20 MW
    c) More than 20 MW

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Orso Pagani

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I read your scholastic career, it looks very good.
    Is the Italian doctorate equivalent to a PhD ?
    O.P.

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Orso Pagani:
    The years of cursus studiorum to become “Doctor” in Italy are the same to become “Dr” in the other Countries, or more. In Italy does not exist the “Ph.D.” definition. We become doctors after the publication of a thesis, that is a book, after all the examinations have been successfully made. We call it “Laurea” and it allows the student to become “Dr”, like, for example, me.
    In Italy there is also the “Short Laurea”, that has less examinations, and corresponds to what in the USA is a “Master”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Darryl Montgomery

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Are you planning to be a public traded company?
    If yes, do you have a timeline in mind?

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Darryl Montgomery:
    We will take in considerations this possibility with our Partner after the plants we are installing will have been enough conslidated to anchor the real and fair value of our corporation on facts, nor words. beware of companied that sell shares based on dubious patent applications that have not generated real plants and production: in almost all the cases these kind of offers end up in the annihilation of the value of the shares or in bankrupcies. Always read carefully the disclaimers in the shares or funds buying contracts and when you read ” the investor is aware of the fact that this is an investment in a technology that could end up unsuccessfully so that the value of this investment could become zero”, or something like that, my suggestion is: STAY AWAY, THIS IS A POTENTIAL FRAUD.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.