Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2019-10-22 11:40:06.963975Z

  1. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    Most bloggers are starting to think that you can reach the permanent SSM, but I think that this is an achievement never reached in the history of mankind and you could fail. Even so, I will remain always with you.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but I will do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does SSM success depend on

    1) Perfecting your theory
    2) Building some new apparatus/material
    3) More trial and error experimentation
    4) Getting more expert help
    5) Something else

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    2
    Warm RegardsA.R.

  5. eernie1

    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    I inadvertently used nuclear fusion instead of nuclear fission in my previous blog. Please forgive me.
    Regards

  6. eernie1

    Dear Eric Ashworth,
    At the risk of boring the readers of this site, I would like to present a few facts about fission energy devices. First, the reason spent fuel rods are not disposed of permanently(which can be done in a number of ways)is that they contain materials of high value. The reason they are stored and not refurbished at present is that it is cheaper to assemble and use new rods from available materials. When the required quantities of rods need to be increased, they will be refurbished. Second, the technology involved in using nuclear fusion as a source of energy is well known and able to be refined for use. Third, the products of used rods(radioactive isotopes) are used in medicine and detection devices in industry.
    There are other uses for these materials and if you are interested I will try to explain them in future blogs. Until then I remain,
    Your correspondent.

  7. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    when you say you are “very close to SSM” do you mean a few watts are still missing or some other reasons, like reliability, prevent you from smoking the sigar.

    Best Regards,

    Riccardo

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    Ehhh, very difficult to answer… couls say some Watts missing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It has been, what is it …3 months now? when you said that you were very, very, very close to SSM. Between that stage of development and the stage having reached SSM is very little space, maybe a micron?
    Still you have not smoked the cigar of victory. Does this mean that you did not make any progress since?
    Hope to hear from you how things go. Success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We are very close to success. I cannot say more than this. We are working very hard, believe me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Willi Meinders

    @Dr Accornero:
    in your comment you bring the actual revolution to the point: independence from the grid System.
    Tey will resist, but I remember Prof Vladimir Vysottskii: “The Ghost is out of the bottle and can’t be put back on it”

  12. Eric Ashworth

    Dear eenie 1. Thank you for your information Oct 19th. With regards your infinite COP, “if the fuel could be made infinite in supply”. I presume you are referring to the elimination of the entire amount of fuel. My reply is, in a perfected system this would occur and yes, I believe it possible. I must inform you that I am an independent researcher that has been acknowledged in scientific circles that what I have developed is categorized as before its time by some and by others as a destructive technology i.e. it supersedes a present day technology. I know very little with regards present day understanding of nuclear energy because I have no interest in a technology that is impractical and flawed. I am not denying that your technology is not producing energy but at what costs, one being the unavoidable pollution of an incomplete process and the other of being able to enter a runaway reaction. Both well known and documented. I believe that when a person has limited information it is natural and commendable for that person to hold dear to his belief because that is what he believes. Your desire is such and I respect your opinion but it is based on a limited amount of understanding. I do not intend this as a ‘put-down’ but as a truism that could be proven tomorrow, next week or next year dependent upon the present day circumstances by which I mean an acceptance to first understand then put into practice and finally prove a concept which at the moment appears impossible.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  13. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Dan C, Thank you for the link regarding the ITER project for it has answered my original question. The research physicist has explained the real reason for ITER which I now realize and makes sense, is a research experiment to achieve a phenomena and not the development of a method to produce unlimited quantities of cheap clean energy. It is basically a very expensive toy or as I think a distraction to keep experts away from the real quest which is and maybe Andrea will not agree with this but LENRs/Cold Fusion/ Long Range Particle Interactions, the label is totally irrelevant, in self sustain mode. People do ask, is self sustain mode that important. I believe it is because to produce electricity requires energy and to use energy produced by any other method, other than Long Range Particle Interactions, inhibits the purpose of Andrea’s project.
    Regards Eric Ashworth

  14. Prof. Neri Accornero

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    After the last exciting, but few, revelations on the E-Cat X, discussions on blogs seem to be geared mainly to the imagination of medium or high power stations, or even power stations “spread” on the street lamps; but I think the real innovation is the separation from the grid: antone can have electricity, light and heat independently on site.
    This is the great change that is coming.
    I am very happy to live this moment.
    Regards,
    Neri Accornero

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Prof Neri Accornero:
    Thank you for your intelligent, as always, analysis. I agree with you in toto.
    We are very close to SSM, though, and I want it, dead or alive.
    Thank you for your continue attention to our work,
    Andrea Rossi

  16. Dear Andrea
    Politicians, economists and contractors, who cannot imagine a different future, continue to plan traditional, fossil or renewable energies. Now they do not talk about nuclear because the watchword is “green”, and they want to make people believe that cars, by the mere fact of being electric, they are. Nobody, however, talks about how batteries are built, recharged and disposed of. In Italy they have already filled almost all the mountains with a multitude of expensive wind towers, just because it was a big deal for someone…, certainly not for tax payers. The latest proposals, listen, are then to build huge photovoltaic systems in Sahara and transfer, necessarily with gigantic cables, the energy needed in Europe !! But can one be so stupid or in bad faith?
    Even now no one has noticed your extraordinary invention, not a nod in the media for a long time now, I can understand that you want to proceed quietly before definitely entering the market, which you will surely upset, but the years pass quickly and the world is thirsty for energy with all the international conflicts that ensue. Your responsibility unfortunately increases from month to month, now I don’t allow myself to solicit you too much and I certainly don’t want to intrude on your industrial programs but allow me a consideration: delay the marketing until your system shows a stability in the direct production of electricity for SSM it does not seem so decisive. Given the high COP of your system and the inevitable surplus of available thermal energy, even an inefficient Peltier panel could supply enough energy to recharge a commercial battery, if I remember the energy for SSM is really minimal.
    Excuse my outburst, but in addition to the epochal change you are about to propose, I would like to see your value publicly recognized and … the U-turn of all your detractors.
    Best regards Andrea.

  17. Dan C.

    The views of a research physicist, who worked on nuclear fusion experiments for 25 years at the Princeton Plasma Physics Lab in New Jersey

    https://thebulletin.org/2018/02/iter-is-a-showcase-for-the-drawbacks-of-fusion-energy/#

    Regards
    Dan C.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Thank you for the link, with whom I agree. It is interesting that this analysis is made by a scientist that worked for decades at the highest levels of the ITER realization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Dear Dr Rossi
    I presume you have heard of the electric universe theory where gravity doesn’t play as import role in how the universe functions. I was curious if you subscribe to such theories yourself.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I do not know it. I am curious to go to learn what they say.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. eernie1

    Eric Ashworth,
    I forgot to mention that fission also has infinite cop if the fuel could be made infinite in supply. This requirement could be achieved using breeder reactors.
    My complaint is basically that the necessary development has been underfunded and delayed by various agencies. Despite this delay, a number of examples can be used to indicate that industry is catching up to reality. France uses fission to provide 75% of its energy requirements showing that 100% is within reach. China has put a program together that will supply a great deal of their energy requirements within a reasonable time frame. They will overtake the amount of energy now produced in the USA(the largest producer today). A number of countries have planned reactor construction plans that will provide the majority of their energy requirements. All plans include design modifications that will increase not only the efficiency but the longevity of the plants, and further research promises to increase these criteria.
    I believe that this effort will eventually provide almost all of the planets needs, thus negating the efforts of alternate devices except to fill the requirement not provided by fission.
    All the science needed to develop this technology is available and known by development engineers. The world is just in the past few years are awakening to its reality. Even the problem of disposing radioactive ash is being resolved.
    By the time other LENR devices become available to the public, they may only fill small and unique sectors of industry and public use needs.
    Hopeful regards.

  22. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Pekka Janhunen, I agree entirely with your observations. Money controls people and this I believe is its main purpose.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  23. Eric Ashworth

    Dear eenie 1, Thank you for your reply and I respect your answer. You say… Hot fusion is possible. I said nothing is impossible in nature (man being a part of nature). You say… The Hydrogen bomb uses hot fusion and our sun operates on this principle. I agree. Then you say society is willing to finance the possible development of usable devices. I say not society as a whole because society is made up of a mixed bag, some people understand nothing whereas at the other end of the spectrum some know everything or should I say almost. You say…. my question should be is the resources spent on its development justified given the difficulty involved with the task?. I say… I stand by what I said because I am aware of the Hydrogen bomb and our sun but both these two examples cannot be replicated to provide an abundant supply of clean cheap energy. One of them literally self destructs rendering it useless in this particular endeavour. The other requires a macro amount of space to sustain an abundant supply of free clean energy. Neither systems require magnetic fields provided by electro magnets. It’s not the impossibility of what they are trying to do, it’s their general approach to replicate that I find puzzling and the amount of finance thrown into such a futile venture.

    I will not argue with with your answer regarding the development of fission reactions as it is speculative and you could very well be correct as I believe you are inferring that by more extended research into fission reactions there could no doubt be a better understanding of this extremely important subject. You also said “my question would be how did society allow this to happen”?. My answer is, since when did society have any input into such important decisions. And yes I agree it is a sad situation but not one that I know cannot be overcome albeit an almost impossible task. I do believe we are both on the same page even though some people could argue otherwise.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

    P.S. I must add this extremely important comment. The JONP is without doubt the most important journal in the world because of no censorship. Censorship should be outlawed in any society. I believe it comes about by fear.

  24. Sean Arzo

    Dr Rossi:
    I noticed you never prticipte to meetings nd conferences loke ICCF etc: why?

  25. Edward Roskovensky

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will you export your technology also in Poland ?

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Edward Roskovensky:
    When we will be organized in Europe, yes, of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say where in
    the USA that you are
    working?

    Regards
    Sam

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    In Florida and in California.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    The ability for the E-Cat to provide its own clean stable power supply by means of SSM (Self Sustaining Mode) will potentially lead to more stability over the lifespan.

    The E-Cat controls will likely consist of electronics that are required to provide a very stable tight tolerance specific signal to the E-Cat charge for initiating nuclear change.

    Electronics generally require a clean power supply (and sometimes shielding), power supplies in an industrial environment can be prone to spikes, dropouts, harmonics and even outages, power supply anomalies (and electromagnetic interference) often originating from the start up, shut down and condition of nearby equipment and switchgear, this often leads to a requirement for power supply conditioning.

    Power supply conditioning can be relatively expensive, and may not be something you would want to include with E-Cat installations, so the ability of the E-Cat to provide its own stable supply power by means of SSM is worthwhile pursuing.

    What works in a laboratory may face additional challenges in an industrial environment.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  30. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Your analysis is intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. eernie1

    Eric Ashworth,
    Hot fusion is not impossible. The Hydrogen bomb uses hot fusion and our sun operates on this principal to provide us with continuous free energy. Because it is a known existing method of energy production, society is willing to finance the possible development of usable devices. Your question should be, is the resources spent on its development justified given the difficulty involved with the task? My answer is that if the same effort and moneys were spent on developing fission reactors from their beginning in the 1940″s we would now have an energy source that is self sustained, controllable, safe, able to make its own fuel, made in any size necessary, portable and maintainable with ordinary trained people. Today about 20% of the worlds energy is produced by fission devices including ships employing relatively small units. Compared with the number of deaths caused by the production of other energy methods, the small number of deaths directly attributed to fission devices if we do not include weapon casualties is miniscule in comparison. My question would be, how did society allow this to happen?
    Sad regards.

  32. Ville Kanninen

    Thank you for your answer.

    Yes, the patent application text looks just to be hot fusion. But their claimed device is astonishing small for a hot fusion reactor, which made me think maybe there would be something else going on = perhaps they got inspiration from your inventions.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Ville Kanninen:
    From the description I read, there is nothing in common at all. It reminds me something very similar made by NASA, described also in this blog several weeks ago and another attempt to apply hot fusion to fighter jets, patented by Lockeed Martin, that too described several months ago in this blog. All of them unapplicable for two reasons:
    1- they will never work for the impossibility to insulate temperatures of millions of Kelvin with a stable magnetic field
    2- accepting by absurd that they could work, the screening of the radiations derived from the nuclear fusion in such devices would have a weight of hundreds of tonns.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Dear Andrea, Eric Ashworth:
    In my experience, often when money is poured into something, there are some indirect military-industrial interests behind it.
    For example, a space telescope is basically a spy satellite turned upside down, laser fusion is a testbed of conditions occurring in nuclear explosion, Jupiter Galileo probe was a demonstration that a warhead can survive the fireball of a nearby nuclear explosion. Etc etc.
    regards, /pekka

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As I recall (subject to my old memory), you indicated the experiment on your current eCat Electric technology should finish in the mid-Oct to end of October time period. Can you give us an update? Will the experiment completion date be slipped?

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I am here, in the USA, working very hard on it.
    It is all I can say, with humble optimism.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Here are three comments from
    ECat World blog about your present
    research.Can you comment on them?

    Omega Z

    My 2 cents worth.
    I can adjust the burner on my gas stove to put out 3kw of heat and it is stable and constant whether I’m heating water or just air. As long as there is gas flowing through the valve.
    Rossi can produce heat. But has to depend on a controller to keep it going and is probably problematic. He likely has what could be considered a constant fuel flow problem.
    My opinion is his current focus on SSM is to create a feedback that keeps the fuel flowing just as the gas valve does on a gas stove. Thus a constant stable reaction regardless how the heat is used.

    John Oman reply comment

    More complicated than that. From his previous demos, it seems he has to turn the excitation “on” and “off” (with the “on” period much shorter than the “off”) to prevent the reactor from destroying itself. So it is a balancing act of pushing it for maximum output vs. conservative/safe operation.

    Omega Z reply

    He has to turn the excitation “on” and “off” (with the “on” period much shorter than the “off”)
    And that may be the problem he’s dealing with. During passive heat loss everything is stable. When you start forcefully extracting heat from the reactor, the plasma temperature drops and the controller must continuously recalibrate on/off timing. Depending on the lag time between the reactor the controller and the amount of heat being extracted, there may be stability issues.
    With a 3kw gas burner and gas flow controlled by a gas valve, it will always produce a stable 3kw output.
    It may be Rossi is trying to create a feedback from the reactor/plasma that is self regulating without the need of the controller intervening. A 3kw reactor that always produces a stable 3kw output.

    Regards
    Sam

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Intelligent comments. I cannot give further information after what I have given in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Not so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your response to Ville Kennihen with regards Hot Fusion is as you know and I know impossible to achieve but people on the outside who believe in the advancement of science are continually fooled by their none understanding of the subject and consequently you keep getting asked on your blog about this impossible task. Now I have a question for yourself Andrea. If this Hot Fusion is impossible, which we know it is, why is so much money being wasted on it?. If you can answer this question and provide me with a good solid answer as to why, then just maybe I will change my opinion but I not holding my breath and it must be realized as you are aware that the top most brilliant minds in various countries upon the planet are working on this impossible dream but as you know and myself, nothing is impossible in nature. It merely requires the right approach and the technique. I await your reply with anticipation.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    The answer is contained in your question: because a lot of money is spent on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. IObservable

    Andrea Rossi
    October 16, 2019 at 6:02 AM
    IObservable:
    No, I do not remember. Can you resend here ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    You do not remember the guys who already ordered e-cats and EVEN are willing to donate/support You ?

  43. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    We received about 500 000 pre-orders. No, I do not remember them. They are all registered and when we will be able to sell the domestic apparatuses we will send to all the offers.
    About the comments of this blog: they are more than 40 000: no, I do not remember most of them, sorry.
    Since you have to remember only yours, I suppose for you it is easier to remember them and send here copy of them, so I can answer properly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. R.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Best Blog i have ever seen in regard of new energies!

  45. Andrea Rossi

    R.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Ville Kanninen:
    Yes. Hot fusion. Same problems of the Tokamac. Impossible even to think that this device can stand temperatures of hunderd millions of degrees with the magnetic fields.Not to mention the absurdity of nuclear fusion reactions that do not generate radiations and, consequently, radioactive wastes and emissions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. IObservable

    Dear Mr. Rossi.
    Last time I told You, that I already signed up for a device some years ago. Do You remember our chat together in here ?

    Igor.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    No, I do not remember. Can you resend here ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Mariella

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and comparing it with the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I noticed that the plasma in the reactor does not occupy all the volume of the reactor.
    Is that correct?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Mariella

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Mariella:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Eric Ashworth

    Dan C. I think I understand where you are coming from. To be humble is virtuous. A miracle is an unexplained phenomena. God creates the human baby, a women provides the vessel. The man instigates the process.

    I know exactly what you are saying but your wife lived it, you witnessed it. two very different perspectives. As you say waiting is the worst thing in life for you but maybe the actual experience of the event is more traumatic. A classic example of your experience is viewing the photographs from the top of Everest and castigating the climber on the wait and yes you are annoyed and I am sure you are not alone but the more difficult the challenge, the greater the reward and remember patience is a virtue. As I now realize, life is nothing other than a learning experience. All the best, Eric Ashworth.

  52. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I think there is a song you would enjoy because I do. It’s called Experiment by Kevin Kline sung by Cole Porter. I find it a good melody. Regards Eric Ashworth

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I agree!
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  54. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    From time to time, you remind yourself to be humble. Maybe this will help.

    God created the world and all that is in it in 6 days and on the 7th he rested.

    How long have you been working on your miracle? Humble now.

    A miracle of life, a woman creates a human baby in 9 months. How long have you been working on your baby? Humbled yet.
    ————
    WAITING
    Before my son was born, my wife was in labor for 40 hours.

    Waiting is the worst thing in life. My wife has a different opinion.
    I Don’t get it. 😉

    Umm, I think she stretched that labor thing out just to be vindictive to make me suffer. During that 40 hours she called me every word imaginable and then some. Words I can’t even repeat. No. Seriously. I don’t even know what they mean let alone pronounce them. 😉

    I have conclusive evidence she was just being vindictive. Before my daughter was born, my wife was only in labor for 1 and a half hours. Do I need more proof than that? Observation is priceless when properly used. Am I right? 😏

    Humbling regards,
    Dan C.

    P.S.
    It’s a good thing you’re not a woman,
    Else I might think you were drawing this out just to be vindictive. 😉

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    That’s nothing compared to the labor of the guys that are making the hot fusion ! We must respect their tremendous situation…every 10 years they say that in the next 50 years they will have a COP>1, so think about their terrible suffering, every 10 years they have to be desperate and the culprit is of the taxpayers, like you, me, everybody, that every 10 years give them billions to force them to do a thing that they know perfectly it will never work. Think how bad are the taxpayers ! Think: one of the Eater’s chief engineers recently told during a supposedly science divulgative TV broadcasting that the hot nuclear fusion is very safe, because is made by hydrogen atoms that form helium atoms, both innocuous and non radioactive materials…..think how he has suffered, thinking that he, a veritable nuclear engineer, has been forced by the insistent taxpayers to pronounce one of the biggest stupidities ever pronounced through the whole human history. Not to mention the enthusiastic reaction of the “scientific” journalist that was interviewing him.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Chuck Davis

    @Dieter Zoeller,
    I recommend that you buy a raincoat…please realize that Andrea is trying to accomplish a task that nobody elseon earth has been able to do. Think about scientists of America, Europe, Russia, China, Asia, Oceania that have been unsuccessful in this endeavor !
    Only Andrea is qualified to predict the outcome of his work, after all his dedication, investing all his money and his health to accomplish his work.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Dieter Zoeller

    You are leaving your believers standing in the rain not answering how much time will be necessary for us to buy an Ecat.
    Dieter Zoeller

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Zoeller:
    I am sorry for this, but we are working at the maximum level we can.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Rod Walton

    News on Power Engineering on October 15th 2019: New report: the industrial gas turbine marked to top $ 10.23 billions by 2026
    Rod Walton

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Dear Andrea, and dear Xavier Pitz,
    Leonardo’s Gioconda was painted in Italy between 1503 and 1504.
    She was taken to France by Leonardo, sold or donated to the king of France who hosted him for the 2 years that preceded his death.
    From May 1517 to his death, 2 May 1519 he painted nothing.
    He had been hit from paralysis to the right but continued his studies of geometry assisted by students first of all Giovanni Melzi.
    Calorosissimi saluti.
    Gian

  63. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Did you see this book:
    Maxwell-Dirac Theory and Occam’s Razor: Unified Field, Elementary Particles, and Nuclear Interactions
    by Giorgio Vassallo. Andras Kovacs, Antonino Di Tommaso, Francewsco celani, Dawei Wang
    Appena pubblicato, disponibile si Amazon
    Prof

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, I already read it too.
    It is very interesting and there is much to learn.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea & Joseph,

    About Leonardo da Vinci & the model of the bridge Joseph mentioned…
    As you probably know, Leonardo da Vinci spent the last 3 years from his life in France at “Le château du Clos Lucé” in Amboise, where he died, 500 years ago in 1519.
    He was invited to retire there by the King François 1er who was a good friend of Leonardo.
    The King considered Leonardo as his father and was there, next to him, on Leonardo’s last day on May 2, 1519.

    2 years ago, I was lucky to visit this very inspiring place :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com

    At “Le Clos Lucé” a lot of his concepts / inventions have been transformed to scale 1 models, some others to lower scales, including a model of the bridge that Joseph mentioned :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com/file/image/aGFuZGxlcj1maWxsJndpZHRoPTE0MDA=/pont-de-la-corne-d-or.jpg

    You may be pleased to know that you can organize private events there :
    http://www.vinci-closluce.com/en/pro-access/corporations

    So presenting your next edition of the E-Cat Leonardo, while standing on a smaller scale model of the Leonardo Bridge may not be a too far stretched idea…
    Of course if something like that would happen, do not forget to invite your Fine & french friends :)

    Best Regards,

    Xavier

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for the interesting links and for the suggestion: I am taking advice of it. I know, Leonardo has worked in Francefor as long time: the “Gioconda” has been painted in France, commissioned by the King.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever come across and studied aerogels? It’s an incredible heat insulator.
    Here is a video about aerogels and how they’re made. A leading company in this space is Areogel Technologies in Boston.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeJ9q45PfD0

    Regards,
    Patrick

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. George

    Dr Rossi,
    Which is the order of magnitude of your personal investments in the R&D for the Ecat SK Leonardo ?
    Is it worth it?
    G.

  70. Andrea Rossi

    George:
    Millions.
    It is worth, considering the global importance of what we are doing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Is it tgheoretically possible to get 90% of the energy from the Ecat SK Leonardo in electricity?
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    Very difficult,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea:
    1- Does now the Ecat SK operate reliably?
    2- Can you tell us what will be volume and weight of a domestic 10 kW Ecat ?
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- we are making progress
    2- no, because we are not yet making it
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Christa

    Dear Andrea:
    Thank you for the immense work you are doing for the planet.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Christa:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Darci Wakayama

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Studying your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I discovered that the hypothesis described in the paragraphs 1,2,3,4 are perfectly compatible and not alternative.
    Do you agree?

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Darci Wakayama:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Anonymous

    When will end the R&D on the Ecat SK Leonardo ?

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    When we will reach the permanent SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. IObservable

    What about capitalization ?

  83. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    This is not an issue we can deal with in this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Dieter Zoller

    When the Ecat SK will be offered to end users in Europe?

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Dieter Zoller:
    Soon enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!

    1. Has the manufacturing to the 40MW-customer slowed down or is more
    E-catSK still installed.

    2. How many times has the fuel-powder been replaced in the E-catSK
    22KW, which was installed 19th november 2018?

    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- They did not slow down
    2- none
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. IObservable

    Dear Mr. ROSSI, thanks a lot.

    Surely it depends, which device they have installes… but.
    Under which circumstances You determine, which e-cat You provide? Clearly You sell heat…
    Keynote here is, that all Your devices produce heat. Right ?
    Since this is the case, does any customer also already harevest energy?

    Development is currently ongoing… how about “without SSM” ?
    It could be a first start into a market, where You are the only one now.
    Can I, for example, contribute in any way to speed up the process?
    Keep Your head up, never give up and try to get Your cigar soon.

    Sincerely Yours

    Igor.

  89. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    Presently we sell heat and we do not have SSM.
    We are working to produce also electricity, to obtain the SSM and, eventually, sell also electricity.I appreciate your offer to help and take advice of it. Please send to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    a detailed description of your organization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. IObservable

    So you say that currently only companies get energy for sale.
    Which Ecats do you offer to those companies?

  91. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    It depends on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    He,he,he…nice!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Here is an interesting article about a bridge that was never built, that could have been built, that may yet be built. – Designed by Leonardo DaVinci

    https://techxplore.com/news/2019-10-leonardo-da-vinci-bridge.html?fbclid=IwAR1T_Xl3cobhAq5R23Ygb_iN3UkuFYQMHXSoo5rxW7dgzKXF36GMw647WfM

    It might be interesting if you could present your next edition of the E-Cat Leonardo, while standing on a smaller scale model of the Leonardo Bridge.

    The world can’t wait another 500 years.

    Patient Regards,

    Joseph Fine

  94. IObservable

    Dear Mr. Rossim,

    what can You say to those ( me included ) persons, which are waiting for an offer since the time, when You was cooperating with IH ?

    Since then I still await Your offer…

    Switzerland is surely a country, where this domestic e-cats will fit perfectly in a relatively clean and unpolluted envorinment. With a lot of good earning hoseholds the potential is pretty good on that market.

    You should give it a try.

    But I am waiting and waiting and waiting… is there even a real chance to get an offer at all ?

  95. Andrea Rossi

    IObservable:
    As soon as we will be ready with the domestic apparatus we will send a proposal to all the ones that, as you, did send a request.
    Presently we can supply only industrial plants, selling energy.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does an external power source to the E-Cat SK introduce problems that you think can be avoided by having pure SSM?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is a link to an article about
    the oldest person to win a Noble
    Prize.

    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/lithium-ion-battery-chemistry-nobel-prize

    Regards
    Sam

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    What I mean by “mirrors” is the following:

    We compare a classic, open fire where almost all energy is immediately and directly transported to the environment,
    with a stove or oven wherein the walls return the energy to the reacting chemicals, and in particular
    to the fuel that is made more reactive in this way.

    A differently composed spectrum may occur in an enclosed environment than in an optically open environment.

    By using reflection, you would, for example, send photons and other things with extra “pressure” to the reactive surfaces. This could be done selective with certain wavelengths.

    I just wondered if you were already using this, and if this would be useful.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Now it is clear what you mean.
    We do not use this system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Can you clarify the abbreviation “SSM” for SSM Ecat SK Leonardo?
    The general meaning is clear, but I did not find your interpretation in the blog archive, sorry if I missed this.

    Yuri Isaev
    engineer
    Tyumen Russia

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    SSM = Self Sustaining Mode. Our quest for the Ecat SK Leonardo is to succeed to make it work completely without any external power source of any kind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How short term is “short term” in terms of reaching the cigar? Days, weeks, months?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope months.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Eric Ashworth

    with regards that involving a higher dimension.

    Dear Andrea, With regards your project and the self sustain mode that is a requirement for the acceptance of your technology and I use the term acceptance with a specific understanding of the limitations imposed upon it which is due to a none involvement requirement because of your position and that of an overarching authority that by its position is unable to be involved. There is no such thing as new technology, only a search for that which has been found countless times before but this is the evolution of mankind which involves the grand plan with its necessary purpose. As I was made aware of, there is a structure to humanity in the shape of a pyramid. At the apex sits a person with three people beneath which dictates the format of the pyramid as it descends to its base. Above the pyramid sits the base of a higher pyramid and so on. This structure has a direct line of communication from the base to the apex and maintains order throughout the structure and between structure. If one of the two pyramids are flipped, top down from above you have a symbol with six points or an integrated unit. No doubt you are thinking, what has this to do with my E-Cat technology. Well, just as the pyramid can depict the structure of mankind it can depict the required knowledge of mankind being – creation, that which is created and its ultimate transitions i.e. 3-aspects. This knowledge will occupy the top three positions of our pyramid and requires a level of intelligence beneath that of the top position but from which many new discoveries will be borne as this knowledge filters its way down to the base of our pyramid in its various levels of acceptance/understanding. Consequently it is important to understand, not just the technology, but the environment within which the technology exists so as to make the necessary transition without creating chaos within the pyramid. This is a very basic introduction to a very complex situation involving people and situations that represents a necessary learning process at this particular time. Your quest for a self sustain mode is important and I hope I have shed some light on why it is necessary to be self sustaining with regards, of course, how humanity operates in necessary levels. Regards Eric Ashworth

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Manfred Broghammer

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    when will the time come, how can I get the pre-ordered Ecat ?
    Manfred Broghammer

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Manfred Broghammer:
    We conserve the pre-orders and when we will start the production of the household Ecat we will send an email to all with the offer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  111. D.

    Dr Rossi,
    I share your consideration fo Entropy as evidence of the act of a superior mind.

  112. Andrea Rossi

    D.:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Lorenzo Horgen

    Why you answered to KeithT that you don’t think will change the theoretical hypothesis of your paper on Researchgate “Ecat SK and long range particle interactions” ?

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Lorenzo Horgen:
    Because the experiments on course confirm what is written in that paper,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    From physics papers that may or may not be applicable to your investigations, there is a great deal of discussion and theorizing, but only sparse undisputable experimental evidence to support.

    Do you think you will have enough new evidence from your E-Cats and experiments to narrow down possibilities, to then publish and in turn guide the direction of new questions to then pursue.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  116. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Now we are at the stage of the coherence between the experiment here
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    We’ll see what will happen in future. I do not think we will exit the system described in the links above.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Within the theorized proton-electron aggregates described in your paper, is it a possibility, that a proton-electron structure can transition into a state, that when then coupled with a long range force, would allow it to pass the coulomb barrier of an adjacent proton-electron or multiple protons-electrons structure that is also within the aggregate, to then merge with a release of energy.

    Sorry for the probably unanswerable questions, but it’s in my nature to be permanently incurably curious, I’m an engineer, and this Looks like the beginning of complete new fields of multidisciplinary Engineering.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  118. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The balancing of the Coulomb barriers along our theoretical hypothesis is described in paragraohs 1 and 2 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I am not able to understand your model.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Bruce

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the R&D with the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Bruce:
    The work is proceeding very well and upon solid bases for a cigar in short term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of October 8th 2019: Cyberattacks on power utilities growing in numbers,complexity
    Rod Walton

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan and Paul laViolette:
    It is quite interesting what I found yesterday in te Atlantic Codex of Leonardo da Vinci, folio 1062 retro, Vol 19, about the superunity…obviously it was wrong, but still very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. eernie1

    Steven N. Karels
    I fully understand your reference to mirrors with respect to Andrea’s device. The first lasers(Ruby crystals) employed some sort of mirror to reflect and grow in intensity a primary laser beam which contained the energy frequency by stimulating the emission of photons from an inverted energy level contained in the laser material. Not only did this amplify the beam but kept the energy in a non divergent form. Hope this clarifies what you were trying to present.
    Resonance regards.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    If this was it was meaning, I do not use mirrors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Do you and your team have time to install new E-catSK with 40MW-customer, manage the first delivered E-catSK and now even try to build an E-catSK that will work in SSM?
    Take care.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) play a role in your eCat technologies?

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Dear Breakthrough Energy Movement and Andrea,
    I might add that I will also do a presentation at the Global IBEM Conference 2019, focusing on the opportunities with LENR technology as a new clean, cheap, and abundant energy source.
    https://globalbem.com/mats-lewan-2/
    Kind Regards,
    Mats

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Lewan:
    Welcome to this blog and thank you for the information !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  132. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    How many E-CatSK are now installed?
    1. >5
    2. >25
    3. >125

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  133. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Have any of the E-Cat charges produced on your automated production line completed their full lifespans yet.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  135. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Breakthrough Energy Movement

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I like to inform your readers about the
    Global IBEM Conference 2019, The Netherlands, Europe November 9 and 10.
    Paul LaViolette will present his lecture “Through the looking glass: our open system Universe and overunity galaxy”
    Breakthrough Energy Movement

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Breakthrough Energy Movement:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Steven N. Karels
    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I’m getting too slow.
    Andrea Rossi usually responds quickly and briefly to questions, but in such a way that he never discloses information. For example, deleting the question would be a clear answer. But in this case he was – again – too fast, and he reflected the question.

    Within the foreseeable future we hope to know whether mirrors or other reflectors or concentrators are being used. And if not, the processes you describe are also possibilities that can still be studied by the team around Andrea Rossi, in whose hands I prefer to see this technology developed. I may be an idiot or naive, but that is a consequence of other interactions and reflections of waves.

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I am sorry, but, sincerely, I still did not understand your question. You are very welcome to rephrase it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Roberto

    Dear Andrea:
    A very interesting exhibition is on course in Milan dedicated to Nikola Tesla:
    https://www.mostratesla.it
    I think this can be of interest also for the readers,
    Best Regards,
    Roberto

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Fabrizio, Not unlike many people you are puzzled over the E-Cat technology and the blatant disregard by academic research institutions, government organizations and the the media etc.. Your two sons, being skeptics, I presume are involved in academia and no doubt you yourself were or still are. This I agree is a puzzling situation especially with the present emphasis in the media and by politicians, of the need to address climate change due to the need to reduce pollution. These concerns on the one hand are justifiable and understandable but on the other hand it’s not such the catastrophe as deemed to be. It is blown out of proportion for a purpose and the none involvement aspect is with regards a development of a necessary independent nature, a requirement of human evolution, after which becomes an important understanding with regards. Eric Ashworth

  143. Sam

    Another interesting video
    about Niagara Falls.

    https://youtu.be/gIbJ5zoQxJw

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R

  145. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a video
    about Niagara Falls.

    https://youtu.be/uCiaCmODSO8

    Regards
    Sam

  146. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    I found this tremendously interesting. It needs better translation from Russian. If this video is not a fake, it has tremendous potential for entrepreneurs. I do not see any signs of CGI work, bit it is difficult to tell for sure. It looks like a low cost device.

    Anti-gravity device by Alexey Chekurkov (7 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JeeaZlYonc

    YouTube home page of Alexey Chekurkov
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzZxKT3BzBZOVVy8_YzP6Yw

    Also see this brief video history of anti-gravity devices (28 minutes)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OrPdLNlIEA

    Christopher

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thank you for the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I would understand the “mirrors” question to be one regarding population inversion and resonance within the plasma and whether a laser output might be possible?

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This would be a kind of information I cannot answer about in positive or in negative way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    First of all I apologize for not responding for a long time. It is a bit difficult for me to see the same questions and answers repeated on this blog.

    Today, however, something came to my mind that I had not seen before, unless I did not pay attention:

    Most ballerinas use mirrors to visually control their movements.

    Do your ballerinas also use mirrors?

    Given the developments and evolution of your work, I get the impression that very few people really understand what effects are taking place in your device. It is gradually becoming an incomprehensible alien technology.

    I also have the same feeling as Fabrizio. I see a lot of young people who are either starting to panic or – which is much worse – rather let themselves sink into the distractions of the moment.

    Reflective Regards,
    Koen

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I do not understand your question about the mirrors: can you specify what do you mean ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    At present are you getting periods of SSM with the the E-Cat (even if not permanent), and if so, for how long?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We have still many problems to resolve, but we are progressing. I continue to believe that we will reach the cigar within this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Chuck Davis

    @Fabrizio:
    I agree with your considerations:there are such hypocrites, claiming to be concerned about environment, while simultaneously making profits with fossil fuels.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  155. Dan C.

    @Fabrizio

    Until a new energy source is actually available, we have to continue using the old. That includes replenishing the old.
    Even when a new source is available, it will require energy from fossil sources to make it happen.

    One can’t focus all his resources on the transition so it will be a gradual process. We still require resources to provide all the other necessities of life during this period.

    Warm regards
    Dan C.

  156. Fabrizio

    Dear Andrea

    I think that the Rossi-Effect is true, and consequently all of the work you and your team are doing now is true. I think, not believe. I shaked your hand in October 2011 in Bologna, and sometime I meet Prof. Levi strolling with sons in the same city. I know the names of Focardi and Ferrari since 80’s.

    So, as you can guess, I wake every morning saying to myself and to you: “Please, Andrea, hurry up! We all need that!”. Also because I would like my sons to stop thinking of me being fool… :-)

    But the question is: if I know it’s true, mister Trump knows it is true. Mister Conte knows, and Mrs. Merkel and Macron and Johnson and so on know it is true. So, why build new nuclear plants? Why new oil explorations, huge investments in old technologies? Why ITER? And middle-east wars? I can, partially, understand solar or wind or tide. But the big money is going always there…

    The only thing I can imagine is: economy is a thin wire we are all hanging on, and it can’t stop even for a moment.

    No need for an answer. To publish this and give no answer at all would be a great answer.

    Fabrizio

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team. Here is the situation: if the work I am doing will reach, as I think and hope, the target of the permanent SSM, we will make a move that will unleash against the brakes a force proportional to the force that the Niagara Falls would unleash upon an umbrella.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Roberta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have women in your team , with high responsibility roles?
    Thanks,
    Roberta

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Roberta:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Jean Paul renoir

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I have read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Apart the importance of this publication under a theoretical point of view, what stunned me is not only the number of the full readings ( almost 30 000 ! ), but the 200 recommendations: all the persons that recommended your paper are professors that have put their face on the recommendation and among them there are many world class well known nuclear physicists and professors from universities of the whole world. This is a tremendous peer reviewing: probably your paper is the most peer reviewed scientific publication of the recent years, much more than CERN’s publications !
    Ad majora,
    JPR

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Paul Renoir:
    Thank you for your kind support,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Prof

    I totally agree with your answer about the entropy !

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Anonymous

    @JPR:
    I checked what you said and it is true the paper of Andrea Rossi on researchgate has got as of now 29515 full readings and 200 recommendations, all signed by professors, researchers and physicists; all the publications of andrea combined collected 31575 full readings. Nobody has got the same results.
    Cheers

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Hello Andrea,
    Is your goal with the SSM project to extract enough electrical energy not only to feed the reaction itself but also to feed the control computer and some fans/pumps for the media to make the complete blue box run in SSM?
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In your paper there is described the possible formation of “proton-electron aggregates”, would the main source of the energy produced by the E-Cat SK then come from rearrangement of energy states within these structures.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  170. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    That is one of the component. We think that all the components described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    have to be integrated in the theoretical system of the Ecat
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Greg Daigle

    Dr Rossi,
    In addition to the Ecat SK that supplies heat, an important application could be the DAC, Direct Air Capture, a technology to remove carbon dioxide, very energy intensive:
    https://www.carbonbrief.org/direct-co2-capture-machines-could-use-quarter-global-energy-in-2100
    Best regards
    Greg Daigle

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Based on your reply to Raphael Bongo, am I right in thinking that you working on using a capacitor for energy storage/charging purposes in the SK Leonardo?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sorry, but I cannot give information about the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, while you are working very hard to the reach infinite cop with the direct production of electric energy, I’m asking myself why you do not focus your efforts to go to the market with your actual “engine” that can run a car thousands of miles with a single gallon of fuel, instead than procrastinate the massive production waiting for a new motor that can run without fuel at all.
    The customers will save only few dollars switching from the actual to the future engine, while would save many adopting your actual e-cat.

    Infinite regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your suggestion, but we prefer to go to the path we have decided with the permanent SSM. In the meantime, obviously, we are proceeding with the activity described in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Arleen Bastian

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you write of electrons that travel at the speed of light, but this seems to me a mistake: electrons cannot have the speed of life, because they are half spin.

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Arleen Bastian:
    As I already answered here, in my paper is well specified that obviously the electrons do not have the speed of light in their linear travel, but reach the speed of light across the zitterbewegung vibrations. Such behavior has been described by Dirac in his Nobel price lecture.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You answered Frank Acland:
    “I think we do better than that.
    No batteries. ”
    Does this mean that you hope to start the Leonaedo E-Cat without any energy input or are you planning to install one capacitor?

    All my support to your entire team
    cordially
    Raffaele

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    If I understand well your response to Frank Acland, you should be able to power the load directly from the plasma, without the batteries, that are heavy, expensive and polluting: this is a remarkable progress that your Team has achieved.
    I am cheering for your success,
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your attention to our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the active material within the E-Cat SK charge, is there any permanent isotopic change over the charge lifespan.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  184. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I still cannot answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    You have written that you intend to visit the Leonardo da Vinci exhibition. I inform you that due to the expected affluence, the visit will be possible only on reservation of a date and a time slot.
    Reservations are open since June 18th on https://www.ticketlouvre.fr/louvre/b2c/index.cfm/expovinci/eventCode/ExpoVinWeb
    I wish you a good visit
    Could the Rossi effect explain the magnetism of stars or even planets?
    All my support to your R & D, to you and all your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for the information and for your kind sustain.
    About the Rossi effect: no.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Why is it so important with a new ssm? You already had ssm in the
    1MW-plant for a long time and E-catSK has a high COP whitout current control.
    You can calmly take a late morning and light your cigar.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    One thing is an SSM with our Team in control 24/7 and with enormous problems, one thing is an SSM off the shelf. Besides, the 1 MW plant never had an SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Are you using a rechargeable battery to try and capture the electricity from the plasma, and also sustain the plasma?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think we are doing better than that.
    No batteries.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Best of luck with your work these days! Do you know the path you need to take to get to the cigar, or are you still trying to understand how to get there?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I think that we know the path to go there, but when you make unknown paths across unknown territories you can meet unexpected obstacles; notwithstanding this, I think we have the skills to confront such obstacles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it the ssm control,
    or the electricity production
    that is still to be resolved?

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    The two things are just two faces of the same coin. We need the electricity from the plasma to make the plasma production self sustained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Gunter Mayr

    Dr Rossi,
    After all the issues emerging from the oil-caused-wars and the global warming, it is the moment for you to allow a global diffusion of your invention, the most important after the fire.
    All the best,
    Gunter Mayr

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Gunter Mayr:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I see you are up extremely early this morning.
    I guess you were not kicked out of your bed by your dear lady, so maybe it is an important day today?
    Success, kind regards, Gerard

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    In these days we work night and day, without fixed time to sleep and eat. We sleep or eat when we have time. We must get the result at any cost, but we still are not there.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    as you near the end of this special phase of testing of the Ecat SK Leanardo, it is my hope you and your team are happy with the results. Arguably, what more could be asked?

    my best,

    Buck

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    We are working very hard and I continue to be very optimist. Not cigar yet, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworh,
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, You say Oct 1st reply to Wendy. “I saw one of them saying in a prestigious scientific broadcast that the hot nuclear fusion is environmentally friendly because it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium, obviously not pollutant substances. As you are aware Andrea, as myself. One of them should have said that hot nuclear fusion will be environmentally friendly when it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium but and this is important. It should have also been stated, only when more money is inserted into the project and we understand how to nuclear fuse at the micro level will it be possible. In the meantime we will be needing more of the taxpayers money to fund this project that we think is possible. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. As you know Andrea what they are attempting is impossible but as you know and I am aware nothing is impossible.

  205. Rod Walton

    From Power Engineering issue of October 1 2019:
    UK’s Hinkley Point C nuclear project overbudget by 2-3 billion $
    Rod Walton

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thjank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Erik Woodmancy

    Congratulations for your immense
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It reached 30000 full readings and hundreds of recommendation. It is probably the most read ever nuclear physics publication and hundreds of scientists put their names in the recommendations they made for your theoretical work.
    Great,
    Congratulations,
    Erik

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Erik Woodmancy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Wendy

    Dr Rossi,
    Now the guys of the ITER hot fusion are sayoing that their reactor will not emit neutrons and therefore it is safe.
    What do you think ?

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    I saw one of them saying in a prestigious scientific broadcast that the hot nuclear fusion is environmentally friendly because it uses only hydrogen and produces only helium, obviously not pollutant substances…
    Now you saw this…in the same wavelength… can you specify the source of this genial communication ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers,
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Jen Pavliska

    Dr Rossi,
    In your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you have cited David Hastenes more than all the other authors: does it mean that his work has a particular importance in your theoretical work?

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Jen Pavliska:
    David Hastenes importance for our theoretical work is well described in the references 1,4,6,7,8 of the paper on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publicton/330601553_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    . His geometric interpretation of the electron wave-function complex phase is important ( and perhaps revolutionary ) for the possibility of efficiently creating electrons condensates.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Lars posted “If you succeed with the SSM without a need of external energy source, how will you proceed with that to the market?” and you responded Yes. Does this mean that you have achieved SSM without an external energy supply?

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    No, It means that we will proceed to the market if we will have success with the R&D on course, that is very promising.
    How we will proceed will be defined if and when there will be the bases.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    If you succed with the ssm without a need of external energy source, how will you proceed with that to the market?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Carleen Beloff

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update about your R&D for the Ecat SK Leonardo in permanent ssm ?

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Carleen Beloff:
    We are here working also today. Things are going on in a very promising way and I continue to be optimist. Many corrections are made every day. We are working very hard, as you can see, also on Sundays.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Karl Poehlmann

    Dr Rossi,
    I think this lonk can be usefulabout higher temperature in metallic array substrates:
    https://scitechdaily.com/new-metamaterials-for-energy-harvesting-designed-by-machine-learning/
    Best Wishes,
    Karl Poehlmann

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Karl Poehlmann:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Renato

    My heartfelt condolences to Nicos and to Stremmenos family.
    Christos has been an hero for his Country,
    unforgettable example of honesty for everybody.
    Ciao Christos, rest in peace.
    Renato

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    I totally share your comment about Prof Christos Stremmenos.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Vivi Bertin:
    Thank you for your kind comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Stremmenos un grande innovatore che ha affiancato Rossi quando molti erano scettici. Ho avuto la fortuna di conoscerlo di persona. Condoglianze alla famiglia.
    Casoweb
    Eu
    English: Stremmenos, a big innovators who sustained Rossi when many were scepticists. I had the opportunity to know him personally. Condolences to the family,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Today Nicos Stremmenos, son of Cristos Stremmenos, has informed me of the fact that his father has passed away today.
    I want to say that Cristos is one of the most honest, genial, sincere persons I ever met in my life.
    A hero of the Greek resistance, a great Professor of Physics of the University of Bologna, Ambassador of Grece in Rome, I had the honour to make with him many very important experiments, in collaboration with Prof Sergio Focardi, who was his Dean and also a friend of him.
    I am very sorry, I can’t deny my emotion in this moment.
    I present to his wonderful family my deepest condolences,
    Andrea Rossi

  227. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain more about what the ‘crucial point’ that you have reached is?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    We are very close to success, but not yet cigar,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Ruben Heick

    Is still going well the experiment to produce directly electricity from the plasma?

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Ruben heick:
    Yes. We arrived at a crucial point.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Garrett Fulmore

    Dr Rossi,
    What do you think of today’s strike of the students in all the world to defend the environment?

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Garrett Fulmore:
    I am spiritually with them,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Vergilio Perrill, My Own thoughts. Regards vaping, In contrast to smoking, to be brief. Smoke contains huge particles in contrast to a vapour. Consequently a vapour will penetrate a barrier more readily than a particle of smoke that suffocates rather than penetrates. Not difficult to understand. My advice same as Andrea.. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  235. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    Please provide a link to “Mechanical Spectroscopy Observation of LiAlH4 Decomposition”.
    Thank.
    Yuri Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  236. Mario Marini

    Here is an interesting paper published on the blog of Vessela Nikolova:
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/condensed-plasmoids-theory-many-strange-phenomena

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Marini:
    Thank you for the interesting link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I want to recommend the following publication:
    “Mechanical Spectroscopy Observation of LiAlH4 Decomposition”, on Journal of Alloys and Compounds, September 2019,
    by
    Giuseppe Levi, Enrico Gianfranco Campari, Ennio Bonetti, Loris Ferrari, of the Dept. of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Bologna, and Angelo Casagrande of the Dept. of Industrial Engineering of the University of Bologna.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Raphael

    Dear Andrea,
    The fact that you excluded from your effect any form of cold fusion does imply that you exclude as well nuclear interactions?

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    No, on the contrary, nuclear interactions are fundamental, as you can read on
    http://www.researchgate/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    wherein particles infolved are not only electrons,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  241. G.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give us a glimpse about how the R&D on the Ecat SK Leonardo is proceeding?
    You still think you will be able to present a permanent ssm of electricity generation directly from the “ballerina” we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    All the best,
    G.

  242. Andrea Rossi

    G.:
    We are working very wel and I am very optimistic ( Andrea, be humble )…pardon, and I hope in a positive result
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Dr Rossi: there is not only the pollution of the atmosphere, there is also the pollution od the lungs: https://youtu.be/trDyDWmx2c0 vaping is deadly

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Virgilio Perrill:
    I am not an expert, and I am not a smoker, but I think that the less anomalous things we inhale, except atmospheric air, the better.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Roberto

    Dr Rossi,
    Is Researchgate a peer reviewed magazine ?

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    Surely it is the most peer reviewed scientific publication in the world: all the other magazines are peer reviewed from 1 or maximum 2 scientists, while a publication on Researchgate is peer reviewed by thousands of scientists and when a scientist makes a recommendation, automatically he makes a positive peer reviewing; another big difference, is that when a scientist makes a recommendation of a publication he puts voluntarily his face on it, because he has to put his name in the recommendation, while in all the other magazines the peer reviewer remains anonymous, so if he – as many times happens- makes mistakes because does not have sufficient knowledge of the matter, his face is saved.
    See the comments of the New York Times about Researchgate.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Fabrizio Andreoletti

    Buongiorno: vorrei complimentarmi per il lavoro del suo team e sottoporle questo video che ho trovato ultimamente:
    English: I want to send you this link that I discovered recently:
    https://youtu.be/o1_TRBL7aKw
    A proposito, l’immagine della ballerina di plasma in
    English: By the way I think the plasma ballerina in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    penso che sia l’OmKara della religione Indù, il Verbo, il Suono Primordiale.
    Come diceva PierLuigi Ighina: “Esiste un cuore pulsante all’ interno del sole che pulsa alla stessa pulsazione del nostro cuore”.
    English: is the OmKara of the Induist religion. Like saif PierLuigi ighina “Exists in the sun a pulsing heart that pulses at the same frequency of our heart”.
    Cordiali saluti,
    Fabrizio Andreoletti

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Fabrizio Andreoletti:
    Thank you for the link and for your kind approach to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.