Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2020-08-04 02:50:06.702129Z

  1. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Premature to know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations for this huge acheivement!. One question please with this new improved 4 KW SKL will this be the one to be massively commercialized ?

    Warm Regards

  4. Physicist

    Dr Rossi,
    Again about par 2 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    which are the condition to reach the balance between Coulombian force and the Lorentz force ?
    Physicist

  5. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    See reference 14 in my paper on Researchgate:
    “Electron Structure, Ultra Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, by G. Vassallo and A.O. Di Tommaso ( Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, 29:525-547, August 2019 ): the spin value +/- h-bar/2 is interpreted as the component of the electron’s angular momentum h-bar parallel to a magnetic field while the electron, like a tiny giroscope, is subjected to Larmor precession. This particular , semi-classical interpretation of spin does not exclude the possibility that the electron’s angular momentum may be aligned , in particular conditions, to the external magnetic field, so that electrons behave as elementary particles with whole spin h-bar.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    It is not yet an achievement, as I said clearly in the disclaimer. Further information will be given during the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    On your new eCat-SKL test, the following is a Ragone Plot calculation of your test:

    Assumptions
    1. 5 kW total output power (4 kW electrical, 1 kW thermal)
    2. Test duration: 7 hours
    3. eCat SKL mass: 1.0 kg

    Total Power: 5 kW
    Total Energy: 35 kW-hrs

    Specific Power: 5 kW/kg
    Specific Energy: 35 kW-hrs/kg

    Summary: Even in this relatively short duration test, this is about double the output of a modern lithium-ion battery. If the measurements were valid, this is not produced by a chemical reaction. (Note: I have not figured out how to include a picture in this posting).

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    congratulation for this huge achievement !

    Now our quest of the SKL parameters is over, but it was worth it.

    Can you tell us the voltage and current measured in your last tests, as well as the weight of the new SKL configuration ?

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  10. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you think you will be
    under the microscope again
    with 3rd party testing?

    https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-05/cold-fusion-machine-gets-third-party-verification-inventor-says/

    Regards
    Sam

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    YES !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Koen Vandewalle

    10000 ballerinas, each with their own will and their own dance rhythm.
    I wish the conductor of the orchestra good luck making them dance.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    10000 connections do not imply 10000 ballerinas !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Came across this video on Henry Ford.
    Is this similiar to how you use your team
    to achieve success?

    https://youtu.be/C-QrnxOdB2I

    Regards
    Sam

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    The microscope is necessary for soldering, not for testing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    The E-Cat ran for 15 hours at 4 Kw. You have therefore produced 60 kWh of electricity. This more energy than my wife needs to charge her car battery.

    Can you reveal what was the use of the electrical energy produced during the test?

    I suggest you, to be unbeatable in tennis, to mount this version of the E-Cat on your racket ……

    Have a good holiday and good tennis
    cordially
    Raffaele

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The energy has been dissipated by a resistancein a dissipator.
    Thank you for the suggestion: maybe it works, who knows ? Maybe applying it to a tennis-programmed robot, considering that to be better than me is not that difficult
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your great success testing your E-cat SKL. I am sure the independent tests will be great success.
    Thanks for lifetime of work.

    Bernie Morrissey

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Thank you for your kind wish,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What is the mass of your eCat-SKL latest variant?

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Less than 1 kg
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    for a simple consideration of costs:

    A) What is the volume and weight of the newest control module?

    B) How many tens or hundreds of CPU or FPGA are needed for the newest control module?

    CPU – Central Processing Unit (computer processor)

    Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    The volume is 4 liters, the weight is 1 kg
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Drachenlord

    Hi, Dr. Rossi.

    To Sture Andersson, You replied:

    “I cannot say, where I am”.

    Why can’t You say, where You are ?
    Is it a mystery ?
    Must it be treated as a secret?
    Why must it be a secret?

    RAIner Winkler

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Drachenlord:
    For security reasons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Ulrich Kranz

    Dear Andrea,

    my congratulations for your big success testing the new e-cat skl. With a power of 4 kwh and a volume of 20*20*20 cm it will replace all the heavy batteries in e-cars.

    Stay in health
    Ulrich

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Ulrich Kranz:
    Thank you for your kind sustain, but remind the disclaimer. The apparatus still has to be verified by a third party.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said that you invested ‘big money’ to build your latest SKL. Also you stated that not all the connections were made by hand soldering. Was your financial investment in this latest test in equipment to make these many connections possible without doing it all by hand?

    Kind Regards,

    Frank Acland

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    When we make a prototype it is impossible avoid to make things by hand, because only if I work that way I can invent things and know them intimately, so that I can intervene easily to make any changement I think can improve the system. I need to know any single particular and any single connection to understand shortly and make changements shortly if something goes wrong, or simply to understand during a test what can be improved, or understand where is the problem. This is my way to make inventions and work of them when from a theoretical idea the job becomes experimental. It is obvious that once a prototype passes to serial production everything is made in a robotized context, wherein 10 000 connections can be made in minutes and with precision.
    The path is: INSPIRATION-PERSPIRATION-MULTIPLICATION
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will the 10,000 connections present a problem in the manufacture of the E-Cat SKL or can
    that be accomplished with some sort of mass produced printed circuit board or computer chip?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  31. Rudy Meiner

    Dear Andrea.

    1. On which date or for which event will you update the ECAT.com website?
    2. Is the SKL suitable for domestic use, i.e. no trained operator needed?
    3. For the people on the waiting list who long ago ordered a Home ECAT with 10 kW, can they now buy 2-3 SKL (of 4 kW) when it is their turn on the delivery list?

    Many thanks for your valuable time and patience in answering our questions.

    Kind regards,
    Rudyswiss

  32. Physicist

    Dr Rossi: what is that generates the Zitterbewegung ?

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Physicist:
    ZBV is generated by an elementary by an elementary charge e that rotates at speed c ( as a Fermion it maintains obviously a speed inferior along its normal trajectory, as discovered by Dirac- see ref 9 in my paper on Researchgate )along a circumference equal to the electron Compton wavelength.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    The new ECat SKL is self sustaining. But at the start some energy is needed. The propotype you tested has a battery or you used external power (e.g. a PSU) to start it? How big (Wh, V) a battery should be to be able to start the ECat?

    Regards, Marco.

  35. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    To start is enough a 12 V battery, or any power source with input 110/220 V, output 12 V.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Enea Romagnoli

    Dear Andrea
    Here is the reference you asked for:
    1)
    https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/FocardiSanewenergy.pdf
    Signed by S. Focardi and A. Rossi

    On page 5 of this document you write this deduction:

    “The capture rate of protons by Nickel nuclei cannot depend on the mass values of different isotopes: in fact they possess the same nuclear charge and the same distribution of electrons in the various atomic shells. In practice, starting from Ni58 which is the more abundant isotope, we can obtain as described inthe two above processes, Copper formation and its successive decay in Nickel, producing Ni59, Ni60, Ni61and Ni62. Because Cu63, which can be formed start-ing by Ni62 is stable and does not decay in Ni63, the chain stops at Ni62 “

    The request I made to you comes from these words you wrote 10 years ago.

    Then Parkhomov with the reference:
    2)
    http://www.unconv-science.org/pdf/e2/parkhomov2-en.pdf
    only looked at this phenomenon with regards to stable isotopes.

    Do you think it is interesting to investigate whether starting from unstable isotopes it is possible to arrive at stable isotopes?
    With the specific knowledge you have accumulated in this sector, you are the right person!
    I can’t suggest more because I am just an electrochemist passionate about every science!
    Enea

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Prof Sergio Focardi and I tried to turn instable isotoper into stable isotopes of the same atom, but without success. At the beginning we were convinced we made something, but eventually we discovered we had just made measurement mistakes. I do not think it is possible with LENR. based on our experiments and on the more mature theoretical system that has been published on Researchgate:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. Sture Andreasson

    Did You made the 10000 connections, and run the test in Sweden?

  39. Andrea Rossi

    Sture Andreasson:
    I cannot say where I am.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Brice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I’m still overwhelmed!

    As I understand, your older types of LENR-reactors were based on a nuclear process creating energy, transmutations and some thermalized gamma rays, while your current plasma reactor works by long-range particle interactions generating energy. They both share the same fuel, but is it enough to secure and cover your brilliant inventention by only one patent? Or are there more patents coming up?

    I think your current reactor needs probably another extra year to improve and determine its reliability (Sigma 5), isn’t it? How much time do you think will go into commercialization?
    1) about half a year
    2) 1 year
    3) 2 years
    4) over 2 years

    Enjoy your vacation!

    Brice

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    More patents are coming up.
    Premature to know when the commercialization will start, that will also depend on our Partners. But the incentives are strong.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Did the test end because you chose to end it, or did some failure cause it to end?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I ended it, to make a thoroughly check up and make calculations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    In discussions at ECW we were wondering where the heat is being dissipated. Can you tell us what contributes to most of the generated heat:
    1. a) the reactor or the b) controller?
    2. Does the SKL now require more controller circuits than before?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. the reactor
    2. much more and much more complex. Extremely more complex !
    Warm Regards, also the the Readers of ECW
    A.R.

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you, interesting comparision. But, please, remember my disclaimer…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Sceptic guy

    Dr Rossi,
    At which distance do you think the Casimir force balances the Coulomb repulsion, if any ?
    Jean

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Sceptic guy:
    Around 0.77 x 10^-3 nm
    See detailed calculation on par 1 of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    ‘Energy Density’ in units of W-h/Liter

    https://www.cei.washington.edu/education/science-of-solar/battery-technology/

    According to the Univ. of Washington’s link above,

    ” Compared to the other high-quality rechargeable battery technologies (nickel-cadmium or nickel-metal-hydride), Li-ion batteries have a number of advantages. They have one of the highest energy densities of any battery technology today (100-265 Wh/kg or 250-670 Wh/L). ”

    Aside from the issue that Li-Ion batteries are rechargeable, 250-670 Wh/L doesn’t compare to 4.3 Million Wh/L. Wow!

    ( Assuming I haven’t made more errors. )

    If the E-Cat can be ‘recharged’/(or charge replaced) in a few hours or at most 1 day, “The Masterpiece” seems to have several orders of Magnitude greater Energy Density.

    Amazing!

    Joseph Fine

  51. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The new E-Cat has a volume of 100 cm^3 (0.1 L) and an output of 4 kW-h/h, so if it operates continuously for 365 days or 8,760 hours, the total output would be 4 * 8,760 kW-h = ~ 35,000 kW-h or 35,000,000 W-h from a volume of 0.1 Liters. Then total energy density would be 350,000,000 W-h/L . Of course, if you include the 8 Liter Volume of the Heat Dissipator, then total Energy Density would be 35,000,000 / 8.0 or ~ 4,375,000 W-h/L. (Or 35,000,000 / 8.1 = or ~ 4,321,000 W-h/L).

    How does this compare to the energy density for batteries?

    Enthusiastic regards,

    Joseph Fine

  52. Anonymous

    dr Rossi:
    Which do you think is the probability that the third party testing made by your partners will confirm your data ?

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Was the controller running directly from power from the ecat, and not plugged into the mains? And even if it was running “closed loop” for some period, how much of that 4 kW was it using for that time?

    Regards
    Sam

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I learnt in the USA years ago. Not all the connections are made by soldering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you say where how
    you learned the skill of
    Soldering?
    Was it 10000 connections
    you had to solder?

    Regards
    Sam

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    1- yes
    2- the 4 kW are net, after the self-fueling
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,

    yours is exciting and wonderful news.

    We are looking forward for the test in September.

    I was thinking about the 5,000 + 5,000 connections hand-made one by one, and I fear this could be a source of possible problems.

    The plasma zone with its extreme temperatures and conditions could quickly damage the connections, if they are there, and in any case there is a great complexity that could reduce total reliability.

    Certainly in the future the use of a robot will be of great help.

    Best regards,
    Italo R.

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    You are right, we are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    Congratulations on your latest achievement. A device that produces 4KWh/h of electric energy and only 1KWh/h of thermal energy is, to say the least, stunning and groundbreaking. You, and your team, deserve enormous credit for all you’ve accomplished.

    Question, if I may, about the new many-connection architecture:

    – Does the new approach mean, when it comes time to recharge the device, that the replaceable element will have thousands of connections to be disconnected & reconnected (like unplugging a microprocessor) when the element is exchanged?
    – Or are the thousands of connections contained wholly within or wholly outside of the replaceable element?

    I am eagerly anticipating the day when you can present this latest device!

    thank you,
    WaltC

  61. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    No, to change the charge will take minutes.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Luis Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    Enhorabuena!
    ESTAMOS CONTIGO!!
    Luis

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro:
    Muchas Gracias !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    some questions if I may:
    1. Is the mentioned 100 cm^3 indeed the volume of the reactor or is it 1000 cm^3 (10x10x10 cm) being 1 liter?
    2. Based on your assumption that the Zero point energy may be used, there should be no ‘fuel’ (something that’s being used) needed. So the E-cat can run theoretically forever without refueling? Obviously I understand that some parts may deteriorate.
    3. Did’n even your wife witnessed the ECat in operation? (That’s something you can beat her with).
    4. What did you use to dissipate the electrical energy?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. it is 100 cm^3; 10 x 10 x 10 was the former configuration, while 20 x 20 x 20 cm is the volume of the heat dissipator containing the reactor.
    2. we still need the charge
    3. he,he,he
    4. a resistance
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    you said that all the connections has been done manually by yourself. Do you think that if all the operations are done in an optimized and automatic mode covering all the possibilities to extract power you will be able to increase the output of the ECat or 4 KWh is the maximum reachable?
    Regards, Giuseppe

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Alessandro Coppi

    Dear Andrea, in this moment of happiness, I believe you can better evaluate this rough message that I believe interprets not only my thoughts, but also the one of many others.
    Congratulations on yet another success, but now it is enough please, it is not sustainable that such an invention continues to be cradled and “combed” by a small team, moving from one version to another more performing, without ever reaching the market.
    With all due respect, I find it grotesque that you yourself have had to made the 10,000 connections, without taking anything away from your indisputable craftsmanship, we are not talking about wicker baskets.
    Please allow the world to devote the resources necessary for the rapid spread of the e-cat, in a short time it could be industrialized, in a few months Elon Musk is able to build a giga factory, there are technologies that allow you to weld a wire on a single molecule.
    While the world is hungry, it is no longer sustainable to observe the carrier of the load of supplies which instead of unloading, continues to polish the truck.

    Con immutata stima
    Alessandro Coppi

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Enea Romagnoli

    The suggestion is to explore whether the nuclear transmutations present in the cold fusion area
    and LRPI can be used to transform radioactive waste isotopes into stable isotopes.

    I think you know these two references very well:
    1)
    A new energy source from nuclear fusion
    S. Focardi and A. Rossi
    March 22, 2010, page 5

    2)
    Multeity of Nuclides
    Arising in the
    Process of Cold
    Nuclear Transmutations

    International Journal of Unconventional Science
    Issue E2, pp. 20-22, 2017

    A.G. Parkhomov

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    I know well those papers, with exception of the 1: whothat ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The theory behind the Ecat SKL tested now is here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions

  72. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi naturalmente mi congratulo con Lei per il risultato eclatante e, visto il suo interesse per le caratteristiche delle vetture Tesla mi sono chiesto perché non si accorda con la Casa produttrice americana per iscrivere una vettura di serie (sembra che il regolamento lo consente) alimentata con un numero ridondante di suoi reattori (meglio essere prudenti) alla prossima gara automobilistica delle 24 ore di Le Mans, in programma il 19/20 settembre p.v..
    Al di la di presentazioni ufficiali, interviste, video e foto che lasciano sempre qualche dubbio negli interlocutori, una gara di 24 ore taglierebbe la testa al toro e costituirebbe un viatico mediatico eccezionale per la Sua fantastica invenzione.

    Cordiali saluti.

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    The idea is nice.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Koen Vandewalle

    Fantastic news. Congratulations !
    Vacation ? Then you will have to figure out another way to calm the inventor’s head and heart.

    I think it is strange that you apparently have to do a lot on your own. Is this because no one else understands exactly how all processes in the device work together?

    Kind regards,
    Koen

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    The Ecat is my son. Can somebody know his son better than his father ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Gberra

    Congratulations Andrea ! Fantastic ! By comparison the latest Tesla model 3 battery weighs, 478 kg, has a volume of 188L and carry’s 75kwh. Your ecats produces 3.87 Kw in a volume of 8 L ie 90 Kw in 188L , ( excluding the volume of the controller ). Ie in 1 hour the Ecats would produce more electricity than the amount contained in the entire battery pack.

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Gberra:
    Interesting, I thought Tesla needed much more power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations for this incredible achievement !
    I was expecting good news but this is amazing :) !!!
    During this difficult period of time, this is definitely the kind of good news people need to hear.
    We have the chance of being JoNP readers and thus we get such information before anybody else, but now the rest of the world needs to know…
    I hope the COVID19 situation will positively evolve and make a public demo be possible before the end of the year.

    During the last weeks I read your researchgate paper again. I am very far away for being able to understand everything…
    The term “polarization” is not mentioned very often in your paper but I think it is playing an important role in how/how much the electrical energy can be harvested from the “Rossi effect”.

    For other readers who are interested in an introduction to quantum physics and are interested in learning more about light polarization I would recommend to watch the following two YouTube videos :

    Bell’s Theorem: The Quantum Venn Diagram Paradox
    –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcqZHYo7ONs

    Why Sugar Always Twists Light To The Right – Optical Rotation
    –> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=975r9a7FMqc

    I find the second one particularly interesting because it explains how, depending upon the sugar (glucose) concentration that is mixed in water one can “twist” the polarization of the light that passes through it.
    The italian readers will also particularly appreciate how Steve Mould explain this twist by making the analogy between the handiness from the glucose molecule with fussilis pasta :) .

    I follow you since 2011 and I think it is the first time that I hear the word “holidays” coming from you.
    Again, congratulations, and enjoy your well deserved holidays !

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you for your suggestions and the interesting links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Henrik

    Haha. I’ve followed the comments on this blog since 2012, and this must be the first time the word ”vacation” appears (apart in suggestions from concerned readers).
    I reckon this to be fantastic news.
    Looking forward to september.
    Happy Holidays!
    B r H

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Henrik:
    True !
    Happy Holidays to you
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the link !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Brice

    Dear Dr. Andrea! This is really great news. This is not only your dream come true, this is also the dream of the many hundreds of followers who have been following you for years. This is going to be a world revolution. Will it also improve reliability? I hope it will come on the market very soon, I can’t wait. This is really great, you’re a genius! Congratulations!

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Brice:
    Yes, now we must work on reliability.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Enea Romagnoli

    Caro Andrea,
    sono molto felice che tu sia riuscito a portare a questo livello di potenza l’Ecat SKL 2.0
    Hai dedicato tanti anni all’inseguimento di questo risultato.
    In questi anni la tua mente ha viaggiato nell’enorme spazio tra il nucleo e gli orbitali atomici.
    Hai imparato a conoscere un luogo poco frequentato ma pieno di tanti fenomeni da esplorare e da portare sotto il dominio dell’uomo.
    Mai mi permetterei di darti un consiglio, ma ora che la maggior parte del lavoro per lo sviluppo dell’Ecat è stato portato a termine, mi piacerebbe che nella seconda metà del tuo meritato riposo tu prendessi in considerazione la possibilità di dedicare, in un vicinissimo futuro, il tuo impegno e le tue capacità a studiare e portare a sfruttamento uno di questi fenomeni. Credo di avere intuito che almeno uno di questi potrebbe essere veramente di aiuto a ripulire un mondo inquinato per secoli a venire.
    Buone vacanze
    Enea

    Dear Andrea,
    I am very happy that you have managed to bring the Ecat SKL 2.0 to this level
    You have spent many years pursuing this result.
    In these years your mind has traveled in the enormous space between the nucleus and the atomic orbitals.
    You have learned about a little frequented place but full of many phenomena to be explored and brought under the dominion of man.
    I would never allow myself to give you some advice, but now that most of the work for the development of the Ecat has been completed, I would like that in the second half of your well-deserved rest you would consider the possibility of dedicating, in a very close future, your commitment and your ability to study and exploit one of these phenomena. I think I guessed that at least one of these could really help clean up a polluted world for centuries to come.
    Happy holiday
    Enea

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Enea Romagnoli:
    Which phenomena are you exactly referring to ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Marco Serra

    Carissimo Andrea
    ho il cuore pieno di gioia. Come disse la buon’anima del Focardi circa 10 anni fà in una intervista alla TV Rete7 “… siamo di fronte a una scoperta che, per la storia dell’umanità, è paragonabile a quella del fuoco o della ruota!!!”.
    Complimenti vivissimi e grazie per il lavoro durissimo a cui ti sei sottoposto per raggiungere il tuo obiettivo. Almeno oggi, sono fiero di essere italiano.
    Che Dio ti benedica

    Marco Serra

    P.S. Goditi il tuo meritatissimo riposo, ma prima di partire per la tua vacanza, oltre a chiudere il gas, per favore assicurati che il tuo lavoro non vada perduto se, Dio non voglia, dovesse succedere qualche imprevisto.

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Marco Serra:
    I will.
    Thank you for your wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    what to say, the numbers you disclose are very meaningful and thank you for sharing it with us. Now please enjoy your vacation waiting for september. My suggestion now is please freeze all developments and research and go in production with a product. Once every body will have bought a 4KWh ECat you can sell them again a new 10 KWh ECat that in the mean time you have developed.
    Con tutta la mia stima. Giuseppe

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Gianvico Pirazzini

    Buone vacanze.
    Gianvico

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Likewise !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Iggy Dalrymple

    Congratulations Dr Rossi on your monumental invention.
    The world needed some good news and you provided it.
    I am age 81 and this is was worth waiting for.
    Stay healthy and take your vitamin D.
    Iggy

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Ronald Stringer

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    This is from the language of the Ojibway people, Anishnaabemowin, and it means “Thank you very much!” I am not Ojibway, but rather what we call Métis, a nation of people of mixed European and First Nations ancestry. We had our own nation and government before Canada was created. We used English, French, our own language, Michif, and various Indigenous languages. I only speak English and poor French, but I have some bits of old languages I can draw on.
    But talking about me at a time like this seems inappropriate. I am amazed at what you have done, and the implications of all of this. Long ago I, too, have studied the history and philosophy of science. I can only imagine the world this will create. I have been wondering about your distribution plans! I think eventually every household and most individuals will own one or more of your new device. Every appliance and machine bigger than a microwave could be self-powering; the power supply will probably outlast the appliance. Lives will be improved and saved. I hope you have some new ideas about how to make the new world happen as quickly as possible!
    Ron

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald Stringer:
    Very interesting, thank you for your answer and for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    Congratulations ! for your superb work !

    Next stop….public presentation !

    Have a wonderful holidays !

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  98. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Complements on your achievement – yet to be independently validated. If reproducible, I suggest the Electric Vehicle application.

    The Tesla Model 3 front trunk has dimensions of 26.75″ x 15.75″ x 8.75″. If four eCat-SKL units with heat exchangers could be implemented to fit in the Tesla Model 3 FRUNK (Front Trunk), then 16 kW of continuous electric power could become available.

    The Standard Range Plus version of the Tesla Model 3 has a nominal maximum range of 250 miles on a 60 kW-hr capacity battery system.

    Assuming an average speed of 60 mph means the unaided Tesla battery pack would be exhausted in about 4 hours. This is equivalent of about 15 kW-hr consumed per hour of travel. Four of the eCat-SKL 4kW units would nominally generate 16 kW-hr per hour so the car could theoretically run without needing to be recharged.

    At higher speeds (e.g., 70 or 80 mph) discharging would occur faster so some recharging at super chargers might be needed, but could be done for human needs (bathroom breaks, meals, etc.)

    This looks close enough to your size constraints that you should approach Tesla for a joint project, assuming you have not already done so.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations on your positive test result with the upgraded E-Cat SKL! I wonder if you could tell us for how long the E-Cat SKL operated during today’s test.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    about 15 hours,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Paul

    Andrea,

    4 kWh/h is enough to keep a Tesla charged while driving over 250 miles per day.

    Game changer!

    V/R,

    Paul

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    Are you sure ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We were delighted to read your most important message! A completely autonomous source of electricity with such weight, size and technical parameters is fantastic! We look forward to your triumph in the coming months. Take care of your health – it is precious.

    With the warmest feelings and admiration,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your important sustain from Russia !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Giannino Lodovico Ferro:
    Thank you,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  107. Giannino Lodovico Ferro Casagrande

    CARO ANDREA , HO LETTO LA TUA DEL 31 LUGLIO !!!!!
    HA DELL’IMMENSO !!!!!!!!!!!!!
    TI ASPETTO ASSIEME ALLA TENNISTA QUI DA ME A CHERSO !
    SARETE MIEI OSPITI GRADITISSIMI !!!!!
    E’. OVVIO PER UN MERITATO PERIODO DI RIPOSO !!!!!!!

  108. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I think Chi-Miigwetch is Ojibwe (Native American) for a Great Thank you.

    http://www.nativetech.org/shinob/ojibwelanguage.html

    I don’t know Ojibwe, but it sounds like Gitchee Gumee (Large water/Lake) in “The Song of Hiawatha”

    Lake Superior is supposed to be the famous Gitchee Gumee (Gitchigami).

    And you deserve a ‘Great Thank you’ for your efforts and accomplishments (other than, perhaps, Tennis).

    We will be waiting to learn more, although you deserve a break for a few weeks.

    Probably, in a few days, you will miss the effort and the tension of the challenge.

    Meanwhile, Congratulations!

    Joseph Fine

  109. Ronald Stringer

    Dr. Rossi,
    Holy cow. This is verging on the miraculous! Have a good rest, I don’t think you will get much rest once this device is revealed. I hope that is soon!
    Congratulations, thank you on humanity’s behalf. Gichi miigwetch, as my ancestors would say.
    Ron

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald Stringer:
    Thank you ! What does mean “Gichi miigwetch” and which language is it ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi
    Congratulation on your success.
    Did you take Pictures
    of the test?
    Have a good holiday.

    Sam

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Sure I did, but a publication is premature because the setup did not have covers, to facilitate measurements and corrections if necessary, so the images are very restricted. We will make photos that can be publicable soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    Fantastic result.
    Sleep well.

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Dear Andrea,
    what you write is really stunning, in numbers, dimensions, power density: you deserve this ideal crown over your monumental 20-years work.
    If you’ll show this invention to the world, 2020 will not be remembered as the covid year…
    My heartest congratulations !
    Renato

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Dear Dr. Rossi:

    Congratulations on your successful test of the Ecat SKL.
    Your success has exceeded my dreams from 1989 as to what “Cold Fusion” could do for us.
    Glad your inspiration and perspiration have paid off for you.

    You made an amazing statement: “We should possibly have an electric engine with infinite autonomy, it seems. We’ll see.”

    Best of luck with your future work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Inventario = inventory
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Grazie Andrea,
    forse Dio in questi tempi difficile ha voluto ancora osare all’Umanità un meraviglioso segno della Sua benevolenza.
    Se ciò è vero ha usato Te come Suo strumento.
    Fraternamente ti abbraccio.
    Non so aggiungere altre parole.
    Gian

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    Congratulations to you and Team Rossi on the excellent results.

    Enjoy your vacation.

    Sincerely & Respectfully,
    Mason Ainsworth

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Many thanks from me and our greta Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    “accettare con beneficio d’inventario” in English is ” to accept with benefit of inventory “.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Chuck Davis

    Congratulations Andrea! That means that an all electric residence can be powered by a suitcase sized ecat! Wow! That’s great news!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Let me remind the disclaimer: I think we did it, now we need confirmation.
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Dr Rossi
    Please let me be one of the first to congratulate you. I know what it is like to see your child take there first steps and then after a while begin to run.
    I presume we can use the waste heat for heating water either for hot water or hydronics, nothing is wasted.Also is the electricity DC.
    Again thank you and take your break.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    yes, the heat can be used as usual.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Floreck:
    Very nice, thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Stephen

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    This is really great news. I’m quite honestly stunned but in a good way.

    It seems your car liked her mat 😉

    So I won’t ask you questions today.

    But I will wish you a good and well deserved holiday!

    Great!!!!

    Stephen.

  131. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Greatest Congratulations to you on achieving “Tesla’s Dream”.

    Wonderful News, You Have Made History Today!

    You most certainly deserve your holiday break now, but I think that you will still be working on the Ecat, if only in your mind.

    Relax for a while, if you can, and we will all look forward to more excitement in September.

    All the Best,
    Martyn Aubrey

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Enjoy your holidays you too,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I wish you a good, well-deserved vacation. All my admiration for the work you have provided despite the cloudy period due to covid 19.
    I am impressed with the values ​​you posted today and hope this generator will be marketable quickly although there are still many essential steps to take.
    What was your heart rate when you started the E-Cat?

    Take care of yourself and after this victory will suffer a good loss in tennis.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The heart rate was very high, I was very afraid of a failure, because i invested big money in this operation. Not to mention the necessity to counterbalance the defeats in tennis.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Lars

    Dear Andrea
    Congratulation!

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Patrick

    Congratulations Andrea,

    Please enjoy your holidays. Even geniuses need a break every now and then. Although I “worry” that you’ll come back with more ideas for how to make it even better, and that would delay our curiosity satisfaction even further.

    Couple of question if I may: how much more complex is this version of the SKL compared to the previous one, in terms of connections, for example? And how much better is it performance wise?

    Warmest regards,
    Patrick

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    The last version is more complex by orders of magnitude as well as the performance.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations with this extraordinary achievement!
    I hope you will tell us more details of why 10,000 connections had to be made to make this happen, in the future.
    For now, please have a rest to consider this masterpiece and the consequences.
    Just to for us to understand the intensity your holidays: will you still be answering questions the coming weeks?
    I’m looking forward for the confirmation.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your kind sustain. Yes, I will continue to answer on this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Congratulations!

    It IS a masterpiece…each day is a masterpiece!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLpQqWReYds

    (it’s not a new song, but still celebratory.)

  142. Joseph Fine

    Dear, AR

    Aha, to take it with a grain of salt.

    https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/beneficio-dinventario.1371229/

    Joseph Fine

  143. Joseph Fine

    Dear AR,

    INVENTARIO or INVENTORE ?

    Joseph Fine

  144. Grazie Andrea,
    forse Dio in questi tempi difficili ha voluto ancora dare all’Umanità un meraviglioso segno della Sua benevolenza.
    Se ciò è vero ha usato Te come Suo strumento.
    Fraternamente ti abbraccio.
    Non so aggiungere altre parole.
    Gian

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko and All Readres of the JoNP:
    Just finished now my job of today, started early this morning at 5.30 A.M.
    The work of today has been important, but it is important also this introduction to the information: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN IMPORTANT, BECAUSE I USED A REVOLUTIONARY CONFIGURATION OF THE ECAT SKL, BUT FIRST OF ALL I WANT TO MAKE THIS DISCLAIMER: THE TEST OF TODAY HAS BEEN MADE BY ME ALONE, NOBODY ELSE WAS PRESENT, NOT EVEN BY SKYPE, THEREFORE THESE DATA MUST BE READ WITH RESERVE ( IN ITALIAN WE SAY ” CON BENEFICIO D’INVENTARIO” ).
    In September, Covid 19 permitting, we will have an important third party nominated by a Partner that will control the measurements remaking them.
    Therefore for now you are just taking my word, right or wrong as it might be, albeit I think I am right.
    The new Ecat SKL is the masterpiece of my life. It works in closed loop and generates the electric energy to fuel itself, plus generates 4 kWh/h of electric energy. I consumed only 130 Wh/h to flow away the thermal energy that is irradiated from the Ecat ( about 1 kWh/h of thermal energy is in total emitted ).
    The volume of the Ecat reactor is in total 100 cubic cm, while the whole is contained in a heat dissipator box whose dimensions are cm 20 x 20 x 20, plus we have outside it the control box, which is extremely complex and does not dissipate heat thanks to passive cooling systems that are very efficient.
    More work has to be done, but now for a couple of weeks I will take my holidays, because I am very tired.
    A big step forward has been done. We should possibly have an electric engine with infinite autonomy, it seems. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. LilyLover

    Dear Andrea,
    May the best of luck bring your monumental work to fruition, with first large-fruits.
    Luck favors those that do the hard work.
    I’ve not known any modern Scientist that has worked as hard as you did.
    You are a beacon of hope for humanity.
    May the cat meow happily with amazing results.
    Waiting for the E-Cat SKL2.0’s results like a skilled curious cat.
    Q1. After the results of today, did you celebrate with Dom Perignon?
    Take care. & Best of luck!
    Sincerely,
    LilyLover

  147. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Thank you for your very kind sustain: in minutes I will give information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    You words “closing the loop” and “feeds itself” sound like a poem, although there is no rhyme in them.
    I wish you and your Team to conduct your experiments calmly, slowly and even casually. And then set the next goal – for example, transmutation of elements, and consistently move towards it. The main thing is not to stand still.
    And we will all be observing with pleasure this exciting process of scientific creativity from the outside.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis and All:
    I am still working with the test. Going well. We are in SSM, closing the loop: the Ecat SKL feeds itself.
    I will give information about the first numbers later today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Congratulations on completing your marathon soldering endeavor! It reminded me of a dyslexic technician that worked for me back in my working life. 90% of the time we had trouble with a measurement was due to his reversing the + and – conductors so that was the first thing we checked. But in your case I don’t think that is a problem since there are no wire pairs, just single conductors.

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  151. Drachenlord

    Have You used lithography for that 10K connections or are that 10.000 thin wires ?

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Drachenlord:
    Ohh, now I understand what you mean.
    No, I did not use lithography.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. George Roberts

    Dr Rossi:
    Can your theoretical system explained in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    in particular in the paragraph 1 ( Casimir Force ) be compatible with the standard model of electrons ?

  154. Andrea Rossi

    George Roberts:
    A more detailed and realistic electron model is necessary . In partucular, see the ref 19 of my paper, where J. maruani consider a Zitterbewegung electron model where the reduced Compton wavelength is the electron “diameter”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Drew G

    Dr Rossi:

    Looking forward to videos of the test. Best of luck tomorrow AM.

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G:
    Later I will publish here the surprising results.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Drachenlord

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Do You know about the word lithography ?

    RAIner Winkler

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Drachenlord:
    Obviously I know what “lithography” does mean, but I do not understand your point. Can you rephrase ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Good luck with this important test today!
    No doubt a good outcome has great influence on the applications of the Ecat.
    You seem very methodical, can you tell how many tests you did with Ecats?
    Kind regards, Gerard

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I will replay later to all the comments asking for the result of the test.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    When can you tell us
    the results of SKL test?

    https://sites.psu.edu/siowfa15/2015/10/19/coin-flips-arent-5050/

    Regards
    Sam

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Later ( goinf well)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Is the ECat-SKL test still on
    schedule?

    Regards
    Sam

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Yes, I am finishing the connections now, then go to sleep. The test will start in 5 hours and 17 minutes from now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I did not understand exactly, reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    if the electron distance that minimizes the electrostatic potential is a function of the number of electrons.
    Can you answer ?

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The answer is: yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. victor

    Dear dottore Andrea Rossi,

    I‘m following for many-many years now passionately your development (and truly admiring your constant dedication and devotion) of the e-cat and what it all brings with it and now I have a curious question regarding the theoretical construct, if you find the time to deal with this sort of surely less important questions (keeping ockhams razor in mind).

    On July 26, 2020 at 3:55 AM you wrote to Anonymous:

    „The core of my paper is that at a distance intermediate between the atomic and the nuclear scale, in the order of magnitude of the electron Compton wavelength, the effects of magnetic force, Casimir force and quantum vacuum/virtual particles play a fundamental role. Warm Regards, A.R.“

    My question: Did you ever ponder around that you might have found in this very small (measured in meter) intermediate distance between the atomic and the nuclear scale one (or more) new dimension (s) as theoretical physicists already postulated that there must be more dimensions than the three we know (x.y,z axis; unit meter) and the time (unit second), but those „new“ dimensions postulated by them should be very small ones.

    And what you have found would fit into this and the Casimir force, magnetic potential and quantum vacuum/virtual particles could be part of the unit (s) to measure/calculate this (these) dimension(s).

    At the moment it might be a more philosophical question, but in the future I would love to see a new dimension called the Rossi dimension. You surely deserve it!

    Kind regards and all the best for you and your whole great team and fingers crossed for your new and early Friday morning endeavor and please stay save, the world needs you : )

    victor

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Victor:
    I do not think it can be considered a dimension per se, after the relativistic 4 dimensions,but thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Harlow White

    Dr Rossi,
    is your 1000+ connections system something that could be dubbed an artificial intelligence apparatus ?

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Harlow White:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you very much for your extensive and sincere comment. I completely agree with you and understand your point of view. There are also more people in Russia who understand the dead-end direction of ITER development and face difficulties in promoting everything novel and progressive.
    In my commentary, I made another attempt to support you, so that the emotions from the attacks of ill-wishers do not lead you off your right course and that you remain calm, confident and even love for ill-wishers. In such a mood, success or Victory, no matter what you call it, will be guaranteed.
    As for the relationship between the victory of one side and the defeat of the other, it does not matter which country I belong to. Any war is a terrible evil that must be prevented. Millions of young men killed through Napoleon’s fault brought a lot of grief and the weakening of the nation.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    I think that Napoleon has been the greatest tactic ever, but his strategy was a loser, because instead of expanding the principles of the French Revolution, that could have given to him a worldwide sustain, has used the energies from the revolution to make a harsh colonization through the continental bloc, which has put all the world, included the forces raised from the revolution, potentially favourable to him, against him; Waterloo has been just the place where happened a fall that was going to happen anyway, somewhere.
    When I was a student, in 1971 I made a thesis for the examen of History on Napoleon, and, with the permission of my teacher-Prof Decleva- I studied it on the books of a Russian Prof of History, Eugeny Tarlé, who published around the year 1930 a monumental analysis of the continental bloc, still the best analysis of this period ever published.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Gianvico Pirazzini

    God luck
    Gianvico
    PS: taking of battle: ALESIA? The legions of Cesare defeated their enemies making a siege being under siege: like your E-Cat
    God luck another time

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Gianvico Pirazzini:
    Better avoid to repeat my mistake as Prof Savchenko made me understand.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Aleksei Savchenko

    Dear Readers and colleagues.
    Don, t worry about 10000 connections, located in a small box as well as of methods of their bonding – welding or soldering. I guess Andrea artificially raised this problem and will solve it as many others more difficult. I believe in him and his Team. Most likely 10,000 connections are an abstract philosophical image that makes it clear that the transition to a new quality requires a lot of efforts. That’s all.
    I’m more worried about something else. This is Andrea’s phrase in response to one of the comments: “Let’s hope it will be Austerlitz, not Waterloo.” If research, instead of creativity and the ease of flight of ideas and imaginations transforms into the Battle, then from a philosophy point of view, this is the end. It needs to take a break or do something else.
    From my subjective point of view, this Great work needs breaking it down into stages, which should be presented to the scientific community, because each of them is unique and requires reflection. They are: the first experiments to generate excess electricity.
    Then the next stage is the closure of the cycle, operation of the device without external electric power supply.
    Then demonstration SKL stable operation throughout one day.
    And only then move on to the production of industrial designs. Such a traditional path is more familiar to everyone, does not cause unnecessary rumors.
    I really don’t know the terms of the contract under which Andrea works, which forces him to follow exactly this way.

    By the way, if we go back to Austerlitz or Waterloo, this is also an ambiguous interpretation, depending on the country. But in any case, the losers were ordinary soldiers of both armies, who were forced to die for the selfish goals of the rulers alien to them.
    Best regards,
    Aleksei

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Aleksei Savchenko:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I think we must make a distinction between the R&D funded by the taxpayer for objectives purely scientific, whose projection in the timeframe for an industrial and profitable application is vague and undefined, and the R&D funded with private funds that for obvious reasons must reach a profitable product within a timeframe limited by financial issues. In the first case your insight is correct. In the second case, which is the one I am fighting through, your insight is not applicable. In fact:
    1- the possibility of collaboration are limited by IP protection issues
    2- the cash flow must necessary recover the expenses before the lack of money forbids to proceed
    3- if you seat peacefully while your enemies try to destroy your work, you will be eliminated
    I am telling this to you based on my personal bloody experience of half century of very, very hard work ( and life ). Unfortunately this is a war, a succession of battles: I cited two typical battles from a paradigmatic point of view, but this was only an example: obviously Waterloo for Russia and their allies has been a victory, while Austerlitz has been a defeat, we can change the points of view, but under a phylosophical point of view the issue is the same: competition is war and we have competition, whatever we do. The Ecat has been fought against from many sides from the first day it has been presented .
    Here is another paradigmatic example of the first type, the type that fits with your insight: the ITER ( or Eater, if you want ): this concern has got billions and billions and billions of funds from the Taxpayer since the fifties and every 10 years they say that in the next 20 years or so we will have the nuclear fusion…everybody is happy, nobody fights against because everybody eats ( that’s why it has been dubbed Eater ), the Taxpayer has not the cultural preparation to understand that it will never work, the competition knows that it will never work, so everybody is happy, the IP is generously shared with everybody, because it will never make money, and the environment is perfect to be peaceful: why fight against a thing that will never work, but rains easy money from the Taxpayer on all the involved governments ? It is also the paradise of the managers there: no liabilities, no timeframes to show real results and a lot of publications that nobody reads, but are so intensely intelligent ! When they talk of it in the TV they say ludicrous things, like nuclear fusion is not dangerous because uses hydrogen and makes helium, both innocuous ( somebody could have thought that nuclear bombs are a bluff ). Nobody has the honesty to say that it is impossible to stabilize a magnetic field at a temperature over 100 millions K, and everybody is happy like an Easter.
    On one point I totally agree with you: my citation of Waterloo as an example of defeat and of Austerlitz as an example of victory is stupid, because I forgot that what is a victory for one side is a defeat for the other side: this remark is as much intelligent from you, as it has been stupid for me not to get this point. So I make a correction, rephrasing as follows: I HOPE NEXT FRIDAY WILL BE A VICTORY, NOT A DEFEAT FOR OUR GREAT TEAM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Roberto Ridolfi

    Dr Rossi:
    1- Can you tell us the dimensions of the Ecat SKL you will test Friday ?
    2- How much connections are inside the Ecat and how many out of it, in the comtrol system ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Best Regards,
    Roberto

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    1- there is a quest on course: I will give this information when the Ecat SKL will be presented
    2- fifty-fifty, moreless
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I wish you good success with your new version of the SKL generator.
    This Friday will hopefully be the founding stage of the commercial product that we all look forward to.

    I understand that the energy extracted from E-Cat originated in electrons.
    Can you tell us about the process of combustible depletion and depletion?

    Good luck on the 31st
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Can you rephrase your question ?
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, I suspect that to get 5000 wires into the ecat they must be very thin and am amazed that they can exist in such a high temperature environment without melting!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    This is one of the difficulties we had to overcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Is this the type of
    microscope you use?

    https://youtu.be/iTKm8Pgm2dY

    Good luck with start up.
    Sam

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Same kind of.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Karl

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I suppose part of the 10 000 connections are made in the control system and part inside the Ecat SKL, am I correct ?
    Godspeed next Friday,
    Karl

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Karl:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. vast_minority

    Don’t get me wrong, several cousins of mine jumped on different trains and started electronic-studies in the univiersities in Bochum and Essen.

    They say, for example, that a typical motherbard from the 1990’s there are no 10.000 lose connections to solder.

    They are burned into tha platine with some acid-technique.

    Regards

    Mick

  188. Andrea Rossi

    vast_minority:
    The nineties were thirty years ago.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Marco

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    if I had a very powerful heat source, i would isolate it to my best knowledge and then i would put as many as possible (let’s say 10000) double metal junctions, between the inner insulated chamber and the external ambient, to exploit the Seebek effect…
    What do you think?

    Regards, Marco.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    The efficiency of the Seebeck effect is very low: I have a great experience made in the nineties with it. In my case, it is not worth the while.
    Thank you anyway for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Stephen

    Hi Andrea

    Regarding Rugs. They do say cats like to sit on Mats;)

    Your clearly doing a great work..

    My honest respect and best wishes to you for this. Endeavor.

    Your cat will deserve a good rest on that mat after all this.

    Although I hope she will be working and purring loudly.

    Stephen

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    He,he,he…thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Sam
    July 28, 2020 at 1:02 PM

    Hello DR Rossi

    “I have a hard time getting
    my head wrapped around
    how you can have 10000
    connections in one SKL. ….”

    Perhaps Andrea has employed some iranian rug makers?

    The highest quality iranian hand-knotted rugs have more than 1000 knots per square inch.

    If the EcatSKL is a ~four inch cube, then its outside surface area is 96 sq ins.

    Then there is all the space inside too.

    Rodney.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your synapsis: if I will fail with this experiment, I will turn to make rugs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Mason

    Dear Andrea,
    I wish all of Team Rossi well in the upcoming test of the exponentially improved SKL.

    Due to the myriad changes, it seem appropriate to update my guess for the SKL contest.

    Respectfully,
    Mason

    My guess:
    – Electrical Power Output: 10 kiloWatts
    – Conversion Efficiency: 95%
    – Dimensions: 10x10x10 cm
    – Unit weight (excluding the control unit): 225 grams

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Your data have been recorded.
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Drew G

    Dr. Rossi:

    Are those “connections” physical hard wire connections? If so you have a horrendous quality control problem on a prototype that greatly diminishes your probability of success

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G:
    Thank you for your opinion. Actually, failure is a possibility. I hope you are wrong and I am working very hard to succeed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. vast_minority

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I am following Your development since the shutdown, because it is amusing and fascinating to read about, how You deal with all the questions.

    I do come from a family with long generations of handcraftmanship, especially soldering and metal/iron/steel materials.
    I am the 4th generation of my family, who comes from western germany, the so called Ruhrgebiet…where a lot of people have this kind of jobs.

    I would like to know, how You are soldering 10.000 connections, because in 4 generations, I never heard of such thing being necessary to solder manually.

    Could You please clarify, which materials Do You use for the connections and for the soldering and which technique You preferred?

    Regards

    Mick Brisgau

  200. Andrea Rossi

    vast_minority:
    Congratulations for your 4-generation-substantiated experience in welding. Obviously it has nothing to do with soldering of electronic components that is made with the help of microscopes. I use a digital microscope. It is like to compare surgery vs cows slaughtering art ( with an experience of 4 genetations though ! ).
    Thank you for your fascination,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Emily King

    Dr Rossi,
    Again about the Casimir Effect, based on what I read on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    : does it have a cause effect with the zero point energy ?
    Emily

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Emily King:
    In reference 22 of my paper on Researchgate is proposed, as a possible cause of the high density charge clustering, the vacuum pressure hypothesyzed by Casimir and experimentally verified as you can see in reference 18 of my paper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I have a hard time getting
    my head wrapped around
    how you can have 10000
    connections in one SKL.
    Can you give some kind
    of picture how this is possible?

    Regards
    Sam

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Giovi

    Dear Andrea
    I suppose 10.000 connections are hard to fit into the 10x10x10 cm cube, so i think they fit into the control unit… am I correct?

    My best regards
    Giovanni

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Giovi:
    Partly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    my crystal ball says that most of the 10000 welds are for micro lightning rods.

    Dall’Alpi alle Piramidi,
    dal Manzanarre al Reno,
    di quel securo il fulmine
    tenea dietro al baleno;
    scoppiò da Scilla al Tanai,
    dall’uno all’altro mar.

    Fu vera gloria? Ai posteri
    l’ardua sentenza

    Regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Let’s hope it will be Austerlitz, not Waterloo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Stephen

    Dear Andrea.

    Would that be 06:30 CEST it GMT or something else?

    Take your time if necessary making 10000 connections and being sure they are all correct is a huge undertaking. I suspect it’s a lot more involved than connecting wires to pinstrips

    Have already ran simulations and emulations of this extra capacity with your controller?

    Or is it more an issue for power management.

    Thanks and good luck with this huge endeavor.

    Stephen.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    It will be 06:30 A.M. Stockholm time.
    Yes, I used a simulation software, but when real power will run through I expect the situation to be very different. The risk of a failure is high.
    There is a lot of drawing, of soldering and of pinstripping, the whole in a very limited volume. Obviously when this job will be made by robots it will be easier, but robots can be programmed only after a prototype model has been perfectioned; robots can reproduce an artificial intelligence as you teach them to make it: if the model has one error, the errors will be multiplied by millions with robots. Let’s see what happens. Tomorrow I will finish the assembling, then I will need 2 days to repass all the connections with the digital microscope, and finally Friday the start up.
    Thank you for your sustain !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue July 7 2020:
    Microgrids: future gas-solar microgrid lifting Pittsburgh airport into energy independence.
    Rod Walton

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Eva Young

    Dr Rossi: where exactly is described in the paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    the link between the Rossi effect and the Aharon-Bohm effect ?
    Thank you if you can explain,
    BR
    Eva

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Eva Young:
    in Paragraph 4, wherein it is hypothesized that the Aharon -Bohm effect maybe exploited in the Ecat to obtain peculiar conditions under which self-organized dense electron clusters and pico-metric proton-electron aggregates are formed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,
    Please excuse the scattered nature of my questions below, but I do it for efficiency.

    1) Judging by the firmly scheduled time for testing the enhanced SKL – at 6:30 AM on Friday – this leads me to think that others will be there in person or via Skype to witness the test. Is this so, and if so, about how many? I hope they are morning persons!

    2) If the test does not go well (God forbid) , will you revert to the simpler SKL, perhaps with some enhancements learned from your work with the enhanced SKL attempt?

    3) When will you update us with the results of the test? If it is soon after the test begins, which will be 12:30 AM my time, I will want to stay up.

    3) Given your history of athleticism and endurance -like your boxing skills as a teenager and setting the national record for the twenty-four hour run, etc, it is surprising to me that your wife continues to beat you in tennis. I’m considering that she played competitive tennis when she was younger, and continues to keep in good shape so she can beat you. Is this true?

    Cheers from Canada, and best wishes for your success,
    Mark

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    1 yes, somebody will be looking at
    2 yes
    3 sometime within the same day
    4 exactly ( damn )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you think you could
    beat this World Record.

    https://youtu.be/3LTtqwn47F0

    Regards
    Sam

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to a video
    about the Casimir effect.

    https://youtu.be/nDxW9ZF5wGs

    Regards
    Sam

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Hi Andrea:

    I am wondering if you are able give an indication about how ready you are to give the demonstration of the EcatSKL. I realize that the pandemic has created problems, and that you keep coming up with new ways to improve the unit to give even more impressive performance.

    So my question is: once the virus situation has been satisfactorily resolved, how long do you think it will take to put on the demonstration? Put another way: do you feel more development work needs to be done on the unit before the presentation? Or is the virus the only issue preventing the demonstration from being scheduled immediately?

    One thing is for absolutely certain: the very last thing the planet needs right now is for you to do the demonstration too early, and see you become infected with the virus!

    Anticipatory regards,

    Rodney.

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    I still think we will make a presentation within this year, corona virus permitting.
    The test of Friday is related to the high power density trial.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    usually complexity and reliability are not good friends…

    Can you comment about your decision to develop the new SKL ?

    Thanks a lot for what you are doing and good luck for Friday.

    Riccardo

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Rick57:
    I am trying to exploit at the maximum possible the electric energy from the plasma. As I said, I do not know if it will work, but…”
    “Fatti non foste a viver come bruti,
    ma per seguir virtute e conoscienza”.
    Thank you for the kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Cecilia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the fuel used in Ecat SK and Ecat SKL the same as in previous Ecat versions?

    Kind regards Cecilia

  227. critical_curiosity

    Dear Dr. Rossi.

    Somehow I cannot believe You.

    Your ecat is more complex than a CPU ?

    Really, maybe You can try to feel with uns, that this is not a fact easy to believe.

    Please provide at least some picture of some solderings… the rest You can blkrr our or cover then You won’t disclose any sensible information.

    Thanks in advace.

  228. Andrea Rossi

    critical_curiosity:
    I am not an expert of CPU. I am not able to make related comparisons.
    Photos will be released when the product will be presented.
    About “Somehow I cannot believe you”: too bad.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. critical_curiosity

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You mentioned 10.000 soldered connections.

    This is more, than pins on an usual CPU.

    Can You describe, why Your device needs more connections, than a regular CPU?

    Randy

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Critical_curiosity:
    The Ecat SKL needs all those connections because it is complex. Very complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. George N

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You have recently stated that you believe your latest version of the E-cat harvests energy from virtual particles. Do you believe that spacetime is a superfluid composed of virtual particles? (Einstein leaned heavily this way in the 1940s when virtual particles were discovered, but this was after the theory of quantum mechanics was developed and accepted by mainstream physicists).

    Best,
    George N

  232. Andrea Rossi

    George N:
    Sorry, but I never stated that the Ecat SKL harvests virtual particles, because it is not so.
    About your question, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Any chance of getting that
    Picture of the ECat SKL
    if the test is successful?

    Regards
    Sam

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Yuri

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I appreciate the spirit with which you have invested money and time in the search of an Ecat SKL with higher power density and wish you the success you merit. Will you tell us how your test has gone next Friday ?
    All the best,
    Yuri

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    Surely I will, whatever the result. It could be a failure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Anders

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I read that has been Prof Sven Kullander in 2013 to propose for the first tim the possible role of the Casimir forces in the Ecat technology: did it happen when you met him in the Uppsala University for a series of discussions ?
    Best Regards,
    Anders

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Anders:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Patrick

    Dear Andrea,

    The 10,000 or so connections, are they currently done by hand and did you do them all by yourself?

    Are some of them part of off the shelf products that you use in your assembly?

    Best regards
    Patrick

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick:
    I did it all myself. I used also components that are off the shelf, but that is the minor part. The work is very, very difficult. The probability that it will work are probably less than the 50%, but it is so important that all this work is worth the time and money and fatigue it takes. Friday July 31st at 6.30 AM I will turn it up and see what happens.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. Julia

    Dr Rossi,
    Can it be that the casimir effect makes a synergy with the Nelson hypothesis , both described in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    ?
    Cheers
    Julia

  242. Italo R.

    Dr. Rossi,

    The USA starts to design nuclear power plants for Moon and Mars:

    https://notiziescientifiche.it/centrali-nucleari-su-luna-e-marte-usa-fanno-sul-serio/

    Do you think that ECATs (thermal or electric) could soon be taken into consideration in order to avoid the spread of radioactive substances in such environments?

    Sincerely,

    Italo R.

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Thank you for the information.
    I am not able to answer this question, but if the Ecat SKL will work, it could be useful too. To put the 235U enriched uranium, that is a fuel necessary to operate a nuclear power plant, on spaceships could be dangerous in case of fall of a spaceship, which is an event whose probability is much more than zero.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your kind wishes: I hope to get good numbers, otherwise the loss of money and time would be obscene.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Godspeed on your eventful test this coming Friday July 31.

    Friday 31st is like Friday 13th but backwards. :)

    That may be Good luck.

    All the best,

    Joseph Fine

  246. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the Casimir effect you utilise in your paper, it appears that there is not universal agreement on the source of the Casimir effect.

    See; R. L. Jaffe – The Casimir Effect and the Quantum Vacuum, 2005.

    “In discussions of the cosmological constant, the Casimir effect is often invoked as decisive evidence that the zero point energies of quantum fields are “real”. On the contrary, Casimir effects can be formulated and Casimir forces can be computed without reference to zero point energies. They are relativistic, quantum forces between charges and currents.”

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  247. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    I do not agree with the hypothesis of R.L. Jaffe. Maybe he is right, maybe I am right. All I can observe is that my interpretation is coherent with my experiments. As a consequence of this fact, it is possible to say that my experiments make a point in favour of my interpretation, that respects the definition of Casimir force, as it is referenced to in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SKL_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Does the 10000 connections
    mean soldering?

    https://youtu.be/E6FZglx4BiM

    Regards
    Sam

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also, but there is much more work besides soldering.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Here is an existing microturbine generator with a power density of 66W/pound that you could use as a comparison to the power density of the SKL. The fuel consumption rate was conveniently omitted from specifications. At 44kW continuous power it seems to be targeting households with 200A service.

    https://www.acmetools.com/shop/tools/winco-50ptoc-3-50kw-1ph-540rpm-pto-generator?cm_mmc=Google-_-PRODUCTFEED-_-Winco-_-50PTOC-3&utm_id=go_cmp-732484532_adg-40556065149_ad-188049860360_pla-293946777986_dev-c_ext-_prd-50PTOC-3&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIz7WU7aHr6gIV9O7jBx3tEgM0EAQYBCABEgJcX_D_BwE#

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It should be worth the cost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.