Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2020-05-31 04:00:07.375734Z

  1. Dear Andrea,
    the aero NASA X-57 Maxwell may be one of the ideal “test beds”
    for the application of Ecat SKL in research on electric propulsion in aviation.
    Of course this will be possible when the times make it applicable.
    Warm Regards.
    Gian

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another application idea – electricity for mining. Mining operations require power for all sorts of reasons: drilling, ventilation, transport of personnel and materials, dewatering, etc. Currently, power lines are brought into the mine from distant locations where the electricity is generated. Electrical installation costs are high. Transmission losses are high. Why not an eCat SKL-based electricity source located within the mine?

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. Sorry for the curiosity.
    E-Catworld will be involved. What does this phrase mean
    Victor

  6. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    This means that we will invite E-Catworld to participate to the presentation, in a form to be defined in due time.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Once you can deliver a reliable SKL, I will buy one to integrate into the Raptor Aircraft, http://raptor-aircraft.com/. Efficient electric aircraft motors are available and only need a reliable power source!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    When we will sell the Ecat SKL, we will deliver with it a manual with the list of applications that are not allowed: among them I swear that there will be any application of any flying thing. The Ecat SKL will be usable only for the applications for which it will be certified.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Can the E-Cat SKL charge and controller board cope with the following scenarios?

    A. Rapid disconnection due to break / cut in electrical interconnection(s), then connection repair with proper start-up of the electronics. Possible interrupt due to the repeated opening of casings / doors / panels / drawers then pulling out trays / boards having say wiring looms / connectors, fatiguing a connector / wire terminal or trapping wires with breakage.

    B. Rapid disconnection then rapid reconnection, during maintenance an E-Cat SKL module is shut down, then the technician reaches in and pulls out a live module by mistake, realises the error then immediately plugs it back in while the circuit is still live, (they all look the same).

    C. Hot swapping of the SKL module, no shut down sequence, electronics still on, just pull out an old module and plug in a new module, no start up sequence.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  10. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. With due engineering, these events are not exotic
    B. Same as in A
    C. Same as above
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In regards to your discounting eCat SKL for aviation, the use of electric powered aircraft is increasing. An example is a small aircraft (one under development in Australia) requires a 60kW continuous supply, 72 kW during take-offs. So a combination of an eCat SKL array with a battery might be sufficient. In the US. the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) has members who develop one of a kind aircraft and someone (conceivably) might marry an eCat SKL array with a battery to power a small aircraft.

    And then there are drones, which vary from very small to relatively large platforms with associated power needs. So the eCat SKL technology in the air might not be too far off in the future. Likely, someone will take your technology and use it in applications that you had not considered nor pursued.

    Thoughts?

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions, but, so far, I am focused on ground utilizations; I take advice of what you say, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Arjen

    Would not be too difficult to refitt with a ECATSKL
    Would make world wide coverage when flying it with an ECATSKL
    Would you conisder such a endaevor?

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/27/worlds-largest-all-electric-aircraft-set-for-first-flight#maincontent

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    It will take a long, long time before we could take in consideration this opportunity. For now we prefer stay well adherent to the ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    The most interesting question related to plasma physics is not about LENR, long range particle interactions, or point source energy. Plasma physics got them here. The biggest question now is “Why are they here?” I invite you to watch this fact and evidence based 5 minute video on YouTube. I guarantee you will find it hypnotic and entertaining at the very least. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obdcmY3Gclo

    Respectfully, Christopher Calder

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Obviously this link has nothing to do with our work and the plasma we are dealing with. I publish it just for the curiosity, if any, of our Readers. I am totally convinced that there is no way that any living being can overcome a distance of lightyears: to reach a place at a distance of 1 lightyear you have to travel at the speed of light ( 300 000 km/second ) for one year…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Reputable economists predict that after the pandemic, the economy will grow from renewable energy sources
    That is, the economy will be green. Your technology is not only renewable, but also inexhaustible. Such sentiments, I think, will be very useful for spreading your technology.
    With great respect, I wish you and your team every success.
    Viktor

  18. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    After reviewing all comments on JoNP from the last 9 months I arrived
    to a new guess for the SKL data:
    Electric output power: 962 W
    Conversion factor: 99,01%
    Cube size: 101 mm/side
    Cube weight: 107 g

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Thank you for your data update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.,

  21. @ Tom Conover:

    “Regarding Frank’s inquiry, what is the possibility that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will never provide units that can be used in our homes?”

    I would be very interested to hear – from anyone – of any examples they are aware of in the past 100 years where a large company has been *proven* to have ‘buried’ some marvellous new invention in order to protect their own obselete products, and deprive us all of the new product for their own benefit.

    Perhaps there are examples. But if there are, I am not aware of them and, as of today, regard all such stories as ‘conspiracy theories’ not worth the time of day.

    That said, I am certainly very interested to hear about such cases if they really exist. But only where there is *evidence* of it. Not just internet stories making claims that, by their very nature, are unverifiable.

    Thank you to anyone who can provide one or more examples.

    Rodney.

  22. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your persistance in the development of the ecat product line. Regarding Frank’s inquiry, what is the possibility that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will never provide units that can be used in our homes?

    I suspect that your answer might be “That will be entirely up to the big companies to decide.”
    The poor will remain poor, and the rich will make billions of billions of dollars.

    The cost of our energy will actually increase!

    Sincerely,
    Tom

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I don’t think so.
    You are underevaluating us, something somebody did too in past. We’ll see, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments placed in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Ron

    Dr Rossi,
    Interesting post.
    Do you think the ecat SKL can really be a game changer in the papermill industries ?

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Ron:
    If it will work, I thnk it could be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am looking forward for your SKL presentation this year, I do hope that you will be well prepared to make this presentation

    Kind regards

    Toussaint François

  28. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    We will do our best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Sweden has, the last two weeks, the world’s highest covid-19 mortality in relation to the countrys population.
    Planning a presentation, in another country, may now be simpler, safer and give a faster result?
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Sweden is a great Country and I am sure also Sweden will go through the damn Covid 19 tunnel.
    About the mortality percentage: Sweden is also the Country that made the higher percentage of tampoons.
    The presentation will be made in Sweden, obviously when the situation will be normalized. I think that the Countries of Europe will exit the emergency together.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you started making plans yet for the public presentation?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    E-Catworld will be involved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Antony

    Dear Andrea:
    About
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is the plasma inside the Ecat SKL, that generates mainly electric energy, looking like we can see it in the video ?

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Antony:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Leopold Leiber

    Dr Rossi,
    Are the tests in remote with the Ecat SKL still going on ?

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Leopold Leiber:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. M.G.

    Do you think you will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL within this year ?
    Do you think you will put for sale the Ecat SKL for households wiyhin this year ?
    Cheers
    Monica

  38. Andrea Rossi

    M.G.:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. David

    @Usha Ells:
    The SR (strange radiations) discovered by Alexander Parkhomov are generated by power sources with at least 2000 Amperes, and this is an amperage that the Ecats will never reach.
    All the best,
    David

  40. On Power Engineering May 26 2020:
    Turbines Failure and the Grand Experiment in Resiliency from Covid 19
    Rod Walton

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other posts published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Microwave driven thrusters for aircraft may be another perfect application for the ECat SKL in the future.
    It works with plasma made by a microwave generator in compressed air and is completely electricity driven. It’s efficiency equals the existing hydrocarbon fueled jet engines.
    https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/5.0005814
    Kind regards, Gerard

  44. Usha Ells

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watched the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    wherein the experiment described on the paper of Researchgate is shown.
    I noticed that on the Ecat SK have been put a gieger to detect ionizing radiations and bubble columns to detect neutrons and we know you never found traces of ionizing radiations and of neutrons emitted from the Ecat. What about the strange radiations described by Dr Parkhomov ?

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Usha Ells:
    I respect the R&D of Dr Parkhomov. For safety reasons we are assuming that SR exist and we have adopted the 10 microns thick aluminum foil to make them disappear, confirmed or not as their reality might be with the replications on course. Just to avoid any risks. Anyway, we will never reach the amperage necessary for their formation from the plasma.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    is it possible that the discovery of the way to increase reliability of the E-Cat SKL could also be used to improve the E-Cat SK?
    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Possibly,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea, here are a few questions, if you don’t mind:

    1. When hands-on third party SKL testing will be possible, will it be with the prototypes you have made?

    2. Have you improved reliability in your prototypes in recent times?

    3. Are any well-known companies working with you at the moment?

    4. What are the possibilities that, if you make agreements with big companies, that they will find ways to bury your technology, so it never sees the light of day?

    Many thanks and best regards,

    Frank Acland

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3. yes
    4. Zero
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Dear US Readers:
    We wish you all a Happy Memorial Day !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, It sounds like you have identified the cause of the lack of reliability. Are you making any progress to fix it?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    A. Have any E-Cat SKL charges failed on first startup?

    B. Have any E-Cat SKL charges failed during operation?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    A. Yes
    B. Yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    today I have such a question:

    During Your future performance in Stockholm, will You tell the audience whether You will allow SKL production licenses to other:

    A) Only one licensed exclusive/monopolistic manufacturer for particular region?

    or

    B) More licensed manufacturers for every region?

    or

    C) There will none licensed manufacturers at all?

    Explanation: This policy is important because, thanks to its publication, about half of truck and tractor manufacturers will understand that they will not survive.

    I assume that one heavy truck will need about 1000 to 1500 SKL and not a single exclusive licensee has production capacity for production of 630 million SKL.

    Note: Yearly production of heavy trucks over 15t in EU is 420.000 units.

    Because no law will force an (local) exclusive producer to make a so-called “allocation”, so heavy truck manufacturer A will receive the required SKL and truck producer B will not receive any SKL.

    In this way, half of the manufacturers of cars, trucks, tractors, cement plants, etc. will go bankrupt. They become uncompetitive. It is important for the employees of these companies to know this.

    With Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    When we will put the Ecat for sale, it will be diffused wherever it will be requested. All the other considerations are premature.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Anonymous

    Hey, Mister:
    Does your Ecat know that the first principle of thermodynamic forbids that a system generates more energy than the amount it consumes ?

  58. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Luckily, the Ecat is not aware of that.
    Warm Regards,
    Mister

  59. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    dear dr Rossi
    If skl is ready to test your partners/ customers and the tests give satisfactory results, can you recommend this class of skl for mass production?
    Viktor

  60. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    I think so,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Dan Woodward

    Please inform us of the status of the Heat Energy product that you announced about a year ago.
    1. How many such systems have been employed?
    2. Are they profitable for Leonardo Corp. at 80 % of customer’s previous costs?
    3. Why has there been no press about this wonderful capability?

    Dan Woodward (retired EE)

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Woodward:
    1. I prefer to maintain this information confidential, so far
    2. yes
    3. because our Clients want so and we agree with them. We are in the pioneers phase of the marketing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In your last reply to me, you confirm that SKL surface temperature
    varies from 40 to 60 Celsius.

    Are these variations
    1. due to the environment temperature?
    2. measured without special cooling?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Take a peek at the character of a young Swede.
    https://youtu.be/ekLqhXFuhaA

    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. I understand that the main problem to progress on the tests is the corona crisis and not the reliability issue, Is that true?
    2. Is the reliability issue related to the control of the process or the plasma or a used material?
    3. Is one of the possible clients that may integrate (multiple?) ECat(s) in a product, a company that will deliver the product to private persons?
    Thank you and may the lock-down soon be lifted!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1. yes
    2. to the used materials
    3. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Chuck Davis

    @Svein H. Vormedal,
    Your example is exactly what is happening right now! Coal continues to be supported around the globe even as clean, economical energy is available from Andrea’s ecats. I have contacted the DOE to ensure that they are aware of this energy and they continue on the road of destruction in the use of coal! Make no mistake, the power of the coal industry mafia is strong and the words of claiming to fight global warming by the hypocritical government are empty words meant to impress the world! We can only hope that the publicity about the ecat certification will be sufficient to initiate change!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  70. Svein H. Vormedal

    To withhold an advance.
    Imagine if eCat SKL today had been a source of energy in full common use around the world and worked as Andrea expects.
    It would then be completely inconceivable to suggest that the world should refrain from using it to promote a more expensive and highly polluting technology because it could create more jobs.
    If SKL comes on the market, non of the world’s oil and gas-consuming machinery will transform itself into eCats. If energy can be supplied at low prices, this could create far more jobs than what high energy prices do. The transition, in itself, will give work to many.
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    Thank you for your insight; my opinion is that there will be in most fields a long transition/integration period, without traumatic losses.
    Take for example what happenedwith horses vs motor vehicles: it has taken more than forty years before a full system changement.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    let me suggest to all the readers of this blog to read
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    to really understand where you come from and why you are so resolute with the Ecat.
    All the best,
    Rudy

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    For the Client/Partner evaluations of the eCat SKL that are underway:

    1. What is the duration of such evaluations?
    2. When do you expect completion of at least preliminary results?
    3. Will the results be made available to the public?

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- depends on the agreements
    2- impossible to know until the covid 19 restrictions will be lifted. So far we are making only via Skype, which obviously is not sufficient
    3- no, we are under NDA. We will make public the performance data made with the certificators paid by us when we will make the presentation of the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Rick 57

    Dear Andrea,

    a quick update about our quest:

    Partecipants are now more than 50!

    Moving to a more technical subject, I applied Stefan Boltzmann equation to a 85mm cube at a temperature of 328°K (55°C) and I got an emitted heat power of aroud 25 Watts.

    This leads, assuming a 80% efficiency, to an electrical E-Cat SKL power output of about 100 Watts.

    I understand you cannot answer in positive or negative but I would like to hear comments of the Readers on that.

    My best wishes to overcome all current issues and arrive soon to the product presentation.

    Riccardo

  77. Andrea Rossi

    RICK 57:
    Data recorded, thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    I read Your answer to the question “How do You test SKL?”.

    Nevertheless, I would ask You as follows: Did You perform a calorimetric test of SKL, e.g. by heating water using a resistance wire connected to SKL?

    With Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    We always make calorimetric tasts of the Ecats, as, for example, you can see on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Would you agree with the statement:

    1. The eCat SKL is not ready for massive production.
    2. The eCat SKL is ready for partner/client company evaluations.
    3. Such evaluations are currently underway.

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Delaying introduction of a new invention may sound like a nice idea but is fraught with danger for the very people who came up with the invention in the first place. It makes no sense to let your competitors catch up with you and, if they are just a little more efficient than you are (very low wage costs in China, as just one example), quickly put you out of business.

    It is essential to recoup all your research and development expenditures as quickly as possible, and use the cash flow resulting from early sales to finance expansion to satisfy demand, before your competitors do.

    I would strongly advise against slowing down introduction. It might be different if it was possible to expect that everyone would respect patent rights.

    But all that a patent gives the inventor is the right to sue those who violate it.

    And all a court judgment against those infringing your patent gives you, is the right to try to collect the judgement award. Try doing that with China.

    I have never heard it suggested in the case of any other invention that its introduction should be delayed. Every new, better invention makes it inconvenient for those producing the obselete products. No one ever suggested, for example, that digital photography introduction be slowed because people at Kodak would lose their jobs.

    Rodney.

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Michael S.

    Dear Andrea,

    The ecat domestic unit with combined electric and heat production will be able to heat and cool houses, propulse cars & the industrial units will take care of industrial energy needs. All this with marginal CO2 production and kw/h cost.

    As the public acknowledgement and
    Market introduction of ecat approaches may I ask if you have considered with your partners a structurally phased roll out ?

    As you well know there are many countries that are very dependant on oil & gas revenues. The sudden break in income and bookvalue of their holdings will mean a major economic recession for these countries. Populations will risk mass unemployment, maybe famine and increased risk of radical behaviors and (civil) wars. This could even be the case in the US states where shalegas has become the main economy.

    In order to avoid the sudden breakdown of these energy production dependant economies maybe you and your team should sit down with independent economists and governement officials of non-energyproduction dependant countries and with a sens of globale responsability such as for instance Sweden, Germany and France, EU?, to discuss a official transition plan between ecat energy and legacy energy. This could be a ten year plan starting with the most polluting/CO2 producing/evident industrial applications (coal?) and gaz/oil electric production and then gradually switching to household cars maybe (eventhough ridding Cities of car fumes is certainly highly deriable rather short term).

    I dont know the order & timeframe but I am quite sure there is a sensible way to do this in a structured/planned & transparent way which would allow the Hydrocarbon producing countries/states to be able to organize a ordely transition of their economy. To turn around a Supertanker needs time and better have precise (time)map in order to be able to plan amortizations and investments – and you will need help. A planned transition instead of a revolution letting the marketforces apply blindly and ruthlessly could avoid a lot of pain to millions of people.

    Bonne suite in this challenging next chapter & kind Electric regards,

    Michael S.

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Michael S.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    We are not ready yet for a scheduling and modality of the roll out.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How can you be sure that the transition to E-Cat technology will be “integrated in a collaborative system?”

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I am sure that I am sure of nothing, but I hope for best.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    On this day of the climb, I brought out my crystal ball to determine the characteristics of the SKL without participating in the competition because of my travel difficulties. I hope I can follow your brilliant demonstration on the web.
    The SKL deserves the golden ratio (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894 … ..
    Electric power = (1 + √5) / 2 = 1.618 033 988 749 894… ..kW
    Electrical efficiency = ((1 + √5) / 2) * 50 = 80.901699437494…. %
    Cube edge = (1 + √5) / 2) / 20 = 0, 0809016994374942…. M
    Weight = (1 + √5) / 2) / 2 = 0, 809016994374942…. Kg

    With this original numbers, the E-Cat will work flawlessly, without limits and adapt to all situations.
    Good day for you, your family and your great team.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Albeit the use of a cristal ball makes dubious the fairness of your participation, because it is like to jump in a boxing rind with a gun, the love we have for our Readers overcomes the doubts and your data are accepted in the quest. Your data will be as well condidered to give you a chance to win, even platonically, the competition.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, An ETF is an exchange traded fund, an investment method similar to stocks and DTO is a double inverse fund that pays double the percentage that oil falls. If oil drops 10% then DTO will go up 20%! I believe that when you make your presentation, the floor will fall out from under the oil market and DTO will be a great way to benefit from it. Think of it as a way to get back some of the money that the oil mafia has gouged us for in the past!

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for explaining, but I do not agree with you, because the transition will be integrated in a collaborative system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. WaltC

    Chuck Davis,
    I love discussions of things that might be good investments in a world transitioning to Rossi-effect devices, but betting on oil prices going lower might be a risky one.

    Right now oil is near the lowest price in decades. Oil is currently being pumped at a loss in some parts of the world. Demand is depressed because of the virus. Oil storage facilities are jam-packed. It’s possible (likely even) for oil production to drop faster than demand for oil drops– in which case the price of oil would increase. For historical example, the price of whale oil increased for many years after petroleum appeared on the scene (and while whale oil production plummeted).

    Whatever you do, be prepared for surprises. (I’m not pro or anti-oil, but I am anti-negative-surprises!)

    WaltC

  93. Chuck Davis

    @All the Readers,
    As soon as the SKL is certified, I recommend loading up on DTO, a double inverse oil ETF!
    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Please excuse me for my ignorance, but can you explain your comment ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I expect some readers of this blog are using the famous Stefan-Boltzmann law
    to calculate a guess for the total power generated by E-Cat SKL.

    1. Do you think they take a reasonable approach?

    2. If YES, would you say that the blue cube can be regarded as an almost black body with an
    emission constant of around 0.9?

    3. You have recently confirmed that the surface of SKL is ‘lukewarm’ at maximum.
    Would this mean less than 40.5 degrees Celsius?
    https://mrlilholt.wordpress.com/food-science/what-temperature-is-lukewarm/

    Today we experience a first real change from the unusually cold spring we had in Sweden for many weeks and according to weather forecasts, the change is not only temporary.
    Quite soon we are also promised details of possible positive changes in our corona restrictions.

    4. Is a presentation in Stockholm, when restrictions would allow it, still hot in your plans?

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1. the Stefan-Boltzmann law is given by the formula
    Q = Sigma x T^4
    and we used it to calculate the thermal energy generated by the former generations of the Ecat.
    See par. 5 on
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    The SKL generates mainly electric energy and we measure the electricity generated by the SKL using the Ohm’s equations.
    We still can use the Stefan-Boltzmann equation to measure the residual thermal energy, presently condidered a by product.
    2. the emissivity factor depends on the material of the surface.
    3. 40-60 °C
    4. yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. John Atkinson

    Dear Mr. Rossi
    I first want to thank you for your steadfast determination where others would have given up. My question is, are any of your clients exploring the use of the e-cat for maritime uses or remote electoral generation. Thank you for hard work and putting up with all of us.

  98. Andrea Rossi

    John Atkinson:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    The answer is: not so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Hein Sause:
    Sweden, Germany.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Heinz Sause

    Hello, dear Dr Rossi,
    Which European Country is showing more interest in your Ecat technology ?
    With kind regards,
    Heinz Sause

  101. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. I understand, that you are trying to implement your devices to the utmost
                                                                                                        caution But I think, that avoiding the big thistle still cannot be avoided. Be healthy and get ready for a big Noise. NDA will not save from information leakage

  102. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    As the E-Cat SKL is intended for electricity production with possible repeated on off use, is repeated start stop cyclic testing planned or in progress?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  104. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Repeated start-stop is one of the features of the Ecat SLK that we already completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    Are any of your clients involved in manufacturing of domestic furnaces?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Gavino Mamia

    Dr. Rossi
    In Italia c’è un nuovo decreto legge per sostenere la micromobilità nelle città affollate:
    http://www.mit.gov.it/comunicazione/news/sostenibilita-fino-500-euro-per-buono-mobilita
    Questo per diminuire lo smog e anche per limitare le persone nei mezzi pubblici (covid).
    Pensi che si potrà usare la tecnologia SKL nella micromobilità in futuro?
    Grazie e buon lavoro.
    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS
    Will the Ecat SKL be useful to help in future micromobility ?

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    I hope so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue of May 19th 2020:
    DOE announces $ 230 M to build advanced reactor demonstration project.
    Rod Walton

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    during a period of 6 months after the introduction of the SKL, your marketing goal (Your desired condition) will be:

    A) Minimum number of industrial customers (1 to 5)?
    B) Medium number of industrial customers (6 to 20)?
    C) Maximum possible number of industrial customers, even if it would mean longer delivery waiting times (bigger backlog)?

    Best Regards

    Ivan Samec

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Start with A, then increase gradually could be the wiser way,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Anonymous

    Hello Dr Rossi,
    Are you continuing to make tests via Skype with clients and collaborators ?
    When do you think tests on site will begin ?

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Omnibus

    Dear Andrea:
    The website
    http://www.ecat.com
    is not working

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Omnibus:
    Yes, we had for several hours the website down for a technical problem that our specialist has resolved.
    Now the website is back !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    When new technological devices appeared in human history, in the beginning they were never perfect.
    Some examples, the steam engine was dangerous, the boiler exploded.
    The Ford Mod.T car started with the crank and many people were injured. It also often failed and broken.
    The Wright brothers’ plane flew, but it was extremely dangerous, unstable, difficult to govern and prone to fall easily.
    Beyond these examples there would be a very long list of inventions which, born raw, were subsequently improved and became elements of development of human civilization.
    From the prototype phase to the industrial product phase thanks not to the inventor, but to subsequent developments by users.

    All these devices have some things in common:
    – contain a “divine spark”, an absolutely new and revolutionary fundamental idea.
    – were placed on the market even if they were not perfect,
    – have been subsequently developed and perfected by countless industries over time, with the contribution of continuous improvements to increase reliability, performance and operational safety.

    If the original inventors had instead decided to keep them secret in their laboratories to perfect them before putting them on the market, today we would not have had the current technological development, since there would have been a very strong delay.
    Human history would have been very different, poorer and more primitive.

    The E-Cat SK invented by Andrea Rossi has unique and extraordinary characteristics:
    – Electric power consumption 380 watts
    – Thermal output power of about 22 kW
    – The system has a COP of around 58, but the COP of the reactor alone is incredibly higher.

    From 19 November 2018 the E-Cat SK has been installed experimentally on a user’s system.
    As Dr. Rossi said, it has since worked with fairly good reliability and customer satisfaction.
    There have been some occasional (unspecified) malfunctions that prevent its constant use and which require occasional restoration interventions.
    Since then 18 months have passed but there has been no other significant news.

    My thought is that if the E-Cat SK had already been on the market a year and a half ago, today it would have already been perfected by countless industries, engineers and technicians for:
    – eliminate or reduce residual defects,
    – create countless real applications on a large amount of uses.
    – and with the experience gained from these improvements, the development of the E-Cat SKL would also have been much faster.
    – and Dr. Rossi would have already had the just and due world honors and recognitions. He would have been rightly recognized as the Father of the “Rossi Effect”, worthy of maximum Prizes.

    My simple question then is:

    Why is the E-Cat SK still secret?

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  119. Kevin

    Dr Rossi,
    About your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I noticed that the speed of light related to the zitterbewegung of the electrons had been anticipated in the Nobel lecture of Paul Dirac: “Theory of electrons and positrons”.
    Cheers
    Kevin

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Kevin:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Giuseppe Censorio

    Dear Andrea,
    I don’t know if it is too late, but only now I have finished my very elaborate calculations :-) and I would like to add my guess on SKL.
    Then my conclusion is that the rule of nine must be applied.
    My data are
    Dimensions: 9x9x9 cm.
    Total power produced: 9 kW.
    DC output: 90% of total power
    Weight: 900 grams.
    Regards, Giuseppe C e n s o r i o

    PS: as I informed you if I normally write my surname, the comment is spammed

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe Censorio:
    Thank you, data recorded.
    No, it is not late, until we communicate the presentation.
    Warm Refards,
    A.R.

  123. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article of interest: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-52687448 June 3 is the planned date for reduced travel restrictions in Italy.

    I’m looking forward to the independent test results and the planned demonstration.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Sam

    This is a link to a product testing.
    Is this the type of testing you are doing?

    https://atslab.com/electrical-testing/electronic-product-testing/

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Are these the searched
    Standards you are referring to?

    https://rs.ieee.org/technical-activities/ieee-standards-development.html

    Regards
    Sam

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Also,
    A.R.

  129. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Your answer to me in previous questions have lead to quite a few of others asking you about details. I hope you do not regret that.
    I have some additional questions about that also:
    A. How would you value the reliability of the SKL if you did not need to take care of these ‘standards’ and ‘risks’ where you refer to in your answer to Sam?
    B. Are you getting help of your ‘customers’ in solving this reliability issue and to make the SKL rugged to undesired usage?
    Thanks again for replying on all our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    A. I must analyse the real situations, not the ideal ones. In an ideal world I’d have no problems at all.
    B. Also
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote this week, “We must shield the product against any possible risk that we can imagine”. There is risk in all aspects of business and life — how can you avoid all risk with an E-Cat SKL product launch?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    To avoid all risks is impossible. We are trying to reduce the risks as much as possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Is it possible to have a E-Cat SKL cube with a control board integrated into the cube, with a Bluetooth connected hand control, the cube having just a DC electrical output.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson,

  134. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    It would be not impossible,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Gavino Mamia:
    Congratulations to the inventor Mauro Mareddu.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Can you give reasons why
    total reliability of SKL is
    below 80 percent?

    Regards
    Sam

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Reliablity complexity are relative to the searched standards and the connected risks.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Prof

    Dear Andrea,
    this article shows that it took 40 years for mainstream physics to begin to understand theoretically the super-conductors at high T:
    https://www.sciencenews.org/article/misterious-superconductor-wave-could-reveal-physics-materials
    Note: it says “could”, not “can”…
    Prof

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Interesting,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Dear Andrea,
    what, in your opinion, are the isolation conditions of an Ecat system so that its operation in SSM can be said to be scientifically verified beyond any reasonable doubt?

    You well know that the criticisms of your detractors have focused on this aspect of your previous public presentations.
    I think that if you can and want to answer my question exhaustively, you will remove arguments from your enemies.

    Gian

    Caro Andrea,
    quali, secondo te, sono le condizioni di isolamento di un sistema Ecat affinchè il suo funzionamento in SSM possa dirsi verificato scientificamente al di là di ogni ragionevole dubbio?

    Tu ben conosci che su questo aspetto delle tue precedenti presentazioni pubbliche si siano appuntate le critiche dei tuoi detrattori.
    Penso che se tu puoi e vuoi rispondere in maniera esauriente alla mia domanda toglierai argomenti ai tuoi nemici.

    Gian

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    The criticism of my detractors is the last of my problems.
    The way we will present our product will be shown at the presentation ( sorry for the tautology ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi, I am sure that your role in the development of mankind is comparable to that of Academician Sakharov (see Wikipedia)
    sorry for being too curious
    here are my questions:

    1. When will you name the date of the presentation a) in a month?
    b) after 3 months b) or even later?

    Sakharov’s collaborators recall Sakhrov’s astounding intuition, which failed him only once: he believed that hot fusion was promising.
    Your intuition has found a more reliable solution.
    I wish you and
    Your team continued success.
    To be healthy. hello to your spouse.
    Viкtor

  143. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1- I do not know yet
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You mention that your E-Cat SKL still has issues with less than 80% reliability.
    When multiple SKLs are used in unison does the reliability improve, or do they like to sing in harmony?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    When we will sell them they will have 100% of reliability, independently from the assembly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. TOUSSAINT

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, do you think that the COVID restrictions will be soon lifted, and that you can normaly proceed with the tests of the SKL?

    Kind Regards.

    Toussaint François

  147. Andrea Rossi

    TOUSSAINT:
    I hope so, but what I know is what everybody is listening and reading in the news media.
    The situation seems to recover, the numbers are improving for good. Let’s hope.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Sven B

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I am very happy to hear that SKL now works as expected except for some
    remaining reliability issues.
    Some questions:
    1. Is present total reliability still below 80% of expected?
    2. Occasional issues at the startup?
    3. Occasional issues at switch off?
    4. Occasional switch off during normal operation?
    5. Occasional switch off due to changing external conditions?
    I understand if you cannot answer at this moment.

    Kind regards
    Sven B

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Sven B:
    1. yes
    2. no
    3. no
    4. no
    5. no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for the previous answers.
    Sorry for being unclear regarding instability.
    With stability I meant the stability of the output while it is in operation.
    How do you value the output power/voltage/current change due to internal instability (not due to fluctuations in the load)?
    I would think the controller will compensate for fluctuations in the load.
    Keep on going!
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    You have not to be sorry…sometimes I am late !
    Answer:
    Yes, the A.I does the job. So the answer would be “good”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Regarding the different properties of the SKL at this moment, can you give us some words like: Excellent, good, OK, can be improved, must be improved to these:
    a. COP
    b. Reliability
    c. Stability
    d. Ability to integrate
    e. Prospects for commercial application
    f. Fool proof: Resistance against wrong usage
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    a. excellent
    b. can be improved
    c. what do you mean exactly ? Stabiliy of what ?
    d. good
    e. good
    f. can be improved
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Paul di Anno

    The new material you discovered, is in the ashes of the skl or it is used as a component of the skl ? Can you explain much more about this ? Best regards

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Paul di Anno:
    It is a component od the Ecat SKL.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Ivan Samec

    Answer to Sam:

    Dear Sam,

    link to PressClub World: http://www.pressclub.world

    This is one of the very few news related websites which, in addition to general news, also publishes 2 highly suppressed topics:
    – E-Cat development
    – History of Khazaria Empire, mass conversion of its population and the grave consequences of its fall

    PressClub World is real Press Club – every journalist can be a member and publish here if he does not promote war crimes and crimes against humanity. Basically, everyone here can be a journalist.

    Note: In Germany, Austria and Czech Republic, promoting a war crimes and crimes against humanity is serious crime, so it is not permissible (for example) to praise the burning of women and children alive with white phosphorus in the Gaza Ghetto by one well-known regime.

    To Your last question:

    In PressClub World it is absolutely no problem to publish articles about E-Cat SKL.

  157. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, is the reliability situation common to both ecats or is it just the SKL?

    Warm regards,
    Chuck Davis

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Mainly the SKL, on which now we are focused.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. Sam

    Ivan Samec

    Is this link the organization
    you mention in your comment?

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Association_of_Press_Clubs

    If it is how would they get involved in
    getting the story out about the ECat-SKL.

    Regards
    Sam

  160. Rodney,
    Insurance is one problem, assurance is another and probably a bigger one. The average consumer has to be assured that the equipment will not present a hazard and will be more economical than what he has satisfactorily use for many years. If Andrea can demonstrate that his equipment works, I think it will take a lot of time to accumulate experiences with installed units before the general public will be assured of its worth. It took a while before the dependable and cheap horse was displaced.
    Hopeful regards.

  161. John C Evans

    Eernie1:

    I don’t foresee an issue with installing a properly certified power unit in a home. If it were to become an issue that could be easily overcome by installing a small powerhouse on your property to enclose the ecat and then connecting the power grid to powerhouse then powerhouse providing the mainline power to the home. A distance of 25 feet or so from the dwelling would probably be sufficient to satisfy an insurance company.

    Thanks

    JCE

  162. Ivan Samec

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    some suggestion on how to defend against unfair & destructive critics:

    Permanently working testing showroom, where prospective industrial customers can test E-Cat SKL in black box style tests.

    Showroom location may vary for security purposes. Armed guards of the 2 or better 3 different security companies are necessary. Every security company has its full perimeter. One has an outer perimeter, the other has an inner perimeter.

    Any prospective customer who shows a preliminary interest in ordering the X MegaWatt set of the E-Cat SKLs can test the E-Cat SKL there.

    There is no way to prevent CNN or other media from spreading fake news.

    For decades, these “news” entities were unable to understand the definition of term “ethnic cleansing”, which is published on the UN website.

    Thus, for 72 years, these “news” have been glorifying, praising and promoting a regime that has been carrying out ethnic cleansing against indigenous Semitic peoples for 72 years.

    There is no way to get these “news” to publish real world news.

    On the other hand, no one will prevent You from publishing real info and real parameters of the E-Cat SKL.

    And E-Catworld, and also PressClub World will stand by You, support You and spread information about E-Cat SKL further to the public.

    What parameters do prospective customers need to know:
    – continuous output power
    – native form of output is AC or DC
    – TBO i.e. “fuel” life
    – dimensions, weight incl. control box
    – price of the SKL incl. control box
    – cost of “fuel” change
    – delivery (production) time of (Your ideally sized) set of SKLs

    Rest is business as usual.

    I wish You great success.

    Best Regards Ivan Samec

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Ivan Samec:
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Do you have a name
    For the material you
    Invented?

    Regards
    Sam

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Hi Eernie1:

    Thank you for that response. Am I correct in thinking that you are saying that if someone were to install a domestic EcatSKL to provide heat and electric power to their household, their annual house insurance premiums would rise so much that the additional cost would make the purchase of the Ecat unit economically non-viable, compared with other energy sources?

    That is an interesting point I had not considered. But the premiums would diminish in subsequent years assuming the units do not cause house fires or other insurable calamities. I can see that this might cause marketing problems in the early stages.

    Might you also be thinking that Andrea might consider selling the units with insurance included in the price – either capitalized one-time in the price of the unit, or in the price of the annual replacement fuel cartridge?

    Doing it this way might be an excellent way to get around the problem since, with the prospect that eventually there will be billions of these units in operation, one would think that any alert insurance company would be eager to get on board early on, with some long term arrangement with Andrea. With billions of units operating, even a small annual premium could be very lucrative for the insurance company in the long term, if the Ecat proves to be insurance-problem-free. Perhaps Andrea might do a deal where he ends up with a significant ownership in the insurance company as part of the deal?

    Calamity-free regards,

    Rodney.

  167. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    How do you invent
    a new material?

    Regards
    Sam

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    We will be attacked hardly and our foes will find any possible way to destroy the reputation of the product. We must shield the product against any possible risk that we can imagine. I am making the attorney of the devil against the Ecat SKL.
    This is like to prepare a soldier to go in the line of fire without being killed. Our product will be welcome to many, but it will be shoot at by many others and this is a sure fact. I experienced in past something similar ( see http://www.ingandrearossi.com ). I want not to repeat that experience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    What are the main obstacles
    confronting you and your team
    to get the E-Cat-SKL to work
    properly?

    Regards
    Sam

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Studying the problem and the possible solutions, then experimenting the possible solutions.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  171. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Another future application – replace diesel-electric trains with eCat powered all electric trains.

    Current diesel-electrics burn about 2.0 to 2.6 gallons of diesel per mile. Equivalent electric trains will consume only about 66 kW-Hr per mile.

    Assuming a 60 mph average speed means a fuel consumption rate of about 138 gallows of diesel per hour or about 4 MW electricity power generation. Assuming an 80% eCat SKL conversion efficiency requires a 5 MW capability. It is likely that short term battery storage of energy for dynamic breaking and for climbing hills would be needed.

    Advantages:
    Cheaper energy cost per mile
    less air pollution
    less maintenance cost (no diesel engine to maintain)

    Thoughts?

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    This could be surely a possible application, if the Ecat SKL will work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Rodney,
    Perhaps I have not made my point clear. Andrea is not being evasive when asked to estimate the cost of a domestic unit. He has a lot of experience now in attempting to obtain the proper licenses to sell to the public. The insurances and assurances required to protect his future in that market are much harder to put in place than those required in the area of the business community which already possess extensive protection for all phases of their operations and can therefore explore his devices with the necessary protection.
    In the domestic market, insurance companies would be overly expensive until enough experience in installed devices would give them enough statistics to offer reasonable rates. How long this would take is a difficult question. I think the general public would also require this information before they replace their tried and true devices to a large extent.
    Perhaps the experience obtained in the business world would help him to introduce his devices to the general public.
    Marketing regards.

  174. Dear Andrea:

    Regarding eernie1’s 12th May comment about the cost of a domestic Ecat:

    I believe I recall you estimating several years ago that a domestic Ecat unit might cost about $500 to buy, and would need a new cartridge annually costing not more than $50 for plenty of heat.

    Of course a great deal has changed since then. Including that it now seems likely the unit will be able to provide electric power as well as heat, without needing an expensive unit for conversion of steam to electric power.

    1. Are you able to make a very approximate guess (with the qualification that it is subject to change at any time without notice!) of what the cost of a domestic EcatSKL might be when it eventually becomes available, for both the basic unit and the annual cost of a replacement charge? I am thinking that eernie1 will not have difficulty deciding to buy a new unit, even if it is more than $500, if the cost covers both heat and electric power.

    2. In addition, do you presently anticipate that a domestic unit would need to be controlled remotely over the internet? Presumably the user would be able to decide both the level of power output and the proportion of power that would be heat, with things set up so that excess power would be fed into the grid? This would, of course, further reduce eernie1’s cost. Perhaps with a large enough unit it would represent a net-zero cost to the purchaser? And the end result several years down the road might be that the power generating stations presently pumping power into the grid will become superflous when enough of your units have been disseminated across the country and integrated with all the other sources of energy?

    Thank you if you feel able to answer.

    Powerful regards,

    Rodney.

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    1- It is too soon to anticipate prices, but the COP of the Ecat SKL, if it will work, will make it absolutely competitive
    2- Domestic units will not be controlled remotely
    3- All the other issues are potentially good ideas, but premature to talk about.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Saju Abraham

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have you invented some new material, not existing before, for the Ecat SKL ?
    Saju Abraham

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your reply to my recent question. You say that the E-Cat is made in the USA. When it is shipped to you, is it fully functional, or are there steps you need to take after you have received it, to make it operational?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Presently what we have here are prototypes, so there is always something to modify or test, until it is ready for the presentation. The R&D is still on course. I am still using the solder.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have said you are in Europe at the moment. Are you able to assemble an E-Cat SKL from scratch, with materials available where you are, or must some items be shipped to you from elsewhere?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I need materials shipped from the USA. The Ecat is made in the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. CC

    Dr Rossi,
    Among the references you put in
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    which are the two authors that influenced more your paper ?

  183. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yakir Aharonov, David Bohm David Hestenes, and Norman Cook.
    But also all the others are important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Dear Andrea,
    I have followed your program as well as many others in the science of LENR for the last 30 years The investigation of electron form and behavior has been a part of my scientific career in the fields of lasers, plasmas, and electronic devices among others. I enjoyed many hours of interesting investigation in my lifetime.
    However, your efforts in providing and installing a new form of cheap usable energy to humanity will be somewhat stymied by one factor now prevalent in the systems available today to humans around the globe. That factor is the availability of a relatively cheap and dependable supply of energy to a large portion of the worlds population.
    As an example, my experience in my lifetime, from the time of the great depression to the present time, with the use of energy has been one of dependability and affordability. Energy sources such as natural gas, electricity, and gasoline have been available from the grid for almost 100% of the time at a cost well within my means. This fact I think can also be related to a large part of the worlds population.
    The question then becomes, should one change his energy situation to one less stable in the beginning for the saving of a relatively small amount? If I were to change, I would probably insist on acquiring some sort of insurance the cost of which would perhaps eliminate the savings from your device.
    Your market would seem to be more appealing to the third world countries where you could implement a ground based system.
    I have enjoyed following your program and have enjoyed speculating about what those crazy little electrons are doing to produce excess energy by congregating into a denser environment. There is strength in numbers.
    Successful regards

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Wersall:
    Very nice and moving,
    Thanks from our Team !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering issue May 12th 2020:
    Maintaining safe, reliable power generation with remote troubles control
    Rod Walton

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Andrea,

    You have opened up a gate
    that may change our future fate
    tapping energies from sources high
    the development of man can fly
    come prosperity and peace and love
    all supported from above
    hope will once again prevail
    you provided us the grail
    no more wars for gas and oil
    saves the air and precious soil
    oceans will be cleaned anew
    rivers turned from brown to blue
    freshest water for the poor
    less diseases and much more
    tomorrow bright with clearer skies
    lifts depressing views and sighs
    a new era has been ushered in
    for life external and within
    da Vinci now will meet his peer
    Leonardo catalysers everywhere

    Thank you

    Peter W

  190. arjen

    Dear Rossi

    I read that a client will become the owner of the ECAT SKL, so you have decided not to lease the product to the client and decided not to sell the electricity it produces?

    First question 1, Please confirm you have decided not to sell electricity but to sell the product ECAT SKL regardless of how much in a lifetime of a SKL the amount of electricity it will produce?
    Second question 2a) As the industrial clients become the owner they can sell (the integrated ECAT SKL) in their final certified product to the end customer? or 2B) are you only selling to clients who use the ECAT SKL for themselves
    Or 2C) Is the business plan to also sell your product (when certified) directly from your company to the personal end customer (your readers)

    Third question Can you already give a very rough estimate what the cost will be for your basic product to the industrial clients?

    All the best to you and your team.

    Kind regards Arjen

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    We will make both, depending in the locations
    Answers:
    1- see above
    2a- b- c-: the three are possible and will depend on the specific situations
    3- not yet
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi A few more questions:
    1 Can you control your SKL devices over the Internet?
    2 If so, you can experiment with the devices (by agreement with the buyer) and collect a lot of valuable information about different SKL options via the Internet

  193. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1 yes
    2 could be
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Bob

    I agree with Anonymous that said you will never make the presentation of the ecat skl
    Bob

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Claire

    Dr Rossi,
    Your work, resiliency, blind eye with the disparaging, and achievements are an inspiration.
    I read all ypur papers and
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    with your story.
    Thank you for the models you are offering to all of us,
    My opinion about the data:
    dimensions cm 20 x 20 x 20
    power 1 kW
    All the best,
    Claire

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Claire:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team.
    Data received,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. VIKTOR SHIPACHEV

    Dear Dr. Rossi. I am amazed at your success. but would like acceleration R @ D
    But first I want to clarify some questions:
    1 According to your agreement, should you send the unit to your customer?
    2 If yes. then can you send an apparatus not yet finalized and use it for R @ D, which can speed up R @ D?

  200. Andrea Rossi

    VIKTOR SHIPACHEV:
    1 yes
    2 when a Client will buy a product of us, he will become the owner of it and will make with it what he wants, respecting the instructions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. PlasmaFan

    Dear Andrea,

    “There is not a “more important paragraph”: I think there is a syncretism between the effects described in the whole paper. The effect is not commanded by an emperor: it’s a republic.”

    Can you at least say that the various effects in the paper take place during the negative resistance regime of a plasma discharge in which a complex space charge configuration (AKA “Ball of Fire”) self organizes out of the chaos of the plasma? This much is obvious. Yet due to the fact you have yet to state this, a strange state of confusion lingers in the minds of many. By simply putting the operation of the system into a general non-specific (not giving away your specific formula or details) CONTEXT, you would tremendously help your long term supporters understand the bare bones of your magnificent invention.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    PlasmaFan:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    I cannot add further information to what I already wrote on my publications, at least so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Roland

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the paragraph more important in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    vs your theoretical system ?
    Where is more inportant to focus the attention?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Roland

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Roland:
    There is not a “more important paragraph”: I think there is a syncretism between the effects described in the whole paper. The effect is not commanded by an emperor: it’s a republic. All the integration of all the parts allows to understand what I am assuming, albeit it takes some patience.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea, Do you think it may be possible that the spent portion of the fuel could somehow interfere with the continuous performance of the reaction?

    Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    It is not possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    In January you gave grades
    to the ECat SK.

    You can synthetically – with grades from 1 to 10:
    1) Express your satisfaction with the services provided so far;
    2) Express your perception of users satisfaction?
    Can you provide a percentage of the ratio between regular operating time and the time required for stops due to assistance interventions carried out by you personally and by your team?

    Andrea Rossi
    January 13, 2020 at 3:19 AM
    Gian:
    1 7
    2 8
    3 70%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    Have any of the grades changed?

    Regards
    Sam

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Substantially, I’d not change the answers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Prof

    Dear Andrea, the more I read your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions, the more I understand how profound it is.
    Do you think you will update it after the presentation of the Ecat SKL ?
    Prof

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I don’t think there will be a substantial update. So far,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Mason

    Dear Andrea,

    ever since you shared the success story of attaining permanent SSM, the SKL as a source of electricity has dominated most discussions of the SKL, including how the ongoing “deep learning” optimizes the production of electricity towards the theoretical limits of the SLRPI phenomena. Yet, at times you highlight that the SKL may also be organized as the source of heat energy.

    It is my lay understanding that the conversion of electricity to heat is about 99-100% efficient when properly engineered. This leads me to my question.

    If, the conversion rate is essentially 100% efficient, then why optimize the SKL for the production of heat at all? Is there truth in the logic saying that the SKL, when set as a source of heat energy, produces more energy per unit of time than when it is optimized as a source of electricity? Am I missing something in this story?

    As always, my best to you and your team.
    Mason

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Mason:
    Basically you are right: since the conversion of electric energy into heat has a COP that equals almost 100%, the SKL would make obsolete the SK.
    But the SK is a working product, while the SKL is still a prototype on course of R&D.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    can you tell us how is gone the Ecat SKL during these days?

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We are working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. Mark U

    Dear Andrea,

    I recall your excitement as the QuarkX was developed even while you were engaged in the Doral test. What made the QuarkX qualitatively different, it seemed to me, was the focus on plasma phenomena. This has continued into the Ecat SK and now Ecat SKL. Yet your previous Ecats like the HotCat worked, without seeming attention to plasma phenomena. So I have four questions which display my ignorance.
    1) In your opinion, was plasma in the vicinity of the (pre QuarkX) old Ecat fuel wafer critical for its operation?
    2) Is it fair to say with the Ecat SK/SKL that the plasma affects reactions in the solid fuel wafer, and the solid fuel wafer affects reactions in the plasma, in a feedback mechanism?
    3) Does the energy producing reaction(s) in the Ecat SKL occur in the fuel wafer or the plasma or both (perhaps increasingly so in the plasma of the SK and SKL)?
    4) Does the plasma somehow serve to offload thermal stresses from the fuel wafer?

    You may not be free to answer some of these, but in any case, thank you in advance!
    Mark

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Mark U:
    I am sorry, I cannot answer your questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Prof

    @Mike Phalen and Andrea Rossi:
    Mike Phalen: splendid idea !
    Andrea: will you answer if some questions will arrive here from the group of study of your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ?
    Prof

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. CC

    @Frank Acland:
    Andrea has put a distinction between a product and a prototype: in section R&D he includes every activity before a specific product is for sale, and clearly the Ecat SKL is not yet for sale, therefore in the concept of Andrea it is a prototype. This does not forbid agreements related to prototypes still in the R&D phase.
    By the way: congrats for your excellent blog http://www.e-catworld.com , undisputably the best among the blogs that deal with the matter of LENR.
    CC

  220. Hi Dr. Rossi,

    I’ve decided to organize a recorded, round table Skype call with 4 or 5 of the 84,000 scientists who have read your paper on ResearchGate.org. I’m curious to know what all the excitement is about from the scientists’ perspective. 
    The subjects I’d like the scientists to discuss during the meeting are: 

       1. Their overall opinion of the paper
    2. The accuracy of the concepts and math in the paper
    3. An explanation of the paper in terms that can be understood by non-physicists

    To your readers: I am looking for highly qualified scientists who have an account on ResearchGate.org that have read and understand Dr. Rossi’s paper: E-Cat SK and long-range particle interactions. More details and contact information are in this new video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-RZGsAyvxg.

    I have put a link to this new video at the beginning of my video: “Summary of Andrea Rossi’s E cat The Mother Of All Black Swan Events” at https://theRossiEffect.org. I've determined that approximately 25% of the viewers of the Black Swan video are scientists with accounts on ResearchGate.

    Good luck with the current tests, Mike

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Phalen:
    Very well.
    I thank everybody that read my paper and I am honoured of this discussion you organized.
    Get fun !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you explain the current situation a little for us? You say you have signed many contracts, yet you say the E-Cat is still a prototype.

    Could clarify what’s going on?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I signed contracts and, yes, the Ecat SKL is still at a prototypal state, otherwise it would be already for sale.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Bedy

    Dr Rossi;
    Congratulations for the stunning numbers of readers, recommendations of your immense paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    It is the most read publication of nuclear physics of the last two years.
    Bedy

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    I am stunned too.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Carlos

    @Christopher Calder:
    Very interesting link, thank you
    Carlos

  227. LilyLover

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Although I think I know the answer to this question in my heart, I want to ask it for the benefit of others and for reaffirmation of my beliefs.

    Q1. Are you doing your best to make sure that the E-Cat SKL will remain too unprofitable to reverse engineer?

    Other “mini”-questions:
    Q2. 10% to 15% profiteering is expectable at each level of supply chain. Are you taking any steps to make sure that Monopolies do not emerge that’ll escalate the Cat-Costs to 500% of material+manufacture+distribution+servicing costs?
    Q3. Are you taking reasonable efforts to make sure that the “good faith giant corporations” of the World with whom you are partnering with, will not have any opportunity to profit from assassinating you?
    Q4. I think I blindly fell in love with your personality the moment I learned about your World record in the juniores 24 hours of running. That was the first signal from you to you about your toughness. Including the success of SKL (I know you’ll be too modest and say that the success hasn’t happened yet, but hypothetically speaking, assuming SKL performs great), what are the other three proudest accomplishments of your life, as YOU see those?
    Q5. In your opinion, which three fields will show most resilience and early adoption of SKL, most successfully? — robotic automation, food production (desalination/vertical-farming), wireless (grid-free) World, rarification of population density (far-away living), etc.
    I hope and desire an answer in the form of your personal feeling disregarding my suggestions put forth in the question. Say, field 1, field 2, and field 3.

    Much obliged,

    Love, respect and well wishes.

    Sincerely,
    LilyLover

  228. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover:
    Q1. We are doing our best
    Q2. Yes
    Q3. I am in contact with good people
    Q4. The best accomplishments are those that I did not achieve yet
    Q5. Etc.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    “Microwave Air Plasma Thruster: Fossil Fuel-Free Jet Propulsion”
    https://scitechdaily.com/microwave-air-plasma-thruster-fossil-fuel-free-jet-propulsion/

    They claim they can now produce an efficient jet engine that requires only electrical input. Perhaps it could be a good match for your new device.

    Christopher

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Christopher Calder:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Franco Gualtieri

    Dear Andrea,
    Did you see this video of Mike Phalen ?
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-RZGsAyvxg&feature=youtu.be
    Per aspera ad astra !
    Franco

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Franco Gualtieri:
    Thank you for the video,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Sven

    Dear Andrea,
    I think you and the readers of this blog will be very interested to read this important video of Zach Vorhies published on Youtube: it contains important information about E-Catworld: by the way, this video got almost 200 000 views in less than a month:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gs56eqTT9mc&feature=youtu.be
    Best,
    Sven

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Svein H. Vormedal

    Dear Andrea.
    Thank you for taking care of my name and thereby all your readers and yourself.
    Best regards: Svein H. Vormedal.

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Svein H. Vormedal:
    You are very welcome: it is my duty to defend our beloved Readers from the trolls. I think we fixed the problem.
    Anyway, everybody had understood that the comment of the impostor was not from you. We all thought he was an omonymous, which is not a fault per se, but your reaction pressed me to go through the issue, to defend you and others…and we found the idiot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Messaggio personale, se credi censura.

    Caro Andrea.
    per spostamenti da Stato a Stato,consiglio
    ci consultare il sito

    https://openupforbusiness.com/

    Forse può esserti utile.
    Sempre calorosi saluti ed auguri
    Gian

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Silent Majority Guy

    @Raphael:
    I totally agree with you,
    SMG

  240. Svein H. Vormedal

    Chuck Davis
    The organization you mention does not know the significant difference between producing and storing energy. Other sides of this picture as the difference between power-needs and energy-needs, are even more unknown to them.
    The value of their insight here is zero. Selling knowledge of this field is then, just as dishonest as using someone else’s identity.
    Regards: Svein H. Vormedal

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Svein H. Vormedal:
    We have unmasked the impostor that has used your name to send a comment that I would define differently intelligent and that clearly was not yours.
    After your reaction, I too reacted and our specialist has made a search and discovered the real source of that comment, falsely signed with your name. He is not an omonimous of you, he is a troll that years since tries to disturb our work, with no avail at all.
    Anyway, from now on all the comments arriving from that source will be automatically eliminated by our robot. The same imbecile has tried to remake the same thing few days ago again with your name and also with other names of our Readers.
    I am not making public his real name, because, from my point of view, the imbeciles do not merit a name.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Raphael

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Considering that the flights between Countries will be possible not before the end of the year and the difficulties of movements caused by the Covid 19, I suppose it will be a sort of a miracle if you will be able to present the Ecat SKL within this year. I also think it is not convenient for you to make the presentation before the tsunami of the corona virus will be gone for good.
    By the way : how are going on your tests with the SKL ?
    All the best,
    Raphael

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    We are doing the best we can, we’ll see how the restrictions will evolve. In the meantime, our tests are going well, but the tests made independently by others are still impossible. We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Data taken from
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/3306o1653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    You reached the following record-smashing numbers:
    Full Readings: 47049
    Recommendations: 2203
    Citations: 20
    Total Research Interest index: 658.9
    Congratulations !
    Prof

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    A new method of manufacturing fertilizer has been developed using electricity instead of heat to produce ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen. Currently the heat method requires huge centralized fertilizer production. The electic method would allow poor farmers in remote locations to produce their own fertilizer IF they had access to affordable electric power. Maybe the E-Cat SKL could fill that void.
    https://phys.org/news/2020-02-green-ammonia-slash-farm-emissions.html
    Best Regards,
    Iggy

  247. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  248. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is a comment from E-Cat World today:

    “Perhaps the SKL should licensed as a component and allow those who integrate it to clear their own issues, developing a wider set of methodologies for quality deployment. This would get many great design engineers into the mix.”

    What do you think of this approach?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is an intelligent approach.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.