Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2018-10-21 12:40:08.153508Z

  1. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Any French citizen can sensitize our leaders on a subject that is close to his heart by email. Now your project will take another important step on January 31st.
    I think our Minister of Ecological Transition might be interested in your wonderful work.

    Do you allow me to point out to this minister that you will be demonstrating your LENR plant on January 31 and that he will be able to ask you questions?

    Better health and all the better for your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Of course!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Kurt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Your decision to make only the internet streaming makes sense: you have a billion potential clients, to add or not to add several tens of persons in a conference room is irrelevant.
    Godspeed,
    Kurt

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Point taken.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    About your answer to Brokeeper: it makes perfectly sense. In direct streaming we will see the same videos we could see attending a conference in a room and put the same questions we would put in a conference room.
    All the best,
    JPR

  6. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Thank you, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Perhaps I should have qualified my question. Those mentioned previously, are any invited to attend personally at the presentation site or are you saying it is not necessary for anyone, including those mentioned, to attend onsite since observation and Q&A are the same for all? In other words, are the invites to the presentation cancelled since it is made ‘only’ in internet by live stream? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Personal attendance will be useless, because we will show in internet videos of the Ecat SK in operation and we will answer publicly all the questions we will receive from the attendants in internet. Since we found serious problems to get authorization to put in operation the Ecat SK in a conference room, we have to show it by a video, which makes useless to organize a convention in a conference room. We decided to go only on internet for this reason. There is nothing that we could do in a conference room that we cannot do in internet by direct streaming and everything will be easier and faster.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    That is great news about the January 31, 2019 industrial kickoff presentation.
    Besides corporation representatives, will you plan to have any of the following attend:
    1. Major media network representatives?
    2. Military representatives/officials?
    3. US Governmental officials?
    4. Non-US Government officials?
    Best wishes on your preparations and future success!
    Brokeeper

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Everybody that is interested to our presentation will be free to attend, because the presentation will be made only in internet by live stream.
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Wilfried Babelotzky, Andrea Rossi:
    The NERVA-2 fission rocket engine (http://www.astronautix.com/n/nerva2engine.html) had 7 GW thermal power and weighed 11 tonnes, thus giving a 600 kW/kg power density. It was not flown, but was successfully tested on ground. Its planned burning time was 20 minutes, thus the energy density was 0.7 GJ/kg. If the E-cat could reach a power density of one megawatt per kilogram or a little less, then it might be eventually possible to use it for launch vehicle applications.
    regards, /pekka

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Osvaldo Marchetti

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Is graphene used in the Ecat?

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Osvaldo Marchetti:
    I cannot give information in positive or in negative about this issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    as you confirmed that LENR could drive a blast steel furnace, could also a LENR rocket motor be built? Hydrogen burns at a max temperature of 3 000 Celsius degrees, the Ecat SK reaches much higher temperatures.
    Kind regards,
    Wilfried Babelotzky

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I am not able to answer, I do not know rocket engines.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You have posted today that you will make a presentation on January 31, 2019 via internet streaming. Will this be a live event, or will it be a recording?

    What can we expect to see in this event?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  18. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for asking.
    It will be a live event and the public will be able to put questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  19. Santos Fajen

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you aware of the fact that Nissan has replicated your effect?

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Santos Fajen:
    I read something indirectly, but I didn’t find any publication about it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. CC

    Do you laready have a date for the presentation of the industrialized SK you will use to sell heat?
    Best Regards,
    CC

  22. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    January 31st, and it will be only by internet streaming.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. José Cruz

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Again about the demonstration of Stockholm with the Ecat QX: I noticed that the plasma was not continue, there were several seconds on, several seconds off. Why?
    Cheers
    José

  24. Andrea Rossi

    José Cruz:
    To limit the temperature, because the control system at that time has overheating problems. Now those problems have been resolved anf the QX can work above 1 kW of power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrick:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Patrick Mckinley

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In the video on Youtube “Ecat QX presentation in Stockholm November 24 2017” you measured the electricity consumed correctly along the cable that connects the control panel to the Ecat. Is the COP >1 even if the electricity consumed is measured between the outlet of the grid and the control system?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick McKinley:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    As your plan is selling heat, the possibility of storing thermal energy is of important.
    pls se https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CD81XOKswTA
    Regards: Svein Henrik

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Replay:
    Interesting suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Rey Bresett

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you think you will work out the theory also with Prof Vassallo?

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Rey Bresett:
    I studied well his paper and it contains important suggestions that I think are contingent with the lecture presented in Stockholm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    What would really be useful is a “eCat-powered battery” that only needed to be cooled and provided a large amount of power continuously over a 6 month period. Then the user ships it back for refueling, after you have shipped out a replacement. Say, in the 10 – 100 kW power range? When can I order one? LOL.

  33. Alfonso

    Dear Andrea:
    With the COP of the SK do you think desalination is competitive?

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Alfonso:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Anonymous

    Do you think the SK coul be useful in the candy production process?

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, this is a sector where heat is needed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. arjen

    another industry that could be very interested is the 3d metal printing industry
    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604088/the-3-d-printer-that-could-finally-change-manufacturing/
    maybe contact the leaders of that industry…

    success

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Steven N. Karels

    Chuck Davis,

    Imagine how smooth and quiet the Velocity would be with an eCat-powered electric motor. Velocity is an excellent choice with itsrear propeller. It would be a dream to fly.

    Steve

  40. steve swatman

    It struck me that an industry that could readily make use of the Ecat’s heat generation would be the alcohol industry, they use a lot of heat in most processes.

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Steve Swatman:
    Yes, distillation processes could find help with the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the COP of the Ecat QX and the Ecat SK the same?

  43. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Moreless, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Chuck Davis

    @Steven N. Karels:
    We are on the same wavelength!
    I had kitplanes in my mind in my comment, specifically the Velocity kitplane. But I was thinking of an electric motor supplied with electricity from the Ecat for all phases of flight; the power train would be sized to provide sufficient power for the take off with max load.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  45. Vivienne

    Dear Andrea
    So you think that the domestic Ecat will be based upon the structure of the QX, not of the SK?

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Vivienne:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. Steven N. Karels

    Pekka Janhunen ,

    I appreciate your post but I believe the logic is reversed. The power utilization for a conventional aircraft is highest during the initial climb to cruising altitude. The power needed at altitude is minimal – not changing altitude plus thinner air so less air resistance. So a constant power source, such as an eCat-based motor would be best served for the cruise mode. The supplemental onboard conventional fuel mode would only be required for take-off and, if the pilot had a “missed approach”, the power needed to go around and attempt another landing(s).

    This would mean the only conventional fuel onboard would be required for take-off and, as needed, a number of “go arounds”.

    The alternative would be a sufficiently large onboard eCat-based generation to eliminate the conventional fuel items (motor, fuel tanks, and fuel). A trade-off problem for future engineers.

  48. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I generally agree that an eCat-based engine certified for aeronautical use is a decade or two away. However, there are specialty applications that might be able to use it:

    a. unmanned drones, especially large, long-duration applications – think 6 months of continuous flight.

    b. Experimental aircraft – these unique, one-of-a-kind applications have used non-certified automobile engines for aircraft powerplants.

    c. Specialty applications – long duration flights – over the oceans or sparsely inhabited areas like deserts or jungles, where an aircraft falling out of the sky does little property damage or is a mall threat to human life.

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you ever read the book by Kenneth Shoulders entitled, “EV – A Tale of Discovery”?

  51. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for the information: I’ll take a look.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Dear Andrea Rossi
    Concerning what Chuck Davis wrote. Hybrid aeroplanes are at planning stage. Similar to hybrid cars, they would use electric motors for takeoff and landing, and normal fuel for the cruise. The benefit is more silent takeoff, and also better fuel economy because the normal engines can be dimensioned for the cruise, no need to dimension them for the takeoff. The E-cat would plug in rather nicely in this picture. No need to have a thrust-producing E-cat jet engine, enough to be able to make electricity with E-cats onboard the aircraft. The number of generators can be much more than one, so that if one fails, plane still works. Furthermore, should all the E-cats suddenly fail (I don’t know how), plane can still land because has electric power enough for short flight and landing stored in batteries.

    That said, I strongly think that it is the right thing for you to concentrate on heat and electricity production on ground, at this moment. The customer does what he wants with the heat, and at some future day the customer might be also an aviation company.

    Best regards, /pekka

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Yes, I agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    I’m now firmly convinced that the primary fundamental mechanism of LENR is the production of electrically charged EVOs and the emission of magnetically charged (electrically neutral) strange radiation particles — which are perhaps fragments of Ultra Dense Hydrogen — during their decomposition. The production of EVOs/SR can take place in the lattice of a metal hydride when fracto-emission takes place, on the surface of an LENR fuel when surface plasmon polaritons produce intense electric fields upon encountering cracks or protrusions, or in a hydrogen plasma (enhanced dramatically when additions of catalytic elements like argon, helium, atomized lithium, atomized strontium, or other elements are added). By adding common sense enhancements to the above systems, the production of EVOs and SR can be enhanced dramatically. Moreover, the use of “cats” or secondary layers of fuel around the innermost reactor or “magnetic mirror” configurations to magnetically trap the EVOs/SR can make sure that none of these active agents escape into the environment.

    I’m really excited about the future!

  55. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    if it is possible to start the Ecat with a battery, then I believe that the time to make aeronautical applications will be shorter.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis,
    It is possible to start the Ecat QX and SK by means of a battery, but I am afraid that this has nothing to do with the time necessary for aeronautical applications. I do not think I will see any application of the genre during my lifetime. Generation of heat and of electricity, this is the focus.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Vittorio

    Dr Rossi:
    In the video ‘YouTube Ecat QX demo of November 24 in Stockholm’ we can see a very low consume of electric energy.
    Now that the Ecat QX has a power over 1kW is the COP the same?

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Vittorio:
    Yes, the COP has not changed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    I ment that because you are testing a gasturbine I wonder if E-catSK is placed in a modyfied combuster, instead of ordinary fuel nozzle, and if a motor like that can fit in comercial aircrafts to avoid lots of tons of fuel.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I think that aeronautic applications are very far from now, but the application to turbines to make electricity or heat is close.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you give us an update on the commercialization status of the E-Cat. What should we expect to see over the coming weeks and months?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    At the end of January we will present our service based on the sale of heat made by the industrialized Ecat.
    This is all I can say right now.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    You have mentioned that you are testing gasturbines.
    The only thing I know about gasturbines is that the air is compressed to about 20 bar. Thereafter is the air heated by for example E-catSK and is expanded lineary with the temperature increase before it meets the outlet turbine.
    This must be ideal for comercial airplanes, there you will lose lots of tons of fuel, more cheap and eco-friendly.
    Am I right or did I misunderstand, or would E-catSK take to big space with the high effect needed? Or is the control current for E-catSK to high?
    I wish you good luck with your production and tests.
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    I did not understand exactly your questions: can you rephrase?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    This is a more detailed presentation of Andrea Calaon’s theory.
    https://lenr-calaon-explanation.weebly.com/uploads/1/3/1/6/13166465/electron_mediated_nuclear_reactions.pdf
    Kind regards, Gerard

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Peter

    dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your answer to the banana-monkey of the Rock and Trolls was past due.
    We totally agree,
    Peter

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Leslie

    I think that a synthesis of the theoretic hints of the Stockholm presentation and the ideas in the paper of Giorgio Vassallo can be promising.
    Do you agree?

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Leslie:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  72. Laurel

    Dr Rossi,
    Is it possible to recover in full all the heat dissipated in the control box?

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Laurel:
    Yes. It can be used to preheat the fluid.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I read with great interest your comment to the paper: “Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, published on September 30 2018 by Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso, finally a solid explanation of the enormous excess of heat that everybody can understand.
    I remember that in january and december 2015 “a lume di naso” (by the light of the nose) hehehe, a small lamp lighted itself in my head about the possible role of antimatter, (even if now we speak of virtual particles), and I posted it twice on this blog.
    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Jean

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you still convinced that all these anomalous hurricanes, destructive rains, climate change are not due to human activities?
    Thanks if you can tell us your updated opinion aboout this issue,
    Jean

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Jean:
    Yes, I am still convinced of this, because here is nothing anomalous, if we consider millions of years, not hundreds of years. Nonetheless, I think that human activities can worsen the situations locally. Anyway, it is useful to alarm mankind so that the environment can be improved: like to say that uncorrect statements can trigger correct behavior. Obviously, my opinion can be wrong, as always.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Kim

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you indicate the core point of the article of Professors Vassallo and Di Tommaso?
    Cheers
    Kim

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Kim:
    the possibility that as a consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect , a rapid, collective and simultaneous variation of the Zitterbewegung phase catalyzes the creation of coherent systems like those described by H.E. Puthoff ( Charge Confinement by Casimir Forces, arXiv:physics/0408114, 2004 ): laboratory observation of high-density filamentation or clustering of electronic charge suggests that under certain conditions strong Coulomb repulsion can be overcome by cohesive forces as yet imprecisely defined.
    This could catalize the formation of virtual particles and antiparticles with the same temperature of the core of the Ecat reactors and the subsequent annihilation that, with such masses, cannot generate high energy ionizing radiations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Don Bicksler

    The short video of 6 minutes resuming the demo of the Ecat QX at Stockholm, whose link is in the NEWS section of http://www.ecat.com is a masterpiece: in 6 min explains all the topics of the 3 hours full video. Very well done, thanks,
    Don

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Don Bicksler:
    Thank you. The link can be found also on Youtube “6 minutes video of the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm Nov 24 2017”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Walter P Christmas

    Dear Andrea,

    You may not be able to answer this, but given what you know about Carnot & genset efficiency, etc.:

    – if you had a customer who was interested in using the heat you provide to generate electricity, do you think they could produce it at a kWh cost that was competitive with current electricity rates (roughly 10 to 13 cents per kWh)?

    Thanks, WaltC

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Walter P. Christmas:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Gale

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I found on “youtube Ecat QX demonstration in Stockholm” the demo you made with the Ecat QX, which is very well done and convincing. Did that Ecat QX we can see in the video have an evolution? If yes, can you explain?
    Cheers
    Gale

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Gale:
    Yes, the same Ecat QX, as you saw it on youtube ( the video can be found also in http://www.ecat.com ), today has a power over 1 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Nichole

    Thanks for your interesting article. Here is another issue you never treated.
    Other thing is that mesothelioma cancer is generally brought on by the breathing of material from asbestos, which is a very toxic material. It truly is commonly noticed among individuals in the structure industry with long experience of asbestos. It can be caused by moving into asbestos covered buildings for an extended time of time, Genes plays a crucial role, and some folks are more vulnerable on the risk than others.
    Now: do you use asbesto in any form in your Ecats?

  88. Andrea Rossi

    Nichole:
    Absolutely not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  89. Jackye

    Some rock and troll guy says the lecture of Gullstrom is not worth to be read.
    Comments?

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Jackye:
    Obviously he is right: would you have anything to complain about similar behavior if a monkey, expecting from you a banana, receives instead a copy of the Divina Commedia of Dante Alighieri? Most of the Rock and Trolls are dropouts from high school, paid to make false information. Never mind. Intelligent persons understand when they are reading a matter they do not know ( we all are ignorant, the difference between us is that we are ignorant of different matters ), but, on the contrary, imbeciles and intellectual prostitutes behave like the Rock and Trolls. Never mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Maybe I was not clear in my previous question. I did’n want you to explain details of the nuclear reaction, but basically I just asked you if you could confirm if the loss of nuclear mass of the fuel equates to the energy production of the E-cat.
    If you do not want to publish that detail either, please say so.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    The answer is probably yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Reading the paper “Electron structure, Ultra-dense Hydrogen and LENR ” of Antonino Di Tommaso and Giorgio Vassallo of the University of Palermo-Italy, I remembered a piece of Andrea Calaon, also mentioning the Zitterbewegung of electrons. I couldn’t find his paper, but here is a reference to a discussion in 2015 of Calaon:
    http://disq.us/url?url=http%3A%2F%2Fe-catworld.com%2F2015%2F05%2F19%2Fthe-basics-of-cold-fusion-response-to-axil-axil-andrea-calaon%2F%3A8Nt1ddeRxUQaw03Lr4nr3da9_Ro&cuid=2168707
    I am not sure they they can be compared.
    Just a question: You/Prof. Cook/Gullstom must have studied the nuclear composition of both fuel and ash. Can you, based on the changes in nuclear composition between the two, explain the experienced excess heat of the E-cats?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your link.
    The study of the ashes of fuel is confidential and I am not going to give more information after the information already has been given.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Sydney Johnston

    Dr Vitalky Uzikov and Irina Uzikova:
    Thank you for your answer.
    I understand you are a specialist in the upgrade and maintenance of nuclear power plants in Russia. Thank you for sharing with us your knowledge.
    Cheers
    Sydney

  96. Isaac

    When you compare the COP measured by the Wien and the Boltzmann equations with the calorimeter made across a heat exchanger do they correspond?

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Isaac:
    Moreless yes. Obviously the measurements with the spectrometer using the Wien and Boltzmann equations are more precise, because based upon constants of laws, not on devices that can have relevant errors, like heat exchangers and pipings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Ruslan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I watched the video with the lecture of Carl-Oscar Gullstrom presented on Nov 24 during the Ecat QX demo in Stockholm. I found the link to it in http://www.ecat.com.
    He is a researcher of the faculty of Physics of the University of Uppsala, I knew he is making his PhD, and you are in Miami: how can you work together across the Atlantic Ocean and reach the impressive scientific level of the paper you published? By the way, congratulations for your theoretical research, it looks quite promising and surely is very advanced.
    Best Regards,
    Ruslan

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Ruslan:
    We work on Skype and through email, but also he comes when necessary to Miami to make the experiments. He is very youung, but very prepared and has theoretical bases extremely solid, made in the University of Uppsala, where, as you write, he is making his PhD. In November we will make an important work, related to the paper we wrote. We are working also on the same subject with a Prof of Physics that prefers not to be cited, who teaches Physics in a prestigious University.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Sydney!

    Sorry for the late reply. There are power reactors with natural circulation (for example, there is a VK-50 reactor in Dimitrovgrad), and research reactors with natural circulation, for example, there is an IR-100 reactor in Sevastopol. However, their cooling system is not completely passive, since for heat removal it is necessary to use systems with circulation pumps that depend on power supply. The proposed cooling systems are primarily for use in research reactors and are designed to reduce the cost of reactor installations and to increase their safety and reliability, which will enable their wider application. If you are interested in any technical details, you can contact directly by mail uzikov62@mail.ru and we will be happy to answer specific questions.

    With respect, Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  102. domenico canino

    dear Andrea,
    did Giorgio Vassallo test an e-cat before writing on LENR?
    thanks if you can answer;
    regards

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    No; he attended our test made in Stockholm on November 14th 2017.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. CC

    Thank you for the link to the interesting paper of Di Tommaso and Vassallo.
    Do you think it is conciliable with the work of you and Gullstrom we saw in the video of the Stockholm lecture of Gullstrom?
    CC

  105. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I think so. This paper is as genial as simple.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. davide

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    What do you think is the best way to measure the power of a plasma reactor like the Ecat SK?
    Davide

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Davide:
    If the temperature is in the order of electronvolts the sole possible way is to use spectrometry , make T= 2900/Lambda,to get the T in K.
    Then use the equation of Boltzmann: T ( Celsius )^4 * Sigma * S (m^2) * Epsilon. This method is based on constants, therefore is very precise, not depending on conventional measuring systems. It depends only on numbers and there is not margin of errors due to phenomenological effects like, for example, efficiency, heat loss, etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I have read today this very interesting paper: “Electron Structure, Ultra-Dense Hydrogen and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”, published on September 30 2018 by Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso ( Università Degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Energy, Information Engineering and Mathematical Models ) and by Giorgio Vassallo ( Università degli Studi di Palermo, Department of Industrial and Digital Innovation ).
    Here are elements that can help the theory we are working on: Zitterbewegung of electrons that obey the Dirac equation when in rapid motion can act as catalizers of virtual particles and antiparticles when the T of the field reaches their mass.
    Here is the link of this very interesting paper:
    http://vixra.org/pdf/1809.0575v1.pdf
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. R.R.

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the combustion room of the Ecat SK similar to a combustion room of a gas turbine?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Roberto

  110. Andrea Rossi

    R.R.:
    I have taken the design of a gas turbine as a model, obviously with due modifications,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Jim

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am a high school student.
    Is it correct to say that fundamental forces in nuclear physics are gravity and electromagnetic interactions?
    Thank you,
    Jim

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Jim:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. VSG

    Today I bet 100 Euro that in January there will be no presentation at all.
    I will win 200 Euro!
    Thank you,
    Very Sceptic Guy

  114. Andrea Rossi

    VSG:
    Good luck,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I designed, built and installed four village water purification system in Guatemala a few years ago as a trial project. Perhaps the eCat SK could be adapted to support the need for potable water?

    In many places, there is water but it is contaminated with pathogens (protozoa, bacteria and viruses). These pathogens are sensitive to 260 – 270 nm UV light – it causes them to be unable to reproduce.

    If a system was designed to filter town water to about 5 micron particular size and then expose the water to intense UV radiation, the result would be potable water (drinkable).

    The problem with my system was it was limited to about one gallon per minute and used a 6W UV lamp. an eCat SK could be scaled up to provide drinkable water at a rate to supply water to an entire town.

    Note: You don’t need to boil the water, just illuminate with the short wavelength UV for a long enough period of time, typically a few seconds to treat the water.

    Thoughts?

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting.
    Merits to be studied upon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    No, I meant the cleanup of radioactive waste from other sources.
    If the formation of resonances can help to change neutrons into protons and vice-versa, then the effect in the E-Cat may be able help and speed up the decay of hazardous substances.
    Reasonable, resonant regards,
    Koen

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Sorry, but the question of the Reader was purely theoretical and had nothing to do with the Ecat, as well as my answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to read comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    from your answer to Roy, may I understand that the scientific team is nearing a solution for neutralizing radioactive materials ?
    Kind Regards,
    Koen.

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    I think you have to read again my answer to Roy. It has nothing to do with your comment.
    Anyway: the radiations inside the Ecat are thermalized.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Sydney Johnston

    Dear Dr Vitaly Uzokov and Irina Uzikov:
    Very interesting paper. Has this cooling system been already applied in nuclear power plants under your direction or control? If yes, did you report any trouble?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    S.J.

  123. Roy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read that the Higgs boson gives charge only to the force carrying Bosons of the weak forces and the electrically charged Fermions: what about neutrons? They have mass too!
    Thanks for the answer,
    Roy

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Roy
    To make it short:
    Elementary particles show up as particle multiplets, and proton-neutron compose the most known multiplet.
    Proton and neutron are two different isotopic quantic status of the same particle.
    Basically, the mechanism is that by interaction with the weak forces a proton spits out a W+ and turns into a neutron that eventually spits out a W- and is turned into a proton. The energy conservation law- apparently barring these interactions- is respected because these interactions pass through the formation of resonances.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Britt Horak:
    I’d say 99%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it continuing your collaboration with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom for the theory of the Roaai Effect?
    Cheers
    Nat

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes. We are preparing the tools for an important experiment that will be performed at the beginning of November.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Britt Horack

    Is your presentation of the industrialized Ecat in January 2019 100% sure?

  129. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Your customer will turn some of the heat into electricity with the 40 MW boiler you will install.

    Can you tell us what electric power is he hoping to get with this plant?

    Thank you if you can answer
    Better health and the better for the work of your team
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    We will supply heat. What the Customer will do with our heat is his business.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Are you sure that coupling the Ecat SK in a genset the efficiency will be high?

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    It should be, due to the expected COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Szymon Blachuta

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    in your patent (US 9,115,913 B1) there is a mention of radiation shield.
    Does the reaction emit some radiation?
    If no, as you mentioned earlier, why radiation shield in the apparatus?
    Thanks for answer.
    My best to you and your Team.
    Kind Regards,
    Szymon

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Good question.
    You must make a distinction between reaction and reactor. I said the reactor does not emit radiations beyond the margin of error of the measurement system.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    thank you for your polite response. IMO, you and your team will succeed and the SK’s maximum power rating will be far higher than can currently be shared in a guess.

    I can only speculate about the challenge you and your mystery partner face: engineer a means to maximize the rapid extraction and constructive use of the massive energy flow from the LENR plasma before the “unutilized unchanneled” outflow exceeds critical thresholds, thereby triggering destructive processes that degrade/destroy the specialized hardware in a fully integrated, balanced, and durable LENR turbine. And to do so at greater and greater power levels suitable for an industrial scale.

    Certainly, you have already succeeded and will continue to do so.

    My best,
    Buck

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, to harness the heat exchange is not easy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What happens to a proton as it approaches the speed of light? In few, simple words, without equations, is it possible?

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Try this: assuming it is initially like a sphere, it gets like a disk with the axis parallel to the line of motion and would become old later. Much later.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Mida Riva

    Buongiorno, mi chiamo Mida Riva e sto cercando di realizzare un mini documentario sul dispositivo Ecat, vorrei pertanto chiederle se fosse disponibile a realizzare un video nel quale dovrebbe rispondere ad alcune domande:

    1 Ecat stiamo parlando di fusione fredda o di qualcos’altro?
    2 Qual’è il combustibile dell’Ecat?
    3 L’Ecat viola le leggi della termodinamica ?
    4 La fisica dell’Ecat e le sue applicazioni future

    inoltre ci sono dispositivi in funzione in questo momento che possono essere filmati? Se si dove. Grazie per la sua disponibilità.

    English version:

    Hello, my name is Mida Riva and I’m trying to make a mini documentary on the Ecat device, so I would like to ask you if it’s available to make a video in which you should answer some questions:

    1 Ecat: are we talking about cold fusion or something else?
    2 What is the Ecat fuel?
    3 Does Ecat violate the laws of thermodynamics?
    4 The physics of Ecat and its future applications

    also there are devices in operation right now that can be filmed? If you where. Thanks for your time.

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Mida Riva:
    I won’t release interviews before the presentation we will make in January, but I can answer to your questions here:
    1- we are talking of LENR
    2- see our US patent US 9,115,913 B1 ( just google “patent US 9,115,913 B1” )
    3- obviously not ( it would should it work with electron’s energy quantum status )
    4- about the physics, see our US patent above, about future applications: any wherein heat is utilized
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Alexander Parkhomov et al. have found “strange radiation” during their LENR experiments as described here:

    http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf

    Can you tell us if you’ve ever found something similar during your research and development?

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative for issues related to what happens inside the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. riccardo pompili

    Dear Andrea Rossi, I’m following you for the last 10 years, step by step, little progress to little progress, I’m really impressed by what you are achieving and proud of you as Italian and as human being. I’m living in Ireland since 2008 and I’m spreading the news about what you are doing. Here many people I have spoken to, are very keen about the e-cat and its impact on our lives and interested in getting one of your reactor. We are a small group so far, but I guess we can get more people involved if we have more practical information about what will be the e-cat on sale or on rent.
    I guess that the domestic device is still far away for Safety reason, but I hope the industrial reactor you are going to put on the market would be manageable enough to suit small house compounds, apartment blocks or small businesses.
    So here few questions (even if they may come too early):

    1- How big will be the e-cat you are going to rent/sell? (power/size)

    2- Can you give us, even privately, and idea (even vague) of costs of installation, transport, maintenance, rent or sale?

    3- Should we have to contact Hydro fusion in our territory for commercial issues?

    4- How will works the relation between us the customers and your company? (managing, servicing, payments etc.)

    5- I have already asked with an e-mail to the Leonardo Corporation (if I remember well) to be a possible buyer of your device few years ago, is that implies any priority for us?

    Ireland is small Country at the periphery of the Empire, as to say, but Irish People have pioneer spirit and like to walk into unknown lands, moreover where I live, West Cork, is a place full of skilled people with a strong feeling of independence who will fully appreciates the value of what you are doing.

    I wish you all the best

    Riccardo

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Riccardo Pompili:
    Thank you for your kind sustain.
    Answers:
    1- we are not going to rent or sell the Ecats, we are going to sell the heat, for the moment only to industrial concerns, in the measure requested by the Clients
    2- this issue depend on the specifics of the contract and are related only to the sale of heat
    3- yes
    4- same as in the point 2
    5- yes, when we will decide to sell the Ecats
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    Optimism and your past performance guides me to say the following even though I am not an engineer.

    Given your recent statement “we are looking for the highest energies” in the enhanced SK testing, my optimism pushes an estimate that the new testing for the enhanced SK to greater than 100kW, bordering on 500 to 1000kW.

    Given the previous reported results of COP in the hundreds, I don’t see 500 – 1000kW as being too far fetched. Further, I do see the mysterious Partner with R&D expertise on gas turbines as strongly favoring this progression of power deployed in a ground-up redesign of a LENR “fired” turbine. In addition, it is important to keep in mind your recent praise for a newly redesigned heat-exchange superstructure that is 100% efficient; it opens the door to finding a new higher limit to how quickly the heat can be extracted from a 500-1000kW heat source. Does it stay ahead of the curve? How far ahead?

    I think this line of logic holds and leads to a reasonable consequence. It points to an iterative process: Up the power of the SK. Redesign the SK reactor housing and control module. Redesign the heat-exchange superstructure to exceed the revised SK. Redesign the LENR turbine to reflect the current revisions. Test & analyze the results. Repeat the cycle and push towards the theoretical AND practical limits of a LENR energy source, or as you have said “we are looking for the highest energies”.

    I would love to know how far you can take this iterative process on the appropriate CAD-CAM sort of software before you must actually build the enhanced hardware to test the predictive accuracy of the computer simulations. Also, given your visionary nature about all things LENR, and given your current understanding of LENR and the SK reactor, what is your current guess as to a maximum power rating for the SK? 1MW, 10MW, 50MW? Higher?

    As always, my best to you, your wife, and your team.
    Sincerely,
    Buck

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    The power we are looking for is high.
    I prefer not to give numbers, but surely higher than 100 kW.
    But attention: much work has to be done.
    Best wishes also to you and your family.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Robert

    Dr Rossi
    Besides Sven Kullander, can you give the names of the scientists you worked with along the evolution line of the Ecat?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Robert

  148. Andrea Rossi

    Robert:
    The scientists I have learnt more from, after Sven Kullander, are Sergio Focardi (University of Bologna), Hanno Essen (University of Stockholm), Bo Hoistad (University of Uppsala), Giuseppe Levi (University of Bologna), Evelyn Foschi (University of Bologna), Norman Cook (University of Kyoto), Karl Tegner (University of Uppsala), Carl Oscar Gullstrom (University of Uppsala), Paul Swanson (USA), Jacques Dufour and Pierre Clauzom (IEA France); I wrote these names NOT in order of importance; surely I do not remember some of them in this moment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Sam

    Can I simply ask if you are good with hand tools?

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    I think I am skilled with the specific tools I have to work with, like the instrumentation you saw me use during the tests.
    Not particularly skilled with hand tools, but if I have to use them I do.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  151. Erasmo

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What is your sincere opinion about the work that the Russian scientist Alexander Parkhomov is making replicating your effect?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Erasmo

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Erasmo:
    As I always said, he is making a very serious work, based upon he published.
    I met in Stockholm after the demo of the Ecat QX members of the Team he works with and I think they are all working very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Interesting that you are seeking to improve the SK, I had thought you settled at 10 kW.

    1. What is the power level you are reaching in the new SK tests?
    2. Are you using a new charge?
    3. Are you using a changed control system?
    4. What power ratings will your first commercial SK modules be?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- very high
    2- no
    3- yes
    4- 10
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Italian R.:
    Thank you for this update of the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    You said you learned a lot from Scientists.
    If I remember correctly you have skills with tools.
    If this is correct can you say what tools and where
    you learned these skills.

    Regards
    Sam

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Skills and tools are a synthesis of intersubjective forces very complex to analyze in the context of their universe, as your question implies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    I hope this finds you and your team doing well in the midst of the swirl of anticipation for the upcoming January presentation. Recently, I read your response about “a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power”. Of course, this is like adding more fuel to the fire for those living in anticipation.

    You comment causes me to fall back to your first description of the power ratings for the SK product line: 10kW and 100kW.

    So, the question is: is this blog post using the 10kW as the starting point for “a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power” or the 100kW?

    Caution says the 10kW reactor as it has been the focus here and on your blog for many months. Optimism says the 100kW given that it already has a 10x factor over the 10kW reactor and has been in some form of undefined testing per your comments from many months ago.

    Was your blog post starting from a point of caution or optimism?

    Best to you, your wife, and your team.
    Sincerely,
    Buck

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    We are looking for highest energies.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Andrea Rossi

    Irka:
    Thank you!
    Yes, my wife and I play tennis every week.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andre Rossi
    Very upset health problems. I am glad that everything is over.
    Your success with SK and gas turbines is very inspiring, opening up the widest prospects.

    Today I discovered that for three years now, like me, I have been reading your blog almost daily! Almost from the first day.

    Successes you and health!
    Bow to your spouse, do you still play tennis with her on weekends?

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  162. Italo R.

    Another replication of a nickel-hydrogen LENR reactor, made by Alexander Parkhomov

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1D1-ubFakEirSThGNAr0NvR2cIMHI91Eu/view

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  163. S.

    Exxon is making a huge advertising about their R&D on the technology to obtain fuels from algae.
    Can you comment?

  164. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    It is a great thread of R&D and I think will bring to important results. As I always said, all the possible energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the SK a concept that was initially conceived by yourself, or is it a combination of your own expertise on the Rossi-Effect, in combination with expertises in other technology where these letters SK stand for?

    I have not responded for a long time, but I follow you patiently with all my heart and my mind. I hope your technology can make a better place for this crazy and rugged world.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    As you know, SK stays for Sven Kullander. The Ecat SK evolution has taken substantial advantage from what I learnt from him during our discussions in Uppsala and in Bologna, together with Prof Sergio Focardi and Prof Hanno Essen of the University of Stockholm.
    I am strongly indebted with “SK”. I want to say clearly that if , as it seems, the SK will work, the merit is also of Sven Kullander, but if it will fail ( which is not impossible ), the failure will be totally mine, because at the end I decided how to apply what I learnt.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Anonymous

    Are you trying to make a single Ecat SK with a power in the order of hundreds of kW? Is this the series of tests you are making now?

  168. Mirella

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The new tests on the Ecat SK will delay the presentation ?

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Mirella:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    I am happy to hear that you are feeling better, I’m sure that you were encouraged by your wife and staff these last several days. I am also enthused to hear that you are increasing the power of the SK … in view if gas-turbine like systems.

    … (does this mean perhaps “when used with the gas-turbine like systems that help to cool the SK?”)

    I hope that your knowledge of HIS creation and faith in God strengthen you in each of your days. I will keep you in my prayers too, and pray that God’s will be done.

    Your JONP comments encourage most of your readers that inspiration, dedication, and lot’s of work can have positive results, even during these sometimes troubling times.

    Warmest regards to you and to all of your team,

    Tom

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Daron Chorney

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    warning: the files put in the internet by the troll have exposed your personal email address and phone number. Maybe you didn’t realize this.
    Never give up!
    Cheers
    Daron

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Daron Chorney:
    Just Rock and Troll. Never mind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello,

    I want first of all to wish you good health and hope that the intervention is not too serious.

    Are your robots ready to produce the reactors?
    All my encouragement to your work.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your kind wishes.
    We are organizing the indistrial production as scheduled.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Maurice

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you worried of the progress made by the solar energy manufacturers? Do you think that the solar energy could overcome your effect?
    Cheers
    M.

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Maurice:
    I am not worried and, as I always said, all the possible energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea
    Congratulations with the latest achievements of the SK to a much higher power rating.
    According to: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45640706
    has China now restarted building work of hundreds of coal-fired power stations. Here is said that this new capacity is the same as the entire capacity of the US coal fleet.
    Besides the CO2-emission, these works are polluting the local environment. This in addition the possibility to by the SK heat to a 20% lower price than coal, makes this new power stations to a huge possible customer of you. As the volume of the SKs are very small, an export from US to China of the reactors may be possible. A deal with China here, may rather reduce the risk of they break your patents than to increase it.
    Regards Svein Henrik.

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Miriam

    In the file caused by the complaint of the clown we read that you had important surgery in July in Italy: can you tell us how is your health now?
    You work is so important and somebody is very worried.
    May God help you,
    Miriam

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Miriam:
    I can work with the 100% of my efficiency. This is what counts.
    Thank you for your concern!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Elvin

    What happened special until yesterday with the SK?

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Elvin:
    We are increasing the power of the SK in view if gas-turbine like systems and we are making strong progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. J

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yesterday you said today would have been made inportant experiment with the Ecat SK: can you tell something about?

  185. Andrea Rossi

    J:
    Yes, just finished.
    We have worked with a development of the Ecat SK at much higher ratings of power and the situation is very promising. In particular for high energy gas turbines.
    This a period of great work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    if I had known that in July you were in hospital in Rome, I would have come to see you. Would a Calabrese sopressata return your smile? Remember that your health is more important than the cat.
    healthy regards

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    A calabrese suppressata could have avoided the surgery.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  188. Silent Majority Guy

    Now we know that while making the Ecat SK you had also surgery: you have guts, man.
    May God always help you
    SMG

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Silent Majority Guy:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    The whole has not stopped my work.
    This is important.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  192. TOUSSAINT François

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    May I ask you if you did recover fully from your surgery in Italy mentioned in the files send by Sam to your Blog.

    I wish you a strong health for the important coming events concerning your E-CATS !

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  193. JPR

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I read about the buffoon in the comment of Sam today and your prompt answer. It appears the Trolls won’t let you work in peace.
    Clearly, the guys who are backing the trolls are very afraid of your results.
    Never give up, the silent majority is with you.
    JPR

  194. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I don’t care about the Rock and Troll concert.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for all the Ecat SK advancements. I know that the Ecat is able to scale down. Do you think that some day there would be an Ecat gas turbine to produce heat and electric for home use?
    Thank you
    Bernie Morrissey

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Surely sooner or later a domestic Ecat SK will be made.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  197. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems that also solar energy is progressing well.

    If you can convert sunlight into hydrogen with an efficiency of 85% and you can do it economically (which is still a question):
    https://cleantechnica.com/2018/09/13/golden-sandwich-solar-cell-converts-85-of-sunlight-to-electricity/

    And you can make fuel-cells less expensive:
    http://www.eenewsautomotive.com/news/volkswagen-stanford-university-achieve-breakthrough-fuel-cells-0/page/0/1
    Then a competitor for LENR may be not too far away!
    Just a warning.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the information and the links,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Dear Dr Rossi
    Have you done any testing on the longevity of the reactor. Do you have any idea on how many cycles you expect the reactor to last, this doesn’t include the charge replacement required which you have said previously 6-12 months.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    It is impossible to forese exactly the life expectation of the Ecats. I suppose minimum 20 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    A troll sent to the Engineer Association a claim saying I am making without authorization the profession of engineer.
    The association of the engineers of Florida asked me to refrain from making so.
    Upon their request, I certified that I never have offered services as a professional engineer and obviously that I never have made the profession of Engineer in Florida and never offered or will offer my services as a consultant of engineering . They closed the case after due investigation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. Leisa Kater

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the enormus progress you made with the Ecat SK, after the very convincing demo made with the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2017: I watched on youtube the fantastic video.
    Godspeed!
    Leisa

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Leisa Kater:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Today is another important day for the SK tests.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Raphael

    So in the presentation you will make in January we will be able to see in the internet an Ecat SK in operation?
    Thank you,
    Raphael

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Wilfried Babelotzky

    Could the Ecat SK be used in the production of steel?
    Wilfried Babelotzky, Zwingenberg, Germany

  207. Andrea Rossi

    Wilfried Babelotzky:
    I think yes, at least on certain cycles. But it has to be experimented.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  208. Brad Olsen

    We know you are industrializing the production, but how much time takes to make a single Ecat SK manually?
    Brad Olsen

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Brad Olsen:
    I do not know, because I did not organize such a work with a skilled team.
    The time taken to make single prototypes has nothing to do with a manual production.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Time is speeding ahead and you are still saying that you’r on track to present a new paradigm change (at least that’s how we as your devoted followers see the Ecat).
    Just a few questions:
    1. Are you already able to produce the reactors automaticly?
    2. How far (in percentage) have you build-up your automatic production facility?
    3. Will you uncover the COP, power usage, operation time, maintenace requirements, half load operationele time, etc. etc. at your presentation in January?

    Just to get a clear picture of yourself:
    4. Do you prefer doing R&D on your Ecat or bringing it into production?
    5. Do you prefer doing theoretical work on the Ecat or R&D or bringing it into production?

    One last question:
    6. Do you believe it is needed to have a full theoretical understanding, when bringing the Ecat on the market?

    Thank you for answering our (sometimes personal) questions!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are working on that, but not ready yet
    2- enough
    3- yes
    4- do you prefer your heart or your lever?
    5- theoretical work is very important, but not necessary, R&D and industrialization are necessary
    6- no. Fire has been used by mankind for ten thousands of years also for industrial applications, basic for the industrial revolution, before the discovery of the chemical reactions of oxygen and the quantic status of the electrons mechanism.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    if we have an E-Cat SK whose heat turns a turbine on whose axis there is an electric generator;
    in this case we have the production of electricity, thrust from the turbine as in the airplanes, and residual heat coming out from the turbine.
    Naturally, in this case, the production of electricity is the most important and valuable thing. But how are the other two effects treated (thrust and residual heat)? And what are their importance in the total energetic balance?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    As it happens in all the gas turbines installed in gensets.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Piero

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has been decided that the January presentation will be made only by internet? If yes, why?
    Piero

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Piero:
    Yes, because it is impossible to show the SK work in a conference room, due to its power and the consequent refuse from any conference room to allow it to operate: I stupidly did not think about this before experiencing the problem. At this point, the demonstration can only be made by internet and the parallel presentation in a conference room is not worth the while. We will make by internet everything that can be done in a conference room, plus the show of the SK in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Maurice

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain in few and simple words what are Isofermions and Isobosons?

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Maurice:
    Elementary particles show up as charge multiplets, wherein the particles of the multiplet have different charges and same mass, parity, spin. The components of a multiplet are considered different quantic stata of the same particle. The stata are characterized by isospins. If the isospin is integer, that e.p. is in the quantic status of an isoboson, if the isospin is half the e.p. is in the quantic status of an isofermion. Isospin has the same mathematical structure of spin.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Ronny

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on youtube the demo of the Ecat QX of Stockholm November 24 2017: I have a simple question: I understand that to calculate the COP considering also the electricity consumed by the control system, that dissipates a lot of heat, is wrong, because the control system can be improved to recover all this energy dissipation.
    Please allow me two questions:
    1- did you improve the control system ?
    2- if we calculate the COP counting also the energy consumed by the control system, is the COP still substantially higher than 2?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ronny

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Ronny:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Joseph J

    Dear Andrea
    Has any patent concerning LENR have been granted by the US patent office after August the year 2015?
    Many applications have been made, but has any of them been granted? Are you able to answer?

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Joseph J:
    We focus much attention on the patents that are granted in the field, and no patent has been granted of the genre by the United States Patent Office after August 2015.
    Many applications have been made, though.
    Let me explain the difference between a patent application and a patent granted: anybody can make any application, even writing stupidities: you write your stuff, fill up the form for the patent application, enclose the check for the due fee and you are entitled to say that you have a “patent pending”. Obviously, it has no value until it is granted after the examination. A patent granted has a big value, because it is recognized as valid after the examination and protected by the USPTO.
    I have edited your comment that asked me what I think about a recent application, but I never comment the work of our competitors referring to their names. Only, that is an application, not a granted patent as falsely reported in the link you attached in your comment. Honestly, I would have been quite surprised should that application have been granted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Max

    Dr Rossi:
    Yesterday you could not answer to Ken Kocher, but can you explain what is the catsoup?
    Max

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Max:
    It was a joke!
    Look at the address of Ken Kocher: is the address of a pet food shop. Ken, obviously a sceptic, made a sarcastic comment, I answered with a joke.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Paolo

    Mr Rossi:
    You still think you will make the presentation of your industrialized Ecat SK by January 2019?

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Britt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched on youtube the video of your Ecat QX demo in Stockholm on November 24 2017.
    You correctly calculated only the current at the input of the Ecat QX, because the current consumed by the control circuitry is not consumed by the Ecat. My question is: is it possible to recover the heat dissipated by the cooling system of the control panel’s circuitry?

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Britt:
    Yes, it is, using the recovered heat with COP close to 1, for example, to preheat the fluid before it enters the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Ken Kocher

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    If I am invited, and attend, your January presentation, should I bring a catsoup?
    Yours
    Kenko

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    I cannot answer in positive or in negative to questions related to the secrets of the charge.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am not sure it has been asked, if so, I apologize:
    Will your partner in business be introduced during the presentation in January 2019?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    In your heat-exchanger, is water the exchange medium?
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    It can be also water.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Letko

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the schematic of the cat SK a closed loop, wherein the energy that feeds the Ecat is made recycling the energy made by the Ecat itself, or will it be an open loop?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    All the best,
    Letko

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Letko:
    Open.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. C

    Dear Andrea:
    Will be made the January presentation from the factory of a client of yours?

  237. Andrea Rossi

    C:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Jean Vanleer

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you confirming that the January presentation will be made only in internet streaming?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Jean

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Jean Vanleer:
    Probably, but a final decision has not been made yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    When you have your presentation of the E-Cat SK, will you be showing your new heat exchanger also?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  242. Michel

    I watched on youtube the November 24 2017 demonstration of the Ecat QX in Stockholm: very convincing measurements.

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information, but, as it happened to me in the tear 1999, the Seebeck effect does high efficiencies until you are at lab level, but when you try to industrialize to make costs acceptable, the efficiency falls down. I wish this new invention will have a luckier destiny.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Anonymous

    Is the Ecat SK able to produce directly current without necessity of an energy converter, in a measure that is worth the while?

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    No, to produce electricity it is necessary to turn the thermal energy into electric energy by means of some apparatus or cycle. About the electricity that is formed in the plasma, we calculated that it is more efficient to thermalize it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Some weeks ago you said that you would be testing a heat exchanger which you hoped would be close to 100 per cent efficient. What can you tell us about how the testing went?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The heat exchanging system we adopted is working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.