Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
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• Updated: 2018-07-20 20:10:08.336755Z

  1. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    Continued success with the ECAT developments. You may find this presentation on XUV diamond photodetectors of value depending on the spectrum of your reactors:
    https://slideplayer.com/slide/4888226/

    Drew G.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for the link and the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Rupert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read that also in nuclear physics magic events are taken seriously: in the most accepted model of the atomic nucleus there are “magic numbers” that allow the nucleus exist: is that correct?
    Magic regards,
    Rupert

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Rupert:
    Magicians or magic things have nothing to do with Nuclear Physics. Who told you so is an imbecile.
    To understand well the thematic of the nuclear models and the so called “magic numbers” ( that have nothing of magic, this is a conventional terminology for the numbers of nucleons that manifest a more probable tendency to reach a more stable configuration, so that if the nucleus has few nucleons more than the “magic number” it should be more probable that the nucleus tends to break up in a decay process, to reach the magic number ) I think the best book is “Atomic Nucleus” authored by Prof. Norman D. Cook, published by Springer in 2008 and sold also by Amazon and “Models of the Atomic Nucleus”, Springer 2010- that is the second edition with important updates- I know by heart these books.
    The concept of a model that resembles an onion, wherein every layer completes the number of nucleons that have max stability, is the so called “Shell Model”, along which nucleons behave in analogy to the electrons around the nucleus, where there are saturation strata ( the different quantic stata of the electrons around the nucleus ). To make it shorter, the octet reached with the last orbital of the noble gases is analogous in a certain way to what in the nucleus is considered a magic number: obviously, as a gas is not noble because is an Earl or a Prince, also a stratum of the nucleus is not magic because emits rabbits: noble and magic are just conventional definitions that have nothing to do with the normal semantic.
    This Shell Model has been thought about because explains some behaviors of the nucleons inside the nucleus, while the former model, the so called “Liquid Drop Model”, that compares the decay of a nucleus to a piece of drop that breaks out when the drop gets enough vibration, can explain the fission ( like a drop that splits in two or more drops) but not the intimate behavior of nucleons inside the nucleus.
    Which one is right? None. So the Orthodox Standard Model Huggers Fraternity have invented the “Collective Model”, thinking that unifying the Drop Model with the Shell Model you fix it all. Like to say that unifying a blind with a deaf you fix the whole. But it is not so. Why? Read the books of Norman Cook and forget the magicians.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi
    I hope that your work will serve humanity by providing cheap energy accessible to people, including the poorest. The development of technologies for military purposes have always led to humanitarian tragedies and led to the misery of the peoples.
    Let us hope that your work serves only to reconcile peoples and not to divide them.
    That’s why I support you.
    Best regards
    Raffaele

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Conversion or adaptation of eCat technology into weapons applications is inevitable. Look at the example of Nobel. His invention was used in warfare. He became rich and later funded the ongoing Nobel prizes. Perhaps an “Andrea Rossi” similar program of international prizes? Too early to “count your chickens before they hatch”.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    We are focused on civil applications.
    I share your last amswer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Xavier Pitz

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you envision the SK being able to be retrofitted into the combustion chamber of already existing gas turbines, or wouldn’t it be better to design new kind of SK-optimized gas turbines ?
    I’m also not an engineer, and this maybe total nonsense, but as there is no real combustion taking place, the combustion chamber maybe skipped altogether ?
    The challenge will then be to transfer the heat from the SK somewhere else in the airflow. Maybe through the stators blades ? Would this make sense ?

    Best Regards,

    Xavier

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    This is the core of the problem. It is premature to be able to answer. I can say that the power of fire of the Partner we are dealing with to resolve the problem is very high in the whole world.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Joseph Fine,
    The proposed SK powered torpedo might need an external boost to get it up to ram-jet velocity.

    Surely, you don’t believe that unilateral disarmament will promote world peace?
    After all, rumor has it that Russia already has a far superior torpedo.
    Regards,
    Iggy

  12. Joseph Fine

    Iggy Dalrymple,

    Your proposal to use the E-Cat SK to propel weapons may or may not be feasible. But you should consider the possibility that you may someday be on the ship being pursued for days or weeks by such a device.

    Weaponization may be good to obtain funds from various governments. From a business standpoint, it is much better to have more customers for your products because it satisfies their needs than to move weapons around that threaten to destroy many or all of the world’s customers. For what?

    It is a short term gain followed by a descent to mutual destruction. If we avoid World War 3, we won’t have to build up a stockpile of Sticks and Stones for whoever is left to continue the fight.

    Anyway, it was a good question, because it was a question that provokes thought. It is better to provoke thinking than to provoke people.

    Peaceful regards,

    Joseph Fine

  13. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    It occured to me that you might could design an SK powered torpedo that would
    simply convert incoming seawater into steam jet propulsion (like a ramjet)?

    I’ve read where the Russians have developed a supersonic torpedo where the
    resistance/drag is reduced by emitting tiny air bubble from the torpedo nose.
    If this is true, maybe you could replace the air bubbles with SK produced steam bubbles.
    Best regards,
    Iggy

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. James

    Dear JPR:
    your comment, that I share 100%, was past due.

  16. Buck

    Dear Andrea:
    as always, the excitement in your heart comes through your blog.

    As a non-engineer, I can only imagine the tasks your capable gas-turbine engineers face for integrating the SK into a well functioning, efficient and effective gas-turbine.

    Your sharing on the forms of energy generated by the SK, the discussion of XUV light here and elsewhere, points to how your engineers are looking for a material that strongly absorbs the SK’s radiated energy, enabling a conversion to heat. Further, that this material may be included in or formed into a heat-exchange superstructure surrounding the SK reactor module. In addition, that this superstructure becomes part of the redesigned and relocated combustion chamber of the gas-turbine, where all the air driven by the upstream compressor flows through the durable heat-exchanger like a car’s radiator.

    Do those materials exist that will absorb/convert a high percentage (> 70-90%) of the radiated energy? A material that can be included in or formed into a durable superstructure? Do you and your engineers see this as a “simple” engineering task dealing with comprehensible variables?

    My best wishes for you and your team

    Buck

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    You are right, the development of a gas turbine fueled by the Ecat SK needs the collaboration with world class Partners.
    The choice and formulating of the materials is one of the problems we have to deal with. To be a non engineer, your comment is very intelligent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    in eCat technology, do you believe most of the released thermal energy comes from:

    1. fusion
    2. isotope transmutation?

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I explained in my comment of yesterday what I think about the theoretical bases of our effect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    Gunnar Peter:
    This has been achieved in the industrialization process. All the circuitry, that in Stockholm was custom made for a prototype with existing parts, with some exception, now has been revolutionized and all has ben custom made for the purposes of my effect. It has been an enormous work, but we resolved the overheating issue, that was the main obstacle, and other problems. This increased of a factor of 50 the power of the basic module.
    Thank you for the attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Gunnar-Peter

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched on Youtube the convincing Ecat QX demonstration made in Stockholm on November 24 2017.
    One question: you recently wrote that now the same apparatus has a power of 1 kW instead of 20 W, which is impressive: how did you obtain such an improvement ?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Gunnar-Peter

  22. Bernie Koppenhofer

    Dr. Rossi: Just wondering if you plan similar contract language for when you start selling heat via your E-Cat QX?

    Cyclone Power Technologies announced that it has entered into its first microgrid installation contract to provide systems that provide over 3 Megawatts of electricity, hot water and 72 hour storage backup through their patent pending Thermal Storage Units. This is the contract language:

    “The power purchase agreement provides for ten years of power at a discount to the current rates paid to the local power company that has historically provided electricity, with benchmarks and adjustments annually based on industry pricing standards”

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Koppenhofer:
    Sorry, but the language of our contracts is confidential. In general, it is obvious that we will sell at a price that can motivate our Clients to sign.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, The technology I mention of and the mechanism previously described is with regards to structure, how it is formed, within what it is formed and the interaction between structures i.e. their electromagnetic fields. It is based upon planets and their progressive states within an overriding structure containing four flux tubes The mechanism, because it creates a unified structure can be used as an analogy to help explain structural physics i.e. how structures are formed etc. Geometry was the tool used to design the mechanism, being an artificial structure it required a specific central space to accommodate specific components unlike a none artificial structure i.e. one formed in nature and therefore required eight rotors (two sets of four) i.e. the mobile dimensions and eight chambers being the static dimensions to accommodate the structuring process, providing for the static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction to be studied with regards structured air. Thereby the mechanism contains eight flux tubes not four but does it matter, no because four is the minimum and maximum number for a ‘Set’. How many ‘Sets’ in a flux tube? four. How many divisions in a ‘Set’? four. Why? because each ‘Set’ is a macro structure within which four minor structures are in a developmental systemic system i.e. becoming more perfect with regards a good structure with good quality. Whats quality?. Quality with regards structured energy is with regards the positive and the negative aspects of the structure as it develops over a period of time and space. The structure within a flux tube starts out as a nebulous negative cloud of negative substance at the Alpha gate on the event horizon and as it progresses through the ‘Set’ it gains in quality by becoming more positive. Each ‘Set’ is a more positive ‘Set’ thereby the structure eventually produces two distinct aspects, one is positive being the internal solid structure of size and one is negative that surrounds the structure being an external active electromagnetic field. These two potentials are in a relationship with regards their structure, as the positive gains in positivity by being compressed smaller, the negative gains in negativity by becoming more volume due to the gaining of size of the positive i.e. reduce/gain. Thereby the structure gains in its potential energy within its flux tube, whereupon when it finally does self destruct and become plasma at the Omega gate it represents a power of that flux tube. I will now make an analogy, in Wikipedia it is stated a ‘Set’ can be comprised of any type of object, so could be a family of planets or a family of people. Lets say people because this subject is about re-search (see re definition at dictionary .com). These objects can only move forward into a ‘Set’ and within a ‘Set’ when the object in front moves forward but we must remember that in moving forward the object becomes more perfect i.e. of a higher potential, it’s a law of energy with regards entering more positive zones. So when an object moves out of a ‘Set’ i.e. in the last position, it enters the next higher ‘Set’ in the first position. Consequently an object in the last position of a lower ‘Set’ moves into the first position of a higher ‘Set’ and the first object of that ’Set’ moves into its higher position within the same ‘Set’. Thereby the young newcomer is beneath the elder who previously occupied his now present position and above the elder is an object in a farther position to its previous location and above this position being the last in the ‘Set’ is the grand position which occupies the most perfect position of the ‘Set’ being the most perfect structure within that ‘Set’. To an extent this is none technical but I put it forward as an introductory consideration to an extremely complex situation with regards structure, evolution and energy that, I believe, is encompassed in the subject of physics. My last lengthy post I believe contained no foundational substance to the subject i.e. just the maths to a flux tube and Pi being 4. Because the ‘Linearizing Propulsion Mechanism’ is patented, it can be accessed and built but if anyone does build the mechanism I would suggest that before using it to structure air they contact me, not because I am not going to allow them to use it but because without a specially designed outer fuselage the mechanism will be attracted to the nearest object and with it, its destructive capabilities. The fuselage has to contain chambers to structure a static barrier layer around the outflow and thereby the entire mechanism from the external environment. For what purpose would such a mechanism in the form of an aircraft possess over conventional designs. Because you can have four, eight, twelve or sixteen integral propellers and the same number of flux tubes and by such you can achieve more lift than any aircraft in present production. You could transport a million gallons of water. You could have an aerial fire fighter capable of putting out a forest fire in maybe one pass. You could transport an entire hospital into a disaster area. The list is endless but the technology is available and the mathematics and geometry behind it is able to be explained, although it is difficult . Such a vehicle would be used within the Earths atmosphere but to get to the moon or further would require the mach engine to be installed but what would power the entire craft?. This I was asked but at the time I was unaware of LENRs. but the technology I have attempted to present, although before its time, will one day be required. I put this information forward to try and help explain from where the concept of the technology came from. It came mainly from geometry and developed into the maths. Physicists that I spoke to at the time were extremely interested but required permission from a higher source to be able to liaise with myself. I will attempt to explain how I see Hydrogens VPs and the L.P. mechanism with regards structure and its purpose with regards specific aspects.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.
    P.S. in my last lengthy post regarding the Eddington formulae 1.5 (16+.1) x 16 = 24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4 ‘Sets’ x15 (16-1) = 136 I made a typo error. the formulae should read 16 + 0.5 x16 = 24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4 ‘Sets’ x15 (16-1) = 136. I am guessing but Eddington needed 1.5 to get his 136 – divide by 90 degrees (one flux tube) to get 1.5
    He did say the figure could be found by pure deduction. 1.511111 x 4 which are the four destroyed structures in the central position equal to one ‘Set’ = 6.04444 one cubic neutral of circulating plasma with regards the overriding structure containing 16 flux tubes -1 i.e. 15. Thereby 1.5 of plasma i.e. quarter of a ‘Set’, being a potential of a created fine structure i.e. EVOs circulating each flux tube at any one time. This I understand as on the macro scale The micro is similar but not the same format.

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The clients that will buy from Leonardo Corp the heat will have to pay something more that the mere heat, or they will have to pay only the heat they consume?

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Our Clients will have to pay only the heat we supply them.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Dear Andrea,
    Regarding theory, to me the most interesting question is where does the energy come from. It should come from nuclear binding energy, because it is too large to be of chemical origin. Experimentally, the fundamental question is just: which isotopes transform to which, and is the energy liberated by those transformations the same as the observed liberated energy (within measurement error, and one has to subtract energy carried away by neutrinos, if any). Then, when this is experimentally established, one can ask the “how” questions: how do the processes work. In other words, one has to first know what is happening, before explaining how it happens.

    Question: Do you regard E-cat’s isotope shift data (assuming you have managed to measure it well enough or planning to do so) as publishable scientific data, or as proprietary business data?
    regards, /pekka

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    For now we consider that matter confidential.
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. CC

    @JPR
    Of course you are right, there is not a single claim that is not copy of prior art, or based upon well known science that is commonly used many years since. Maybe they have to show their investors that they do not need Rossi. Obviously I suppose they informed well their investors about the difference between a granted patent, like the one of Rossi, and a series of pending patents all copied from prior art. It is also possible that they are again looking for collecting more public , as usually Cherokee does: please see the investigation of Sifferkoll about Cherokee ( just google Sifferkoll investigation on Cherokee) : a piece that has the dignity to win a Pulitzer. The activity of Cherokee has been dissected in all its components, pouring a bright light about their activities.
    Anyway, the evolution of these facts merits to be followed, analyzed and put under the magnifying lens first and in the mass media second. We must not permit another fraud from these guys in the field of the LENR.
    But there is also a LOL inducing fact in those “pending patents”: one of the co-inventors is Mr Murray, the guy that during the depositions of the case Leonardo VS Cherokee said that LENR cannot work because violate the first principle of thermodynamic: now he signs a patent application related to LENR: behold the force of convincing of our Andrea Rossi: he turned a Murray from a LENR assassin into a LENR co-inventor.
    Don’t care these clowns, Andrea, continue your hard work and give us the solace to see your industrialized Ecat as soon as possible. Now I understand also why you do not sell plants, but only heat, controlling the plants from your offices: IH, Brilouin and company have only one chance to make something able to work: copy your plants.
    Your choice to sell the heat, not the plant is genial.
    All the best,
    CC

  31. JPR

    @Donald
    Everybody can see that the patent applications made by IH are not allowable because they are just a copy of prior art.
    Jean Paul Renoir

  32. Donald

    Andrea,
    did you see the 3 patent applications made by IH? Do you have comments about their activity?
    Donald

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Donald:
    I never comment the activity of my competitors.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are the chances that you will show the SX at the presentation of the industrialized Ecats? Can you give a percentage of possibility?

  35. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    33%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  36. Prof

    Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain in few word which are the bases of your theoretical thinking about your effect?

  37. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Standard Model:
    elementary particles are tiny vibrating waves, quantistically defined, in a particular field.
    When the temperature reaches the mass of an elementary particle, waves are formed corresponding to those elementary particles.
    When the field of these elementary particles resonates with another field during their interaction, new waves can be raised in the second field corresponding to its temperature and if a third field is resonating with these two fields, further particles are raised corresponding with its temperature.
    This is what I an consider to be tha base of my effect and I also am convinced that the “source field” is made by electrons, the resonating ones are of virtual e.p. and their antiparticles. Due to the fact that the source field has a T=1-2 eV, this explains why we do not have strong radiations during the thermalization process.
    Carl-Oscar and I are preparing a series of heavy experimentation to prove this.
    Maybe I am wrong. I think to be right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  38. E. Hergen

    Dear Mr. Rossi,

    in a former reply you said you have reached a power density with the ecat SK you have never reached before.

    What was the highest temperature you reached with the ecat SK ever, and what is the maximum temperature you can operate the ecat SK without damaging the module?

    I hope you give us notice when you for the first time will produce electricity. This will be a monumental event.

    Thank you for your answers.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    E.Hergen:
    The max T we reach is around 20 000 °C.
    The production of electricity by means of heat is an old and consolidated technology. The difficult is to make the first source of energy, the eventual conversion of it in other forms is not difficult, albeit some efficiency has to be lost.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Renato

    Dear Andrea,

    this news has been published yesterday late afternoon from many italian sources,
    this is just one example:

    http://it.euronews.com/2018/07/16/mose-ex-generale-spaziante-1-mln-a-gdf

    For non-italian Readers, former General Spaziante has been
    condemned to return 1 million Euros to the Italian Financial Guard,
    as indemnity to the image damages he gave to the Guard Corp, in the Venice
    MOSE corruption scandal process. He is the high level officer that closed the activity of Andrea Rossi, while never during his career stopped the activity of the mafia companies that during the generalship of Gen Emilio Spaziante succeeded to get the monopoly of the waste treatment in Italy, wherein the treatment has been bury everything in abusive landfills with terrible effecs on the environment.

    Any comment ?

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Renato:
    This for me is archeology. I have been born from those events into the new life I am living now. Better so.
    I have nothing to add to what has been written on
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    No further comment.
    Just one thing that is important our Readers in all the world know: the Guardia di Finanza is a glorious Corpo d’Armata and Gen Emilio Spaziante has been investigated and arrested by the same Guardia di Finanza of which he was a very top level general. This gives evidence of the integrity and neutrality of this great and glorious military Corp.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, in the recent meeting between Trump and Putin it was said that Germany is dependent on Russia for the supply of gas and that this makes Europe subject to Russia both economically and politically.

    Trump has said he could provide Germany (and Europe) with the energy needed to be indepedent from Russia.

    This is another case in which we can see how energy can condition the economic and political balance of the world.

    Under this point of view, I think that it is absolutely certain that the E-Cat could be very important to alleviate those types of tensions in the world.

    Is it correct?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Not in the short term.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Shakia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the Ecat QX Demonstration made in Stockholm on Nov 24 2018.
    I noticed that the diagram of the oscilloscope shown an unipolar current with strong voltage armonic variations: are these made by the control system?

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Shakia:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. John Pace

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Congratulations for the impressive demonstration you made in Stockholm of the Ecat QX. Very precise and convincing measurements, impressive result.
    Cheers
    John Pace

  47. Andrea Rossi

    John Pace:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    As gas turbines (in combination with alternators) at the moment are used to deliver/cover the peak load of the electricity production (at the moment with a higher cost for the thus produced electricity), and as the need of these peak load units rises with the increasing use of renewable energy sources (like wind and solar), thus stabilizing the grid (maintaining the frequency to the wanted value), the use of the E-cat SK in combination with a gas turbine and an alternator is a very smart solution, also because you will deliver the peak load electricity with a much reduced price! Congratulations to you and your team.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel De Caluwé
    (Belgium).

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for your insight. That is a fertile field, I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi,
    The Ecat is going to change all the game also in the field of transportation: is that correct?
    Chuck Davis

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Rome has been made in 900 years. Hot fusion probably in more than 1000 years. Let us start in months making heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting that you are already using the SK with a gas turbine.

    1. If you can get it working well, will you market the SK as an electricity generator?
    2. If so, do you plan to sell electricity to industrial customer in the same way you plan to sell heat?
    3. Will you use the SK also as a fluid heater?
    4. How many persons are working with you on the SK/turbine configuration?
    5. What is the current projected timeframe for the first product presentation?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- premature
    3- yes
    4- all the Team
    5- for the SK we do not know yet,for the QX Jan 2018.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  54. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    The industrial E-Cat will consume on average 160 KW of electrical energy among your future customers.
    Is it up to your customers to pay the bill or will these charges be borne by Leonardo Corporation?
    All my support for your work
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The energy consumed by us will be paid by us.
    Warm Regards
    a.R.

  56. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your last comment and I do appreciate being able to use your JONPs to publish my understanding and I am aware that many people will not be able to follow. Really this technology is for the future but there is a connection to LENRs with regards virtual particles but as many people are aware there is more than one way to make a discovery and therefore I publish my information as a subject of interest but obviously it will only be of interest to certain readers of your journal.
    Regar, Eric Ashworth

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Your positive reply to Chuck Davis’ question, “Do you already have a gas turbine operating?” is a tremendous step forward toward the production of clean power.
    Congratulations! I hope we can see some pictures of the system and output data this year?

    Best of luck with your impressive R&D work.

    Best Regards,

    Daniel G. Zavela

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel G. Zavela:
    I think yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    For your readers, a 150 seconds introductory video by GE about how gas turbines are used to generate electricity:
    https://youtu.be/zcWkEKNvqCA
    Regards
    Patrick

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi.

    You posted “Yes” to whether you had an eCat configured with a gas turbine engine.

    1. Please confirm this is correct.
    2. If Yes, is the output of the gas turbine thrust or mechanical energy or something else?
    3. If Yes, what is the longest duration for which you have operated this combination?
    4. If yes, what was the level of output and how did you measure it?

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    It is too soon to give further information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Millie Lucas

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is a must for anybody wants to understand where the Ecat comes from.
    Godspeed,
    Millie

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Millie Lucas:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. zero

    Dr Rossi,
    I think that you will never deliver any Ecat, either industrial or domestic. Forget the Ecat!
    Cheers
    Zero

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Zero:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Clark Kent

    Mr Rossi:
    You now are giving your Ecats only to industries, selling the heat, while we the people will not have the Ecats in our houses: can you explain why?
    Clark Kent

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Clark Kent:
    Because we already have the certifications for the industrial applications, we still do not have the certification for the households.
    I am convinced that it will be easy to have the certifications necessary for the households after several year of good work in the industries, that now is starting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Fulco

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I am reading this blog, that I have discovered recently and have taken some numbers: more that 42 000 comments, 2 100 pages, plus 6 000 pages from the links to the comments: this is a veritable encyclopedia of the LENR. I think this opera has to be added to your achievements.
    Godspeed,
    Fulco

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Fulco:
    You forgot to say that the real god of the JoNP blog are the Readers and their comments.
    I learnt a lot from them.
    Thank you for your attention to this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    When offered, here is a potential domestic customer:
    https://metro.co.uk/2018/07/14/queen-wants-someone-to-bring-down-her-1100000-heating-bill-7715172/
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Thank you for your comment and I realize your time is limited with the development of your eCat SK. I put my comments forward in an attempt to explain what I am aware of but it is not easy in a few words, maybe impossible but I shall continue to try and explain in more detail using the Woodwards mach engine and how it ties the technology into a constructive whole. Regards Eric Ashworth

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    You are welcome to propose your insights, as all our Readers are. Obviously, everybody is responsible for what he writes and the fact that I publish an insight does not mean that I agree with it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi:
    1- do you already have a gas turbine operating?
    2- if yes, which dimensions vs power?
    Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    1- yes
    2- the power density is the highest I ever reached. Premature to give numbers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Eric Ashworth

    Reply Stanyslav,

    Dear Stanyslav, Thank you for your interest and questions. (1) Mathematics originate from the understanding of energy i.e. interactions but because few people realize i.e. the majority of the general public, the subject of energy remains a mystery and to them unfathomable and therefore of no interest. (2) You will find no biography of myself but it is known in certain official departments that although operate globally are unrecognized as a functioning operating unit i.e. an office of the plenipotentiary, see plenum definition Free Dictionary. (3) This theory originates from an embodied mechanism that explains by demonstration many aspects of energy interactions. The mechanism has several patents and been acknowledged as a technology before its time. (see previous posts). (4) Are there any publications behind this theory?. Not that I am aware of but this question is without doubt a most important question. All books contain information but how does the information get into a book?. This from what I have deduced is a great mystery to many people but some people are able to intuitively know how. (5) Yes the theory is based entirely upon both maths and geometry. (6) There is no such thing as modern physics, the physics of energy is of geometry and maths, it is the same today as it has been since Time immemorial. (7) Yes I do see perspectives with regards the theory and the mechanism behind it even though it is not allowed to be demonstrated in universities or research establishments. For me the JONP is a much needed publication, allowing people to share information. Nobody gets paid for providing information, its voluntary and this is what makes the information unbiased. I intend to provide more information as I realize it is a difficult subject to walk into but if people are able to connect the dots together, some people will see the picture. I see the connection to LENRs can I explain, am I able?. Regards Eric Ashworth

  79. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It is difficult for me to envision of 100kW eCat SK reactor that can sustain the temperatures you report without damaging or melting the containment structure. Is the containment structure transparent?

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The gas turbine configuration resolves the problem. We are working on this issue for other configurations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, This information should be of interest to both yourself and people who are aware of the Fine Structure Constant. Said to be the greatest mystery in physics. See numerological explanations/ Richard Feynman in the Wikipedia Fine Structure Constant section. This I feel is most important because, I believe, it relates directly to virtual particles and EVOs and help explain the following important information The Fine Structure Constant was given in 1929 as 137 and late 1930s as 136 by Arthur Eddington. Richard Feynman said it was close to .08542455. My figure is .085841 but this figure has certain degree of mobility. Eddington can be deduced from the formulae a-1 = 16+0.5 x 16 x 15 i.e. 16-1 = 136 and I think this figure is correct, 1.5 (16+1) x16=24 (4×6) 4 cubes i.e. 4’Sets’ x15 (16-1)=360. These figures relate to the two major ‘End Sets’ that have a circulatory path. Pi = 4 because it takes four densities to form a structure i.e. within ‘Sets’ and of ‘Sets’ in one flux tube and four flux tubes each containing four ‘Sets’ to form the overriding structure. There are four ‘Sets’ in a flux tube so 16 structures but one set is with regards a coming and one is with regards a going, therefore there is the positive ‘Set’, the neutral ‘Set’ and the negative ‘Set’. 3.14159 is a part of 4. Thereby .085841 is the flux, therefore divide by 2 = .0429205 one of these represents the circumferential force and one the diametrical force. .085841 being less than 1 requires an extra force for the fourth energy structure of field identity and must be external and of a higher order. .429205 of absolute size positive energy and .419205 of absolute volume negative energy plus .14159 of structuring force energy plus 1 negative, 1 neutral and 1 positive provides 4 being a full ‘Set’ of a flux tube. (The proton is comprised of four spirals i.e. flux tubes each spiral represents a specific density, the electron being the least dense thereby the electron is the plasma field and there are three more fields i.e. the negative, the neutral and the positive which, of which form a structure i.e. cubic neutral/proton with its poles of positivity and negativity and into which these four flux tubes descend i.e. the electro magnetic field of the two exterior interacting cubes, one positive one negative. .429205 divide by .14159 equals 1 negative, 1 positive and 1 neutral plus .0313228 of encapsulating force/field identity/VP. .85841 divide by .14159 equals 6.0626456 a cubic neutral of a field plus .0626456 of encapsulating force. Conclusion: .062645 being six digits, not seven being cubic represents an exterior influential force of .062645 magnitude more than the value of the cubic neutral field. Thereby 1 neutral field of energy being the quality of x4 mobile structures must be part of a greater structure that is 95.777795 times greater and that a proton and electron must always be a part of a systemic system of a field. 95.777795 x .062645 = 5.9999999. it seems that 95.7777.95 describes energy because it originates from an understanding of energy. This is complicated without diagrams.

    ___________________Field Identity___________________
    ______positive___
    ______neutral____
    ___negative______
    -77 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 95 7777 95 77+
    Alpha (last) > Direction> (first) Omega
    9 = completion —— 5 = half — — 7 = mobility/transmutation
    9 and 5 are interchangeable digits. Half is half but two is one i.e. 1 energy unit.

    As the plasma enters at Alpha of the flux tube it begins to structure in the plasma ‘Set’ being 7777 and continues through 3 more ‘Sets’ by going through 3 minor transitions as it passes over 3 minor ‘end sets’. The 4th major transition occurs between the 7 and 9 of Omega. The last 77+ represents two more passes to occur, on the first pass the liquid and the gas dimensions of the structure boil off and the solid loses a percentage of mass becomes a moon. On the next two passes the solid is reduced to a comet then a meteorite whereupon it becomes an active particle. This phenomena produces EVOs or Virtual Particles dependent upon the structure under annihilation.

    95.777795 divided by 6 equals15.962965 i.e. 16 or four energy fields in four states of neutrality. Therefore 16 minus 15.962965 equals .037035. .037035 divide by 3 i.e. negative, positive and neutral equals .012345. This figure represents the progressive state of systemic energy i.e. structuring plasma. 0 to 1 = 15 degrees, 1 to 2 = 30 etc. both in its dense state and in its fine state i.e. the encapsulating force.

    To structure plasma into structure it has to negotiate 6 x 15 degrees as it ascends the flux tube i.e. descends into the cube. Each flat requires a 15 degree turn that eventually ties it into a knot i.e. see knot theory. Therefor to make solid plasma requires 24 turns in the first Alpha ‘Set’. There are four ‘Sets’ in a flux tube therefor 96 turns but the last turn is deconstructing i.e. going i.e. half and the first turn is constructing i.e. coming i.e. half, therefore 95. Consequently when an existing structure enters a flux tube, like a hydrogen atom, it is shredded as it bounces over the minor ‘end sets’ towards its final annihilation at the apex of the pyramid being a major ‘End Set’. Flux tubes create and ultimately destroy by creating either EVOs or VPs.

    Using the Lorentz force formulae: Force = qE + qV x B Where E = Electric field, V = Velocity, q = structure and B = Magnetic field. The force, I believe relates to the manufactured fine structure/particle or dense solid structure. Q = qE + qV i.e. Tangent/trajectory which relates to turns i.e. 15 degrees. Thereby every structure is subjected to 95 tangential forces as it runs through four ‘Sets’.

    Degrees: 15 – 30 – 45 – 90 = 1 ‘Set’ x 4 = 360 degrees i.e. 1 flux tube. This represents full power of one unit with regards an interaction between two cubic neutrals but full power of one flux tube is a potential of an overriding system that contains four flux tubes i.e. one power. In other words you are a part of the system or you are the system i.e. either a potential or a power. Finished structure contains gravity. Unfinished contains a degree of. Hydrogen is a finished structure. A flux tube creates an image of what it is a part of i.e. a structure and simultaneously over a distance/time destroys its creation. Consequently a hydrogen atom is drawn to the destructive aspect of the flux tube within the electromagnetic fields of the two interacting neutral cubes. The Earth being the negative cube within which hydrogen is produced. The Earth is somewhere in the 3rd’ ‘Set’. The 1st and 2nd ‘Set’ prehistory being negative ‘Sets’ of the flux tube, to cross over requires a major transition.

    Hydrogen atom/Structure = 4 not 3.14159 because of its flux tubes with its ‘End Sets’ but it interacts with the field of two neutral cubes one positive and one negative thereby it produces soft virtual particle/potentials. 4 x 90 degrees = 360 degrees divide by 95.777795 + .14159 = 3.90029. Thereby the sum equals more than its parts because it is never an entirely isolated unit from its system/progenitor. .09971 is an exterior connection of the central ‘End Set’ within Earths central position. Therefore .049855 is the positive and .049855 the negative pole connection when the structure splits into plasma, only to recombine. I intend to add to this information but too much at any one time defeats the object. Any questions I will answer if able. Regards Eric Ashworth

    .

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Honestly, I am not following, but maybe there are persons interested to your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    When you speak of a single module, do you mean a single reactor?
    Best regards,
    Iggie

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Stanyslav

    Dear Eric Ashworth and readers of this Journal,

    Could I kindly ask your objective opinion about geometry interpretation of physics from Eric Ashworth?
    Can the biography of Eric Ashworth be found somewhere and how did he come to this theory?
    Are there any publications and math behind this theory?
    How does this theory relate with modern physics?
    Do you see any perspectives in this theory?

    Regards,
    Stanyslav

  86. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you need to have both the SK and QX ready before you go into production and make your public product demonstration?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No. If the SK will not be ready, we will start with the QX anyway.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Loredana

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    There is a Swiss company, whose name is GRT, that is proposing in Italy a technology to turn plastics into fuel by a process that is evidently a copycat of your patent!
    Are you aware of it?
    Best Regards,
    Loredana

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Loredana:
    Not only that, but also ENI is making an analogous plant. My patent has been granted in 1978 and has expired on 1998. The US patent for the same technology has expired few months ago, so now the technology is free at disposal of whomever wants to make use of it. This is the spirit of patents.
    I am glad to read that it is still useful.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Did you spam my last comment sent a few moments ago. Regards Eric Ashworth

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    No, I did not spam any comment and your comment is not in the spam either. You can try to resend
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  92. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    If the SK is not ready, is the QX ready?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes. The QX is ready, the SK not yet. But we are working hard on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Ross

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched on YouTube the demonstration of the Ecat in Stockholm on Nov 24.
    It is an event of remarkable importance, the measurements have been convincing.
    I was sceptic about the Ecat, but now I am convinced.
    Cheers
    Ross

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Ross:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  96. Jim Rosenburg

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Has your 13 module 1 kW Ecat QX been made obsolete from the realization of the single module Ecat QX?
    Will it be possible to assemble 1 kW single module ecats to make 1 MW plants?
    Some is saying you are trying a single module 1 MW Ecat: is it true?
    Regards,
    Jim Rosenburg

  97. Andrea Rossi

    Jim Rosenburg:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- maybe: an evolution of the SK
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  98. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What are the main things that need to take place now before you start the industrial productions of your industrial E-Cats?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Very complex to answer. Thousands of particulars. I cannot enter in the particulars. The SK, for example, is not ready. The sale of heat presumes many separate organizational issues assessed. Authorizations issues have to be assessed. Etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Do you use the same controller for the SK and the QX reactors?
    2. Are you able to control multiple SK reactors in a manner similar to that used in the QX reactors?
    3. Would another metal or other material allow for even higher operating temperatures than a reactor based on Nickel?

  101. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- no
    2- yes
    3- not that I am aware of
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  102. Jenny

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    In the video
    Youtube Ecat QX demonstration in Stckholm Nov 24 2018
    the oscilloscope shows series of sinusoidal variations only in the positive field. Do you consider it a direct current?

  103. Andrea Rossi

    Jenny:
    Good question.
    It depends on what you mean with the term “direct current”.
    If you mean that a direct current is characterized by the fact that electrons move in an unipolar field, so that instead of “push and pull” as the AC does it continuously either pushes or pulls, even if the voltage changes at a certain frequency allows such a current as the one we have in the Ecat to be dubbed DC. But another common way to define DC is a flat line parallel to the X Cartesian ax: in this case, our current would have to be defined “unipolar current with frequently changing voltage”.
    By the way, this difference is why we need an oscilloscope to measure the electricity that enters the Ecat: a Voltmeter, even the more sophisticated, can be not able to read the frequency of a unipolar current when it is not flat and horizontal as the current from a battery.
    So, it’s up to you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  104. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    Did you get significant thrust and torque with the SK reactor? Could you already communicate some measures?

    Off topic, would you be related to Paolo Rossi a very talented footballer of the 80s that allowed Italy to be world champion in 82?
    Sorry for Sweden. My crystal ball needs a serious maintenance intervention.

    All my support for the industrialization of E-Cat
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  105. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    1- (SK) no
    2- (footballer) no
    3- (crystal ball) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Erika Sgro

    Dear Andrea,
    How can the stormy weather of the tariffs war between USA, CHINA, Europe affect the commercialization of the Ecat?
    Thanks,
    Erika

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Erika Sgro:
    As far as we sell a service invoicing heat, tariffs are not an issue, because our Ecats will remain property of Leonardo Corporation, so they won’t pay any sale tariff at any border. In general, the solution that will be adopted will be the one of Harley Davidson: make the products directly inside the commercial union where the same products have to be sold. I think this will become the most common solution of the problem. Enterpreneurs will have to evolve from being international remaining at home, into being international expanding internationally. The ones that are too small to do this, will have to make consortiums, or find niches of market wherein their quality is so special, that tariffs are not an issue.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Giuseppe

    Mr Rossi,
    Now you are 68. When do you think you will retire?
    Giuseppe

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    God allowing, at ninety I think I will allow myself to retire.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Savanna

    Dear Andrea
    Interesting the Feynmann diagram you suggested:is the photon raised by the two electrons the result of the annihilation of virtual particles?

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Savanna:
    I suppose so.
    We are preparing a series of experiments to find evidence of this.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    youtube ecat demo stockholm nov 24 2018
    Very convincing

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Anthony Garofalo

    Dr Rossi,
    Is the Ecat SK mostly destined to gas turbines?
    Anthony

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Anthony Garofalo:
    I think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that you are aware of the fact that Net Power in Huston uses a gas-turbine that is fired by pure O2 and natural gas in atmosphere of super critical CO2 which is recycled.
    Pure CO2 is stored.
    A large part of the installation can be omitted when using the E-cat SK. It seem to me a perfect match.
    See: https://qz.com/1292891/net-powers-has-successfully-fired-up-its-zero-emissions-fossil-fuel-power-plant/ but there are other articles as well.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You said that you will show the industrialized Ecat QX and/or SK in the east Coast in a meeting place. Do you think it will be necessary to have the authorizations to operate devices that now have a significant power, by orders of magnitude superior than the 20 W of the prototype shown in Stockholm?
    I wish you full success,
    JPR

  119. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, it will be necessary to have the authorizations. If this will be a problem, we will resolve showing the products not in operation, and a video of the same in operation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you use also the Wien and Boltzmann equations to calculate the energy generated by both the Ecat QX and the SK?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes. Wien, because there is no other way to measure these temperatures, Boltzmann, because we want to know exactly the energy produced inside the reactor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How would you describe by a Feynmann diagram your theoretical hypothesis about virtual particles and antiparticles generated at the temperature of 2 eV?

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    draw the continuous trajectory of one electron that makes an angle, draw a symmetrical trajectory in front of it of another electron so that the vertixes of the angles are where the trajectories are closest, then trace a wavy line between the vertixes to represent the photons generated by the annihilation of the virtual e.p. raised when the T of the field raises above to the mass of the same e.p.
    Like 2 “L” with the vertixes closer than the other points and united by a wave.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Wes Moore

    Hi Andrea,
    is snow melting a good fit for the Ecat?
    Take a look to this:
    http://www.impactlab.net/2018/07/08/google-is-building-a-city-of-the-future-in-toronto-would-anyone-want-to-live-there/#more-137382
    Warm Regards,
    Wes Moore
    Source Energy Mechanical

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Wes Moore:
    Maybe.
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Wendy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the video youtube Ecat demonstration November 24 Stockholm
    Very convincing, congratulations.
    Wendy

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Wendy:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis, Joseph Fine:
    It is true that graphene, that I know very well, is a good conductor, being a single atom layer substance, which leaves a high level of freedom to the electrons, but the price of graphene is higher than the price of industrial diamonds: obviously, when we talk of diamonds for this kind of use, we are not talking of jewels grade diamonds…we are talking of powder of diamonds obtained from the residuals of diamonds cuts not useful for jewelry purposes, like, for example, the diamonds powder used in the disks of the glass or steel cutters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, As many people are aware physics and maths is a closely related subject. Wikipedia with regards ‘Set theory’ is an interesting but complex subject and probably will only be of interest to certain readers but it is important in understanding a branch of physics that helps to explain structure as a composite of four dimensions within a systemic system. A cubic neutral has its event horizon and within which, is a flux tube. However a cubic neutral is enclosed within its event horizon that contains four flux tubes and within each flux tube are four ‘Sets’/dimensions of density, between which are minor ‘end sets’. Thereby sixteen dimensions/‘Sets’ and each’Set’ contains four dimensions of density i.e. 64 units to a structure. The four inner most ‘Sets’ are the most positive and the four outer most ‘Sets’ are the most negative. The Russell paradox within ‘Set theory’ is with regards the ‘End Set’. The inner most ‘End Set’ is the power towards which all structures are drawn and that which is surrounded by the four most positive ‘Sets’. Surrounding the most outermost negative ‘Sets’ is an outer circumferential ‘End Set’ being therefore in a contradictory position to that of the inner ‘End Set’. The transfinite number Wikipedia explain this paradox by explaining the location of the ‘End Set’. See lowest finite ordinal number being omega and first transfinite cardinal number being Aleph-null i.e. Alpha. What ‘Set theory’ is attempting to explain is a concept with regards a hierarchy that communicates by a mutual understanding of structure and a mathematical agreement due to comprehending an all inclusive situation regarding a structure comprised of its many parts. This introductory information is able to explain power and potential and how the two are intertwined but can be separated to explain two types of reactions. As previously mentioned EVOs i.e. exotic vacuum objects are extremely powerful forces, VPs i.e.virtual particles are less powerful and can be considered soft potentials. A Power system is a reaction involving four ‘Sets’, a potential of the Power is one that involves two ‘Sets’ i.e. between two minor ‘end sets’ both interactions involving the Lorenz force. Unifying field oscillation technology that is embodied in the linearizing propulsion mechanism is able to demonstrate ‘Set theory’ and ,I believe, a LENr is connected in part to this understanding. Woodward mach input engine is with regards EVOs. If you can understand anything about End Set theory you will be able to understand the mach engine with regards the maths, degrees and methodology as I intend to explain. Also to understand Topology and Stone Space will help to explain why its important to grasp new technologies. Yes climate change is occurring but its not entirely by human activity. Regards, Eric Ashworth
    P.S. Andrea have you accessed Old Quantum Theory, Wikipedia, Hydrogen Atom Sommerfeld model. Also I have just turned up Fine Structure Constant which I feel is important to virtual particles. I hope to post this information soon.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I read about the “Old Quantum Mechanic” euristic experimentations.

  131. Viktor Shipachev

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    You write that you are “planning to see QX as the first industrial Ecat product”; why not to add some SK in combination?
    Viktor Shipachev

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Viktor Shipachev:
    This depends if the Ecat QX will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Chuck Davis

    @Joseph Fine:
    Graphene is even more conductive than diamonds and much cheaper,
    Cheers
    Chuck Davis

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Martin Pietsch

    Hello Mr Rossi,
    how many Ecats of what size will you build for your customers at this time?

    What is the status of the production site and are there already pictures of it?

    Thank you so much,
    Martin

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Martin Pietsch:
    1- at this time none is yet under construction
    2- confidential
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Diamond has very high thermal conductivity, about 5 times higher than copper. However, Diamond is expensive.

    Enriched 12C (or C-12) isotopically pure Diamond is even more expensive but has even higher thermal conductivity.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopically_pure_diamond

    Boron Arsenide, a compound developed at the University of Houston, has about half the thermal conductivity of Diamond, but at much less cost.

    https://phys.org/news/2018-07-upend-conventional-wisdom-thermal.html

    You may find this material useful.

    Thermal regards,

    Joseph Fine

  138. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Did you spam my last reply, its ok if you did but have experienced problems with my computer regarding collaborations. Regards Eric Ashworth

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I did not spam it. Please send it again,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations on all the latest advancements. The decision to sell heat and not E-cats is brilliant. I’m looking forward to the start of the industrialization. Will the components be hand made or are the robots ready?

    Thank you
    Bernie Morrissey

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    The industrial production has not been started yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Have any governmental entities, domestic or foreign, expressed interest in being a customer for your heat?
    Regards,
    Iggy

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    I would like to comment on your comments to Mr. Paoli. I recall that I am not a physicist and that my understanding of the nuclear reactions is VERY VERY limited.
    I remember the controversy over the work of Dr. Fleishmann and Dr. Pons rejected by the scientific community because it did not fit with quantum theory. Although this is true, it is not because the experiment does not obey the theory, however solid, that the work of Dr. Fleishmann and Dr. Pons should be rejected. However doubts were allowed at the time. The experiment could not be reproduced either by an independent laboratory or by the authors themselves who stopped their work for lack of funding.
    It was not until an extraordinary person was convinced that things in the field that were not yet explained by the theory could be dispensed with.
    It is possible that your effect falls within the framework of the current theory, which seems to be your belief. It is also possible that the Rossi effect obeys something of which the much larger whole would integrate the current quantum theory.
    All my support for your current and future work
    Best regards

    My crystal ball plans a FRANCE – SWEDEN in World Cup final

    Raffaele

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I was hoping your crystal ball to be right, but it has not been so…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  146. CC

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    How much time do you think will it take to obtain the licence and authorization from the states to install and start up the Ecats?
    CC

  147. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    I have been told it will not be long, provided are respected all the regulations in terms of safety and only certified components are used: so told me the certified engineer that is preparing the papers for a Customer we will have to supply the plant to. In general, it will depend also on the locations.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  148. Raffaele

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Have Ecat plants to sell heat already been installed in some industry or facility of any client?

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele:
    No. As I said , I hope we will start out industrialization within December-January, but I still do not have a certainty of this. We still have to work on the preparation of the Ecats, besides, before installing a plant, there will be the necessity to get the licenses along the laws of the sites where our Clients are. Anyway I realistically can hope we will start by January 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Just a curiosity: does your team include also a Florida State certified engineer?

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes, he is an engineer from the University of Florida and served as engineer in the US Navy for many years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Rudolf Mainz

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are in the USA necessary authorizations to install the Ecat plants in industries and sell heat?

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Rudolf Mainz:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for the further details about the visit of the Florida inspectors. When you say that they came to ‘control our 1 MW Ecat’ does that mean that they interrupted your own work and did their own testing of the plant, or did they simply take measurements when you were operating it?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    They did not interrupt our work and they did not test the plant, their duty was to make the measurement of radiations while the plant was working.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    ITERnity: a game-changer that isn’t changing the game for now.

    But ITERnity is also a story of the people’s deception through the mainstream media. In the belief that “someone very scientific and expensive” is working on the right solution in the long term, we do not have to worry, and everyone can be quietly engaged in his own business.

    Recently I watched the movie: Star Wars, The Last Jedi. Something I thought to be impossible, really happened in that movie: The starcruisers… ran out of fuel !!!
    I am disappointed with the lack of vision among Sci-Fi writers. A future with inexhaustible energy sources was thus the main theme of our education. And now this. :-( Poor children of ours: No bright future for you !

    E-Cat, E-Cat SSM, Hot-Cat, E-Cat QX, E-Cat SK: Changing all kinds of games while keeping most players around the table.

    Sometimes we’re allowed to do good, but only if we promise not to do better for a while.
    I believe that the SK-version or its derivatives will fit very well in drones with laser-gun capacity to incinerate our hair or burn holes in our skin from out of the sky. And they never run out of ammunition.
    There will be a market for this. It does not have to be cheap and simple at all.

    I hope everything goes well. With you and your team and their families and also your customers. It never was easy.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    You know why ITERnity field doesn’t change the game? Because it is confined in the political EATERnity fundamental field by strong forces.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Yoshi

    Dr Rossi,

    looks like another power source the > ThorCon Molten Salt Reactor
    can be safer safe and scalable to 100 GW — within a decade —

    https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/07/thorcon-molten-salt-reactor-can-be-safer-safe-and-scalable-to-100-gw-within-a-decade.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Yoshi:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. Leda

    Dear Andrea,
    reading about the titanic expenses for the hot fusion it is more easy to perceive that if you really will arrive to the industrialization of the Ecat by the time you indicated it will be something similar to a miraculous event. I really wish you to succeed for us all and also because you merit it for your perseverance, courage, dedication. I didn’t say ingenuity, because it is obvious.
    A big hug from a follower,
    Leda

  161. Andrea Rossi

    Leda:
    Thank you for your kind words and for the attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You mentioned that the emissions of the E-Cat have been thoroughly measured by the specialized officers of the Healthcare Office of Florida. Can you tell us some more about when these officers visited, and the circumstances of their visit?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The team of the Healthcare Office of Florida specialized in Ionizing Radiations Measurements arrived unexpectedly to control our 1 MW Ecat while it was performing its performance test in Doral, Florida, at the beginning of February 2016. They wanted to verify if during the operation of the Ecat any ionizing radiation was emitted outside the reactors. They made a very thoroughly control with their instrumentation and at the end allowed us to continue to perform our work, because no irregularity related to the radiations emerged.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    About your response to Paolo: now the Italian government has given to ENEA, a taxpayer funded parasitical institution whose R&D has never produced anything useful, 500 million euro to continue to work on the Eater: another “donut”?
    Cheers,
    CC

  165. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Another donut. I have been told they said the plant will be able to work within…30 years !!! ( Why I am not surprised? ) Add this to the sequel I answered Paolo.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    You are right, it cannot penetate the skin, but it can pass through the skin porosity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your reply to paolo regarding hot fusion is full of information that many people are unaware of. Why not make a post that your readers can access whenever. Could be titled ‘A Costly Hot Fusion Nonsense’. This information does need broadcasting. Regards Eric Ashworth

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I agree. Papers on the issue are welcome on the Journal of the Nuclear Physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Kudos for your answer to Paolo. I agree with you.
    Nobody can deny that the probabilities of success of your technology are higher than the realization of the hot fusion. Besides, you cost nothing to the taxpayer.
    Godspeed,
    Roland

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Mats Heijkenskjold

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the answer to Paolo, I totally agree with your comment to EATER!

    In your answer you also said: Tritium is one of the most dangerous isotopes existing.
    I have read somewhere that the radiation is very low and it could not penetrate the human skin.
    Could you explain this, please?

    Best regards

    Mats Heijkenskjold

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Mats Heijkenskjold:
    The rate of dangerousness of the beta decay of Tritium and its cancerogenicity risk is obviously in function of the amount, that in a nuclear fusion generator at 150 million degrees of temperature would be huge. Tritium penetrates easily through the porosity of the skin and through nose, mouth, ears.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Joseph Fine

    Mats Heijkenskjold

    Tritium decays to Helium-3, an electron and a anti-neutrino. (Beta decay)

    And the emitted electron energy averages only 5 keV. It cannot penetrate the skin but it is dangerous if inhaled. The half-life of tritium is only 12.3 years, so another good question would be why He-3 can be found at the site of volcano eruptions.

    http://www.radioactivity.eu.com/site/pages/Tritium.htm

    https://www.wired.com/2014/04/what-helium-can-tell-us-about-volcanoes/

    Joseph Fine

  174. Nyla Borowiak

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I totally agree with what you wrote in response to Paolo: at last somebody has the guts to say that the king is naked.
    Godspeed for your intense work.
    Cheers
    Nyla

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Nyla Borowiak:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi:
    Maybe you will spam this and I would understand.
    Somebody is hinting that your strategy to sell heat and not plants is aimed to attract investors, hiding the fact that you will sell energy with a loss, but will get a lot of money from investors.
    Please spam, this is dangerous! I just wanted to warn you of what your enemies are saying.

  177. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thank you for the warning.
    Let me say sound and clear:

    1- WE ARE NOT LOOKING FOR INVESTORS, BUT ONLY FOR CLIENTS. IT IS POSSIBLE SOME STRATEGICALLY IMPORTANT CUSTOMER WILL BE INVITED TO BECOME PARTNER , BUT THIS WILL HAPPEN AFTER THEY WILL HAVE USED OUR PLANTS FOR ENOUGH TIME TO GIVE TO THE PARTNERSHIP A FAIR VALUE BASED ON FACTS.
    2- WE ARE NOT GOING TO MAKE AN IPO BEFORE OUR TECHNOLOGY WILL BE WIDELY DIFFUSED IN THE MARKET WITH THOUSANDS OF ECAT PLANTS

    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Since you provide all the capital and the customer only pays for the heat, how soon do you expect it will
    take for you (the supplier) to recoup your costs on an SK, assuming maximum continuous heat production?
    1- 3 months
    2- 6 months
    3- 1 year

    Regards,
    Iggy Dalrymple

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Our business plan is confidential. Let me answer, though: soon enough, otherwise we’d incur in dangerous financial waters.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    There is a buzz in the internet that your Ecat SK could have issues related to the radiations it could emit.
    Are you worried of this issue? Could your presentaton of the industrialized Ecat SK be jeopardized by it?
    Cheers
    Prof

  181. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    We constantly measure all the radiations emitted by the Ecat. The emissions have also been thoroughly measured by the specialized officers of the Healthcare Office of Florida, that has a team of specialized agents for this specific purpose, as well as from Physics Professors specialized in such measurement and NEVER has been measured an excess of ionizing radiations beyond the background. This also is an indirect confirmation of the theoretical intuition Gullstrom and I are studying upon ( Carl-Oscar Gullstrom, nuclear physic from the University of Uppsala- you can find his lecture on Youtube whose link is also in our website http://www.ecat.com, or Google ” Youtube video Carl Oscar Gullstrom theoretical lecture of Ecat presentation Stockholm November 24 2017 “)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  182. Paolo

    Recently I read that the hot fusion scientists foresee that their plant will start production within 30 years. Your opinion?
    Ciao e in bocca al lupo!
    Paolo

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Paolo:

    In 1950
    they said that surely within 20 years the hot fusion was going to be in regular production of energy.
    In 1959: my teacher of the elementary school, during a class research about from where electricity came, told us that the hot fusion was going to be the main source before we turned twenty ( I remember this well, because it impressed me ).
    In 1966
    I perfectly remember that in my high school ( Liceo Scientifico Alessandro Volta ) my text book of Physics taught me that within 30 years, even if later than expected, the nuclear hot fusion was going to be the main energy source for ever. My teacher of Physics, Prof Vezzoli, who, beside a Prof of Physics in a high school of Milan was also a senior researcher of the Montedison R&D laboratory, confirmed.
    In the seventies
    in a physics manual I had to study for an exam during my doctorate, there was written that within the nineties hot fusion would be a sure thing.
    In the eighties
    I read in a book of physics that surely by the year 2000 ( a magic number ) the plant named ITER would have the first operative hot fusion plant of the world.
    In the nineties
    Dr Fleishmann and Dr Pons have been character assassinated because after several months their theory had not been replicated.
    In 2001
    I read on the scientific page of the Italian newspaper Sole 24 Ore that the ITER was ready to be started up within twenty years
    After 2001
    until today the ITER ( now dubbed EATER from some ) reached 50 billion dollars of actualized combined financing from the taxpayers.

    As a matter of fact, all these steps had a common denominator: a Niagara falls of money time by time fallen on the pockets of a world that has not to account for the results of their expenses, with the excuse that their task is so important that any delay is ( and will remain for ever ) as unavoidable as death.
    In 2018 some guy, that I deem very talented in improvising funny questions, keeps asking me why, after 8 years of work totally self-financed, the Ecat is not yet for sale in the internet and in the shelves and, to add fun to fun, warns me that this delay is feeding scepticism.
    The real source of envy I feel for the hot-fusionists is that they delay always, 70 years since, the target to become operative with the plant beyond the expected term of their jobs, so whatever will happen, they will never have to respond of what they do with the money of others, while I have to respond of what I do, putting my life AND my money on the stakes, with the responsibility to do it before I die.
    They say that the LENR are impossible because of the Coulombian forces, but it is nuclear Physics archeology, based on theoretical concepts of the fifties, before consolidated and replicated phenomenons of tunnel effect and before big cracks have been put in evidence about incongruences. In nuclear Physics the last revolution has been made by Enrico Fermi, in the thirties…after that has been just made particles accounting cracking down already known nuts to see what is inside, but if you look only in the nut, always the same nut, you do not see what is outside the nut, albeit you sure become a nuttologist of that specific nut. Until somebody says: ” Hey, guy, look outside the nut…there is a lot of dark things, why don’t we turn on the light, so they will be no more dark?”
    Dark matter is a mental masturbation that means ‘ matter we understood nothing of because our models are limited’. I am studying my effect and I am all the more convinced that the temperature we are reaching raises waves we have not a model of and the energy we are producing comes from annihilaton of virtual waves, this explaining why we do not generate ionizing radiations that have the energy to exit the reactor during their life ( probably 10^-23 s )after which they are thermalized.
    But, they say, this is “IMPOSSIBLE” , like the title of the book ” An Impossible Invention ” of my friend Mats Lewan, a scientific journalist and a chemical Engineer from one of the most important universities of Sweden; what is, then possible in the hot fusion system? What is that these Gurus of the real and sole shared science and technology deem POSSIBLE? Here are some cherrypicked highlights:
    1: ” we will reach 150 million Celsius degrees, but the container ( with involuntary irony dubbed ‘ the donut ‘ ) will not boil out in fractions of seconds because of few inches of a magnetic field that will be induced by current between the 150 million degrees plasma and the ceramic insulation of the torus ( the donut ). When Prof Sergio Focardi and I finished to read this , after our laughs faded, we calculated that the probability to maintain stable such a magnetic field to protect permanently- as my friend Orsobubu, who is invited, would say- and uniformly is around 10^-23. When a shared-certification-qualified scientist tells you that this magnetic field is doable, he says a thing that he surely knows is impossible ( that for true ).
    2- “The hot fusion is the most environmentally friendly energy source, because it does not use radioactive materials”. As a matter of fact, this is not just a stupidity: it is a blatant deception, taking advantage of the fact that the non students of the matter cannot know what follows: it is true that the hot fusion is made with non radioactive materials, but it is also true that it PRODUCES very radioactive materials, like tritium, a hydrogen isotope that does not exist in nature, but is produced in the nuclear fission power plants, together with plutonium. Tritium is one of the most dangerous isotopes existing, more dangerous than Uranium 235 ( the bomb grade uranium ), due to its relatively short emilife, which implies strong radiations. It plays a key role in fusion bombs.
    3- ” A hot fusion power plant is not dangerous because it does not work with radioactive materials”: just read again the point 2.
    Why do intelligent and educated scientists and politics say these false things? Come on…THE DONUT OF THE EATER ( PARDON, ITER )!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Peter

    Dear Rossi:
    I sent by email to the address you gave us the request to be invited to the presentation of the industrialized Ecat. By the way, will it be possible to come to the site of the event and ask permission to enter?
    Thank you,
    Peter

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Peter:
    No, it will not be possible. At the entrance of the site the security will check that every attendant has the pass. The pass will have to be shown together with a photo ID, for the US citizens, or a passport for non US citizens. Every pass reports the name of the person invited and cannot be transfered to other persons.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello Andréa Rossi

    The SK R & D gives excellent results which means that soon you will have many possibilities in the development of boilers with very different applications in the industry. You will surely be interested in the companies producing electricity that will turn the steam into electrical energy.
    Do you already have electric customers in your pre-order book?
    What maximum power do you expect to achieve with a SK boiler?
    Have you planned an IPO in 2019?

    All my support for your work and all my wishes of success for the industrial boiler SK.
    Best regards

    Raffaele

  187. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    We are not yet in contact with power providers. Also the SK modules, as well as the QX, can be combined theoretically limitless. I do not think we will make an IPO in 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Am I correct in understanding that you intend to supply the equipment to your customers and charge them for the power produced. Also you will have trained installation/service technicians to oversee operations. The E-Cats will require replenishments of hydrogen, will this be supplied by existing gas suppliers in the industry or will it be manufactured on site by electrolysis at a sustainable rate.
    Regards Eric Ashworth.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    We will install and serve the necessary maintainance and will invoice the heat.
    We also will provide to the charge. The operation will be made from our headquarters in Miami.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    I understand that during the presentation of the industrialized Ecat you will turn it on, correct? Will the presentation be streamed ?
    JPR

  191. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I would like to turn it on, just to give the flavor of it.
    Yes, the presentation will be streamed in the internet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. W.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    I have received your invitation to attend the presentation of the industrialized Ecat SX and again I want to thank you.
    Just a suggestion: I suppose that to look at the SK could damage the eyes: will be enough to wear sunglasses?

  193. Andrea Rossi

    W.:
    No, sunglasses do not protect even a bit.
    The light irradiated is very strong. We will supply to the attendants masks with protection 14. To look at the light of the Ecat SK without this protection is very dangerous for the eyes, even for several seconds.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    With the success of the recent SK test, and the many advantages it has over the QX, are you still planning to have the QX as the first industrial E-Cat product?

    Best regards,

    Frank Acland

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Maybe they will be presented together, but they are two different things for two different kind of employment: the SK cannot be employed for ratings below 100 kW.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Preston Croman

    Dear Andrea,
    The real core of the SK, I mean the point in which the energy is generated, which external surface has?

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Preston Croman:
    The surface is very small.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    and you are still convinced that your effect could be generated by the annihilation of virtual particles that have the same temperature of the field of the reactor?

  199. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. David

       Dear Andrea Rossi
    Can you explain what is the Lorenz force and if is present in the Ecat?

  201. Andrea Rossi

    David:
    F= qE+qv*B
    where:
    F= Lorenz force
    q=charge of the particle
    v=velocity of the particle
    E=electric field value
    B=magnetic field value
    Surely the Lorenz force is among the forces that operate in the Ecat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  202. CC

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is still going on your theoretical research with Carl-Oscar Gullstrom?

  203. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  204. Anonymous

    How much time will take to your customers to pay back the Ecat?

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    the Customers will pay the heat, not the Ecats.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  206. K.F.

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Can you explain the ratio bwtween the volume of the reactor of the QX and of the SK?

  207. Andrea Rossi

    K.F.:
    QX:SQ=1:10
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  208. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    So are the advantages of the SK over the QX:

    1. Much higher power density?
    2. More economical for Leonardo to manufacture?
    3. Higher temperatures?
    4. Higher COP?
    5. Energy less expensive for customers?
    6. Easier to incorporate into products such as engines

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  209. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- yes
    2- at parity of power, yes
    3- yes
    4- no
    5- yes
    6- easier to incorporate in gas turbines
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  210. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that your recent innovations and successes with the SK systems will lead to new patent applications?

    Best Wishes,
    WaltC

  211. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for your explanation. So would there be any reason for a customer wanting a minimum power of 100 kW to choose the QX over the SK?

    Many thanks,

    Frank

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Above the 100 kW of rating the SK is much smaller.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for sharing your test results with us.

    Did the SK dimensions reduce with the new model?

    Were any thrust measurements made?

    Astonishing results!

    Tom

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    1- no
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    From what you are reporting about the SK testing, I am very much looking forward now to seeing its presentation.

    It sounds like you will probably have two products for sale (SK and QX)

    1) Why would a customer choose an E-Cat QX instead of an SK?
    2) Why would a customer choose an SK instead of a QX?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    It is a matter of power.
    SK means 100 kW modules, QX means 1 kW modules.
    We will choose the more appropriate assemblies for the Customers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Mr XSO:
    As soon as we will have an organization in Russia, where our patent has already been granted and I am very proud of it.
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Mister XSO

    Good day.
    When and how can I buy your clean energy in Russia?
    Mister XSO

  220. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    We sincerely congratulate you on the next great success and sincerely wish you the speedy commercialization of your breakthrough technology.

    With the warmest feelings,
    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    I am honoured of your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Dear Andrea,
    Congratulations for progress.
    I also want to say that the names you have chosen (QX and SK) sound good to me. To me, those four letters are like a minimalist piece of art, they and their interrelationships tell a multi-level story about the development history and applicability of the devices.
    regards, /pekka

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I agree, they evoke a long story.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Morgan

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Does what you said about the last test of the Ecat SK mean that when you will make the presentation also the SK will be on course of serial manufacturing?

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Morgan:
    Probably.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    Congratulations on your succesful SK test.
    Your past race running was mentioned.
    Here is a link to a video about an unbelievable race.

    http://osiyo.tv/segments/andy-payne-and-the-great-american-footrace-of-1928/

    Regards
    Sam

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Let me be one of the first to congratulate you and your team with the successful tests!
    1. Can you tell a bit of what was tested on the SK?
    2. You said you think it will be ‘presented’. Do you mean you will publicly present more details of the SK in the near future?
    3. About the 1MW QX demonstration next year. How will you get rid of this 1 MW? You will need more than a bucket of water!
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

    PS. Your junior record 24h running is still not beaten after 48 years? You must have used an SK type of advanced drugs!

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we tested a version very close to the industrialization and it did not show any trouble in a long test, besides I had confirmation of the validity of an intuition that simplify remarkably the SK system.
    2- We will probably present both the QX and the SK
    3- see point 2. We cannot present in a conference room a 1 MW plant, as you correctly note.
    4- I obviously I have been controlled with the antidoping test and obviously it resulted negative. To get dope is the most stupid thing an athlete can do.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  230. Gino

    Dear Andrea
    I am really impressed by the progress you made. So at this point it is not impossible to see the Ecat SK at the presentation of the industrialized Ecat?
    Godspeed

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Gino:
    I can say that now I think it is possible, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar ?”
    1- no
    2- both: QX for low power, SK for high power
    3- many fundamental scientific suggestions, mainly regarding the use of Li
    4- yes
    5- the main thought was ‘Now that I told I would succeed, I have to succeed”.
    I succeeded and you know what it does mean. My juniores world record, made in 1970, has still to be beaten. I suspect it is because it is ot easy to find a 19 years old enough crazy to make such a thing.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. "Jag bara undrar?"

    Dear Andrea

    1) 2009 did you meet DOE and DOD and now you write that no industrial plant will be ready before 2019. Is there any connection?

    2) Where do you see the future? QX or SK?

    3) When you have been to Stockholm and met Sven Kullander several years ago. I understand that it was “spinning” of thoughts when you go home. Will you ever reveal what he said to you?

    4) Do you think SK understood that he contributed something for you? (with the knowledge you already had)

    5) I have personal experience to run and win 24H race. How did your thoughts go during your races?

    Best regards

    Jag bara undrar?

  234. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just a few questions:
    1. Were you happy with the results of the tests this week?
    2. Will you provide details of the cost of energy per kWh at te presentation of te industrial Ecat?
    3. Do you still think that you can deliver an industrial Ecat end of this year?
    4. Will the demo-plant have an output level of 1 MW?
    5. Have you already started building it?
    Thank you and kind regards, Gerard

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- I just finished now the test with the SK.
    I am trembling for the emotion.
    Probably we will present it.
    We made enormous progress in the last several weeks.
    The test has been not good. The test has been great.
    2- yes
    3- no
    4- yes for the QX, no for the SX
    5- after the test of today we will start tomorrow, even id it is Sunday, the SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, un problema impellente del Ministro Luigi Di Maio (e della nuova proprietà) è la decarbonizzazione del processo produttivo degli impianti siderurgici dell’ILVA di Taranto, responsabili del grave inquinamento della città e conseguentemente di molte delle gravi malattie che affliggono i suoi abitanti. Come forse saprà Di Maio in passato firmò un’interrogazione parlamentare in sostegno delle LENR per cui sarebbe interessante se Lei (ove mai ritenesse l’e-cat adatto per quell’impiego) contattasse lo Staff del Ministro per sottoporre al suo giudizio questa rivoluzionaria soluzione tecnica, certo di essere preso nella dovuta considerazione.
    Sarebbe davvero meraviglioso se la Sua Invenzione contribuisse a risolvere questo annoso problema che affligge una parte dell’Italia e che ha causato tante vittime.
    Cordiali saluti.
    Synopsis: Why do not you propose to the Italian Government your technology for to reduce pollution at the ILVA of Taranto?

    Vincenzo Bonomo

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    We respond to all the entities that are making requests of our technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    At the presentation if the industrialized Ecat will you also show one in operation?

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  240. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Good answer to Thomas Floreck Regards Eric Ashworth No Need to publish.

  241. “At the moment we are dealing only with the highest echelons..”

    The Pope wants to use an E-cat?

    :-)

  242. Andrea Rossi

    Thomas Florek:
    His Sanctity does not need it, he is warmed by the love of the People.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Dear Andrea,
    Some time ago, someone mentioned the production of hydrogen by so-called sulfur-iodine cycle. The cycle is explained in its wikipedia page, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur%E2%80%93iodine_cycle . The highest process temperature seems to be 830C. The page mentioned challenges to find materials to resist corrosion. The process seems to be at R&D stage, not ready.
    It’s something to be aware of, but if I were you, I would concentrate on producing heat and let the customer do what he wants with it. As you have said you are doing.
    regards, /pekka

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I agree.
    Thanks for the information, though. I always publish also information that is not connected with my actual field of focus, hoping such infotmation could be useful also for some of our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. CC

    Dr Rossi:
    You said that the customers you are dealing with belong to the highest industrial echelons: are they all listed in a stock exchange?
    Cheers
    CC

  246. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Oystein Lande

    Dear mr.Rossi,

    A suggestion: you should look into heat assisted electrolysis of water/steam to produce Hydrogen.

    High H2 energy efficiencies may be acheived by supplying heat to the electrolysis process.

    If the truck Company Nikola is successful, they will need a lot of hydrogen for truck fuel.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Oystein Lande:
    I know the issue, made many experiments on it when I was working in the field of fuel from wastes in the eighties. The separation is not convenient, costs more energy than it yelds, as far as I experienced.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen Cooke:
    Answers:
    1. so far it is confidential
    2. so far it is confidential
    3. we will bill the heat at a fee that will include all
    4. to be invited, please send an email to info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  250. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I find your lofty desire to couple an eCat SK 100kW reactor with a gas turbine engine interesting. I have a Chevy Volt and the online specifications suggest somewhere around 31 to 34 kWhr are required to travel 100 miles. The large gas turbines are reportedly approaching 60% efficiency in conversion of thermal energy to electrical energy. No doubt, smaller gas turbines to electrical generation will have lower efficiency.

    The Chevy Volt has a battery with range extending gasoline power generator. I used the car on a trip to and from Florida from New Hampshire. My range on a fully charge is between 29 and 40 miles, depending on the outside temperature (it affects charging).

    Assumptions:

    1. Assume a conservative thermal to electricity efficiency of 30%.
    2. 100 kW thermal output eCat SK
    3. Long distance drive (e.g. New Hampshire to Florida — ~1,300 miles) with a maximum speed of 70 mph.
    4. 31 kWhr = 100 miles of travel

    Question: would a 100kW eCat SK be able to continuously power my Chevy Volt for a long trip?

    Average Energy required per hour of travel = 31 kWhr / 100 miles * 70 mph * 1 hour = 21.7 kWhr
    Required eCat to Gas Turbine electrical production efficiency = 1 hour * 21.7 kWhr / 100kW (eCat SK thermal output) = 21.7%

    Since the assumed efficiency is greater than the minimum required efficiency, the eCat SK could either be run at a reduced output level, or the excess energy could be used to recharge a partially deleted onboard battery.

    In this case the massive battery of the Chevy Volt would be used to provide the input power to the eCat SK, which is assumed to have a very high effective COP.

    Note: other electric cars have different but similar energy requirements. If we added the assumption of a rest stop every 2 – 4 hours (people need these stops for food, etc.), the eCat SK could still be running and charging the onboard battery during the stops.

  251. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    The calculations are more complex and we are not ready to enter in these fields.
    We are at a much preliminar status, which is to measure the power of the Ecat SX and the COP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.