Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2017-09-19 20:40:09.215213Z

  1. Andrea Rossi

    Proof:
    And who pays to fund the solar?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still well. Tomorrow will be very important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Andrea Rossi

    We will prepare hundreds of patents for the updates and the manufacturing systems that will perpetuate our IP.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  4. Josephina Micek

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    In 18 years your US patent will expire: what will your company to defend your IP then?

  5. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Bloomberg weekly magazine has published that by 2030 solar energy will have totally displaced gas and oil.
    Comment?

  6. WaltC

    Dear Andrea,
    With respect to your E-Cat jet engine experiments– it seems that there would be some commonality between jet engines (for aircraft) and microturbines (for a relatively compact form of power generation), do you think that your jet engine experiments could someday open the way towards generating electric power in that fashion?

    WaltC

  7. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    The use of turbines yto produce electricity is not new.
    It is a possible application.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- no
    2- confidential
    3- confidential
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Thank you for the explanation about Sigma 5. Does Sigma 5 represent only an internal milestone for you, or is this goal important to some external entity?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Dear Mr. Rossi,

    If I remember correctly, you said you had to solve 3 problems:
    – safety
    – reliability
    – controlability
    Have you solved these problems and if yes, have you solved these problems not only for single modules bur for a whole reactor?

    Thank you for your answer and good luck with your important experiment this week.

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Hergen:
    For the assemblies too.
    Thanks for your kind wishes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    I wish you great success in this important test. I hope, too, that next week we might hear more about your new partner and perhaps the jet engine project.
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    About our new Partner there is no way that information is released for the time being, while about the jet engine we are working on it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. John Smith

    Your updated website
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    A masterpiece!

  16. Andrea Rossi

    John Smith:
    Yes, I think we made a good job. It just takes some patience, because it is complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  17. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can the E-Cat QX operate without entering/(put into) the self-sustaining mode (SSM)?

    2. What is the average/approximate duration of an SSM interval?

    3. What is the longest time that the E-Cat has been in SSM?
    a) less than 1 hour
    b) 1-2 hours
    c) 2-4 hours
    d) more than 4 hours

    Sustained regards,

    Joseph Fine

  18. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I know you have been seeking for 5 sigma for many months now, and I hope you are able to achieve this goal. It is clearly very important to you; however, I am still a bit unclear about what the significance of 5 sigma is — can you explain what the benefit will be to you if you finally reach the point of 5 sigma.

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Sigma 5 means high reliability, because the statistics of malfunctions caused by many issues make unlikely important shortcomings. Sigma 5 is a probabilistic formula normally used in science.
    Google “CERN Sigma 5”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very important week this week.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. Colin Watters

    Dear Mr Rossi,

    You mentioned you are doing a “restricted” test next week. I thought access to all your testing was restricted (eg no public access until the October demo). What is different about this test? Is it a test for a potential customer?

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Colin Watters:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Firebirds

    Dr Rossi,

    Ophelia quote on ECW –

    “Rossi is doing the right thing selling the power.

    That should be required for anyone claiming to be able
    to produce energy from some new technology, sell the energy.
    Delivering energy below market cost is very convincing.”

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Firebirds:
    Thank you for the citation. Ophelia is right, but obviously this solution, as the interlude between now and the massive production, is very disappointing for the parasites.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Looking forward to Sigma 5 with you and your team this week. Great news!

    Congratulations,

    Tom

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Jeanne

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Best wishes for your test of this week, whatever it is. You are the one.
    God bless you,
    Jeanne

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Jeanne:
    Thank you for your sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  29. Jerry

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I saw your answer to Isabell: very impressive the work you made for the protection of the intellectual property in parallel with the immense work you made with the E-Cat.
    I suppose you have many other patents pending, isn’t it true?
    Godspeed
    Jerry

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Jerry:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I keep my fingers crossed for the final sigma 5 tests. I hope that they will go as intended and that your E-cat QX is then finally qualified to pleasure the world with its heat.
    Just for my understanding: when you say it is ‘next week’, is that starting tomorrow or starting Monday the 25th of September?
    What type of tests do you intend to do?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    I intend this week starting tomorrow.
    The test is restricted.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  33. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you know that in Japan Nissan (Volvo Group) has replicated your effect?

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I read their communication, but no report followed up.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  35. Udo J

    Hello Mr Rossi,

    you told us several times you want to use robots for manufacturing the Ecats.

    I am really not so sure if this is a good idea… 😉

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bAdqazixuRY&feature=youtu.be

    AUTOMATICA 4k – Robots Vs. Music – Nigel Stanford

    I hope you enjoy both the video and music!

    Best regards,

    Udo J

    I am not in any connection with Nigel Stanford

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Udo J.:
    Fantastic!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Isabell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you tell us if and in which Countries your US Patent has been granted already?
    Thank you if you can aswer,
    Isabell

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Isabell:
    After the USA, the same patent has been granted in the following Countries, so far:
    -All the 38 Countries of Europe
    – Canada
    – Mexico
    – Russia
    – Japan
    – Australia
    – South Africa
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Can you project, and release, your estimate as to when you anticipate 5 sigma completion?

    2. Is 5 sigma completion a condition necessary before your new commercial Quark-X based industrial plants are delivered?

    3. Do you envision your 1 MW Industrial sites will be manned at the industrial site 24 hours per day by your personnel?

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- soon
    2- not necessarily
    3- several hours per week will be enough, with remote control 24/7
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Preparing for a fundamental closed doors test in the next week, after which Sigma 5 will have been completed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I understand you are not at mass production stage at this point. My question was to learn if you think technology is developed enough to build power plants (control, stability, durability, sufficient temperature, etc.), once you have sufficient production capability.

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    The answer is “yes”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Nadira

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If a company orders today a 1 MW plant to Leonardo Corporation to make electricity, by when can it expect the delivery?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Nadira

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Nadira:
    Between 6 months and 1 year, depending on the specific conditions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Jimmy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I absolutely agree on your answer to Krista.
    Cheers,
    Jimmy

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Jimmy:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Krista

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Honestly, do you think you have competitors in the world that can start an industrial production before Leonardo Corporation?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Krista

  49. Andrea Rossi

    Krista:
    I do not think so, sincerely. The best and most vociferous among them, as I am aware of, after making a copycat of our E-Cats in their websites and presentations, are just waiting our E-Cats off the shelves, to buy and copy them. This is why we will go on the shelves only when we will be able to be unbeatable in the competition. In the meantime, we will manufacture only industrial plants that will be managed directly by us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your effect is the sole in the field of the LENR that has been really replicated by true third parties in America, Europe, China, Russia, Japan and is the sole that has been granted a patent in all the main Countries of the world. Your presentation of the E-Cat QX in October will be the jewel of the crown of your huge intellectual property, am I correct?
    As I always said, there is only one man that will be able in short term to make a reality the production of LENR in the world and that man is you.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that you are now ready to produce electricity via Carnot cycle on an industrial scale.

    As you know, every year multi-megawatt coal plants are retired, having passed their useful lifespan, and thus we lose a source of grid power, while our world’s thirst for energy increases.

    Is the E-Cat QX developed enough now to be able to fuel a power station generating 500 MW of electricity (the average size of a US coal plant)?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Attention: I did not say that we are ready now to produce on industrial scale the E-Cat: I said that we are ready to produce industrial plants able to be coupled with the Carnot cycle system.
    Our construction and delivery time is not yet comparable to the time allowed by a massive industrial production, that is our target, but not our present capacity.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find new comments published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still and well on our way to Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Henry Farrell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Did I understand well that you consider the industrial plants made by assemblies of E-Cat QXes ready for to study their massive industrialization?
    Cheers,
    Henry

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Henry Farrell:
    I think at this point I can answer yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Ralph

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it true that you are working to realize a big industrial concern to manufacture massively the E-Cat QX?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ralph

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Ralph:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    On our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  61. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The rumors that the Swedish prof that made the Lugano test have replicated your effect by means of a reactor, made by them, a reactor that reproduces your patent, using classic calorimetry with a water heat exchanger are insistent.
    Can you tell us if you have more precise information? This would be great. Anyway I observed that your effect is the sole LENR device that has been seriously tested by really independent parties.
    I am anxious to see your next presentation of the Ecat QX.
    Godspeed,
    Prof

  62. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I didn’t read about this issue, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Steven N. Karels

    Robert Curto,

    The U.S. electrical generation system is composed of four types of generation; baseload; seasonal baseload; intermrdiate; and peak. The heaviest consumption of electricity occurs seasonally during the summer and winter months. There is about a 60% variation over a single day in the consumption of electricity – heaviest in the late afternoon and lowest in the early morning hours.

    Since a Carnot cycle is used to generate the electricity (heat water to steam, turbines, etc.), the baseload generation unit is run continuously at the optimum efficiency setting for the overall generation unit. Then intermediate and peak generation is added to meet increased demand. Examples of baseload generation are coal-fired and nuclear plants. I believe this is where Ecat technology will most likely find its first power generation application.

  64. Dr. Rossi, if you can produce heat and electricity for 90% less cost, with zero emissions, who is going to compete with that ?
    Coal Plants kill, that is a fact.
    Nuke Plants produce Radioactive Rods, that have to be watched for over 100,000 YEARS.
    Solar and Wind work part time.
    I don’t know much about Natural Gas, but it cannot be less expensive then E-Cat.

    Can E-Cat produce electricity for a Condo, with each Apt. using what they need true a Meter ?
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
    USA

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    So far our tech is mature to produce electricity only on industrial scale, using the Carnot cycle.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Given the progress to date, do you anticipate of the completion of the five sigma testing before the Oct demonstration?

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Also: the end October event will be a demonstration.
    Warm Regards.

  68. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    As heating of homes are of considerable important for some billion peoples living in cold parts of the world, have you considered in which form the heating devices may be produced?
    1 May small units as radiators or fan heaters be actual?
    2 May such units be possible to operate without an electrical grid, only support from batteries preferably with thermoelectrical loading devices?
    (Today there is on the marked thermoelectrical fans operating on wood fired furnaces, and units for loading cellphones.)
    “Warm Regards” Svein Henrik

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    We are evaluating all the possible options. Thank you for the suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As we fret about carbon footprints, I am almost positive some government agency will start restricting wood-based campfires because of their CO2 output. So why not an Ecat based “camp fire”, for keeping warm, a soft glow, roasting marshmellows, etc. I would assume the control unit could be in the tent and the Quark reactor in the fire pit. With suitable “crackling noises” added for ambiance, plus the absolute control of the Quark temperature, and thus its blackbody radiation, a suitable simulated wood campfire could be produced. Plus no worry about starting the fire because of rain or throwing gasoline on the wood to start the fire. When can you produce these — LOL?

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    I don’t think so, but we are going on very well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    I understand that at the first stage you will manage the units yourself and sell energy.
    1. When do you plan to switch to selling finished products? (one, three, five years?)
    2. Do you plan to separately separate Quark X in the future, separate control systems, for further assembly by the client of various installations for different purposes? Or just finished products?
    3. Will the certification of the installations you use be different and which customers will use or not?
    4. Do you need additional certification for the sale of individual items (Lego)?
    Sorry, maybe it’s too early to ask such questions.
    Presentation at the end of October? Look forward.
    Thank you very much for taking the time to answer our questions.

    After the end of court cases it became easier to work?
    Hurricane Irma did not destroy the tennis court?
    Match with his wife in the weekend?

    Yuriy Isaev
    engineer
    Russian Federation Tyumen

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    1- one
    2- depends on the specific cases
    3- I do not understand the question: can you rephrase?
    4- I do not understand also this question: can you explain?
    5- Sure!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Can you make public yet the date of your E-Cat QX presentation?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Not yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Lucio Martini

    Dear Prof. power plants supplied and installed by others, not by us.
    Warm Regards

  77. Steve

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    I am sure you are aware of this project, I would ask your thoughts on the possibility of pairing a Quark X array with this.

    http://www.ge.com/reports/call-ecomagination-ge-building-co2-powered-turbine-generates-10-megawatts-fits-table/

    It would seem, to my laymans imagination, that this would be within the Quark X’s range of operation and quite a good match up as the current generator schematic requires about 1/2 of the generated electricity to be used to heat the gas.

  78. Andrea Rossi

    Steve:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  79. Chuck Davis

    Dr Rossi:
    What kind of energy will make the E-Cat home?

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    The sale of household heaters E-Cat requires many years for certification. This is true?
    When will you start mass production of Quark X elements and management systems, can a company in a country with simpler certification requirements buy these elements, collect small units (5-10-15 kW) and sell in its market?
    Thank you.
    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    That is a complex issue.
    We need to have the necessary certification.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Mike G.

    Dr Rossi,

    Someone might find this interesting,

    – Navigating the Vast EIA Data Sets –

    http://chesterenergyandpolicy.com/2017/09/13/navigating-the-vast-eia-datasets/

    https://www.eia.gov/

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Mike G.:
    Thank you for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR,
    I think the company ABB is helping with your industrial production – producing thousands of e-Cats. It seems ABB can do more things than assembly. Once you have an orchestra of e-Cats, then perhaps they might be conducted by an ABB robot…
    http://new.abb.com/news/detail/2069/yumi-taking-the-stage
    regards,
    Greg Leonard

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    We have plans ready to work with the robots of ABB.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    In fact the Keys have sustained the worse of it. Let the cats be a symbol of resiliency.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  88. Steven N. Karels

    Svein Henrik,

    The conversion of energy is well known to all. Solar Cells convert sunlight to electricity. Hydroelectric (falling water) convert potential energy from gravity to electricity. Burning coal also produces electricity and, in addition, excess heat and carbon dioxide plus other pollutants, nuclear produces electricity and excess heat plus nuclear waste storage issues, wind powered generates produce electricity plus dead birds. A theoretical E-Cat powered plant will likely produce electricity plus unknown pollutants? Who knows until it changes from the theoretical into reality.

    The question is what is the effect on the environment (good or bad) for the benefit of the usable power generated for mankind? E-Cat technology, if real, looks very promising. If it really words, if it can be scaled up to commercial levels, if it is really controllable and safe. Unlike wind or solar, E-Cat based power generation looks promising for baseload electric power generation – constant output power, day and night, with a relatively low cost of operation. As Andrea has pointed out many, many times, the energy solution will be an integrated approach.

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  90. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still OK
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  91. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi and readers,

    The 54 Cats at Hemingway House in Key West survived Hurricane Irma. These cats have 6 toes (per paw) and apparently have more lives as well. Unfortunately, in the overall area affected by Hurricane Irma, there was considerable property damage and, tragically, loss of life and serious injuries. I am posting this, because it may provide a lighter note to this event.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/11/us/hemingway-cats-irma.html

    Joseph Fine

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard MkEk:
    1- any power is reachable assembling enough modules to reach it
    2- I suppose yes
    3- Steam cycle
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  93. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andea,
    Sorry that I continue asking about this further, but as an electrical engineer I find this highly intriguing. When you say that an electrical power plant with an E-cat QX is expected “much earlier” in operation than within 10 years, then plans must be quite developed.
    Can you expand a bit on that e.g.:
    1. Is the power level a: 0.1-1MW; b: 1-5 MW; c: >5 MW?
    2. Will it be in operation in a. 4 years?
    3. Is it based on a steam cycle or an other medium?
    Thanks!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  94. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thank you for answering my previous comment although it was not properly closed, sorry.
    I hope you allow me to expand on the question if customers that want to generate electricity had approached you for using the E-cat QX and that you answered positive. Is it likely that within 10 years a E-cat QX plant generates heat for a operational power station?
    Thank you.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    It will be much earlier.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Tiger

    Dr Rossi,

    Word is Maimi Beach electric is still out – are your cats running?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Tiger:
    In our factory we have a back up, anyway now we have electric power from the grid.
    The E-Cat never stopped her operation: she has the DNA of her father…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Stephen

    Dear Andrea,
    I have never experienced anything like a cat 4 or 5 Hurricane but after following the story of Irma I was quite stricken by the force of nature and how broad ranging and powerful it can be.

    It occurs to me that In many ways with the e-cat you are looking at the maximum power of nature in the very small while outside nature was showing her strength in the very large.

    I only saw some news pictures of the storm at Cat 3 and already it had awesome power. For those communities that experienced Cat 5 it must have been devastating. I hope despite the obvious damage those communities in the Caribean and Florida are able to recover relatively soon.

    I wonder how responses to these kind of situations can be improved and maybe if one day some technology based on the e-cat can help that. It seemed to me the things most needed quickly are food water and shelter, along with fuel and power. Maybe be a generator that can be brought by Helicopter, boat or truck along with tents and dehydrated food that can make use that generator would help a lot with those things. I know these things can’t happen fast but I have hope that maybe they will be possible someday.

    My best regards to you, your family and team especially those of you who went through this storm.

    Stephen

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    Thank you very much for your trust in our work.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  101. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, you have been the witness of very inusual and dangerous phenomenons as you have written:
    “..We have a tornado now.
    I can see from a small window a very interesting pattern of vortexes produced from some geometries. Very interesting…”

    “…It has been a very interesting experience, under many points of view.
    I learnt many things in these days…”

    Is it possible for you, having time, to tell us more details? Thank you
    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Infinite particilars very difficult to explain briefly.
    In a nutshell: observatoons of turnolences of ait at 180 km/h in a real asymmetryc field; observation of my reaction in front of this totally new kind of fear and consequent corrections; learnt all the shortcomings should the hurrican have really been of the expected cath 5 (300 km/h): what to do to be safe also in that case.
    Warm Regards
    A.R. hi

  103. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Thanks God you have survived Irma. I hope you did not have many difficulties with any services like power, water, telephone etc. or flooding around the building during her passage?
    Just another question crossed my mind lately. There are many customers approaching you. Were there any customers that have asked you to deliver heat for an electrical power generation unit? Would you be prepared to go into a joined venture with such a customer in short terms?

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for your concern.
    All the issues from Irma have been overcome.
    Answer:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  105. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    Whether Irma was a result of global warming or not, may be difficult to confirm.
    Chines authorities are now considering possibilities to ban vehicles driven by hydrocarbons.
    The most obvious alternative is vehicles with electric motors.
    One of the most prominent benefits of the QX is the high energy content versus weight.
    One QX, with the approximately weight of 2,5 grams, may submit 200 kWh within a life span of 10 000 hours of use. This is about the same amount of energy as in 20 kg gasoline.
    A bundle of 6 kg QX (2400 pieces) may submit a continuous heat of 48 kWh.
    This may be enough to produce 16 kWh electricity through the Carnot cycle.
    With help from a battery of the size of 1/10 of a standard Tesla battery, a lightweight car may function well with this power source.
    (When not on the road, such a car may also provide the owners house with electricity.)
    For the drive alone, in average 2 hours a day, the QX bundle will last for 14 years and reduced the CO2-pollution directly with approx. 120 tons. (The lack of need for production and transport of hydrocarbons will increase this amount.)
    This may not reduce the price of cars or the cost of using cars since the cost of the roads will still be the same, but the global warming and local air-pollutions may be reduced very much.
    I hope your decision of selling energy do not prevents developing solutions for such a use.
    Regards: Svein Henrik.

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    The R&D in thise fields will be intense.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  107. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Today is a sunny day with no winds.
    We all are working well and the E-Cat QX is on his way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  108. Tom Conover

    Hi Andrea,

    That’s great news for Miami! Thank you for the update,

    Tom

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    It has been a very interesting experience, under many points of view.
    I learnt many things in these days.
    Thank you for your very kind concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Andrea Rossi

    To All concerned about:
    at 6.30 PM Irma is gone from the area around Miami; she moved toward west.
    We have not been damaged, but now we will have to manage the flooding. In my specific situation I did not have any damage or delay and I worked all the time through during these 2 days.
    Unfortunately the hit has been tremendous in the Keys.
    I want to thank all of you that sent explicit or spiritual sustain.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Vitaly and Irina Uzikov:
    Thank you for your kind concern.
    Here few minutes ago the wind was 135 km/h.
    I do not have problems, I am working safe in my lab.
    No merit at all.
    Hope to meet you soon,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  112. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    Many people now worry about you and at the same time are confident that this time you will also overcome all difficulties.

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  113. JPR

    Irma permitting?

  114. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Correction: the wind now is 55 mph ( 85 km/h ): I read wrongly the data, the speed of 85 miles per hour ( 135 km/h ) will be reached later today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. LilyLover

    Dear Andrea,
    You & your family and and your loved ones are in my thoughts and prayers.
    May you be fully protected.
    At all, if your cats get subjected to endurance testing by mother nature, may the kittens grow out of this stronger and better.
    Lots of love.
    `LilyLover

  116. Andrea Rossi

    LilyLover,
    Thank you for your very kind sustain. Yes, the cat didn’t flinch.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  117. JPR

    Update (Irma permitting)?

  118. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I am working .
    We have a tornado now.
    I can see from a small window a very interesting pattern of vortexes produced from some geometries. Very inreresting.
    I am safe, well shielded.
    This morning the force here is higher, winds at 85 miles per hour ( about 135 km/h ).
    Obviously curfew has been ordered. The flooding here is foreseen between 5 and 10 ft ( 1.5 to 3 m ).
    The E-cat QX is hurricane proved now ( he he he ). Things are going to get worse, though.
    Now I got a window of internet, that most of time is disconnected. Sorry if for today and tomorrow I could gave to delay the publication of the comments.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  119. Luis Navarro

    Dear Andrea,
    Estamos contigo!
    Luis

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Luis Navarro:
    Muchas Gracias!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  121. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Do you have a backup electricity source in case you lose power? Will it be enough to allow you to continue your work with the QX?

    Stay safe,

    Frank Aclnad

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    My wife and I are praying for you and all those suffering from these atypical storm systems. I understand your decision to stay at your work place, but … well, we are praying. I am at a loss for scripture to share for the last few days, but this morning, I hope, I have something of value to share. We all have you in our prayers, my friend.

    Tom

    Ps 90:12-17;
    12 Teach us how to count our days
    So that we may acquire a heart of wisdom.
    13 Return, O Jehovah! How long will this last?
    Have pity on your servants.
    14 Satisfy us with your loyal love in the morning,
    So that we may shout joyfully and rejoice during all our days.
    15 Make us rejoice in proportion to the days you have afflicted us,
    For as many years as we have experienced calamity.
    16 May your servants see your activity,
    And may their sons see your splendor.
    17 May the favor of Jehovah our God be upon us;
    May you prosper the work of our hands.
    Yes, prosper the work of our hands.

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Thank you for your inspiring citation from Psalms.
    May God help they who are risking right now to lose all they have after the action of this damn hurricane.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Prof

    @Lucio Martini:
    Dear Sir, remember that all the existing thermoelectric power plants of the world, either they are fueled by oil, gas or coal, use the Carnot Cycle.
    Cheers
    Prof

  126. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.
    With fear I wait for the attack of Hurricane Irma on Florida.
    I hope for your strength of spirit and strength of the walls.
    Good luck!
    Yuriy Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia.

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    Thank you for your concern. Very kind. Right now from the window of my lab I can see a strong surge of rain and wind, but still not exceptional.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Steve

    Andrea,
    I’ll be praying for you and for your family’s and team’s safety.
    I trust you are in a safe location, high enough not to be overcome by the water surge.
    I have been too busy with the Law School to routinely post on JONP, but I still read it most every day.
    Please keep up yur most important work,
    Steve

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Steve:
    Thank you for ypur concern.
    Our factory is hurricane resistant, my family is safely lodged, I am hurricane proof: as a matter of fact, I am more hurricane than Irma ( he,he,he ).
    Speaking seriously: the storm is increasing right now (12.10 P.M.), wind and rain are surging, but the core of it is moving west, saving to our place the harder part. So far. We all are worried for the people in the Keys, where it seems the hurricane will unleash all its power. They need our prayers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today the E-Cat QX is making properly his job.
    So far Irma did not hit, in this moment we are just experiencing guts of wind and some rain typical of the average storms in the Miami area in this season.
    The hit is foreseen by this afternoon, by the route of the events cone has changed, in the sense that the hurricane cyclon is rotating toward west, so that it should not hit frontally our area.
    The part of Florida that is supposed to be frontally stricken by the hurricane is now the area of the Keys, between Key West and Marathon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Lucio Martini

    Dear Ing. Rossi;

    Let me explain to you why the Carnot cycle can not be obtained with steam

    Because you do not waste time, I’m sending you a sketch on which I designed the Rankine cycle that develops between points: 1-2-2′-3-4, to which I have superimposed the cycle of Carnot that develops in points 2 “-2′-3-4 The two cycles, obviously working at the same temperatures and pressures I hope that both visible I hypothesized that the two cycles will develop between:
    T1 = T4 = 40 ° C p1 = p4 = 0.07375 bar = 7.375 kPa
    T2 = T3 = 250.33 ° C p2 = p3 = 40 bar = 4000 kPa
    I save the calculations, the results are:
    ηR = 0.345 (Rankine)
    ηC = 0.402 (Carnot’s)
    with x=71.5% in point 4 stop expiation steam (x is the ratio of the steam that mean 71.5% steam and 28.5%water in a wet steam)
    As expected, Carnot wins.
    However, the problem to realize this loop is in point 2 ” (where x=30.55%)
    It is impossible (or almost impossible) stop the condensation with a steam with x=30.55% title (at counts). In addition compress the steam wet would cause serious cavitation problems and finally in boiler where we have the steam at 250 ° temperature it would enter steam at 40°C with predictable thermodynamic mismatches.
    In the point 3 last problem is this: after turbine expansion, the value obtained x = 71.5% is low, should be x= 90% (but better more) to avoid problems of damage to the turbine.
    To avoid turbine problems, the saturated steam must be overheated in step 3. Saturated steam (in both cycles). But overheating would not get Carnot’s cycle. The overheated part is an isobaric, not isothermal transformation!
    Dear Ing. Rossi, I had, Ihave, and always will have it maximum esteem for you and how much you is doing.
    I also hope that the new E-TIGER QX directly produces electricity.
    Steam would be a problem in special way for the domestic plants
    While I am waiting “my” E-CAT, I have been one the first subscribers.
    Sincerely, and wish you all the best.
    Lucio Martini.

    P.S. I also calculated what happens by moving points 2 – 3 to 30 and 50 bar
    maintaining the condensation at points 1 – 4 at 40 ° C
    obtaining ηR = 0,355 ηC = 0,583 for 50 bar and ηR = 0,332 ηC = 0.382 for 30 bar but point 2 “keeps changing only slightly (x=30%: x=27% in stop condensation 2” Carnot very hight for the pump. But: x=70.3% ; x=73% in both cycles, very low for the turbine)

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Lucio Martini,
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,
    It is obvious enemies abound to see your work’s destruction, especially those who: ”walked according to the course of this world, according to the PRINCE of the POWER of the AIR, the spirit that now works in the (those) children of disobedience:” (Eph 2:2). What his children have not yet been able to do; he is now targeting you directly as ground zero. He does not want your vision for this world to succeed. I and those here (I am sure) will be praying for those remaining in southern Florida but also specifically for you and your team’s family’s safety.
    May God protect and bless you all.
    Brokeeper

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you for your protection. Don’t worry. I saw much more difficult situations than this.
    I am just working with the E-Cat QX and happy to. Nobody is going to stop us, if our work is useful and well done, as difficult as it might be ( it is ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. I’m praying for your safety and that of all in Miami, a city that was hospitable to me when I attended the trial, saw the settlement coming down, and saw the joy on all sides that it was over, leaving everyone to pursue their future. All the best, Abd.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Abd ulRahman Lomax:
    I strongly appreciate your candor.
    Your prayers in this specific situation will be useful not only to me, but to all the Floridians. Let’s hope for the best, after we have prepared for the worse. Anyway now, at the eve of the hit, I am working on the E-Cat QX, albeit I sent away all the rest of the team several hours ago. The hit will arrive tomorrow starting at 3 PM Miami time. I am most curious than worried, though. Never seen anything of the kind before, therefore something will have to be learnt, positive or negative as it might be.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    the comments that have been published in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Luciano Cavalli

    Dr Rossi:
    Since the E-Cat reached max 200 Celsius of T, the ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) is more fit to be coupled with the E-Cat to produce electric energy, isn’t it true?
    Cheers
    Luciano Cavalli

  139. Andrea Rossi

    Luciano Cavalli:
    The E-Cat QX T is in between 2000 and 2500 Celsius.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  140. Alessandro Coppi

    In occasione dell’arrivo di Irma, qualcuno potrebbe pensare di approfittare del caos per accedere al laboratorio al fine di rubare segreti industriali.
    Questo è un rischio da valutare, non rimarrei da solo senza adeguati mezzi di dissuasione e personale “specializzato”.
    English:
    Irma could be an occasion for espionage in your factory, due to the foreseeable mess

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    We got our precautions.
    Thanks for the concern.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    I am sure that your lab is in a solid building and no windows that can be broken or that are properly sealed. Probably you even got a generator to maintain the ongoing tests.
    But what about you and your family and colleagues? They all stay there too?
    I have seen the devastating damage Irma caused on St. Maarten island. There is no building without immense damage.
    Please be careful!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Weall have taken all the necessary measures to stay reasonably safe.
    Warm Regards.
    A.R.

  144. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Waiting for Ms Irma, we are working well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Good luck to you, your family and your team! Stay safe!

    All the best
    Uwe Doms

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Uwe Doms:
    Thank you ( We’ll do our best! )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    I decided to remain close to our factory, where probably the hurricane Irma will hit Saturday and Sunday. Therefore I do not know if the internet broadcasting will work: nobody has idea about this.
    As a consequence of this consideration, I am not sure if I will be able to publish and respond on this blog next Saturday and Sunday “throughout the ordeal” as Frank Acland wrote hereunder.
    If the internet will work, I will do as usual, otherwise I will keep again blogging as soon as the internet will be fixed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    It seems like whatever the exact path that Irene takes, south Florida will experience some very severe weather. I wish you the best, and hope that you, your family, your colleagues and the E-Cats are secure throughout the ordeal!

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Thank you for your concern.
    We decided to remain here, well protected, but close to our working place.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Felis Domestica

    Dr Rossi,

    Bill Gates likes – Break Through Energy Ventures

    This Obscure Agency — Is Key to Solving Our Energy Problems —

    https://www.gatesnotes.com/Energy/ARPA-E?WT.mc_id=09_07_2017_10_ARPAE_BG-TW_&WT.tsrc=BGTW&linkId=41934647

    http://www.b-t.energy/

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Felis Domestica:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is your situation with the incoming hurricane Irma? Are you, your family and your team safe?
    Cheers
    Prof

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    We are working today.
    Tomorrow we have to close for the mandatory evacuation. Saturday and Sunday will be the truth days in Miami.
    Nobody can foresee exactly where and if Irma will land in Florida and what will happen, let’s hope for the best, while we have prepared for the worse.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Chris G

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have been reading your comments for years and it wasn’t until today that I realized that your salutation “Warm Regards” maybe an intentional pun since the Ecat makes heat.
    Is it true?
    Cheers,
    Chris G

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Chris G:
    He,he,he..no, it is just the way I usually salute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Bracing for the arrival of Irma, we are continuing to work well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Anonymous

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Very interesting the comment of Ray published yesterday.

  158. Ray

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The NRL in 2011 made in Washington a test of the E-Cat during which the reactor remained practically for the 90% of the time in SSM. An officer of the DOE gave testimony of this fact in this very blog about a year ago.
    Can you talk us more about that experiment?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ray

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Ray:
    I signed with NRL an NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. C. Jemison

    Dr Rossi,

    Good News for a Florida based Energy Company:

    Duke Energy Florida announced – will instead invest
    $6 billion in solar energy, smart meters, and grid
    modernization as well as electric vehicle (EV)
    charging stations and a battery storage pilot program.

    https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/duke-energy-plans-6b-for-solar-batteries-and-evs

  161. Andrea Rossi

    C.Jemison:
    Thank you for this information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    You have shared that some in the crude oil distillation industry have or will visit you to presumably learn more about the E-Cat QX and possibly enter into a business arrangement.

    Also, you have responded to Gerard McEk saying that the E-Cat QX plant you are currently constructing for industry will produce heat in the range of 100-200C.

    The following link outlines the temperatures applicable to crude oil distillation, showing a peak operating temperature of about 400C. Does this support the assumption that your targeted industrial customer(s) are not in the oil refinery industry?

    Again, thank you for your willingness to share.
    My best,

    Buck

    Link>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_refinery#Operation

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Thank you for your attention to our work.
    Answer: no, it is not that the destination.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are wotking well, while also structuring to receive properly Ms Irma!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    It is exciting to hear that you have already started to construct plants of a considerable capacity (> 1MW). Please allow me to ask some questions about it:
    1. You will deliver energy and I assume it will be heat energy. Is that right?
    2. If so will it be a. low level heat (100-200 C); b. medium level heat (200-600 C) or c. > 600 C?
    3. May these also plants be used as a demonstration facility for the E-cat QX if everything goes well?
    Thanks.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes
    2- low level
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. arjen

    Dear Rossi

    Recent lowest bid on a solar farm

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-08-18/chile-s-energy-industry-a-spot-of-light-in-a-darkening-economy

    In last week’s energy auction, Chile accepted a bid from Spanish developer Solarpack Corp. Tecnologica for 120 megawatts of solar at the stunning price of $29.10 per megawatt-hour (2.91 cents per kilowatt-hour or kwh). This beats the 2.99 cents/kwh bid Dubai received recently for 800 megawatts. For context, the average residential price for electricity in the United States is 12 cents per kilowatt-hour.

    Will the ecat qx be as competitive as above offer?

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    As I always said, all the energy sources must be integrated. When you give data related to solar, you always must consider that the efficiency is not a number, but an integral wherein it is in function of the sun irradiation.
    This said, congratulations to the Chilean solar industry!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    We are working with the E-Cat. So far we do not know if Irma will hit Florida, anyway we are prepared, as I suppose most of people here in Florida.We are prepared for the worst, hoping for the best.
    Thank you very much for your kind concern from my Team and me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    While you continue progress toward Sigma-5, you must certainly be aware that Hurricane Irma, a very dangerous Category-5 Hurricane, is heading in the direction of Florida.

    My/(Our familly’s) best wishes for the safety of you and your team during the next several days and weeks.

    Have you protected yourself and your crew, the facility equipment and the E-Cat QX system itself? Or in other words, do you think the E-Cat QX system will be able to operate during the arival and departure of IRMA…..

    Can you reduce power output for 24 hours without impacting the SIGMA-5 test?

    Be well, stay safe and, following the storm, Full Speed Ahead!

    Joseph Fine

  171. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    What is your goal for E-Cat adoption in the marketplace: fast, slow, or somewhere in the middle? Whatever your answer, can you explain why?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Slow. The reason is: to resolve with calm all the unavoidable problems that will come up. The model is the strategy of George Washington during the Independence war: he has been enormously and repeatedly criticized for his continue delay of the important crucial battles, but he accepted the fight only when he was sure his heroic voluntary patriots were ready to fight against the professional forces of the United Kingdom.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Jason

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I read the last Gullstrom -Rossi paper on Arxiv. Very interesting, I think that the spin polarizability could help to understand better the LENR.
    Godspeed,
    Jason

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Jason:
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. StudentG

    Climate change is a fact, if they say change is abnormal. I would suggest that anything that not changes is more likely to be looked at from a narrow point of view, especially with large scientific and touchable (e.g. oil) evidence that climate has been changing as far as we can tell. Going into deeper detail than media outlets and sponsored research there is scientific evidence for and against climate change and clear scientific and touchable evidence for negative effects of pollution on living beeings.
    In my point of view scientific thinking works very beautifully in a narrow scientific set up with limited variables involved and fails miserably in almost any real world interpretation.

    For example big bang theory is very unlikely from a logical point of view as we are here, so everything created from a single vibration is not very feasible.
    Also expansion of the universe is very unlikely, because where is the universe expanding into and where are it’s boundaries at the first place?
    From a scientific point of view the given explanations are very logical, but from worldly thinking there is just no telling I believe.

    Scientific thinking is very likely to be paradoxical at it’s root, but for a paradoxical thinker to notice his paradoxical thinking is not very easy, as he would have to recognize himself outside of scientific thinking.
    I think modern society has been fooling itself by the science god from time to time

  176. Andrea Rossi

    StudentG:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    The test continues well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. McClintock

    Dr Rossi –

    This statement by Stephen on eCatWorld pretty much sums it up for us:

    “Personally I think Andrea Rossi is obviously a thoughtful person has his own strong views and opinions and In my view has a good moral compass. I think he wants the ECat to be something beautiful and helpful that’s why he wants to take care of its distribution. I think it has little to do with personal enrichment through money or even fame but everything to do with taking care his invention is for good and is in good hands. Sometimes it’s hard to let something like that free into the world but eventually its time”

  180. Andrea Rossi

    McClintock:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  181. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Frank Acland,

    i) Human induced climate change is a fact, so fossil fuels have to be phased out as soon as possible.

    ii) Present nuclear technology is not clean enough, especially because of the problem of the high radioactive and long lasting waste (caused by the actinides in the waste, that have to be stored and isolated from the environment for more than 200.000 years, which is a geological time scale, knowing also that every 100.000 years there’s an ice age, which puts lot of pressure (masses of ice) on the geological layers they want to store the nuclear waste in, accompanied with big see level change, so geological layers could crack, and geological water could wash out the dangerous actinides.

    iii) In Belgium and in whole Europe, also in the USA, almost all nuclear power plants are old and are operated beyond their normal lifespan. This gives extra costs (and makes them less competitive) and is dangerous.

    iv) Solar and wind energy are variable and destabilize the grid, so we need the E-Cat Quark X as well in stand by for the renewable sources, as well as base load in the energy mix to replace present old nuclear power plants.

    v) In Europa we plan to phase out combustion engines in cars, and want to replace them by electrical driven cars, so we need more electricity from the grid.

    vi) Because of the phasing out of present old nuclear power plants, we will have problems to produce enough energy, so we need the E-Cat Quark X ASAP to take over (as base load and as well as stand-by for the renewable sources).

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  182. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    StudentG suggests that the E-Cat’s impact will be minimal because of the human habit to ignore anything new, and the wide saturation of solar It would seem to me that for the E-Cat to break out, there would be a need for publicity of its benefits. How do you expect to generate widespread interest in the E-Cat?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    People will buy the E-Cats if they will save money with them.
    We will have to make it known.
    How?
    Many options are there. Our marketing experts will help.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Very interesting that you have agreements to build plants already.
    a) Have you started building them yet?
    b) When do you expect to have them completed?
    c) Will you be selling the plant, or selling energy with these first plants?

    Best wishes,

    Frank Acland

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) yes
    b) confidential
    C) energy
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. StudentG

    Hi,

    I would suggest that both NCY and Rossi are not necessarly right, because both rely on theory.
    What is actually observed is millions of people working in solar, wind and other “renewable” or “recycleable” resources by the day, reducing prices and increasing efficiencies multiple times a year.
    I hope that this technology will be understood from a scientific point of view, but it´s actual importance and usefullness in this mighty market economy will be minimal, not because it´s not a great invention, but time is running way to fast and there is not enough interest because of human habit to neglect anything out of the box for potentially a very long time.
    Current solar technologies are in most places more competetiv than coal and gas beginning from this year, with still very very high potential for example in hetero junction solar cells and thin film such as perovskite cells etc. Similar is true for wind and in a few years with fuell cells. Creative thinking is just way to powerful.

    I also hope that I will be wrong with this opinion 😉

  187. Andrea Rossi

    StudentG:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. Dear Dr Rossi
    The older Ecat where 1Mw in output, will the newer Xcats be of similar output or larger for industrial use.

    Thank you

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    Higher.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You say that your the first plants that you sell will be managed directly by you.

    a) Can you explain what you mean by that?
    b) Have you any agreements to build plants for customers yet?

    Thank you if you can answer,

    Frank Acland

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    a) that we will operate the plant and the Customer will not have access to the reactors
    b) yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. NCY

    Dear Mr Rossi,
    I have watched your story for many years now, and am disappointed. While progress is being made, it is being made by you alone, because you alone have the secret to highly efficient LENR.
    If others had the knowledge you have, much more progress could have been made.
    Your recent comments on the topic of the difficulties of commercialization, and the difficulties of producing to market without reverse engineering of your products, are concerning. These comments give the impression that you intend to hold your knowledge hostage until you alone can get this technology to a high level of commercial production by yourself, and only licence commercial plants, all for the sole purpose of making money before this eventual reverse engineering and copying by the chinese.
    This is barely feasible, and the reverse engineering will occur anyway. All it results in is a delay in LENR getting to market.

    LENR is the technology mankind needs NOW, not in five years when you’ve figured out a way to make money off of it. We are all getting old, and there comes a time that you have to ask, “How do I want to be remembered?”

    At the moment it seems that you are well on the track to being remembered as a man who discovered the golden goose, but hid it in his basement until the day he died for fear that someone else would steal his golden eggs and raise a flock of golden geese. While the pursuit of entrepreneurship is admirable, and you feel that something is owed to you for this discovery, your actions have directly led to the delayed development of LENR by holding these secrets to yourself.

    You could be remembered as the man who invented the technology that solved the world’s energy crisis, and saved the world by gifting this technology to it, but you won’t be able to do this by trying to commercialize the device yourself. Take a leaf out of Elon Musk’s book and release your secrets to the world, so that researchers around the globe can join you in your tinkering and develop the next wave of clean energy devices.

    Money is just money, you can’t take it with you to the grave, but respect lasts forever. Which do you want?

  194. Andrea Rossi

    NCY:
    Thank you for your attention to our work, but your theory is wrong for two reasons:
    1- we will deliver our technology and are working very hard on this
    2- to give away the IP would be a capital error, discouraging serious investments for a real development
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Zimmer:
    Fuel cells could be coupled also with the E-Cats.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Zimmer

    Dr Rossi, LENR Fuel Cells are the Future – interesting:

    http://www.powermag.com/fuel-cells-key-to-our-electric-energy-future/

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Zimmer:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Diego:
    Thank You
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  199. Andrea Rossi

    JPR,
    Also today we are good.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard MkEk,
    No
    Warm Regards
    A.R

  201. Aaron

    Dear Andrea
    less than two months to the end of October: are you still solid on that date for your Quark(x) demo/presentation?
    Best regards
    Aaron

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Aaron,
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  203. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    With the insight you have now in how the LENR process works, do you believe that it will change the future insight of atom physics and astro-physics?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  204. Diego Laurenti

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Congratulations for your series of 45 patents allowed in the world. Impressive.
    Diego

  205. Lucio Martini

    Caro Ing. Rossi
    la pregherei di non pubblicare questa mia riflessione, comunque lascio a lei la decisione.
    Cerco di darle qui la motivazione da ingegnere a ingegnere della difficoltà ad ottenere il ciclo di Carnot con il vapore e quindi la necessità di adottare il ciclo Rankine. Sarebbe più semplice e più facilmente comprensibile se le potessi disegnare il tutto.
    Se lei vorrà disegnare il rettangolo del ciclo di Carnot sotto la campana di Andrews con coordinate T/S (Temperatura/Entropia) iniziando dal punto più alto (per temperatura e pressione) alla sinistra (inizio vaporizzazione ad alta pressione) riscaldando raggiungerà, muovendosi orizzontalmente la completa vaporizzazione (con una trasformazione isotermica), quindi scenderà con una traformazione a entropia costante, riducendo la pressione e la temperatura raggiungendo la temperatura più bassa del ciclo. A questo punto inizia la condensazione che sarà a temperatura costante. Condensazione che dovrebbe arrestarsi, sotto la verticale del primo punto, alla stessa entropia dello stesso primo punto. Da lì il ciclo deve completarsi con una trasformazione a entropia costante, muovendosi in verticale aumentando di pressione e temperatura.
    Ebbene in questo ultimo punto si ha vapore umido, (circa 10% vapore e 90% acqua) ed è difficile arrestare la condensazione (direi impossibile) inoltre pompare il vapore umido dalla bassa pressione alla pressione iniziale distruggerebbe il compressore nel giro di poche ore.
    Si deve pertanto condensare completamente il vapore trasformandolo completamente in acqua e pomparla fino al primo punto, in modo da riprendere il ciclo. In tal modo si ha il ciclo di Rankine. Con rendimento certamente inferiore al ciclo di Carnot. Tuttavia con uno o due surriscaldamenti il rendimento migliora arrivando a un 35%.

    If you want to draw the rectangle of the Carnot cycle under the Andrews bell with T / S (Temperature / Entropy) coordinates starting from the highest point (for high temperature and pressure) to the left (start vaporization of high pressure) heating you will reach, moving horizontally, complete vaporization (with an isothermal transformation), then you will come down with a constant entropy transformation, reducing the pressure and temperature reaching the lowest temperature of the cycle. At this point, the condensation begins at a constant temperature. Condensation that should stop, under the vertical of the first point of the cycle, to the same entropy of the same first point. From there, the cycle must be completed with a constant entropy transformation, moving vertically by increasing pressure and temperature. Well at this third point you have wet steam (about 10% steam and 90% water) and it is difficult to stop the condensation (I think imposible), in addiction pump the wet steam from the low pressure to the initial pressure would destroy the compressor within a few hours. You must therefore completely condense the steam by turning it completely into water and pump it up to the first point, so that you can resume the cycle. This is how the Rankine cycle is. With performance certainly lower than the Carnot cycle. However, with one or two overheating, the performance improves more or less until 35%.
    Con immutata stima.
    Lucio Martini

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Lucio Martini:
    Thank you for your insight, that is interesting and there is no reason not to publish it. I have studied the possibility to couple the E-Cats with the Rankine cycle technology. I did it thoroughly in 2012 with an engineer that manufactures Rankine boilers.
    We arrived to the conclusion that the Carnot cycle is 5% more efficient even with optimal data from the E-Cat. Rankine is better at lower temperatures, but at 550 C is not competitive.
    Disclaimer: I am talking of 2012 and I am not informed about improvements that can have been made in the last 5 years. If you operate in the field and want to make proposals, I am curious and I am here:
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Since each of quarks comes in three colors, why is not each color counted as a separate particle?

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Because the colors are all related by the unbroken symmetry of the strong interactions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    sceptic seems a little weak in his convictions.
    He is only willing to risk 100 $ if he is wrong, but expects you to risk 1000 $ if he is right.

    On another topic,

    How close to sigma 5-? “on the tennis court” he he

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    Within October we will reach Sigma 5 if everything goes on as now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The closer you get to Sigma 5, what is the effect on your chances for commercialization of the E-Cat QX?

    Thank you very much,

    Frank Acland

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Premature to answer.
    Sharks are around ( especially the most vociferous competitors, whose vociferity is inversally proportional to their capacity to make something real by themselves, otherwise they’d have not time to vociferate ) waiting for the availability of our products to copy them. It is true that our patents cover our IP, but litigations have a huge cost. The best protection will be our economy scale. This makes unlikely that we will put for sale our mass products before we will have completed the industrialization of the manufacturing, to put for sale the E-Cat at a price able to restrain the competition from the beginning. We will continue to sell only big industrial plants, directly managed by us until we will be ready to put in commerce our E-Cats at a price for which the competition will not be encouraged, or able, to proceed against us.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Joshua

    Dear Andrea:
    The list of Countries that have allowed your US patent is very impressive.
    In particular, it is fundamental that your patent has been allowed also from the USA, Canada and EPO (that encompasses all the Countries of Europe), because these are the most difficult patent offices in the world to obtain the granting of a patent from.
    Congratulations,
    Joshua

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Joshua:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. sceptic

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I bet 100 $ that several days before the end of October you will scratch the presentation of the Ecat QX. If I win, I get 1,000 $. Please help me to make a grand.
    “Warm Regards”
    P.S.
    Thanks for spamming

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Sceptic:
    I’ll see what I can do.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    I am very pleased of how things are going on, if we exclude considerations about events from the tennis court.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Kenneth Kocher

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    1- On your quest to achieve Sigma 5 stability, how far along do you think you are: 25,50,75% or more?
    2- Who decides when Sigma 5 has been achieved?

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Kenneth Kocher:
    1- More
    2- Mathematical calcula
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Andrews

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Has your US patent been allowed in other Countries?
    Cheers
    Andrews

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Andrews:
    Our US patent has been allowed in the following Countries:
    USA
    Canada
    Mexico
    Europe ( all the 38 Countries of Europe that belong to the European Patent Office)
    Russia
    Japan
    Australia
    South Africa
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  222. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The E-Cat QX that you will present for the demo will run at its full power, or you will restrain it to stay in the safe side?

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    The modules we will present have a much higher power, but we prudentially rate them at the 30% of their real potentiality.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  224. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very well also today.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    Thank you for your link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    You may find this article on a new van der Waals Schottky diode of interest. It can serve as a more efficient thermoelectric generator.

    Drew G

  227. Buck

    Dear Andrea,

    I appreciate your effort to answer Chung’s question.

    Respectfully, here is PBS’s effort to answer in response to hurricane Harvey the question: “did climate change make recent storms worse?” It looks to be a good even-handed response.

    link>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FiB2_pShfkE

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Taank you for the link.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  229. Chung

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that what happened in Houston, Texas, has the global warming as a cause ? If yes, don’t you think such hurricanes never happened before the industrialization of mankind?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Chung:
    Hard to answer. My opinion is that the changes that are happening in the global climate are probably due to a displacement of the magnetic poles of our planet. I also think that hurricanes like the one of the present tragedy in Texas always happened during the last two centuries. About the relevance of the industrialization of mankind on the climate change on course, I do not think the evidence given so far is convincing. Earth had dramatic changes along its eons, think that the Sahara desert was geographically similar to the Amazon jungle in a former eon. This said, I think it is educating to say ” maybe we can help to reduce the global warming reducing pollution caused by industrialization”: if a wrong opinion can generate a right behavior, it is a good thing; to reduce pollution, if not useful to change the course of the global warming, surely is necessary to improve the health of mankind.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Lucio Martini

    Dear Ing. Rossi
    In response to Manuel Cilia you mentioned the cycle of Carnot. However if the cycle is, as I think, realized using steam, this cycle can not be realized, so it will have to opt for the Rankine cycle with any overheating. However, the yield will be slightly lower.
    Kind regards
    Lucio Martini

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Lucio Martini:
    Why should not be realized? It is surely realizable. The efficiency of the Rankine cycle is max 20%, the efficiency of the Carnot cycle at 50 Bars is 40%.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.