Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


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• Updated: 2019-08-23 02:40:06.510021Z

  1. Giovanni

    Dr Rossi,
    Wpuld you consider your effect a form of “cold fusion”?
    Giovanni

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni:
    No. I arrived to think that cold fusion does not exist.
    At this point of our theoretical and technological development, after 20 years of hard work, we think that cold fusion does not exist. I am sorry, but I feel us lightyears far from the LENR community, to which we, actually, never belonged. My effect depends on atom’s potentials that have nothing to do with cold fusion or LENR. This, by the way, is clearly put in evidence in my paper here:
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_anf_long_range_particle_interactions.
    One thing I must admit, though: my work initiated inspired by the idea of cold fusion launched by F&P and my former works started from that theory, but after tens of thousands of experiments and twenty years of study I changed idea. Like Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached India, but eventually it has been discovered it was America.
    We reached important results and much more important we are close to reach with a technology that with cold fusion has nothing to do. As a matter of fact, we do not have any fusion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding the E-Cat SK charge lifespan, for equipment out in the field, is it a case of monitoring the E-Cat energy output, then on signs of power dropping at say 10, 11, 12 or 13 months you send in someone to replace / exchange the unit, or can you confidently predict that in any time span within say 12 months plus or minus a month that a replacement can be fitted, so that the customer can choose to schedule in advance for a particular shutdown time window.

    Can you design an E-Cat charge to have a lifespan of say 18 months or 2 years, in future this may be advantageous for isolated equipment in remote parts of the world or for say satellites or space probes.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson

  4. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    We change the charge every 12 months because that is the sage experimented way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Can you give an update of the status of the tests on the Ecat SK Leonardo aimed to obtain a permanent ssm ?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Tomorrow in our factory will be initiated the last series of tests that will end, supposedly, around the half of October, then we will know if the permanent ssm is possible or not. We are are going toward a very difficult and complex work, but the target is extremely important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Some Thoughts on a Self-Sustaining eCat Reactor

    A fully self-sustaining eCat reactor is the “Holy Grail” for LENR technology. But there can be many flavors of such a device.

    By self-sustaining, we mean that other than initial power-up, the device will continue to operate without the application of external power as long as it is commanded to operate and does not “run out of fuel.”

    One variant of a self-sustaining eCat reactor might be one that produces enough electrical power, on the average, to power the reactor including any control unit necessary for safely operating the reactor. The productive energy output would primarily be thermal energy (heat), probably used to heat structures, perform industrial operations, etc. Likely issues here will be producing sufficient heat when commanded to run at less than full power output (e.g., running at ¼ power or an On/Off commanded scenario). Given a reasonably high effective Coefficient of Performance (COP), a reasonably high conversion efficiency of electrical energy production, and a suitable means of conversion of produced electrical energy and storage of that energy for later use by the eCat reactor, this concept is relatively straightforward.

    For example, if the COP is 50, the conversion efficiency is 10% of the thermal output and the efficiency to change the raw electrical power to stored energy in a battery is say, 90%, the eCat reactor should be able to self-sustain.

    A different variant is the eCat reactor used primarily for electricity production. As opposed to the thermal output eCat reactor, heating water to produce stream and turbines to generate electricity, this reactor generates the electricity directly, albeit it must convert such raw electricity to usable commercial electricity. Here, the electrical generation efficiency must be higher than commercial thermal-to-electricity efficiencies of around 40% to be competitive. In fact, the higher the electrical generation efficiency, the less waste heat that is generated by the reactor and must be handled in some manner. So to be practical, the electrical generation efficiency must likely be in the 50% or higher zone to be commercially viable.

    Self-sustaining operation is highly desirable, but high levels of efficiency will likely be challenging.

  8. Mariangela

    Caro Andrea,
    The COP you have shown either in the demo of November 24th 2017 in Stockholm
    google “Ecat QX demonstration Stockholm November 24 2017”
    or in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is stunning and they have been measured with calorimetric and spectrometric systems. Why then are you so much focused on the SSM ? What is the advantage of it ?
    Mariangela

  9. Andrea Rossi

    Mariangela:
    SSM, permanent SSM, is absolute.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  10. Anonymous

    Dear Andrea
    Your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most read than the papers of 15 millions of publications in Researchgate: somebody says you paid somebody for this, because it is an unbelievable success, consudering the fact that LENR are the Cinderella of Physics…
    Comments?

  11. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I told already:
    paid billions.
    Got financing from Woodford.
    In shares of I.H.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  12. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, I know very little about the concept of thermodynamic principles but I am aware you use the word system being the problem of why people are unaware of the concept and its problem. What I believe you are saying is that the problem relates to the system. You use the word system whereas I would use the word systemic system, the same thing really but I do not wish to ‘nitpick’. Basically this problem with regards entropy is because of two absolute states, one being creation and one being destruction at the absolute i.e. the absolute plank length. Anything that happens between these two absolute states produces a degree of, being a degree of incompleteness. This is not a problem but a result of a none understanding of a system that by consequence appears as a problem. Could this be close to what you are inferring?. Just curious.
    Regards, Eric Ashworth.

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    I just said what I said, I didn’t infer anything more.
    Thank you for your insight
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Lot Mileykowsky:
    It was just for experimental tasks, to observe the effect of a laser on the plasma in certain conditions
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    A win Henrik:
    It is not a matter of believing, it is matter of manufacturing.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  16. Kurt

    Dr Rossi
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that the spectrum now and again changes substantially: where such changements come from?

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    From different focuses of the eye of the spectrometer.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  18. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    In your answer to S. N. Karels, August 19 at 9:48, you state that:

    1. The energy from Ecat does not generate any polluting emission or waste.
    2. The cost of the energy is 1/1000 per kWh, respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    3. You have earlier stated that: The materials used in the Ecat are not rear on the Earth.
    4. The Cells have an extremely tiny volume.
    5. The heat is delivered by an extremely high temperature.
    6. The Ecat probably will last one year in constant use and relatively longer in interrupted use.

    These overall conditions are what makes this invention unbelievable.
    Each of these six points are unbelievable by themselves, alone, in energy sources.
    Weather the “SSM” as a 7. point, will succeed or not, has a minor general importance when the COP already is as high as 58.
    Now the only missing prominence: is to prove the trait of necessary dependability.

    As all your followers, I wish you and your team success!
    Warm regards Svein Henrik.

  19. Lot Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    in scheme of E-Cat (with Leonardo seal) published pn http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/unveiling-physics-inside-e-cat/

    is illustrated a “laser” pointing into plasma.

    My query is: Is function of this laser only in measuring temperature inside plasma or is function of this laser some different?

    With Best Regards

  20. JPR

    Dr Rossi,
    how do you protect the walls of the reactor of the Ecat SK from temperatures above their melting point?

  21. Rick Meisinger

    For your information: Presidential Memorandum on Launch of Spacecraft Containing Space Nuclear Systems. https://publicpool.kinja.com/subject-presidential-memorandum-on-launch-of-spacecraf-1837419175
    It sounds like your E-Cat powered jet engine technology may be just the right technology to keep the USA the leader in Space well into the future.

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Rick Meisinger:
    Thank you for the interesting link. Now we are focused more on our ground.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    Do you still think that you will be able to make the presentation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode by the end of this year ?

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I am still optimist,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  25. Prof

    Dear Andrea:
    Your answer to Speculate is perfect.
    All the best,
    Prof

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    The problem is that the concept of thermodynamic principles is much more difficult than it appears and most are not able to take in account the meaning of the word “system” and the consequent distinctions it demands at the different degrees of entropy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Thank you for your information. It is interesting, but still green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the E-Cat SK units currently with customers producing heat, are any of these customers running performance / reliability / stability acceptance tests with further orders dependant on results.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Joseph Fine

    Dr. Rossi,

    Proton Technologies along with the University of Calgary have developed a method of extracting Hydrogen from Oil Sands and bitumen. Their method involves injecting Oxygen or high temperature steam to increase the temperature of the oil sands/bitumen which then produces Hydrogen that is collected at the surface.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-scientists-hydrogen-gas-oil-bitumen.html

    http://proton.energy/acquisition-superb-test-oil-gas-facility-complete/

    http://proton.energy/hygenic-earth-energy/ (What they call: “HEE” )

    Instead of injecting Oxygen, E-Cat SK-Leonardo product(s) could provide high grade heat (~ 500 deg. C) to reduce the cost of producing Hydrogen. (I do not want to inject large quantities of O2 underground with Hydrogen present.)

    This method would use small amounts of Hydrogen to produce large amounts of Hydrogen.

    HEE HEE = (Hygenic Earth Energy)^2

    Best regards,

    Joseph Fine

  31. Edmund Thatcher

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    The plasma we cann see in http://www.ecatskdemo.com contains also protons, or only electrons?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Edmund

  32. Andrea Rossi

    Edmund Thatcher:
    We have also protons. Among other, we have a good evidence of a balance between protons and electrons having accelerated up to 200 000 V electrons in parallel with the plasma by a Van Der Graaf accelerator and not noticing deviations of the plasma axis toward or opposed to the ahis of the electrons generated by the Van Der Graaf.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  33. Rod Walton

    Teresa Hansen gives the latest stories on conventional power generation, renewable energy and the smart grid
    Rod Walton

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the info,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Sam

    Dr Rossi:
    Congratulation for the important publication
    http://www.researchnet.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Its coherence with
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    makes it the most important paper in the LENR sector of the last 20 years, as shown from the almost 30000 readres and the hundreds of recommendations your paper has been prized with.
    Ad majora,
    Sam

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea,

    And you speak better Italian than I do – since I speak none. LOL. Have a good night.

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    He,he,he…
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  39. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    per·ma·nent
    /ˈpərmənənt/
    adjective
    adjective: permanent
    1.
    lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely.

    As I have learned in Law School “Words Matter”

    When you say “permanent”, you suggest “forever”. Perhaps a better adjective would be “independent” or “self-sufficient”?

  40. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Surely you speak English better than me!
    Maybe self-sufficient is more proper.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  41. Speculate

    Nice, but how does Your answer relate to my comment ?

  42. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    It does.
    The first principle of thermodynamic is related to systems. In the Ecat System there is a charge. In an atom there is not only the energy that usually is exploited, there are many other sources, so that the FPT is respected.
    If you read
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you can find a hint of which sources we are talking about in our system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  43. Steven N. Karels

    Bunny Ridell,

    Nothing in this universe can have a permanent Self-Sustaining Mode (SSM). Fuel will be consumed and so the operation is limited in time. My car is in a “SSM” as long as it has gasoline in the fuel tank. When the gasoline is gone, the SSM ends. There is nothing magical about SSM. All commercial powerplants work until they run out of fuel.

    Regarding whether Andrea is lying, lying requires deceit, not just incorrect or speculative information. So unless Andrea is “conning us”, he would not be lying even if he does not achieve SSM.

  44. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Obviously when we talk of permanent self sustaining mode in LENR we do not refer to a universal independence of source: we refer to independence from powers sources external to the Ecat ( electric or thermal or whatever else ), not from the intrinsic atomic structure of the system. Obviously we have a charge, that is descrived in my patent, and obviously we consume it.
    The charge does not generate any emission that could pollute the environment, the heat generated is for use, not for waste and the cost is 1/1000 per kWh respect the cost of fossil fuels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  45. Speculate

    If the device operates in SSM, You will have the entire physics society against You, because You then have overunity.

    I wonder, how You are trying to deal with that issue….

  46. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    The thermodynamic principles refer to a system, not to part of it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is an interesting lecture that
    might add to the knowledge you gained
    about the Universe on your trip to NY.

    https://youtu.be/hLp15co2D-A

    It took place at the Perimeter Institute
    in Waterloo Ontario Canada.
    My daughter graduated from the
    University of Waterloo.

    Regards
    Sam

  48. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for your contribution and congratulations to your daughter for her graduation!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Please correct me if I am wrong.
    I have carefully read your paper ‘E-cat SK and long range particle interactions’ and read in your conclusion that you must have seen signatures of electron clusters (or formation of ‘dense aggregates’) in the E-cat SK and found a theoretical explanation for that in that paper.
    However, that in itself does not explain how energy is generated in an Ecat. The paper is part of a framework to come to that, I believe. No doubt your theory has developed further. Are you already progressed so much that you think you are able to explain that as well?
    If so, when you you think to publish that part?
    Thanks for answering our questions.
    Kind regards, Gerard

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    When it will be ready.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Bingo

    Dr Rossi,
    I watched your presentation of the Ecat QX made in Stockholm om November 24th 2017, its solid calorimetric measurement and the lecture of Carl oscar Gullstrom about theoretical considerations. Is there a continuation between the Ecat QX there shown with the new Ecat SK Leonardo with direct producton of electricity and is there a continuation between that theoretical assumption and your paper published on Researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Thanks if you can answer

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Bingo:
    Yese, there is a continuation: the SK respect the QX has resolved the issue of the overheating , allowing higher power; the continuation between the publicaions can be seen in par 1 of the publication on Researchgate, wherein the paper Gulldstrom-Rossi is in Ref 14.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Bunny Ridell

    I think you will never make anything with a permanent ssm and that you are just lying.
    I wonder why.

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Bunny Ridell:
    Thank you for your opinion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. kyle

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    After reading
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and watching the correspontent parts on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I reached the convinction that you are going to make the permanently self sustaining Ecat and it will be a global revolution.
    Good luck,
    Kyle

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Kyle:
    I reached the hope, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Christos Stremmenos and Andrea,

      I have been studying the recently published article ‘Towards the exit from the middle ages’ by Ch. Stremmenos. Being a none academic I find this article extremely interesting and informative with regards the problem of why academia has a problem accepting LENR technology. This problem, I believe, rests entirely on the none understanding of energy and a refusal of not pursuing specific lines of investigation that could take away this so called mystery, LENRs. being one of them. The coulomb barrier and the methods to overcome it are not difficult to explain or even demonstrate (from my perspective). Firstly, what is the purpose of the barrier and can it be overcome?. Without the barrier there would be no identifying of an atomic structure i.e. no identity because atoms would merge together by unequal charge i.e. attraction resulting in annihilation (Einstein mentioned this phenomena but never put forward a theory) but fortunately the barrier allows for molecules to be produced while maintaining atomic identities within the structure. As I have mentioned many times I have designed a propulsion mechanism based upon interacting curvature forces that provide a linear force for the purpose of propulsion based upon what I believe to be the closest thing to a mechanical atom. I did encounter an annoying problem, resulting in the mechanism being attracted to any object in its close vicinity i.e. being entangled in the mechanisms outer surrounding force field. This problem was eventually overcome by amplifying the inner oscillations into the outer field providing an artificial coulomb barrier. When this was achieved the unit became individualized by a static boundary layer (static because because it vibrated rapidly) resulting in a technology that is able to demonstrate the ‘static and mobile mechanics of energy interaction’. Needless to say the mechanism and the theory able to be demonstrated and explained is currently banned as a technology deemed before its time. From what I believe there are two solutions to the overcoming of this barrier referred to as the coulomb barrier. One being to shrink the object that includes its outer field so as to minimize the wave oscillations on the outer field and thereby get the elements close enough together for entanglement to occur. The other method is to drive the outer field away by expansion i.e. high temperature so as to expose the inner nucleus by disintegration of its outer protective oscillating wave. The high temperature method, as we all know, can result in a runaway reaction that can result in dangerous high levels of nuclear radiation. The cold fusion method is obviously the safest way to go as you are gently coaxing the elements protective barriers together by reduction of the amplitude of the outer wave oscillations. Thereby cold as opposed to hot to overcome the barrier should be the preferred method. This, I believe, is not difficult to understand. To produce heat you need particles. To produce cold you need the opposite, no particles which involves a value of gravity of the quantum vacuum. J A Wheeler and Richard Feynman put forward a theory entitled ‘Absolute Theory’ involving interacting waves that, I believe, is able to explain material structure from neutrinos and the quantum vacuum. It can therefore be comprehended that the atom structure is formed by electrical energy. Neutrinos are not structures being single units of no potential. Also ‘Loop quantum gravity’ proposed by Carlo Rovelli is well documented and helps explain the conservation of energy within a steady state system being the Quantum vacuum. Randell Mills with his theory that states, that the hydrogen atom is able to enter into a lower ground state that involves degrees of shrinkage resulting in what he terms a hydrino makes perfect sense when you understand the mechanism behind the coulomb barrier. So from my perspective I say lets not dwell upon what is proposed as a none understanding of energy that presents an excuse for not accepting LENRs as a valid technology but lets focus on the reason for this denial of an understanding by the establishment to cover up a branch of science regarding energy with its unlimited possibilities and I do believe it is not just a financial issue but an issue of global proportions that involves an integration of human understanding at the highest level and as we know it takes one technology to open a door into another, curiosity is a healthy human activity. From what I understand the quest for enabling a LENR to enter a self sustain mode hinges on a sufficient quantity of highly charged electrical energy to be generated but I am no expert simply making an assumption. This I would consider as the holy grail in scientific research. Is it possible?. My own thoughts are yes but not using our presently known methods with regards conventional generator designs but a method based upon an understanding of volume and size values when applied to electrical charges. This I will put forward for consideration with regards the design of an integral ‘Super Neutral Generator’ a requirement I believe that is also required to produce the ‘Woodward Effect’ see Wikipedia. To design an interstellar craft requires a vehicle with two systems of propulsion and an onboard LEN reactor although I am well aware Andrea you are not interested in an Interstellar craft.
      Regards Eric Ashworth.
  58. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight.
    I think Prof Stremmenos will respond to you.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  59. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to an interesting
    article about heat shields.

    https://phys.org/news/2019-08-shield-atoms-thick-electronic-devices.html

    Regards
    Sam

  60. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Alessandra

    Still hoping to complete successfully the R&D to make electricity by the plasma in measure enough to self sustain the Ecat by this year?

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandra:
    Still hoping.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. M.

    Dr Rossi,
    When and if you will introduce the Ecat permanently in ssm will you also explain the theory related to its process ?

  65. Andrea Rossi

    M.:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Gunther

    Dr Rossi,
    in http://www.ecatskdemo.com I noticed that there are different temperatures in the plasma of the “ballerina”: can you tell us the min and max T ?

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Gunther:
    Min 2000 K, Max 24000 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. S.

    Can you explain what did you learn in particular visiting the planetarium of New York, as you wrote yesterday in your comment?

  69. Andrea Rossi

    S.:
    It is extremely interesting the explication and demo about the so called “Dark Universe” and the mechanism of the expansion of the universe, wherein the galaxies shift from each other not for their own movement, but as a consequence of the expansion of the universal space caused by the gravity from the so called dark matter that makes the 75% of the universal mass.
    The images are amazing and the text perfect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Speculate

    Hi, Mr. Rossi.

    Are You at work again, after Ferragosto ?

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Speculate:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    I had to look up to find out
    what Ferragosto is.
    This is a link for anyone
    else that is interested.

    https://www.thelocal.it/20190814/everything-you-need-to-know-about-ferragosto-assumption-august-15th-italy-national-public-holiday-

    Regards
    Sam

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Ferragosto ( August 15th ) celebrates for the Roman Catholic Church the Assumption of the Virgin in Heaven. Before the Christianism it was a pagan celebration of the Feriae Augusti ( from which derives the name “Ferragosto” ) in honor of the emperor Caesar Octavianus Augustus.
    For the Italians it marks also a period of rest from work for almost the totality of them. It is a tradition for Italians to exchange wishes of “Buon Ferragosto”. I assume everybody knows that “Buon” in Italian means “Good”. Today almost all the Italians are in vacation. I have taken three days of vacation during which I visited in New York, NY, the most beautiful planetarium of the world, where I learnt many things.
    Tomorrow back to work. Gotta make the Ecat SK permanently in SSM, and our Team will do it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Rodrigo

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is the most important article about LENR of the last 20 years. This is my opinion.
    Rodrigo

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Rodrigo:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Kurt

    Dr Rossi,
    I understand that now your focus is on the permanent SSM, for obvious reasons: this will be history.
    All the rest is secondary and I totally agree with you.
    Kurt

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It seems like it is very difficult for you to directly extract electrical energy from the eCat in sufficient power to charge a battery for SSM. I don’t understand why a simpler photovoltaic approach would not be easier to implement. Is the underlying assumption that once you have SSM working using direct conversion, you can increase the efficiency of the direct conversion to the point that it exceeds conventional Carnot efficiency? If not, it would seem you are “chasing windmills” – a reference to a “fool’s errand”. Remember the Engineering saying “Better is the enemy of good enough.”

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    I prefer to follow another path because much more efficient and independent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    While you are working very hard on the Leonardo E-cat, we do not hear anything of the real business of the Leonardo Corp: making/delivering heat for/to the customer. I am sure you would agree that that is more important than just making an E-cat with an infinite COP, but both may be addressed simultaneously. Just to give us a bit more insight on the progress of the heat deliveries, I have the following questions:
    1. We know you had problems are they all solved now?
    2. Are you delivering to more customers now?
    3. When do you expect that customers will publish details that they are happy with the delivered heat by the Leonardo Corp. and for a good price and some details about the COP?
    4. What is the highest temperature of the delivered heat up and until now?
    5. Is the level of the heat being supplied to all customers together already exceeding 10 MW?
    I hope you are willing and be able to give us a bit more insight in what is going on.
    I hope also you will reach your infinite COP this month, as well as that the heat delivery to customers will go through the roof this year. I wish you and your team much success!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- we are improving
    2- yes
    3- does not depend on me
    4- same as in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    5- no
    Thank you for your suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Salvatore Boi

    My good Ferragosto to you Dr. Andrea Rossi and to your great team!!!

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Salvatore Boi:
    Thank you and Buon Ferragosto to all our Italian Readers,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the research still proceeding on the ecat-power jet engine? Any progress you can reveal?

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels
    The jet engine is another research thread, albeit now all our power of fire is focused on the permanent SSM Ecat SK Leonardo.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  86. Rod Walton

    Power Engineering od August 13 2019:
    Gas fired combustor upgrades offer flexible partner to high renewables
    Rod Walton

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    In June you mentioned a paper by Dr Donald Reed that you recommended for its ingenuity.

    Within this paper there is arguments put forward that the magnetic vector potential is not just a mathematical entity but has actual physical existence, that the electric scalar potential and magnetic vector potential can be influenced independently of each other, that past empirical findings of Aharonov-Bohm effect experiments and the Maxwell-Lodge effect as embodied in the recent Daibo patent demonstrate this.

    A search of the referenced and related papers indicates that some of these arguments have been in progress within physics for many years.

    On the basis that there is an actual physical existence for the magnetic vector potential, the paper goes on to describe theoretical implications based on a gauge-free interpretation of the potentials with possible major applications.

    Regarding the Maxwell-Lodge effect, have you seen any indication of this effect in your experiments.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  89. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Alex

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the work you are doing and for all the answers you give us in this blog.
    Cheers
    Alex

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Buck

    Xavier Pitz:

    thank you for resolving the confusion.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  93. Jane

    Dr Rossi,
    If you really succeed to generate the electricity necessary to achieve the permanent self sustaining mode, your Ecat SK Leonardo will be the most important invention of the last two centuries. This makes it impossible, but if it is true…it is the most important thing of the world in the making.
    Jane

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Jane:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Alex Marcellino

    Dear Andrea:
    Are you working on the Ecat SK leonardo enterprise also during this week of “Ferragosto”?

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Alex Marcellino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your goal of an infinite COP E-Cat:

    1. Does the E-Cat SK Leonardo need a periodic input of electricity to maintain itself? Or, is the electricity required only at startup?
    2. Are you currently testing the E-Cat SK Leonardo with a battery, if so, does it work well?
    3. Have you been able to draw enough electricity from the E-Cat SK Leonardo to charge a battery yet?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- The E-Cat SK Leonardo should produce all the elrctricity menessary to operte without necessity of any external power source
    2- premature
    3- premature
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the Lugano test series,

    1. why did you use Lithium Aluminum Hydride instead of Lithium Hydride?
    2. Does the aluminum play a role in the reaction?

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Please read my patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Dear Andrea.
    I ask you the same questions I asked you a few months ago:
    1) On a scale of 1 to 10 what is your satisfaction?
    2) What do you consider to be the degree of satisfaction of your customers?
    3) Has your personal commitment to solving problems, which arise in installations that are inevitably still in their youth phase, decreased to more acceptable levels? In other words, what is the ratio between what necessarily remains of your sole competence and what can be done by another person in the team?
    What percentage between 10% and 90%?
    I sincerely hope the best for your health.
    With great affection and esteem
    Gian

    Google traslate aided test.Excuse my terrible English

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    1- 9
    2- enough
    3- 60%
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Xavier Pitz

    Hello Buck, Harvey,

    Here is a direct link to the post Andrea was referring to :
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=763&cpage=4#comment-1389746

    As the main blog article “Classical Interpretations of Relativistic Phenomena” is from November 2012, it doesn’t appear easily on http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com if you don’t know where to look for it, and its content doesn’t seems to be scanned by http://rossilivecat.com for content aggregation.

    @Andrea : No doubt that this will be a hard fight awaiting you and your team of warriors.
    But I think you all are fit and well equipped to fight it ( leave your tennis racket at home and use your other weapons 😉 )

    Best Regards,

    Xavier Pitz

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Xavier Pitz:
    Thank you !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkomov work.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/10tPXOEGHfB95YQeOoePUftdByo7BVnvg/view

    Bob Greenyer gives a talk on it
    at this link.

    https://youtu.be/F0vRFy1OSYE

    Regards
    Sam

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the links
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  107. Harvey

    Dear Andrea,

    The question raised by Buck this morning is valid. I also cannot find the reference you cited for 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M on either the rossilivecat.com or JONP website. Is there possibly a technical issue?

    Best Regards,
    Harvey

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Harvey:
    Just go to the post of the JoNP where the comment has been placed and check its comments.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  109. Neva

    Do you think that spectrometry is the sole way to measure temperatures above 3000 K ?

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Neva:
    There is also the possibility of a calorimetric system based on the sublimation time of a known mass of metals.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Buck

    Dear Andrea:

    please forgive my stumbling. But I can’t find a posting, your answer dated August 9, 2019 at 10:53pm. I have checked your JONP website, RossiLiveCat.com, and RossiLiveCat.com/All.html

    I only found one posting for August 9th and your response was at 6:55am.

    Is this evidence that I am looking in from a different universe? 😉

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    It has been published on the post “Classical Interpretation of Relativistic Phenomena”, responding to a comment published in the same post.
    You can reach it more easily on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I read your exchange with Charlie Meath from this morning. You affirmed that testing “cited yesterday” would be done.

    I have looked back over the last few days worth of exchanges and find no such description. I apologize if I am an error about overlooking your description of the testing to be done.

    Could you bring clarity to what and when you will be testing the ECat SK.

    Thank you for your time.

    Sincerely,

    Buck

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I was referring to my answer published on 2019/08/09 at 10.53 P.M.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Alba Ruddell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will your company go public ?
    Congratulations for the strong progress you made with your important paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Alba

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Alba Ruddell:
    Not before our Ecats will be well diffused and operating in the market. Our investors will have to be protected by a consolidated business. I will never put at risk the money of our investors. I hate the fraudsters that sell toilet paper disguised by “long shot tremendous opportunities”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Charlie Meath

    Will al the tests you cited yesterday be made in the USA?

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Charlie Meath:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Carlene Obery

    Dr Rossi,
    about
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    is the spectrometry of the plasma different, depending on where the eye of the spectrometer is pointed?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Carlene Obery:
    Yes: if we look at the global ball of plasma we see a maxwellian, if we focus on specific spots we see peaks to know the specific wavelength in that area.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Anonymous

    Michael Moore in his documentary just released says the same things you wrote yesterday about alternative energy: google
    New Michael Moore-backed doc tackles alternative energy

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Thanks for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Jazmine

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    a particular importance seems to be given to the Aharonov-Bohm effect.
    Can you explain in few and simple wordswhat is it?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Jazmine

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Jazmine:
    It is a quantum mechanical phenomenon in which an electric charged particle is affected by an electromagnetic potential despite being confined in a region in which the magnetic field and the electric field are equal to zero. The underlying mechanism is the coupling of the electro-magnetic potential with the complex phase of a charged particle’s wave function: the Aharonov-Bohm effect derives from the interference generated by the phase shift of a particle that runs through a solenoid. Important in this context is the “zitterbewegung” effect, that is the vibration at the speed of light of a particle that moves forward at a slower speed, a phenomenon first observed by Dirac.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Spencer Schebring:
    It depends on where the electricity to charge the batteries comes from.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Spencer Scherbring

    Hi Andrea!
    Do you think that electric cars will contribute to limit the global warming issue?

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Athur:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Shannon Demarino

    Dr Rossi,
    Are you still using the solder for the electronic circuits of the Ecat SK Leonardo ? Are you still at this level ?

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Shannon Demarino:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Walt posted: “For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?”

    While I personally consider neutrinos an unlikely mechanism to affect LENR processes:

    1. Have you simultaneously tested two or more eCat devices operating in close proximity?
    2. Do they behave differently as compared when they are simultaneously operated at extended distances from each other?

    The cause of any effect may not be determinable but you should be certain that eCat reactor operations are independent from each other, or conversely, there is no “critical distance” when the operate in close proximity. Consider large thermal or electricity plants where there may be thousands of eCat reactors operating in relative close proximity.

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Gianni Celio

    Did you ever think that neutrinos could be the source of the excess of energy in a LENR process ?

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Gianni Celio:
    I did think about this possibility, theoretically interesting due to their 1 eV supposed mass, but it is a very long shot. Anyway, the work of Dr Alexander Parkomov is interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. WaltC

    Dr Rossi,
    I’m not asking for you to express an opinion on whether low energy neutrinos could be at the root of LENR, but hypothetically, if they were:

    1) couldn’t that be a testable theory?

    2) For example, placing 2 (or more) LENR devices in close proximity to each other, wouldn’t the neutrino flux from one (or the many), alter the operational characteristics of the other?

    Neutrinos are impacted by distance (r-squared), but they aren’t impacted by lead or Faraday cages, etc. If the neutrino theory were valid, then it might be possible to turn an operating LENR device into something like a low energy neutrino detector.

    Crazy thought– fun to think about since there’s currently no known way to detect LE neutrinos, but difficult, I have to think, to implement.

    WaltC

  136. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Only experiments could answer, but I have no idea how such an experiment could be done. In few words, I am not able to answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding recovery of electricity from your E-Cat SK’s, you have indicated that you have identified a possible solution for extracting usable electricity, that you are heavily committing your time and resources to experiments towards this solution, if this solution you are evolving does not eventually reach the efficiency level you require, will you still pursue alternative options for direct / indirect recovery of electricity.

    A possible alternative would follow from the sequence of events.

    From previous indications, to drive activity in the E-Cat’s charge you inject an electrical trigger signal, this induces electron coherence in your active material, a coherent state then leads to particular nuclear activity, from this a pathway leads on to the eventual production of extreme ultraviolet emissions, heat and electricity within the E-Cat SK charge.

    In this overall sequence there is likely a small-time delay between input and output electrical events. Would it be possible to use rapid switching (mechanical or electrical), i.e. connect the charge for a period to initiate, then disconnect from the control electronics and connect to electronics / capacitors / batteries for a period to recover the produced electricity, then switch back to input again and repeat. Partially diverting the charge output electricity away from the control panel will also have the benefit of reduced cooling requirements.

    Likely that reality is not as simple as this, even if it was theoretically possible, I have no doubt it may be impracticable, incredibly difficult or not efficient enough for meaningful use, and that you may have already investigated this, but if not, just possibly worth a thought.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Keith T.:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Dear Dott. Rossi according to your studies, at what point you are in explaining the lenr reaction on a scale of one to ten.
    Thank you for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff.

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio Cerrina:
    I prefer to suffocate my optimism and respect what always suggests to me one of the most important members of our Team: “Andrea, better be humble”. OK, I will be humble: 6.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Jorge

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you getting the electricity from the plasma inserting a copper wire in the reactor to carry out the electrons flow?

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Jorge:
    The way we are trying to get electricity directly from the plasma is one of the most complicated and sophisticated system I have ever dealt with.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering August 6 2019:
    Ethos energy takes control of ExxonMobil cogeneration plant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to supply power and steam to the adjacent ExxonMobil refining and chemical complex
    Rod Walton

  144. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    You have indicated previously that in addition to the bulk of the energy output being extreme ultraviolet emissions, there is also heat traveling back through the connecting cabling to the control box, and that up until recently the E-Cat produces electricity but that it was not in a usable form and it was efficient / convenient to thermalize it in the control box.

    For the January 2019 test, how much heat was removed from the control box by the control box heat exchanger.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  146. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    The problems you cite were exposed during the test of Stockholm on November 24 2017: google “Ecat QX presentation Stockholm November 24 2017”
    In the presentation of the Ecat SK here
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    the problem has been resolved and all the energy was thermalized.
    Since then we started a cycle of R&D aimed to produce not only heat, but also electricity directly from the plasma.
    We are working very well on it and it is not impossible that before the end of this year we will have consistent results: we are looking for obtaining a permanent ssm.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Szymon Blachuta

    Mr Rossi,
    This could interest you:
    http://www.pnas.org/content/116/31/15356
    Best Regards,
    Szymon Blachuta

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Szymon Blachuta:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. toussaint francois

    Dear Andra Rossi

    One question please, this year will you deliver your products to France ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. Raphael

    Dr Rossi,
    About the “electron capture”: you are right. It’s pure B.S.
    The electron capture surely has been observed, but, as you correctly said, only in case of radioactive isotopes with a number of protons that exceeds the capacity of neutrons to shield the Coulombian forces.
    Cheers
    Raphael

  153. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please, in the past did you have transmutations eating up your reactors?

    Kind regards

    Toussaint françois

  155. Eernie1

    Dear Andrea,
    Why you consider impossible electron capture in LENR ?
    Eernie1

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Eernie1:
    Because either you are talking of radioactive isotopes with excess of protons ( which is not the case of LENR ), or you need 750 keV ( = 9375 billions of Celsius degrees ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Eric Ashworth

    Sam, I find the link to Dr Parkhomov LENR theory extremely interesting and which I feel highlights the importance of the JONP with regards its ability to broadcast very important scientific information. Regards Eric Ashworth

  158. JPR

    @Prof:
    I agree with you, the important success of Rossi’s publication on researchgate
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    comes from the synergy between the theoretical progress and the corroborating video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the expectation of the permanent self sustaining mode of the incoming Ecat SK Leonardo, that would be a veritable revolution.
    Jean Paul Renoir

  159. Poker88

    @Prof,
    I agree with Prof: the dramatic success of
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    is probably due to the coherence between theory and experiment and to the trustful expecteation of the Ecat SK Leonardo with permanent self sustaining mode,that would be a revolution.

  160. Prof

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is an update of the statistics of Andrea Rossi publication on Researchgate: these numbers are not just stunning, they are unbelievable. No one has ever reached these numbers in 6 months, few Professors of the highest level have reached these numbers in their entire professional life:
    Full Readings after 6 months: more than 30 000 (thirty thousands !!!) and counting. The average is 50 after years.
    Research Interest Index: 851.0 and counting. The average is 10 after years.
    Recommendations: 2599 and counting. The average is 10 after years and, by the way, this is some peer reviewing!
    Every comment is useless. The world is waiting trustfully for your Ecat SK able to power itself with part of the energy it makes, this is the sole thing that can explain these numbers.
    Ad majora,
    Prof

  161. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This is a link to DR Parkhomov
    LENR Theory read by Bob Greenyer.

    https://youtu.be/V5J3rJ1R1ho

    Regards
    Sam

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  163. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Marzia Cacciatori

    It appears to me that all the applications presented from your competition are derivated in toto or in part from your Ecat. Am I right?

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Marzia Cacciatori:
    The Ecat is something extremely more complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Alec

    Do you think your Ecat SK Leonardo able to make energy without external power source will be able to obtain certification also for household appliances ?
    Regards!|
    Alec

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Alec:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. Ken

    Dr Rossi,
    Will the Ecat SK Leonardo produce only the electric energy necessary to power itself, or will it generate also electric energy in excess for sale or other utilizations?

  169. Andrea Rossi

    Ken:
    The first version we will introduce in the market ( if we will be successful with our R&D on course ) will generate only the electricity necessary to maintain a permanent self sustaining mode, without necessity of external power sources of any kind, in any moment, not even at the start. Eventually we will proceed to evolve toward an excess of electric energy production.
    We are very close to the first mode.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    This article on Thomas Edison makes
    me think of you and your E-Cat
    inventions.

    https://www.stevenaitchison.co.uk/be-like-edison-dont-stop-when-it-looks-impossible/

    Regards
    Sam

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Great article. The important is to believe in our work. The Ecat SK Leonardo we are working upon is something extremely difficult and sophisticated and theoretically engaging, the work is very hard, but not for a single moment I thought we will fail. We will do it. Mark wrote in his Gospel: ” …when you pray for something, believe you already made it, and it will be granted…”. I am optimist, because I am a believer.
    Thank you, great link.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find other comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Luca

    1- can you comment the experiments made recently by your competitors ?
    2- do you see some of your competitors close to the presentation of a working device ?
    3- you said you always try to replicate the systems published by your competitors: is there any that you replicated successfully ?

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    1- I never comment the work of our competitors
    2- not that I am aware of
    3- not so far
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Casey

    Dr Rossi,
    How is going on the R&D of the Ecat SK Leonardo? When do you think you could able to present it?

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Casey:
    It is going on i a way that makes me very optimist.
    During the end of this month we’ll make e series of experiments that will give us a precise indication about where we are and where and when we go.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Blue

    The publication
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    marked without any doubt a strong progress of your theoretical bases. Do you foresee for it an update if the R&D on the direct production of electricity will succeed ?

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Blue:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    I just wanted to give a reminder. It was four years ago, to this very day, that you shared in two posts, first with Hugh DeVries then Frank Acland, about the advent of a new evolution for your evolving ECat. You called it Marie Curie.

    If I understand correctly, this was a dramatic improvement. Marie Curie opened the door to your plasma based reactors including the Quark, then the ECat SK, and now the ECat SK-Leonardo.
    You and your team have come a long way.

    My best to you, your team, and your wife.
    Buck

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    Yes, you are correct. All started from that prototype, dubbed “Marie Curie”, eventually evolved into the QX, presented in Stockholm on Nov 24 2017 and then in the SK, introduced in the market by the streaming in http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Now, with the SK Leonardo we are arriving, but not yet arrived to the full ssm, by which the Ecat generates electricity to power at least itself, and I am very optimist. The long way has been came through also thanks to important progress under the theoretical point of view.
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Juerg Breitenstein

    Mr Rossi,
    Will you tell us, when possible, what you are doing with your technology in Sweden, the home Country of Greta Thunberg ?
    All my blessing to your Team.
    Juerg Breitenstein

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Juerg Breitenstein:
    Of course.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Ted Szeredy

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think it is more important the demonstration I found googling “November 24 2017 Ecat QX Stockholm demonstration” or the demo made on January 31st 2019 here:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Ted

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Ted Szeredy:
    In Stockholm we presented a QX measured with calorimetry, while on January 31st 2019 we introduced the heat sale service and made a spectrometric measurement corroborated by a calorimetry. Honestly, we are proud of both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Sharla Knezovich

    Dr Rossi,
    in your paper
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_publication
    it is very interesting your interpretation of the applicability to LENR od the Casimir Force, based on the Compton wavelength.

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Sharla Knezovich:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Rick57

    Dear Andrea,

    if, after working very hard for moreless one year on direct electricity generation, you still did not reach continuous SSM (that requires a conversion efficiency of about 5%), it seems to me very difficult to reach direct conversion efficiencies of 50% or higher (at least in the short-mid terms), to not consider the adoption of existing electric generation devices such as Stirling engines or PV cells.

    I hope I am wrong, but a comment on your side on the above would be very appreciated.

    Best Regards,
    Riccardo

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Rick 57:
    I am convinced we are going toward the right direction, with better results than Sterling and PV adoption.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the second part of the paper of Prof Christos Stremmenos “Toward the exit from the Middle Age”
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    It often happens that when you solve the problems of a new product other problems arise.

    1 – Have you solved all the problems you had at the beginning of the year with industrial boilers, or did other problems occur?

    2 – Is the deployment of boilers consistent with your business plan?

    All the best for Leonardo E-Cat R & D

    Best regards
    Raffaele

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    This is not an easy job…as a matter of fact many deem it “impossible”…
    1- we are resolving all the problems
    2- yes
    Thank you for your kind wishes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Can you update us about the heat sales?
    I wish your Ecats will be diffused in the whole planet.
    Maybe the Readers can also be interested to this:
    http://www.algaeinternational.biz

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Jag Keruah:
    Our service is improving and we are resolving all the problems that have been popped up during this pioneers phase.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team and good luck for your interesting research with the algae, surely an important sustainable asset from the planet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    you stated that the ECat do produce a magnetic field.
    1) Is it constant or variable?
    2) If it is variable, have you tried to extract energy and if this impair the ssm and/or the normal operation?
    3) If it is variable, do you extract electrical energy mainly or exclusively from this magnetic field?
    4) Since i suggested you some time ago to send RF pulses to the charge, is it acting as an energy amplifier, returning the rf pulse amplificated?

    Magnetic regards,
    Marco.

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    1- slightly variable ( see the Teslameter on http://www.ecatskdemo.com )
    2- too weak
    3- n.a.
    4- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Hatchette

    The last paper on the JoNP has been published in April: when will be published the next?

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Hatchette:
    You are right, I solicited the peer reviewers, but they work for free…I cannot push.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted that you do not have the gift of being ubiquitous

    u·biq·ui·tous

    1. present, appearing, or found everywhere.
    “his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family”
    synonyms: omnipresent, ever-present, present everywhere, everywhere, all-over, all over the place, pervasive, all-pervasive, universal, worldwide, global;
    rife, prevalent, predominant, very common, popular, extensive, wide-ranging, far-reaching, inescapable
    “tracking stray dogs may soon be easier thanks to the ubiquitous microchip”

    I believe your loyal fans were asking that there be a single, public accessible place that loyal fans might attend. Perhaps a vacant classroom at a Miami university or a public hall.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    I understand. I see what I can do, obviously assuming success of the R&D, about which I am optimist.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Brittani Georgopoulos

    Hello, I enjoy reading through your post and strongly appreciated
    http://www.researchnet.com/publication/330601653/E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions. I like to write a little comment to support you.|

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Brittani Georgopoulos:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Giorgio

    Dear Mr. Andrea Rossi,
    About the sale of heat, I indiscreetly am curious to know if more and more companies are turning to your company for their heat needs.
    Thank you in advance for your reply and my best wishes to you and your staff

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I have a special request. You say it is possible to
    unveil the E-Cat SK Leonardo maybe yet this year. WOW that would be a great moment in history! I humbly ask that you consider presenting it where your loyal followers can be present during the presentation. I know that I would love to be there during such a great event.

    Thank you for your consideration.
    Bernie Morrissey

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    Your request is analogous to many others around the world, but I do not have the gift to be ubiquitous. The sole way to be ubiquitous for a not so much gifted person like me will be with a direct streaming.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR and Steven Karels.
    It is worth remembering that the e-cat delivers high temperatures, which is much more useful than the low temperature used in thermo-electric conversion. E-cat heat is very low entropy.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    It’s amazing following how this is developing. This could really be s game changer if it all works out.

    I’m not sure if this has been asked before but I wonder:

    A) if the thermal output ion the E-Cat SK Leonardo when producing its own electricity is the same or similar to that if the E-Cat SK?

    Even if less thermal power is produced but positive this self sustaining aspect makes it still substantially improved practically.

    B) If less out put power could you indicate a rough percentage?

    C) I wonder if there is s configuration trade off. I.e less over all thermal power for increased electrical power generation? Or if these processes are independent.

    I wish you and your team continued success with the development of the technology towards an optimum product.

    Best Regards
    Stephen

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    A) It is proportionally less
    B) See A
    C) See A
    B) and C) must respect the thermodynamic principles
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Prof Giuliano Bettini:
    It does generate a magnetic field.
    Warm Regards and strong wishes for your health recovery,
    A.R.

  212. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering July 30 2019:
    gas and Diesel gen-sets powering fully islanded Mexican processing plant.
    Rod Walton

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Giuliano Bettini

    Hi Andrea,
    If I can ask (and if someone hasn’t already asked)
    in the last self sustaining mode experiments, did you see if the device spontaneously generates a magnetic field around itself? Or does it generate no magnetic field?
    Best wishes
    Giuliano Bettini.

  215. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You did not address the second question of my posting:

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard, thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?
    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  216. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Sorry, I forgot to answer this question.
    The efficiency of these systems is not worth the heat they consume. They are usable, but not convenient.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Considering your answer to Giuseppe: Do you expect that if the E-cat Leonardo can run without the need to connect to the grid, it will be easier to sell it also for domestic and mobile applications because there will be less governmental rules and guidelines in laws that applies?
    Thanks and all the wisdom to you and your team to accomplish your baby. Gerard McEk

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Maybe.
    Thank you for your kind sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    I agree with the comment by Jody below — a demonstration of infinite COP/permanent ssm E-Cat with no external input power would be an irrefutable testament of the reality of the E-Cat.

    My question is, where and when do you plan to do this demonstration?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    I hope this year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Guido Galeotti

    Why don’t you publish your secrets for the sake of mankind ?

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Guido Galeotti:
    Because without an intellectual property nobody would have incentive to make investments
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Bernie Morrissey

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Is the electrical current produced by the E-Cat SK Leonardo a dc current or ac current.

    Thanks
    Bernie Morrissey

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Bernie Morrissey:
    We can do both.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. Martyn Aubrey

    Hi Steven,

    Yes, you are probably right, but it is good to dream.

    Perhaps the answer would be to replace all internal combustion engines with steam engines driven directly from the heat output of the Ecats.

    You never know, we could be heading straight into the Age of “Steam Punk”.

    I’ll just have to buy a very long coat, a tall top-hat and a pair of brass-framed goggles!!

    Jules Verne Rocks!!

    Spiffing Regards
    Martyn

    P.S. I already own a very, very, small share in an Airship, which has actually flown test flights, but sadly also crashed twice.

    https://www.hybridairvehicles.com/

  226. Steven N. Karels

    Martyn Aubrey,

    Good comments. However, it should be remembered that conversion efficiency must also be high enough. For example, it the eCat produces 60kW of electricity – enough to run a full size automobile – but generates 3 MW in doing so, the heat produced would cause cooling problems and this would be significant. So sufficient efficiency is an assumption. If the efficiency consideration was met, then the onboard battery would need to be of sufficient size to handle high power demands (accelerating, going up a hill) or driving to a repair shop if the eCat should fail. A good engineer would size the eCat electrical output to meet the AVERAGE car power requirements, plus a little reserve. This would minimize cooling requirements, and costs. Another assumption is that the eCat system would not cost more than the battery components it is replacing.

    If an eCat option added $10,000 to the sales price, it would have an impact on the option being ordered. Even assuming Andrea Rossi can make this technology commercially available, there are many considerations that will need to be addressed.

  227. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    You said to Giuseppe that the Ecat SK Leonardo would be “completely independent from the grid”.

    1. Please can you confirm that once you have achieved “COP infinite”, that the Ecat will be a completely portable device capable of being moved to any geographic location to provide both heat and electricity?

    You will then be able to supply heat and power to anywhere on The Planet, or indeed away from it!

    Practical electric transport now becomes a realistic probability in our lifetimes with the Ecat as the primary energy source.

    Electric vehicles would become much lighter and cheaper to manufacture.

    There would be no need for large batteries to store the main electromotive power, only a standard small battery would be required to start the Ecat system and maybe to smooth the flow of power to the drive train.

    2. Can you please also tell us how the Ecat SK Leonardo compares in physical size to your existing 22kW Ecat SK which you are currently using to supply “Heat As A Service”?

    We are truly living in Wondrous Times, thanks to yourself and your great team!

    Amazed Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    1- yes, but attention: infinite COP to supply heat is very close, about electricity generation i excess more time will be necessary.
    2- moreless the same.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Is your primary goal(s) for the E-Cat SK Leonardo (electricity producing eCat) to:

    a. Produce sufficient electricity to sustain the eCat reaction without external grid power being supplied?
    b. Produce electricity to provide electrical power to the grid?
    c. Use “excess” thermal power to provide thermal energy for other applications?

    2. Can you explain why other, more standard thermal-to-electricity conversion methods were not pursued? such as:
    a. Photovoltaic cells converting the light produced by the eCat-SK?
    b. Thermoelectric generation using the thermal energy produced by the eCat?

    Note: if the average COP is very high, then even low efficiency conversions should work?

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    a. and c. are very close, b should come eventually.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Jody

    @Giuseppe & Alessandro Coppi,
    I think there is another reason about the importance for Dr Rossi of the permanent ssm: it will put a tombstone upon any scepticism about the measurements: whatever the energy output, the COP will be beyond any doubt infinite, with momentous historical consequences in the scientific and technological world.

  232. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea, with regard to the electric energy generation to allow a permanent ssm to the e cat, if it is true that the energy needed is very low, worth the big effort to obtain this goal?

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    COP infinite > COP x
    for any value of x.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    why is so important for you to reach a self sustaining mode if the energy to do it is so low. Infinite COP or almost infinite COP for me is the same. We have to consider also that laws obliges the connection to the grid, like photovoltaics in my home; so it will be redundant.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    It is important because it makes the Ecat completely independent from the grid, and in most of the world there are not laws that oblige to be connected to the grid to make heat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  236. Rafael Regis

    Dr Rossi:
    Is the electroc current to power the Ecat SK Leonardo the same as being thermalized in the Ecat SK we watched in http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Tyhanks for what you are doing,
    Rafael Regis

  237. Andrea Rossi

    Rafael Regis:
    No, there are two stages.
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  238. Nuccio

    Did I understand correctly that the next Ecat Leonardo will be a fluid heater that will also generate enough electricity to self sustain itself?

  239. Andrea Rossi

    Nuccio:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  240. Asia

    Dear Andrea:
    http://www.ingandrearossi.com is very inspiring.
    All the best,
    Asia

  241. Andrea Rossi

    Asia:
    Thank you for your attention
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  242. Jeff

    Dr Rossi
    Still optimist to be able to present a self sustaining Ecat this year?

  243. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  244. Asia Bornemann

    Dr Rossi
    What is very fashinating in your paper on Researchgate is the correspondence of the theory to the video http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the correspondence between the spectral measurements and the colorimetric calculations made also in the demo of the Ecat QX in Stockholm on November 24 2017

  245. Trenton Lofrate

    Thanks for sharing with us the wonderful video of the plasma
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    What a beautiful “ballerina”!
    Regards
    T.L.

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Trenton Lofrate:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Can you tell us, at this time, whether the issues you are having with the eCat Electric is:

    1. Achieving desired efficiency?
    2. Intermittent results?
    3. Or both?
    4. Some other problem – if so, please describe.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Premature to answer, but I can say that my optimism is growing.
    The problems are many and, obviously, confidential. I still hope to reach the permanent ssm by this year, wherein permanent ssm means no necessity of external power source for ever and, consequently, a COP with zero at the denominator, obvopusly referred to the external sources of electricity or heat, therefore not in violation of the thermodynamic principles.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  249. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.