Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2019-01-16 20:30:11.504500Z

  1. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    the mind and the imagination gallop forward over the years, and I imagined the future domestic E-Cats in our houses.
    I wondered if those devices will have the same current type of remote control or there will be a local control system only.
    I know it is still too early to talk about it, but the fantasy goes on…..

    Kind Regards,

    Italo R.

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Patricia

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it continuing your theoretical with Prof Vassallo and Carl-Oscar Gullstrom also in this superheated period in view of the presentation on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Cheers
    Patricia

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Patricia:
    Yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. CC

    Dear Andrea,
    Do you imagine that the Ecat SK technology could be used for ships propulsion?

  6. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Theoretically and potentially, yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Andrea Rossi

    Thank you for your link and for your attention to the work of our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 45 000 of this blog

  8. Dear Andrea,
    Please find my comments to your upcoming Jan. 31 presentation in this blog post:
    https://animpossibleinvention.com/2019/01/16/the-moment-of-truth-is-getting-close-with-launch-on-january-31st/

    Kind Regards,
    Mats Lewan

  9. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Please review this paper.

    https://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/9506023

    Basically, it provides an explanation for the light produced by sonoluminescence. According to this theory, the abrupt collapse of the bubble induces vacuum polarization of electron positron pairs that then emits radiation. I think that the sudden in surges and collisions in the SK could be extracting energy from the vacuum in this manner.

  10. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Chuck Davis

    @Rod Walton:
    The PG&E bankruptcy should put in evidence the importance of the presentation of the industrialized Ecat SK: http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  12. Frederic Maillard

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    After your January presentation, when do you think the American man in the street will be aware of your products and services : 2019 ? 2020 ? after ?

    Best wishes and good luck for your commercial kick-off,
    FM

  13. Andrea Rossi

    Frederic Maillard:
    The American men in the factories in 2019. At home is a completely different situation and I am not able to answer seriously at this moment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  14. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    did you see this?
    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com
    “Un sogno realizzato: la presentazione dell’E-Cat SK”

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    Thank you for the link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. orsobubu

    Hi all, I tried to organize a micro-social-meeting in Italy, near Milan, between supporters (but eventually open to the deniers) to enjoy together the E-cat presentation by Andrea and his collaborators, especially with the aim of having the presence of some expert (and also not to stay in solitude. ..) but I found only a general indifference. I obviously also tried with some traditional media and a researcher. Now I will try with a last contact I have at an important company of distribution of thermal energy near the metropolitan area, but with little hope. If there is anyone, especially in connection with research institutions, companies, schools, etc. who thinks about organizing something, please let us know in time with a message! Thank you!

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    I thank you very much for your enthusiasm, but, please, do not insist with persons that are not interested. Before a mass interest is achieved we need a mass of plants in operation. This is why now we are focused only on the diffusion of our service, which is the main target of our presentation on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  18. Rod Walton

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    On Powr Engineering Jan 15-2019: “The San Francisco based PG&E, responsible for the deadly wildfire of end 2018, files for bankruptcy and CEO Geisha Williams steps down”
    Rod Walton

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar?”:
    Sometimes there are resiliences.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  21. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success on the important test starting this week.

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint françois

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    This is an interesting study.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  23. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find other comments published on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. TOUSSAINT francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    I wish you a great success with this first 40 Mw plant, and there will be many more to come !
    Is there still an important test this august with the SK E-CAT ?

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint françois

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Henry

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which kind of heating systems did you manufacture among the 1500 plants you cited in the response to Robert Rudlong? Is the US patent allowed to you by the USPTO in the year 2000 related to some of those plants?
    Cheers,
    Henry

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Henry:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Hallo There “jag bara undrar” . My father (Ove Platell) was the Project leader for Saabs steam Engine project but when the catalytic converter emerged and emissions could be improved of the internal combustion Engine it was hard to finance further work on alternative Engines. But my father started RANOTOR Company and now the interest for modern steam Engine has increased again.
    Best regards
    Peter Platell

  29. Toussaint françois

    Dear Andrea Rossi

    A study about steam engines https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:844948/FULLTEXT01.pdf

    Warm Regards

    Toussaint François

  30. "Jag bara undrar?"

    Unfortunately not. But I can say so much that where you have enough heat, it is difficult to get a more economical solution than a steam engine. Why start with the difficult solutions?

  31. Andrea Rossi

    “Jag bara undrar?”:
    Can you tell more about it?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. "Jag bara undrar?"

    I still remember SAAB’s steam engine experiments in the 1970s. SAAB was / is located in the south-western parts of Sweden in Trollhättan

  33. Robert Asperger

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    the Madison Wisconsin IEEE Group has organized a meeting to watch and discuss the Ecat SK presentation of January 31st:
    https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/187010
    Robert Asperger

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Asperger:
    Honoured. Their questions during the discussion in direct streaming on http://www.ecatskdemo.com will be welcome.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. keV

    Hi Andrea,

    I’m Looking forward to the upcoming presentation.

    A few weeks ago I mentioned the possibility of the resurgence of helium airships, and how your tech would dovetail with that nicely.

    I guess you are pretty busy at the moment, but if you want a diversion for 15 mins, head on over to https://www.hybridairvehicles.com where they are just bringing very large airships to market. I understand they are using large V8 auto engines. If you can enter this market in its infancy (say over the next 5 years), you will be well placed for transitioning the other existing combustion engine based markets (20 years).

    Regards,
    KeV

  36. Andrea Rossi

    keV:
    Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Sam

    Hello Dr Rossi

    This is information on an invention
    using steam power.

    https://youtu.be/SbgwDk7A4as

    http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/green-steam-energy/

    Regards
    Sam

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you for the information. By the way, the paper published today on the JoNP is based on the same matter.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is another awesome paper that describes the phenomena that is taking place in the QX/SK.

    In short, it explains how the fireball through the double layer produces ion acoustic oscillations that distribute energy and matter throughout the plasma.

    http://epsppd.epfl.ch/Buda/pdf/p3_058.pdf

    My guess is that you have optimized the gap between electrodes (made it larger), optimized the pressure in the reactor (near atmospheric), optimized the gaseous atmosphere (using a noble gas mixture of mostly argon and perhaps a percentage of neon), and optimized the fuel (the lithium and deuterium) to produce nuclear reactions that provide heat that the fireball can convert into electrical current which power the oscillations that transport ions. These ion acoustic oscillations then go on to produce additional excess heat by polarizing the active vacuum and extracting electron positron pairs. In addition, through controlling the impulses applied after the initial higher voltage/current impulse OR using permanent magnets to produce a “magnetic mirror effect” you are able to keep the fireball off the surface of the electrodes to reduce the erosion rate.

  40. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  41. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    Today has been published on the Journal of Nuclear Physics the paper ” Reasons Why Modern Steam Engines Make Sense as a Drive Train in Future Vehicles “, by Peter Platell, PhD, CTO of Ranamotor AB.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. TheFutureIsNow

    Hello Andrea,

    Please read the following article entitled, “Macroscopic Vacuum Polarization.”

    https://books.google.com/books?id=hrS_5o60YAMC&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=%22Quantum+electrodynamics+shows+that+the+basis+of+all+electrical+phenomena+is+the+vacuum%22&source=bl&ots=IR8WU0hYSx&sig=2INGhN7LbXgBAGk7mHYzh_TLS1Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiH1_eeie7fAhVKneAKHbA7D8sQ6AEwAHoECAAQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Quantum%20electrodynamics%20shows%20that%20the%20basis%20of%20all%20electrical%20phenomena%20is%20the%20vacuum%22&f=false

    The author, Moray B. King, explains how ion acoustic oscillations in a plasma can polarize the positron-electron pairs already present in the vacuum and release energy. These oscillations are the exact same type you are producing in the QX and SK if you have created a “fireball” with a double layer that is continually exchanging matter and energy with the general plasma.

  43. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your information.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  44. Obro

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Can you tell us something about your marketing plans after the presentation?
    Have you got any customers lined up already? Are you going to embark on wide marketing campaign?
    Alternatively, are you just going to wait for customers convinced in the economic advantage of using your E-Cat plants, to come to you?

    I wish you success in all your endeavors!

    Obro

  45. TheFutureIsNow

    Andrea,

    Please read the series of articles called, “Dirac’s Equation and the Sea of Negative Energy” by Don Hotson (who is now deceased). The documents can be found in a simple google search. He describes how it is incorrect that only virtual particles exist in the vacuum. Instead, completely REAL electron-positron pairs exist in the vacuum and these electron-positron pairs are what actually compose photons. The simple truth is that if something is REAL then it must exist: there’s nothing virtual. The electron-positron pairs in the negative sea are every bit as real as they are when they emerge into our “positive” sea of energy, except that they are in a condition which hinders our ability to observe them.

  46. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for sending the point of view of Don Hotson.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  47. De Meo Michelangelo

    Hi dott. Rossi, will you officially start selling the heat from the 31st of January?
    Is it possible to know the cost and the economic convenience of buying your heat?
    how much is a thermal Kwh?

  48. Andrea Rossi

    De Meo Michelangelo:
    We will talk of these issues during the presentation: http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Valentine Senti

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think that vacuum can facilitate LENR?

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Valentine Senti:
    Vacuum is not an absolute concept: as a matter of fact, vacuum is full of fields of virtual particles that can act as real in certain situations. As a consequence of this fact, it is impossible to give an absolute answer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Muhammad Kathrada

    About the Ecat Home:
    1-is its output only thermal energy?
    2- if yes, can this thermal energy be converted into electricity?
    3- if yes, at what efficiency?
    Thank you
    Muhammad Kathrada

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Muhammad Kathrada:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- with the Carnot cycle the efficiency can reach the 35%, less with other cycles or methods technologically available as of today.
    Attention, though: the Ecat Home does not exist yet, because we do not have yet the safety certification. Only the industrial Ecat is available.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  53. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Is my assumption right that the heat, generated by the control system, is somehow added to the heat production side of the Ecat?
    2. If this is true, will you be able to do that also if a customer wants closed loop high level heat (say 500 deg. C minimum input temp.; 1000 deg.C. Maximum output temp.)?
    3. What instrument(s) will you use to determine the produced quantity of heat during the test @1-31?
    4. Have you already found a customer willing to openly publish the performance of the E-Cat SK during the first year?
    Thanks, kind regards, Gerard

  54. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- the heat dissipated by the control system can be recovered independently for independent use, or integrated with the heat generation of the Ecat, for example pre-heating the the secondary flow, with an energy recovery with a COP close to 1.
    2- see point 1
    3- this will be explained during the demonstration
    4- not yet, but in time this is expected to be possible
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Jake:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Tobbe

    We have three possible scenarios after January 31st 2019 presentation http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    1- the presentation will confirm success, but the society as a whole will continue to ignore it
    2- there will be a strong hostile and disparaging activity against Andrea Rossi: oil, coal, gas, wind, solar, nuclear, hot fusion are going to continue to get enormous funds and they can easily kill this technology and the man behind it
    3- a large majority of educated world decides to help the development of this technology to fight against the degradation of our environment.
    My question is: which is the best scenario for the wellness of mankind?
    Best Regards,
    Tobbe

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Tobbe:
    Thank you for your sustain: I hope all the energy source will be integrated in the common interest.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    A complete, uncensored measurement of the electrical input power is required, which method will you use :
    – power measured at the input of the control system (true rms Watt Meter)
    – power measured at the reactor inlet (simultaneous acquisition of U and I)
    – during this presentation, will there be an oscilloscope, showing both the input voltage and the input current of the reactor?
    – since your reactor is in operation, the customer probably made his own measurements: will he make a communication about these measurements, and therefore the real gain on the electricity bill for the thermal energy produced ?

    I will follow with interest the presentation of the new reactor, January 31, hoping that my questions will be retained. I think there will be many from all those who follow the development of the “E-cat”.
    Sincere wishes for your project, humanity urgently needs low-carbon energy sources (By the way, did you evaluate the carbon footprint of the reacteur, manufacturing/while running ?

    Michel

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    The measurements will be shown during the presentation.
    The carbon dioxide produced by the Ecat during its operation is zero.
    The amount of carbon dioxide produced to manufacture an Ecat ( the so called “grey energy” ) is the same that a 20 kW Ecat saves in a couple of days of operation, vs a supposed life of 20 years.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. W

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Will the plants that you will install in the factories of your customers consume electricity from the outlet of the customers or from the grid with your own accounts?
    If from the client’s plug, how will be calculated the bill?
    W

  61. Andrea Rossi

    W:
    We will draw the electricity needed from the Ecats from the outlet of the Clients, since we cannot make contracts with the providers to sell us electricity in a place that is not ours or rented by us.
    Our billing system will be very simple and clear: we and the Customer will put a wattmeter along the line that supplies electric energy to the control system, to read the Wh per month consumed by the whole Ecat System ( control panels plus Ecats ), so that we will have the worth of the electricity consumed by the Ecats; the bill will compute the price of the thermal Wh generated by the Ecats and the price of the electric Wh consumed by the same Ecats: the Customer will obviously pay the difference between the price of the thermal energy generated by the Ecats and the price of the electric energy consumed from the same Ecats.
    Note: we will bill also the thermal energy recovered from the cooling system of the control panel: such energy is recovered with a COP close to 1.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Mike Casbon

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    I appreciate the strategy you defend your IP with.
    I also hope a sequel book after “An impossible invention” will be published with the description of the incremental improvements until the realization of the Ecat SK.
    I think such a book will inspire future generations of technicians and scientists.
    Thank you,
    Mike Casbon

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Mike Casbon:
    Thank you for your kindness towards our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Adrian Ashfield

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Is the automated factory already operating?
    Looking forward to watch the presentation on January 31st on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Best Regards,
    Adrian Ashfield

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I suggest as a name for the control system “Recrudescence”, meaning “breaking new afresh” like a new beginning.
    Chuck Davis

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    I suggest as a name for the control system “RECO”, meaning “Rossi E-Cat Operator”. The name includes your name and the environment friendly ECO and also that it is RECOmmended for a healthy planet.

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  70. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Maybe you can get some tips from this
    Richard Strauss video to help you
    conduct the E-Cat SK demonstration.

    https://youtu.be/N9D5ffQ8lCk

    Regards
    Sam

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. JPR

    Dr Rossi:
    What do you think of this?
    A.G.Parkhomov, Multeity of cold nuclear transmutations involving electrons, IJUS, November 21 2018
    Jean Paul Renoir

  73. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Interesting, as all the work of Alexander Parkhomov.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Here is a link to an article about the “Super Tube” concept. The author combines a number of different principles from various inventors to come up with what he believes would be an optimum design for a device that taps into the vacuum by producing fast ion surges in the “negative resistance” regime. He incorporates ideas such as a hollow cathode (the Russian psudospark discharge concept), radioactive electrodes (for pre-ionization of the gas to allow a lower starting voltage and transition to the negative resistance phase), and even specific circuits to capture the back spikes and convert them into electricity. In other papers he documents how the same concept of extracting positron-electron pairs has been theorized to take place in cavitation of argon filled bubbles in a liquid during ultrasound which produces a blue light.

    https://books.google.com/books?id=JYpXDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT82&lpg=PT82&dq=%22large+voltage+spikes+are+efficiently+absorbed+by+a+Pulse+Current+Multiplier+circuit+which+might+offer+a+solid+state+means+of+tapping%22&source=bl&ots=hZLmqCHFag&sig=UF1kqNUl8GZH8RGNGZdy7OW92ww&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjStPST2enfAhWsHzQIHTSABKkQ6AEwAHoECAEQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22large%20voltage%20spikes%20are%20efficiently%20absorbed%20by%20a%20Pulse%20Current%20Multiplier%20circuit%20which%20might%20offer%20a%20solid%20state%20means%20of%20tapping%22&f=false

  75. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for the insight and the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Sam

    Hello DR Rossi

    Because Richard Strauss is part of the
    E-Cat Demo this video is interesting.

    https://youtu.be/x1o6D1pTJqc

    Regards
    Sam

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Sam:
    Sure!
    Thank you for the past due link!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. TheFutureIsNow

    Eric Ashworth,

    I do not believe in the vacuum truly being empty. I subscribe to the Dirac Sea concept in which space devoid of what we consider ordinary matter to be full of electron positron pairs (some scientists simply refer to them as photon pairs). This sea of electron positron pairs constitutes a kind of superfluid “aether” which contains tremendous potential energy.

    I’m also fascinated by the concept of vacuum polarization in which electron-positron pairs can be made to emerge from the aether.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum_polarization

    I tend to think that it’s plausible that in the SK could be extracting electron positron pairs from the Dirac Sea (or aether) as a source of energy. For example, rapid accelerations of charged particles can create powerful electric fields that can polarize electron-positron pairs, pull them out of the aether, and make them appear as ordinary particles. Since it’s accepted scientific fact that the double layer of a plasmoid such as those produced in a pulsed direct current discharge can suddenly accelerate ions, I’m thinking that during this process positron-electron pairs could appear. The positrons would annihilate with electrons in the plasma producing a source of energy.

    If some quantity of electron positron pairs are being extracted from the vacuum, then a certain percentage of the power output of an SK would be from nuclear reactions occurring between the fuel placed inside and another percentage would be from the electron positron pairs extracted from the aether.

    Here is a totally made up and hypothetical example.

    Percentage of the energy output resulting from fusion reactions between H, D, Li, Al, Ni: 50%

    Percentage of energy out resulting from the extraction and annihilation of electron positron pairs from the Dirac Sea: 50%

    I would like to ask you for your wild guess as to the proper percentage, if any energy is coming from the vacuum at all.

    If I haven’t made myself clear I apologize.

  79. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Supposing you get a new customer that have an existing own system of heating in his facility. Installing the new system with E-Cat will requires costs.
    Question: who pays for these costs:
    1. Leonardo
    2. The customer
    3. Both, in fractions depending on the contract.

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  80. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    3
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  81. Ken Kocher

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I think this can inspire the presentation of the Ecat SK on January 31st:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8iwBM_YB1sE
    “…tonite’s the night we are gonna make it happen…”
    Cheers
    Ken

  82. Andrea Rossi

    Ken Kocher:
    …it will be indeed…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  83. Alexander Brueck

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I have been following your work for a long time and appreciate very much the comments.
    Which are the geographic areas where your service is already available and which will be in future?
    Best Regards,
    Alexander Brueck

  84. Andrea Rossi

    Alexander Brueck:
    North America, most of Europe, Japan; in future all the Countries where our patent has been granted.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  85. Italo R.

    As it is important writing correctly the name of things and symbols (ie we must write kW and not KW or Kw), I think that we should yet determine the right way to write the name of your invention:

    1 – E-Cat
    2 – E-cat
    3 – ECat
    4 – Ecat

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The correct way to write is: E-Cat.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    1- average/ssm operation
    2- 1 eV
    3- the modulation of the energy generated is made by on/off series, the temperature is always 1 eV
    Happy and Healthy New Year also to you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In the past you have said the ‘temperature’ of the core of the E-Cat reaches 1 eV (or about 11,600 deg K).

    1) Is this an average temperature during normal operation, self-sustained operation or a maximum temperature that should not be exceeded?

    2) What is the initial temperature following normal startup (for example, ten minutes after you push the START button) ?

    3) Does core temperature reach 1 eV if the E-Cat produces only 10% of rated power, or is this temperature reached at 90-110% (??) of rated power?

    Happy and Healthy New Year,

    Joseph Fine

  89. Eric Ashworth

    @TheFutureIsNow ,
    Although the question was not directed towards myself but I am fascinated by LENRs and your question is with regards an interesting topic. Energy from the vacuum. Vacuum refers to total emptiness, which I do not agree with, with regards sub atomic physics. As the sub atomic runs out to the absolute plank length with regards the Astro and not the terrestrial, which does not do so, the enclosures within on the Astro become identity systems due to like repels like i.e. event horizons maintain stability/identity within the overriding Astro systems, which thereby provides energy from the the vacuum being Astro, LENRs are not Astro physical events but are within the confines of the terrestrial physical and therefore LE Nuclear reactions are lower reactions being more negative i.e. long wave but nevertheless very energy efficient with regards the length of their wave and the subsequent velocity and interactions of the wave. LENRs are soft sub atomic energy reactions. Regards Eric Ashworth
    P.S. I do appreciate being corrected because this subject at present is a learning curve.

  90. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    If you had to make a guess, what percentage of the power produced by the SK is from LENR and what percentage is extracted from the vacuum?

    BIG DISCLAIMER: If Andrea Rossi answers this question I am asking him for a guess and his answer should not be taken as proven fact.

    If the QX does extract power from the vacuum, it is even a more significant discovery because it proves the vacuum can be harnessed for the benefit of humanity.

  91. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Sorry, I do not understand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Iggy Dalrymple

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Filiniator or GatoHQ

    Best regards,
    Iggy

  93. Andrea Rossi

    Iggy Dalrymple:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  94. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    I notice that the spies continue to tempt to slip some small confidential piece of the puzzle!
    You are doing a good job of holding them at bay.
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  95. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Some are spies, some are just open source enthusiasts. We must distinguish between “smartassity”* and candor.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    * You won’t find this in a dictionary

  96. Dan C.

    @ Brian and Leanne Balding

    Recall when Video Cassette Recorders came to market, there was the Betamax vs VHS format wars. VHS won and Betamax lost everything.

    Elon Musk opened his battery charging technology patents to those(including Big Auto) who wish to copy it without legal consequence. Not his Tesla car.

    Why would Elon Musk do this? It was “Self Interest” of course. Having no standard for charging stations and Big Auto likely to set that standard eventually(Tesla being the small fish), Musk was making a preemptive strike to influence that standard.

    In the details. One must copy the charging technology precisely with no deviation what so ever to avoid legal consequences. Thus by setting a standard, He avoids becoming the Betamax of charging technology.

    In addition, Tesla has been building charging stations for their cars around the country. It’s an expensive tho necessary process. Allowing others to copy his technology spreads that cost and increases the number of charging locations at a faster pace. Note Elon Musk is in the EV business, not charging stations. These will eventually be provided by 3rd parties, the current gas station/convenience stores.

    Bear in mind, If Big Auto sets the standard different from Tesla’s, Tesla could be crushed. No one wants a car that can only be charged at home. And bear in mind, Big Auto is a competitive market. Crushing competitors is just business. Tho this sounds harsh(and IS), without these competitive markets, likely we wouldn’t be on the internet. Your $400 laptop would be near $5000. There would be no reason to find cheaper ways to produce product or cut costs.

    Andrea offers heat at a 20% discount. When competitors come along, he will need to find ways to become even cheaper to survive in business. Rossi is very aware of this.

    Wishing you and Andrea and his team team all the best,

    Hot regards,

    Dan C.

  97. Adrian Ashfield

    The babblers of the Rock and Troll music need logic for dummies, they don’t realize the struggles such innovative technology faces. In my work I come across situations like this all of the time, the most recent being a new type of chimney. One day the science establishment will realize their mistake, ​roll out the silver rug, and make the babblers pay.

    ​Godspeed,
    AA

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Adrian Ashfield:
    We must not complain, we must work, make, put in operation. All the rest is pointless now.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    The author of the comment I am responding to is a homonymous of Adrian Ashfield (a.ashfield@verizon.net), therefore he is not the same person

  99. Yuri

    In the list you put in the answer to Eike we must consider another point: the customer must accept that the control is made from your company in remote mode.
    How do you concile this if in case of emergency not dependent from the Ecat, the same Ecat has to be stopped immediately?

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    You are right, the Customer must accept the remote control made from us. Every Ecat is supplied by a red mushroom emergency botton by which it can be stopped onsite, independently from the reason. The operator that will stop the Ecat will send us immediately a warning and will ask us when to restart it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Alessio S.

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    How much plants per week can you install at the beginning?

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Alessio S.:
    Enough to satisfy the demand.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Bedy

    How will be able to put questions during the presentation?
    Cheers
    Bedy

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Bedy:
    Go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    at the beginning of the debate we will give the email addresses where to send the questions for an immediate answer; sending the questions to this blog will also be an option.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. David Pierini

    Dr Rossi,
    will be shown also the remote control system at the presentation on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?

  106. Andrea Rossi

    David Pierini
    Yes. It is installed in the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. orsobubu

    Dear Andrea:

    Rossi said: “red sky in the evening, good weather tomorrow”

    better:

    “Red sky at night, shepherd’s (or sailor’s) delight”

    the opposite:

    “Red sky in the morning, shepherd’s warning”

    A brand new invention by the orsobubu:

    “After the January presentation, queue no more at the gas station”

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Orsobubu:
    He,he,he..
    Thank you for the warnings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Ila Gabak

    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    It appears you made sad the guys that bet on the scratch!
    On january 31st I will win 100 Euro.
    Thank you,
    Ila

  110. Andrea Rossi

    Ila Gabak:
    He,he,he…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  111. Eike

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which are the characteristics that a potential customer must have to be fit for the Ecat?

  112. Andrea Rossi

    Eike:
    1- must be an industrial concern or a centralized heat distribution facility
    2- must give evidence that really already consumes the thermal energy he claims to need
    3- must give financial references to guarantee to be able to pay the bills
    4- must be in a geographic area where we are organized to serve
    5- must be a well consolidated activity
    6- must have all the necessary authorizations, certifications and permits necessary to make their activity
    7- must have a back up in case of malfunction of the Ecat
    This is the preliminar screening, after which specific situations must be analyzed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  113. Monty

    Dear Andrea.

    In your answer to Lars you wrote:

    3- we will say yes to all the Customers that will be fit for the Ecat

    Who will be the judge for which company will be “fit” for the Ecat?

    regards
    monty

  114. Andrea Rossi

    Monty:
    The final decision will be mine.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  115. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Did you think to Experimental Certifications for applications like http://raptor-aircraft.com?
    By the way, you could team up with them.
    Best Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  116. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  117. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    If not confidential, can you tell us if:

    1 – You are already in contact with potential customers
    2 – You already have new confirmed customers.

    Thank you

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  118. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  119. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Could you share how you are circulating the news of the January 31st commercial presentation to potential customers? Thank you.
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    This information is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    When you develop an eCat to turbine engine, why not couple it into an automobile and do a non-stop for refueling trip from the East Coast to the West Coast – a Cannonball run, but at normal highway speeds. Include GPS real-time tracking and notify the news media. A proof of the long term supply of power. Alternatively, an eCat to electrical generation with an electric car. Have a documentary film made of the trip.

    No need FAA approval for demonstrating an aircraft flight. But common people would believe the technology by making a cross-country trip without refueling. Solar can’t provide enough energy for highway speeds, or at night.

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Anything you can say on the eCat integration testing with a jet engine?

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    That is an R&D that continues and will be the next step after the production of heat that, obviously, is easier because direct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Annmarie

    Dear Andrea:
    I totally agree about your position on the electric cars

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Annmarie:
    All that having been said, electric cars are anyway an important resource IF their columns are connected with solar plants, eolic plants or other sources not dependent on fossil fuels. It is just important to separate the myth from the reality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Lars

    Dear Andrea,
    1- will it be possible for industries to have an E-Cat and buy the heat from it now or soon after the demonstration?
    2- how much heat do they have to buy to be allowed to have an E-Cat?
    3- Will you say yes to most costumers?
    4- do you expect many requests?
    Thank you for this blog and all the honest answers.

  128. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    1- yes
    2- depends on the specific situations
    3- we will say yes to all the Customers that will be fit for the Ecat
    4- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  129. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding your question about electric cars. Even if all energy is produced with fossil fuels at 35% efficiency, electric cars reduce pollution because of efficiency:
    1) Energy recover during braking
    2) Maximum efficiency at every speed and regime (an hybryd Porsche of 700HP does 30Km/lt just recharghing the batteries with the 500HP low efficiency motor)
    3) Engine efficiency is at most 20% and only at half the maximum power. At low speed (50km/h) you need 3Kw of power. At this power all engines have awful efficiency (probabily less than 5%) and moreover all energy is lost when you brake
    4) No gear losses

    At low speeds (25-30km/h, a common speed in traffic) an electric car can do 1Km with 85wh of power. The energy of 7g of gasoline (45MJ/kg the energy of gasoline, 85Wh=85*3600J=0.306MJ)… This because the energy required at low speed is cubically less than high speeds and engines at low power have awful efficiency, as i said, plus the losses in the gears, water and oil pumping, air inlet and exhaust gas outlets etc… Electric car instead have high efficiency also at low speeds.

    To summarize: even not considering regenerative braking, an electric car can extract about 35%(conversion)*80%(transport)*80%(recharge)*80%(discharge+DC/AC conversion+electric motor+mechanical losses) of the energy. A petrol car at most 20% (at half the power: a 40kw car must go at 100km/h to have maximum efficiency, but for the cubic formula of the energy versus speed, it’s better to go slow, but at slow speed the efficiency is not 20%!), plus gear losses, plus other losses. Most of the time the efficiency is way under 5%…

    Regards,
    Marco.

  130. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Sorry, you missed the point: the loss of efficiency is not just from the car, it is mainly from the power station that feeds the car. Therefore the pollution that is not made by the car is made on its behalf from the power station that burns fossil fuel to feed the car. The problem has not been resolved, has just been displaced from one site to the other.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  131. Karen

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    If I have understood well:
    On January 31st at 9 AM New York Time if I will go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I will find a link to click upon and I will be in the presentation, correct?

  132. Andrea Rossi

    Karen:
    Yes, exactly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  133. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,

    Thanks for paraphrasing parts of my email and replying with valid points of course. I was mainly not talking about CO2 pollution. CO2 in itself is not a pollutant, especially if it comes from a burnt tree that regrows in a few years. It’s the particle pollution released from car exhausts that is very unhealthy.

    I encourage your readers to do the following experiment for themselves: Leave a clean tray at a busy car intersection when there is no wind. After a few hours you’ll notice a layer of pollution on the tray. This all ends up in people’s lungs. There is no such thing coming out from electric cars.

    Best regards.
    Patrick

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Yes. Do the same experiment where are the power stations from which electric cars get their soup.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    I made a synthesis of your email to save time transferring it here, but I think I conserved genuinely its content. When a comment is sent by email instead of here as a comment, it takes time to me to transfer it, therefore when it is long I make a synopsis.

  135. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “Is somebody out there that can explain to me why electric cars save pollution, since to charge a battery we have to plug it in an outlet that gets electricity mainly from oil, gas and coal fueled plants with efficiencies that are never over 35% ?”

    Like everything else, there are exceptions.

    1. Imagine a home with a large solar collection farm. My sister-in-law in California has such a farm on her property. An electric car, and the household, can be powered during the day provided she doe not drive too far each day. She is retired and need only drive her car at night.

    2. You live near a conventional nuclear power plant or a hydroelectric dam. Its power goes to your immediate community. An electric car’s source of power would be non-polluting.

    3. An eCat local area electric power generation system, powering the businesses and home during the day and charging the electric vehicles at night, assuming eCat technology works AND is widely accepted/implemented. Time will tell.

    As you have pointed out, an integrated power solution is the best approach. Reducing carbon emissions is a societal goal. Solar, wind, hydro, nuclear, and possibly eCat technolgies can find their place in such an integrated system. Economics and public policy will dictate the mix of that integrated system.

  136. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N.Karels:
    Good points, I agree on the fact that there are niches in which electric cars make sense. But we are talking of niches. I also agree on the point that all the energy sources must be integrated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  137. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    In regards to your post about electric car patents, I’d like to say there is a huge difference between that sort of technology and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions.

    1) Electric cars have existed for well over a hundred years. If my history is correct, the first cars for a short period of time were all electric before the internal combustion engine began to dominate.

    2) All of the concepts of electric cars are absolutely established scientific reality – electric motors, batteries, and even on board computers. LENR, on the other hand, is considered absolute pseudo-science by mainstream scientists. To this day if you go to a random university and bring up the topic of LENR with a physics professor I’d wager that 95% of them claim it to be impossible, 4% of them claim it to be unproven, and 1% to be open minded if you promise everything they say will be off the record.

    3) There’s not a single technology in a Tesla Roadster or any other electric car on the market today that has any potential to dramatically change the world. They are a conglomeration of existing ordinary technologies and NOTHING MORE. They aren’t going to solve the energy crisis, help the environment to any significant degree, or provide any breakthrough in transportation (they don’t fly through the sky). However, LENR is a truly BREAKTHROUGH technology that holds the potential to change all aspects of human civilization. An unlimited source of dirt cheap and completely pollution free technology that’s both COMPACT and PORTABLE will have FAR reaching impacts. Moreover, even if you ignore the practical implications and potential of LENR, the scientific discoveries that explain how the reactions can take place could continue spawn a revolution in understanding of how our universe works.

    To be blunt, the SK is without exaggeration ten thousand times as important of a product than any electric car, any new lithographic process for producing computer chips, or even any pharmaceutical being developed. This puts it into a category that in my opinion gives you a moral obligation to ensure that the knowledge and know how is shared with the world. I’m in no way whatsoever opposed to you making money if the SK is what you have claimed. For goodness sakes, we live in a world where untalented, vulgar pop stars can do sickening things and end up making millions of dollars by profiting on the media attention. If they and others can make money for producing NOTHING, you deserve to make a FORTUNE (even more) for inventing the SK which could do so much good for the world. But I think regardless how it impacts the potential for profit, positively or negatively, the fact this technology is real MUST be proven beyond any doubt to the world and the basic phenomena behind it’s operation revealed.

    Holding back knowledge that could prove the reality of LENR is like being the first caveman to master fire yet instead of explaining the process to others, that caveman decides to have all his neighbors bring their meat to his cave where he will cook it in secret. If there were already a dozen ways to make fire keeping yet a new method confidential wouldn’t be an issue, but when all cavemen are ignorant that fire exists it’s an issue that must be resolved.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. @ Brian and Leanne Balding
    January 9, 2019 at 3:19 PM

    This is not the first time it has been suggested on this blog that the inventor who has spent many, many years conducting experiments to figure out how to make LENR a reality, should – now he has already accomplished all the most difficult work – donate his IP for free to everyone.

    I may be mistaken, but the impression I have had when this was previously suggested is that those making this suggestion – carefully worded, of course, not to give the game away – just cannot wait to get their hands on the rights in the expectation that they may be able to find a way to make a ton of money out of it themselves while, if that is the way it works out, leaving the inventor with nothing.

    Mr Rossi has been working very long hours, for many many years (I am under the impression he initiated this project nearly 30 years ago) to try to find a way to create, and finally now to perfect, an invention which will, in due course: A) appreciably reduce energy costs for everyone across the globe; B) help diminish substantially carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere; and C) raise productivity and living standards worldwide in a magnitude that may be unprecedented.

    In your opinion, Brian and Leanne Balding, is the above list of benefits inadequate for Mr. Rossi to bestow upon the world? Do you seriously think it is appropriate that he give away rights to his invention to those who have contributed NOTHING to its creation? Do you expect me to believe that you would do this had you invented the Ecat?

    I believe it is appropriate that those choosing to devote a substantial investment of their own personal ingenuity, time, effort and financial resources to provide the rest of us with benefits should, when successful, be rewarded. And rewarded very approximately in proportion to the size of their contribution. That is why the countries of western nations created patent protection. There are other political systems that ‘work’ on different principles but, in every case, all they have ever produced is poverty for all, other than for a few within their political leaderships:

    For example, not long ago the monthly salary of fully qualified and practising medical doctors in Cuba was $30. (Yes, MONTHLY.) A minority of them recently enjoyed a pay raise to a positively whopping $67 a month. Please read about it here:

    http://www.medicaldaily.com/cuban-doctors-get-salary-raises-67-month-after-government-cuts-100k-redundant-jobs-272310

    Or take the Ukraine – a nation with the potential to be massively productive in agriculture – where, after nearly a century under an alternate system, GDP per capita is approximately $2000, compared with a range generally between $50,000 and $80,000 among the nations of western Europe, the inhabitants of which, incidentally, are not materially different genetically (so that can not be used as an excuse): goo.gl/bgba7

    The message is clear: where there are no powerful incentives for innovation, resource conservation and impressing the hell out of customers, there will be no innovation, nor any inclination to pay attention either to customers or to the conservation of resources. The results are entirely predictable.

    I am fortunate to live where serious incentives encourage residents to exert effort in pursuit of reward, and where, in consequence, nearly everyone – not just doctors, inventors or CEOs – earns orders of magnitude more than medical doctors in Cuba: The incomes of coffee shop workers here are more than thirty times greater than those of the average Cuban physician.

    So, when the time comes, I will be more than happy to pay Mr. Rossi the royalty on my domestic E-cat. And I very much hope he will profit very substantially from his patent protection. He has, after all, devoted enormous effort and ingenuity to this task over a period of decades, outperforming, essentially on his own, legions of government-sponsored scientists, while enduring ridicule or, at best, incredulity, from perhaps a majority in the science professions, while at the same time incurring appreciable financial risk on a project which must, at the outset, have seemed to have only a tiny likelihood of success.

    Sincerely,

    Rodney Nicholson.

  140. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Electric cars reduce pollution because the average power station is better equipped to filter and dispose of pollutants than the car engines; besides, electric cars reduce noise pollution.
    In future, electric cars will be fueled by alternative energy sources, among which the Ecat: I am very looking forward the presentation on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Wishing you all the best,
    Patrick Ellul

  141. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    First and foremost, thank you for your continuous attention to the work of our Team.
    You say the average power stations are better provided of pollution control system; since I worked for many years in that sector, allow me to correct you, because:
    1- the power stations fueled by fossil fuels ( all of them, no exception) have not systems to reduce the percentage of carbon dioxide, therefore the main source of the so called “global warming” is not affected by their anti-pollution systems…yeah, I know, they talk of CO2 capture, but it’s not working, yet.
    2- it is much more easy to control the emissions of a car engine, because of the small amount of cfm, with the catalytic apparatuses, than the emissions of the power stations, because with the increase of the flow rate the problems increase exponentially ( I was an expert of electrostatic precipitators and made patents on this field in the seventies)
    3- when we read that enormous amounts of MW have been installed of eolic and solar plants, we always forget that a kW of power does not correspond to 1 kWh/h of energy when we talk of solar and wind, because the rate of service is, at the best, the 10% , because the sun is not always there enough to fulfill the power of the plant , as well as the wind. Be sure that the 90% or more of the electric energy pumped in an electric car comes from fossil fuels as an average in the world, the rest being mainly hydro and nuclear. The guys that write in the advertising ” We use only clean energy” are just kidding the dummies: they buy energy from plants fueled mainly by coal, oil, gas, then paint it green with a layer of a marginal amount of energy made with windmills and solar panels. This is the truth.
    But we live of myths, much easier than serious analysis and studies: ” electric cars do not pollute “, ” we must stop all the fossil fuel stuff and go only solar “, ” LENR is impossible ” ( lucky me that didn’t know ), like to say ” red sky in the evening, good weather tomorrow “. Yeah!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  142. Jerald Arnsberger

    Andrea:
    love your answer to Brian and Leanne Balding.
    Godspeed,
    Jerald

  143. Andrea Rossi

    Jerald Arnsberger:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  144. Brian And Leanne Balding

    You have taken as a model the Big Pharma to explain why the intellectual property cannot be given up, to avoid to lose the investments. Now, look at Elon Musk: he donated his Tesla patents to accelerate the diffusion of electric cars. This is the right model to follow, not the greed of Big Pharma.
    Best Regards,
    Brian and Leanne Balding

  145. Andrea Rossi

    Brian and Leanne Balding:
    Quite superficial analysis.
    Mr Elon Musk has first collected billions from investors and eventually, when the production of Tesla turned up to be much less than expected and invested for, made the move to say that he will not sue companies that will copy Tesla’s patents. This, obviously, is exactly the contrary of our situation. By the way, because made curious from your comment, I asked to an acquaintance of mine, that is the CEO of a company involved in the electric cars manufacturing, which company or companies manufacturing electric cars is/are using the patents of Tesla: he said “none”.
    I asked also to him: ” Why don’t you give for free to your competitors your patents, so you will be the good guy for the cause ?” When he finished to laugh, he answered: ” Had I done this, our shareholders would have made a class A action asking to be refunded by the billions “.
    This said, Elon Musk has all my respect and esteem for his courage and ingenuity and I wish him and Tesla a successful 2019.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Is somebody out there that can explain to me why electric cars save pollution, since to charge a battery we have to plug it in an outlet that gets electricity mainly from oil, gas and coal fueled plants with efficiencies that are never over 35% ? Mah!

  146. Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I want to propose the following name for the SK Control System:

    eCatTron

    Best Regards

  147. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    Through my online research I’ve discovered that the existence of a fire ball (plasma ball) with a double layer on the surface (protons in the enterior and electrons on the outside) is critical for the negative resistance phenomena to take place. The plasma ball acts almost as a capacitor or a source of energy to sustain the negative resistance. During this same time period, the plasma ball sustains itself by absorbing radiant energy (mostly heat) from the general plasma environment and begins to produce a self-generating oscillation. This oscillation is basically the conversion of heat into electrical current by the plasma ball.

    Due to the production of anomalous energy (in various forms) allegedly generated by a number of different devices producing plasma balls, it is logical to assume that in addition to zero point energy extraction LENR reactions are taking place near the double layers where positive ions and electrons can interact. If this is the case, this amazing self organizing plasma structure in the QX would take the heat generated, convert it to electrical current, and project this electricity through the discharge. A portion of this electrical current (perhaps a significant amount) is converted in the general plasma into heat and light! What remains can be collected as electricity.

    No steam boilers, no thermo-electric panels, no photothermalvotaic devices with tiny gaps: the plasma ball ON IT’S OWN converts the heat generated by LENR into electricity. The light and heat are primarily massive losses, but future versions of the QX could be designed to minimize the production of heat/light and boost direct electrical output.

    So fundamentally to maximize the energy produced by the plasma ball (if LENR produces a significant portion of the heat) the proper fuel mixture should be utilized. The first step seems to be choosing one or more noble gases. Argon is obvious the FIRST choice. However, additions of other gases like neon could also optimize the formation of the plasmoid.

    Next, once the noble gases have been selected, we need to look at the fuels that would be undergoing nuclear reactions. The two most obvious that come to mind are hydrogen (protium with no neutrons) and deuterium (with a neutron). My understanding is that deuterium has a higher cross section for nuclear reactions than hydrogen. Moreover, in spinning up the plasmoid, adding some quantity of deuterium would allow for another layer of positive ions to form with a different mass.

    Finally, we need to think about what the hydrogen and deuterium would interact with, in addition to possibly themselves. My guess is that lithium is an ideal fuel for a number of reasons. Basically, in a large number of experiments by different parties, it seems to be susceptible to nuclear reactions with hydrogen/deuterium at very low energies (a few hundred eV) far below what is predicted by traditional nuclear physics (hundreds of KeV minimum). Another fuel that should not be totally ignored are the NANO-PARTICLES produced via sputtering from the electrodes. These metal particles of nickel, manganese, or potentially even other metals such as platinum could also undergo nuclear reactions, although at a lower rate than lithium.

    Everything else is basically about helping sustain resonance (design of the power supply so it acts like a tank circuit), possibly applying low powered frequencies to the plasma ball after the initial pulse to help sustain it, and to keeping the plasmoid free floating and away from the electrode surfaces which would produce massive erosion.

    Any thoughts or comments?

  149. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Obviously no answers or comments in positive or in negative in fields that we deem confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    What must be the minimum conditions for having a plant with Ecat?
    Obviously excluding a single domestic service, would it be possible, for example, for non-industrial applications such as large condominiums or for a group of school buildings and so on?
    In these examples there is always a person responsible for common plants such as heating, water, conditioning, etc.

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  151. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    The answer depends on the specific situations. One does not fit all.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  152. TheFutureIsNow

    Hello Andrea,

    I found the following paper very interesting. It details how the position of a “fireball” of plasma can be manipulated to be kept off the surface of an electrode with either a “magnetic mirror” or a “magnetic cusp” configuration.”

    http://www.physics.ucla.edu/plasma-exp/references/publications/PSSTechnol/PSST-21-2012.pdf

    If you utilize permanent or electromagnets to keep the “fireball” in the SK off the electrode, I hope you will discuss the details in the upcoming presentation.

  153. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  154. Greg

    Can you tell us where is made the remote control system, both for the central command in your headquarter and on board of the Ecat in the location it operates?
    Congratulations for the fascinating site http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    All the best,
    Greg

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Greg:
    All is made in the USA, both Ecat and the control system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Georgianne Mcanallen

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is the remote control system already ready to operate? Did you decide the name of it?
    If I am in time: I propose ROBOCAT.
    Cheers
    G.M.

  157. Andrea Rossi

    Georgianne Mcanallen:
    Yes, it is ready and industrialized. Very reliable too.
    Thank you for your suggestion, the name has not yet been chosen, the choice will be communicated during the presentation of January 31st.
    Again, to attend go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  158. Ruby

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Is it possible to attend personally the presentation of January 31st, even paying to be there?
    If yes, I will email you my address.
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Ruby

  159. Andrea Rossi

    Ruby:
    No, it is not possible, but anybody will be able to attend and interact with us going to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    You can visit this website also now to see how it will work.
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  160. TheFutureIsNow

    Hello Andrea,

    I think you have already tremendously optimized the QX/SK, and I’m sure there are optimizations we cannot even guess. However, looking back at the work of Winston Bostic on Plasmoids/Spheromaks, the work of Chernetsky on the Self Generating Discharge Tube (there were several variations), and the work of Paulo and Alexandra Correa on the Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge device, I have a few suggestions that you may or may not have already tested.

    1) Winston Bostic did extensive testing on plasmoids and specifically spheromaks – torodial vortexes of plasma that were being experimented with to produce nuclear fusion. These self sustaining spheromaks would become more stable, form easier, and produce up to ten times the x-rays when at least five percent of argon was added to the plasma. The key here is that the positive ions of the argon organize into layers within the inner body of the torus while the electrons remain on the exterior. By utilizing noble gases and other gases of various atomic weights, you can create a “whip” like effect which can more easily “spin up” the plasmoid. Even utilizing a certain percentage of deuterium which would be of a higher atomic weight than ordinary hydrogen due to the extra neutron could be useful.

    2) The correct application of external magnetic fields can help a spheromak or plasmoid form. Obviously, they can be produced at sharp tips or points on a cathode from the magnetic field they self generate. I’m guessing the only practical place to place external magnets (permanent or electromagnets) on the QX/SK would be axially directly behind the nickel electrodes.

    3) These types of structures when they self oscillate produce longitudinal electromagnetic waves which cannot effectively be received by ordinarily positioned antennas. Either a spherical antenna must be positioned nearby OR a straight length of conductive antenna needs to be positioned so that the longitudinal waves can travel down the entire length. If you have not done so already, I urge you to measure for longitudinal waves to determine if they are an additional source of energy you can tap into.

  161. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  162. BG

    Dear dr. Rossi,

    does the photo at the link http://www.ecatskdemo.com show a covered ECAT SK?

  163. Andrea Rossi

    BG:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  164. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    If all your customers are secret, there are little chance of making Ecat known to the world in short time.
    If instead there were some customers (even small, even few, 3 or 4) who agreed to make themselves known and share with the world their experiences with Ecat, there would soon be a great and positive notoriety in the world. An explosion!
    Wouldn’t you like it?.

    In Italy we say, as you know “La pubblicità è l’anima del commercio” and also for the Ecat could be used that motto

    You could encourage these customers by giving them a discount higher than 20% (30%, 40% ??) for a limited period of time (6 months, one year?).
    This is a suggestion you’ve already received on JoNP and it seems you have liked it.
    In this case you could present this proposal during the next presentation.

    Ecat is a so GREAT invention that we all desire its diffusion in a time as short as possible.

    Obviously in the reality there could be circumstances, facts and things that you know (and we don’t), so the previous proposal couldn’t be acceptable in that way.
    Anyway we are sure that you will try to manage all things in the best way for you and for Ecat.

    Sincerely,
    Italo R.

  165. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    I am working on this. Sooner or later this issue will fade, mainly with the increasing of the plants installed. Nobody wants to be the guinea pig of the harassments deriving from this revolution at its beginning. But it will pass.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  166. Donna

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Very nice the spot on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Looking at it I became moved and inspired: a veil that covers the spirit of the future and that magnificent music of Richard Strauss, the dawn of a New World…or a New Fire!

  167. Andrea Rossi

    Donna:
    Thank you, you got the spirit of the teaser.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  168. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    I asked the question “For the Ecat SK 20 kW module, does it contain a single plasma zone or multiple plasma zones?”

    You answered “Multiple and complex”.

    As there was some discussion around the same time regarding balls of plasma, I am unsure if you interpreted what I was asking as being about multiple balls of plasma i.e. discrete higher energy plasma zones within an overall plasma zone.

    I would not be surprised that the plasma zone does not have a uniform appearance, as my understanding is that you have an cylindrical zone containing a plasma, and within this plasma you have your active ingredient (the magic sauce) spread along the length of the plasma, and within this active ingredient there will be random induced nuclear activity, the results would be random bursts of localised energy emissions further heating the pre-established plasma with possible miniature very localised magnetic field loops driving plasma movement, so that there would be an appearance (when magnified) all along the length of the plasma zone of plasma bubbling and writhing similar to the surface of the sun, i.e. the plasma zone could be viewed as one not of uniform appearance but one comprising of “multiple and complex” balls of plasma.

    However I was asking about the number of individual plasma zones inside a SK 20 kW module, i.e. like the plasma zone as described in the original Ecat QX, not what was inside an individual plasma zone. (Plasma zones whether they are in individual housings or a multicore housing and in turn within the SK housing).

    If it is possible for you to clarify that if your answer related to multiple balls of plasma within a zone or to multiple plasma zones within a SK 20 kW module.

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  169. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Sorry, I am not going to give this information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  170. Kim

    Dear Andrea, I watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com the teaser of the presentation scheduled for January 31st at 9 AM ETS.
    So, if I understood correctly: when the countdown of the watch will have reached ZERO on all counts we will have to click on a link that will appear and we will be in, right?
    Kim

  171. Andrea Rossi

    Kim:
    Correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    1) Can you tell us if you believe the plasma balls in the SK are the same phenomena as the “creatures of light” that were witnessed moving inside some of the powder based E-Cats of the past?

    2) It was stated that when these balls of lights appeared the output would increase dramatically and melt downs could take place. Does this mean that these plasma balls are producing energy?

    3) Do you think nano-versions of these plasma balls are present in the lattice of a hydrogen loaded metal when thermal or other stresses release and form cracks which produce charge separation?

    It seems to me these plasma balls on different scales could be a unifying mechanism of at least some forms of LENR.

  173. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- I don’t know what are you referring to
    2- where has it been stated?
    3- this is a confidential field. I cannot answer in positive or in negative
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:Thank you for the information,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  175. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Regarding details about the plasma being “multiple and complex”: Are you familiar to the work of the Safire project? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5IAiMpmGx-M&t=75s
    2. Do you believe that your theory about the LENR process of the E-cat SK matured sufficiently so it can be discussed at the presentation at the end of January?
    I look very much forward to the presentation!
    Kind regards, Gerard

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- no
    2- I don’t think so
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Brian and Leanne Bolding

    We are following your work long time since.
    1-Do you think your technology can help to limit the global warming?
    2-Which is the difference between the demo described on http://www.ecatskdemo.com and the former demos you made?
    3-If yes, why don’t you donate to the world your technology?
    Brian and Leanne Bolding

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Brian and Leanne Bolding:
    1- I think that all the technologies that limit emissions can help. Our tech is among them.
    2- All the former demos had were measurements with a scientific purpose. This is a commercial introduction of a product in the market.
    3- Because nobody would invest seriously in the development of a company without an intellectual property. Ask the same question to the pharmaceutical industries: why do not they donate their patents?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Yrka

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi.

    My grandson, Denis, is an excellent student of college heating engineering, (maybe you remember, I wrote to you a couple of years ago, and you congratulated him).
    He told his grandson about the great meaning of your research. He nodded so politely, well, yes, interesting, cool. But I see he did not understand the applied meaning of the formula E = MC2. I do not pedogog.
    Advise where to continue education? In Milan, Bologna, or Sorbone, it’s probably expensive, we are not rich, but we are ready to pay for his desire to learn. Maybe German universities, or the USA? Advise. I’ll be very grateful.

    Yury Isaev
    Engineer
    Tyumen, Russia

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Yrka:
    All the Universities you cited are excellent, but let me say also, though, that for what concerns Physics and Engineering you have in Russia too Universities ranked among the best of the world: maybe your family can save money choosing one of the best Universities in Russia.
    I wish good luck to your grandson!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Rod Walton

    Please google “improving turbine performance in harsh desert environments”
    Rod Walton

  182. Luciano Frizzera

    Hi, Dr Rossi,
    I am a follower of your good work since the year 2013, I am a professional in the field of sustainable tourism in the Trentino Region, in Italy.
    Thanks to your determination, your work is now matured to a level that can be useful to help reduce the global warming. For this reason I will watch with attention the presentation of January 31st.
    Can you give instructions how to attend?
    I wish you the success you merit,
    Luciano Frizzera, Rovereto (Trento, Italy)

  183. Andrea Rossi

    Luciano Frizzera:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    To attend the presentation is very easy:
    on January 31st 2019 at 9 AM New York time ( 15.00 in Italy ) go to http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Then click the link you find there and you will be inside the presentation.
    If you try now, you will find an introductory spot.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  184. R

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will be the dimensions of the 1 MW plants smaller than the container-sized 1 MW Ecat tested in Doral?

  185. Andrea Rossi

    Dear R:
    Please go to http://www.rossilivecat.com to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  186. KeithT

    Dear Andrea,

    For the Ecat SK 20 kW module, does it contain a single plasma zone or multiple plasma zones?

    Regards,

    Keith Thomson.

  187. Andrea Rossi

    KeithT:
    Multiple and complex.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  188. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    One day I hope we can have a completely open and frank discussion about these technologies without the need for confidentiality. Please don’t wait so long that you pass away like the former head of Lockheed Skunkworks Ben Rich who had hinted of having extremely important information (claiming that they technologies that rivaled anything in Star Trek which could “take ET home” but it would take an act of God for them to ever be revealed to the public) and had been planning to have a long talk recorded with a friend, but ended up passing away before such a disclosure of information took place.

    I suspect the information you have could be equally as important to the future of humanity.

    BTW, I hope you live for many, many decades to come.

  189. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    The IP of Leonardo Corporation is in good hands also if I die.
    Thank you and not thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  190. Italo R.

    Mystery, suspense, a great music!

    In the movie “2001 A Space Odyssey”, this music marked the transition between prehistory and the future.

    Just like the advent of the Ecat!

    Best Regards,

    Italo R.

  191. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes, that’s why I have chosen “Also sprach Zarathustra” of Richard Strauss.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  192. Mary

    I watched on http://www.ecatskdemo.com the spot of the presentation of the Ecat SK: enchanting.

  193. Andrea Rossi

    Mary:
    The presentation will be much more enchanting. After 40 years of ostracism LENR become a player in the industrial reality.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    This is the link from where to access the presentation of the Ecat SK.
    Please find inside the necessary information:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. TheFutureIsNow

    Dear Andrea,

    The following document contains a wealth of information, but please specifically read the paper on page 172 entitled

    Comparative studies performed on “fireballs” formed in direct current and high
    frequency discharges
    M.Sanduloviciu, C.Borciat, V.Melnig and C.Gherman
    “Al.l. Cuza” University, Department of Plasma Physics, 6600 Iasi, Romania t
    present address: Universit6 Paris-Sud, L.P.G.P., bat. 212, 91405 Orsay cedex, France

    https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a357742.pdf

    The paper explains how plasma balls can be formed on electrodes during DC discharges and can then become free floating when exposed to high frequency electric currents.

    I really think that this paper is absolutely and directly applicable to the production of plasma balls in the SK.

    Would you please read the article and provide your thoughts on how it applies to what is happening inside the QX/SK?

    My guess is that you are producing a plasmoid with the initial high voltage and high current impulse when you cross the “negative resistance” zone of the abnormal glow discharge. Self generating oscillations at high frequency are produced that you re-inforce with additional signals that allow the plasmoid to exist free floating. This prevents the plasmoid from continually sitting on the electrodes and producing massive erosion.

  196. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    Sorry, you are floating in a confidential field of information. I cannot answer in positive or in negative.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    will you notify the media of your product?
    Information: maybe this can help you to make heat and electricity with the Ecat:
    google: “”On nanotech engineering’s 92% efficiency graphene- CNT solar panel claim|Graphene info”
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Thank you for the information and the suggestions,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. JPR

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Your presentation is mainly targeting:
    1- the scientific community?
    2- the rock and troll musicists?
    3- the potential clients?
    4- the potential investors?
    5- a combinations of 1,2,3,4 or any of them?
    Godspeed,
    Jean Paul Renoir

  200. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    The potential Clients are the target this presentation is aiming to.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Gian Luca

    Carissimo A.R.,

    In which range you will measure the electromagnetic fields emitted?
    With which instruments?

    Thanks

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    We will show what we got during the presentation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. GB

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You have already commented that the presentation will be held on January 31st at 09.00 A.M. Miami Time. Where and when will you announce the link to the presentation?
    Your invention has been called impossible, well then, in perspective all your life is a little bit more impossible than that.

    Kind Regards,

    Giordano Bruno

  204. Andrea Rossi

    GB:
    The link to the presentation will be published soon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Arthur Klepacz:
    Thank you for the funny link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Artur Klepacz

    This is slightly offtopic and not about Ecat directly, but highly interesting thing that maybe can be interesting to Mr. Rossi: It looks that somebody managed to replicate material somewhat like Starlite (famous lost invention of late M. Ward) from… cornstarch, baking soda, and glue (sic!). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqR4_UoBIzY (youtube user NightHawkInLight). I’m not sure that such a thing is useful, but certainly intriguing in its simplicity.

  207. Dear Dr Rossi
    When do you think we will be able to get more technical information about the reactor. As you know I would like to marry the Ecat to a steam turbine to made electricity and use the waste heat to run commerical Aquaponics farms. Information like pressure and temp of the water as it leaves the Ecat and of course the COP would be very help. Does the efficiency of the system drop as it gets larger e.g. the COP of a 20kw unit compared to a Mw unit.
    I can sign over my first born child HaHa.

    Thank you we are all getting very excited

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    During the presentation all the general data that can be of interest to our Clients will be given. Obviously, specific situations will need specific solutions. Please do participate to the discussion that will follow the video and the description of the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    You stated that during the presentation there will be a person following the discussions with the people watching online. May I ask if will it be possible talking also with you?
    Sincerely
    Italo R.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Yes, I will answer the questions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    In you answer to TheFutureIsNow, you stated that you have observed balls of plasma in the QX, can you tell us anything more about them?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    As you know, we will talk of this issue diffusely and we will see very interesting things during the presentation.
    This will be probably one of the more fascinating things we will see, so let’s wait for the presentation of the Ecat SK. We will see the Ecat SK in a show room and we will see a video that has been already made, as you know, in a factory heated by the Ecat SK, where we have placed a camera in a strategic position to look at the plasma. We placed seven cameras in seven crucial points and, honestly, I think it will be worth the while to watch the 2 hours of the direct streaming.
    Thank you for the continue attention and respect that your team, has always dedicated to the work of our team. I recognize that EW is a blog dedicated to the LENR that deals with neutrality and professionality this theme.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Jim

    Can you define better who will attend personally the presentation of January 31st and why others cannot attend?

  214. Andrea Rossi

    Jim:
    The persons in the studio where the presentation will be made are exclusively the ones that will work for the presentation itself and they are:
    1- myself
    2- one my collaborator
    3- the director of the medium we have chosen to organize and broadcast the direct streaming; he will also direct the discussion with the persons that will want to put questions during the direct streaming.
    The team that prepared the presentation is wider, because we made a very beautiful video ( or, at least, it is very beautiful to me ) that will be shown during the presentation, where will be seen an Ecat SK in operation in a factory.
    Soon will be given information about where to go to watch the direct streaming, how to put questions etc.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  215. TheFutureIsNow

    Hello Andrea,

    1) Have you detected any longitudinal ampere forces produced by the QX?

    2) If any longitudinal ampere forces have been detected, can they produce a force that could act upon the entire apparatus to produce movement?

    3) Do you ever observe balls of plasma in the QX?

    4) Are you familiar with the concept of longitudinal electromagnetic waves (vector potential with no magnetic component) and have you attempted to detect any such forces? What were the results?

    5) Are you familiar with Eugene Podkletnov’s impulse beam generator? It utilizes an extremely high voltage and high power impulse to create a plasmoid that travels from a superconducting cathode to a super conducting target anode (all in a hydrogen atmosphere). The result is that a powerful beam of force is produced that can penetrate brick walls a kilometer or further away. I would say that the QX may actually produce similar phenomenon.

  216. Andrea Rossi

    TheFutureIsNow:
    1- no
    2- n.a.
    3- yes
    4- I know what they are, but I am not “familiar” with this issue. I did not deal with them
    5- I am not familiar with this issue either. Interesting, though.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  217. Prof

    Are you still measuring the electromagnetic fields emitted from the Ecat SK?

  218. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  219. Charlotte

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The fact that you are installing plants to sell heat, not to sell plants is a genial strategy, because:
    a. the credibility of your technology will depend only on the production of energy
    b. your competitors, so far able to realize nothing that works, will remain privy of models to copy. This is making them frenzy
    c. your profits will come exclusively from your production and this is more convincing than any other thing
    d. the pass-parole between your clients and potential clients will expand exponentially your business
    In one word: genial.
    Godspeed,
    Charlotte

  220. Andrea Rossi

    Charlotte:
    Thank you for your attention to our work. Yes, I think our strategy, for the time being, is the best possible, also considering that peobably we will have errors to correct and remaining the owners of the plant shields us, with agreements that foresee the possibility of errors and the fact that our Clients are aware of this fact: since they pay only the energy that is delivered and they have always a back-up makes us safe in the initial period.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  221. Todd Burkett

    What is the cost to manufacture an Ecat SK with a rating of 20 kW complete with everything necessary to operate?
    My guess is around 2000 $.

  222. Andrea Rossi

    Todd Burkett:
    Your guess makes sense.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  223. Dear Andrea,

    Firstly, happy New Year.

    Alexander Parkhomov and other Russian researchers have noticed that LENR experiments sometimes seem to cause strange-looking “tracks” or “scratches” on the surfaces of various test materials (see https://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Strange-Radiation.pdf , slide 10 and forward). Parkhomov used old DVD disks as test materials, for example, and found that wrapping the DVD inside a metal foil from all sides prevented the occurrence of the strange tracks. To me, this indicates that the agent is some kind of electromagnetic wave; also, from the foil thickness versus skin depth one can derive a lower limit for its frequency. Maybe the emission is modulated, if LENR consists of micro-bursts of some sort, then the effect might even be rapid thermal expansion of the DVD plastic when a strong peak of EM radiation is absorbed by it… this is my speculation. Or maybe a wave peak is intense enough to cause local electric arcing in the vicinity of the plastic of the DVD, which is originally an insulator.

    With the E-cat, you have previously measured that it does not emit ionising radiation and no neutrons outside of the reactor. Have you tried to measure if it emits RF or microwaves that might cause similar remote material effects as Parkhomov had found?

    regards, /pekka

  224. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    As always, Dr Parkhomov is making interesting his work.
    Answer: no, I did not, but it is very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  225. CC

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still convinced that the electron capture theory to explain the LENR is wrong?
    Cheers
    CC

  226. Andrea Rossi

    CC:
    Electron capture happens when radioactive atoms with excess of protons decay, if they have not enough energy to decay by a positron emission. I am not aware of LENR processes that use radioactive materials with excess of protons. To obtain “electron capture” starting from atoms that have not an excess of protons could be possible with energies that are unthinkable of in LENR. It’s basic mathematics. Very basic.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Earl

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    During the presentation of the SK will it be possible to see the energy consume of the control panel, besides the consume of the Ecat?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Earl

  228. Andrea Rossi

    Earl:
    Yes and also how thie thermal energy dissipated is recoveredalmost entirely.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  229. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea,
    From your answer i imagine the Ecat SK could fit in the space 8 ft long. I will return on this during the discussion in direct streaming on January 31st.
    Chuck Davis

  230. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Yes, during the presentation anybody will be allowed to put questions. They who will not make public their names can use pseudonyms.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  231. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Do you think the Ecat SK can fit this space?
    Google : Siemens SP260D
    Chuck Davis

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Difficult to say: I’d need constructive drawings.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Francisco

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Will it be possible to put questions during the presentation?

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Francisco:
    Yes: during the presentation everybody will be allowed to send an email to an address we will explain and I will answer in direct streaming,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Matteo Morse

    I suggest for the control system this name: TOPO, because it is a cat-and-mouse system!
    I am an expert of advertising and PR and I’d be glad to help in the launch of the Ecat.
    Looking forward to streaming your presentation on January 31st,
    Matteo Morse, Chicago

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Matteo Morse:
    Thank you for your suggestion and your attention to our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Chung

    Mr Rossi:
    Is there a possibility that the presentation of January 31st will be delayed?

  238. Andrea Rossi

    Chung:
    No. The presentation of the industrialized Ecat SK will be made on January 31st at 09.00 A.M. Miami Time
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Tamekia

    Who will be present at the presentation in the room where the streaming will be made on January 31st? Will be present third party inspectors?

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Tamekia:
    Only members of our Team and the IT guys that will make the broadcast will be present.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. G.C.

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Does the Ecat SK produce also electricity?

  242. Andrea Rossi

    G.C.:
    We make and sell heat. Our Clients can make with the heat what they want.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Mary Poppins

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Do you have also women in your Team?

  244. Andrea Rossi

    Mary Poppins:
    Yes and in key roles,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  245. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    1. Would you consider a price reduction on delivered energy during the first year, if some preliminary customers would be willing to openly share details like used energy and received energy on the Web?
    Those customers would thus promote the energy savings and CO2 reduction using the ECat SK real time on the Web, something I believe many companies and governments would be very interested in, especially in Europe. This will help you to quickly and vastly increase your product sales.
    2. If not, why not?
    Thank you, kind regards, Gerard.

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We can vet this proposal.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Prof

    About your answer to Alain: the virtual particles do not respect that formula.

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, but I think that virtual particles, where the plasma has the due density,can behave like real particles for a time inversally proportional to their energy: if you have to make a wall, is it more efficient to cast the bricks delicately and slowly one upon the other, or try to cast them by a pitcher and a batter of the Red Sox ?
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.