Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2017-05-23 04:50:06.015031Z

  1. Tom Conover

    Hi Andrea,

    I found this site:

    http://sixsigmastudyguide.com/process-capability-cp-cpk/

    using this google query:

    https://www.google.com/search?q=calculating+sigma+values+using+integratation+formula&oq=calculating+sigma+values+using+integratation+formula&aqs=chrome..69i57.20153j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#q=calculation+product+stability+using+sigma+values+based+on+integration+formula

    … which in almost English asks google how to calculate sigma values using integration formulas.

    I think this site may have helped me to understand your methods better, but …

    Does this site describe the methods you are using to measure the QuarkX performance?

    Warmest regards to you AND your team,

    Tom

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    Substantially, yes.
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. Silvio Caggia

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Still a question about 5-sigma…
    Which scenario describes best QuarkX reality?
    A) QuarkX is under a long test which progression is a march toward 5-sigma
    B) QuarkX is under development and at each stage you reach a better sigma but you have to solve problems in order to reach 5-sigma
    Regards

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Silvio Caggia:
    A)
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. A. Ashfield

    Dr Rossi:
    As the QuarkX has changed over the last year, can you tell us the current approximate size and power of the QuarkX that is undergoing the Sigma 5 test?
    Is it the one you will be demonstrating this year?
    I wish you all the best for your endeavors,
    A. Ashfield

  6. Andrea Rossi

    A.Ashfield:
    Now the dimensions are length 10 mm, diameter 5 mm, the rating is 20 W. It is the one that will be exposed in the demonstration that should happen this year.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Ping

    Dear Dr. Ing Andrea Rossi:
    QuarkX is fantastic! Do you have any potential customers yet?
    Cheers, Godspeed, God bless you and Regards,
    Ping

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Ping:
    Yes.
    Thank you for your kind wishes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I follow every day your comments and I want to testimony how I admire your efforts to reach a perfect result with your magnificent invention, so important for all of us.
    God bless you,
    Prof

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Thank you also from my Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Dr.Rossi
    You have not reached yet sigma 5 and this is your usual reply but the question is: do you see the finishing line and how much time it’s need to wait for watching some good result of your work ?
    Warm Regards
    Giorgio

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Giorgio:
    Let me humbly remind you that “some good result” of our work has already been published. You can go to
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    to find publications, tests, demonstrations and replications.
    If you refer to the QuarkX, as I suppose since you cite the Sigma, I still think it will be presented within the current year.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. domenico canino

    Dear Andrea,
    A simple question; Is the light of Quark-X sonoluminescence?
    Thanks if you can answer.
    Warm (and luminous) Regards

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Domenico Canino:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Greg Leonard

    Dear AR
    Your answer to Dima Redko leads me to ask after the jet engine research. I believe you have quoted 2700C as a core temperature of the QuarkX – that would surely work well in powering a jet.
    How is that project proceeding?
    With many thanks for your inspiration and perspiration,
    Greg Leonard

  16. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Leonard:
    Good point, that is an R&D thread we have to go through.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  17. A Goumy

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    Are you still making improvements on the QuarkX, or is the design now stable, so you just have to make tests and measurements?
    Warm Regards,
    A.G.

  18. Andrea Rossi

    A Goumy:
    We have not yet reached Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  19. Dear Andrea,
    this german team developed a magnet-plasma engine for future jet planes… but they need a lot of electric power… your QuarkX could help?

    https://avampostostellarelojano.wordpress.com/2017/05/22/propulsore-magneto-plasma-per-jet-stratosferici/

    Best Regards, lavoLale lavoLale
    Enrico Billi

  20. Andrea Rossi

    M.Sc. Enrico Billi:
    I am not able to answer so far.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  21. Fidel Skillman

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you use the oscilloscope to control the behavior of the QuarkX?

  22. Andrea Rossi

    Fidel Skillman:
    The oscilloscope with the QuarkX is useless, because it works with direct current.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  23. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Today a long series of measurements. So far so good.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  24. Dima Redko

    Dear Andrea Rossi!

    In the past you were also interested in coupling E-cat with external combustion engine. Can you please update us about this issue?

  25. Andrea Rossi

    Dima Redko:
    Probably you refer to the Stirling Engine.
    There is no reason why the E-Cat could not fuel an external combustion engine, since what this kind of engines need is just enough heat to expand a fluid. We did not proceed with this kind of R&D, though, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  26. Abram

    Dr Rossi,

    Could you comment on this:

    Axil Axil: IMHO, LENR is produced with the aid of monopole magnetic field lines.

    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/au-doa051717.php

  27. Andrea Rossi

    Abram:
    Magnetic monopoles do not exist: if you cut from a magnet the N pole or a S pole of it, the two pieces you obtain still will have N and S pole. Easy to experiment. There are around hypotheses about the existence of magnetic monopoles, but never they have been really observed.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  28. Tracy

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the maintenance cost per kWh of the energy produced by means of the QuarkX?

  29. Andrea Rossi

    Tracy:
    I cannot yet give the exact numbers, but I can assure that the maintenance costs are not higher than the maintenance costs of the most common heat generators.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  30. Samuel

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Yo have recently dismissed such “rumors”, but in the highest echelons of the scientific world they are talking of an extremely important replication of the Rossi Effect that has been financed by a giant of the industrial world: are you sure you know nothing about this fact? Are you expecting the publication of a very important replication?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Samuel

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Samuel:
    I did not receive any report related to recent replications.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Curiosone

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    I read today the book “Ecat the New Fire” of the psychologist Vessela Nikolova and I found it very interesting and rich of events I didn’t read about before. A veritable page turner.
    Do you confirm all the events narrated by the author?
    C.

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Curiosone:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. ruclimb

    Hi Dr. Rossi
    I’m writing from Italy

    Buongiorno Dr. Rossi. Volevo porre un quesito. Mettendo da parte la questione della causa legale presso la corte americana, ho letto alcuni commenti in una pagina facebook o un blog che parlavano di problemi di manutenzione legati all’ecat. Ma è realmente così? Lo chiedo perché sono molti anni che seguo gli sviluppi di questo faticoso lavoro a cavallo tra invenzione e ricerca – che trovo tra l’altro interessantissimo e rivoluzionario – quindi vorrei capirci qualcosa di più e se davvero questi commenti sono da prendere in considerazione, poiché Lei e, a quel tempo, il Prof. Focardi non avevate mai posto questo problema. Mi spiacerebbe che rumors ostili mettano in cattiva luce i suoi sforzi.
    Sarebbe possibile avere delucidazioni?
    Grazie.
    Graziano Ruggiero

    ENGLISH SYNOPSIS:
    Do your E-Cats have maintenance problems?
    Thank you

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Ruclimb:
    Our products will not have any particular maintenance issue, nor our prototypes and products made so far had any particular maintenance issue. The maintenance of our products is not more complicated that the maintenance of a normal heat production system.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Dr. Rossi, WHAT A WONDERFUL WORLD
    ONLY IN THE LAST 100 YEARS WE HAVE HAD THE BENEFIT OF:
    Air Travel, at Jet speed.
    Auto, we can travel anywhere there is a road.
    Trucks, of all types, that we use for a great benefit.
    Electricity, make a list of all the things you use that need electricity.
    Phone, we can call anyone anywhere in the World that has a phone.
    Central Air-Conditioning for the Home.
    Home computer.
    Super computer
    Electron Microscope.
    Radar.
    Internet.
    Video, that you can make, or view.
    Radio.
    Television.
    Movies, you can make yourself or watch Made in Hollywood at your local Theater.
    Helicopter 1939 used in many ways, to our great benefit.
    Does this mean we live in a perfect World ? Far from it.
    Ask anyone that has a computer.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale florida
    USA

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Don’t forget the medical science: today the life expectancy of a human is ninety years, a century ago was seventy.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  40. Suni

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Thank you for the suggestion about the movie “The Concert”: I watched the movie today and it is very inspiring.
    Cheers,
    Suni

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Suni:
    I agree.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Lars Lindberg

    Dear Andrea,
    have you tried the QuarkX or Ecat with some kind of steam generator to produce electricity? If not, have you planed to do it?

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Lindberg:
    We did not yet, but when it will be necessary it will be easy: that is well consolidated technology, all the components necessary to make a Carnot cycle are off the shelf.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi, a tale:
    Once upon a time there was a perfectionist sculptor that was never satisfied about the statue he was carveting. Day after day he was working on his object searching for a better and beautiful statue. And indeed it was becoming more beatiful and amazing during the months and years of hard work. He was getting old and becoming ill, and his wife was becoming very impatient and tired.
    One day the sculptor went to his laboratory and didn’t find the statue.
    His wife had taken it to show the statue to the world.
    Honors, moneys, prizes!!

    A question: is your wife impatient?

    (Obviously this is a joke, but in this planet there are a lot of people increasingly impatient – please, try to show to the world your QuarkX as soon as possible…).

    Kind regards,
    Italo R.

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    It is not a matter of patience or impatience, it is matter to be ready or not.
    I cannot make mistakes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Ho letto la sua storia (an Impossible invention) e indagato sulla sua vita sul web. La sua storia è incredibile e mi ha aperto gli occhi, quindi mi ha dato la forza di cambiare e ricominciare per come sento dentro.
    Grandissimo!
    Francesco

    English: I have read your story on the book of Mats Lewan ” An Impossible Invention” and eventually I have investigated on your life. The story of your life is unbelievable and has inspired me to change my life too and to be as resilient as you have been.
    Great!
    Francesco

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Francesco M. Galloppa:
    I am glad to have been useful for something related to your life.
    If my sympathy is correct, I suggest you to watch the movie “The Concert” ( “Il Concerto”) of Mihaileanu: it is the story of a Russian Orchestra director.
    I think it is among the best movies of the last 50 years. Strangely, it has not got the attention of the big public, but I assure you: it is a masterpiece.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. Andrea Rossi

    xyzt:
    Thank you for your kind words. About the replication: thank you for the information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  49. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    You wrote: “Very glad of our QuarkX, our Team is more enthusiast by the way.”

    Why do you think your team is “more enthusiastic” these days?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  50. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    You know, we too were very sceptical when we found this new order of magnitude of COP and power density, so anytine we make measurements both with Wien and Boltzmann equations after spectrometry and get a certain COP, eventually we make calorimetric measurements and get the same order of magnitude of COP we are very enthusiast, also because now we are arrived at a Sigma rating very high, albeit lower than 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  51. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Our vacation in Florida was indeed one of our best trips ever, especially our experiences with the very friendly manatees and the beautiful butterflies that we were able to visit with. Truly a special part of the earth, Florida is an exquisite delight.

    I would like to comment on Marco’s insightful comment, and encourage you indeed to setup most likely a complete branch of experiments to determine the proximity of his hypothesis to your work. I suspect he is head on to target.

    However, please also remember your morning of a couple days ago, as you watched the sun rise and told us that it made you realize that that will parallel in many ways the birth of the QuarkX. I will be a guiding light of sorts to the future of energy, as no doubt, the automobile industry is beginning to realize.

    I say this because you are gifted with such a creative spirit, that I must caution you not to get immersed in deep research (again) and delay the planned manufacturing of the Quark Technology. It may indeed be perfect for your next product line perhaps, and your history proves that you have no tolerance for less than the ultimate.

    We all hope that you will not delay for another two or three years because you get distracted with an important upgrade to your technology. The SUN needs to rise, Andrea.

    Thank you from the bottom of my heart. May I ask you for an honest answer to the following two very important questions:

    Q1: Can you promise us today that you will not delay
    manufacturing because of a new discovery again? (Y/N)

    Q2: Will you let the SUN rise on schedule for the world? (Y/N)

    Thank you!

    Warmest Regards!

    Tom

  52. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    I agree about Florida.
    Thank you for your suggestion related to the comment of Marco.
    I agree on the fact that now we must make the industrialization as soon as possible, we are aiming at it.
    Answers:
    Q1: Yes
    Q2: Yes
    Warm Regards,
    Andrea

  53. xyzt...sson

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    I am so glad to read about you happy with your QuarkX and healed, after the three difficult surgeries you sustained a month ago. I can’t wait to see the presentation of the QuarkX, but… I heard that an extremely important replication has been made of your Effect, just copying your patent and, if confirmed, it should be a dramatically important replication: have you knowledge of it?
    Godspeed,
    A Swedish friend

  54. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are working without substantial problems and out job is proceeding very well, so far.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  55. Vic

    Dr Vitaly and Irina Uzikov:
    I find your technology to reduce radioactive wastes very interesting.
    Since the publication of your paper here did you have the opportunity to make applications of it? It could be very useful also in the concern of Hanford, WA.
    Regards,
    Vic

  56. Andrea Rossi

    Vic:
    I agree with you.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published today on other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    Regarding magnetic fields I am very curious. I am a researcher in the medical field and have access to magnetic resonance devices, with fields up to 3 Tesla. I ever wondered if a strong magnetic field can increase the hydrogen loading in nickel lattice or reaction rate, since a strong magnetic field has a big effect on hydrogen atoms.

    Nickel is a ferromagnetic element, so it should further increase the local magnetic field.
    Hydrogen atoms subject to a magnetic field tend to align with it: the stronger, the lesser the casual orientation of the atoms spin. Another property of hydrogen (along with each atom with odd number of protons or neutrons) is the resonance. For hydrogen subject to a magnetic field of B Tesla, it is susceptible to an RF pulse of 43.5*B MHz center frequency. (43.5MGz is called the Gyromagnetic ratio).
    This means that an aligned hydrogen atom, can be excited with a such RF pulse. The more the intensity, the more the energy absorbed. Then the hydrogen atom returns to the quiescent state with a time constant depending on the material in which is immersed. This is exploited in the magnetic resonance devices to detect which material the hydrogen is immersed in.
    But we don’t care of this behaviour, becouse we care only of the fact that an RF pulse can give energy to hydrogen atoms. This can increase the reaction rate into an Ecat: excited atoms are more prone to reaction: we know tha temperature is one of the contro factor. But heat is unordered oscillation of the atoms, while an RF pulse on hydrogen aligned with a magnetic field is an ordered oscillation. If the nickel lattice is regular enough (i am thinking of a solid rod instead of a powder, but also in a powder there should be an effect), an ordered oscillation is better of a chaoitc oscillation. At worst it should have the same effect of heat.
    I don’t know if you have a codified method to calculate the frequency of the RF pulses to give to the Ecat, but here there is the possible theoretic background:
    A DC current in the coil, with nickel mixture in the inside, produce a magnetic field of B Tesla (you can measure it). Then, the best RF pulse to att to the DC component should have 43.5*B MHz as main frequency. The more the intensity, the more the “cadence”, the more energy you give to the hydrogen atoms. It can even happen that a strong enough RF pulse train can start the reactions even with cold reactor. This can be a method to trigger the reaction even at “low” temperature. Obviously the RF pulse intensity should be lowered with the increase of the reactor temperature.

    This can also explain the instabilities that you may have detected during the R&D phase and the increase of the reaction rate with some RF pulses: RF pulses have multiple frequency harmonics and probabily one of them excited hydrogen atoms immersed in the low magnetic field of the coil.

    Here i gave a theory and a possible direction of research…

    Regards,
    Marco

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Marco.
    Thank you for the interesting suggestion, that is worth an experiment. I have not experienced this before.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Ronald

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I strongly feel that you will not disappoint us and I am sure we will see your masterpiece, the QuarkX, in operation within this year.
    Godspeed,
    Ron

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Ronald:
    I am optimistic about this ( but I am always optimistic… )
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Very glad of our QuarkX, our Team is more enthusiast by the way.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  63. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    We await the end of July with you! I am interested in the device you mentioned to Frank, and I am wondering a couple of things, if you don’t mind:

    A) Have you completed the final build and the actual device that is to be used at the presentation? (not just a testing setup)
    B) Do you hope to have more that one of these devices at the presentation?
    C) Do you hope to present a device with more than one QuarkX running as a single unit?

    You and your team warm our hearts and soon our factories and homes!

    Tom

  64. Andrea Rossi

    Tom Conover:
    First of all, I hope your vacation in Florida has been as wonderful as I expect it has been, in this paradise !
    Answers:
    A) yes
    B) we still have not decided
    C) I do not think so
    Thank you for your important sustain,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  65. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1. Will your eCat reactor start up even when at extremely low temperatures, such as a cold soak at the Earth’s poles?
    2. Will your eCat reactor start up in the presence of large constant or with changing magnetic fields?

  66. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    1. yes
    2. depends on the numbers: honestly, we did not make experiments in this sense: interesting point, though
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  67. Yuri

    Dr Andrea Rossi
    1- are you aware of other cars/trucks companies that are trying to replicate your Effect besides Nissan?
    2- can you share more details?

  68. Andrea Rossi

    Yuri:
    1- yes
    2- no
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  69. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Woodford tech holding hit by fraud claim
    Industrial Heat, a technology company backed by Neil Woodford, hit by $89 million lawsuit from scientist in dispute over claimed invention.

    http://citywire.co.uk/money/woodford-tech-holding-hit-by-fraud-claim/a911347

  70. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo de Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  71. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Do you confirm that the QuarkX can be fueled by regular batteries and that with batteries the COP is the same of the COP that is achieved by means of the grid?

  72. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  73. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today the QuarkX is performing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Rod

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is your opinion about the status of the litigation? Do you have enough calm to work well on your R&D?
    Regards,
    Rod

  75. Andrea Rossi

    Rod:
    Of course I am working well, even if half of my time goes to the litigation.
    About how the litigation is going on, we are confident about the solidity of our case and about the evidence we brought in Court.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  76. Alex

    Dear Dr.Andrea Rossi,
    Do the manufacture plant will be powered (also ) by ecats?
    Warm Cheers,
    Alex

  77. Andrea Rossi

    Alex:
    We will use the E-Cats for our internal purposes too. To make thermal power for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  78. Katja K.

    Dear Dr. Rossi
    Are you still on course for Sigma 5?
    Warm Cheers,
    Katja

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Katja K:
    Yes!
    Thank you for your attention,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  80. Mindy

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I strongly hope this bad litigation ends as soon as possible to leave you free to work on the E-Cat. This litigation is stealing precious time to your work and you are the sole guy in the world, if any, we can expect from a real application of the LENR. All the competitors of yours have just prepared empty boxes to fill them up with copies of your products as soon as they will hit the market. How many time are you dedicating to your work in percentage, respect the engagements demanded by the litigation?
    God bless you,
    Mindy

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Mindy:
    My working time now is 50% dedicated to the litigation, 50% to the QuarkX, but luckily the trial will end by the end of July, so, at this point, we are in the home stretch.
    Thank you for your kind words,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. Collin

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    There are rumors that an extremely important replication of your Effect has been made in May: do you know anything about this?
    Godspeed,
    C.

  83. Andrea Rossi

    Collin:
    I have not received any report yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Berry

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Today JPR did not ask you the update: do you mind if I do?

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Berry:
    Also today a great day in the factory, I am sending this answer while looking at the QuarkX.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please find on
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    comments published on other posts of this blog .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    It has moved enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    It may be time to think about how to show Specific Power (W/kg) and Specific Energy (J/kg) of the QuarkX on a Ragone plot.

    Is it reasonable to predict that the “Red Dot” of the “Ragone plot” has moved a lot?

    Poetic regards,

    Joseph Fine

  89. Dr. Rossi, What is Vasaloppet ?
    I had to look it up.
    Vasaloppet is Swedish for “The Vasa Race.” is an annual long distance cross-country Ski
    Race held on the first Sunday of March.
    The 90km, (56 mile) Course is in Northwestern Sweden. It is the oldest and longest
    cross-country Ski Race in the World, as well as the one with the highest number of
    Participants, 15,800 and Attendance 70,200.
    Robert Curto
    Ft. Lauderdale Florida
    USA

  90. Andrea Rossi

    Robert Curto:
    Correct. I am a decent cross country skier.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  91. Sven

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am very glad that you have chosen Sweden for the manufacturing of your products for Europe. In Sweden you have a strong support, as I can see among my friends.
    I remember you wrote here long time ago you wanted to make the Vasaloppett…next year, maybe?
    Godspeed,
    Sven

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    Yes, the manufacturing will be made in the USA and in Sweden.
    I hope to make the Vasaloppet next year!
    Thank you for your kind words.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Have you already designed and built the testing setup that you plan to use in the presentation of the QuarkX?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You projected a refueling cost of $0.01 per kW and also stated that refueling would be done once per year.

    Assuming a conventional Carnot cycle electricity production plant of 1GW output capacity and a 40% Carnot efficiency means 2.5GW of thermal power generation. This suggests an annual fuel cost of $25,000. During that year, the plant, running continuously, would product 8,760 GWhr of electricity. Or about $3 per GWhr for fuel cost only. Obviously, other costs would add onto the actual delivered price. This assumes a very high COP so that no significant amount of output electricity is diverted to feed the input power.

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Anonymous

    @Ing Antonini:
    We of the silent majority agree with you.
    Cheers,
    Aninymous

  98. Paul

    Andrea,

    What percentage of the input power is consumed by the ballast resistor?

    Paul

  99. Andrea Rossi

    Paul:
    We consider it irrelevant to be conservative, we put at the denominator of the COP the whole energy consumed by the QuarkX, but obviously some heat is dissipated; I measured a 2% loss.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thanks for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are the specific heat and the density of the oil you are using as a fluid to cool down the QuarkX certan and precisely measured?

  102. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Good question, obviously related to the COP measurements.
    We have chosen a specific oil of Shell that has a precise data sheet supplied by the manufacturer.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Russell

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Can you tell us what is the COP of the QuarkX?
    I didn’t understand it, yet.
    Cheers,
    Russell

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Russell:
    Not yet, but it’s surely enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today is a good day, thanks to God…still on our wat toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  106. Ing. Antonini

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The puppets of the ventriloquist of Raleigh are continuing to talk in the blogs of your past, which makes two considerations pop up:
    First consideration: they use your past because they have not real evidence against you for the litigation, otherwise they would not lose time for archeology (they cite events of 25 years and more ago)
    Second: you have been completely cleared from your taxes issues in Italy and from all the accusations that caused you to go in jail and they know it, but pretend not to know to try to assassinate your character with fraudolent biased journalism
    Third: being the ventriloquist Tom Darden and the pious JT Vaughn so obstentatiously gracious guys, they should read the Gospel where Jesus says “Why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?”: I invite the Ventriloquist and the Pious to read the comment sent to this blog from Hugh H. Maguire about a week ago, where are reported the links to the criminal customary activity of Cherokee, that is the mother of Industrial Heat: there we can see that also the “charity” organizations of Cherokee are covers for criminal activity. I am sure that more investigation on this specific issue could reserve stunning surprises.
    And to them who want to know the real story about your past, I suggest to go to http://www.ingandrearossi.com
    Godspeed,
    Ing. Carlo Antonini

  107. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Antonini:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  108. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    To their dismay it’s not a cat but a tiger’s tail IH is holding running around in circles in an attempt from being eaten. :)
    Brokeeper

  109. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    No comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  110. Abram

    Dr Rossi,

    Can you agree with this Statement:

    Rossi knows his technology works and along the way
    found out that IH are a bunch of unreliable guys
    that wanted to ditch him sooner or later?

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Abram:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  112. Franklin Poehler

    Mr Rossi,
    Don’t you think the classic “hot fusion” will be put in the market before your Ecat, after the interview released by ENEA about the fact that they already obtained the plasma?

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Franklin Poehler:
    We’ll see. ( We will be first by far ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Frankie

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Reading all the published papers of the litigation it seems your foe has brought no evidence at all for the reason they did not pay you and, on the contrary, you gave a lot of evidence of the fact that they have to pay you. I bet you will answer “no comment”.
    Cheers,
    Frankie

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Frankie:
    No comment ( you won the bet ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Calvin Tell

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    Do you think that your effect will be able to be applied to ships?

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Calvin Tell:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. RPJ

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How much you think will cost the QuarkX tech per kW installed?
    1- more than 1000 $
    2- between 1000 and 500 $
    3- between 300 and 500 $
    4- less than 300 $

  119. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  120. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    The comment of Hugh H. Maguire is important. Can you make a comment on it not related to what will be discussed in Court?

  121. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  122. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Commercial hydrogen production might be a future application for eCat technology. Using a Sulphur – Iodine cycle and 950 degC thermo source (i.e., an eCat reactor), hydrogen can be produced from water with the Sulphur Iodine being reused. So, at first glance, the eCat technology appears feasible. Perhaps an application in future cars, with hydrogen storage within the vehicle or at the filling stations?

  123. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Thank you for your suggestion. I am not able to answer, because we did not experiment this particular application, yet.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  124. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You posted “substitution” for refueling an eCat reactor module. Do you envision:

    a. a throw away reactor (like a light bulb) or
    b. is it returned to the eCat factory for refurbishment and refueling (similar to an automotive battery)?
    c. Or does this depend on the size of the eCat reactor unit (20W, 100W, 1kW, 10kW)?

  125. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    b.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  126. arjen

    Dear andrea

    seems like hydrogen can be distracted from water with high temperatures
    see http://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-in-germany-switched-on-the-worlds-largest-artificial-sun/

    Are you also looking into this possibility , to use the heat of the quarkx to produce hydrogen?
    or maybe they could use the heat of the quarkx to implement in their system?

    kind regards arjen

  127. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    All that mess to produce hydrogen from water? You can do the same with electrolysis ! I did it with a battery and a glass of water ( 2 $ ). Obviously the issue is how much energy is consumed to separate hydrogen from oxygen, but what you are linking to seems all but energy saving. It looks fit to produce funds from the taxpayer more than energy. With all respect.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  128. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    How long do you theorize that a QuarkX can operate without the need for refueling?

    When the time for refueling comes, will a QuarkX actually be refueled, or just replaced with a new unit?

    What do you currently project that the cost of a 1MW QuarkX plant will be, once mass production begins?

    Thank you,

    Frank Acland

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    1- one year
    2- substitution
    3- premature
    Warm Refards
    A.R.

  130. Lars Lindberg

    Dear Andrea,
    Have you decided what the first mass produced products will be?

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Lindberg:
    We must wait the end of the R&D on the Quarkx.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  132. James

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Why don’t you name the QuarkX E-Cat New Fire, as per your trade mark?
    Cheers,
    James

  133. Andrea Rossi

    James:
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  134. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Do you have an update on the projected refueling cost per kW for eCat? I think it could drive an analysis of steam vs CO2 for electricity generation plants. Specifically, if the refueling cost is so low that it makes little difference in the Life Cycle Cost whether it is steam or CO2.

  135. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    The refueling cost could be around 1 cent/kW, but these are still projections with a wide margin of error.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  136. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea,
    Is it conceivable that in the future, when the QuarkX will be mature, it can be powered only by the battery that will be itself recharged and then disconnected from the grid or anyway from an external power source? This thinking to systems like a car.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  137. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    It is not impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  138. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still on our way toward Sigma 5. We are very happy also working today.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Eros

    Dr Rossi,

    We know your busy .. but looks like the ventriloquist
    has his own board owning LENRFORUM @ the Playground ))

    Cin-Cin,

    Eros

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Eros:
    he,he,he…yes, we know.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. Giuseppe

    Dear Andrea
    Those who are waiting the QuarkX presentation;
    Did you decided if the final name will be QUARK-X or are you thinking to something different.
    Regards, Giuseppe

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Giuseppe:
    We’ll see, but I do not think it will be the variable QuarkX, where the ‘X’ stays for a name to be decided.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. ihfanboy

    Mr Rossi:
    I have bet with a friend one thousand dollars that the “QuarkX” will not be presented within this year.
    I am convinced the grand is already in my pockets.

  144. Andrea Rossi

    ihfanboy:
    Good luck!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Luigi

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Did you read that Barak Obama has made a speech in your native town of Milan, Italy, regarding the impact of how people eats upon the global warming? What do you think of his speech?

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Luigi:
    Yes, I read aboout the speech of the President Barak Obama in Milan: very interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. Andrea Rossi

    We are here in the factory and the work proceeds pretty well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  148. Zion

    Dr Rossi,

    Talk about -Fake News- there is plenty to go around on the LENRFORUM,
    but I have seen this link Titled “Anatomy of a Deal New Jersey Style”
    after reading this it is clear Cherokee Investment Partners – Darden –
    were skilled in the – art of the deal.

    please read this investigative report when you get a moment:

    http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/30/nyregion/anatomy-of-a-deal-new-jersey-style.html?_r=0

  149. Andrea Rossi

    Zion:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  150. Catrina

    @Nigel Wittgenstein:
    Thank you for your comment. I agree with you.
    Cheers,
    Catrina

  151. Kurt

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I read, as you suggested, your deposition as the representative of JM Products and it is real fun: there is the proof that you are right in what you said in your comments today, but the most funny part is your confrontation with the attorney of IH, when you ask him: ” Are you sure you want me to explain how you got these photos?” (referring to the photos of the interior of the JM plant). I laughed for one hour…
    Godspeed,
    Kurt

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Kurt:
    No comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Spencer

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Read the deposition of the JMP representative: you are right.
    Cheers,
    Spencer

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Spencer:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Nigel Wittgenstein

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    You are sincere!
    I read carefully your deposition as the representative of JM products and there can be found evidence that you never said that Johnson Matthey is or has ever been owner of JM products, as well as there is evidence of the email you sent to Tom Darden of IH confirming to him, months before the beginning of the test, that you were going to be the director of the JM Product’s plant. There is also evidence of many other facts you said, among which there is evidence of the fact that IH never complained until the end of the test and solicited enormous amount of money from their investors during the Guarantee Performance Test, which is the same period in which now they say the plant was not working, was a fraud, etc etc. Now, the cases are one of the two: either the plant was working well, they cashed the money from the investors and now they lie to avoid to pay you, or the plant was not working, but they all the same cashed the millions of the investors (in a period in which your IP was the sole in their portfolio) therefore committing fraud vs their investors.
    Not bad for the “pious” JT Vaughn and the ventriloquist Tom Darden.
    Dr Rossi: win the litigation for all of us!
    Nigel

  156. Andrea Rossi

    Nigel Wittgenstein:
    No comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  157. Italo R.

    Dott. Rossi, I think it would be great if you could make NOW a public exhibition of QuarkX although it has not yet reached the Sigma 5. Why wait any longer?
    Kind regards
    Italo R.

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    We will make the presentation when we will be ready. Now we are not.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. JJ

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Read the deposition: perfectly convincing is what you said. At this point is perfectly clear IH lies.
    Cheers,
    JJ

  160. Andrea Rossi

    JJ:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  161. arjen

    Dear Andrea

    I’m sure in the future we are going to celebrate once a year, The International QuarkX day.
    Which day is in your opinion THE DAY?

    kind regards and have a nice weekend.

  162. Andrea Rossi

    Arjen:
    He,he,he…maybe on Earth Day?
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  163. RuthYellock

    Dear Dr Rossi:
    Did IH know that you were the technical director of JM?

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Ruth Yellock:
    I cannot comment on issues to be discussed in Court, but a careful reading of the papers deposited in Court will allow you to read that IH had been notified in written from me on June 2014 that I was going to be the director of the plant of JM ( please read carefully the deposition of Andrea Rossi as the representative of JM: you will find there the reference to the written communication to IH that I was going to be the director of the JM plant; this fact gives evidence that IH knew months before the beginning of the Guarantee Performance test that I was the director of the JM’s plant. Read also all the rest of the deposition to get the real context related to this issue. Note: I am not commenting, just referring to papers published in Court ).
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.
    P.S.
    Your comment is the N. 37 000 of this blog.

  165. Katherine Ort

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Is it true that the WIPO of the USPTO has approved your US patent for its international extension? If you it is a solid confirmation of your US Patent allowed in August 2015!
    Cheers,
    K.

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Katherine Ort:
    Yes, it is true. All the claims of the US Patent have been allowed for international extension by the WIPO Examiners of the USA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you ever say that JM is owned by Johnson Matthey? The puppets of the ventriloquist of Raleigh are making a fuss about this issue.
    Cheers,
    Prof

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    I cannot comment on issues to be discussed in Court, but a reading of the papers deposited in Court will allow to anybody to check the fact that
    I NEVER SAID OR WROTE ANYTIME THAT JM WAS OWNED OR DIRECTED BY JOHNSON MATTHEY. Please read the deposition deposited in Court of Andrea Rossi as the representative of JM Products: I suggest to read carefully all of it to understand well the issue. This is not a comment, it is just an invitation to read the related papers published already in Court.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea and followers.
    About all our energy production, the efficiency is most important. This since the production is expensive and mostly have a dangerously polluting emission.
    When (or for somebody, if) the QuarkX enters the marked, the situation will be different.
    The most critical issues will be simplicity, safety and reliability. The efficiency will be far less important.
    Every half hour the Sun is overflowing the Earth with the same amount of energy as the mankind produces in a year. The amount of clean energy “spilled” is not the problem.
    The quest for the best way to change the heat from the QuarkX to the desired form for energy must then be concentrated against the mentioned issues rather than efficiency. The reliability within Sigma 5 is a clever way to start. Overcoming these issues may also make the electric energy cheaper and more available for less developed society’s, which probably have the greatest need.
    This make it necessary for everybody to think quite different of the ways to exploit this “new fire” according to all the different “old versions.”
    Regards SH.

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Thank you for your intelligent insight.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are working well. This morning at six I was looking at the horizon of the ocean: for about 30 minutes the light struggled with the dark, then, suddenly, the red disk of the sun emerged from the field of the ocean and rapidly, in two minutes, it was out and rising. I thought: “That’s what the QuarkX is doing”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  172. Jeff

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I am following your work since the first announcement of it with Prof Sergio Focardi, Dean of the Science Faculty of the University of Bologna on January 2011 and since then you made an unbelievable progress, among big difficulties and a strong opposition. Thank you for all your efforts. We of the silent majority are waiting for the presentation of your updated QuarkX in the USA and in Sweden.
    Godspeed,
    Jeff

  173. Andrea Rossi

    Jeff:
    Thank you from our Team!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  174. Chelsea Wallace

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is going on your work with your patents pending and in preparation, after the fantastic allowance of your US Patent and its confirmation by the WIPO of the USA to allow the extension in all the world of your US patent? Did you abandon any patent?
    Thank you if you can answer,
    Chelsea

  175. Andrea Rossi

    Chelsea Wallace:
    I am working on about 60 patents. No patent has been abandoned, many have been consolidated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  176. HH

    Hello Dr Rossi, are there any openings for a recent PhD graduate to assist you in your work?

  177. Andrea Rossi

    HH:
    My work has two main targets:
    1- industrialize a new energy cheap and environmentally safe
    2- make jobs
    Please send your information to
    info@leonardocorp1996.com
    It will be taken seriously in consideration.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  178. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Using oil for extracting the energy of the QuarkX seems to limit the potential for high temperature applications and efficient energy conversion into electricity.
    You replied positively on different suggestions of using super critical CO2 in turbines.
    Is the existing QuarkX design already suitable for CO2 gas cooling or does that require more design?
    Thank you for answering our questions.
    Kind regards and good health, Gerard

  179. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    We use the oil only to simplify the measurements. There are no reasons not to use water in the industrial applications.
    About the use of supercritical carbon dioxyde, I just said it is interesting and the GE turbines are very interesting, but we are still very green on this issue, we still have to make tests with it.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  180. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    We are still on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    If I try to understand technical features that you previously explained, the QuarkX exploits the physical process that the first E-Cats became fatal, but regenerates or reorganizes itself after each flame of the new fire. Is this about what happens?

    It would be nice if we could replace the spark plug of a gasoline engine by a QuarkX, and just continue driving without gasoline. The costs for some adapter pieces and a NOx regenerator can then be financed with the fuel saving. (LOL)

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    We will give the necessary information about how the QuarkX works when it will be introduced into the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    Does the QuarkX require significantly more power at startup than during normal operation?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea
    Given that the performance you achieve from ac and dc input is comparable, is it more cost effective to focus on the dc version of the control system only and provide an ac/dc transformer to plug in to the wall?
    Best regards
    Patrick

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    The possibility to use either batteries or the grid just amplifies the possibilities of application, depending on the situation. There is not a preferential way in absolute, the choice depends on the frame of reference .
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Saju Abraham

    Most Respected Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I believe General Electric will be the solution provider for the electric energy generation:
    http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/04/ge-has-prototype-10-megawatt.html
    Praying for your steady health,
    Saju Abraham

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Saju Abraham:
    Thank you for the information: probably you are right.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Gianvico

    Colors can express moods, feelings, messages. White is associated with purity; the Red to force but can also express nuances close to violence or eros. Not to mention how different cultures interpret the colors: in our civilization Green is associated with the nature to serenity for others it is the color of martyrdom. That being said I think the color or the combination of colors that you pick will become a symbol because you will paint the most amazing invention after the discovery of fire, as said Prof Sergio Focardi. The E-CAt devote from years and years resources and health … something must be sure … beautiful.

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Gianvico:
    Interesting.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. XL

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Which is the voltage you need from the batteries to use them as a power source?

  192. Andrea Rossi

    XL:
    24 V
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Hugh H. Maguire

    @Matt:
    What I mostly can’t stand is that Cherokee & Partners use charity organizations as a cover for illegal operations…and there is more upon this side of them.
    Hugh

  194. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Which fluid are you using in the heat exchanger of the QuarkX?

  195. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Oil, to avoid the change of phase.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  196. Lars Lindberg

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    do you think the QuarkX will produce electricity in the future, is it a chance it will be possible after a lot of development?
    When do you think the mainstream world will be aware of your product, allready this year?
    Very welcome to Sweden. We are proud to work with you :)

  197. Andrea Rossi

    Lars Lindberg:
    Thank you for your kind message.
    The electricity can be made anytime with the Carnot cycle. About the direct production, times are still undefined.
    The start will be in the USA and in Sweden for sure.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  198. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    Images of me356 AURA Control System Published
    Another replication of the Rossi Effect
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2017/04/29/images-of-me356-aura-control-system-published/

  199. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Hard to say: it is an anonymous job, without precise references.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  200. Matt

    @Hugh H Maguire:
    Great comment, now we know who are Tom Darden and his companions…
    Cheers
    Matt

  201. Marco

    Dear Andrea,
    You said that for safety reasons, an external source of energy must be present.
    As far as I can understand, an isolated battery can be seen as an external source by QuarkX.

    Consider this scheme, then:
    n batteries. n-1 batteries in charge by the current output of the QuarkX (by direct conversion or Carnot cycle does not matter) and the n-th that is isolated from the others and the output and drive the quarkx(s). When the n-th battery is low in charge, one of the n-1 in charge is disconnected from the output and switched with the discharged one. And so on, cycling evenly all the batteries. If a faulty one is detected, it’s taken out of the cycle and disabled. The microcontroller is simple enough to be implemented also in a prototype. Also the isolation switches are trivial to implement and can be mechanical (relais) if one does not trust transistors. With one operation every few hours even a relais should last years and probabily more that the batteries themselves…

    All feedback concern that can arose for safety when using its own energy are not valid because in each instant the quarkx will be using energy stored in an isolated battery. Isolated from the quarkx output and the rest of the circuit by the relais or other means (sezionatori in italiano, in uso nei grandi trasformatori ad esempio).

    What do you think?
    Best regards,
    Marco.

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    Thank you for the suggestion, but there are precise rules to follow with safety certification issues.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    Yes, I agree.
    We did not yet build such a prototype, albeit this R&D is in our horizon.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  204. Martha

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    What do you think about the surprising comment of Mr Hugh Maguire of two days ago?
    Cheers,
    Martha

  205. Andrea Rossi

    Martha:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  206. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Still great.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Joseph Fine

    Andrea Rossi,

    A few years ago, you succeeded in developing a system that operated at ~600 C. But 2700 C is a very high Primary temp.

    I think gas turbines operate at about ~1000 deg C. You could use Super-critical CO2 in a turbogenerator instead of steam.

    Have you built prototype equipment that could power a turbogenerator at lower temperatures? (500-800 C). Once you have the

    heat, the rest is “Just an Engineering problem”.

    Continuing regards,

    Joseph Fine

  208. Anonymous

    Hugh H Maguire:
    Thnak you for the important links that gave us a more complete information about IH.
    Cheers
    Anonymous

  209. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea:
    Your decision to only produce heat from the QuarkX is for the time being the best.
    The heat may be used to room heating, product heating, producing electricity and heat or electricity alone.
    There are lots of manufacturers in the world that are specialists on machinery to convert heat into electricity.
    The vehicle-industry may regard the QuarkX as the “new petrol” and will easily find the necessary solutions to exploit this possibility. Since all vehicles today are dependent on a working battery to assist the motors functions, without any practical problems, the QuarkX may also function as well.
    The heat produced by the QuarkX must be delivered in the most practical ways. I reckon there will be at least two options: hot water or steam. The heat exchangers form and sizes will vary from each option.
    If steam is a choice, for witch temperature and pressure are you planning here?
    Are other gases, in a closed loop, then water-steam actual?
    What are the calorimetry results of the COP you obtained at May 8?
    Warm Regards, S.H.

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    We have a temperature in the primary about 2700 C, so we can convert to any P and T of steam we want.
    Any fluid can be used, also for example oil .
    COP: enough.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Andrea Rossi

    Ton Conover:
    Answer: Yes.
    Boeing: interesting
    Link: nice
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  212. Karma Thibeau

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    There are rumors about the fact that very important replications of the Rossi Effect have been made by the highest echelons of science: can you say anything about this?

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Karma Thibeau:
    I can’t say nothing until I receive a report.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Loree

    Hugh H Maguire:
    Thank you for the important information, that made me change opinion about IH.
    Cheers.
    Loree

  215. Tom Conover

    Dear Andrea,

    Would a normal 12v automotive battery (2 batteries) be able to power a 1MW plant do you think? (Y/N)
    (This question is serious, the link below is frivolous.)

    Thank you for your replies, they are always appreciated very much.

    Tom

    ————————-
    Have you seen any spaceships landing in Florida lately?
    https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/05/07/x-37b-spaceplane-returns-to-earth-and-makes-precision-autopilot-landing/

    I find it interesting the Boeing is using an electric drive for maneuvering in space with the X-37B. Perhaps they will need something to make electricity for this vehicle.

  216. John C Evans

    Dear Andrea:

    I understand your vision to integrate all forms of energy production on the grid thus providing a cheap and reliable supply of electricity to the world. So in a world where domestic quarkx reactors are plentiful I see the benefit in maintaining a grid connection for both making the greatest use of excess quarkx production and having more reliable power in instances of quarkx shortfall in production vs demand, malfunction and maintenance. But am I safe to assume that this grid connection is not a necessity? If battery power is used for control and operation of the quarkx unit does your design automatically invert the required amount of AC output to maintain a full charge on the DC operational systems and batteries? Wouldn’t this allow for true standalone self-sustained operation and unimpeachable test results? It would also demonstrate an ability to deliver cheap power to anyone anywhere.

    Good luck and thank you.

    John C Evans

  217. Andrea Rossi

    John C. Evans:
    An external source of energy is necessary also for safety reasons, besides the fact that we still are in a preliminar stage for what concerns the direct production of electricity. We still produce heat, to turn it into electricity we need the well known conversion systems.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    In regards to the use of battery power for the eCat when used in an electric power generation configuration.

    I agree that when used with a reliable electrical grid, the use of batteries may only add cost and inconvenience. The issue, I believe, is the relative cost of the generated electricity.

    One way of supplying the needed input electrical power is from a portion of the output of the eCat-based electrical power generation unit. An alternative configuration might be a combination of solar cells and batteries that collect and store the sunlight-provided energy and use it to power and control the eCat-based system. Here, I suggest, the argument comes down to the value of the eCat-produced electrical power compared to the total additional cost of the solar cells and batteries (initial cost plus life-cycle costs). A suggestion for you to consider.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    You are right, but about the direct production of electricity we are still green.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. JPR

    Update?
    P.S.
    GREAT COMMENT FROM HUGH H. MAGUIRE !

  221. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we are on our way toward Sigma 5.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. Prof

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    IH is making a fuss about the fact that you were the one that directed JM, but they knew it from the beginning! In your deposition in court has been produced from their attorney (from their attorney !!!) an email dated June 14 2014 (june 14 2014!!!) from you to Tom Darden in which you inform them that you were the director of the plant of JM. So they knew from the beginning this fact and never complained of it, until the end of the test, when the time to pay you came. And paid 100 000 $ for the invoices they received from the ERV, Ing. Penon, invoices specifically issued for his work as the ERV of the guarantee performance test along the agreement between IH and Leonardo! They paid without any complaint during the test, and did not pay only the last installment after the end of the test!
    The more I read the documents of the discovery, the more we can discover that they wanted to make a fraud to you from the beginning.
    Very interesting the comment of Hugh H Maguire of yesterday: there is evidence of the real nature of Cherokee, IH and their management. Now we discover that also their “charity” organization are covers, not gracious and evangelic actions.

    Prof

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    No comment.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    The results you are getting with simple calorimetry, is this with the battery input?

    Many thanks,

    Frank Acland

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Frank Acland:
    Also: there is no difference either plugging in AC or using batteries instead.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Also today we worked very well and I am very enthusiast of the fact that the results we are obtaining with simple calorimetry give the same results we got with the Wien and Boltzmann equations after the spectrometry. This is an important conciliation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  227. Andrea Rossi

    High H. Maguire:
    No comment,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Ing. Michelangelo De Meo

    The New Fire and its necessity in relation to jobs and security in a data driven, automated world.

    https://steemit.com/life/@homosymbion/the-new-fire-and-its-necessity-in-relation-to-jobs-and-security-in-a-data-driven-automated-world

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Ing, Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for this link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Hugh H. Maguire

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    I’ve been following your tracks on and off for more than two years now. When the news of your lawsuit with Cherokee Investment Partners and their subsidiary Industrial Heat reached the public scene, I was not all that surprised. There are at least two known instances in which Cherokee Investment Partners, acting through companies they controlled, were involved in bankruptcies after being funded for reclamation and development programmes they did not complete. Main links may be found here (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/30/nyregion/anatomy-of-a-deal-new-jersey-style.html?_r=0) and here (http://www.postandcourier.com/business/owners-in-urban-renewal-effort-file-for-bankruptcy-to-sell/article_c8670620-68f2-5063-a818-6c0a67cdfa5f.html), but there are others, as the stories are well known.
    At this point I ask myself: is it possible that IH’s refusal to pay you the agreed fees for licensing your technology, after running an undisputed test for over one year (during which its employees were always present, subsequent to taking part in the construction of the power plant itself), and paying the relevant fees to Mr Penon as consultant on the operation of the plant, is part of a long-term plan targeted from its very inception not just at yourself, but at outside investment partners? We, as the public, are now aware that the Doral site was visited in February 2015 by Woodford, well-known in the UK as a high-profile investment management company, and that Woodford was apparently convinced of the technology, to the point of investing approximately £32m in IH. It stands to reason that, if the issue of litigation turns out unfavourably, IH might be tempted to file for bankruptcy, just like EnCap, Ashley I, and Ashley II. And yet somehow remain in possession of the know-how related to your technology, which may have already been leaked to other companies involved in LENR research: the ones Cherokee or their subsidiaries have reportedly (Brillouin?) invested in. At this point, it would be just a matter of window-dressing on the patent market. 
I am by no means a conspiracy advocate, but I find these facts extremely disturbing. Corporations have no morals, no matter how appealing their public facade might appear. When one is willing to charge even one’s own inside clients for unjustified expenses (http://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/blog/real-estate/2015/11/cherokee-investment-partners-reaches-100-000.html), there are no limits to the extent of possible malversation.
    Sincerely, Hugh H. Maguire.

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Ing. Michelangelo De Meo:
    Thank you for the link,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Y.G.

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Did you ever say to IH that Johnson Matthey was the owner of JM Products?

  233. Andrea Rossi

    Y.G.:
    I never said or wrote or published such a stupidity. Never.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  234. Anonymous

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    How is gone your tennis yesterday, after your three surgeries of April?
    Cheers

  235. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    I played normally: an obvious defeat against my wife, but a great victory against the physical problems I had.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.