Rossi Blog Reader

This website tracks recent postings to Andrea Rossi's Journal of Nuclear Physics, sorting the entries with priority to Rossi's answers, which appear under each question.


• Email to Andrea Rossi - Journal Of Nuclear Physics
• Website comments to the Webmaster (who has no contact or connection with Rossi).
• Updated: 2019-02-17 20:10:08.683861Z

  1. Giovanni Gonano

    Dr Rossi,
    Here is a link of a series of services made by Willi Meinders for a German TVabout LENR and your activity:
    https://quer-denken.tv/die-zukunft-hat-schon-begonnen-und-niemand-merkt-es-teil-6/
    Can you answer:
    1- in which Countries will it be faster to obtain the safety certifications for the domestic Ecat?
    2- do the SGS and B.V. certifications you got for the industrial plants cover also the SK series?
    Giovanni Gonano

  2. Andrea Rossi

    Giovanni Gonano:
    Thank you for the link to the important work of Willi Meinders.
    Answers:
    1- I do not know
    2- yes, because the critical points are the same
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  3. toussaint francois

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    One question please will you indicate in your journal the number sk plant installed and the total power delivered ?

    Warm Regards,

    Toussaint François

  4. Andrea Rossi

    Toussaint Francois:
    We will give these numbers, as I already said, in due time, when numbers will have a meaning.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  5. E. Volpe

    Caro Rossi
    Sono un fisico teorico troppo avanti negli anni per pensare di poter affrontare l’enorme lavoro che le nuove conoscenze della fisica stanno dischiudendo.
    Credo che nei prossimi decenni l’interpretazione della realtà sarà completamente rivoluzionata per lasciare il posto ad una visione che sorpasserà di molto non solo l’attuale fisica classica e relativistica ma anche la fisica quantistica e le più nuove ed audaci teorie. Come al solito la realtà quando si rivela sorpassa qualsiasi immaginazione .
    Infiniti indizi sono già stati sparsi nel lavoro di migliaia di laboratori, perlopiù dimenticati o non compresi: semplicemente non eravamo pronti. Ma ora si stanno rivelando altri spiragli, molti stanno lavorando a questo perché è evidente che l’attuale fisica non soddisfa più.
    Tu stai aprendo una piccola finestra ed anche altri stanno cominciando a vedere i nuovi panorami anche se in modo nebbioso ed incerto; manca per ora lo scatto in avanti risolutivo che illumina e rende chiaro il grande quadro d’insieme.
    Sei d’accordo che siamo alle porte di una grande rivoluzione o pensi ( intuisci )che tutto si risolverà in un ampliamento della fisica attuale nella salvaguardia delle basi già note ?
    Un affettuoso augurio.
    ————————————————————————–
    Dear Rossi
    I am a theoretical physicist too late in the years to think to face the enormous work that the new knowledges of physics are opening up.
    I believe that in the coming decades the interpretation of reality will be completely revolutionized to give way to a vision that will surpass not only the current classical and relativistic physics but also quantum physics and the newest and most daring theories. As usual, what it is revealed by reality, surpasses always any imagination.
    Infinite clues have already been scattered in the work of thousands of laboratories, mostly forgotten or not understood: we simply were not ready. But now there are more glimpses, many are working on this because it is clear that current physics no longer satisfies.
    You are opening a small window and others are beginning to see the new landscapes even if in a hazy and uncertain way; missing for now the decisive forward shot that illuminates and makes clear the big picture.
    Do you agree that we are at the gates of a great revolution (especially in subatomic physics) or do you think (foresee-intuit) that everything will be resolved in an expansion of the current physics in the safeguarding of the already known bases?
    An affectionate greeting.

  6. Andrea Rossi

    E. Volpe:
    Substantially I agree with you. I think we are at the eve of a Renaissance of Physics; we had with Newton the antique physics era, with Einstein, Fermi the modern Physics Era, then we had the Middle Age of the Physics, limited by the financing oriented within the limits allowed by military and politic interests that have enslaved the R&D where there was money or power to share; during this Middle Age all the researchers, inventors who dared to find the nonsense hidden in certain areas of the guru-consolidated standard, where multiple dei ex machinis had to be invented to cover titanic holes of logic and mathematics, have been attacked with a brutality that in some case has been slandering; very intelligent physics professors have been harnessed and limited in their careers simply cutting funds to their researches, to give money to finance R&D that have produced nothing ( think to the so called Hot Fusion ). I personally am attacked on daily basis by trolls paid to disseminate false information about my past ( fortunately my team has been able to arrive to the industrialized level notwithstanding the daily fire that hits our ship ). Now we are at the eve of a Renaissance thanks to the fact that reality is giving evidence that the king is naked.
    Your email and its hypertext, by the way, tells me that you have still a lot to teach in matter of Physics: old lions are younger than young dynosaurs.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  7. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    As you are found of saying – “an integrated solution.” Desalinization is needed where salt or other impurities are present in the source water. There is a program in India to pump the cold, deep sea water up to a ship to condense fresh, drinkable water from the vapors of the warm, surface sea water. The cost is the electricity needed to pump the water.

    Imagine a large ship powered by eCat reactors to generate electricity for the needs of the ship and the pumps. The eCat reactor would be powered by solar cells (and batteries during darkness). The ship (or barge) is stationary as it pumps, fresh, potable water to the shore and to the thirsty cities.

    On-shore eCat powered electrical generation plants provide inexpensive electricity to pump the precious potable water to the rural area and to improve the quality of life of the citizens. These could also be solar/battery powered. All done with no carbon footprint.

    Other technologies (e.g., inverse osmosis, etc.) would be applied in other environments. Imagine! To dream, per chance to do?

  8. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    Yes, these are interesting dreams. But the best available technology now is reverse osmosis, honestly.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  9. Craig

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Are the deliveries of the Ecat SK on course?

  10. Andrea Rossi

    Craig:
    yes,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  11. Raffaele Bongo

    Hello A. Rossi

    During the cold weather, was the E-Cat operating at maximum capacity to heat the industrial premises at 25 ° Celsius, or was it still possible to provide more heat?

    I wish you a lot of MW to install in the coming months
    Best regards and good health
    Raffaele

  12. Andrea Rossi

    Raffaele Bongo:
    The Ecat SK was and is at maximum power.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  13. Richard

    Dr Rossi:
    About electron capture, I would add:
    Experimental Physics for Dummies: nobody has ever observed or measured any kind of electron capture by stable elements.
    Have a nice Sunday,
    Rick

  14. Andrea Rossi

    Richard:
    Obvious.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  15. Andrea Rossi

    Dr Joseph Fine:
    I have not competence in desalinization, but, as far as I know, inverse osmosis is very cheap and is the worldwide technology.
    The Ecat is not a specific tool to make something specific, it is a generalistic tool: it makes heat, then with its heat you can make what you want. We sell the heat at a price, so it is the price that makes it fit or not for specific utilization.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  16. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    It is obvious that references to new scientific works of Russian authors sent to you show that there are true scientists in Russia who do not hold onto dogmas and prohibitions and for whom the criterion of truth is a scientific experiment and results of practical activity.

    With warm feelings,

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikovs

  17. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    These references are important. Thank you very much for the links.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  18. Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

    Dear Andrea!

    Today I received two articles in Russian. One of them is published in the Open Access Library Journal, 3: e2833.
    http://dx.doi.ore/10.4236/oalib.1102833 :

    “Andrea Rossi’s Mysterious E-Cat and Unitary Quantum Theory”
    Leo G. Sapogini, Vladimir A. Dzhanibekc, Yuri A. Rvabov

    Abstract: The nature and mechanism of the origin of a huge amount of heat in Andrea Rossi’s megawatt installations, which can change the entire energy of civilization, is considered. The ongoing processes are new effects of the unitary quantum theory and are in no way connected with chemical or nuclear reactions and phase transitions.

    Another article:
    http://www.ijsciences.com/pub/issue/2018-06/

    International Journal of Sciences, Research Article, Volume 7-June 2018 (06), General Problems of Science for Pedestrian, Leo G. Sapogin, V. A. Dzhanibekov, Yu. A. Ryabov,

    “General Problems of Science for Pedestrians”
    Abstract: The article proposes a model of unitary quantum field theory, in which a particle is represented as a wave packet from waves of a certain unified field. The dispersion equation for the waves is chosen so that the packet periodically appears and disappears without changing the shape. This process is associated with a standard wave function. The equation of such a field is nonlinear and relativistically invariant.
    Under certain conditions, it is possible to obtain the Schrödinger, Dirac, and Hamilton-Jacobi equations from it.
    Many new experimental effects predict for both high and low energies.

    With deep respect and warm feelings,

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov

  19. Andrea Rossi

    Irina and Vitaly Uzikov:
    Thank you for your very appreciated information. Thanks also to its deep cultural roots, Russia is contributing to the scientific renaissance that the LENR community is promoting in nuclear physics.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  20. Oscar

    DR Andrea Rossi:
    I noticed that in http://www.researchgate.com, where is published your last theoretical contribution ( https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions ) going to your profile in the list of your publication there is also the article you co-authored with Norman Cook on Arxiv “On the nuclear interactions underlying the heat production by the Ecat”: what is exactly your position respect the work of Norman Cook after your last publication?
    Oscar

  21. Andrea Rossi

    Oscar:
    My position is the same of always: the nuclear model of Prof Norman Cook is the sole that can be taken seriously in consideration and is the sole that puts remedy to the absurdities of the alternative models. The nuclear model of Norman Cook is a fundamental tool to exit the middle age of nuclear physics, that began in the fifties and is turning now into a scientific renaissance. Also thanks to the LENR.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  22. Joseph Fine

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    New Idea:

    I just read this article in Scientific American/Observations (See link below) about a proposal for an Energy/Water Corridor between the US and Mexico.

    At first I thought this idea was a bit crazy, as did the author of the article. But if energy costs can be kept down, while industrial, commercial and municipal developments can flourish – along with security on both sides of the border – something good could come out of all the attention to the US-Mexico border issue.

    https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/bold-plan-replace-the-border-wall-with-an-energy-water-corridor/

    1) The article stated that 600 MW is required to desalinate 2.3 Million Acre feet per year of Fresh water. (or 7.5 * 10^11 gallons/year).
    Assuming the project were started in the next year or two, would you consider using the current E-Cat SK system (about 20-25 kW) for a large
    scale developments, or would you wait until you can build and test a larger module e.g. 100 kW – 200 kW?

    2) How much energy would it really take to desalinate all this water? I don’t think it will happen if they just use wind turbines.

    Joseph Fine

  23. Bob

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Can you explain why you are ignoring the possibility that electron capture could be at the base of some type of LENR?

  24. Andrea Rossi

    Bob:
    Physics for dummies: electron capture is made only by atoms that have an excess of protons: all the atoms with an excess of protons are radioactive and in LENR cannot be used radioactive atoms. As far as I am aware of.
    Mathematics for dummies: to induce an electron capture from atoms that do not have an excess of protons needs about 750 keV ; 1 eV = 12 227 K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  25. Dan C.

    Dear Andrea,

    Just an observation. With a COP>50, there are those on the blogs who clamor for ever higher COP numbers.

    At the point of COP>50 is akin to filling your car up for 20 cents. The real cost now falls to paying your car payments. If you can’t handle a 20 cent fill up, probably you can’t afford a car to begin with. :-)

    Warm regards to you and your team,

    Dan C.

  26. Andrea Rossi

    Dan C.:
    For now we sell heat.
    First facts, then balances.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  27. Anonymous

    Dr Rossi,
    about the questions of Catherine Waskow: how you avoid the reverse engineering from hackers?

  28. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    Sorry, this obviously is confidential
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  29. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    1. Has the client with +25C degrees in his premises noticed any economic profit of E-catSK yet?
    2. Did the E-catSK managed to keep the heating during the cold period in the Chicago area?

    The E-catSK operation in SSM is fantastic!
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  30. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    1- of course!
    2- I cannot disclose the area where is, but there was a big cold and we kept the wharehouse warm enough for a working place.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  31. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today in other posts of this blog.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  32. Will

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Have you used the Clifford algebra to write your paper published on Researchgate?
    www.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Cheers
    Will

  33. Andrea Rossi

    Will:
    It has been used by the works cited in the references: basically the thread of this research would have been longer and more difficult without using it. This is why I am investing time in the study of it. It is a tremendously useful tool in our work.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  34. Andrea Rossi

    Catherine Waskow:
    Go to http://www.ecatskdemo.com and in the menu choose the link with the photo of the Ecat SK.
    On the top of the Ecat you can see a silver-black box attached to the Ecat in the left and a white box with a white cable seat in the right.
    The white box is the etyhernet hub, connected to a router by means of the white ethernet cable. The hub receives the information from the internet by means of the router and transmits them to the silver-black control panel connected with the circuitry inside the Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  35. Josiah Hom

    Dear Andrea,
    I watched http://www.ecatskdemo.com and noticed that the oscilloscope shows short peaks followed by series of lower regular peaks: can you explain why?

  36. Andrea Rossi

    Josiah Hom:
    You can understand it reading my paper in Researchgate. I can’t enter in further particulars. To make the reading simpler, just skip the math and to make it shorter focus on the par. 2,3,4.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  37. Roberto Ridolfi

    I love that blue body of the Ecat SK…it contains the future!
    Bravo, Andrea

  38. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto Ridolfi:
    Thank you for your attention to our work…I too like the simple, straight design that allows to pile up modules to reach any power in a small space.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  39. Cathrine Waskow

    Can you explain the remote system you described in the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com?
    Thanks if you can,
    Cathrine

  40. Stephen

    Dear Andrea

    Thanks for sharing with us your Ballerina in the demonstration.

    How amazing it is to think we were glimpsing the dance of new understaings in physics..

    She surely deserves Carlen’s valentine….

    Thanks also for sharing the spectrum like many my minds a buzz about what it means and represents but it was wonderful to me at least to be able to see that thanks.

    May I ask how the spectrometer was setup.

    1. I suppose to prevent over heating of the device and prevent saturation of the sensor from the light source it was out side the device but looking through a small window rather inside the Heat exchanger cavity it self. Is this right or was it actually inside?

    If it was looking through a window like that was it close to that window or also distant from it in the room? If it was liking through a window .

    2. would you be able to say it’s size for example if the window is also 1 cm
    3. Would you be able to indicate the distance of the sensor from the window?

    All the best now for this venture moving forward and for your ballerina joining a ballet company… will she be the prima ballerina?

    Stepho

  41. Andrea Rossi

    Stephen:
    1- it depends on what we mean by “inside”. The set up of the spectrometer has been made by an engineer who is a specialist of spectometry. He put the eye of the spectrometer adjacent to a window inside the external body of the Ecat, but outside the area of the rector, to allow a precise view on the focus we looked for, but, at the same time, as you correctly say, avoid overheating and saturation.
    2- we changed these measures, to compare the results. We also changed the position, to make other measurements that have not been published because confidential
    3- same as above
    The “ballerina” shown on http://www.ecatskdemo.com is by definition the prima ballerina, properly defined also “etoile”…I hope the first of a firmament.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  42. Celia Lormand

    Did you study the Clifford algebra? Are you using it in your theoretical work?

  43. Andrea Rossi

    Celia Lormand:
    1- yes, I am studying it
    2- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  44. Eric Ashworth

    Hi Carlen and Andrea, With regards Andreas remarks with regards the ballerina and her having a zitterbewegung I agree entirely. what she is saying is look at me because it is the frequency of the vibration that provides the entity with its identity i.e. a stand alone unit in a field of energy. This vibrational frequency occurs on every event horizon because of a curve because there is no such thing as a straight line. This is something difficult to comprehend unless you think of energy contained within a sphere and the event horizon having a degree of thickness. This phenomena is really to do with pi and its two values one regarding physical geometry and the other regarding none physical energy or you could say the difference between the static and mobile mechanics of energy when comparing each. Pi actually has two values depending upon that which you are applying it. Regards Eric Ashworth

  45. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  46. Clyde

    Dr Rossi,
    Reading your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I understood you maintain the cathode in the vacuu, to enhance all the reactions described in this publication. Am I right?
    Best Regards,
    Clyde

  47. Andrea Rossi

    Clyde:
    Sorry, I cannot add information to what I already published.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  48. GG

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Are you already using the remote system with the ecat in operation we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ? If yes, how is it working ?
    GG

  49. Andrea Rossi

    GG:
    Yes, we started few days ago. So far works well. The main concern, obviously, are the internet defaults, but this issue is covered by the backup; I am very confident about the fact that the reverse engineering is practically impossible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  50. Carlen Young

    Happy Valentine’s Day to the beautiful new ballerina!

  51. Andrea Rossi

    Carlen Young:
    He,he,he…when she knew about your comment, she had a zitterbewegung !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  52. Dear Dr Rossi,
    is the powder mixture always the same as described in the patent? Many thanks

  53. Andrea Rossi

    Matteo Caratto:
    Yes.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  54. Svein Henrik

    Dear Andrea.
    As you have stated, you now have found the right gas turbine to be fueled by the Ecat SK.
    What are the inlet temperature you intend to use for this turbine?
    Regards, Svein Henrik

  55. Andrea Rossi

    Svein Henrik:
    Sorry, this too is confidential.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  56. Roberto

    I noticed in the references of your paper here:
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you cited a paper of Celani: has it been important for the study of your publication?
    Thanks,
    Roberto

  57. Andrea Rossi

    Roberto:
    The paper of Prof Celani I cited in reference has been useful in the specific section where the reference number is reported. All the cited papers have are important.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  58. Eva

    Dear Andrea,
    The astrophysic Angelo Adamo in his book “Pianeti tra le note” (Springer 2010) has written that some planets, like Jupiter, emit more thermal energy than they receive from the sun: do you think this could be the result of not man-induced LENR?
    Eva

  59. Andrea Rossi

    Eva:
    I do not think so: I am not an astrophysic, but I suppose that if a planet emits more energy than the sun radiates to it, the reason could be that the planet observed makes heat from nuclear or chemical reactions intrinsic in it. For example our planet, the Earth, emits from volcanoes thermal energy that comes from chemical reactions made in its core.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  60. Aldo

    Are the plants you are delivering based on assemblies in parallel of the modular Ecat SK we saw during the demonstration of January 31st ?

  61. Andrea Rossi

    Aldo:
    Yes. See the photo of the module on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  62. Rosanne

    Dear Andrea Rossi:
    Which book are you reading and suggest in these days, not strictly related to your work? Just a curiosity.
    Cheers
    Rosanne

  63. Andrea Rossi

    Rosanne:
    “The Physics Delusion: The urgent need to reinterpret modern physics” by Johan F. Prins DSc. It is a critical analysis of the Copenhagen interpretation of the Quantum Physics. Very interesting to me.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  64. Bob Belovich

    Dear Andrea

    1. Is the focus of your work with gas turbines

    A. For stationary applications

    B. For mobile applications

    C. Both

    2. What is the ecat power range (if any) for your present work with gas turbines.

    3. Is any information developed in the U.S. program to build a nuclear powered airplane of use in your present work with gas turbines.

    4. Are any present customers intending to use ecat heat for pavements (streets, sidewalks)?

    Thanks

  65. Andrea Rossi

    Bob Belovich:
    1- C
    2- We are at an R&D stage, with our 22 kW modules
    3- No
    4- No
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  66. Dear Andrea,
    Gennady asked if you will give customer-related statistics, to which you answered “maybe”. To me, the most interesting figure would be simply the total installed E-cat power. Just a personal opinion.
    Best regards, /pekka

  67. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    I understand. I think we will be able to give these data when we will deem it opportune.
    I respect your opinion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  68. Gennady

    Dear Andrea,

    Would you keep us apprised of the milestones that you reach with customers? Such as, 10, 50, 100 customers signed contractual agreement. Or 10, 50, 100, 500 customers operating eCat full time. Or any other kind of customer related statistics you could share with us, without naming customers.

    Kind regards,

    Gennady

  69. Andrea Rossi

    Gennady:
    Maybe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  70. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    as for example motorcycles cannot use a standard batteries, they must use “gel” filled batteries necause motorcycles sometimes are riding in low angle,

    there is question: As the same is valid for example for small yachts, boats etc. may be E-Cat SK on full duty at some angled, unstable platform without need of costly stabilisation device?

    Best Regards

  71. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    The Ecat SK is not affected from its orientation.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  72. Lars

    Dear Andrea:
    In
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    you describe an experimental setup to corroborate the theoretical issues, particularly related to the points 2-3-4 of your paper. Is this setup the same we see in the video
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
    Cheers
    Lars

  73. Andrea Rossi

    Lars:
    No, it was a set up made in our factory.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  74. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karen’s:
    Sorry, I cannot give more information after the January 31st presentation.
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  75. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    The image of the plasma in the eCat-SK appears to be vertically oriented.

    1. Are the electrodes vertical (their axial axis is vertical)?
    2. Will the plasma discharge be positionally stable when the electrodes are oriented horizontally)?
    3. How do you keep the plasma centered between the electrodes?
    4. Is the positive and negative going triangular pulses key?
    5. Will the eCat-SK properly function in a different orientation (e.g., laying on its side)?

  76. WaltC

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    – Has any manufacturer contacted you to explore the possibility of incorporating your E-Cat SK into their product (presumably an industrial product that utilizes heat) so that they could then sell the combined product to others?

    Analogous to “Intel Inside”, this would be “E-Cat Inside”.

    Thanks,
    WaltC

  77. Andrea Rossi

    WaltC:
    Yes
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  78. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Congratulations on you and your teams endeavours to get the E-cat technology the recognition that it so rightly deserves. This you do not need to answer but should a large enough company come forward and offer to manufacture and distribute E-Cats to industry and provide you and your team with a research establishment within the company would you accept the offer if the financial conditions met your requirements. I ask this question because you are 1st and foremost a nuclear scientist not an industrialist. by industrialist I mean not driven by financial reward alone but by a passion to understand the dynamics of energy. I wish you and your team all the best. Regards Eric Ashworth

  79. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Please read “An impossible invention” of Mats Lewan and “Ecat the new fire” of Vessela Nikolova.
    See also
    Ingandrearossi.com
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  80. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    You wrote “YES !”

    There’s something big in the air, apparently.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  81. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    YES !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  82. JPR

    Did some global company contact you after the January 31st presentation?
    JPR

  83. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    YES !
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  84. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    You have stated the effective area of the eCat-SK was 330 square cm but only used the 1 square cm in your thermal calculations.
    1. Is the 330 square cm the size of the transparent window enclosing the plasma or the area of the plasma itself?
    2. If it is the window dimensions, is the window approximately 10cm in length with a diameter of 10cm?

  85. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    If you have a 17″ video, you can measure directly these dimensions with a ruler, because with that diagonal the scale is 1:1
    Just go to
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and go to watch the “Ballerina”.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  86. Vincenzo Bonomo

    Caro Dr. Rossi, ho aspettato qualche giorno (in modo da far passare la buriana della presentazione dell’SK) per confidarle tutta la mia preoccupazione per la sua salute.
    Non le nascondo che durante lo streaming, ascoltando il suo modo sofferente di parlare e tossire, ad un certo punto non riuscivo più a concentrarmi su quel gioiello del nuovo reattore di sua invenzione.
    La prego di trovare dieci minuti di tempo e dare un’occhiata a questo link https://22passi.blogspot.com/2017/01/considerazioni-personale-su.html nella speranza che possa esserle utile e convinto come sono che il mondo abbia tanto bisogno di geniali visionari come Lei ancora per molti anni.
    Consideri questa mail strettamente riservata e personale.
    Cordiali Saluti
    Vincenzo Bonomo

  87. Andrea Rossi

    Vincenzo Bonomo:
    Thank you for your concern, but I am very well, my health is recovering fast and my voice is improving, even id my future career as a tenor is in jeopardize.
    I am working very well and with full power, like an Ecat SK.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  88. Robbie

    Dear Andrea:
    I like your answer to Anonymous.
    Cheers
    Robbie

  89. Andrea Rossi

    Robbie:
    Thank you,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  90. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Just some questions about the progress:
    1. Can you tell us if you are happy with the number of orders so far?
    2. Can we help to improve on that? How?
    3. When do you think to deliver the first after-launch E-cat system to a customer?
    4. Are you already producing the maximum numbers of E-Cat SK based on your initial production capacity?
    5. Do you intend do enlarge your production capacity already?
    6. Is there any chance that we may hear of a customer that they are satisfied with the heat delivery of the Leonardo Corp. in this year?
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  91. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    1- yes, I am
    2- please continue to sustain uur work, as you always did
    3- shortly
    4- not yet
    5- not yet
    6- sooner or later, yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  92. Andrea Rossi

    Dear Readers:
    Please go to
    http://www.rossilivecat.com
    to find comments published today on other posts of this blog,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  93. Herbert

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    Probably not everybody has absorbed the greatness of what happened on January 31st: LENR are no more an issue in discussion between sceptics and enthusiasts around prototypes , LENR now are in the real market, even limited to the industrial environment, but now we have factories that buy and use heat made by LENR.
    Thank you for your work.
    Godspeed,
    Herbert

  94. Andrea Rossi

    Herbert:
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  95. Rod Walton

    On Power Engineering, February 12 2019: “Coal fired power: enhancing wet-limestone scrubbers efficiency”: despite retirements, a large number of coal fired power plants remain in operation worldwide, therefore the FGD system remain an important anti-pollution system.
    Rod Walton

  96. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the information. I agree on the fact that all the energy sources have to be integrated and therefore their anti-pollution systems have to be unrestlessly improved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  97. Anonymous

    Will you make more public demonstration or tests made by independent parties?

  98. Andrea Rossi

    Anonymous:
    We do not need them now. We surely will make new demonstrations when we will have new products, like, for example gas turbines fueled by Ecats. But we need more time, even if now we found the right turbine to couple with the Ecat SK. The third parties now and in future will be our Clients.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  99. Buck

    Good Day Andrea:

    the following was posted on ECatWorld. Is this valid or is this an example of what you have warned about this morning?

    my best,

    Buck

    Link>> https://e-catworld.com/2019/02/11/andrea-rossi-proposed-collaboration-with-russia-video/

  100. Andrea Rossi

    Buck:
    I don’t speak Russian, so I asked to a Russian friend of mine ( Dr Vitaly Uzikov ) to write for me a 20 lines synopsis of the video.
    He told me it is a report of the presentation I made of the Ecat SK on January 31st ( http://www.ecatskdemo.com ); the journalist that made this report, Mr Igor Danailov, is a mainstream Russian journalist. He says I am looking for a strong partner for the diffusion of our technology also in Russia and this is true, because Russia is one of the Countries where our patent has been granted and my effect has been repeatedly replicated.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  101. George Prazak

    DR Rossi,
    1- What is the temperature that the Ecat SK can deliver to the secondary of a heat exchanger?
    2- how to convert 1 kWh into BTUs ?
    May the Good Lord forever bless you and your dedicated Team,
    George Prazak

  102. Andrea Rossi

    George Prazak:
    1- our primary reaches so high temperatures, that we can deliver any temperature a secondary needs
    2- 1 kWh = 3412.14 BTU
    Thank you for your kind wishes to our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  103. Dear Andrea,
    about your warning of today February 11, 2019 at 3:56 AM.
    I think you should have at least specify the address of official Leonardo Corporate site, that I think is
    http://www.leonardocorporation.com
    Right?
    I think you shoud urgently update the site ecat.com removing old devices (maybe obsolete?) from “products” section and in main section. The only mention about the E-Cat SK is about the recent presentation of 31/01/2019.
    In my modest opinion this is no good. And also, less important but not negligible, the site ecat.com need a deep graphic restyling

    Best regards

  104. Andrea Rossi

    Angelo V.:
    Thank you for your suggestions.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  105. Elena

    You said in a recent comment that in your team there are women at high level: can you give us examples of their duties?

  106. Andrea Rossi

    Elena:
    Thank you for your concern:
    My voice is improving, my health is doing well.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  107. Drew G.

    Dr. Rossi:

    It’s good to see that the EcatSK is now in production and customers are signing up to obtain heat at reduced prices. Is the factory that is fabricating the EcatSKs the same factory that produced the ECAT units that were used in the 1 MW Doral demonstration? Continued success and provide any delivery numbers when you feel you can.

  108. Andrea Rossi

    Drew G.:
    No.
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  109. Elena Sironi

    Dear Dr Rossi,
    How are your voice and your health?
    Watching http://www.ecatskdemo.com I enjoyed the great presentation, but I was moved to see how hardly your work has consumed you during the last year: please take care of yourself.
    Elena

  110. Dear Mr Andrea Rossi,
    In your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    I think that the paragraph 1, about the casimir effect, is the less convincing, while the paragraphs 2,3,4 are intertwined , the 3 deriving from the 2 and reinforced by the 4 and corroborated by the experiment with the Ecat SK. Do you agree?
    Best Regards,
    Sandra

  111. Andrea Rossi

    Sandra:
    I agree. I added the theoretical possibility that the Casimir could be effective in particular conditions, but it is weak.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  112. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Please clarify. If the plasma temperature is 8,111K with an emissivity of 0.9 and the effective plasma shape from your presentation was a length of 1.1cm and a diameter of 0.3cm (this was on the presentation), the effective area is about 1.04 cm squared and the computed radiative power would be 26.17kW. However, if you state the real effective area is 330cm squared, then the computed radiative power will be about 8.6MW. (Thermal Model of a horizontal cylinder in a 20C ambient surrounding, radiative only).

  113. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    For a series of reasons only the core of 1 sq cm can be used to be safe.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  114. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I read your paper
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    and at chapter 3 I have had a great emotion, because in january 8 2015 I wrote something about the e-cat phenomena that far recall in part your most recent study upon the physics of the e-cat.
    https://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/?p=866&cpage=9#comment-1045537
    I remember that I made also some considerations upon the time, and we found also this factor in your paper.
    God bless you

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  115. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  116. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea
    That understanding put forward by Patty and confirmed as correct by yourself could confirm something I have considered with regards the energy produced by electrical charge. This involves transitions i.e. negatives becoming neutrals or a volume of mass becoming more of a size of mass i.e. a reduction of a volume. Positives and negatives are comprised of the same material. The length of the wave is different but the waves are comprised of the same substance. They could be considered to be interchangeable. However when a positive short wave neutralizes a negative long wave there is a gain on the positive and a loss on the negative with regards a volume and size interaction so as to create a neutral. Negative is always at the event horizon with regards the interaction i.e. exterior to the positive. Virtual particles take up space but when they annihilate the the negative implodes and the positive explodes so as to become neutrals. It is during this interchange that the particles becomes neutrals and the exterior of the negatives produce an active event horizon producing an added amount of energy. Caused by exterior neutrinos being dragged in to fill the void and consequently creating an added source of energy. That is if there is no such thing as empty space. This theory I have considered for some time but not considered its implications with regards virtual particles and their annihilation. Just something I think could be worth considering. Regards Eric Ashworth

  117. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  118. Andrea Rossi

    WARNING TO THE READERS:
    THERE IS A COMPANY THAT IS PROPOSING IN THE INTERNET TO INVEST IN THE ECAT TECHNOLOGY.
    THE NAMES THIS COMPANY USES IS “E-CAT TECHNOLOGY” AND “E-CAT TECH”.
    PLEASE BE ADVISED THAT THEY ARE NOT OUR LICENSEES, THEY ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FROM US TO MAKE ANY KIND OF INVESTMENTS COLLECTION ON OUR BEHALF AND THAT OUR ATTORNEYS HAVE ALREADY TAKEN ACTION AGAINST THESE PERSONS. I WANT TO STATE CLEARLY THAT LEONARDO CORPORATION WILL NEVER ALLOW THIS COMPANY, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, TO SELL OUR PRODUCTS ( NAMELY, THE ECAT ) IN ANY FORM AND WILL NEVER AUTHORIZE THEM TO SELL OUR SERVICES.
    PLEASE BE ADVISED.
    I AGAIN ENCOURAGE TO INFORM US OF ANY SIMILAR OFFER YOU RECEIVE FROM ANYBODY AND NOT TO PAY MONEY TO ANYBODY BEFORE HAVING OUR CONFIRMATION OF THE LEGITIMACY OF THE OFFER.
    WARM REGARDS
    DR ANDREA ROSSI, CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  119. Lil Grissom

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    Do you know that your paper ‘Ecat SK and long range particle interactions’ is the most read theoretical physics article in the world after January 24th, when it has been published on Researchgate?

  120. Andrea Rossi

    Lil Grissom:
    I don’t think so, but I know it has not passed unobserved.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  121. Patty

    I understand that you calculated the power radiated from 1 square centimeter of the plasma and, to be conservative, you have not calculated the power radiated from the remaininf 329 square centimeters of the plasma surface: did I understand well?

  122. Andrea Rossi

    Patty:
    Yes, you have understood correctly: to stay in the safe side, we calculated only the very small part wherein the density of the plasma is at its maximum.
    There I think it happens the effect I described in par 3 of my paper: if curious, this is the link:
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  123. Dear Andrea,
    Or you could add fluorescent glass (the same what exists in fluorescent lamps) to turn the UV into visible photons and then use ordinary silicon PV. That might give better efficiency than illuminating silicon-PV with UV directly. The silicon-PV should be cooled by the heat transfer fluid because at high temperature its efficiency goes down. If cool enough fluid is not available, one can use gallium-arsenide instead of silicon, because it tolerates warm temperature better. GaAs is more expensive than Si, but I don’t know how much.
    regards, /pekka

  124. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Interesting.
    Thank you for the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  125. Markus

    Congratulations for the website
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    In the menu there are also the very funny spots with the puppets and the final song: who made them? Very funny.
    Cheers
    Markus

  126. Andrea Rossi

    Markus:
    The author of both the sketch of the puppets and the song is Thomas Floreck, from New Jersey.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  127. Eric Ashworth

    Daniel,
    An interesting debate between Rodney and Orsobubu and your response. I think as Rodney and Orsobubu point out in contrasting ways with regards the E-Cat technology , I feel that this is not a major problem to deal with at this time of introducing this technology. We must consider a third factor which is difficult to understand without actually being involved with a new technology that involves understanding how energy interacts without producing a product with a situation that is able to demonstrate a complex mystery. Yes both Rodney and Orsobubu have valid points of view with regards world politics and industrial competitiveness but this is not the reason why LENRs are shunned by the establishment and a consequential knock on effect by research establishments that are one step beneath their partners in charge. What is missing in the big picture with regards this newly discovered cheap, clean source of energy is the silence from the people who control propaganda at the highest level and why this should be?. From my own personal experience I believe it to be the technology and the understanding of it, when projected into an understanding of energy interaction that then becomes the crux to the problem. Basically it’s about how positive and negative structures interact to form a life sustaining neutral. Also it can refer to human evolution and its necessary interaction within a chain of events that requires a degree of understanding with intelligence able to project and understand cycles of evolution. Intuition represents the only form of real intelligence, reading from books and repeating format represents a good memory. Both are essential for a planet to evolve onto a higher level. Regards Eric Ashworth

  128. Steven N. Karels

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    in the eCat SK demonstration, the radiometric spectrum showed energy output at wavelengths of about 450(nm?) or shorter wavelengths. Blackbody radiation would typically extend into the longer wavelengths? Is this an instrument limitation (radiometer was not sensitive to longer wavelengths, or optical filtering was used) or is the actual output spectrum only at wavelengths of 450nm or shorter?

  129. Andrea Rossi

    Steven N. Karels:
    A “Black Body” is a hypothetical absorber and radiator of energy, with no reflecting power. It radiates at all frequencies with a spectral energy distribution dependent on its temperature in Kelvin. Our calculation is focused only in 1 cm^2 where the plasma has the max density, while the plasma has a surface of about 330 cm^2, so to measure the power we consider only 1/330 of the plasma surface focusing conservatively only where there is the max density and the max absolute temperature. As you can see, the spectrum is more complex.
    Obviously it radiates only at the frequencies with a spectral energy distribution corresponding to the temperature in K
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  130. Dear Andrea,
    Concerning how to make electricity using PV. Since the SK makes UV, in theory the most well suited would be a high-bandgap semiconductor like silicon carbide. But probably such PV devices don’t exist in the market, because thus far there hasn’t been a need to convert UV into electricity. In principle it’s the reverse of a blue LED, which does exist in the market.
    regards, /pekka

  131. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Interesting, but still too green.
    Warm regards,
    A.R.

  132. Daniel De Caluwé

    @Orsobubu,

    What I liked about the second last message of Rodney Nicholson is that he emphasized that, especially for energy intensive companies, a 20% reduction in energy cost could make the difference between surviving or losing the (according to me exaggerated but very realistic) economical competition battle between companies. I think what he wrote is very realistic and true, but I agree with you that the fierce competition in the world economy in fact is ‘a nightmare’ and ‘a grim perspective for workers’, like you wrote in your reaction.

    I’m certainly not a (hard) capitalist, but also not a Bolshevist (although we have to come up (and protect) for the poor/weak people and countries, in a co-operative and solidary way, I don’t like the (extreme) Bolshevist ‘struggle/battle of the classes’ against each other, nor in the ‘dictatorship of the working class’, that created a horrible society (with dictators like Stalin) in the former Sovjet Union, but I do think that our world economy is too competitive, and should be more co-operative. I agree with you that the situation of the present world economy, with its exaggerated competition, creates a ‘nightmare’ and a ‘grim perspective’ for many countries and most people, and therefore I would prefer a more co-operative world, with less exploitation and, for instance, also less (political and economical) refugees. If I reflect on it, many problems are caused by the exaggerated competition (and lack of co-operation) in our present world-economy. So, for instance, political refugees are caused by the pernicious/nefarious geopolitics of the superpowers (US, Russia and China), that, as permanent members with veto’s, dominate the UN Security Council with their veto’s, to maintain their egoistic geopolitical agenda, like we have seen in the Second Gulf War (in Irak in 2003, for which the US was responsible) and the recent conflict in Syria (were Russia supports Assad). These conflicts, caused by the battle of the superpowers for (economical) supremacy, that also divides the world and the nations against each other (think f.i. of the present conflict in Jemen), caused many refugees fleeing to Europe. And my reaction as a European is that I want a better world for everybody on this planet, and therefore we need a co-operative world economy, based on human rights for everybody (so that nobody is exploited), with a working class protected by a more powerful ILO (International Labour Organisation, that is the part of the UN that is necessary to protect the rights of working class people everywhere), and even a more co-operative and democratic UN (a more democratic UN Security Council without veto’s for permanent members, but with special majorities (like 2/3 or 3/4) for important decisions). In this 21th century, also the beginning of the ‘Aquarian Age’;-), we need a better working, more democratic (no veto’s but special majorities) and more powerful UN to resolve world wide problems like exaggerated competition and pernicious/nefarious geopolitics, with all their bad consequences. In name of all who suffer, we need a more co-operative world, with a co-operative world economy, serving all people in every country, worldwide. And of course, the UN also needs to organize information campaigns to counter overpopulation.

    Kind Regards,
    Daniel.

  133. Luz Grinberg

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    the website http://www.ecatskdemo.com as it is now is very well done. The subdivision in links to the main highlights is very useful, as well as the link to your theoretical publication on Researchgate. Very well done, congrats to the guys that did it. Also the problem of your voice has been remarkably improved.
    Thanks for all your work and thank you for not forgetting us, the household Ecat followers,
    Luz

  134. Andrea Rossi

    Luz Grinberg:
    Thank you for your attention to our work,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  135. Italo R.

    To Michel:
    The explanation is simple: since the plasma is an electrical conductor with almost zero electrical resistance, the electric current that flows through it (3.2 mA) causes in it a practically null voltage drop.
    So the reactor alone consumes negligible energy.
    This is the reason why only the power absorbed by the resistance (0.8 mW) is used in the calculations.
    The COP value of the reactor alone is therefore incredibly high, not even measurable.

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  136. Hi Orsobubu:

    Regarding your: February 7, 2019 at 7:34 PM:

    “ …….. Now, his post looks to me as a realistic picture of a nightmare (!), a grim perspective for workers, for managers, for industrialists, for US economy, for LENR, for Rossi, in short, for everything we love.

    “Rodney, I hope you’ll add a final chapter on possible future adoption of new, more advanced production systems getting rid of Capital and Money, possibly linking this revolution to the New Fire Age.

    “And don’t forget to specify that all energy forms must be integrated.”
    = = = = = = = = = = =
    Thank you for the kind words. At the risk of taking up an unreasonable amount of space on this blog, this is categorically to be my final post here on the subject of economics! Please feel free to delete this if you wish, Andrea. Please reply to this if you wish, Orsobubu, but if you do, I shall not respond. I will leave you the fun of administering a ‘parting shot’.

    Since you decided to share with the good people here the nature of the project I am presently working on, it seems only fair that I let them know that you are involved in a project to republish the entire writings of Karl Marx.

    I have explained to you what a sad waste of resources that will represent. Not only a waste of the paper (and the trees) it will have to be printed on, but also of the, hopefully, intelligent manpower and other resources involved, which could have been devoted to doing something productive instead.

    As for the nightmare you refer to, the only people who might find ‘capitalism’ a nightmare are the owners of businesses producing poor quality products and/or carelessly wasting resources in producing them. For everyone else, on a scale ranging from nightmare to utopia, capitalism rates much, much closer to utopia. This is true especially in the case of consumers, and we are all consumers. When free markets are allowed to flourish, truly massive improvements in living standards are enjoyed by the overwhelming majority of the population. In contrast, wherever socialism is inflicted on people, living standards do not rise, they fall. Often PRECIPITOUSLY.

    A sample among more prominent recent examples of this include the nations of Eastern Europe where many considered it preferable to be shot dead climbing the Berlin Wall rather than to continue living in East Germany.

    Or take Zimbabwe, once one of the more economically successful countries in Africa and a net exporter of food, where today more than 90% of the population (some estimates say 96%) are subsistence farmers while the country has become a net importer of food. (And where the government’s marxist statisticians hilariously classify subsistence farmers as ’employed’!) Have you not asked yourself why it is all the migrants currently trying to exit Africa are taking the highly risky trip across the Mediterranean to capitalist Europe, rather than simply taking the safer land route to marxist utopia Zimbabwe?

    Or take Cuba, where those able to, have fled the country to live, most often, in the United States, and have no desire to return (providing a broad hint you would do well to take note of, in my opinion).

    Or most recently there is, of course, Venezuela where the socialist policies of Chavez and Maduro have transformed the country from being one of the most prosperous in a generally poor South America, to a level at which several million have already had to flee, to any country other than Venezuela, to avoid starvation. Given the views you hold, has it never occurred to you to spend some time figuring out why it is all the emigrants from Latin America are moving in hordes north to the United States, not south to Maduro’s marxist paradise?

    As I may have said to you before, Mr. Orsobubu, I am surprised you seem unable to process all this evidence staring you in the face. Whenever the economic system you say you prefer is introduced, poverty rapidly follows. And the reasons for this are not rocket science, but I am not going to take up yet more blog space elaborating about it here.

    Regarding your comments about money and capital: you would win a Nobel Prize if you could find a way to run a prosperous economy either: A) without a medium of exchange, which is money’s principal function. The alternative, barter, has never been celebrated on account of its convenience. Or, B) without capital. Capital is used in large amounts in all types of economies, including marxist ones. Even some animals use it: apes, for example, fashion small tree limbs to use to extract termites from their mounds for food; some dolphin species spend time finding sponges to use them when they need them to protect their noses when scrounging for food just below the sea bed; and of course almost all birds, and many squirrels and other animals, devote considerable resources to building nests or digging burrows – the human equivalent of the capital stock of housing.

    But most important regarding capital: since the level of living standards depends on the quantity of useful output created, improvement in living standards is impossible without adding to the stock of capital, with which additional output can be produced.

    Finally, in a market economy all forms of energy become integrated automatically.

    Beyond the above I will not comment further. But both Mr. Orsobubu and Mr. Rossi are on my list to receive a free copy, when it gets published, of what I am currently working on. But that is not likely to happen very soon.

    And now I shall return to my cave trying to remember that I have given an undertaking not to be induced into wasting any more space discussing the economy here, no matter the provocation!

    Rodney.

  137. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Could you clarify the E2 calculation:

    If i understand well, the 250mV are not the input voltage of the reactor, but the voltage accross a shunt resistor (78 Ohms). The video indicates the input power of the reactor is 800µW, in fact it is the power dissipated by the resistor.

    I agree the oscilloscope shows the input current, but to be rigorous it misses the voltage at the entrance of the reactor.
    As an exemple, if the input voltage of the reactor is 1KV, then the true input power is 1000 x 0.25/78 = 3W, despit you still have 800µW on the resistor.

    Regards,

    Michel

  138. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    The plasma is a conductor. As you have seen in the video, the plasma has not gaps along the circuit. When you have a circuit whose sole load is a resistance, if you measure the resistance , by means of an Ohm-meter and the voltage across the resistance, you obtain by the equation of Ohm the current of the circuit ( whole of it ). Since the plasma, as we said, is a conductor, the current of the circuit is the same across the whole circuit.
    Therefore when you obtain with the equations of Ohm:
    1- V/R = A
    2- A x V = W
    1 and 2 are valid across the whole circuit.
    Anyway: you have in the video the calculations both of the COP with E2 and E1 + E2, so you can choose what you prefer, just consider that E1 pays in full for itself, because its heat is not dissipated, but recovered almost in full, either to make heat for the room or to preheat the secondary circuit. So, choose the solution you prefer. This is why I put both the calculations.
    By the way, if you have the patience, after digesting the video of January 31st, to watch also the video of the demo made with the E-Cat QX in Stockhom on November 24th 2017, this issue has been detailed making a comparative analysis with a dummy ( go to http://www.ecat.com and choose the link to the video of the November 24 Stockholm Demo ).
    Thank you for your attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  139. Chuck Davis

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    I’m sure you already have in mind the home Ecat. I’m sure you will launch it as soon as the induatrial applications wil have matured enough experience to alow it.
    Can you antivipate if:
    1- it will make only heat or also electricity?
    2- if also electricity, with which system?
    3- for example: thermoelectric by the Seebeck effect?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  140. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    Surely I have it in mind, we will not betray the idea of the househod applications.
    Production of heat is at this point easy: the Ecat should be a 20 kW module as you saw her in
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Production of lectricity is much more complicated, because the direct production from the “ballerina” is still not reliable and efficient, the Seebeck effect could be a way, as well as the photovoltaic effect, it will be a matter of efficiency. Probably their evolution will improve their efficiency, mainly for the P.V.
    We’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  141. …. ma guarda un po’:

    http://roulezelectrique.com/de-lenergie-nucleaire-sans-dechets-radioactifs-pour-verdir-les-reseaux-electriques-et-les-ve/

    Con sempre viva stima e simpatia
    Gian

    P.S. Che Dio ti aiuti, ma tu rispetta la tua salute.

  142. Andrea Rossi

    Gian:
    Very nice reference of a prestigious French publication related to our January 31st presentation of the Ecat SK.
    Thank you for the reference!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  143. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    It happened to me to read today this: http://www.classe.cornell.edu/research/CesrTA/ElectronCloud.html
    In particular I noted the incipit of the paper (page 1):
    “It wasn’t until the 1990’s that the BUILD UP OF HIGH DENSITIES OF LOW ENERGY ELECTRONS was identified as the reason behind performance limitations in many types of particles accelerators over the preceding decades…(OMISSIS)…THESE ELECTRONS CAUSE A WIDE VARIETY OF UNDESIRABLE EFFECTS”
    Now, comparing this paper to your paper published on Researchgate on January 24 2019
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/330601653_E-Cat_SK_and_long_range_particle_interactions
    it comes up to me this consideration: SOMEBODY SEES IN THE MOULD ONLY A DIRT, SOMEBODY ELSE DISCOVERS THE PENICILLIN.
    Godspeed,
    JPR

  144. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    He,he,he
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  145. Sven

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    1.You have advertising for E-Cat SK on E-Catworld but not on your official site ecat.com.
    2.The information about your offerings is not up to date on ecat.com.

    Could you explain why?

    Best regards
    Sven

  146. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    The ads are for persons that don’t know about us. Persons that go to http://www.ecat.com already know us, they need information, not ads.
    In our website they can find all, also all the links to the menu of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  147. O. S.

    Dt. Rossi,

    for an industrial plant a highly reliable heat supply is usually more important than a bit of energy cost saving.
    You said that all e-catSK will be controlled from Leonardo’s headquater.
    Will this be done from a 24h/7d occupied control room?
    And in case that an e-catSK needs repair work, will you gurantee a maximum response time for one of your maintenance guys to be dispatched?

    Greetings
    O. S.

  148. Andrea Rossi

    O.S.:
    You are right. Yes, we will organize the best possible assistance, but our Clients must have a back up.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  149. Daniel De Caluwé

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    On February 1, 2019 at 3:43 PM, I wrote:

    ‘I was able to look at the whole presentation now, and I also agree with your calculations (except maybe with the ‘calorimetric comparision’, where I found another result for the Power needed to heat up the air from 0°C to 16°C: As the Cp of air is 1 J/(kg*K), I found: Power = 6700(kg/h)*1(J/(kg*K))*16K = 107200J/H = (107200/3600)Watt = 29.78 Watt, but I was quick, and maybe I’m wrong?)’

    As I was very busy, I only now found the time to recheck what I wrote above (in the quote), and I saw that I made a mistake because of a wrong table in my polytechnical thumb book, where the Cp of air was given as 1 J/(kg*K), where it is 1 kJ/(kg*K) (Baehr), but this means that I have to correct my result as 29.78 kWatt (and not 29.78 Watt). But of course that is more than the 20.5 kWatt that you calculated.

    But in the case of gases like air, the Cp and the Cv are not equal. The Cp (specific heat at constant pressure) always is bigger than the Cv (specific heat at constant volume), because in the first case (Cp) also work is delivered. (Imagine a closed bottle with air that has to be heated (Cv) and compare it with a bottle with a piston, where the pressure is held constant (at the other side of the piston = (for instance) atmospheric pressure), and some of the heat is used to move the piston, so work is done, and that means less energy to heat up the air, so the Cp of gases always is bigger than the Cv of gases.

    And although a room is never completely closed (there are always leaks and losses to the environment, especially when, from time to time, doors are opened ;-), we could consider a room (filled with air) as a recipient with constant volume, isn’t it?

    Well, lets calculate again with the Cv (at constant volume) of air instead of the Cp (at constant pressure) or air. This link gives the properties of air>:

    https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/air-properties-d_156.html

    And there we found: Cv of air = 0.7171 kJ/kgK (instead of the Cp that is 1 kJ/kgK)

    Calculating with Cv instead of the Cp, I find:

    Power = 6700(kg/h)*0.7171(kJ/(kg*K))*16K = 76873.12 kJ/h = (76873.12/3600) kJ/s = 21.35 kW, what is very close to your result…

    Kind Regards,
    Ir. Daniel De Caluwé

  150. Andrea Rossi

    Daniel De Caluwé:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  151. Peter Forsberg

    Dear Andrea Rossi,

    Congratulations of going into the commercial phase of the ECat project.

    Godspeed and God Bless

    Peter Forsberg

    Jeremiah 33:3

  152. Andrea Rossi

    Peter Forsberg:
    Peter Forsberg! What a pleasure to hear from you again…thank you for the attention to the work of our Team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  153. Rebecca Newton

    Dr Andrea Rossi,
    How would you define the results of the Ecat SK presentation?
    I can see that most of the qualified attendance has reacted positively to it.
    Godspeed,
    Rebecca

  154. Andrea Rossi

    Rebecca Newton:
    Quite remarkable, mainly after the editing made on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    We raised artificially the tone of my bad voice, cut the useless parts and made a menu so that the Readers can go on the spot on the part they are interested to, if they want not to watch the whole 3 hours raw video.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  155. Andrea Rossi

    Aillas Toice:
    None of the two.
    No, we are not working anymore on the control panel, that we deem consolidated, albeit, as everything, subject to evolution. While the Ecat QX’s c.p. was not enough reliable to be delivered to a Client, the SK’s is.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  156. Aillas Troice

    Dear Dr. Rossi,

    Congratulations on the important milestone on January 31st. I’ve been following your work since the Lugano test, and it’s great to see the commercialization phase has finally begun.

    I was wondering if you can answer the following without disclosing anything confidential: You say the control panel consumes 380Wh/h, but only a small part of that energy is actually fed to the E-cat, the rest is lost as waste heat (that can be recuperated). Is there basically a powerful computer in the control panel, doing complex calculations to keep the reaction going and generating all that waste heat in the process, like all powerful computers do? Or is there some complex and inefficient energy transformation process going on in the control panel, a process that turns only a small part of the 380WH/h into a form the e-Cat can use, while the rest of the energy is “wasted”? Is reducing the control panel’s power consumption one of your current priorities? Thank you if you can answer and godspeed!

  157. Nils Fryklund

    Dear Andrea!
    Very exciting times now! I listen to the E-catSK song now and then.
    Has the large 40MW customer got his second 22KW E-catSK yet, or is it going to be installed?
    Best regards
    Nils Fryklund

  158. Andrea Rossi

    Nils Fryklund:
    Work in progress.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  159. orsobubu

    People,

    Rodney is a great folk who is writing a deep study about capitalism, and you can see it from the knowledges he has. Now, his post looks to me as a realistic picture of a nightmare (!), a grim perspective for workers, for managers, for industrialists, for US economy, for LENR, for Rossi, in short, for everything we love.

    Rodney, I hope you’ll add a final chapter on possible future adoption of new, more advanced production systems getting rid of Capital and Money, possibly linking this revolution to the New Fire Age.

    And don’t forget to specify that all energy forms must be integrated.

  160. Correction:

    In the fifth from last line in my February 7, 2019 at 2:24 PM message, the word ‘customers’ should instead have been ‘competitors’. Sorry about that.

    Rodney.

  161. Hi folks:

    Regarding the prompt, or otherwise, adoption of E-Cat technology by businesses using large quantities of heat, there is a simple answer: The reality is that competition is fierce in the great majority of industries in North America. In consequence, profit margins are narrow enough that, among companies using large quantities of heat, the difference between one that achieves a 20% reduction in its costs of heat and one that does not, can mean the difference between being healthily profitable or bankrupt.

    So, if I owned a business in which one quarter of my expenses were the cost of heat, and I was able to reduce that cost from one quarter to 20% by renting my heat from Leonardo Corporation, the very last thing I would want to do is let my competitors know what I was doing. I would suddenly find myself, because I was more alert than they were, at a huge competitive advantage. So it does not surprise me at all that those who switch to E-Cat heat would be keen that there be an NDA, effectively delaying for as long as possible their competitors realizing what was happening.

    This would be simply another example of what has been going on for centuries: a highly alert company outwitting others that were just a little less alert. For example: during the course of the 20th Century, 1,637 american companies were in the business of manufacturing automobiles. As we all know, 1,634 of them went broke because only three remain in business today. The others had to close down either because they didn’t do quite as good a job of creating products that impressed customers, or because they didn’t do quite as good a job of keeping their costs down.

    In a highly competitive economy like that of the US, finding ways to cut costs just a couple of percent more effectively than your competitors is essential to remaining in business. So the E-Cat can make a huge difference to the economic viability of an alert company using large quantities of heat. And the management would be crazy to make their customers aware of it. Staying in business is difficult enough as it is.

    By the same token, once people become aware of E-Cat technology, if they do not immediately adopt it they will be competed out of business by those that do.

    Rodney.

  162. Andrea Rossi

    DEAR READERS:
    AGAIN I HAVE BEEN INFORMED THAT SOMEBODY IS OFFERING SERVICES RELATED TO THE ECAT QUALIFYING HIMSELF AS A LICENSEE. ATTENTION, WE SELL ONLY HEAT, WE DO NOT SELL PLANTS OR ECATS. IF YOU RECEIVE ANY OFFER OF ANY KIND RELATED TO THE ECAT, PLEASE SEND TO ME AN EMAIL TO ASK IF THE PERSON YOU ARE DEALING WITH IS AUTHORIZED. DO NOT PAY MONEY AND DO NOT SIGN AGREEMENTS IF YOU DID NOT HAVE CONFIRMATION FROM MYSELF THAT THE PERSON YOU ARE DEALING WITH IS AUTHORIZED !!!
    THERE ARE AROUND WEBSITES AND EMAIL ADDRESSES THAT CITE THE NAME ECAT THAT ARE FALSE. PLEASE SEND US COPIES OF THE EMAILS YOU RECEIVE, OFFERING OUR PRODUCTS, TO ALLOW US TO ACTIVATE OUR ATTORNEYS.
    PLEASE SEND AN EMAIL TO
    INFO@LEONARDOCORP1996.COM
    AND WITHIN 24 HOURS YOU WILL HAVE OUR RESPONSE.
    WARM REGARDS,
    DR ANDREA ROSSI – CEO OF LEONARDO CORPORATION

  163. Lib

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Summarizing your answers:

    – Who is imposing the NDA, a) your company or b) the customers?
    > answer a+b
    – In case the answer [the above] is b). Can a customer disclose they are using your product if they decide so?
    > answer yes

    I wanted to ask you some additional questions:

    1. In case of an NDA imposed by both your company and your customers (the a+b case of your answer), could your customers still disclose they are using your product if they decided to do so?

    2. Don’t you think that sealing the outcome of the COP of the Ecat behind an NDA could hinder rather then promote the diffusion of the Ecat?

    3. Is there any entry fee that your customers need to pay to use your product?

    4. If a car brand advertised that a certain model could run for 20000 miles without refueling, due to a proprietary new and yet unknown and undisclosed phenomenon, but sealed the actual performances of such car behind a strong NDA, would you buy that car?

    Kind Regards,

    Lib

  164. Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    1- yes
    2- no
    3- no
    4- if it works, yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  165. Patrick Ellul

    Dear Andrea,
    Throughout your journey, your followers have always had a milestone to look forward to.
    What is your next major milestone and when do you think it will happen?
    Best regards.
    Patrick

  166. Andrea Rossi

    Patrick Ellul:
    Now we are going into a period during which we will have a commercial expansion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  167. Greg Daigle

    Dr Rossi,
    do you think the diffusion of the Ecat can be spurred by the US House Resolution on the New Green Deal?
    Greg Daigle

  168. Andrea Rossi

    Greg Daigle:
    For now we do not serve houses, eventually, we’ll see.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  169. Prof

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com after the editing is very beautiful.
    Thank you!

  170. Andrea Rossi

    Prof:
    Yes, we tried to make it easy to look at the highlights.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  171. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, While viewing the plasma I can see what I understand as energy interaction. It is of three distinct parts within a magnetic flow from positive to negative. The positive being at the top but looking down as it is side ways on and the negative at the base with the manufactured neutral central position. The neutral being a free agent is able to escape, the negative forms the containment providing an ’economy flow’ i.e. an exterior feed back to the positive due to the internal flow from positive to negative. The colours are representative of the pressures. The yellow bands entering the positive represent the ‘economy flow’ re entering full pressure. The plasma is a manufactured three part structure with short life lifespans of its manufactured neutral i.e. virtual particles. What I can see is the same activity of the plasma as I have observed in the mechanical unifying field oscillator. I believe energy interaction whether on the atomic scale or the sub atomic produces similar effects with regards its interaction. The sub atomic being of course more intense, volatile and active but because hydrogen is the manipulated medium of the sk e-cat, the energy of the neutral is soft compared to the energy of a conventional nuclear power plant. I realize there is no technical value in this information but to inform you that from my observations and understanding your technology is providing visual confirmation of energy interaction and a resultant produced product being a manufactured neutral and it has to be remembered that the heat produced is from two dimensions, one of which being positive and the other being negative. Regards Eric Ashworth.

  172. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you for your insight,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  173. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    I see a great business, perhaps the bigger in the first phase of the spreading of the e-cat technology: introducing a bit more of COP in the range of appliances “heat generators”, in the simplest way possible.
    Pizza and bread ovens, stove both electrically supplied and methane, etc.
    Nobody would purchase an appliance without this plus that will make save for instance also only 20 percent of the bill like now make the condensation methane boilers that have made obsolete the non condensating technology.

    Best regards
    Alessandro Coppi

  174. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Thank you for your suggestion,
    Warm Regards
    A.R.

  175. Anders Rosnes

    Dear mr Rossi. My home from 1915 in south of Norway has a winter requirement of 10-15 kW. There is currently 3 generations of water heat equipment connected to the system: A coal furnace from 1960, an electrical element from about the same time and a recent low-priced air to water heat pump.

    With a degree in physics I am waiting to upgrade to an ecat device and I have been avoiding costly upgrades. So I am wondering how long it will take until such a product can be available for home use, and I would be honored to be an early customer.

    I have registered on your waiting list some years ago.

  176. Andrea Rossi

    Anders Rosnes:
    Your reservation is safe. When? Honestly, I do not know. Surely after a massive consolidated use in industries. Thank you for your sustain!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  177. Lib

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    I don’t understand your answers, probably because I don’t know which answer applies to you which question.
    I will rephrase them numbering the questions:

    1. Who is imposing the NDA, a) your company or b) the customers?
    2. In case the answer to 1. Is b). Can a customer disclose they are using your product if they decide so?
    3. What are the terms of the NDA? (In general)
    4. Is the total COP of the apparatus part of the NDA?
    5. If the answer to 4. Is yes, why has this inclosed in the NDA? (not being the COP intellectual property)
    6. From your statement I understand that you have been contacted from America, EUrope, Cina, Russia and Africa after the presentation. Can you tell us how many contracts are currently being discussed?

    Kind Regards,

    Lib

  178. Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    1- a+b
    2- yes
    3- confidential
    4- confidential
    5- n.a.
    6- enough
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  179. Sven

    Dear Andrea Rossi,
    For several years your partner in Sweden has been Hydrofusion.
    Is this still the case?
    If not, who is the new contact?

    Best regards
    Sven

  180. Andrea Rossi

    Sven:
    Hydrofusion is and will remain our commercial Partner in Sweden.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  181. Alessandro Coppi

    Hi Andrea,
    theoretically, using a bit of your technology would be possible to realize a simple 1 or 2 kW stove, with a COP limited to about 1.5 with none, or a simplified control panel? a such appliance would be a great improvement in reducing CO2 emissions and energy bill.
    Please, answer if theoretically this would be possible, independently if you are not interested in.

  182. Andrea Rossi

    Alessandro Coppi:
    Yes, it is theoretically possible.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  183. Lib

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    From the question of Michel of Feb 5th, it seems that your customers will be subject to an NDA. Then you answered that this is because customers don’t want to be harassed.
    Who is imposing the NDA? Your company or the customers?
    What happens in the case a customer actually wants to be arassed?
    What are the terms of the NDA?
    Is the apparatus total energy input/output part of the NDA?

    If your company has imposed the NDA over energy input/output , not being that info intellectual property can you then explain us why?

    Kind Regards,

    Lib

  184. Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    1- yes
    2- yes
    3- will do in due time
    4- deals are on course, we do not sell ice creams
    5- America, Europe, Russia, China, Japan, Australia, Africa
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  185. Mario Menichella

    Dear Andrea,
    my congratulations for the “Ballerina concerto”, which I appreciated in a special way due to my physical background. In my view, it is the best conclusion of a cycle of about 14 years of your experiments / refinements / efforts of various type, which would deserve a major public recognition (I mean not only by Brian…).

    I have read your blog since 2011, but in the last 12 months you still gave with generosity in terms of time and committement so many answers that probably I missed some of them. So I beg your pardon if my following question has already been posted before by others (may be not).

    I read in the Appendix of your paper with Gullstrom (July 2017) that in the ractor (at the time a QuarkX prototype) that the ractor contained LiAlH4. As I imagine that you need to vacuum the tube and it is not clear to me how you can insert a powder in an evacuated tube, I imagined that the presence of LiAlH4 was a Gullstrom’s hypothesis and not an “official” info you was giving to him/us.

    So, my question is: (1) in such old paper, did you officially – I mean as Andrea Rossi – (a) say that in the QuarkX you tested there is LiAl4 or (b) is it only a Gullstrom’s hypothesis? And (2), if you can say it or at least let us imagine in some way, is the LiAlH4 present also in your marvelous E-Cat SK, being apparently, to our old aficionados, a quite similar reactor (except for the nice “dancing”, hehe)? :-)

    Thank you in advance for your answers, and my best wishes for your work and health!

    Mario

  186. Andrea Rossi

    Mario Menichella:
    Hi, Mario!
    Thank you for your empathy.
    The basics are always the same as described in my patent.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  187. Lib

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Did you have a reaction from any potential buyer after the presentation of your product?Any new customer approached you after the launch?
    You said that you would publish the number of new contracts or customers on your site, but you didn’t. Why not? Could you number to us the amount of new customers you have so far?
    Could you tell us from which countries the customers are contacting you from?

    Kind Regards,

    Lib

  188. Andrea Rossi

    Lib:
    I already explained.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  189. Karl-Henrik Malmqvist

    Dear Andrea,
    Are you working on standardized container solutions containing a specific number of E-CatSKs, or will the heating solutions be costum made for each specific costumer in this initial phase of commersializing?
    Best Regards,
    Karl-Henrik

  190. Andrea Rossi

    Karl-Henrik Malmqvist:
    The module is the one you saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    They can be installed in any configuration, everywhere, depending on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  191. Nereo Miconi

    Dr Rossi,
    Why the COP of the Ecat SK is minor than the COP of past models of Ecat?
    Thanks if you can answer,
    Nereo Miconi

  192. Andrea Rossi

    Nereo Miconi:
    Please watch http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    After watching it well, please compare.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  193. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    The introduction of the E-Cat in the market will soon allow you to supply heat and/or steam at prices much lower than those of the market.
    Although at the beginning there will be relatively few plants that hopefully will grow in number, this will not significantly change the current economic and political balance in the world.
    But the disruptive capacity of the E-Cat is immense, and sooner or later it could bother someone.
    I know you’ve said many times that all energy can work together, but others may not agree.
    If I have a pebble in the shoe that bothers me to walk, I remove the pebble in order to continue doing my business.
    I’m a little worried …

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  194. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    With the help of God, the march will continue…
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  195. Mylan

    Dear Andrea,
    you wrote Aftenposten that you expect SK heat to be 50% cheaper than any other heat source. I thought that you would guarantee only 20%. Does that mean that you guarantee 20% but expect savings to be higher? Or do you mean that you could reach 50% in the future?

  196. Andrea Rossi

    Mylan:
    This will depend on the specific situations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  197. Alexandra

    Dear Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I have appreciated very much today the website
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    and I have gone through all the links of the menu that appears at the beginning of it.
    I think that you launched well the Ecat SK, also considering which is now your selected target.
    Very strong theoretical support, very convincing demonstration, notwithstanding the problem of your voice, that anyway has been artificially improved in the edited links on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Curiosity: are you making contracts stimulated from the presentation?
    Please take care of your health,
    Alexandra

  198. Andrea Rossi

    Alexandra:
    Thank you for your kind attention to our work.
    The answer is:
    Yes.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  199. Hi folks:

    The following links are very much off-topic – having nothing at all to do with LENR – but they do have direct relevance to some postings here about one year ago regarding Bitcoin and other crypto-currencies. By all means take a look at these links, regarding two entirely different cases, if you find the topic of interest.

    https://coingape.com/crypto-mining-host-giga-watt-files-bankruptcy/

    https://globalnews.ca/news/4914774/quadrigacx-creditor-protection-crypto-exchange/

    Rodney.

  200. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Thank you for the warning to our Readers.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  201. Michel

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    It seems that all your customers will be subject to a non-disclosure clause, like the current client of whom we know nothing.
    How is this compatible with a rapid diffusion of the reactor to the market?

    Regards,

    Michel

  202. Andrea Rossi

    Michel:
    It is, because our Clients like not to be harassed, at least for the time being. Otherwise they would not ask for an NDA.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  203. Koen Vandewalle

    Dear Dr. Andrea Rossi,

    would you like to tell us what is being cooled by the cooling system?

    I find it intriguing that you count it for heat production. To heat a building or a greenhouse, that is certainly relevant. But to heat a liquid through a heat exchanger, the heat from the cooling system will not really be useful.

    Not that I see a problem there, because inverters of solar panels also achieve efficiencies of 98% at best.

    But I would like your vision on that.

    Kind Regards,
    Koen

  204. Andrea Rossi

    Koen Vandewalle:
    Yes, if the air is directly used to heat the room the COP of the cooling system heat recovery is the same of the solar panels.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  205. Gian Luca

    Carissimo Andrea,
    I stay with my foot on the ground……(in Italy) November/Dicember….ENI GAS bill….750 euri…….
    for to heat my home (160 mq – condensing boiler e radiant pannels ).
    I want “ballerina” in my home….I sleep with her and I will take care of her as if it were my daughter.

    Saluti speciali dal Lago!!!

  206. Andrea Rossi

    Gian Luca:
    To get domestic we need more time, but I know the feeling!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  207. Marco

    Dear Andrea,

    From your description, it seems that the ECat is similar to the old fashioned neons: a starter (the control panel), a resistor (actually a reactance in the case of the neon) in series and a plasma.

    Have you tried to study the well known (i think) physics of an old fashioned neon to see if it fits for the ECat? This because modern energy saving light bulbs, pre-LED, have substituted starter and reactance with a switching circuit, much more efficient. Could this be the key to increase the efficiency of the ECat driver? What do you think?

    Reactive regards,
    Marco.

  208. Andrea Rossi

    Marco:
    I don’t think so.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  209. Gerard McEk

    Dear Andrea,
    Would you be willing to cooperate with the following:
    Assume the readers of ECW will hire an attorney who should ask of some customers of you the input energy and output energy over a period of an E-Cat plant in operation. The attorney keeps the names of your customers secret and he is free to pick some of your customers from a list, of customers that have agreed with you to cooperate with the attorney. You will show the attorney that picklist. To persuade customers to cooperate, you may offer them a reduction in price for the delivered heat during the first year or so.
    In this way the performance is verified by an independent body and the NDA is not violated (customer has agreed with it). The readers of ECW will provide you an official certificate that we have verified the performance of your Ecat with regards to COP. That should boost the sales, we expect, and we have our long wanted official verification of your LENR technology. Then the Era of the New Fire has finally begun.
    Thanks and kind regards, Gerard

  210. Andrea Rossi

    Gerard McEk:
    Thank you for the suggestion,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  211. Dear Dr Rossi

    I am still a little confused on the COP of the system when you have more than one reactor. From what I have gathered is that one controller can operate up to 10 ecat reactors. If we assume the power consumption is 0 watts or very close to it for the reactors and the controller consumes approx 380watts, does this mean that 10 Ecat units each producing 20Kw giving a total of 200Kw and one controller is the COP of the total system now 200/0.38 = 526.

    Thank you

  212. Andrea Rossi

    Manuel Cilia:
    I stick with the calculations made on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  213. Andrea Rossi

    Pietro:
    It is a known technology.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  214. Rod Walton

    Update: Power Engineering February 5th 2019: “Utlities braved historic cold to keep power on in the Midwest”
    Rod Walton

  215. Andrea Rossi

    Rod Walton:
    Thank you for the update,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  216. Hi Andrea:

    OK. So an E-Cat SK reactor operating in SSM consumes a microscopically small quantity of continuous electric power?

    Am I right in assuming that to start up an E-Cat SK from cold requires more electric input than SSM? And that this start up amount is trivial where a reactor operates in SSM pretty much continuously 350 days of the year?

    Thank you.

    Rodney.

  217. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Yes, you are correct.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  218. Italo R.

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    Some people ask for details about the reactor’s COP.
    Your calculations are clearly readable, but I made a brief summary as I have understood.
    The reactor without plasma has infinite electrical resistance, it is an open circuit.
    When there is the plasma, its resistance becomes almost zero, a negligible value.
    When the reactor is operating, a very low current of 3.2 mA passes, and there is almost no electrical consumption in the reactor.
    In fact, with a very low current in a resistance tending to zero, the consumption is practically nothing.
    The only measurable consumption is in the electrical resistance put in series with the reactor (78 ohms), that is 0.0008 W.
    The necessity of this resistance is to limit the current when there is the plasma, otherwise, there would be a short-circuit.

    This fact shows that in reality, the reactor alone has an incredibly own high COP, not even measurable, since in input it consumes almost nothing, while in output it supplies kW of power.
    In such circumstances, the reactor is in self-sustaining mode.
    Am I correct?

    Kind Regards,
    Italo R.

  219. Andrea Rossi

    Italo R.:
    Let me repeat: I stick on what I wrote on
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  220. Hi Andrea:

    At risk of becoming irritating – I hope I am not, I certainly do not mean to be:

    I now see – sorry, silly me – that the current moving from the control panel to the reactor must be 0.0032 amps. So the watts consumed by the reactor must be just 0.0008, as the presentation had pointed out.

    Since the reactor’s heat output is 21,942 watts, the CoP of the reactor itself must be 27.4 million, before any adjustment for the length of time spent in SSM.

    Have I gotten it right this time?

    And clarification of the definition of SSM would be much appreciated.

    Thank you for your patience with me about this.

    27.4 million kindest regards.

    Rodney.

  221. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    You are absolutely not irritating, why should you be ?
    I am delighted to answer the questions of our Readers.
    The number you calculated is what I call SSM.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  222. “Andrea Rossi
    February 4, 2019 at 9:33 AM

    The Ecat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.”
    = = = = = = = =
    Hi Andrea:

    Now I see I am confused again.

    I had imagined that SSM was defined as periods during which the **reactor** did not need any electric power, and continued to generate heat without it.

    I thought that when the reactor was not in SSM it needed electic current in order to continue to function as intended.

    Your post above seems to suggest otherwise. And may also contradict much of the contents of a message I had posted earlier today.

    Clarification about the meaning of ‘self-sustaining mode’ would be helpful to me. Thank you.

    Rodney.

  223. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    Please watch the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    In the menu that will appear initially, please choose the link of the calculations and go to the calculation of the COP.
    You will find there a detailed answer to your question.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  224. Martyn Aubrey

    Dear Dr Rossi,

    Lotr Mileikowsky kindly sent you a very important story “As US Freezes, This Is Where Europeans Can’t Afford To Heat Their Homes” on pressclub.world ( https://www.pressclub.world/2019/02/03/where-europeans-cant-afford-to-heat-their-homes/ ).

    I happened to click on “Science” to see what stories they covered, and had a very pleasant surprise to see their lead article!

    https://www.pressclub.world/category/science/
    “Worldwide introduction of the E-Cat SK today at 9:00 AM Eastern Time”

    Enjoy you reading,
    Congratulatory Regards,
    Martyn Aubrey

    “Worldwide introduction of the E-Cat SK today at 9:00 AM Eastern Time”

  225. Andrea Rossi

    Martyn Aubrey:
    Thank you for your kind attention to the work of our team,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  226. Dear Andrea,
    There exists a well-known James Bond song “You only live twice”, performed by Nancy Sinatra. I notice, that if one substitutes “LENR” for “love” in the lyrics, one gets something:

    You only live twice, or so it seems.
    One life for yourself, and one for your dreams.
    You drift through the years and life seems tame.
    Till one dream appears and LENR is its name.
    And LENR is a stranger who’ll beckon you on.
    Don’t think of the danger or the stranger is gone.
    This dream is for you, so pay the price.
    Make one dream come true, you only live twice.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XgFtQPgHyek

    regards, /pekka

  227. Andrea Rossi

    Pekka Janhunen:
    Very nice, thank you!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  228. Brokeeper

    Dear Andrea,

    Whoa! “The E-Cat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable” is a huge revelation from what we are accustomed too. It has been understood up to this time the control system was required to excite and maintain the E-Cat at a certain level of operation with periodic excitation intervals. Now it is always in Self-Sustained Mode, meaning (at least to me) it does not require the control system to maintain its ‘on’ or operational mode. The only limited conclusion I can imagine now for the control system’s use is to either keep the E-Cat from running away or to shut it down when required or both. Could you share any other information without violating confidentiality to help clarify this new paradigm? Thank you!
    With much respect,
    Brokeeper

  229. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    I honestly think that in all the links published on http://www.ecarskdemo.com I released all the non confidential information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  230. Hello.
    Can you explain to a person that is not an engineer what does it means in the video:
    1) the controller input voltage (upper left)
    2) the spectrometer input (down left)

    Thanks,
    Bye Luca

  231. Andrea Rossi

    Luca:
    1) UPPER LEFT is not the controller input Voltage, it is the ECAT SK input Voltage ( 250 mV ). The controller input Voltage is the one indicated by the Amperometer/Voltmeter in the UPPER CENTER frame, where are indicated 20 A and 19 V ( by default you read the A, while the V appear when you can see the operator that presses a switch )
    2) the spectrometer indicates the wavelength of the photons in function of their intensity: in the Cartesian axis system you can read along the x axis the wavelength and along the y axis you can read the density
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  232. Andrea Rossi

    Dan Gilburt:
    We will give the data that will be possible to make public: as you correctly write, without releasing confidential information.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  233. Hi Andrea:

    In the 31 January video, the CoP was conservatively calculated as 57.7. In a commercial presentation it is important that the seller not overstate his case, so in my opinion it was entirely appropriate that you take this conservative approach.

    However, another statistic which may be almost as interesting as the one you presented – indeed, perhaps even more so – is the CoP of the reactor itself. The control panel, while an essential component of the E-Cat SK, is not an integral part of the mechanism by which the reactor generates heat.

    You mentioned that the heat output of the E-Cat SK’s reactor was 21,942 watts. You also mentioned that the voltage of the power fed to the reactor was 250 millivolts. If the information is not confidential, it would be really interesting to know how many Amps are applied to the reactor when it is not in self-sustain mode, and what percentage of the time, on average, the reactor spends in self-sustain mode. With these two data points it would be possible to calculate the CoP of just the reactor itself.

    If I am not mistaken, if the above data were available, the CoP of the reactor could be calculated as follows:

    CoP = (21,942 ÷ (0.25 x Ar)) ÷ (1 – SSMf) , where

    21,942 is the reactor’s watts of heat output
    0.25 is the voltage of the power fed into the reactor
    Ar is the Amps of the current fed into the reactor
    SSMf is the factor for the proportion of the time the reactor functions is self-sustain mode

    Regarding SSMf, if the reactor is in self-sustain mode for 40% of the time SSMf would be 0.4.

    Taking some arbitrary figures as an example, if the reactor’s current is one amp, and the unit averages self-sustain mode for 40% of the time, then the CoP *** of the reactor *** could be calculated as follows:

    CoP = (21,942 ÷ (0.25 x 1)) ÷ (1 – 0.4) = 146,280

    Now, that 146,280 number is just an example. But if the number were to come out merely a little in excess of 10,000 that would be quite impressive. And a little better, I think, than the results of those struggling to achieve ‘hot fusion’ (!)

    Is the number for the reactor’s CoP – whatever it actually turns out to be – something that people following the LENR story would find of interest?

    With ≈146,280 kind regards,

    Rodney.

  234. Andrea Rossi

    Rodney Nicholson:
    I stick with my calculations.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  235. Raphael

    Dr Andrea Rossi:
    I watched the video on http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    I found in its menu a link to the 437.2 signature of the spectrometer, but confronting it with the spectrometer record, it appears it is not a main peak. Why, then is it so important?
    Congratulations for the new format of http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    The menu with the links edited to facilitate the access to all the most important issues is very useful and well done. Your voice has been artificially made louder, so now it is more easy to listen.
    Take care of your health, Andrea.
    Godspeed
    Raphael

  236. Andrea Rossi

    Raphael:
    It is extremely important , because it makes a trigger effect. I explained this in the par. 3 and 4, that are strictly bound in the paper published on Researchgate. Now its link is in the menu of
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  237. Dan Galburt

    Dear Dr. Rossi

    Congratulations on creating what should be a groundbreaking energy producing system.

    Now that the E-Cat-SKs are going to generate heat for commercial customers would it be possible for you to publish on your web site the total E-CAT-SK energy (KWH) that all your customers receive and are billed for after each month of operation?

    This single number would give a very good indication of how the E-Cat SK is doing in the marketplace, hopefully, without releasing confidential information.

    Best Regards

    Dan Galburt

  238. Andrea Rossi

    The Ecat SSM mode is always on: the consume you saw in the presentation is constant and stable.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  239. Lotr Mileikowsky

    Dear Dr. Rossi,
    now with serial production of E-Cat SK, it is more and more clear: one day there will devices also for common folks and it will important socio-politic improvement as is perceptible from such chart:

    This Is Where Europeans Can’t Afford To Heat Their Homes (36% of Bulgarians and 28% of Lithuanians, and more counting)

    https://www.pressclub.world/2019/02/03/where-europeans-cant-afford-to-heat-their-homes/

  240. Andrea Rossi

    Lotr Mileikowsky:
    You are right,
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  241. JPR

    Dear Andrea,
    I have taken good note that the website
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    has been significantly improved, the graphics are now very clear, besides the original row video there are many links that focus on the highlights of the presentation, the volume of your voivce has been worked upon to make it clearer, a link to the paper you published on Researchgate has been put…in few words, now it is a pleasure to go through it.
    Congratulations to your collaborators that made this transformation.
    JPR

  242. Andrea Rossi

    JPR:
    Yes, our IT guys have substantially improved the video of the presentation, now
    http://www.ecatskdemo.com
    has been made much easier to look at.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  243. Frank Acland

    Dear Andrea,

    During operation, what percentage of the time is the E-Cat SK in self-sustain mode?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

  244. Eric Ashworth

    Dear Andrea, Your e- cat sk demo is excellent. Why do you not post the link http://wwwecatskdemo.com on the header of this web site?
    As it contains so much valuable information. Also maybe explain why e-cat i.e. energy catalyzer. Just a suggestion Regards Eric Ashworth

  245. Andrea Rossi

    Eric Ashworth:
    Thank you of the suggestion.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  246. Andrea Rossi

    Brokeeper:
    Thank you, very nice!
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

  247. Chuck Davis

    DEarAndrea:
    Does the cycling of charges on and off cause a degradation of the Ecat?
    Warm Regards,
    Chuck Davis

  248. Andrea Rossi

    Chuck Davis:
    No.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.